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Oct. 3d 1860. !y.
J I' STICK of tii o pcac
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Dec. 29, 185a.
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citiiens of the lnttor place and vicinity.
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Oct. 2nth, IS591y.
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Xcw Washington, Pa., Oct 1 1, 1859.
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eare. He also informs the puoue inni ne Keeps
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eortmcnt of Paddles. Jiridles, llarnoss nnd
uliipa, which bo will sell on reasonable trems.
April 4, 1800.
AM. SMITH offers his professional services
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Sept. 14th, 1853. lyJ.
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1 ) OBEHT J. WALLACE, Attohkry at Lw,
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posite the Journal office.
doe. 1, 1858. tf.
MOO UK .t KTZWiLEK,
Wholesale and Hctall Merchants. Also
extensive dealers in timber, sawed luwd
ad shingles. Also, doalors In fiour an
Crsin, which will bo told cheap for cash.
1TkniTvviuteii ea d,
Jl'STICK of the peace
Bockton, Union tp., will attend
promptly to all business entrusted to his oare.
Sept., 12, I860, ly.
A -very large stock of Spring and Summer
clothing of the latest stylos for sale low by
Cuiwensvillo, Way 16, I860. E. A. IRVIN.
Mackerel and Herring for sale at the corner
etoreof K. A IRVIN.
JAirwensville, May 16, 'CO.
Bts and Shoes. A larger stock and lower
prices than ever, at Irvine I'heefott corner.
Currrensville, May 16, '(JO-
You smooth the tangles from my hair
With gentle touch and tender care,
And count the years ere you shall mark
Bright silver threads among the dark
Smiling the while to hear mo sny,
"You'll tliiuk of this again, some day.
Some day !
I do not scorn the power of Tiuio,
Nor count on years of fadeless prime.
But no white gleams will ever shine
Among those heavy locks of mine
Ah, laugh as gaily as you may,
You'll think of this ngaiu, some day.
Some duy !
Some day ! I shnll not fool, as now,
Your soft hands rove about my brow
I shall not slight your light commands,
And draw the long braids through my bands;
I shall ba silent and obey
And youyou will not laugh that day ;
Some day !
1 know ho'w long your loving hands
Will linger with these glossy bands,
Whn you shall woavo uiy latest crown,
Of these thick braidings lung and brown ;
But you shull see no touch of gray
Adown their shining length thutdny ;
Some day !
And while your tears aro fulling hot
Upon tho lips which answer not,
You'll take from thoso one treasured tress
And !avo the rest to silentness
Remembering that I used to sny,
" You'll think of this oguiu, some day,
Some day i
SPEECH OF HON. WM. BIGLER.
In mi V. S. Sknate, Dkc. 11, IfCO.
fThe Senato havine under consideration the
resolution of ScnnUu Powell, of htntmky, rclcr
ring ' so mnch of the rici-ulcnt s message ns
relates to the present agitated and detracted con
dition of tho country, to a Committee of thirteea
Mr. Piuixr. said :
I took th'S floor, Mr. President, on yes
terday afternoon, for the purpose of making
a very few remarks on the present unhappy
conditio1.! of the country. 1 intended then
only to spy what was necessary to indicate
uiy own position on tho great question
which, is agitating 'he people of this conn'
try. That fa my only rurpe-w this morn
ing. I shnll reserve for some subsequent
oeofision, when pcrhnps this whole subject
will be more fully before us, the discussion
of the main question which it necessarily
Sir, it wa too truly remarked, by the
Senator from Mississippi, Mr. I'avis, yes
torday, tlint we have fallen on evil time?.
It is too si.vdly apparent thai this great
Kcpublic of Ours is in imminent danger of
dissolution. The whole political, social,
nnd commercial system is seriously dis
turbed, and shows unmistakable evidence
of depression and distress. Commerce,
trade, nnd finances nro disturbed. The
banks have ceased to redeem their notes
in specie, nnd the Treasury of the United
States is unable to meet tho current Jc
mimds upon it. Inleel, sir, a general
gloom seems to have spreadover
country. Why is nil this ? Have the ele
ments of prosperity, progress, and thrift
in the country become suddenly exhaust
ed? No, sir; theso wero never more
abundant than now. What is it, then ?
Why, sir, disguise it ns you niny, this tad
picture is the result of n political panio.
I almost shrink from enunciating tde pro
ciso cause, obvious as I think it is to every
Senator, and to every intelligent man in
the land. The startling cauc is, that men
aro beginning to doubt the integrity nnd
futuro existence of this Union. Slate
after State has taken step on the subject
of withdrawing from this Confederacy.
We hear of Legislatures being assembled,
conventions of the people btvng ordered,
all to consider the grave question whether
our relations nro to continue or not. It
is not singular, then, that we liaro seen
manifestations of deep concern and dis
tress in the land.
Sir, this is a startling picture ; but it
seems to mo it Is the part of patriotism
and duty to took it fairly in tho face. My
own impressions first were, that tho less
that was said hero tho better. I have
changed that impression. I believe Ihal
the times require that the public men, the
selected men of the nation here, should
rome un to this treat ouestion. Let the
people understand what view is lakcp
of it here. For one, I nm prepared lo
separate myself ns far ns possible from pnsf
prejudices nnd parly allegiance, nnd con
sider the condition of tho country in a
spirit of devotion lo its interests- I most
heartily commend tho noblo position of
the Senator from Connecticut, JMr. Lix
on.l Without understanding the elesires
of tho men of his own parly, ns ho has
told us, regardless of his conncclion with
tbeni, of his party prejudices for 1 be
liev he is a friend oi the President elect
he bas ccme boldly forward and taken
his fosit'on for the Uuicn, for the Vuicn
as mauo uy me constitution, lor me
equality of the States, and for justice
among the citizens of tho States. Sir, I
extend to him the hand of fellowship, and
I meet him in the same spirit, nnd under
the same circumstances, for I have no
idea how my views will be received on
this side of the Chamber. In the spirit of
the Senator from Illinois on this side,
Mr. Douglas, I go with men of any parly,
and men ef every party who will devote
themselves lo the great work of rescuing
the country from the impending danger.
Mr. President, for weul or for woe, I am
a Union man. I am for tho Union as
made by our fathers. I nm for tho Con
stitutional Union ns it is, and, in the spirit
of the remark of the Senator from Califor
nia, yesterduy, I expect to bo of nnd for
the Union' ns it is to be. Whatever a
humble individual like myself can Jo, or
sutrer, or sacrifice in tho enuso of the
Union, bhall be freely oil'ered up.
Put, sir, what can be done? I think
the motion of the Senator from Kentucky,
to refer so much of the President's mes
sago as refers to this subject to a ic'.eot
committee, is a movement in the right
direction I thank the Senator for it, and
I shull cheerfully vote for its adoption.
I was somewhat surpri.-ed nt tho view
taken of that proposition by the distin
guished Senator from Virginia, Mr. Ma
son. That honorable Senator said he
would vote for tho resolution ns a mere
matter of parliamentary courtesy, because
the message should be referred to a com
mittee. JIo said that much, lest his vote
might be misunderstood by his conslitu
ents, that they should bo under the im-
riression that ho l.aJ ooneHded that a
remedy f ir the present difficulties which
beset the country could by instituted,
while, in his judgment, Congress could do
nothing on that subject. That honorable
fSemuor must laiotv, that, in somo way or
other, any odjustmcnt that may bo made
on this subject nrist, lo some extent, be
connected with Congress. Congress must
necessarily bo connected with it, unless
it be tho question of secession, which be
longs to the States only. If it be possible
to agree upon on adjustment in tho shape
of a law, then Congress nnd the Executive
will perform l!io whole work. If the
Con.miltee should find that it required un
amendment lo tho Constitution, then
Cungrcfs must either ndnpt that amend
ment mid submit it for the approval of
tho States', or else, when two thirds of the
Slates petition Congress, provision must
be made for a Convention of the States :
so that, in any event, Congressional action
will bo necessnry. That is a reason why
there should be no hesitation whatever iu
considering tho question here, and inquir
ing, calmly, soberly, nnd earnestly of each
otlmr what can be done to rescue the
Sir, I have a word or two to say special-
ly to my friends on this side oftho Cluim-
bnr I mean those from the far-ofl South ;
those with whom I have so long and cor
dially co-operated here ; for whoso lights
I zealously contended Jong before I met
them on this floor; whoso eauso has been
our cause in the North ; nnd whose cause,
to some extent, in tho late contest for
President, fifteen hundred thousand
northern men embraced. - It scarcely be
comes mo to undertake to judgo of their
case, I confess. I am, perhaps, incapable
ofnppreciuting their preciso position and
feelings. I acknowledge, as they are
aware, the justice of souio of thoir com
plaints. 1 acknowledge that thcro has
been kept up a war of aggression upon
their feelings, well calculated to alienate
them from the people of the North ; that
in somo instances their clear constitution
al rights have been vexatiously embarrass
ed, and at times deftiited ; and further
more, that tho party about to assumo the
reins of Government, in the lata contest
avowed doctrines which, in my judgment,
are inconsistent with tho equality of the
Stales; for so I regard tho doctrine of the
exclusion of tho owner of a. lave fro-n the
common Territories unless ho leaves his
property behind him. Put, Mr. President,
is dissolution a remedy ? Is that the best
nnd wisest of all tho alternatives left?
lias tho lime come to embrace Unit reme
dy ? I think not. I said before, that it
was rot for no lo speak of what concern
ed them and their interests ; but 1 say no
more fatal step can bo taken for the inter
cut of the grout State which I represent
hero and, as I verily believe, for every
other Stale in this Confederacy.
1 know, sir, it may bo saidit was said
yesterday by the Senator from Mississippi,
Mr. Brown, that war, nnd even death,
are to be preferred to dishonor. And that
a Stale remaining in this Union loss than
an equal, denied of its constitutional
rights, is in tome measure dishonored ; but
my frieud fi oui MisUsippi, and . those who
act with him, should view this question in
more hopeful light. !
After all, Mr. Lincoln is in a minority of
nearly nine hundred thousand votes, and
in his election tho people of the United
States have not passed judgment against
me ciunnsoi me &OUIU to equality ana
Mr. Tie Went, I want to call the atten
tion of those Senators and of their fr iends
at homo to a particular point in this ease-
I do not care to inquire into tho question
of the right of secession. Whether it bo
a right, or whether, when a State with
draws, it is revolution, tho consequence to
the seceding State and to tho remaining
States will be essentially tho same, and
tho remedy, if remedy there be, w ill be
the same. But the point I wish to make
is this: even if it be a right, is it just to
tho other States to resort to that remedy
until redress has been sought and denied
ut the very fountain of jiolitical power and
authority, nnd through the precise chan
nels in which this Confederacy was form
ed ? I think not- Such precipitate uck
tion is not just to their friends. Let the
southern States ask of this Confederacy,
seperate andasidu from ordinary political
considerations, to consider and adjust this
question. Let them ask redress forther
grievances ut the hands of those who have
thspowsr to grant it, and in th form
prescribod in the compact under which we
live. If redress bo denied, if Iwo thirds of
the Sla'.es refuse to call a convention, or,
calling a convection, if three fourths of
tho States decline to approve such amend
ments to the Constitution as they deem
essential to tho protection of their rights
and to the maintenance of their equality
in the Union, then tho time will have ar
rived for considering tl.is question of dis
section. Put until all other means have-
been exhausted, it should not, cannot bo
Mr. President, I am one of those who
believe that the remedy for the present
districted condition of the country, after
all, must, sooner or latcv, conio from the
people, if it is to come at all mid bo per.
manent. 1 dj not say that amendments
should not be submitted here. I am by
no means intending to indicate that the
efl'ori should not bo made; but I do say
that I little hope that measures of adjust
ment can pass Congress that will meet
thiscatc. It is hardly to be expected
that the politicians or partisans of Hie
country brought into position in the
midst of party struggles, committed to
one tido or other of the controverted
points, nro prepared for this delicate
work. It must go into other hands. Let
the people Ee'.ect representatives on this
single subject alone, ami to remedy 11k
defocts which experience has shown, and
if needs fee givo new guarantees, to the
aggrievcel States. Then, sir, you will have
a singleness of purpose, and our southern
friends will ascertain tho real sentiment
of tho northern people in referenco to
their rights and position in tho Union ;
and while 1 confers that all the evidence
seems to boon the other side, I havo a be
lief that in such a Kst Ihe conservative
element of the North would prevail that
tho South would bo met in a spirit of jus
tice, fraternity, and even generosity.
Put it may lie asked, ns it has been air
ready, what is to become of tho country
in tho meantime ? What measures shall
ho adopted to arrest tho progress of disso
lution? I confess, Mr. President, 1 am
not prepared to answer thai question.
That is lnoic espocinlJy for our friends
from those States which aro moving for
secession. If they know no means of ar
resting the progress of separation, llieo,
sir, we are truly in a hopeless condition.
But I am not so despondent. I have still
Ijopo that if thcro wero such indications
from the North of a disposition lo deal
kindly on the subject; to hear their south
ern brethcrn fairly ond fully, nnd answer,
if possible, favorably their demands, there
would bo a feeling of reaction in the
South; that men would liso alovo the niy own State, notwithstanding its vote
madness of the hour, and Btay the fatal j for tho Republican candidate ot tho late
step, at least for a brief season, nnd""n' election, that it is a conservative and just
other effort would be made to save tho ' State ; that our Southern friends cim re
Government, nnd to satisfy Ihe southern ly with confidence uj on Ihe (uturo action
States that they can maintain their rights ' of that Stato. If they ask redress in tho
within tho Union. form in which I have indicated, or nny
Sir, I nm not of those who view this dis-' other in which the people ran net sepnr
ease lightly. I am sensible thaf it is deep 'e from other consideration, I have not
eeated, nnd lo eomo extent malignant, ' doubt that they would givo all the guar
but not incurable. It is not my purpose ' antees which any reasonable southern wan
to talk of distinctive propositions now ;
but I do say that the best possible reme
dy that could bo applied, to silence forev
er the war of crimination in the North,
would bo to separato this question of sla-
verv, as far as possible, from the popular
elections in the non-slaveholding States, the mere distinctive principles of tho Re
There are a class of men, we all know, in publican party weighed in tho lato clec
tho North who aro ic ulcus and sincere tion. Twore were a complioationof infln-
J enemies of slavery, and so long as they
can discover tho slightest opportunity of
interfering lo perform what they call duly,
they wi'l keep up theso assaults and an
unjust war upon the feelings of the cit
zens of the southern States
them entirely, so that they can
connection which it, cun in no way influ
ence the question of whero slavery shall
le, or where it shall go, or whether i!
shall be carried into onr new Territories,
or even from the question of the admis
sion oi a Mate, woetiier it be nee or
How can that bo done? Sir, I do not
wish to be understood as presenting any
view to which I shall ad hero with tenac
ity. I throw out general views for what
they are worth. I am so convinced of the
wisdom and the true policy cf maintain
ing this Confederacy entire, th-at I will
resort to any honorable expedient, any
reasonable measure to save it. I think
the ;x oplo of the North would go very
much further than their representatives
on the Republican side believe, m order
to accomplish this desirable end. If need
bo, sir, let the territory bo dibided from
oecnt: to ocoan ; noi Ih of which slavery
shall not go, south of which i', shall not
bo disturbed. Let us have n deep gulf or
a high wall bet ween tho North and the
South on this subject. If that will not
allay tho demon of discord, then, instead
of the present provision that Congrp"1
may admit States into the Union which
alcno will indueo a certain class of people
to tjo anxious to elect anti-slavery men,
in order tbtt they may keep out a slave
State I say, lot tho Constitution describe
a State, fix its population and other ele
ments, and provide for its admission b a
proclamation of tho President upon the
establishment of tho fact. Then, sir. the
North would bo separated from this ones
I tion ; the North and the South, on this
j disturbing clement, would be entirely freo
r caun c,lllor ; ,vlile " H'o otlrer cola-
tlo8 would remain, nnd this great ov
eminent go on performing its function,
Wo should retail its power, its prowess,
its dignity, und its influence in the world.
Perhaps less radical changes may elo If
so, all the better.
The President of tho United States, with
patriotic desire to Pet'llethis queston, has
Cit.TitALrml iilint 1 n mi l,t,nrn.l m.'jI I.a -ti.T
suggested what he supposed would be suf
ficient for the exigency. I must Fay and
I fay it with regret, that I1o not think
his remedies will me-t the'C.asc. I think
tho disease is deeper nnd wider than the
re nmly-in the first place, the points pre.
.i-mcu . -y ..un i.. wn.muuu
points over which parties have struggled
for years, the very source over which the
bitter struggle for ascendancy was made svivnnia alone espoused your cause in the
in tho late presidential contest. And I contKt ,h(l cll) ,)e founJ in M the
ran sew no reastn to anticipate thir alop. s,,lteg mt ,. ta,Mng 0rgr.r!mi(ing fl0m
tion by the elomhant party in the North. ' t10 Union. A million ond a half of voters
Nor do 1 think they would reach the seat iMe in tt iflrge ,ncMUrft identified them
of tho disease if they were adopted; KCiveg you -,n tl,0 issuo ngninst tho
for my belief is. this war or crimination black llcrublican party ; and it is my im
and reciiinination is tho scat of this elis- j)rc.ssion ,iat, if this form of government
case; and if you want permanent peace, rcmms, na j,o same issues aro to bo
you must strike at tho seat of tho d:seaso; niait0 foul ycnr hence, tho Popublican
you must seperate the non-slavcholding rnrty, with its sectional flag, will be driv--States
from tho question of slavery, in en to the wall as completely as any party
order that tho question may have no rest' cvcr was driven n Uri, country I am no
ing place in the tiorthcrn mind. ,lPOj,lcti nor tl,0 son of a prophet ; but!
Honorable Senators yesterday said Ihe predict that it is thelnst victory tho Re
hearts of men must ho changed. Tho publican farly will ever gain. LctuB to
heartsof men ought to bo changed. I trust main together, then ; lot us contend for
in God's name that many of them will be your rights within the Constitution ad
changed ; but that is no work for politi- f tho Union, and ir. a short timo you who
cians or Senators. It will be idle to hope arc now desponding nnd complnining and
for an cicape in that way. You must rop. threatening disruption, will bo the li iuni
urato the agitating ausp, if you expect pliant party, yon and your friends North
thoso men who aro bitterly anli..shwery to contnrol the Government once moio
drop the sulject. I am of those who and long ere that, f solemnly believe if
think they ought to have done sa long ago 1 tho effort mado in the right direction,
I hnvo never been fn a political struggle the peoplo of this country will givo alt
in my uto mat me Hguts oi the south
were not a leading issue ; and never fallen
that I did not fall by tho weight of n
But, Mr. President, I do not know that
I can usefully pursue this subject further.
I desire to say, however, in referenco to
' ...J.I .,Ann...I
It may be said that, in a minority, as I
am, I am not warranted thus to speak, for
I should not be regarded as authority ; but
sir, every intelligent man of my Stato
: knows that ether potent ir.fluences than
enccs ignin't uannd among them the mont
potent, next to this slavery agitation, was
the question of tho tariff. Tho operatives
in the manufacturing establishments and
Uie mines away down in the earth had
felt and believed that the policy of the
Democratic party was prejudicial lo their
interests ; and at the late election, though
they wore mtn-ally with tl9 Democratic
p: r j, they voted in a body against ns. I
doubt not that that vote was forty thou
sand in tho State. No man is warranted,
therefore, in assuming that the State of
Pcnnsyl v. nia will ndheic lo the distinct
ive doctrines o f the Republican parly. I
do not believe a distinctite issue on the
"irrcpres iblo conflict," as usualiy inter
preted in that State, would gel one hun
dred votes. No war of aggression is in
tended by Hie people of State. She will
respond promptly to any demand for
consideration and for redress mado in tho
proper sp'u it by her sister States; and I
doubt not sho will avoid even the appear"
ance of wrong, by d;scarding certain of
her statutes, which, though in the main a
dead letter, havo been made tho subject
Put, Mi. President, 1 should bo glad
indeed, if Senators on tho other side
those who speak fjr tho dominant party
would indicate Hiat their present views
aro. I think, sir, in tho imminent peril
wliich surrounds us, they ought to do
at least this. It is no ordinary occasion.
It is not a titno when men may stand
up; n a me e ) a tlsan victory. What is a
parly victory if tho country is to bo torn
by violence, by riot, nnd mobs, in your
commercial cities, on questions of employ
ment and bread? What is a party tri
umph worth if the Government should
I not endure. Sir, it is worse than n delu
I know, Mr. President, the grave rc
' sponsibilitics that attach lo what I say.
I may be laughed at for much that I have
' uttered. Be it so. I would not havo ut
tered it it I did not feel that tho times re
' quire that every man, regardless ofconse
' quences, should perform his part. I shall
only repeat, therefore, that in the remain
ing part ol my brief official career here,
w hatever it may be possible for mo to do
to a jut these uuliappy differences, I
shall do. 1 nm not entirely despondent.
j tQ fmhQ
raUow of these States, much less calmly
to contemplate the causes which would
Sir, le; us, as one man, address ourselves
to this sullied. Whv slinnlil nnr fi-ionrlu
f om fnr South iheto nm
j lhQ CtUl who have
stood by them ?
Why, gentlemen, more
tllG ,.. of vfl Y,-k r,,,
the guarantees that tho fcoulh. upon full
1 reflection, will eleman
II that is good will infallibly Leoomo
better, nnd ho tint is bad will as certainly
become worse ; for vice, virtue and
time, are three things that will never
Tue violet grows low nrd covers i'sel
with its own tears, nnd of all flowers,
yields tho sweetest fragranco. Such i
Tin Wasp attacks the ripest fruit first ;
so will slander attempt to wound the most
honest fa mo.
Innocikxcc. What a power there is hi
innocence 1 whoso very helplossnera is iin
safeguard ; in whoso presence even Ta'
sion himsolf standi nbashed, and stone! i
worshipping at the very altar he came to
High blood, like the finest nine, muz
bo kept so long thai it shall enlij cly lo:
its flavor, ilenee, tho lost man of an c-!-i
family niny be like the las. bottlo of a f
mous vin(ao a thin; to ta'k of, tiot l.