Newspaper Page Text
D W. MOORE. I tml,.
0. B OOODI ANDER, j E(iIto'
rRINClFtES, not MEN.
TERMS-Sl 25 per Annum, if paid m ndvance
NKWSKIUKsVOh. II. NO ,31 .
Vol- XXXII. WIIOLK i0 Ifi'il
CLKAIU'IKLl), iA. WKDNlvSUAY, 1'EIt. 19, ir.G2.
Mil. SEWARD'S NOVELTIES.
T11 r spci tade ofan army ov-iu-edl. hostile
in it mission passing to its destination
over .1 soil it toiCMi'il to invado nt tlio
firs-t blast of war, wihiM lio something nnv
tl in the history of States. Imagine Rus
sia asking permission of England to mako,
Malta u depot for its navy (hiring tho CrN
moan war! or Franco transporting it.
troops for tho Italian campaign by way of I
Salzburg, Vienna uikI Trieste !-:' iy !
, uifc, iiii.n '
r u 1 H.. fn. If,, imonlnp nf
,A I. .11 niu u . j ... v - - .
Tlio 'irrepressible conflict, ' which pro.
elaiiued that free and slave States could
not live together in tlio sumo Union, was
a novelty of Mr.Seward's. Nostutosman, ,
from tlia days of Washington down, over '
dreamed of it. I
1 1 l,,.,.Ii in l li. D.ilin r,f C!.,iln !
ne must insult you.' was a novelty. '
tlueat.s against Canada wore nov-
llis promise to the South Carolina Com'
nii.Vioners, that Fort Sumptcr hhould lo I , u ls ,lt Ulls ,K0"S0" of to yeaf, when
peaeeably evacuated, wan a novelty; and ' te grovos nnl forost.s are despoiled of
Jts falhilicntiou was another. I their ioliago, and deserted ly tho fealli.
J I is prophecies that the war would bo fed songsters that wo can leali.o how
over in thirty d.iys was a novely ; as have lnUt l1 ,Uui' a,U'Ll1 10 our enjoyment, and,
been all his prophecies since. Tho fulfil- is tho case of our deimrti d fronds, we
ment clone of them would bean agreeai cu" or,,ly 1:lm,;"lt 's and sadly ro
i j0 r)C,vcItv fcM'e lt wo not moie lovingly uppre-
' Jlii invention of the idea of blockading ''""o them whilo with us; yet, unlike
r.nc's o.Tii ports was a novelty in interna Uiem' wo kno,v'
tion il law , and his treatment of rebels as j ''Jl,e l'irJi "'e winter's trui exile,
trei ii enemies, whilo den) mg the bellig. 1 fcb"u a" co,u back Png"
er-Jiit rights was another. "But "ten ilnill spring visit the muuldering urn?"
Jlis U-lter to Gov. Hicks, sneering at tho t To tho dovout and thoughtful student
repre-entative3 of nioncrcliies, was a no of nature tho leathered tribe have ever
city in diplomacy. j t ecu suggestive of the wisdom and good-
Hi eirculurs to the governors of States, ness of l'rovideuco in their creation and
on thd subject of frontier defences was care, and by their cheering lays and pres.
another novelty. j ence aio ever singing,
His declaration, that the recognition of) "The hand that inndo us is divine."
the South by Kuropeaii powers would j t WouM appear that tho inspired pen.
resented by n by a ger.eral ar ii.on all men regarled them with special interest,
Kurupe, U a novelty in dccirine, uwl 'an,j w,.re aitcustomed carefully to observo
would be a great r one in practice. I 1 1 1 1-i r- ha'oits; as they often alludo to them
1!:, arvl of loyal cuizens, m loyal to illustrate and enforce their teachings.
Sf.tes, by telegraph, is a novelty which it ' ijeej n);ll)y of tll0 1110st ;1IM,r(,SHive ,
i-to be h-ped may return to plague the beautiful metaphors used by the sacred
...v -ntor. writers are der ved from the habits ami
His invention of a passport, , inst inots of Lii-as, and not a few of tho
uitliout law, which nrmoys loyal citizens mo-t elegant ones of thd best poets aro
:uid giu-i. lue scope to traitors, is another i,awn rl0rn tie satno soui now forci
i:ov Ity i bly, yet teuder, is tho representation of
JJ"i lung rcplyto a demand never made JlJjJ's love and care for his people by the
in the SUdell mid Ma on case, ami his j of ihe eajle stirring up her r.ost,
lext. rous pioving our i igl t to ndzo anl fluttering ovr her young, spreading
our duly to hunender those envoys, is a abroad her wiim-, and lakingand bearing
1 1 it countenance of universal corrnj.tion
al a tiaie fif great lia'ional necessity, is a
great novcl'y in the minds of all truo
lli-i (-election of such diplomat.'o ropr.v
tenta'ives a biddings, Helper, Toiling
HineA. Co., is another novelty.
His proposed surrender of the right of
piivi'.cering, without an equivalent, is a
Ill- ai ndcn ineiil of the ilonioe doc
trine is a novelty.
Hi- iiritatitig despatches to foreign courts
me Mveltics in manner and tenr or ai:d
His invi'ation to Engla'.d to send her
troop to Canada, through Maine, is a ma-
Finally, Mr. Seward, acting as a slates-'
man, and managing the iitla'is of a great'
nation in a great crisis, is a novelty that
tiie noild has never yet Ht-en the like of,
and probably never wii1 ngain,
Reviewing Mr. Seivard's labors for tho 1
hist year, we. doiib' if Jiiiiniisor Walter'
Scott, or t lie inexhauslable Sylvanus Cobb j
was half as prolific a novelist as Win. Jl.
Seward. -Y. '. Arus. j
IFSuAx Honest Lie. The poor pit
tance of seventy years is not north being
a villain ior. What matter is it if your
neighbor lies in a splendid tomb? Sleep
you with innocence. Look behind you ,
through the track of time! A vast desert
lies oponiu retrospect ; wearied with years j
and sorrow, they sink from tho walks of;
man. You must leave tliem where they i
fall ; and you a o to go a little furlher.and
vou will find eternal rest. Whatever you j
may have to encounter nrtwern lliccrailio ,
nnd the grave, every moment is big with ,
events, vdiicn come noi in succession, nui
bursting forcibly from a revolving and un
known cause, fly over this orb with diver
&TUA good joke, says tho Syracuse
Stai iUrd, is related of Miss G., a laughter
loving, good natured lass, who was spend
ing tho afternoon with a neighbor, and
during supper t!i conversation turned on
liens, eggs, etc., during which Mist G., ob
served "that their hens did not lay scarce
ly any eggs,, nd sho could not toll the reason."
'Why." observed Mr P., "my hens lav
every day ana cet egos." "My gracious 1
wag tho instant rejoinder, ,-I wish you
would come over and run with our hens a
spell, I am sure father would pay you for
your trouble." She'll do.
tatSrCivii. war has affected St. Louis like
a stroka of palsy. Moro than Cti.ODO in
habitants havo left that city within a year;
I n immense number of houses and stores
Me vacant, and all business except gov
' Pruraeiit contracts, is at a dead stand.
New England writer says that it
lias been found that tho negroes can bo
better trusted than white men, not to be
tray locrets. We suppose this upon tho
principlo that they always Keep dark.
tejylN the morning oflifo we are en
chanted by the novelty of nature and her
operations delight us in their effects,
tlio'i. h tho causes are neither known or
th mght of.
EjyTiiE addition to the duties on loa,
coffee, sn-ar and molasses, it is presumed
will defray tho expensos of the government
our days, as our expenses are two millions
it V "n" Vy ue,S1'-' ponded to the plaint of the sweet singer bert, E. S. Jaffrav, and others of similar
ZL .1 ,anPr,.rT,rr,D,"0n?.x I ? f UA' "0h- hat 1 h;,d wi"S like a' standing. The following are the p.oris
rverv dav an a kt vr.r.n ' "Mo nmrinna v1 . . . . . .... . . i . -r.
From tlio New York Observer
AM) ASSOCIATIONS CONNECTED WlTfl THEM.
Hir-N bird ! ye are hsautit'ul things,
With your oiirlh-troiidinjr foot and your eloud-
wtcre 'hull wan wander, nn.t where shall ho
n .i'T1!1!" .
pe"ut'fl11 J Mt
. . . , ' '
popular writer of our own country
very happily ronmrks that "Birds conxti-
,, ,1.. J,,,, .1
, ' " I ' 1 J nullum CI eilllUll
and their study, wheu systematically pur
sued as a science, is, undoubtedly, one of
the most interesting departments of .Nat
ural History. Tho rich melody of their
songs, tho beauty of their plumage, the
graco and rapidity of tlieir motions can
hardly fail, it would secni, to oxcite in us
emotions both ot wonder and admiration
!ll)d 'f j9 probably only IVom our familiar-
ity with them that wo nro partially blind
io uieir uenolils, and deal to tlio s,voet-
, 11 u:"4 U,K1 vul'ty ' tlieir tuneful voices.
j them ujion tlieni. ina iv mat or tiie
ben gailiernig her c!nci;t'iis
winsour Saviour expressed,
deepest iKithof, the yearnings of his heart
over tho obdurate and ungrateful inhabi
tants of Jerusalem.
What can be moro exquisite than the
simile used by Goldsmith, to portray tho
excellencies of "'Tho Village Treacher,"
'And as a bird e:cli fund endearment tries
Tk tfuipt its nu;-flidd oH'spring to the skies,
lio tried i.i h art, rq-roved eurh dull delny,
Allured to brighter Kurlds und lid Ike icny."
That fplondid dreamer, John Itunyan,
makes the singing of birds one of the do
liLdits of that 1; nd which lies "beyond the
Valley of tho Shadow of Death." And
the magnificent old Isaac Walton, in
speaking of "the musicians of tho air, that
warble forth their curious ditties," and es
pecially tho nightingale, that breathes
such sweet loud music out of hir little
throat, exclaims with emotion, "Lord,
what music hast thou provided for tho
saints in heaven, when thou aflbrdest bad
mgn suc'.i music on earth ?"
Daniel Webster so loved to hear tho
songs of birds, that ho never permitted
one to bo killed o:i any of his property;
and it may be remembered when the
great statesman had just been woundod
in tho house of his friends, how beautiful
ly, "in spita of sorrow," he alluded to tho
lark when, no doubt, he felt at heart,
"As tlio struck eale stretched upon the plain.
No more through rolling clouds to soar aguin,
Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart,
And wing'd tlio shaft lHatquivor'd in his heart;
Keen were his pangs, but keener far to fool
He nur.itd the pinion which impelled the steel;
While thesniue plumage that bad wanu'd hisnott
urutm me laitme-urop ot his bleeding breast,"
When tho final scene of his great and
evcnttul career was closing in death, at
Alarshho.d, a lady who tenderly watched ,
by his dying bed, heard him repeating !
ine uisi stanza oi i.owper a oacauaw
"Thrice happy.bird 1 1 too have known
Jluch of the vanities of men :
And sick of having seen 'cm,
Vonld cheerfully those limbs rosign
For such a pair of wiugs as thine ;
whilo others, in view of tho ingratitudo
he had experienced, in view of his undy
ing aflection for his loved and lost ones,
and especially for his "Juliarud Edward,"
knew full well how truly his boart res
dove : jot then l would uee away, and bo at
In addition to the touching sentiments
and the finest of poetry that Lirds have debts) upon tho surrender of his entire
inspired, their plumage has ever been the estate for distribution without preference
prido of the beautiful and gallant; for among all his creditors, and upon his com
whilo some feathers have been used to pliance with the requirements of the act.
"impel the steel," others have furnished It provides for the election of the asignee
rich crnaments for tho heads of ladies, j in bankruptcy by the creditors, and gives
und also fut tho warrior's crest. Mural's : them the supervision and managemontand
"snow-white plurao" was as famous as Na-1 w inding up of the estate, under the direc
poleon's grey coat, or tho cocked hat of j tion of tho court. It also permits, by
t rederick the Great. The nodding plume j
has olion been tho cynosure of embattled !
hosts. Henry IV., of France, before the
battle of Ivry, in tho words of Maculay, j bankrupts' estates, at tho option of three
made this thrilling addresi to hi sol- fourths In value of the creditors, by trus
diers : j teog undor the inspection or creditors, in
"And if my standard-bearer fall, as fall full woll lieu of tho more formal proceedings in
be may . bankruptcy. The various details of the
For never saw I promise yet or such a bloody act are designed to give uniformity and
r. ... OhL. .hn. i,. v- . , . ' oflicioncy to the system, and to meet the
Tress where ye see my white plvme shine amidst i , : .
the ranks of war, , various exigencies of its administration in
And be your oriflamm'e, to-day, the helmet of the extended territory to which it applies.
Navarre." I iaw'. T1. lh.,l.i;...n
A right splendid plume "once roiied in
lu'r the warrior's guide," on many ol Na-'
poleon's victorious battlefields, tnd its
wearer, he believed, might havo turned
the tido at Waterloo, and to which, not
"The soldier raised his seeking eye,
To catch that crest's ascendancy;"
"Where tho broken line enlarging,
Fell, or fled along the plain :
Tktre, besure, was M u HAT charging ! "
From tho fact that all who have paid
special attention to the study of ornithol
ogy have become exceedingly devoted to
it, we may conclude there is much in the
science calculated both to delight and in
struct. Wilson made many perilous jour.,
neys through the wilds of America, to ob
tain an intimate and accurate knowledzo
of tho birds of its mountains and forests.
Without assistance and without money ne
pcrsovered in his course until his merits
were ap2recialed by the mcst distinguish
ed men and societies of the country.
When his friends remonstrated with him
for his arduous and unremitting labors, his
reply was, "Lile is short, and nothing cf.n
be done without exertion," IHs love for
the feathered race was his ruling passion
in lite, and it was strong in death. A
short time before that event, he repeated-
ly expressed the wisu to a triend that ho
might bo buried where tho birds might
sing over ins grave.
N ol less remarkable wire the life and
labors of Audubon Ity patient toil and
lortituuo, lie achieved lor himself a repu
tation as magnificent in its character as it
was world-wide in Us extent. Perhaps
there never was a person whose inmost
soul responded more deeply to the maies
tic sentiments expressed by Lord 1'y ion,
tnan Audubon s,
"Thero is a ploasuro in the pathless woods,
There is a rapture on the lonely shore,
There is focioty whoro none- intrudes,
I'.y the deep sea, and music in its roar."
In his own case this was all true. For
years he had been accustomed to roam
tho pathless woods had been bo highly
delighted to see the objects of his atlec
tionate interest flit and nestle among the
green boughs of the f'orest.or soar through
tliii "upper deep towards the blue cano
py above him, and hear their sweet mu
sic echoed back from its sounding-board,
or watch their flights, or trace their foot
steps by tho obCoeean's side, that such
scenes and melody seemed necessary for
his very existence; for when, on account
of his advauced age, his friends induced
him to give up the idea of his last projec
ted erpedition, l:ke the caged eagle, he
began to droop, and not long after died.
la conclusion, it may be remarked that
the derree and kind of interest manifest
ed for beasds, and birds and (lower, aflord
no insignificant or uncertain indications
as to character; and therefore it may
bo well to adopt on this, and certain
ly on a far more important occasion, the
language and sentiments of the "Ancient
' Farewell, farewell ! but this I tell
To thee, thou WtcUing-guert:
He p-ayeth well who lovoth will
Loth man, and bird and bead."
Parental I sdi'loence. No children are
ever so happy as those who havo been
early taught implicit and immediate obe
dience to their parents' wishes, or will, or
commands. Would that parents more
universally felt this ! When they sutler
tlieir children to disobey them they are
absolutely teaching them to sin against
God, breaking one of his commandments,
and one to which the proniiso of long life
is given. No wonder if God in just dis
pleasure, remove the child from such tui
tion. Heruember w hat a solemn and in
structive lesson the Holy Ghost has given
in the history of Eli. There is much dan
cer. lrom an amiahio wish to cratity a
child.or counterorderinj' your own orders.
If you once direct a chiU to do a thing,
however unpleasant it may be to yourself
or the child, insist with hrmness upon
immediate and full obedience. There
should be no demur nor delay. Prompt
obedience is as lovely in child, as its en
forcements aro dignified in a parent. The
firm and gentle constraint of parental au
thority commands respect, and oven in-
i.n;rrr(,vrinw nr,,i iv in tho el.ild tr.
wards tho parent. Thus, then, if you de.
sire vour childien should crow upcherish-
imr for vou profound esteem and aflection.
insist upon the filial dutv thedutvof inl
plicit obedience -and commenco early.
To begin right is tho way to end right.
JTA General Bankrupt Law. The
camniittee appointed by tho bankers and
merchants of New York have caused the
legal firm of Barney, Butler & Parsons to
prepare a general bankruptcy act, and
have published it for public examination.
The committee consists of Koyal Pholps,
James Brown, Geo. Oixlvke, Wm. Lam"
ions of the act :
I lio lull and unconditional discharge of
the debtor (except as tocottain fiduciary
provisions analagous to those of the
French codo of bankruptcy, as well as
of the English la r, tbe winding op of
oditors say that Cameron only retired from
the Cabinet. What a graceful fellow be i l
Memorial of James W. Wall, Esq , to
tho Legislature of New Jersey.
To tht & mte an l llouu of Assembly rf the
State of Aew Jcrsn :
Your memorialist represents to your
honorable bodies- -That ho is a citizen of
the State of New Jersey, and fully entitled
to all the rights, privileges and irumuni.
ties pertaining to such citizenship. That
cn the eloventh day of .September last he
was arrested by Uenajah Deacon, United
States Marshal for New Jersey, accompa
nied by an armed forco, W. K. Allen, May
or of the city of liurlington, being present,
and assisiinc with one or two of his police.
That the said Marshal, being called upon
tor ins auinorit'-. produced a printed lorni
or order in the words lollowinir, as near
as your memorialist can recollect:
"Uonaiah Deacon, Esq., Marshal. f c. You
aro hereby commanded to nrresi Jamuc W. Wall, ous plea of necessity means too often tho seivieein Now Mexico. In an engage
of the city of Kurlihjton, and convey him to Furt secuiity of tho sovereign ra'her than that ,m'nt with tho Apache Indians in August,
Lafayette, in tlio Now York harbor, forthwith. 1 of ,ll0 r,P0,,( ' ti.0 0, ,,',,.;, jon mii'is lHl'J, near Lou Vegas, Lieut. Burnside,
n swThbT" ryn,ar- '''"V pernicious doctrine went on gathering
'"V" P ' , v Strength until, in tho reign of the First
Lpon reading this most extraordinary Chll.i0!l it culminated i.f tho )-!a.ned
document your memorialist demanded of .,,,0,, of 1iMB that is tho beacon
tho Marshal the ruture and cause of the . y hu caSti jts l)lazo nf to R.
accusation against him, and a copy of the nicaI governments against tho invasion of
athdavit or information upon which such tlie ntjertios of the people
warrant was based. lie took occasion at Aml vot) ,ve nrc nsk,,," to Mieyo t)0
the same time to ueny the right of any rnonstroU8 doctrine in this hi-h noon of
member of the Presidents Cabinet to is. lll0 njneteenth century, in a government
sue any such wamnt, much less the Sec-: liku ourj nuuIe by tho littt.,.s f)f kil)1,Iy
retaryof War, and warned the Marshar lir..roaliv .v;tl, . written Ommitntd,,
that be would bold the Secretary respon-!
sible, and all who presumed to act under
his authority ; that this official had over-! i
stepped the hmitsof his ofhcial authority,
and having usurped powers not delegated
to him by the Constitution, or by some
law made in pursuance thereof, he had
put himself beyend the pale of the i pro'-
tectionof his office, and was liable like
any private citizen, with this distinction,
that having used his official position to
effect this gross injustice and oppression,
it was i i groat aggravation of his guilt, and
would beconsideied 60 in a criminal pros -
ecution, or in asking for exemplary dam-
ages in a civil action.
lo this protest and warning of your
memorialist, the Marshal made the follow-
ingmost extraordinary reply: "That he
knew nothing of the cause and nature of
the accusations, or of any affidavit or allir.
niation upon which the warrant was based;
that he had received the order through
the post office, nnd was bound to execute
it at all hazards, and if any resistance was
made, he would resort to the armed force
then surrounding the house." ,
Upon your memorialist requesting time
for preparation, and to have an interview
with his family, it was peremptorily refus-
ed by the Marshal, who further declared
"that he had rtrdrts to tulc hour memoriaHxt at
on-eto Xew York, via the Camden and Amloi
line. vKirhn-onldnass throih hurtwjton m the
course often or fifteen minutes.
Against such nr. arbitrary exercise or , the bounds of liberty, and enlarge thoso of August he was appointed a Bngadier
powcr as this, never surpassed by the most 0f power 1" ' General of volunti els. Gon. McCicllan.
subservient minion of the vilest despotism What course you, the Representatives who knows his worth and military capnc
in Europe, your memorialist entered his 0f the State of New Jersey, may deem it ity, has selected him to command ono of
most solemn protest, and prepared to re ' proper to take in refeienco to this wanton tlie most important expeditions projected
sistsuch invasion of his rights by physical outrage upon the Constitutionally guaran- since the war commenced.
force. Kesistance, noneivr, piuiea m
rain, nnd vour meliorialist having SUCi
ceeded in reaching the hall of his house,
wrs thero overpowered by a larpe armed without a remonstrance. If by vour si
fnree torn from the midst of his family 1 ence How von eonstitute Ibis a i:i-i- ecl,.nl
and drnsrged to the railroad station. Fiom
thence he was conveyed a prisoner ny ino
Marshal, accompanied by six of his armed
posse, not only through ihe State of New
Jersey, but through a portion oi me oiaio ew Jersey ? That lull of rights was in
of New York, and in that State delivered ( tended as tho enunciation of certain gen
over to the United States i military author- ( eral principles of free goveruii ent to
ority commanding at Fort Lafayette, in serve as tho landmarks of liberty and law.
New York harbor.
In this Government fortress ho was con
fined for nearly two week", his correspon
donee subjected to the most impudent
upvailonnn ani hi rterSOIl to flll those in
dignities and petty annoyances which a
- v ' , ,
militnrv despotism understand so well how
to inflict. He was finally released lrom
confinement upon taking what was called
an oath of allegiance, an extrajudicial
oath, but unobjectionable to V"ur memo-
rialist-, inasmuch as it pledged mm io pro
tect and defend the Conttimtinn ayninrt all its
enemies," thus imposing, if it were possiblo
to do po, additional obligations upon him
to resist the unconstitutional acts of this
high official, and punish his gross viola
tionsof the personal liberty of the subject.
There can bo no greater enemy to the
Constitution than that man, who, beneath
the cloak of powr, conceals the stiletto
with which he thrusts at its vitals.
Since his release your memorialist lias
applied again and again to the Secretary
of War, for the cause and nature of the
accusations against him ; but thus frr all
his applications havo received not tho
slightest notice. This persistent silence
of tho Secretary of War raises the pre
sumption that the unconstitutional war
rant by which he dared to deprive a citb
zen of New Jersey of h'.s liberties, baa not
ven the bald pretence of a written accu
sation to give it the flimsiest shadow of a
Your memorialist, by reason of this
cruel, unmanly silence of the War Depart
ment, has been compelled to submit to
have his aoodnamc and fame, called in question,
hit lovaltvto the Constitution dcuhted, and the
most unijrounded and vnjvst prejudices engender
ed aaainst him. It is the grossest injustice
fn rilace an individual in such a position
violate all th rights, privileges and im
munities that belong to nim as a citizen
punish him as if be were tho vilost crim
inal, and then cruelly withhold from him
the nature and cause of the accusation
Your memorialist therefore makes this
appeal to the legislature of bis native
State, tbat it will, through our Senators
and Representatives in Con gres, demand
of the War Department the nature and
charges on fllo in said Department, upon
which such warrant was issued, or, if no
Puch charges ere upon record, that then
'it fhll b to miido to aproar;
1 am fully awaro that in tho ancient
commonwealths, self preservation was com
sidered tho necessity of tho State, as it was
of individuals, and could be used as a jus
tification of "the ttmin rarti veilimi of thr ,V.W-
urs vf IMurtj." Tho dictator who, in tho
hour of the nation's peril, came fourth
from tho lioinnn Senuto with a snlnlA
powers over the lile, liberty and property
o tho Koman citizen, was only the creu
tion of this dangerous idea. And during
the reign of lilizabeth thero was a notion
that a kind of paramount sovereignty ex
isted, which was denominated her abso
lute power, incident, as it was pretended,
to the abstract nature of sovereignty, and
arising out of its primary ollice of preserv-
the htato lrom destruction. I'.iit even
then in that tyranical reign, it found men
bold enough to daro the terrors of the rov-
' al frown, and to declare "that this insidi-
defining and limiting the powers of every an escort of but threo men, bringing des
ilepartmcnt, there really, in time of war, patches from Colonel Graham to tho
lurks in the Executive this dangerous cle-
ment of power: and against wiiieb inei-n
nlolUofr,r,...r. 1 ,,;,,., u.j,;,.i, ,t,,.n
; jmj )cen ftc0ntinued and suecestlul strug-
. pje ot- five centuries in England. In the
eloquent langua-e or Mr. Pendleton of
Ohio, woids thaUiavo the true riiv of 'the
metal of the olden time, "Can it bebeliev-
ed (lmt our fiau.r!) rotesling against
kingly prerogative, revolutionists becnuso
ot outrages on personal rights ly their
BOvereigu, would clothe the executive of
! dioir new government with a power over
j tiie Cltjzf which their former master had
; never dared to pretend that he possessed ?
Can it bo belicved tbat they, proud or their
j i;nglish lineuge, proud of tlieir En"lish
, liberty-aye, proud of their loyalty to tho
Lngli'sh Constitution, would sacrifice that
,-ight, whieh their English ancestors ac-
j t.UUntcd their chicfesf glory. Those an-
' cestors had battled for cen :uries, bravely
for j.oprlar rights. They hud placed the
i crown upon the brow of the people they
had decked it with many a jewel, it was
' radiant with the glories of popular liberty,
an,i ran it bo believed that our fathers
would tear away this priceless gem, that
sparkled in the very forefront of that cor-
nt.t, and with it adorn the spectre of exec-
ntive linivep. In nn nllmi- nninl .11.1 lUv
i;mit tilti rights of the people as admitted
ul that dav: cin it be believed that thev
I would in this one vital point alone restrict
teed rights ol ono of your citizens, must
' be loft to vour own mili-menU Ii i f.,r
vou to say whether it shall be passed over
it may be for you to declare of what value
hereafter those high-sounding clauses in
the bill of rights in our Constitution will
b0 (0 any 0- t16 citizens of the Stato of
1'id your present Senator in Congress, Mr.
J en Lyck, when he introduced it !into our
Constitutional Convention, and his fellow
members when they voted upon it, con
sider its rbnisf- nn mil v ti "ni!i nf lii lor
l . . . c
j ing onoralit ies ?" Anil yet, what else do
tiey become, if any Cabinet Officer may,
under (ho authority of one of these gener "ve proclivities, lie win surely prove a-s
al warrants, invade your State with an cfhe.ienton tho Supreme Court bench a.-.
armed force, kidnap any of vour citizens in l'vc:'-V other position he has previously
and immure them beyond the limits of 'u'hieved by tho weight of his fine mind,
the State at his sovereign will and pleas- '"tf1' character and cftcctivo indu'tiy.
lire, in any ono of tho fortresses of tho v , 'iT -"ri"
Government. Surely if such outrages are I , T"" ') )',,.J ''le , 19
to bo passed over in silence, and wfth iru- 1 f 7, l",'lIu, " ,,,r, tl':l1" Klt V. . a
,' , T , . , .. . . , , daughter reading to her aged fa'Oer. lho
punity, then I do not hesitate to dec are , , , . , ,. . . , ,
., . . . r i old man, while listening to hi r silvcrv
that your State government is a farce, and ,- , , , , ,, ,
., , i'ti p - i. .1 , notes, goes back to other tunes when auo
tho clauses in your bill of rights ho most ,,.' v i i- i i- i i
, . -, , i , n ther sat by h s s do and whisi" red word ;
contemptible and wickeu sh mis. i n i , , ,
i c,..i, o....,it i... i t'1'0 "!'! never hear again; nor d .e, he wish
have been made to feel the insolence of
'I. . . . ' '
-.I.: i .. ti. .1 v..i ....:. t1
inal in any of vour prisons co?.ld not have 1
been treated as I have been, without an j
outcry of indignation from every honest
citizen in the Slate. 1 have been arrested
without tho form of legal warrant-con -
denned without the shadow of a trial, and 1
punished by a degiaded imprisonment of!
wccks, without uv tins tiour even knowing
-.r. . i . ,
tho nature ar.d cauoc of tho accusation
against me. I know and appreciate my
rights as a citizen of the L'nited Slates,
and of the State of New Jersey ; and no
man shall invade or trample upon those
rights with impunity. 1 envy not the
heart, for it is corrupt, nor the brain, for
it is diseased, that can attempt to approve,
or by reasoning, justify, such an atrocious
act of tyranny as this. If such an act can
be done in a republic, without redress,
and with the approval of its citizens, then
I know no diflerc-nco between it and the
vilest despotism upon earth, save only,
that the latter is the most honest govern
ment of the two.
All of which is sospeotfully submitted.
JAMES W. WALL.
Trextov, Jan. 14, 1S02.
BA cynical friend of ours yesterday
remarked that it seemed lo lie a poor time
to set the blacks free, in hopes that they
would succeed in freedom, when so many
millions of white American citizens, with
all their superior advantages, bad signally
fuilod of self government. Cincinnati En'
BRIGADIER GENERAL BURN SIDE.
AiuimosK liveretl llurnsido, who com
mands tho formidable expedition which
has ciailed foi some plaeo on tho i-noii.y i
cf,ast. 'V' ,""'n nl L'heriy, L u.on comity,
1 Indiana, 'loA May, sl. At tho ago ol L.
ho was entered at West Toint, and wan
graduated tifteeuth in a class ol foi ty. seven
j members, in 117. He was brevclled ujc
'ond lieutenent in the -ml Artilleiy, an I
was transferred tho next year to t.iu ofd
Artillery, .loining his regiment in "loi-
co, he marched in l'attrson's column to
j '.ho city of Mexico, where lm remaned
till peace was declared, lteturning to tho
North, ho was stationed at Fort Adams, in
Newport harbor. In 1STJ ho was attach-
otl us 11 ''is'. Iieuter.iint to captain i,noi
rebel general) Bragg s battery, and was
engaged b r 1 11 0 ; or loui years in noni.u
commanded a company ot twer.ty-n.ue
m, who killed eighteen Indians took
nine prisoners, and captured forty horse-,
For this action ho was recommended to
tll0 Socretarv of War and i'rcsident I' ill.
more, for p.omotion. lie afterwards
served as quartermaster to the commission
wli(.h sum.yod the boundary line between
the United States and Moxico. In 1851
he crossed the plains from the Ohio rivor,
through tho Indian Territory, travelling
twelve bundled miles in sixteen days.with.
Lieut. Mumside waB next stationed at
Firt Adams, and while thero ho resigned
his commission lor the purpose of devott
ing his attention to the manufacture of a
bieech-loading rille ol his own invention,
and took up his residence at Bristol, K. 1.
His enterprise proving unfortunate, ho
went to Chicago and entered tho office of
the Illinois Central Railroad, as cashier of
the land department, whilo Georgo B.,
(now general J McCicllan was general su-
I'ci iiitcndont, and afterwards vice prcsK
dent ol the company. After holding tho
position of cashier for two years, Buriisido
was elected treasurer of tho company, and
removed to New York. Whilst acting in
this capacity soon al't'T the outbreak ot
the rebellion, ho received a ttdegruphic
despatch from Gov. Spraguo, notifying
him that the Fust Rhode Island liegiment
of one thousand men was raised, aud ask-
ing him to tako command. In half an
hour he left his ollieo and was on his way
to Providence. The regiment was one of
the first and one of the best which went to
Washington, arid was among the most
prominent which took part in the en
gagement at Stono Bridge, Col. Burnsida
n.iin.fna I'.i-'n'niliei-i General ilurini? that
battle. His conduct on that occasion
commended him to the attention of the.
authorities at Washington, an I on the Gth
JTirJi net Swaixe. Hon. Noah II. A.
Swaine, of Ohio, who has recently been
appointed by President Lincoln an Asso
ciate Judge of the Uni'ed States Supremo
iirt. isa native of Culpepper county,
Virginia, a'jd emigrate 1 to Ohio immedi
ately after finishing his law couiso under
the instruction of the late distinguished
Robert I. Taylor, in Alexandr a. Jlis ago
now is perhaps fifty years. He has grown
as a public man with the growth of Ohio,
having played, peihaps, the most impor
tant part in building up for (hat Stato ilr.
material eminence. Asa jurist ho is no
toriously without a superior in the v est.
and as the conductor of tho StatD's larg
est financial operations his fame is equal
io ins repuiaiion as a lawyer, in pontic?.
".e ls a Republican, with strong conserva-
to? filr in lnft oi-oniiifT li.flit 1 1 ennu l.ii
imago reflected in lur child, mi l, as ono
h? tlo cmo ion steals o c, urn, ho
V',S h s f'"'e- l"? 'S't.. thinking
h! 11 ns,epl "ot-selessly in search o.
"Ul,e . 0mP "ent' "'P'" , 'nnoconc
fS over tho cares and httlo want,
f old "-'I.' ' 0 j?"Uu " U lor tt,,,'11i- J
i "e ' ' '? inH betvyeen earth an I
neaveii. aim iukcs nom ino iaeo oi iii-i
necnssarilv hard and selfish world many
of its harshest features.
Tebrmii.e Warnivi;. We seo it stated
in nil English paper that Miss Burt, o'
Glasgow, recently broke her neck in resU-
I ting the attempt of a young man to kit-;
her. 1 Ins is a loarlul warning to youn
ladies, especially prett; ones. Why w;ll
gills pril tlmir delicate neo'cs in ab
surd endeavors to avoid tho application r,r
that delicious and soot iiing "t ivo-lip" sal ve,
which is an universal corrective of chap
ped lips, and will ultimately cure th
wort form of palpitation of the heart !
No ladies of taste or sense wid condin i
themselves in a manner so reprohensibb-,
and ('rang1 I with so much danger. Be.
sides, they well know, that kissing, liko
charity, blesses both alike. "It blesses h;
that gives, and she that t ikes."
fiajr,AN American poet talks of the mu
sic of a low wind. Tho wind is orteti low,
and very few of tho poet can raise it.
BtayTiiE tini' ! mm '.renibles befo
danger the cowa;.l d.irinj
man when it is over.
it -tho bra