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DUTY' AND 'LIABILITY OF FOSTAIASTERS.
nnbllther, ca tilrertod
rottmnstors neltlyaling noon' the
law.l.lthe fact that wen nr.. not IlftOd 14 thew to whom
they ern dimmed, are Ormolu" held tospontlblo tor the
amount of the Bublorlplron money.
Pormas liltingß paperl othlrossul to tlomolrte. 01'10 ()Merl.
B. come stOsetihors, and tiro liable fur the price at sabserip.
lion.or paper ', now purled by to tallinottattOtlt the csaatr,
tee or Waage- ,
. - -•
oms of water upon it, without the 1d of I
pilots, buoys, or liglit-hotisesi A i feW slight
accidents, hoSveVer have-occurred fOr the
want of such improvements . . ,A.port of en
try .has been established here, andiaparis-
printiOnS have been inndefor a light-house '
and fog signals.. . 1
This hay is destined to be an important
point to , the southern s 'portiort ,of ;Oregon.
Hero will be the outlet of s the Trackage ofd
the Umpqua Valley ; 'El'zikl liere, conseqUent
ly4 will be its commercial city. Many
pack trains are already employed in the,
transportation of goods and provisions froin
this point to the ''gold diggings" on Rogue,
.Shasta and Scott rivers.
Rogue river valley,which takes its name
from the river which•passes through it; is
about seventy miles by the main travelled
route from the Umpqua. , The valley is
watered by never.failing streams ; the
soil is generally good, and it is skirted
and interspersed with groves of fine Om;
ber. As it borders upon a rich gold re
gion, it must eventually become densely
populated. As yet, however, it ,contains
no white settlement, but is occupied by the
Regue river Indians, who' have, rendered'
it the seat'of much trouble and suffering
from their depredations. '
There is no portion of 7, the Territory,
and, indeed,l may almost add,of the world,
better adapted to grazing than this valley.
In extent it is about fifty by thirty miles.
Surrounded by mountains, the eye seldom
rests upon a more beautiful, jiicturesqoe,
and romantic spot. It extends to within
a few miles of the boundary between Or
egon and California.. These valleys all
lie west of the. Caseade_monntains, and
I ssircgon is a mountninous' country; in- south of Columbia..
.'terspersi - d.tvitli many 'extensive, rich find 'There arc also many small valleys, rich
- beautiful valleYs, watered is'Y'.''c.ool,2, pare and fertile, in this partsof the Territory,
streams, having their sources ainong, its affording good inducements to settlers, and
snow clad. mountains. •lt is exceedingly which no doubt will be speedily occupied,
health y; no country is More so. The J. as soon as suitable protection can' be ex
mosphere is pure and the climate delight- tended over them by the Government.
alit, especially during. the summer.. From A very interesting; portion of Oregon
April 'to November there is bUtlittie rain, lies north of the Columbia, and is being
but a cool gentle bites© blowS nlinost per- rapidly settled. The Cowlitz, which risca
petually from the north. The winters are in the Cascade mountains, north of the
rainy, but mild;' fin "dbring • this season Columbia, runs through a large tract of
warm south winds constantly prevail. tine, arable land, entering the Columbia
'The country is well watered and the some forty or. fifty miles from its mouth.
soil very fertile, and well adapted to the . A French settlement of many years
growth of all small grains, grass, potatoes, growth, commences near this river, about
and other culinary vegetables—all yield- thirty miles from its mouth, and now cm
-7 inn . most abundantly except Indian corn, braces some largo and valuable farms.—
wl7ich is not regarded ns a sticcesslid crop. Americans also have, within the tast . six
''Many of the hills ;And mountains are cos• years, settled between it nnd the Chalittles
ered with inexhaustible forests of fine, rind are doing well. The country is level
i timber, generally-fir :Ind cedar The for• and fertile, and beautifully interspersed
sgists frequently skirt the valleys and will prairies and timber.
streams. The valley of the Chaludes is also ler
•1'; As it is well known-the Columbia is the : tile, and well adapted .to cultivation. °Be
only great river on the Pacific slope, and ; twcen it:and Puget Sound the 'country
stretches from the . scacost to the Rocky !level and well timbered, with 'oceitSional
Mountains. From its 'mouth to the Cas- small prairies. This sound is one of the
fades, a distance of about one hundred and' safest and best harbors in' the World. It
, fly miles, there is an uninterrupted navi• !affords fine ship navigation into an impor.
Mimi for vessels of the largest size. I taut part of the territory. Surrounded by
The Willamette empties intotheColum. it large district of country,, rich in soil,
is about ninety miles from the mouth.—, with immense forests of the finest timber
.rliis river is also navigable for the scst ,in the world, and combining many advan
ossels to Portland, fifteen' miles from its ' tages, agricultural and commercial, it is
outh, and many have ascended as high destined tio be, atrtan no distant dny, Gm
. At the risk pf some little repetition it coast. A low pass in the Cascade 'rnoun- '
ay not bo deemed improper, or unneces.l tains pliers a route fora good road from
try to give a more detailed- and minute! theSourid to Fort -Wallawalla, on thole°.
escription of the valley of this and some' luinbia. At presenthe road emigra re, co
pf the other streams of Oregon. . I pelted to take t across Cascade
i Williamette valley is bounded by the i mountains,::south,creolurnhia, to Oregon
;Coast mountains on the west, and the Cast City, front whence it is as far, try a road
Lade range on the east. - The soil is, ex. almost impassablo, to Puget Sound
the r , as
Oellent, and is not surpassed, ifequalled, would be from Wallabyroad
Yany portion of the continent, 'in its suggested.
aptation to the growth of w heat, rye,and 'There- are I alio, cast •of the Cascade
' ts. ,Potatoes are produced in great( -range, north and south of' the Columbia,
.. , .
'midriff©, and are-of a superior quality ;now in possession of .the Indians, large
ile Wheat is invariably a' coitain crop, distriets of country, finely. adapted to gra.
bject to, none of the diseases rind uncer. zing,.witlf occasional good tracts of' farm.
intiea peculiar to it in the States : it ins- ing land, which will
. no doubt ere long•be
• es slowly, hence the grain is always full occupied•tiy the whites.
d plump, and the straw usually 'solid . Oregon . City. is"situated' at' the Great
.'d elastic, and not,subject to fall. In con- Falls oldie Willamette. - Steamboats' run
*quenCe of the cool dry, anniriter, and the daily from this place to Portland, and
tire absence of ruin during : the harvest those of a small class also run daily up
ason, thekrmer is enabled to gather in the
river above the - Falls"; flonf thirty,to
grain without waste. S : , • .flay tbiles, and in serne ips!ances
'.The valley is about one hundred 'and ly, us 1. am informed,, they have even gimp
fly miles in length,' and thirty: five ,in ap chid hundred and-
eadth, and is sparsely settled throughout judiCiotis expenditure would tender ' the .
whole extent. Many'llriellodatiiiiiifaro
.I:ivp,r constantly' ,Mqigable for Such' beats
t unoccupied, ,which richly repay that distarice. • „ s . -
Et-labor of•tho thrifty.hgsbandmap, .Nat- . The' population 'of Orsion, including
,tire yet untouched" by the the imrnigration . 'of .the,last sensellf..i.iire
nd of ciVilivition, Afrosd,,dburidant rind bably twenty., thousand..: 'The
h pasturage , for immenseheydsof cattle.
- lion is rapidly increasing, owing not only
e valley is' meStlY ' trairie,"tilartelli by to the natural adyantagesof the country,
rUtiful'groveti'qf tiiii er,' iiihilelifirough but to the liberal' pre4sione triads* to actu
centre Tans the Wilfatnette river. allsattlefs by aj t a,talaw, of „,,
,Coagre4.l l ,liy.
he . UrapquaSaillev is diStant frOiri the that low , liberal donations of,land are'ina t do
liiainette about twelve Mile.4;itialS'Sep- to all .WIWSViII settle' cin 'then' ' preVious to
ted from it by the CalaPciavniesptain. -the fi rat 'Any nf.linceinber,.lB.s3:!;%,T.6 a
abont ninty miles in lerigth,tind'varles Single *lan , sand' lined re d''and '44 vi, riyo,
_five' to thirty•fiVe in width.''' 'lt' iso4o ft - .,,,.'in . ntrigid marl three hundred and
e upiol, : a E.iueesissie.trpt,hill . s and dales; Plenty-rroneThalsfis,l4:7lita:nyn ' i:ight; and
)0, 35 ilt..)ittle , iiioer, let allots& iti :the o&er - hialetil liiii wife - in Mr•laiin
',Oral ti4a:rittiii. grWth . oi IlKi:#ichest Aleti,eniOitinitiliat•thstVitililiirizitupeniand•
is.. •., - ? i ' ',.. ; ,: :,
oith and- South *Unipiiiiti rivets ' ' .
run „: ,
.population is ofa substantial
'' "Tho ' •• . ? 'Char -.
,--- •,, „ ...
FiNgi!. InArriej,f fT4,,for,4l:,*.itiliotion 40;i441*.ti:06,00.11pOikus!itil!y.'fo#,An•
"1. 1 4 fdrii`l'etiet;c:krfigi 410.04Ofthe same 'izetir.tounirixis: ..;:t.lia,P6opfii :a l io 0 16 i'llti .: '
. . . .
orte.:. : The' entroqq . Ao-!,l,l?ayla,;FTirid . sing f industrinus,„ frugal,.
Afi ,lieaotiTib) , ,i, As A Ir.p-nr,- 11 109p , ilti.). Many of the early settlers have large and
learners baveterosse'd the ler akiiiiiiitli; welb.cultiiktilk far'rn'ii ; 1 indaidVrigriculture'
indingc , from:Ml*ooY threp, find it' hilt fain ; eiiiryiVeiti iii:ihki' v iViiidq i filt4i' lib Ala:
. , 4 , „ : / ....
The West is furnishing quite n_large
emigration to Oregon,thenumber last year
being in the neighborhood of ten thousand.
At the last accounfs„ most of the. emigrants
had arrived. for the 'year, and the families
had suflbred but liDle from sickncss,though
ninny had lost property from Indian thong,
and a few lives had been taken by. the
Oregon is destined to become en.
(ant State in the UniOn„ arid the tido 'of
emigration thither , will ,be sannuallY in
creased. Those who have been longest
. write the most flattering
letters of their.sticcess, and all concur in
representing it a healthy. productive, ;and
growing country„-. 'For the information of
such as are laoliiiigTor a still (Waller West,
we lay before Utah the recent circular of
Hon. Joseph' Larie,.CongreSsiOnal Dele
gate from, .otegln :Tertitory. iThe infer
. mation giypnisjuStalio thing wanted.
WASitlNGlieffdal] MI 1852.
The great riumlOef .... ;' Acttereil am con
stantly receiving; molting inquiries in ref
elence to,theTerritory:cOregon, has in
clactetrine\a-erflbOrlYirthe form of a cit. , '
cubit., 'Such information as . is usually de
sired, that I may thus be enabled to furnish
it more promptly and more in detail than
.a due attention to my other public duties
NyoulT.l.ttlAcw me, were I to endeavor to
Wilittigt, answer to each. 1 hope
' • ` 7 + 01*Arresi)bp epti , for, in par
.l ~yeantore cfreetually and sails
:'7,4;;'-'1,'..-4(ervothernovhich is my chief de
. , ,
• • ax&
• a and,
toadi gii. es,
OREGON AS IT IS.
. . . . . _ . . . . .. . . .. .. . ... . . _ . . . . . . .. .. ..
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A WEEKLY PAPER : PEVOTEIY.TO..LITEU,TU'RE' AGRICULTURE, MORALITY,. AND FOREIGN' AND DOMESTIC' INTELLIGENCE.
ra., Febly 6 1 1852.
; it 1
to he hi:aflontishitig condition; remarkft
tit y!Eici fora' new , :country'. :California and
the Sandwich lslimds abbrd markets and
'geed I;rieert flit all our surplus products,
and will no doubt , for years to come.
Many' of the• various religious denomi
nations have 'established . chttiches in the
Territory, to some one of whiCh a major
-ItY Of the settlers beltin'g. Great' interest'
'has also been manifested by the people in
• the establishment of good S'ehtiols, and ad
rably linv'e they succeeded in their laud
able efforts. The institute at Salem, un
der the pntronfige of the MithodistEpisco
pal Church, rind the Academy of Tuclatin
•PlainS, Under the control of the Presbyte
liens, are excellent and flourishing.institu
tions. There are alsd two fethale insti
-1 tutes n O i re,goliCity. Portland, Lafayette
and other Small 'towns have good schools.
!Indeed, they are' common in the country
Wherever tie population will justify them.
A grunt of land was made by the Inst
• Congress' for the endowment of a Univer-
Isity; the site of which has been fixed by
t the Territorial Legislature at Marysville.
' , The Indians immediatdly bordering on
or near the settlements are perfectly friend
ly and well . disposed. Settlers have no
thing to fear from them. Those upon'
Rogue river arc very troublesome to those
passing through their country, and will,
probably continue so until a garrison shall
be estribliEhed to overawe and keep them
in subjection. This, 1 hope, will soon be
done ; for 'their depredations upon travel
lerS havb already caused much trouble rind
suffering. They' are upon the great •titer.
oughfa re from Oregon to California; a
of which leads to Fort Hall, being the
frequently travelled by immigrants
front that point to Oregon.
immigrants have br the past year suf
fered considerably fromihe Snake Indians,
who infested the great road west of Fort
Halt, and Who are scattered ever a large
extent of 'country through which the road
passes. The establishment of a garrison
in their country is essentially necessary to
the maintenance of peace, and the protec
tion of the lives and property of persons
going to and from Oregon. A number of
immigrants have, during the past season,
been murdered by the Indians, and many
oftheir nnimals . and other property stolen
from them: Immigrants should exercise
great care and prudence in passing thro'
the district of country, and they should
remember that it is essential to their safety
upon all parts of this road, that in no case
I should they su ff er themselves to be taken
by surprise or the least advantage had of
them by 'the Indians ; for the least careless
ries§ dr want of proper precaution often
seriously , endangers• the safety not only of
their property but their lives, .
• Those who contemplate immigrating to
Oregon should be. ready to leave St.Jo
sephs',.on the Missouri river, with a proper
outfit,•by the first day of May. Ox teams
are much to be - preferred. Provisions for
the trip, and sufficient blankets for the
bedding, with such tools as are necessary
terrepair a .wagon, should be taken. Ev
ery man should take. his gun and. plenty' !
Of aminunition. The journey is a long ;
and tedious one,: and all who undertake it
must expect to endure fatigue, privations, i
and hardships. I would advise every
person, at• least every cornpany,:to . pro
cure Palmet's Immigrants Guide.. It.cor- i
-reedy lays ..down the fords across the
streams, the ettiping grounds, and also
the places wher grass, wood, and water
can be found. No article. not necessary
.for the journey should be taken, as there
is:great danger of overloading and break
ing down the: teens.
!Dry goods,groceriesfurnitureand farm
ing+ ntensils of all kinds arc abundant in
Ordgon; andlio ono should think °finking 1
such things with :them. It Must not, how
ever, be .supposed that no inconveniences
are to be.experieaced by immigrants after
they:arrive therei:i These are .always in
-cident to Alio settlement of :new countries,
especially for theArst year; but they arc
feVver , in Oregon than are Usual in the.set
Severe niters in'Olden Times,
mn 1133; tho River Powas fiozen from
Cremonia to tho sea.
In 1206, the Rhono was frozen ever.
In 1 . 23400:06d pi - ft - Vend wagons cross.
cAllid Adriatic, in front (:i'Venice.' '
' .It, ),p5, all the revers' in . ,France were
croiefi o ,vPr., , . , :
,in 13.24, it was possible o..travel from
:Denmrk to . Lcubee and Dentzie on the,
imp,: ::;. , ',, .1 ' . - • .
In I.llB4,;ttikhe rivers of Provence and
Ittily,werO frozen., At Paris, : the frost la e st:
Le.d. two.months axlstwenty.eight dap.
1" ' : In' 4468, it ivaS . necessary to break' "Up
the. Wide , l'n Flanders , with hattchets, in or.
Ider to , servii it out to the soldiers.. • •
Ilifit'44, the - same .becerne: requisite' , in
France. 1,. • ' :
iii Ibo4l,!ilie sea was frozen from Mar
' deities to Venice.- - i. - . , ~
i Itt.26'i il . the"Seine was frozen over.
'-' , 1n)1.667V the Seine was' frezen for thirtY-
fivo days. ,
gniiVAEriho tho MeditiSrra-,
tietitiirldiffillatioillOs to G Onoa,viexO frozen.
. .1 s.
" . w
CAPTURE UP' THE GUERRIERI val ; after which the Godlier() as burn-
The' following sketch of the , celebrated ed with ; all her stores, armament &c. The
action between the Constitution rind the Constitution having recently come out of
Guerriere is copied riom the New York perti-had no, room to take scarcely an ; ar- '
Evening Post; to which paper it was fur- tick- • -- -
nished by a "valued correspondent:" Who can imagine the joy I experienced
'HaVingheen an American prisoner on in finding mysol t under Arum icon colors,
or the pride I felt, finding, from Cum-!
board the. Gierriere; during the famous
battle between, the frigate and the United modem Bull
,doUrn to the most hpmble man
ing you an account- of that
frigate) Constitution; I propose giv-
on board, an entire absence of everything
i mpor t a nt : no _ liken boastful or even a triumphant look,
tion, which took place in June 1812. . at their wonderful victory. Capt. Dacres
About two Weeks previous to the en• kept his stale room till we arrived in port.
About two hundred of his men were ne- '
gngement, I loft Boston in an American
ship, which was captured by the Guerriere cessarily 'ironed, as the ship was so crowd
some five, days before she fell in with the ed. Charles Morris, (now Cbmmodorc,)
Constitution. , the first,officer of the - Constitution had a
It was about ten o'ciock in the morning hall through his body, and for several days
when the ConstitUtion was discovered.— his recovery wns doubted ; during which
The Guerriere hove to to enable hat' to he sent for me, to COW to his room, and I
well remember his perfect' unconcern for '
come up. As the Constitution neared us.l
Captain Dacres handed me his gloss, i in d! himself, although the surgeon had appris-
asked me what I tools-her to be. My re- led him of his danger. Every courtesy and
ply was, "She looks like a frigate." Very 1 kindness was by Captain Hull and his of
the l ong . (leers extended to their prisoners.
soon she. came within reach of
guns of the Ouerriere, which were fired, I On Sunday, about noon, the Conlitu
but with no effect, as t h e sea r a n hi g h.— 1 tion arrived in Boston harbor. I was Sent
on shore in the boat. The harbor between
The Constitution made no 'reply, but as I
the ship and the wharves was nor covered
saw, was manceuvring for a position—dur- -
with boats to learn the news. To the first
ing which Captain Dacres said to me, "Do
boat we neared, we hailed, "TheConsti
you think she is going to strike without
firing? I replied, "I think not, sir." i ration has captured the Guerriore." In-
At this moment, seeing a severe contest snintiY the• two men in the boat tools off
was about rommencing, in w hi c h I could : their hats' and violently struck them on
the side of the beat, and, rising, gave cheer
take no part,' being only a prisoner, I ruis- 1
ed my hat to Captain Dacres, mi d sa id to upon cheer. They hailed other boats, and
was rent with cheers, and ,the
him—" With your permission, sir, I will , thus ibe•tiir
go below, as I can take no part, ~ü, cm .: victory passed along till it reached ttie
minty," said he, -‘and you had better p'
i wharf, and then spread like wild-fire MI
into the crckspiti and should any of.our. over the city and country. •
It is now nearly forty years since the
men chance to get wounded; 1 ;hall fool !
obliged if you wilt assist- the surgeons in ' transaction of that day proved to the A mer
dressing them." "Certainly, sir," said I,' cans that British frigates were not invinci
and then descended , into the cock-pit.— ble. Who can remember that day, with-
There were the surgeons, and surgeons', out feeling a glow efpridc, that so early in
mates, and attendants, sittinga round a long ' the war, and in a manner so unpretending,
table covered with instruments and all a victory so perfect should have been
achieved! I write this statement with
necessaries for dressing the wounded, as
out notes, but believe it to be, in themain,
still as a funeral. Within one moment af- ,
ter my foot left the lower round of the lad-'
der the Constitution gave that double broad
side, which•threw all in the cock-pit over
in a heap on the opposite side of the ship.
For n moment it appeared as if heaven
and earth had struck together, a more ter
rific shock cannot be imagined. Before
those in the cockpit had adjusted them
selves, the blood run down from the deck
as freely ns if a wash tub full had been
turned over, and instantly the dead, wound
ed, and dying were handed down as rap
idly as men could pass them, till the cock
pit was filled, with hardly room for the
surgeons to work. Midshipmen were hand
ed down with one leg, some with one arm,
and others wounded inalinost every shape
and condition. An officer who was on the
table having his arm amputated, would
sing out to a comrade coming down woun
ded. "Well, shipmate, how goes the bat
tle?" Another would utter some joke, that
would make even the dying smile, and so
constant and freely were the playful re
marks from the maimed and even dying,
that I almost doubted my own senses.—
Indeed, all this was crowded into a space
of not over fifteen or twenty minutes, be-'
fore the firing ceased. I then gent on'
deck, and what a scene was presented,and
how changed in so short a time, those on
board the Guerriere- did not . know what
ship had fought them. On the other hood,
the Guerrjere was a mere rolling log—al- 1
most entirely at the mercy of the sea.—
Her-cola i r s all shot away, her main-mast
and mizzen-mast both gone by the board,
and her foremost standing by the mere
honey-comb the shot had made, Captain
Dacres stood, with his aim's, surveying
the scene—all, all -in the most perfect as
•tonishment. At this moment, a boat was
seen putting off Isom tho hostile ship for
the Guerriero. As soon as within speak
ing distance, a young gentleman (Midship
man 4ead, now Commodore 40(1) hailed
and said : I wish to see the officer in
command of this ship." - .
.; A this, Captain Darces stepped forward
and answere'dy ; Midsdipman read then
sajd: ",cornmodoro Hull's. compliments,
and wishes to know if you 'have struck
your flag? :.: .: ~ : : : -
4t this Captain Darcos appeared ,omaz
-4,..l)ot,lrecoyering himself, and looking up
, and down, ho deliberately replied :.," Well,
I don';know—outsmizzen-must is ,gorie,
our ,main-most ;is gones---and . , tipoo, , the
whole you may soy we liavostruc,k our
flog I "- f ‘
"Commodore _MIN, compliments, and
-wishes to know if you
: need ;the ,assistunce
of a surgeon er,stt rgeon's pate ? '' .
Captain Dooms replied ;:.,'lvell.l should
suppos9, you, had on board ; your, own is*
,iminels,nnougil,* o : your, medical Oth
Midshipman Read rorilied :' ”bti, no;
We have, Only - SOveri - yrettrided; '.and they
Verb . dresSed 'an, hour 046:' . ' , ' .
'cap'tain pudiesthen, Wined to 'trie,ifeep
iy'rifreetWand field . : i , Hoiv have out' sit
uations been suddenly reversed I l You'are,
now frooiand in firisoner4P - :`. t.
.0 tho , hoats of 'bothihitis:were now put
in requisition to remove :the• wounded 'On
board-lbeCoristitutiOe.t .13614readful was
the condition i;:if,manY ;Of , theta, that. two
days were: 11.011 rl y .dansualTd: ill thf3 MAP
~::.! •ii AI t::: - Ii•.);1 ! • • .
In justice to Captain Dricresn add, that
there was none of the boasting oil his part,
before the action, which has to him been
attributed, as he did not hnow the ship, till
Midshipman Read announced her name
The Preacher and the Robbers
A Methodist preacher many years ago
was journeying to a village where he was
to dispense the word of life, according to
the usual routine of his duty ; mad was stop
pcd on his way by three robbers. One of
them seized his bridle rein, another pre
sented a pistol and demauded his money
the third was a mere looker on.
The grave and divine man looked each,
and all of them in the face, and with great
gr avity and seriousness said, •Triends,
did you pray to God before you left home?
did you ask God to bless you in your un
dertakings to-day 7 "
The question startled them for the mo
tnent. Recovering. themselves, they said,
"We have no time to answer such ques
tions, wo wont your money."
"I au a poor preacher of the gospel,"
,reply, "but what little money 1
i have, shall he given to you."
A few shilings was all he had to give.
" Have you a watch 7 "
" Well then, give it to us."
In taking the watch from his pocket, his'
saddle bags were displayed.
‘: What have you here 1" was' the ques
" 1 cannot say I have nothing in them
but religious books, bemuse - I
have a pair
of shoes and a change of linnen also:"
We must have them." ..
The preacher dismounted. The sad
dle' bags were taken possession of, and no
further , demand made. Instantly the
preacher began to unbutton his great coat,
and to throw it off his shoulders, at the
same time asking "Will you have my
great coat 7 "
" No," was the reply ;‘' you are, a gcn
, erous man, and we will not takeit."
He then addressed,thernal.follo.ws; . "l
have given you ovorything you asked for,
and would have given you more than you
asked for. I have one favor to ask,of you."
"What. is that'?"
" That you kneel down and allow me
to 'pray to-Almighty God , in: your behalf;
to ask him Idiom your hearts and put you
in 'the . ri'(*lit. Way."
" I'll have nothing to do with. that man's
tlfings," sal& the'ringleader of them.
.."Nor. Y,: culler," said another of them.
"Here talto 'yen watch, take your money;
take,, your saddle-,bags,; it we, have, any
thing to do you the, judgment 'of God
Will overtake us. '
So each artiele was returned; That,
however, did not satisfy :the sainted man.
Henrged prayer, .upon them. Ho knelt
down ;:one of trip robber.? knelt with him';l
one .prayed, tho,other !isTpt,.,.enfeSSOd his',
sins,:soid.tt vas11)0 firot ,tiine:ln his life,
that he had. Acme, sue') a thirifi arid it should
hatho.last..; 1-10*,fnr, ho kept his word is
ktiOwn:,sonly to:lii4tO Whom the darkness
and lightare : cqUallY nlike; to him whose
pycliL6 4y, tno,phildron of men.
~ . .
' Prices of Adverliting;
imam 1 inyettldti, 110 50 3 tourney 8 moult*. $b 00
uo •tt do I Ot, d do 0 Months. TOO
Cad, erbstogena do, 1• do 114 Olathe, 10 tO
J aquareivillhotonths. Isv t boll column, 8 mouthy, 8 1/11
do <'V Months. 4 , 01 tdo •do • , 11‘tenths, ti tet
do 11.mont, 7Q a 'do 10. do IS 130
a do r•; 8 Moor Y. 101 rn
otlee teeettle, 48 VO
do 8, moot I. 551 1 do, 0 do 111 CU
'do 18 Drenthe. 801 tdo 13 do • 80 tftl
. 8 941, yednotine wllltle mad° to Idetchannt and cigars
who advent.° by tbe'year.
Our met alte ,ll4lllll In I wvvy neighbothood,nart vearl by
neatly every tant,ly In the 'county—Dad thereto , * *folds a
convenient and engin mranr for the hominid Me ol o..gif,
county—tae merelmet. meehento „nod ell olholl— le cs'e•
the knowledge of their leentlen end ta.lneta Wet IrGould
hke to Insert "A Card" for every kleOtanto, 51erehant, mut
Protest m In • the er,,eotr.. we havo went, s f4 4 Xtm
withootarternaeh or upon nut.* feline columns. and no Mon
„In a lettlt.trogie hilunent ell , lore 11 taken song extenstvetr—
for, at M 1 general tole, the mem et torenv,ly a man artvereser,
thegretver will helm proms.
Books, Jobs an 4 Malts, , !' i'
OF EVERY 111t9ontprioN:P8itTED IN , Tur
RI liViT gryi,v, AND ON TIIKeiIt) .+ TMT ,
•NoTit* AT rn E OFFICE ot"I'PL• • • •
The Beauty of, the ,
how delightful is it to contemplate:.the
heavens I They, .nro "stretched 'out us a
curtain.to dwell int". Not onlyll4 far, ns
tha•huinan eye.ean see., .liut.b l eyondAlic
remo . ..est boundary which the highast.tejor
scopic power. can reach; does the. etherial
firmament extends! We criii find, no limit,
no boundary, Millions of mites. rpay ; he
traversed. from any given spacc i and sng
the heavens appear illimitable. • Intinity i is
stamped upon them. And with what:gor
geous splendor and magnificence, Is .that
curtain adorned! In. every 'direction it,is
studded with 'worlds, suns, and . systems,
• all harmoniously moving in perfect •and
undeviating obedience toile Almighty, will
1 Earth, ceases, to hold us. with . its silver
chain. The mind set free from grovel
ling pursuits, mounts up, as on tbe„wings
of an eagle, and soars away through im
mensity or space, surveying and admiring
the innumerable revolving nrbS,.whiCiilili!)
many "c,rowns of glory" "diadcms,,of
beauty," "bespangle the firmrunent "vhOse
antiquity is of ancient days," and'Which sp
powei fully attest that"the hand that made
I them is divine !"
The immense distance of the fixes! stars
claims our attention, and awakens the most
enrapturing feelings in the mind. Reason
is compelled to give the reins to ima
gination, which tells us. there are stars so
distant that their light has been shining
since the - 0 . 656'43n, and yet amazingly rap
id as light travels, no , ray from them has
yet readied us !
“The heavens truly declare the glory
of God.," and, in beholding such a display
of glory and beauty, we are deeply im
pressed with its manifestation of the power
of the creator, who sustains, upholds and
preserves such myriads of ponderous re
volving bodies, each in its orbit moving in
unerring obedience to Ells wtll.
Near London there dwelt an old couple.
In early life they had been poor; but the
husband became a Christian, and.,God
blessed their industry, and they were fix
ing in a comfortable retirement, when ono
day a stranger called on them to ask their
subscrirtion to a charity. The old lady
had less religion than her husband, and
still hankered after some of the Sabbath
earnings and easy shillings which Thomas
had forfeited from regard to the law of
God. So when the visitor asked their
contributions, she interposed, and said :
Why, sir, we have lost a deal liSt re
ligion since we first
. began ; my husband
knows that very well. Have we not,
Thomas 1 "
."Yes, Mary, we have. Before I got
religion, Mary, Lhad an old slouched hat,
a lettered coat, and mended shoes ,and
stockings; but I have lost themlong,ago.
And, Mary; you know that, poor, as 1 wqs,
I had a habit of getting drunk and quarrel
ling with you; ond,that you 'know I have
lost. And then I had a burdened• con
science and a wicked heart, and ten thou
sand gull!) , fears; but all are lost, and, like
millstone cast into the deepest sea.—
And, Mary, you have been a loser too,
thoogh not so great a loser as myself. I3C
fore we got relig'on . , Mary, you fattl,4l,
washing-tray in %%Inch you washed" for
hire; but since then, you have lost your
washing-tray. And you had gown and
bonnet much the worse of the wara; but
you have lost them long ago. And you
had many an aching heart concerning me
at times ; but these you hapPily, have lost.
And I could even wish that you had lost
as much as I have lost; for what wa . les°
for religion will be everlasting gain?"
The inventory oflosses for religion rips
thus: .a bad character; a guilty conscience;
alroublesome temper ; sundry evil habits,
and a set of wicked companions. The in
ventory of blessings gained by religion,
includes 'all, that is worth having in time
In California, sacchatino matter, of de•
licious flaVer, a ppearS'oni'diQrcnt
'lion of trees,. and in different forms.
the'leaveS of the 'willows which grow l'ipcin
the banks; it is found in a candied•forrn,
on the upper surface, early in the•'menth
of Inly. The' Indians- gather:the sugar,
and, at thcirencanipment;enjoy the luxury
'orchawirig the leaves. On' the leaves' of
'the white Oak, also; there is a elder deposit
of liciney, which is as•transpa rent and: fine
as the article is over:seen,htit it is Of thick
cr. consistency. , Here . ,: also, Woo fleets on
the upper surface of the foliage until dho
[ 'latter is borne , down,wlion• the saccharine
matter crops in masses or lumps.: Its flay
or is exceedingly pleasant.
- On the ascent of the• Sierra' Nevada,
there is'a'.:ipdCies of pine;•Much resembling
the white pine of the
,Atlantic r States, ex
'geld that thaietives tunes doWn; This trio
grosys to . an ,enormous height and.sizeit
'470 feet id-height ° and 30 'feet in diciriiet.:
or at the' ba'se ''and Sometimes tho trunk
runs up 180 !feilt almost Without a limb
orcrook. , The resinotitrinatter which ex
udes from the bakhas a rich saccharine
flavor. The India eat On.
• • • .1
Losses by Religion