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THE COLUMBIA SPY.
•`Nrre shell the Pressthe Pcople'srigbtsmaintaix—
linatedbyabft.ebncb—unbrib'si by rain."
Colambi% fa„ tigturday, June 19,1862.
V. U. P4.7...ama, Philadelphia. New York, and 130ft011.
W.CAR., C. PllaCE, J. IVEustER. S. E. COHEN,
(.00000 VIILTZ.XI4. 116 N 3.35.411 Street, New York.
iVILLIA3I Tugu,os S. K. Corner of lialtunore and
Calvert Streets, Baltimore.
The length of Rev. E. Ey:LSI:INF:S reply to
the sttictures of the Rev. Wu.444az Bisuor, pre
cludes our usual variety.
To Carrratisys.—By an advertisement in
another column, it will be seen that the Colum
bia Bridge is offered for sate.
Fourth of July.
this national anniversary is close at hand.
from present appearances there will be no pub
ilie celebration in this place, in commemoration
of the day, though we have no doubt that it will
:be I.•ept by our citizens in a manlier that will
evince our appreciation of the blessings secured
•to,m, through the action of the noble body of
men who signed the Declaration of Independ
ence. How could it be otherwise? Hew could
American citizen be indifferent to the day
which gave birth to American Independence?
•uch a person lives, he is unworthy of the im-
munities he enjoys.
We do not believe—however appropriate and
gilt it may be—that public demonstrations, got
up by one political party, or the other political
party, indicate that the one estimates niece
highly than the other the institutions of our
country, or venerates more highly the memory
of the signers of the. Declaration, or of the men
who aided in our revolutionary struggle. No—
in many instances the suspension of business,
and the keeping of the day as each person lists,
is the more appropriate manner of celebrating it;
and while we can urge no objections to demon-1
strat ions participated in by a whole community,
independent of politics, we thinlc that an occa
sional observance of the day in a manner that
%%wild really prove it our "National Sabbath,"
is not at all out of place.
‘Ve observe that the merchants and business
men of Vet k intend to suspend business on Mon
day, the nth of Inly, in older to celebrate the
,intiivert.my %%inch yom lulls on Sunday.
This is sight. We hope the business men of
r,ditnibia null imitate their example.
Whig National Convention.
This body assembled in Baltimore on Wednes
day last at 12 o'clock. Hon. CLOI:LT. EVANS, of
Maine, was elected temporary Chairman, and
Mt. li. A. UPTIN, of Louisiana, and Mr..r. W.
llnvn.s, of North Carolina, were appointed See
zotai les. A Committee of ore from each state
was appointed to report permanent officers for
the Convention, and a Committee of one from
each state on Credentials, when the Convention
adjourned to meet at six o'clock . P. M. After
the afternoon session had opened, the lion. Joirx
M. CLAYTON:, Chairman of the Committee on Or
ganization, reported Gen. .Tony G. CHAPMAN, of,
ILL, President, a Vice President from each
state, and thirteen Secretaries, who were elect
ell permanent oilieers of the Convention. Mr.
C., on taking the Chair, delivered a suitable ad-'.
dress, which was received with great applause.
The whole of Thursday was spent without
coming to a ballot. Who will be the nominee
of the Convention, it is impossible, among the
various conflicting opinions, to predict. The
friends of each man named for the distinguished
post are sanguine that their favorite will suc
ceed. We would not be astonished, however, if
a new man should be taken up. If the friends
of each stick to their man ns the friends of Cass,
Ili cif sysy, and othersdid 111 the late Democratic
Convention, then there is little doubt that a new
nun will be chosen.
Among the different peisniv; named for the
Vice Presidency is the Ilan. 3A - ans Coorr.n, of
I.) iNr.i.noi SLY ILL.—ollicer A. G.
hi Sl,ot the fugitive slave WILLIAM SMITH 111
this place some eeks since, is lying dangerously
IU at 61t iesidence in Baltimore. The Sun says
illness is partly caused by excitement nat
urally arising from the late unplea , ant occur
telic e ut Coll , allna."
=Jou , : \V a.ronaut, made a vei y Soc
• , ful aseen , i,m fium Poll . ..month, Ohio. on
l'hursday, the :d instant, a lengthy account of
IN Inch lc published in the orient 3141 (Tolls,
Chillicothe. Ile travelled a distance of over one
hundred miles in an hour and t‘%enty-fi‘c
he election of a IT. S. Senator [torn New
to 1111 the place of Hon. JOHN P.
Hsi.r. nlio,e term of °Slice Hill expire on the
-ttli of Mat ell next, hag been postponed until the
r.iber <e<ston of the. Legislature.
The Delegates to the Democratic State
'ow:elan:Nl of March b 59, assemb:e at
ilarrisburg nil Thursday, the rze,th day of Auga , t,
to place in nomination a candidate far the Su
Philharmonic Society, of Lancaster,
inmpr,,,l of t‘%enty-five musicians, intend giv
ing a sew, of Concerts in that city during :he
held.ng of the. State Agricultural Fair.
CC7' The Odd Felt.ws' Ilan in Lancm,ter,
ewer 'SIG, mil be dedicated on the 9.d of
September next, on whidi oecacion Erand pro
,e-cinn of the Order will take place.
flie receipts of the Susquehanna and Tide
.oer C4nal for the year ISM amounted to
being S7,ISO,SS more than in ISSO.
r 7 Lotcrc have been receired at ITarrigwrg
0., death of Dr. J. Gicri.Ns
1 Iv , srAticer
nev. Lod,r of 1. 0. 0. F. be dedi
cateo, at Port , inot:th. I ) ..,pliin county, on IVed
thr day [um,.
7"A Military Encarilpmmt a 11 tit. 6t.1,1 at
- , rn^ tine *ll,-
Town and County Matters.
DAII..ING Ass...l:cr.—On Sunday morning last
several teeth and spots of blood were discovered
upon the front step at the residence of WitsniNc:-
TON RIGHTER, in Front street. Two marks were
also noticed, oue on the step, and the other on
the wall of the building, which were evidently
made by two large sired stones found upon the
pavement. An Irishman, a stranger, who a few
hours afterwards passed the house, gave the fol
lowing explanation of the matter: He said that
on Saturday night, between 10 and 11 o'clock,
whilst somewhat intoxicated, he was attacked
by two Germans, who rcbbed him of a small
amount of change. In the scuffle which took
place, he V... 43 struck by a stone, and had three
front teeth knocked out of his mouth. In
answer to the inquiry why he did not give the
alarm, he stated that they threatened to cut his
throat in case he attempted to make a noise.—
The affair is rather mysterious—though there
seems to be no doubt, from the particulars given
by the injured man, that be was shamefully used
by some persons.
ASOrnEIi F.srAl. Acciamir.—We are again
called upon to record a distressing accident,
which took place in this borough on Wednesday
afternoon last. Anititere.ting little gill,daughter
of Mr. R. M. RivisrEn, aged about six years,
was knocked down by a train of burden cars,
drawn by horses, whilst attempting to cross the
railroad at Front and Walnut streets. She was
not observed until the cars had shuck her, when
it was too late to stop the train. Otte of the
cars passed over her body, mutilating it in a hor
rible manner. She lived but a few minutes after
al - 7 - .11 a meeting of Osceola Tribe No. 11, I.
0. li. M., held on Thursday evening last, the
following preamble and resolutions were unani
mously adopted :
Whereas, It has pleased the Great Spirit of
the Universe suddenly to remove from our midst
our late brother, S. V, LOCUMID j and, whereas,
by this melancholy dispensation a widow has
lost a dutiful son, a family an affil.ctionate brother
and a kind protector, therefore
Resolved, That while we mourn this sad be
reavement, and deeply sympathise with the aged
mother and family of our deceased brother, we
fervently trust that the same Great Spirit, which
directed this dispensation, will cherish and pro
tect them during their hours of affliction.
Resolved, That the Wigwam be clothed in ap
propriate mourning for the space of Three .Moons.
Resolved, That a copy of the above bo tend
ered to the mother and family of our late brother,
and that they be published in the Spy.
I'. S. KM:mm:4,
H. WiLsoN, Committee.
IMoRoAN L. 13aIIN,
COLIMBIA, Hot Moon, 17th Sleep, 5619..
kerNtennism.--A stable in the alley running
between Locust and Cherry streets, on the prop
erty occupied by CHATZLES F. Errhua, was dis
covered to be on lire on Monday afternoon last,
but before making much progress the flames
were extinguished. The lire was no doubt ti n s
work of an incendiary, as a number of matches
were discovered near where it originated.
FANCY (31..tqS WORKING. -Our readers will be
glad to learn that OwEN, the celebrated Fancy
Glass Worker, of Barnum's Museum, is now in
Lancaster, and may shortly be expected to visit
this place, giving all who wish an opportunity
of witnessing his beautiful and instructive ex
CY"' On Saturday last Messrs. Onto Se 0 CT and
Js its 131•ClIANAN, Esqs., the Commissioners
appointed by Governer Lowe to inquire into the
particulars of the shooting of Wit-m Alt
passed through this place on their way to Ilalti
timore. They had been to Lancaster—for what
object we have not learned.
Srorins.—On Monday evening last, in
accordance with an agreement entered into by
our principal merchants, most of the stores in
this place closed at 8 o'clock—an arrangement
sshich will be continued during the summer sea-
13ram.mits.—A number of houses in East
Hempfield and neighboring townships were bur
glariously entered last week. On Tuesday eve
ning the dwelling of Jon:, jr., the stole
of Mr. F.18.104.22.168E11, at Salunga, and the dwellings
of Grow. rLA 7' 111:\ 46.1 Lr.nand RUM STRICKLER
were broken open. (hi the following night the
residences of Groner. Lixr - mrTir, C. J. IlinsT
%NO, and Joun linc - ssnmas. were also entered.—
The rogues seem to have been quite unsuccess
ful in their operations ; for they did not succeed
in obtaining any article of much value at any of
these place—having either been surprised or not
basing been able to lay their hands on the kind
of plunder they weer, in quest of. At the store
of Mi. Si....masna, and at several other places,
they helped themselves to the delicacies of the
1 cellars. At the house of Mr. nitr..Nrm they
went through all the rooms, and took his pasta
loons from the post of the bed in IA hich he was
sleeping, and carried them up stairs, where the
'pockets were rifled of their contents. At C. J.
they were also in the sleeping room,
and made a narrow escape from being c,aught.—
The means by which these expert thieves el'-
fected their entrance was by boring into the
doors with an auger. It is supposed that there
were three or more in company.—Exinnincr.
A'.7l:Cl*l.ll UAL FAIIL.—It is believed that the
Committee of the State Agricultural Society,
appointed to select ground for the next Annual
Fair, will decide it: favor of a twenty acre field
between the Philadelphia Turnpike and Railroad,
just east of Lancaster. The Intellinehrer says
it is one of the most eligible spots in the vicin
ity of that city.
project is on foot to establish a Female
Seminary in the thriving Borough of Strasburg.
It originated with a lady from Philadelphia, who
will invest $2,0D0 of her own funds, provided
$l,OOO are subscribed by the citizens of the
place. The prospect a success is flattering,
more than half the amount to be raised having
already been subscribed.
C 7" The K. Rcv. JOllh A. NEUMANN, Bishop
of the Diocese of Philadelphia, preached in the
, Catholic church in this place Con Thursday night
and yesterday morning.
C.."7"The Rev. Mr. RonziN, of Marietta, will
prrach m the Presbyterian church, to-morro'v
r 0 . 4 lock
For the Columbia spy.
• AnimadversOns” by the Rey.
MR. EDITOR—In your paper of last week, 1
war. surprised to find that the extract from a dis
cos se of mine, published by you in your paper
of the preceding week, had called forth , 4 ani
madversions" from the Bev. Wm. Bishop, of
. . .
The extract was so catholic in its sentiments
and tone, so completely free from anything of a
sectarian type, and to my mind so manifestly
scripturallyand logically true,that it surprisedme
that any one taking his religious views from the
Bible, could have taken any exception whatever
to the extract.
I should not consider myself under any obliga
tion to notice the animadversions of the brother,
were they not couched for the most part in re
spectful terms, accompanied by professions of
Christian kindness and regard for truth, and fol
lowed with the author's name.
Silence on my part, under such circumstances,
would be liable to be misunderstood, or at least
might be considered as disrespectful to the
The strictures were certainly uncalled for;
and that their absurdity in treating a mere ex
tract from a sermon, as if it were the whole dis
course, may at once appear to your readers, 1
send you the entire discourse for publication.'
The publication of the discourse may do good.
I will add a few words in regard to the ani
They were designed to contain two strictures
upon the extract. The first charges the extract
with being a misapplication of the text; the
second objects to some of its sentiments.
Now, Mr. Editor, in addition to the absurdity
of attempting to pass strictures upon a mere ex
tract from a sermon, as though it were the whole
discourse, the brother does not seem to have ap
prehended either the import or the aim of the
extract. And then he imputes things to it which
are not to be found in it. For example, he says
"infidels and prodigals are exhorted, with a trum
pet voice, to take heed to themselves lest there
be in any of them an evil heart of unbelief in de
, parting from the living Cod, while not a word of
admonition is addressed to Christians throughout
I the extract." The fact is, Mr. Editor, there is
not a word addressed directly either to infidels
or prodigals in the extract, while the whole ex
tract is an answer to the questions, What is it to
depart from God 1 and what is the general mode
and some of the leading forms of departing from
God / If a number of persons were travelling on
a main road to some distant point, and if there
were certain by-roads in which they were liable
to turn aside and go astray ; not only so ; but
if these by-ways would lead them over deep and
awful precipices, over which they would be ha
to fall and he dashed to pieces ; and if any
person were to attempt to direct the company
and admonish them against the danger of turning
aside out of the way, which would be the more_
effective admonition against such a departure
from their true course 1 the one that would name
these by-ways, and describe their precipices, and
the liability and danger of going over them; or
one just saying, go straight ahead, and take care
that you don't get out of the way
And yet the brother can't see what a descrip
tion of what it is to depart from God, and of sonic
of the leading modes of such a depai turn, has to
do with an admonition against departing from
Cod. But he says it was applied to c , infidels
and prodigals," and not ai to christians;" when
the fact is, it was addressed neither to infidels
nor prodigals ; nor is the writer aware that a sin
gle person, who is either an infidel or a prodigal,
is ever to be found in his congregation ; but on
the other hand the extract was prepared with
the view and was expressly addressed to pro
fessing christians. Of course it was addressed,
secondarily, as an admonition to all, to take heed
to the danger of departing from God. n But this
application was not in the extract," it may be re
plied. Nor was the whole sermon in the ex
tract. Hence the absurdity of criticising a mere
extract as though it were the whole discourse.
Now it won't do for brother Bishop to say in reply
to all this, that the extract was obscure, and not
easily understood. It is too late fur that when
he has already characterized its sentiments as
having been uttered with a cc trumpet voice"
Again he says that as some of the sentiments
in the extract are objectionable, in that they
border upon fatality." Why, Mr. Editor, there
is no such a sentiment in the extract. If there
was, why did he not point it out 1 The brother,
in penning such a statement, must either have
been unconscious of what he was doing, or not
have known what was meant by fatality; or
else not as paiticular in the use of language as
became him. His article reminds me of an an
ecdote told by a certain reviewer of books, who
said he always liked to mite his review of a
book before he read it, lest his mind might be
biased by reading the book, before he wrote his
review. It would seem that the brother could
have scarcely read the extract before he wrote
his '' animadversions."
But, Mr. Editor, my surprise at the article
was turned into amusement when I read on fur
ther, and discovered that the real cause of the
brother's disalli:ction towards the extract, Was
not because there was anything in the extract
itself unscriptural or untrue; it was not on ac
count of what the extract did contain, but on ac
count of what it did not contain.. In other
words, it was because I had not lugged in, and
preached out and out, his favorite doctrine, and
sounded the alarm to my believing hearers, to
take heed lest they should " fall away from
grace"—true and saving grace of course he
means ;—a doctrine which, as understood and
taught by him, is in itself an absurdity, and
which is not contained in the text nor context ;
and which the Apostle Paul never dreamed of
teaching, but the very contrary of IA hich he had
often taught most triumphantly.
Why, Mr. Editor, were 1 to preach such n doc
tiine to an intelligent, bible reading, pious Pres
byterian congregation, who from then• infancy
had been accustomed to read in their Bibles.—
There is therefore now no condemnation to
them which are in Christ JeSUS, who walk not
after the flesh, but after the Spirit ; Who shall
lay anything to the charge of God's Elect 1 it
is God that justilieth; Who shall separate us
from the love of Christ 1 Nothing shall he able
to separate us from the love of God which is in
Christ Jesus our Loid.—Rom. Sth chap. Being
confident of this very thing, that Ile that bath
begun a good work in you will perform it until
the day of Jesus Christ.—Phil. 1; 6; My sheep
hear my voice, and I know them, and they fol
low me, and 1 give unto them eternal life, and
they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck
them out of my hand; My Father which gave
them me is greater than all, and none shall
pluck them out of my Father's hand.—John 10;
25, 29. They went out from us because they
were not of us, for if they had been of us, they
would have continued with us ; but they went
out that it might be manifest that they were not
all of us.-1 John 2 ; 19. Why, Mr. Editor,
having been accustomed to read in their Bibles
these and many other plain passages, they would
have concluded that their minister had become
deranged ; or that he had suddenly quit his for
mer practice of writing out his discourses some
what carefully ; or had gone off suddenly at a
tangent, on •' a regular rant," and had made
some terrible la psas lingo er.
Besides, Mr..l.:ditor, the very passage of scrip-
ture which the brother cites so triumphantly as
favoring his doctrine of "saints falling from
grace," contains a positive demonstration of its
falsity. `. Christ as a servant was faithful over
his own house—whose house ate we, if ice hold fast
the confidence and the rejniring of the hope lime unto
the enil." Now dare our brother c ite such a pas
, sage as favoring his doctrine, when, as Mr.
I Barnes has justly remarked in commenting upon
this passage, " the Apostle Paul here says that
the only evidence which his brethren could
have that they belonged to the house or family
of Christ. would be that they held fast the conli
! Bence which they had unto the end. If they did
• the •ermo u.tpoe. 11 121 , 11! 11/ irw
not do that, it would demonstrate that they
never belonged to his family; for proof of hav
ing belonged to his household was to be fur
nished only by perseverance unto the end."—
Whose house are we, if we persevere unto the
I end. If we do not thus persevere, the proof is
we never belonged to Christ's family. What
could be plainer than this? Of the same nature
is the 14th verse in the context—For we are
made partakers of Christ,if we hold the beginning
of our confidence steadfast unto the end, i. e.
whether they were spiritually united to Christ,
so as to be made partakers of the blessings of
his redemption, was a thing yet to be seen. The
proof that they were thus united could only be
established by their perseverance unto the end.
They were partakers of Christ, if they held fast
unto the end. If they did not hold fast unto the
end, then the proof was that they had newer been
partakers of Christ. Their hearts had never been
renewed. They had never been united to Christ
by a true and savin g faith.
The only sufficient proof of any one ever hav
ing been a true christian, lies in his persevering
in the ways of Christ unto the end.
I don't deny, nor do Presbyterians deny, (and
brother Bishop ought to know it,) that even
true Christians may backslide, and greatly depart
from God. But we do deny—and on Scriptural
grounds too—that the departure in the case of
true christians will be total and final. Hypo
crites or false-professors, or persons that were
self-deceived, may fall away from what may
have seemed to have been a state of grace. The
difference, however, between true christians and
hypocrites or false-professors, in this respect, is,
that when true christians fell, which they are
liable to do, they are sure to rise again by re
pentance and faith through the grace of God ; but
when hypocrites or false professors fall, they fall
to rise no more ; or if they rise again, unless in
the mean time they are renewed by the grace
of God, they only rise to fall again, and to fall
away from one degree to another, until at last
they fall into perdition. David and Peter fell,
but they rose again. Judas, and Annanias and
Sapphire fell, but their tall was into perdition.
And thus the Apostle, in addressing his Jewish
brethren, who had professed the christian faith,
did not address them as though they were all
real christians. That was a matter, as we have
seen from his own words, which yet remained
to be decided. But he addressed theta as profess
ing christians; and as such admonished them to
take heed lest, through an evil heart of unbelief,
they departed from the living God.
It was then in this respect as now, and as it
always will be. There were true and false pro
fessors—many sincere christians, and some care
less and formal professors, to whom the exhor
tation of my text was then, and is now, exceed.
ingly applicable. Just as in the case of multi
tudes of those, as our brother well knows, who
have gone up to " anxious benches," sometimes
so much excited and bewildered that they
scarcely knew where they were going, or what
they were doing, and there professed to have
been converted, or to have•'c got religion ;"
the truth of which required time to demonstate.
And in the case of hundreds it has required but
little time to demonstrate to themselves and oth
ers, that they were mistaken, or that they had
not "got religion," and many of whom have af
terwards departed so far from God, as not only
to find out that they had no religion themselves,
but as to profess to believe that there was no
such a thing as true religion, and even so far as
to ti y to believe that there was no God.
Does the brother think that 1 would not have
him sound the alarm given in my text to such
professing christians? Certainly not! The ad
monition of the text is very applicable, and
should be preached to all professing christians ;
but it is amazingly appropriate when applied to
such as those I have been just describing. When
the brother lherefoie is preaching to such, I
would not only have him to sound the admoni
tion of the text with a " trumpet voice," but I
would allow him to bellow forth in tones of
thunder, Take heed, brethren, lest there be in
any of you nn evil heart of unbelief, in departing
from the living God"—especially if he should
see them going back, as they sometimes may be,
by the scores.
Another object which our brother seems to
have had. in view, was to try in some way or
other to get a peck at "The Confession of Faith."
The brother seems to have taken a mortal dislike
to the Confession of Faith. I have been told that
he has taken occasion from his pulpit to denounce
it in no measured terms—even in such terms as
would make relined cars tingle. Now why is
the brother so extremely sensitive about the Con
fession of Faith? No one has attempted to im
pose it upon him. Besides if he does not believe
its doctrines, or if he wishes to admonish his
hearers against them, why don't he come out in
a dignified way, as becomes a christian minister,
and by scripture and sound argument, disprove
its doctrines, and not be everlastingly pecking
at the Confession, and dealing out harsh denun
ciations against it, which can only please vulgar
ears. He knows the Confession of Faith pro
fesses to be entirely drawn from the scriptures.
If he thinks it is not, why don't he show it, and
be dune with it? Perhaps he knows this would
' be a very different task from that of merely de
nouncing it in harsh terms, in the absence of its
friends and defenders ; and that it would be more
easy to fellow the illustrious example of one of
his predecessors, who took the Confession of
Faith into the pulpit, and after disclaiming against
it, slammed it down into the aisle of the church,
still following it with the harshest denunciation.
Mr. Editor, is such conduct becoming chris
tian ministers and christian pulpits ? When will
our Methodist brethren, (I call them brethren,
because I feel towards them as such, and rejoice
to recognize among them, here and elsewhere,
many excellent christian friends,)—when, I say,
I will our Methodist brethren cease to tolerate
such stuff in the preaching of their ministers
When will they, instead of such harangues, de
mand of them the pure word of truth such as
will save men's souls 1 When will they, in
stead of such froth and foam, require to be fed
with the sincere milk of the word
One more remark, Mr. Editor, and I have'
done. The brother asks " why did Mr. E. thus
beat the air, by attempting to pervert this plain
portion of sacred !intl.?" As to beating the air,
I would say that, as perhaps, you know, Mr. Ed
itor, I am not tn the habit of gesticulating as
much or as violently as some of my brethren,
and therefore do not feel that I am guilty of vio
lating either the injunction of the Apostle in this
respect, or that of Shak.peare with respect to
sawing the air. But as to " attempting to per
vert sacred truth"—such a charge, Mr. Editor,
when made upon such grounds, is sheer impu
dence. Does the brother think that no one has
any conscience but himself? Does he think that
no one but himself has read or can feel that aw
ful threatening with w hich the sacred Book
closes against adding aught to, or taking aught
from this Book, upon the penalty of having his
part taken away out of the Book of Life?
Such a charge should be made against no Chris
tian minister, except upon the strongest and
most positive grounds. What ground had he to
i base such a charge upon ? Why not the shadow
of a foundation.
Further I would say, that if the brother will
always stick as close to his texts, and develop
and apply as fairly their meaning as I have done
in the sermon of which the lines published were
but an extract, I is ill engage his people to re
ceive a greater amount and variety of scriptural
truth, in the nine months to come, than they
have in any nine months of his past ministry
among them. I hope his people will see to it
that he thus keeps to his texts.
If I know my own heart, Mr. Editor, on this
point, my desire is to preach the truth, as I
shall have to give an account for it at the last
great day ; and my chief aim, I trust, is to unite
the people to Christ as their Saviour, rather than
to any church or any sect.
I trust the brother will not consider these re
marks as made in any unkind spirit. They are
made in sorrow rather than in anger. Respect
for him, and 3iistice to myself, called for a reply
to his animadversions. And if I felt called to
reply at all, I felt called to speak plainly.
Whether I notice anyttiinq, further will dr
pend altogether upon its character. My desire
is to live in peace with all the brethren. If 1
am to be drawn into a controversy, it must not
be a mere war of words, but a contest for truth
COLUMBIA, Pa., June 16, 1852.
P. S.—Of course Mr. B. will not agree with
sentiments contained in the entire discourse;
this is not expected ; but for these sentiments
the author is responsible. E. E.
Duties of Constables.
Judge Jones, of Berks county, - recently deliv
ered a charge to the constables of that county, re
lative to their duties in making their returns as to
the existence of disorderly houses, gambling es
tablishments and unlicensed liquor stands. We
quote the following on the subject :
When you swear that you do not know of
any drunkenness, gambling, or disorderly house
keeping in your district, you are very far from
swearing to the truth, very far from having done
your duty so as to qualify you to make a true re
turn, if you suppose that you can only swear
safely to what you have seen with your own
If you wait until you see a gambling estab
lishment in full operation—or the proprietor of a
brothel plying her occupation—or the tippling
house keeper plying his unlawful traffic in
drinks—it may indeed be a very rare occasion
that any one of you will be called upon to make
a return. The constable who is credibly in
; formed that such offe»ces are committed—or
who from common general rumor receives such
information—or who from his own observation
has reason to suspect a house or a person, and
who takes no further action, waiting till he can
see the offence with his own eyes, swears falsely
when he comes to this bar and deposes that he
does not know of any offences of the kind having
been committed within his district. It may not
be technical perjury, in the eye of the law—but
let him consider well what it may be in the eye
of God. He has heard or has seen enough to put
him upon inquiry, and it is his bounden duty to
inquire into the character of every house or per
son in his district which bears an evil name or
fame. He must not shut his eyes and ears to
facts, which ring through the whole community,
' and because of that voluntary and convenient
blindness and deafness, come here and swear
that he knows of no such facts. It is his duty
to be vigilant, and from the moment he finds a
person or house of notorious, or even whispered,
bad repute, he should never lose sight of that
person or that house. He should watch them
and warn them, so as to make the suspected per
son feel that they are living under the eye of the
law—he should be incessant in his efforts to as
certain precisely the nature and extent of their
offences, to collect the testimony, and to prepare
for prosecuting the offenders. A constable
should be prompt, resolute and determined in his
dealings with this kind of persons—he should
make them feel that in him the law had an ever
present, untiring, upright vindicator.
,‘ A great deal of liquor is sold, as we are in
formed, at vendues and other like gatherings of
the people. Many storekeepers venture to sell
by small measure. To all these violations of the
law, occurring times without number, we shall
expect you to give attention. You have but to
look about you and do your duty fearlessly. On
every side you will find instructions of the law.
If you cannot see or hear, or find out anything
of the kind, you had better ask to be discharged
from your office—we will discharge you cheer
fully. No honest man, who knows what his duty
is, can fail to bring to justice, in certain neigh
borhoods, scores of keepers of disorderly houses
--gambling housca--bawdy houses--tippling
houses and unlicensed sellers of liquors. You
are responsible for the good order and the peace
of your districts, and we will hold you to that
responsibility by all the means in our power.
•" You will also observe how the Taverns in
your districts are kept—for a Tavern, though
used to sell liquor, may do it in such a way
as to become a disorderly house. If you ob
serve idle, drunken, dissolute people about a
Tavern—especially on Sunday—and they fre
quent- the house habitually or are are seen by
you frequently—indeed if a Tavern has a com
mon reputation of being the resort of such per
sons, you will report the fact to this Court. A
well ordered Tavern is a great convenience to
the public, but one which is not of that charac
ter, is a nuisance, which should be abated.—
Look then into the Taverns—and look with the
eyes of men resolved to do their duty.
If you will be on the alert and will but do
your duties, the law has invested you with am
ple powers to break up the haunts of vice and
crime, which are poisoning the morals of society.
Again we would exhort you to be bold and fear
less. The miscreants whom you will have to
encounter will doubtless raise a fearful outcry—
but regard them not. The Court will stand by
you—and every decent and honest man in the
community, and they are yet, thank God, a vast
majority, will stand by you. The American
people love to see their officers, of whatever
grade, from the President down, assume the re
sponsibilities of their offices. You have taken
the office—take its responsibilities. In doing so
you will derive a strength from your own con
science and from the approbation of the people,
which will enable you to overcome all opposi
tion to your discharge of duty."
A few days ago Constable Keen, of Read
ing., arrested two young men named Shuman
and Fitchthorn, on suspicion of having been con
cerned in setting lire to the barn which was de
stroyed in that place, some time since. It ap
peared, however, from the evidence of Shuman,
who gave evidence for the State, that at the
time in question, Fitchthorn was too much in
toxicated to have anything to do with the mat
ter, and wasaccordingly discharged from custody.
The information given by Shuman implicated
two other young men named Roland and Himmel
reich, who had left town, as was ascertained, by
the Lancaster road. Constable Keen accord-
ingly took out a warrant and went in search of
them. From the city of I.micaster lie traced
them, through information received from the
hotel keeper with whom they stopped while in
that place, to the borough of York, where he suc
ceeded in arresting them, with the assistance of
officer Austin of that place. They were brought
to Reading and taken before Alderman Mengel,
when they were committed to prison in default
of $l,OOO bail each, to take their trial at the Au
gust term of the Court. Shuman is also detained
in prison as evidence in the case, and is himself
implicated in the affair.—Examiner.
North Branch Canal Loan.
HARRISIWRO, June I2.—The proposals for the
loan of $5.10,000 were opened this afternoon.
$200,000 were awarded fur 4 per cent. bonds
$650,000 were awarded for 5 per cent. bon.ls
The bids were awarded to C. FL Fisher, of
Philadelphia; Duncan, Shoemaker Bi. Co., of
New York; and Geo. Peabody, of London. There
were offers from various persons, amounting to
over six millions of dollars, for five per cent.
inquest was held on Saturday last by
JACOB FORE:MAN, Esq., Deputy Coroner, on the
body of a man by the name of Williamson, who
was drowned in the Canal lock above Bainbridge.
The deceased was employed on a canal boat,
was about 35 years of age, and resided in one of
he northern ronntles of On, Stair.—lnd
PITESBUEG, June 12.—The Agents of the I'ol4
Office Department have been actively engaged
for several days in endeavoring to ferret out the
perpetrators of the recent mail robberies, and
yesterday succeeded in arresting Joseph Camp
bell, a brakeman on the Pennsylvania Railroad,
and his two brothers, and bringing them to Rini
city. The mails robbed were those dispatched
from this city to the East, on the 6th and 7th
inst., and it is supposed that upwards of $60,000
in drafts and checks were stolen. A number of
these checks and drafts were found in the pos
session of the accused.
WRAF IS lIE RESERVED FOR F—There is a lad
of only twelve years old, W. H. Waddell, living
at Pocahontas, Ark., who, in the spring of 1850,
was stabbed, the wound thought to be mortal;
the same fall was knocked cold and senseless by
lightning ; in the fall of 1851 was run over by
four mules and a wagon; last winter fell from
the third-story window, lighting upon a pile of
stones ; about six weeks since was shot, three
balls entering his body. The hero of all these
ugly accidents is still alive and healthy.
Su:sumer, Juno 10.—The Sunbury and Erie
Railroad Company have allotted their contracts,
and the contractors commenced breaking ground
this morning Both above and below this place, in
the presence of a large concourse of citizens, in
cluding the President of the Company, a com
mittee of the Board of Managers, and the engi
neer of the division. There is at last a prospect
of a speedy realization of our long cherished
1:17 - The Alexandria Age of Saturday says:_
We regret to learn that the cholera has broken
out with great violence on the Kanawha river,
Ye. its ravages have been so far confined to
the slaves, who are exposed to the weather, and
to persons of intemperate habits, We learn
this from a friend who has just received a let
ter dated the Ist instant, from that part of the
t. LADY FEIGIITEN£P TO DIATII.—The Rock.
Ingham (Va.) Register states that Mrs. Dietrich,
wife of Mr. Jacob Dietrich, residing near Alt.
Crawford, in that county, was frightened to
death a few weeks since. Her little daughter,
for sport, threw a tree frog upon her lap, which
commenced jumping up towards her lace, and so
frightened her that she died in two or three days.
SLOW - BET CERTAIN JI'STICB.-•A citizen of
Henry county, lowa, a man of family, sustaining
a respectable character and proprietor of a farm,
was arrested last week and remanded to Ken
tucky, on a requisition from the Governor of
that State, for having committed a murder there
thirteen years ago. Justice is sometimes slow.
but generally certain.
CC7" Mayor KIEFFEIC is justly complimented by
the Independent Whig for the efficient manner
in which lie is discharging the duties 4 dt‘ his office
so as to promote the peace and welfare of lb°
city. He has shown himself to Le a terror to
evil doers, and is deserving the commendation
which he has received from that paper.—lntelli.
Him ABBOTT LAWIVENCE.-g , ;Merrimack," the
Boston correspondent of the Newburyport Her
ald, says that lion. Abbott Lawrence has signi
fied to the President a desire to return to this
country, and next October has been determined
upon as the period when his resignation will take
027'' The Lancastrrian says that at the en.
trance of a cemetery in the southern portion of
Lancaster the following sign is placed upon a
CHARLESTON, June 15.—A fire occurred at %Ve•
tumpka, Alabama, at two o'clock on Saturday
morning, in an old warehouse, and in two hours
time the entire business part of East Wetumplca
was destroyed. The loss is estimated at between
$300,000 and 400,000, with but $90,000 insured.
CALtronsiiA GOLD.—Since the annexation of
California to the United States, ($97,766,992)
ninety-seven - millions se'on hundred and sixty
six thousand and ninety-two dollars in value, of
gold has been received at the port of New York.
RELIGIOUS Fitztooar.—A private letter states
that Gen. Urquiza, who succeeds Rosas as Gov
ernor of Buenos Ayres, has authorized the read
ing of the Bible in schools, and made liberal ap
propriations for their support.
117 — Samuel Simpson, jr., aged 20 years, con
victed at Worcester, itlass., of setting his father's
house on fire, was last week sentenced to prison
Retail Lumber Market.
Coi.tgsm, Friday, June 18, 1832.
Inferior Cull Boards and Grub Plank, $9 00
_ 12 SO
2d Common . - 17 5 0
Ist Common - - - 27 30
hemlock Boards and 10 3 0
Pine Scantling, 14 00
Plaster Lath, - - - -s2ooa 2 SO
Shingles, - - 8 00 a 15 00
Baltimore Mat ketß.
11At..molts., June 17, 1952.
Fi.ors.—We note sales to-day of 200 brit.
Howard Street Flour, mixed brands at $ 4 , 1 9 ,
and 2000 brls., straight brands, at $4,2 5 , part an
time. A sale of 400 brls. Susquehanna Flour at
GRAM—Wheat continues scarce and wanted.
Prices remain as before, viz: good to prime reds
98. a 10:2 cts., and white at 102 a 106 eta. Corn
is steady with a fair demand. Sales of while
to-day at 58 a 59 cts., and of yellow at GO n 61
cts. A sale of Penna. yellow at 62 cts. Oats
are worth 16 a 40 cts. as to quality.
WIIISKEY.—The demand is very limited. and
saleq are quite small at 21 a 21i ets. for bris..
and 20 cts. for hhds.—Ball. American.
PIIILADRLPIIIA, June 17, 1852.
FLOT.:l2.—Flour is held at $4,25 per brl., but
only 4 a 500 brls. good brands have been disposed
of at this figure. Rye Flour is scarce- 100
brls. sold at $3,50. The stock of Corn Meal Is
small and holders fi rm at $3,25 per brl.
( 'RAlN.—Wheat continues in demand, but there
is scarcely any offering. Sales of 3000 bu.prinr
Penn'a white at $1,05 per bu. Corn is in fair
request, and there is less arriving. 4000 be.
Southern yellow sold at 64 eta., and a small lot
in store at 6.5 cts. Oats are in limited request;
we quote southern at 38 a 40 els., and Penn'a a t
42 cis. per be.
Wirisistv is in better demand ; sales of 3 0
brls. at 21 cts. Fllids. command the same price.
NO. ATM iTENS.