Newspaper Page Text
D. W. MOOEE, Editor and Proprietor? raM
L XXXVI. WHOLE NO.
BI00KAPHY of Gen. McCLELLAN.
CALLED TO WASHINGTON.
Alter a series of brilliant and dashins '
victories, which- ran month's time destroy-
ed the rsbel power in West Virginia,on the
-let of July General McClolIan was order-
od to turn over
bis command to General
report at Washington
Five days later he assumed the command
oi tne Army of the Potomac, which the
defeatr Dull Run, July t!lst had reached
to little else than an arnied mob. His ener
getic actions towards reorganizing the ar
my inspired the soldiers with frosh cour
age and the people with confidence. At
the request of President Lincoln, he pre
pared a memorandum containing his plan
of operations for the Union forces, and ad
dressed it to him on the 4th of August.
This most remarkable paper, though
thought to be visionary then, is now his
toric, for it furetold substantially the
whole history of the war from Hut thy to
this, and stamped General McClcllan as
IJje mastermind of the day. It is enough
to say bore that whore that plan has been
followed out succass has attended our cf
fjitslo crush the rebellion, and nearly
efcry deviation from il has resulted i
IHLTARAT10XS I OR A ORAXD CAMPA1CV.
ion. McClellan set immediately to work
to organize and equip the Army of the Po
tomac, and soon restorod discipline and
confidence where disorder and distrust
had before existed. On the 1st of Novem
ber, Gen. Scott, feeling his inability Ly
reason of his infirmities to discharge tho
onerous duties which devolved upon him
ns General-in-Chief of tho Union forces,
asked to bo pliced upon the retired list,
and Gen. McUlellan was at onco assigned
to the position thus made vacant. He
now hal, nominally at least control of all
the military operations in tho United
States, and set to work to develop his plan
of tho grand campaign. Instructions wore
issued to (ha commanders of tho various
military departments, and everything
promised that ia tho following spring a
series of blows would be leveled against
tiio power of tho rebellion which would
effectually crush it, and restore theaulhor
ity of the government throughout the
Southern States. His instructions to de
partment conAianders ore models of clear
ness, directness and brevity, and that ho
ever had in mind the political as woll as
tli military bearings of ihe great conflict.
' You will please constantly to bear in
mind,'' he writes to Gen. Muoll, then cotn
r.i . i rifler of the Do p ailment of Ohio, "the
precise issue for which wo ore fijjhtinj:
Hint IM3U0 in tho preservation or the Union
and tho restoration of ttie lull authority,
cif the general government ovei all por
tions of our territory. And thon follows
this most memorable sentence: " Wo
shall mot readily suppress this rebellion,
mi I restore the authority of the govern
ment, by religiously respecting t lie consti
tutional rights of all."
TUE ROLE Cf T IIS ARMV OF TUB POTOMAC.
Hiving thus marked out plans of opera
tions lor Gen. liuell, Gm. llalleck, Gen.
T. W. .Sherman, GenHutlor, and Gen.
liurnsido, he began to make preparations
for advancing against Richmond by Hie
peninsula route, when, to his surprise, as
it was without consultation with him,
President Lincoln issued an order on the
ilTth of January, directing that a genoral
movement of all the land nml naval fir
res of the United States be made o the
22d of February. Four days I iter the
Prosidont issued o special order for tho
advance of the Army of tho Potomac
n-ainst Manama. Gen. McClcllan asked
permission to state his objections to this
plan, which being granted, ha addressed
to the Secretary of war, under dato ot
February od, a most important paper con
taining his reasons for movicg oa Ijteli
mond by way of the water route, and de
veloping his plan cf the campaign hist,
Wc-iand South. Tho same day he re
ceived from the President tho now notor
ious letter about "my plan," whith plan
has Binca cost tho nation so many lives
and so much treasure. Tho letter oTGen.
McUlellan evidently had some influence
upon Mr. Lincoln, since the execution ol
his special order was not insisted upon.
Ani; tMPrmratious were then made for
mnvinir the Armv of the Potomac to the
lower Chesapeake, when, again to McClcl
lan surprise, the President irtcrff-ed, by
or,WinT the retention near Washington
of what the General-in-Chief and his corps
commanders should deem a force adequate
r, i ho nmt Ar.tinn of the city. On the iUth
cxr..rv. i ha nrmv advanced on Manassas
u,kik ii,. annmv had ust evacuated, and
on tho 15th tho main body moved back to
Aloxandria, preparatory to embarking tor
the lower Uhcsapealco.
(IEV. M'CLELLAM TART1ALLT DEPOSED
Whilo Oen. McClcllan was at Fairfax
Court House, ou the 12th ot Marcti me
was informod by a member of his stall' that
rp order of the President was printed in
tho fictional Intelligencer of Uaat morning
relieving him of the commind of all lho
railitary departments except the Depart-
ment of tho Potomac, thus doposing him
from the position of generol-m-chief, and
that without a word of consultation with
him. Such was tho beginning 01 me i -
tnrv.ni. nf ihn ftdministrutioa to thwart
McClollan's plana and injuro him, if possi
ble, in the estimation of the country.
the rsxmsm campaign.
On the 17th or March" the army began
to ombark on transport for FortrosaMon
roe. whioh bad been ditidcd upon
a a base of operation in preference to
Urbana, as General McClellan first intend
ed, llofora tha general had loft Washing
ton.'Blonkerj division was withdrawn rroui
i .nd oivnn to General ire-
mnni h.,k'k. .H.w or two before the
r7."fi;d uTad him that he would
, I I, I e.mbarked fof 1 ortrcs8 Mon
and at onco began the siege of Yorktown.
then strongly fortified and in command
of General Magruder. Orders were issued
on the 3d for an advance on the town, the
next day, flbeing understood that Gener-
'al McDowell's corps would turn the posi-
tin ly way of West Point. The next morn-
j og, to the utter astonishment of the com-
manding genoral, ho received the
log telegram j
Adjitant-Genebal's Office, )
April 4, 1802. J
By direction of tho President, Genernl
McDowell's army corps has been detached
from the force under your immediate com
mand; and the general is ordered to report
to the Secretary of war.
Letter by mail.
L. Thomas, Adjutant-General.
Thus within five days nearly 00,000 men
had boon taken from his command, leav
ing him but K5,J00 for active duty. How
ever, undaunted' by these discourage
ments, the sieuo of Yorktown was nroeced-
ed with, On tho night of the third of
May the rebels, forseoing the fate which
awaited them, hastily evacuated the town
and moved up the peninsula. They were
promptly followed up and their rear guard
badly beaten at Wilimnhburg. Still our
army advanced, fighting more or less on
the wy, until, on the '20th of May, it
reached the banks of tho Chiekahominy
river, at Bottom's bridge. From this lime
began the series cf memorable battles for
the capture of Kickmond.
THE TIATTLES nEFORK RICHMOND.
General McUlellan, alivo to tho necessi
ty of success, began to call for reinforce
ments, and, in reply, was informed that
General McDowell, with between thirty
five aod forty thousand men, would
march from Washington overland mid
join him at Hanover Court House. Mean
time every preparation was made for at
tacking the rebel army, but, on the tilth of
May, the President withdrew McDowells'
cotnniittid and transferred it to Genoral,
Fremont, then battling with "Sicno
wall Jackson in the Shenundoah valley.
Tho battle of Hanover Gou rt House was
fought May 27, by General Filz John Port
& r.0liiTiletn vielorv ivm-ind hicr I
tho enemy. Justa week, later occurred ! al FI'oe"y s possi'ilo t.ie tiagmentsof
tho hard-fought battle or FairOaks, which ; !hre ur'"'' un1- cn Vth of September
was also a victory for our troops. Ourilt'r.' "hintton to find Lee's army and
loss five thousand seven
thity-sevon ; (hat 6T the enemy six thous
and seven hundred and tighty-thicd.
1-or some lime uo oattle occured, owirig
to the henvy rains which had fallen and
were lulling, Ueneial McClcllan in re
sponse to urgent calls for reinforcements,
received AlcLall s (iTiinn - "-- ' 1'.
oi .June, lwolve days later (June j oo
currod tho battle of Oak Grove, whi.sh re
sulted in another victory of the Union
force. This was in icility the bt'giniiiiij'
of what are known as the seven days' bit-
ties. 1 heir memory is so fresh m tlie
miiidi of tho public that it will not be ne
cessary to give, in this coiiiittotlon, any
retailed btatoment concerning ineiu.
Su'.lice it to say that alter a series of most
holly contested battles, with a force su
poi ior in tiuuibeis, the Army of the Poto
mac moved directly across tho York pe
ninsula and took up a strong and advan
tageous position at Harrison's bay, ou tho
James river, having lost in the seven days
previous 15,24'J men, killed, wounded,
TtlE PENINSULA AI1ANDONED.
It was now July 3. Tho army was wel'
worn out with the labirs of tho past fe.v
days, but in good spirts, and firm in its
confidence in its loader. At almost every
step the commander had been disastrous,
ly interfered with by the Washington au
thorities, and appeal for reinfoi-comonlii
either diregurded or niggardly responded
to. How keenly Genorul McUlellan loll
for hissaoriliee of his army by those whose
actions ho could not control, is shown in
tho dispatch to Secretary Stanton which
the repulse at Savage's Station, June 2H,
wrung from him. Wo emote a portion of
'I have lost this battle becauso my
force was too smad. 1 again repeal that 1
am uot responsible for this, and I say it
with the earnestness of a general who
fo.ds inh'rs heart thejloss of cverybrave men
who has been needlessly sacrificed to day.
I did hope to retrieve our fortunes ; but
to. do this the government nut view
tho matter in the srme earnest light that
I know that a lew thous
and more then would have changed this
buttle from a defeat to a victory. As it is.
the Government cannot hold mo responsi
ble for the result.
"I feel too earnestly to night, I have
soen too many dead and wounded com
rades 10 tee) otherwise w.. . ' "t
ment has not sustained tbU am y f
you do not do so no, the gam s lost If
1 save this array now, I tell you pl y
that 1 owe no 11 at.Ks 10 you or u , u . (,cu Ial,Mk t0 advanre if
person in Wash.nton. ou lmo done . di , , whc M vcl lho re(tli,i,ions
your best to sacrifice this army. h(j JnucJi nco,pd ,,,,,,; h:ld nlt
And ho did savo it, despito Mr. Linco.n l)(,cn lilleji T)is or,cl. Oienoral McC'lel
nn I Mr. Slnnton. lloldine a safe posi- i , .ir in nliev hot on neeoimt of
lion nt Jiarr ion bar, protected by tho
L,uui,oaU which loy nearby on tho James,
,jcnorai McClcllan urges upon tho admin-
I islration lUtJ nGCossity of strengthening
j jlig army j)r0naroto'y to a fresh attack on
i mebmond. While at this point :ie nu-
dressed Hut mcworablo lettor to tun 1 res-
ident containing his views on the conduct
or the war, wuiouisnow huuwu 7
title of tho "Harrison's bar letter," which
has been horetororo pubbshcd. Meantime
General 11a eck was appointed Geneial
n S on the 3d of August he telegraph-
?& General I Kellan withdraw ti. ar-
Allspcedwas useu, tne iuiy ,
barked ou poora in..v.w, "
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCT. 10, ICG 1..
creek and reported to General llalleck for
I ,,,,,, ...,.
" ERAL CLELUN ',T,,0CT A
' nnl J'el 8!,tlsh'(l ""ith its attempts
to injur Oeneral McClellan's reputation,
l,ie administration kept hiua at Acq
creek during General Tope's series of .
f,ats ftn'1 ftt one tillle lle lluJ tu"'ely c
hundred men undor his command. Eve
ry frosh dispatch from General Pope bro't
sud tidiegs, the brave men of the Army
of the Potomao who survived the Penin
sula campaign were hurried into battle
only to lie sacrificed, and : tho general
whom they loved, and in whom they trus
ted so implicitly, was kept in his tent al
most within sound of their guns because
of the Washington strategists. At "last
McClcllan could restrain his feelings no
longer, and in a dispatch to General" llal
leck, dated August 0 10 30 p. si., wrote
these woids: "1 cannot express to you
the pain and mortification 1 have experi
enced to-day in listening to the distant
sound of tho firing of my men. As 1 can
bo of no further uso here, I respectfully
nsk that, if there is a probability of the
conllict being renewed to-morrow, I may
be permitted to go to the scene of battle
with my stall merely to bo with my own
men, if nothing more; they will fi'lit
nono tho worse for my beinr with them.
If it is not deemed best to entrust mo with
the command even of uw own armv,
. t lit i i t . i '
simp'y asic 10 iC pcrnu.lut ;o share ucir J.ile oil
tk-Held of Lnli.lt:.
"Plei.He reply to this to-night."
i GEN. v'l'LELLAN' AGAIN IN COMMAND.
That same day, unknown to Gen. Mc
Clcllan, an order had been issued by the
War Dt'purtment placing him in command
of the troops not sent forward to General
Pope's command, and at 10 o'clock on the
following evening, Gen. llallt;ck, in a dis
patch to him, besought his aid in these
"1 beg of you to assist mo in this crisis
with your ability and experience."
On the lt of . September he repaired to
Washington; the shattered remains of
Gen. Pope's army full back to tho fortifi
cations of that city, and just at the time
news came thut the relu-ls weiu crossing
the Potomac, (r'en. McClcllan collected
THE INVASION OF MARYLAND AND TUE VICTO
RY OF SOUTn MOUNTAIN.
Py a series of forced marches he occu
pied tho strategic points along the lino of
the 1 otomaff, and compelled Leo to retire
trom r rederick City osi the Jd.
puss, wlncli resuueu so gloriously 101 our
forces, hich were commanded by Gen.
Franklin. Tho same day Gen. MeClellun
was Hgltfing the batllo of South Mountain.
The position held by tho rebels was strong
by nature, but,, after a most obstinate re
sistance, they were driven from it. Our
total los3 in killed, wounded, and missing,
was ono thousand five hundred and sixty
eight; that of the enemy was not known
beyond the one thousand and tivo hiln-i
died prisoners that fell into ourhauds.
THE VICTORY AT AST1ETAM.
Orders were issued Ihe night nfter the
battle of South Mountain for a;i advance
at early dawn of the next day, but the
enemy (led during tho night, and look up
a strong position oil the heights on the
west bank of Antietam creek. Tho loth
was spent in getting our forces into prop
er position for attack, and only on the
morning of tho 17th the battle was open
ed by the skirmishers of the Pennsylvania
Unserves. All day long the batllo raged
with varving success, till nt last the enemy
was forced buck, and our troop "slept on
the field which their vnlnr had won."--Our
total losses wera '2,UlO killed, 0,110
wounded, 1,01:! missing. The rebels left
2 700 of their dead on the field, nml we
captured 115 guns, 30 colors, over 15,000
stand of small arms, and more than 0,000
prisoners. Hut for tho unaccountablo de
lay of Gen. ISurnside, tho results of the
victory would havp been even more com
plete. EVENTS SUIlsEvJUEST TO THE BATTLE OF AN
T.ETAM. Immadiately after tho battle, General
McUIhIUu pushed forward his troops, a
portion of which occupied Harper's Ferry
and Ihe Maryland Heights 011 the '20i!i
and 22.1 of September. Tho army was
worn out, for it had no rest from the timo
that it Jolt Harrison s bar. Since ttial
I tinie it had suffered a series of defeats un
I dor General Pope, and hurried through
Maryland and gained the two brilliant
' victories of South Mountain and Antie
tam. For this rcas:m General McUlellan
i deemed it necessary to nive it soruo little
ro.jnite hoM,s supfdying it with clothing,
1 . n cavn)
ff j , in ie ,0M of hor.
- 0n tho 7thnf October ho received
( fuiiute 0f supplies to bo sent him, it
was lwcnty days before the grand advance
poul(, i)(J rgun. The ftrn,y marched up
lie $honandoah valley, through the gaps
!nl0 lhe vftcy 0f Virginia, and a portion
,.(.nc,i,rd Warrcnton and Culpepper Court
j j0USPi w)pn , on tho night of ovelnbor
- noneral McClcllan was orderwd to turn
over Ins eonuuanu to iien. uurnsmo nuu
, r(,.,ort nt Trenton, N. J.
pr.rmvED pr ins command.
CT-- r , ..
The same night he penned the follow-
ing farewell .d.lross to hi, buve .oldieri
"Anoideref the Presideut devolves up-
M . R.n(,r,i fiurnsido the commsud
of lW.r,. In pi.tlrfi from you I -
not express tho love and gratitude I boar
you. As an army you have grown up un
der ray care. In you I bavo never found
doubt and coldness. The battles you have
fought under my commind will proudly
live in our nation's history. The glory
you have achieved, our mutual perils and
fatigues, the graves of our conn-ados fallen
in rattle and by disease, the broken form
of thoso whom wounds an,! .i,U,t.
disahlod-the strongest associations which
can exist among nvm unite U3 s' ill by an
indissoluble tie. Wo shall ever bo com
rades in 6up110vtir.fr tho Constitution of
our country aud the nationality of its poo-;
pie. Geo. li. MoClellan. I
- the soldi wero iliiin,Jni..trriJ- i,
this, and those who witnessed the demon- j tl,e "ctUl-Ul f1, l'';'t of war is now
strations nwJo bv them as the general ; raS"'g: Our ijoud and unexampled ca
rodeakingthe lines 011 the way to thoi!''" ' l;ro'l'''r'1)' n a naUoii has been
railrosd station needs no other proof of t"Uli;'1Jy ecked ; our industry, that
the oi't-iepeatcd assertion that Little' "0t dev"lc' 10 the purpose ot a d-wtruc-Mac"wastho
idol of tho Army of the ! U?? '';a'' has t"co:,110 V'1' i our uau
l'otomec. On tho route to Trenton i,0ic' clowns have been thrown into utter
was everywhere met by crowds of enthu- l,ou u:on basement; we have bene?,
siastic admirers, and from many ciiies of , 1',lu-Pr'1' y lorover-to stagger li
the North invitations came to him to vU-!1 11 1011,1 uf acbtfe'rc'ttler. !l:ul UlHlcr
it 1 horn. These were, of course declined !'URia 1:)0''u ""-'rous, than that ot any o:h-S.i.-seonnitv.
Iioispvai. I. t iito,l V ; cr niu,w!' ou t"C globe ; conhdenco in the
Knidm..! nnll u- ,i,..t. ..i ..r.int i.
immense crowds, including not a low di.s-!
i' bled soldiers who had served under him, I
It was the same story everywhere. "Lit
tie Mac, forever ! " was tho univcrs
! wherever he went.
Till: GENERAL IN RETIREMENT.
Gen. McUlellan remained at Trenton un-
til about the teiddle of the winter of 1SG2
o, and then removed to this city to occu
py the hou.-e in Wet Thirty-first street,
which a number of his admirers, includ
ing gentlemen of Republican as well as
conservative proclivities, presented to him.
Tho deed, we believe, was made out in
the nnme of Mrs. McClellaii. The house
was not only furnished throughout, but
the cellar well stocked with choice wines.
In the following spring the general remcv
ed to Orange, Mew Jeisey, where he has a
charming residence on tho eastern slope
of Orange mountain. Yet even in this re
tired spot he could not escape from the at
tentions of the thousands who sought to
do him homage. The only occasion in
which he has appeared before the public
was to deliver the oration at West Point.
June 13, 18GI, when the conief-slone of
the monument to the memory of the reg
ular troops who have fallen and may here
after fall in this war was laid. Here he
wasgiceted with tho most enthusiastic
demonstrations, and gained the highest
I praise for his literary effort, lie had be-
illlii u ridtusmi.K , wuv ivn oi..7jn.v.vv., mi.,..
ul'ter the delivery of this oration, that he
was as much at homo in the walks of lit
erature ns in the field.
Gen. McClcllan, as perhaps but few are
aware, is a very hard student. Go into his
library and you will find strewn about on
tho lalle military works, copies of valua
ble claries, and books on theological sub
jects. Ho keeps constant watcli of our
military movements, and studies ins mili
tary maps with as much assiduity as ho
did when he was Gcneral-ii. -Chief. Of the
classics ho is particularly fond.
What indignities the general has suffer
ed at the hands of the Administration are
known to but few. lis has scon his
friends insulted by the powers that be sim
ply beciui-e they are his friends. Oloccrs in
the service known lobe attached to him
have been tither removed or ordered to
posts wl.eio their sympathies for him
c ul I ni t have any influence General
Meade, it "ill bo remembered, cam.) near
losing his position as commander of the
Army of the Potomac last spring, and one
of the main points urged against u.m was
that ho was in correspondence with Gen.
McClcllan. Lven the West Point oration
was not 8ii tiered to escape the spite of ihe
administration. An ullicer was sent on
from Washington for the special purpose
of postponing its delivery ; and, failing in
this, rovengo was taken upon Licutenaut
Colonel iijwman by removing him from
lho charge of the Military Academy, His
loiters have been opened on their passage
through the mails ; and, in short, every j
indignity that malice could suggest has
been practiced upon this popular general.
Yet no one has heard a complaint lrora
him. IIu was content to leave his record
to history, and history is fast doing it jus
tice. Step by step, it has advanced his
name on the liit of those whom it calls
preaf. until now it shines beside the
tho proudest names of which our country
boasts. Tho mists in which partisan ma
tried to envelop 'it have peon-dissolved by
the light of truth, and to day a grateful
people look to McClellan to save them
from the ruin which his dofamers have
brought upon the country. That the na
tion will elevate him to the place which a
Washington honored, f.s n Lincoln has
dishonored, is beyond a doubt. in sol
dier, tho statesman, the orator, the Chris
tiansuch tiro tho titles which history
will award to Geoh.ie Dkinton McClellan.
JGarA shocking scene took plr.ee at an
execution at Leeds, Lngland, a few days
nco. A man was hunc whnhsdmidea
nmvious attemnt to commit suicide.
had a wmmd in his throat through which
ho could breathe, and four days before he
was hung he drew attention to this fact,
and requested that his fall should be suffi
cient to break his neck. When the elo
cution took place the man's neck was not
broken, and ho continued breathing thro
the wound in his neck for twenty minutes
fttirT UlO (.iron toll. Ii Hu8 with mriui tui irjj rv 'ii iiat i in m u" '-
doJriTethounr rtunate man of life-rrob-1 TO To SO AND I HAVK NO 1XCLIXA-
u"lr.B . .i r.i..1..,-.vw.i.r.tvn pi.. i,n nomina-
amy ny oieeuing uiui--uu. w.
rrounaea ma scauoi.i.
The scene is described to have been truly ,
horrible, and it must have been so. ,
.1 .1.. t,J.n,;n.t1. hn bnilt
in N.Hampshire (or tho Empercr of Uussia
A D 1) It E S 8
STATE CENTSAL COMMITTEE.
To the Citizens cf Pe.nnsilcanla :
A prefiribid du-y, as well as Ionics
. imncls us to adores von
in regard to tho questions invohed in the
fevci'd elections now at hand, la dis-
;cll:'r6"g duty, we shall spe,k plainly
emu .aiiuiuiy wiiui wo Know to tie t lio
In this, the fairest, richeit, and (until 101 aB "J,0 won "sever breasted a ba-o-1,it..l-
ti.a r. 1 1 1 .r f ... net. Tlin nrmiita I Im. 1
earth ; here, wii'eio the last foot prints of
civilization have been planted ; in
i hind alono of xdl the Chrutuin nations of
!t'ib:,ity of our institutions is every
sadly diminished in the gloomy forebod
ings of tho future, uliirio, embarassmetit,
and distress have taken lho place of the
happy j.eaee, confidence, security, good
order, and contentment wo lately enjoy
ed. Nor can hope find a resting placo in con
templating the men who now control our
Government and administer ils lav3 ; and
it turns sickened and sadly away from
the audacity, arrogance and tyranny 'it
liuds in high (daces, even in the very cita
del cf tho nation. Sciolists in govc i n
meni ; atheists in religion ; men who are
freo Ijvcis in one sphere, and freo thieves
in (mother; lenegades in politics, aud
scoffers at every well-settled principle ol
public right and private virtue, noA'bway
lho destinies of this Republic, and are
crushing out tho very hfo ol American
For three long feaiful years have the
best blood and sternest efforts of Our peo
ple been freely given in a civil war which
has no parallel in lho history ol'ihe world.
Whon tliis war commenced, tho Demo
cialic party in tho Morth, us such, was
prostrate under recent defeat, which re
sulted trom ill own unlonuiiate divi.-ion.
But what a grand and inspiring specticle
was presented on heaiing the first thund
er ot rebellious arms 1 Political and par
tisan feelings, even in that hour of parly
humiliation, were all laid upon the ultar
of the countrVj and tho Su:i of Heaven
resolute, and determined than those ol
lho Northern States at lho period wo re
Whatever might have been tho views
of the Northern 1'emociacy in regard to
the causes which ultimately engendered
this uuhappy strife; however much in
their inmost souls they deplored the mad
and reckless career of Abolitionism ; how
ever deep was their detestation of the
oou rse ol 'thosj party leaders, w ho had
been for years sweeping up all lho low,
lurking elements ot biirotty and fanatic
ism, and dueUing their vilest oil'orts
against the rights, interests and institu
tions of lho Southern people still, tho
attempt of n portion ol that people 111 con
sequence, to break down tho uuihority of
the Constitution over the whole eounlry,
and destroy lho Federal compact, was a
criminal act which could not be toleratod
or justified. The amplest remedies for
tho wrjngs complained of were not only
within hope, but at hand- Two niilions
of voters had recorded their ballots in a
general popular election against Abraham
Lincoln and ihe one million woo suppor
ted him and his policy, There was be
sides, a Democratic majority in one, if not
boath branches of Congress, which would
render him powerless to inflict any per
manent evil op tho country.
Thoriglifof secession, claimed by tho
South as lho remedy for their grievances,
is a political heresy, condomned by MaJi
aon with his latest breath, and by many
others of our ablest statesmen in all sec
tions ol tho Union. 'Cull lho Constitution
a compact, if you will as does Jufl'crson
in theilcntucky resolutions of "Ji hut it
is a compact of sovereign Sir.tcs, undo
with each other as such, having no right
of secession " nominated or constituted in
lho bond." Tho Union thus iornied was
in ils nature, if not in terms, perpetual.-
Secession, then, in view oi '.lie compact,, is
simply Jlci--j!tilm ; and the breaking up ol
lho Union cur lathers ha I uepi auieu us, a degieo ol cool assurance rematuaoto cv
was, uudcr all tho chciimslanccs wo have : c j,, tl,Cse times, it goes oa to tell tbopoo
tlciailed, and the thousand other consid- p0 0f Pennsylvania "that had these ei.T.
orations and com erpieuces which ir,u?t '.Southern members voted s.iinst t!io
crowd every inteiiigviit nml patiiolic ! ciarko arnendmenl, it would have boon
mind, not only treason at law, hut against ' defeated, and tho Crittenden Compromise
the best hopes of mankind. Wo crmld mn have been taken up and carried by
not then cmi.u noiu aud klvlk will1 Hie same Majority. General Cameron,
consettoit. I who j'Uts forth this address, canuot he
In this spirit of determined loyalty to vory proud of his own share iu this record,
the. Constitution an I the Laws, the Deni- 0r he would not have kept out of view
ocracy of tho North, with scarcdy an ex- j the fact that himself voted for this very
ception, relying upon the pledges given Clark amendment, and tho same day
by President Lincoln, yielded him ihcir jjuoved a reconsideration ; and, then, when
ready and cilieiont support. What were , ih.U question was called up only thraa
some of those r.ie.lL'cs? First, in his oath
of office: " 1 will support inev.onsiiiuiion ;
of the United States, so help mo Uod.
Then in his Jnaugural Address, and with
this solemn adjuration fresh upon his lips,
he said :
" 1 do hut quote from one of my epcech
e r when 1 declare that " 1 have w )mrpose,
lirccllyor indirectly, to interfere with the visit-
lawn or navm 11 i'ic olkcs latere u cv.mh.
! T.i.1 il tri,-1 inirp t roi't'i. 1MOIIT1
f t .1 ( . . i a 1
y -y '.'.Ccu uI -
, tea ami ciecteu mo uiu .u 7. ;. .
n,.t 1 t,sdn this and lira ar ueeiar-
edge that ma do l h r ' ' , thenl.
auons, anu uc ..-
I . . . . .1 . . . -!ff
Ivowrei'cratc -sr 1
ao. 1 only press upon ium" '
thc mobt contiu-ive cm
rer Annum, if pii u adFMu;
SERIES-VOL. V.-N O. 14..
case is supceptiblo, Hint the vrrtv i -and
security of no section 0le 10 to i,' .
wise endangered by tho now inevnh - a.;
ministration. I add too. ii,n n .1 '
J lection which, consistently wit'i the l
, (tilution and tho- laws, can be veu ,,':'
' ue cuoeiiuiiv given tooll the Set-. i..
! ll,,v ully "f' nded, fur whatever cmue
R?. ieeUu,1-v o one section as to another '
.1i"a'ePcned PUWio pledges brought
, v ..... iuo oiiuj uru rsiFed in bp.
alf ol tho Union, hundreds of thousand
net lho armies thus raised wTe pi coin
...v,. raouill. With ffn!... i
! .l.UUCT of Vclory and defeat ; and war. civ"
i nui mways uie most woody of all hu
man strifes-has ever since raged over
some of tho fairest portions of that unhap
py region. L
liui the long cherished schemes of fan
ritic.Km for tho extinction of African sorvi
tudo could not bo given up. No matter if
Massachusetts, sixty or seventy years
since U sell slaves to the people of the
Southern Stales, under tho guarantees of
a Coii.iututioii which sho helped to foiFa
fat ill, Masfaehuseits meddlers, both in Con
gress and out of it, now determined, since
J hoy could not " rail " they would rind the
nrui mini on mo nond," The
ll.ro 1 -1 - .. .. fc"''""
... uieigyinon or .New Eng.
and - (worthy disciples of the Prince of
i0aco .)-ral.icd to a man, in the no
crusade of fanaticism, and wrought, aide
by s.do, with infidels, who have for years
been in lho daily habit of sneering at the
Christian a failh, ridiculing the Christian's
JjUa and blaspheming the Christian'
Tho fears of our timid and facile Presi
dent woio worked upon, as well as his van
ity and desire of le-clocticn, by the ex
tremo and radical members of his par ty
and the emancipation and confiscation
measures wcro forced upon him, and
made a part of his policy in the conduct
of ihe war Lvery effort 0f the friends of
peace put form in Confess was defeated,
lho hostility of the Abolition loaders to
serfdom in tho South-to employ tho
words of lho lDuioritod Donglas " was
stronger tlmn their fidelity to the Consti
tution." They Miovcd that a disruption
of the Union would draw alter it, as an
inevitable consAiuenco, civil war, servile
insurrections, and liimHy, through these, -an
utter extinction of slavery in all the
Southern States ; and, it would seem, the
acted even on this terrible relief.
Lok at tho record: On the lath day of
December, JMGO, Seuutor Crittenden, of
Kentucky, the bosom fiiond of Henry
Clay in his lifetime, introduced into tho
Senato of tho United States asericsaf res
u'le iwu recuOns' ot His Lnion. The se
cession of South Carolina took place on
tho 20th of tho sumo month, and her
members of Congress retired from their
daces. We are thus particular iu refer
ence to this subje, bocause our oppo
nents, through their Contral Commilteo
in this State, have introduced it into r
late address to you ; and there is a specious
elloi t made iu that address to turn aside
from tho 'Kepubiicans, tho just oblo.uiy
and icpioach which tho defeat of Senator
Crittenden's proposition has fastened up
on their pai ty.
The offered compromise would, in loi n"
have sealed moro than three-fourths oi' . '
our territorial domain against slavery tV.r
ever placing about Odd.UUO s.piaro nuic i
under tho provisions of the Ordinance of
177, moro recently known as tho "Wil
niot Proviso" leaving thoremainiu.; .iOd,
000 miles subject to whatever laws thoo
who settled upon it might establish r
themselves, whonever they became a Ma'
All the other features of tho pro; ,.
compromise were nothing but ro a'l'.vioan
cos of tlio plainest puweis and p;ois.ios.
of tho Constitution, save, possibly, ti e
fair and cvpii table stipulation that slave-;
should not be abolished in the District ot
Columbia, ns long a it existod in Mary
land and Virginia, tho two States which
coded thai District to lho General Govern
ment. On tho loth of January, 1G1, (senator
oiaru, a leading Kopuulican, moved to
amend the Crittenden proposition by stri
king out all tho material provisions cor
tainly all that contained the olive branch
ol peace, nnd inserting a siuglo resolution
breathing war and threats toward tho
South. This amendmont was Carried by a
vote of 25 in favor, all Uejmblicans, against
211 iMiiincratic voles, lint, says the ad
dress of the Lepuliean Committee "six
Southern Senators refused to voto al all od
j i i,fl proposed amendment ;' and then, with
davs afterwards, he voted oaatntt hu own
nvnon fi rcccnstiter. ii win ;u .
with tho aid of at least two (Johnson and
Sli Jell) of "six" named, and tho Compro
mise was again in Hutu que before the Son
nto It was finally taken up on the 3d of
March, and defeated tnanyof the South
ern Senator biting withdrawn from the
s..nnte in tho interim, their States having
! ..,m.i ipnin inn i ninii.
t, . v- . .
Now. Oen. Cameron. wko issued tue ad
- - ' , il CnMalAf
dress, knows just
fameron. who sustained the Clark amend-
.m ii,.i il mmiired a two-th rds vote lf
i . ,n rvttt.nJ.n Comoro.
give vitniny 10 ir.a vnnrn-eu iu,.,,,...
Utkuom, too. that every Rcnub
,. innU,A,nif hit own. in the Sen
;..., in. L lh inn.sure. In a!
"l"' V: V. 7 i. ...n,.,
nn t.tihi . ihA el rw n 11 ill. ukuu. mu
- " 4v UiS. Vi4 1449 V fw-r