Newspaper Page Text
msli oT ill J H 8iftv m mt ft f f w yi
W. MOOUE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI. WHOLE NO.
A MILITARY ARREST.
Thfi following nnonunl ..... ..,
, c " n"v:,k ui
Joiix D. Miller, Lq., written l.y his wife,
l,to spirited and touching, and withul so
creditable to tho lady, that wo cannot re
ist tlio temptation to lay it before our
rtaders, although, ns it will bo percived
cu its rcrusal, it was not intended for pub
lication. Mr. Miller, il will be reniem
Itrcil.ntfjanorg the "victims" released
short lirao tinea ; aud for whoso release
JirJSwooPii claims the credit; ..--. .-
Fwdi-soN Tow.nsiih', Ci.E.nntn Co. )
February 1st., 18 05. J
Jin. Mo:rb: I hope you will pauioi:
lbs liberty an old woman lias taken, that
of making a liulo mem irandu m for tho
purpose, you will think, of giatify ing her
bad temper. Be it r.3 it may, 1 shall write
down truth, nothing else, as I cxnect to
biwo to answer tor it hereafter: and us I
nMoui wrile, and indeed huvo not much
time to spare i-oilbbliniT, ami ni j:0.,e
you are charitably dj.Tpo-.ed, jerhajs yuu
;u ourn mis alter you June looked ov-r
I, ,.. .1. I . i .... . ..
ii, ui "um j uu m'Hse wi'.ii it, tor au
I care. 1-ut wiiat 1 wanted to do,
led ycu oi the arrest ofmv lm,lan.l .In,-,
D. Miller, on Friday i.i-'ht last, between
thohourjof 10 and 11 o'clock- Woweie
gotticif, that is he and I, on that precious
i.uniij, njiug to Keep uini jroiu
Ire.-zing, and tryiug to still the restlesa
r.oss ol our youngett child a Lube -1 mo.
oiJ,ii, J rathoi- delica'e. I i e in our house,
oriloie, cast tomo trout. !e, r.s wo had to
put in wood olu n ; the rest of thochil
Jien Lad giuo to bed, (bv the wav, ll.ey
ire nine in ntuiilrr). As 'l was near the
Jeer I heard fool hteps. 1 saij( a,cr(
wniebody coming, ut tha same time I
inched the door and opened it, aud thtro
topped in a Lieuieuaut. and 1 think sev
n uim, and demanded to ki,ow if his
nnme was Miller, lie said it was, and the
illicer said he had come to arrest him
Miller atked what for? and I ivked what
tehad done, or omitte.. lo, that ther0
ihouid com n tucb a force of armed men
t that time of night. Just then tl.edoor
opened, and there came in another, arni
td with what appeared to uie to be a short
liilo, and it appeared by his tracks iu the
mow next morning, that he had marched
seross the garden and went up back of the
bouse and looked in at tho window, ex
lcciiitg, I reckon, that they would have a
ery wribld and most desperate encoun
ter ni'li this mnn Miller. They f.u I that
lupy HHl been tola that he carried i load
nl revclvcr in cacli pocket. V.'e told
liicni that there never was a revolver kept
in our Louse or about us. J said I wished
I bad one, and laughed at them and told
them that they ought tohavecmie in dny
lijjlit, that it might have been plea-nntcr
to themselves ; and I also told them that
it would have boen quite enough for them
to bring inch a force, if he had been a
robber or a hortethief, or a rnuiderer, or
committed the unpardonable tin. J ask
ed if they had any intention of arresting
we, ami taid if they had I was ready, a I
a q jito as guilty as he, perhaps more c
Tuey answered that they were not in the
business ot arresting wornon. I said, per
Up not as yet, and added that if they
had came to take me, there ought to have
bon at least ten or a doz n more of them.
I taid 1 considered it a great and credita
ble buiiness that of draining men away
from their families ol midnight, without
honring authority, or as much ns t.blo to
te!l who tho accuser was, or even the na
ture of the cri.ro ! I don't believe I ever
knew of any person being taken before
without a warrant, or a noinetuin, more
thnn word of mouth i but il seems in the
days of Abraham that they can do any
thingexcept iiiitij' J O my ruined coun
Ifj! Have you come to'lhu? 'ow 1
iiear it niiil l,v lfni.-il,linntio ) Ii., I il.r, llntn.
ooratdLavebroughtiliosoaiTOit and troub
les o a themselves, and tint democrats
We been the informants ; but 1 ny it i
not o. Thero is ono Moes Thurston, one
John Chase, ono Tucker, one John Swan,
(son or Ilenvy Swau, LVi .) and Iho libei
Jioe llob McCully, aud somo more such
characters, not ono of whom are Demo
crats. Theso are the real ir.fonnnis. 1
lupposo that McCully don't dream that
uspicion rests on him for causing tho ar
rest of my huhband ; but lio is for all time
to come, marked. Likewise Kimo others,
ilr. Michael Gil.s on was taken on the same
night January theTth. You r.g Swim
tho graceless was the pilot to his house.
Mr. (Jilson saw and knew him, so I am
told. I don't krowjwhat his crime con
sists of, but guess it was because bo is a
"Copperheod." That appears to bo sulli
ient to brand i person. think that in
'ho French revolution it came lobe a
fime, worthy of death, to allow one-self
to bo iecri wearing a good coat. The
J-ijn of Tenor is just commencing hero ;
sad if Ibero is a woman hanged nroutnl
btiv I expect to oe her and tho sooner
tli? beltT. j
I l:op:i the Alnvghly li IPs mercy, will
Ko n;,' and nnn from niggorhm. and all
i!iii;mi of (uis fanatical lime.
He clioi.M In Ilia tv-fidm spa nrnt,n. i..
shra ten our earthly career, I am sure the j
P'.lh.s would, with its horror, tc., be'
:ie:v preferAblc to tho probability oi
cut'ivi: g Cen-tiiutional Liberty.
I ftt-r I Et:..U encroach on vour timeand
boi v iur psticoco, but if so, just burn ;
tun kcu of paper.
I r, kon the next I lienr of my lius
r-.d. he will he in tho bastile where there
f " nany more that have done no wrong
'..i::. ir to their God nor Ihoir country. I !
k iow that there is no truer friend to
.- . . . ..
xintrv than lie, thouch I say it my-
I know I would cot say it for oven 1 holy work to which they were solemnly to stay thecsruage and sufTering of war,
if it was not ao. I descended in a1 dedicated and set npart, and woe be to and giro hick to all oar peoplo law, order
Ut line from an old whig family :! thorn if thoy leave tho Masters work for and constitutional liberty, with peace and
iher remembered the revolutionary j this oilier work. Thoir opinions are their prosperity. And for thii wo are deaoun
rom its commencement to its close; own, Ihoir ballot within their own keep- ce 1 as traitors.
and I 1)(W0 heard him talk for hours, of
the way oar forefathers fought, bled and
died for the very blessings we aro now
7 J ., , " . bortj Oil IbO
oirnuiay o ti.o hero of New Orleans, An-
, J row Jackson, nnd I could write on lot
OU Will HO doubt think llinl T
I. .i !..,.
stop. Yours. JlcpcctCully.
iiuli UL'i t
SUSAX H. MILLER
AItOI.ITI()Xli: TUi: MKTIloniST
l.riscopAi, ciiuntH. I
A Prouilni'iit Taj luan'H reply to the Clergy.
UJreu f lion. D. A. 0:,Jcn, at Lima. j. i .
fFrom tfcs ItoohMtor Union. '
The following in tho eon chiding portion
ui me u iuress uenvereu at J.ima, by lion
a.uius H.wg ieii, oi loiin Xan:
fi" Ogden said thero .is ono oth
subject upon tvhir-b ho desired to fay
woiU, anU he desired to say it here and
now. ilere t Lima whare the reat in
stitutions of kai niiiL' of tho Moilio list
i Li'iceop.-.I Church of Western pw Vnrl,
'"8 loos ted where intellectual po.ver,
'sound theology, andoorrcct religious faith
! arj supposed to be expoundod", hero at
t.iii centre i f learning, and in the midst i
,w me uin. m inecunreu wikmo ia;l I
i i... .1:..:.. . . i . i . . . . . i
p.o es; :mu wiioe poiiiy 1 admire, 1 de-
siie, In the exerci-e ol a layman's right,
to spenk a few plain words, for it wn here
u'mI ly an annual CJlilereueo ol IheMeth-
ouihU-.piscopal Lhuicii, duly ofganued
and acting in olli :;al capiiciiy. that one ol
the most outrageous rots ol big itry, wrong
und injustice was perpetrated a few weeks
ago -un insult nl.ko lo religion, to the
nclis' church, and to every mem
ber of that church, who, in iho honest ex
erc'se of his liberty, belongs to the Do.uj
cia'io party. I de-ire in this aialter to be
precise, and I here' quote tha i e.u.luli m
of the (J.'nesce oufeienco h-.-li r.'CJiitli
iiWa,, That it is tho decided and de
liberately formed opinion of this confir
enco, that tho profound ami radical is
sues, which in tho pri'sent elention can
vass are to bo mot and decided by Ameri
can citizens nt ilia ballot-box, divida the
people into two great parties, viz: i'atri
To thii follow two other resolution--- ;n
the highest degree lau l itoiy of the pre
sent lulmini.sti ation and pledge ! i- i;s
The meaning of th resolution is clear,
and tho chargo is deliberate, thr.t all wim
fail to vote for Mr. Lincoln an.lsuppott
his ndiniiiisirutioii policy, are traitors
In this resolution llo'i j ii no allowance
for hone.t diifei ene i of uplnion, no chari
ly auch as the gospel i;ic.ilcjt'3 no to!a:a
tion such as tho Sayiour praclicd and
taught, but it is a stein, and I will adj
unchristian condemnation of millions ol
men, w ho aro quite is faithful to tiieii
country, to liberty, lo the government,
and who have shown it by word and deed,
and sacrifice anU devotion, as these do
vincj, theso clerical umpires and judos,
who, ctiuida of their oiling, ouisiduof
all decency nud christian charity, pet
ihea.selves up as political judges, and pu-
lisan loliticans. J Hoy speak ol issues
but name them not. All tho specula
tions they make to sustain this giav
charge ot treason, in opposition to tho ad
ministration of Mr. Lincoln, -in other
woids nipport ol (Jen. Mc'Jicllan is trea
son. This is the substance of this infa
mous cha-go so revolting to all the pro
piielies of chrislia li intercourse and with
an intoleielieo belonging to tho dark ng-n,
i.s ollif ially uu 1c by clergy men ofa c!iurc'i
biasil'ul, and justly so in its pilmvaul
primitive days, of its ilefonco of tho liber
ty of conscience and of the rights of the
)eoilo to d;i't'er with e tab!islil State
clr.irchcs and political hirarchi ts- I res
pect tho clergy, tlu-ir ca'.lin is tho rnos'.
sacred, mi'l digniHcd nud importation
earth ; in their appropriate sphere, I will
pay them all duo respect, defend their
rights and listen to their teachings, but
-vi en they lay their sacerdotal iub sa
side, beootno brawling politicians, lunbii
sudors of tho Iiepublio.in party and Abra
ham Lincoln rather than the blessed Sa
viour, and preach partisan politics instead
of tho Gospel, 1 can but look upon the
picture they present with sadness and dis
gust, fallen fiom the mo-t elevated ailing-
Willi snarling madne. s and 1 w vituper
ation '.hey tramplo Chiistun ohm i i y in
I ho dust and set the voty had pxatnplaof
ldulging evil tempers and 'ittenng whole
tale slanders. And yet theo m?n are our.
pastor-, 'shepherds or the Christian flock. ! that these men aro U pubhcins that
God defend the llock and save the people they vote lor Mr. Lincoln thai is their
from tho example and teachings of this , priyilego ; but it is: their departure Irom
arrant I'unaiicism. Then my wa k and ' all ileconcy, Christian courtesy and chan
misguided and political hucksters, these ty, and their wLoles ile niiserubleslanuers
revet ned gentlemen say we seek lo unman and denunciations of men as l;ane,t as
them by denying lo thorn tho right to in- themselves and whoso only offenso Ha
dulgo in partisan discussions. Not at all. ;
,l: 1 .l- ll.m l.sloMn i,.im.,.l
mr, TIipv ,.!,ioi to have been called of
vows woie sell-io'iposed. '
They wero set apart to iho holy work of ,
tho Christian ministry by their own con-,
cm, I It la n t,rsf-o Irll.
II. n neon ar. ho v and soecia
'work. Honestly nursued it does not im-
nn,i ppstrqint And f thev have be-
.......sa iwfw,u i.i fining lird ot lheir-
I -.- :- t I
work, nnd long for the politician's work,
and desiro to become stump orators and
partisan political nrcacbers. let them, like
. - . . . .
honest men, dolt their robes and enter
the list, and take roush nnd tumbloof
tho strifo. They have no right, liko cow
in Lt-i v dimis uainiiii i un riniiiiL mi l iiii i
nr. Id f r bL-iiIL ... I ; . I t.. i "i u..4
sanctimonious airs, and then utter thoir .
anathemas against all in the new or .-ho rrh
wliodiller witn tnom in political opinion,
Such is not go.'pcl prcaohing either in spi-1
rit or word. Such was not the import of
. . . 1 . - . ' - . ...
their ordination vows. Such was not tha
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1SG5.
mg and far be it from me to condemn the
free exercise of either. 'Tis not of this
mat 1 complain, hut of their insufferable
intolerenco, their dictatorial bearioa.
their abnegation of all
nuoicsaie- slanUor. Wliv. thnv nhnr.rn
. .... . . . ' -o
I all men and wo m,"i. i , i i, i, ,3.
I rfiisinn nnn n i im ,i, tj .... ... , ..
U- llS, l,nl... n i i t. - i . . .
uiiuni iu inn iuiuuoraiio nariv ana
wlio in thin election support (jeowo JK
That U tho ,nnnKlr0, .n.Ln,.,,;,
"l1'1 nianilested by tho conference of di-
. vines, and it ( porunq nnn, nmnniinn ....I
- uiiuuu uiiu
kj nonest uepuwican, as well a lienid.
ami civil war. Men aro not to til tamely
down and be sent to tho pits as criminals
by a conference of ministers bucmso they
eanuot, in the discharge nj their djty,
vote, for Mr. Lincoln. They will and
must resent the insult ; it is not in human
nature to bear it We. in Democrats, ai o
honest in our puiitics ; our opinions are
seriously un 1 religiously formed. We be
lieve, religiously believe, thai tho highest
nnd best good of tho country demands u
change of administration. To "this end
we work as p itiiots- We see in this course
the only sure way out of our national
troubles, Iho only certain and safa path
to honorablo and lasting peaco. We seek
to save and perpetuate tliisti ivernmonl,.
To this end w support and intend to voto
for General MeClelmn. In all this we aro
ncere, earnest and honest ; nnd then are
md allowed their political partisan zf,al
to master their christian charily. They
aro no longer n leligious body, and no lon
ger entitled 1 1 le-piV. as such. They mo
a llepul.lie i!i emeus or convention, and
have substituted for our lea bn and tearh-
--r "i or Abraham," as ono uf tha number
i rails Mr. Lincoln.
Am 1 too severe ; lo I ex igjerate; do I
biii, into contempt this body" of mini;
j ter-, and overstate their p i.-iti.m, their
; policy and wrong doing ? Head ng tin tho
rrKO.iilion ol their exact pisilion. Theie
is no evading it, they roso-lvo, in confer
ence without specifying anything, "out op
position to Mr. Lincoln's re-elect ion, that
mtllir.ns of their follow -citizens of the
id) al rtia'ei are
liable to death
oin aud expel them as traitors. To thii
it must come at but, if llm-o men speak
tha truth and imiun what they suv. Nay.
nioie, they mast prosecute them in the
ourt.s, mdict, try and hang them as trai
Theso men aro lik" Raul, as fired with
zm! ho went from Jerusalem to Damas
cus. In his view all the followers of Je.-us
were traitors, de-crying of chains, prisons,
.1 itri n n , 1 iiij iiit stnit Lifii mil mi
cnana ol debtiuetioil, but lie was then
no Christain minister ; then he was apar-
lisan (l liio Je.visti rsanlieiirim lie was
be.-i lo him.-elf with fima'.icism ho was
fol. owing an administration, hawing down
lopiwiy ; and although lie might have
buea very honest, ha was certamly very
wrong: "ami when tho High and I. ,f,y One
I ouc'i'd his heait, when iho scales fell
Irom his eyes, nu 1 lis s.it Iho triilh and
boo nnd im'bueJ with tho temper, spirit
and faith of Jesus, ho acknowledged his
error and made confession of his sin, and
irOT Illl .1(0 WaS la'l!. IIIO V.CIiribl!.III IIC.U
... s ., .1. ,.(..!..:.
anil minister, and Saul, the bilter, unre-
lentiii" partisan ar.d higU- Agun. let
lh"so ministers of tlio Oenesseo Confer
ence contrast their o-vn liarsh resolution
with their Master's Sermon on the Mount,
aud see if in their zeal they had not for
gjt tho teaching, iho examplo airl spirt
of Ilim "who sjnike as m in nevorspoke."
1 have no doubt theso mistaken men
win lil. ia'i n iili shame, confess in soi'row
and rcnunt when the excitement of the
canvass shall be over, and when religion,
reason and right thoughts shall rcsunia
control over the n, and Unit their folly
will appear as it is and they will ask the
Great Head of tins Chui c'.i to forgive them.
You will mark that my complaint is not
dillerenco in political op nion
" 1 ' . i . 1 . . a i . t
I amnfLeil met l)V tills Class OI Clerical
boliiicians with tha a,Sertion : why you
aro contending for slavery j yoi seek to
uphold a slupeudius syste.n oi uimi
wrong, and wo can but denounce yoiir.
coursol lionest ns uiese men in iv in i
this, they nro entirely mistaken; they
mistake and misstate tha real
mistalie ana misstaio tna real issue as,
i. :. tl' 1 t
we understanu it. v e contend not for
'slavery wc wago no political campaign
for it. ; purporting to support Gen. Me-
Cicllan witn no loient 10 upnom Fiivery
... r..., iir ... . i .
or give it aid or comlort. wo stnva lor
the maintenance of tho Uovcrnraant-Mhe
free "Constitutional Government of our i
fathers for Us niaintair.anca with all its
lilessings to us and our posterity, wo fight
this noliticalbatlla and go so earnestly
into this election' eseo
of Gen. MoClollan liopo for
try, through and by ft clian
. ... ... 1
We sea in tho election
our own coun-
iga of adminis-
tration. We expect lo rostoro the union.
Must receive the reprobation of fair ninJ,.d-nni L ,Vr . .i.- r". ' ? "t" "0t fi.'"1'
cratn. iSuch a unirit and tuch a Unmmon , . .
isnotroligion, but bigotry; 'lis not the r,.i, i ' V, . ' . . . , . . lnou, oi tnose who
.... r r w uuiisiiiHr i r p (iawi hn i
. gospe.nor it. preacU.n-. but the loweU IMOun.ain Unr,u, " '" 'a,0,le.
I l - . . . j'lva IU D ULa II III! WDll.lllirTI niltnjr. . 1.1 A ,l i. I .... t .a .9.1
I lurui m lanaucisrn ana the most danger- vii,.'ii ., r.., ' " . . -.--..,.".....' jur.cn in
,r'ouj kindnrdeviltrv. In only tendency I ,. runeoiissoiirrM, pon wneio a law bs inexorable
l:,i i ' . ' 4CIIC-: but inherent in theiuse vos. wdieli will ' I hi. f.fml .in,l !,.:,,,. f,.i..i
,, in iu uiw,j coiiiuiiiion, nniiiiositv. liairea.
An hi in tolil l,t. .-r.,: t. nr , 1.AI
o . - ' , . ' . ' . iinaL-14 ui armies, i ney liave turn shi'il n.nn 1
weave all r.to,s? No. A conference w!l0 Lava f()1),llt ' in e cr
who will .husi-olve .are besila them- Mannassa and tho Teninsula do , .5
selves l hoy have fallen from grace, vanah aud Fort Fisher; and fought, too
turned ast..o f.om their legitmnte c dling, with v,,!o, flnJ ',: V '
Vll. OriTM!li:0 I fUClllOU. JIMT Or-.-" rui I T II ,lt, 101,14 ' .
. ... ' ilq rir.i'lnn'R n inn-ii lot t im ntr in ........ . v,. y Si iito. It I
. .1 ii"in.oio.,iii Ul.ru i ; . . . ..i . . - , . , III ir 'linn i.n r. i. ..... 1 t
.S .1,111 ll.-t.t.ict .K.nll.t.n . .... ... - .
;telle.ner.stoo here? Can they make fioni?, snn npe., or tl.em ; ' ""' " ' .lV'ul"1- " lrfe-
ii s ., ,.i,,.,. t il .... u , ;i .1,. 'wo crops in a single season. I ho people ! , , . ",l'r!"i"'i nuu ejuauiy ue- as u
.... e....v v.. . .. .... .. intimate krowled-o of thir own i ,orfi Ul "lw 10 every man.
- - " ,' , ' country, and a fur appreciation cf its ca-1 ' "e'moisnn aid that it no Slate the
i.i i rvi'iv ii' nix nt n i w ir i l i iiii- M .. . - . . i , .... . n . .. i- t
Condition of Civil and MiliWrir Av.ir
in tha SoitornRAfXl
i mrrM,Ji t,,..,.
itui, ui L J I n i .n iu0 1 1 a im
it ..,!.:..:' : "U,L"
' i ii, uimiji' d.i o n i il,
. . - iiiu ini
03 " ioroct to lue South-
" " ""--s"ss,p, Depart-
, Thiit. ia .fillii;-... ,i ...
.t i n- ?U' ,heor) vvllich Rr?i
robell.-.nwli(li( in ,h0 Trans-Mi,-
huvi beon d -alt it othe Atlintie iSrV
m....r. : Atlantic boanl.
i iiii nut (H I nn k..i.,.ii..
from what they
nmder their death as to secession and in-
surrectionas to the old Union a matter
nearly nidnpendont of tho demiso nfthair
Kichniond head, or ever, of the (light of
.Ljl. Davis to Kngland to join his dear two
hundred thousand specie dollars "gone
Aioro man low, rebellion mill quite (iilnictly, that tho object of him
tho S mth-vest and bev nd tho ! 61'''f d fi iends in their elloi is in bli,,ir
Mississippi, not because of iiiohmo-i I
in Bpno oi itic ini nnl. I;,, .jr capital Ii-ik
been us much a source of weakness lo the
rebels us Washington has boon to us. Tho
Southwestern Slates have not only unaid
ed resisted, as best they could, iho ad
vancoeftho Fedeial arms in their own
section, but they ha- e furni..hed a largo '
proportion of tho legions which Lee now,
marshals to opposuUrant, and with which
Johnson so stubbornly resists the udvaneel
of persi,tent Stierman. At the peril of
.v.....,g noiuiors open to l lie
po.no ueuer caiiie man reistuuof torirht-
fu by conttituicd authority. j and thcie was really no government tl.cro
In addition to the defense of tl:i ir own "c,
mid distant i-ection of the Confederacy, I Donderson .faid the loyal men of
tho rebel commissariat would make but'a i I'oui,!U,a l 'd itc(.gi,iz, d the existing gov
sorry ihow without their assUianec. I ('r"n"-,lt- ''en why bhould not the Sen
Louisianna and 'J'exns aro but litlla j,e. j "tor recognize it?
hind Georgia in the siirtdv of cereals. I . Mr-"'"or (L'cp. M.isK.) said that when
while il is no exaggeration to allirm that
two thirds 1 1 tho beef and pork ijee.L-d
for tho consumption of their armies has
been turn is
k',1 In- 'IVvjj nlnim ii.fi.l,,
- - j ...........
oNlichmoud tho most important nrrenals,
foundries ai d mai.ufat tm ics of munitions
of war are to bo found within tha bnrdors
lmliillities lor ollensive and defensive war-
i- . i i . .. . . i ... . . . .
ure, wnno iney lnuuuuaiiiy nave tlio
cruraizo nnd ingenuty to use them to good
. r ....
a'lvan'.ago lormoirown puriioses. 1 heir
territory is inteirectcd ! y numerous
sttenni", rendering pursuit di'llicult, whila
bayous and navigable rivers literally erid-
I......1.. ....... r, J C t
iron tne couniry wun means oi com muni -
cation between the dil'erent section.
Knoli nrn com., nCll, .1nn..M
sea by me soutliweal tor t ro online: the
.. n- '..,,.,.....,. .. I . C.Ull.. .... 1
'" ; ""v uo ij:iiiij( vmcciii
0l)d ui'on wo predicated the
proposition at the outset, that the f ill of
Uichmofid diil not necessarily involve tho
extermination of the rebellion in the
Actual military occupation nnd theoret
ical paper occupation, have soma few
poihis of (lillert-nco' Our pow..-ioti of
t h is er.uiilry is by no meant as completo
as the general opinion of the North sup
poses. Tho Federal army has done wond
erfully well, taking into consideration the
i r. r,r r. n n I , am.. ,n .... I
iuiuk -rn m ui irini"iy lo uti ih-hi, nil, I
physicul obstieles to be overcome. Thero
are compaiativeiy lew al mo Aortn, tio.v-
ever, who apprehended in its f ill forea
the fact that we hold only so much
ground in tho Lower Missitsipi Valley as
our gunboats and forlilie l posts can cover
with their shelD. This is the real st ile
( f tlio case. It is only since Genera!
Davidson attuned command at this post
that the pickets have been sent outside
s. . .. .
low llaton Rom, thev eint ured fourteen
privates belonging to a N. Y. colored regi-
ment, within sight of the loam, and not
hill' a mile from tha ca;n; of tha fort
garrison. A few. days afterward they fiii
sjrprisn l a party from the same regiment,
... v, . I i :.. . .1..: r. ii: ..i i; ..
'" i oi ouil in .1 i.' oo n. in-
upon them, wounding one, and compell-
ing the squad to take shelter behind tho
house. Sucii incursions are not rare, nor
aro they co.ilir.od to this section alone.
In a rocent trip through iho Bayou Li
f ourcho district, and down to Brashear
uny, numerous occurences similar to mo
i , i . -.i'.: . .:
iiiijii) nun' YnuuilliU 101 ny Dinners, pi I-
vale) and civilans. 1 1 is a warfare more !
annoying and dangerous than the opera- j
tions of a regular organized aimy, since (
one never knows where nor when thee
mauraii lors may make a descent, whila
tho location and movements
of a larger
forea cm ho definitely ascertained nnd!
correspondent measures taken. The men I
the actual city limits, lietore his advent it ,' eom:oeneen ny pressing mi elbows,
was no unusual nfiair for guerrillas to 'uard against his sides, and rubbing down
make their incursions within rifle shot of w a ' ' - After a few smsrt rub hit sides
the town- At Fidalia, on the opposite, or -ogin to burst open along his back. He
Louisiana hank of (ho river, tho rebels, , kept on rubbing until ho had worked all
but a short time "inee, gobbled a wurm ''ij skin into foldi on hi sides and hips :
tiain coming in for plant il ion supplier 1 tllPn grasping one hind leg wiih both
within sight of General Lrayman's head- lunds, he hauled olf ono log of his pints
quarters. A I l'laqnemino.twentv miles be- 1110 sirno ns anybody would ; I hen ho strip-:
wno cxeculo tlic io predatory dishes are i retioi.s. executions aro only loo plenty,
acting independently of all constituted j Thc-ra is hand a large number of deserters
authority. It i.s i matter of entire ir.dill- ' who have not yet been tried ; the ma.jori
erenca to thorn whether Richmond stands tv ol them "aro foreigners, mostly Cina
or is swallowed by an earthquake; yet dians, who are induced to deerl. by tho
their efforts subserve the interests ol; "general order" of General Lee, who
the so-called Confederacy none tho ' promises to send them homo under estvn t.
less. jGea. Graot has issued a similar order,
There is one other quality lobe lakeu . which has already influenced desertions,
iota consideration in this jrohlcm. It is J H.-tm Hnali.
n t V rTT
ion scnl'iinenta in l)ia ,,,
Mion of these Slates. We have hoard
luucii oi ino loyalty which still exists n
,nioi)tho Southern masses, tut whic'j
! dare not avow itself for fear of tha vn.
. .. . . i . ...
p. anco which Kiich avowal would provoke.
1 bote can bo but Iitllo vitality in a prin
ciple incapable of maintaining itself; and
the loyally of tho.io who profess it in the
South ih hardly worth the name. If a man
have un abiding conviction of truth, it is
extremely apt to find expression in lan
guage. Yet from Vicksburrj to Cranhear
I1 "!y ono rul.-ht li:tu !u vain lor tho .light
, , )""' i i.'auy to Iho okt bond
jof Union.or of loyalty to tho Constitution,
as that of
i . .
! toward the I 1 r'Z J
l,T -n " -
HeSroEaty !-Tho Whola Thing; Out.
j In ft late debate in Iho Senate of (ho
: United States, Mr. Sumner indicated
of the ncro,
will not cea?o till i,,-if..ct
lality is etl'ec'.ed -hear him :
I Mr. jjenficisou (ilei
,. . ,VCaU-l
iiin proposition, holding that both Houses
ought to admit the members H om Louisi-
iina, o.;c.! without consulting the other.
In tho course if Mr. I Irn leiton's .
ma. ks a short dialogue took place between 1 a aolhm- ,Jut wo know of
him and Mr. Sumner. MrIend
quired of Mr. Sumner if l.n be.ieve,! tl e 1 . 8 . l rei"?tS ,ho,n' M-". Ba
Southern Smtes ereout f ilTunL I f 'U";Ui ''.V V? a documentary his-
Mr. Sumner (hep. Mats) Kiid
not. tnej Jind nevir been out of the
Mr. .Iendeison (Hen. Mo
resented in Cougre
Mr. Sumner r,
because tho gnv-
erntuciu oi Unit Mate had been subtci iHil
UiU ln)'"1 roon whiteand Muck, recognized
lie would do so, not until (lien.
Mr. Henderson (Ken. Mo
j-'eiialor Irom laeniehusflts assert that
. . -
. , .
! 7neres8 right to Inlcrfero with
j r"1 '"lliage ?
Mr. Sumner replied that under the Con-
biiiuunn a nepubiiean Icrm of govern -
in Iho citizens of!
... it,,t v ci i ,.,-uj '
!' ' "l iepuuiican in lorm lliat
iilir) nil nAn,i!i ft,,.,..,.,.. i ..ni. .1. . i
; , . ' , . ",l6'ui:j . ,u vu" i"n me
.J,"' , . . l' ua 1,1 11,0 L'l"on were
l.iit l.itniil, u,n, i f.A.. . . f ........
...... imm, mm mr. pu inner
"ln 10 ,1,ove or an exclusion of the Sen-
t's from Conneetiout, New Yoik, Indi-
,al", IlllI10H, I-ontucky. Mibsouiinnd Ma-
i I'V-tllllll Oil, I mnn, rt S.' I.. .... I I . S f
1 ' l'"KI omic. n ,ur.
Sumner,) would have a very small Union
' l.'fir0, e ll0 80' 'trough. White Mr. IJetl-
deison was speaking of tLe rights reserved
lo Hie seveiul Slates by the Consiituiion,
Air. humrier said: May I ask tho Senator
il ho ro nemhers tho words of Geo Wash
ington, wh. n be transmitted the Consti
tution of the United States to Congress,
I when be undertook to declare the desire
! which tho Federal Congress had nearest
its heart to sco thejo Slates consolidated
, Mr. Henderson "The Union is consol
idated," he (aid. "and Unit is the Union
1 am in favor of."
i Mr. Sumner said the government In
Louisiana that Mr. Henderson was in fa
vor of was an oligarchy, nnd he was oppo
sed to any such t lung as this, Tho troub
le i:i Louisiana was that ull the loyal citi
zens wore not allowed to voto.
Mr. Henderson What does tho Sena
tor mean by all the loval citizens?
Mr. Sum: er ALL T1IF. BLACKS OF
A To.ui'.s Toii,r.T. Audubon relates
that ho once saw a toad undress himself.
l)Cd oil tho other hind leg inthosame
Ha th 'ii took his cist oil cuticle.
forward between his fore leus into his
mouth nnd BW.i!loed it ; then by r.iisiniri
an 1 lowei in .! his head, swallo-ring as his1
head came down, he stiippe 1 oil the skin i
underneath until it came to his fore lvs, !
nnd then grasping ono of tlmfe with Ibej
opposito hand, by cmsiderabla juillina
stripped the other, and by a singlo mo
tion of the head, nnd by swallowing, he
drew it from the neck and swallowed tho
hxKcuTioNs is the Arm v or the Potomac.
i rj run nuns lire nitanv.
I L- .: .1
a private of tho O'.'ih N. Y. was hunt; a
day or two ago, He was a simple looking
ch ip, and, being lightly built, died pretty
hard. Next day 1 was called to witness
another execution, that of James Kelly,
of the loth 1. v.. Ho win shot. The.
rule is lo shoot llioso who desert to the
rear, and hang thoso who desert to tha
$2 00 Per Annum, if paid in advanca
SERIES-VOL. V.-NO. 58.
An Interview witii Kx-PRiiaENr Jv.
"ln K7;CAChn?y Burr 1-. editor
oi mo UiU (juard, thus describes an inter
view recently had by him with Ex-lW
uent Buchanan ;
"Wo lately had the pleasure of spend
inga portion of an afternoon with th
venerable ex-President. James Buchanan,
at his home at "Wheatland." At the rbo
of 84 years he is in the enjoyment of good
health, with his faculties unabated and
his spirits apparently us fresh and' joy
ous us w hen we first saw him. the night
be lore he sailed for Kngland as minister
t ewUJl fSI- 3&nxw' twcIv years
ago. Wo have met no man that evinces
aprofouuder interest in affairs of our
country than Mr. Uuchanan, and nona
h ho is more perfectly posted in all the
political movements of the day FVPn
the local politics of the varied st'aUs
foam to lie as to charts, before his mind
.o those-who are despondent of theultil
mate redemption of our country from tho
abolition spoilers, a vi.it to "Wheatland"
will prove a great relief. Mr. Buchanan
entertains no doubts of the final triumph
oftlio Democracy, and of th n
salvation of our country ; and ha gives
such reasons for his faith, fts Klil -0 f .
romr.vn (tin rl. ..,.. e . 1 s? l"
, v niost Uespond-
orour own part wo have ,-,.
loa.ed torlhe ultimate triumph of truth
and liberty, nor doubted (),an.,.iu
, and punishment of Lincoln, and tho par-
LU V III I H i 'HP linft aT . . 11 .
linn tvi,;,.i. i. ....i.im . ..
j . - v . mu ui ii hi Al nilniulvn.
, i'"'uw uiecomine
summer. It will thorouehlv nvr.t,i.
" . l lC "UppHod
'ears Z t he n CS WWZlT
nguresauu lacts which will not and can
,i,:Ai. ...mi .
not oo u.sputo. . Such 0 history i, most
imely. . It will uo much to unmask tho
hypocracy nnd crime of tho despots in
power and to save our country.
Wiikuk Tfia Coi.u cosies Fiioji. Observa
tions ot the cold terms for several years
show that tho iey wave comes down ovor
the central portion of this continent, stri
king our Western Slates and parses ovei
tuo ocean in a souih-easlm l .;.i:
Does IbciTllO cold W.ivn dnoa nnl ..0U. ,i..'V." -r. '
- - - - ..v. iir;;i. inn i-nn ii,,
there : it comes iloun ff.,, ,i.. .-
, i - "',winiOiirciicre-
j pions upon tho liocky Mountain and
then turns eastward so that the first news
j wo Invo of it, days before it reaehas hern
. is from Minnesota, Nebraska Bnn' PtnU
It follows the valleys and thacoursoof
i in. ,. , ... . ..,.. . . ul "e oi
mo naieis nniisppmU useirovur mo ijuit
strennis, where it warms again, and rfsinir
expands, is wnfted back in the nnn?
atmosphere. This cold uir current is iinf-
opposito to ther.rm iv.it.r rt
wnicii we call the Gulf stream 'I'lmi
1 . 1. - . . . AJ' 1 nat
comes n-oui mo torria zono westerly and
, is lurnna northwardly by tho eonfb'nrn.
. ; ..I- .1-1 , . J llUltl-
m mo uuia air wave is
eastward when it nfri'iDi o,. . .....
I inn nl I I.a Urn j a. ,l. ..i i
and then runs along our coast nfieclinz
the climate of tho land near it till il In.
f - C . 1 C i . I . . . . , HO II 1U-
es itself in tho Northorn ooean and ica
.iouounas provided in r.aturo for heat
and cold mutually to eiTeet each other.
Take My Hand, Papa. In tha
dead of tlio night I am frequently a
wakened by a littles hand Hicalineont
from Iho crib by my 6iJ0, with' tho
pleading cry, "Please tako my hand
papa '," J '
instantly tho liltio boy's hand is
grasped, his fears viuiit.li, and, soothed
by tlio consciousness of his father's
produce, ho falls into a nhvp again.
We commend thU lesson of (simple
filial faith and (rust to tho anxious
sorrowing ones that arc found" in al'
most every household.
Stretch forth your hand, stricken
mourner, uLUioagh you may bo in tho
deepest darkness and gloom, and fear
and anxious suspense may cloud your
patliway, aud that very act will reveal
tlio presence ofa loving, compassion
ate Father, and give you (ho peace
thatpasscth all understanding.
The darkness may not pass "away at
once; niglit may enfold you in its
cold embrace, but its terrors will be
dissipaled, its gloom and sadness flee
away, and, in thesimplo grasp of the
Father's hand, sweet peace will be
given and you u ill rest bcctircly know
ing that tho "morning cotnoth." Con-
ijrcj it im tfiyf.
Tin: editor of a western paper eaj's
that a ''loyal'' man in his parts under
took to read Washington's Farowel:
addres-i on (lie 22d of February. Ho
real silently and sullen!- for some
time. At last ha rose from his seat,
grated his teeth, and threw tho book
down in a paioti. ''Why, John !"
said his astonished wife, "what on
earth ails you V "Why" said John,
"I'll be cussed if I sit still and hearth;
Yoonynn party abused, by old Wash
ington himseif!" Tho good woman
knew ho bad causa for anger, nnd 6 ho
chido him not, but commenced sing
ing the baby to idecp with tho Xati
onal Hymn "John Brown's BoJj,'
etc., etc. 1 ho whole lamily aro loyal
jftijrdt is believed by military men her
that li ileigh w ill ba evacuated by tha re
bels without a struggle, and that L'anvill
will be the last ditch if they light at a!i
south of Hiclitiiond-
ri"The London Jonr-ul sys, "W..
understand that Governor Bi miiletlo h;-,
furnish 1 all of his slar? with free pi.