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A Drinocrniic S:ir Convintiiiti. in
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yv inf ii su-uinl tirm. In iu:.iii.,iti''e
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wuii wiut rppiTiredtnl.c-n rrengnie il ens. just reward I'm- Ins ioil.
t.nn, 1 led the '-nt of covenm.. nt, iimr A h-ose nnd uti'Mianli d svt-tom ol'-rant-tho
close of lost niomli, for tin; purp..-n of in;( i vt . rn tn j-rivilo-cs uliiijin'd linorim.
im-oling . the people ju tin; sevcn.1 counties tier llm administration nf mv prodives; or.
ol tho .State, nnd in pcMon nrrruntmg M' Corporations wrro enmcd' to c u 'n..;.i in
them lor my stewnrdt-hip , .nd uYclurintj'mciv ordinary bminrss cniitrprisoif, eiuili
to ihcm my views and intentions on nll'rdwith cxtriiordiimrv nnuvm. nm! mum
l , l1 Z , m TJZyA V
t. . ,i..i M, Mii.-u in.; i:uiiuiiui.n , iiius j t v i n 2; inn cnpiiiuisi tin-
of this plensuio. For m.nr three weeks ilur-. udynntiiprs. I deemed this system
I hnve been confined i.j tlin room in uiuvi.so nnd iinjost. I ronld seo no renJnn
which I write, during nil which timOjvhy thoso who sought Id enjoy till ihu
ns I learn, iho cunvnss hm hren nciivrly j profits of tin ordinary tntorpi Ue, clothed
pursued by my opponent. It i.i now im-1 with tho convenieneo of a corpornto seal,
possible for nie to visit more linn 11 few ' in competition of individunln, should not
of tho counties prior to the election, nnd hear tho entire responsibilities nnd p;iy
Icon see no modo of reaching you with .' their debls to iho lust farthing ns individ
my views except through tho medium funis nrn reipiircd to do. Tho uso of the
tho press. Ivolo power soon succe'ei.'ed in orresiiii"
Jn my present enfeebled state of health, 'this system, und the prineiphi of individu"
nnd in Ibis locality, without access to the Jul liability in corporation of this kind is
books nnd documents which I ordinarily 1 now Iho settled policy of tho State, and
refer to, I shull limit what I shall herein 1 shall bo maintained so long ns I havo tho
discuss to those questions w nich legitimate. , power to do so,
ly bear upon our Stato policy, or which; . number of general laws have been
are 111 somo degree involved in the present adopted to supercede the nercssit v for em;,
canvass, and in reference to which I may Icial legislation, nnd much rood has been
in the event of rnv rn.rlnMlnn l. II. ..1 ; i-.1 . 1 1.... .i. . n ..
tipon to act in mv official capacity
. v -..-..,.., wmii'vi ,
What I havo done, and what I would
wish to do, if re-elected, it is ycur right to
I must, in the first ptnee, congratulate
you on tho flourishing condition of all the
great interests of the State, excepting on
ly tho agricultural, which has suffered
materially by tho drought of tho season.
Tho finances of the Stato were never
in a more wholesomo condition. Our ro
sources are equal to all ordinary demands,
with an annual surplus of about three
quarters of a million of dollars, which is
npplicnblo lo the payment of tho public
debt. For tho three past years this sur
plus has been absorbed in tho consumma
tion of schemes of improvement commen
ced prior to my induction into office.
These undertakings will co.t the Stale,
In all, over four million and a half of dol
Iar8. But for these, n vcrv large reduc
tion in the Stato debt would havo taken '
Placo during iho term or my service. No!
new means of expenditure have been com
menced under my administration, save on
ly n smull appropriation to enclose the
public grounds, nnd a meagre sum to
sustain an idiotic school. If should be
re-elected Governor, I shall employ the
power of the Executive department to ar
rest all new schemes ol" improvement at
the expense of tho treasury.
I have nlwoys regarded the proposition
lo sell the public works, ns a business qucs
don. The policy of iho measure depen
ding largely on tho price to bo obtained
nnd tho conditions on which possession of
mo works may be granted. If n sale be
mndo for an aggregate sum, less than the
amount on which the net profits would
pay the interest, then it would not bo no
cessary to sell ; such a measure would
increase nnd not lessen the burdens of the
people. Should the policy of sellins meet
the approbation of the representatives of
tne peopieherenltcr.the utmost care should
be taken to secure a full compensation, and
make trie conditions such as most certain
ly to guard the rights and interest of the
puhl ic in iho uso of theso great highways.
I am sure all will agree that no corporation
should have iho improvements on such
terms as would enable it to impose unjust
ouruens on me iniernni trade ol the Slate,
or encroach upon the rights of the people
m ...u 1 1
i" auiiii mcusure can ever receive my
1 have spoken of this branch of nublic
affairs with delicacy, because ns manage,
ment and control hive been confided to
agents selected by the people themselves.
and accountable only to them, tho Execu
tive having no power tw direct in w hat
manner the public works shall be managed.
As indicated in my Inst annual message,
you ore aware that I regard the State's
system of managing tho public works, osllo bear the cxnense of'n far mom enlnrrt.
susceptible or great improvement. I then.ed and liberal syslcm of education ; one
impressed the opinion, which I siill sustain which shall teach the hicher branches of
"' .""""gemeni snouiu ne bused on!
..iii uusmess principles.
i ne currency ol tlio btafe seems to be
... - "..u.u,c uunumon. v nen i nssu-
i.icu i.iu execuuve ottice, a strong senti-
ii.em in luvor oi wr.ai is called the free
canning system, instigated mainly by the 'potent means of preventing crime, the
influence of tho preceding administration, 'greatest leverage in elnvaling societv. Il
evidently pervaded tho minds of mni.yistho means of the largest de.treo oi" indi-
citizens. 1 lelt required to inlorpnsc
... .. li.iniin: ..I my posiiion against this ol national -dignity. Transccndnntly im
scheme. Subsequent events must certain-' noriimt in nil munirii. nml nmn.,
ly satisfy nil lliutsuch'astep would have been ; people j but nowhere so peculiarly so ns
ihsastrous to the true interest or ihoSmto'in America. Here public will directs the
and especially to our own cherished com-policy or the government j hero indeed,
mercial metropolis. I also felt required,1 the very foundation of the government
during tho session of 1652, to interpose! rests on tho sovereign thoughts of the
the hxecutivo prerogative against n dan-! masses. How important then it becomes
gerous expansion of our preont bunking that that will should cmanato rrom a high
nyslem. I think Ihero ore few who will ly cultivated judgment. This is tho very
now doubt the correctness i.f this step. palladium of our'l.hertics. It is ll c sheet
Had those schemes for the expansion of nnchor of our republican institutions. I
paper money prevailed, tho consequences believe that so longns iho people arc made
would have been moro disastrous than ' intellig. r.t by education and clavated in
tho most sagacious could have foreseen. the scale of moralily by ils influences, so
Uur commercial metropolis, inst.'n.t ,r in ,, :n .... i" .. t- : i:i...:...
.uindingassho has ,,ok
Bgajosi ine nnanc.ol storm which has been
felt so seriously in other cities and States,
might herseir havo Mien n victim t tho
folly, Insteed f boasting a proud fidelity
nnd punctuality s she now can, she miuht
,?,ICd7idi,h0nrCd- 1S':" -
Abb of tb, defect, or the system we have,
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uccumniiNiicu, uui morn is sun. on lllis
point, a great work to perform.
Tho offensive system of omnibus legis
lation, by which good und bad measures
are piled together under the same, common
title, and which has coft the Common
wealth so many millions of prodigal ex
pendituro in times past, was during the
last session, for tho lirst time, completely
broken down ; and the laws of 1S54 have
been presented to tho people, each separ
ate, resting on its own merits. If I bo re
elected, tho whole power ol the Executive
department shull be yielded to maintain
this wholesome system.
The policy of municipal subscriptions
to public works, sanctioned by my prede
cessors, nover did, as you will remember,
meet the eniiro approval of my judgment.
I felt required nl an early day, to admon
ish tho people and tlkeir representatives
auainst this insideous modo of cicaling
debt j but as those measures were gener
ally presented in the shape of a local ques-
"" I'vvvmim in iuv .ion j jt u mini v uia-
lion, affecting tho interests of particular
localities, I did not feel required lo inter
pose my judgment against that of the pco
plo immediately interested and their rep
resentatives. Time ond experience have
convinced me that this was un unwise del
icacy. If re-ckcted Governor, I shall un
hesitatingly employ the veto power tigainst
all ond every such schemes'.
I had not supposed, prior to tho com
mencement of this canvass, that it Would
bo necessary for mo to declare to onv cit
izen my views in reference to our com
mon school system. I had cherished the
belief that my career as it citizen, as u
Senator, ond as Governor had given am
ple evideneo ol my strong attachment to
this most sacred of our institutions. As
in boyhood I was the recipient of the bles
sings of that syslcm, so in minhood sliall
I maintain it to loo fullest extent. I have
resisted by tho veto power, as the public
records show, all attempts at innovation
upon the system. Those engrafted on il
by our political ppponents, when in pow
er the endow ment featuro nnd the sec
tarian feature have been stricken from
the system. Nor could I ever sanction a
division of iho fund for any purpose.
Whatever means be raised for education
al purposes by tho government should be
expended under tho school organization.
II would seem quite unnecessary and im
politic to collect money from tho people,
in a public way, to bo expended under
privato direction. I here is nmplo room
for Iho tn-0 of private mean for tho pro
motion of education, without interfering
with the general System.
It shall bo my pride and pleasure at all
times to endeavor to perfect, extend nnd
strengthen our common school system.
Indeed, I nnticipate with pleasure tho day
whrn the coffers of the Siato will bo able
science nnd literature, as well t:s tho ru
dimcnts of n common education. No
higher or nobler duty could occcupy the
energies ol a government. Education, in
all us phasrs, is tho great helpmeet of civ
ilizaiion and Christianity. It is tho most
viduul happiness, nud the highest grade
agression. It is .ho preparation for tno'rniovmen of.!,, .',. . ; :". ' V
rxewiso nf il.o l..f..;,.V,n.i.i.-
which .we a e ll If.,, ove ni M 3-
by means of u I, ch le y of C t
blest citizen i Z Uui Sir t T.
romine"t 6nJ W-Itl'lhr
oil enjoy equal dignity ond powers os cit-i
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in li j'i iii, r (. t d r i r i 1 1 n t ui i'' s
I Ii iw litil hiilo Iii .-,y jn nd'nii n I.i tin;
filili li'i i l iim Ii li r I'i ll," Ti linn mil n
jt'nini'liJi'.li el .liiin ,is', i, ,( , nitniiil.
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i"WI r In I'l'lilinl Mill i u;,lo llii' Mil.jn t ;
lnl, III III" miii- Iim., 1'iintki'il llmt, ill
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I. n-,, l,.. l, m m . -tails would I,.
(il.vii.u .ly uiuMiistiiiiiiuiul on-l unjiin. I
" ". " ' "", inn l rim ..ii:.
ly di'.ri'i:,iiu Hi" vir.iiiriiili'iiHirrdDcc.Mid
fllll lU'lTinri'M 1,1 U II M, I i. , 1 ,,.w ,n
1 1 "') t',vr ' "-""
ore to miiir;;,to, 1,11. 1 (r ns possible, to
extirpiiii! llm vice ; but I cannot bo regard-1
-,J ns a proposod laV
the di'tnils of whii-h I have not seen. Tho
(lUiigaiMiisoi my o'iiii umier lliu constitu- can eMizens. ISor wero wo slow to im- justified for n temporary inconvenience nr
1,011 'l"11 1IS' 'I,C Executivo depart- press upon the world tho peculinr benefits Velfish end, in entailm-T so "rcat an evil
meiit ol tl,..' government in a co-ordinato of our institulions. Indeed, wo boasted of on the cause of Christianity and civil lib
and concurrent branch of iho law-making our Ud of civil nnd religious liberty of cny in olher countries. This principle! of
power. Vested, as 1 havo been, with its , our asylum for tho oppressed, w here every Christinnilv, bencvolenro nnd lovo for the
lunctions, Tor tho time being, I sdiuuld do man could enjoy Ihu high dignity of sell-! rights of iiinn, knows no ceornphical lim
you injustice and dishonor mysull, ns an government, and tho inestimable privilege' its. It is ns widespread ns tho human
otlicer, were I to surrender those tunc- of worshipping God ugreeably lo iho die1 race. The Christians in Heathen lam's
lions to any other brunch of tho govern- tales of conscience. Thus inviicd, many 'point lo tho American institutions ns on or
ment, or associated power, for any renson.cunw of alt countries, and or all sects of'gument in favor of liberal views.' The
whatever. They must bo retained in tho prolossing christians. Somo have been ! udvocale of the civil ri-bts or man under
Lxecutivo where the Constitution has pla-l with us since tho days of tho Revolution ;! ivrnnnicnl and oppressive forms of "ovem
cod them, and Ireely, intelligently and in- some lor half it century ; somo .for half' ment, also draws his tir-umcnts from our
depend. ntly exercised on each proposition that lime, and others for a shorter period. I example. Tho A morion example his
of law or policy as they may arise. Tl.ey havo contributed by their industry : been tho lracon-li"ht which has guidoJ
Iho expediency and policy ol a prohib-mnd skill to tho development of tho resour- the politic mariner wherever stru'.-'lin"
itory law lias been, by nn net of tho last ces of our common country, nnd have as.'n'ninst tho waves of oppression To the
L-g.slaturc, submitted to tho judgment ofi sisled in its defence; others huvo relied ! Chiisiians in Heaths lands, nnd tho Pro!
tho whole people. Their scntnnents for Mho forest nnd cultivated the soil, and have;estants in Catholic countries, it bus fur
and against tho measure a.o to bo ascer- a.jded to tho general prosperity of thelnished Iho largest share of their nr-'umcnts
tamed at the ballot box in October next, country ; others havo advanced tho com. i nnd their hopes '
Should Ihey demand such a measure, their jnercial, manufacturing, mining, nnd me- Hut to suppnse-whicl. is Minplv an nb-
win siiouui uo carrieu into eiiect in a jj.si,
ellicient and constitutional form.
Complaint has been made in certain ,
quarters that I have not sanctioned a new
license law which passed tho Legislature
on the night of the final adjournment. 1
avo not sanctioned it, nor do I intend tOiUndinsidiousconibmalionthatovcrrideslhe
do so. It has been filed away in the of-'Constitution ?
fico of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, I Shall the faith of our fathers as plighted
to be returned to iho next General Assent- j in this grout instrument, bo thus disregard
bly with my objections. jed. Kight-nn'nded men of ull pnrlies'musl
This measure isa lairspecimen of hasty j respond no! No such immorality and po
and inconsiderate legislation; and is so liiical wrong should bo permitted lo tarn
confused and obscure in its purposes, lhat,i.sh tho fume of America. From the long
its administrufion, when taken in connec-'past days of lite revolution there is a re
tion with tho other license laws of ihej miniscenco that speaks, in eloquent tones
Slate, would bufllo the most astute legal j against this proposed error. From the
minu. w:er a ueiitirrato examination ol
,fa 1 1 .Tit. i Inna I -'..vin f,-. ll.n ftn M n t ,,,,
.' '. I . , , , , !
wui ii iiii:;, uw ii.uv.ii iii.i.ii uuu v.uuiu uu ;
My reasons against it and ;
wu.cn arc ioo ioim to uc insertcu iere,t nm
. i . , . , , .11 i .... i
confident, will prove satisfactory to you. j
i ""i iii.ii no rem menu o. temper-
nncc reform, w.ih a lull comprehension of
tho manifest tendencies of this measure,!
will bo willing to make himself .the advo-
e.n In nf lli- 1 n Ki.ncn cuctnm
catc of such a licenso system
Certain strange political dogmas have
recently been presented for public consid-
oration, nnd w hich would seem to demand
more limn a passing notice. I mean the
doctrine o the recently elected Mayor of
l!ie city ol Philadelphia, that a citizen horn
out ol tho country should not be trusted
wiin civil olhcc : and the still more extra-
ordinary tenets of political faith held by a
certain secret organization, which, it is
said, materially aided in elevating this
lunctionary lo power.
I am opposed to all secret societies to
accomplish political ends. I believe, in the
languago ol Georck Y ashinc-ton, that
all such associations "are likctii in the
cmrse of time and things to become a po-
wni engine oy tctici cunning, ambitious
and unprincipled men icill Le enable to
subvert the potcer of the people, and to
vsurp for thrmsdees the reins of govern
ment, destroying afterwards the very en
gines which lifted them to unjust dvmin
ion." I b,.lievo ; ,i. 1. r!
the languago of the Constitution of the
United totalis, that declares "no religious
r T'" J1'"'"-"
,Jx,Z.' ' i : :ZT.
" ' T'l ' V. :rall" f" fry. r I!ln,cTC,CnCCS 01 mcn 10 b ,hc
that W men hare a natural and indrfca.
" " -o''""'.eaun,
iible, right to tooship Almighty Cod ac
cording to the dictates of their own con
science.'" That "no human authority can.
in any case whatever, control, or interfere
in any case whatever, control, or intcrferexMo difficulties. Is this attempt toexcite
with the rights of conscience, and no prejAoC of professing Christians Sgainst
.... v, v.,. ,j , ,y ,t. iimiiiii.1 , i, uiviu I'.ipcuieiu oi wny po 1 1 1 1
Itgiouscs'uLHshmcut or modes nf worship " -cians lo accomplish iheir own sclfishcnds,
and in iho further declaration that "no or is it intended H9 a "font rnTirnl rhnnrrn
person who ucicnowlcdgcs the being of a
LiO.J. and a 1ut.ll.rp. ntntn nf iv.vi
i , . ... .... o v.
punishment, shall on account of his rcli
: , . , J
gious sentiments, be disqualified to hold
any office or place of trust or jwofil urdcr
this Com nion weulh."
I believe theso instruments of funda
menial law, as they ore, should be main-
tained and justly administered by nil men
in civil aulhority. Indeed it is difficult to!
imnginc how nny ono sworn to administer;
....,'. uiwuiii irtwacijii u icei warraniea
in stepping over iho hounds or their dis -
linct terms, and rstublishing rules of nc-!lhis new power, then "another, the most!
tion '.n direct violation ol' Iho guarantees! needing correction, would bo taken tip,
nnd immunities which they secure to cv- and so on until all religious denominations
ery enii.en. Citizens according lo the
terms or (his Consiitution, arc all alike
they are entitled to equal protection-to
innnl f!..lif., I - 1 ; . i
equal rights lo equal immunities, and no1
mil .1 tllll nri.Un.t. , . I I . ....' . '
.. ,.w .Hum iu u jusi numimsira ion urisuan spirit ol the nation would be pros.
ol tho laws should attempt the high-hand-; trated and the infidel spirit bo predomina
ed usurpation of constituting citizens lo ting.
suit his own cairice, and to by dow n, ns Who will have tho boldness to under-
n nuo oi (iction, iii.n mo accident of birth
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A more uni u i fo I e hi U 7 1T:
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nii'iiH Mill liiiimr. 'I'l.. I I,,,!, I l,,l,, il
till' il ! liiii" nil lllis j if Vnm.
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llm I'lllli il ,-:llr, liinl f'i"V ihf; l:('"('i!;t
I'l'iinr t . i ll s 1 1 1 ti t ioil r . lie wininr. lli:it i
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or lim I .'liiiidt'.-, who ia,'o tin's,) ronili.
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Mnli snn n. '1 licy Hlntid mnclionrd lv
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""- .niiiimii, 1 nos. .lein-rson nnu
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other illustrious fathers of our Republic.
Wo held out the nlluiinjr invitation lo the
people of o.lr rountrie ... t,
accept our conditions and becomo Ameri-
clianical interests ol the nation,.and others
havo udomed the nulnit and tho bar
They havo ussisted to nnv tho taxes, and
to fight our battles; and shall tho sacred
covenant which was thus made with theso!
people be violated by tho power ofa secret!
shades ol Mount crnon
from thu prave
n C I .. 1.'.. I. .!. t
. T7 "": ',CI"IS
;loni"0incry IC1I lom .1111! once i nm t
fields where I'ulaski and Do Knll, o.ivr on
. , ' , . , . - . ,
uieir lives, tiiero enmes un a so em n re.
monstrnnco ogainst this proposed wrong,
i woum not soy this, nor tho weakest sen-
timcnt of it, for tho mere matter i f olT.ee'
to this class of citizens. Tho value ol'of-
. . ....
1 'h ' i" i." , i 'I
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ficc lo them is of small importance ; but it ''cause fur Bhrm,"p.r thns. 'n-sistintieh
..l... I j:. 1 .. . , ... ; .' . . ' o " "
is mo icep nisnonor mat such n violent
measure would inflict open our country,
mat induces me thus to speak. It would
not be Iho loss of civil place that would
most nlllict our adopted citizens, but it!
would be the humiliation of being designa-
led os a class, ot whom it hhould be said,
ihey are net to bo trusted w ith civil place.
This is tho idea that would most wound
their pride nnd excite their indignation.
T,n. . .1 .,
intiu mo umuiigsi inern inosc who in
the want ofa full appreciation of our insti
tulions and customs, so deport themselves
as to give reason for complaint. Hut these
Tacts afford no' sufficient ground for vio
lating tho institutions of tho country. It
is simply cowardly to acknowledgo dan
ger rrom such a source, and iheavowel of
it is a poor compliment to the strcnth ol
1 repeut, that I nm opposed to nil oath-
, 1 ... . . j ' ,,,oiui.y,i.i uuu ai-
thoc K, llA r a V!f U,a
""I " 7' ii"1,"
which embarrass the free exercise of the;
elective ranchise: or ihni mnu Im nlr-n.
. ,...i . ' .1 'J v.vu -
l"'J""'ce mo sancniy ol me jury
l ontirri'nln na iyc ....
,!,. I'.- . . . i'i -
those pohiical tenets winch, in their .11.!.-
era nnd into ernnt smnt wnn M u
vrnX and intolerant spirit,, would go be
k:-,l,l.. .t: i.i'. r.t . .
r T-T rUl,"?vnmso""owmllnl
icv. ,or civn ouice.
houghilessly espoused this new doctrine,
lha the practical application of it must be
"'u"? 'hreshhold by insurmoun-
iauic aiuiciiiiies. is this nttcmnt to excite
. ...o v , , , """.ici iu uiuMuwiiu nave
I M,.,.i,...,l I..I I. . L
in the institutions of our country ? If tho
... .u... iuu, u ni uo perccivcu
that Ihe first step must bo a unity of Church
and State. How else can these new ilmt,
mas bo reduced to practice ? Their advo
cates must get possession or tho civil gov-
crnmeni must cnamto iho fundamental
, C I I 1... . .,
iuo ui uiu iuiiu, mm men uring mo pow-j.1-' -wty enemies jor ioney
er of the government to bear on matters1,"" Fewer. YOU light for the preserva-
of rcli-iions belief find rhnrrh nrrrnnlm
tion ; and whrn one denomination ofpro.
icssing LiiriHtums shall hnve been punish
.ed into purity, according to the notioHS of
would bo niado to accord to a fixed stan- well-born. Democrats, remember ihesc
dard by tho force or law. In my opinion ' 'I'ings, nnd go to thu polls ns your fore-
by iho time this Sanhedrum should havo1 f"'hers did in 1()0, when they elected
I i ,i . I'm.. r J
passed all denominations in review, the
I 'I. ' . . f . ...
take a work of this magnitude 1 No one,
!;..;iT" 7m "72 "". r""' un.
, - ' - " . ' '"'3 nercsy, con
v V, q , T " i".1 rcs',on-
I , ' n" i ' C?'J'd " ,W T1
'. wt cnle ! ' .k
: L aIT.T llT, , 1?1 "
- r- ' . , , . , vjii.u i'i ii,nivji . i, i ' 1 1 1 1
I ll, ll
", ll '. M t I 1
U I ' H I I 1
ll' I ', 1'
Ii' r t i Iii!'
r in;' i s r,
I'l'HH' ll 1 , ill 1
"I ,1 ' Al , M" I
I H'l I I I .
' I ' I ' 1 W
" 'I 'II.
i Ii 1 11 1 1 Ii Il.r.
III I ' I
nil, i'i mi lin'.'iv. N'.r 'limill w liny!
llllll V '. ll Win, 'i M. Ili',"l l!': ll'i Mill
I, ml ll I'lini.ir,'- i tj nlii r, ti l!' !; !, Mid
n t ' ' Iii ill ,11.1,1 1 1 .m ii In mi nl " rli r I
ri'lijii'in tnli'iiitii'i'. llmt il will ii 'oiiiiil ri
i f "' inl Will Iii lli'ill I'll inri'l," It Will'
tin' iti iil' si trnmti'h n ( liri'MnulV ni'
iI m s id Ci'llhlrilllill", II lini I'l i'll
.r.'o ofil,Ur.nU'M K.,,l to mankind. -
Its inn.,,l,.''!,lnvr!,r.'norld. id.,
nml it Us tiiit n-iln nrd ihnmnii of civil
IllKTly I! II. I rlllTslllllllty 111 Ml Cllll(ri!!S.
I l-u it orvnrrn! to tlii)!in win would cclinsc
.1 . , ... .
. 1 . . m .
iiiih it rent characteristic rt American in
Mitutioiis, tint tho direful inllurncii of a
ietro"riiln action on thi suhi"ct could not
tin rnrifinpil In ilw, limilu nf r.nl rnnntri; ?
That as its lulvnr'iitcs Ihr-v could not lo
(surd idea that there bo reason to nnnre.
nena encroaetimcnts upon our civil insti
lotions by nny class , or sect of citizens,
where would nl rood citizens ral v for
protection against such an evil ? They
ivni.M hn ftnm,! i oictn. nr,,i ,u
stitution ; ihey would "ather about it like
,hn f..j,hrl ni'Mnf.-n nn,i l.i.i n.
I UIIV1 ItVi' Ik uu Ull
impnssauie oarrier lo sucti ( ncroachmcnt.
There 1 should be, in such 'an event, to
maintain this instrument for the benefit of!
all classes and all denominations of Chris
tians. Hut how idlo is il in those who
prctMid that there may bo danger to tlio
civil inslitutionsofthe country, to announce
as a remedy, iho destruction cHlic great
est safi gu ird which our institutions offord.
So long ns tho p"op!e Ikm c confidence
tt"pr-lmtliopir;uno!,ntlawof the land and rev
.. v . Ii
..rfinw u ,.;.,;i,.. .. . ...:u :. . rv
il., ,iiii.i i ra. i w nr,
. nmM ,..,,. ...f.-r ... .
i ,,..,1 ) .,,.:.i.i.. i ..
I "II I Will II IIIUI lllj.llll
jlin.nion if it bo thus demoraiized nn"
weakened, nnd tho comiJmoc of ih neo-
pie alienated from it. and ercroarl.n, -n-s
j should then
i.- .... ....i .i . i . i.
. invasions wo'dd Le in tho attitude of nn
' army with tho fortress torn djwn and the
i ordnance dismantled. Hut enough ofihis.
I trust that I have suecu di d in niakin-t
my views known to you upon this grave
1 havo said none of llvso things from
, . .... . . . , u. . . ti nsyiv. -
n an t.v lur! 1 nnil n I'min.i.ni ... .
gious belief, as were my parents befure me,
but 1 simply declare princijdes which 1
believe are consistent with tho best inter
ests, the dearest rights, nnd highest hopes
of tho pcoplo of my naiivo Siate. Nor do
I intend lo speak unkindly or individual
citizens, ivho for nny reason may hnve
connected themselves with the associations
to w hich I have been referring.' I can
readily perceive how, clothed wilh a nov.
'J ...i.j it . i, in Slilllb ill 1111
I , ' J. . - -
city and secrecy, the approaches of such
ail Ids'. till:. ill unn III m iiieiJi,,,!, n,,.l c
"-..ooos liot'.uiuourawn wiinin its nasties.
Hut nil such havo plain duty to penbrm,
.....i ...:.i..i r .. 1 ,
. " ";"U" "omino order
; to renew t ,o r a eu ance lo thn C.nsth,,.
.". . """"-""".."Ji'i'iuJ io nsscruno uignitv ol iree nnd
. ... ' .. I ........ i ... .
I . ' "o"".' '"-1 """
j indcpaident voter., endvote fer whomsci
.1 . -
- ! ever thev please for roli-'ra! (
.: . . I
. now, fellow citizens, said nih
Iat ilia limits of a commnnica-ion of.hisldcr or this glorious institution.
kmj wlIi pPrmi, and .. t u...,, ,,...
,-.. .. ..
rnyseu understood on nil
lIlKlfli.fl ri !
ting to my official duties. Tlfj issue
must bo wilh you, I nm confident that
in fassing upon my nets, you will not
test them by a standard of perfection
for that is what humanity cannot attain'
In conclusion, let mo assuro you, that
whatever your decision may le, it shall'.. 'vn'w-Notiiigs I'kginning to Know
not weaken my attachment to the princi -
I r I i '
pCS I have declared, nor lessen mv zeM
ior mo wellare ol mv nnUvo State nor1 u"m grauiying notice oi vnai is
my ndmirntion for von ns n neonlo
Very respectfully, your fellow citizen,!
Ecnienilcr Democrats, thai You Fight
fnr Tihi,,!,. T- - - y- 7
,l0,n, ; ?ur nn" c'lor'011'' constitution
TUV.Y for the establishment of a privi -
u'''h lnc 'll0st- insolent oppression
i4i totw.fuLii i mi l win rinu nvrr nn
. . " . J
Democrats fight for equal laws and ex -
act justice to all men federalists for ihe
privileged I'ew, and the immunities or the
J Thomas Jefferson, and all will bo well.
07ICnow-Nothingism cannot live long in
the light of American liberty. There is
too much honesty nnd intelligence too
country lor the success or such an intoler-
-nt or mischievous order. Like some ran!;
0,,d noxious weed, it may flouri ;h for a
1'"t nni1 n wi '
overtake it. With intelligent ond patriot-1
overtnkoit. With intelligent ond patriot -
.. contempt fr if imbecili.y i. ..jLeen .rj for bimy: ' c5.Wa-i
I " f"P"n " delos,'"n of ' char- of his disciples hereout, help him . lit-
l,!'N"H f ti.f 1 H
ll ." 1
I 'M i.
" I'm (i
', r t i'i' N' I
' ' I "IT I ,'D'
m ' ',1 I'M I ''
, fi IU' i.i n"ii y
. - ii inn n ( ,,
" -'! ffnry,
1 1 n i i t - ii r- n I niit .
1 ) '- I' ill,' l ,j.f.vi!.,l f.n
i' I', r (' mill ( 'i ll'!liiM.i)'r. "i In il,.
h'rii'iM lust win'' i lln! "ri'iinUnnn ), I
Ml Imiifit nm il in llm p'tsi'li nf lir I'lmf
r,.i ciiIim.' i Iimii Ii lt I r . iinlf'on j
l:,ill, rin! 1 1 ilicir iiMnnl irtt'rt irtllio Ijiiuw.
diicij iIim 'i I SLii'Trrnsniy ly tlmnppi,
. . , l r l i
in. ll iluiin.l inn ri iituriifiraui.il in .iiinimiiii.
;,ia ,., uiutor Hi.U'M I-.-vcmor liiglrr .
' f,m ,rrM .,,,1 (c,l men how.
r fl,, ,,r. ( Inliirniiiorior chair." . ,,9
is tho unnwisked evidence- of men wholud
watched Govrnor I'.igler's coiiijO withun.
sleeping fidi'liiy, acted wilh him in a co
ordinate branch of iho Slate government,
and ixperienco to proiiomico upon the
mei it. or Governor lligler and his cluimi
upon iho people of iho Commotiwcnlik
fur a ro- !i:ti 'i). They Loth pfui.ouiico
William I'igler to bo one of tho most hon.
est, as well us the safest men who ever
presided over the destinies of this Stule. .
Why, then.hhoutd the honest, sensible men,
tho real fupporters of Pennsylvania hon-
or volo against and defeat Governor Big
Icr at iho coming election T Ho is hon.
est ho is saie. An has maintained the ,
credit, of tho old Commonwealth unim-,
paired, decreased her debt, incroased hr
resources, ..and purified her currency to
tho extent of hi ability. What benefu
will n, change, and, especially such a
change us i tits' Know-Nothings propose, ,
biing with it to tiny portion of our citizens 1;
00Tho fyllonihg is nn extract from a
letter piillUhed in tho Slat of the JS'orth,
and w hich the editor snys, was written by ,
a Catholic. As showing the variety of
"strings" to tho "bow" of Know Nothinj
ism, it may bo interesting to soma ofoui
reader : , , . . , ,. ,,.
I bavo been, tohf by Know.Noihinu.i'
that they have no "hard feeling towunis
Irishmen, and arc. only opposed to the
"Dutch"- my Germun neighbor is told
that only tho Irish nroto:be. proscribed
Catholics arj tuld tliat only foreigners are
to be put down, and foreign Protestants
that tho opposition is only to Catholics.
And then at the end, all of us nre inform
ed that no harm is meant to us, but that
tho position is a necessary one lHo pul
(fawn the Loco locos". Iut tnough I
wasence a Whig, I do not thank these
men for making mo and my religion a
footstool to s;ep into office, ll is but very
poor comfort to be told by ihcse con-
ispirniors mat mey are not t earnest
while Ihey wn.e a hVrce crusado against
r,rl,on'. anJ d" U ,,:r'
j , 7 , "
Ml'0 i,S!l!nst mV " "". -bo held ,,?
iir iiiir'Ltr ?imi( nmnn i mn r trtu.iivhA oiIa
v.. ""'IW I.H.I1VIIIIUI,I.I, uiujv.iiiiu
"f?"' , Wel1 io
en ril(!St. 1 hp TC Sll t tn ITlft IS ifltl RPT IOIl tn
earnest. 1 he result to me is too serious to
Lea jest ; and tho dishonesty of lha trick
loo revolting to please a conscientious man.
Tho practice is os bad ns the profession ;
fori! theso Know-Noihingscould, by their
unholy cry ngninsi their brethren's birth
or creed, elect their candidates, these of-
r, . ... ,,,i.i i... i i im.- r i
pracl C(,t m. profession cons stcntly, o.id
1 ' '. .. . . . J
to degrade nnd disfranchise me, my Coun
trymen, my father, my brrthten and my
Pottsvilley September 16ih, 1S54.
Qi estion for Tnjj Whigs. Let every
Whig, whose father, uncle,' brother or.
friend, was born in a foreign country,
ask himsef this question before- commit
ting hunselfto vote the U Iuj ticket this
i.TT .... T .. ., . rU . U-
UUI tUU i 1J.J , IOI IJ1CII WHO BIO
cr, my un-
- etc, mv-brolhor, and somo of tho best ond
! deares't f.V.irU I have ?''
: ...... .
iwiiw Know..otHins have decen-
: ,!,.,! iVnm mmM k,.l
Somo or the
' paper? r.amo tiio notmous
,',.1'vi, liilill'l IUU lll.ll.IUU3 111 SC1I I
Cun'.f.ne, tho origina,or, but occrd ng
. . . . e . . .
j to the 4th chapter, Bih and 9th verses of
Genesis, thev can cUi.n Cin ns the foun-
,, r.. ... ... . .
inn.l it nnmA a .. 1 .
j iho field, that Cuin rose up 'ngnint Able
his brother and slew him.
And the Lord said unto Cain, where is
uiu my urouier I nu no siaa 1 ItiV' W
NOT." JJaston Arms.
T no uetlys!lJrg compiler
n nnr.n nl. .. ...11 . . J '
' a ?WT always well posted up, gives us
i(!oinrt ''1 Adams county:
Vo nrc reliably :nrorjTaed that several
domoc"'''I3 in this place, who had allowed
j ."-., Ji-i . v c iu L I IIIIO JOHHIIlg KIIUW'
, nothingism, have "dissolved" all connec-
I.' .. .. .1 .. . . .
(nou wiin ino orucr, denouncing it as a
regular whig swindle, to break down tho
! democratic party. The whig leaders don't
scrm to like tho step P
f&Tcaplc of Pennsylvania, remember
i11"1,1 Ji,m,"S 1'ollrl derends nnd upholds n
: SKC;R1'.T, OAl 'U liOUND POLITICAL
I SOCIETY a society that shuns tho light
j "" "ve, wjiob uoeus ore cvu, nnu wno
lsncli fiarkness rtll,lcr ,hnn 'gnt, and who
i fi,'. C''om ,lho I" v! ho,lcsl mcn n ,ho
r ti i n , I linn a frnm ii if i n I
criminal llees from juslieo !
Let the I'coplc Remember, That Gov
liiglcr is a scj tnatlc man th?t ho has
! r'.sen b? his oan. '"ustry and integrity of
char'lctor 1f 9'ations of honor nnd public
" ' Prtot ond pr.il
Knom--Notiiixo ix Tuouble. The
notorious "Nnd Rnnllinn." ihn
' tho Know-nothina party, has recently
i . i . -