Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, March 15, 1854, Image 2

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t p, Harbmbi&ob, 'March'B.
■otf» sgtegvjvf.j, f V’' •:'•.••■'« '■'• .. r ' ■• '
Stale Convention ,r to
pominmo a.’cundidnie far Gove/nor,. Judge 1
efjho Supreme Court ond Canal Conn
riffsindtior, met this morning at JO o’clock
of jjeprepentatives, pursuant qf the Sjtaie Central Committee.
The attendance was very full; ulmost
in the stale being fully rep
resented. *
■rtjHEm,L. Hirst.' Chairman of tba Cen
trot Committee, occupied tlio Gfiair tem-
purguapt to a roSolutipn of for
.MJ-fjC, names of the delegates were thop
•^ljet^pnif-their credentials severally pro- ■
tented. 'y. . • ,
scat of Charles B. Manly of Dela
as,Senatorial Dolnguto from Cites-;
Jpelayvaro,: was contested by 4-j
but after n lull examin- 1
case, Mr. Manly was admit- 1
tc4*.:;i■; ■’ ; v: I
p,fia .motion a committee of ono from |
each Senatorial district >vas thon appoint-
to.nominate and report ofiicers for the
perrpanent organization of tho Conventtou.
(Speaker of.tho House) nto-,
tho apppitipent by tho delegates of a ;
epmmiHea-tQ feport a series of resolutions!
of the yipws and sentiments of;, - , . , !
discussion arose, and the.
tesplutjop vyqs finally postponed until tlio,
gyganisption of the Convention. j
$ -Convention thon took a recess un-.
o’clock. j
at f« - u.. ... NOOK SESSION
.f«Fha PonVeption assembled at half past
twfllvo olclock, when the committee on the
sbleciion'of officers made report.
.'(’They nominated Judge Shannon of Al
legheny.'county for President of the Con-
assisted by ono Vico President
irem-each Senatorial district, and cloven
' The nominations werp unanimously ap
c- The President, on tnlting tho chair,
made a very neat and appropriate address,)
Jteartily congratulating' the Democracy of
the stnto upon the spirit of unity and feal
ty! every where manifested, He spoke al
fib of the hopeful and cheerful aspect of af
ihxrsthroughout the country, and exhorted
Jnevery movement a careful regard for the
prosperity and permanency of democratic
principles. •
The convention then again resumed the
consideration ofthe resolution of Mr.Chnse
•■fertile appointment of T a committee to rc
?ort 'resolutions.
bit was debated at some length, and on
■being' umended soas to direct the President
to appoint was adopted,
jc Tho Convention then adjourned till 2
iplelock rafter re-assembling a candidate
dot Governor, was balloted for. On first
JfaUibt the vote stood as follows:
' Wen. Bigler, • 128 votes.
.; kernel's. Bell, 5 do
* esiWm. Bigler was thereupon declared
tdtitynbmjnaled ds tho candidate of the de
•fetJCratic party for Governor.
JV’-Hobi Jbremiah Black was on motion
'•|Wmiflnted'as a candidato for tho Supreme
•t&bhch by acolamntion.
•Jo The Convention then proceeded to the
• Sfibmliialion of a candidate for Capal Com
■tniissioner. The names of quite a number I
Wf gentlemen were submitted, ana the first t
ballot then being taken resulted as follows *J
'6d:Henfy S. Mott, of Pike, 80 j
- J i .iGeorge Scott, of Columbia, 20
having a majority of
*-plt the votes cast, a second ballot was had
’ which resulted as follows :
'*•- ' Henry S. Mott, 83
’■' George Scott, 20
1 1 Scattering, 281
**~ : Hdnry S. Mott, of Piko county, having
: ‘tt>dleßt' i rriajorityi wa9 thereupon declared
•‘nUly pominated for Canal Commissioner,
pglld enthusiastic applause,
—■■ The President then announced tho com
* rnittee on resolutions, (Mr. E.B. Chase, of
’-'Busquehannai Chairman,) after which aj
• 'jeccss was taken until 6 o’clock.
* "The Convention re-nsscmbledat 6 o’clock, I
whon Ml. Chase, from the committee on|
resolutions, submitted n scries expressive!
' ‘plfthe seqtimentsof tjr'e Convention and of 1
; th6 parly in the present posturo of affairs,
ro-nffirming tho established principles
7 pf the democratic creed.
: rp|jQ resolutions,'after some little discus
' were adopted. / '
'■ An uhsucCq69ful effort was mad o to in-
resolutions in reference to tho Ne-
’ Resolved;'Tlml tho selection of Win-
BiGi/dn by voice ofthis Conven
tion, os'the standard bearer of tho democ
’’ ln the next gubernatorial contest, is
only in accordance with the well esta
”vfj!isficd usages of the party, but a well me
,:,3itdd;Trlbutp to his eminent vvorth, integri
ty inqtPtibility. tiis entire administration
been"characterized .by an unselfish
*^oevotidh ! to the best interests of the people.
■ ’ The Democracy will hail his re-nomina
-11 tion With delight, and will ratify the action
' K bfxhldX‘onvehtion by his triumphant elec
"fni... " ; •' 1 ■ ;
'''' ' solved, That the last annual messngo
Gov. Bigler is a public document of
'‘‘fenusijir stVength and ability; exhibiting
3 Wtlftho greatest cnndor and fidelity, :the
’“ifctu'tiil, financial condition of the Common, l
'•wdnlth. ' In this frank nnd manly exhibit,
hiVe'atuSijranee that the public interests
‘“tiffHe.pedplo are entrusted to a safe and
while thero ip so much
of Governor Bigler to ox-
nnd pride fop tfie ex,
wealth of the slate, nnd tho Ipigh
* degree'of prosperity enjoyed by the people
we sh‘6uld.nQt..ho 'insensible to the impor
»fc);vneo of a rigid economy,every depart
..umont of this that
\vct,|iavethcujadrancothntthepubiic mo*
rjcj' is not founda-
tion for the confidenctTtiiat public cngago- ■ fSf REPOBIirOAPi.
mentswill be cheerfully met by thopco-'.
pie. ,
Resolutely That upon the subject-or tiro
currency, iho views of Gor. Diglur are j
perfectly sound and democratic,
whilst it has neyor been-the aim of the,
Democratic party to “uproot entirely thoj
system of banking wo have,” it is not less >
our true policy to rostrain tho aggregate;
amount of capital invested in banking toy
tho demands pr a healthy trade and tho;
actual business wnnt9 of tho community,
and not run tlio risk of great commercial •
.embarrassment and distress by an unduo:
expansion of paper circulation. Old and!
chartered banks should bo re-chartered,
; with great criuiion, and only after a most
1 thorough examination of their condition ;
, whilst new ohc.s should only bo establish- !
led when absolutely necessary and demnn- i
ided by the exigencies of trade. »
! Resolved, 'fhaUhc ovils of omnibus and
, special legislation has become intolerable,
‘and tho former especially calculated to
1 produce inctilcplable mischief and injury *
to tho public. We therefore heartily com. I
mend and approve tho position assumed!
by Gov. Bigler, against this species of leg
: islation. !
i Resolved, That in the adjustment of the j
I difficulties at Eric, and with the Franklin !
jtianal company, Gov. Bigler displayed;
I great skill, prudence nnd ability ; and that,
ho is justly entitled to the prai sc of all for
bis conduct throughout the entire contro-j
versy. I
Resolved, That this convention presents j
with entire confidence, the narjio of Jerk-!
Miaii S. Black as the candidate of the De- j
mocratic party for Judge of the supreme |
Court. Tho high character and distin- j
guished ability of Judge Block aro too well !
known to every citizen of tho common
wealth to requiro endorsement by this
convention. The time ho has already oc
cupied that eminent position, has been
sufficient to lqavo tho impress of a great j
mind upon the jurisprudence of tho coun- j
try, and ho has shown himself n worthy j
successor of the strong minds who filled j
tho bench before him. j
Resolved, That in tho selection of Hem - j
ry S. Mott, ns our candidate for" Canal |
Commissioner, wo believe tho democracy
aro peculiarly fortunate; recognizing in j
him ns we do, a man of tho strictest integ-j
rity, great personal popularity, and emi
nently qualified to pH the responsible office
for which he is nominated.
Resolved, That tho election of Genornl
Franklin Pierce to tho Presidencyj was
a triumphant vindication of tho attach
ment of the Democratic patty tho consti
tution and tho Union ; and that so far his
administration has displayed great ability,
been ominently judicious and consistent
with tho principles upon which he was o
lected, and tho doctrines contained in his
inaugural address.
Resolved, That the public sorvices of
the Hon. Jasies Campbell, and tho abil
ity, fidelity and integrity with which ho
has discharged the duties of Postmaster
General, cniitlo him to tho thanks of tho
people of tho United Stntes, and that he
possesses the confidence and merits the
support of the Democracy of Pennsylva
Resolved, That the course pursued by !
the Hon. R. Bhoadiiead, our represents-1
tivo in the Senate of the United Stnte9, en-!
titles him to the entire confidenco and sup
port of the Democratic party. j
Resolved, That tho Democracy of Penn -,
sylvnnia arc in favor of a liberal dis-,
position of tho public lands by tho general |
government, and of the Principles of aj
well devised Homestead Law, which would j
encourage agriculture, commerce, manu-j
factures, and all other branches of industry, j
by granting to every free white male citi- 1
zen of the United States, who is the head !
of a familV, a homestead of one hundred |
and sixty acres of land out of the public)
domain, upon condition of occupancy nnd j
cultivation of tho same for a certain speci
fied period.
Resolved, That tho democracy of Penn-1
sylvnnia adheres with' unshaken fidelity,
to tho Constitution npd Union of the States;
land relics upon the compromise of 1850
las the final adjustment of tho vexed and
dangerous question which jhep agitated
! the country, nnd menaced tho existence of
tho Union. Upon this rational principle
Gov. Bigler entered upon tho contest of
1851, and with a distinct avowal of his
adhesion, was triumphantly elected. Ad
herence to its provisions was adopted in
1852, as a distinctive feature in the nnlion
!al platform, and President Pierce was
elected by an unparalleled majority, thus
manifesting the popular assent to the terms
and conditions of the Re
garding it as do as a solemn and delib
erate settlement of controversy, consecra
ted by the efforts and energies of the ablest
and best of both great political parties at
tho time of its adoption, and since twice ra
tified by the people of this state, we there
fore ratify and adopt tho principles laid
down in the Baltimore platform of 1852.
'fho resolutions were adopted unani
mously. '
On motion, the Convention adjourned
sine die.
Tho Council of Philadelphia, on Thurs
day last by a unanimous vote, authorized
the Mayor to subscribe $750,000 to the
North. Western Railroad. This, we pro
sumo, secures the construction of this road;
as, with other subscriptions previously' ob
tained, it covers the.estimated cost degra
ding; nnd wl;cn progressed thus for, the
amount required |o complete it dan with
out doubt lie procured.
This road commences at- New Castle,
, run's through Butler, and connects with
I flic Pennsylvania Central road near Blairs
ville. Tho Cleaveland and Malfoning road
connects at Now Castle, and- thus a
through line is. furnished frome Cleave.
; laud, to. Philadelphia, avoiding Pittsburgh.
: Mcrcer Freeman,
Fon Governor,
Fon Supreme Judge,
For Canal Commission hi,
River News, —for qear a week past,
Tho Susquehanna has been in excellent or
dcr for rafting, and immenso qualities of
lumber have been run to market. Tho
water is falling fast, and is now, or will 60
after to-day, too low for navigation.
Q3“For the Inst few days wo havo been
absent assisting our lumbermen to run
their productions to market, and tho paper
has been under tho charge of other per
sons, who are entitled to the credit of any
improvement svhich may appear in tho
present number.
the recent flood, it is said by
tho oldest inhabitants, tlioro has been more
lumber run down tho river past this
pi aco for market, than over before known
in the samo length of tiino.
Homestead Bill. —This bill, which has
been undor discussion in tho National
House of Representatives, for some time
past, has at length finally passed through
that body, by a voto of 107 to 72, It
makes a donation of 100 acres of the na
tional domain, in nny of tho slalos or ter
ritories, where wo have public land, to each
actual settlor, (ho or sho being a freo
whito c.itizen and the head of a family,) on
condition of residency and cultivation for
five successive years.
Wo understand that one of tho provis
ions of tho bill is—that, this donation is to
be forever exempt from levy and sale for
preceding debts.
Wo consider this Bill as one of the most
beneficial measures which has yet been
beforo the present Congress—probably al
together so—inasmuch ns its effect will bo
to provide homes for perhaps hundreds of
thousands who are now homeless, and at
the same time will ensuro tho rapid settle
ment and cultivation of those vast fields of
forest and prairie land which now lie dor
mant and fruitless for want of husbandry.
Democratic Convention. —Wo pub
lish to day tho proceedings of the Demo
cratic State Convention, which met in
Harrisburg on the Bth instant. The pro-1
ceedings, and resolutions in particular,!
will, wo think, meet the views of the dem.
ocralic parly generally. It will bo sccnj
that our present talented and energetic I
governor, Wm. Bigler, has been rc-nomi-:
nated almost unanimously by acclamation, j
only five delegates dissenting. Judge]
Black was nominated by acclamation, and
Henry S, Mott, of Pike county, was nom
inated on 2d ballot as the Democratic
candidate for Canal Commissioner. The
Dcmocratjc party in this stoto never was
[more united than at present —nor victory
i more certain than at the approaching elec
tion. Tho feeble oppasition to Wm. Big -
| ter of five dissenting delegates and their
'constituency, will, ere thoclcotion comes,
(melt awav, and harmonize with the over-
I ' .
1 whelming voice of the party, which is
| now, and will be, for Gov. Bigler. There
| cannot bo a doubt of the election of all
lour candidates by a majority of from
I twenty five to thirty thousand, at a moder
ate estimate.
Opening oy Canal Navigation. —The
Lewistown Gazotto of March 9, says —
MThe Cunal was filled with water on Mon
day last, since which n number of boats
have arrived and departed.”
Wm. H. Ihwin, who
hns boon generally spoken of ns the pro,
bablo candidate of the whig party for Gov
ernor, has announced his determination
not to be a candidate for nomination.
Post Master Gen
oral, on tho Ist instant, appointed Isaac T.
James, Esq., a route agent on the Phila
delphia and Reading railroad, in placo of
John C. Myers, removed. Tho removal
of Mr Myers was demanded by a large
number of tho Democrats of this city, out
of considerations affecting the wellare of
tho party, and tho promptitudo with which
tho Postmaster General answered their
demands, shows that ho fully acknowled
ges its propriety and justice. Mr. James
is a Democrat whoso political consistency
and fidelity have stood tho test of years
service in the Demooratio ranks, and his
Appointment gives general satisfaction.—
Ho will make a compotent and efficient
officer. — Reading Gazelle.
■ Postmaster General Campbell: has, in
deed, actod promptly and justly in the
[ ahovo matter, and if ; has turned up just as
|we predicted. U ufould bo q waste of am*
| uni lion to extend a “parting salute”, over
la few words on d “fallen foe,” as small as
Col. John C. Myers! We merely givo
|p|nco to tho fact that retribution has unni
| hilated a Traitor, who, had hb lived in tho
clpys of Benedict Arnold, would have suf-
Ifcred an ignominious death ! 'Let his fate
‘be a warning in future to all political l trai
\ tors! -~Rennsylvanian , ,
'Washington, March 9, 1854. |
The passage of tho Nebraska bill in the,!
Senate, will loos bo remembered as one:'
of tho most important ovents in the je'gis
lativo historv of our country. On
day last that body ui<J not adjduftj until
about 10 o’clock jP. M., and they sat all
night on Friday, taking the vote about 5
jo’clock on , Saturday morning, when the
[bill passed by a vote of 37 to 14 —J 4:
northern, and 14 southern Democrats, and
9 southern whigs voting for it—whilst ev-,
cry northern whig nnd abolitionist, and
onlv one southern whig nnd one southern j
democrat opposed it. Of the absentees,
tsvo-thirds would huvo voted for it had
they boon present. !
Tho abolitionists look upon tho passage j
of this bill os a “final settlement" indeed,
|of tho slavory agitation. They know that
I if it is suffered to become a law, the coun-|
try will settle down in a peaceful ncquics-i
censo to the measure, and thus take away j
their occupation., And hence they oxort-j
ed every offort in their power to defeat it;
in the Senate, or to throw obstacles in tho!
way of its passage. They assailed it in ‘
in every shape, lair and foul j but among
the most potent objections they raisod, and .
tho ono which caused many northern;
democratic states men to hesitate, was,’
that, by repealing tho Missouri Compro-,
' mise, slavery would legally exist in those j
territories under the operation of tho;
j French law existing in Louisiana bofore i
its session to tho United Stales. To si-:
i lenco that battery, Sonator Badger of;
I Georgia, offered an amendment expressly:
i repealing said law, which was adopted by ;
I a very large majority. The bill, thus;
[amended, does no more than givo to the
’people ot theso territories tho nnd
i undisputed right to make their own laws.
' Nothing more. Who, then, can say one .
word against it 7 Certainly no ono who[
' believes tho people nre capaplo of self-gov- j
ernment, or who believes tho British par- j
liament was wrong in making laws for and j
taxing tho Colonies against their consent,;
and that tho Colonists were right in resis-'
ting such tyranny.
Your readers have doubtless heard of j
J tho tragical termination of tho Gardner'
trial. Tho scoond trial of George A. Gard- 1
nor terminated last week in a verdict of
guilty, and the prisoner was immediately ,
sentenced to tho penitentiary for 10 years.;
This was on Friday, tho prisoner was
first taken to the city prison, wbero he ■
j called lor pen und paper, and wrote one
lor two letters. Soon after he was seized
with convulsions, nnd died in about two
hours. The general opinion was that ho
had taken Strichnine. A postmortem cx
i nminatiou was made, and the stomach i 3
! now in the hands of a chemist, nnd the re-
J suit of the anulyzaiioh of its contents will
be made known to the jury of inquest which
will meet again to-morrow.
Gardner had obtained 8428,000 from
the government, on n claim which is now
fully ascertained to havo been fraudulent.
[ Somo 8200,000 is believed to havo been
[secured. His brother is also under in
dictment for participating in the same of
[ fence. Tho deceased displayed mnny ev
[ idcnces of the highest order of talents and
! capacity, had they been exercised in \yorks
[of virtuous usefullness. He also acted well
[ the part of an innocent man ; for, after his
! claim had been awarded by tho board on
I Mexican claims, ho went to Europe, and
! after spending a season there, voluntarily
! returned to this city, where he mixed in
| the best society, and had many friends
I who considered him a wronged and inno
cent man, some of whom even yet assert
[ his innocence, ;
j Gardner was about 37 years of age.—
; Went to Mexico ns a practical dentist.—
Ho there made tho acquaintance of an old
offender named Mears, a refugee from )ua
■ tioe, who was the first to conceive the idea
of presenting a claim on the U. S. under
the treaty with Mexico, for losses sustain
ed by occasion of tho war. Gardner was
employed by Moars to prosecute hia claim
and in preparing the papers, &c., to sus
tain this claim, seems to have conceived;
the idea of setting up a claim on his own
account, nnd for a much larger amount —
Mears’s claim being for a quicksilver mine
valued at 8134,000 —and Gardner’s for a
Silver mine, with tho appurtenances, &c.,|
valued at 0ver8790,000. Gardner came
on to Washington, and after employing
Hon. Thos, Corwin, Gen. Waddy Thomp
son and Edward Curtis as his attorneys,
went before the Board of Commissioners,
bonded by Hon! George Evans of Maine,
and secured an award for the whole amount
of both claims —tho former of which was
paid to the full amount, and somo 8400,
000 on the latter. The fraud is said to
havo been discovered by n Dr. Davis, of
this city, who was afterwards appointed
Secretary of the Board, by having his sus
picions aroused whilst overhauling tho pa
pers preparatory to filing them away in the
office of the Secretary of State—ho (Da
vis,) having spent several years in MexL
co where ho ntlainqd a kdowledgo of tho
true character of Mears,
This fraud is without a parrallel in the
history of our government, as well in re
gard to the amount of the swindle, the re
spectability of the parties and their agents,
and tho magnitude and ingenuity of the
devices, resorted to to accomplish it. Its
exposure cannot fail to teach a salutary [
lesson, and to show the people the trnns-j
Cendant importance of keeping a constant
eye of watchfulness upon their public ser-,
vants, demanding tho closest scrutiny intoj
their official conduct, and requiring in all
cases,/the very brightest oraorof excel-j
lenco'/in those entrusted with theso high'
responsibilities.' . ; .
Q3rA siiip built entirely of zinc at Nan- [
tcs, has made a successful outward and]
return voyage from Rio Janerio to that
port. She proved an excellent sea boat
ip the repeated gales which she.encounter
ed. Her compasses were not affected, os
in the case in vessels where iron is large-.;
,ly present;, - v ;
The Passage of the Nebraska Bill In the Dale
jed States* Benatf.
1 The abolition agitators oro in n great
rngo ut the passage of the Nebraska Mil,
Tho great majority which it has received
is like a knell to thoir cars. Let it pass
tho House by a decisivo vote nnd their
stock in trade will bo occupa
tion gone —slavery agitation in Congress
at an end. Wo give below the,yoto:
| Yeas —Messrs. Adams, Atchisop, Bad
! ger, Bayard, Benjamin, Brondhead, Brown,
i Butler, Cass, Clay, Dawson, Dixon, Hun*
tor, Johnson, Jones, (of lowa,) Jones, (of
! Tennessee,) Mason, Morton, Norris, Pet
tit, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Slidell, Stuart,
Thompson, (ofKy.,) Thompson, (of New
! Jersey,) Toucoy, Weller and Williams,
j Nays.— Messrs. Bel), Chase, Dodge, (of
Wia.,) jßesjenden, Fish, Foot, Hamlin,
Houston, jwhes, Seward, Smith, Sumner,
j Wnde aniWalker.
! B7
j Against it,
Majority for tho bill, 23
Messrs. Bright, Tombs and Mallory, off
of whom are in favor of tho bill
sent in consequence ol sickness. Messrs.
Pearce, Clayton and Wright, friends, of
tho bill, wore also absent. Tho following
absentees would havo voted against tho
bill : ’ .
Messrs. Phelps, Cooper, Everett and
Allen. So that a full voto would have stood
thus ;
For tho bill,
Against it,
Majority for the bill 25
Messrs. James and Allen voted.against
tho bill under instructions, otherwise they
would have gone for it, which would have
made the majority 27, and if the vacancy
from South Carolina hnd_hcen filled, the
majority would
Hartford, Conn. March 3.
At two o’clock yesterday afternoon, tho
steam boiler in Foies & Grey’s car facto
ry, exploded, destroying the blacksmith
shop aud engine room, and badly shatter
ing tho main building. Over IUO persons
wero in that part of tho building at tho
time of the explosion, which was most ter
rific, wrenching the powerful machinery
breaking tho timbers ond prostrating tho
walls and ronf;«burying tho workmen be
neath the ruins. Tho citizens and fire
men woro quickly on tho spot to rcscuo
the sufferers ; nine of whom wero instant
ly killed and died subsequently. Many
.others nro badly injured, soma of whom
1 will probably die. Tho boiler was a now
(one of fifty horse powor, built in tho best
manner. Over threo hundred persons
1 woro employed in tho building. The kil
led were chiefly killed in the blacksmith
j jFpETiiEn r Particulars,-— The sceno
: waif heart-rending. Hundreds of the
1 wives and children of the workmen rush
ed to the spot, and tho excitement spread
to tho schools in the south district, atten
ded by the woikmen’s children ; tho
; school was at once dismissed, in conse
quence of the distress of the children. j
The victims are horribly mutilated,and]
in some instances hardly recognisable.—!
At 5 o’clock all wero extricated. Thej
i number wounded is supposed to bo over
j fifty-
A Coroner’s jury was summoned imnic
jdiately nnd proceeded to inquiry. The
loss to tho buildings nnd machinery is es
! limnted at @30,000.
Ncmebical Laws of tiie Sexes —The
last consua dovelopes some curious facts.
It fixes the numerical laws of the sexes
1, There are jnoic males than females
born by about four pier cent,
2. At 20 years of age this preponder
ance is entirely lost, and there arc more
females than males.
3. At forty years the balanco is again
the other way, and there are moretnaies
than females.
4. At 70 the sexes arc about even, nnd
the ullimato age of the human being is
reached without any decided advantage to
either sex.
Botween 70 and 100 years of ago, there
are 15,311 more white women than there
are males, being more than five percent,
of the whole number. Beyond tho age of
forty years, tho probabilities of longevity
are much greater for American women
than for men. This contrasts singularly
with tho fact, that the physique (relative
ly) of American women is inferior to that
of American men. That fact, as isshown/
however, tells tremendously on womei
between tho ages of twenty and fort/,
when their mortality is very great.
The longevity of some women
extraordinary. There are four hi
and thirty American womon abo'
hundred years of age.
John L. Dawson, in the blouse
of Representatives, on the 14th ult., made
anotoquentnnd lengthy speech, in support
of his Homestead Bill. He takes the po
sition which eyery American Statesman
should avow himself in favor of, viz: that
it should be the policy of this Government,
so far ns liberal legislation can affect it,
to give land to the landless, and breud to
the breadless.' With an era.of 1,360,070,r
651 acres of public domain, unsold and
unappropriated; it willrequirenll tho learn
ing and iogonuity ofhonorablo members of
Congress, to ; vindicate their opposition
votqs to this bill, before tho "bone and sin
ew’ 1 of the country.
Ciiaulkston, S. C., March 6.—The
steamer Canon arrived this morning from
Htfvanna on .the Ist, \yit,hv despatches for
government,, detailing the seisure of the
steamer, Black Warrior, for on plleged ini
fringemerit of the revenpes, haying cotton
not included in. her manifest, The Cap
tain abandoned, the Warrior and yiepto?
board the Fultop,
Tho London Times gives the following
particulars.of tho batlleof Citclo from n pri
vate. letter:—
On Friday thoOtli of January, tho Tur
kish troops, under tho ordors of Ismail Pa
elm and Ahmed Pacha, marched to attack
tlio Russians, who had fortified themselves
in the village of Citaie, which is about fivo
hours march from Kalnfat. The force of
Ismail Pacha was composed of threo regi
ments of regular cavalry and one regiment
of Bashi Bozouks, with six guns. Ahmed
Pacha was stationed at some distance from
the village, with somo roservo troops, con
sisting of five battalions, and also six guns.
The Russian force in the villago con
sisted of throe battalions of infantry, com
manded by colonel Bonagarde, three.
squadrons of hussars, and two squadrons
of Cossucks, with six guns.
The Turkish troops were superior in
number; but the position of the Russians,
who wore distributed in all the houses of
the village, which is of great extent, and
which is surrounded by a double ditch,
rendered tho attack extremely perious, as =
the enemy, well sheltered, wore enabled >.
to 'Mrect a murderous fire upon the Turks,.,
without the latter being able to reply to it.
In spite of this evident disadvantage, Is
mail Pacha gave orders for tho attack, and
threw himself into the villago under a show. •
er of bills firedfrom all the windows. At
first the Turks received very serious inju- ■
ry; but, although this circumstance some,
what disorganized their attack, their im
petuosity was by no means checked. Tho;
greater portion of tho soldiers, who had ne- <
vor before been exposed to musketry, ne
vertheless displayed indomitable courage.
After a desperate struggle, thoy attacked ■
tho houses, and fought hand to hand with
sword and bayonet. Tho massacre \vu9
frightful. The Russians in vain begged
Tst quarters. In the fever of the fight the
Turks listened to nothing, and slaughter
ed without pity all who fell under their
hands. Tho Mussulmans of tho Crimea,.
incorporated with the Russian army, in vain
appealed to their character of Mussulmans
No quarter was given to them. Gutters
of blood ran down tho streets from this
wholesale human slaughter. Toaddtolhe
I horrors of the scene, it rnny bo stated that
a number of pigs which had been let loose
were seen eating the dead bodies.
All who could escape the slaughter took
refuge in a redoubt at tho head of the vil
lage, and thence commenced a murderous
fire upon the Turks, who returned it vig
orously, but not without receiving consid
erable injury from the Russian guns.
At last the enemy, incapable of any fur
ther struggle, decided on abandoning the
entrenchments. A number of Russian
troops had already evacuated the place;
ivhen a colonel ofTurkish cavalry concei
ved the unfortunate idea of endeavoring to
oppose their passage.
Tho Russians, finding themselves, sur
rounded, ajid having no other alternative
but to conquer or die, recommenced tho
fight with desperation, and in a vigorous
i sortie succeeded in capturing two guns,
j —It should be slated that tho Turks, up
ion the first success in the entrenchments,
(committed the incredible fault of not doa
-1 troying tho enemy’s guns.
While tho battle was thus going on in
tho village, twelve battalions ot infnntry of
the Russian army, and a squadron of ca
valry, with sixteen pieces of cannon, were
brought to tho assistance of tho besieged,
and attempted to placo the Turks between
two fires. Information of this was given to
Ahmed Pacha, who directed his soldiers
to the point, in order to prevent tho junc
tion of the besieged troops.
The advantage of position was now on
the side of tho Turks, who were on ground
which sloped towards tho Russians ; but
tho Intter were in three times greater num
ber than the Turks. In spite of this ine
quality, however, the Russians woro
tirelv beaten, and fled in the greatest uis
order. Their losses in these two simulta
neous a flairs, amount tanearly four thou
sand, among whom ore included fifty su
perior officers. The Turks had about 30. Q
killed, and 396 wounded.
Liability of Individual Bankehs. —
It has been decided recently in the
>rente Cotirt of the Stats of New \ ork
hat an individual establishing a bank isli
ibis in case of failure to the extent of all
iis private property, &c., ns in the caso
pf a common debt. It has heretofore been
.the impression that when what is common*
ly known as a Circulating Bank fails, the
holders of the notes can only look to the
securities deposited with the Comptroller
for tho redemption of ttys notes, and if op
exhausting the same they should b,e f° u n.d
insufficient for tho final redemption of too
whole issue, the holders are the losers.—
In the case of Associated Banks, the rules
as formerly undorstood applies.
Balt. Sun.
New York, March O.—A destructive
fire occurred this morning in Spruco street.
Five buildings, occupied by many tenants
were burnt down, with all their contents.
Among them, Seth Benedicts oxtensive
printing office; tho Independent newspa
per, (Dr. Beecher’s) ; J. H. Roberts, ex
tensive printers and publishers; J. H.
Benedict’s paper warehouse ; H. C. King?
leather and findings store ; J. D. Ferry,
paper warehouse, and others. Loss hea*.
vy- ; -V
Tubkish Government. —A letter from
Sarajevo states that the concessions made
to the Christian population huyo been some
thing more.lhan mcro; words. Measures
have been taken,to havo an accurate cen
sus.of the: population, nncLsccur'o thereby
a just, and equal .distribution oLthe ( taxes.
More important still is the that
hereafter every Christian community shm*.
be represented by a member .at.
sionsof tho senate. . !; . .
OCrA ‘stretch’ of the *
direatptg yo«J«t j* heing