Newspaper Page Text
i f If "V.
BY 0. B. GOODLANEEIt & CO.
VOL. XXXI. WHOLE, NO 1GG2.
miNCIPLES, not MEN.
CLKAHUKLI), 1'A. WKDNKbUAV, .UJy
17, i no
ADDRESS OF L. J. CRANS, Esq.
iKflvcred at Ymtr.V.V, Juty th ISC, I.
We commemorate a
day which we have boon aceustonn-d to
celebrate with ringing ol bells, firing of
cannons, bonfires und o.her demonstra
tion yf rcju icing. A ilay memorublo in
tho annuls of history for on it was barn a
tuition founded on tho sound political ux
iom men nro endowed by their Creator
with certain inalicnablo rights ; umong
these nro life liberty and tint pursuit of
Happiness; that to seetiro those ngiiis,
governments nro instituted anion,!? men
deriving their just nowem from tho con
' eenf of iio governed.
Kiiin would I dissipate every shadow of
sadness banish aught which could mar
tho festivities of the day, and ir tho mer
riest mood, bid
"On willi the dance; let joy bo unconlined;"
but I linvo observed the dark and threat
cning cloud which overhangs tho land
covering it with a gloom which may be
felt, and have noted the devotion to your
country which has crushed out or sup
planted every- other feeling save a deep
solicitude for the welfare of our brethren
and friends, who nt tho first call have
rushed forward to May the mad attempts
of those who would subvert the govern
ment, destroy tho constitution ami the
la iv a and render those traditions which
have so often filled our hearts with picas
urahlo emotions a reproadi. lo day is
noduvfoi hilarity, for mirth, for frivo
lous amusements. Tho circumstances sur-
rounding us forbid it
v" Hut a few months since the Bong of the
enpT was heard and our granaries were
JHed to overflowing. Our marts were
crowded on every side tho clatter of
wheels, the whirr of mael inery, the whis
tie of the engine, tho sound of the anvil
rind the ring of the nxe, mad" the air inu
deal with evidences of well directed in
dustry. Money was .-ihiindunt, peace was
tn nil our borders unit mens r.eni ls were
buoyant ut the bright prospects for the
future. Suddenly fear seized on us like
a sliong man. business was purulized, the
implements of peace were cu-t aside and
the stalwart arm of labor was extended to
"And there wns mounting in hot hunt; tho Btee I
The murti-riiig fqumlron, and the cluttering cur
Wont pouring forn nrd with impetuous r)vil
And c il'ily fu rin i ni; in the rmiki of war ;
And the deep thunder, peul on peal nfur
And iieiir. tho bent of tho alarming drum
llonncd up the soldier."
Why was it? Had Albion forgotten the
lessons of vore nnd sought to regain the
colonies wrested from her in '70, by the
rowe. of our fathers? No: but the
ced which she had sown in our midst had
grown, producing fruit crimination", re
criminations, distrust, hatred and their
consequence, civil war. An issue f ir trun
oending in impoitancenny of the ephem
eral issues ol the day, because tt involved
the. integrity of tho Union, had been
farced upon th American people. Oar
government had shown itself strong for
defence in its struggles with Ureal ISritian;
fche had proven herself competent lo un
dertake ft foreign or aggressive war upon
the blood-stained fields of Mexico, und
trusting that our pcoplo would heed the
parting advice of Washington, to regard
the union of"thoso stales as the pnll tdium
of their safety, we had hoped that she
would never bo called upon to show hol
eproof against internal dissensions
Tho doctrine, new and startling, that a
Plate has a rght of its otvn motion, to se
cede from this Union, has been broachod
move the action of certain .Stales has
given the doctrine a tangible form. If it
La right, or it it can be maintained by
force of arms, then our Union is dissolved,
irrevocably our prestige gone and our
traditions and our glories, sources of ro
grel rather Hum of honest heart felt pride.
Leaving tho beaten path, to glauco at
this nil absorbing topic, will, I trust, meet
with your approbation. It a Mate has the
right to secede, then the government can
not properly prevent any State exercising
that right, hut if no such right exists, then
secession is but another name for revolu
tion, devolution may be peaceable or vi
olent, bloodless or sanguinary. Those who
resort to revolution, do so with the un
derstanding that should the government
not tacitly acquiesce in their proposed
change of government, they must sustain
the position they havo assumed by forco
of arms, and in the event of failuro, sudor
the penalties of treason. The rhjht nf ,evo
hiiion exists in every community. Its ex
ercise may bo justified whenever n gov
Brnment becomes Bubycrsive of tho end
"or which it w.n established tho preser
alion of tho rights of man-but lightand
transient causes are no justification. To
leny this position is to assort that our
brefathers were wrong in declaring these
mited colonies arc, and of right ought to
e freo ami independent States; to charge
hem with needless and criminal effusion
f Hood, and to admit that we are not en
itled to the libartics which wo now enjoy.
Prior to tho revolutionary war, the col
nies, though distinct political divisions
Uiiii!nf Ki.tlJa llinmi..!. .Kir . '
'""""d mjnm wiivuu Miiierent cnarters
j tatives of the scvcnil colonics, wishing to
! ,,.iit A it... .. III. - 4 I. I :i .
muni inu ni'iiiiii, Biiciigwi niui cniiiicus ui
the whole, so that they might bid defiance
to external violence nnd Internal dissen
sions, and secure public credit, both at
homo and abroad, ngreod t.i certain arti
cles of Confederation and perpetual Union.
In tho circular letter which they trans
mitted to their constituents, nlong with
(lie articles, urging their adoption, they
said ' Let them bo carefully reviewed
umier mo sense oi ino Uiiliculty ot com
bining in ono general system, tho various
sentiments and interests of a continent
divided into so many sovereign and inde.
pendent communities ; under a convic
tion of the absoluto necessity of uniting
nil our councils, nnd all our strength to
maintain and defend our common liber-tie-;
let them be examined with the lib
erality becoming brethren and fellow cit
izens surrounded by tho same imminet
dangers, contending for tho same illustri
ous prize, nnd deeply interested in being
forever bound and connected together ti
tles the most intimate and indissoluble."
The articles of Confederation being a firm
leagii9 of friendship with each other for
their comir.cn defence, the security of
their liberties and their inutuul und gen
eral welfare, binding themselves t assist
each other against all force offered to, or
attack made upon thorn or any of them
on account of religion, sovereignty, trade,
or any pretence whatever, were adopted
by the respective States Kach stale ex
pressly reserved its sovereignty, freedom
and independence, nnd every rfhwer, ju
risdiction and right which was not by tho
Confederation expressly delegated to the
United States in Congress assembled.
The rovernment, if so" it can bo called.
was merely a Cong:esss of '.ho State. The
of Confederation were intended lo create
a perpetual Union- the Constitution lo
form it more perfect Union. In tho first
compact, each Stato expressly rcsorved iis
sovereignly, frcodoni und independence.
In the second, tho sovereignty of tho differ
ent Slates was merged in that of the gen
eral Government. So right "'us reserved
btu by implication until by an amendment
to the Constitution it wns afterwards de.
clured that fie powers not delegated to
the United States ry the Constitution, nor
proiuuiiou uy it, 10 I no Mates, are reserved
to tho States respectiely or to tho pcoplo.
If such a contrast should loavea doubt on
ino mum ot any one that the general,
guvurnmeni operates turecuy on persons
and things in tho respective Slates, and
in eucu .-Mates, mo uonstitution and laws
in pursuance thereof constitute tho Su
premo law of tho lund.wliic.h cannot I
tered or annulled at the will of Hie Slates
individually, 1 would refer him to the his
tory oftho times immediately ,rrc.e,lii,ilir
adoption of the Constitutio'n, and to tho
speeches and writings of Washington,
Hamilton. Madison, Monroe, Jefferson
and other eminent men who assisted in
the framing or securing tho adoption ol
that instrument, and who expounded it
or commented thereon. At the time nul
lification, eldest born but least mischiev
ous of tho heresies of South Carolina, was
disturbing the peace, dames Madison
wrote "I kno not whence the idea
could proceed tlut I concurred in tho
(tocirine mat fiuiiough a Stale could not
nullify a law of the Union, it had a right
to ecedo from the Union, Both spring
from tho same poisonous root." Time
would not permit, nor have I tho inclina
tion to quote, and more of the scores of
passages equally as fointed 114 tl
powers of the Conirrcss were limited, but uboimd in (he writiii-'u of tlu Tn
the compact which conferred thoe pow- the republic. . rntifome proof of the ex-
TERMS-tl 25 per Annum, If nnid in ndvnnro
N I : W 8 KHI KS VOL, l.N() 5 1 .
eis, coiitaineu ine provision that the ar i
tides or Confederation shall inviolably bo
obse-ved by every State, und the Union I
shall be perpetual ; nor sli ,11 any altera
lion at any time hereafter be made in any ,
of them, unless such alteration bo agieeil '
to in the Congress of the United States,'
and be afterwards confirmed by the legU-.
lature of every State.
The insufficiency of the powers confer-,
re J on Congress; tho necessity for provi- j
ding for tho public debt created bv Ihe
war, and the embanasments and difficult
lie growing out of tho regulation of trade,
istence of a right is produced, wa may pre
ii,iuiii- mm mere is 110 SUCH right.
The doctrine that a State has a right to
secede is derived from the belief that the
Stutes respectivly havo not relinquished
their fovereignty, but have only entered
i nto an offensive and defensive alliance.
1 11 other words, that the general govern
ment, is no government and it like a gar
mont used for protection, may be put on
or oir at option. Admit this for sake of ar
gument, and seeivhero it leads us. Admit
tho respecliveStates to bo sovereign, and
then (for suchis the meaning of ihe term,)
each is possessed of uncontrollable power
lesulted 111 u meelimr nf (
at the instance of the General Assembly knows no sup. rior cannot bo called to
of Virginia, to consider the best meaincif amount, and without let or hindrance can
remedying tho defects of tho Federal ftlter ,ls present form of government and
Government. Congress promptly .took , establish in lieu such as it please, be it a
action, and under its authority a conven- 1 monarchy, military dictatorship, or I care
uon 01 delegates, lor the sole anil express ''-
purpose of revising the articles of Confcd-1 You may object that the Slate Cnn!;.,
oral ion, nut on the "2nd Monday of Mav tions would forbid such a chnn 10 ,i t
Ii. 'ihe manner in which that con- answer, these Constitutions provido for
vention, composed of the most eminent amendments, but should thev m,t
and patriotic men of the day, performed lutions destroy Constitutions." WjJft( ()lfn
its work is shown by the Constitution of becomes of that fart of our bond 0f union
the United States, which they, aftercare- hereby the United States ni!ir.,i
ful and mature deliberation, f amed nnd every State in the Union a republican
presented to Uonaress. Tho views oftho form of irovcrnment ? Thonri.
1 1 1 1' .1.-1: T , . o...... e --.. vii-
ueicg.ues may ue gieuueu iioiu 1110 uisuus- jzen 01 bucu a ouue, tnvu one should de
upon 1 .rf. Sumter a cry went throughout
tho land hko tho v oico of Joshua lo tribes
at . hochem-.-Cli, 0.0 upon this day whom
ye will servo." We have answered in
ones which cannot bo misunderstood,
that our best emotions duster round our
comm., ner Hag. her traditions and her
glory ; that our government is founded
on the i.llect ions of tho people, nnd must
and shall bo preserved. Wo hive sent
forth nn army prompted neither by a
. i unS .m levenge, rivalry or ambition,
but astern some of duty; who would
rather einbraco, than surround and con
uuor j protect, than destroy : for-'ivo. than
punish ; but wdio have sworn upon the
ultnrjsf their country, if need bo, without
stint, ro tho Inst drop their blood shall be
poured out in defence of tho Union, its
Ccnftitution nnd its laws.
The persecution encountered for opin
ion sake ; the sundering of domestic ties
and the hardships endured in lcclaiming
the wilds of America, the wrongs suffered,'
"iiu me mood nnd treasure poured out
during the Revolutionary struggle, sum
med up may approximate to the cost of
this Union ; but who cun estimate its vnl-
uo. lo tho material progress wo havo
made during tho last S-" years ; freedom of
speech; freedom of the press; reli"ious
tolorrtion; the happiness mi l nrosnei itu
wo have enjoyed, add the hope ami ardor
vo hr.vo insnircd in the breiiBls nl" tho
downtrodden ot other nations, tho ame
liorations wrested from or granted by oth
er governments prompted by our example
nnd in future .tges, when all governments
shall recognize that man isenpablj of, and
cll'ogovernnienl is his rght, when gov
ernments shall derive their just powers
fr om the consent of the governed, add the
innumerable blessings which shall have
flown from republican government, and
you will know its value. It is worth pre
serving; fighting for; dying for. Whilst
there is yet hope for the lb-public, let the
memories of tho past increase our love
for thegovcrniiieiit framed by our fathers;
let us tiiis clay renew our oath of feality,
and siv(.r (;,"! williir.g, that the 1 loouS
bought legacy shall bo transmitted from
sire to sou, and with one heart and ono
mind, let our prcyei nscend to Him, who
ruletii the destiny of nations, that the vi
olence of passion may be stayed, peace and
fraternal love be restored, and our coun
try remain an nssylum for tho oppressed,
iu government a beacon light to the
Celebration of Centre and Pleasant
Grove Sunday Schools.
The Schools met on tho old Camp
Ground on the farm of Capt. A. Addle
inan nt It) o'clock A. M., w hen A. Ca'd
well, Ksq., was chosen President, nnd J.
Hoover, A beam It iiley, Orris lloyt, Wm.
Curr, Jacob S. Cole, John C. Wright, Jno.
Welch, Wm. McCullough, Sr. and Jos.
liailey, were elected Vice lVesiden's ; und
W. J. Hemphill, Wm. Leek anil Geoieo
Boal wjro elected Secretaries. When the
l'l. T,r .,.;,., Their pieseneo has
lenl new charms to tho enjoyment of this
occasion. May we all live to Meet again,
"With woman's cheerful fall before us,
And freedom's banner streaming o'er us."'
(Jem-mi 7Viy.. The arch traitor who
betrayed tho confidence reposed in him
by tho Chief Kxectivo of (ho best nnd
most nneral Uovernment tho sun ever
shown upon, by basely betraving into the
hands of tho rebels tho loyal' soldiers un
der his command and by robbing the gov
ernment of money, nrtns, munitions of
war. May he Kpcedily meet tho doom
which uwuits him.
Wm. ,T. Hemphill. I r.' Andrew Ma
son, of Tennessee. -The able and fearless
champion of tho uinstitution and tho
union, wi:o lias never evinced either
weakness of the kneos, nor rotteness nf
tho heart, either when assailed bv S,,ni!i
eru rebels with arms in their hands, or in
1 110 .senate chamber by .Northern dough
faces, his services will bo reworded by an
elevation to the highest olliee in the "gift
oftho American pecplc.
G. 15. Hoover. Our Xtllomd and Mate
Co)i.i!tut.oii.i.Tlicy have both been atllictcd
for along time by a weakness, somewhat
allied to the spino complaint, may they
Edward Goodfollow. The Sunday school
has beer, tho moans of reclaiming "many a
youth from tho forwardness of his ways,
and pointing him tho way to God. May
much more interest bo manifested m tho
good cause and may it prove the salva
tion of the souls of thousands of our
Jiime K. Hancock. The Clearfield !.';
pMiean. The hired organ of the' lute Ad
ministration, deserves the contempt of
every patriotic and loyal citizen, for the
treasonable sentences which it weekly
publishes, calculated to give aid and com
fort to tho rebels in arms against the
Wm. P. lied;. 0r Uthrn ,SVry.
Who so promptly responded to the call of
the Chief Executive to repel by forco of
arms, the in.ult offered our Hag will ever
be held 111 grntely embrance by a loyal
15. F. Carr. May tho day come when all
men will live on the production of their
Jno. S. Hoy t. Let us learn to respect
all good men whether living or dead
though it pain many to speak tho truth
Tho Pleasant Grove Sunday School. mav i
it long remain nn established fact and1
never cease to celebrate the fourth of J u ly . I
A. G. lloyt. The Federal Union und'
the Constitution whicl, recognize the sov-
ereign rights of the people of each State
to form their cwn government and Insti
tutions, may this timely Republican priu-
e.vercises wero openeu with sinning and tMl"e 01 our minors bo understood anil ad-
prnycr by tho President after which (he 1 JK'' eu 10 in an limn to come nnd may all
sions during their protracted session, ond sire such a chance, that one. alorm nnnt',1 Martial Hand played several national air, i traitors, usurpers, interlopers and nicd
-, i- . ,.. ,1 -ii . t .,: ... (I'Ulll , , . '.It . ..1 1 ,
are embodied in tho letler addressed by nbsolvo us from this Consii(Mjm,rni.i; which wero calcula
the convention, through thci'' President, tion. You are nwnro that (!ia f'nnti;i,. I liotism of nil prcte
ueorgo vt ashiiigton, to the 1 resident o! tion nrnvidcs for rcciprocitv nf;i :.,..i.:
grcss. I nuoto its lan;ua"e. "Ihe and eua-nntenf. lo vnu ami .,.
friends of our country have long seen and citizen wherever we may cast our lot in
desired, that tho power of making war, ! this broad land, the tirivi'e,- nn.i ;.,
Tunes ot the several States.
! children repese tinder the I'.imnpr .,(' n
Harry Hemphill. Tie 7,,t,,V..-',0
coinhr of men's troubles ever smilin"
on ocensions like the present. Bewitch
ing alike with their ninilos nnd tlieir
good things, long may they livo.uiid many
an independence day mny they make hap
17 with their presence nnd good cheer.
Wm. Mincer. May Southern t.-nati-cibm
fall a victim to Northern Icmocracy.
For llio I'lcarflcld Kopublienn.
, . , , The great Simon nppenis
to bo rather a leaky vessel. Although bo
is in Abraham's Lusem, ho however, lets
the cat out of tho bag, and gives the peo
ple an inkling of tho projects of tho Ad
ministration, 111 this cru.-ado o.uiinst tho
"Observe" Simon says, "that when a
Scotchman, or an Irishman, or a Ucrmai:
comes to the United Stales, ho merges
his cwn nationality into the country that
adopts him as a son. And so, when this
revolt is suppressed, and this war is cnde l,
our beneficent, government will 110 longtv
bo perplexed by doubtful questions; there
will be no more talk of Virginians, Mary,
landers, l'cnnsylvaiiians, or Mississippi-
nns. JSo, gentlemen, thank God! wo shall
then be ull Americans."
Here, Messrs Editors, is a beautiful
specimen of logic and patriotism a clear
as mud, too lor Simon generally makes
things clear. State lines, and State gov
ernments to be abolished, nnd tho wiiolo
to bo merged into one central govern
ment, of which, "I, Abraham J.incm,"
um to l o Emperor, and Simon, chief hot
tic holder! The abovo quotation from
tho speech ol Simon Cameron, to tho
Scotch regiment, either means tho utter
annihilation of the great and glorious
I structure, erected by our forefathers, or it
means nothing nnd ll wo give his words
their plain english signification which of
tho two-Simon, or Jell. Davis is tho
greater Iraiior? The ono 1111 open foe;
the other supping the very vitals ol tho
nation, oy lavish expenditure, that his
fi ietu's mi y be enriched, nnd by tho de
struction of that basis of the government,
in destroying Slate governments. So
wonder, gentlemen, "Old Abe," in his
pilgrimage to Washington, gave utteranco
to the original idea, that States wero noth
ing more than counties, and to bo obliter
ated by the mero wag of his "feeble arm."
Jt was merely thrown out as a feeler, to
see how people would lake it, before ho
attempted his stroke of Stale, for the de
struction of the most glorious ltcpuhlic
ever established under the canopy of
Heaven ; or inako the nigger tho equal of
tho white man, and yet, forsooth, any
man possessing moral courago enough to
oppose these schemes of demagogues, is
to be branded as a "traitor."
Hut let the above pass for the present.
my friends in lieccaria tn., deserve a little
"A chiefs mining thorn laekiii notes
And faith he'l nrcnt 'cm."
On tho natal day of tho nation, the teach
ers 01 tho uni
peace, ami creates ; that of levying mom
ej una reguuung commeice, and the cor- Slate sovereignty you practically bmoro
v.mw .iiiMjH'.K MM iitumri- mug Tignii ana ncknovleu"o
itie. shouMbc fullv ond eHectiialh vest ' rtmnor c
Ol 1 111 I ilH f'lWIOMll rrfKti i..n.,t rvF I l.rt ....
- t'Ji ' 1 p.' u J I lie . 'l'l.-
Union: but iho imt..nnr!i nf 1 oj session isnotcounle
I'll V .Schrtnlt itnvn tr f mm
ted to urouse th: nut-1 dIe,ii ',e smoked out nnd choked up. charts quite a "Pic Nic" at itlaik' run
cut. I 1. Goodfollow. The Jtu wr. v lehmif .TI.! l'ho d ay beiii!' extrcinolv fi ne. nnifA a
At I o clock, upwards ol three hundred day American Independence was dot 1 ire 1. i crolVl-1 M'113 gathered, pertukitig lrcely of
sat doivn tons sumptuous a dinner as May it ever be held in grateful reinem-', l'10 refreshments furnished by their pa
could well be gotten up, which the ladies Irnnce by tho American people, and may ,untl ana '"liends. It was indeed a happy
of Centre nn1 Pleasant Grove aro fully cenerations vet unborn levoro it. u itb scene, to see them thus eniov themselves.
such extensive trusts to ono badv of men.
is evident, h nee residts (he necessity of a
iiirereLt organization. It is obviously
impricticable in tho federal covernmeut
ot tlicse States to secure ull rights of inde-
The right of
ninced by the Const:tution either by ex
press language or by implication, but is
negatived by the terms nf that Constitu
tion. Secession m revolution. Thn
States who have passed acts deolurinir n.nir
10 secure an riirius 01 nine- . " .
nr ndeiu snvr,.i.,n.tf t.. ,.,.! .....i ... ""V1'"3 18 Pmi government ah-
vide for.hoin.Jrest and safety of all. In- T I-d Hinn.selves in a In
dividuals cntering'into society must give " ' U ft' " " ,,v l n ho
up a share of liber ty to P:ese:ve the st. T 2??.?'
l'ho magnitude of the sacrifice must do- '" . V- " .V '.. ' "ol
pond, us well on situation find circ.im- 1 1. , IT !mrll6lllP' tllfl
stance, as on the objects to be obtained.- Z, lrX o t"'
His at all times ddlicult to draw will, '''""r" 1 1,10 lclclnI, 0r fc:ate Uom-
precis.on the lino between those rights ! I ",' 1 . . 11 , , "V. n.r0
which must bo surrendered. ....I t h.n : pressed a. e open to all. nno I the high-
most uncquivooally rooonusod (heir broad
v ....v. Ill IIJU- I . . . .
j. . .ntt, ,11.,..,, '11... 1. ..1. ...;.. .... . ' . n ...1.' i , . . ..
iiyou admit, . 'i'"sraii,i puinouo uemonstrauons tiiat we
cue upriurnuou 01 1 tuieiienuenco was nave been taught to do.
I reail by Wm. J. Hemphill, after which J. I U', n rr i.:n ... 1 ,
MeKnally, Es,,, delivered a very able 'j',0 paii'iot an 1 s ' e rcZZ
, Vi"v . . ' s"' ; ; . r -: t i u,,lnuy through
r" . J - ,. . ' , .. 0,11 ol,r ,iia,'t fcircdv
uui'Mi, i ,. a 1 1 1 11 111. vui 1 , cut eriunieii 1110
vere intpcral narts of tho P.ri.i.i, V " ;:' I LVZ'rX". rt Ule or "l,m
,i , .11 :,( .,,) - v. im uneu oinics wiiiioui, . arriving at
on, and to nil intents nnd purposes, one the conclusion that the ndopfion of the
i0r".mun.,t?'' ,h0,r Mnl'S'ty. their sim.. Constitution was for the cX nurtl
amy 01 language, cusioim nna laws; of consolidating the Union that is. o itof
m " : -m ."J-:.; "rr.r" i-Y"', "e0- milopon.leiit and sovereign
; ;:.:y..:ri.T."i:V:rc.. "'.7 "?:tn"' 10 create one free, independ
'u:tru " Jower. The Articles of
II1U .ninu., J"su'u-,ixntederat on . inn i
firm friendship-the Constitution, the ba
god inability lo red rcss them singly, sis af a new novernmpni
wy strengthened tho interest which each certain limited power. m..frr.,l'
ed by tf
ndonco by the mother country. The co-ordinate branches of the new irovern.
ntes could have formed a leilgue ollen- ment. Tho one professed to be an nree.
' V Ann de(oncila tlintr nnli-l hava 'mlir.l ntont IiiiIu-aai, Ik. ,!' , . .
' ii,:-- . ' J . .. "r" e 1 UD uwegaiesoi the resp0c-
uieir respective sovereignties in a new , live otates the other to emanate from
:rroDjent, or eac h could havo refused and be ordained and established by the
eater into any alliance. Tho represeu- 'people of the Unitsd States. The Articles
...1.:.. 1. 1 - 1
iin;u limy uu resorven ; ami on tho pres
ent oeeasinn tin. ,l,IV,.,,,li., ...... i
.... . M111U.U111 iia 1 .1 i.i en sit ia il
by a difference unmnn ti, .o..,.i s;i.a ! 0Ht clnlm n "ght, but n.mnme tho position
. . o -" v.-. , 1 1..:.. . ,.,
iimi. in 1 novernrneni. nice ours, whore the
right 01 expatriation is recognized ; where
1119 people can, at hxed and short rerioda
chnngo those who hive tho direction of
atiuirs ; where they rule, nnd their will
controlled only by the Constitution, is the
law; where the Constitution provides a
way oy wnnn it can bo nltered or amend
ed, and wuere ihe dillerent branches of
government net as checks en each other,
and keep each within tho limits prescrib
ed by the fundamental law, there can be
no good, substantial, solid reason eivnn
for revolution until the powers that be,
usiii 11 iiuiinuuy. disregard ine nws. nvtr
ride the barriors of the Constitution, nnd
Urt . (1 iVn Tinxn.. .... .... , .1 j . . ....
,.;.n,,7, ,,,,, 11111,-ni, MCHM iic'ivn ni ti,n
ends for which it was instituted, which are
declared to be to establish justice, ensure
domestic trnnquility, provido for the com
mon defence, promote tho general wel
fare, nnd secure the blessings of liberty to
ourselves and our posterity.
The government has a right, aye! it is
its duty to protect itself nnd lo use nil its
legitimate powers in preventing its anni
hilation. It is tho duty of every citizen
not merely by passive obedience to the
laws, but by active co-operation, if neces
sary, to aid the Government in so lnndn.
ble an undertaking. Tho man who ae.
tively engages in oubverting the Constitu
tional authorities may plead as an excuse
for his conduct the belief that sufficient
cause existed, but ho is no morn uulkv
than he who throws obstacles in tho wbv
of the Government and attempts lo
thwart its legitimate dosigns. In our
present distracted rnd unhappy state
of anairs, there can be no neutral ground.
When the batleries of Charleston opened
a to tlieir situation, extent, habits and
puriicuuir interests, in nil our delibera
tions 011 this subject, we kept steadily in
our view, that which appears to us the
greatest interest of every true American,
the omsrjltdatwn of our Corn, in which is in
volved our prosperity, felicity, safety, and
perhaps our nationol existence. This im
portant consideration soriniisli' nmt ilrton.
jly impressed on our minds, led each state
in the convention to be less rigid on
points of inferior magnitude, than might
have been otherwise expected; und thus
fhe constitution, which wo now present,
is the result of a spirit of nmity and of
that mutual deferencj und concession
which thepeculirrity of our political situ
ation rendered indispensable."
No one oan contrast tho articles of Con
federation with the original Constitution
By tho former,
. felt in the others, and brought j Congress-unde, the latter, the legislative,
their political nn.on, which was fol-'judicial, and executive nowera. auril..,
10 recognition of their indo-iof sovereignty, were lodeod in lh tl,r
audience with short and patriotic speech
After which the following liegular nnd
Voltintier toasts were read. After which
the Company dispersed, ull well pleased
with the part each hud taken, and with
loo proceedings ol tho day generally
I. Ihe dii', ec relet, nite. 1 lie associa
tions of this day rekindle the fires of lib
erty to the end ol 'time.
2. The I'nioH. Cherished by evciy true
patriot. Paralyzed be every traitor's arm
that is raised ngains it.
3 The Mii)iSn'!il( d Jldiuter. Oui glorious
Mag may it speedily wave o'er Ibe soil trod
by traitors and over their grave.
4. Oxir Arm; and JCny. Glorious in
their past history. May they still success
fully protect our flag against foes without,
and rebels within.
5. The President nf the United State,!. Let
him say like Andrew Jackson : "Tho U-
nion must nnd shall bo preserved."
fi. Unit, (i'ivi. 117 field iSenll. Tho erent'
est military muiier in 1110 world, and as
patriotic as ho is great. His namo and
ids deeds will fill the proudest page of our
Jnis;ileanla. Steady and loyal.
Tho Keystone of the arch. She will stand
immovable as a rock in defence of the
Country, nnd tho Union of tho Stales
Geornc II nstinrtnr. The father of Ids
Country, and friend of the Union. May
tho flag ol that I 11 1011 ever wave 0 cr the
soil where his ashes reposo.
). eyeceMinn. a word that should cvar
bo despised by all ti uonid loyul citizens
10. American Mother'. feachers whose
Icsson3 are never forgotten. Ma- thev
ever teach thoir children to loveUod and
II. tSniuuty beliools. fho nurseries of
virtue in tho rising generation, tho safe
guardians of liberty and independence.
iiay an luiure generations enjoy their
12. Youmj America. "Let thy noble
motto bo Uon! Thy Countiiv's Lii;ertv!
rianted on Religion's rock,
'J'hou shalt stand in every shock."
.uraro iu miir men- spins, ttiey wero
I Withe as a martiagc bell. No north.south
cast, nor west, entered their joyful heart.
1 Thus the day was joyfully passing away,
, until a superannuated pieacher, of whom
peoplo say, all the really good things ho
liala e ei ),v lli' . .w..n uiuraun
death of any of our public men. Tho lo.-s ? . ; . '""'"'F0 only being original with
of his eminent tervieeUo his country at , ,, UoUV(!1'cl 11 l'lnlmpie to them,
this tryir.g time wiil be severely felt by )Jc """w, for the adults present,
the American people. Peace to Ids ashes. n,f,k,l,B ,1'!rl,r tlK,n h- I'Ciii sla
r u 1 . 1 .,m . ., , iulv. Southern secession both being
M S I.ahead. i he 11 .epreSsiblo con- 'subjects illy adapted for llio mi.idj of ci
lliet between hberty and despotism; tho ther women or children, 011 an occa io ,
slrugglo will bo long and severe, but Ihe' such as this.
harder the co.ll.ct tho mole glorious the j Another inslanco was a candi.late for
" " I bedlam, twisting and squirming about liko
A. u. lloyt. 1 iio Agr of Reason, which u skinned eel trying to get peoplo to look
broke the chain of Eclesi.istical oppression nt caricatures of Jclf lavis and emntvin"
1,1111 1'lULiiuuii-ii uccuoiii ui c.Miicienco 10 a oin 111s Knoiviedgo-box to unwillui" lis
Wm. Curr. Our brothers
in tho armv :
may they soon return from tho war laden
with laurels, and ever after bo permitted
to live in peace beneath their own vino
and fig I tee.
M. J. Carr. Tho Star Spangled P.annor,
lepers, on the merits of tho fieat I.'ebck
lion. What a pity, men " bo alerly
smart," should have lost their birth, right'.
This fellow's chance for a place in the
Templo of Fa mo is about equal to that of
a stump-tailed cow it; fly time! Why
don't some of his flicnds t.ikfl earn of
1. ... t i.. . 1. ... 1 ... ,
may it wave in trium-.li ovei every city of " V ' 1 u" l!lsw"u u,llt llu
the South, an. bo neknnu-1,.,1 -c,l ..... ' 01 "ion 110 no mis ttisDau
ever the flag of our country.
ded, soino wag having knocked it into tho
tllSilillit rit" iirtx-l . .. "it t? . .1 f j . . iM 1
A ho publican. Our Um'hi Muv it bo 'nil li-r o il :i r.i.... i.
;reserved,aiHl the rebek and tra.lors ann- posdbly give you a history of iu o .cra-
., ..... Hons ;n my next. That "fast Lift. n,mf is
111110. Jhc -.. lMdtes. May their a broth ol a bov, only needs r. little polish
shadows never gro-.v less, and may their ' to make him us Lrighl as a rusty si.ooii
jialriotism be rewarded by Iho embraces of ' Yours An.
their Iowrs, when they return fioin tho liocccaria, July Dili, '01. FIDDLE
war. j - -
15. F. Carr. May overy man have sn ' 0 Although the number of minora
independent homo in this world, a::d a s 'ncroiliC(l Ii om ;i,'),(Hio, in 1S.V5, to IDS,-
happy home 111 the next. nt llio dose ot the luisl year, the
I. r.Carr. Mav the seekers o(
find it, and tho lovers of virtuo
Jeff. D ivis, and his Norlhern cohorts
aliko, traitors and rebels to their country,
jnay they receive their just deserts nt the
hands oftho law abiding nnd Union loy.
inj American citi.ens. liv James nri-U
1 ... ... 1
trut'i 'J"-"-1 OI P"" "i the -Misliulian fields was
1 si;n 11 in iimii :.. 1 ... ... . .-. i.. ......
never .'.' 1 J"i uul omy ? I'iiiniiw
Bf.-l7-. Col. Henderson is Iho agent of
tho Southern rebels in London for tho
purehuso of arms. His bankers, Messrs.
Pcabody .t Morgan, it is said, have id-
remlir i-mil rtnf l..,-... ......... . A
m. MitCullouuli. Sr. Our II anner lim 1 miiii.iniiiini.a ni'nM.....
fi 1 .. I "" .n.i.imuii,
oiiui' uuu oiripes may it noat in tho at-
lift Sirpirtrta mmi il llm.ft I a 1. - .1 I
" 'J'- 1 'v lllltr I V IIUMK III LJIU QL , t ir.i 1 .
mosi Jioro of fi-oedmv. wl.e,, .,;... I v-oi. iiiiamson, 01 the Mckies i.n
lmn, U !i.l in t. 3 " , gi'to lias sworn that "tho Tribune limit
Wm. McCullouuh. Sr. The t
that symprlhises with Iho enemy of his
country, may he have a short life a hnnny
death, and may we havo no more liko
Wm. McCullough, Sr,
lion. Jan. Ilo t of hcntiieku. VOil Min-
not and should not bo circulated
the soldiers at Camp Scott."
t'-'J There aro in the city of Brooklyn,
N. Y., between three and four thousand
places whero spirituous liquors are sold.
BL,X Twenty thousand gallons of water
aro sent from llaltimoro weekly, to Fort.
tor General, nnd Socretnrv of War under i e.s Monroe for tho uso of the "arrison.
as. ttuchannn s Administration. Mav I TtF-)ohu I'rown. Jr.. Is hkIiI i n lin AriM
ho live to realize tho aspirations of liis ' nizinz rottcn-crowine coloni fun,,.,,, n,,'.
heart, and may his children nnd prnnd colored peoplo of Canada. "