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1' CLEARFIELD REPIBL1CAX,"
rOSLlSUBO IVIIf WaMUID4T, IT
BITABIIIUEU IX 18T.,
The lar)ree Circulation of any Newspaper
la north Central PenneylTinU.
. Termi of Subscription.
if aaU la edeanoe, er wltbln I montaa.,,.19 00
K pud after aad before mootha
If paid after ilia eiplratloa of I mouth.,
Bates oi Advertising.
Treneleat adf erllaemenU, par aquare of to llBeaot
laat, I timee or leal. M .....ft '
b'or .ach eubaequeut taeartloB so
A.imUlatratnra' and Executor.' nolloee. 1 50
Auditor. notice... ..... .....
Oaulina and Eitreye 1 to
Diaaoletieu nottoM..... . t 10
profeeelonal Cerde, I liuea or lee 1,1 year.,.- I OS
Local Botin, per IIbo..-.. 10
YEARLT ADVERTISEMENTS. '
r ingle qatre- tt 60 I qnlret, pr. quire,! Tt
qulree, pr, quire, 1 00 Over S, par quire, ltd
tehaet,iSorleaa,tl 00 I i ehect,!S orleae.tl 00
eheet.llor ), 1 eheot,lS orlt.i.10 00
, . Otar. 1& of each of above at proportloaate rataa.
OE0ROE B. G00PLANDER, '
Mian I. 'iam.t. tuaiai. w. a ccbdt,
McENALLY & MoCURDT,
ATTOKN EYS-AT-LA W,
r-Lagal baelne.. attended to promptly with
idelity. Omce oa Second atreet, abort the Firat
N.ttonal Dank. :11:7I
WILLIAM A. WAI.L4CB. H rilLOIIO
WALLACE &, FIELDING,
ATTORN F.Y8 - AT LAW,
jftay-Legal baeia.a. of all kind, attended to
vllb nromptn.ee end Idelity. UBoa in rceideaee
f William A. Wallace. Janl:7l
G. R. BARRETT,
Attorney and Counhkloh at Law,
. clearfield, pa. -
Having rcelgned hi. Judgeihip, ha. reeamed
the praetioe of the law ia hie old office at Clear
Deld, Pa. Will attend the ovarU of Jellereoo and
Elk ooaotlei when .peeially letataed In connection
with recident eounael. 1:14:71
WM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, .
ff-Ofnee op Itaire in Wettern Hotel building.
Legal kuiaeu promptly atteaded to. Heal Mtete
bought and (old. - Jell'73
J, W. BANTZ,
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW,
VaVOflee ap itaire ia W cetera Hotel building.
All legal balineu cBUuited to hie care prompt!
attended to. July 1, 1873.
T. H. MURRAY,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
Prompt attention given to all legal builnee.
eatraeted to hit care in Clearfield and adjoining
ooeatiee. Omoe oa Market at, oppoaita Kangle 'a
Jewelry Store, Clearfield, Pa. Jett'IJ
A. W. WALTERS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"SnvOBee la the Court Roue. fJeeS-ly
- H. W. SMITH,
tl:l:tJ Clearfield, Pa.
. ATTORNEY AT LAW.
One. en Second St., Clearfield, Pa. bot11,66
ATTOBNRY AT LAW,
r-Offle. la th. O.art Boaaa. Jyll,'(7
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OSce oa Market St., orer Joaepb Shew '
a reeerj .lore. J aa.i, I 7 3.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Aid Real Estate Aa;ent, Clearffeld, Pi.
Ollna oa Third atreet, bet.Cberrr A Walnat.
aTRoepectfally offera hia aerrleea In aelling
and baying lande tn Clearfield aad eijoining
eeaaUea j aad with aa eaperieaeeel orer iwenir
jeara a a rurteyor, latter. himMlf that he eai
reader eatl.feot'ia. I Feb. 38:3:tf,
J. BLAKE WALTERS,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
AirB S1AU1 I
Havr Iaor and Immber,
OSce In Jlaaooi. Building, Room No. I.
J. J. LINGLE,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW,
1:11 Cejeeoli, Clearfield Co., Pa. y pd
Wellaretoo, Clearfield County, Penn'a.
a)m,All legal baaiB.ee promptly atteaded to.
D. L. KREBS,
Baaeeaaor to B. B. Swoope,
Law and Colllctiok OrncE,
Pdtl.n. CLEARFIELD, PA.
Joha H. Orria. C. T. Alexander.
PRVIS 4 ALEXANDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Hclleloute, P. aepU,'6-y
J. 8. BARN HA RT,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW,
VUI praciic. la Clearfield and all of the Court a of
the lite Judicial dietrlrt. Real aetata baaineea
and Mllectloa of claim! maue apeelaltiea. nl'TI
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Market atreet, (north aldV) Clearlleld, Pa.
T9- All legal baaincaa promptly atteaded to
JVa. it, '73.
DR. T. J. BOYER,
JHYSJCIAN AND SUtOEOS,
Odea oi Market Street, Clearfield, Pa.
JM-Ofle. hoar. : I to 1 a. a, aad lto I p. tn.
tt. E. M. SCIIEURER,
Oflice ll Maaeole Building,
AprU J4, U71. ClearfielJ. Pa.
PR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN k SURGEON,
Vuiattaad profeeaieaal oalla promptly. aug107
J. H. KLINE, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN k SURGEON,
HATI!f9 located al Peanleld, Pa., efier. hia
pnfeeaional eerrieee U the people af that
le and nrroandiog eoaatry. AUealla promptly
R. J. p. BURCH FIEL D,
Sargaoa af St '.Id Begtmeal, PeaBiyWaala
Velaauera, haeiag i.tarned from the Army,
clera hia prufeaeleaal aereice. be tha.ltlieae
" Cleerleld eo.nly.
arPrefeaaloaalealll promptly atteaded to.
V. I Saaoad atreet, form.rlyoccapied by
TW rOlNTINa OF J!VEIIT DEClMr.
; ' - i . i : ... i . U . i . -
' ' ' I ' . .. ' 1 . ' ' ' J,
I i Tirt K n H ! TSf?
y 11 J 11 J tt H n . .1 M II II M If 4i1fer
OOOBUNIIIE A HA0ESTT,
VOL. 47-WHOLE NO
JOHN A. GREGORY.
vinoe in me uoart Home, ClearlleH, Pa.
Will alwaye be found at homooa the 8EC0N
aaa unci B&ruiiuAl or each month.
. aoLLow.uaa , ,, . , . . batii ca
H0LL0WBUSH & CARET,
Clank Book Manufacturers
918 Market 81., Fhtlndtlphla,
. eaVPaper Flour Sacka and Ban, Foolaeap,
iMUer, Mat,' Wrapping, wtest Wall
l-epera. - feh4.70-lypd
GEORGE C. KIRK,
Juitlot of the Peftw, Surrey or and CoDrcrancai
All bailout iutroftej to him will be promptly
attttideej to. Pcrtopi winhinf to employ ft feur
Tor will do well to gWo bitn meal), ft he latteri
b.mie.r that no can render Mitiractioo. Deeds of
oonreTanoe, article! of agreement, and all legal
paper, promptly and neatly executed. t2(nov73
SCHIVENER & SUKVEYOJt,
tfinS tabic fiber offers hii lerrloei to the public
X id the oapactty or Bciirener and Burrcyor.
All Mill for larrerinK promptly attended tn, and
the making of drain, decdt and other Irgal initra
menu of writing, oxeoated. without delay, and
warranted to b correct or no charge. Uja'S
JOHN D. THOMPSON, ;
Jiutico of tho Peaoa and Scrivener, '
fett. Col lections made and money promptly
paid over. lublJ ll
J. A. BLATTENBEEGEE,
Claim and Collection Office,
OSCEOLA. ClearBeid Co Pa.
-fConTeTarjeffr and all Ifgal paper drawn
with accuracy and diipatch. IrfU on and pat-
iago ticket to and from any point In fcurupt
procured. ocia zu-ou
eio. AlaiBRT imaT ALaaaT. w. albbst
W. ALBERT &, BROS.
Manufacturer. A eitenaWe lealera la
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, &0.,
X-eT-Ord.ra iolicitad. Bill, tiled on abort notice
ana reaeonaue seima.
Addreaa Woodland P. O., ClearH.ld Co., Pa.
eli-ly W ALULRT A UKUS.
M KUCHA NT,
Frenchtlllc, ClearUeld Comity, Pa.
Keep a eonatantly om hand a full aaeortment of
ilr, uootia, llaruware, urocenea, ana ereryiaing
eiually kept in a retail afore, which will be aold.
lor caea, aa cheap aa eiacwnere ia me eoaniy.
jrrenchvine, June ll, laov-iy.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alao, eztenaire manufacturer and dealer In Square
Timber and Hawed Laaiberot all kmda.
eT0rdcr. aolicited and all billa promptly
filled. fjyia ;a
LAGER BEER RREWER,
TT AVINO rented Mr. Entree' Brewery be
XX hopee by atriet attention to boil nee. and
toe manufacture of a auperior article of BEER
to reeeire the patronage of all the old and many
aew eeatomera. .uaeug t
J. K. BOTTORF'S
Market Street, Clearfield. Pa.
CR0M0S MADE A SPECIALTT.-
NEGATIVES made ll cloudy aa well aa in
clear weather. Cnnrtantly on hand a good
amendment of FRAMKS, KTKREOS0OPES aad
STKIIKOSCOI'IC VIEWS. Framea, from any
atyloof moulding, made to order. aprsa-tf
J EW. SCllULER
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER,
Second troet, aexk door to First National Bank,
norm) Clearfleld. Pa.
BARBER & HAIR DRESSER,
JtJJ CLEAHVIEI,!), FA. ti
House and Sign Painter and Paper
VoWill eieente Joba ll bit Una promptly and
tn a workmanlike manner. Bpre.tu
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMr MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
e4p.pumpa alwaya on hand and made to order
on abort aotioe. Pipee nered on reaaonanie terme.
All work warranted la render .atiafaetion, ana
delivered If deeired. my3:lypd
E. A. BIGLER &. CO.,
and maaufaeturera of
ALL K.IKD9 OP IAH EU LLMHMR,
i-T7J CLE'RFIELD, PEKX'A.
Alwaya ea kaad, Fre.h Oyatere,
udiea, K ita, Crackera, take, Cigara,
anned Fruith Orangea, Lemona, aad all kinda
of frnlt In aeaaon.
-llLLIAKD ROOM en aeeond floor,
fjl'fl . p. McllAllHIIKVACO.
Oil N THOUTHA B.
Dealer in all kind, of
One door oaet Poat Ollloa,
11 A It M A X,
A real for the Aerlea Double Tdrbine Water
Wbed aad Andrewa A Kalbacb Wheel. Can fur
ai.b Portable firl it Mill, oa abort Botlca. JyHfl
J OOlna neat door
Ilartawick A Irwin a
Ilrua Store, ap atalre.
l.rog Btera, P.LKABFlt.,n PA. tm
Rarraaaria. Dr. R. V. Wiln, Dr. J. O.
Bartawick, Faculty of Jefiereoa Medical College.
H. F. N A USLE,
WATCH 5LIWB & JEWELER,
aad dealer la
Wutclien, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver
and 1'latcd Wnre, &c,
WEDNESDAY M0RNINQ, OCT. , IMS.
Ihey are falling, alowly falllnf, '
Thick apoa lb. fore.t aide,
6eT.r.d from th. nohl. branohM,
Where they waed in beanteou. pride.
They are falling in the ralleya,
Where the early rloleta apring,
And the birda in annny apring lima
Fir.t their dulcet maale aing.
They are f.fltogTiadly' failing, "
Cloae beaide our eottag. door,
Pale and faded, like the loi.d eaea,
They hare gone forerermore.
Tbej are falling, and the aunbeamt
Shin, in beauty soft around ;
Yet the faded leave are falling,
Falling on th. moiiy ground. (
Tbey are fblli.g aa the atraamlat, '
v Where the eilrrrr welera flew,
And Bp.n it. placid boaom
Onward with Hie watera go.
They are falling in th. churchyard,
Wh.r. our kindred aweetly alecp,
Where the idle winda of auminer
Softly e'er the lured enea aweep.
Tbey are falling, erer falling,'
When tbe autumn breeae aigh,
When tbe stara ia beauty gtiatea
Lnght upon tbe midnight aky.
They are falling when the tempeat
Moana like ocean'a hollow roar,
Whea the tunrlcaa winda and billow.
Sadly aigb forercrmor..
Tbey are falling, they are falling,
While oar eaddtned thoughta .till go
To the aunny daya of childhood,
Ia tb. dreamy long ago t
And their faced huea remind aa'
Of tbe blighted bomee and dreama,
Faded like fallmr; leattrta
Caatepei tbe icy itreama. '
CAPTAIN BRADY'S FAMOUS LEAP.
In partuare with vour renuesL. I
furnish von tbe followine bkotch of the
ceivoraied leap ol L.atuin Sam. Brady
serosa lbs river when pursued by tliu
Indians, in is narrative was orii;.
inally preparod nt tho instance of
J udire ilkins. but never havine been
in print, i trust it may prove ol some
interest to your numerous readers:
Having beard of "Brady s lean' from
childhood, I have taken some puins to
umam an too iacis wuiiin my read!
wmcn micnt icna to shea light on tho
subject. Tho only documentary evi
dence I liavo been able to procure is
found in a smull work en titled "Histori
cal Reminiscences of Summit County,
oy uen.,L.. . uicrce,"ol Akron, Ulno,
which was sent to me by tho author
in 1850, in answer to a letter of inqui
ry addressed by me to him, seeking
for information on tbe subject.
His statement is very brief, and I
copy it entire: "As I remarked on a
tormcr occasion, the Cuyahoga rrver,
Port Biro Path and Tuscarawas branch
of tho Muskingum, were originally
the boundary between the Six -Nations
of the Western Indians. Tbe Unon
dagns, Onoidas, Mohawks and others
of tbe Six Nations resided io tbe ter
ritory until the difficulty with 1 liver
n leuo. llioro was, on the first set
tlement of the country, an Indian trail,
commencing at Fort Mcintosh, at the
mouth ol iiig Kiver, and running Irom
thence west through Portage county.
crossing the Cuyahoga in I'ranklin.at
what is called the blandmg Jtock:
tnence west to Northampton in sum
mit county, where there was a settle
ment of Indians; thence to Sandusky
and Detroit. This trail was the great
Indian thoroughfare from Detroit to
the thio river, un it were also con.
stantly passing largo parlies of lndi
ans, and it became, of course, the la
vorite hunting grounds of theso West
ern iNimrods. Ihe Indians wore as
ready as thoy for the encounter, and
a war of extermination commenced.
In 180 a large party of warriors from
the villages on tho Cuyahoga bad
rossod tho Ohio and mado an incur
sion into tho settlements, murdering
several families, aud tuking away a
large amount of plunder.
'Brady called together his band
and started in pursuit. He led on the
men, guided moro by courage than
iscrolion, until boenlored tho Indian
village on tho Cuyahoga river, in what
now JNorthampton. Ibo Indians,
expecting pursuit, wore prepared lor
him, and with numbers four times his
own, attacked him on all sides, and,
with his followers, be was put to a per
iod rout. Tho retreat became a flight,
nd every man was for himself. The
Indians singled out Ilrndy, and ioav-
eg all tbe rest, a chase commonccd
for him, wbicb continued without in
terruption till he arrived at tho Cuya
hoga river in Franklin, just north of
the present location of the bridge on
tho road to Ravenna. Tbe Indians
had extended their linos so as to horn
im in, and with loud shouts of tri
mnh, thought their prisoner safe
The river was bore bounded on each
ide by perpendicular rocks, the chasm
being Z'i feel wido. Brady on reach
ing .tho river, gavo a bound that de
spair on one side and hope on tho oth
er alonecould have effected ; and clear
ing the abyss, be gained the opposite
This statement, I havo no doubt, is
substantially correct as far as it goes,
ut is by no means lull ana complete.
Having been on tho ground and ex
amined it carefully ; and from inquiry
in the neighborhood as to tho tradition
mong the first settlers, as well as
from information derived from my
hither fifty years ago, 1 believe the
following additional fuels to be true:
The place where Brady leaped across
the Cuyahoga river is at a little viloage
railed Franklin Mills, six Biilos west
of llaronns, tbs county seat of Port-
ire conntv, IMno, and within about
two miles of the railroad leading from
Pittsburgh to Clovolund. Both above
and below this placo the banks are
low. and tbe stream easily forded at
any ordinary-stage of water. Hut for
tho spaco ol perhaps a nan nine or
more, tbe ground ascends on either
do or tbs river, by a gentio rise lor
tbs apace of bnlf a mile.
The geological formation is that of
gray sandstone, and the Cuyahoga
river at tuts point paBai'B,auru.uiiui-,
tnnco, through what seems to oe a
Qssuro io the rock, caused by some in
ternal convulsion of nature. This
fissure, I was credibly Informed, is
aboul thirty feel deep, and at the
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20,
point where Brady jumped, the rock
projectod n short distance ovor tbe
abyss. Tho distance ho leaped, as I
waa informed when last there in 1850,
was 27 foot 0 inches, on a dead level,
or horizontal line.. Goneral Bierce
says it was 22 feet. Whether the
tradition, as givon to mo, or General
Bierce.bo the bot ter authori ty.I w ill not
undertake to decide. I did not meas
ure it, bocause the projecting rock on
tho east sido was cut awoy in ranking
tbo tow-path along the bank, as this
part of tho river is used for slack wa
ter navigation on tbe Cross-Cut Canal
Tbs niB.j.oi with the Indians
took placo a fow mifes west of thi
place, and after the defeat of Brady,
and the rout of hia men. tbe Indians.
abandoning tbe latter, singled out the
formor as tbe man above all others
thoy most feared, and most desired to
capture. I hey extended their linos
up una down tbe nvor. so as to horn
bitn on the brink of tbo foarful abyss,
not anticipating for a moment that bo
would attempt to leap across it.
As they approached the river the
descent was long and gradual and tho
timber open ; and although Brady
could run as fast as his savairo pursu
ers, he soon discovered that their lines
were too lonz to onablo him to nass
either end. They could easily bate
shot him, but they desired to take
him alive that thoy might wreak their
vengoance, by Inoir cboicost modo of
torture for the many injuries thov Jiad
sustained at his hands. As tbev ap
proached the river, boing now sure of
Ihoir prey, they called ou him to throw
away his gun or thoy would havo bim
llo took thoir adrico. threw awav liia
gun, shotpouch and powder horn, but
not for tbo purpose, as they vainly
supposed, of surrendering himself to
their savage cruelty, when he might
rcacn mo can oi mo river. It was
for the purposo of freoing himself
from encumbrances, that he might be
the bolter fitted to accomplish the
dreadful leap he bad resolved to take,
and accordingly when be reached the
brink he bounded over the fearful
chasm, and landed safely on the
Tbe Indians wore so close anon him.
that while recovering from the shock
of landing on the rock, and before be
was ablo to get into the bushes, tbev
fired upon him now that be was likely
to make bisescopo. A ball took effect
n the boshy part ol the thigh, but did
oat disable bim from running, lie
made directly for a small lake, which
was northeast of that point about two
miles distant. This lake bears the
name of "Brady's Lake" to this day.
- Tbe Pittsburgh and Cloveland Kail-1
road passes over a narrow nock of
land which divides this from another
lako, about four miles northeast of
itavenna. Ibeso lakes, from their
closo vicinity are sometimes called the
iwin Ldikes, and may be seen and
recognized bv anv traveler. That one
on the west 'Bide of the Railroad is
Being perfectly familiar with tbe
habits and customs of bis onemics,and
knowing tbey would never relinquish
their pursuit so long as the slightest
hope of success remained, and he was
blooding quite freely, he knew they
could trace him by bis blood, ho found
a tree that had fallen into the lake, at
a placo where the shore doscendod
very gradually where tbe water lily,
which has a very large leaf, covered
tbe surfuco of tbe water for a consid
erable distance, lie got ou this log
and went along to the tcp of the tree,
then stepped inlo the water and crawl
ed away eomedislance, where he found
tlio water shallow enough to enable
him to lie down on his back, with his
face merely above ilssuifuce, but com
pletely concealed from observation, by
tho lurge leaves of the water lily.
His pursuers, afraid to risk the fear
ful lenp, and unwilling to givo up the
pursuit, wont down tho river to a
point where they could cross with
safety. On making the point on
tho other sido where Brady landed,
they took bis trail and followed it by
blood to tho luko, then along the tree
to its top, tboy then searched the wa
ter for some distanco, but failing to
Una him, they concluded he had plunged
into tbo deep water and drownod him
self rather than full inlo their bands.
Tbey then rolurned to take a more
careful survey of tho spot where this
extraordinary feat of agility had been
performed. After carotully contem
plating tho whole scone, and being un
willing to admit, (and this is a well
known trait of Indian character), that
any whits man can excel an Indian in
feats cf activity, they gradually came
to tbe conclusion that he was not a
man, but a turkey and flow across,
saying, "he no man, n lurkty he
floe! and in order to commemorate
that tact they carved on a rock close
by a redo representation of turkry'i
This reniainod there an obiecl ol
curiosity to hundreds ol persons, trav
elers and others, till tho summer of
1850, whon, boing at that placo on a
visit to some relations living there,
and finding tho rock was about being
quarried and converted into building
stone", I obtained permission to have
a block cut out containing this tur-
koy s foot, which 1 brought home,and,
until quite) roconlly, had it in my pos
After romaining in the water until
be was satisfied his enomios had en
tirely given npall hopo of finding him,
and leu the lako, Cupt. Brady made
his way to the placo, or near tbero,
whrro the town of Ravenna now
stands, wbicb bad been agrocd upon
between bim and his moo, bcioro they
reached tho Indian encampment, as
the place of rendezvous, in ense they
should becomo separated. Ho then
met what fow of his followers bad os-
eaped the fury of the savages, and as
his wound was not very serious, r.ftor
a long and wearisome march they
Anally roacbod the oottlomont south
of the Ohio river in safety. -
Whon Arthur was a very small boy
bis mother reprimanded him one day
for soms misdemoanor. Hot knowing
it, his fathor began to talk to bim on
the same subject. Looking up in his
fac, Arthur said solemnly, "My moth
er bat 'tended to ms."
j NOT MEN.
Al Improved Process of Casting
Seoont experiments in England with
the, process of casting metals undor
OOalinnoua and annnirlnrahlA nu.nn
an i American invention, as many of
unt reaaors win remember have been
so luooessful in produoing perfect and
oleo castings as to win for this method
hearty commendation from tho British
prats. The processes may be briefly
deienbed as follows. Tho article to
Bo reproduced is a finely cut modal
nod, with, say, a plain reverso. It is
Ul Ins first place laid face upward upon
ty iaiok smooth metal plate, fitted with
certain. Stops to keep the modallion In
position. The latter is then coated
over with a creamy mixturo of kaolino,
or china clay, and fine sand flour,
mixed with oil, the whole resembling
... vf.oiobomjr vorjr taica paint. J his
is laid on with a soft brush. The
piaie and medallion are then placed in
the bottom of a flusk of groat strength
made of iron or gun metal. Tho very
fioost description of molding sand is
sprinkled over tbe medallion, first by
nuiiu, mm tuen mo cask is filled U
about water measure with the am
This boing dono, and the sand being
wen tumpeii arouno the sides witb a
wooden dolly, tho flask is pushed be-
neain a irame, in appcaranco not un
like a huge lettercopyfng press. Th(
screw of this press is turnod by two
iiiou uiiiviujj a mug iron cross nanaie,
and a plate precisely fitting the In
terior of tho flusk is forced down on
the sand, after the manner of making
bricks by tbe semi-pluslio process.
The flask is then withdrawn and the
sides opened, then the plute and tho
sand removed, and reversed upon
surface tulle, and the plate lifted off.
Tbe medallion Is gently heated by a
gas blow-pipe; this expands It slight
ly, still furthor forcing its impression
into tbe sand; then on cooling down
it contracts, bocomos loose, and is
easily lifted out. The fine clay slip
manes n Dcauiuui smootn glossy sur
face lining to tho mold. The mold is
lurtbor. hardened by baking, and at
tne time it is ready to receive tbe
motal it forms a most faithful impres
sion of the object to bo reproduced.
Any description of mold can, of course,
bo mado, cither single or in balvos.
and with or without core, as required.
31OT0 man a single casting also may
be comprised within one mold block.
a separate "gato" being provided for
eacn. l ne moid bos one large oriuco
going qnite through it from side to
sido, the sido gato to tbe matrix open
ing irom it.
A number of those molds being oom
piote, they are rangod in ordor within
a proper casting case and compressed
by a screw; tho holos of all tbe molds
correspond and form a pipe or tube
terminating at the point where the
motal is to enter. The orifice in tbe
casting case is fitted with a circular
clay collared nozzle, which i.ozr.lo is
titled with a clay plug which fits it
lightly. A horizontal iron cylinder
communicates with this nozzlo, snd
within the cylinder works a piston
and rod, the rod passing out of tbe
end oi the cylindor most remote from
tho molds. In tho upper side of the
end of the cylinder iurlhost from the
molds is a bole, surmounted by a hop
per. As the molten metal would at
once chill solid as a ring, where it en
countered the cold motul of Ihe cylin
der, the latter is coated inside with a
"fetlling"ofsome refractory substance,
which is applied with a brush while in
a semi-fluid state.
The modus opcrawiioT castingis thus
described : The piston being drawn
back, tho molten motal is pourud inlo
thecylinders, the piston is then gured
forward, by means of power applied
behind, to the piston roil. . As tho pis-
ion wnicii is simply a solid disc fit
ting tho cylindor itself precisely ad
vances, it scrapes off the lining of the
laiter, ana tins lining curling inward
effectually packs tho piston and pre
vents tho escape of tho metal by leak
age. For a time the clay plug in the
nozzle resists the pressure of the iron
urged on by tho piston; It, however,
is at lust forced in, and the motal im
pelted on by the piston, is forced into
tho minutest cranny of tbo molds. A
great and advantageous feature of the
procoss is the total exclusion of tbe
air daring the passage of the iron into
tho molds. This, from tho accuracy
in muking tho molds by tbo aid of
machinery, and tbe subsequent forc
ing of the metal into them wbilo the
rnulul is fluid, gives as a result castings
porfeclly homogeneous and free from
airblows; and the dosign of the ma
trix is reproduced on the motal so per
fectly that no subsequent tool chasing
is requisito, because the original itself,
perhaps a perfect example of the
chaser's art, is reproduced in perfect
'fae-timUt. , One great merit in the ap
plication or Mr. Smith s process of
casting is that ft involves no opera
tions of a complex or difficult charac
ter. Tho work is of a nature so sira-
Iile, and as a rulo so light, that women,
toys and girls can perform it quite as
well as men,-snd al the same lime it
supplios a means of reproducing in in
finite numbers all tbe gems ol curving,
modeling and chasing that are in ex
istence, thus largely contributing to
the promotion of a more beautiful
lasto throughout the world by bring
ing objects of real beauty within the
roach of tbe most humble household.
There is practically no limit as to tho
nature of tho metal, for any metal,
from cast-iron to gold, may be cm
ploypij. Jron Agf.
A STOrW. Tbo Record of Clnoo,
Cal , furnishes one of those quiet, un
varnished short stories which loom to
verify the Shakospoarlan adage. Two
sisters wore sleeping together in an
aportment. One of them awoke dur
ing the night and beheld, to her
amazement little girl dressed in
white standing a short distance from
hor. She awoke her sister, who also
saw the little girl. Instead of scream
ing they struck a light and aa the
light increased tbs object faded. Tbo
description corresponded with tbat of
a little girl who had died in the same
room few months previous. The
family were afraid of lbs apparently
harmless visitor and moved irom tbe
Jionse the next day.
The Stolen Gold.
Nelson E. Wade, who bas been sen
tenced to be banged on tbe 6th of No
vember by Governor llartranft, bas
mado a revelation recently with ref
erence to tbe money which he obtain
ed from the McBride mansion after
tbe perpetration of the fiendish double
assassination which has heretofore
been recorded in thece columns.
In recent conversation, says tbe
Wiliiamiport fiuUrtm.Wade remarked
that everything was all right now, as
uuiviuuais in toe city wero tn posses
sion of all tbe gold ho had secrelod
and tbat those persons bad visited
himkiti prison. Lpon being question
ed as to who these individuals were
be replied that that was bis business
and that he intendod that it should re
main a secret; he bad always said
that no rich roan should ever got hold
of it and he had fulfilled bis promise.
It will be romotnbored that during
tho session of court at which Wado
was tried he confessed to having se
creted a large amount of gold near
the aqueduct in Lycoming creek ; that
be had several bags, ono containing
twonty shilling pioces, anothor five
dollar pieces, a third ten dollar coins
and the fourth twenty dollur pieces.
All of these be poured into one largo
bag, then walked into the water and
sunk the money, placing upon it three
uiw biuiioo. i. puu luaron being
maue tne stones wore lound in the
very place described by Wado, but no
bag of gold. It is now ulieged or
suspicionea mat a boatman bas be.
come tbo possessor of it : that Wado
after seoreting the money, repaired to
a bout lying not far from ihe aqueduct
and leaped upon the dock, the water
dripping irom bis clothes; tbat bo did
not oivulge anything at that time,
but mat alter bis capture bo twice
sent word for a certain man Io visi
him. The man complied with tbe re
quest, as he had been intimately ac
quainted with the prisoner, and from
this and other lucts it Is conjectured
tiiut tno inuiviuuai reiorred to was
told by Wado whore be could obtain the
Ibis part of tbe prisoners pro
gramme carried out, ne was tree
conless where bo secreted the gold,
knowing full woll that it bad boon re-
movod, and that he had made good
bis word that no rich man should pos.
scss it. And now he boasts that it is
in good bands, ar.d evon goes so fur
as to say mat somo ot this gold has
been exchanged for greenbacks
and that he has been supplied wilb
paper money obtained bv the ex
change. To what extent bis story is
oorrect is for tbe reader to determine,
hut it is generally believed thai ho se
creted money near tho aqueduct, and
it ia certain ins. u ne aid so somo one
was directed to tbe spot, or it would
have remained there.
It is woll known that searches were
made of W ado s person, and the cell
in which he was confined at that time
examined in evory nook and corner
tor money, but nono could be found.
Ihe omccrs, alter retiring, wero sur
prised to see the prisoner present
bills, and ask that certain articles bo
purchased for him. He now eta'.es
that be bad in bis cell a bar of soap;
with a snoon he llllo- a hnln in ll.
centre, deposited therein the money,
repiucca me soap, ana with bis hand
mado a smooth surface so that it
would not bo observed. He takes
great ploasnre in relating how ho
fooled the officers.
Various estimates bavo boon mado
as to the amount of money the Mo
Bridos possossed, some plucing it as
high as (50,000, basing their belief
upon me iact that the old man
hort time .before be was murdered.
endeavored to persuado a gentleman
iving in this locality to take the
farm, work it, and live upon it; that
bo bad about (41,000 socreted in tho
house, and that ho could stand in the
door and look upon tho spot where he
naa in,uuu more, llo was old, and
would like to have a man upon the
farm in whom he could place conB-
once and who could assist him in
case ho should ever be attacked. This
gentleman urged McBride to deposit
his money in one of the Williamsport
bunks, but tho old man did not favor
the idea, and repliod that cither him
self or wife ul ways stood guard, and
with the guns be kept loaded bo could
give any plunderer a warm reception.
But the sequel shows that the old man
was loo confident of his power to pro
tect his boarded treasure. A board
was found in the boueo upon wbicb
ppearod a column of figures added
lib, and presenting a lolnl of (41,000.
This, it is urged, coincides with the
latomcnt mado by McBride, and dem
onstrates that thore was secreted on
the premises (50,000, the largest por
tion of which Wade succeeded in
bringing away with bim on that
eventfur afternoon and evening of Ju-
l.nongh has Irom timo to lime been
printed in reference to this dospcrato
villain to conclusively prove that the
annals of crime produce but few in
stances of hardened men his equals.
It is true that these stories are reluted
by the prisoner himself in a stylo
loading ins nearer to aoubt tlioir cor
rectness, yet whon thedispoailion and
brutish propensities of the man are
carefully studied thore is ground to
boli ore that many ol them ure unfor
tunately true. And now we are told
of an act committed by Wade that
as never before appeared in print-
t is in substance that the prisoner,
hile in tbs western army, from some
cause becomo olfundod with a boy,
nd dragging bim into a log house so-
cured Ihe windows and doorway so
thai oscape was impossible and then
applying tbe torch to tho structure
stood guurd and laughed witb fiendish
glee at the crackling flames aa tbey
consumed the body of the poor, de
fenceless lad. It is positively stated
that a gentleman of this city is in
pofieosuion of the facts of this cruel
and blood curdling act.
An Arkansasarlietln marble carved
a sloeping lion, awbilo ago, and look
it to a county fair for a premium. Tbe
award was Ihosly : "James Magill
first piemium for beautiful ball tup
In marble "
TEBMS-$2 per annum In Advance.
SERIES - VOL. M, NO. 43
The Battle of Golden Hill.
The "Battle of Golden Hill,'- In
ew lork City waa one of the Brat
stops towards tbe revolutionary war.
A flagstaff had been for years a bone
of contention botween tbe Horn of
Liberty and the soldiers, and had been
four timos doetrayed by the htttor.
un tue i.itn or January, 1770, a par
ty of soldiors again attacked it, and
outtlng off tbs wooden braoes, made
fruitless attempts to blow it onen
with gunpowdor. Failing in this,
tboy assaulted a nnmbor of oitizens
standing by a publio house, which was
the headquarters of the Sons of Lib
erty, and forced tham into the house
at the point of tbe bayonet. Doors
were barricaded, but tho soldiers broke
in and demolished windows and furni
ture, and were only preventod from
further distruction by tbe timely ar
rival of their officers, who ordered
them to their barracks. They subse
quently succeeded iu their attempt,
and lovoled the pole to the ground,
sawed it in pieces, and dorisively piled
it up bofore the tions of Liberty's
uuor. . l nree nunared citizens assem
bled that night at a publio meeting
upon tbe common. Resolutions were
passed declaring unemployed soldiers
to bo dangerous to tbe peace of the
city, wbilo tlioir employmont by tbe
citizens when off duty wos detrimen
tal to tho laboring classes, and should
tnerelore be discontinued. Tboy fur
ther resolved that all soldiors undor
the rank of orderly, except sentinels,
who should appear unarmed in tho
slreots, and all, armed or unarmed,
who wore out of thoir barracks after
roll-call, should bo regarded as ene
mies of tbe city and dealt with accor
dingly. The next day three soldiers wore
dctoctod by two citizons, Isaao Sears
and Walter Quackenbos, in tbe act of
posting a sctirilous placard abusive of
tbe Sons of Liborty. Scars groaned
ono and Quackenbos the other, while
the third soldior rushed upon Scars
witb his bayonet to free his comrade,
but Quackenbos, seizing sn old ram's
oorn winch bapper.ed io be near by,
hurled it inlo his fuoe and blacod him
hors du eombat. Twenty soldicrscame
to tho rescue with drawn bayonets,
wbile the unarmed citizens seized nn-
oo the cartstokes and defended thoir
comrades. Tbe riot was increasing,
every moment great numbers being
addod upon both sides, when Mayor
Hicks cumo upon tbe scene and or
dered the soldiers to their barracks.
Thoy sullenly yielded obedience, re
tiring as fur as Golden Hill, in John
street, between William and Cliff
strecls, closely followed by tbo citi
zens. Here they wore met bv a rein-
forcement, beaded by a presumed of
ficer in disguiso, who govo tbe com
mand to halt and charge unon the
pooplo. A fow who hud boon able to
obtain weapons placed themselves in
front of their defenceless friends, and
a battle ensued, in which numbers on
both sides wero injured. A pcacoublo
ml ti -lnd'"K'nhJ40wn door was
wounded in the cheek, a sai or at a
j- ,A . . . : ,
(1 Hlanr-A ...rnl nnvn . hnn u-a.. .1.1
in the heod, fled to a neighboring
bouse for sbullor, and as tho door was
kindly opened by a woman, a brutal
soldier thrust his bayonet at her, for
tunately without injury. Tho citizens
surrounded tbe bill and blockaded
their enemies, but acled on the dofon
sive, repelling attacks, whon thev
iiiil'ui easuy, u uisposea, nave massa
t.-L :i ji
cred tneir enemies. 1 be officers nt
last arrived, whon tho people at once
opened their ranks and raised tho
siege, ending the first day's battle.
auu uuAt uiurniiiir tno soiuiorscom
menccd tho conflict by insulting a wo
man returning from markeL Tbe
people gathered in groups and discus-
scd this and tbe events of tho preced
ing day. About noon a group of sail
ors and a party of soldiers came inlo
collision, a sailor being woandod by
bayonet run through his body. The
Mayor ordered tho soldiers to disperse,
hut they refused. A mosscngor was
seot to the barracks for tboir officers,
out me soldiers intercepted him. Just
then a party of "Liborty Boys" re
turning from a game of ball, came to
ihe rescue and Ihe soldiers were dis
persed, hostilities ceasing for a fow
In the aflornoon thoy wore renewed
A group of citizens having assembled
in front of tho new iail. a nartv of
soldiers approached thorn in a body
and insultingly endeavored to force
their way through, when tho citizens
quietly opened their ranks and gave
them free passage. .Not satisfied with
this, the boldiors tlion assaulted the
peoplo, who had only atones to defend
themselves, 'ihe "Liberty Boys" soon
came to the rescue, whon a sharp con
flict ensuod, the soldiors being driven
to their barracks, their arms taken
from them, some badly wounded and
others arrested and committed to the
il for trial, thus ending the two day's
battle of Goldon Hill, one of the stop-
ping stone to tne bailies ol the Jievo-
Released Major Graham, former.
ly of the United Slates Army, who
was nearly killed io his attempt to
roo a postmaster at Kiver Bond, on
tho Kansas Pacific Railway, bos not
only recovered, but escaped. He is
said to be A man of great strength, his
body boing a perfect modo! of tbe
Olympian atbloto. He waa pierced
with several bullets, and carriod to
Denver in an apparently dying condi
tion. No guard was kept ovor bim,
and bs was permitted to recoivo visi
tors at nearly all timos. Il was the
intention of the authorities to remove
him to the county jail, snd Ibis com
ing to bis knowledgo, be resolved to
escape. On Thursday night, six men,
well armed and prepared for the res
cue, drove op to tbe hospital in a close
carriage, took possession of the build
ing, and carriod off tho wounded ban
dit. It is now supposed that be is
concealed in the Rocky Mountains,
and ss be has many warm friends, bis
recapture will be difficult.
Plowshares are alwsys A good in
vestment. The farmer ire tbo only
shareholder who Art lafs) Io watering
A Wild Horse,
f a i ' '
. At Camp Brown, in tho Wind Ri
er country, we ea-.v a wild horse wbicb;
had A history worth rolatlng. Bomo
years ago the Cheyenne Indians stolo
him in Kansas, and sold him to the
I' tea, who in turn aold him to tbe Sioux
from which tribe he was bought or
ntolon by the Snake Indians, and
brongbt to tho Valley of the Popagis.
Hero be escaped, and for a long timo
I'sflied nil efforts to recapture bim. At
length be was captured and aold to
Mr. Gulluher, but wbilo being taken
to tho eettlimoute bo brcko a strong
cba'n and got away into tho moon,
tains. In time hn re appeared on his;
old stnmpinjj ground find ajain the)
Indicia Kid plans to tako him. He
wm bo floet tbat be eould outrun tboir
beat bo: soa, and no number of them
sould ran bim down. Wbon sur
rounded or cornered bo bit, kicked,
and fou trlil so fiercely it was impossi.
ble to hold biin. One day be was
surprised in a canon by a body of war.
riora, and lassoed be.'ors be oould get
out. Securely tied wilb ropes be was
brought to tho Indian camp, starved,
beaten and choked into semi obedi,
ence. An ambitious Indian attempt,
ed to ride bim, and away bo went to
tbe bills. Lata at night the Indian
returned to camp sore and tired, but
without tbo horso; be had been thrown,
and tho animal was once more at
large. He was often seen after this,
but defied all attempts to lake) bim.-
One -afternoon an Indian who was oat
fishing saw the wild borso grazing un
der a bluff, and tying a large stono to
bis lariat he crawled to tbe edge of
the rock and threw the noose with
unerring precisiou. Tbe horse drag.
god tbe rock for somo distance, but
choked by the thong be staggered, fell
to the plain, and waa once more bound
bard and fust. The Indians now tied
bim with a log-cbain to a tree, but
even this he muoaged to break And
nea to the bills.
lie was not seen for a long time i
but, soon after tbe founding of Camp
Brown, a scnlinol reported a horse on
tbo bluffs, and, on examining tbe ani
mal through a gloss, it was found to ba
tho fumous wild horse. On attempt
ing to approach bim be fled like the
wind into tbo mountains: but the
noxt day was again soon perched on
the bluff, quietly looking down at the
camp. Tbo commanding officor or
dered him not to bo disturbed, and
next oay put some mules on the bluff
to graze. He came down and remain.
cd with them all day, but retired at
night into the mountains. The next
day became down to tbo cavalry hord
on the plain, but seemed greatly exci
tod, and kept running about near!" .
all day. Tbe commanding oflioer di
rected that no one should pursue bim
as long as be kept in motion, and by
gentle alarms, be was made to gallop
in wide circles about tbe herd, but, as
it charmed, would constantly return
to it. Late in the aflornoon parties
of cavalry, mon on mules, and a com.
pany of infantry wore seot quietly '
out of the fort, and occupied the pas
ses and hill tons for miles. It as
known he would break through any
small circle, and so an immense ono
was formed to run him down.
Tbo pursuing parly wero twenty
seven in number, and stationed at
long distancos. Xo two wore to pun
sue tbe horse at once, unleas a signal
for all to close in was given. Tbs
chase began, and as tbe custom of an
imals when hard pressed, tbo horso
ran nearly in the circle. Tbe trap
had been adroitly laid, now puianers
constantly keeping him at his mettle;
woue tno om ones dropped out to oc
cupy their stations in the groat rinr.
Tho rapidity and longth of timo
which be ran wore incredible. The
long chain he hud on when bo mado
kigtast escape from the Indians was
..;ii .i.... i.L u .i j TT
omi ovum. in. uuL-a, mm tue flnu oi la
.. ... - . '
threshed his fore legs until tbe hair,
ana even tne skin, was beaton off and
the blood ran down. On he went
like the wind, shaking off cavalryman
after cavalryman, and making wido
faps between him and bis pursuers.
I was getting near dark, and still tbo
wild chase continued, the horse show
ing no great signs of distress. As his
astonishing powers became more and
moro evident tbe desire to capture
him increased, and Bhouts of admira
tion went up from tbe littlo group of
officers guthored on tho lookout at tho
fori whenever be distanced bis pursu
ers. At length the signal to close in was
given, and thoo began the scramble.
Mon mounted on horses and mules,and
on foot, movod forward, and the
circle gradually lessened, until a wall
ot human flesh bound in the noble
horse on evory sido. Round and round
the circle be went, his nojtrils disten
ded and his eyes flashing fire. For a
time ho kept ahoad of his pursuors,
and Ibe cavalry horses, ono by ono,
dropped behind ; but the mules showed
tboir superior toughness, and closed!
on him. One old saddle mulo who
had becomo excited in the chaso. kent
close up, with tail erect, and finally
headed him. As the horso swung
round, and turned once more toward
the fort, the air rang with btizias. for
now his capture seemed almost cer
tain. The old mule, with surprising
speed and bottom, kept close to tbei
uorse s natiKs, and the hordo who had
been following in tbe wake of tho
chase parted right and left to lot tbo'
norse through, and, wbon in tho midst
of them, they closed around him so
thickly that he wheelod and plunged
in evory direction. A teamster seized
bold of tbe end of the chain, and tbo
noxt instant a rope was ovor tbo wild
creatures neck. Still bo struggled
for his liberty, but many hands soon,
bound him, and bo fell prostrate upon)
Tbe chain about his nock had cut
deep into tho flesh, and tbe end that
haxl bung down had threshed the skin
and flosh to the bone of the poor
brnte's forologs. He was of medium
size, dark brown in color, deep chest
ed, and with wide nostrils. His oyoa
was bright and piercing, and his limbs
short, stout and full of muscle. On
his shoulders and hams tho muscles
wore gathered in knots as large as
one's band ; the skin was very thin.
and the veins underneath stood oat
like whip chords.
As tbe horso had boon captured by
everybody, tbo commanding officer
ordered that he ahould be put up at A
radio, and each claimant given ons
chance. - This was universally satis
factory, and, at tbe drawing, Lieut.
Larrihoe, of Cipt. l'bisteror'a oom.
pany, Sovonth United States Infant'
ry, won the prize. When I saw him
he was quite gonlle, and would allow
you to pat his sides, and even mount
upon his hack. It was said tbat ho
could trot as fust as an ordinary horse
could run, and, wbeo being caught,
be was timed betweon two trees, and,
lb distance afterwards being msa
ured, it was found he bad rust r
in 1 tnioul aud 46 seconds.