The Potter journal and news item. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1872-1874, February 07, 1873, Image 1

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Jno. 6. Mann, - ft - Uomllf/w ,
Proprietor. I£T IE "W" S ITEM. ®" F ' Hamn ""-
[Oflict in Ohnstfd Jflork.)
J no. S. Mann, S. ¥. Hamilton,
rryrittr>r. J'uhlishrr.
Attorney at law and District Attorney,
Oflr >m MA r\ St.. (oier the Pet Ojtier, j
Solicits all business pn'l.iininc to Ills profession.
Special attention given to collections.
Attorneys at I>atv and Conveyancers,
rori>KHroKT, I'A.,
{promptly MUtadrd to.
Arthur B. Mann,
<2#ural Il'nmuff * Notary PnMio. }
(crrica oria r.m.r.a , aroaa.)
x. n. nijiT*n n. c. i.tunoiKH
in Olnnted Bltjck,)
Cor de us POUT, I'KNN'A.
itfoniey at Liw and Insurance A^oni,
Dentist, }
(orricß is OLMSTCK JUK IC.)
Baker House,
limiwv A KRLI.KT. Prop'rs.,
(tuner of SECOND and EAST Streets
rT,rT attention i>aii to the eonrenlenee and
comfort of guests.
4- 1.0.H! Stahlinf attached,
Lewieviite Hotel,
Corner of MAIN and SOUTH Streets,
tr-t'iood Starting attached.
All klnis of GKAISISO, VARSIHIWO, AC., done.
Orders left at the Poat-offlce will be promptly J
attended to.
a.. Tiioiirsox i. s. MtKX j
rut \i.Kits is
Itnivs, Medicines, llooks Stationery,
for. Moin orut Third St*.,
(Corner M<tin anil Third.)
_ i
Snrpical and Mechanical Dentist,
At! work guaranteed to give satisfaction.
JtaYfr. D. H. Ball Jointer k Belting Machine,
siNNKM.YHrtxiNG. Cameron co.. Pa.
OM fr >rr IS u 26 inch#*.
Machine® and Cntom Work
"* n n* to ordor. 2422-tf
John Grom,
UoiiSiP, Si *4* ii,
with neatness and dis|atch.
Satisfaction guaranteed.
<V<tos Wt with
"ill be promptly attended to.
Pn!.o kiu _G f w *K"n-iaking, Bla. kmlthla K ,
to . ilnrM'
reisoiGv T n '" atne ** "i' l durability. C harges
• tMSft-iy
""-bed to order
Jack in the Pulpit.
l.'nder the green trees
Just over the way
Jack in the pulpit
Preaches to-day:
Squirrel and song sparrow.
High on their perch,
Hear the sweet lily bells
Kinging to church.
Come hear what his reverence
Rises to say
In his queer little pulpit
This fine Sabbath day.
Fair is the canopy
• iver him seeu.
Painted by Nature's hand
Black, brown and green;
Green is the pulpit.
Green are his bands;
In his queer little pulpit
The little priest stands.
In black ami gold relTet,
So gorgeous to see,
Comes with his bass voice
The chorister l>ee:
Green fingers playing
Cnseen on wind lyres,
P.ird voices singing—
These are his choirs.
The violets are deacons,
1 know by this sign,
The cups that they carry
Are purple with wine.
The columbines bravely
As sentinels stand
On tlie lookout, with
All their red truni|s<ts in hand.
Meek-faced anemones,
Drooping and sad;
Great yellow violets,
Smiling out glad;
Buttercups' faces.
Beaming and bright;
Clovers witli lxinnets
Some red, some white;
Daisies, their fingers
Half clasped in prayer;
Dandelions proud of
The gold In theis hair;
Innocents, children
Guileless and frail,
Tlirli nirr* UMk. -
Cptnraed and pale;
Wild wood geraniums
All in their best,
I-inguidly leaning
In purple gauze dressed —
All are assembled
This sweet Sabbath day
To hear what the priest
In his pulpit will say.
la>! white Indian pipe*
tin the green mosses lie —
Who has been smoking
Profanely, so nigh;
Rebuked by the preacher
The mischief is stopped.
But the sinners in haste
Have their little pi|cs drnpjwd ;
la-t the wind with the fragrance
of fern and black birch
Blow the sine!) of the smoking
Clear out of the church.
So much for the preacher.
The sermon comes next;
Shall we tell how he preached it
And where .is the text?
Alas: like too many
Grown-up folks who worship
In churches mail builded to-day,
We heard not the preacher
Expound or express;
\V looked at the people
And tliey looked at us;
We saw all their dresses.
Their colors and shapes.
The trim of their lmimets
The rut of their cajies;
We heard the wind organ.
The bee and the bird.
But of Jack in the pulpit
We heard not a word.
(From Harper's Bazar.]
Manners upon the Road.
My ])">r (i r<ih7: —I hojie the
holidays are not so long passed that I
uiav not wish you a liappy New Year,
which 1 do with all my heart, and with
a profound conviction that a "certain
event" will lie very sure to make my
wishes good. I had the pleasure of call
ing ujion heron the first day of the
year, and as 1 admired her simple man
ners and her sprightly grace. I wondered
whether yott —sir, indeed, any of us—
were worthy. llow much lietter they
are than we, my dear Gerald ! Now we
live in two different worlds while we
live in the same! I recall all kinds of
festivities—of "stag feasts." as we call
them, of little jurties and stories and
exjieditions and conversations—l think
that you know what I mean—and how
uns]ieakali]y low they make us seem!
If our sisters should know what we do!
Alwve all, if xhr should hear the jokes
and the insinuations to which you, my
young friend, listen with a feeble smile,
what would she think? Rut if we men
knew that she, and "the likes" of her.
engaged in similar conversations, what
should MY think of them?
The other evening I stopped at Del
monico's—no matter for what; proliably
1 wanted to warm my hands —and as I
stood engaged in that harmless business
I overheard the talk of a group of you
young fellows. They were sons of gen
tlemen, !is they are called ; hut if I had
a daughter, and they came to my house
a-wooing, l would put them out with
the tongs. Gentlemen Indeed ! Honor,
Sir, purity, manliness, modesty, truth—
these are the gentleman's qualities.
Rut the youth whom 1 heard talking
might have been Charles the Second and
Rochester in their cups. They had the
dress and the air and the name of gen
tlemen? Was poor Nell Gwynne a lady?
as the Ihiehess of Portsmouth a lady?
It was she that the French king sent
over to fascinate the Englisti king and
serve as a French spy, and she did it.
Theyoung fellows to whom 1 listened,
whose talk 1 could not help overhearing,
were going later in the evening to a hall.
They were to see the sweetest and most
innocent of maidens. They were to clasp
! them in the delicious dance. They
were to chat and laugh and plan. What
do I know? They were to breathe vows,
: ]H'ihaps; they were to whisjier the
j words—T sup]tose you understand,
i What 1 say is that, for all that, they
■ dwell in different worlds, and the soft,
palpitating little baggage in theconser
| vatory who says that she will IK* the
wife of that Spanish-looking young
brigand with the captivating dark eyes,
i and who dances so divinely, does not
know in the least who it is to whom she
gives herself. Xo, my young friend,
j they do not know us; and there are
j huge parts of our lives that we hustle
(•lit of their sight. I have heard Ims-
I winds and fathers chattering, when they
knew that none of the family could
I overhear. Fortunate deafness; for there
j are true and loving hearts that would
| be miserably wrung and broken if they
could hear what we hear. There is no
fairy tale, no enchantment in thelmoks,
: more surprising and striking than that
of our daily life. And when I say so to
Hero, she answers, " lint suppose that
my Leander does seem to IK; a beast:
do you know that it is the prince under
j that hairy skin that I admire?"
I do not deny it. Those gentle hearts
make a kind of celestial allowance.
i They suspect the truth, ierhaps, and
they instantly repel its force by some
sweet theory. Have you never watched
' a mother in the ear. when her most un
i mannerly and headstrong lx>y issnarling
! and roaring and making himself a )>est?
! "Tommy is sleepy, 1 ' says that crafty
jwirent. "Does Tommy's poor little
\ stomach ache? Where does Tonnnv
feel bad. is lie \t-i „„„
j long journey?" It is not the long
journey, nor the stomach-ache, lxeause
j Tommy romps in the same way in the
j nursery at home and upon all occasions.
' lint the mother's instinct shields him.
i "1 <>u think." it says to the bald-headed
j traveler who is trying to read <>r t<>
i sleep, and who, although his as]tect is
j bland, wishes Tommy in the unmeu-
J tioi table j dace —"you think that this is
i a snarling little 1 least. Heaven pity yon,
: s iv! 'tis a prince in disguise majestically
1 moaning.''
In like manner, when we see that
j gross Orson, the huge fellow who is
j always feeding and drinking, that rcd
-1 faced, indolent good-for-nothing, whose
: chief delight is horse-racing and eock
, lighting —when we see him earn ing off
j in holy matrimony that delicate, llower
likc. gentle I'iamma, it is bewildering,
iit is preposterous. Her eyes are ojen.
j She s*es him. and she hears of him. and
j she knows about him. What does it
| mean? llow do such tilings hapien?
Happen! Why. how did Titania happen
!to fancy Bottom? It is the familiar old
i story of Beauty and the Beast. Do you
sup(Misc Fiamuia sees the < )rson that we
. see? Do you suppose that a young
i woman tenderly reared, with maidenly
i delicacy and reserve, and a fine womanly
instinct, kneels at the nuptial altar
with a boozing lxjoby? Xot she. She
gives her faith and her vows to the noble
hero, the puissant prince, who thinks
tit to masquerade in the shaj>e of this
j red-faced, lazy idler. And lx eause
j you are blind, because your wretched
I perceptions stick fast in the hairy hide,
do you think that I'iamma does not see
the truth and rejoice in it?
What is to le done? You and I,
probably, if we are men alxmt town,
know the truth of Orson. How can we
save her? Alas! she is not to lx' sived
by us. She must work out her own
salvation, or she will lx* lost. When I
see her coming into the church on her
wedding-day, and observe the pretty
groups in the pews, and hear the blithe
music from the organ, and smell the
orange (lowers as the beautiful bride
passes, and watch her kneeling in a soft
• 1
white cloud of lace and other flnltiness,
and then strain my ears to listen whether
she does actually vow to honor and obey
that utter zany. 1 think that the fairy
stories are commonplace and Blue-
Beard the prosaic history of every day.
Of course, if I were a younger and mar
riageable man, I should probably think,
as you doubtless used to liefore you
were pledged to take part in a similar
ceremony, that there are i*ersoiis —who
shall be nameless—to whom it would
not l>e monstrous to hear the beautiful
Fiamma rowing eternal love and fidcl
ity. Their names might lie Herald, for
: instance, or Bachelor. Yes —and don't
you supjiose that the other < >rsoiis think
precisely the same thing?
Meanwhile 1 reflect that Fiamma
does sometimes workout her salvation.
The point of the old story is that the
beast was a prince, after all. It was
only a horrible enchantment. And
even old Bottom was not a veritable
jeckass. Fiamma believes, despite all
that appears. despite all that you and I.
with much head-shaking, know, that
the hulking Orson is an enchanted
prince. s he does not deny, she admits,
all that we—of course as impartial
. friends—reveal to her of his coarseness
• and umvorthiness. "Certainly," says
j that gently jwsistajit lady ; "that is the
hide. I see it as von do; but I also see
beyond it, as you do not. You are
wrong, and I am right. lie is not a
beast, but a gallant and noble prince."
There is nothing like it in the world,
this simple and defiant devotion. At
this very moment of writing—and it is
I don't know how much o'clock at night
—I reflect that I have been calling U|K>II
Mrs. Loveall, from whose house T came
only an hour or two since. We had a
very interesting talk of a thousand
tilings. Site is most thoughtful, most
cultivated, and, almve all, a woman of
the steadiest el lameter, and a most
efficient head of the family. It was
nearly midnight when i left her. and 1
doubt if she has gone to lied yet. lim
ing the time that I sat with her I knew
that she heard the least sound in the ;
hall, and once when the outer door closed
she went out of the room. Iler whole'
soul seemed to lie intent upon those
sounds; yet site calmly talked with me.
It was a man she was awaiting—not
her husband, for he is dead long ago.
but her son, her oldest child, the bright
eyed boy, the pride and hojie of her
young married life—a man of forty now, '
and nobody's pride or hope for ever
I know how it will l>e. Some time
after midnight there will lie a fumbling
at the door, and Mrs. Loveall will de
scend and open it. She will close it
quietly, and then she will help him up
stairs to his room. You can imagine
how he looks, the sound of his voice,
the terrible fumes that envelop him.
Can you see that sweet, matronly face
ln-side liiin, full of tenderness and pity?
Can you look into that mot iter's heart, I
in which is no censure, no reproach, no
conscious, withering disapiKiintiiicnt
even, but only love, love depthless and
unspeakable? Is that her son, that
stupefied, reeling, inarticulate sot? lie
has ceased to be himself: how call she !
love rmnr 11*- .. . , .
a man is. Does she see the prince in '
him? Certainly she does; for what else :
could supiMiit her? That heart, so j
steady and true, is full of excuses and
and extenuations. Even if site thinks j
his condition is the consequence of mere j
weakness of will, she does not blame
him, but some circumstance, some an
cestor. "My poor boy," she 11 links, i
reniemltering that his gnat-grand
mother's uncle by marriage was teo
fond of punch, "the sins of the fathers 1
are visited upon the children."
Is it otherwise with Kim.una? One.
at least, of that name 1 knew, who mar- •
lied Orson; and she went on believing'
and lielieving in the prince, expecting j
and exiK.-eting him to dissolve the en- •
chantincut and come forth: and 10l at •
length he came. lie gradually mew to
IK- interested, sympathetic, industrious.
He left card clubs and their 1 ompanions,
and cock-fighting and aimless lounging,
lleliecamea good-natured. quiet.friend
ly companion. And if we saw that. j
what must not she have seen? If we j
thought him good-humored, how fasci
nating must he not have been 11 Fiain- j
111a? No. we live in different worlds j
while we inhabit the same. Those gen
tle eyes do not see what we ire, but
what we might be. The} do Mot hear
our wretched talk; and if they hear of j
it they do not believe, or they softly ex
tenuate. My dear Herald, your happy
day draws near. It is the beginning of
the year. Your heart is eager for all
kinds of vows. Well, then is .1 trivial
gift more precious than diamonds, more |
useful than porcelain and silver, that
you can give her. It is the resolution — i
not to be broken, you rascal, but surely ,
kept—to try to lie the man that she lie-1
lieves you to be. Your friend.
-> ■<
Two Sides cf One Canvas.
One beautiful afternoon in August j
there came to me the heart-broken wife
of a state prison convict. We tried to
plan for his pardon and restoration to:
home and the world. It was a ven sad |
ease. He was the only surviving son
of a very noble man —one who lived lv j
to serve the poor, the tempted and the j
criminal. All lie had, all was. he
gave unreservedly to help t lieves and
drunkards. His house was their home.
His name their bail to savt them from
prison. His reward their reformation.
It was a happy hour to hear him tell of
the hundreds he had sliiehVd from the
contamination ami evil examples of pris- j
ons, and of the large propo tion. lie had
good reason to lielicve, preinaneiitly
saved. Out of hundreds, he once told j
me, only two left him to pi> their hail,
forfeited by neglect to show themselves
in court according to agreement —only
llred under such a roof the son start
ed in life with a generous heart, noble
dreams and high purposes. Ten years
of prosperity, fairly earned by energy,
industry and character, ended in bank
ruptcy, as is so often the case in our
risky and changing trade; then came a
struggle for business, for bread—temje
tation—despair—intemierance. He
could not safely pass the ojien doors
that tempted him to indulgence, for
getfnlness and crime. How hard his
wife wrought and struggled to save him
from indulgence and then to shield him
from exiKisureJ How long wife, sister
ard friends ]siboied to avert conviction
and the state prison. " I would sjnire
him gladly," wrote the prosecuting at
torney, "if he would stop drinking.
He shall never go to prison if he will lie
asolier man. Hut all this wretchedness
and crime came from nun."
Manfulh did the young man struggle
to lesist the appetite. Again and again
did he promise, and keep his promise
l>erhaps a month—then fall. lie could
not walk the streets and earn his bread
solierly while so many n|en doors—
opened by men who sought to coin gold
out of their lieighUtr's vices—lured hint
to indulgence. So rightfully the state
pressed in and he went to prison. An
honored name disgraced, a loving home
broken up, a wide circle of kindred sore
ly pained, a worthy, well-meaning man
wrecked; sorrow and crime, ''all comes
of rum," says the keen-sighted lawyer.
As I parted from the sad wife on my
door-step I locked beyond, and close 1 y
the laughing sea stood a handsome cot
tage. The grounds were laid out expen
sively and with great taste. Over the
broad piazza hung lazily an eastern ham
mock, while all around were richly paint
e 1 chairs and lounges of every easy and
tempting form. Over head were quaint
vases of beautiful flowers, and the deli
cious lawn was lmrdered with them.
< >n the lawn itself gaily dressed women
laughed merrily over croquet, and noisy
children played near. A span of superb
horses pawul the earth impatiently at
the gate, while gay salutat ions passed le
--tweeu the croquet players and the fash
ionable equipages that rolled by. It was
a comfortable home as well as luxurious
one. Nature, taste and wealth had done
their liest. II was a scene of lieautv,
comfort, taste, luxury and wealth. All
came from nun. Silks and diamonds,
flowers and equipage, stately roofs and
costly attendance, all came from rum.
The owner was one who. in a great city,
coined his gold out of the vices of his
♦•-'low men.
To me ir was a issoi!,. s v :<■-. 1
lost sight of the. gay women, the. frolic
some children, the iiupatient horses and
the ocean rolling up upon the lawn. I j
saw instead the pale convict in his cell,
twelve feet by nine, the sad wife going
from judge to attorney, from court to
governor's council begging mercy for ;
her over-tempted husband. 1 heard j
above the ehileren's noise, the croquet !
laugh and the surf waves the lawyer's
stern reason for ex ictiiig the full penal
ty of the law. All this comes from
" Wo unto lfim that givetli his neigh
bor drink.*' "Wo unto him that build-1
i th his bouse by unrighteousness and \
bis eliambesr by wrong, for the stone j
shall cry out of the wall, and the beam
of thetimbershallanswerit." — Nation" l j
St'prosiNG we saw an army sitting
down liefme a granite fort, and they told
us that they intended to batter it down. 1
we might ask them "IIow?*' They j
point to a cannon ball. Well, but there !
is 110 power in that; it is heavy, but not ■
more than half a hundred, or perhaps a !
hundred weight: if all the men in the
army hurled it against the fort, they
would make 110 impression. They say
"No, but look at the cannon." Well,
there is no jHiwer in that: a child maj I
ride upon it. and a bird may jereli in its j
mouth. It is a machine, and nothing!
more. "Hut, look at the jiowder."
Well, there is no power in that; a child
may spill it. a sparrow may pick it. Yet 1
this powerless powder and powerless ball
are put in the jmwcrlrss cannon; one
spark of fire enters it. and then, in the
twinkling of an eye. the powder is a
fiasii of lightning, and that cannon-ball
is a thunderliolt. which smites as if it
had lieen sent from luaveii. So it is
with our Christian machinery of this j
day; we have the instruments necessary |
for pulling down strongholds, and oil. j
for the baptism of fire ! — Aiihur.
Has the Earth more than two
Motions ?
A writer in the Hoston Transcript
"That in times long past the present :
land was the bed of the ocean, and that i
in other ages there existed a period, us
ually called the •glacial jh riod," when j
the grim ice king held full swn> and all J
was ice and frost, has lieen clearly de- J
monstrated; and to n eonrile these facts j
witli the theory that the earth has only I
two motions, one on its own axis and 1
the other round the sun. appears absurd.
Hut supposes third motion, slow, ]>er
liajis only a fraction of a mile yearly, has j
taken place, and is still going 011 round
an axis at right angles with what is
called the jMilaraxis. and we can then
readily account for much of the phe
nomena met with: and there appears to j
be every reason to suppose that such a
motion does exist.
♦'Commencing at a point north of
Hudson Hay, in latitude 7u o' north
and longitude9(i 4o west of Greenwich,
a line runs nearly south through the
United States on which the magnetic
needle has no declination or points di
rectly north and south, while at joints
on either side of the line the needle
poiuts inwards at angles depending UIHUI
their distance east 01* west of the true
magnetic meridian. The declination
of these lines is not fiXetl, but increases
every year at a regular rate, the lines
on the east inclining more to the west,
while those on the west incline more to
the east, as if the magnetic pole was
slowly moving to the south along the
line of no declination.
"In resjiect to the earth, the sun rises
in the east and warms the glol>e in its
passage to the west, inducing currents
of electricity to flow from west to east;
and as the needle always stands at right
angles to the electric current, it follows
that the direction of tlie current must
be changing at the same rate as the de
clination of the needle.
"A very slow third motion would ac
count for this annual change in decli
nation, the glacial jicriod and the time
when the present Urra p'mia was the
bed of the sea —for the earth, lieing a
spheroid, the high lands of the north in
their revolution by a third motion would
gradually Ik- submerged as they aje
proachcd the south, while the IK it torn
of the sea in the present south would as
gradually rise as it was carried north
ward. Astronomy would show this
motion it we did not every four years
(with certain exceptions) add one day.
which would apjiear to compensate for
a change in the inclination of the axis
of the earth due to a third motion.
"On even* side in the Rocky Moun
tain region we have decided proof of the
actions of glaciers and mountain tor
rents that in past ages cut their way
through the solid ruck, where now little
rain falls and the old water courses are
ever dry. Coal, also, in the greatest
abundance exists throughout the terri
tory of Wyoming, showing that at one
time dense forests covered fine soil now
bare of trees, proving that climates vast
ly different have existed at various JK
"Assuming that America is slowly re
volving to the north, and consequently
rising out of the ocean, we should ex
to find that other portions of the
glolte are revolving towards the south
and lieing as slowly submerged—and
what do we find in England? That the
climate of that country lias greatly
changed since its discovery there can IK 1
little doubt, and as to its submersion,
where are the large estates of the Karl
of Goodwin? The wreck of many a no
ble vessel and the blanching I nines of
thousands of brave marines answer,
"Here! at the bottom of the sea 011 the
Goodwin Sands.'"'
Temperance and Drinking in Craw
ford County.
Spring, f'lau ..rl C"., I'a.. Jan. 9\ I>TJ. (
Hon. J. S. MANN. — Jhar Sir: I will
take the liberty to state to you the lienc
fit that our prohibitory liquor law is to
lis. If works like a charm. We have
been without license for Spring town
ship for altout fifteen years; several years
: by asking the court not to grant any li
! cense for this township, and it worked
I so well that we asked the Legislature to
give ns a prohibitory liquor law. When
we were in the habit of using liquor and
bad licenses, I was appointed to ascer
tain the expense that liquor was to Spring
township, and with the assistance of
some of the most intelligent men of our
township I think we got ven* near the
mil value of the liquor. At that time
our liquor cost us the value of our ier
sonal pro|ierty in about three years, and
in a little less than five years we used
the value of our real estate. So in almiit
eight years v.*o used the value of our
whole township in intoxicating liquors,
according to the value that the assessors
[int upon it —both real and i**rsonal pro
perty. And at that time quarreling,
riots, assault and battery, and disorder
ly conduct were of common occurrence,
and death from the use of intoxicating
liquors was frequent. We can point to
many graves that liquor has lieen the
means of filliftg; in some families but
one. in others two or three; and in still
others as many as four have Ix-en taken
to untimely graves by the use of intoxi
cating liquors.
Now. friend Mann, let me give you
the result of prohibition. We have be
tween two and three thousand popula
tion in Spring township and Borough,
and not a [dace where liquor can lie
bought as a beverage for the last fifteen
years, and in that time not one death
from tin use of liquor in our township
or 1 h ii*i mgl i,
Tlie records of the court will show that
in that time not one suit for riot or dis
orderly conduct, or assault and battery,
or violation of the liquor laws; and but
one conviction for any crime front Spring
township for about fifteen years.
A nd our county is paying about
to prosecute criminals and supimrt them
—principally 011 account of the sale of
Crawford county is paying almut
s lo.noo to support the jioor. and not one
in the [xxir-honse from Spring township.
So )ou can see that if it was not for the
use ol liquor the courts of Crawford
county would lie almost without a crim
inal and our poor-house without a pau
Crawford county is losing in popula
; tion, by the estimate of some. al*>ut one
' hundred and fifty or two hundred annu
ally by tlie use of intoxicating liquors.
$1.75 A YEAR
and not one from Spring township in the
last fifteen years.
Some years since I heard Judge Cal
breath say. in a charge to the jury of our
County: "This is this the tilth case of
murder since I have lx-en on the liench
in this district, and every one of them
has lteen caused by intoxicating liquors.
If there had lieen no liquor there would
have been or crime coinmit
ted. Liquor has been the whole cause
of the quarrel in every case,
spring towuship and lKrough are pay
ing aliout $ 1 goo annually in taxes on ac
count of license in Crawford county—
in supporting the (tool* and prosecut ing
crime caused by the use of liquor that
the Commonwealth licensed.
Some years since I was one of the jury,
and at that court there were sixty-three
liquor suits from Titusville alone.
Yours truly, IIOWKLI. I'OWKLI..
Cyperus Papyrus.
"When it first liecaine necessary to ex
press ideas, promulgate laws, or certify
contracts in writing, some natural sub
stance, needing no manufacture and hut
little preparat ion, would be chosen. The
I tare surface of a rock; a fiat stone: clay,
afterwards dried in the sun, like the
Bahylonion bricks, sufficed for the re
quirements of rulers and priests—the
only classes whose deeds or thoughts
were then considered worthy of record.
But. as the intercourse of man with
his fellow-men increased —as traffic le
--caiiH' more general, and something like
enlightenment irradiated from the orig
inal centre —greater facility of commu
nication or means of remembrance be
came essential. Tablets, therefore,
eomjxtsed of slight pieces of Itoard cov
ered with wax, or some other soft sul>-
stanee easily impressed by the stylus,
were used for memoranda, while plates
j of metal, ivory or wood were inscribed
with the edicts, or whatever writing was
to serve other than a tenqtorary pur
Long before the relinquishment of
I these inconvenient and cumbrous ma
terials, however, pa|>er —so called from
: the papyrus of which it was first made
—came into us.. We have no possibil
; ity of ascertaining the origin of this
I primitive paper; nor will this surprise
' us when we consider that a writing on
papyrus has lieen discovered datinglwk
I as far as the two last reigns of the third
; dynasty of Manetho's Pharaohs, the
! immediate predecessors of Cheops, the
| builder of the first and greatest pyra
i mid —thus fixing the era at two thou
| sand years !>efore the time of Moses.
This plant (tlit* Cffjtrru* yxiji\jr\u<) grows
on the marshy hanks of rivers in Abys
sinia and Syria. It is also found to some
extent in Sicily; but in ancient times it
als Minded on the shores f the Nile. It
is of the sal no order as the bulrush, but
of much larger growth. The stem is
triangular, surrounded by long grassy
leaves that spring from near the ground.
The flowers form flattened spikes from
fifteen to twenty inches in length, gar
nished with long silky fibres. These
flowers were tnueh used in Egypt to form
garlands for crowning the statues of the
'•Pajier is made from the papyrus/'
says Pliny, "'by splitting it with a needle
into very thin leaves, due care Wang ta
ken that they should lie as broad as jios
sible." The sheets of papyrus pith are
laid upon a table and moistened with
Nile water, " lengthwise as long as the
papyrus will admit of, the jagged iilges
lieing eut off either end; after which a
cross layer is placed over it —the same
way, in fact, that hurdles are made.
When this is done the leaves are pressed
close together and then dried in the
sun; after which they are united to one
The great manufactory and mart for
this ancient paper was Alexandria, and
during the first few centuries of the
Christian era it formed an important
article of commerce. Writings oil pa
pyrus exist U longing to the fifth and
sixth centuries, and there is evidence
of its having lieen used as late as the
seventh. Indeed, it does not appear to
have lieen wholly given up till the time
of Charlemagne. The / tpi/ru*
has now disappeared from Egypt, mak
ing good the words of Isaiah: " The p;i
per reeds by the brooks, by the mouths
of the brooks, shall wither. IK* driven
awav, and Is- no more seen.*'
wlio had for years carried an old and
i cherished watch about hiui one day trailed
' on its maker and told liim it was no long
j er useful for it would not keep time cor
; rectlv.
'*lat nio examine." .-a : d the maker;
land taking a powerful glass he looked
carefully and steadily into the works till
he spied just one little grain of sand.
"I have found it." lie said; "I can got
over your difficulty."
A hunt this moment, by some powerful
hut unseen instinct, the little grain, sus
peeting what was coming, cried out :
"Let 1110 alone! 1 am but a small thing,
and take tip so little room. I cannot
possibly injure the watch. Twenty or
thirty of us might do harm but I cannot
so let me alone."
The watch-maker replied, "Yon must
come out for you spoil my work, and all
the more so, that you are so small and
hut a few people can see you,"
! Tims it is with us, whether children
or elders, one lie. one feeling of pride,
1 vanity or diwAiediencc may le such a
little "one that none but ourselves know
| of it; yet God. who sees all things, knows
it. and that one sin. however little it
. may appear, w ill spoil oiu" Ixst efforts iu
| liis service.