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Vi "iii- ibel.'eil,• ' " '1 50 2' 25 575 325
• Tli T ee inches, 225 325 . 4.00 • 4i5
3 months. 3 months. 1 Year
One Inch, or Is $ 1 00 $6 00 $lO 00
Two - Inches' b 25 ' 0'00.:.' ' 15 00
Three 'riches 8 50 ' 12 00 20 00
boor Inches 10 73 16 00 25 00
Ileerter polumn, ....... ......;13 00.........18 00' - •30 00
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One colconn,...t.u.i ..... : ..... 00 '• • '45 00.i....:.:30' 00
Professional and Miele* Cards not exceeding sit iinel,
)One - ear • "•'''7 ' • ' ' $5OO
.- I'Administrainrie and•RxeCutdre Notices, 6 tims, $2 50
• ,, /Psditore 610tiCtley'4 times " ; • ' "' f" '2 00
. ; dtstray, by otfier6ort N • otiCOS' " ' 1 60
:••••.+o l .diektisetntints'hot'hiarked , oritif the mimberof inset
••^Dile dooliiar, *ill be continual till (Irbld and charged 'w
ording to these tense. - - ' '''
.e 1 " 4 " - q
or aPec Ncilloss,lQ lino' for ideate In
seitidu. By theyear eta roduc,d rate.
Our prides for the piloting of •Blanks, Handbills, etc
are reasonably low.. ;; t
Vroics'sionati Nusintss garbs.
IMUMB A UGH . ;
lliiiog permanently located at Illuntinialon, offer'
is professional 'orrice' to the community.
:Office, thu,aame as -tlaat lately occupied by Dr. Loden
!knot. . aplO,llM3
JOIIN MedULLOCII, offers his
' 'profession' services to the sitizens of Huntingdon
su vicinity: - Office on Hill street, ens door east of Head's
brug Story. Aug. 23, '56.
- 1) , ALLISON MILLER,
D E S
R.. removed litlbio Trick Roww l oppiiiite ilitiCouFt gown.
.„Ilpc1; 13, ten. , ,
- LOCNTIBT. aaaaa
Office removed to Lefeer's :law Building,
llill street, kluutingdun.
P. NY._ JOIIN*TON,
4, 1 C VEYOR & INSURANCE AGENT,
01lice es Sruitls street.
alltirEYOß &REAL ESTATEAGEI4,
HUNTINGDON, PA. '
Will attend to Surveying in all Ito branches, and will
buy and sell Neal Estate In any part (Atha United titates.
Send for circular., dec•.9.tf
rri W. 3.1.1 7 TON,
• • .
.ATTO.R.NRY AT LATV,
-.4i-Linos with .7. Sancti. ETZWAIIt, l q. nolo-45m.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Moon 1101 'street, three doors welt of Smith. y
.I:EALL MUBSIE. P. I. rwiliso.
Me Wood floor of Inister's building, on 11111 street.
Plosions and other claims rronsotly collected.
AGEENC Y FOR COLLECTING
tOLDIERS' CLAIMS, BOUIiTY, BACK PAY AND
All who may have any claims against the Government
far thounty, Back ray and Perllllo3ll4 um have their claim.,
promptly collected by applying either iu pereou or by let.
W. 11. WOODS,
ATTORNI.Y AT LA IP;
The name of this firm has been ehang
ea from scorr a BROWN, to
SCOTT, BROWN & BAILEY,
gander which name they will htreafter euuthict their
practice ad ' •
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, lILLVIZAWDOI , 7, -
' TENSIONS, and all clidens of soldiers and soldiers'
*Varna the thirernment, vrlil tor ',naively prosecuted.
May 17, 1165-11 f.
t zta p p .
- `e .
S. ; ALLEN LOVELL,
OFFICE-1n the room lateli occepial by R. M. Speer.
tytle & trilton S. Lytle,
T Olt NE Y 8 LAM.;
_- HUNTINGDON, PA.,
/tale formed a partnership under the name and firm
P. R. & M. S. LYTLE,
And hays removed to the Office on the south side of
11,1111 street, fourth door west of eolith.
They will attend promptly to all kinds of legal bad
ness. entrusted to their pm epi•lf
MANUFACTURER OF AND , DEALER IN
VOLOW, AND SLEIGH BASKETS,
Of all aline and Anscriptiona,
ALEXANDRIA, HUNTINGDON CO., PA.
LOBBEB PROM PTLY
i" G. B. •ARMITAG'GE,
Represent the most reliable Cdnip'antes In
the Country. Rates as low as Is I:ousisteut
with reliable indemnity._ , imp 2,'66.
.pital Represented over $7.4,000,
OIL CLOTH WINDOW SHADES
• GILT GOLD SHADES, •
;b41713L1N SHADES. '
TAPE, CORD AND TASSALS
AT rqiVlS' 1100 K STOIE
44 - 1331)B sOßtq.
e c lV,411:!!1
, 4 .. a il l - •
:3311. 1 3r1 2 1.M1MN 3111 ,
nealesor to B. M. GREENS,!
STEINWAY &SON'S PIANOS,
- Arid older makes, -
IASON & lIAMLIN CABINET ORGANS,
Melodeon., Guitars, Violin., Fife., Flutes, Aecordam.,
sapPiaskos, Organs, and Melodeons Warranted for !lee
Cirstdsrs sent on application.
'Address E. J. GREENE,
jah27,69 Zinc*. Leister's Not/ funding.
NEW LEATHER HaISE.
Mgr. FIRM or ERAS rS McVITTY,
liaSe leased tha largo fire atm beg tilt - (fowl,
from Jame, Nanny.
'00.432, NORTH THIRD STREET, PUILADELPIIIA,
; And Intend doing a Hide and Leather Commission Bud.
WAS. 1 •
Their eons D. P. LEAS, and T. E. McVITTY, are theca,
and authorized to carry on the business for them=as
'theyAre young men of good moral diameter, and line
business qualifications. They solicit the patronage of
their brother Tanners; In the county and eleewinno.
Joy:They still a ill continue to keep a good assortment
panish and Slaughter Sole Leather on halls, at their
,Threo Springs, Huntingdon County, Pa.
LEAS & McVITIX.
LEWIS, HUGH LINDSAY, Publishers.
NEW STORE IN HUNTINGDON.
JAMES A. BROWN has just opened
on the second floor of his brick building, where buyers
will find one of the largest and best samrturents of
YENITIAN and SCOTCH HEMP
' 1 4131/±l3.fatfigg
Also, COCO&und CANTON MAT
TINGS, and FLOOR OIL CLOTHS,
Ever offered in central Pennsylvania.
It is well known that a merchant who deals entirely in
one line orpoeds buying largely from manufacturers is
enabled to give his_ customers advantegue in prices and
assortment (in that line of goods) that are nut to be found
In stores profeasing to do oil kinds otbusiness.
I shall aim therefore to make it the interest of all in
want of the above goods, to buy at the regular Carpet
and Oil Cloth Store.
112/„.Dealurs can buy of me by the roll at wholesale
apl3'69 JAMES A BROWN.
West Huntingdon Foundry.
PLOWS, THRESHING MACHINES,
FARM BELLS., SLED AND SLEIGH SOLES,
WAGON BOXES, IRON KETTLES,
Fur Furnaces, Forges, Grist and Saw Stilly, Tam/ries
„ and Brickyards,
AND JOB WORK ni GENERAL.
ARCHITECTURAL A ORNAMENTAL DEPARTMENT.
Iron Porticos and Verandahs,
Mamie+ Columns and Drop Ornament for wooden
porticos and verandahs,
Window umok and Sills,
Cast Ornsmontt for wooden lintels,
Cellar VI indow Guards all sixes,
Chimney Tops and Flues,
Sash Freights, Carpet Strips,
Registers,Heaters, Coal Orates
Vault Ca stings for coal and wood cellars, u
Arbors, Tree-boxes, Lamp-poets, Hitching-posts,
Iron Railing for porticos, verandahs, balconies, flower.
Yard and Cemetery Fences, etc.
Partiallor attention paid to foxing Cemetery Lott..
Address JAMES EIMPS
5e23,6a Huntingdon, Pa.
BLAKE & McNEIL,
[Fuccessors to J. M. CUNNINGHAM k .9011,1
Iron and Brass Founders,
11UNTING DON, PA.
IRON and BRASS CASTINGS motto It. a first class
. Foundry. WU iI3NO UIWO.) fl on Isand all
_ kinds id Plow and Stovo taatinga, Wa.h
ffk tiettlet,Cellar•whitlo.s, Gratea, Coal bole
c..tiu,ga for pavements, Winslow 'neigh's
• . sizes anti a eights, Pipe joints, Sled
a n d utet g li autos, Wagon iIUXON 3/11C111110 Castings, for
attain and water, grist, saw, MIMIC ant plaster mills of
- - -
HEATERS AND IRON FENCES,
of the ntoid improved style, oven doors and (camel, door
sills, and in fact everything toads In this line.
We have a larger stock of patterns, and can furnish e.tas
tinge at short notice, and cheaper than they can be had
in the country. Having a good drill, we ass prepared to
do drilling and titling up of all kinds.
Oftlca in Liesters' Now Building, Hill strait, Hunting
lieh. 17, 1801.
BARGAINS ! BARGAINS I
SELLING OFF AT COST
Marto]. elt3 Dalo
Are now disposing of their entire stock of
Goode AT COST. Persons wishing
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS,
ETC , ETC.; ETC.,,
Win Baia money by calling on us, as we
are determined to close, out our entire stock
- REMEMBER THE PLACE:
Smith's new building, Hill Street, Hunt
ingdon, Pa. octl2
SPANISH HAIR DRESSER
Fun PROMOTING ens GROWTII, BRAITIFTING TOO Mut,
And rendering it dark and glossy. No other compound
poesesees the peculiar properties which to exactly suit
the various conditions of the human hair. The 1160 of
this oil ae a hair dresser has Ewen universal in mery sec.
lion of the country in the 13pantah Main for centuries.—
Nn preparation of art could give that elegant luxuriance
and abundance of hair whim have no often been the ad.
zutratlon of travelere in 4aiu. This oil is highly and
delicately perfumed, forming an article unrivaled in ex.
conflict) and upon which the Spanish people fur annoy
3 tare have set its seal of enduring apps oral.
Nexicaffild FlomShampoo Win
Yor removing dandruff and scurf from the head, whiten
ing and perfuming the skin. 'phis article is entirely dif
ferent from an 3 thing of the kind over I. ffeyed in this coon
try and is warranted free from all poisonoijs substances
'ibis valuable lotion was used by the k:mperor'lliaiituff
inn, and kniprest Culotta of Mexico, and universally
need by Mexicans for three hundred years. Jes a wash
for the head—it is cooling, cleansing and refreshing.—
It hen thus used it at ours relieves lieselticlv.
WILD FLOWERS FOR THE TEETH
AU those oho aro in favor of white teeth and a pleasant
and perfumed bre.oh, should at once use Melluire's Wild
1. !totem for the Teeth. All these preparations. aro put
up In Om meet ele . gant and ornamental manner, We
Inaba tie. exception in *eying that they are an ornament
to a lady's toilet table, an pope completer I,thout them.
Warranted satisfactory or money. 'efuntied. Denims
rill bear this in mind. .old by all rtspectablo Drug
gots .ba the United States and Canada. Address orders
Depot rir4 Manufactury,
ee9l 203 North Seo4:l Street, iwiltidelpkyi
Yor pale at Louis' Book Ram, '
AT LEWIS' BOOK STORE.
BLASE & McNEIL.
HUNTINGDON, .p.A..,iwEDNEpAy, DECEMBER it-5:: 1869'.
[911111111141 . 11P.
Cunningham & Carmon's,
Corner of Railroad and Montgomery Ste
NE would call special attention to
s, Ar a, dally .4 l , ui r r e i r zl a orLlOlCE AND BEAUTIFUL
- Tempting Prices,
Com/I'th%. of deantiful Fake of all bbiulca, all woo
Poplin', Alpaca', Melanges, Annure, Cldniias, a meet
beautiful line of line Cumbria, Barred 34uain. , Pain.
look., gingham', and Ohambrays.
ALSO, a full floe of Domestic 00041, such aa
HEM BLEACHED HEIR
Fine Brown Muslin, 40 inches wide, Bleached Muslin
(rem % to 2% yard. wide, Kentucky i.e.., Farmers
Casaimere, kc„ Ac.
Our stook of SHOES excels anything of the kind tide
aide of Philadelphia
ALSO, a large and well selectad stock HATE suit
able fur the 1101.11011.
We make a specialty of this article, aml have elf hand
a eery tine assortment of
*filch will Would lower than CAN be sold by coy other
Louie outside of Phibillolphlo. Wo hobo oleo on baud a
large stock of
FFSH AHD BALI
%Lich wo aro telling very low.
In order to be convinced that our, le tho piece to buy,
call and MC3IIIIIIO our goodsand prima
We take pleasure In showing our goods, eren if you do
not wish to buy. No you will plasm call end get posted
CUNNINGHAM & CARMON.
Oct. 28, 1508—t4
E. C. SU3LUEIIB. LUKE MILEY
UNION STEAM BAKERY
TILE undersigned bade fitted up a
11 first-class steam BAKERY at the Castilian Garden
on Church street, and are prepared to furnish all kinds
BREAD, ROLLS, BISCUITS, PIES,
Plain and Fancy CAKES, &e.,
In large or small quantities, at reasonable prices.
We would call especial attention of country dealers to
OUR CANDY MANUFACTORY.
We mg.tifi,cture all kinds of Fancy and Common Con
fectionerlos. equal to any that comes from the city, and
are prepared to fill large or small orders, on short notice
and at CITY PRICES.
We also keep on hand a large and constant supply of
FRUITS AND NUTS,
which they will furnish at reasonable rates.
The proprietors flatter themselves that it needs but a
trial to convince the most sceptical, and please the most
We respeatfully solicit a liberal there of public 'intros
nage, and shall endeavor to merit its coutinuanco.
ae1,11369 , REILEY.
NE ® W poops.
01.0E45 THE PUBLIC
THAT RE HAS
SPLENDID STOCk of . NEW GOODS
CAN'T BE BEAT
ciniaiwpss AND, QTJALITY.
COME AND SEE.
D. P. GIALN,
p.tintiwion, Oct. 4, 1887.
I t yANTED,
10,000 buahola of WlAeft, Rye, Oats, and Core
3,t, tliellwatindoe, stewsgli: , '
- Ns qp. R. pARMQN.
Wuralrigdon, Noy. 17,180.11
L" and Joint Sbingica for sale' by
mchlt•te ' men KY CO.
„ • •
FIRST ANN UAL AIESSAdE
ULYSSES S. GRANT
PRESIDENT OF TUE UNITED STATES, .
Bead in Congress, Monday, Deo. 6th, 1869
To the Senate and' House of Represen
tatives :—ln coming Wore you for the
first time as Chief Magistrate of this
great nation, it is with gratitude to
the Giver of all good for, the many
benefits we enjoy. We are blessed
with'Peace at home, and 'we' are with
out entangling alliances abroad to for
bade trouble; with a territory unsur
passed in fertility, of ap area equal to
the abundant support of five - hundred
millitins of people, and abounding in
every variety of useful mineral in quan-'
tity sufficient to sapply the world for
generations with abundant crops; with
a 'ieriety of climate adapted to the
production of every species of the
earth's riches, and suited to the habits,
tastes and requirements of every liv
ing thing; with a population of 40,000,-
000 of free people, all speaking one
language ;• with facilities for- every
mortal to acquire an education; with
institutions closing to none the aven
ues of fame or any blessing of fortune
that may be coveted ; with freedom of
the pulpit, the press, and the school
with a revenue flowing into the national
treasury beyond the requirements of
the Government. Happily, harmony
is rapidly being restored within our
own borders. Manufactures hitherto
unknown in our country are springing
up in all sections, producing a degree!
of national independence unequaled
by that of any other power. These
blessings, and countless others, are en
trusted to your care and mind for safe
keeping for the brief period of our
tenure of office. In a short time we
must each of us return to the ranks of
the people who have conferred upon
us our honors, and account to them
for our stewardships. I earnestly de
sire that neither you nor I may be
condemned by a free and enlightened '
constituency, nor by our .own consei
onees. Emerging from a rebellion of
gigantic magnitude, aided as it was
by, the sympathies and assistance of
nations with which we were at peace,
eleven States of the Union were four
years ago, left without a legal State
Government A national debt has
been contracted; American commerce
was almost driven from the seas, the
industry of one-half of the country
had been taken from the control of
the capitalist and placed whore all la
bor rightfully belongs, in the keeping
of the Laborer. Tho work of restor
ing State governments loyal to the
Union, of protecting and fostering free
labor, and providing means for paying
the interest on the public debt has 're
ceived ample attention from Congress.
Although your efforts have not mot
with the success ilk all particulars that,
might have been desired, yet, on the
whole, they hale been more satisfacto
ry than could have been reasonably
Seven States' which passed ordinan
ces of secession halo 'been filly 'restor
ed to their places in the Union. The
eighth (Georgia) held an, election, at
which she ratified her constitution, re
publican in form, elected a Governor,
members of Congress, a State Legisla
ture, and all other-officers required.
The Governor was duly installed,
and the Legislature met and perform
ed all the acts required of them by the
reconstruction acts of Congress. 'Sub
sequently, however, in violation of the
constitution they 'had just ratified, as
since decided by the Supreme Court
of the State, "they unseated the color
ed 'members of the Legislature, and
adthitted to seats some members wife
are disqualified by the third clause 'of
the fourteenth, amendment to the con
stitution, one article whiCh they them
selves bad contributed to ratify." tin
der these circumstances, I would sal
mit to you whether. it would not be
wise, without delay, to enact a 'law
authorizing the Governor of Georgia
to convene the' members originally
elected to the Legislature, requiring
each member to take the oath prescri
bed by the reconstruction acts, and
none to be admitted who are ineligi
ble under third clause of the fourteenth
The freedmen, under the protection
which they have received, aro making
rapid progress in learning, and no
complaints are heard of lack of indus
try on their part when they receive
fair remuneration fur their labor.
The means provided for paying the
interest of the public debt, with all
other expenses of the Government,
are more than ample. The loss ofpur
commerce is the only result of tio late
rebellion which ha's not received slat
dent attention from you. To this
subject j. call - your earnest attention.
I will not suggest plans by which this
object may be effected,' but I will, if
necessary, make. it, the 'subject of a
special message'during the session of
Congress. At the March term Con
gress by a joint resolution • authorized
'the 4xecutivo to order elections in the
-States of Virginia, Mississippi, and
Texas, to submit to.them the constitu
tions which each bad previously in
conventions formed, ( ind submit the
constitutions either entire or in sepa
rate parts, to be voted upon at the
discretion of the Executive. Under
this authority election's were called,ln Virginia the election took place op
the 6th July, 1809. The Governor
and Lieutenant Governor elected have
been installed. The -Legislature met
and did all required by this resolution;„
and by all the reconstruction acts of
Congress, and abstained from all
doubtful authority. I recommend
that her. Senators and:gepresentatives
fro admitted'and the State be' fully re,
stored. tosher place in the 'family of
. i .T.. • ~
. . .. .
, - -46,.... :\ :
.v...., ... . . , • - ..:;.. .: . ..:
,• • • •
Elections were called in 'Miesissippi
und'TextUi to'ciimnlen'ee on the '4oth
of November, 1869, and to last for two
days in Mississippi,-and four days in
Texas. The. elections
place, but the' result not known. It
is ,to be hoped that the acts of the Le.
gislatures of 6ese States, when they
meet, will be Such as to receive your
approval, and thus close the work of
reconstruction. Attiring the evils grow
ing out of the rebellion, and not yet
referred to; is that of an Irredeemable
currency. It is an evil which I hope
will receive your most earnest atten
tion:.: It is a duty., and one of the
highest duties of Government, to se
cure to the citizens a medium of ex-'
change of fixed and' unvarying -value.
RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS.
Thii implies a return to a specie basis,
and no substitute for it can be devis
ed. It should be commenced now,
and. reached at the earliest' practica
ble moment consistent With a fair re
gard to., the interests 'of the debtor
class'. Immediate resumption, if prac
ticable, would not be desirable. It
would compel the debtor class to pay
beyond their contracts the primium
on gold:at the date of purchase,. and
would bring bankruptcy and ruin to
thousands. Fluctuation, however, in
the paper value of the measure, of all
'values, gold, is detrimental to the 'in
terests of trade. It makes the man
of business an involuntary gambler,
for in all sales, where future payment
is to be made, both parties speculate
as to what will be the value of the
currency to be paid and received. I
earnestly recommend to you, then,
such legislation as 'will insure a gradu
al return to specie payments, and put
an immediate stop to fluctuations in
the value of currency. The methods
to secure the former of these results
aro as numeroui as are the specula
tors on political economy. I see but
one way, and that is to authorize the
Treasury to redeem its own paper at a
fixed price whenever presented, and
to withhold from circulation all cur
rency so redeemed until sold again for
gold. The vast resources of the na
tion, both developed and undeveloped,
ought to make our credit the best on
earth, with less burden of taxation
.than the citizen has endured for six
years past. The entire public debt
could be paid in ten years, but it is
not desirable that the people should
be forced . to pay it in that time. Year
by year the ability to pay increases in
a rapid rate, but the burden of inter
est ought to be reduced as rapidly as
can be done without a violation of the
contract. The public , :ebt is repre
sented in great part by bonds having
from five to twenty and from ton to
forty years to run, bearing interest at
the rate of six per cent. and five per
cent. respectively. It is optional with
the Government to pay these bonds
at auy period after the expiration of
the least limo mentioned upon their
face. The time has already expired
when a great part of them may bo ta
ken up, and is, rapidly approaching
when :ill may be. It is believed that
'all 'which are now due may be replac
ed by bonds bearing a rate of interest ,
'not exceeding four-and one half per
tent. and us rapidly as the remainder
`become dne that they may be replaced,
in the same way. To accomplish this
it may be necessary to authorize the
interest to be paid at either of three
or four of the money centres of Europe,
or by any Assistant Treasurer of t'-e
United States, at the option of the
holders of the bonds. I suggest this
subject for the consideration of Con
gress ; also, simultaneously with . this,"
the propriety •of redeeming our cur
rency, as before suggested, at its mar
ket value, at the time the law goes in
to effect, increasing the rate at which
Currency will' be bought and sold from
day to day, or week to week, at the
same rate of interest as the Govern
ment pays upon its bonds.
The subject of the tariff and inter.
nal taxation will necessarily receive
your attention. Tbo revenues of the
- country are greater than the require
ments, and may with safety be reduc
ed; but as the funding of the debt in
a four or a four and a half per cent.
loan would reduce the annual current
expenses largely, thus, after funding,
justifying a grouter reduction of taxa.
Lion, this may be reduced safely from
sixty to eighty millions per annum at
once, and he still further reduced from
year to year as the resources of the
country aro developed. The report of
the Secretary of the Treasury shows
the receipts of the Government for the
fiscal year ending June 30th, 1869, to
po 8370,943,747, and the expenditures,
including interest, bounties, &c., to be
041,490,597. The estimates for the
ensuing year are more favorable to
the governtient, and will; nd — doubt,
show a much larger decrease of the
public debt. The receipts in the
Treasury beyond expenditures have
exceeded the amount necessary to
place to the credit of the sinking fund,
us provided by law. To lock up the
surplus in the Treasury and withheld
it from circulation would lead to such
a contraction of the currency as to
cripple trade and sprionsly affect the
prosperity of the country. Under
these circumstances the Secretary of
the Trpaiury and myself heartily con
pnrred ,he propriety of •nsing all the
surplus currency in . the 'Treasury in
tile purchase. of Government bonds,
thus recinoing the, iriteresthearing
rid.Ofiliiirteas of the country; 'and of
submitting to Congress _ the question
of the' ispositiOn to he made of 'the
bon6,so purchased. Thel)prills now
held by the'T'keasory amount to about
$75,000,000, inelndiog those belonging
to tlie sllllcl - 130. Fund. L recommend
that the whole be pliteed to the credit
pi' the Sinking pond. your attention
is respectfully invited' rocoi*
.$2,00 a year in. atlyanee:'
mendatfons of, the Secretary of the
Treasurk Afe the oriiatioa:of thb office
of Ceuntuiesioner of Customs Revenue,
for the increase of salary to certain
classes of officials and the substitution
of inereased•national . ha - nk circulation`,
to replace the outstanding ! threa per,
cent. certificates, andr most , especially
to hie recommendation-for the . repeal
of the laws' allowing shares of fines,
penalties, forfeitures, &0., to officers of
the Government and•to informers. •
• Ile office of Commiesioner of Inter
nal Revenue is one of the' most -ardu
ous and responsible under the,GOvern:
ment. It falls but little, if any, short
of a Cabinet .position in its importance
and responsibilities. I would ask for
it, therefore, such • legislation as in your
judgment will place the office upon -a
footing of dignity - commensurate with
its importance and with the charaater•
and qualifications of the class of men
required to fill it properly.
As the United States is the freest of
all nations, so, too, its people sympa
thize with all peoples struggling for
liberty and self-government. But
while so sympathizing, it is due to our
honor that we should abstain from en
forcing our views upon •unwilling na
tions, and from taking an interested
part; without invitation, in the quar
rels between different nations, or be
tween governments and their subjects.
Our course should always be in con
formity with strict justice and law,
international and local. Such has
been • the policy of the Administra
tion in dealing with these questions.—
For more than a year a valuable prov
ince of Spain, and a near neighbor of
ours, in whom all our people cannot
but feel a deep interest, has been
struggling for independence and free
dom. The people and Government
of the United States entertain the
same warm feelings and sympathies
for the people of Cuba in their pend
ing struggle that ' they manifested
throughout the previous struggles be
tween Spain and her former colonies,
in behalf of the hatter; but the contest
has never assumed a condition which
amounts to a war in the sense of in
ternational law, or which would show
the existence of a de facto political or
ganization of the insurgents sufficient
to justify a recognition of belligerency.
The principle is manifested, however,
that this nation is its own judge when
to accord the rights bf belligerency,
either to a people struggling to free
themselves from a government they
believe to bo oppressive, or to inde
pendent nations ut war with each oth
er. Tho United States have no dis
position to interfere with the existing
relations of Spain to her colonial pos
sessions on this continent. They be
lieve that in duo time Spain will find
interest in terminating those relations,
and establishing their present depen
dencies as independent powers, mem
bers of the family of nations. These
dependencies are ' longer regarded
as subject to,teansferliona' one,.;Buro
pean power another., When the
present relation of the'eolonies ceases
they' aro to become independent pow
ers, exercising, the right Of choice and
of selfeontrol and relation's with other
powers. The United.States;:in order
to put a 'stop to bloodshed in Cuba'
and in the interest of a neighboring ;
people,,proptised their good offices to
bring the existing contest to a termin
ation. 'The offer not' being accepted
by Spain, on a basis which we believ
ed could be 'received by Cuba, 'was
withdrawn. It is hoped that the good
offices of the United States may yet
prove advantageous for the settlement
of this unhappy strife.' Meanwhile,
illegal expeditions against Cuba have
been broken up. 'lt has been the en
deavor of the Administration to exe
cute the neutrality laWa in good faith;
no matter how unpleasant the task,
made so by the sufferings we have en
dured from lack of like good faith . ' to
wards us by, 'other ',nations,,',' On': the'
26th of,ltiarch last the. United States
schooner Lizzie Major was arrested on
the high•seas by a Spanish frigate and
passengers taken from it and carried
us prisoners to Cuba. BepretientatiOns
of these facts weremade to the Spanish
Government as soon as official infor
mation of them reached Washington.
The two passengers were set at liberty,
and the Spanish government assured
the United States that the captain .of_
the frigate in nialitiig the capture had
acted without law;.that he, had. been
reprimanded for the irregularity of his
conduct, and that the Spanish authori
ties in Culia . wcitild not sanction', any
act that could violate the ,rights or
treat with disrespect the sovereignty
of this nation. . _
The question of the seizure ; of the
brig Mary Lowell, at one of. the Ba
hama,lslands; by the Spanish-aUthori
ties, is now the' subject of correspond-
once' between.,this Government and
those of Spain and Great Britain The
Captain General-of-Cuba, about. May
last, issued a 'proclamation, authoriz
ing search•to be made of vessels pp
the high seas. Immediate reincp
strance was made against this, where
upon the Captain General issued a new
proclamatiop, the right of
search to vessels of the lJnited - Stntes,
cio far as authorized the treaty, of 1795.
This proclamation, however, was in•
mediately withdrawn. I have•always•
felt that the most intimate relations
should be cultivated between the . Re
public) of the 'United States and all ip
,dependent nations on this continent.
It may be well worth considering
whether new treaties between the
United states and, thorn: play not he
profitably' entered into to secure more
intimate relations—friendly, conaorier
cial; or otherwise. The subject of #0
intet , :oceanic canal, to cooriect the
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, through"
the Isthmus of parien, is one in which'
Commerce is greatly . interested. ;.f.n
litruCtinini have been given to our
Wet. to 'the Republic' of the ; traite_d
Statey;)iif,,Peleinnia . to endeavor tcnob
tainatithority.:for • a'. servey'• . lly, this
Government in order to 0ter0:0644
practicability- of Skell,?4,,tindertaking,
and.wcharter for the' right,',ol. way. •to
baild,hy private 'enierprise,,.suen
work, if the sin ver.proveb le, tO?
practicable :t In'order to'cOreply'witt
the agreement of the United Sates As
to.u, mixed commission. at Ljrna,for,,the
adjustment of °lei ms,,it hemline) noses:
sary, toTsend a 'commissioner • tind'Seni
Oopriati*lAavi ng, been• made by Von
gress for,tnis purpose,it is now asked
that 'one bo- made,. covering..:thevast
'and, fa th re'elipen sea' of the 'c'oni tit
f rbh . goOd - Offieeti:Of',i4 6 l l Tai.OECS44§o
to bring about a peace , b,etweetOpai,cl
and . the "South American trepnblieth
with Which she is at war,.having been
accepted by Spain,'Peru, and Chili; `'l)
congress has , been invited to„ hfiho4
in -Washington duties. the present, lie:
ter. A grant has been givercto Euro.
pesos 'of an , exclusive right'oPtvaneit
over 'the 'Teiritory of. Nicaniatitt;
Whieh 9,o,Stii,:Riekhas given he asisenti
which; itis, alleged, conflicts- with the
vested rights of citizens' of the 'United
States: 'The Departritent nf:State'has,
The minister of Pere. having roads rep
presentations tliat!there.was "'State tip
war between . Peru and Spain; en#, 400:
Spain was Constructing
New York thirty gunboats :which ,
might be used' by Spain in such sr way
as to relieve the naval•ftiece id Cabal
and 'also to operate against Pent, or,
dent were.,given , prevent thieir.de,
parture. • . No' - further, .stepsc-• having;
beewtaken by the' repreienfittiyas'of
the" ereVian government "tO ,
the departure of • theSe ieSsets„ikkl e
not feeling- authorized to detainitnet
property of a nation with Whickivit`'
were at' 'peace on a mere 'EkeentiVe,
order, the matter has been Fefeiled to,
the courts to decide, The conduct 'of;
the war betweem the allies cindithe
public of Paraguak,has made, " the' tercourse with that country tki'diffietilt
that it has been deemed advisable to,
withdraw our representative from bas.'
RELATIONS WITH GREAT.BRITAIN,
Towards the close of the last AdmirdS4
tration a 'convention was" Signed ; 0, ,
London for the settlement Of all out
standing claims tietween Great Britain
and the United States, which failed 41"
receive the advice and conseht'of the
Senate,,to its ratification..' The, time
and the circumstances attending the' ,
negotiations of that Areaty, were unt
vorable to its acceptance by the people
of the United States, and its previsions
wore wholly inadequate for the settle ,
meta of the grave wrongs that••had
been sustained, by , this , Government,as
well as by its citizens , The injuries
resulting:to the United States by .rea
son of the course adopted by- Great
Britain during our late civil-war, in
the increased rate Of insurance, in the
diminution ofexports and imports4and
other obstructions to domestic indue;
try and production;' in its effect upon
the foreign commerce of the country;: ",
in the decrease and transfer to Great ,
Britain of our commercial marine; in •
the prolongation of the war, and in the
increased cost,' both in treasure and hi
lives, if its suppression could not bo
adjusted and satisfied as ordinary Com-.
mercial claims . which continually arise 1 .
between ccnimercial 'nation's; :}nil yet"'
the convention treated these .
such ordinary claims, from which they
differ more widely in 'the gravity of
their character than in the magnitude.,
of their amount. Great even as is that . ,' ;
differenee, note word was found in the
treaty, and not an inference could bo
drawn from it, to remove the Senasi Of
the tinfriStidlinesd'et the COurile"
Greet Britain e, strugg or exist
once, which.had so deeply and, nniver-•
sally impressed itself upon the peopiti" ,l
of this c! n UT. Believing . that,a cOri . 2,
vention thus, miseonceitiefi in lita,ecciptp; „
and inadequate in its provisionstwould
not have•produeed' the hearty, cordial
settlement'of pending queStinnoWhich',,l,
eloike is densust4Ovitti'Ae„riilat,iiine,, ~
which' I desire to!'haveestablistied
tween the United • States. and - . Great
Britain; I - regarded the -aCtion;4"thiii" : •, l !
Senate in reject:44 g the: iioatk
been wisely - taken, ,in the,,• interest of,'
peace,' and as a' necessary step in the
direction of a par:feet and cordial;'''
frigndslnp between the, two ;
sensitive, people, conscithis:Of their, T ,
power, are more at ease undor'a great-e)
•wrong wholly unatoned'than undeethe':' !
restraint' f a settlen,ient which' OtitlsPee :
neither,their ideas of justice nor , their 0
grave sense of the grievance they have.
sustained. • TheTrejection of the trogy
ivaefellOWed by kilitate'ef' . publip . feel;,f - , 1 ;
ing p o'hoth,eidps . which I thought, n0t..,.,
favoralAe•to.an :immediate attempt at,ll
renewed negotiations. -I' ticeadinglyP ,,,
so instructed t,b9. •n 3 Lnsik.l.9, l : PC; 149 !-Ini
ted States AO iireatritain,:and found,
that, my this' ;"
shureil i by :Pr:Majesty's minister. -1
hope that the :time :may soon'. arrive ••
when tlie -4 tWo , ,governments' peg
proack the' solh 009 of this moinentOrie
question 'With an appreciation of what
is due to the rights,- dignity.and honor' •
Of each, and with - the 'determination. y-t
not - only to.renioVe the entises
Plaint'in;the. Pa0,60 ,- ,.0,1 1 4 , 00:tP.P0r ..:11
dation of a. bread prineiple , loffpublits , G
law whichivill'prevent Inter() diffipplFiwil
ties and tend to,a !firricantreoritinkieci•;",'
peace and friendship: TO 404414, „ I
only grave luestion.whieh, tbo,Tipitp4,,, l l
States have**kV' day TOOign 'nation.
: The question of renewing a tpeaty•
ted States and 'the' . - 14.itiali priivipeprf;; ',
on this continent has not been favfm r ;,-
bly-considered by the Ad ministrationv•i
The adrantagesOf snekatretity
be wholly in' favor,, of, the
limes, epopt pqprolbly:_ti few,epgaged la
the trade between the•twp•seetions.—
No eitien of the United States' would -
be beneftted'by pee,
tertial.taxation,Weuld Prove a pretec- • •
Lion -to• ,the .British producer • almost .• •
equal to the protection• which our Mop: ;
ufacurera now receive ffool the tariff.
Some tirringemcint,' bowev . er,for. the .
re g ulation of coromprcankrmtorpoprso:
between the United R.tottl,it FoltbfoDor
.ininion o f cano.d!}•m,ci:y, !!!:1 cworObio :7l ... '
Thy commission for - .4djatititig thsi
claims of the gu.dson Say and Puget's
Sesnd 4grieultursil Icomptint-upoq
the 'United States;•hss terminated its',
labors.. The a d
been made, find all .49rigiOfi fl4/4 0 103 1 f -•
of the company qn tbe•tetTitory o op
United §tates ha , q) been Is*tiqgtished :
Ppeds,foi.. the property /.he compatty'„
have heen delivered. I , 4n appropris.-
-Lion by.• Congress to meet, this sum is