The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, February 10, 1864, Image 2

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    1t ' bC
Wednesday morning, Feb. 10, 1864,
W. Lewis, Editor and Proprietor
Our Flag Forever.
"/ know of no mode in which a loyal citi-.
seri may so well demonstrate his devotion to
his country as by sustaining the Flag the
Constitution and the Union, under all circum
The Decay of the Rebellion.
It is a fact beyond cavil, that the
rebellion is fast waning, and it is be
liefed that in another twelve-month
not an armed rebel will be found in
the United States. Every day we see
evidences of a speedy end to this hor-
. rible strife. The rebel journals admi
their .deplorable condition. Starva
tion stares them iu the face,—indeed
already is it gnawing at ' the very vi
-tals of the so•called Confederacy.
l'heir last levies are in the field, and
:all' that remains for our army to do;
ie to destroy the: rebels now in arms,
and- the war will come speedily to a
close. Thousands have deserted . their
'cause, cone : into our lines and taken
advantage of the . President's Amnesty
..Proelamation, and -thousands more
only wait a' favorable opportunity to
dome and do likewise. Open mutiny
' is the order of the day. The masses
Of the South are just beginning to
have their eyes open to the designs of
their leaders whom they have blindly
followed. They repudiate them and
deCinre their intention of coming back
to the old Union and renew their obli
gations to the old flag, whose ample
folds ever protected them fr,pm a for
eign foe or an internal enemy. The
soldiers denounce their leaders as
worse'than tyrants and boldly assert
that they wish to make slaves of them
all. Weask every reader of the Globe
to read the address of the Alabama
soldiers inviting revolt. It is a sea
thing.piece of composition, and does
justice to thoSe whOm they are pleas
ed to call "usurping profligates." They
were led into this thing blindly, and
they are determined to submit to it
no loner. What then will become
o . orb ern trai or iv.o is equa y
.despised by the loyal North and the
rebel South. Poor creatures, they
will be forced to'crowd into some ob
scure hole, where they will not be seen
or heard tell of, for fear of having their
nasty snakeshiii's ugly brains dashed
Although matters have taken a de
-oided change, we should not be over
..sanguine. The rebels will make a
last grand effort in the Spring, and
lie should be abundantly preparedto
meet With them it is life or
death. If they lose the first battle at
thEt . oPening of the campaign, all is
If they are victorious for a time
it will give - them new courage, now
energy, and brighter hopes, and may
prolong the war to an indefinite peri
od. All is despondency with them now,
and - one disastrous defeat will
late their army, and they *ill never
"fie able to raiseanother.
ARKA.Nsas is to come into the Uni
on.pnce moro, not, however, that "U
-nion as it was," or her "Constitution
as it is;" but as a free State with a free
: Constitution. If Arkansas can he
__(and there is no reason why she should
not) again made a party to the great
national compact of the, Union, as a
free State, it, will be the signal for the
return of every revolted State on the
same basis. In this manner the great
problem of treason, as it was presen
ted by the.slave-holding traitors, will
be solved. Every State that revolted
...for the purpose of increasing and
strengthening slavery, will be revolu
, tionizedire-organized and returned to
the Union as a free commonwealth.
- And for these_ results the friends and
the. enemies of the Union, will have
the slave holders' rebellion to thank.
To the effort to perpetuate slavery is
alone duo the great fact that slavery
cannot exist in the, American Union,
after the expiration of the present een-
m,..11r0 had the pleasure of a call
on Monday last from Capt. J A. Liv
ingston and Lt. Miller of Co. U. 55th
Regt, P. V. .These patriotic young
men are from this county, but in com
pany with Lt. A Portor also from
_this county, raised their company in
Bedford county, for three years, and
re-enlisted for ; the war. C. H. has
boon in South Carolina ' during the
greater part of tho time it has boon in
service. The oflicors and company are
enjoying good health.
New and interesting Books.—" Gene
ral Butler in Nati Orleans"--"Tbe Ca
' bin Boy"—"The Farmer Boy"—aud
"The Bobbin Boy." For sale at Lew
- is' Book Storm
ge r Valuable Real 413tato for sale—
See adverlisemuts.
The Rebel Amp
Mutiny of Alabama Soldiers.--Ain Ad
dress Inciting Aevat. —flitter Denun
ciation. of Me' Pebellion.
EDS. Cok;- - .-The following address
was procured by me from some rebel
soldiote in Calhoun county Alabama
a few days past. I was on secret ser
vice for the Government, and was
therefor in disguise, and the rebels
gave me the address, supposing me to
be a rebel soldier. There is no -mis
take as to its genuineness; and 1 know
that it was circulated to a_ considera
ble extent among the dis Satisfied rebel
soldiers. The following is the ad
dresS :
Tit4ESSEE! Three kears'ago we were
called upon to volunteer in the Con
federate army for a term of three
years ;and we all nobly responded to
the•call, with the express understand
ing that we were to bo discharged as
soon as our term of service expired.—
Indeed, We. were faithfully assured by
all of our officers that sues a course
would; be. pursued. The Secretary of
War proclaimed that those who volun
teered for 'three years or .during the
war,' would live to be discharged
from the army at the end
. of three
years. But, to our utter surprise, we
are now told that we must be conscrip-
ted and forced to enter the army for
another term of three years 1 Our feel
ings are not to be consulted—we must
be conscripted!
"Was such a thing ever heard of be
fore Do the annals of war furnish a
single instance of volunteer soldiers
being forced to continue in the ser
vice after the expiration of their term
of service ? Surely not ! If we search
the history of the world, from the days
of Adam down to the present, we will
find that; in every instance, a volunteer
soldier was discharged as soon as his
term of service expired, unless he, of
his own accord, re-enlisted as a volun
teer; and are we; Americans , once the
boast AO pride of. the worldz—aan WE
to be treated worse: than the heathen
of the dark ages.olthe world treated
their soldiers ? Are we to be made
the worst slaves ever known to the
'world ? And are we to becbme the
laughing-stock of the world ?
"FELLow SOLDIERS Is it not clear
in every rational mind that. our pom
pous and merciless rulers - are daily
stealing away oar rights and liberties,
and reducing ns to the most abjectsla
very ever known to the world ? And
shall we cowardly submit to this palpa
ble infringement upon our most sacred
rights? We were told that we must
come out to fight for our rights; yet
our inhuman leaders are gradually rob
bing us of every right inherited by na
ture or transmitted to us by our predeces
sors!l. The Federals did 'not hesitate
to discharge all their nine-months
troops whose teritrof service expired
last summer; they were promptly dis
charged, and their places filled up with
new levies'; and shall we suffer our
selves to be treated worse • than our
enemies are treated No, brave com
rades, let's assert our-rights, and un
flinchingly maintain them)! Let's
show our beastly rulers that they can . -
not thus enslaVe us because we are
private soldiers! They have already
cunningly led us to the very threShold
y laa,c , a—praoticia4
ono deception after another upon us;
they haVe told us lies—horrible lies—to
induce us to become their abject
• - tk-J-41k4a
"Among the innumerable lies pro.
mulgated by these unmitigated scamps
we call your attention to the follow
ing: They told us that the war would
not last three months; that foreign
nations would recognize us as an inde
pendent ,negple and help us fight ;
that the Yankees could not fight; that
one of us could whip • ten Yankees;
that Vicksburg could never be taken ;
that the Peace party of the North
would force Lincoln to make, peace
with the South; that we soldiers
should be discharged as soon as our
term expired, and that. we would not
be heavily taxed. These are but a
few of the many hypocritical lies pro
claimed by those conspirators who
have precipitated us into irretrievable
revolution. Shall we submit to be be
guiled by these unpardonable usurpers,
and permit our families to starve to
death through want of our labor at
"Are we not aware that if our all
Bence from our families be protracted
another term of three years, many of
them will suffer wretehealy for the
necessaries of life, if they do not starve
entirely to death 7 And aro wo not
bound by the most sacred laws known
to man to provide for' our families?—
And should we permit a set of usur
ping profligates to prevent us from
complying with this diVine law? By
the late laws of Congress, our families
are to be taxed to an almost, unlimited
extent; and if we submit to become
conscripts, the last ray of hope will
have to be expelled from our. hearts,
for wb can then hope for nothing but
an untimely State of abject slavery,
not only of ourselves, but also of our
"Now is the time to assort
rights, for if we wait longer our doom
will be forever sealed!: We Who write
this :address are determined to demand
our rights, and, if necessary; wo will
demand them at the point of the bay
onet ! We are not, enemies to the
South, but we:are lovers of our rights,
liberties, and families; and if wo must
lose all our sacred rights, and permit
oarfainilieii to starve, in order to sus
tain our wicked leaders in their de
ceptive course ' we prefer to return to
our allegiance to the old GOvernnient,
accept of Lincoln's pardon, and let the
leaders and their Confederacy go to
hell together? This may be hard lan
guage for men who have fought in
Many a hard battle to use, but silent
endurance ceases to be a virtue, and
confident are we-that the Government
of the United States can treat us no
worse than we aro being .treated by
our heartless offiCials, in the field as
well as at Riohmorid. •
"But we are told that if we will let
the authorities Conscript • us the war
will soon close, favorable 'to • our side I
Can any rational man credit such a
perfidious lie? Does not this con.
scripting business plainly say to the
world that we are' fast playing out?
that our weakness is rapidly manifes
ting itself even to our own deluded
minds ? Fellow 'soldiers, we have
been-too often deceived by these wily
liars to place the slightest confidence
in any thing they tell us They are
but invented lies to enable them to tie
the cord of despotism tighter around
our wrists ! Every intelligent soldier
among us knows that we aro already
whipped; and why not acknowledge
it at once? Why not show our lead
ers that we know we are whipped as
well as they do ? President Davis
virtually acknowledges thhi fact; so
do the Secretary of. War and the Sec
' rotary of the Treasuiy ! What use is
there for us to contend against a dead
currency and an empty commissary
in the face of the best army ever mar
shalled for combat ? Think of these
things, fellow soldiers, and decide what
shall bo your course. We have made
up our minds to, go hoMe as soon as
our time is out!
The italics and capitals are the au
thor's; the punctuation is mine. I have
the original copy in my possession.
Dog Meat for Union Prisoners.
The Richmond ExaMiner of the 28th
ultimo Contains the following:
"Warning to Dogs.—According . to
the statement of 'A Citizen,' who
writes us on the subject. Belle Isle,
the depot of the Yankee prisoners in
Richmond, is unhealthy for dogs,,es
pecially well-conditioned dogs. "The
Yankees oat them," and this our cor
n spondent knows froth facts that
have come within his knowledge. Sev
eral gentlemen on that 'lone barren
isle' have lost, recently, their favorite
heel companions, and our correspon
dent affirms that it is well known to
the guard that the Yankees caught,
fricasseed and eat them l And that,
moreover, the Yankees haVe begged
some citizens to let them have their
dogs to eat. Horrible! We are ad
vised, if We , doubt the statement of
our correspondent, to visit the island
and take, a dog along,. and we will
come away alone and convinced.
All we have to append to this dog
story is, that we never did admire
Yankee taste in anything; but if they
prefer a steak of canine, meat to the
rations of beef, bread, potatoes and
soup furnished them from the Com
missary Department by the prison
officials, it is to their liking, not ours.
Some animals of a carnivorous nature
rather like the flesh of another ani
mal of a like nature,. In the above
case it is "dog eat dog," :perhaps."
Despite the brutal buffoonery of the
writer of this characteristic article,
one thing is very clearly proved by it,
to wit : that the stories of the semi
starvation of the Union prisoners at
Richmond are true. Wo know some
thing of "Yankee tastes," and we
know that Yankees will not eat dogs
if they can procure sufficient beef,
bread, potatoes : and soup to support
life. The rebel editor has let out more
than ho designed letting out in his ar
ticle, and ho has also proved that men
cruel enough to starve prisoners of
war can also be mean enough to scoff
and mock at the sufferings of their
Changes Wrought by the War,
In "Cudjo's Cave," a war novel by
J. T. Trowbridge, well known as . a
contributor to the Atlantic Monthly,
we fled the foltowillg -berm tiful - part -
graph: •
"How many a beloved 'good-for- .
nothing' has gone from our streets and
firesides, to reappear far off in a vision
of glory! The school-fellows know
not their comrade'; the mother knoWs
not her own son. The stripling, whose
outgoing and inooming were . so fami
liar te us—iinpulsire, fun lovinff, a lit
tle vain, a little selfish, apt to Co cross
when the supper was not ready, apt
to come late and cross when
the supper was ready tind waiting—
who ever guessed what nobleness was
in bins I His country called, - and ho
rose' up a patriot. The fatigue of
marches, the hardships of camp and
bivouac, the hard , faxe, the injustice
that must be submitted to, all the ter
rible trials of the body's strength and
the soul'i, patient endurance—these
he bore with the superb buoyancy of
spirit which - denotes the hero. Who
was it that caught up the colors, and
rushed for Ward with them into the
thick of the battle, after the fifth Mau
who attempted it had been shot down ?
Not the village loafer, who used to go
about the streets dressed so shabbily ?
Yes, the same. He fell, covered with
woundsi and glory. The rusty and
seemingly useless instrument we saw
hang se long idle on the walls of soci
ety, none dreamed to be a trumpet of
sonorous note until the soul eame and
blew a blast. And what has become
of that white-gloved, perfumed, hand
some cousin of yours, devoted_to his
pleasures, weary. even of those—to
whomwhom life, with all its lhxuries,, had
become a bore ? He full in the trench
es at Wagner. Ito had distinguished
hiniself by his daring, his liardi 7 hood,
his fiery love of liberty— When the
nation's alarm beat, his manhood stood
erect; he shook himself; all hiS past
frivolities were no more than dust to
the name of this young lion. The war
has proved useful if only in this, that
it has developed the latent heroism in
our young men, and taught us what is
in humanity, in our 'fellows, in our
selves. Because it has called into ac
tion all this gerseroaity and courage, if
for no other cause, lot us forgive its
cruelty, though te chair of the belov
ed one bo vacant, the bed hnslept in,
and the hand cold that penned the
letters in that sacred drawer, which
cannot even now be opened without
grief." -
"TILE OLD FLAG."-A letter from
Chattanooga, after speaking of the
erection of a lofty flag-staff on the
peak of Lookout Mountain, from which
now floats the Old Flag, says:
I must toll you an affecting little
scene that I witnessed when we first
crossed Lookout about the Gth of Sep
temher. We were marching along at
"route step" with our colors furled and
in their black cases, when we porceiv
ed 'about a dozen of the fair sex in one
of those everlasting southern porticos,
watching us as we passed. We had
got nearly by, when 000 of the young,
ladies stopped out to the front, and
said, "Boys, we want to see the' old
flag." Oh ! such a shoat as went up;
banners soon - unfurled, music struck
up,•the mon took stop, hats without
number went into the air, and the
hurrah lasted for a good hour, and
the women all cried.
Fortress Monroe, Feb. 2.-The stea 7
mer S. 11; Spaulding, Captain Howes,
arrived to-day With , tvienty-one rebel
pi•isoners;from Newhall': They - were
recently captured in Notify Carolina
by the 9th Vermont reglme - nt.
Major General Butler has just reed.
the official report from the following
expedition sent out in this department:
On the 26th ult. General Palmer sent
an expedition to capture a force of re
bel cavalry in Jones and Onslow coun
ties, North Carolina. They .succeeded
in routing the enemy, and captured
twenty-three mon, with their horses
and equipments. They also destroyed
from one hundred and fifty thousand
to two hundred thousand pounds of
pork, seventy bushels of salt, ton thou
sand potinds of tobacco,- thirty-t*o
barrels of beef, and captured .a large
number of mules and horses.
On the 27th ult. Captain Cady of
the Twenty-fourth New York Batte
ry, proceeded with his command to
Tyrol! county, N. C., Where they cap
tured five men there employed in a
series of robberie. They also took
two rebel officers and one' thousand
sheep. There is a large rebel force at
Kinston, probably' anticipating an . at
Rebel Attack at Bachelor's Creek.
Fortress Monroe, Fab. 3, 8 P
The following despatch has been reed:
Newborn, N. C., Feb. 1, 8 P 111.—To
Major General 'Butler . :—Early this
morning our outposts at. Bachelor's
Creek were attacked by the' enemy
represented to be 15,000 strong, con
sisting of Hoke's Brigade and Picket's
entire division. It being impossible
to make an adequate defence, our force
fell back in good order, destroying the
camps, abandoning but few stores,
with the loss of fifty to one hundred
men and one section of light artillery.
Our forces are now so arranged that
we aro confident of a successful resis
Almost simultaneously with this at
tack the enemy advanced on the south
side of the Trent, with what force it
is difficult to estimate, and were hand
somely repulsed.
Our communications continue with
Morehead city, but the enmity are
near. the railroad with the evident in
tention of cutting it. The Comman
der at Beaufort, is aware of the situa
tion, and will use every effort to pre
vent the interruption of the road.
J. W. PALMER, Brig. Gen
LATER.-The section of artillery
supposed to be captured, is at Buck
Creek, and may be preserved.
The Raid on the. Baltimore and Ohio
Wheeling, Va., Feb. 3.—General
Kelley telegraphs this afternoon to
Governor Boreman that the rebels
have been driven back from the line
of the railroad at all points, and are
now in full retreat, vigorously pursu
ed by: our troops. •
The damage to the North Branch
and Patterson - Creek bridges is ' but
trifling, and the Baltimore •and Ohio
in working' ordor in
two days. •
Governor Boreman has also receiv
ed a despatch from Gallipolis, stating
that the steamer Levi, which left that
place for Charleston, West Virginia:
last night ; was = captured and burned
at Bed House; on the Kitnawha.River.
Brigadier General Scammon and ono
of his staff were taken prisoners. The
rest of the pa stingers and the crow
were released: • .
The rebels also burned the telegraph
office at Red House. •
The telegraph is now working over
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Briltimore, Feb. B.—The most relia
ble-advices aro now that General Kel
ley has driven the rebels entirelyfrom
all parts of the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad. Our cavalry whipped them
where they came in conflict, killed
and wounded many and took quite a
number. of prisoners. The damage
done to the bridge at Patterson's
Creek waa trifling, and will be repair
ed soon.
The telegraph again works to Cum
berland, and the trains will run regu
larly through to-morrow or next day.
There has been no crossing of rebels
into Eastern Maryland. It is believed
the raids on the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad were to cover other rebel
movements and forplunder:
- Headquarters Western Virginia, Feb.
3.After we drove the enemy : from
the bridges, yoSterday, the rebels com
menced a rapid retreat, our cavalry
closely following them up, and skir
mishing ensuing.
Last night a portion of Gen. Sulli
van's forces, in attempting to cut the
enemy off, encountered a large force
of rebels in Mechanicsburg Gap, near
Romney; and in the neighborhood of
this gap a fight took place.. We e
ventually sleceeded in compelling the
enemy to take another road to the
right, and they skedaddled with con
siderable precipitancy:
In: this engagement we took a num
ber of prisbners. :In retreating the
enemy hastened to make a junction
with the main rebel forces near Moore
It is believed that Gen. Sullivan's
and Col. Mulligan's columns have for-
Med a junction, and are now pursuing
the rebels vigorously: If the enemy
escapes our forces he certainly will not
bo able to take any large portion of
The Position of Affairs at Knoxville
Washington, Feb. 6.---Private infor
mation direct from. Chattanooga, is to
the effect that sevoral days ago, tho'
thoro was a force at Dalton, the main
body of the rebel army was tit Rome,
, under Johnston. • •
.The latter fact is accounted for . on
the ground either - that the. enemY
were forced to go to Rome for conve
nience to their supplies, or to prevent
desertions—bel.weeu 8,000 and 9,000
men having come into our: lines since
the battle at Missionary .Ridge.
There is no such : alarm Chattan
ooga;about the safety of our troops
in the neighborhood of Knoxville., as
seems to. prevail elsewhere, and many
of the published accounts to that off
ect are characterized as exaggeration.
The courier line between Chattan
ooga and Knoxville was uninterrup
A Battle Fought at Moorfield—Defeat
of General Early—Large Losses of
the Enemy.
Tiflieeling, Tra. ' Feb. sth.—Governot
Rottman received the following des
patch from Gen. Kelley, this morning:
"I have just received a dispatch from
Colonel Mulligan, statir, that, after
six hours' hard fighting, he has driven
the rebels, under Early, from Moor
field; and his cavalry was pursuing,
and was sharply :engaged with Genf:
Rosser, on the South Fork at the date
of the dispatch."
New York; feb. 5.--We have recd.
the folloWing special dispatches thin
. .
In the Field, Feb. 5, 6 P M.—After
six hours' hard fighting, Col Mulligan
drove General Early from Moorfield,
and then sharply engaged Gen Rosser
on the South Fork. We have Met
with signal and brilliant success.
Headquarters in the Field, West
Virginia, Feb. s—General Early has
been compelled to retreat up the south
fork of the• South branch, towards the
Shenandoah Volley, in consequence of
the vigorous manner in which he has
been attacked and pursued by General
Kelley's forces.
Our combinations have proved suc
cessful in defeating the enemy's de
signs. We have taken a number of
prisoners, and have recaptured many
of-those taken from us. Our forces
drove the enemy out of Petersburg.
The enemy have lost a large num
' ber of men by desertion, and deserters
continue to come in. The oceupatio
of the wires with military business
precludes the possibility of sending a
longer dispatch at this time.
Patterson's Creek, Va., Feb 4, P M.
Messrs Editors Baltimore American:—
As there are various reports afloat in
regard to the surprise and capture of
a company of the 54th Pennsylvania
infantry, stationed at this place, I have
concluded to drop you a line and give
you a brief account of the affair. At
half-past eleven o'clock, A M., of the
2d, ninety rebels, commanded by the
notorious guerilla, Major Gillmore,
came to our -pickets who -were sta
tioned about thrde hundred yards
from the platform. As the rebels were
dressed in our uniform, they captured
the pickets without the firing of a gun
and from thence they came to the
camp, where they killed two of our
men, wounding, and captured all
the rest save ten, who made their es
cape to Cumberlapd, Maryland. At
twelve o'clock the rebels proceeded to
the North Branch bridge, which they
injured considerably. The rebels were
about three hundred and eighty in
number, commanded by Gent Rosser.
]Correspondence of the t. Y, Herold.]
Hilton Head, S. C., Jan. 31.—The
situation has not materially changed
since my last communication. The
enemy remain quiescent, so far as of
fensive operations are concerned.—
They have fired very fbw shots within
the past two or three weeks, although
we have_ steadily maintained a fire on
the *city. Even when our shells are
thrown into Beauregard, Moultrie,
Simpkirs, or any of their batteries,
they_do not deign to notice our move
monts but preserve a silence that su , -
gests new plans. They have- for the
most part been exceedingly lavish in
their expenditure of ammunition, but
with meagre results. On Thursday
last, however, there was .a change in
the program - tie. At daylight our
lookout' at Cummings' Point'obServed
the rebels on the southwest angle of
Fort Sumter busily at work, piling up
the debris on the shattered parapet, in
the form . of a, battery,
_Cur gnus were
immediately' opened uptni them, and
Fort Sumter again: bombarded.
The rebels for some tune continued
to labor, in spite of bursting shells.—
But finally several shells. having ex•
ploded in rapid succession in that part
of the fort, knocking doWn the debris
they had piled up, they disappeared,
and relinquished . their design. Our
guns contiued to fire at intervals dur
ing the day and following night, and
leveled off parapet even with
the crest of the debris: Our fire
doubtless occasioned seine casualties,
as the following day two or three
corpses floated ashore at Battery
Gregg, probably from Fort Sumter.
From information derived from a
variety of sources we learn that our
fire upon Charleston is doing conside
rable damage both to. persons and
buildings. Shells drop in and explode
at intervals of five minutes, day and
night, in that :portion of the city to
which the. residents about the Battery
removed when we first opened on the
town. -The . plado of reftue hes ceased
to be regarded as perfectly, safe. Peo
ple who moved their worldly effects
froth down town to the upper wards,
and fondly imagined that theylWere
Secure froth all visitations froth Yan
kee shells, have long since had that
illusion rudely dispelled. House in a
certain area are terribly shattered and
perforated by our shells and rendered
untenable. So another hegira.•Oecur
red, and people .now live in tents„Slab
shanties, barns, stables, cotton houses,
clear in the outskirts of' the city, and
are by no means as - comfortable as
they could desire.
Within the past •ten days a large
number of deserters and refugees have
entered our line's from Georgia and
Florida. One boatload of soldiers
from the Savannah Grays, came in
three or four dayS ago.. They were
eight in number, and very comfortably
clothed. Their story differs in no
particular from that told us by every
one who has comeWithiii Our lines du
ring tho past six months..
Colt's Pistol Factory Burned.
BARTFOItp; Fob. 5.--The o
riginal building of Colt's pistol factory
was destroyed by fire. this thorning,
with all the machinery and other pro,
The building was five hundred feet
long and sixty feet wide, with a wing
100 by 60 feet; and an office building
three stories in height.
The new,building, in which Minh)
rifles are made, was saved.
Seven Wen hundred workmen are
employed in- the works;-about 900 of
Wilma will' be theown out-of employ
ment. The loss will reach at least
$500,0001 indeed, the machinery alone
NYite Valued' at that Sem. Thera 'is' an
insurance of $750,000` in Neil , York
and Now England offices.
[For the Globe.]
Indianola, Texas, Jane 19 f 1881.
dent of your.county;•-which I claim as
my plriee of birth, and in my boyhood
days a readerofymir'paper, I thought
that some of; my schoolday friends
wOuld•now be glad to hear, through
your eolitinns; from one that has long
been a Stranger tothem and the home
of his childhood, but has always thro'
the fourteen years of absence in the.
west,. looked back to scenes that Were
and aro yet dear to him, trying .to re
cill the_tooksof each happy .faen that
sported with me on the sehoolbouse
green, or met and ,enjoyed Aursolves
in the Sabbath-sehool or singir.g-room.
But why shou)d "I•think
.t4t. these
boys and girls are still Om some.
sometimes 'think ' tbat they
,are,: yet
young, as I left them, bUt when I-view
my own adventurous life and see the
changes fourteen short years haVe
made in• me, then' comes the convic
tion that the children of those days
are now either in their graves, or like
myself, battling with the realities of
life in the full strength of matihooci.—
What shAll I say for the good old'fa
thers and mothers 'that used to greet
•us so kindly 'Alas l•I fear thatrina
ny of them are in their graves. The
young mon probably, like myself;are
in the army of the Union, fighting to
sustain the flag our fathers gave us.—
But I am digressing.--
I said that my life had been an ad
venturous onp, fully half of those four
teen years having been spent on the
frontiers of the west; and often in the
camps of the different tribeS of savages
that yet fill the plains - lathe base of
the Rocky Mountains. 3is , first expe
rience of war was in the Kansas trou
bles, being-a resident of that Territory
in the days of Brown, Montgomery,
Lane and Stringfellow; and to-day a
soldier in the DepartMent of the Gulf,'
having been one for thirty-three mos.,
and expect to remain one till peace
shall be once more declared in this
once happy , country. .
As there are no Pennsylvania troops
here, I will try to give you the condi
tion ofthings. Our division comprises,
all the troops, with the exception of
detachments of. the lath . and 15th
Maine regiments, and a few regiments
of the Corps D'Afrique, which are do
ing garrison ditty at Fort Esperenza, -
a fort captured by.9ar ,forces at the
first landing on Mattagorda Island,
Pass Cavallo. The rest of us are here
expecting to.move forward daily, as
we have orders to that effect for seve
ral days. The first move will be made
on .the town of LaVaeo, on Lavaco
Bay, about fifteen miles from hero,
where it is said that a pretty strong
garrison of the enemy is stationed, and
the rumor is believed, for, only a week
ago, the enemys cavalry made a dash
on this place, but they did not like
the reception we gave ;them and re.
tired at Texan pony speed, but they
still hover round. We can see them
at almost any time moving about on
the prairie in our front, like so many
spirits of darkness, but they take good
care not to come within reach of our
guns. We are going to them, arid
when we meet than it will be for vie-•
tory, for, let me tell you, that the men.
that compose this army have been tried
and never yet shown their backs to
the foe. They are men from all the
western States who have been immured
to hardships from infancy, and with
their corps have participated in eigh 7
teen battlea under brave Genl..Grant,
from the taking of Fort Henry to the.
capture of Vicksburg, and never were
• This State, as far as I have seen, is
•fit for nothing, but grazing. On one
side there is not, as•farAS the eye pan
sea, Over a level Conntry, a single tree,
shrub, or bash with the exception of
a few miserable . imitations of: cedar,
which stand in the yards of the citi
zens ; and on • the other, nothing but
the, water Of tavaci:i Bay. The plain
is covered with long horned cattle that
Texas is fameus for raising, and sore
eyed sheep that don't ovou entice ti•
soldier's appetite.
This town is a very pretty place,
! about two thousand five hundred in
habitants, who all ran off on . oar ap
proach; with the exception of forty
families that profess to be Union. The
buildings are not' large, principally
built in the cottage•style. The streets
are, wide and clean, many.of which
are paved with shells collectedifrom
the Gulf •of Mexico. Wo are about
one hundred and fifty miles south-west
of. Galveston and
.about ono hundred
miles east of Rio Grande river the
dividing line between -Mexico and the.
United States.
Mr Editor, not write any
more at present, for fear this may not
be favorably received. If you think
it univortby your columns; or. if the
writings of a true Union -man. do not
suit your paper; please hand it to the
editor of the other paper, if there is
any, and if nono, - throw it (leder your
table and if yolt insert it in your
columns, send me a copy; and if you
desire,'l shall, PS well as my poor abil
ity will allow, give you scenes and in
cidents as they happen in this army.
I will close by signing myself your
humble servant, - -
ALEX. RA:NL§EY, Color Sere,.
Co. A 114th Regt. Ohio Vol:lnfy,
Department of the Gulf
The Rebel Conduct of the War in
• Future.
The time has
, passed , for offensive
Military oporntions on the, part of
Southern armies, Beyond recovering
lost portions of territory, the true pol
icy now is to risk nothing. At first,
before Maryland, KentuekTand Mis- ,
souri were lost, we might have gain
ed much by taking Washington and
penetrating to the centre of the ene
my's power. But Ni7o' the') threw our
selves On the defensive, all Owed our
soil to be invaded, consented that our
own supplies Should sulisist the troops
01 both belligerents, and' suffered 'the
extensive belt between the two hos,
tile nations, which, was desolated .by
the contending forces ; to be taken
from our own territory. Our means
of subsistence have now' - been . ttiefar
exhausted to admit any other 'than do
fensivo tactics. We must stand be- .
hind the wide belt of land' Which, War
has devastated, and put oar -enemy to_
the liazard and th(!c cost, of crossing
that-wilderness ;of destitutior.. We
may recover TefiriCssee and Arkansas .
we may carry our lines to the bank - s
"Of the Potomac, We may pre:vent 'the
navigation of the Mississippi by the
constant presence, at certain points,
of movable batteries .of : artillery; but
in these, and in 'all-Our military enter
prises and operations, we
,niust ob
serve the wary 'ttiefidg of Fabius, and
win the battle- by,risking nothing.,
Hereafter our strength• will Consist
in oar very povecty. Our ;Country is
too sparsely inhabited, too' treareely
supplied with food and forage;'lcr
successfully invaded fortm - „indefinite
period.: The war will last as .long as
the North Call. nciaintain muster-roll
strengthof threoleuirters ofr.4 milliow
and support an areny of fear , . hundred
thopsand men at a distariceoCeeveral
hundred miles from its
. basltv of :sub
sistence. It has become With us-now
a simple question of endurance. We
can husband our resources; ,we - can
maintain our tirade's' et_ a standard of
strength apportioned to the 'produc
tive capacities of the' country; 4 when
outnumbered, we can weary the "ene
my and waste his ritrength.•hy 7 artful
manoeuvres, attackinginni •• in., detail
and destroying him by piece•tneats;
but if wo undertake More, we risk all.
. Our territory isStill; of vast diMen
sions, and presents noWhere any large
accumulations "of supplies. the
compact States of Europe, - where
ery foot of the soil is brought into
requisition, where agriculture is at the
maxiamin, where-overy -acre -groans
with redundant 'ercipS, invasion by
large •arinies is comparatively not on
ly practiCable, butprofitabie arid- self
sustaining. . There, armies move over
great dietances without the appendage
of leagues of wagon 'trains, drawing
their food along for hundreds of miles
behind .thern:' ease-- is very
differenton this contlienK:A :stri
king exemplification of-thefatitiewit
nessedlii the.ease Of EaSt"Tennessee,
where the Federal ' armies: arC '"now
compelled to retreat froin sheer- want
of supplies. Yet that country ;is em
phatically the granary of- the South.
The traveler on' the roadside,
from-Bristol to Ohattanooga, -in. the
month of June, more. wheat, - -! than if
he continues his journey onto Ticks
liurg, then travels by the Southern
route back alf.theway RiChn4nd,
then up the 'famed James river valley,
and through Southwest Virginia to
136 MA-twain. 1 .1. 1 4 e. enemy have oc
cupied east, Tennessee, only four - or
five months: -They entered _in 'Au
gust; just after an unusually abundant
harvest of all crops' had been' secured,
rendered greater'by the extraerdina
rk exertions of • the inhabitants, - put
forth under the invitation of Mr. •Pa
vis's corn planting proclamation,. of
last spring. Just after the heaviest
crop ever raised in that productive
grain country.had matured, our forces
were..called out of it by Bragg,' :and
the enemy invited to enter and enjoy.
Yet they are now forced to evacuate
a large portion of the most, productive
meat and corn country in- the Confed
eracy, from sheer want of supplies.'
The fact proves that no portion of
our territory will long support 'the
presence of an army. - It proves that,
in order to our subjugation; the' North
must transport several hundred -thou
sand troops over distances of hundreds
of miles, and support them at those
long'distances—with 'supplies brought
from home. With the South, the du
ration of the war is simply a question
of a continued supply of food for peo
ple and . army. With the .North
duration is, a question of - enlistment
and finance—a question of recruiting
a muster-roll strength of at least three
quarters of a.million'of men for their
armies, and ofmaintaining a system
of finance taxed With..the cost of trans
porting four or fivelaindred thoirsand
troops and their subsistence, over dis
tances of many. hundreds'rtf
The South can-hold out indefinitely,
even after all thisweetri'and extrava
gance, if only at the eleventh hour,
she dims not go mad. The Richmond
Congress can bringher to subjugation
in six--months by conscripting
her 'present , 'prMiliCing- .clnsses and
thrusting thern!inte . en unclad'and un
fed sillily. great want is more
food and clothing''-ti; Want which .can-
Inot be supplied by:multiplying Months
'backs'and feet, at the. expense-..of.the
producers of provisions amid 'covelp g .
The first duty of Government to
provide these supplieo; - atid:: if they
cannot be provided except, by: weak
ening the arthy,''the'alternative i must
be adopted- of 'resisting. With smaller
armies, using.the tactics of-Fabius and
the strategy of, defeaceictimend
Examiner. , . • •
AnKA.NsAs.---Fort• Smith, Feb. 3.
Tho Union •• Convention, at Little
Rock ' has nominated' Judge:.lsaac
Murphy for . Provisional:Governer, and
have organized a Provisional State
Government. Its proceeding's are to
be submitted to a vote of the people
in May next • County officers will ho
elected in Many parts of the State in
. •
- Bixty head or poling sound Rorsen
mares wanted on.und after January 12th, up -
to February 12th.: Peed prices will be paid.
Huntingdon, Jan 6, 1606. , JACOII riEttakii.
G. W. Caippnter, Ilenszey & Co's
No. 737 Market Bt., .I"Mladelphia
. . . „ .
The subscriber keeps conntantiy:on.hand a large stock
TICAL PREPARATIONS, and every other article which
.appertaios to the business, eintnacing the most ext..nsive
variety ; ulso,i PAINTS, OIL end GLASS, of every &scrip-
Gon. . . ' . - •
All articles purchased from us can be relied on as being
of the most superior quality and at as low prices as they
can be had. We can offer such lutincementsas will make
it ,the interests of purchasers to lay kr their supplies
from us; and; give us their future patronage, and invite
all who visit the city, to sail at onrastablishinemt. Alt
orders addressed to us by mall or otherwthemill meet
with prompt attention, ,
737 Placket Stree,s.lnalldda.
For the Fruit, Flower and Kitchpn dAfrien.
1861 . TECO ,
o. P. PRENCKLOE,,Perit;terielt;
'Office: NO. 23 North Sixth St; Philada.
TERMS 131.50 A YNAR.
EDITED . 131' 2710.1.1:95. M4ELIAN.
Iltwrs—Flower Garden on Victim(' *Ground ; Fruit
Carden; 'Vegetable (larder; ilVlidlow , (laid. log.
COMSIVNICATIONEI—EmIFacIng 'the views of the beet
wrhors oµ llarticulturo, arboricultura,..t Muni. Affairs.
I arrontat—tliviug the editor's' views on the Itoporteut
llortomitural improvement.
With each Department handsomely
These general features will be retained, and the• pub
-Ilsbor pledge% Mantel( that no labor or- expanse shall be
'Spared to reader tho Succeeding issues.7of the Magazine
every way. worthy of the favor:with" which hhi previous
eliarp; have ;Amu amply raNyarded. • ;•.
.Jan. 27, /,881-3.t.
Bur eale nt tho hardware etnro of • •
4. 3, 1884 • JAM A. BROW