Newspaper Page Text
lMV If jf )fV
IT t TfJftl
j. D. W. MOOflE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVWIIOLE NO.
A PRAYER I.-OR l'EACIi
Gir ui peace la our'tlme, 0 lor J,
From the desolating swori, '
from tb devastating fire
from wicked mcna'deiire I
Passionate, sonsoless, proud,
The teachers of the crowd
Disturb the sorrow fill air,
Crying "Strike I and do not ipare I"
The preachers of thy Word,
Untrue to the trust conferred.
Defile Thy temple gate
With the l.aspliomios of hate.
The eyci of our young men glow1
At the wild War trumpets blow,
And thoir hands drip crimson
With the blood of thsir brethren slain.
"More blood!" the old men urge,
Ai i the tides of battle aurgo
'Tis sweet for our country to die 1
"More blood !" the women cry.
And they go, the brave and strong,
For a right that may be wrong,
To feed the greedy tomb
With their beauty and their bloom ;
To rodden the rolling flood,
To fatten the earth with blood,
And poison the air's pure breath
With the charnel wreck of death ,
From the mountains to the soa,
Floats up, 0 Lord, to Thee
To the footstool of Thy throne.
The long, low, tremulous moan
Of a childless multitude,
Tender, and fair, and good;
Of mothers forlorn forlorn,
Who weep for their early born
And for widows forlorn as they,
Wboe hope, whose prop, whose stay
Lie low in the shallow grave
0 I the unforgotten brave.
Oive as pence, 0 Lord, in our time,
From all this wrong and crime;
From all this sorrow and shame
Peace I peace ! in tby holy namo 1
For the sake of the perishing realm
That our passions ovorwhelm ;
For the sake of the outraged laws,
And of Liberty's sacred cause
tay, stay Thy lifted hand
On our decimated land I
Hold back the aronging rod I
Peace 1 peace ! 0. Lord, our God 1
A Mother pots out tub Eves or iif.ii
own Son to KErr am from the War. The
v Indiana Jtunntr relates tho following terri
llo incident apropos to the draft:
iu. A deed to make humanity shudder was
?, enacted recently in the neighborhood of
Terre Haute. Mr. John Eastwick. the
,, wife of a respectable farmer, wts the mo
Mberof seven children, all boy. In the
V early part of the war, two of these enlisr-
ed and served with Buell in Kentucky.
X One of them, the eldeet, Ezra, died of ex
posure in camp, and bis oroiiier i nomas
soon afler suffered an amputation of tho
right leg from injuries received in a cav
alry skirmish. These casualties operated
upon the mind of Mrs. Eastwick to such a
degree that she lost all fortitude and pre
sence of mind, and sat during whole days
weeping and full of forebodings. Among
her premonitions was a curious one that
her third son, Stark, would also lie in
buttle. As the war advanced and con
scription began, Mrs. Last wick's fors
Finally tho first draft catue ; the State
had filled its quota in almost every dis
trict, and Stark promised his mother that,
under no circumstances, would he go to
(he field. But a second draft being pro
jected, the mother's excitement augmen
ted. Sho endeavored to persuade her son
to leave tho country and moke a voyrge
to fea. JIj endeavored to yacify her, and
left home for a lime. On his return, Glid
ing her in the same melancholy frame of
mind, he threatened in jest, if she made
farther reference to the matter, to enlist
voluntarily. Mrs. Eastwick, doubtless U,
boring under some hallucination, seems
now to have resolved upon the act of mu
tilating her son so llint he should not be
accepted for military service. She held
a burning coal close to his right eye, while
heslept upon a lounge, and tho optic nerve
was destroyed without more than a mo
mentary pain to young Mr. Eastwick. Ho
is now entirely blind. It Is ncodless to
ay that this unforlunato issuo from her
ffws has not contributed to Mrs. East
wick's peace of mind. She is Etill deran
ged at intervals, and her sano moments
are marked by melancholy regret.
Tie 1063a ys Men. We clip the fol
lowing from the Washington correspon
dence of the West Chester Jcfftrtonian :
To show how the 100 days men are treat
1 1 will state a case. In Jersey City )N.
J.,) a company of boys (literally) was or
ganized under tho name of the Pavonia
jliifles, they left for tho purpose of guard
ing the Capital ; as soon, however, as they
teachod Washicgton, Instead of remaining
.there, (he; verc tad en to Ms front, and art
in rifle pits only a few mila from 'eter(burj.
I This dishonorable conduct of tho Ad
f tninistralion; will act as a block to all
Hurlhcr calls it may make tor 100 or 30
Uys men, as the young men will, very
itiaturally, be suspicious that the snroe
jdastardly trick may be practiced upon
'them. Furthermore I am of tho opinion
that the reason why the war Marylanders
:nd Tonnsvlvanians did not "cotno for
ward like men." was no other than distrust
of tlie Administration ; that they were
sfraid if the one cot ni far as the rod-
wal Capital, they would be ordered to
Move upon the uateueraie apum, uu
i'o turn, themselves tienome wvaueia.
1 iavA IUiIa olil. who was walkinn with
jr mother, was temptod by the fight of
" MKet or orangos, ex rosea ior bi iu
tore, and quickly look one; but after
Wlr.la .-... U .. I nAn.iianml Pfll II TT1 A1 it.
5 I After her retan home the was discovered
Un tears, and, on being asked the cause of
w sorrow, replied, sobbing, "jiamma, i
; pavon't broke any of tho couiniandmen ts,
s 5 I think 1 haw cracked. on little."
Ton have not, as good Patriots should do, studied
I lie public good, but your partioular ends j
l-uctioui among yourselves, preferring .ucit
To offiett and honor;, a, ne'er nod
Thi tltmtnit of taring policy ;
HAT I'SBBR 10 DStmSCTIOif.
TtmoUon to tht CxtUeni of Syraeun.
To tAt People of the United Slates, and particu
larly to unpeople of the tSlatet vihkh adhere
to ti Federal (Jvoernmenl.
iNCRBAia or soldiers' pat.
Tho immediate result of this Dolinv nf
uvuiuuiu iii njenurons oeen tonosinnno
: - 1 1 i
and at least to limit the increase of com
pensation to our citizen soldiers. Bills
providing such increase vera nprmitt'
to lie unacted upon in Congress for more
than five months of the present session,
and the bill finally adopted for that pur
pose was inadequate, and mad Q tfi inks'
effect only from the i ret day of Mny, 18G4.
it increased me pay of privates from 13
to 16 per month, (without lisi inrtinn r.f
co.or.j ana lue pay efofheers in somewhat
similar proportion. IJut the omnllness of
tins increase, as well as the delav in en
acting it, was occasioned by the extrava
gant oioasures above mentioned. Tho
Ireasury, strained by the payment of
enormous sums to neeroes bv renjmn of
their employment in Increased numbers
and at increased rate of cxdcdso. could
illy respond to the just demands made
pon it in tiehali of out citizen soldiers.
Besides it is instructive to observe that
n this legislation by Concress. while in
creased pay to white troops begins ou the
rst or Way, an increase to colored troops
ates from tho first of January. And a
provision contained in the act of 15lh of
June authorizes the Attorney General of
tho United States to inquire whether in
creased pay under former laws cannot bo
allowed to negroes employed in tho public
service before the beginning of the pres
ent year, who were free on the lt'th of
April, 1801. and if he dfclermino in favor
or such allowance his
a. 7r T Z Vm,'ou
fnto effect by orders of the V ar
mo lunjuruy iu congress, ,
the phantom of necro 6ouali-!
y, are as improvident as they are imnas-i
sior.ed. The decision of tho War Denart-!
ment (in accordance with tho opinion of
its solicitor) as to the oomnensution of
negroes under former laws, Is to be open-
eil und h!(poi- - . ...
ney General, in tho hope that some addi
tional roeaninc may lie wrung out of the
old statutes justifying additional expen
diture upon a favorite oigect.
It ought to be manifest to every reason
able man thut negroes should be paid less
than white troops, and that their increase
of pay from ten to sixteen dollars per
month was unnecessary and profligate
The rnarkot value of their lubor is known
to be less than that of citizens, and it is
equally clear that their services are much
less valuable in the army.
We have but to add under this Load
that additional pay to our citizen soldiers
in service is but just and reasonable, and
ought long since todiavo been provided,
t he great depreciation in the value of tho
currency in which they are paid, and the
increased rales of price in the country
affecting all their purchases and outlays,
have demanded the notice and considera
tion of the Government. It is'upon their
exertions thai reliance must bo placed
for success in the war, and even ior the
preservation of tho Treasury from embar
rassment and the country from pecuniary
convulsion; and whatever differences of
opinion lany exist as to measures of Gov
ernment policy, their merits and sacrifices
demand recognition and gralitudo from
the whole mass of our countrymen.
This gigantic scheme for the employ
ment of negro troops at full rates of ex
pense, is, therefore, unwise as regards tho
prosecution of the war, and opeartes un
justly as to our citizen soldiery in service.
In other words, il is dangerous, profligate,
But limited space requires us lo forego
further examination of particular points
of Administration policy, (however in
structive and useful sycu examination
might be,) and to confine ourselves to
some general considerations which may
be more briefly presented. And these
will relate to the dangers which will
threaten us (as results of Administration
policy) during the war and afterwards.
DANGERS IK CONNECTION WITH THE WAR.
Under this head may bo mentioned the
state of our
USANCES AND CCRRENCV.
The unnecessary woste of the public
resources in I bo war j the enormous sums
expended upon loonsu una iruiuess mm-
tary expeditions, sometimes iauiy pian-
ncd and sometimes Dauiy execuieu mm
surmortdU and the other enormous sums
corruptly or unwisely expended in ob-
loininf aunnlics and materials oi war, i
would, of ihemselves, have been sufficient j
.1 !..! .1.- ..,i; i ami 1'
"7 .1 , KMiin iToor I
.! .'.UO IVnia V'i UUI lUtUlO outlaw I a I P . i.
the pecuniary burdeni created by the'xnore insolent T If their assaults upon
war. And what ought to sting the minds law and upon i igl.t be so numerous and
ol reflecting men, is the consideration .flagrant while they aw subjected to oppo
that the general political polioy of the sition rugghng to maintain their
Administration baa been auoh that il has
alllna and ivmnalhs In Hi.
try, and frittered away the public energy I they have already dono iu opposition to
upon other objecta beside military sue-1 liberty and lawful rule, we may exclaim,
cesi. "If tbeso things be done in tho green
In addition to whioh stands forth the' tree, what shall be done in the dry?'
fact, that this occasion of war has been j I-el no one be deceived by the assertion,
seized upon to establish a system of Gov-' that the arbitrary and eyil acts of the Ad
ernment paper poney, which has caused minis tralicn indicate but a temporary
the pubho expenditures and the publio r8jcy. and founded upon necessities
debt to be one half greater thai) they, which cannot long exist. Notonlyistbe
would, otherwise have been, and Intro-, excuse that this policy of the Administra
duped numerous and most serious evils Uon is necessary in view of the public
and darKers into all the channels of com- Interest, false in point of fact, it is equally
raercial and bnaiaeit life. The crash of uptruethat if unoproied.lf not putdown
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUG. 3,
" BIHIUQI. Ann I in n ii.a Ar .1 il.. !-
id ...... , .
t ' . ' lutiui rj wi u I ilh nn.
lus.ve hopes and arrangements bsssd
upon it, iS not merely a nosaiblo but
protmble event in the future. Tho ruin
and suiloring which such an event would
entail cannot be overstated, and to avert
it, or to mitigate its force, is one 6f the
main objects which should be had in view
n settling our future policy. Upon ques
tions of currency and finance, we must
revert to the ideas of former times, in
wtich alone can safatv ! f,.nn,i
y. rpuBKingoi unancial prospects and
future pecuniary conditions, we do not
overlook the tad that opinions very differ
ent from ours are expressed by the friends
of power. But the appearances of pros
perity to which they refer us, are de
lusive. Production in tho country is now de
creased, for great numbers of luborers are
employed iu the war, und abstracted from
T I .. ..
Increased rates of .1. rrM. l.on..
upon persons of fi.vHfl i
an who am cjii. :.i a: , : Ul
The war does not create wealth but con
sumes it, and consumes also tho laborers
by which it is produced. It devours the
products oi past ar.it present industry,
and checks the growth of population upon
which fulure prosperity depends.
And all the inevitable evils of a state of
war the injury and destruction of mate-
rim interests, me waste, spoliation and
improvidence that characterize it are
aggravates tjy piotuso issues of Govern
ment paper money which incite to reck
less expenditure, public and private, and
disguise for a time the fearful
tion of wealth and the sure approach of u
uuy oi tuuering ana rettibulion.
This expenditure and the accumulation
of debts, public and private, cannot go on
indefinitely or for any considerable time.
The day of payment, which will bo also
tho duy of tiouble, will surwly come.
Great suffering will fall upon tho people.
Those Who SUPPOSO thomsclvea inilpnon.
dent of the frowns of fortune, will realize
wie retribution winch always follows upon
excess, and even theno. ulmllv ;nnn,.iA(
nny complicity Willi tmancial mismaniice-
mcnt or other evil feature of public
policy, will ue smitten equally with tho
Tim tri rlol.t .p.ni.i i ..
nrnfti.v mia...... ;.. r.
of profound anxiety lo the reoi.le. who
must pay it and to the capitalists who
hold it. lln nl, lir.nl IAti mat iitiArt 1 1, a
accuiuy uivauwcmufci boiiuyana uonof.
liut to prevent its growth beyond the
point where bankruptcy threatens it with
destruction, the lolly and corruption
which now waste and dyvour the wealth
of tlm people must meet with speedy and
Another danger to bo apprehended
under our present rulers : one which has
been speculated upon since tho war began,
and which is passiblo hereafter, is the in
tervention of some foreign nation iu tbc
pending struggle. There is an example
of such intervention in our history, which
deserves contemplation by those who
would justly judge our present situation,
and make provision against futuro dun
gcrs. tvur latiers revol i, and were
sorely chastised tbcretor by their mon
arch. The sword smote them in all thoir
coasts' ; their wealth was dried up, their
cities occupied by their foes, their land
ravaged. They were pushed to. the ex
tremity of endurance ; they became spent
and exhausted by tho conflict. But in
their hour of extremest peril, France, at
the instance of a Pennsylvania diploma
list, extended them her powerful assist
ance, and they emerged from the strugglo
triumphant and indcpondc.nl. Is this
; I ...-i..... . ... ... - "i
...no tlliuni, UD(l IIlR Inllliro r,f nil ll 1 k . l . . ! l.i
, lu I-""-'";- T ernment, not one free in form merely bu
protracted, until a foreign power n ay boj. , . . , , ' .
induced to assist our antagonist, as
assisted the revolted colonies of the third
George? Unquestionably tho feeble,
changeful, arbitrary, and unwise policy of
quences of its action at
i u. t i ;.i;;n. o,l ci
r.Wiu.. ; ;r;(r" 1
''i. Hfnrnfnw.. l. nnn r,f ,1,
leading objects iu selecting an Adminis
tration for the next lour years, to avoid
this danger of intervention by the selec
tion of rulers who will not provoke it, and
whose policy will command respect at
homo and abboad.
DANGERS IltYOND TOE WAR.
But other dangers menace us under Re
publican rule, even if success in the war
be secured. And fs these, in a still
grealer degree than those already men-
tioned, deserve careful and earnest atten
t,ori( we proceed to stale them distinctly.
If already we have experienced the ar
bitrary disposition and unlawful practices
of oifr rulers, what may we not experience
ome lime has elapsed, and when
military success has rendered them still
position agui.ov mi uj.cn "i
M con? n W
Iheni 13 removed f in confiuerinil Wliat
. 1 A 1 ... i ..... I ....... t ti.ie 1 it t rt n f rt i I ..... - - i -
"lin IZ' , if " r:.r ormous force for resisting foreign argr.r
!ii - -i ;!. i:i.nnU nhrrvo,! SI0I. while it preserves them from eternal
take place. or has its diplomacy abroad ,, . .. , ,.
been 'calculated to avert Vhe evil conse- i'L ""d?.r Zl
:. ...:lt 1. -
Vith ths w.r VT""? R,,a exPlre
u HJll UO CI KhAft A
to do UnU.r..i " ,necess?ry now
to do unlawful things Ind'mupoo
i!V taL.ri.JU io '-ringcommuT
proienueu r.ecess ty will
exist hereafter. Win n ,. . ' " "
finrv to unbohl orl.;i
. t ...... i, uij Buverniueni in
ordr to prevent renewed revolt, as it is
to support arbitrary government in order
to subdue existinn lebollinn t Wl,.
a ruler ho had deprived his country of
ilb iiuciucKBvei voluntarily restore them?
That people who will accept excuses for
tyranny, will ulrraye be uLiunduully sup
plied with them by their rulers, and es
pecially will they he furnished with this
argument of necessity, which will expand
itself to tho utmost requirement of des
potic peiver under all circumstances.
Uur ancestors, who settled lh:s country
and established the Government of tin
UnitcU States, lorlunately did not admit
I uo""ne necessity, but proceeded
i un(u r V.10 Stance ol a most wise and
'jusi io ipy. i p .
p lue bands ofoil'u.inl
power by constitutional limitations, by
checks und balances established in the
very framework of Government, and by
inculcating among the mass of the people,
in whom was to be lodged the ultimate or
sovereign power, a profound respect for
all privato rights, and for the laws by
which they are tccurecf and vindicated ;
and we will do well lo act upon their
policy and follow in their footsteps. They
trod the road of safety and made it nluin
before all succeeding generations, and we
will be recieant to duty and false to our
lineage, if wo surrender the principles to
which they held, or permit ourselves to
be deluded by those arguments of rower
which they despised and rejected.
--Sum sb itself in the odious policy now
urged by the administration, of the subju
gation of ouo third or more of l he States
of the Unjon, were it pcssible, could be so
only ut tho price' of the liboity of t!ie
whole country ; for our system would not
admit of military rulo over them. Neces
sarily, populations within them muht con
duct local governments, and exerche the
proper portion of power pertaining to
Iheui in the Federal Government. Iu
short, they could not fe held as conquer
ed Terriloj-ies unless we should chango
our whole constitutional system and
abandon altogether our experiment of
freedom ; und therefore the imperative
necessity ol changing the issue botweon
the sections from one of conquest to one
of restoration. Men musA .b? chosen for
to a'bleetling country what js left, and
resloio what is lost, by securing peace on
constitutional and just terms.
Another danger lo be considered is. cor
rupt government, the necessary conso
quenco of aibitrary principles pructicnlly
applied in tho ntl'uirs of (be nation, or
rather an accompanyine principle. The
vast increase of ollicers in all branches of
the publie service, the administration of
a great public debt, including tho man
agement of a revenue system of gigantic
proportions, will create numerous avenues
of corruption, and when tho Government
is administered upon principles ol coer-
jCion, umusi necessitruy euumuizo largo
its auu,orilv. His ever thus that sironc
governments, as they are called, must be
corrupt ones, and the interests of the great
mass of tho peoplo be sacrilieed to the in
terests of classes or individuals. A truly
froe government, where tho authority of
tho rulers is supported by tho free and
uncoerced action of the people, where tho,
laws aro kept in perteet good faith and in- j
dividual rights perfectly respected, is tho j
only ono which can be pure.
But, it is equally true, that a free gov-,
-, , , P'B .:.
danger from external force and from in
ternal convubion. If it be established
for ft people not base tuindod but civilized ,
cure which is
lunJs of a sootional party, the fulure of
'this country is not secure. .Not only is
tho dancer of renewed revolt a possibility
of the future, but the dangers ot a foreign
war are immensely incroased. A disull'ec
ted pupulution weakens the Government!
in resisting invasion, and if such disaffec- j
tion be sectional, then tho country has a
weak part through which a foreign foe i
may string its wectualand tearless blows.
CORRUPTION OF RACE.
A still more important consideration
remains to be stated. We mean the so-'
cial question the question of therein-1
tionsofraco with which our rulers are j
so littlo fitted to deal, and upon which
such extreme, offensive and dangerous c,
pinions ere held by their prominent sup- j
porters Whatever may bo determined as
to th e negro race amongst us, it is mani-J
fost il is unfitted lo participate in the ex
ercise of political power, and that its in- j
corporation, socially, and upon a prinoi- j
pie ol equamy Willi the mass 01 our coun
trymen, constitutes a danger compared lo
which all other dangers are insignificant.
We suppose the men wbO established sut-
liuio u..i.Ujn,i iv " "b-
proceeded upon the principle ol ve
it in thoso who were fitted Tor its exer
Political powers being in their na
ture conventional, it is proper that they
be established upon a basis of utility and
convenience, and in such manner that
they will not be subjected to abuse. Pur
suing the same line of action pursuod by
our fathers, suffrage is lo bo withheld
from those members of tho social body
who are manifestly unfit to exercise it,
and whose participation therein must ne
cessarily .lead to abuse. Manifestly, a race
nml linnnrnhln. It will lrrmnrt In 1 7 1
most free, liut in the
oi mankind who cannot auimort frn in.
stitutions, regular government, product
ive industry, and a high degieo of civili-
muuii, oi inemseives, acting in on inde
pendent capacity, are unfit for pel form
ing tho functions of freemen in conduct
ing the business of government amongst
u?. 1 he argument of equality of rights
lor ail men fmls iu their case, beoiuseof the
absence of the conditions nnnn i,;i. ii
is founded. In the oruaiiization ofa Slate,
it is perfectly manifest thai the social bo-
uy cannot be identical with the political ;
that vast numbers computed within the
former are not to be included in the lat
ter. We do not in this country, include
females, minors, unnaturalized foreigners,
particular criminals, nor tho insane, a
ninng those who exercise the right of suf
frage. Incapacity or unfitness exists, to a
t.v,..v. i.Tsa i-Aient, wiiii nil these ex
tensive divisions of human brings, and
the same ground of exclusion precisely
exists in the case of the negro or other in
ferior race, who may bo casually or per
manently placed amongst us. Chinese,
Malays, and the uncivilized Indians, fall
wiuiiii iue same principle of exclusion. I
l hero is no reason why any general inca-
pac.ty oriosun.cic.Ucapucitvforclec or.il
SZ , r . X .
mm nt i,a; !. - 1 . . lucl fl"K oepiy into iue hearts
one ot the.e elasses and not in another, of our countrymen, that the ureal obsta
Uur fiovernmen s we.o established by 1 e'e to peace, to ic-union lo ? mt'ariS In
S ?ore;er',dnfnd Mtl " I IV" nnJ S 'riUWpJo.?
w. n.iwM.vi wo jmiuieLi in i n nncn t . I 1 ,1... , i , . . ..
. , ,e pel-. iue ms imiioji into a sea ot troubles "
mancnlly coi.t.nued Thus only can this and who afei.oth incnj able and unwi lTn
great experiment offrerc'om begun by ! lo save it. cu unwiuin
our ancestors and continued bv us, be car-'
ried forward successfully, nnd'bomidd lo: ,1 ro"cv ?' otoshioj.
accomplish tho i;reat and beneficienl re-1 i !".? J- H)okea H ltlJ Just fro
sults of which ifis capable. , !,om lhe Admiuiaitalioii and of its pol-
Hut (be social nanect of tl.i. r md a?nh we proceed to indieato
the "relations of race." is equally imnor-l,
tant with the i.olilicA andjntimatelvai-
socialed with it. It is of tho highest noli-
cy, it, is of the grea'.est necessity, that the
races Should be kept distinct, socially;
that they should not lilend together to
meir mutual corruption and destruction
n an example were needed to admonii
us upon this high point of policy, it won
Le furnithed by theSpanish American lie-
publics, who have run their troubled and
dian. and ho inflicted upon his colonies
all thocurses and horors of hybritlism.
until their social stale has become degra
ded and poisoned beyond apparent re
demption. Throughout all thoso exten
sive countries brought under control by
the arms or policy of the Spanish crown,
and which within the present century
and in imitation of our example, have
nesumed republican forms of government,
tins csregsrd oi natural law tin, iirnnr-
ing of the ditlercncos oi race, has been tho
prolific cause of the social and political e-
vils which scourge and afflict those unhap-
py countries, hoc.al vices prevail lo a
inglorious career under our obseivalion 1 1 . ' , . . "'TT m,.lu' " 1010
and whose present condition may well a- j ? rf BulHeo1 l,r oNfd.cUon, juet,
waken the pity or contempt of mankind. I,u , ' .ntl. lun-irrm. dminiBlratior of
! " . e?eeS "K11 Vn" . ecute in the Congress of the United StaUi
cnwv.wiiiifcK j'iiw-i.itf ;i iTru HIU VMn 11- f j 1 I, t 1 .rt,K. rt A l Uf
"nu,tV" ".uu'77 'e"'e0u.euanuea-imehl
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ductive latior, no increase of population,
no uniform and just administration oflaw,
but constant revolutions and insecurity of
all those rights which governments are es
tablished to protect and defend.
OPPOSITION TO P.E ORGANIZED.
In view of the foregoing considerations,
and ol many others which might be men
tinned, an appeal
for popular action a
gainst the evils of the time and tho dim-
gers which iiireaieu us, must uo inougiii : united Slates by large and unnecessary
timely and proper. Tbo sure restoration issues of paper monov a system at ouco
of Hie Uuion and ofa true administration unauthorized and injurious, which impov
of our systom of constitutional govern- erishes the country and distributes the
ment, await the success of a great opposi- earnings ot labor to hands that have not
tion patty actuntod by just aims and in- earned it, will invite immediate revision,
spired by an earnest, patriotic dctermina-1 and ultimate removal from tho statute
tion to save the country and perpetuate book of the United States,
its liberties. I The troops laised for the public service,
Tho idea of ignoring party in the ac- whenever a necessity for raising them
comi.libhment of great public objects, can-' bhatl exist, will b-i rightfully obtained
not be accounted one of wisdom. Great ' through tho agency of the .Stale govern
mussesof men in a free country can act nients, and beofliceied by .State authori
nsefu'.ly nrd steadily only through some, ty ; thus securing, in the raisingof armies
organism which combines their power and for extraordinary occasions, tlio true in
gives it direction. Without organization, tent acd meaning of the Constitution, and
their strength, (all powerful when con-1 preserving the orniies of the United
centrated,) is dissipated and wasted, and .Slates from the undue political control of
the adventurous seize upon the powers of the Fedeial Executive,
government and pervert them to their! The action of the Government in its
ovrn sinister designs. j financial disbursements, and other feat-
No truth is more certain than this, that ures of its administration will be thrown
the destructive elements of society, (lor open to full investigation, and an earnest
instance fanaticism and rapacity by both ell'ort w ill bo made to purge it in all its
of which we ere now nOlicted,) enn be held branches of corruption,
in permanent chock iu a republio, only Economy of outlay, so much spoken of
by uniting patriotic ond just men against, by those who row hold power previous to
them in some enduring ofsociaiion, which their election and so littlo regarded by
shall act steadily and powerfully upon ( theni since, will be reinstated in the prac
government and preserve it in its due tico of tbo Government as one of the
The problem for us now lo solve is this :
Are the people oi the L ruled Stales coni'
pelent lo organize themselves in defence
of their system of froe governmen t and
voluntary union, or must they resort to a
dictator armed with large powers, who
will crush faction and restore peace and
union at tho sacrifice of liberty f Evil in
the State will not die out, if left to itself
Some instrument adequate to its exlirpa
tion must be sought and found, in the di
rection of either dictatorial or popular
Instead of looking to a dictator, lo the
despolio principle, to a strong executive
govetnmenl ot large and concentrated
powers, those who have faith in our Amer
ican principles will look to the peoplo, and
will seek to rouse and organize them and
direct their united strength against thee
vila of the time. Thus we believe the na
tion may be saved, and saved by itself, and
be prepared to resume iu career of pros
perity rudely interrupted by the war.
A great Opposition parly, made strong
enough lo carry the electious of 1364, ia
now the appropriate iailrameot for na-
$1 50 Per Annum, if paid in advance.
SERIES VOL. V.-NO. 3.
lional redemption, und its success will bo
the triumph of free government and will
extricate usfrorj the jaws of destruction.
That the party of the AdoiiuUtnilion is
both vicious and incapable, has been moat
abundantly proved and ought uo longer to
bo denied. It has failed to rastore tho
Union after threo years of trial, though
possessed of all the powers of Government
and of all tho resources of the country.
And meantime it has ttruck heavy blows
t liberty, and s) carrying us away from all
the old landmarks of policy and adminis
tration. We are literally drifting toward
destruction, n ith tho knowledge that thoso
who have chaige of our vessel of State aro
unfit to direct its eouisa.
15ut there is vet time to nvrt
calamity. The future at lean may bo made
secure. To all who really deMi e the Un
ion restored, and alomr with it hmm-i
constitutional Government, the appeal'
may now bo made to assist in elevating a
paity to power which will be fuiibful to
the Constitution, which will unite togeth
er tho union elements of tho wholo coun
try, will chastise corruption and fanaticism
from the public Administration, and will .
secure ll.e future Iron convu ion and
dM.nim convulsion and
I 'vc been inftrun,eutal in P,V
P"l;on of thfc Opposition,
Tv,1'0 C3n'C''d mih ""'Administralicei for
the po.-sesoion of popular favor.
Wo hold (hat nil laws duly establish!
and existing shall be kept, and kept a
well by persons in ofliciul station as by
the muss of the peoplo. Disreuard of law
;and of rights established and guarantied-
y i1, li ou of 11,0 6re fV''4 of which
just complaint must now bo made. A
" '17 r" a, A
! , , Af niinwtrutioa and of par y
ll0nl (,.dnslruction of Uie nowers con.
frrred by it upon tho legislative authority.
The interruption of justice caused by an
unnecessary suspension of tho kaleai curpus
in the revolted btutos will, forthwith, t,er
minalo; arbitrary nrreils of porsous In
civil ino win oucomo unknown, and a
pretended necessity overriding justiceand
right made tbo pretext for various forma
of oppression and injustice, will disappeur
l;eru,o a returning seW of oUiguUon and
JlJlv in our ,.uer b
j , n ,e ,icv. ,,, F kira Govern.
't , hore' wjn"Lo no rK.ogllilion of Uoc.
,rinc, which len,, lo ti)a Social debaso-
nn(J ,,olrution of the peoplo
... . I
profligate and pernicious theories which.
unuer the garb of philanthropy and k
regard for human lights, would overthrow
the natural bairieis between different
race and ignore wholly organio laws 6f
difference between them, will not bo pro
moted or favored in tho policy of tho
Government of the United fitatos.
There will be an earnest and proper
effort made to reliaco tho steps nlieady
(nkcnjn debasing the cutrency of tho
essenliul itiles of its action.
The docttino that the Scales shall
possess and exercise all ungranted pow-
i ers, and Bball be free within their iurwdio
I lion from the encroachments of l'edersl
' authprity, shall be rigidly maintained,
The system of public revenuo shall be
adjusted o as to boar equally utwu all
j sections and interests, and the unnccosjsa-
rv increase or oiheprs in eoiicouug u, ns
well as in other department of publio
service, shall be avoided.
i he exertion of public farno in the wer
lo be exclusively for the object for which
the war was begun, to wit; he restore tioi
of the Union and the jurisdiction of our
laws over the revolted country ; andbelng
confined to that object, and relieved froru
the incumbrance of olhor objocts, to be
brought to a speedy and honorablo con
clusion. But further, it may be con
fidently assorted, that an Opposition,
triumph in our elections will call into
existence moral forces more powerful than
even physical force for securing peac
'upon the basis of reunion. And it may
be Ua only means for securing that great
objwt, kilberou.nrealisd, and poslj'ino l