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VOL. XXXI. WHOLE NO lGtg.
CLE A II FIELD, PA. WEDNESDAY, JUNK'JG, ICCJ.
tt r m j J) f m n .
kt ot.irrn wendkm. inn r .
Air "Old Ilundre.l."
(, Lunl of Host! Almighty King !
llelioli th nucrifico we lring!
To every arm Thy utrvngtn iiiitinrt.
Thy Spirit liel through every heart !
Wake in our breant the living firn,
The holy faith that warmed our rirrr .
Thy hand hath nisde our nation free
; In die for her in erring Thee.
He Thou a pillared flamo to ihow
The midnight mare, the lilent foe ;
And when the battle thunder loud,
sjtill guidi u in its moving cloud.
Cud f nil Nations ! Sovereign Lord !
In Thy dread name we draw the word
We lift tin Marry Flag on high
That fill with light our stormy ky.
TrHa Treason' rnt, from Murder' stain,
;u4i d Tku il fold, till Peace "hull reign
Till fort and field, til' horo and aea,
Join our loud anthuui, Pause, tu Tiikk !
Gn. Ba'hr's OTicial
Lspirt of ths
V.v-iiitsoro.-, Juno 12. The following
iilien. Hutler's report of the affair at Lit
tle and I'-ig Uethel :
HtiHwriM, Dr.p.niTHKNT r Vm.iisii, I
j I'ufcTurns Musii.il , June 10, 1 St; I. j
71 Lli iid mint (jtiH i-al SoAt :
General : Having learned that the en
cmy had established an outpost of some
strength at a place called Little bethel, a
ioialfchureh uhoul eight miles from New
port Now, and the same di-itano-j from
Hampton, from whence they were accus
tomed nuiitiy to advance both on .en
. . ... , i , r
iort News and the picket guards ufllimp-
tm to annoy them, and al-.o from whence
liwv had come down in small spi i-ts oi
cavahv and taken a number of L'uion
racn, "om f f whom had the safeguard
And protection ol the troops of the United
States, and foivel them into the rebel
ranks, ami tint they were, also gathering
up the slaves of citizens who had moved
aw.iy unci left their farms in cLarge of
their negroes, carrying them to work in
entleiichinentsat Williamsport and York
taw n. 1 had dctertiiiuel to send up a force
todrive them back and destroy their camp
the leadqnarter of which was this small
church. 1 hJ lo learned that at i place
aA. Mi d:t!Jirth''r on the rjud to
York town, was an outwork of the rebels,
on the Hampton side of a place willed
Itiir li.-ihel. a larae church, near the heit'i
!'.. north branch of Hack river.
ih.it beie was a consideiablo I'Clide.vOllf
with work, ol more or le-s sue .tui ...
rofctcss of erection, and from this point
the whole country was laid under cont. t-
blltion. ... .
.Aee-.mliiiilv 1 oidene. Gen. Pierce, who
WiM votninaml ol Lamp iiamiiion, ai
llinipton, to send l"uiyea"s regiiiieiit oi
Zouaves to be ferried over llampton creek
at I o'clock this niorning. and to march
hj tho road up to Newmai ket fridge, then
crossing the bridge to go by a by-ioad,
nt thus i'Ut the regiment in the ivr o
tiwtiitniv, aud bclKwti 'hg IWlhel and
Littlo ltcthel, in part for tho purpose ot
-cutting him oil, and then to make an at
tack upon 1 iltlo Iiethel. I directed Gen.
Tierce to support him from Hampton
wjth Col. 1'owtisend's legiment. with two
mounted howitzer, and to march about
an hour Inter. At the same time 1 dircc
leel Colonel Phelps, commanding at New-a-ort
News t aend t hattal'on, com
posed of sucli companies of the regiments
under his command oh he thought best,
Under the command of Lieut. Col. Wash
burn, in time to make a demonstration
upon Littlo Iiethel in front, and to havo
lum supported by Colonel llendix's regi
ment, with two field pieces, llendix's and
TW-n-end's regiment should effect a
;....ii-.n .it a fork of the road leading from
'Hamilton to Newport News, something
utile and a half from Littlo Iiethel.
1 dirocted the march, to be so Inne-J thai
JhA tll.ini'K KlttlUiit tM3 111 .4V V v
..I I ...1 1 . ni.t it (I IV
T ... i..... i K.ut... wd m.ulix
HirPUK. fUlll Villi hci f . " t .
' , ..i . i..,.i.,.i ,.,.,.:me..t'rartof whictiyou will see was
rj..,u i.w.,liJ,t.J nnoti tho hels of the
tfn.rii.iee.1 if thev werectiablt-d to cut
ihm rJf and attack tbfl bat'.rrv on t m
roaa to J3ig ieinei, wnn j covereu vy iuo
fugitive : or, if it wai thought eswtdicnt
by General Piorc'j, railing to urprte tho
camp at Little Bethel, tlwy khould attempt
to take t'uo work uttw Hothel. To
prevent the MM4iJUity of m:takc in tho
daiknes I directed thut no attack should
be until the watchword nould be
niouted by tho attacking regiment, and,
in case that by any mistake in tho march
ttho regifnent thut were to make the
junction should unexpectedly meet and
)0 unknown to each other, alvo directed
hat the members of Colonel Townsend's
regiment should bt knoau, if in daylight,
fcy gomelliing white, worn on the arm.
Ybfi troops Mvere accordingly put in motion
iMordored, and the march was so timed,
hat Colonel Duryea had got in in posi
tion noted unon the accompany in sketch
nd Lieut. Col Waahburn, in command of
tho regiment from Newport News, tnui
'Aoti ito tho position upon the
jikoieii nt.rl Colonel IWndix' regiment
hiul Wen postod and ordered to hold the
TOi k Of tUo rOait, with two piece oi m m
lerr. ami fVilnnel Townscnd' regiment
had got into tho place just behind, and
erc about to form a junction o the day
Up to this poiut tbc plan had
been vigoroukty, aocuiatcly and succcbs
fully carried out; but here, by BOtiie
trango fatuity, and a yot unexplnuied
blunder, without any word of notice,
while Colonel Townsend's regiment was in
column en rout?, and when the head of
the column wn within one hundred yard,
Col. llendix's regiment opened fire with
both artillery and musketry upon Colonel
Townrnd' column, which in tho hurry
and confusion, wn Irregularly returned
by noma of Colonel Townnend's inn, who
feared t tint thev hnd fallen into an am
buscade. Col. Townsend's column imme
diately retreated to the eminence near by,
and were not pursued by Colonel Hendlx'a
men. ty this almost criminal blunder,
tivo met: of Colonel Townscd' regiment
wore killed, ar.d ciidit more or less woun-
IhnniiL' this cannonading and firing in
hi rear, Lieut. Col. Washburn, not know
inn hut that his communication might be
cut off immediately reversed Ins march,
us did Colonel Duryea. and m ached back
to form a junction with his reserves.
! General Pierce, who was with Colonel
i Townsend's legiment, fearing that the
j enemy had got notice rf om- approach,
j and had posted himself in force on tho
line of march. !nd not getting any com
! munic.ition from Colonel Durvea. sent
back tome for reinforcements, and I im
mediately ordered Colonel Allen's reg
iment to put in motion, and they reached"
llampton about seven o'clock." In the
meantime the true Mate of facts having
been ascertained by General Pierce, the
reL'im;nti ettected a junction, and resum
ed the line of march. At the moment, of
.the fit Inir of Colonel Rcndiv. Colonel Pur-
yea had surprised a part of the oiilluvinir.
guard oi ttieenornv, consisting nf thirty
persons, who lunl been brought into me
01 course by this firinr all hopes off.
surprise above tho camp at L. HetSiel w
lott. ami, upon marching upon It, it w.n
found to have been vacated, and the cav
alry had pressed on toward Hi Iiethel.
Colonel Durvea. however destroyed the
O.ll!) I) at little Hi-flicl nmi .,,lu',in.w.,l
General Tierce then as he informs me,'
with the nlvioe o!' his Colonels, thought
i.t toattemtit to nm-v the u-m-ba nf Tho
f.n,.mv nf 111 Rethel. and mado disposit
ion,- to that etr.'Ct. Theattack commcnc
e n I am informed for I havo not re
ceive.l any otlicial
report? abou 0 o'
At. aSout ton o'ebek. General Pierce
sent a i.ote to mo saying that there was a
sharp engagement with ths enemy, anil
thought he should be able to maintain
his position until reinforcements could
come up. Acting upon this information,
Co'onel C.ii r's regiment, which had heen
otrWed in tho norning to proceed as fai
ns Newmarket 1'ridge, was nllowrul to e
for vnrd. I received this information, for
which 1 had sent a special messenger,
about twelve o'clock. I immediately
made a disposition from Newport News to
. have Colonel Phelna f.-nni ilm fnur rei'i-
, . ,, , , . , . "
, inei.io mere, lorivaru ai(i 11 necessary.
As soon as lhe-e orders coul l be senl for
Wfll..i t rtntl.r, ,a U!,nn fr il.e nur-
of .. nmhlmcoA and
wfl fop lUc; sU.k ',, wolin,i. intend-
m n fnrivurd und ioin tho command.
While the wagons were coing forward a
messenger came, announcing that me en-
. ,1 . ; ... 1 .1.1-. . I.
L'.igemeni uau lerminaieci. ann inai. me
h .- - , , ,
troops were retirin; in irooil order to
camp. 1 leniiiined upon the ground at
Hamilton, personally seeing tho wounded
put in bouts and towed round to the hos
...l ...i.,..:- r- ,i i :.,..i.,e
V ; '.i Vs -I " "'shell of the kind here decril.e,l milling
Morns, with two boat howitzers, to cover;, ..... ..,,, ,-c ,j,tli :,.,
(he rear of the reluininir column in
il should be attackeil- Having been in
formed that the ammunition of the artil
lery hnd been expended, and seeing tho
head or the column approach Hampton
in good o:der, I waited for Gen. Pierce to
come up. I am informed bv him that th?
dead and wounded had ail leen brought
nflf, that the return had been conducted
in good order and without, haste. I learn
ed from him that the nion behaved with
great steiulin'ss, with th exception of
some few instances, ami that the ittack
was made with nronrietv. vicor and cnur.
a -to. but that tho enemy wero tound to."
. : ' . .
be supported by a battery, variously esti
mated at from fifteen to twenty pieces,
some of which were rifled cannon, which
-' - f rom
ii i i - . i j
i ' " i' .. L ..: i ...i
l 1 J "I.JIV II-V HIIIUUII V '
mi? peruana io iovty or titty, a
Unfortunate .uN.ake-to call
. Torso name of Col. Rond-x.
I will, a soon as official returns can ,e
1 cot. irive. a fuller detail of the alfair, and 1
... ,11 i .
wi-.ion.v ... ... ........ ', '"J
especially the death of Lieut .. .reble of
,1 . " .a!..: ' .1., h..i.. r...,i..
icnn vrrv r lu-iruu. t,.... i...., mui;.,,
his piece until he was struck by a cannon.
shot. I will endeavor to get accurate '
statement to forward by the next mail. j
1 niinK in mo ui.iu. ..,.....,. .
of circumstances, and the result which
I tliinK in tiie unioriuiiiuo ennui. Minion
we experienced, we have gained more
than we have lost, emr troops iiavw jeiirn-
ed lo have confidence in themselve un
der firs; the enemy havesliswn they will
not meet us in the open field, and our of
ficers have learned wherein their organi
zation and drill are inefficient.
While wailing for the official reports, I
have the honor lo submit thu far the in
formation of which I am possessed. I
have tho honor to be.,
Vaur obedient servant
W.SS. Y. 15UTLKK,
Major General Commanding.
(its FitRrt. Gen. Tierce, who com
mandod the expedition to Great bethel,ui
a citizen of Massachusetts, and tadd a
a military cemmand in that State in the
militia. Many persons fcupposa that Gen
eral Franklin Fiorco, ex President of tlo
United ft tate. is tho person aJhHed to,
but the ex President is a New Hampshire
aim, and ii not in tho army.
' Balls, ShelU
(Correspondence of tho Springfield Republican.)
The Wtitervleit Artonal, situated at
West Troy, N. Y., is, as you doubtless
know, the largest arsenal for tlio con
struction of military implements, other
thnn small arms and cannon, in the coun
try ; and a visit to its workshops at the
present time, powerfully imprse one
with the strength and rc.souice ot our
Government. Everything is at present
on a war footing, and from three to four
hundred hands diroctly, and at many
more indirectly, in lh) neighboring found
ries, ore kept busy night and day. Thro'
the thieving of Hoyd and tho recent re
quisition of Government, the arsenal has
teen nearly stripped of muskets, pistols
anci cannon, but of other munitions there
is yet an ample store. A large number
of bauds arc engaged q ilt preparation
of ammunition ; sixty thousand ball cat
ridges are made daily ; most of these ure
intended for the Minie rifles, but largo
number of the old-fashior.ed round ball
catrides are also manufactured. The
rapidity -villi which a caAridgo is made
is wonderful. A hoy sift st a coun
ter with a cylindrical stick a pile of
greased balls and one of prepared ptqMir
before him a simple roll of the paper and
stick a jerk and twist at one end a
twist ofa string, ar.d the cartridge is read
y for filling in lets time than it take to
read this description. Thev uro then ta
ken into another room, placed open end
up in shallow boxes, and a man by means
ol a simple instrument, tills them with an
e.ial tind specific amount of ponder, ul
the rate of thirty a minute. A liist at
the open end, urnl the catridgc is com
plete. The nianfactuj $ocs on so fast
that i: requires nearly a tlozeti live) and
boys to pack, box and remove the finish
ed cartridges. In iother apartment u
nuinl.r of men .mil firl.s nre ernrdoved in .
the manufacture of caiinoii cat.idgesof nil i
sizes from the mightiest columbiad down I gvo utterance to it. It the right ol Speech
to a six pounder. The material of which ,s denied to one to day, it may be denied
they hi o made is a kind of woolen goods ,0 another to mo: row. The mayor then
(moreen) imported from England (spe-J oi'dered Mr. Young to oe disobliged,
cially for the purpose. Thousands of m - mu, tr.t'Tv.
yards of this materi d were in the process ' Can We Bury The Hatchet ?
of being cut up and manufactured. Can-1 lf "wars and rumors of wars' are suti
non cartridges are not tilled here, but at1cl,-ntto indicate the approaching end ol
the plaej where they are intended to be ' Ii'mian HtJairs, uml the coming of the
used. In still another lepurtment. grape, ;l--stl".V. ':' that day of terrors, wo
canUtcr, and strapi-ed MOiMumtion are in '"'S1'1 l'posc the end indeed, ar
course! of ju-jejisration, while huge cart- . hand.
loads of bourb-shclls and spherical shot j Of all wars, this wc havo now, in our
are hourly in riving from tl neighboring ort n country, seems to be tho most u:i
foundries. 'lhe grape shot are larger I Wls all'J 'ost unprovoked. If it
than I -imposed, unit milit n..o r"p- cannot be stajod toon iu;d fotvej', there
lv Vie called neach khol than ratie shot, 'i ,,otUi"e :--J
,roni'ih.n.,A tink...l i.i
Otnut) fi. I""'1' ......
a sort of wire corkscrew arrangement, mid
fitted ir.to a tip cose, and when thus fin
ished have much the appearance of jars
of preserved meats or fruit.
The manufaelure of bombshell is also
,1 matter of much interest. The prepaia
tion of those I witnessed is briefly ih fol
lows : The shell Is first tilled full with
old fashioned round leaden bullets; mel
ted sulpher is then poured in to till up
the inteistices and bind the bullets in one
solid ma-s : the shell is then put into a
., . , ,. , , , .i;, ,i
kind of lathe, anu a c liiuli leal
i . . r . :. r,i,t
irie ol tho
pvuet, sixtt o f lhe orifice of the shell is bo
red through lhe bulleis and suPiher : this
cavity i tilled with powder, even with
" "" " l"p'
.1.. I..., -I. ...... 1 .... I I li.i nrih.m nut 'til
ol the onhee,
I uuui linn i 1,'jui.,. , .. '
... . . .., ni, ,;,, r.,,i i.m
the orifice is a recent
mado of pewter, and resembles tho screw
used for tho patent fruit cans. An exam
ination of this pewter cap show,however,
thnl. il is made of two hollow discs of
IU. I-..-.. ....V.....W...
metal screwed together,
meal powder ; a number
drilled in the lower disc, while Hie ouUirif"" ' ' . l anyv i,g io
disc is entire, and marked with figure, it. U" will and i s .issocations.-
a circle 1 ' 3 4. I.i this state the shell . wo under all circunistances,
a eireie, i, -, t. '"" , I , ul t0 perform, and in times of trial, a
is water and weather pool, m lien l is.en i i ;.
., ... ,ti nian must brace himseh up lo them, be
tor use, me gunner uy means . n ,
.....i : i ...... u r.rotu.n ofi
8 trl '" T. ...W LrJ
1 inn nuicr H.iiLine..u siii.i4t. aim i , .....
. - ... . : i.. i.,.i.
. t.io ..n.ivifi. nf nnmniK i :n .iiiwut-i i,i;iv..
I the chnree of composition
I it. lf lhe shell l .e-d to e.xploue
' one seeoiul after leAvim: the gun,
is made on tho fi 'tire one ; it in
Uo n(U on lhe Hgur two, and so on.
I tho idea being that tho shell ot tins los-
i. , J . n,i ,i,p,.
.ihMinii,. .hi rii I ru( i I I' I i ri I mini'
, ,1 'j- ..i . ,1... .l.tmil ..trrif..!
, ,. ,. t.,,1, . rp.VM-.l ..s if
l-A.IIUO, OI-.H-IIIIq HIU ,,iiii.i ....... .. . ..
i from another cannon located at the point
where tho flight of the shell is arrested.
Largo shell? ot eight or ten inches are fill
ed with noivder only, and burstiii.2 do e.X'
, .i . .
ecutton by means ot tnetr i r.gMie.,.-.
The8e y bhelU a.o genera ly bred l.y
V. T. - ? . 1. -.C:
. ni.ni f 11 nt i tin kik.u 11. noin cases i its usn
j4 j;,. oy tie ignition of the charge in
tu I'LSNsn.VAMAH vr-ao.ii) An inter-
, u6 ii;xbi. Ai.iiii-w.ii' . aii imei-
t,.,iijj digest of the sources of revenue of
' t10 I'enngylvania K.iilroad eompany
j.0 vcar nehteen litineircd and
tho year eighteen Imnelred nnd sixty,
showing a most sat.sf.u tory mcreaso o
the local ire.gbt busmen compared,
with the same sou.ces of revenue i.i 18.,.) ,
I in bwt nunilioi' of tliA"Miiiini7 i
"i l":" .; n , 7
ltedster." 1-romitwo gather th-j fact
that tho total earning of tho read for
1850 was 5J2,701. against ?.r,St52,3.V; in
18j'J, an iiwrcas cf i?370,34t'i, or a sum
o.iiat to J-IT.SJH per month for the year
round. The Kegister" says: "Tho
freight earnings exceed the passenger
earning largely, more Hmu two lo one.
Thu, lVunMdvn'nia ltailrotid, therefore, is
mofit distiniruifihed for it freight business,
forth part it pwforwsa Ute commerce, .fou(.e Ma B protracted war, so
of the country a a carrier of rrod;tce u ft on Um for weny
from tho interior to the seaboard, and j yei4rs to come, to bo troubled with an in
nierchandise from the eeabonrd to ' ,. .,, break in u out nt every period.
I the interior.
VX'ol. JaraeV Davidson, coroner
tho city of Petersburg, Virginia, and
iiiighly estoemexl citizen, died last week.
"Farr Sitwii." (juiifl nn excitement
was created in front of the Centre Strret
M. E. Church, Philadelphia, on .Sunday
night '.:i--t, by the arrest of Mr. Thomas
Young, a member in good standing of the
Church. It appears that Mr. Young, pre
vious to tho commencement of tho ser
vice, with several otlur peisn-, was
standing in front of tho Church, and when
ono o! tho patty said something about
the arrival of a privateer in New York,
and ut the same time denoncibg the of
ficers and crew of tho veit-cl as pirate 8,
Youngj iisisted that they were not pirates,
but men engaged in a lawful rebellion for
their right. At the same time he re.,
marked that Col. Kllsworth was a thief,
having s'.olen u n.fui'c ri'op.trty, ar.d he
was served right in being shot. This cre
ated an in'cnso excitement, and Young
was onjered to leave, which he did, tho
crowd following after him, until he took
refuge in a private house. The mob in
sisted that ho should be brought nut,
which vr is tintdly dune, Young bein in
clia.'ge of u nuruber of policemen, who
took him to astavion house, whcie he re
mained until Monday morning, when he
underwent nn examination before Mayor
Tho mayor, after hearing all the wit
nesses hail to say, remarked that there
was not any testimony that justified him
in holding Mr. Young to bail on the
charge of inciting to riot, and he must
discharge him. The defendant was or.lv
expressing bis opinions, and however
others might differ with him as to the
correctness of entertaining, or the judg
meiUo.f ninking them knowu, be never
theless had the right to entertain ar.d ex
press them, if he saw proper. Ile.-hould
be sorry to see tin attempt made in Phil
adelphia to emulate the example of other
cotiiinuiciiif-.s, to abrido the freedom tA
si eeidi. The expression of a tiR-re ab-
etract opinlnli was not a violation
tliough it might be veiy imprudent
I :.. r i i.
generation of Americans, li :s no nnt
tcr, ill the great issue, -.here one party is
victorious and another defeated ; ever'
drop of blood sluil weakens us all.
We have, no fear that all the bad pas
sion that characterize tho human race in
their seasons of phren.y, w ill by inflamed
to their utmost ; peace, prosperity, nation
al contentment, and religion, will be
prostrate before tho genius of evil. I 'cr
imp wc should not include icligun in
the category, for it may I e that tho com
bination ot till temporal evils will send
many lo seek in lis pure consolation, that
peace which the world can never give. some new elevelopement is made which
iod cur draw good out of'evil,iuid v. lieu all ' uiil',iv.rably arlccls tho character or repu
the evils thai men can irdliet, arc upon tation nf their acquaiiit.iuce. Thev hur
us, that is tho lime thut ire turn nu st ' ry to and ft o, re'ading dieir scancals with
earnestly to implore Hi mery and pro-' embellishment, so as 'o make then tell
i tection. II God pe ivitb us, who can
If thi infliction continue, many of us
.vill have nothing more to 1 ope for in life;
for drugging out a wretched existence,
suffering aimost in mind and oiy, ntal-
and filled with'1)' uncertain as 10 me recurrence, ot ueitei
,f linn hole are times, and the blessing, ofa table gov-
-lav lliev l.iay.
If we have to defend our
hearth and famil
on the field of war
, ..... , .
i why. in (joi naino, ph us eei p. i.et u
- . .
however, show that we are not impelled
' by malico or love ot bloodshed. Let in
1 show a willingness to nie 'i our toes on t lie
baUlo-field, if necessary, but u still great-
er willingness to meet tl.cn in pttpoils
for peace. I,et false pride, mid (ho spii it
cf vindietivcness lind uo phie'o in our
hearts. If wo must t:,ke the sword in
hand, let us, at the same time, show our
rnetiiica that though ive can use it in self-
deliciioe, ivc arc evet ready to hail the ol-
vvnuiii io neavon. an our Lireiiiit'fi hi
Would to heavon. all our brethren t.f
Nojth und South, would use
; I ' lln,i , !. Lsions
no per, especially, shouid ever try to br.na
. i. - , . - ., .,
1 i.nir reader ijjijo tho 1 mi t lis of pea:e. - -
I'macher should he aver foremost to id-
lav thi passions of their iieo.ile. We be
lieve our clergy in this respect are utiiver
iitf ...... to their duties
, the i'l-otestjui
Sotno of the Protestant clergy preach
:.. I. ..!..,)(' .t' linaiin but trtir. m'l 11 1- fif I Tiim
, .n .., ,,,, ..... in to
l0 fl.,nie of war.' But ihfi other day.
' ' ,ur sel)t,io l)W. , V(9.y
I I ; , . ,rrgllti, t0 WCf.
1 . i " . . . . ri .
a uiost in uiroi t lerujs. Ana wouin Keep
'. u.;t!l at.iv,.l.lders. He branded
ii w i - ,
nil who did. not look upon them w ith his
a traitor. "Let this matter bo set-
I tied at once," he says in hi Sunday sor
n.on on ttio holy day ot tho Suhhuth,
the day of rest, of pi a -e, of ipMiet, of tran
quility, of oJU-ruig tho heart especially to
the God of peace. "Let it never come up
Jf U.-AI- liiMut. -AlliA L.I. .14 mnpf il
.f. . ,
aHap 1iliPntH it. lliorMirlilu in
o - . - - j
u h got to bo settled ono way or the
of other. Tbo North La the population,
a tho tnea.i. and the courage lor there is
J nosucii orta-uu oicouiagu nv iuwooi.ui
as there is at the North."
This bold trninpctei of war, hud the
gratification of being app'auded, whil,,
preaching such a sermon, by his auditors. (
v iintrtu i
must to lememliered. however, that 1
. j . - O ... ..... .Millies
swKit f.e tlo not !,ovkI re .Ay..'. They leave ' not reflect that these lctnarks or insinua
tlmtto those whose passions thnv hawi.tions blast tho reputations of those ot
stirred. Llko the ti uii, , I , r .i, .loop's j whom they are levelled, the tendency ol
rabies, they are alwuy reauv to blow the which is to .hi il.,.,,, ,1,... ... .i... ......
blasts ot wur, while, us prolessjonul nor. ,
eonibiitunts they would shirk its dangers.
.Suchnierau this have llone inlinito uiis
ehief. IIesti)s "if w ir must come," with
as innocent a face as if he, and such a.i he,
had not been, in u great incisure, the ef
ficient cause of it. Wu verily believe
that fanatical preaching has been one of
tho two potent causes ofntir pri".nt yn
haf py distractions. The other istiieiu
inuis i system of rotation in o'li e Venal
politicians und raving preachers have
combined together, l.i make the people of
the North and the South hate each oilier.
Any tall; ubout coinage, touchingoiiher
section, is pure inHamniatory appeal. The
Sotithe: n people ar s corageous as any
living; thuae of the North cannot be
more so; but we would scorn making any
imputation upon their courr.ge- If nut i.i
tied with the goodness if their cnuse
they aould be equal to any foe. I'.ut they
certainly cannot consider invasion of the
South a good .cause. If they do, they will
itish upon inevitable detruetieii. It is
true they (.:m k,, in;, de-trtielion, but
in the end iiuasion will be repelled, and
atur all the hoirors of civil uar, there
will be nothing left for the exhausted eon.
testants, hut treaties of jiuiitv and peaee,
that -ould bo made, and should bo made,
ivill.out the war.
It is all desirai le iiniv to.get a truce to
hostilit irr-, tJmt the awakened passions ef
the people may subside; let reason come
forward and passion recede, und all our
di.'jjcjjjtjes uijl bs adjusted, whether we
unite hum: more in a con,mon 'Vmilv of
lojiates, or vlielher we live ;n separate
communities, as paeilic and friend!)
We counsel our friend to stand firm in
the defence of their homes; but, at the
same time, lo use all their influence to al
ley, rather tinn lo excite the fierce pas.
sions now everywhcie predominant.
Itiilt'iiiorr Catholic Mirror.
TI lou slu.lt Hot bear false witness a
gainst thy neighbor," is a divine com
mand, but 'alas how many violate the
sac red injunction. Slander has flourish
ed in all ages, and is us nmk and hideous
now us when the commandment n
writ ln ! bn rriwt with in ( l,n I. nut.
ne.'s and po.itical world, in the social cir
cle, and in all places wheio men and wo
men do riMgrc-ato. It is roiled like a
sweet tnorsai under the tongue, and
timk'.s in mtirdetotis attacks Upon the
reputation of its victims, who may bo
counted by thousands. Then- is in every
community a large class of vipers who are
constantly engaged in hurting up or
smelling out something which may be
turned to the. injury of the innocent" and
unsuspecting. There is the low and vul
gar sland icr, and the insinuating mon-
ster who ore never to happy as when
; against their untortuiitte ictiin-. more
j especially if their victim lie a woman. A
' good-looking woman is sine to call down
. upon her head tho envy ol her sex, be-
t-ntes Hiving, to encounter the wicked de
signs of the male portion ol the commu
nity. Let her do what she will, her path
is beset with snares. Kvery libertine is on
her track to ruin her, and if he be repuls
ed in his hellish designs, he becomes her
enemy, and bis vile tongue is sot in mo
tion to oeiamo uvr cujii;i(;ter II she he
open and I rank in her deportment she
has to run the gauntlet of her less comely
mid agreeable aeqiiaitauces of the female
sex. and the. way they apply the lash of
denvctioti is a cautinu to iln's who listen
to their vimpeiation. This is particular
ly the case when a ladv has no father,
luu baiul or brot her to defend her. I f she
b pc?r and il.l;i! to .-n-:. her livelihood
by iie-i' ir du.-try, everybody seems to
ihink she is public property. If sho go
forth niorning. noon or right to her oe-
cupatiou, she is stibjcet lo the coarse and
vulgar remarks f brutes in human forms
withabotii she come in contact or. the
'street or ju too public conveyances.--
" .wni,., .i n, i
I h U)or tortuvtu vl her tef , who have
a good homo end somebody to support
1 them in ease and idleness. tu.- up' their
W nwsjueniiy iuuu.go in a inalciou
.1. ,i.rt ,.o,..,, .1.... .....
' hi'i.',' ' "10 ellcc.l thut sli
is no better
! than she oiielit to ha. jf wo
haughty piiragouii of virtue and innocence,
who have Mich a holy l,m,r of the poor
, . . .
hop g'.tl, wo shall probably find thev'
sprang fjrnm nothing, though now they.
U)y be tho leaders in tome fashionable!
chinch, preside at sewing circles, and uro
interested in sending the Kiblu to thoj
Hottentots. They visit Orphan Asylums'
uiid enootirago tho good work by their
sanctimonious prcono, though their con-'
tributions generally aimvint to half a
dime. Their time i usually .-.pjnt i-i vis-1
jtiag tlw-ir neighbors where they Underj
and vilify somo actiuaintiinco wdio does
not come up to their standard of virtue The AitMr Ci.otiiinu Contract. The
and morality. They turn the cold shoul I grand jury at Pittsburgh havo presonted
der (.0 their less fortunate sisters who are ' Messrs. Frowenfeld, of Pittsburgh, and
struggling against poverty, and crowd ' Mr. Charles M. Neal. of Philadelphia, ag.
them ibwn instead ot' landing a helping ' ent of Gov. Curtin, for alleged fraud in
hand to clevtito theta i.i v)ciety. They the army clothing, and the Court of yuan
seem to imagine that they will bocoino ter Sessions have dirocted tho district at
inipure if they will aisoruste with those' torney todraw abillof indictruontagainsl,
who are less favored than themselves, and . thoso poron.
who arm exerting themwdve to get nil .
honest living- In this wicked and abouii1 CfJXXol. Thoiiias I.. Kane, brother of
inable jHicy they are assisted bv tho un-' tho lata Dr. Kane, assumed tho coin
principled of the male sex, who are id , mandofa- volunteer regiment in Pcnn
w.iys ready to say unkind things of the sylvania.
unfortunate. Nothing is tiioto common
than to hear those who call themselves
gentlemen nitike insinuations ugait.sl Win
clu stity of such and such a lady, ullhitigh
thev know nntiiimr nl.n.n I
t'on. 't hev do not consider thut 1.
r.v.o, ,,i, , jxMipie'i witii t It u vie
liuis of blunder, many of whom would
liave lived mid died happy hud not tho
foul breath of slander Hindu them outcast
in society. They who commit these gfoat
wrongs do not itflectaipon tho euurmiiy-.
of their wicksdncss, and Unit there t
God in Heaven who will iivengo this in,
jury done to his unfortunate children, -l'hey
.ft not consider that at that tribu
nal before which nil must tand, thes.i
murdered reputations will appear as wit
nesscs ng.ii.iM tlio liar ami tho slande.-er
to teiniwj story oj their wrongs, and that
hell will bo the portion ol those who have
violated the Ihvino command, -Thou
shak not lie." This tremendous ovil
should be eradicated from our social svs-
. , r . ..... 1 1, .. , ..... .... . . i .i .. .. , .
"tcm- It is a bliiditini; ciirse. uml i.,,;,.
follows iji iis treek. Nine ti.ne.s out of
ten the stories set afloat are the oll'-priii"
of envy and malice. Slanderer rhmild
be avoided as u pestilence. They deserve
'o be kicked by every light minded per.
son, and not allowed to enter our dwell
ing or our presence. They me. the pest,
ol society. 1 hey set friend against friend
and dc-iroy all co.didcliee. Let, it not bo
rejjUtiircd Heivej against us that wo
have violated the divine command, "Thou
shalt no; bear al-c witness against thy
neighbor." If we find :ui erring broth sr,
or sit,r, let u ext-nd to tliem a helping
hand, tl row the matitlo of charily over
their wjukiiefs, and il we can save them
from a d')w;)ynrd course, we .shall have
performed un act which shall bo accepta
ble to liini who shall finally be the jud-o
of all. This doctrine, should be preached
from (he pulpjt, in thunder tone, for
how often is the ren ink made, when pro
fessed christians tagagc in slander, -if
-uch ho Christianity I have no desire to
be a i 'hristian,
j Diplomatic I)iN.vi;its, Mvery few
j days we have account from Washington
I of the "brilliancy of ho Diplomatic Din
jivers," the "Secretaries' Eutertainment,"
th balls, recepUoiis, parties, and. in .-n.
eiii,', ivu learn that f'.'.-asling and hilarity
are the order of the day amongst tlm
giie.ts. Thi m i.v bo ulj very well in its
place ; but, in tbfl present deplorable con
ditio:; of the country, such feasts h ei
oeLier i.e n.spci.sc.i with, nn7 iLe pmonl
engaged in (hem should set an exampb,
of u-U w outness, instead of riotously
making merry in the midst of tho gener
al gloom ami djitres throughout the laiid.
Such scenes contrast to gteat disadvan
tage with the universal prostration ofhu--inifsfc
and thu sulei ii(gs of the people gen
erally, and should be dispensed with by
those high in authority at (no National
CapiuJ. U'litii ihe civil war now in pro
gress is over tv hen rtil.ejlion is crushed
out, and prosperity agai returns to our
beloved I'nion it will bo quite time
enough to ' njoicc and mako merry" ut
our good forlune; but not before. ,,m-
A KlIMi kok Ma. Dg-gLs' I1 A Ml I.V. -t
I l:e Chicago papers jiubjish an address t.
ti.3 people of tin l.'nited .States, but mor..
pMt.eularly jf Illinois, sct:iiig forth tho
fact that Mr. Douglas died leaving in
foot of earth oi) which hi family can re
side and call their own. His widow has
given to the State tho three acre Jot as
resting place for tho raiinins of her hus-
tiuU. I ho uddress
contributions to a fund to be administer
ed by trintee to provide a homo for tha
widow ard childrcij of Mr. Dou'das.
Lt.VLk Friiuv Tho Chicago Timet
moialics eti tle bwt thai in this nos;
unlucky vai every prominent movement
has taken place on tho most unlucky day
Friday. Tho bombardment of Fort
Sutr.ter was commenced on Friday ; tho
troubles in llaltimnrn took pJaiie on Fri
day ; I ho first an , I bloodiest riot in St.
Louis occurred on Friday; the a'.t.ick on
Sewull'.s Point was mad.i on Friday ; tho
attack on .Vloxiindria was mado on Fri
day, and Kllsworth was shot on Friday.
It has been all a "Friday" business.
Y'iti:M .j xii tmk Uxiov. A few day
ago a pardon wis sent by Freeicieot Lin
coln to the Governor of Virginii for a
convict in the penitentiury.wlio hod jeeu,
sentenced for robbir, tl; l.ml by tips
Foleul Court jn Uicl.nioud, which the
governor returned with an answer to the
e licet that "the Common wealth of Vir
ginia, not being one of the United State
, of X"'tiUr'x 11,0 l'.mve!'s cl'f ,K
' l-ril I . Vl nt ill. 11 ,1 I 1111 la 1..1 I.
eruuvn oi eria niiinn is no, recognnea by
the government of this Siatp."
A Foraiu ok Jn.v Ohatiox nv Kdwar
KvKRHEir. Hon. Hdward Kverrett, at the
request of number of citizens of New
York, will deliver a Fourth, of July ora
tion at the Academy .f Munic in th.it city
The subject will be : ' The present Aspect
of the Nation." An entrance fee will bo
charged for the benefit of the families of