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" CLEARFIELD REPIBLICAV
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Kit ABLIIBSO IH Itil.
flit largest Clrcalstlea of Buy Mswapsper
la North Central rsaasylvanls.
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rranalenl sdrertleemeala, par aquareof 10 llneeor
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Auditorf' nolicaa. H , I 61
k Cautloni and K.trura I
biaanlutlnn nntinefl I 00
Profe.tiontvt Garda, ft linoa or laia.l Tear.... ft OO
Looal aotleea, par lino 10
... 00 I i loma.........50 00
...-la 00 i aolrnaa. ......... TO 00
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(I. B. OOObl.ANPKR,
NOKL R. I-KB,
. I'ltnlnlatrntnrp' and Kxaeutora' aotloaa..,.
If-. ' '
EA I, FIELD
GEO. B. Q00DLANDEE, Proprietor.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
TEB1IS-S2 per annum in Advance.
VOL 50-WHOLE NO. '2461.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1876.
NEW SERIES-V0L 17, NO. 10.
LAW A COLLECTION OFFICE,
J.24 Clraitald Couatr, Pass's. Tij
tsoa. a. i anr. crans eoaaoB.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
. OLRAHPIKLD, PA.
Office In Pie's Opcra Uouse, second floor.
A T O IX N fi-Y-A T-L A W ,
Will attend to all business entrusted to htm
- jjroinj)tl and faith felly, dot 1173
DAVID h. KftUS.
JONX W. WHtBLKT.
WILLIAM A. WALLACB.
Aiar p- wallacr.
WALLACE & KREBS,
(Kuicteaorf la Wallaoa Flaldin,)
; M-1173 Clearneld, Pa.
A T T.O liNEY-AT-LAW,
Iloal Eatate and Collaetioa Agent,
Will promptly attand to all legal butinaat aa
troitad to hie oara.
jt-er-tlllloe wiib John II. Fulford, oppoiila Ilia
joasra a. a'aaiLLr. DAMiab w. a'cranr.
r McENALLY & MoCHRDY, 4
A ITOKNK YS-AT-LAW,
.fUr-laBgul buiinetit Attended to promptly withj
ftilHlUj. Offlee oa Second street, above tee Pint
tVntionel Bank. Jtn:l:74
G. R. BARRETT,
Attorney and Counhelob at Law,
Having resigued hip Judgei-hip, hH resinned
ibfl pritctioe of the Uw Id hit old office At Clear
fleld, Pa. Will Attend the nourta of Jeffeisoi nd
Klk otmniies when specially retained In rimoeetioa
' with nfii'icnt eo tinsel. 1:14:71
i WM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
X-V-Offioe (fl Court House, (Hherlff'i OAoo).
Lt'iful bunnefi promptly attended to, Rr-e) estate
bought and told. . JeU'7
aT'wTwa l t e r sT"
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Vtu Office In Orabam'i Row. deel-ly
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
J ml let of th Peace and Serlrentr.
Collections made and money promptly
Daldorer. lenia mm
QIO. A blK AT tfRRHr ALIIKThoi w. AtA
W. ALBERT A BR08.
MaaolaaMron a aitaaalra Oaalara la
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, 4o,
wuuulaku, rann a.
M-Ordarl (olioltad. Bills (Had aa laort atloa
and raaaonabla tarma. ar
Addraat Woodland P. O., CI.art-.Mro., Pa.
aJS.lj W AL11EKT I BKOfl,
frcDctavllla, lloarflald County. Pa
Eaepa oonitaotly oa baad a full asaortmant of
Dry Uooda, Hardwara, Uraaarlaa, aad arerrtbini
aaaalla aapt la a ratall aUra, wftioa will baiold,
for oaab, aa oboap aa alaownara tn taa aouaiy.
FraaobTllla. Juaa 17. lMT-lj.
THOMAS H. FORCEE
CRAHAMTOR, Pa. ,
Alio, aatanitra tnanufaeturer and daalar In Rquaro
Tlinbar ana eawad Lunoarol all atnaa.
JaaT-Ordara aolioitad and all bills prompllj
aEBEN HA c KMAN
House and Sign Painter and Paper
Will oxaouta loba In bil Una promptW an
in a woranianliaa aaannar. af ra.or
g. h7 hall,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
NKAR CLEARPIELD, PENN'A.
Jt0"Vump alwara on band And made to order
o ehort lot lee. ripee bored on reaienable termi.
All work warranted to render utiifection, and
dellrered if deetred. D.yt6:lypd
E. A. BIGLER A CO.,
and manuiaotarars of
ALL MrVDHOF RAH 101) LVMIIBK.
I-7'71 CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
H. W. SMITH,
II:1:M I'Ifrarllfld. Pa.
ATWRNEY AT LAW.
i Clearfield. Pa.
r.rnmn la Old W..l.n Hol.l bnlldlai,
larn.r of rlaaand anj Uarkat Su. aov31,00.
ATTORN BY AT LAW,
sroffln. ia tha Coarl lloaaa. J;ll,'6
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Clearfield, Pa. -
pf Ofltee on Alatket llrtet, opp. Court lloaie.
Un. 3, 1S74.
John l7 c ut t L E "
ATTURXEY AT A W.
tint Heal Eatate Affent, Clearfield, Pa,
Orrice 00 Tblrd ftreet. bet.Okerrjr A Walnnt,
ry Ksipeotfally offere hie eervlcet in eelllng
mi ouylng lande In Clearfield and adjoining
untleai and with an experleneeot over twentv
eari m a eurreyor, flatten bimielf tbat he eaa
endvr eAttirAotloa. irn. jB:r.i:,
. BLAKE WALTERS,
RRAL ESTATE BROKER,
Attn DBALRa rs
law IdOgM and Ijiimbor,
tloa In Oraham'i Kow. 1:26:71
J. J. L INGLE,
ITIOHNEY - AT - LAW,
:U Maceola, Clearfield Co.. Pa. j pi
J. 8. BARN HART,
ATTORNEY . AT LAW, .
Itellefnnte. Pa. -
'111 practlaa la Claarflcld and all of tha Cnarta of
2Mb Judicial di.trieL Raa! silato baiinaa.
id oollafitioa of elaima mada apeolaltlaa. nl Tl
Tr. w. a. means,
HYSICIAN k SURGEON,
Ill attand profcolonaloalll promptly. anglO'70
DR. T. J. BOYER,
fllYSIClAN AND SURGEON,
, OBoo oa Market Slraol, CloarBald. Pa.
VOIIiua btturai to II a. m., and 1 to S p. a
Ti. E. M. SCI1EURER, '
IIOMIXUPATHIC 1'llVSlCl AN,
Offlca la re.ld.naa pn blarhrt at.
April 24, 172. Clrarli, -MJ'a.
J. H KLINE, M D.,
HYSICIAN A SOBGEPN,
TAVINtl looated at PonnOald, Pa., ofar. bit
I profanional aarrieaa to ute panpla or thai
Ma and aurroundingoountrT, Allcalla pruoiptl)
oet. 1 a tr.
R. J. P. BURCH FIELD.
0 Hargeoa of the bsd keglneat, PenoajlTania
folonteer. baring retarned froa the Amy,
effere hie profeealonal aerrleoa to lhaoitlseaa
t Ulearoeld ooaotj,
"Prufedloaal oalU pronptly attaadedto.
lee on Heeond etreet, formerlyoeenpied by
DR.H.B. VAN VALZAH,
i ( I.KARrrlKI.II, PKNN'A.
KK1CJ!IN MASONIC BtlLDISG.
I JKJr Oftoa hnura Froaj II to tTjM.
DR. JEFFERSON L1TZ,
Will promptlT alland all .alia la tha tine of hia
irM.luo. sot. 10-71
D. M, D0HEETI.
r AMIIONARLR RARIIRR A HAIR DRKSSER
fbop ant doar to Waa.ar A Bun' flora,
Jnlr 14, T5 jr
II- (Kormarljr with Ua K.balar.)
HAKHER AND IIAIRIIRKSSP.R.
riaan towal for arrry rn.lomar. ma II. 'ia
0." W. WEAVEE 4 CO.,
'KU(iGISTS A APOTHECARIES,
Kralrri ia all kind, of tl,Al.l. ..
w tlotnl. aiid lirUKKi.l.'flun'Irii'a.
vurwan.riiia. Alarub 17, 878.
GEOEGE M7 FEEQDS0N,
. V. LIPP1H0TT A CO.,
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards
SIIINOI.E8, LATH, A PICRET8,
,:10'7 Claartald, Pa,
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Joll'79 CLEARFIELD, PA.
S. I. SNYDER,
ABD UBILSB IB
LWalchoi, Clocks and Jewelry,
Oraiaa.'. Horn, Mark Arart,
All kisda of ropelriog la 1
iy Ilea promptly at
REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
wholetAle dealers la
gexts' riRMsnnc goods,
Hare resiovad to 107 Charoh ktraat, betwaea
Franklin and Wblta Ita., Now York. JjSI'71
j aTtTesTyTl eT
la Kralier'a Rnlldlnf, Clearfield, Pa.
- Daalar la Qrooeiiee, Prorlaloai, Vagatablet,
Prnita, Flour, Faad, alo etc.
TAMES K. WATSON A CO.,
fl REAL ESTATE BROKERS.
Mouaea and Oflloaa to let. Collaetion. proaiplly
made, and nrat-elaaa Coal aad Fira-Clay Land,
and Town property for aale. Office la Wa.tare
Hotel Bulldiof (2d oor), Baaond HI. aiyll';4y
THE aadaralgaad baaa Icarato Inform tbapab
lie tbat bo if bow fully prepare to aooommo
data all la tha way of furni.bing lU.aef, BugKiaa,
daddlaa and Hernee., oa tha abortaat aotiea aad
an raaaonabla tenna. Raaidaaee en Loeuat ftreet,
Vatwaaa Tblrd and rourlb.
UE0. W. OEARIIART.
Ilearueld. Fob. 4, 1874.
The anderilcned U no prepared to farnleb
tbe pablie with aa eseeilent quality oi
Bellefonte Wood-Burned Lime,
for tilaeterlnt Vttn'owe. by tho larro or mall
qnamlty. Can be found for the preecat at Pie't
new butidtng, en Market etreeu
oetl tf h. K. McCULLOUUH.
The Seat i the Cheapest!
Thomu RiUlv bee ircelred another laree lot of
"Mitebell Wej(otit," which are among the very
beel Baannrao lured, aad which be will ell at the
moil reasonable ratea. H ! toek Inelwles aim oat
all doMriptioafl of we gnBt--laV grand email, wide
and narrow traek. Vail aal eee then.
prB74 THOMAS RKILLY.
JOHN A. RTADLER,
bAKKR, Uarkat Bl.. Oleaiflrld. Pa,
Freeh Bread, Ruik, Rolla, pfe and Oakee
oa nand or made to order. A general eetortmeat
of Conleetlenariee, Krnlta and Nate Id etuek.
Ire Creaai and Oytteie in sraeen. Palova aearly
uppneite me rutiimee. rncte nnerraio,
" ANDREW "h ARWICK.
Market "treet, Clearfield, Pa.,
..AlHrACTI'RtR AK DIALKB IN
HAHNKS8, PADULKU, UHIDLKS, COLLARS.
and all hlndeof
II OR HX FVHNtSHtSO GOODS.
n mi piibcbi hi rflinivip jiarn waarrj, orniaei.
Con be, Blanket!, Robra, etc., alwayi on bind
and for aale at Ibe loweit oaeb priooa. All kindd
of repairing prom pi ly attended to.
All kindi "f bidee taken In etrhanca for liar-
new aod repairing. All fcindl of harneM leather
kept on band, and mr lale At a rtnall profit.
The builnete will be under the In mediate
uierrilon of John C. Harwich,
learfleld, Jaa. 19, 1876.
"ONLY A PRINTER I"
it nAavar nowabp.
Only a printer I" a fair maid ald,
Aa ibe haugblily tomd her golden bead.
"Only a printer f and poor aa a mouia
Tbat'a lirad for yean In a meetlog-bouae t"
M Only a printer ? and when be tought
The band tbat rtohea might have bought,
A cold, quick " No ! " waa n aonrnful repty,
With an addvd atulle aa iho marked t tic tigb
With which, lament ln;r, h turned away, -"
lli'U do to Blrt wilht but tell me, pray,
If you iblnk I'd marry a worklngmnn ?
If I wai-t to marry a Count, I oen."
"Only a printer 1" Dut after da.va
Hoe urn walking in derloua waya
Froa thnae thy have traveled in dnyi of eld,
And holding puata thy bare net hold,
"Only a printer f" The yeata -j.ed paat,
Aud boaora come to the typo fant.
rabip of quite a turn
And following the bent of a printer a to in J,
For true It la they are all inclined, . jc
No odda how bnppy they bo at home,
To leave it, In foreign landf to roam
Following thia bear, aa I've aaid bufore,
lie traveled the laud from hore to ibore,
And finally oroeaed the raging aea,
And wandered aiound the "old eounlree."
One mora, aa be amoked a contemplative pipe,
Pauting, the lean from hia eyea to wipe
For the thooffht of the golden bead that waa loaaed
Jiy tbe maidvn that be ia hia youth had luat
lie and den ly thouv ht be would take a ahare.
For eborn men always appear moat grave.
He entered tbe abop, and eait hia eye
I'pva the barber, who aat eloee by.
Aba. and wnv that startled rme? '
Why abouta Ibe printer in wild anieu t ,
Reeled npon that ebalr by the door
Waa oua who bad abaved in yeara before.
Yea, shared hlro but not hia (warded faoe I
Heaved him but not in a barber's place t
Shared him of stamps In a little loan,
When "jBly a printer," bad "Cuunt Tyrone,"
And the f Irl who had oast off the tvna nian.
With " If I'll marry a eount, I cad'
flad married the Count and become tha wife
Of a Paris bar bur I Ob I sueb Is lite I
He was one of those eounts. In ttrooar cbrue.
Of tbe tine styled "no aeeouat," now-A-deys.
And tbe fancy French aha had Uarned at aohool
W aa all the stock of tbe little fool
Who had wedded A barber rather that, one
Who was now at tbe brad of the highest tea.
Ho was on It a printer ! Ah. tar lr.
Your scornful "Onlies" at printers burl. .
Oay a printer" la much tbe eame thine
As only a hero or only a King
MTS A CAPS, BOOTS A fiitOBS,
jJAlZE A SCHWARTZ,
(lau Sao Krau t Ca.,)
NO. Ilia, MAMKET HTHKCT, Pill I A.
Rand.. Pooipanlaf, Ae., ftfral.b.d. Raraplll,
pbutograpbf and self Biaaiuriuf. diraetlnnj rant
MERCHANT TAILORS A CL0TU1ER8,
1101 MARKET FTREET,
Jaly 14, 'TS-ly Phils.
The undersigned are new fully prepared to
carry aa the business of
AT RRA80MADLI RATER,
Aad raapoetrally aalieM tbe pltreaage of thoM
seeoang aaah Berrteas.
JAMES L. LEAVV.
Cleeraald, Pa., Fab. U, 1174.
HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE.
Tha lloaaa and Lot oa tbaoraar af Mar.
Fa., If for aale.
koi aad Fifth atresia, ClearOald,
Tbe lot eselataa Bear it aa aere of fressd, Tbs
huaae la a larfs dsslle fraaae, eoatalBls wlae
reosae. Far larsBt and alaar talbrsulleB aside
u Maa traaerlhar, at Ua Past fates.
aor if r. A. BAuLrrT.
AA' RXPERWEXT WITH SEED-
N, P. .," in tho Southern Farmer.
broaches thu theory that n hcro two
curn'row-on one nulk the bottom ear,
iiMimlly tho smullerit, it the one to
plant. His armimont ia that tho top
car represents the riAtuntl product uf
lite sccu, and tuat all crown extra ia
tine to cultivation and tlicroloro ronro
aenting the oxtra productiveness. The
writer relates the tiiUowinpr oxnon
mcnt in illustration of hia idea :
'J took two ears from tbo same stalk
both (rood j top ear waa Si inches
long anil 9 inches, in circumtorciiee,
I no Dottom ear 7 incnoa long and
71 Inches in cirvumfiirencts l'luutwl
in separato rows ; work, oet., all tho
game. Tho produce of the ton ear
pretty much aa tho balance of tbo field
aomo stalks bavmp; two ears, cenor-
uv oniy ono, nut large nnd mil, mcas-
ring 111 and II Incbus iu lenith and
as much in circumforonco. The nro-
uce of the lower ear was.'everr stalk
bad two good oars, some three. Tho
ears were smaller than those frmn tho
top car ; 6, 7, 8, and aomo 9 inchos
lonif. 1 did not perfect tho oxnori-
ment by eathoriiiir and moaauriui.
However, 1 am satisfied that the pro
duct of tho bottom ear would exceed
that of tbo top car by one-fourth, if
not ono-tliira. Ibe enm, though not
largo, were mucn more numerous. An.
other thinir 1 noticed was that the til.
lorn or suckers wore mora prevalent
anu auuntiani irom tno Bottom car,
though both prodiicod suckers. Thoso
tillers, almost all of them. haoVshoots.
and aomo of them very decent ears of
corn. 1 am sutmned that tho plan ia
good, whom a stalk produce two cars,
to tnko the bottom oneforsocd; but
il tnroo pr tour cars are produeod, to
tako tbo bottom one would produce
very small oars and crainf
Tho experiment is inconclusive, from
the fact that tho product ot tho two
cars wore not accurately weighed in
stood ol being merely guessed at. Tho
writer "is salasticd" tbut tho small car
produced tho larger product, but even
this is a mntter of doubt. His theory
favoring this result possibly biasod bis
guess, ilo says tht ears produced
from the lurge car wore larger than
tbo othera but less numerous, Our
oxperienco is tbat one or two inches
itlercnco tn the length of an oar of
corn makes much ' dirTcrcnco in tho
product than ia gcnoral supposed,
und our impression has been that tbe
bettor way to increase tho yield of!
orn u to piunt tlnniy on rich soil, aim-
nir to produce one htrio car on uvurv
stalk ruthor than two small ones. Tho
long car system cortuiiily stivua a
great amount of labor iu husking, aud
RiatER LOCAL INSTITUTE.
Following aro tho inwccdinirs of
the third Local Institute, held ut lligler
Hlatlon, i'a., on Friday and Isntunliiy,
rubruary 4tb and Dtu, 1H7U :
FRIDAY AFTERNOON SESSION.
Tbo Instituto convened at 1 o'clock,
p. m., Feb. 4lb. 1). M. DoVoro called
tho assembly to order, and tho limli
rniCEH OF LAND LOAd AUO.
tutu ut onco proceeded to forln a pel
miincnt organization. J. 8. Morris, of
Woodland, was chosen as President;
lr. V. Jt. Head, Vice President ; W, II
Shiroy, Seorotary ; nnd Alisa Alertie
McDowoll, Assistant Seorotary. Alter
tho election of ofliccrs, il r. J. II. Wilson
delivered an approriato address ol
welcome l tio attornoon session con
sistcd of declamations, clnss drills, dis
cussioin and singing, all of which wore
quite interesting; also, a number of se
lect readings, niter which Instituto ad-
journod to moot m tho 1'rcsbytcrian
cliiirch at 7 o clock, p. in.
PRIDAT KVEN1NO SESSION.
Instituto was culled to order at 7:30
by tbo Vico President. Opening cx
erases. I'rnyor bv J(ev. Air. McClaino,
of Philadelphia. Tho Ir.stituta then
joined in singing "Tbo Sweet By and
liy. air. Allies rortcr then delivered
an oration entitled "Tbo Scholar," af
ter which an essay was read by Alius
Anuio Holt: subiuct, "Snows of Atro."
Tho Institute was then favored with a
lecttiro on the crcat nuostioii nt tho
duy, vie : "Tbo Biblo in tho Public
School ;" by liov. Mr. Burchfield, of
Curwcnsvillo. It was very iiitorestinir
and entertaining. Next wns the dis
cussion of tho following subject: "How
can wo secure visitB from psn rits and
school otliccrs 7" Prof. J. K. AIcKon-
rick lavored tho Institute with a aoloct
reading, entitled " Paul Ilevere's Iiido."
Dr. J. A. Bouse, of Woodland, delivered
an address on tho subjoct of " Progress
and Improvement." The Docfor is a
livo worker in tho causo of caseation,
irnd ho disposod of his topic in a man
nor creditable to himself and entertain-
ng to tho audience. Select reading
by Mr. J. L. Pcarco was eood. Itoll
call and aentiment. Motion to adiourn
to moot in tho school-room on Saturday
morning, at v o clock.
SATL'KDAY MORNING SESSION.
Instituto was called lo ordor bv tho
rresiucni. unening exercises. Aiin-
utca of tho previous session were read
and approved, whon the class drills
were taken up and tho diflurent meth
ods of teaching each branch were clear-
set forth and elucidated by tho teach
ers. Air. J. It. Wilson illustrated his
method of teaching Written Arithmetic
without books) lit' bringing bclore tho
nstitute a class from bis school and
having it recite. Tbe pupils acquitted
SATVRIIAT AFTERNOON SESSION,
Saturday attornoon'a session was one
of the most interesting sessions held,
and consisted ot recitations, orations,
essays, discussions, ftc. Tho pro
gramme was completed. 1 rot. J. A.
uroirory, County Superintendent, and
Pot, 1. P. Schsjflcr, of Clearfield, wore
present and added much to tho inter
est of tho occasion, by expressing their
views on ainercnt subjects.
SArt'IlDAT EVENING SESSION.
institute was well attended. After
a few preliminary exorcises, the Insti
tute was favored with an address by
Prof. Gregory, on "Natural Work."
Tho speaker did ample justice to tho
subject. Ho was followed with a lec
ture by Prof. MuKonrick ; subjoct, "Un
finished Work." This speaker also
rendered great satisfaction, as well as
great service to the Institute., The
programmo for the evening u com
pleted. Tho teachers all performed
their duties faithfully, for which they
Prof, M. L. Gulich camo forward
and favored tho Instituto with a num
ber of aelect readings. ...
A voto of thanks wits tendered to
the citizens ot lligler, for their hospi
tality and hearty approval of the labors
nl' the, teachers j also, to the trustees
who so kindly tendered the use of tho
Un motion, Institute adjourned,
l. M. UKVOR
. M. I. AlcDow
ME LEGAL STATUS OF MAlt
KIED WOMEN IN PEA'jTA.
In a recent number of tho Venn
Montlilu u a clear and able articlo on
this vory, interesting nnd wo may say
important aubject, the trist ot which is
in the following summing up :
A married woman is entitled to
maintenance by bur husband during
his lifetimo ; right which she mav
enforce (il ho noploct or refuso to pro-
viuo ior nersoii anu ciiiidrenj ny
making contracts for nccossuries, Air
which he will bo hnblo. I lion his
death, she is entitled to common law
dower in reul estate, alter the pnyment
of nil hia debts ; if he die intestate, she
may havo slain lory dgwor, viz: Ono-
From tbe Laneaater Inl.lligenrar.
Tho increased value; of farm land in
Eastern Pennsylvania) siuco the first
settlement of this section, is tho best
ovideiico of tho progress-)! the Country
and tho niarvcloes activity of its popu
lation. In the enrly .days all invest
ments were imido m ; rctak entitle, n, I
theso purchases fro in lime lo time
mude up the tlunlatiijs,siiiue of which
arc still held by doMt'cnduiits of. the
former proprietors. .Now the accumu
lation of a largo landed ex lute in the
thickly populated districts ol l.tiMern
Pennsylvania, is one-bull of tho im
probabilities. Ileal estate is too vulu
able, because of thu growth of towns
and cities on thoso onco uncultivated
acres. Tho following, account of the
prices of land in Lancaster county, o
tako from " liiier'n Almanac" fur 1870
The first settlement in J.uucnstcr
county was mudottomh by cast of Lan
caster city, between 1708 nnd 1730. At
t bat timo lands were intentcd. JJetwecn
1730 and 1730, under Thomas and
Richard Pciin, tho price puiil fur Hind
was 16 Ss. Cd. for 101l acres. It gradu
ally rose in price, nnd 1750 guodliino
stono hind sold at 1,000 for 100 acres.
It avcrni;cd that price until about 1700.
In 1705 it sold somewhat 'jicjier, in
some cases as high as 1,101 per 100
acres.aiid loroxtrnqualityovcp higher.
About tbo year 1770, it sold lVom 50
to 75 lower per 100 acres, ow ing to
tho troubles with tho mother ctiutitry,
which culminated in the Revolutionary
war, but soon alter tho concliuion ol
tho war, land wns sold by tho acre.
From this period up to 1790, land rose
from J50 to 880. per acre, und contin
ued so up to tho "period of tho French
revolution in 1790. The war of 1812
with Kngland, caused another advanco
n tho pneo ol land, briritrmir it un to
8100 per acre.
In. 1815 there wcro upwards of 300
distilleries in Lancaster county, and
land niado a sudden riso fiom $100 to
jO0 an acre. Speculation run riot
many now banks were chartered, and
numerous bankl'ailures occurred. The
Marietta bank tailed, nnd ulso about
throo-foiirthsofthepeoploof that town,
Many failures also took pluceall ovor
the country. Land went down in price
as suddenly as it had gone up. From
1820 to lttlO it sold at from 130 lo $50
an ucre. Tho price oC wheat, in the
best part of Luncitsler county, was
from U0 cents to $1 por bushel ; corn,
i'5 cents ; outs, 20 cents: a irood horse
brought $05, and Block cuttle from 1
to 2 cents a pound, other things being
in that proportion.
From 1821 to 1827 irood linns on
the Conostuga, near IJrownstown.wero
aokl for $38 an ucro, and ono of tho
BrtibttkcrB' farms, on tho New Hollund
piko, near Eden, only brought that
price, i no lurm now owned by Sam
uel liausmun, on the Jlillersvillo piko,
was sold for $34 an acre, and tho well
known furnt of David SI. Myers, ou
tno rruitviiio piko, only two miles from
Laiicastar,. sold for 8.11 an ch. A
great many industrious fanners w ho
had bought farms at a high price lost
ovoryibing. in soma instances, men
who bad bought lauds at high prices,
with widow'a dowor, weni compelled
to leavo them to tho widows lor their
From 1830 to 1838 land went up in
prico again, lo that improved farms
boiu ai iuu an aero. At tins period
repudiation was more or less agituted
in al the States, and Pennsylvania
Stuto loan, .old aa low as 33 cents on
tbe dollar. A general dissatistactinn
with tho Van Ituron administration
brought on a panic, and dull times pre
vailed until the Mexican war and the
discovery of gold in California in 1818.
Good farms were sold in tho vicinity
of Lancaster city in 184-1 at from $:0
to $80 ail aero, but after 1818 land rose
again, und in 1800 sold at $150 an acre.
In 1806 it reached $200 per acre,
and .this was about the avcrago price.
Hut luud sinco tlien has conio down
again at least $50 an aero. There
were thrco good tiirnis udjoining ouch
other, two of which wcro sold about
six years ago at $210 an acre. Tho
finest and best located of the three was
put up at public snle'in thu fall of 1872.
aad only brought $177 an aero, being
too toss an acre ibnn it cost.
Thoso bii'o keys rciiuiru tho and avoid all excess whats-ievor. Hi
c strength ol bis hand und arm to benefit of the forty days' abstemious-
i them, lo each of the levers is ness would hogrcttt.
Oruco Church when Air. Scnia. tho bwond a oucslion truo. Now-a-dav
carilhucur, is practicing, lie does not howovor. wo know that this can bo
dance about amid a forest of ropes, dono in bettor ways than through tho
pullinir one and then another and an- administration of oastor oil or ialon
uiucr, as tno oiu-timo beii-ringera ol and tboso ways are through wiso pin
i.gmnu uiii , out no pinys on ji is mru- aonco in meats and drinks and picas-
Ion a cltwter as they do in Holland. I ures, and duo und propor exorcise. If
I here they are.lcn chime-ringing lovers therefore evorybody should so fur keep
ruugcuiiiBrvwiiKcincKoyssiupiano- t.ent aa to hold in check Ins appetil
move iiieui. jocucnoi i ue icvei-s ia ness would bo i;
at'.nclicd a rone, pussiue Ihioucrh the On ita reliirious side tho teuton sen
ceiling to tho tower above, whore it aon is full of interest to thoitudent of
connects with lis particular bell. tTp society.' What protracted meetings,
in the light, niiy, latticed tower, fur revivals, awukomnga, special religious
above tho roofs of tbo till lest houses, services, aro to thu non-prolaticul do
bnug tho ten huiro wide-inoullied mcs- nominations, tho continuous fustinir
; e . . - , i .
m Kers ui siiiinu timi oniy Bwttii me aim prayor oi jjcni is lo tno Ivoman
mosiers touch to till the uir Willi melo. and episcopal churches. I tin a season
dy. J rliiily chiines aro, perhaps, next whon the communicant ia invited to
to those ol'Christ Church, Philadelphia, draw nearer to God, and tbo wholo
thoolilesl in tlnscountry. Itutstrango family of tho church to suborilinato
to say, almost notuing is known ol oaruny thoughU and desires to beav
their history. Kven Mr. Avliflo. the only umbitions and coutemtlationa.
accomplished carrilloncur, who has rung Tho sacred edifices aro opo daily and
me ununiros on litem ior nearly iwoni v sovorai timea a dav. Irom oar v morn-
years, can tell but littlo about them, inif to ovenintr : the nriesta offer sacri.
Tho church wardens and Hector of fico at Jhe altars, und enforce tho pre-
T n:t. ,...c..- . .. i i , e .....
Attitiij jMt.tnu totiienn tu nillloni, tutlll wejuo ol ruiliriotl UJIOn tnoir UOCKB.
ignorunco on tlio subject, rrom van- t,ent is in truth a yearly revival, just
ous sources, ndded to tbo inscriptions us much bo in its kind as that, which
on tho bells, I havo learned that five Aloody and Sankey are seeking to cro-
oi too oens were cast in Jjoniluu by pio at the Jlippodromo, at Now York
M cars prior to 1815. As tho second 1 hat tho season is observed, tbo full
Trinity Church was built with a hand- churches on everyday of tho week can
somo steeple in 1788, it is moro than testify. To women csMcinlly it affords
unMjuoio tuiti at icasi ono oi tho pens a weicomo occasion lor tbosatiHluction
camo ovor from hnelnnd about Hint of tho rolmious emotions and aspera-
time. At any nito, when, in 1845, the tions which so largely influence thoir
church edifice wns taken down to make happiness and minister to their weli-
I'..- . I I . l...f ti ..... , . ...
nnj mi uiv pi-vneiu ueuutiiiii structure, uuinu;. j; inrtsiiaiiiiy brings to Its
there were six bells in tho Btocnle. Tho aid the intellect of man. it ulsn r.-ta a
largest of theso was cracked, and bo it strong support from tho affections of
was Bent to Monceley, In Troy, to be I woiaan, and so is transmitted from gen
m'ast, and ut tho same time four more orat ion to ironoration.
were ordered to complcto tho chime. Thoro never was a moro fitting time
Tbo largest bell woisbs 3.081 pounds, to fust and nrav than this. But the
and the smallest 700. The ten bell abstinonco and tbo supplication will do
15,000 poti mis. 'They aro bunir in a I unless thev briiiff forth tho tialnrtblo
Irumework of wood so heavy as to fruits ot riifhtooiisnoss. "Rend voiir
ueuueii tun sounu to h greut extent ; ueurts ana pot your garments. The
ami the vestry are now deliberating as truo lasting, of which tho abstaining
uwBxiir oi unving mom ro- irom pnysicai loon ia tuo sign, is Irom
.oiiieu aim reiwng. ab tuey are an manner oi evil. It the merchant
soinowhnt out of tuno, owinc to tho shall avoid deception and diabonestv
constant striking of tha clappers in in his dealings, if tho clerk shall giye
ono place, it will bo found ncccssitry up cyo sorvico and labor diligently
likewise to repair tho parts worn away, for tho good of his employer, if tho
if that bo possible. Tho bell-chamber mistress shall cease from backbiting
is not, as many sujipcso, near tho top and scandal and give up vain desires,
of tho steeple. It is rather nearer tho the maid go about hor work solicitous
ooitom. i no bens bung very near the only to rondor faithful service, and all
rough floor, and all tbo machinery for men and women who recognize the
ringing is ruilo and primitive compared religious obligations of tbo annual fust
nun una or t..nico or Bl. i nomas I snail retrain irom those thinm time
. , . . - 1 j
vnurcn. know to bo wronc and imurions in
themselvos and their neighbors, this
SIIELLE TS DEA TH. Icntt'n a"on will end, and tho Eastor
cnimos ana carrols will peal forth ovor
it is surprising how lurge the yield oi l third of tho rcnl estate, of which ho
com will shell out "villi bills 3 tret I died seized, for life, and onu-tliird ol
apart, three stalks in a kill, and onch the personal estate absolutely, in case ; from $10(1 lo $15(1 per acre, is seldom
Good farms wcro Bollinrr in the full
of 1872 and 1873 at less than $110 an
acre, and, they rarely reached $170, so
that the' average prico of laud in Lan
caster county at thia timo cannot bo
considered moro thuu $150 an acre.
Thoro may Ik instances whoro luud is
bid up $50 or moro beyond its avoni'm
valuo by two udjoining neighbors. Tho
present value of land is a vory impor
tant mutter to our Laiicaslor countv
furnicrs, sinco by tho new assessment
their luiiiis nro valued ut whnt they
would sell lor nt public sale. As lo
tho question, " hut is the H ue value
of a lin m ?" tho correct answer is, the
estimated valuo of a luri'n ought to bo
according lo the net percentage of what
il can produce, or, perhaps, what it
llie real income ol a turin, cosliuit
It will bo remembered that a short city T"tly hotter than it now is. Wo
time ago a story was put in circula- llrS on n" pnosW and pastors to on-
t ion to tho effect thut an old sailor, dy- ,OIT0 1118 practical lessons ol .Lent, and
ini. had confessed thnt il.o rlr.,n-ni to undeceive all thoso of their flocks
of the poet Shelley was due to pirates wo tllinlf tDt feeling good is being
of whom the sailor was one who rj00"- Ex.
attacked the boat in which Shellov was. " ' '
under the impression that the weulthy " naMinxr if.ak or at
EiiKlish "milord" Byron was in It. A PL TREES.
captain in tho Italian navy, who is re- ,r, . - ' , TV, , , .
siJing at Spezzia. has investi-'atod tho ... ?!" h.nJ. Famer tdr.erU to
story; and finds it lo havo hu3 no basis ZJbV 'r"'"'P-
in truth. Tho captain has sifted the . " 1 .
reports current In' Spezzia, and inter- "2 lT.. .1 r1
rogated tbo civil and ecclesiastical aa- ?"1,iTf bs tiLll P eT f
thorities, and asserts that no one in "'"R bcannf, year of his tree, is
tho town knows anything whatever th ""Poi tant matter for the ap-
nlni tl, nl.l .;i,;ii... 1" grower to oonaiuor. Ihoiact that
tension ho is said to have made on hia ?rpT troM do bcB': mo"t undantly
d..th-brd. The captain contin.es 1" ' TVT. r"fy kmV"
"Hut for Miss Trelawnoy, we should "? ? h rdl8t Soae00J"7
never havo hoard of thisoi raor.lin.ry f??;P,"t,0B f CD bo ""
event, or its fantastio details. Poonfe il . . ".r '".' -jno:nT ainounv-
I fU aAr utiLiiiiiu- - bib ini. aa as. ilea sua tIIIir.
TIIET CARRIED IT TOO FAR.
j IMal.Arkltr.iu Ibe Nr Vara Waekly.J
', Mr. Htitterwlck cnlloil In tn ain in,,
the other day, und in tbo course of tho
conversation, bo said :
"I'm going to move. I can't stand
those Thompsons, next door to me any
longor. " They're the awlulleat people
to borrow things thai 1 oversaw. Cof.
fee, and batter, andiiuirar. and flour. I
don't mind so much, ulthough when a
woman borrows hlsh-nriced Bllrmr and
Java collco, and sends back Bund and
cbickory, a man naturally feels blllious
und mad. Hut they've borrowed Drat,
ty near overylhiiitf in tho house First
ita onctliing and then it'a another,
from morninir till niirht.Tii'ht straiirht
"Now there's tho pokor. A poker's
a piece of muchiuery that you'd think
auybody might go around and buy, or,
if they couldn't afford it, they might .
uso a fence paling to shako up the fire.
Hut Airs. Thompson seems to hanker
after our pokor. Sho borrows it fif
teen or twenty times a day, and last
Suturduy she son for it thirty-foflr
times. She pays u boy two dollurs a
ILLUSTRATING OUR RELIG
Thoro was an exceptional degree ot
practical force in tho resolutions adopt
ed by the Nutional Evungelieul Alii
anco Inst Mondnv ovoniniA Tho Phil.
udclnhia branch wns remti.uli.rl It. tub-,
hieasiiro to acquaint visitors to the ex-1 weck 10 " ovur l"1'1 borrow that pr
position wilh otirt lirbliun and philun-1 ?fT i nuu llbu1 't much that
ihrupiu instiliitions, und it v ns.ui-god i il' "," bt'"1 "I1 'ikc a cork-screw,
that ' speciul religious sen ices should ! ' N'ow, lake chairs for instance. She
bo held ut that lime, to illustrate the a"rl" u " 'cd her our clisim three
unity and powur of our Chrisliunilv
... . . - . . .
unu the relation of religious thought
to the proirross. nornetuitv and truo
glory of tho ropublio and tho world's
oivilir.ation." Possibly tbo duties hero
enjoinod on tho Philadelphians tako too
witie a rnntre. Intelliireut fore cnora
can Judge of tho effect of religious
tuougnt upon ue world s civilization
without our help, and wo shall nroba-
ui.. a-i .- - . r .... . .
ui mm mo msK oi snowing Its elloct
in tno republic quito sunioient for us.
It undoubtedly is nucossnry that
some effort to show that effect should
bo made. I he true idea of our ceo
tenary celebration is to illustrate the
growth of tho nation in tho highest
ami iuuchi sense: ihoilL'll there is now
somo dangor thut thnt idea may be
lost, sigui oi in consideration ot . .Eu
ropean stuffs nnd Japanese nottorv
Any illustration of the present status
of tho nation must be partial and feo
ble which fails to "represent tho under
lorcosoireligiotisor irreligious thought,
There is good reason to supposo, too,
tnai wo suan not oo credited by our
guests with tho Just dogree of progress
in roligious truth. Amorican virtue
abroad is rated by Credit Mobilior, the
Whisky Kings, swindling ministers,
tho murders and other capital -crimes
which aro patent to tho world. How
are we going to help this matter? Not
ucro icei sure mat tno whole Is a mys
tification practised on somo poetio im
agination excited by Disraeli's 'Veno
tia,' and put it down to some wag of a
sailor who had known and served tbo I
mons as t be hardly worth harvesting,
while this year it is very ttroall. When
there is a crop of apples tbo vital forces
of tho treo are drawn upon so heavily
iu served tuo . . i. .-
illustrious but restless Entrlish coctg I ior periecting the ruil.
Ono in particular is mentioned, who i. """".,or. 'oa.ng crop, ior tneso
very diver at relailintr fables on a ...h- ,n"l Dl" ar. ' male tb0 ?r F
: -a ,i.. a .."... . . I OUS to Iho DCftnnir vnr. I Iipim a.m
K-l.n hn. .d.n t..... ' .-J:" oxcoptional orchards which bear.m
s.s.aiT nun lllimv UUH 11IM I . J. .! . ll n
i 1,11 : ; ... noaviiy m uio oa year, uno iow
7, ' " :i&'.?.T.'. Vork kpple irrower has acres of trees
tbo sJ-cret, of the confessional. Onoof h I . l haV0.kbc?n . ,onlir)
i.,.n,.ii,.i. i. . . .:.!..,.. changed by pickins- tho fruit as soon
t im rmiitom id iTtmniuiU, fJI I llt'T lllU I ; ; . if i '1 re
confession was made with a view to""" lnu8 109,n. 01 .co,lreo. 0,10
reparation, under the pressure of ro- TP" i .. .orc'mri!" Mv81 bofn
morse, and it wns tho Priest's dut v to V"1". their bearing year by the
give it all possible publicity and to '7'!" insects ana by frosts.
mnir . ,i.,J.i.:.... i '.-.. 1 "L . toncorninir the importance of study
........ m ui -wdi'ii wviuiu uiv vounn - . , ... -
...if ...... r - .'inK tuo mailer witn tno View to brini'-
w, ,v niu iw ui n iieuitciii who , . .
wanted to confess all his sin. in order "ul. 7'?.n8- r- "'"", "'0
to present himself unstained before the
limine of God ; and yon may know as
wen as i do, sir, that no priest, with
A'eic Enaland Farmer says : "Tho les
son to ho learned from tho lust year's
appio crop is an important ono, lor un
less wo can, in a measure, control tho
stuik bearing one large sized ear.. A
gresl number of slalks or closer plant
ing will incicuse tlioumouiit of fodder,
but, other circumstances being equal,
win not increaso the yield ot grain.
The Hknefit oi Walkino. Every"
mnscie in mo nqiiy is greauy and unl
formly brought Into action by tho
swing of tho legs and tho arms, and
coiiHcqiionlly, ot tho trunk iua-vorticlo
direction. The undulations made by
bend, chest nnd abdomen, in a verticlo
piano, aro thus not only according to
Hogarth's line of beauty, but also in
that tending to perfect health. Every
internitl orgnn is gently stimulated to
more robust action. Newr, in a com
mon walk, does a person hrenthe twice
tne same air, becuuso bo Is constantly
otiaiiging his position. This fact alone
is of incalculable advantage. Somo
wrltors contend thnt the rchrcathlng
of air onco partially used is ono of tho
most fertile causes of consumption. Tho
most luvornble timo lor walking Is
nbout mid-day in the Winter and In
the morning and toward evening in
Character. Wo may judge a man's
character' by what ho loves what
pleases him. If a person manifests do
light in low, sordid objects, tho vulgar
song and .debasing language, In tho
misfortunes of his lellows or his animals,
wo may at once determine, the com
plexion ot hia character. On the con
trary, if he loves purity, truth, modest v
If virtuous pnrsuits engage his heart,
and draw out hia .affections we are
satisfied thnt he is an uprighf man.
When wo see a young man fond of
fine clothes, and makoa a fop of him-
solf, it is a sure sign that he thinks the
world ronsiatsofoutsideahnw and osten
tation, and ho Is certain to mako an
unstable man, without true affection or
friendship, fbnd of. change and excite
ment, arid wsftryint of tirase objects
aod ponnlu, which, for time, give
him pieasnfe. '-
A!wy open to conviction A thief.
und sometimes belmv tlu-so
ho leavo children, if not ono-ltnlf of tho i higher Ibnn from fiitir lo seven per
pi-LoniM i-rMiuu, ,,r, ill ease nu lies It'll ' cent.,
a will, sho may elect betwocn taking figure
tho legacy therein contained or the
rights given her tinder tho statute, and
in addition $300 of bis estate for tho
support of herself und hor children is
exempted Irom tho sale Tor tho pny
ment of his debts.
"In her own property, sho is enti
tled (oi tho freo nse and enjoyment
along with her husband, and holds it
Irco Irom any liability for his debts;
she is also entitled to her separate Burn
ings when bor intonlion lo claim them
is filed of record. 1 Hor property may
bo littblo for a judgment recovered
niruiust bim for her torts, or on a iiidc-
mcnt against both on a contract for
necessaries entered into by herself
ulono, if the husband has nothing en
which execution may bo bud. and it is
always liable for contracts entered into
by her before marriage. Ily a trust
for ' her separato use,' either real or
personal may bo so settled thnt she
shall roceivo tho Income, but neither
sho nor hor husband can havo any con
trol ot th corpus of the estate, nor
shall it bo liable for any of his debts or
engagements. Hut sueli a trust must
he made during coverture or in imnio
dinlo contemplation of marriage, and
cannot survive a disc-overture. Wo
also find that tho contracts of a married
wortian nnd any agreement to bind hor
separate without hor husband's consent
aro absolutely void except in corlain
rases. Those are, contracts for tho re
pair or.improvenient of hor real ostato,
transfers of stork of railroad companies
or corporations created under the laws
of this State, checks and receipts lo
banks for money on deposit with thorn,
and contracts for tho purchase of sow
ing machines. In case of hor husband
neglecting or refusing to provide for
her, she may boeome a femesole trader,
and thereby contract aa though she
were unmarried." ...
Fniin Harper'. M.gulne.
Ill this ago the Netherlands claim
precedence among the countries of Eu
rope in belfry music. There are moro
chiinuB. or carillons, in thut country
than I'l any other. A great number
ot hells nre required for this kind of
music, which is sometimes of a very
elalioruto ond intricntecbarncter. The
cariUnns a clavier nro played liko a
plnno f'orto. The keys arc bundles con.
net ted with tbo bells by roils or cords.
Tho cahlhneiir employs both hands and
feet in executing thouirr. which charm
tho Inhabitants of tho Low Countries.
Tho pedals comniuniento with the
larger bells for the bass. The keys on
which tbo treble notes depend aro
struck wilh the hand, which is cased
in a thick leathern stall. It is recorded
thut a earillonrur of Bruges was so ex
pert ho even executed fugues on those
famous bells that hang in thecal hodi-ut
of that ancient city, fho rapidly de
veloping S'slholic luski of our people
is gradually bringing The uso of chimes
and penis into our Amorican churches
in tho place of single bells. In New
York there nro three sets of chime
bells thoso of St. Thomas' Church, on
Filth avenue antl Fifty-third strocl ;
iho chimes ol Grace, on 'Broadway, nnd
those of Trinity, on Broadway, oppo
site Wall street. The bells of St. Thom
as', ten in number, wore cast at Alo
neely's, in Wosi Troy, and put tip In
the beautiful tower two years ago.
They are the finest in tone and tuno.
Their music is wondrously beautiful.
The bells of Grace, alio ten in niimbor,
have a initcd weight of lt,300 pounds.
The largest bell, called the Hector's
bell, or the tolling bell, weighs 2,835
pounds. This splendid chime cost
16,000. If you wish to enjoy a now
sensation, go up Into the hell-tower of
. n,,..,;.:.. 1.1. .. .L-.: .. J loss Wl
rjt.U. ' "V.t i"...: ""i extent of the harvest, wo iniirht as well.
ti,n ennr...ii tl:. i. i... 80 r as raising apples nt a profit Is
I n ,de t .' ...i r concorned, give them up entirely. For
nil thr. ,.;,;) n.i,.t,t. ...a .t.. .; l'olno " it may pay to grow trees,
to whom I havo spoken, nnd till learn ,!von ifih7 ''car. "."' .vory .othor
to tho contrary, f shall feci convinced r' " een uxurmling
that Miss Trchtwney has been deceiv- 0 ""'''.'f tbo I)ast yca.r- olh raw an
.... J .. . cnnkcl in evnrv (Vinenivnbln Cm nr.,4
on. j.ot ncr give us tho name of the
person who supplied her with the news.
and on tho part of the authorities 1
can promise that no search, or pains
win no spnrcn to establish the histori
enl truth of the story which has excit
cooked in every concoivnblo form, and
many ol thoso who had them to buy
UHod them very freely paying littlo
more for them than the cost of pickinc
and marketing, but all parties would
be betior suited il they could bo grown
-d tho curiosity of the English puhUc." 1 ,. 'V . '? ' We
6 1 lielievo this can bo dono with a better
knowledge of the habits and require
incuts of tho trees. Ijct us give tho
subject our uttention tliiritie the next
few years, antl if wo cannot work a
reform In this matter wo may as well
acknowledge ourselves tho victims ot
THE LENTEN SEASON.
In nil Roman nnd Greek Catholic
countries, and where tho Anclienn
Church nnd its offshoots havo their
communicants, Ash Wednesday comes
in to silence mo voice ol tncrry-mak-
ing and lo cnll nil tho faithful to bend Uriko Utilized, The sidings and
tho Icnoo in prnyerand to so moderate' small conl at tho month of coal pita
tho appetites by fasting, that tho spir- and coal yards havo now,oing to the
itunl part mny gain mid keep tho as- ciibnncod cost of fuel, a positive com
cendancy tho full forty days through, mercial value, being more nd moro
Though in this country tho llomnn largely nscd for making patent or
v ., ,, i,,c..iuu eiiurcncs com- nrtincial liiei. tuo method most gen
priso only a fraction of tho community, crally in vogue 1st mingle it with
yet tho Icntenseasongclsquitearccog. .ome adhesive and combiiatlblo sub
nitioninthe fashionable world, so far stance, like bitumen, pitch, tar orrosin,
as tho slopping of gayclics is concern- nnd then mould It Into cakes by press
ed. Fashion culls a halt on Ash Wed- tiro.. In Belgium, where this industry
nesilny, sud pmpmatids thnt tho no- has attained great success and impor
coiitreinents of revelry shall bo laid tance, tho conl dust is ninrlomorntod
aside. During tho forty days tho dsn- into blocks by adding eiiht or Uu por
cers tako a rest nnd only tho quieter conl. of coal tar, and some hundreds of
lornis oi amusement arc allowable. thousands of tons are nsetl annually for
1 his is ono ot tho practical benefits heating locomotives, these blocks are
of Lent lor which every man should very nenrly of the samo density and
give thanks, whatever his religious weight as solid coal, and burn without
creed. Inn hygienic sense, somo do- presenting any nlwtnclo to tho circula
trreo of fasting in Spring is conducive lion of air through tho gritto. It wns
lo health. It is a transit ionnl season
in which tho body may, by proper cau
tion Iki strengthened lo endure the
coining 8ii miner heals, or by indul
gence ho so weakened thnt they will
prove a sore trial. In the old days it
was tho habit of prudent mothers to
doso their children with physic in the
Spring, and as pills were not sugar
Coated iu those primitive times, but
honestly administered in all their or
iginal Hastiness, tho ordeal for the
youngsters was one of great dread;
nut the fond mother looked away from
tho wry fuco into the futurity of tho
health to bo secured by the dose nnd
tho illness to bo warded off by the
hated drug. Perhaps these old ma
trons chose a rude means of reach
ing thoir ends, but that in tho Spring
time the system should be kept clean
and purged of the seeds of disease, is
nearly twenty yours ngo thnt the ad
vantages were pointed out of blowini
coal dust into a chamber lined with fire
brick, so thut it might bo iadted on
coming in contaet with rod not furn
aces, niter having boon mingled wilh
tho quantity of air necessary for com
bustion. Aiany ot the large manufac
tories in the United States buve for
somo timo past used pulverized fuel for
furnaces and boilers. Coal dust has
also olftor uses;, among these may bo
mentioned its employment in foundries
for moulds, and its uso as a building
material'mixcd wilh one-sixth part of
Loudon has 5,000 mile of gas
mains, 54,000 street lamps, which burn
3,000,000 cubic feet of gus each night.
Fox-hnnflnglsnll the rags in Indiana.
by exhibition of our generosity in cost
ly enurencs or magniucenv prisons
hospitals or buildings for tbe I. M. C,
Association. England and Franco prov
ed long ago to themselves that reform
is not the erection of vast caravansa
ries for convicts, or stately temples,
, tv .uaiiav.iiviiv UI tuo IIIU1V1U-
uul prisoner and the appeal to the in-
dividual soul. Tho out-door works of
Look and Mutlray havo taken tho place
of costly jails; cheap cottage hospitals
are pushing tho largo ones aside, and
tne great machinery ol mission chapels,
itinerant preaching, Hible readorg and
church clubs, are doing tbe work which
the Cathedrals, with their royal en
dowments, left undone We have not
yet passed the stage whon a beautiful
lompio moans Christianity. It was
scarcely a step in tho right direction.
in our judgement, whon the long ler-
tvi- ui religious zeai in i nuaueipnia
was utilized morcly to oroot a costly
building. The sums expended in niles
of granitoand brown stone would have
sent out living men into every hovel
or byway to preach Christ and Him
Nothing probably would better illu
trate our truo religious condition than
the taolding of general meetings with
out regard to sect, provided tho mo
tive was sincere and gonuino, as in tbe
.Moody and sankey revival, and there
was no temptation to individual dis
play. ISoligiouB newspapers, confer
ences, conventions or synods, aro apt
to snow tno narrow sectarian aide ot
with ; potty dogmas, petty acerbities
come to light, and outsiders sneer at
the lack ol true Christianity in these,
its teachers. The fuct Is that each ef
those men in bis village or city field is.
as a rule, a well-meaning, fail hi ul la-
Dorcr to bring the world up to bis
standard of right, whatcvor that may
bo. It may bo small or bigoted, but it
ui usually more pure, boneet, and high
than tbatof tbe pooplo about bim. The
effect of this great body of workers is
shown not by tho exceptional crimes
and follies which thrust themselves in
to notice, but by tho condition of the
groat mass of tbe Amorican people ;
their clean, chasto, honest domestic
lifb ; their prompt, inexorable verdict
against tho swindler or criminal, no
matter how high his office; the place
they have held among othor nations as
defenders of liberty, knowlodgo, and of
the right of each man to all the chances
for developing manhood. Thevisilore
to the exposition will not gain as true
an idea of our religious or social condi
tion by any religious meetings, how
ovor effctivo thoy may bo, as by tho
study of the pooplo thomsolves, their
times, u duy at every meal, and she
borrowB tho rocking-chair wbenevor
sho wants to put tho baby to sleep.
"X couple ol times sho sent over for
a sofa, and whon the boy came back
with it ho said Mrs. Thompson was
mad as thunder, and kept growling
around the bouso all day, because there
wore uo castors on it. Last Monday
she borrowed our wash-boiler, and we
bad to put off our washing till Tues
day. She did her preserving in it, and
tho consequenco was all our clothes
wore full of preserved poachos. I've
got on an under-shirt now tbat I'm
mighty doubtful if I'll ovor get oh, it'a
stuck to mo so tight.
'fivory now and then sho has com
pany, and then she borrows our hired
girl and all tho parlor furniture; onco,
becauso I wouldn't carry the piano
ovor for bor and take down the chan
delier, she told our hired girl tbat thore
wore rumors about town that I was a
"I'orfectly scandalous I Thov think
nothing of sending over after a counle
of bedsteads or the entry carpet ; and
the other day Thompson says to me :
'"Hutterwick. does vour oumn-loe-
pull up easy V
"And when 1 said I thought it did,
he Baid :
Well, 1 would liko to borrow it Tnr
a few days till I can gotono,formino's
all rottod away.'
"iho only wonder to mj is that be
didn't try to borrow tho well along
"And then on Thursday, Mrs. Thomp
son sont that boy over lo know il Mrs.
nuiterwtcK wouldn t lend bur our
frontdoor. She. said tbeir's was away
being painted and she was timid the
baby would catch cold. When 1 ask
ed llira what ho supposed wo were go
ing to do to keep comfortable without
any lront door, bo said Mrs. Thompson
said she reckoned we might tack up a
bod-quilt or something. And when I
refused, tho boy said Mrs. Thompson
told him if I wouldn't send ovor tho
front door to ask Airs. Btittorwick to
lend her a pair of striped stockings
and a horse-hair bustle and to borrow
the coal-scuttle till Monday. What in
tbe name of Moses sho is going to do
wilh a bustle and a coal-scuttle I can't
"But thoy 're tho most extraordinary
pooplo I Last Fourth of July, was it 1
Vos last Fourth of July the boy camo
ovor and told Mrs. fiuttorwick that
Airs. Thompson would be much ohlirr.
ed if she'd lend hor the twins for a few
minutes. Said Mrs. Thompson want
ed "em w suck uu" a new bottle-top,
becauso it mado hor baby sick to tastu
fresh India-robborl Cheeky, wasn't
it? But that's hor way.- Sho don't '
mind it any morel
"WhyPve known her to take-off
our Johnny's pants whon bo's boen
playing over there with the children,
and send him homo bare-legged to tell
his mother that she borrowed them
tor a pattern. And on Thompson's
"birth-day she Baid her house was so
small lor a party that if we'd lend her
ours we might come in late in the even
ing aad dance with the company if
we wouldn't lot on tbat sho didn't live
"Ves, sir: I'm going to move. I'd
rather live next door to a lunatio asy
lum and have the maniacs pouring red
hot shot over tbe fence evory hour of
the day. Indeed I would."
every-day conduct, bearing, speech,
wncn tnoy come up trom their obscure
homes to tho celebration. We shall be
satisfied with a verdict based on that
evidence. JVetc York Tribune.
DISEASES OF THE HORSE.
' Durwin sums up the results of his
roscarchos on this subject in tho fol
lowing paragraph :
Even if no single fact has boon
known with respect to the inheritance
ot diseases and malformations by man,
tne ovmonco would have been com
plete in tho case of the horse, and this
might jiavo boon expected, as horses
breed quicker than man, are matched
with cure and highly valued. I havo
consulted many works, and tbo una
nimity of belief by veterinarians of all
nations, in thu transmission of various
morbid tendencies, is surprising. Au
thors who have had wide oxporionco,
give in detail many singular cases, and
ussert that contracted foot, wilh the
numerous contingent evils of ring
bones, curbs, splints, spavin and weak
ness of the front legs, broken and thick
wind, melanosis, spocifio orphthnlmia.
and blindness, (tho great t rench vet
erinarian, Hugard, going so far as to
say that a blind race could soon be
formed,) cribbing and jibbing, and ill
tempoi- nro all plainly hereditary.
Yountt sums up by saying that "there
is scarcely a malady to which the
horso Is subject thnt is not hereditary,"
and Air, Hugard adds that tho doc
trine "thut there is scarcely a disease
that docs not run in tho stock,1' is gain
ing new advocates every day. I'may
add to theso litcts, established by such,
weight of concurrent testimony, what
I havo before remarkod in general,
namely, that it is not the actual ail-J
moms, sucn as contraciea leot, ring
bones, curbs, splints antl apavin, but
the predisposing causes that are transj
nulled. Tho disposing of parts, the
iinpcrlcft shape and sizo or the faulty
texture of any tendon, bono, ormuscl'o
most favorable to a particular disease,
aro transmitted from sire to son. The
same may bo said of those disorders
that effect the internal organs or the
whole body. The abnormal condition
of tbe blood, and not tbo scrofulous
symptoms it produces, is hereditary.
The weakness in some of the muscle
of the larynx that canso roaring, has
hereditary tendency. Tho narrow loins
and flat side that givo a proneness to
attacks of diarrhoea and colic, bclnug
to certain lineage. This constanlten
dency of morbid condition or defective
organs to reappear In the lino, shows
how important it is that horses loloct
od for breeding should be sound in
wind, limb and condition. froomnve
As many spoke of Robin Hood who
novor shot with his bow, so many hoar
of Lindley Alurrav who know nothinir
of bim but that he composed a book ot
cngnsn grammar, lie was an Amer-
can native of Pennsylvania and re- .
alized a competency at New York.
partly as a barrister and partly as a
merchant, Tbe necessities of health
obliged him to reuiovo to England,
whore he spent tho last forty years of
lii.i protracted life at Iloldcato. near
York, a feeble invalid, but resigned and
happy. Besides his woll-known Gram
mar, ho wrote a book on "Tho Power
ofHoligionon tho Mind." Ho was a
man ol mild and temperate nature, en
tirely beloved by all connected with
bim. In a series of autobiographical
letters, he gives a statement aa to tho
moderation of his desires, well-worthy
of being brought tinder general notice:.
"My viows and wishes with regard
lo proiierty were, in every period of
my lifb, contained within a very mod
erated compass. I was early persuad
ed that, though 'as competence is vital
to content,' I ought not to annox to
t lint term tho idea of much property.
I determined that-when I Bliould ac
quire enough to enable me to maintain
and provide for my fitmily in a re
speciublo and moderate manner, and
this according to real and rational, not
imaginary and fantastio wants, and a
little to share for tho necessities of oth
ers, I would decline tho pursuit of pro
perty, and dovoto a great part of my
time, in aomo way or other, lo the ben
olit of my fellow-creatures, within tho
sphere pf my abilities to servo thorn. I
preceivod that tho dosiro of great pos
sessions genorally expands with . tho
gradual acquisition and full attainment
of them ; and I imagined that charity
and a generous application d not suf
ficiently correspond with the increase
of proM)rty. I thought, too, that pro
curing great wealth lias a tendency to
produco an elated Independence of
mind, littlo connected with that humil
ity which Is the ground of all our vir
tues: that a busy and anxious pursuit
of it often excludes views antl reflec
tions of inflnito Importaneo, and loavos"
but littlo timo to acquire that treasure
which would make us rich indeed. I
was persuaded that .a truly sincere
iuiiiii could bo at no loss to discern the
just limits between a safe and compe
tent portion and a dangerous profusion
of the good things of life. These views
of the subject I reduced to practice;
und terminated my mercantile con
cern when I had acquired a moderate,
competency." Book of Day a
A piece of wood cut from a tree it
good conductor. Let It be heated and
dried, it becomes an insulator. Let it
bo baked to charcoal, it becomes
good conductor again. Burn It to
sshes, and it becomes an Insulator once
Adirondack Murray has secured a
a limb of the "Old Elm" of Boston
Common, and purposes having two
pulpit chairs mado of it, for bis new
A hundred pounds of flour ccit 138
In the Black Hills, '