The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, April 10, 1861, Image 1
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European Opinions on American Affairs. THE DUTY 9.F ENGLAND TD,AMERICA [From the Landau Saturday Review.] 'lt is absolutely necessary that the .English Government should speedily de- cide on the policy it intends to follow with reference to the Southern Confederation of American States. Owing to the con tradictory legislation which the two parts of the dissevered Union have adopted on the subject of import du ties the English exporter finds himself in the greatest perplexity, and the Government is exclusively able to re move his difficulty. The Southern States, which ultimately pay for Brit ish commodities in their cotton, are ready to admit them at a low and rea sonable duty; but in the North a tariff has, in all probability, already been legalized, which all but closes against them the . Northern and Western mar kets. So far as this, the question for the English ministers seems to be the simple one, whether, in spite of grave ob jections, they will accept its liberal com mercial policy as a reason for recognizing the Southern Union. But the circum stances of the case are not yet com pletely stated. The Southern Confed eracy has announced that it intends to treat the whole United States as a foreign community, and that goods coming into the South from the North and North-west will be considered by it as equally dutiable with shipments received through New Orleans. This consideration adds greatly to the dis tress of the English mercantile interest. Even supposing it could bear up against the heavy fiscal burdens im posed by the New Northern tariff, it is quite impossible that it can pay the double duty levied partly at the ,New York custom-house, and partly on all cargoes conveyed to the seceding, States by the route of the Mississippi and its tributaries. Nay, it would ap pear as if goods shipped to New Or leans would, under present circumstan ces, pay duty first to the floating cus tom-house established by the Govern ment of the old States at the mouth of the Missisippi, and next to the officers of the Southern Confederacy the mo ment the cargo is landed on the wharf. No doubt, such a state of things as this, injurious as it is, ought to be pa tiently borne by the English importer, if it be no unreasonably prolonged. It seems, however, as if the 'Washington Government intended that it should en dure indefinitely. Up to the present moment, no mode of coercion has been mentioned by the persons mostly in Mr. Lincoln's favor, except the reten tion of Federal property in Southern defences and the compulsory levy of duties at Federal pots. This policy may obviously last fbr one year, two years, or 'a dozen; and it is a grave .question whether foreign Powers are under any obligation to submit to it. If no point of time can be named at which - it Will'conie to an end, is it not easy to see why England or France could not demand thatthe United States should either put down the rebellion by effectual measures, or else allow foreigners to deal with the new Confederacy as an indepen dent State: The difficulties growing out of conflicting claims ofjurisdietion form always one of the most familiar knots which publicists are called upon to un tie; but a new case arises when two Governments, without coming to blows or using any hostile measure against one another, actually exercise jurisdic tion at one and the same point of ter ritory. The old States cannot reason ably expect that they will be allowed to establish what will be, in effect, a blockade of the Southern ports with out applying that active, coercive, and unremitting force of which interna tional law rigorously requires the em ployment from the blockading Power. - These questions press the, more ur gently in proportion , as hopes of a compromise become fainter and fainter. The body 'of mediators assembled by the Government of Virginia, under the name of the PeacC Congress, has only succeeded in making a report through the accidental absence of one of the Republican delegates; and the report thus obtained merely suggests the ar rangements which have already been mooted and laid aside in the Congress of the United States. In truth, there are but two or three resting-places be tween the extreme dahlia of the North and the extreme claims Of the South; and as each of these has come in turn before the Senate and the Rouse of Re presentatives, it-has become elear that one party er_the other: considered'. it too' great a_ concession. It certainly Beans as if theAisplehad passed beyond the-region of cOfirclinite . .and adjustment. The,Southere . Confederacy has_ seem.- ed -I So 'tnapy,..tmexpec.ted .advantages through the ap,athrof, Mr., Buchanan, and so niciiifinOre through' the , suici dal fiscal logisratifni of'the North, that it is - riot ti eleast likelfto stoop down from : the commanding . attitade at which it plaeditselfin'the beginning of the-rupture. On the other_hand, the population .of the Northern States seems to be.mere -and more disinclined tp _give Way _without bloWs.. 'lt :WAS long thought that_ the -Republican par ty would be deserted by numbers of its adherents . at the first election after the secession; but some local struggles which -have just terminated actually show an increase 'of Republican votes. Mr. Lincoln will undoubtedly be fol lowed by large numbers of • his party whatever course he takes; but there are already signs that a considerable minority is determined to insist on measures which, though not admitted to deserve the Dame of coercion, will necessarily be the first step in a civil war. - If the polities of the islorthern States become permanently separated from those of the South, it is not easy to say into what divisions ,the present .....41 50 WILLIAM LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor. VOL. XVI, Northern parties will break up. That there will ultimately be - a disruption of the Republicans it is impossible to doubt, for no fiction so large and so nearly universal has ever prevailed in America without ultimately separating into fragments from its own weight. Even thus early—even before Mr. Li ncoln's policy was formally declared in America—there have been symptoms of serious disagreement. Some very powerful membrrs of the Republican party, seconded by no inconsiderable fifflowing, are known to have tried their utmost to prevent Mr. Lincoln from placing Mr. Seward at the head of his Cabinet. This dis taste for _Mr. Seward is not simply personal; it proceeds from a deep dis like of that policy of conciliating the South, and of • endeavoring to stop short of extremities, which Mr. Seward, ever since Afr. Lincoln's success, has urgently recommended in his public addresses.— The Mal-contents are therefore a war par ty, and they do not hesitate to declare that they do not greatly care what issue the war may have. If they defeat the South in fair field, it is clear that the doom of slavery, even in the present slave States, is sealed. If, on the oth er hand, the seeedibg States succeed in making good their independence, the ultra faction in the North insists that it is infinitely preferable to con tinue national existence as a Confed eracy of entirely free communities than to chafe under an unequal yoke with societies whose institutions are abhorrent to the freemen of a democ racy based on the equality of rights. The existence of this dissident section is pointed out by the more moderate Republican newspaper as a lamentable proof of the progress made by Aboli tionism, pure and simple, in the Re publican ranks since Mr. Lincoln's election. It is, indeed, most natural that the extreme form of anti-slavery opinion should gather strength through the force of recent occurrences. Every taunt and boast of the Seceders, each disdainful rejection of the overtures of peace which proceed from the more timid Northerners, must add plausibil ity to the arguments of those 'who have always contended that there could be no peace with the slave-own er. There are men of much eloquence, and consequently of much influence, in the Northern States, who, though Americans born, have steadily refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Federal Constitution, lest they should seem to pledge themselves against un dertaking a root-and-branch extirpa tion of - slavery if they should ever have it in their power. A year ago such persons, though to a certain ex tent admired and listened to, were regarded by the Republicans as dan gerous allies, and by the mass of the people as half-mad incendiaries, but now that events are apparently tend ing to bring about the state of things which they always declared to be in: evitable, it is not wonderful that in creasing numbers of Americans should be tempted to look upon them as pro phets. The longer the present provision al relation of North and South is con tinued, the more probable will be the con solidation of a great Northern party, sworn to re-admit the seceding States to the Union on no terms except entire sub mission, or else to separate from them forever. TILE NAVIGATION OF TILE MISSISSIPPI [From the London Shipping Gazette.] We give elsewhere in extenso the act of the .11:ontgomery Convention for the establishment of the free navigation of the Mississipld. This act, which is framed in a liberal spirit, provides for the free transit of vessels and their cargoes from port to port, within the limits of the Confederacy, "without any duty or hindrance except light money, pilotage, _ and other like charges." The importance of this measure will be at once perceived by all acquainted with the features of the American trade, and who know, as we pointed out two months since, that the grand object of the Southern States is to make the Mississippi the highway of the great trade of the West, and so divert that commerce from the ports of the At lantic to the ports of the Gulf of Mez•ico. A Border Slave State Convention. The Louisville Democrat opens an article, under the above heading, as follows: We deem it highly important that a Convention of this sort was called, and called promptly. It is the desire of the Union men of the Border States, and it would be an unnatural proceed for Kentucky to hold back. It is the duty of the Union men to omit no ex pedient that promises a settlement of our difficulties. The question now is with our friends of the Free States, what do the Border Slave States judge necessary for themselves, and what do they deem necessary to restore this Union to its integrity on fair basis, so that all can rejoin it without humilia tion. It is important that these States hold counsel by themselves, without the interference of others, and publish own to the world their programme. On them rests to-day the great duty of mediators. They 'Jaye a right to be heard by both sides, nor will that right be questioned. They have talon no rash or precipitate action; they haye disobeyed no law, nor repudiated any constitutional obligation. They have suffered more from ill conduct of a part of the Free States than their brethren further South. They have often spent their treasure and blood for it. They are not willing to surrender their rights or the Union. They intend to have both, and it is right and proper that they, having a deep interest in these objects, should calmly consider what should be done, and let all sections of the Union see the result. Cowardly Brutality of a Traitor. The Green Bay Free Press gives the following notice to the infamous trai tor, the late Gon. David B. Twiggs: To many of our older citizens Gen. Twiggs is well known. Thirty odd years ago he was stationed here, in command of fort Howard. Invested with supreme trust in this then new country, with little or no GovernMent other than martial law, examples of his vindictive and barbarous conduct live in the memory of some of the old residents with bitter distinctness.— There are no brilliant deeds of heroism in his history, asin most American of ficers of his age, to dazzle or avert the eyes bent upon his early infamy and wanton barbarism. A long life of ser vice in the army, mostly in frontier stations, has afforded means of gratifi cation to his tyrant nature; but in his profession his cowardice shielded him from danger more successfully than his vanity stimulated him to his dis tinction. In his intercourse with civil ians, he was supercilious and overbear ing. In his conduct to his soldiers, ho was the merciless tyrant and taskmas ter. Ho was Constantly embroiled in feuds without cause of complaint; his command was never without its vic tims of his cruelty and oppression. In 1828, a soldier named Prestige, smarting under the infliction of pun ishment more severe than usual, deter mined to take his life. Making his preparations with extraordinary care, Prestige watched his opportunity when Twiggs was asleep in his quarters ono afternoon, and stealthily creeping to his bedside, placed the muzzle of a heavily loaded musket to his car, and commen ded his soul to the keeping of the.infer nal regions. By some strange acci dent the musket missed fire; but the snapping of the gun awoke the sleeper, and seizing the musket by the muzzle he brained the soldier at a blow, leav ing him for dead. So far it was all right; doubtless the outraged but treacherous soldier deserved to suf fer death. His skull was smashed in by the gunlock; but he lived—lived to suffer a complication of horrors sick ening to think of. The skull of the wounded man was trepanned by Dr. Foot—an excellent surgeon and man; and while the patient was under his immediate care his condition was com fortable. But scarely had he com menced to convalesenee, when Twiggs began a series—a system—of cruelties and enormities unparalleled in the an nals of vindictive persecution. Before his reasot* was entirely regulated, the suffering soldier was severely cow hided once every day, either by the hand of the tyrant himself, or by his orders and in his presence. He was confined in the dungeon, fed like a beast upon uncooked food, denied any comfort or convenience suitable to man, and wor ried and exasperated with taunts and curses, as a sauce to his coarser pun ish:l:lent. In the Fall or Autumn of the year the troops at Fort Howard were ordered to the Portage to estab lish Fort Winnebago. Prestige, feeble with famine and brutal chastisement, crippled with chains and laden with burden, was forced to march under guard through 150 miles of wilderness. Once, when a pitying fellow-soldier re lieved his fainting victim of part of his burden for a while, he was kicked and cursed for a scoundrel for his imperti nent humanity. Arrived at the Por tage, he was not permitted the course comforts of his fellows, but chained to a tree like a beast. In this condition he Was kept through a severe Winter, without shelter or protection other than one blanket and a shed of slabs - which some other soldiers were suf fered to build around him. It is said that the villain Twiggs, never passed the lair without bestowing upon his suffering victim, nauseous with filth and alive with vermin, a blow, or a kick and a curse. In the Spring of 1829, when the soldier's enlistment ex pired, and the tyrant could no longer retain him for his private persecution and revenge, his head was shaved and he was drummed out of the service. But the malice of the coward did not end there. When he could no longer reach him by his own arbitrary schemes of torture, ho sent him under guard to this city and surrendered him to the civil authorities to be tried for his at tempt on the dastard's life. He was tried, and sentenced by Judge Doty to to five years' imprisonment in the coun ty jail; but only a short time elapsed when a proper representation of the facts was made to President Jackson, and he was pardoned and set at liberty. • Siiir The story of the airs put on by a spry young lady because her father, a worthy blacksmith in the western part of our State, had "struck sug o•ests au editorial in the Hartford Cou rantt. on the way people " show off " when they gqt rich. We clip a para graph: " When a man has struck ile by his own perseverance and industry, we like to seo him use it well, and if necessary, even for his own enjoyment. But we want to see him bring up his children as ho was brought up himself, to work. Let them be taught to use their own perseverance and industry and strike lie for themselves. .It wjll be of more use to their characterd'and future destiny than if "Dad" had struck it for them. Every one who treads God's earth, and breathes God's air, should feel it to be a duty to work—to make the world better for having lived in it—to be of some use in his day and generation. Let every one labor with his mind, if ho does not with his hands. It is a sin and a shame for stalwart men and women to fold up their hands and sit idle, merely be cause "Dan bets struck ile." HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10, 1861. -PERSEVERE.- GOOD MORNING "Oh, I ant eo happy I" a little girl said, As eke sprang, like it lark, from a low trundle bed; "'Tie morning—bright morning! :Good morning, papa I 0, giro me one kiss for good morning, mammal Only Just look at my pretty canary, Chirping his sweet 'Good mornina.to Nary ;' The sun Is perping straight into my eyes— Good morning to you, Mr. Sun, for you rim Early to evoke my birdie and me, _ And make us happy as happy can be." "happy you may be, my dent. little girl," As the mother struck softly a clustering curl— " Happy you can be—but think of the One Who wakened, this morning, both you and the sun." The girl turned her 'night eyes with a nod : 4 . kb, may I say, then, good morning to Owl 5" "Yen, little darling one, surely )oft may; Kneel as you kneel every morning to pray." Mary knelt solemnly don n, with her eyes Looking up—earnestly—into the skies. And two little hands, that were folded together, Softly she laid on the lap of her mother, '•Good morning. dear Father In Heaven," she sold, ' I thank thee for watching my snug little bed, For Lakin good care of me all the dark night, And waking mo up with the beautiful light; 0, keep MO from minghtluesa all the long day, Thor Father, who taught little children to pray!" An angel looked down in the sunshine end smiled, But else saw• not the angel, that beautiful child! How an Old Sailor Talked to a Child. We clip the following from Mrs. Stowe's Story, now being published in the New York Independent. It is an old sailor talking to his grand-daugh ter : " Father," said Sally, " how many things there must be at the bottom of the sea—so many ships are sunk with all their fine things on board? Why don't people contrive some way to go down and get them? " They do, child," said Captain Kit tridgc ; "they have diving bells, and men go down in 'em with caps over their faces, and long tubes to got air through, and they walk about on the bottom of the ocean." " Did you ever go down in one, fath --- Miii " Why yes, child, to be sure; and strange enough it was, to be sure.— There you could see great big sea crit ters, with ever so many eyes and long arms, swimming right up to catch you; and all you could do would be to mud dy the water on the bottom, so they could not see you." ' "I never heard of that, Captain Kitt ridge," said his with, drawing herself tip with a reproving coolness, " Wag Miss Kittridge, you han't heard of everything that ever happened, though you do know a sight." " And how does the bottom of the ocean look, father ?" said Sally. " Laws, child ! whylrees and bush es grow there just as they grow on land; and great plants—blue, and pur ple, and green, and yellow, and pearls. I've seen them as big as chippin' birds' eggs:" Cap'n Kittridge!" said his wife. " I have—and big as robins' eggs, too; but them was off that coast of Ceylon and Malabar, and way round under the Equator," said the Captain, prudently resolved to throw his ro mance to a sufficient distance. " It's a pity you did'nt get a few of them pearls," said his wife, with an indignant appearance of scorn. " I did get lots on'em and traded'em off to the Nabobs in the interior for Cashmere shawls and India silks and sich," said the Captain composedly, " and' brought 'em home and sold 'ern for a good figure too." " Oh, father!" said Sally, earnestly, " I wish you had saved just one or two for us." "Laws, child, I wish now I had," said the Captain, good-naturedly.— " Why, when I was in India, I went ur , in Loekpow, and Benares, and saw alt the Nabobs and Big-guns—why, they don't make no more of gold and silver and precious stones than we do of the shells we find on the beach.— Why, I've seen one of them fellers with a diamond in his turban as big as my fist." " Cap'n Kittridge, what are you tel ling?" said his wino once more. " Fact—as big as my fist," said the Captain, obdurately; " and all the clothes he wore was jist a stiff crust of pearls and precious stones. I tell you he looked like something in the Reve lations—a real New Jerusalem look he had." " I call that ar talk wicked, Cap'n Kittridge, usin' Seriptur, that are way," said his wife. " Why, don't it tell about all sorts of gold and precious stones in the Reve lation ?" said the Captain ; " that's all I meant. Them ar countries off Asia ain't like our'n—stands to reason they shouldn't be, thent's Scripture coun tries, and every thing is different than" " Father did you ever get any of these splendid things ?" said Sally. "Laws, yes, child. Why, I had a great green ring an emerald, that one of the princes giv' me, and ever so many pearls and diamonds. lased to go with 'em rattlin' loose in my vest pocket. I was young and gay in them days, and thought of bringin' of 'em home for the gals, but somehow I al ways got opportunities for swoppin' of em' off for goods and sich. That ar shawl your mother keeps in her can fire chist, was what I got for one on 'em. " Well, well," said Mrs. Kittridge, " there's never any catchin' you, cause you've been where we haven't." A GAB LABOR SAVING MACHINE.-A new and useful invention is being in troduced on some of the Eastern Rail roads, by which travelers can be an swered a question with which conduc tors are much bored, viz : " What is the next station ?" The invention consists of a table constructed on rol lers in the same manner as a counting house calendar, and the conductor by turning the roller, places the name of the station before the eyes of the pas sengers in the car. ta - r . Wisdom and age go togetbet --i - 1 . i .., ~:..,..... ‘4llA,.;ffs,ii.-0-j::i:,,,et.. - , Poverty Not so Great a Curse. If there is anything in the world that a young man should be more thankful for another, it is poverty which necessitates his starting in life under very great disadvantages. Pov erty is one of the best tests of human equality in existence. A triumph over it is like graduating with honor from West Point. It demonstrates stuff and stamina. It is a certificate of worthy labor, creditably performed. A young man who cannot stand the test, is not worth anything. lle can never rise above a drudge or pauper. A young man cannot feel his will harden, as the yoke of poverty presses upon him, and" his pluck rise with every difficulty poverty throws in his way, may as well retire into some corner and hide himself'. Poverty saves a thousand times more men than it ruins; for it only ruins those who aro particularly worth saving, while it saves multitudes of those whom wealth would have ruined. If any young man who reads this is so unfortunate as to be rich, I give him my pity. I pity you, my rich young friend, because you are in danger. You lack stimulus of effort and excellence, which your poor com panion possesses. You will be very apt, if you have a soft place in your head, to think yourself above him, and that sort of thing makes you mean, and injures you. With full pockets and full stomach, and fine linen and broadcloth on your back, your heart and soul plethoric, in the race of your life, you will find yourself surpassed by all the poor boys around you, be fore you know it. No, my boy, if you are poor, thank God and take courage; for He intends to give you a chance to make some thing of yourself'. If you had plenty of money, ten chances to one, it would spoil you for for all useful purposes.— Do you lack education Have you been cut short of the text book ?' Re member that education, like some oth er things, does not consist in the mul titude of things a man possesses. What can you do ? That is the question that settles the business for you. Do you know your business? Do you know men, and how to deal with them ? Has your mind, by any means what soever, received that discipline which gives to its action power and faculty ? If so, then you aro more of a man, and a thousand times better educated, than the one who graduates from college with his brain full of that which he cannot apply to the business of life -the acquisition of which has been in no sense a disciplinary process as far as he is concerned. There are very few men in this world less than thirty years of age, unmarried, who can af ford to be rich. One of the greatest benefits to be reaped from great finan cial disasters, is the saving a large crop of young men.— Timothy Titcomb. Origin of the Gypsies. The Gypsies are not Egyptians, as is commonly supposed, but are of the lowest class of Indians among the es tates of Ilindostan, commonly called Pariars, or in Hindostan, Stmdars.— They are found in Persia, Turkey, Russia, Hungary, and most of the con tinental nations, amounting to more than 700,000 ; they all speak one lan gunge, differing only in a slight degree from each other, as the provincial ac cents of a kingdom may differ, and and this language is nearly the same, the Hindostauee. The emigration of this people from their own country is attributed to the war of Timour Beg in India, (408,) at which period their arrival in Europe is confirmed by his torical authorities. So cruel was the conqueror, that 100,000, who surren dered as slaves, were put to death; in consequence of which, a universal pan ic seized the inhabitants, and they fled in all directions, the Sundars gradual ly finding their way into Europe. The features of the Gypsies plainly show their Eastern origin; but they had so well contrived to dupe the European inhabitants that, until the advance ment of Oriental litorature,their coun try could never be clearly traced. In England, where they arrived in the time of Henry VIII, they met the taste of the vulgar by pretended skill in astrology, and the art of palmistry, bringing With them their native tricks of juggling. That the Gypsies are of the race mentioned, can scarcely be doubted, when we put all the reasons together for establishing the theory. The date of the scattering of the Indi an tribes by Timour Beg, agrees with that of their emigration to Europe; their language accords with that of Hindostanee ; their .persons strongly resemble the people of that country— so much so, that the troops of Ilindos tan struck the British officers with surprise when they joined their ar mies, as so nearly resembling these people, and their customs and mode of Min every respect aie perfectly in accordance with those of the Sundars; both are filthy and disgusting in their habits; both are given .to steal; both dislike to communicate their language to strangers; they are remarkably fond of horses; they prefer food killed by disease; they have similar dances,they have similar vices, they are alike wanderers, and are averse to civilized life; they equally dislike agricultural pursuits, and practice music, or travel about with their tinker's tools, ready to work at every door;, their marriage customs are similar. The belief that the Gypsies wore Egyptians arose from the report circulated by the first of them, that they were pilgrims from Egypt. The Gypsies have no partic ular religion, all professedly conform ing to that of the countries w . horeThey dwell, but being for the most part, destitute of Nth. Ate- Good is always a seed whose blossom 1-, beauty. TERMS, $1,50 a rear in advance Colorado—Nevada—Dakota. The bill organizing the Territories of Colorado, Nevada, and Dakota, passed both Houses of Congress, and has been signed by the President.— This increases the number of the Ter ritories of the United States to seven, including the previously existing ones of Washington, Nebraska, Utah and New Mexico. The first of these Territories, Colo rado, includes parts of Kansas, Ne-_ braska, and Eastern Utah. Its bound aries run as follows: Beginning at a point where the 102 d degree of west longitude from Greenwich crosses the 37th parallel of north latitude, thence north along said 102 d parallel to where it intersects the 41st degree of north latitude, thence west along said line to the 109th degree of west longitude, thence south along said line to the 37th degree of north latitude, thence cast along the 37th degree of north latitude to the place of beginning. The Terri tory contains about 100,000 square miles, and at this time a population of some twenty-five thousand persons.— The Rocky Mountains divide the Ter ritory into two. parts, westward from them flowing a large number of rivers, tributary to the Colorado, and east ward others equally numerous and large, tributary to the Arkansas and South Fork Platte Rivers. It includes the famous mining region, Pike's Peak, rich in gold and other metals, cut off by deserts from the more fertile West ern States, but destined to be the home of advancing civilization, and to give up its treasures at the summons of en lightened toil. Nevada is taken from Western Utah and California. Its boundaries are as follows : Beginning at the point,of in tersection of the 42d degree of north latitude with the 80th degree of longi tude west from Washington ; thence running south on the line of the 116th degree west longitude, until it inter sects the northern boundary of the Territory of New Mexico; thence duo west, to the dividing ridge separating the waters of Carson Valley from those that flow into the Pacific; thence on this dividing ridge northwardly to the 41st degree of north latitude; thence duo north to the southern boundary line of the State of Oregon; thence duo east to the place of beginning.— That portion of the Territory within the present limits of the State of Cali fornia is not to be included within Ne vada until the State of California shall assent to the same by an act irrevoca ble without the consent of the United States. The Territory includes the lovely Carson Valley, the memory of whose beauty lingers with the traveler in his journey through arid plains and over rugged mountains, and whose wondrous fertility, even under the ru dest cultivation, shows what may be expected there when intelligent indus try has free course. Great mineral wealth, especially of silver, in which it is richer than any other part of the world, and unlimited capacity for the raising of agricultural products, will combine at an early day to transform this region into a rich and populous State. general terms, Dakota lies between latitude 42° 30' and 49' north, and lon gitude 00° 30' and 103° west. It is bounded on the north by British America, east by the States of Minne sota and lowa, south and west by Ne braska. Its length from north to south is 450 miles, its average breadth is about 200 miles, and it has an area of 70,000 square miles. It was formerly a part of the Territory of Minnesota, but was detached when that became a State. The Indians belonging to the Yankton, Sissiton and Sioux tribes are numerous, and live chiefly by the chase. The Territory includes open, grassy plains, high-rolling praries, a great number of lakes and ponds, and very numerous valuable rivers. The climate of the south is mild; that of the north severe, though less so than might be expected from its high lati tude. The-land is well timbered, and the valleys are highly productive.— Coal abounds in some parts, and other minerals add wealth to the region,— The game is plentiful, and of great value for its furs. The eager thirst for the precious metals, which has opened these far western regions to the white man, already modified by the discovery that the labor necessary to obtain the metal will yield more satisfactory returns when expended in tilling the soil and developing the natural resources of the country, will soon exert only its proper'influenee i then the natural vig or of free labor, assisted by the intelli gently fostering care of an enlightened Government, will soon i redeem these noble territories from their wildness, and legitimately extend by so much the real area of Freedom.—Tribune. ' FATAL EFFECT OF FORTUNE TELLING. Conrad Walter, a young man 20 years of ago committed suicide on 11onday night, by shooting himself through the head with a pistol. Deceased liv ed with his parents, and was always considered a sober, steady and indus trious boy. It was given, in evidence before the jury on Tuesday, that some, years ago, he went to a fortune, teller in the city to consult his fate. The sybil informed him gravely that as soon as he arrived at the age of 20, he would die or be killed—that he could not possibly live to the age of 21, ex cept, perhaps, in a state of misery and woe, to which he would prefer death. Walter was 20 years of age a couple of weeks since. Happening to be out of employment at the time, he belipvcd the prediction of the fortune teller was about to be verified, if not as,regard ing his death, at least with regard to the misery of his life, ,'This, it is thought, induced him to commit the act of self-destruction,—('iii. Corn.' Distress in New York. The 'Now York Daily News — gives this sad picture of the distress and suf fering at this time in the 'great city of New York. It makes one's,blood run cold:— !‘ There is nothing easier than' to:lie mentally. blind when one . does . riot want to see. Nor will bue's mortal eye discover sights if their gaze id, not turned - in that direction. Walking up and down :13roadvay foreVer, *Mild not only enlighten a, man as to 'things that exist in. other portions of the city, but would almost induce hini.to .be lieve that there could not be anything really miserable where there is so much pomp. There is 'more wretch edness in New York to-day than can be described, Employment ;has . cods ; ed to furnish the money•fir•:,l4lich food, clothing and shelter May :be bought, and ghastly poverty_ stalki around apartments where plenty was wont to be. Thousands of, human be ings are penniless and hungry in our midst, thousands have barely enough to procure froM hour to hoUr the lard necessaries of life; and tens of thous ands have to deny' themselves'. the most moderate comforts. NO. 42. "All this comes, every . one will tell you, because of "the bad" imes." The' " bad times," is the Subject' of conver sation in lutel and private bouse, in garret and basement; it. stares at yoU from shabby houses, empty stores and closed warehouseS ; it gleams out from the careworn, staring look of hundreds who pass you in the street; it calls forth tears and agony and grief from broken hearts whose sorrows GOd alone can see and understand. .Divine Providence has tempered the Winter atmosphere, and rendered the pave a less swift, murderer than it would be were ice and snow and biting frost to paralyze the human forms that make a pillow of it nightly. Oh ! for some pen to write the painful incidents of this dreadful season. The broken spirits, the blighted hopes, the 'blasted youthfulness that wouid claim record. " We paint no sensation pintarn.— Not a night gong by, that respectable, intelligent men, and often worriOn k tee, in seedy garb - milts accost 'the passer- by, with - plaintive supplication's for-th'e price of a small meal. *" I- bog your pardon, sir, but I really am faint, >;9p want of food : would you give me, a few pence?"' Addresses like this; the genuineness of which 'a' ' practiCal townsman appreCiates at once, salute one's ears - ,by day and night in our public thoroughfares. Decent persons in large numbers, to our own knOWI - apply at private kitchen doors for relief', and many are known to , be famishing for want of nonrishment. Change of Clothing--A Caution. A medical journal gives some timely advice which we, commend to all our readers : " Don't be in haste to put off woolen garments in spring. Many - u ' bad cold,' 6vho ever heard of a - good one?) rheumatism, lumbago, and. pains, are lurking in the, first, sunshiny days, ready to pounce upon the incautious victims who have laid aside their de fensive armor of flannel. Any sudden changes in the system are attended with more or less of danger, but the body can accommodate itself to almost any condition, provided it be assumed gradually. The use of flannel guards against sudden change of temperature. In a warm day, when , perspiration flows freely, if it be allowed to pass off rapidly, the quick evaporation carries with it much heat from the bOdy, and a chill- may be produced, followed by the derangement of some fUnction, he cold in • the head; or unnatural _dis charge from the bowels. Flannel con tains much air in its meshes, and Is therefore a slow condietor'of cold Or heat. Evaporation proceeds from 'it more slowly than from,cotton or linen, hence it's excellence as a fabric for clothing. Many persons wear it next to the skin the year round, and"fid it a shield against prevalent- complaints in summer. No general' rule, can .be given as to this; it must depend upon the constitution and employment of the individual. In all cases, hevieVer, flannel should not ho laid aside until the weather is settled" permanently warm—in this latitude usually after the first of June. The change should he made in the day,"when the energies are partly abated, and the air is usual ly growing cooler. Many a consump tion Las been contrasted by Undressing for an evening party. - SINCIIILAR Cass.—The 'Fori Wayne (Ind.) Times relates a curious story of an insane German woman, named Re bus, who some years since jumped from the third story of the Insane 116spital, at Indianapolis, and who, after a long search, was given up for dead.. About two years after the supposed death of his insane wife, Rabus -married-again, but a few nights ago, the first wife en tered his residence. She wits- adeom panied by a young child who had been born after she became insane, and after she escaped from the Asylum. Of her wanderings she bad but an ifidiatinot recollection. She remembered haNing waded through swamps and:Woods-An a she came to a. steamboat, "upon which she got,- and finally -found her self in Buffalo, where a physician took charge of her and succeeded in - curing her. TlME.—Time wears slippers of list, and his tread is noiseless. The-ditY's come softly dawning, one after another; they creep in at , the:windoWs:; their morning air is t'atefpl t 4? the'lips that pant for it; their music is sweet tithe ear that listens to it—until, befare"We know it, a 'shole life of days haS lioe session of the citadel,.and time has taken us for its own. . ' . . TJUSUS NATUR.E.-A, ;was. re cently born in Trernpfield ,township, Westmoreland countyjmYing'lent _ono eye, and that situated in'theContre of the, forehead. There was no pose, nor any appearance of nasal hones. mouth wa§ well formed and.where it should be. The ears were iniperfebtlY formed, and situated on the eheotr. *hones; the rest of the body was - Well ibrmed, Cowards readily engage in con tests where all tbe perils are cncoun lered by the brave. iler. It is ihr less dangerous to slip with the foot than with the tottue.;"