Newspaper Page Text
The POTTER JOURNAL
COUDERSPORT, PA., May 23,1873
EVERYBODY has something good
to say arid do. "Whether we look
or whether we listen." Wilkie Col
lins writes a great deal that is worth
less, and some that is bad, but in
glancing over his "New Magdalen"
we find the following, which we com
mend to the attention ot those who
are trying to serve mankind in any
"The purpose of public charities
and the way to discover and apply
them, ought to be posted on the cor
ner of every street. Every now and
then the rase of some forlorn crea
ture, (generally a woman,) who has
committed suicide, within five min
utes walk, perhaps, of an Institution
that would have opened its doors to
her, appears in the newspapers, shocks
you dreadfully and then is forgotten
again. Take as much pains to make
charities and asylums known among
the people without 11101103- as are
taken to make a new play, a new
journal, or a medicine, known among
the people with money and you will
save many a lost creature who is
Advertising is so much over-done
now one gets so veury wery of being
met at every turn with innumerable
announcements that it is 110 wonder
that those seeking to do good should
try to avoid them. But for the bene
fit of those whom they wish to serve
and who only see what reaches them ;
iu the streets, all means should be J
tried to make every avenue of help '
A MONO the queries of "Enquiring
Friends" in the Christian Union j
there is this "Is being a Christian !
anything more than doing what is !
right ?" The editor answers "No,'
But is not the doing right living '
by a constantly advancing standard?
We start at whatever point we are,
but wo go forward into and through
new experiences and perceptions un
til the high honor, the stainless
chivalry of a Bayard, grow to be as
simple duties, as essential parts of
our Christianity, a> obedience to our j
first understanding of the command j
ments. Our first understanding in
its bareness and narrowness, for the
commandments, even grow and 1
widen upon our comprehension until
we begin to wonder what may not •
be included in their meaning. Chris
tianity will teach us the finest deli
cacy and the most daring courage,
the highest courtesy and perfect siu-!
verity, hospitality in our thoughts '
and feelings. well as in our houses
and manners; sympathy and atfec
tion that can never weary; and at,
every new point reached, such an
extension and expansion of the views J
as makes one feel all the more his j
utter weakness and he! pies -mess, un- i
til we attain what is the uppermost
that some of us can see at present,!
that purity of heart that shall enable
us to "see good," and seeing that see
u >thiiur that is evil.
A COKUESPOXDKNT of the Nation.
who is disgusted with the newspapers
for denouncing the "back-pay swindle" j
while they suggest 110 remedy for if
draws attention to the fact that when
the first ten amendments to the Consti
tution were nit ilied. another was passed
by Congress and submitted to the states,
in these terms; "Xo law varying the
cotuiiensatiou of senators and represen
tatives shall take effect until an election
>f representatives shall have inter
vened.'" This proposal article was
agreed to by only five states —Delaware.
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina
and South Carolina; but as there is no
thing in Use organic law to prevent these
ratifications being now counted as bind
ing, the assent of twenty-five states
would form the three-fourths vote ne
cessary for adoption. Which state will
enrol itself as the sixth for this "Six
teenth Amendment V
Ohio has already done this and
the Buffalo /'depress in commenting j
thereon thinks it is very well as an ;
expression of feeling but says: •
The amendment in question failed
to receive a ratification by two-thirds '
of the States, it must be regarded as
dead and only to be revived by the
action of Congress. Besides, Ohio
was not a State when the first Con
gress met ami the amendment was
never presented to the Ohio Legisla
ture for ratification.
Ohio's action in the case,therefore,
has about as much real significance
as if the Utah Legislature, after that
Territory had been admitted to the
Union, should have solemnly record
ed its verdict on the Fourteenth and
But nevertheless it is desirable
that there should be some definite
and binding decision as to how long
an amendment can lie kept before
the Legislatures of tie several States
. " " " j
: awaiting ratification, without requir-
I! ing renewed action on the part of
i Congress. It cannot become a part
; of the Constitution without being
; ratified by the legislatures ot two- j
j thirds of the States. But how long
► can t.n amendment be held in abey
ance after it has been proposed to
the Stites In* Congress? T.iat is a
question that may become one of
prime importance and lead to dan
gerous contention and misunder
, standing. It should be settled while
all parties can consider the matter
It is hard to see why Utah should
| not, after becoming a state, ratify
any amendments which were still
pending. Or why Ohio in becoming
' a state and thereby accepting the
Constitution should not find it a !
duty to pass upon any question of j
adopting or rejecting amendments i
just the same as if she had been one
of the old Thirteen.
We would like to see the twenty
; four more required ratify this amend
ment according to the word of the
Nation and test its sufficiency.
THE school year closes with the
i present week. There has been 110
1 announcement of an)' more than the
usual exercises, but the school is
j always interesting even to those who
have nu children, there. Thoac v> liu
; have will feel it a great pleasure to
j renew their own school days in j
| keeping watch of those of their
Dutiy of Constables.
; The Independent Papublican gives
the following definition of the Duties
of Constables, and as it seems to be
much needed it is important and
utlge Ross, of Montgomery County.
. recently defined the power and duties
of Constables,/ As the law in relation
to these officerare the same throughout ]
the State, its publication may lx .of gen-'
■ enil interest:
; /The office of a Constable is one posses- j
: sing at common law large powers, and
vested with the i>erformance of duties
which arc grave lv important to good 01-
j de-r, and good morals, peace and d.co- j
rum of the community.^
His first and general duty's to k,p
peace, and for tliis purpose fit may take
into custody and may commit' to jail,
and even break open the doors ot,
houses—in fact no act of authority
: which is not of itself illegal, may not be :
' lawfully done by a Constable to prevent j
| a breach of the peace. (1 Cliitty's C.
■ L.. 20 to 20; t Blac. Corn.. 360.
If there is any reasonable ground for J
: suspicion lie may arrest without a war
; rant and hold the offender for exnmina
j tion; but his action iu this regard is at
j his own peril—for lie may not make an
arrest unlessthe facts and circumstances
; would justify a prudent man in assum
ing that the grounds of suspicion were
; reasonable —that is exhibited, probable
cause to believe that a felony laid been
j committed. (3 W. A S., 36f>.)
He lias further i*werto arrest, with
. out warrant, for a breach of the |>eaee
: iii his presence; after he has made such
I an arrest he may conduct the person to
I jail, and the jaifor must receive him to
be detained iu custody until an examin
' at ion may be bad without unnecesai y
jdelav. (S. A It. 47.)
f I lis most re sponsible and too often
; neglected duty, is to return t<> the Court
i at each and < very session such offences,
1 into which the Court lias power to in- j
I quire, try and punish. This function
makes him the inspector of his bailiwick
—the informant of the Court and the
means of repressing crime. This last
■ duty is to be performed under the sanc
■ tion of an oath —and may lie made the
I basis of a bench warrant and arrest.
I If it beprrfonued withfdelit 1/, an cxani
j iiiation oj the Constables'' returns v:ould
jat once inform the Court'of the moral con-\
dition of the county and fur offences would
ejo unpunished, y
Those are common law jxnvers and
duties which are attached to the office 1
and a failure to perform them or any of j
them, is a misdemeanor iu olftee which
could and would lie punished by this
Court upon conviction bad.
But the Legislature lias enlarged and
I particularly spmtiul some of these
j official powers and duties.
One of the statutes required that COll- '
stables should search such public houses
j and places suspected of entertaining
tipplers on Sunday, and compel them to
.disperse quietly. By various statutes,
enacted at various times, the Constable
is required to make a return under oath !
;as to whether offences against the game 1
lor fishing laws have lieeu committed in 1
, his bailiwick; whether any bastard 1
' children liave been born therein, to- 1
■ get her with their sex and nanus of their 1
I mothers; whether there are any tippling 1
! houses—that is, unlicensed houses for '
the illegal sale of liquors—or licensed j
houses that violate the conditions of 1
their license—and whether there are -
any common, illgoverned, disorderly '
houses, houses of prostitution, or gam-! (
bling houses. The Constable must fur- 1
tl er return, whether the index boards (
are placed and maintained at the junc- x
tan. K -.d:—whether tin re were breaches '
of the peace at the election and the 1
names of 11 e offenders—whether with- '
in his knowledge there was wagering t
upon the election and the names of beW- •
tors and v. hether then w ere frauds upon 1
the election. % 1
these returns must he made under 1
oath and if such offences exist and be ]
not returned, the Constab>, knowing
ot their existence, is guilty of a misde,
meaner in nthce. a
IN TILE Tribune of later times we
find not near so much that is good
and valuable as ii used to possess
and often a tone, an effort* covert it
may be, to influence people in away
that to the unassisted vision seems
bad—but we are all the more glad
when there appears in it something
! that reads like the Tribune of old.
Here is an article on the Society ol
Friends, whose yearly meeting has
just been held in Philadelphia, which
is so just that it is a pleasure to give
it piace. The Philadelphia Pres."
j gives reports of the meetings from
day to day, of discussions, not on
points of doctrine nor reports of the
. extension of the society, but of the
living of its members, strict.
i and eaieful inquiries into the pay'
I ment of debts, living moderately,
: bringing up children rightly, looking
I after and relieving those who need;
help, being faithful in the support
of temperance and peace and living
| in loving unity with each other and
j those around them. Peculiarities of
1 dress and languarc are passing away |
and the "testinwny" against tucour- j
aging a paid ministry in other reli-l
| gious societies, is not insisted on as!
jit formerly was, but the essential j
j points i!u doopor moralities and j
; spiritualitv of the seel remain.
With the beginning of this week do j
the grave tribes of Quakers, t oth ortho
; dox and Ilicksite, go upon their annual ;
| pilgrimage to their Jerusalem, the city
|of Penn. We confess to a sudden sense
jof relief and security whenever- our
j staid, shrewd brethren and qukt sisters !
. thus come to tl;e front. The.country,
J we think, cannot during this we;k gt
far astray. There are certain
yfub'ts of our body politic to which, when
| bribery and corruption arc most tri-'
umphant we always turn with compla- j
j cewy, as ono rt members t'ue sound i
, timbers at the keel id' a ,o d ship when !
I her pilot or engineer threatens to vim !
i her on the shoals. There is the steady,
j domestic farming population, a day or;
! two behind the rest of the world as to "
; cable dispatches, perhaps, hut, r.sa rule. 1
j draw ing their morals from the Bible i
i and tin ir iwuitics io in the weekly i
i Tribune. 'Thtre is the middle-aged |
'Geunan citizen, mem y-saving ami
money-making, poor and honest, just a
lis- children, by the slow process of ae
•retion and in 4 fraud, will be rich and
honest. There.are the keen, down-rigid ;
1 Maine lunibeimeii; the dull downright
■ "tonlb-Ontst tisheiman; tiie canny j
j Scotch-Irish blood in Pennsylvania, tlu
Huguenot in Carolina, the Cavalier in [
Virginia—traditions a!L but traditions 1
with a profound force and meaning,
j And there is the body of iSlpsid, hard
worked Christian clergymen every- !
where. It is a popular catch-word now
. to talk of priestcraft and sc t larian bigot-\
ry: liut the Rev. Mr. Ancient, dragging
poor wrecked creatures to shore at tin
j risk of in's own life simply lieeause they 1
were God's children, is a bettor type of
his class nowadays than public opinion
is willing to acknowledge. These are
only a few of tlie redeeming elements',
but are enough—more than ten light
tons men at Fast to save K< dom. •
The Friends, both in numbers and
moral force weigh great weight, unesti
, mated perhaps, but appreciable. The j
bread-biininud. square-jay. (<t Ephraim
and the dove-clad Bebovali, with hei 1
white hair parted smoothly over her
wrinkled, placid ai d still pink cheeks,
who are sitting in solemn conclave to
day in Philadelphia, exercise a religious,
political and social influence which is
altogether wholesome. They have
grown out of and above the type of their
founder, George 1 ox. Age and cus
tom Laving confirmed and approved
them as a peculiar people, they will not
squabble with you 011 points of doctrine,
or split hairs of logic with regard to the
virtue in a shad-bellied coat or in the
bad grammar of the plain language, as
that venerable pioneer of their faith
would probably have done. Their
Christianity is in the eyes of men simple
love to brother man and in the showing •
of that they have exhibited a sir 1 gth
and persistency and a great quiet dis < -
gard of worldly considerations uusur.
pissed by any other Christian sect, j
You will seldom hear of th Friends'
work, yet there is no reform in the ;
country, from the public school system
to the abolition of Slavery, of which
they have not lieen inaugurators. Our
drab-coated Friends, Isaac and Debora,
in fact, appear to be so exactly the op- ,
posite in private and public of the ;
miserable follies and vices which are 1
now degrading us as a people in the' 1
eyes of the world, that we are tempted t
to lift tlum up as examples to this uu- 1
toward generation. The baue, the an-i
tidote arc both before us. Are we 1
braggarts? Here are stillness and mod- ?
esty. Do we make a sliem show of t
wealth and prosperity? Go into their ' 1
plain brick dwelling on Arch street if i
you would know what reality is from 4
the welcome on the threshold to the t
dinner 011 the kitchen lire. Here is 110 ?
plated pewter-ware, 110 sleazy siiks, no t
cheap Brussels. Are we reckless in c
trading? Make a penny from Ephraim i
in a bargain if you can. Do we squan
der and drink and gamble our way head- x
long to poverty V Who ever saw a beg- a
ging Quaker/ Ave our lx lies forward c
and scheming in flirtation and match
making ? Does the 1 are sometimes <
hunt the bounds? The daughters of 1
Deborah wear not the plain garb per- r
haps, but they are clothed upon with a a
wondrous modesty and self-respect, i
Tin y are clear-eyed and clear-brained 1
and always able, if JQO< <] b . to earn tlx ira
j*~ m i
own living by other modes than mar
riage. The lover who woos them will
not pay homage as a carpet knight to a
i shamqueeuship, but as the first man to
j the unknown pure mystery of the first
woman. l)o we find Free Love and
spiritual affinities necessary to solve the
problem of marriage? Who has lit aid
of a divorced Quaker? Or, to come to
pettier mutters (though just as vital),
i 'h>es the worldly housewife find her
children nervous, her husband driven
; day after day to a restaurant for some
thing to eat, chambermaids a perpetual
thorn in her side and cooks mere mes
sengers of Satan sent to buffet her?
Let her go into the noiseless nurseries
of the Friend Deborah, through her
spotless kitchen, and beholding the
serene brows of mistres3 and maids, lay
her hand upon her mouth and lier mouth
.• in the dust and be silent.
Our Friendly brethren in Philadel
phia are about, we perceive, to give to
the Indian problem their gravest con
! sideration. We are tempted to wish
that they would take all these other
muddles of life which prove too much
for us and with their keen eyes and
i placid fingers set them to rights—now
| and forever.
[From the Chicago Times. 1
The Indian Policy.
! The Times correspondent had an in
' terv.ew tt -day (May 3) with Felix F
i Brunot, chairman of the Beard of In
' dian Commissions, in regard to Indian
! affairs in general, and in particular in
; relation to the present policy of the gov
: eminent toward the Indians and rumors
of Indian preparations for wy in the
Southwest. As will be seen, Mr. Bru
not supports Grant's liuban policy. Mr.
i Brunot remark**!: "Whatever I may
say is not to IK 1 considered official in .any
manner, and whatever opinions I may
expu ss are to be considered my own in
i dividnally and not those of the Board
•of Indian Commissioners." In reply
I to a question as to whether he consid
ered the peace policy of the President
I had tended to the Modoc outlrreak, Mr.
; Brunot said: "The President's Indian
| peace policy is in no way responsible.
! Cor the Modoc war. The war originated !
in an attempt to drive the Indians from i
: their lands, vLh h were coveted by the !
whites. Tiiis policy would have given
; t huff the small reservation in their own
country, which they were justly entitled
: to, and the bloodshed, humiliation and
'expense of the war would have been.
, ;i\ vKad,"
Corn sjionth nt. Do you place any be
ll f in the threatening rumors of othei
Mr. Brum 1. Rumors from the Wesl
of a threatening general Indian war are
sensational and groundless. A leagut I
; for among the Indian tribes is
: impossible. Nearly all the late nunors
' of p. dian outrages and threatened lios-,
I tip'i nin the West have no foundation |
! ill fact.
<"• r.esj undent. What do you e.nsid-1
or are the objects of the sensational and f
i giouudk ss it ports?
Mr. t. But men interested in
; ' j-'folitaoi war and spegjilaiorsgmd} ■
for Indian lands —an attempt to incite:
war against peaceful tribes for their j
own selfish (i ds—and they will circa-!
late any reports to injure the Indians.)
under cover iff the Modoc and public
indigiijffion against that tribe. It is. :
however, to he hoped that the Modoc j
lesson will not lx. 1 lost upon the nation
and all such attempts will be fi ustrased, i
It is a common thing in some market
less regions of the West to get up an '
Indian excitement so that troops ma} !
he sent to eat up and pay for the set-;
tiers'surplus pit ducts. In some cases j
actual war is made for this and similar j
purposes. In proof of this I will saj
that a letter from the commanding ofti- j
cer of the tnili aiy post where the In-1
dians have long been harmless, latelj '
receivd, says: " I am daily in fear that
some of these rullians will kill an Indian )
on pui'iarse to bring 0:1 war."
Correspondent. Can you give me any !
instance of such wanton and criminal;
out 1 ages by the whites? t
Mr. Brunot. Yes. A short time ago
Whistler and another Sioux chief were
killed in cold blood by the side of their ■
camp-fin s by a desperado, who publicly j
boasted of having committed this mur-'
der. Murderers like these go unhung I
and the deed excites no horror. The
public do not hear of them. They an ,
only known in official circles. But 1
when, as will surely happen, the sav-i
ages avenge the blood of their chiefs'
the whole press opposed to the peaet j
policy will ring with cries for their ex
Ourtrpondtnt. Mr. Brunot, what
do you think of a vigorous campaign
against the hostile trilies? Would it j
not have a beneficial effect upon other!
tribes disposed to be unfriendly and be
the cheapest way of establishing com pa- j
ratively g< neral and permanent peace? ,
Mr. Brunot. Previous to the peace
with Red Cloud the government had
sixty years* war in trying to extermi
the Sioux. Every Indian killed cost us
more than ten white men. Thirty mill
ions were expended and 1000 miles of :
ft on tier desolated. Transporters, con
tractors, teamsters, whiskey-traders,
scouts and array-followers flourish ut
the expense of the nation. The same, J
class 1 fp< epic would like to see another .
('orr: xprntdent. What is your opinion
regarding the isolated eases of mi .der
and outrage by Indians and how they ;
could be possibly prevented?
Mr. Brer,it. Depredations or mur- i
ders by individual Indians or by small 1
bands are to be expected. It is said 1
murders in your own city of New York <
average one daily, and assaults, roblier
ies. pilferings and other crimes count ]
by huii.lreds. We cannot expect suv- <
agt stobe 1 letter than white men. IS 4
is only the op[>onents of the President's
policy that seem to expuff this degree
of virtue from the Indians. Four years
of general peace with the Indian trilxs
have proved the President's policy to
be a success. With the exception of a
few of the Apaches all the nomadic and
previously hostile trilies have been at
peace. Of 1,000,000 Indians in the Uni
ted States and territories about 10,000
are civilized, 1i5,:0u partially, so and
the remainder in a wild condition.
Correspondent. How many of these
support litems.. Ives?
Mr. Brunot About 130,000, and re
ceive nothing from the government ex
cept interest on their money or payment
for their lands. About 100,04.0 more
chiefly support themselves by hunting
and fishing, the deficiency being sup
plied by the government. Those fig
ures show the folly and wickedness of
the proposition to hold the Indian race
responsible for the acts of a few indi
viduals of a single tiibe. The attempt
in eertaiu quarters to stimulate bad
feeling between the supporters of the
| President's Indian policy and the mili
tary is the work of men in whom the
| wish breeds the thought.
Corres>])ondent. Is the Board of Indi
an Commissioners aware of any such
Mr. Brunot. As far as the Board has
any knowledge or is concerned no such
feeling exists. The lamented General
Canby was Cordially in favor of the
President's polciy of humanity and jus
tice to the Indians, and nearly all the
general officers have expressed their
opinions substantially in accord with
the Board of Indian Commissioners.
Correspondent. Is it not said that
General Phil. Sheridan is and has been
opposed to the President's poliey?
Mr. Brunot. No. General Sheridan,
, in his official report to the War Depart
ment, printed in 1872, said: "I fully
> indorse the efforts now being made to
civilize and christianize the wild Indi
ans and think that the reservation sys
j tern and policy of the government to
ward the wild tribes is the most liberal
and humane that has ever been adopted
by any government toward savage peo
ple." These are General Sheridan's
words in his report for 1871. and I have
! 110 reason to belie ve that he has changed
his views since.
Correspondent. Do you think this
Modoc massacre will cause any change
in the President's policy or in the opin
ions of those who support it?
Mr. Brunot. President Grant knows
hi* is light in his Indian policy, and
j those who seem to think they can move
him from the right by personal denunci
ation. sneers at "Quakers "and "Peace
! Commissioners,"or flings at "poor Lo,"
"red devils," "humanitarians," may as
well give up.
U. S. POSTAL cards have begun to
arrive at this otiice.
BIRDS are abundant, swallows are
j arriving, and these cool mornings are
j musical with many singing birds.
THE long ladder with the pot of
I yellow paint has been in the papers
so much that most of us know it by
QUESTION for all.—Have we neglec
i ted to speak the kind word that
! might have cheered somebody to-j
IN SPITE of the cool weather and i
the lateness of the season our people
j are preparing to open their doors and
j >it outside. A number of new piaz
' zas appear.
&*a and JMm.
PROFESSOR Tyndall is growing more
j and more complimentary of the United
states. In a recent lecture in London,
alluding to the high scientific standard
maintained in the United States, he read 1
some extracts from a lecture delivered
! by President White, of Cornell Univer
sity. which he "had never seen surpassed
| m the writings of European thinkers.
A WORKINGMEN'S fund towards the
j exiH'iise of sending choral representa
tives from South WalestotheCrystal Pa
lace this year has been started 111 Caer
marthen. The workmen intin-worksand
woollen factories are among the readi
BUDDING SELF-RESPECT.— A little ;
boy was urged by an older person to do
an act that was wrong. He was told I
that 110 one would- know of it. "Yes,
somebody will," said the little fellow,
"myself will know it."
Tn E only test you can. have of a sehol-,
nr's learning from your teaching is bv
questioning him as to the truth taught
and so obtaining evidence that you have'
not spoken in vain.
A "MEMOIR of Samuel Joseph May," ;
published by Roberts Brothers, is an ac- 1
ceptable addition to the literature of the I
Anti-Slavery era. It may be accepted
as reliable, being pnitlyautobiographic
al, with additions from a diary and part
ly v\rough! out of material supplied by
friends. Mr. May. born in 1797, in Bos
ton, was a schoolmaster before lie was
a clergyman and taught Motley, the his
torbin, how to read. He begun to preach .
about lfAi; assisted Dr. Chancing for a
time and soon became the earnest oppo
nent of slavery. For twenty-two years
of Lis life, up to the age of seventy, la
wns a minister in Syracuse, where, as
p .star and preacher, he was most suc
c ssful. Throughout the late rebellion,
though opposed to war. he devoted him
i tu the mitigation of its evils by
• heartily aiding t'ie Sanitary ( ommis
;' sion. lie was ever for the Union and
> an Abolitionist, who had never lliuchtd
> or laltered, live d to see the downfall of
i slavery in bis native land, lie died in
t July. 1871.—0n sale by Sower, Potts &
Co., Market street.
j THE NEW DEPOT.— Ground has been
broken for the new depot to be built at
the junction of the Philadelphia & Erie
and Bald Eagie A'alley railroads, and
work on the superstructure was to have
been commenced this week"
The location is in the south-east quar
" I ter of the city, on land owned by the P. j
& E. Company. The building will le a
■ very fine one aud sufficiently large to
' meet the wants alike of the railroads
and the public. It wilibebnilt of pressed
. : brick, 87 by 104 feet on the ground, one
story liigh, with 20 feet platforms ex
tending entirely around and a roof pro
jecting six feet over the platforms, sup
' ported by heavy and well ornamented
; timber brackets.
. j REV. DR. E. 11. Chapiu, having just
J completed the twenty-fifth year of his
ministry over bis church in New York,
. the Fourth Universalist Society, his j
, congregation rounded off the event last
j Wednesday with an appropriate service I
5 i in the afternoon, at which pleasant ad
, dresses were heard from Rev. Dr. Bal-
I lou, former pastor of the society, Rev.
. Dr. Bellows, Rev. Dr. Armitage (Hap-'
. tist), and Rev. E. C. Sweetscr. In the !
. evening there was something more than '
■ speeches—the pastor having been made
, the recipient of a welcome token of his
! peolpe's affection, in the shape of a
f teu-thousaud-dollar check. Christian
, i Union.
United States Internal Revenue.
• Notice to Speciai-Tax Payers
! The law of December 'I4,L""?, reqnires every per
son engaged iu any btisiues-, avocation or employ- \
- merit wnicii renders him lialic to A
. to procure ami place conspicuously in his es
tablish merit or place of business
1 denoting the payment of tiie Special Tax before I
i commencing business.
The taxes embraced within the provisions of law
• j above quoted are the following, viz.:
Rectifiers $ 200 00
j Dealers, retail liquors 2500
I " wholesale liquor IOJOO
" in mult liquors, wholesale 5o 00.
" " retail.... 20 00
" in leaf tobacco 25 O>
' ] Retail dviile.'s in leaf tobacco 600 00
■ j (and on sales of over *looo, tifty
cents for every dollar iu excess
o 1 $1000.)
| Dealers in manufactured tobacco. 500
I Manufacture aof stills snOo |
- | ami lor eacu still or worm
mannfaetiired 20 00
i " of tobacco lu 00
" of cigars 10 00
Peddlers of tobacco, 11: class (more
_ than 2 horses) 80 00
" " 2<i class (2 horses) 25 00 !
•I " "3d " (1 horse) 1500 :
, | " " 4th " o.i foot or
public conveyance 10 00
• I Brewers of less tl.an 500 barrels... 6IOO
" 501 barrels or inure. ... 100 oo
Any person who shall fail to comply with tic ,
foregoing requirements will be subject to severe j
Special-tax payers throughout the United States ;
1 are reminded that they un.st make application to
(he Colic, tor (or Deputy ( . :or) of their re- j
speetlve districts, and procure the proper stamp '
fo. the Special-! tx y ar,commencing .May 1,1573, !
wit hout waiting for further notice.
Co'. Int. Iter. ISF/I IHst. Pa.
j 2442-4t Vi iiliamspoit, 1 a.
"YT7TIEKEAS. the Hon. H. \V. WILLIAMS, Prosv-
W dent Judge, and the Hons. LYMAN NEI-SON
j and JOHN M. KILHOI KNE, Associate Judge - oi :
I lie Courts of (>yer x "■ erininer and General J.ii; |
lie ivery. Quarter Sessß nsot the Peace, orphans' ;
j Com t and C nrt of Connie n Pleas for the County
: of I'ofter, have issued tlici. precept betuiug d;iie
1 the Fifteenth day of June, in the year of our BIT d
S ONE thous IUD, cijtht hundred aiel seventy-two,
] and tome DIIECTED. for ho! imga Court of oyer
I X Terminer and General Jail De.ivery, Quarter
j SESSIONS of tiie Deuce, (Indians' Court "and Court
; of COIN IN II l'.ens, in Ihe R trough of f 'ouderspprt,
! on HO tiny, the Xinlh day of JUNE nc* t and
to continue one week.
Notice is therefore hereby given to the Com- ;
1 tiers, Jus! ieesof the IVaeeaiul Const ab esvvili.in
; ilie County, thai they be then ami t lie re in their
proper persons, at lu o'clock, a.M.. of said day, !
\ with their rolls, records and inquisitions, exair.i-
I nations and other reineinbratices, to do tiie e
• tilings which to their offices apjiertain to LA dou\
And "hose who are bound by tiieir recogni/aiLs
1 to prosecute against t lie p' ixbners that ai cor s nt'i
be in the Jail of said County of Rotter, are to be >
1 then and there to prosecuie'against them as will
Dated at Couder.snort, May 16, 187.1, and the
; ilTlii year of the Independenceßf the United MATES
j of America S. I', REYNOLDS, Hherljf.
I> Y VIRTUE of sundry writs of Yen- i
} ditiont Exponas, Fieri Fa ias, 1. va.l Facias .
t au.i Sur Mortgage, issued out of the Court of Com- j
j mon Fleas of I'otter County, Fa., and to raedlreci
ed, I shall expose to public sale or outcry, at the !
! Court House in Cou-tersport, on MONDAY, th '
| SIXTH day of JUNE, lsiit, at one o'clock, p, in., the j
: following described tracts or parcels of laud, to J
Certain real estate situate in Hebron
; tp. bounded and described as follows: N by the !
Full lie Highway; F by lands of S 1* Reynolds: S 1
by lands of CSI earn-. : \V by lands of Andrew j
Brock. Contain inrj .' i acres of land more or iess, I
about 2f> acres are i .proved one frame house. |
I two frame banisand si. ME outbuildings ami some
fruit trees thereon, and being part of Wt No Liuy. I
To L>e sold as Hie property of A. 11. OSTKANIUK. !
ALSO, certain real estate in tiie bo
roiigli ol U-'wisville, Potter co., bounded and de
seiibed as follows: Beginning arposi corner in W
line of JM> Haekett fann 10 perches S of N E coi
ner of Sand W Monro 's lot : thence W 8 perches
ito a corner ; thence S2O perches to a corner in X I
line of .Mary M Haekett ten-acre lot, so cahed ;l
tuence, aloug N line of said lot, E 8 perches to a !
comer in Wane of said .Ino Haekett lot; then C.
along \Y line of said Jno Hl'kelt lot, N 2O perches
to place of beginning Ointaininp one aeieof ' .
F land, sti ict measure, ou wiiich is erected one
sum I frame hmisc. Also, mother lot situated -
as afresaid and adjoining the'lut above described
b itilded AS fo lows : Beginning at a post in \V 1
dne of Jho Haekett lot 1 perch is of bed of Creek I
U here s lid Creek crosses line of said lot ; thence,
j ON W line of said lot. N P iierches to a corner ; I
thence E alsnit 6 TORCHES to a point 12 feet N of
I lower end of mill-race; thence s E. parallel wiiii I t
] and 12 feet from said mill-race, to point where I <
' race takes water fri in pond and opposite N end
of mi 1 dam ; thence southerly across race and ' '<
along S;I ID DAM to centre of oldcreek-bed ; thence t
in a westerly direction to point of BEGINNING with '
water privilege appertaining to same. All of :
which is improved, witji one water saw-mill there- I
■ OIL To Ire sold a- tic- property of J. I>. HOPKINS, I I
ALSO, certaiii real estate iu Hebron 1 \
J tp., dese tilted as follows: Beginning at a pine the 1
! N E comer of Lot NO 66 of allotment of lands in
I HEBRON tn.. tlienee, b\" lines of Bimrii uii Estate, t
1> imrei'.es and .S 127.4 jcrehes to N C CORNER of I
Lot No 62; then e, bv N line of said lot, \V 101
L-iTches to a post : thence N 21.4 ne.EL es to Sline i
el J.ot N;U 6 aforesaid : litem E. by line of said lot
E2l iierches \ 106 |tei'ehes to place of beginning] .
Containing 62.7 acres WITH usual atluwan -e of SIX i
per cent. Is ing Lot NOU4 of a.iotment of land IOF
Samuel M Fox, DECEASED, in Hebron ip. AND ., IRR I
of \\ TNN 1217, of vhi h about for'y at res are im- i
proved, with ONE fiante house, one frame barn T
and some fruit leu con Also.om- other
bit in town-liipas above d - ribed: Begintiingat t
N EeoinerofLot No 64 above descrilmd, thence i
\) En perches: thence b .7 gerciies; thence Ei
120 perenes; thettetf S 105.7 perches to place of be- • c
ginning. ' 'nUant ny Tu.b acres, and lielng Lot <
No Isuii alk tmeiit in lands AS ab ve mentioned t
and part of \V t No I2i'7, on which llit ro is alniut
ten m res improved. To be iu the ; r.ipeiiy i
Of GIXI. \V. \ ANW LOKN. j •/
ALSO,certain real estate in Harrison '
t|>, bounded anddesciibed as follows: Nby lands i
of F A l.iig'.lsh and Waldo Robinson; Kby iauils ■
of J K Barff) and J W Stevens; S b\ land's of n
N Stone; AV by lands of K JJ Fhillip> and being
part of V\t N 1516. O.nt xlnino
a. owaliee of 6 pef cent., umre cr ■
acre- of wl'icii arc improved, win, ■
ao-.i e..on ■ frame barn andsotm •
.■ii. —Also, .*h!c other iot situ-it,. '■ I
bounded and described as follow-. \ • H
highway; Eby lands. .1 Samuei s ? ;i I
of Hamilton \v liite: \V bv lands oi owe 9
and being jiaiT of Wt No Rest, r, , itl . .' : ' v ; ■
acie of iamb more or less, ail of whirl, 9
ed, wish ore frame house and son ~,7 1 '• S*a
bit! dings thereon. To lie sold as the m
Mounts KizuKiuul JOANNA B. Mkt, AI.P -'H
A LSU, certain real estate in ii illT ; I
tp. tHHinded and desci ibed as follows nr, ; H
ol Hamilton White: K by public liglwn' "'H
peb i<- highway : N) by lands of il .N st] ,
being parts of Wts Nns 1816 and l -*t. ( ,
.up one acre of land, more or iess, uu of wi'i' :> H
improved, with one frame house and soir,-' •"' ■
. out-bui.dings and with mill utiviiege coui■
io be sold as tiie property of M. F. METIS , ■ 9
i MOUKIS KIZEK. ■
ALSO, certain teal estate in Ring,.... I
1 tp.. t'cing L:g No 1118 of aiiotiiieiit of i;u,Uv,,(H
' Est de in Biugliain tn., aud Jl;u toof \\ i-H
ami 1243. ( ntaintii;/ 184.3 aeies,.>f iniid.
! 2u acres of wiiich are improved, with , i'„. ■
house, one frame bain aud some fruit trees- , ■
i on. to be so.d as uio itfopeitv of JAKEU ,■
| HOI N. ■
ALSO, certain i eal estate in EuL, 9
j tp., bounded and descrilied as follows: Bcgliu,' I
. in centre of Jersey Si lore Tuuipike ; I.e. .
aloug E line of a litty-aei e lot of land survev,- I
Keating xCo to Aiiuond M< odcock to a v 9
I birch stump just IS WOl mill; Itience E to* . ■
.ot now iu possession of Jonathan Glace: f ■
a.ong V< lint ol said to,, lot to cent;. " H
1 l urui>ike road : thence \V aiong said 1., /1
, place ol beginning; also, all the pnvia-ges,,! K . ■
j uigaiul inalniaiuing a dam and keeping a.„ ' I
: p iliing the bead aud tan null race ami,, .. I
1 tor fit., cujoyni"m ol siid mi l that was • r.vA 'B
!to Austin A Kirbv by decil from Aimoiitl \\Y, ■
: cock to tiiin d itcu l)i'c2o, A. U., I S 'S. AI.N, H
i oilier piece ot lamiadjoiuingtheaboveilescp I
|as io lows : Beginning ul .8 I. eoriwr ■ t , n
which I, I; Siia..o:d dves t nonce w i \ ,s )1: ,
sit hi lot las rods to a p )st; IbclicC N I, j-,,.,. I
j eenlieof Turnpike road : theuceb 7L! \ | I
' pike road 12.8 lods to E line of lot of I. bv "7 I
aloiesaid ; tut ace. on said E line, N2i>.s i . j
i place of beginning. Ctmfa/nikf/oue acre .u.„
1 square rmls of land, more or less, and l.t-j. 1
lot Wt No 2122. Both the above lots area *
proved, with some fruit trees tlici eon. amt to j I
i arc erected one water saw mill, two frame ii ~ I
■ one frame bain and sonic other out iHiiiib , 1
! To be sold as the property of HEXISY IxmuiuV I
ALSO, ecrtiiin real p.state in I'IVSM, j
tp., boumtedami desci iln .1 as follows: Begun,i, I
i at S W col tier of Lot N > 1,6 deeded to 1 ian, i ,i|* I
i sled .!any ;.o, 13.4 ; 1 hence E 174.1 )-,i-..,.. t „. I
post Wof road; thence, along line of 1. u y , I
Su e W yi.s jH'iviies to eornei ot I. S Drake I
]Ge 1 S Olliw-.nd : tlieuccS 4-> 4 c 'A' is p, i. ] • j
' p >st aqd. stone.-, N E coiner .-J Lot No Mr, , I
:to J T Siuitli. nov, 11 11 l> nt : tiien \\ p. I
pt-i ch.-s to N W corner of- Dot No s. I
1,1.6 iierches to p are of beginumg. ( ed en.,,,- I
;12 -.1 acres, more or !•!,.:-cing Lot No si , I
maps id-land.,->f lit-nry H I -,n in tT> , tp. I
parts of Wts.Nos 12oe and 1814, about aetn" • I
which are improved, wi:h viie frame i, • ise.l
I fiame barn, one frame sued and sonic fmi; ir,,,
tlieieon. i'- i- so.d as the proie,T\ ~i \\
: NIOXItOE (It'll It. C. BAII.I'.V.
A LSf ), cerLiin rfdtl esLite in Ilcctcr
tp., bounded N by lands conveyed to
i'. .Mortis, admr of estate of John Admin, .
I and Lot No s8 of allotment of lands of biiu .;,,
j Estate; F I -y unseated lands of Biiiguain i.suii;
S by mis.: Id 'amis aforesaid and Lots Nosfilai,.
2c 1; and W bv Lot No 201 aforesaid ami Lot X
2ui com nutted to Win Looks. ilmVuniu-j l;ii
I acres, more or less, being Lot No 62 ot a.i t.„- •„
ot Uiughain lands in Hccnirtp. aforesaid.imiiu
. ol vVt No 17A), about 8.1 acres of which ax- ii:
proved with one log barn, one log house amrsnaa
fruit trees tneieon. To be sold as to.- |un]s'nv
I Ol iillfAM EtlilY.
AL.SO, ccrtsiin rc;il ('.statu in Ureter
i tp , bounded ami describedaafollows: N hv 1, i,
ioinl : Ebyi-.dwatd Kane, Atonzo Skiiuit-r and
Henry Doughiss; shy Ac luoSkiiinci ami bin
nam .an ; \v by Unaries swini ar an - Win 1,
Doiig.avs. an . being parts of Wts Nos lis;
j 14u'.'. Conluinihn 170 acres, more or iess, alvui
house, one frame bain, out-bui.diugs and sot*
fruit trees tlie.c n. To l e so.d as tic proiMTty
Ot GIi.ViiLES isEEI.Y.
s. I>. RE YXOLDS,
| C'oudersport , Af .(r 16,1878. Shirif.
OOT* S 3 net &&sO L. sj !
WOULD respeetfu!!y inform tlic < iti,en that lie
continues site manufacture cl
BOOTS AND SHOES
at his new Stand,
MAIN STREET below MARKET,
(South of the Bridge,)
ALL work done in a workmanlike manner
AND A GOOD FIT GUARANTEED
Give him a call.
Joh-i V. Brown,
LINE OF STAG LLS
Coudorsport & WellsviHa
( t 'ia OSWAYO, PA.)
IV" 1 'iis going to Osw\Ti by stage, and desiri;r;
to n-tii. H syne day, will beaccouini i.ited
at stage rates.
Fasseiigei swisliiii!' to reachanvof the neitlihor
ing towns wiil be conveyed l>v Liven'at
A good Livery rig kept constantly 011 hand tor
pa%si tigers l>y tiie stage.
(JOHN V. BUOVVN, Propr.,)
Popular Science Monthly
4'rof. I'd. I-,. Youmans.
The crowing import auc*of scientlflc tcnow lu'v
to ail rlftftOM of the comiiinultr calls tor inure .-
cb'ut ui-aiis of diffusl ,g it. The Popular Sec no
Mrnthhi has been st.i led to proai-qe this, j :
an ! sapplle- a want in -t bv no other period o iß
the Flitted states.
It contains instructive and attractive arte -•
and abstracts of nrthtlei. oi lgi.ial. setecte
lust rate i, from the lea ling s"i°iitidc i. c 1:
f'T'-.t "Uiu vms, gIVHIg tile latest lnt-*nu''.t'
of tia; rul pheiiom -aa, explaining tin* w-,- 8*
tioa.s of science to the practical arts a -,i t t::
operations of eiomesrlc 1 fe.
It is designed to give especial promi:" " ' '
t lose bra-c h-s of s ience w iileh help to .-. is tter
ondenstandlng of the nature of roan; tot
thei-iabusof scientlflc education; and t
ings of science it|M>n quw-'ious of society i-. 'l g ■'
cnunent. 110-v th" vari -ua subjects of i-u.r-::'.
opinion a*-e affected tiy t 1 advance of scicntiT
inquiry vil! also i>e coiishir-reiL
To Its iP-. rary character thts p -rloitlcn! at - :
le popular without being sifjiertlcial ami an*'-"
to the intc-llrgfcnt reading ekr.sLS of US- . >tn" ' !
tv. It seeks to procure authentic Ntateiiu-u 1 - ,r u
01 11 who know their subjects and v. ho villad'h- '"
tlienon-aci -nti.'ic public lor purposes ,>fexi-ett-' ■■
and expiati ttion.
it wiil have contributions from Herbert Sp
cm, Prof, liuxlev, Frof. Tvndali. Mr. Dirwhi u:-\
otn-r writers iiteutUM with apecolaUve 1
and scientific explanation.
The Popular Science Monthly ispubn.- hod !; K
large 0.-'avo, liaii Lsouiely printed ou <T-ur tM ,r
'terms, Five Dollars per annum, or Fifty cei'"
D. AtT'LUKIN A i **..
549 and 5M broad" :-'. N