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VOLUME XXVIL NUMBER 9.1
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY HORNING,
.o.ifice in:Northern Central Railroad Com
pany's Building, north-west corner Front and
Terms of Sobseription.
One Copy per annum, if paid in advance,
if not paid within three
.atontbs from commencement of the year, 200
41. Claxstow wo, Cfc:mizo3r.
Noaabscription received fora less time than nix
.months; and. no paper will be discontinued until all
.arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the pub
er M i lo . ney may be remitted by mail at the publish ,
sates of Advertising.
k i 'Tare LO lines] one week,
each subsequent insertion, 10
[1.2 lines] one week,
three weeks, L 00
each subsequent insertion, 20
Larger advertisements in
A liberal discount will be made to quarterly, half.
yearly; or yearly ad vertisers, who are striedyconfined
to their business.
Drs. John & Rohrer,
Ting associated in the Practice of Ned
Columbia, April let, 1856-lf
DR. G. W. MIFFLIN,
DENTIST, Locust street, near the Post 0
fice. Columbia, Pa.
Columbia, May 3, 1.8.56.
S. ARMOR, M. D.
OFFICE and residence at Mrs. Swartz's, in
Locust street, between Prom and Second, direct
ly opposite the Post Office.
Columbia, 3larch 13,1836.03 me
IL M. NORTH,
A TTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR 44 LAW.
Collections, I. rowdy made, in Lancaster and York
Colorable, May 4,1950.
JUSTICE OF TO& PRICE. Office in the Odd
Follow,' Hull, Second street, Columbia, Pa.
Columbia, August 2.5, 1855.
J. E. EULCHENBERG,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Columbia, Mara.
Omen in Locust street, four doors above Front.
tlolumbia, May 15, 1852.
DANIES E. BRUNER, Esq.,
i►TfORNEY AT LAW AND CONVEYANCER,
otrers his services to the citizens of Columbia.
-And assures them that he will attend with promptitude
to all business entrusted to his cure. Office—Prot)
street, between Union and Perry. Residence—South
side Second strzetottid door below UMOR,
Columbia. January 13. 183.5-ly
3:).ti6s - ax•mx - redLeaats. .artist,
Corner Front 4- Locust sts., Columbia, Pa.
Pictures taken for 25 cents
And upwards, and satisfaction guaranteed.
IrrNo Picture need be taken from the Gallery
unless it is sw•li as is really desired.
IL V. &FPO= di CO.,
GENERAL FORWARDING AND COMMIS
COA LAND PRODUCE,
And Deliverers on any point on the Columbia and
Philadelphia Railroad. to York and
Baltimore and to Pittsburg;
DEALERS IN COAL. FLOUR AND GRAIN,
WHISKY AND BACON, have just received n
large lot of Monongahela Rectified Whiskey, from
Pittsburg, of which they will keep a antiply coavinialy
on hand, at low prices, Noa. I, tt and 6 Canal Basin.
Columbia, January 87.1054.
Ladies soot & shoe l'iffarmfacturer,
No. 1 Locust street, Columbia, Pa.
RIRSPECTFULLY tenders his sincere thanks for the
very liberal patronage be has received. rind would
announce to his patrons that he has MAI supplied him
self with a large and choice variety of materials, and is
prepared to make up, in addition to his large stock of
ready-made work ou hand, Ladies. Misses and EMl
.drens SHOES. GAITERS, HOOTS. SLIP
daERS, stc.,in the latest and best st)lcs. He
solicits a continuance of the tavor so liberally
bestowed by the public.
March 15, 1850.
Perm's Rail Road Freight Station.
WIGHT OFFICE and DEPOT in the new
a .: building. corner of Front and Coy streets, near
the Collector's Office.
Ticket Office for Paseengerii, East and West. at the
'Washington Hotel. ERASTUS K. HOICK,
April 19.11(.8" •tf Freight & Ticket Agent.
RPM WILSON gives this branch of bnsi
neps particular attention. As he executes all
work in this line himself, it will be warranted equal
io any in the country, and at as low rates.
Thankful for the patronage with which he has al
ready been favored. he respectfully solicits a con
inunnee of the same. ' HIRAM WILSON,
Onedoor above Jonas Rumple's Hardware Store
Columbia. Feb. 24. 1955.
CONSTANTLY on band, an assortment of Cc
dar-Ware,to labia the attention of housekeep
ers is invited. HENRY PPAHLER.
Columbia. October 29.1 5:.3.
WIXCEI FOX 8111•11.
%IRE subscriber takes this method to inform
the patorte, that he is prepared to furnish the
EST QUALITY OF LIME.
in 9unntiting toruit purebasera, al the shortest notice.
Tins Lime la particularly adapted for ll:ramming and
white•wasbinr. It will be delivered if desired.
Febrckaty 24, tPSS-1( Wrightsvil!e. YoTk count
Excellent Dried Beef,
QUGAB. Clued and Plain Hams, Shoulders and Sides,
1J for pale by
OATS FOR SALE
IIY THE BUSHEL, or in larger quantities,
~,U at Nos. 1,2 & 6 Canal Basin.
B. F. APPOLD & CO.
Colombia, January 20. 1&91.
TIME subscriber would Won't the public that he is
ronstautly receiving fresh supplies of the best Vern
sly Groceries the market will afford: come and satisfy
yourselves. S. C. SWARTZ.
Columbia. Jane 21,1650.
ROPES, ROPES, ROPES.
Nn COW, superior qualities, various sizes,
CJV lust received and for sale ehese.bY
"WELSH & RICH.
Columbia. Varela ft. /556.
TOED SEE..—Canary, Hemp, and Rap_Seerls
-LP For male at MeCORKLI,A 11E1.1.1= 'S
Apnl 12, Finally Medicine Store.
minis RUM, II 14 ete. per pound;
boulder", 10 do do
Dried Beef, 14 do do
Tide Water Hemel Money received for goodv
WELSH & RICH
Columbia, M ey
ALCOHOL and Burning 'laid, always on
band, at the lowest prices, et the Family Medicine
Store. Odd Fellows . ' Hall.
February 2, 1656.
WAY should anypenou do without a Clock,
when thei eau be had for 51.50 and argon&
Cahnabia. A Aril Wins,
TUT RECEI VED, a lance and 'tell selected sanely
v./ ateravlres. conaimina in pan ocSbee, Hair, Cloth.
Crumb, Nail, Hat and Teeth Brushes. and for tale by
Match M, Front street Columbia, Pa
CONTINUES to occupy #ltp Auger building
at the corner of Second and. Locust streets, and
offers to those desiring cointortabletioarding the great
est conveniences. At his Saloons and Restaurant
will he found Luxuries of all kinds in season, which
will he served up in the best manner and at the short.
cat notice. tie respectfully solicits a share ofpstron.
age. (Columbia, May 10, 1.056.
Mount Vernon Rom* Caital Basin,
HENRY B. MUNICH, PROPRIETOR.
I:3l"The best accommodations and every attention
given to guests, who may favor this establishment
with their patronage. [April IP, /850-tf
Franklin HOuse, Locust st. Columbia, Pa
THE subscriber continues to occupy this
well-known Hotel. and - Will everythfim in bin
power to comfortably entertain all who map. r, A . lion
tee him. His facilities for accomnimhting Horses.
Droves, &c., are superior.
Apr!' ID, y
Washir.;ton House, Columbia, Pa.
'DANIEL HERB, PROPRIETOR.
Tills old and well-known house is stilt in
the occupancy of the subscriber, and niters every
inducement to the traveller, in the way of comfort and
convenience. The Cars,
east and went, start from
this establishment. and it has other advantages unser.
passed by any. Terms reasonable.
Columbia, April 12.16544 y D. HERR.
NE. CORNER of Front and Walnut streets,
. COLUMBIA. PA.
JOSHUA J. GAULT. PROPRIETOR.
(Successor to Lta rd well & Breneman and Id re. Haines)
The Douse la furnished with all Modern Improve
ments, mid every attention will be given to secure
the comfort of guests. Charges moderate.
Columbia, April 12. 1856 if
ZII. SHEPARD Would respectfully inform
.1.4. the citizens of Columbia and vicinity, that be has
effected anagency with the
Philadelphia Piano Forte Manufacturing
whose Pianos for superior tone, finish, and durability,
have for years stood unrivalled.
He is prepared to deliver them here at the lowest city
prices., and would most respectfully solicit die patronage
of such as wish to procure a good and substantial in
A. specimen of the above mentioned instrument may
be seen by calling at Inc music room, east corner of
Front and Locust streets, Columbia.
February 2, 1856.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. The under
sigiled invite the attention of the public to tbeir
extensive stock of CIGARS, of all kinds, which they offer
at prices cheaper than ever sold in this town before.
Also, just received a fresh supply of FAMILY GllO
- & FRITSCH,
Corner of Locust and Third straets.
Columbia, February 2, leso.
GEORGE J. SMITE',
WIIOLESALE and Retail Bread and Cake
Baker.—Constantly on hand a variety of Cakes,
too numerous to mention: Crackers; Soda, Wine, Scroll,
and Sugar Biscuit; Confectionery, of every description,
&c., de. LOCUST STRIFX.r,
Feb. 1,'556. Between the Bank and Franklin House.
necred wttli the boldness, willhe promptly attend
ed to by the subscriber, on the most reaeonahle terms
Commonly on hand n large supply of Lead Pipe suite
We for Hydrants. All work v.mrranted.
corner of Second andrLocustatrects.
Columbia. Feb. 24, ISM.
THE subscriber respectfully in- -, z . )
forms his friends and the public getter
ally Mot he has s.umed the proprietorship
of the Livery Stable., formerly kept by Mr. J. B. •
ward., and recently by Mr. John Pruett'''. He re.
&peetfully sot toils the patronage of all who may need
any eon venience in his lineoletermined todo hi! hen
to accommodate Ins customers. an far os mop lie in
his power. Hie charges shall he moderate—so much
that he feels assured of giving satisfaction on this
point as well as all others.
Columbia, April 19,_1956 If
HAVING purchased the entire stock and
fiXINTeII oft Ire Drug Store, is Front street. from
Dr, Samuel Welchem, formerly owned by Wrn.l.
Sliireman, I would announce to the citizens of Co
lumbia that the business will be conducted as hereto-
fore by my agent, Wm. J. ehirematt.
July 5, 1,.•55 -am •
T . MST STREET, has just commenced man-
Mumming LEMON DEER. and keeps commonly
on hand. a full aaaonmeni of SUMMER DRINKS.
Columbia, April 111. 18556.
ALARGO LOT of Cbildrou'o Carriages
Gigs, Rocking Gorses, 'Wheelbarrows, 'Propel.
lers, Nursery Swings, &c. GEORGE, J. SMITH.
April 19,1356. Locust street
(IRINA and other Fancy Articles. too numerous to
V mention, for pale by G. J. SMITH, Locust street,
between the Bank and Franklin House.
Columbia. April 19, 1850.
FLOUR, FLOUR, FLOUR.
TUST received a superior article of Flour,
which will be cold at the very lowest market
price, by the barrel and pound; warranted good.
S. C. SW ARTZ.
Odd Fellows , Hall, Columbia.
110111EIMALAYA LUSTRES: We have received
another supply of these new and beautiful goods,
so very desire: le for Laclies , Travelling Dresses. Those
In want alit= can be supplied at
H r FONDERDMSTIFS
people's Cash Store.
May 24, 18.5
HAIR DYE'S . Jones' Batchelor's, Peter's awl
Egyptian hair dyes, warranted to color the hair
any desired shade, without injury to the akin. For sale
by R. akin.
10, Front at., Columbia, Pa.
(101INTRY SO%Y, Dried Blackberries and Ap
ple Butter,just received from the country. by
Odd Fellows' Hall. Columbia.
May 31 4856
Ellith FAMILY FLOUR, by the barrel, for
sale by B. F. AP OLD fr. CO,
Columbia. inns, 7. Nos. t,g and 6 Canal Basin.
QOLITTION OF CITRATB OP NAGNESIi t or Par
native Mineral Water.—This pleasant medicine
which is highly recommended as a salmitute for
Epsom Salts, Powders. Sem. ran he olitnined
fresh every day at BAWL. FILBERT'S Drag Store,
Front st. (12
BACHELOR'S HAIR DYE--No horning, blistering
Compound could e.er nave attained the universal
favor accorded to thie the original, never•failing favor
ite. Nature is not more true to herself than the brown
or black produced in the reddest, grayest. or most
frowsy hair by it. Made and sold, multiplied at Bach
elor's Wig Foe ittly, trn Broadway, N.Y. The geom..
ine article for sate as
MeCOIIXLE & DELLETDS
Family Medicine Store.
A su , E most article of PAINT OIL, foe tale by
Front Street, Columbia, Pa.
SUPERIOR artielrof TONIC SPICE BITTERS,
Asuitable for Hotel Keepers, for sale by
R. 'IViI.LIA MS,
May 10. IS$. Front street, Columbia.
PREPFt ETHEHEAL OM, always on hand, and for
12 Itl* by R. WitadA
May 10, 1.416 Front Snort, Colombia. P*.
JUST received, FS 68H CA/SIPIIRNIC. and for rale
y ' R. WILLIAMS.
May 10, 1114. Front Street, Colombia, Pa.
DF.GRATH'S ELECTRIC OIL. last receivei
trent' 'apply of ibis popularreined', aWILLIAMS nd fon sale
Front Street, Colannbia. Pa.
4 NEV lot of WHALE AND CAR GREASING
/1 OILS, received at the store of the subscriber.
Prom Street, C.ohnshis. Pa.
LIXTBA. FAMILY FLOUR., Just received and far
Ll' we by
SUPERIOR CATTLE POWDER. For male ot
McCORKLE t Det.Lurrs
Joly 241, 1558. Family Medicine more
GEORGE I. SMITH,
S. C. SWARTZ.
COLUMBIA, "PENNSYLVANIA •
From the New York Olmeiver
THOUGHTS OF DEATH.
In this world of sin and efghing,
In this world of pain and dying,
Where the purest joys are fleeting,
And the brightest hopes are cheating;
IVhcre the flowers we fondly cherish
All WO soon must fade and perish;
Borne on every gentle breeze;
Sighing through the waving trees,
We racy hear it mournful strain,
Like a plaintive, sweet refrain,
Sung by the angelic band—
In the far-off "Spirit Land?,
While the scalding tear-drops flow,
Bid us look from earth, above
To that better home of love,
Where in those immortal bowers
Blossom never-fading flowers;
Where the white-robed angels dwell,
And the mournful word ;farewell ,
limn- thrills the aching breast;
"Where the weary are at rest "
In those realms of endless day,
"Every tear is wiped away."
And when earthly lies are riven,
Still we fondly dream of heaven;
So impatient while we wait
The opening of the "pearly gatei"
Ever hoping, when at last
All life's weary days are past,
We shall "meet, to part no more,"
IVith the loved ones "gone before2>
We shall sing that new, glad song,
Never learned by mortal tongue.
When we join the angel-band,
In the bright, the better land
Yet, while thus we're fondly dreaming,
Mile the light of joy is beaming,
Oh! how oft the dark death-vt lag
Will o'er the heart its shadow fling;
Costing on our path the gloom
Of the dark and dreary tomb;
And we whisper with a sigh,
"'Tis afearful Ming to
WATCH, MOTHER, WATCH
Mather, watch the little feet
Climbing o'er the garden wall,
Bounding through the busy street,
Ranging cellar, shed, and ball
Never count the moments lost,
Never mind the time it costs;
Little feet will go astray,
Guide them, mother, while you may.
Mother, watch the little hand
ricking berries by ibe wny,
Making houses in the sand,
Tossing up the fragrant hay.
These name tittle hands may prove
Messengers of light and love.
Mother, watch the little tongue
Pratl ling. eloquent and wild,
What is said, and what is sung
By thy happy, joyous Odic].
Catch the word while yet unspoken ;
Stop the vow before 't is broken;
This same tongue may yet proclaim
Blessings in a Saviours name.
Mother, watch the Mile heart,
Beating soft and warm for you;
Wholesome leinnms now impart;
Keep, 0 keep that young heart trac
Exn ieat:ng every Weed,
Sowing good and precious seed;
harvest rich you then may see,
Ripening for eternity.
FALL OF THE "OLD CHAILTE.E
The famous old Charter Oak of this city,
so noted in song and history, fell with a
tremendous crash during the great storm at
quarter before one o'clock this morning,
(Aug. 21, 1856.)
This noble old tree stood upon the beauti
ful grounds of Hon. Isaac W. Stuart, late
the Wyllys' estate in the southern part of the
city. About three years ago, some boys
built a fire in the hollow of this tree, which
burnt out the punk. and though it was fear
ed that this would kill it, such was not the
fact. Fresh sprouts sprung out the next
spring, and Mr. Stuart took great pains to
preserve this valued relic of the original
forests of New England, but more especially
interesting as the tree in which the old
British Charter of Connecticut was secreted
and preserved. At this time the hollow in i
the trunk of the old oak was ire large that a
fire company of 27 full grown men stood up
in it" together.
Mr Stuart had a stout door made to shut
np the entrance, and he also placed tiu caps
upon the stumps of broken limbs, and for
the past three or four years, fresh sprouts
base grown upon most of its limbs, though
other limbs were decaying. At the time of
its fall, young and fresh acorns were grow
ing on every part of it. Thousands of peo
ple are visiting the tree, and bringing away
such sprigs and parts of limbs as Mr. Stuart
Watchman Butler says he stood at the
head of the street at the tune of the crash.—
The wind had been blowing freshly from the
northwest for an hour or more. Ile first
heard a loud crack, and saw the old oak
swaying in the breeze; a cracking noise fol
lowed, then the crash—all in the space of
half a minute—and the famous monarch of
the forest, whose history is so intimately en
twined in that of Connecticut, was prostrate
upon the earth! One thousand years ago
when it was in the prime of life—when its
years were half numbered, its far reaching
branches had sported in fiercer storms, and
more swift winged winds. But now, since
full two thousand years have smiled and
waned upon its youth, its prime, and its de
cline, it bad become gray and decrepit, but
was still tenacious of life; it still clung to
the lovely spot which gave it birth, by its
far-reaching roots, running a long way up
into the beautiful hill-side, and downward to
the sharp cut below. Firmly, aye, proudly,
the oak stood, seemingly conscious that na-
dation, one oi
in the State, at
to it a notable
in the story or Co)
triotic and origi
Proudly it has ,
with ago and redni
few inches, by th
self, it still clung wit
spot on which it hat
and downfall of mar
path and the bloody'
and the red roan's
death of generations
whose axe had cut awt
rades of - the olden to
serving a fair exterior,
ing away, and was oblig
in a storm far less severe
sands that had preceded 1
Before Governor Wylly
ea, he sent his steward fa
place for his residence. .
away the trees upon th
beautiful "Wyllys place,'
Indians came to him ar
would soft*. •`-
.t it had "been th ide of their,
ancestors for centuries." as spared, to
fall this day, having finalkidelded to the
process of natural decay.
„the tree mea
sured 33 feet io eircumfereq at the bottom,
and it has broken of su as .leave 8 feet of
stump on one side and 6 &Con the other—
the stump measuring 21 fee in circumfer
ence at its top. The charter "King Charles
the 23, for the colony of Contiatient, arrived
at Hartford in 1662, probabl in the month
of September, though the preise time is not
naw known. On the 9th of October it was
publicly read to the assert:lt:A freemen of
Connecticut, and was deelara to belong to
them and their successors, Ind the people
evinced their gratitude byap ointing a com
mittee to take charge of it, under the solem
nities of an oath , and to pre/erre this pal
ladium of the rights of thelpeople. It con
tained many liberal provisions, as may be
seen on examining it in fie Secretary of
State's office, where the in . " copy is still
toblr its place in 1.
In 1080, the General Government of New
England was dissolved by James the 2d, and
a new government was instituted, with Jo
seph Dudley as President of the Commis
sioners. Connecticut refused to surrender,
and when the third writ of quo warrants was
sent to her, Gov. Treat, in January, NU,
called a special session ofthe Assembly, which
refused to accede to the demands of the new
king. They still held to their charter. In
March, another special session was convened
but still the representatives of the people re
fused to "surrender." In Nay they met
again in regular session, under the Charter,
and re-elected Treat as Governor.
On the 31st of October,l6B7, Sir Edmund
Andress, attended by members of Isis Coun
cil and a body guard of sixty soldiers, en
tered Hartford to take the Charter by force.
The General Assembly was in session. lle
was received with courtesy but coldness.—
Ile entered the Assembly room and publicly
demanded the charter. Remonstrances were
made„ and the session was protracted till
evening. The Governor and his associates
appeared to yield. The Charter was brc-ught
in and laid upon the table. Sir Edmund
thought the last moment of the Colony had
come„ when suddenly the lights were all put
'out, and total darkness followed 1 There
was no noise, no resistance, but all was quiet.
The candles were again lighted, but the
charter was gone ! Sir Edmund Andress
was disconcerted. Ito declared the Govern
ment of Connecticut to be in his own bands,
and that the Colony was annexed to Idas
sochussetts and other New England Colonies,
and proceeded to appoint officers. Whilst
he was doing this, Capt. Jeremiah Wads
worth, a patriot of those times, was conceal
ing the charter in the hollow of Wyllys' Oak,
now known as The Charter Oak.
In 1689 King James abdicated, and on
the 9th of May of that year Gov. Treat and
his associate officers resumed the Government
of Connecticut under the charter, which had
been preserved in the Old Charier Oak.
Mr. Stuart had Colt's Armory Band come
up thisitoon, and play solemn dirges for
two hours over the trunk of the fallen Mon
arch of the Forest. lle is a generous heart
ed man—a worthy proprietor of the lovely
hill that nurtured for centuries such a noble
tree. A daguerreotype likeness of the fallen
tree was taken to-day.
The city bells are to be tolled at sun down,
as a niark,of respect entertained by our cit
izens for the fallen Monarch."—Hartford
WEnsrsats Cassaossrv.—Webstier's gen
erosity and improvidence, so well known,
receives a curious illustration in the follow
ing anecdote. Onc,day, in State street, find
ing himself troubled with the financial shorts,
he borrowed $lO on one side of the street to
pay a bill M an ;asymmetries on the other
side, and while crossing over, an acquain
tance met him, and asked the loan of $lO,
as he had an account to make up in a harry.
Webster handed him the money mechani
cally, and passed into thwinsurance office—
"l have come to pay tbatlittle bill," said he,
and putting his band into his pocket, again.
found it minus, on which he told the story.
and quite a laugh was had at his ludicrous
MOANING, AUGUST 30, 1856.
The hour of 12 is come--one and but one
moment of awful silence succeeds the frantic
uproar, when a bright flame appears within
I the Sepulchre, "the light which," in the lan-
I gaage of another, "every educated Greek I
knows and acknowledges to be kindled by
the bishops within ; the light, as every pil
grim believes, of the descent of God himself
upon the Holy Tomb." The flame comma-
Inicated to the forest of outstretched arms by 1
the priests, quietly spreads from hand to
band, from paper . to paper, till thousands of
blazing candles are seen below. Now the
I bishops are called from the church in a faint
ing state to give the impression that they are
overcome by the glory of the Almighty, from
whose immediate presence they arc believed
to have been brought; it is now that a fran
tic multitude attempts to rush at once from
•the dense smoke and suffocating heat of the
rotunda, to carry the burning lights into the I
streets of Jerusalem , and now it is that a
horseman dashes away with a lighted taper
to illuminate with the sacred fire the chapel
in the convent at Bethlehbm. During this
last stage of frenzied excitement, hundreds of
pilgrims are occasionally trampled to death
and Jafriam Pacha was at once borne from
the church almost in a dying state..
Soon all is silent, and in the evening,
when the vast edifice, with the exception of
the Latin chapel, is again filled with tvor- I
shipers, not n whisper- disturbs the an ful
repose. * * * * *
It seems incredible that the present site of
Calvary could ever have been outside the
city wall, as we know was true of Golgotha.
In my own mind I have fixed the locality
near the north-east corner of the present city,
on the west slope of the Kedron, and outside
the city wall.
The High Priests were afraid of exciting
an insurrection, and they resolved to put
Christ out of the way as secretly as possible.
Hence the schemes devised in darkness were
in part executed at night.
,It was then that
the betrayal took place, and the innocent
one was led before the deputy of Omar.
lates "of the
shell of a
, of time it
to the loved
, hilet pre-
Yield and fall
-side of the
sted That he
It may be argued that the enemies of
Christ had nothing to fear, after He was
placed in the haids of Pilate; but it seems
- • - • • -1,6-that time of
Jerusalem appear tirlfa: • ''."- 11 . 171 7:77 re
enemies, either Jews or Romans would have
ventured to lead him on to an ignominious
death, through the very heart of the city, as
must have been done if they followed the
"way of sorrow now pointed out." Were
Golgotha, however, situated near the north
east corner of Jerusalem, the above objection
would be obviated. There our suffering
Saviour would have been far removed from
the heart of Jerusalem, and there also he
would have been aide to look upon the scene
of agony in the garden.
* * * * * * *
While in the Holy City, r have spent nzuell
of my time in studying into the character
and present condition of the Jewish popula
tion. The 8,000 in Jerusalem arc engaged
in all kinds of professions; some of them,
however, are doubtless possessed of wealth
boarded in secret. There is, so far as mal^s
is concerned, no danger of mistaking the
Jewish physiognomy. Small, wiry, dark,
with black eyes, long. twisted locks, and
wearing sable gowns, the Jews aro easily
distinguished from Turks, Arabs: and Egyp
tians. The Jewesses have the oriental cus
tom of wearing the veil. They do not per
mit a lineament of the face to be seen (but
are not over careful about the ankles.) One
sees something approaching him in the street
and it is pretty difficult to discover whether
the waddling bundle of clothes envelops the
blushes of sweet seventeen or the scowl and
wrinkles of a hundred winters.
Yesterday morning I spent an hour in vis
iting the hospital established in Jerusalem
by the London Jews' Society. I was kind
ly received by Dr. Simms, the surgeon of the
institution, and with hint visited the several
wards. The hospital has more than a hun
dred patients, and though not large is re
markably neat:and I should judge well con
ducted. The patients, however, arc not all
Jews. The doctor introduced me to an Arab
connected with the establishment as an
American. "flare you been to New Ha
ven ?" inquired my new acquaintance.
• "Then you are no American," replied he,
shaking his head and walking away. The
Arab had once visited New Maven, which in
his conception is the home of all Americans.
Not hailing from the city of Elms, ho gao
-1 Cloned my nationality. The doctor invited
me to take tea. with him iu the evening; 1
remarked jestingly to my fellow voyaguers
that if not home by 9 o'clock they might
consider me safe in a Turkish lock up, as I
had no paper lantern to carry with sue, and
persons in the street after dark without a
lantern are very likely to be apprehended.
Unknown to me, Simms had invited the
gentlemen connected with the Mission of the
Jews Society in Jerusalem. They are all
accomplished mon, and manifest not only a
brotherly attachment for each other, but a
lively interest in the welfare of the Jews.—
They spoke in the most affectionate terms of
Mr. Barclay and family of the Baptist mis
sion. who had left Jerusalem a short time
previous, to return to America. We were
all soon well acquainted.
Lounging on the divans and sipping cup
after cup of aromatic tea, hours wore away
in conversation upon the affairs of the But,
and in narratives of oriental life, and the
imhrogilm of travel and adventure. Theses
Christian missions in the East arc real ca
ses for the Christian traveler. The hours I
have spent in missionary families have been
my pleasantest hours in the Orient. ➢lay I
never forget them ? It matters not to what
sect or nation the Protestant missionaries
with whom you come in contact belong.—
Denominational as well as rational differencet
at once disappear and are forgotten. In
other circumstances you meet Englishmen
and Germans as sne.h. You expect them so
prejudiced and exacting„ and and your conver
sation with them is guarded and reserved.
But let them be Christians, especially Chris
tian missionaries, and all prejudices, nation
al, denominational or otherwise, are fused
in a glow of Christian love and brotherhood,
and the naked hearts talk together. Such
is the influence, of Christianity.
A missionary residence in Jerusalem is
not at present what it was twenty years ago.
Then the missionaries were obliged to wear
the costume of the country, were subject to
insults and oven personal violence from the
fanatic Moslems, as well as the Latin and
Greek Monks. A few years ago a lady and
gentleman could not walk arm in arm in the
streets of Jerusalem without being insulted,
and n lady missionary was grossly treated
for wearing a green veil.
I returned to my hotel, at a lute hour, and
found my companions greatly alarmed on
my account, feeling that I had in reality been
compelled to take lodgings in a Turkish
watch-house, or had been waylaid in the
I procured one day a Jewish guide., and
with him visited one of the oldest synagogues
in Jerusalem, second in age and repute on
ly to the Temple in which the chosen of God
Once worshipped. It must be very ancient,
for the floor of the same is at least eight feet
below the adjacent street, the effect of an ac
cumulation of rubbish for centuries.
And now let me give a proof of the noma
dic character and disposition of my fellow
countrymen. This mornings mechanic cal
led at my little hotel to sell me a few arti
cles—canes, paper-folders and the like—
made from wood grown on 3lt. Olivet, and
to be kept as remembrancers. Ile was a
kind and intelligent man, and what was my
surprise to learn that he was not only an
.ty of Cayuga.-- _
with his family. Some religious idea must
hare brought him here.—Correspondence of
the Norge. Advocate.
AMERICAN REAPEBS IN PRANCE.
The Paris Correspondent of the New
York Commercial rldrerticer, writing under
date of 7th inst., says:
Another great trial of reaping machines
has just taken place on the farm of the
Count Beranger near Paris. The three win
ning machines, in fact the only three which
finished their work—were American—two
built after McCormick's model and one after
Ilussey's. Seven Machines started in, and
but three came out. The machine of M.
Bella, built after the McCormick model,
reaped 23 acres in 2 hours and 0 minutes;
the machine of M. Laurent, also after the
MeCoitnick model, reaped its 2.1 acres in 2
hours and 15 minutes; while that of Mr.
Dray, English, a professed improvement of
the Hussey machine, occupied 3 hours and
40 minutes. The Manney machine, which
is an excellent cutter, and ranks in these
trials generally second to McCormick, was
arrested t.n this occasion by the owner of
the wheat, because it threshed out the grain
too much by the rapid movement of its
The American machines tried on this oc
casion were built in France, the ex
ception of the Dray-llussey mitchine,) and
all of them bore modifications which they
were pleased to call improvements. But
Mr. McKenzie, the intelligent agent of Mr.
McCormick in Europe, tells me that not a
single modification has been put upon these
machines which does not diminish their
speed and certainty, and that if he would
allow them full scope, they would soon "im
prove" the machines out of existence. The
curse of the French nation is a superabun
dance of ideas without any knowledge of ex
ecution. A. machine that is simple they
cannot understood. The minute a French
inventor looks at the McCormick machine,
he says, "Oh 1 can add improvements to that
machine that will give it double its force,"
and as sure as he touches it he destroys it,
and what is more he can never tell why ho
has destroyed it. The same thing has taken
place with the sewing machines. Repeated
attempts have been made in Paris to im
prove these machines, and they are obliged
invariably to return to the simplicity of the
American models in every particular, and
even then they cannot manufacture machines
which equal those which arrive from New
York. These frequent failures, however, I
have nearly, though unjustly, brought these
useful machines into disrepute.
The trial of reaping machines, of which I
have just spoken, was a part of the exer
cises required by the jury of the late Uni
versa! Agricultural Exhibition. At the
time of the exhibition there was no wheat to
cut, and atrial was made in grass, at which
Manning's machine drew the highest prize.
The same jury presided on the present occa
sion, and how they are going to reconcile the
award they have now made with the for
mer one, I cannot imagine. At the last
trial, the jury gave the two McCormick
machines four hundred franca and a silver
medal each, and to the Hussey machine a
prize of three hundred francs and a bronze
[WHOLE NUMBER, 1,361.
1: I DIM **) kb7 40:10 I a :MI 11:4
Dr. Parr, one of the first physicians in
England or any other country, pledged, be
fore a Committee of the House of Commons,
his professional character to the declaration
that the most extensive researches he had
been able to make into physical nature had
brought him to the conviction that the Sab
bath law is stamped no less imperishably in
the Decalogue, than it is on the constitution
of man and beast; and that though, of
course, no mere physical investigation could
determine• the precise amount, or the par
ticular times and seasons, much less the
day, of suspension, there was wrought into
the fabric and framework of organized life
a necessity for periodical suspension even of
healthful toil; and that the suspension -ac
tually ordained by the Sabbatic law, or its
equivalent, could never, in the long run, be
violated without present retribution. I have
heard a confirmation of this testimony,
which is not a little curious. A postmaster
was known to have long made it a standing
rule, that no horse should kart; his stable
fur work on the Sabbath. Some anti-Sun
day transitarians, delighted with the report
of this man's constant practice, were desi
rous of his evidence, as a conscientious ob
server of the Sabbath. Great, however, was
their surprise, when they found out that the
postmaster repudiated all religious feelings
on the subject, and gave as his simple rea
son, that he had found it essential to his cat
tle that they should hare one day's rest in
seven, and that he knew his own interest too
well to let theta be cheated out of it.
Strong as the above argument is in favor
of the day of weekly rest, still stronger are
found in the Bible, both in the Old and New
THE QUEEN OF GREECE
The queen is a woman of thirty-five, who
will not grow old for a long time; her embon
point will preserve her. She is of a powerful
and vigorous constitution - , backed by an
iron health. Her beauty, famous fifteen
years ago, may still be perceived, although
delicacy has given way to strength. liar
face is full and smiling, but,lomovehat stiff
and prim; her look is gracious, but not affa
ble; it would seem as though she smiled pre
visionall and that anger was not rex
color, with a 'few imperceptible 7 red lines
which will never grow pale. Nature has
provided her with a remarkable appetite,
and she takes four meals every day, not to
speak of sundry intermediate collations.—
One part of the day is devoted to gaining
strength, and the other to expending it. In
the morning the queen goes out into her •
garden, either on foot or in u little carriage,
she talks to her gardeners, she has trees cut
down, branches pruned, earth levelled; she
takes almost as much pleasure in making
others move as in moving herself, and, she
never has so good an appetite as when the
gardeners are hungry. After the mid-day
repast and the following siesta, the queen
goes out riding, and gets over a few leagues
at a gallop to take the air. In the summer
she gets up at three in the morning to go
and bathe in the sea at Phalerum; she swims
without getting tired, for an hour together.
In the evening she walks, after supper, in
her garden. In the ball season she never
misses a waltz or a quadrille, and she never
seems tired or satisfied.
A SINGITLAB, ACCIDENT.
A young Irishman residing in Bristol,
England, while larking, ran after a girl who
was engaged in seamstress' work, and gave
her a hug in sport; but it proved anything
' but sport to him, for as he pressed her to
his bosom, it turned out all but a fatal em
brace' as a needle which she had in the
breast of her gown, literally entered his
heart and broke off short, leaving nearly
three parts of an inch of the steel in the
muscles. lie instantly felt sick and faint,
and was taken to the infirmary, when it was
determined to make an effort to extract the
broken needle, as should it remain where it
was, death most quickly ensue from inflam
mation of the heart. A physician, accord
ingly, cut through the outer flesh, and hav
ing laid bare the surface of the heart, dis
covered a small portion of the needle frag
ment protruding, and with the forceps he
drew it out. The delicate operation was
most successful, but, as much inflammation
bad set in before the needle could be ex
tracted, it was at last accounts very doubt
ful whether his life would be saved. ft is,
however, a most uncommon operation and
singular accident, showing that even the
heart itself may sustain a sharp wound with
out death immediately following.
The pleasures of this world are so transi
tory and fleeting, that it seems & crime for
man to pass his days in frivolous pursuits,
or to stake, as many do, their whole mind
upon what, before to-morrow's sun shall go
down, and become as mist and vapor. The
uncertainty of life, that dark veil which cuts
the future from the piercing eye of man, the
ignorance of what he might bring forth,
hare a salutary effect upon the thoughtfut,
and wean them from a too great love of the
world, its pleasures, or of themselves.—
Though there be a few who live to the age
of three score years and ten, health and
youth are notrelied on, for the nipping free!,
often destroys in an hour, the fairest flower,.
and the lightning from heaven, often rends
the sturdy oak. If we place our hearts up
on the riches of the world, they fade away
before our sight; and the bard earnings of
years, in a day have been swept away.
INT - 1