Newspaper Page Text
IV - H. LEWIS, Editor and Eroprictot
A. TYIEURST, Associatc 'Editor.
11' EAMS.—. 4 Tits Owsa.' . is publithrit Niraa weak at
sl.sa a .rar-75 coots far Ms moutbs—N cents fur
- - -
Thursday afternoon, April 17, 1862.
aur Flag Forever
' OOO 00 1 ;
We have not the time nor the incli
nation, to dun personally, a large TRlM
her of Persons who have unsettled ac
counts upon our hooks of several years
standing. We shall, therefore, from
day to day, without respect to persons,
place into the hands of a Justice for
collection, all accounts of over two
years standing. All those who wish
to save expense, will do well to give
us a call immediately.
GEORGE PEABODY, the American
Banker in London, has donated £150,-
000 to the poor of that city. His mag
nificent gift has excited a great deal
of comment and praise from the London
press. During his successful career,
he has given away to charitable ob
jects, one million eight hundred thous
and dollars. The Harrisburg Telegraph
says that he is a native of Danvers,
:31 - assachusetts, and a descendant of the
Pilgrim Fathers, his ancestors having
emigrated from St. Albans to New
England in 1035. lle began life poor,
as an office boy, when eleven years old.
At fifteen he was a merchant; and at
twenty-seven partner in a Baltimore
'house, with branches both at New
York and Philadelphia. In 1837 he
went to England, and, entering the
banking business in London, has since
then remained there.
THE attendance at Court this week
has been pretty strong, though we hear
of little or no business of importance of
a criminal character coining before . it.
number of our patrons gave us a
friendly- call before leaving for their
homes, for which they will please ac
cept our thanks. A great many more
should have called, but, perhaps, they
are waiting for those good times con
ing' when they expect us to 'peg out'
and forgive their short comings.
HOW TO BANISH RATS.—A corres
pondent of Gardner's Monthly says :
" I tried the effect of introducing into
The entrance of their holes, runs or
hiding places, a small piece of chloride
of lime or bleaching powder, wrapped
in cativo, and stuffed into the entrance
holes, and thrown loose by the spoon
ui the drain from the house.—
'This drove them away for a twelve
'month, when they returned to it.—
They wore again treated in the same
planner, with a like effect. The cure
was most complete. I presume it was
the chloride of gas which did not agree
with their olfactories."
TILE lion, Theodore Prelinghuysen
.died at his residence at New Bruns
wick, New Jersey, on Saturday last.
lie held several important and promi
nent offices under the National Gov
ernment. In 1844 ho was nominated
by the Whig party, for Vico President
of Ile United States—Henry Clay hav
ing been ii.owinsbad on the same ticket
or Preohtent. He was in the 75th
year of his age.
WE neglected to mention in our
Tuesday's issue that a thanksgiving
sermon was preached from. the 3Leth
pclist, Presbyterian, and German Re
formed pulpits on Sunday last, in ac
cordance with the expressed wish of
President Lincoln, that religious bodies
a all denominations, should join in
praise agd th,anksgiying to the God of
battles, who has vouchsafed us SQ many
IT is rumored that the Emperor of
France— Napoleon lll—has resolved
not to recognize the bastard govern
ment of Jeff Davis & Co., even as
belligerents, but hereafter will treat
4.hem as they deserve, namely—as pi
HON. SimoN CAM'qtON was arrested
n Philadelphia on Tuesday, upon a
warrant issued on oath of Pierce But
ler, Esq., charging him with the illegal
detention of Mr. Butler in Fort Ivtfity
ate last summer.
,TOHN DOUGHERTY, ESQ, Of ,IOLlIlt
Union, delivered an address before the
Agricultural Society, in the Court
House, on Tuesday evening. it is
spoken very highly of by those who
ear ‘ d it,
LMPQRTANT. — If the ladies, pupposed
to be teachers, who purchased three
books ands hard cards at Lewis' Book
Store, on Thursday the 3d inst., will
pall again when convenient to be in
town, or write to us informing A 9 of
their locality, they may hear of c)
thind to their advantage. CM -ft
ADMITTED.—On Wednesday, on mo
tion of A. W. Benedict, Esq., Rudolph
MeMurtrie, Esq., was admitted to
practice law in the several courts of
Huntingdon county. Mr. MeMurtrie
pursued the study of the law in the
office of Win. P. Orbison, Esq., and
passed a good examination. He is a
gentleman of fine literary attainments;
an excellent scholar, having graduated,
with high honors, at Yale College; has
a good knowledge of the law; is a
clever fellow, and we predict for him a
brilliant career of usefulness in the
At the same time, on motion of Wm.
P. Orbison, Esq., A. L. Grim, Esq., was
admitted to practice law in the several
courts of Huntingdon county. Mr.
Grim studied law in the office of Wil
son and Petrikin, and also passed a
good examination. lie is a self-made
man, and certainly deserves praise for
the perseverance and energy he has
manifested in the prosecution of his
studies. He has also been endowed
with a large share of natural talent,
which he has cultivated, until lie is
destined to become a brilliant orna
ment in the profession he has adopted.
We wish both the most unbounded
success in their professional underta
We fear there is something wrong at
the bead of our army, and with some
of the Generals in command. There
appears to be a jealousy at work for
cing back some of those in command
who might possibly e adrance to honors
The Philadelphia Evening Bulletin of
the 15th, makes some timely remarks
which we copy:
TUE All.:111" lIEFORE Yon crows.—
Those who have been expecting a rapid
advance and an easy victory for the
army of General McClellan, on the
peninsula between York and James
rivers, are not very well informed as
to the circumstances in which the army
has been placed by the derangement of
the General's plans. Just as he was
about to begin operations in the field,
the army corps of General McDowell
was detached and made an indepen
dent command, As this corps, con
taining the very fine divisions of Gen's.
Franklin, McCall and King, had been
especially relied upon by McClellan, its
sudden withdrawal of course disturbed
all his arrangements. He found hint
self before Yorktown with fewer troops
than he had counted on, and without
authority to direct the movements of
McDowell's army corps.
General McDowell, placed in com
mand of the Army of the Rappahan
nock, sent his troops along the rail
road, employing some of the best reg
iments in rebuilding bridges, and re
laying tracks. He himself has remain
ed neatly all the time in Washington.
The telegraphic reporters send de
spatches almost every-day, which are
allowed to pass by the jealous and
watchful censorship, announcing the
important fact that "Major General
McDowell is in Washington to-day."
He may be engaged there in very im
portant work, but the public don't see
it. The only official despatch made
public from his army is that "an intel
ligent negro from Stafford county " has
reported to him that all the rebel troops
have left Fredericksburg for Richmond
and Yorktown. Thus Gen. McDowell,
with his "Army of the Rappahan
nock," finds himself without an enemy
in front of him, while an enormous
force is opposed to Gen. McClellan, and
placed behind formidable defenses ex
tending all the way across the penin
sula. It is astonishing that General
Wool, who has all along been so near
Yorktown, should have telegraphed
lately "that the army of the Potomac
was not likely to meet with much op
position." It shows either that he was
ignorant of what he should have known
well, or that he was himself a party in
the intrigues, political and military,
for the disparagement and injury of
We are not informed as to whether
General McDowell's fine army is to be
left to inglorious idleness or equally in
glorious drudgery in the Rappahan
nock Valley. There have been rumors
that many officers have sent for fishing
tackle, expecting to pass the summer
in angling in the abounding streams of
that region. But it is to be hoped that
something better will be given them to
do. In the meantime, we must ask
for patience for General McClellan.
He has been cruelly crippled, first in
the reduction of his force and next in
Ale total derangement of his plans.
Ho himself has uttered no word of com
plaint, but is going earnestly to work
to do his duty like a faithful soldier.
He could have done it sooner with the
aid of General McDowell; but wo are
quite sure he will do it well and glori
ously without such aid. The victory
will come as surely though not as
speedily as could have been wished.
It will cost more lives and money than
it would have done if illcelellan's plans
had not been disturbed. But for that
he wilt not be responsible,
SURPRISED AND WITHOUT PICKETS.-
The public, while rejoicing over the
victory of ittsburg Landing, begins,
as the news becomes clearer, to per
ceive that bad generalship was only
prevented from working fearful disas
ter by the dauntless courage of our
troops. it is asserted that but for the
rain, Beauregard and Johnston would
have attacked two days sooner, and in
that ease, that it would have been im
possible for Buell to have reached in
General Grant, too, it appears, cros
sed the Tennessee with only 35,000
men, thus placing himself, or being
placed by orGep, we do not yet know
which, within striking distance of a
rebel ;,I.rrny of from. sbi.j,y to 41 hundred
thousana men, the picked regiments of
the whole South . Meanwhile - tho army
of General Buell was con - ling forward
at irregular intervals, and was not
ready to support qr4nt, and, in fact,
came to his support at the I.7st minute
and by a forced march.
To crown all, after having pressed
the Tennessee, as it appears, totally
witbout necessity, previously to the
arrival of Buell, the brigade in advance
lotuSy Jay several miles west of the
river, and within a day's forced march
of Corinth, without a solitary picket
or vedette, to tell them whether Beau
regard might not be upon them, and
that they were, in fact, surprised in
the night, and a largo part of them
captured, with a number of cannon,
and their disorder communicated itself
to several Ohio regiments, who dis
graced themselves by refusing to stand
to their arms.
In these circumstances, wo regard it
as a most extraordinary triumph of
American courage, that Gen. Grant's
army were not entirely given up to
panic, and did not imitate the stampede
of Bull Run. That they stopd and
fought for a whole day, steadily main
taining their position on the west side
of the river, is a marvel of human bra
very; for they had no glimpse of relief,
nothing but the prospect of death on
every hand, until the firing of the gun
boats and the sudden appearance of
General Wallace on the right wing of
the enemy, began to turn the tido in
our favor. It was then five o'clock, P.
M., and, according to the accounts,
they had been fighting from two o'clock
in the morning.
Whose fault was it that our bravo
men were the victims of such general
ship? By whose orders did Grant
cross the Tennessee before Buell ar
rived, and by whose orders was it that
no pickets or videttes were out to give
warning of the coming of the enemy?
It was perfectly well known that the
two best generals in the rebel army lay
close to them, on the alert, desperate
and determined to find an Austerlitz
or a Waterloo. The precise thing that
occurred should have been anticipated:
that skillful generals would reenact
Napoleon, by precipitating themselves
upon a divided command.
General Mitchell is in Alabama.—
Will he be suitably sustained, or will
the rebels march suddenly on Hunts
ville before he is reinforced? The
country, while ready to crown the vic
tors, will bear no neglect without se
ver° criticism awl suitable punishment.
FROM NEW MEXICO,
Another Fight with the Rebels.—The En
emy Routed.— The Rebel Supply Train
Captured and Burned.—Union Loss
3 Officers and 20 Privates Killed, and
40 to 50 Wounded.
DENVER CITY, April 7, via air LESUCIIG,
April O.—lnformation received front
New Mexico states that on the 26th
ult. Col. Hough, with thirteen hun
dred men, reached the Apache pass.
His advance, consisting of three com
panies of cavalry, had an engagement
some distance beyond this place with
two hundred and fifty rebel cavalry,
and took fifty-seven prisoners. The
Union loss was four killed and eleven
At Pigeon rancho, fifteen miles from
Sante Fe, on the 28Lh, Col. Hough met
a force of 1,000 Texans, strongly post
ed at the mouth of a cannon.
The fight began about noon. Col.
Hough engaged them in front with sev
en companies, while Maj. Cherrington,
with four companies, engaged them in
the rear. The latter force succeeded
in driving the rebel guard away from
the supply train, which was captured
They also captured one cannon and
The fight continued desperately till
4 o'clock, when it ceased by mutual
consent. Col. Hough withdrew his
forces to a creek four miles distant.
The loss on the United States side was
three officers and twenty privates kill
ed, and from forty to fifty wounded.
The rebel loss is not known. Commu
nication between Col. Ifough and. Gen.
Canby is continually kept up.
IMPORTANT FROM ALABAMA.
One ITundred Miles of the Memphis and
Charleston Railroad Held by Union
Troops.—Flight of the Rebels Along
the Route.—The Rebel Communication
Between the South and Southwest Effec
tually Cut 12t}.
WASHINGTON, April 14.—The follow
ing dispatch has been received by the
Secretary of War, dated
NAsnvirr,E, Tenn., April 14
On Saturday morning two expedi
tions were started front Huntsville in
the cars. One, under Col. Sill, of the
Thirty-third Ohio, went cast to Ste.
venson, the junction of tho Chatta
nooga with the Memphis and Charles
ton Railroad, which point they seized,
two thousane of the enemy retreating
without firing a shot. Col. Sill. cap
tured five locomotives and a large
amount of rolling stock.
The other expedition, under Colonel
Torchin, of the Nineteenth Illinois,
went west, and arrived at Decatur in
time to save the railroad bridge, which
was in flames.
General Mitchell now holds one hun
dred miles of the Memphis and Charles
Despatches front Commodore Dupont.—
Another Advance by Our Forces.—
Colonization of Contrabands on St.
Simmons' Island.—Potatoes, Corn and
Cotton to be Planted.
W4SIIINGTO;sI, April 15.—The
Department has received despatches
from Commodore Dupont, enclosin ,, a
communication from Commander Gor
don, dated U. S. steamer Michigan,
Mal•ch 30th, from which it appears that
on the 17th ult., with the launches and
another armed boat, he entered Jeltyl
creek, and proceeded to Dubignous
place, where he discovered a deserted
battery of three guns, placed so as to
command that stream, and the remains
of a camp of some two hundred men.
A considerable number of cattle re
mained on the island, but they were
very wild upon our men approaching
On the 22d ult., the Bibb made her
appearance, and Captain Bartletto at
once commenced placing the buoys for
th.e bay and channel.
:commander Gordon says contrabands
continue to come to us. I sent a num
ber by the Potomkka to Fernandina
and also several by the Connecticut.
We landed our field pieces and a
strong force on Colonel's Island, and
obtained what wo needed, and that
night, after again firing a shell at Fan
cy Bluff, proceeded to St. Simmon's
and there I landed all the contrabands
with all their corn and provisions, tools,
etc., and having housed them, set them
to work, Already they have planted
the potatoes ;,to-morrow they will be
gin to prepare the land far corn.—
They have set np their -urn and I have
told them they are to plunt cotton and
thus become of use to themselves.
They seem contented; but without
the protection au vessel at the other
end of the Island they are in danger
of being interfered with by soldiers
landing in that direction and approach
ing them at night.
St. Simmons is a fine, rich Island
about ten ,miles long. On the North
Is a village called Frederica. It is said
to be a healthy place.
A thousand blacks could be usefully
employed here, and made self-support
ing. Such a colony, properly man
aged, would do much good. Those
that are now here, some forty in num
ber, live on T. Butler King's place, and
are under cover of our guns.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE.
to Signs of the illerrimae—Fears for
the Safety of Richmond Entertained by
the Rebel Press—The James River
Recommended to be Obstructed with
FonTaEssNam:, April I.s.—Noth
ing has been seen of the Merrimac to
The tide has been low and this may
have kept her in.
Early this morning a rebel tug ran
out from behind Sewell's Point, but
soon returned. Later in the day there
was a largo fire in the woods on the
point apparently from the burning of
brush which attracted the attention of
the curious and gave rise to some
speculation that the rebels were build
ing a new battery there.
The Richmond paper contains an
editorial exhibiting considerable fear
for the safety of Richmond. It inti
mates that the Monitor, Naugatuck
and Galena, all armored vessels, might
easily come up the James river, and
by their invulnerability and powerful
guns, take and keep possession of the
To prevent such a result it proposes
that the channel of the James river
shall be obstructed with stone. • It
says it is abundant for the purpose,
and should be used at once.
ANOTHER VICTORY !
FORT PULASKI TAKEN.
Unconditional Surrender of the Garrison.
—Terrfic Bombardment.—Our Par
rott Guns Did the TVork.—The TPalls
Breached and the Magazine Pierced.
—llebel Loss Four Wounded.—The
Xumber of Prisoners Unknown.
BALTIMORE, April I.s.—The Savan
nah Rp i nuldican. of the 12th an
nounces the unconditional surrender of
Fort Pulaski upon the preceding day.
Seven large breaches were made in
the walls by our batteries of Parrott
guns at King's landing, and all the 11:\r
bett guns on that side and three case
mate guns wore dismounted.
Three balls entered the magazine.
bigtialled the, guy previous to surrender,
that our fire was so terrible that no
human being could stand upon the
parapet fbr even a moment.
Fou•raEss 3.1.0.Nu0E, Apritls.—A. flag
of truce went up to Cranny Island this
afternoon and brought back two Noi•-
They were taken to Headquarters.
and though containing the important
information of tho unconditional sur
render of Port Pulaski an effort was
made in accordance with the policy
that prevails here, to keep even good
news from the representatives of the
I am, however, enabled to give yon
the substance of the glorious news as
published in the Savannah Republican.
It says substantially that it learns
with deep regret that after a gallant
defence against guns mostly superior,
Fort Pulaski surrendered uncondition
ally at 2 o'clock p. .3t. yesterday, the
Corporal Law, of the _Pulaski Guard,
who did not leave Thunderbolt until
after the flag was hauled down, brings
the intelligence of the event.
The surrender was unconditional.
Seven largo breaches were made in
the south wall by the Federal batteries
of eight Parrott guns, at King's Land
All the barbette guns on that side
were dismounted, and also three of the
casemate guns, leaving but one gun
bearing on that point.
Three balls entered the magazine,
and a clear breach was made in it.
The balls used were conical, and
were propelled with such force that
they went clear through the walls at
nearly every fire.
Col. Olmstead, who was in command
telegraphed the previous evening that
no human being could stand upon the
ramparts for even a single moment,
and that over 1,000 large shells had
exploded within the fort.
The Republican publishes the above
as a postscript to a part of its edition,
and makes no comment nor gives any
particulars as to the number of men
and officers in the fort at the time of
its surrender. It says, however, that
ileac of its defenders were killed, and
but few; wounded.
Description of Fort Pulaski
The importance of having Fort Pu
laski in our possession cannot be over
estimated. It is about eighteen miles
from Savannah, and is tho principal
defence of that important city. So
long as the rebels had it in their hands
they effeCtually shut out all of our large
war vessels from proceeding to Savan
nah, although by the energy and fore
sight of Commodore Dupont, several
of our gunboats reached the rear of
Fort Pulaski by way-of Warsaw Sound,
and shut it off from all communica
tion with Savannah. Fort Pulaski
was visited, in May last, by Mr. Rus
sell, of the London Times, and he then
pronounced it to be ono of tho finest
and most scion tideally-con structed forts
he had co' visited : The fort is an
irregular pentagon, with the base line
or curtain face inland, and the other
faces casemated and bearing on the
approaohes. The curtain, 'which is
simply crenelled, is covered by a redan,
surrounded by a deep ditch,lnside the
parapet Of which are granite Watforms
ready for the reception of guns. The
pan . ipet is thick, and the Scarp and
counterscarp are faced with solid ma
sonry. A draw-bridge affords access
to the interior of the redan, whence
the gate of the fart is approaohed
across a deep and broad moat, which
is crossed by another drawbridge.—
The walls aro exceedingly solid and
well built of hard gray brick, strong as
iron, upwards of six feet in thickness,
the casemates and bombp,roofs being
lofty, airy, and capacious, though there
is not quite depth enough between the
walls at the salient and gun-carriages.
The woilc *as originally intended to
mount one hundred and twenty-eight
guns all of largo calibre, and it is prob
able that tho rebels had that many
guns mounted at the time of its invest
ment by the Federal troops. Every
thing the rebels required to withstand
a long siege was in the fort; the plat
forms and gun-carriages were solid and
well made; the embrasures of the case
mates admirably constructed, and the
ventilation of the bomb proofs care
fully provided for. There were also
three furnaces for heating shot. The
fort was one of the best of its size in
the world, and would have been im
pregnable if it had been defended by
soldiers fighting in a righteous cause.
Fort Sumpter, at the time of its bom
bardment by the rebels, was not as well
prepared for a siege as Fort Pulaski
at the time our forces opened the bom
bardment, yet the heroic band in the
former fort made a more gallant re
sistance than those in the latter.
Vessels drawing fifteen feet of water
can now ascend to the city of Savan
nah itself, and that place is now at our
mercy. True, Foit Jackson, about
three miles above the city, is in the
way; but, as it is only a small earth
work, mounting a fbw guns, it can
easily be shelled out by our gunboats.
Savannah—than which there is no
more important point on the Southern
coast, New Orleans excepted—is the
capital of Chatham county, and is sit
uated on the right bank of the Savan
nah river, ninety miles from Charles
ton, and one hundred and eighty-eight
miles from Milledgeville, the capital of
the State. The city contains about 30,-
From General M'Clellan's Army
The Rebels Busily Erecting New Batter
ies.—A Battery at Gloucester Shelled
by Our Gunboats.
BEFORE YORKTOWN, April 15.—Yes
terday morning about 2 o'clock, a sec
tion of artillery was posted within half
a mile of the rebel works, near the
river, supported by sufficient infantry
to prevent their being captured. Fif
teen shots were fired into the rebel
earthworks before they were able to
bring their guns to bear, when our
men withdrew without damage.
A fine view was yesterday obtained
of the rebels, both at Yorktown and
Gloucester, rom Fairchild House, at
the mouth of Wormith's creek. Twen
ty-f Our guns were seen in the water
battery at Yorktown, and nine at
Gloucester. At the latter place a large
number of workmen were engaged in
creating new works.
At Yorktown, the old works used
during the seige of 1780 were still visi
ble, and readily distinfruished from
ble, of recent etmst"rfiutraTir — TreW
guns were mounted on their walls, and
the rebel flag was flying from the bat
tlements. The principal wharf was
covered with commissary stores, while
the river was dotted with sails. Every
one appeared to be busy, as though
the coming struggle depended upon his
Late in the afternoon, a schooner,
anchored a short distance above the
wharf, was burned.
The flotilla was yesterday afternoon
engaged in shelling out a body of reb
els who were engaged in constructing
a short battery about four miles below
Gloucester. The result of the firing
was not known.
On Saturday, Corporal Walter B.
Bean, of Company* E, Berdan's Sharp
shooters, was shot through the peck
and back while on picket duty,
Things were remarkably quiet last
night. A slight shower occurred this
morning, but the sun soon made its
The Attack on Fort Pillow.
Commodore Foote's Fleet SheWO the
Fort.—Gen. Pope's Command on the
Arkansas Side of the River. •
WAsniNorox, April 16.—The Secre
tary of the Navy has received the fol
CAIRO, ILL., April 15.—The flotilla
has been within three-quarters of a
mile of Fort Pillow, and then return
ing, took up position two miles farther
u The rebel gunboats escaped below
Ten mortar boats had opened Are.
This is up to G o'clock last evening.
Gen. Pope's command occupied the
Arkansas side of the rivev.
Federal Victory in New Mexico
WASHINGTON, April 16.—Secretary
Stanton received, early this morning,
the following despatch, dated Kansas
City, the 14th:
The Port Union mail brings confir
mation of the battle of Apache Pass.
Our loss is one hundred and fifty killed,
wounded and missing. The enemy
acknowledge their loss to be from three
hundred to four hundred, killed and
wounded. Ninety-three rebels were
taken prisoners, thirteen of whom were
officers. Our forces captured and
burned sixty-four wagons laden with
provisions and ammunition, killing two
The Texans attacked our, battery
four times, the last time coming within
forty feet of our gnus, but alley were
repulsed with heavy loss.
Col. Slaugh is encamped at Bernal
Springs, forty miles from Fort Union.
The Texans fell back to
Col. Canby, with 1,000 regulars, and
Kit Carson's regiment, is reported to
be within three days' march of Colonel
Slocum. Col. Slate is reported to be
on the Jornada with reinforcements
fbr the enemy.
Bitowbumw passed a high eulogy pp the
late rebel General 'LelHoffer. Brownlow,
who knew hint intimately for 24 years, says
" He was a man win? never wronged an indi•
vidual out of a cent )n his life—never told a
lie in his life—as brave a man personally as
Andrew Jackson ever was—and the only
mean thing I Oyer knew hint to do was to
juin the Southern .Courederacy:"
Abolition of Slavery in the District of
The Bill Signed by the President.—AS'pe
chit _Message on the ,Subject.
WAsnmaroN, April 16.—The follow
ing message was read by the Rouse of
Representatives to-day from the Presi
FELLOW CITIZENS Of the Senate and
House of Representatives : The act en
titled "An Act for the release of cer
tain persons held to service or labor in
the district of Columbia," has this day
been approved and signed.
I have never doubted the constitu
tional authority of Congress to abolish
slavery, in this District, a❑d I have
ever desired to see the National Capital
freed from the institution in some sat
isfactory way; hence there has never
been in my mind any question upon
the subject except the one of exreli
eney arising in view of all the circum
stances. If there be matters within
and about this act which might have
taken a course or shape more satisfac
tory to my judgment, I do not attempt
to specify them. lam gratified that
the two principles of compensation
and colonization are both recognized
and practically applied in the act. In
the matter of compensation it is pro
vided that claims may be presented
within ninety days *can the passage
of the not, but not hereafter; and there
is no provision for minors, feme-covert,
insane or absent persons. I presume
that this is an omission, by mere over
sight, and I recommend that it be sup
plied by an amendatory or supplemen
April 16, 1862.
The Heroes of Ball's Bluff---Tlie Bodies
of the Slain to be Properly Cared For.
lianaisnurto, April 15.—1 t having
been represented to Gov. Curtin that
the bodies of the Pennsylvanians who
fell at Ball's Bluff were not properly
buried, and are now exposed, he has
directed Surgeon General Smith to
have them properly cared for, with'as
little delay as possible, and buried - on
the field, or at Washington, or brought
into the State, at his discretion. It is
due to the memory of these gallant
men, and to their relatives and friends,
that the Government should bestow
upon them the rites of Christian burial,
and this act reflects credit upon Gov.
Curtin and the State,
ested should apply toSurgoon General
Smith for further information.
HALLEOIt's Ofttitor OF M'CLELLANI. A
Cairo correspondent says In conversation
with a gentleman from St. Louis last night,
I learned some things that I must confess
were new,to me, and as I think the idea will
be new to the public generally, and as in pre
senting it I shall not transcend the rules laid
&own fur the government of tl.e press, I wilt
endeavor to jot it down. The gentleman re
ferred to I know to be a warm personal friend
to General Halleck, and shares much of that
sterling officer's favor and confidence. Hence,
a weight will be attached to whatever he says,
such as does not accrue to the sayings of or
dinary men. I would like to give his name,
that the public might the more readily com
prehend the reason why I assign so much pa
per to the chronicling of his ideas. The con
versation turned upon the operations of the
army here and elsewhere. I asked :
" Sir," said my friend, "I have heard Gen.
llalleck say, in substance, repeatedly, that
he considez cd the military skill, science and
penetration of M'Clellan as second to that
of no 11)511 Viving; hat whatever had been
done in the West and elsewhere was but the
carrying out of APOlellan's great plan of the
war ; that the general idea of each and every
one of these movements was the fruit of his
foresight and knowledge of war and, its ap
pliances; and that ISl'Clellan had rough-hewn
the whole work, and only left the finishing
touches to the department and division com
AFFAIRS AT NEW ORLEAXS.—A refugee
from Now Orleans has arrived at Cincinnati.
New Orleans he represented to be in a very
distressed and only partially-defended comli
tion. Foreign residents of wealth were de
spairing of the restoration of trade, and, so
far as possible, had already left, or were pre
paring to go, most of them leaving either for
the West Indies or Europe. The banks were
abundantly supplied with specie—about $lB,-
000,000—but there was scarcely any in circu
lation, and Confederate money was only worth
forty cents on the dollar. Citizens engaged
as home militia were more engaged in police
service than in the defence of the city 'from
apprehended attack, and only a feeble resist
ance could be made against a well-organized
force. Every hope of their protection against
the Union army, as well there as throughout
the Southwest, was hung upon the success of
the army concentratingat, Corinth, and conse
quently all available war material, particu
larly in the way of men, was sent thither.
Tae COAL OILBUSINESS.--The total amount
of oil produced is estimated at 300,000 bar
rels per week, or 15,600,000 barrels annually.
The capital invested in producing petroleum
is estimated at $10,000,000, and the branch
es of industry indirectly engaged, but large
ly concerned, are machinists,lumbermen, bar
rel makers, chemists, &e. ; also, in forward
ing, some 5,000 teamsters, having been em
ployed at one time. The Pennsylvania Cen
tral and Philadelphia and Erie railroads
transported, in 13 months, 18,000,000 barrels.
During the first quarter of 1862, ending
March 31, there was shipped from Philadel
phia 15,700 barrels, worth $144,645, and
from the United States 2,342,042 gallons.—
In 1861, there was shipped from Philadel
phia 51,030 barrels ; from New York, 1,334,-
TIME DIFFERENCES IN TLIE UNITE)) STATES.
—Boston time is, of course, considerably
faster than that of all the leading cities of
the United States. The figures given below
indicate how many minutes slower the time
is in the cities named than it is in Boston.
New York 12 minutes, Philadelphia 16, Bal
timore 23, Washington 24, Richmond 26,
Charleston 35, New Orleans 76, Buffalo 30,
Cleveland 42, Detroit 43, Cincinnati 53, In
dianapolis 57, Louisville 57, Chicago 65, Cai
ro 70, St. Louii 76, St Paul 88, San Francis
co 207 minutes.' This difference of time is
quite important ip thew days, when the tele
graph is so generally used.
BAD LUCK.—Tho Baton Rouge (La.) Advo
cate declares: "We have had bad luck with
Kentucky and her people. Crittenden, one
of her eons, lost a battle he ought to have
gained; Tilghman, another Kentuckian, gave
up Fort Henry ; Johnston, another Icentucki 7
an, failed to save Fort Donolson, which he
might have done ; and Buckner, also a Ken
tuckian, surrendered twelve thousand men:"
CROPS AT THE Wrsr.--,The papers of south
ern Indiana and Central Tennessee report
that the wheat, grain and fruit crops give
promise of a more abundant and healthy
yield than fur many years past. The late
rains, it appears, have been wide spread, vis
iting all the surrounding country, refreshing
AT the siege of Yorktown the bands of the
rebel regiment fancily play the air of " Dix
ie,!! and tlfe lin,ekl'ere so close together that
the music is distinctly heard in cv camp,
while we send back the glorious strains of the
At Cypress Cottage, West Hunting
don, on the morning of the 16th inst.,
DoaA. VirtnimA, youngest daughter of
John W. and Angelina D. Potter, aged
11 months and 11 days.
"Suffer little children to come unto
me, for of such is the kingdom of Heav-
Fancy and Evtra Family Flour.
Common and superfine
Cot,, Meal ,
IlLtt a White Wheat
Fair and Pl into Red
Corn, prime Yellow
Cloverseed,li 64 nos
Extra Family Flour "El bU
Extra d u cwt
' , Utter
Two young gentlemen making 301114 prelonlions
to good Tooke, of strict moral habits. In nge not exceeding
23, and possessing a sufficient competency to lire luxuri
ously, are dosirous of opening a con espondenco Nrith two
young Indies of respettability, with view of marriage.
Applicants to he refined, intelligent, and not without
some beanty,—age not exceeding nineteen. Address,
MORTIMER d: IPA ',LACE,
Coalmont, Ilmitlngdon co„ Pa.
April 15, 1862.-21
lIILN WOOD A CADEiIIY.
A SCTIOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
This Institution is plea.antly located in the village of
Shade Gap, Huntingdon county, on the mail 'unto from
Mt. Union to Chambersburg, distant 17 miles Dom 31t.
Union on the Pennsylvania Indhood, with which it is
connected by a daily lino of stages. It is situated in it
section of country proverbial for its healthfulness and for
its beautiful and varied mountain scenery, having all tim
advantages of retirement and quiet so desirable in an in
stitution of the kind, with few or no allurements to en
gage the mind of the otodent. The Institution had, here
tofore, well sustained its character as being one of [ho
Most thorough and practical in tho laud. To those de
siring it, thorough instruction will be given in Double
Singlo Entry Book-kecping, Mercantile Calculations, Pen
matiship, &c. Students can pursue this branch of study,
either In connection with other studies, or devote then;
V.llOlO time to it alone. No Form books aro used, bit
mannscripts alone are tondo use of, thus familiarizing the
student with every day to ansactions and preparing hint,
at once, to enter the twitting-loom. Diplomas will be
awarded to those outlet temerity completing a full course.
The In , Etntion embraced Three buildings. That wild
pied by they onus ladied, is entirely separated from the
one the )oung gnutleuwn Occupy.
For Dom d, Tuition and Room Rent $55,00
The usual estta charges are made for 31usie, Painting
Drawing, Dook-keeping, Ste. Session opens thefirst Wed
nesday in May,—for further particulars, address
W. M. WILLIAMSON, Primelral,
Stale Clap, Huntingdon cu., l'a.
CUTLERY ! -
ENDLESS VAltiEn -
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, Sze,
AN - D FOR SALE B y
JAS. A. BROWN,
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK.
April 15, 1562.
PHYSICIAN d SURGEON:
Office rtnat ly oppogite Read's Oil% Store, Ifuntingdon, Prt.
April 8, 1862-It.
itS CHOOL TEACHERS WANTED.-
L . Seven teachers are wanted to take charge of the
plic schools of the borough of Huntingdon, for a term
of nine months. to commence about thu Ist clay of May.
Applil ants srtll ho avantined by the County Superinten
dent. in the presence of the hoard of Directors, at tho
School Muse ' on
l?aturday, the 19th inst., commencing at
ten o'clock, A. M.
Ity order of the bnard or Direetom
J. SI3IPSON A PIMA.
tinvlop, April 9,1802. StrqtriitY
TEE ST. LOUIS, CHESTNUT
Street. between Third and Fourth, Philivielphia.
The undersigned. having lensed, for a term of years,
this po p ular house, hayo tho pleasvo of royoulleing ha
their ft tends and the traveling community, that is is now
open for tho reception of guests. The Immo since the
first of March last, has boon entirety renovated and refit
ted in a superior manner; the apartments are largo, well
ventilated and furnished in model n style. it is centrally
located, convenient to all the depot and steamboat land
ings, and in the immediate vicinity of the Custom Monte,
Post Omen and the Corn ExOtange.
Connected with the Hotel is a Restaurant for the ne z
commalstion of those preferring tho European
Prices of Booms from litres to Seven Dollars per week,
according to location.
Board $1 50 per day. Table d'lloto for merchants and
rambles'', men ftran 1 tog P. M.
April 8,1862-1 y
A NEW STOCK
6 1 .. BOOTS AND SHOES,
BY GEORGE SCHAFFER,
MARKET SQUARE, HUNTINGDON, P 3;
LADIES AID GENTLE:IIEIV
Aro retplostett to call and examine 'his stock. All kinds of
Boots not Shoes manußtcturctl to order.
GOODS REDUCED TO OLD PRICES!
FISHER & SON
Mace just Opened and offer to the
WELL SELECTED NEW GOODS,
REDp cp FR.ICES ;
Will please call anti examine our Goods.
FISHER & SON.
April 8, 180.
T E. GRI*NE,
Miro on Rallroail street, opposite tho Jack
son Hotel, Huntingdon, Pa.
March 25, 1562.
FOR RENT.-- 7
A comfortable Dwelling House on Railrorii street,
pearly op posits tho Exchstigo le for Rent. 'bias
wanting the dime 011 apply at thii office, or to*WIT.
STEWART, living on the promises. ti
Fmo. g don, march 25, 18&i.
Letters testamentary upon tho last mill and testa
ment of John E. Anderson, late'. of the borough of Hun
fihgdonolee'd., NM, boon gratited to me. 'All persons int
debted 'to him are requested to make payment, and those
having clamis will present them properly authenticated.
Ihkutingdon, Mar ,h 11, 1862-6 t
April 16, 1612.
•'5,12 1 / 2 (4)3,•!4
ISAAC L, UUCP,