Newspaper Page Text
WM. LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor
ernitais.—" Tee Guts" is publiebed twice et week at
$1.50 is year-75 cents fur sik mouths—SO cents fur
three mouths—in cdranm.
Tuesday afternoon, Oct. 8, 1861
Our Flag Forever.
Col. Wm. G. Murray having been
appointed to the command of Camp
Crosman, on the Ist inst., by Gen. J.
Y. James, he immediately set about
establishing rules and regulations by
which the camp is to be governed, so
:wt.° effect order and discipline among
the troops now quartered there. One
of his first acts was to establish a day
and night patrol guard or police in this
place, numbering thirty strong, which
is a decided benefit to both citizens and
soldiers. Ten are detailed for duty
at a time—three hours on and six hours
off. Three or four unruly, noisy,
drunken fellows (not all soldiers) have
already been arrested and placed in
confinement, by the guard. They have
pitched their tents on Smith street, be
tween Hill and Washington, which,
taken altogether, makes our town look
considerably warlike. The guard is
under command of Lieut. Kocherper
ger, a gentleman and a soldier, who
knows his duty, and with nerve to en
force his authority; and the men under
him are peaceable and gentlemanly in
their conduct. They deserve to be
kindly remembered by our order-loving
The camp has been christened
" CAMP MURRAY"—an honor to Col.
Wm. G. Murray, chief in command at
Camp Crosman and of the forces con
nected with it.
Had we been told one year ago, that
we would have a patrol guard in town
at this time, we would have laughed
at the very idea, and very likely have
set the promulgator down as a little
" hipped." But such is really the ease.
A sentry can be seen stationed at al
most every corner, and his steady
tramp nn be heard at the midnight
hour, where nought else breaks the
stillness of the night. And what a
change it has brought about. Our
town seems like it was of old. Row
dyism and drunkenness on our streets
since the advent of this new era, has
considerably decreased, and our peace
able and quietly disposed citizens can
retire at night without being disturbed
in their slumbers by midnight maraud
ers, who make night hideous by their
unearthly yells and screams, which
would lead one to think that all pan
demonium bad broke loose, and were
having one great grand jubilee, over
A Purr.—We aro informed that
Traugh, the good looking and spicy ed
itor of the Hollidaysburg Standard,
was in town ono day last week. You
ugly cuss, why did'nt you call in to
see us We have always been told
that you aro a thundering ugly speci
men of the genus homo, and, perhaps
you want us to retain our present good
opinion of you, by keeping out of our
sight. How is it? You told us once
that perhaps it was "distance lent
enchantment to the view," Se. Call
to see us the next time you come
to town, and we will not talk so ugly
about you afterwards. Ex ED.
Col. Wm. G. MURRAY.-It must be
gratifying to the soldiers in camp, and
our citizens, to know that they have
in command at this post, a soldier, and
a man of undoubted integrity. Col.
Murray served honorably in the Mexi
can war, and since then he has been a
citizen of Hollidaysburg, serving as
Post Master for eight years, under
Pearce and Buchanan. He is now
raising a Regiment, and when raised,
be will face the enemy in the thickest
of the fight. Gen. James was fortu
nate in his selection of Col. M. to look
after the interests of Mountain Brig
Iteir The ladies of this place have
organized a "Knitting Society," which
meets on Tuesday and Friday even
ings of each week, for the purpose of
knitting stockings for the soldiers.—
Our ladies are never behind in any
work of charity or patriotism. They
itre noble creatures, and many a poor
soldier now on the tented field, will
remember them until the latest day of
his life. They have won a reputation
for lluntingdon, envied by every town
and village in theStatc. Who would'a
love the ladies ?
Ser We had the pleasure yesterday
pf taking by the band ouryoung friend,
Lieut. John S, Campbell, now in the
regular servipe. lie is recruiting for
Uncle Sam. Iris head-quarters are at
Altoona, All who wish to go into the
regular service will and him at his
Lead-quarters, where ho will be happy
to receive them, The Lieutenant is a
whole-soaled, jovial fellow, and we
wish him the most abundant success
wherever Uncle Sam may send him.
le-As soon as we can find time,
and the different companies and regi
ments get properly organized, and if
the proper officer at head-quarters will
furnish us the desire information, we
will publish a list of companies, the
number of each, where from and the
names of the officers of each company,
the regiment to which they belong,
with the names of the Regimental Of
SEEP. Notwithstanding the oft-repeat
ed rumor that Gov. Curtin is going to
order the removal of Camp Crosman
to Harrisburg, we should judge from
the amount of army equipments, such
as tents, blankets, etc., etc., brought
here and taken out to Camp last week,
that they are going to stay all winter,
despite all such vain, idle stories as
are circulated in ourstrects sometimes.
It is reported that the Fifth
Penna. Regiment, to which Cnpt. liar
rison's and Capt. Frank Zeuttnyer's
companies arc attached, will pass
through this place on their way to Mis
souri, shortly. We give the rumor for
what it is worth.
Headquarters Mountain Brigade P. V.
liumNanoN, Oct. 5, 1861.
Special Instructions to the Officers of the
1. You will not allow any soldier to
pass out of camp except ho has a pass
from the Commandant of the Post.
2. You will not allow any civilian to
pass into or out of camp except they
have a pass from the Commandant of
8. You will not allow any backs or
private carriages to pass inside the
chain of sentinels.
4. You will not :allow any commis
sioned officer to pass in or out of camp
between retreat and revielle except he
has the countersign. •
5. You will not allow nay soldier to
pass out of camp with his blanket ex
cept by order of the Commandant of
6. You will seize all spirituous li
quors found within the lines or in pos
session of any soldier and destroy it.
7. You will not permit any soldier
whether accompanied by a commis
sioned officer or not, to pass the Gen
eral Headquarters on the road to the
Warm Springs, except upon the order
of the Commandant of the Post.
4. Yourrigid &seri-twee of theabove
rules are hereby ordered.
WM. G. MURRAY,
Lieut. B. M. Monnow ; Post Adj't.
Caste at Forte Lafayette.
Treason is frequently regarded as a
gentlemanly crime, and the person
guilty of it often pretends to a dainti
ness to which common felons are for
bidden to aspire. Hence the traitors
in the present rebellion claim and re
ceive British sympathy, not because
they do not richly deserve the halter,
but because they are ".gentlemen."—
The Tories of the Revolution made
similar pretensions. Rev. Dr. Duch°
once wrote a letter to General Wash
ington, urging him to abandon the pa
triotic cause, on the ground that he
was a gentleman, whereas the mem
bers of Congress from New England
and other Revolutionary leaders were
A gentleman of this city, a native
of a Southern State, having occasion
to visit Fort Lafayette, was addressed
upon this subject. lie found there
ninety-seven prisoners, divided, like
Ilindoo society, into four castes, each
possessing a social status of its own.
" When we first came here," said
his informant, "we suffered much in
convenience, and our residence was
made disagreeable. We were associa
ted promiscuously together, not classi
fied, and were confounded with the
vulgar characters whom the Govern
ment bad seen fit to incarcerate with
us. .Gentlemen of refined tastes were
compelled to associate with traders,
common soldiers, and the like; to sit
at the same table and eat similar food.
It is now improved. There are nine
ty-seven of us here, and we have been
divided into groups and companies,
more in accordance with our tastes,
making it much pleasanter.
" Thus we have here a number of
sailors. They constitute two classes.
One class is made up of pirates out
light, who enlist without regard to
principle or consequences The other
is composed of seamen who have been
employed on vessels which were at
tempting to run the blockade. They
were generally engaged upon the pre
text of being employed in the West
India trade, and had no idea or knowl
edge of being concerned in acts of this
" nen there is a third class—the
traders. These are purely mercenary.
They hare been arrested and placed
here for such offences as supplying
arms and munitions of war to the reb
els, and would seldom omit an oppor
tunity for traffic if money was to be
made, no matter what was the charac
ter of the business. Gentlemen do not
like to associate with such men on
terms of familiarity.
"Among the gentlemen present are
ex-Governor Morehead, Mr. Faulkner,
M. Smith, Marshal Kane, the Pollee
, Baltimore, Sze.—
These are state prisoners, and should
be confined in a separate place. With
them are others who belong to a sub
class—respectable men, but not mo
ving in higher circles. The members
of the Legislature of Maryland are of
As he was expatiating upon this
subject, Marshal Kane came along and
invited our informant to come and see
the legislature of Maryland at dinner.
They wero seated in an apartment at
a plain pine table. Tho food was
bread without butter, and coffee with
out milk Each man had a tin cup,
but no other table service.
The tack of these eleganeies greatly
annoys the " gentlemen " at Fort La
fayette, and they are of the opinion
that they ought to be immured in
some " respectable " place of confine
ment. They would tolerate their con
dition of durance if their instincts were
better regarded.—Evening Post.
SEir United States Senator Bingham,
of Michigan, died of apoplexy, at his
residence on the 501
The Latest News.
Important from Missouri.
Gen. Price's Intentions on Fremont
JEFFERSON CITY, Oct. 8.----[Special to
the St. Louis Denzocrat.]—Dr.
of Col. Mulligan's brigade, arrived here
on the Sedalia train, at an early hour
this morning, and brings information
from Lexington up to Monday night.
Gen. Price had left Lexington with
the main body of his force, and is mov
ing southward, for the purpose of ef
footing a junction with Ben M!Culloch,
after which he will give Gen. Fremont
Dr._ White represents that Price has
decided upon this point, having been
elated and intoxicated with his victo
ry at Lexington. lie says that Price
anticipates an easy victory over Fre
mont at this point, and will then move
on to St. Louis. There were no less
than 24,000 Secessionists ready to rise
and welcome him with arms in their
Dr. White thinks that the rebels will
endeavor to get between us and the
force at Georgetown, surround and cut
off Generals Davis and Siegel, and then
meet Fremont near this place.
The rebel force has 19 field-pieces,
and are expecting rifled cannon from
the South. Gen. Price told the Doctor
that the Southern Confederacy had
,loaned the State of Missouri $1,009,000
for the purpose of carrying on the war
against the Federal Government. Ills
troops are confident of victory, and are
clamoring to be led against Fremont.
Dr. White gives a sorry statement
in regard to the conduct of the rebels
towards the wounded at Lexington.—
They took away from him all his hos
pital stores—not leaving him even a
sponge. A portion of Price's forces
had moved towards Independence.—
There were but 300 in Warrensburg
when the Doctor passed through there.
Ile thinks Price's number fully 40,000.
JEFFERSON CITY, Oct. 3.—[Special to
the St. Louis Republican.]—Dr. White
says that he heard, on his way here,
that 18,000 rebels had parted from the
main body and marched toward George
town, with the intention of taking that
place before reinforcements could ar
rive from Jefferson City.
A miller, who left Georgetown yes
terday morning says lie was turned
back by the enemy's pickets when 12
tidies from that town. The Doctor be
lieved that the rebels have no idea of
quitting the State, but intend to make
a demonstration in vast numbers upon
Georgetown, Jefferson City, and St.
Louis, and that they are perfectly con
fident of their'ability to take them.
No immediate attack is feared on
Georgetown, and our forces there are
prepared to receive the foe.
An officer who was fbrmerly of Mul
ligan's Irish Brigade, and who left the
vicinity of Lexington on Monday eve
ning, places no confidence in the truth
of the above. This officer says that
at the time he left not more than 10.000
troops had quitted Lexington, and that
nothing reliable was known of their
intentions or course, or of what policy
Price had concluded to pursue.
Booneville and Glasgow were quiet
at the latest advises, but our forces are
on the alert for a fight. Many persons
think there will be no general engage
ment, but others believe that Price will
soon strike a blow in some quarter
where he is least expected, and the
prospects of a battle are now increased
rather than diminished.
Later and Important from Missouri.
Sr Louis, Oct. 4.—The following
special despatch has been received by
the Democrat :
JEFFERSON CITY, Oct. 3.—Gentlemen
who have arrived this evening from
Sedalia, confirm the report of the evac
uation of Lexington by the rebels, and
also bring intelligence of its partial
occupation by Gen. Sturgis.
Major Baker, of the Home Guards,
who was among the prisoners taken
at Lexington, and who refused to give
his parole, escaped from the rebels on
Monday night. He arrived at Sedalia
Ile says that all the rebels left Lex
ington on Monday afternoon, and that
their rear guard as I left was fired up
on with shells by General Sturgis who
just then appeared on the opposite side
of the river, and several wounded.
When they first left Lexington,
Major Baker thinks it was the inten
tion of Price to march direct on George.
town ; but information having been
brought to him that Gen. Sigel was
advancing with 40,000 men, he moved
westward, towards Independence.
Whether the main body of the reb
els pursued G. is route for any distance
Major Baker is unaware, as during the
confusion among the rebeis upon the
reception of the news of the large force
of Sigel, and the reported pursuit by-
Sturgis in the rear, he made his escape.
lie thinks General Price's effective
force numbers about 25,000, in addi
tion to which he has some 15,000 ir
regular troops, whose principal occu
pation is Joraging; but this portion of
the army had pretty much left the
main body before Baker escaped.
Gen. Sigel, who commands our ad
vance guard, had all his preparations
made for an attack last night, and had
the enemy made his appearance, he
would have met with a warm recep
Our forces are mostly stationed at
Otterville, Sedalia, and Georgetown.
The distance from Otterville to Sedalia
is twelve miles, and from Sedalia to
Georgetown four miles.
We have also something of a force
under Gen. Pope at Boonesville, only
25 miles northeast of Sedalia.
From Fortress Monroe
FORTRESS MONROE, Oct. 3—via Balti
more.—Gen. Wool will proceed to
Washington, to-night, and will be re
lieved, for the present at least, by Gen.
Mansfield, who arrived from Washing
ton this morning for that purpose.
One hundred of the mutineers con
fined on the Rip Raps, were this morn
ing released by Gen. Wool and restor
ed to duty.
The steamer \Vin. Seldon came down
to-day from Norfolk. She was seized
by the rebels last spring, and her pres
ence at Old Pointexcited considerable
feeling. She brought down some fifty
refugees, men, women and children.
They were sent back, not having been
supplied with the requisite papers.
Henry Magraw, Esq., of Pennsylva
nia, who went to Manassas for the
body of Colonel Cameron, returned by
the flag of truce, and will proceed to
JEFFERSON CITY, Oct. 4.--[Special to
the St. Louis Democrat.]—The steamer
Emilie afrived'here this evening, with
the wounded from Lexington.
One thousand rebels remained in
Lexington on Tuesday morning.
lan Prescott, a citizen of Lexing
ton, who was in Col. Mulligan's forti
fications during the Beige, contradicts
the report that Gen. Sturgis had ar
Mr. Prescott says that he heard Gen.
Price tell Rains and Parsons that now
was the time to fight if they ever in
tended to, and heard them diccussing
the propriety..of falling back to fortify
Rose Rill, in Johnston county, fifteen
miles west of Warrensburg.
lie thinks, however, that their real
intention is to retreat southwardly
to the Arkansas river. Since the KT
render, they bad obtained two cannon
from the Lexington foandry in Lex
ington, which increased their field-pie
ces to fourteen. They also had two
Col. Mulligan wtni taken South with
Most of our army have gone forward
well appointed, and are likely to do
splendid fighting. Gen. Mcl(instry's
division, , under Lieut. Col. Totten,
moved west to-day, and will encamp
to-niglit, 18 miles out.
Captains Able and henry Nybo
were captured a short time since, while
carrying despatches from Gen. Fremont
to Gen. Lane, and were confined fifty
hours in a dungeon at Westport, came
down on the Emilie, having escaped
It is thought that Gen. Fremont will
also leave - to-morrow. lie and his
army are enthusiastic and confident,
and are burning to meet the enemy.
Important News From Fortress Monroe
FORTRESS MoNnoE, Oct. 4.—The Uni
ted States steamer Pa %mice has return
ed from Hatteras Inlet.
She reports the loss of the propeller
Palmy on Tuesday- night. She was on
her way from the Inlet to Chicama
conica, the encampment of the Twenti
eth Indiana regiment, and was cap
tured by three rebel tugs, which put
out from Roanoke Island.
Two rifled cannon, twenty-five of
the Indiana regiment, including Quar
master Ira. W. Haet, several of Col.
Hawkins's regiment, and a cargo of
commissary stories, fell into the hands
of the rebels.
The Captain of the propeller and the
crew alone escaped.
It is well understood that the rebels
will soon attempt to run the blockade
at Old Point with two steamers from
Nortblk and from Yorktown, and an
other powerful steamer on the James
Passengers by the Old Point boats
say that General Magruder had de
manded the evacuation of Newport
News in twelve hours.
Nighly Sucoessful Engagement.
CINCINNATI, Oct. 4.—The tbllowing
is a special despatch to the Cincinnati
CHEAT MOUNTAIN, VA., Oct. 3.—This
morning, at, one o'clock, 0 Portion of
Brigadier General Reynold's brigade,
consisting, of three Ohio regiments,
(the 24th 25th and 23d and nortions
of sixlann regiments, (the
13th, 14th, 15th, and 17th,) together
with detachments of Colonel Bracken's
Indiana regiment, Colonel Robinson's
Ohio regiment, Colonel Greenfield's
Pennsylvania cavalry, and detach
lachments of - How's regulars, Loomis'
Michigan and Baum's Virginia artille
ry, nambering in all five thousand men,
left that mountain to make a recoil.
noissance in force in front of the ene
my's position on Greenbriar river,
twelve miles distant.
Colonel Ford's Ohio regiment was
sent forward to hold an important,
road, the possession of which was im
portant, it flanking our main column.
The expedition arrived in front of
the enemy's fortifications at 8 o'clock,
their pickets retreating after firing an
Col. Kimball's Fifteenth Indiana
Regiment were immediately sent fbr
ward to secure a position for Loomis
A,mmin's Twenty-fourth Ohio
Regiment deployed as skirmishers on
the south slope of the mountain.
Loomis' battery, after getting into
position, and being supported by the
Seventeenth Indiana Regiment, open
ed the battle.
The shot was immediately respond
ed to by an enemy concealed in the
bush, who were soon routed by the
Fourteenth Indiana Regiment, with a
loss of seven killed, and a large num
ber wounded and taken prisoners.
Howe's battery, supported by the
Thirteenth Indiana Regiment, then
moved forward, taking a position three
hundred yards from the enemy's for
tifications, and opened a brisk fire.
Capt. Daum brought forward two
pieces, and likewise opened a brisk
The firing on both sides was almost
incessant for an hour, our artillery do
ing good execution, judging from the
lamentable shrieks of the enemy's
The enemy's battery did compara
tively little injury, their guns being too
much elevated. Our guns effectually
silenced three of theirs.
While observations were made of the
enemy's forticfiat ions, occupying three
more hours, en irregular artillery fire
was kept up, occupying the enemy's
attention. During this interval, the
Twenty-fifth Ohio and Fifteenth Indi
ana Regiments rendered efficient ser
vice in scouting the mountains.
Before the dose ofthe reconnoisance,
which was most satisfactory in its re
sults, the enemy received heavy rein
threements from their camp near Mon
thly, making their strength about fif
Although this reconnoissance par
takes more of the character of a regu
lar engagement than any previous
battle in Western Virginia, our loss is
but 10 killed and 11 wounded.
It is impossible to ascertain the ene
my's loss, but it cannot fall short of
500 killed and wounded, as our artille‘
ry did terrible execution.
Their camp was situated on the
slope of the mountain, supported by a
number of guns.
We captured 13 prisoners from the
enemy and also a lot of cattle and hor
The reconnoissance proved highly
successful, affording information rela
tive to the enemy's strength which
could not be obtained from scouts
Our troßps acted nobly.
Gon. Anderson and Colonels John
son, Jackson, and Oliver, were in com
mand of the enemy's forces.
Affairs on the North Carolina Coast
BALTIMORE, Oct. s.—The Charlotte
(N. C.) Democrat, of Monday last, says :
We learn that Gov. Clark is now do
ing all Ile can to defend the coast, and
is sending forward companies and reg
iments as fast as they can be equipped.
lle made a request recently of the
Secretary of War, that a few well-or
dered regiments be sent to our coast,
promising to send forward into Vir
ginia an equal number of new regi
ments of North Carolina troops. But
the request has not been complied with
by the Confederate government.
We suppose North Carolina is ex
pected to defend her coast herself, and
therefore vigorous exertions should be
made for that purpose without delay,
which we are assured is being done,
and that liberal citizens of the East are
aiding the authorities all they can by
private funds and force.
The fleet which was off Fort Macon,
says the Wilmington Journal, probably
left there last Sunday, and there aro
indications of its gathering in the vi
cinity of Cape Fear. The steamers
were off New Inlet last week. That,
it will be remembered, is a new pas
sage to Wilmington, coming into Cape
Fear river above Forts Johnson and
Caswell, and within eight or ten miles
WASHINGTON, Oct. 5.—A rebel Lieu
tenant, named Sigler, was captured in
the neighborhood of Falls Church yes
terday, brought to Washington and
lodged in prison.
It is intimated that orders will be
issued• by the Commander-in-Chief,
forbidding the holding of an election
in the camps. Fears are entertained
of mischief being produced among the
soldiers by getting up partisan excite
ment among them when in the face of
A Eichinond paper of Thursday, re
ceived here, contains a despatch dated
Fairll:x. C. 11., Wednesday, which says:
"The President arrived night before
last. Yesterday, escorted by the Adams
Troop, of Mississippi, he made a per
sonal ITCollDoiB6allee in the vicinity
and towards the outposts. At Beaure
gard's headquarters the rain to-day
prevented a general review of the
troops by the President. He was
greeted, however, by the soldiers,
wherever he appeared, with Cllthatii
"The Fedorals advance cautiously,
and hold Falls Church, and press our
lines near Anandale. A large volume
of smoke is seen towards Falls Church.
1 learn that the old church, which was
burnt prior to the Revolution, was
burnt last night."
The Richmond Examiner of Thurs
day, contains the following:
The people of Richmond were again
intensely agitated yesterday in specu
lations on the general subject of affairs
on the Potomac. Rumors of various
credibility were circulated. It was
said that President Davis, in his ad
dress to the soldiers at the railroad
station, had told them "if they handled
their muskets well, by next Saturday
night they would be in Baltimore."
Othor ovidenous oqually cmphatic
of an approaching action were told
and circulated through the city. The
well authenticated filets in relation to
the movements on the Potomac aro
very few. There is no doubt but that
on last week orders were issued to the
Confederate forces at Fairfax Court
House to hold themselves in readiness,
with three days' rations, to move for
This order was a general one to the
whole army. The occasion of it is un
derstood to have been the advance of
several thousand of the enemy in the
direction of Lewinsville, from which,
however, they had at last accounts re
WAstriNoroN, Oct. G.—The following
statement of the master of the Fanny
gives the particulars of her capture by
the rebels : She was despatched by
Col. Hawkins with clothing ammuni
tion, provisions, &e., to Chicamaconie,
for the supply of the troops recently
stationed there. After the news of
the capture of the Fanny was received
at Hatteras,, Colonel Hawkins called
upon the commanding naval officer in
those waters for a force to go to the
relief of the troops. An armed expe
dition was fitted out, which sailed on
the morning of the 3d inst., but noth
ing had been heard from it at five
o'clock that evening, when information
was last revived from that quarter.
Statement of the Master of the Fan
ny : Hatteras Inlet, Oct. lst.—l left
in the steamer Fanny at six o'clock,
a. in., for Chieamaconie or Loggerhead
Inlet. arriving there at one o'clock p.
m. We anchored in about eight feet
of water and waited there two hours
and a half befbre we get communica
tion from shore. They then dispatch
ed a flat boat off and loaded her with
an assorted cargo of stores, tents, &c.
When the boat had shoved off and got
about two-thirds of the way near the
shore we saw a steamboat to the west
ward, at about four o'clock a. tn., which
proved to be one of the enemy's. She
was standing to cut off our retreat and
in a short time two more appeared
steering directly for us.
The first ono then stood in and com
menced firing upon us, and as the oth
er two came up they did the same.
Wo returned the fire with nine shots,
striking one of the boats in the bow.
Then Captain Hart, of the Twenti
eth Indiana regiment, suggested us
to surrender, saying it was no use
fighting against such odds, and re
quested us to hoist the white flag.—
The mate of the boat and a few sol
diers turned to and threw overboard
sow thirty cases of ammunition, and
Crept, Hart forbid them to throw any
more ovorboard. We Akow Ise request
ed the Sergeant Major to throw the
cannon overboard which he refused to
do, saying it would be worse for them
if they were taken prisoners. Captain
Hart then requested the chain to be
slipped and the boat run ashore, which
The white flag was then hoisted and
the crew of the bc' left in their boats.
We endeavored to get boats to carry
the soldiers off the Fanny, lint could
not do so, To the best of my opinion
they had plenty of time from our arri
val, to that of the enemy's boats to
have got everything on shore from the
Fanny if sufficient boats had been em
ployed in transportation of the stores,
so that IVO could have destroyed the: .
canny before She. should hue fallen
into the bands Of the rebels. We 'left
there about 6 p., In., in a canoe, and
arrived here at about 7 a. m., on the
2d inst. Signed,
J. 11. MottutsoN, .
Master steamer Fanny.
From the Cherokee Nation.
ST. Louis, Oct. 6.--News has reached
here that, about two weeks since, join!
Ross, the Chief of the Cherokee Na
tion, had called, by proclamation, 8,000
Cherokees around him and declared
for Union. Read, an influential half
breed, and leader of the Secession par
ty, had raised the standard of revolt
and had a skirmish with Ross' body
guard, in which the latter was victori
ous. This conflicts with the recently
published accounts from the Nation,
but an active Government scout, thor
oughly acquainted with matters in the
South-west, pronounces it reliable.
Can the Enemy be Completely , Enclo
sed in Central Virginia '?
We deem it easy of demonstration,
by a mere statement of facts and dis
tances, and a description of localities,
to show that Beauregard's grand army
can be completely surrounded in cen
tral, or Eastern Virginia, so that all
reinforcements from the Southern and
Southwestern States can he entirely
cut off; not only their reinforcements,
but all additional supplies, including
both provisions and the material of war.
First, then, we are in complete pos
sesion of the sea-coast. The seizure
of Hatteras fully shuts out any sup
plies through that inlet. None can be
derived from - Western Virginia, now
wholly in possession of the Federal
troops, up to the crest of the Allegha
nies. The supplies from Southern
Maryland are so meagre and uncertain,
that they need not be taken into the
calculation as an clement of value.
The enemy evidently derive their
reinforcements and supplies of all kinds
by two great railroad routes—one
known as the Virginia and Tennessee
road, running South, southwest from
Richmond, through Lynchburg to
Knoxville, thence branching off north
ward to Nashville, and southward into
Georgia and Alabama. The other is
the great trunk road leading from Rich
mond, by the way of Petersburg, Wel
don, Raleigh, and Greensboro, through
North Carolina into South Carolina
Now, it; as reported, the head of
Cox's column has reached the Warm
Sulphur Springs, near the source of the
Great Kanawha, ten miles from Lew
isburg, and Wise and Floyd make an
other stand, they will again be defeat
ed, and will doubtless retreat upon
Lynchburg, only seventy miles distant
from Lewisburg. By advancing upon
Lynchburg Cox and Rosecrans get
complete possession of the - Virginia
and Tennessee Road, the first great
trunk line alluded to above, cut com
munication with Kentucky, Tennessee,
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, ex
cept by the long coast line through
Southern Georgia and Alabama, and
that will be cut off by seizing Greens
boro'. By such an advance these gen
erals cut off not only this great artery
of supplies, but they gain the rear of
Lee, and prevent his retreat upon Rich
mond,_ tht_base of his operations, by
the natural line of retreat, enveloping
hint completely in the mountains. The
force necessary for the operation is full
fifty thousand, and it must be supplied.
At Lynchburg they will be within a
hundred and twenty miles, by railroad,
The Coast Line Railroad, the other
great artery of communication south
ward, can be struck by an advance
from Ifatteras upon Weldon, less than
a hundred miles from Newborn, or
more effectually by a three advancing
from Wilmington by railroad through
Raleigh, and thence by rail to Greens
boro', a distance of one hundred and
twenty miles. This force should also
number fifty thousand. Lynchburg,
the point it is proposed for the North
ern column, is less than one hundred
miles distant from Greensboro' and
Weldon. With each column so placed,
and eacb capable of taking care of it
self, and able to reinforce the other,
Reauregard's grand army, and the
small armies of the Lees, Floyds, John
sons, and Wise's would be as complete
ly netted as partridges by a snarer.
They could be starved out without
fighting. It is but a repetition, on a
more extensive field, of the idea with
which Burgoyne set out on his Sara
toga campaign—viz : to cut off New
England from the Middle States by
enveloping the line of the Hudson.
But tbr his defeat by Chutes and Ar
nold the plan would have been a suc
cess. With Virginia thus cut off, her
submission must come within three
months. She cannot avoid it.
The three strategotical points men
tioned, Lynchburg, Greengboro, and
Weldon, are gazatcered thus:
1 1 Lynchburg, a flourishing town of
Campbell county, Va., is finely situa
ted on a steep declivity on the right
(S.) bank of James river, 120 miles W.
S. W. of Richmond, and 20 miles S. E.
of the Niue Ridge. Lat. 37 deg. 30
min. N., lon. 79 deg. 22 min. W. The
South Side Railroad, leading to Pe
tersburg and Richmond, connects here
with the Virginia and Tennessee Rail ,
road, which is to form part of the most
direct route frinn the Eastern States
to those of the Southwest, and to be
one of the principal thoroughfares of
the Union. The • James River and
Kanawha Canal, the greatest public
work in the State, fbllowing the course
of the river from the falls at Richmond,
is completed to Buchanan, 50 miles
above Lynchburg, and is to be contin
ued to Covington.
The distance between Richmond and
L,ynchburg by canal is 147 miles.—
The navigation of the canal renders
this town the market of an extensive
and fertile tract of country. The
principal article of trade is tobacco, of
which 5,810 hogsheads were inspected I
here in 1851; 10,700 ho g sheads' in
1852 ; and 10,219 hogsheads in 1853.
Abont 300,000 bushels of Ayboat are
also received bore every y(glr. The
town is supplied with river-water from
a reservoir which is elevated about I
253 feet above the level of the river,
and contains 400,000 gallons. This
work wus finished in 1 829, at a cost of
$50,000. The river is here about 200
yards wide, and is crossed by a fine
bridge. It afibrds abundant water
power, which is employed in the man
ufacture of cotton, wool, flour, &c.—
The town contains 9 Aerobes, 3 print
ing offices, 3 banks, 3 savings banks, 1
•cetton and woollen factor y, 30 tobacco
factories, 4 brass and iron foundries,
and 'l5O stores, iti:'which 'the • atm:tall.
sales exceed §2,000,00. Capital em
ployed in 1851 in manufactures, 8725.-
000. The town was founded id 1788,
and incorporated in 1805. In 1848, it,
contained 7,678 inhabitants. Topula
in 1853, about 10,000.
Greensboro, a flourishing pest-vil
lage, capital of Guilford county; North
Carolina, on the Central Railroad, 86
miles W. N. W. of Raleigh. The
ation is healthy, and the surrounding=
country is fertile. Many of the'boUses
are of wood, rind others are built of
brick. It is a place of considerable
activity in trade, and is the seat of ex
cellent institutions for learning, among
which are several' academies. It also
contains two' banks, one or two news
paper offices, and a number of manu
Weldon, a thriving post-village of
„Halifitx county, N. C,; on the right
bank of the 'Roanoke river, at the
head of steamboat navigation, 95 miles.
northeast of Raleigh. Four railroads'
meet here, viz.: . the Wilmington and.
Raleigh, the Seaboard 'and; Roanoke,:
the Gaston 'and Raleigh, and the •Pe
tersburg Railroad. Two newspapers.
are published: A canal has been made ,
around' the fails, by which batteaux:
can ascend to Danville. •
Affairs Beyond the Potoma6.
[Correvondenee of the X.l. Tribune.)
WASIIINGTOX, Oct. 4.—Our troops
ate breakfast this morning at rollick
Church, 'sixteen miles beyond Alexan
dria, on the Fairfax,road-100 of, them
—lOO New York Sixteenth•, under
Captain Palmer, 75 New York Twen
ty-sixth, under Captain• Arrowsmith,
75 New York Twenty-seventh, under
Captain say, 75 Kentucky Cavalry,
under Woodburn, and 75 Fifth Maine.
They went to break up a nest of 150
rebel cavalry, who 'were plundering,
the Union farmers of the district, and
turning them out 2g their homes. The
rascals, apprised of the expedition, got
into their saddles at day-break, just in
time to receive the fire of our head.
The wounded fell in numbers, but
were thrown on to their horses and
carried off, or hastily taken into the
woods. The church was used as a bar
rack, the beds on the floor being yet
warm. There was joy in Aecotiuk
over our four hundred, for the rebels
had harried them mercilessly for weeks.
From the church, for many miles west,
north and south, a reconnoissance was
made, which showed that there were
no large bodies of troops this side Oc
coqu an. The reconnoissnnee was push
ed about nine miles further into Vir
ginia, in this direction, than any made
since Bull Bun.
A despatch from Gen. McDowell,
this evening. to G6ii:
that Lieut. A. J. Ziegler, of Stewart's
Cavalry Regiment, rebel, hag just been
captured by the pickets of the New
York Thirtyfifth. He gives but little
information, but says that Jeff. Davis,
Bea u regard, ,Tqli nston and G. W. Smith,
late Street Commissioner of New York,
now a General in the rebel service,
were at Fairfitx Court House yester
day, reviewing the troops.
The rebels daily sh( ot at our pickets
on Fairfax road. Our men occupy the
road for half a mile beyond Falls
Church village. They, of course, re
turn the shots. This dueling at long
range will have unequal results when
Berdan's riflemen go to the front.
How a Man Feels Under Fire.
The Philadelphia American thus re
lates how a soldier feels during a bat
tle: We yesterday stumbled upon a
volunteer on furlough, who first smelt
powder at Bull Run. During an hour's
chat with him, he gave us a very good
general idea of the way in which a
man feels when under an enemy's gun.
When his regiment was drawn up in
line, he admits his teeth chattered and
his knee pans rattled like a pot closet
in a hurricane. Many of his comrades
were similarly affected, and some of
them would have laid dowii had they
dared to do so. When the first volley
had been interchanged, our friends in
forms us, every trace of these feelings
passed away from him. A reaction
took place, and ho became almost sav
age from excitement. Balls whistled
all about him, and a cannon shot cut
in half a companion at his side. An
other was struck by some explosive
that spattered his brains over the
clothes of our informant, hut so far
from intimidation, all these things app s
ved up his resolution. The hitherto
quaking civilian in half an hour be-.
comes a veteran, /Ifs record shows
he bayoneted two of his enemies, and,
discharged eight rounds of his piece.
with as decisive an aim as though ho.
had selected a turkey for his mark.,
Could the entire line of an army come.
at the same Wile into collision, he says.
there would be no running except af
ter hopeless defeat. The men who,
played the runaway at Bull Run were.
men who had not participated in the
action to any extent, and who became
panic-stricken where, if mice smelling
powder in the manner above described,
they would have been abundantly vie-.
torious. In the roar of musketry and
the thundering discharge of artillery,
there is a music that banishes even in
nate cowardice.: The sight -of men,
struggling together, the clash ofsabres, ,
the tramp of cavalry, the gore-stained,
grass of the battle field, and the com
ing charge of the enemy dimly visible,
through the battle smoke—all these,
says our intelligent informant, dispel . :
every particle °Hear, and the veriest
coward in the ranks perhaps becomes,
the most tiger-like.
Census of New York State
IVASIIINOTON, Oct. 5.—A t the request
of the lion, Augustus Frank, member.
of Congress of New York, the Super
intendent of the Census Bureau has
prepared a statement of the white male
population of the several counties of
that State, between the ages of 14 and
45, and the proportion required from
each county to furnish the quota of
The Superintendent snys the State
presents au effective arm-bearing pop
ulation of 700,344—ab0ut one-half of
that of all the States south of Mason's
and Dixon's line, equalling the com
bined military strength of Alabanth;Ar.;,
kansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana,
Mississippi, North and South Carolina
Dar The Quartermaster at Washing
ten, D. C., advertises fer. hundred