Newspaper Page Text
i .-"Aiir. Tf-c;,,;,:;? iMlSia
D. W. UOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI WJIOLI2 NO. 1853.
T Q. 0. COHNKMUd TITt.
THE strongest heart reooils with drsad
When contemplation bids it to relloct ;
7bo brightest wind thriuks backward sure dis
mayed, When asked thin " niosueon " clotoly to In
spect; Well might the soul of him nho darei revlow,
Turn sadly back auj hid the world adieu,
i.:bougU hie pon might win tho jewelled prize
Ibiit glitter brightly in tho Distant shado ;
IK he might all in mysteries aualyic,
Till every error and each truth be weighed
lot fun the pon aneo'inturi in each line
Peep phrases pointlen. or soaio dark design.
P(ri.rs it were thojo men ho labored lonjr,
la IbrtHtback virtue from the Clearfield tugs ;
o plant tho l:pas her grcon valei among,
Aud choko tho prospects of her tender age,
Who to embitter life md Hum the scene,
Their talent joiued, aou built the " imut
uiofheen." Perhaps twere next who feared no mortal foes ,'
Wh knew not when the world would reek a
Who tho't that nature ne'er would need repot?,
Kor tire in struggling o'er a barren range,
That wrought this wondrous work of useful
To heal the weakness of the publlo heart.
ill when tb'n ncighty plan waa well matured,
And promised hurveai decked the mental (Ik! J :
Jto dirkening cloud " young Fancy's " brow ob-
Vnp hi.lmi. il.A.m. . s, nm . . J.m . . 1 - I.I
nr.;.V. hi Lr
Vilh cheering favuri from the ihoros of fine.
Each day the 'Ducher armed with wondrous wit,
I'nurei furth smuiement from his bouudlvsi
Bach pitniug week a graer perion writ
A rich abundance of inntnictive lure,
That like the in agio touoh of Verper's ray,
I'i.'pela the gloom which shrouJd the sunny
And frcm the hills the wandering swain survey,
The kindling tcrrorj of this household god,"
till hnrriu viiint haunt hit startled gaze.
And f:.-3iff ecourge him with su unneca rod j
Till countless tokors of 'sequential pain,
Broi the dark uiiigivin.jj to his 'wiidcred
Tojjeinp kill wLich guiies the hands of few,
Anil lends nil. fewer nhero tliey Dud suocus
Tie " I'.uclier " run it when its works wore now,
Till men uiittc lc it for Printing Press,
I This ern.r, nhich hud in.iny duped before,
l.ube simply from the nauio it bore.)
ta size and shape, alone, it doth appear.
Tu win the title of a printing ehoet.
Aught else portended to the natno, fear,
Are weak excuses for a counterfoil.
'IU like the hnit, wbieli kcils the taste to
Fair to the eye, yet nauseous bane within.
Tho' oft its pages thro' urim want looked lean,
And itarvine purges aikod for nlms in vain ;
Tbii' uieap-u f.imino n.iikod amiJ tho seor.e,
Vft it survived enct l.aznrdius campaji,
Thst duueted hearts which kn jw nit whon
A jsr-er bullet, nor a part; sneer.
Of) fruitful tnlrs of ghosts aid wild romance.
On which the public b;.d been eh. ked hei.ire j
ind Celtic ruddy lca?uol with (ieriunn tuns,
Who iquandor logic on a foreign fh"re.
Pound marked attention ut tho " liueher" "
5'et " Muther Mro " wa cvor ' tn demand,
lorg she IsJ slujibercd in a calm repose
Dinturbed by na ught except tho hunter's shout,
Cn'killed to see through, many hidden woes,
Till 'BuoW fi'.che 1 her boarded " saur kraut"
To purgo his Jtmrnal of some seriou ill,
(lt pruelittd ihy$ic kiA aituHHiiiny ik ill )
Dot he is base whose heart rould e'en rofuso
To grant each worth to whom it doth belong;
fbt which hath morit should receivo its duo,
And we, withholding, would commit a wrong.
I Hut if these merits lead to ovil's sido,
I It be not we who must the fault abide.
The " atnut-mosbon," that marvollcuj work of
' Which sifts the dirt that soils tho farmer's
Bcre merit notes that its peculiar plan '
Throws off the grain, whilst it the smut retains,
Thus giving worth to them whom worth
Whilst eloying its cares with the dull refuse
Bui manv vcars fraucht with events have passed
8ince Aspiration wroucht this grand 'moshecn;'
Hum waves of time have rolled away, and cast
A dismal shade tinon the rubllo mien;
forrows and joys have chased each othorby,
Dark clouds bare swepi across me piacui
Alu! my muse shrinks from the painful work,
And sadooss riots thm' the vital fire ;
The ghastly spectres of slain virtue lurk
Around my vision, in thoir pale attiro,
Like martyrs scourged by persecution's rod.
To yield existence tu the " household god."
Pep gloom enehroads its countenance like a pall,
And Denalre murmurs chime a funoral knell
''WsiLTH ad IsrcLLiaaMca," fore doomed te
Have pealed the tocsin of their last farewell
And thus the patrons of the "smut-moibeon
Have gone to sleep in " Lth'i dark ravine,'
No sound can wake thorn fro n the sleep of death,
o power ean animation re-Inspire
Like dowcrt faded in autumnal breath ;
Like failon leaves they'vs S)ught the funeral
Their fame a monument to Folly stands,
Carved and erected by fanatic bands.
la momenta darkened by the (fathering storm,
Clear-sighted "fiucher" quit t ie wreck, and
e blasted remnants of this huge reersi
Careens abandoned, through a " Ducher'a
It helpless ties, whilst dangerous tides sur
A hapless victim to destruction bound.
neath this marhle, rosts the mighty deal.
ram toils atn'dst the ceaseless human tide
Jho woed by virtue 1 " Intelligtnce "wed,
And ilonib'u now aside bis death ebilled
He's doad, but lives. Robes of immemorial
Fowrap tie mtni'riti of the 'sml r-aosnr.E.s.',
SPEECH OF ANDREW JOHXSON
Inihf 1TU.:I .C...-. t.- ... r.. 1.1
- ..K.fi.-c, icc. iz, jw.r, on
the resolution asking for the appointment f
a committee to inv.-stigate the Lets utenJin ,
tyaUack yjon Jhrpcr't Ferry, in the f,U
i. . """""'"Jf nnvum uj i'ie "JOHN
Mr JOHNSON, of Tennessco,
wr, i resident,
tion, when it w
nt. 1 regret that this resolu -
it was first introduced, could
ssed iritbont discussion. It
not have passed
socntwu to Beck for information tr ,h-,nh
-- . iv nutbtl
tue country wan entitled
than anxioiM that the country should be
luiuiMieu wiui it, without lookin" at the
question in a party aspect, lint" it has
turned out dillercntly, and 1 regret thai
it has. The. discussion has taken a pretty
wide range, involving party politics gen
erally ; and the range which it has taken
has rendered it incumbent on me, occu
py ing the position I do, to say a few worth
upon the resolution, and to anower some
remarks that have fallen from Senators
during this discussion- Iti my inten
tion to do it in a rironeroninr. nml I inai
nnd hope I shall not be led beyond tho
bouudary of propriety and courtesy.
Before I procoed, "however, to the lino
of argument, tiiit I intend to present on
this occasion, I wish (o rot ice some tow
remarks which fell from the Senator from
iiniiuiK, i air, irutnuuii; ana l intena.
alter noticing ins remarks, to show th?.t
what has recently occurred at Ifarner'd
FerrV. in lhnsh.1Innr an inaiirir.i;r... nn
,uvaslon - o'wn. or by wbatover name
you may think proper to call it, has been
tne legitimate result of certain teachings
in this country.
In the discussion of Thursday la.it, the
S nalor from Illinois attempted to lay
down the doctrine of the Republican par
ly and to give his construction of that
doctrine. In Joins so ho called our at
tention to their platform, which, he says,
is a mere reiteration of the declaration of
Independence, ( it least that is tho idea,)
as it was formed by our lathers. To make
myself intelligible and distinctly under
8'ood, I will read thai portion of tho pht
form which he quoted ;
'IissolttcJ. I hat, with our republican
tubers, we bold ittobea self-evident
truth that all nicn are endowed with the
inalienable right nflifo. liberty, and the
pursuit oi happiness, and that the prima.
rv nl.ipt nml 11 1 inr tt f i- i
ry object and ulterior design of our Fed-
er vl invernment in ,.r,..,i i .i.. .
As t lie discussion prPgrr.cod, il raw ing
deductions from this part oTthe platform,
th Senator teemed to think that wa
the tenor of his argument that by reit
erating the Declaration of Independence
in this platform, they were embracing
the d icti incs l.iid down by Mr. .Jedoisr n,
ind showing that Im leillv merit to iri"'
elude persons ot c 'lor in the Dt'claration.
and that such was tho uudi'istandius jf
our revolutionary fa '.hers. L !'..ii.v tliat
Fonie'.iines it bat been en'"., and changes
htve been rung on it. liiut, Mr. .Jefferson,
the apof-tle of Democracy an I of liberty,
laid down the doctrine that all men were
crrateil rrjna., tuat tliey lial certuin in
alienable rights trial anions I!kho were
i:r., t,i-. nn.) ii, Mirinii r.r
I l. ueilil. rt' l"U I'l.iruit llill'IMIIirs,
. (. f.i
No v, t econis to me, that n party, an in-!"
tellicent paitv tint understands all
doctrines nnd principles of our Govern
ment, in this does great injustice to that
instrument nnu to tho framers of the
Constitution of the United States. When
vve take the D u-l iration of Independence
and connect it with the circumstanc?s un
der which it wis written, is there a man
throughout the length and bredth of this
broad I cpiiblio who believes for one in
stant that Mr Jell'erson, when he penned
it, had the negro population in his mind ?
Notwithstanding, he says that "all men
aro created equal, ami that they are by
their Cieator endowed with certain inal
ienable rights, that amongst Iheso aro
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,"
is there nn intelligent man throughout the
whole country, is there a Senator, when
ha hai stripped himself of all prejudico,
who will come forward and say that ho be
lievcs that Mr. Jefferson, when he pen-
......... nl II. tl .it.... I...,
Independence, intended it to . embrace
the African population ? Is there a gen
tleman in Hie lunate who believes any
such thing ? Is there any ono who will
stake his reputation on the assertion that
that is the correct interpretation of the
Declaration of IndepenJenco? There is
0,t m:"10'.rMP eo' b .91 '"ell.gonco who 0C(, lulutioon ,,link the ihom-elv a ! ic I'1""1 "as always contended lor comyro
ill haxanl hn reputation upon such an u 'l . "' ' " 1 ' '' " mlte ftl ,,e basis of tho settlement of our
assertion- Wbr then indulge in Hits ml
captandum discuision f Why try lo delude
and deceive the great maw of the people
by intimating tbat Mr. Jefferson meant
Africans or the African' race? How were
we situated when Mr. Jell'erson penned
the Declaration of Independence? Did
lie not own slaves ? Did not most of the
person! in the Congress which adopted
the Declaration own slave,, and after the
Declaration was adapted, by way of giv
ing a correct interpretation to it, what do
we find incorporated in t'ft Conslitu-
lion of the United States? Were negroes
then considered the persons who were ncl indeleasiuie rights ; amon? wlneli are 1)P(!ome of ,,,e olJ m(1tta of lMe j,lCobins.
embraced in tho Doclaralion or Indenen- those or enjoy, ng nnd defending life and ..No colupromif0 wi,, irailoisl" Ah!
dence? Were they not considered as liberty, and or acquiring, possessing, and 1 .g ftulhor4 hilV(J hu( (0 BWnli0W it at
property? In fixing the representation, ( protecting property and leputation, nnd j, i
alaves were regarded as property, and on- of pursuing their otvn haq.iness." '
ly three firths or them were to be coun- This '.s the declaration or Illinois. Do, CtsTA recent Hoard or Trade bringi nut
ted, clearly recognizing that they wero tho people or Illinois understand person painfully the vicissitudes or n sailor' life.
ouoor the forms of property, and not per- of color to be equal with while men? If In theiwelve years between lHiJand lr(it
sons intended to be embraced in the Dec-1 ihey do, Ihty hava not combined, In tho the deaths of 47,000 (.ratnoti aro recorded.,
laration of Independence, as contended shape of a constitution or declaration of iheco nearly 20,001) died Irotu drown
by some. I think it is clear: . independence, their views nd sentiments ( ing, and more than 2,000 from accidants
What more was provided in the Con- on the subject ; and if the Senator enter- ot various kinds. Such a proportion or
atitulion of the United States, byway of tains the views that he presented here the ' aroidents attaches lo no other calling.--giving
a clear construction to the Dec'.a- other day, I would suggest lo him the pro- For the year 1801, 4 2.3 deaths or seamen
ration or Independonco? It was rrovi- priety of going ta the State of Illinois and were oflicially reported, ur these 2,077
dod that fugitives from labor should bo commencing tho work of reformation wero drowned, 1,450 died from disease,
restored tu the Statrs Trora whiuh thev
escaped, upon demand being mado. Djes
CLEARHELD, PA., WJ-DESDAy7iM A Y
Iliat look as ir this description of pcrsnns
i v- V ' M "I Uk
. . v ... hv.,. I(J .ut- wepjnrai inn nr n.
1 111 t.nili lirt rA .....
is evident tn my
so to everybody
lo the whito race? It
mind, unl it .mint
A IA ll.nl AT.
race, nnd not l!18 African
-iawt VllUt UCllO
son ninant Hie white
ntuiion givea it.bnt interpretation. And
b.8 own ucu, and thoae of his associate,.
wuoii mey wore fmniin.. n. iwi :
. - . - nw i'auiui m mn
.ol JnaTe"(Jnco, owninir slnvts anilnf -
i erwariU passing laws and mnUiu's wnu
whicl1 provided lor thoir regular doseent
property, confirm it
. " " ' - Mini ji Bit In
to me that t in dor.
! '"ucrh- ,5ut " uex resolution of tho
platform, which he read, it is declared
lh.U tho Constitution confers upon
Congress sovereign i.ower over the Terri
tories of tho United Slates for their Gov
ernment, and that in the exercise of ibis
power it is both tho right and the impera
tive duty of Congress to prohibit in the
turn tones those twin relics of barbarism
polygamy acd slavery" '
The liepuhlicaii platform declares, and
the .Senator Ir.nn Illinois argues, tht tho
power of Congress being sovereign over
the 1 emioriea. it ran oyMilU .!..,...
fYom the 1 erritones. What do you mean
by sovereignty? I shall not underlain
in ueuno II on tins occas nn , it
f. u unoprstan.Jmg ot tho power of
i c , i ueny a
..j ...v,...1.uulj,iiuu as iuh piaiiorm con
tains. 1 deny that any such power is
conferred on the Federal Govn nment in
ruforenco to the Territories. U it not
sovereign? Tho Federal (lover nment
possess no sovereign power. All its
powers am derivative nnd limited, nml
those that are not expresdy granted are
reserved to the States respectively. Con
gress has no sovereign power. All its
powers are derived, it c.iti exercise do sin
gle primitive or original power. Where,
then, does it get sovereign p iwer in ref
eiencu to u Teirj'ory of tho United States.
Where dcea it even got sovereign power
in rofcrenco to the District of Columbia?
It has no such poior- The Congress of
the Tinted ales unv exercise exclusive
and linilittl power. lis authority is limi
ted, a is d. fined, nnd I deny the nssump
tnn that the Federal Government has
sovereign powsr in refcrer.co to the Tirri
loties of the United States.
Hul huppose, by way of testing the sin
cerity ol the Republican parly. wo t.rtv
ceedn the ide'tU U e I ofX,
.- . . I'unr oi i.on
mrix?;'KMYf;reiti.ur, tft(MiBt r ,.,v.
tho qualifications of the cilhens who hhall
become an inhabitant or resident of the
Territories. Ilefr in mind their other
doctrine that all tnon are created equal ;
and let us try to ascertain, if we can. their
cons-stencv on Ibis uhjcl. The T. rr ito
rtes aro filliug up. J,et mo a.-k the Re
puljl:c.iii party, iiroceedini' upoii thee
I t'vn i . fti I 1. t .. i I t.i.... .... i I
i ami i inn tun power ol Longiess is suver-
oijn in the TeiritoriHs, what will yon do
with the black p ipubition when a gos
: into the Territories? Now, we will tet
the )raclical opi rulions ofyo.r doctrines.
I Lot mo aik then), an H c.ill upon tli mo
: to ntiRwer urn tefore the country, will
you let the freo colored population that
emigrates into the Ten uoi ies s'and on
B'l equal footing wMi the whito popula-
i lion t
. , , .
ll.in t 1 ! 111 r.t.lil.n t.iiii. Ill...rll I
, , j r-
i ' , . ,, .....x.
BHy iiiuv uii men urocieneit equal, unn
thai the power of the FeIeral tiovern-
nient is sovereign in the lerntone.
! Will you, when lh free olored popula
tion goes into Ibo Territories, make ihem
equal in all respects with the A hi to pop
j Jf you will not, why clamor so much
about sovereignt) over a Territory ; why
clamor so much about all men being cre
uled equal ? Here is the touchstone- Lot
us see what you will do. Inform ui wheth
er, in filling up tue Territories and milk
ing laws for the qualification and protect
ion of their cittzous, you will place the
African on an equality with the while
'population? Co in o up ami tell u. It is
fair to put it to you. You have pi evented
, a theory? Now let us knov what your
practice will bo. Will you take that
ground? Will you place the African r op-
ulation, or their descendants, or n mixed
colore'1 PT,1V0" ' ll,f.AI"ca" '.?
nn equality with the whito mnn in the
Territories over which ynu claim sover
eign power ? I b dieAe tho Senator's con
stituents in Illinois agree with me in tho
construction tliU 1 hnvegiven to the le.-
aratioti of Independence ami the Const-!
1 i . . i : ..Til.. I! o ... c . . i I
sr. i .. . J s 7 .1" . . i . ..." ' .7 J
o work in that quarter, and reduce , Cii! opp"'-!, on the other hand, has al
.Irines lo practice. When wo turn ' ''oel1' No cow promise with traitors.
his doctrines to practice,
to the declaration of independence of Il
linois, if 1 may' so call U, what do wo find ?
In tho constitution of Illinois it is declar
"That llio general, great, and essential
principle of liber y and free government
m.y be recognized nnd unalterably estal. -
. r. ? e,i re: i ,t , .
-I hat all men are born equally free nnd
inder.endont. and have certain inherent
Ibere bv cliancins tb orrsnii la. AI-
though they declaie that all woo aio born
' 1.. :.. .1 .......
h Leu our jooplo ,,,cnk of niPn , i
Hioy do not includo tho African a e u
.fiL.L..., ...... luoiniitiik
7rco niule b nM ,ha" COnsist of a11
I i , ' , .1Ctl 1'- ""groe,,
"u, ""mins excenln, "in ,!
I ml iitnc
tt mi y ....
To perform militia duly, nolwitb -
'.i. . i' 1 , . m"" duly
if " g , y, l,t'c,al'0 lllat ttl1
11! ? J, I n.ot thal a corl
men aie '
n id this case. '
terpreiation of the declaration of Inde
pendence in the o:lirrV,e ? What more
do we find in that constitution ?
"In all elections, all ulltc male inhabit
anls above the ngo of twenty-one vears,
having refilled in tho .State cix months
next preceding tho election, slnll enjoy
llio right of an elector."
wv'iipii iiiiiiii in a fnirno t
I he voters are a bite men, nol free ne
groes. Notwithstanding in Ihe declara
tion they say nil men ore born equal, yet
here is a clash of persons who they say aro
nol eqoal 0 the whito man. who shall net
come to the ballot-box, shall not bo found
in the ranks musterine:: nml
ami exatmno the constitution nnd laws,
we find furthermore, nnd it will not be
controverted by the Senator, that even
these men who, they say, are born equal,
ar not permitted to come into a court of
justice ami be competent witnespes against
a white man. They are nol permitted to
intermairy with Uia whito race, under
heavy penalties. They are nol permitted
to remain in any county without giving
security that they, in the future, will not
become chnrgeablo on the poor list. Al
though theso are (be provisions of the
constitution and laws of his own .State,
tho Senator emphatically and eloquently
repeats tho words of tho Declaration of
Independence that nil men are created
equal. I.oek at his own constitution,
look at bis own la,,, b,, ut disown dec
laration of independence which u-es the
ame language : and j et they say they ate
not equal, and that the negro race is not
embraced and wa not in the mind of the
men who renned the Declaration of In
dependence. To be coiiiinuiJ.
From tho Holmes County (Ohio) Farmer j
Extermination. Tho Abolition ex-:
tremists are blatent for the extermination
tj -n .vi . i,,. .
extermination waged ngaimt tho Demo
crats of the North: In localities where
Democrats are in minority, they have to
submit to all kinds of abase, and are fre
quently maltreated for their political
opinions. A g-eat number have leeently
been beaten, unpi iotie l ami killed f,)r
no other otlenje then s-pe.iking of the n.
sussir.ation of Mr. Iinciln dil!', ret.tly
from nli it Abolitionists would have llitiu
At Inuionitj-'c-li", Ind , five men m.-pi-ct-ed
of being "rebel t,y inph i' hi.ui s" ai.d
supposed to I e pleased widi the do ith ot
the .President weie seiod by a mob ami
hung. A man was shot dead in Toledo
for im p !y K.iying that Lincoln bad cans
ed the death of as good men as himself,
Several were beaten almost to do.itlt in
Cleveland lor like oU'ense, and these ate
not a tithe of the outraged perpetrated,
nor has the le.i-t attempt been mutle to
bring lo punishment any of those engag
ed. There is hardly a day that throats do
not come down tho railroad ag:iint too
people) cf thi county from Abolition
outlaws of the Wcv.ein Rrsmve, and thero
are people in this town who nie c instant
ly urging them on to ommit outrages and
murdi r upon our citizens. Wo know of
many inianees wliith we do not at pres
ent think proper to publish.
Holmes is perhaps the only county in j
( hio wln-i e lor i!.e lat four years no Dem- j
octal has been seriously Lu;i!lie-.led fr ;
opinion sake. Vet il is well known that
many threats nnd some attempts have!
been made. Our people have been bless- j
ed with personal security, and their prop-j
erly Lns been saved from mob violence j
and thieves by leading Democrats in tli is !
place, and tbiotighoul the co.inty, boldly j
dr inantiing our r ights at the co.iimenee-j
ment of Abolition rule an I lirmly main-,
tainina Ihem during tlio list four years.
Whenever our loading Democrat cease to;
lo this, the mi Hses may expect to bo euo-
jecled to ull manner ol otiti age
A Compromise At Last. Tho Democrnl-
The cry of our pohti-1
uen. -J.ec. inu miguuesioi an - iranois, ,
and Gen. Grant ihe representative of the
federal Government, have made a com
promise, Grant proposing the terms nnd
Leo accepting them. Had there been no
.....I. n.,., .,.,-,...;? ,l.rt,. u..mi!,I linen Iwrri
I Bnolhet bloody battle or perhaps several
;l(;iUloslljouJI)(U of UJM woM ,.8V0
been lost, n.anv families clad in mourning
I ,, .,,. ; .t,,.,, i, u
i now ll.u.,j. .,; . comnromUe. What has.
anl 27 bv aocidants. the ra ise or death
in the other cases being unkub u.
TERMS. - -
ASSASSINATION IN HISTORY.
v- iruci. are usually unliequont in pro
Pl'onf tl''rm.,:nitudo ; and among
llie.-e, fortunately for tho cre,lit ri, 5
nuture, that of the assassination of rulers
one o( the. ureal, as it is also one of tho f fic,Jtions "fi"'""' "o leading conspira
greatest. As the wind ghtnees backward ' f-1,nvo 1,een finftlIV preferred, and the
V- i .. 1 l' 11 sees "ut ,ew instances in
' , l'ie n,09t atrci"s of all criminali
I , IIUIIIJUIJ-
ues nas been committed. It nnpiirrsA
may U seen in the earlier history of man-l , ?' tUat nor day or two ware nee
kind, but as tho race emerges from bar- to complete some of tho arangomonls
b.irism, it u discovered at loiter ininrv..!,. r,f. bo Ju,, Advoo.io.
till, as we approach the modern era of
Christian enlightenment, it disappears.
The term assassin dates back lo the
days of tlio crumdes, and is the oll'jdiool
ol tome ol the western languages of Asia.
An association thero existed whose
cnier was narueii llashishin, The meinb
.o4 I1( (it; II LU U" ' 1 t I -1
ers of this body were bound by the most l", " '"-i norlue,lst corner of the buii
solemn oaths to evonta n,. ..,:n r iding, p.nu has four windows covere.l with
leader, who, when he wished to atimu-' firrtlt''1 iron haTS- The room has a high
late them to a ftate of frenzv cave them 'ce nmI a 1'alf a dozen benches, and
I . i' "'" K"i'"'ia no, tunl lir ..t:.. N'l. 11
on opiate known as hashesh, nnd from
which the name of the leader nnd term
a?sassin are derived. In this blood stain
. 1 ' IUI3 U1UUU Dill I II-
ed association of fanatics, driven to deeds
or murucr uy the inlluenccs of a fearful
stimulus, do we find an apt typo of the
drunken maniac who, on Friday evening
April 14, IoOj, give a cowardly death
blow to tho chicl magistrate of this repub
lic. In tho earlier ages of the world, when
fierco paesions held away in the human
brt-ast, and thrones wore opeu to all who
had tho courage and strength to hold
them, the removal of a ruler by violence
was nol uncommon.
l'erhajis this occurred more 'often in
the history of Roma than in that of any
other countiy. Prominent among these
instances is tho familiar one of Julius
(.'lesar, slain by Junius Drutus and co-conspirators.
Lven tho disgusting mora1
character of Cesar, tho vast amount cf
misery ho brought upon tho world during
his conquests, uud even bis inordinate
ambition, has not reconciled posterity lo
his fate, so repcllaut is the means by
which his existence was terminated, li
is only the charitable supposition on Ihe
part of tho world lhat Poutus was actua
ted by tho purest patriotism tnat ha
prevented his being execrated as a mons
ter of iu iquity.
Among prominent instances in 11) man
history is the case of the elleminnto but
infamous deput, lleliojabalus. History
r-o. i -i .u:. ... .1...
rants as murder, and tit the sumo tuna
docs not lift from a righteous obscurity the
man who perpetrated the crime.
The successor of the detestable lleliog
ab.ilus, the virtuous Alexander Severus,
aHo fell c victim to tho "ao: J of tho ns
Hiissin. and has ad ted lo!ii oilier quali
ties which men admire, that ef martyr
dom. I'ompey the Great, nftcr an eventful
life, wax, like nut" null I'lt'.-ulelit, tieach-
ii'ousiy murder, '.1 in the prefei.eeof li:
wil'e ; but, niil;!-.o Mr, I.ii'coln, l'ii;i'y
met his death a! :i moment when dlcit
ins'.cal of victory had crowned bis
It, v.otil I be an endless la-k to attempt
to enumer.ite ev, n a small pari of the
number of great men Hs-.isiiha'.eJ during
the existence of the Uom.m empire,
leaving the dai 't days of that period, we
lin l tint there ate but few cases to clai.u
the attention ( f tiie world.
I n all tho long career of Fnghnd we
find but one or tw.iei-es in which thd as-s:is-itiation
of rulers is said to have nccur
ed. Apart from the smothering of the
pii:ic.s, which enlightened investigation
pronounces bal barely probable, we have
only the ease of Uielrud II- Kyen in the
case of lids nid'ii tnatn l'lantagener, U e
most that history yenhn cs to say is that it
is supposed that he was nimdored iu
prison l.V Sir 1'iers Kxion, bis keeper.
Among the Portias nf the it(en'.h
coiituty. tho characteisties of the old b'o
laans were faithfully prcssrvrd. The
brother of tho famous I.tii-retia u-ed the
dagger and the 'oison indiscriminately
upon the Italian 1. ikes who in tho way
of bis ambition.
In the fi:no century, Darnley. the
handsome b il proliigne husband of the
tin for tuniite Mary, tjuren cl fcotf, was
klled by Pot h veil : ntid Botiio two cen
tutics latter Charlotte Corday reliercd
tho world of n tr ouster in tl.o person ol
the blood s'aie.-.-d Marat. Tho reverence
which poster'.'y r. 'eords to Cord iy is more
perhaps on account of her sex than her
crime, and is much ol the samo kind as
we regard tho heroine in tho romantic ac
count of Judith and Ilaloferenes.
There have been attempts lo assassi
nate Napoleon 111, and we believe souo
crazy would-be-murderer once fired a
musket ut (2'ieen Victoria; but il has re
mained for enlightened America lo furn
ish the only well defined and successful
tragedy of tusasination that has occurred
on inai nas oecurrer
in modern times, in me nearly in pio
murder which tocdt place nt ashir.gton, comrj10,nlinn ImrMt.i hai been
we have not only tho only modern m-ldiawnby M. .Jolly, and laid before the
htancH rr assassination in the ca e of high Aea.lomy of Science. The last words of
functionaries, but also the very greatest i ,.pPr(., on tit occasion are worth re
crimoof Ihe kind known to history, j cor,iip jn this ng" of universal smoking,
There is no parallel case in which there anij vouni, hoys to whom this pernicious
has been an ntteni)t at t-uch wholesale ,,raoij(.e has nol yet become eocond na
sbiughter' The all'.iir in Washington is U,V would do well to reflect, ere it be
stii gencrovt, nnd has no rival. It is alone t00 nre, on tb9 friglitful warning tho
in its magnitude, its sanguinary results, ,nvc statistics contain, n wellrwonM.
horrifying Iniquity, j Jolly's words, lie says: "Tho immoder-
C?5A Chicngo minister, evidently spoil
ing tor a fight, took occasion, soiuodays
since, in a prayer, lo instill Heaven n
folic vr : . .
() God irk is not rhrht to v:nl loyal
indic'nation upon Democrats in the streets
S cKTl-r V. o k7 : them down! gr-,U
to Ihelo'yai I the power of forbearance."
J has leltow wouiu uu ijr wi'rj u"
csuld aeo a mob every day, and could)
walk to church on pavements mada slip-
jcry nilh blood. '
$2 00 Per AwxnZui
SKI J IKS VOL. V.-NO. 44.
TRIAL OP THE ASSASSINS.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Wasiuncto.v. Jfnv k ri,u-
' '"""""J pretty well arranged. The tri-
i io nave opened this morninj
.1 1 ui.m lllllll, UU V
I l COUTt I'arliullv a88pmlilinf ii. warn
Ihe trials nre to be in lb Tontar.r,ar
building at the Arsenal, where the crim
inals arc now confined in chains, uud in
A large room in the second story has
been fitted upas a court room. It is large
enough to hold three hundred
is perfectly plain. The walls are white,
Ihe whole buildinc having been newlv
renovated. No nmns. nictures or nnv-
i , , . . rf
j ' s 't0 . 8Pcn s.ilVe ll)e lmlily Con
blructed pino lurnituro needed by the
Judgo Advccato Holt will presidoatthe
Court, which will be arranged nround a
long table upon tho north side of tho
room. Parallel to it will bo tho tabloa for
the ollicitil reporters, w ho will be eworn,
and (educe tie) testimony each day lo
writing. Nexl lo tho phonographers is a
table for Ibo benefit of counsel, should
any nppear. Il is not known that any
have been engaged, although there is a
i ttrnor that several eminent Democratic
politicians havo refused to serve.
Judge Holt will bo nidod by Judgo
r.ingiiatn. of Ohio, and Judge Burnett,
both skillful lawyers.
Il is said thai tl.o Secretary of War U
thoi oughly conver'int wilh the whole
testimony and that tho cases have been
piepared under bis eagle eyo.
M jorGcneial Ilarlsuil'has command of
the jail and its surroundings, t.nd his dis
positions at e such that il would be impos
sible for any attempt by a mob to get pos
scoion of the prisoners lo succeed.
Ilia forces mo encamped just outside
the outer walls, while thick cordons of
senti ie? surround tho red brick building
which confines the wrotched criminals,
who, in chairs, with molllers over their
heads, aro already undergoing a living
death. They are not allowed any corn
ed to convene with thorn upon auy pre
tense, The padded masks cov ering their entire
head, except the mouth, are put on to
prevent them from committing suicide.
A si n'ii t 1 over each one attends to them
day and night. A.l arc vtry much dejec
to .!, end b.'..r I lull at, any moment they
may be execute i by the people.
his mo.st likely i but three of Ford's
t he itie emplovei s will havo to die, as it
seems pivtiy clear that, Ihey aided I.joth
mateii.illy in ihe exec ition of his dread
ul murder. Ford, the proprietor, is still
in tio. Old Capitol, bul so far oi lean
lea'-ii. is not implicated.
The tluati j is Kill uu 1,t guard by tho
military. No oi.e can enter except by a
per:iit of the Secretary of War. It re
mains just as it was the night ol lbs assas
sination. 'o newsp ipi r reporters -a ill bo admit
ted, nor will too testimony and progress
of the trial be iu ide public,
'J urtcis and aec rmmod.itinns for the
entire court nod reporters r.re piepared at
the jail, and they will probably remaiu
thero daring the trials.
r.v Wtdiioday morning the machinery
will be a;! in motion, and the cases bo
pushed rapidly on.
Payee, th as?asin rf Reward, will pro
bably be Ibo fii.-t tiled. He is a regular
coiiti.i".'. i 1 1 a i ii , an 1 w :s hired in Canada,
auil sent li Mii to do bii woik of blood for
a stipulated pricn.
Wlier. tho whole history of !hi trngrtdy
audits plottiogs comes to bp written fully
out, ami the l.ic s aro all developed, il will
make every christian man stand aghast at
h Mc.keriiiii honor bucked by theso
obivalrio ritiiioals, sunk to (ho lowest
depths iu their vain cH'orls to deslroy the
Union, ai.d build up a C ir.fe leracy wIiopo
( orner-sioiio was the unpaid labor of the
colore ! r.-.ce.
r.I'lin Paris c.irio-t' indent of tho
London .V'tr says: "1 mentioned lately
tho flight ltd increase of mental alienation
and parclysis of the bruin in France. It
hns been proven that this increase of lu
nacy has kept pace with the augmentation
ot lh revenue from tobacco. From tho
year 1 S 12 to 1.-12 the tax produced 28
million", nnd the lunatic asylums of the
country contained 8,0o0 patients. The
tobacco revenue has new reached the Finn
of ISO niilliors, and there at e no less than
j, no,) .i,i,i. n,l
1 lunatic, patients in
,i, ..,;, l,,,,,,;,.,!. ,i..,,i.) (n tiieir no
HIO USI3 UI ivii,h,L''i IHUI in"ivrn'ri.,uiij vi
tho pipe, produces a weakness iu the
brain, and in the spinal marrow, which
causes nia luoss."
2fTho gte.it reason why men practice
JO litll. g-erosit, in the world is H
thev fintT so htllo tLcie -it is catching
Qr Fashionable society generally has
two faults; first in being hollo v-headed,
nJ aeCoiiJly, hollow -hear ted.