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•XL:1 61 • 1 11 .9" 11 P S . Al' CligaPlirsesilwel
saisseiTotwoyeielved for a. lew atm, it
, • • aid OrrpsOiT will. be sileconsioiloa *Il all
• onoesniseseoppalO, Woes est*liict esption ants -
41 ,1 1 pat •as.. o ... '' •!- := ' i 1• ~ •.s ~.... in R'iff •
'l , . i i reteX - PP‘i , l!fiewillo - .brote i t# l4 bei o444o
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t' ' I 4 iiPr i elicinqf 4:iir t t 77tTT. "1
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• rts,, 101.1 leol 2 l.•ci, isis on histileesieeet Ilaitrtiledr MI
- . :A.,-n i l ..•oiLl„Zilwillassiltilitolliti. , s., -,',:, -•• I ... 4103
--- , IhrOe well, . • , , ~
...-'; -, '4:l, -4 , r. , C.... 1 c. b a jah add rtdro'pabilf...o
Als Hilosepalo.wilLlse easisto, so quarterly/self ,
jrawtly ooyeskrixsulter i tisensi who are Wittily coufinwl
feLteii.b. in 5...,.,. ••• 2 •
•011 undated lit -the Pawnee, of • Medi
Columbi April.lat,lBso4t . • • -
. • , DE.. G. , W. MIFFLIN,
nENTIIit - Latta ' atreet, near tho' bet Of-
Cohsaabiaa, May 3;4836. •
8. ARMOR, M, D.
DOMCOVITHLC RaYSICIAN; :
Bilud-rootless at lln+•Bwattes, •In
Loeusastreet, betwienTront and Seattlidinsulp
y',.* opposite the: Poet Office.
Cplanabla, Wadi 1 4 .856Peate 4 ,
• A 111.31.,N08'r11;.- •
TTORIBY AND ..COIIMELLIAI :
A ;Columbia; PA.
Collecuous,lromptly 'Made, in Lancaa;e ra nd ark
Counties. • •
Columbia, May 4,1950. ' •
-- s.,imurEL EVANS,
'4 'ICE OR 1118 PEEL 'One. h► this' 'Odd
t p FeUews , .Hall, Second fuedt t eolidebtaas.
Collueseie, August 46,1E03.
E. BACHB:NBER 4 a, '
A TTOINEY LT LAW, Columbia ) Prii a.
Ors tcsio.Lostost street, four floors abovo.Frost.
flotenalma, May 1 5 , 1852.
TrOIIANEVAT-SAW 4LND CON veorArgesn,
A otters his services to Alm cifisenent Columbia,
and &mires them that'litemilletteudrithprompthade
to all business - entresteirto his care. OThre—Front
street, betyveen Union and Perry. Residence—South
side Second street, And door below Union.
January.o,lBs. s .l . .
- - - -----
-Varner rreAt 4 Lckwit Pa.'
-Pictures, fo r 25 -.coati =
.e . rudeopi asygipiaolioa.guaranteed.
! .. 46 raislistrained be . 10rarj, , ,. t4t1 , 9!. 4 .
• . Columbi a , March Zi „T. • r'5161 . 7".:::!- - ,' -
Z. P. AWOL= QG CO.,
GENERAL FORWARDING AND COMMIS
MaItSION MERCHANTS, o l i a:
• 'RECEIVERS OF
And Deliverers an any point on the Columbia and
Philadelphia Railrodrd l to Fork . and
Baltimore and to Ptimburg; •
DEALERS IN COAL . FLOUR AND GRAIN, -
%ViIISBY AND BACON, have idiot received a
large lot of Monongahela Rectified Whiskey, (Tom
Pittsburg, of which they will keep n supply con tautly
on kaud, at low prices, Nos. 1, 2 and 6 Canal Basin.
Columbia, January 27.1854.
7 ]L SHEPARD would inform the citizens
Li. of C ctions i ol n Voca umbia, l th and Instrumental m at he is now prepusic to dred to give
INDIVIIiUALS,QUARTETTS & CLASSES.
Special attention given to tuning and repairing Pi
anos and other iipitruments:
May be found at any hour of the day at the Music
Room adjoining the Ambrotype rooms of SHEPARD
dr. CO., corner or Praia and Locust streets.
January iO, 1113:X.
Pittsburg Glass Ware.
JUST received a large lot of Diamond Glass Ward
to new and beautiful shapes, which we can sell
cheaper than Philadelphia wholesale prices. Call , and
judge for yourselves.
Columbia, March 15, 1858.
IDITIRAM WASH gives' this branch of bust
nee; particular attention. As be executes all
work in this line himself, it will be warranted equal
o any in the country, and at as low rates.
Thankful for the patronage with which he has al.
ready been favored, he respectfully eolicits a con
anaasee of the same. • ' HIRAM WILSON,
One door above Jonas Romple , a Hardware Store.
Columbia, Feb. 21.
CSTARTLY on hand, an assortment of Co.
der-Ware, to which the attention of houseiceep•
ees is Incited. . HENRY PFAHLER.
Cotombia, Octiiber 29.1852.
MBEoviscriberlakes 'lbis method to Worm
the pobtle 7 thet he ie prepared to tarnish the
• BEST QUALITY 'OF
in quantities touter purchasers, at the-stfortest notice.
TWA Lime is particularly adapted for plastering and
wbite•washittg. It will be delivered if desired...
February 211,1855-If trrightstille, York county.
For Staking Soap.
C ONCENTILITED 4qe, warranted to' matte
Hard, Soft aturniney Soaps, without lime, and with
hole trouble. Frt undo by SAM , L - FIGIBERT,
Golden Mortar Drug and Chemical ewes Foist plumy
Columbia, February_ 2,1856.
Silks! - Silks !!
B(X)YARDS Black and Fancy Dreaslilks;
of TILE BEST MANES AND NEWEST
STYLES—the largest assortment ever opened in Co
/amnia—price...from 10 cents to $2.00 per yerd—are
stow ready, at • 11. C. FONDIWSBEITIVS
April 12. Columbia..
Excellent Dried Bee;
QUOAR Ccutd and Mill Mama, Shoulders and Sides,
1.3 for sale by
Starch 22, 1856.
Our Banner to the Breeze!
TUSTICE TO Sill—Shawls, Shawls and Mantillas,
U in great variety. The prettiest and cheapest goods
n Columbia, ham remised at
IL C. FONDI2I9/411T1114
Aped 19, IEISS. People's Cash Stan.
A FEW more pieces of those henry all wool Ingrain
•Parlor Carpeting% at Wets. a yard; so be Quick sad
secure a bargain at
LINDSAY lc JACKSON'S.
Columbia, April 66,1866.
• 0 %TS FOR SALE
BY THE BUSIEBG, or in lama: Anintfties,
at Nos. 1,2 & 6 Canal Basin.
B. r. APPOLD & CO.
Colombia, January 10,1856.
Venitian Blinds! Volition Blinds!
MIRE eabeetibers 'are jarepered to furnish Vali:hie
.1 Maks of every style, at the hawest vendible prices.
LSIDSAIr & JACkBON.
Columkia, ' lliamobis.
ROPES, ROPES, ROPES.
Nri COILS, inieriat pain's, alias siva,
C. 11.1 PM received tad fat nde ehesr.ty •
Columbia, March 22,1 M,
H. C. FONDERSBITTIi.
WELSH & RICH
0 .• mo:Al I .1" 1-
• I • UM: ,tau,usellprtha•large :
frinriagegir==ariest . "A ... .4 l 7l l trat
MI Mat= ' - ltrarl, rirattOt
• t I ltfracr rov &lnaillori bettauuutet arittike Aborti
1 1 .11164 :) . iiilitottsb "Cahill
.33iiiiii: :i, -
...,: Jai 0,111 Mafia** kir. ''. .'
• • -
JEIRATELXIXAMSIOIII, 0.111) - InnETOR.
ithrterg=irseiZ d yln u tli. e . v . e .fiti , =ll , l
Frinkliirlionne,Toonntittroliminn i l i a
41.11Stinbieribtratonlinners4o , obinpy . th is
wa i t- t =h; y temp er d
m vg a ve
I;zbifor WitincAlitoes for Occoonnodethur.Alorses,
proses, &e., are sapetior.
• - me:l l ,Tbm HE R; PKOPRIETOR.
will•known Noss is 41111 in
he ociapancy of theitubscriber.and teen every
iudeceteera to the traveller, In the way of aonikort and
convenience. The • Cars, east and west, start from
this establishment. and it has other advantages onset
passadlyany. Terms reasonable.
'W -. • INURIL6
ei - able, April 12, 12116-1 y
E. • tOlifiEga Froet.tuid IVvinet•sh.vets;
1. 1 11 COGIIAtIIIA, PA.
4117.51117A - ,J. GAT/LW. itgotpuinweg..
(Successor tollardevellic r itrenemen and Is ts. Haines)
-.Mite Clouse Is htrolehed`with all 'Modern Improver,
meets, end every sunsets, ion -vvtlt• be, given tecocure
the comfort ofzuests. - Maraca Moderate. ' •
Cotembis, S. • ril 12, 19564 f ,
7 - H. SICEHRLIvouId - respentfally into
of Colamibia ufai.idoboiryithat he: has
effectual im satessey)orith Abe • -
Philadeletia &nu/ Forte Mr 'grislier's*" •
. , Comp
vetioselnanos;Thr soperia-zone, *ad durability,
have torpors wood =balk& • _
- He is prepared to dawn. them bete !lathe lowtureity
aubsesund would most respectbstMiqlseir
as 'wish Us lurocure a r-ook-suad
issaa - bretillbur aaadsottatsie ;stoat "Cara& of
Frontaod Locust streets, Colutilda.
February a, 185 d. • •
•he MBE mullersignad
red megpectloUyi*Ros - the pubakftisit
law :moo "WA
• • ICrlcrt7bLiacw• ltiticpiseb -
from shrmaerlo EingytoNo43.„Frolt's Row,-Frantit,Co
lowohis',,Pa... where-be 'win *tap constantly on/manila
Isivcatock pEßeady-Made Silk*
Ilaadixivelikfi, Collars, Ate., ice.
11EXIIIY RICE.- -
Columbia; ilanah92, 1856. . ,
- W.GAMS!, ausaas! ,
WtUEOLES -.Mir -under:
gned • via' ragesstendon otAblepotilic alio%
ortorodirOslock u oi , 4.loll.ll.ll4 kindoANiillthefoffer
- - - ... Co • • tweist and straws.
• • • 14".7
e *mho • ' •Fa wane'Orre alfek's
ArthusW, Pewramea. Qnd- BlaekwocaPe migraines;
Clallou'a and Lee Male naiad.'he New. York Ledger.
Flag el'Our IIMou; Tr,. % Flag, 'Weverle, : ana.all the
popular newapapors published in the Tholcellhawa.
Columbia, March tN, DIU. • . • • •
Ala DYE'S. Jones' Batchelor's, Peter's and
Ilityprian hair dyes , vrarrantcd to color the hair
fitly dewed shade, without injury to the skin. For sale
by R. WILL,TANIS.
May 10, • Front at., Columbia,-Pa.
PRIME MIMS, 12 1-1 et& per punk.,
Bhouldera, 10 do do .
Dried Beef, 14 do do
Tide Water Caaal Money received for goods.
WELSH & RICH
Colotnbia. 111 ay 11. 1e56.
JUST RECEIYED,a large and new supply of
Brushes, and Combs, of all .kindil.and
For sale by RAWL FILBERT.
March 20, 1656.
A,COIIOL and Boning Plaid, always on
hand, at the lowest prices, at the Family4ttedicine
Store. Odd Fellows' Hall.
W lli rt idi !'P e6nd°' l h ! t r el°t l'jueiy ce Idrorstap.a,a
at S II R.I , 'R'S?
Columbia, April 29,1855.
PRIME City Cured Items and Dried Beef, at
H. C. FONDERSMITH'S
April 19, 15503. People's Cook Store.
PARR Is THOMPSON'S justly stlekated Com
mercial and other Gold Peas--the best in the
SAPONEFIEII, or 'Concentrated Lye, for ma-
Ling Soap. 1 lb. is sufficient for one barrel of
Soil Soap, or tlb.for 9 lbs. Hard Soap. Full direc
tions will be given at the Counter for making son,
Hard and Fancy Soaps. For sale by
Columbia. March 31,.1955.
TABLE 01L--7ust received a fresh supply
of superior Table Oil, at
Family Medicine Store, Odd Fellow's Hall.
QOLIITION OF CITRATE OF lIIGNERLI e or
gative Mineral %Vater.—This pleasant medicine
which is highly recommended as a substitute' for
Epsom Salts, Seidlitz Powders, &r., 'ran be obtained
fresh every day at SAWL. FILBERT'S BrurStore,
Front it. b.?.
TOSTIECEIVED, at - . lead QuaTtErs and
News Depot. a large• and' varied assortment of
Cap, Letter and Note paper. Envelopes, Pens, wafers
and every thing in the stationary line., all of which
will be soil at the lowest rate., by
JAS. S. hIeIIIAIFION,
Isfacilt !2. No.4Front street.
BIBLES, Prayer and . Hyaut Books, of all
denominations, beautiful and varied. Just re
ceired and for sale at ltlesllA HON'S.
MeIfLUION has been appointed Agent for the
sole *Me 4 •Dalm of a Thousand Flowers." and
'Russian Salve." (advertises . by Peterson, agont in
Philei) and a full supply ardt always be found at the
Head quarter. and News Depot. [march ?2.'58.
A SUPEIIIOS. article otPAINT OIL. for sale by
Flay 1113, 1F56. Prom Street, Colombia, Pa
ASUPERIOR article of TONIC SPICE DIFFERS.
suitable for Hoot/ Keepers. for sale by
bitty IO,IBY. - Front street. Colufaboa.
CI C. SWARTZ bits just received se Facts Orand
Oe of Tobacco and Segars, which will be told to
retailers alike lowest rate. Play 10 1858.
FRErIi b THEREAL OIL, always an hand, and for
ACY IO . IB3 O. - - FraTl-Slreßet,Warl.Litlr,la.
BASSETS, RUCKETS, 'BROOMS, &a., just re
eeived at S. O. SWARTZ'S Store.
Riley 10 1 1850.
TRYST received, PREFIR CAMPIIENE. end for sale
by - R. WILLIAMS.
May 100%6. Front Sure; Columbia, Pa.
FZION AND STRAWBERRY SYRUP. for gale
J./ by Mgr 10,185 6 .1 S.C. SWARTZ.
I)AiCLIELOWS BAIR DM.—No blaming, blistering'
Compound could ever have attained Me universal
furor accorded to this the original, never-fulling favor
ite. Nature is not mote true to herself than the brown
or black produced In the reddest, grayer:. or most
frowsy - ham l.y tt. Made and sold, or applied at Bach
elor's Wig Factory, BD linoadway,M. Y, The gems;
Inc article for sale at
McCollitt.tkl) . ELL ETD •
Aril Id. •- Family Medicine Store.
IbIRD SktrrB.—Cinary, Hemp, and RaPcPeeds
13 For Kale at AreCORICLE& DELLETTI3
April 18. , Earsaily Dikdiefee Store.
TOOT RECEOVHDros taree'and wen selected tranety
tl ordlrotbes, consisting in port of Shoe, Hair, Cloth.
Crumb, Nall.Hat a. 4 Teeth Crashes. and ( 01.4 414 by
Mosel '2l. - ' Front street Cotonality P.
CaIYMBM,7 2 III ,I SYLVOLii) ioRNMG, .1111/1.
tott . 4.
Fig the Womble Bpl
tiank of tide vh . ifit the iplem riehet;ti
: Far tear . thy:dlatiultakt4• " - • -
- I Adak of theee t vm.l4t, !No:44e light, •
O'er ilios the openixwglade; •
I think ()Mee, wilt as Avant' rdy,
Its tifeiralt shaStAaa'SP;asai'• '
I think - of Lltae, yKilutroba nadgpOoatns play,
pole and no4igess tread— -
When an we
, Aral atillettrt4Soin care if free,
Obi joyanslitinif lilts a spirit b es
I,think, deorland, of thee.. •
Of care, aloes thou to ma
*art hem, yet still doTh memory
And ittra toy Wean to them - •
I think babe, ing y brigblest dreams,
Thy bills in summorprest,
And daylight paint, with its farewell gleams,
Asalnbow der thele'ciattir
And feel the breeze of thy , fragrant groves,
;Ninth branches bending low—
I hear, from thy lonely coves,
-Some velvet echo now.
A land mote bright may greet my eyes,
...And friends it fonder tale
May tell tonne Meath their sonny skies—
Yet Conemegtios vale,. .
Hath charms moreareeef then the brighter land—
linty life, and /inkarith its atMag sand,:
, To dirk oblivion , sshade; • •
'D'no! rirectitaid of the caroterovis
Thy.seinesahalfeberished - -
biatand atrecuss and thy dizzy coves
Ai when I rosined with thee,
"Sc;:netnefils, r lit. ;late. E. El.Rtnes.
- , NOrotOieiTtiti.
For'64%.Mgsulibia B .
.rrs. PUSENT 003;1-
* ibeP uil leas e t 4 re v iewed
derived .44fg fromerentlyaco
. merely sensually, as-- he. would a
teader beefsteak or oysters steered or fried,
perceives iteit notitioi more then. a &still :
eition.of the ear as in 'the latt9E a gratifica
tion- of the palate. This point of view is. tho
lowest, the meanest and the most degrading
but the menet common, that-one be taken
of the diving arti lir-con:10g to it, composers
ornoiski, klayden,' Aelthpven,
iimk• o2l4 •o?;tle 2 1 _WO at "
. 1010imitogi .41.•
6 ss . • . . -
shilk in that , restaurants and pastry- .
cooks. That there is an absurdity, hero,
'riolic * KlY will deny, simply be`eause.there.
in mimic more than a sensual—an intellect
ual, a. spiritual enjoyment, wh ich has
stamped it a science; a science not to be ac
quired in three Months, nor - in throe years—
nay a lifetime will not suffice; a science not
inferior to Rhetoric, for it - Ha its own Rhet
oric; not inferior to Poetry, for it has its own
Poetry; not inferior to Grammar, for it has
its own Grammar. The power of its strains
can subdue the savage and '"where'er they
sing," says a great german poet,. "sit down
among thent without fear, for bad men have
To enjoy music properly rind to its fullest
extent is impossible, without a thorough
musical education; that is, a thorough
knowledge of all the musical instruments in
use and the human voice; a thorough kdowl
edge of Poetry, Rhetoric . and musical Gram
mar, History of Itliroic, Acoustics, eto.
Where good composers, - and good perform
ers are patronized, there music has her
home; there morals are improving; there re=
ligiot is net hypocrisy; button the contrary
where - composers and perforiners have to
submit to the depraved- taste of the Multi-'
tude, she will depart; or if she tarry, will be
clothed in the dresieof harlotry; morals will
decline and the soil for religion will be
hardened and barren.
There is vulgarity in music ai well as in
language. We call it profana tion of music,
'when men, travelling about from city to
city, from town•to town, from - borough to
borough, blacken their faces, and imitafe the
senseless fiddling of thellack man and' hie
ridiculous ditties; we call it desecration 'of
Music, when great performers, to fill:their
pockets, tickle the base taste of the - untuter-:
ed, and chose unmeaning subjects to exhibit
their skill, whiCh must result in nothing but
in an exhibition. like that of the useless
rope-dancer. In the hands of- such people,
Music is defiled, banged. ' It-was different
a century. ago, when Mozart, Beethoven and
such 'men made it their duty.to draw the
people up to their level; now our compoiere
and performers permit themselves to be
drawn down into the mire, by the mass.
Nor has Divinity-done anything.!or Mu
sic in the -last century. Luther—says, "Mu
sic is nearly allied to Divinity." It , seems
not to be so in our days. Divinity is look
ing down upon her old and faithful ally with
contempt, as a man will look .down on his
dog. Music must not show itself outside of
her 'kennel except on a Sabbath day, and
then only three times in the morning and
three times in the evening. , The Opera
Rouse is mistaken for Sodom and Gomorrah.
Divinity-hesitates to appear at concerts; and
if she : does once in a while condescend t 9
step down from her haughty ,throne, she
never forgets to buckle -on her I pharisical
mask and hardly deigns to shake hands
With her old nurse. But pass'hig • strange it
is, that she may appear in the , Sanctuaryue
beggars covered with raga of Baehanalians
and love ditties collected from aid nation or
otherwise rendered unfit for Divine service,
with sacred words .subetituted,- while all
others appear in the most costly apparel.:
The grand and solemn Chciralentthe Chant
that used to be.sting by the whole -cangi_vige7
~~ _- ~~~
• Rae . tathe
hands of her WhonisheOlilitatniviltlfalibfallY
from the beginning of Artudtristory . ? For
whoniehebasSien the - 4Na% the plough
man, who dug dpltbe ga:;ita - that the seed
of Religion might fallirt*ittidiai? Row
long-will .DiTvirlity - lesbigirlieloill` back to
her Sanctuary allite-talflikvaiWays willing
to be in he service? .
There are, it is true,lituaicalAseociations
bed of roe
light enjoyment and unseithst life that ye
must look for stony heaitreia ness-not in
the world of business---=notlaniong-the poor,
crushed to earth - by prinitimi find suffering.
That hardens the character, intoften leaves
the heart soft. If you with tokUow what hOl:
lowness and heartleaqiii are- you must
seek for them in thetworld Of light, elegant, su
perficial fashions—whShi frivolftrhas' turn
ed the heart into a webbed or-selfishne:is. -
Say What men will or the' hentVessness of
trade, it is nothing - compared : _with the
heartlessness of failiiontWSSilahiit they
will of the atheism of scieneepit4s nothing
to the -atheism of that round of , pleasure in.
whieh`theleartlivoii--dead whileAt• lives .
MUTUAL YOJUMUUMtC2. --
' The houseArill be kept in aturmoil where
there is no toleration:of•each .other's errors,
no limits shown to failings, na. meek sub
mission to injuries, nation 'mistier to turn
away wrath. If yen lay, a single "-stick of
wood in the grate and,apply , fire'to it it
it will go out; put on anotherstick r and they
will burn; and halfa dozen, Sand A'you
haVe a blaze. •Thereare othier fires• sabject
to the same condition. ..If ine'lnenther of--a
family gets into a passion and is. - let alone,
hawill cool down, and.possiblydahathczned
-and repent. But oppose tcurper to lemOr;
pile on the fuel; draw. in others of thagroupc
and let one harshanswerbefollowedlb3r 4 an-
Hother, and there will noowbe ablazaLArhibli
will enwrap them all in its burning beat.
W. Tay, of Bath, =ant abarn;wbere-
I a thrasher itthis work. FL addres
sed-him in the words Soloman;
friend, in all labor tluire t :is : some .-profit.'—
But what was my surprise when, leaning on
his flail, he said, Itrithtflattch.energy,:thro sir;
that is the truth bat tkere is one emaeptieb to
it. I. had long kiberettin the service ot'ain,
bat I get no profit bymtylnborl', 'Ab,
answered I, !-You , ,know...soinenvhat -of- the
Apostles meaning - when-he.-asked, 'What'
fruit had ye in thoselbings whereof ye - - are
now ashamed?' .`Thank Clocl,!,h,yreplied,
do; and lUlso know that now,: being freed
from sin, and_having become a/Jen/fret unto
righteousnesti,..l have my fruit unto holiness
and the end life everlasting."'
MULE IS Alit END
To everything beneath .the sun there
comes a last day—and of all - futurity, this
is the only portion of time - that can in all
cases be infallibly predicatA r int the san
guine then - take warning, arid the. disheart
sued:take courage; for to_eyery joy • and 'to
every sorrow, to every hope pad' to every
fear; there will come. a last day; and the
man ought so to lively forisight,`thetwhile
he learns in every state to ; be content, be
shall in each be prepared for eneiber, what
ever the otkuir may be.
• - r - 4 10 , -o. Anai.tom •
''' Virtprearib : NO . la
„ . .
-- :ealkiii .. _ . =
, 4r31. - --E - Diside-;-iii - gir iiiitipn "tyltithA
Prieiniatid, and the 101010 ii iikraelfteits; ;lie
lice. i haveudesired tOggsgivoWiliii. I 4
I Wire had'uti i4iiitle,l4l4Wfit,hliii , ettSt
other mati,itinKilitli; which ItCdoile, not
bold. • lie 'is• *Moirof-itilialtriind.:inteli,
gene t ta.and I *had hindh:reithlir rangs.'st"
a than among .the fgends,thaw;areong• the;
'enemies Of the . chrielliii religion- it bade. Itag.
behause I believed his lectnies - here ha d
a "deer* .ietifiression, nitEntindlf to Christi
anity,that, liove spoken. :InAthii-I - kno44,
ain not Mistaken, whether, he intended 31,--of
not. If r bare 'mistaken his views on the'
points-referred to, aniFita to We general lab
jhet-of..the.christian religion; his 'friends can
em4ly set him , right. Let_them tell= us dii
'firialyond positivo,dy what are hitclistinctive
religious - views; not • what trio are not, but
what 'they are. Let thent ask him if he be
lieves_theltible to be roar only infallible rule
of faith and' practice. Lei them face -him
with the , great doctrine of just! nation by
faith; Luther's doctrine Of. a standing or
falling Church, the'siverd of the reformation,
&names Whether he will.blink at itiellaiitinge.
The history 0f...y opposition '
.to 'Dr. D's
lecittrai and sentiments is , simpl y thin--
some seven or eight yeas am/ was in at
tend-suit* upon the sessicneof.the American
On onto J ocossiorr..thiscoutine 'Dr. D. t.the
floor and 'made what Wm' uld be considereda
Characteristic speech; froni which I derived
the distinct impression that he was ateart of
'-radical views, radical on,jhe subject of edit
! cation, religion and ,oin.l,,overnment.-,-
AbOut the- tune he was labiitioned here as
desiring to lecture, theliforth Asiericeii, con
taining the report of hiedectiuwon el3killed
c9nrnineil: I' li .formerem -?*PPlealee
rialian - , ..1
I-his mintr-Vital 4: al
in,..4nentiorred ins ' y *kit*
niY impresion oftilen. -Inert
ultimo afterway hiyl pp iegged
trientioned irt the reeding, of
When-the siihjeet of - inviting
-was :brought, up,4;intsried
)4 had. : beet ortende&to.Dr:
=scion simpl y to say:that / 1T 4 .11
it,lthasfrom What I:knew of
m tainyite tibn to addrerwthe
sbalit andthnt ferthee. I held
iiiainisiiitont. in any - Asainfis;
Ate mums kit.bluist-and -pat it
Asseeiatic m-Andithen We' mirk. ,
- 4 .4181403144iti. ameba
P:1 1 1 of 1
_.,remelt to thirireviWitel oT
.a - notorious-Ddist and - Social-
Almocit. every, moral, mil
ieu' gnestign before the coon
the citizen's wish to hoar
them invite' thein awcitizeni;
is Association,- calling itself
out its hand, and take bold
in the land._ I say. so still,
of common sense and cora
monlione.sty, witr say thci *same._
Bnt, Mr. Editor, , that I denounced Dr: E. •
as an infidel, that I instigated the people
against attending his lectures, and. sought
thereby . to' defeat the object of the Ancient-,
tithe, as has'been asberted,ls wholly untrue.
Wberets the man to•whoni I denonneed`Dr:
E.,ius an infidel? Whore is the individual'
that I instigated against goin; to his dee
tures? I hold myself utterly incapable of
the conduct thus imputed to me. I simply
expressed my own views on the.matter, and
acted as I deemed consistent in the
andleft others to do the same, knowing that
they then were responsible fort their own
conduct and not, I. This. I • have always
done iti tegard .to all matters brought be
fore me, And thial expect to„do.,
ditteome and .leeture, I en
quired if, hebild tittered such sentiments as
those- contained in the :published report of
his - lecture, and upon every such enqui7"l
was told that be hadtanc. l 4bc impression
mtide, I found, was „ strong and -- c.. l ,t3.eilled
,against the ebristian 'religion, and 'the civif:
social, and substantial benefits which have
always accrued from it to society. In view
of this, Tfelt called upon to preach the ser
mon which I did, with a view simply to cor
rect the false and injurious impression which
the lectures -had Made. The principles an
'nounced in that sermon were eminently
sound, safe, and scriptural, and always sea
sonable, and especially demanded under the
Such is the history of in;y•opposition, so
far'as - it has gone,to the lectures . of Dr. E..
:Tn.the view which I have taken.of
gieus sentiments and bearings of his.loctures,
think I.cantiot 'be mistaken.' For, in- ad
dition to what I hare said - in my last'article,
I find in his lecture at Boston;On the Sub
ject of the Emancipation of Southern. Slaves;
- and-the conditions and policy of their eman
eipation, such statements as the* following
occurring: "And I venture to say, that neither
the moral and .religious principle, nor the ob
er:id natnral.right of. liberty, ever of their
own 'proper force emancipated any race of
. "Indoctrination is not reliance of the
reformer, who has the emancipation of slaves
for his task." In confirmation of this he
appetils to history, and then follows the
same thing in effect, cited from his previous
lecture. "Before, long before the reforma
tion-of. religion, long before the revolutions of
democracy in modern Xistory, the liberty of
the masses in several parts of Europe began.
In Languedoc and the region stretching up
to Tholouse, the people (f. e. the Albigenses,)
worked themselves into municipal freedom
and an advanced civilization as early as the
twelfth century. They believed and.oboyed
the religion of Rome. but they refused her
ecclesiastical supremacy. They emancipated
themselves individually through the refining,
I educating. and elevating force of material
wealth acquhedby "Skilled Industry." •
Now, this is simply a reiteration of the
same general sentiment uttered, here, and at
Allentown and in all his lectures to which
we have objected. The , object of Dr.. E. in'
his Boston lecture• was to show than the
same policy must be pursued in regard to
the Southern slaves, in order to their eman
cipation as that which he allegesresulted in
the emancipation of Europe, from the reign
of ignorance, error, poverty and offprosnon
which there prevailed, prior to the reforma
tion. "Machinery . and science mixed with
labor," in hie oplulon, emancipated Europe,
and must emancipat the Southern slaves.
"Skilled and Divenified Industry," says he,
"bringing into play the nobler nature °Ewen,
graduates them through the workshop as
masters of arts' into the fellowship of civil
1r4;424311 k=-- - gin .11 / 1 *141 411 411 4 4,1 ‘1 " e l" as t
,„ allottet tficiboratiatthtostitoit
..... - se lii 4o ' . • It Zgrat
' . . • ' 11*(4,. '' .-,
', .t - -it iittak
j.• 1 ' ' IN.: ...:,,•••• 1 1;._ .". 104411415 and,
•1 , .; id,i..., '• ~ - . ;1144449 195,
fintiasialovadt .. • , r , ..• • * - ble ..ristgarl
in : i: t".
AA ' • • • midi : -APIA
• • liiilOkik elliggeW m Al, an peva . 2 4 0 w;
ferke. total - aware:fly I•t: : pOI"" sa Ids
*hole Salaam Of vaiift.,. , .
alskily Affiliating thitzt. , -Kg .014
.I%ittaviv..o4*_l3o:4:-. , r ' ;,,,, L..„ i l- .,, , 0* . . '
tuni. b - lean -
.., ,- . ~--, - ' -
.6.00 ...: ;. , CT"' ~ ,
. L , Niche,
staiirtiesti4lallailo•o • '. • 4•.• iiilikiate,
and,ispilored it ..4 . :;" ' '" ' thattet
okout iirsi tEaly.. • gra:o4 l 44 l '
;nixed With' libiiVior ' isrtpt*pe. r !bras,
anizinolpkted - Utak: , and an* oulatibllig,e
our Southern "slaltes.- "' ; •'.. T •'-'' - '
This, Mr. Bator - ifs thi:theOlflilig.-El
- It is adtraldJa 4 15,b 1 0 1 10%:2 2 ;t0ii. w.e
deny this wholl4lieery, • -
false in priiiiipleiAd
as to the *hi oljleX . :`
itaitistpr of its meta prof
( WukqfPawa 1)00C'
440. PPerami9n n oj r
maintatuitioe o fef 4
if ~ it did. 'Wirt Luis'
in full'foree? sussay lar
atstbalatia iith olnite'
his been iiddetAad \
milieus" or oindiddifti I
TraY B berm- de
.101W 1114 °'
wita'haraiailg t rr
re' kr or asry
dararo 3 l ) Prametwor' 4 46 111404 /Th' )
!aoral e atal. rerzsgfolue peisioipl 6 ° -
gdgkof the abscpaot zigkr.j*,
t of their Om Propartotais'
isifis ' anyv esple,_
_4l 4 ila t.. - oalfi
ensure , t aliftuigeneeMinA ea Ay 44.,
rnatetitall . Neeallkorliath. istdua.ffia.e,:3oU oir..
aNerthe psople pat only toetaliiistiteursasl
easerl; but to :Inilhatilirtlieir -tattianA -*sit
Mid - rettitiontiiiifiti and libiaties;- - ,114 woo&
or. , Sliir - 1 , poisitfhe the .141itory:Artheral
/ewe' and :tbarAliAdwwialerNPealte
to e!lwris,Pr..lip l iadiatasßakte eleffeetsxttia
hisioir• of at-2**mgal: i*, -
liiinoei:l§witaill#4 l 4- 11 Pir- .:. ' tt
by:en - lowa Ste4lll4.44'ti-thli intent 44- "
!Raritearkef:l4,lagispAaralltleself4And t .
'attd*thitt a aab4LitkoatadArafit
:,6040100' t =
- vpulither . - ;OW
,A-sivida.:4lotlollni iter , 'a - Dik'' , 'ty.. ta *Winn
end tiOetn . le.Ofelity ; - Which 7 now,- prevails.
&Beam linloetrinittidn-lhaa ' t alAysi : pre
ceded and deckunpanted-f-aivil and refigtous
liberty, ' Stalled i n dustry apart, froth the
gospel, liturnever truly or Rermaneutly emark :
cipated any peo . ple, nor dckl blieve it . ever
will.• .Ana if o ar SOW:tern:slaves were to be
emancipated bythe force of materialwealth,
secured by MOMS of skilled industry With
out the ineulealionmi right,- moral and reli
gious principles, their liberty would'only be
theyeeanit of singing • thdm to a still lower
degradation... And.heneo their religious in
struction is the great reliance of all those
enlightened christian philanthropists wht3
are seeking and laboring for their emanci•-
•petion.' Sound., moral and religious indoc
trination is an essential preparation for self
government on „the-part _or. any, people. -Ma
terial wealth and civil liberty, in the ab
sence of sound, moral aid religions-Princi
ples, have always in every age and in every
place tended tu habits; of luxury; effeminacy,
debauchery, and degeneracy, and - commonly
terminated in anarchy and despotiara. ,
These modern reformers without the gos
pel, fait to remeniber.orpositivelydimy that
mankind have :turned away from God, and
are in a state of sinfulness and moral disirdor;
that they are'lay_slaviesby.fttetr de
praved appetites; and, that-the only way to
reform and elevate mankind, islrstserecon
cite them to God, and to one another; antTro
bring Ahern in subjection to the moral law
of God; and that this eau only- be done
through faith in the vienrioue atonement of
the Son of God, and by the regeneration of
the Holy Spirit. The Lord Jesus Christ was
the only-true reformer that has ever ap
peared upon-the eterth: All who went be
fore Him and all who have come after Ilium,
were true mid successful only as they con
formed to Him, the one is preparing the way
for Ills coming,-and7.the other as carrying
out the ebjeets of Illainission; As an able
writer has said aupon•this very subject, and
I commend the same..tOthe special attention
of Dr. -E. and h6k:frices* '/There is 'no
slavery more. abjeefe'sied , absolute : than -that
of sin. ' It begins nritk.. the:first stirrings of
.-moral life and extends to every fuculty•of
moral action. -It iniposes luthits the most
rigid and unbending:exacts indulgences the
most foul and degrading; and requires sac
rifices the most costly and ruinous, without
intermitting for a single instant, the despot
ism of its sway. The miserable victim oft
his thrall, if disposed for a time to assert his
independence, is driven with the lash of I
consuming appetites, inexorable habits; or I
groundless fears, to his former obedience.—
so pervading is this enslaving process
that its wretched obiect is usually uncon
of the yoke. lie hugs the chains that !
bind hint, as the very badgert of his - liberty
and complacently pities those whom ho re
gards as bound, ignobly and irksomely, in
the bondage of religious or virtuous restraint.
"Erom this internal slavery has flowed all
external oppression. The slavery of the
heart has been the parent of its tyranny.— !
The relentless despot -who prostrates all !
right and rule to his Capricious passion, is
only a tyrant beenime be is a slave. He is
impelled to conquer and enslave ethers be-!
cause - be cannot conquer and govern himself. i
He is like the swollen - and -lawless torrent I
that has broken down the banks that once
. confined and directed its energies, whose
very power of injury depends on its weak
, ness of'restraint. Tbe rights of others would,
never have been invaded, had not the bound
aries of his own rights first been brolcen
away. Hence, the greatest tyrantis always
the greatest slave.
"This is true at once of civil and ecclesi
astical-tyranny. They have the same origin
and the mart cad. They, flitter only in
their means. 'They who employ the bull,
the anathema, or - the Ihoistly power of the
keys, to condemn the imbocent,.and to crush
the weak, ere enslaved by the same lust oe
sel6shneseand* &Minion that inflames and
governs these who use the sword, the dun
geon and.tha scsibldots the instruments of
'II? 7' tl • -
* j -;-"'4454 - 4,14,' •
•,•••• .• •
rt SI! •.:
- or , - - •74A04) 4 40
tWreisic!Fo, Oft all
iiiißsios.444ol6o-brtift rich; or
r;*!,44 6 .0 1, 'sea *MON .- ther l' l 47 l tokt
tßM• l i iz POPllarAbertirthat *O7
comps •Olvir pecusstee._
—#"l"arrik3 4 4* Aco ikon .
1171 — cus - tb . ..iicsaleitiestmil lib-
A'rl 4 .- la*
the Piels_bj-terliihitof Scodafid f nndilfUturi-s
tans - 4f New lEngland, hay.otlesp aspersed.
Their vindieaticla,..hoyiever, ,weuid require .
mrire,room . then you can afford , -',Aud
as Dr.. Rice .has well said, . 4- tvisiteverther.e
lanf evangelical doctrine and of civil-suul:
religious liberty in:the world, must.betrideeck
under God to the writing! and -preaching. of.
Catilnisla." And to•ncs man, as Bancroft:
has shown, are-we in this land more in
debted for our free, civil nod religious insti
tutions than to John Calvin; yet strange-to
say, there is no man perhaps in all past
generationd whose name has been more ma
ligned than his. It is most isOnderftil how
free-thiukers and no-thinkers- of • all hues:.
and libertines and heretics ,of all. grader.
unite in vituperating the name-of this
reformer. One Would suppose . that Calvin
had been the only man of tho post to main-.
min the doctrine of Gods sovereign and ab- ,
solute - decrees, and the kindred doctrines of
the Calvinistic system, whilst these doctrines
as all who know anything . of -Mei:, history
are aware, were held and vindicated by-An- •
gustine at the beginning of the-sth century;
were embodied in :the- eregds of the,Wal
donsesand the.Albil were main- -
tained equally, though . not - so drily, ii u:;
the reformers and in the stsuedardsoCall the
cliiirches Of the reformation-or that - Luther.. =
and Cmntner, an 'held- these, same
trines, and thirst the neidelburg
chisni, the:Augsburg Confesisiers, the Thirty ,
Nine Articles, as well as the Westminster
Confession were 'all Calvinistic; nor that
from three-fourths to four4ifths- of the pres
ent evangelical world, and That-over 20,000
out of the thirty odd thousand evangelical
ministers in this land, belong io. churches
whose standards are Calvinistic.
Again, one would suppose that Calvin
only had sinned in reliard to-the punishment
of blaspheming heretics; when, if Serietaiii
ha& lived two centuries later, not.only. in.
England, but in New; York, Virginia
or Mitiyland, or almost any where_ else -ix
cept in Pennsylvania, and was convicted of • -
the same blasphemy and heresies of which -
he was convicted, he would have ,
demned to death without the benefit of tlin
Those who borate John Calvin for We in--
tolerance, forgot not only the laws enacted
in Old England as well as,New England:at
a much later Alai; and the act passed brae-
Legislatui-e of 'Virginia in 165'3—'50 for the
suppression of the Quakers, ,and, :that
Art of the - Legialikture of the provineerof
Maryland, passed, in 1723, wherein. it was
provided: "That a person convicted of •arit
tingly, maliciously and advisedly, by Writing
or 81v-eking,. blaspheming- or cursing God,
or denying the Saviour, Jesus Christ,.
to be the Son of God, ;Am , -dluyirte•ltsti- '-
Holy Trinity, or the Godhead -of any - of
the three persons, or the unity of the •
Godhead," should for the first dames '
he bored through the tongue and lined
or if too poor to pay the fine;bwimprisioned •
six months; for the second offence eboold ,
he branded in the forehead with the letter
B, and. fined .f. 40; or if too poor to mat,.
suffer imprisonment twelve months; wind Air - -
the third offence, should suffer death-with l•'
out benefit of clergy," and that thither Wei .
not repealed until 1820. Servetus suffered
death in 1553, but hadhe lived in Maryland -- -
and been convicted of the same blasphemies,
any time between October - 2804, 17_23ouid ,
January 11, 1820, heiimaleNave'Attlieredl a
similar au). And. after he waii'conviiated
by the laws of Maryland,. as be -woos by
those of Geneva, he _would not ~bave had
Calvin to come 'and intercede fora grinder
-punishment in- his behalf. This intolerant .
spirit was always an inevitable result at
tending . anion between church and state; -
and only passed - away with, the termination- :
of Unit, anion. As to the Presbyterians of
Sootland and thb Pitritans of - Old - Mid New '
England, what people -upowthe face of the
globe, beam maintained- a higher and broader ' •
standard of intelligence, exhibited a purer
" 75 2004 . 414