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"O the WntifnL b—ntifnl rain '
Bing praise* ! Kin# priu*e* P
The little brown wren leaned out of her neet
And can# it with the d*t*i©*.
"O, the beautiful, beautiful rain !
King praise* Sing praise* P
The brook sang over her pebbly lane
In wonderful alto phra*©*.
From brook*iainl bat.la, from fleld* and flow
The lovely chorn* raise* :
"O, the beautiful, beautiful rain!
Sing praise* ! Sing praise* !"
"Battle with life,"
Hear thee up bravely,
Strong heart and true ;
Meet thy WO— gravely,
Strive with Uo>m too !
Let them not win from thee
Tear* of regret.
Such were a uu from thee,
Hope for good yet!
House then from drooping,
'Neath grief • control!
Par o'er the gloom Uiat bee.
Shrouding the earth,
Bright from eternal tktee
Show u* thy worth.
Nerve thee yet stronger,
Resolute uund !
I,et care no longer
Kiwe on thy eagle wvnge
Till from material thing*
Pure thou shall be.
Hear ye up bravely
Soul and mind too'
Droop not ao gravely
Bold heart and true
t'lear ray* of streaming light
Shine throng > the gloom.
tKwi * love u beaming bright
E'en round the tomlv
THE HEKO or THS CHAP ARAL SHAFT.
I do not believe that Quasimodo was
a more pitiably deformed creature, or
Quilp a more hideoualv unnatural look
ing object, than was Dandy Ferguson
when I saw him for the first time, that
calm summer afternoon, laughing and
jo"king with crowd of boon companions
in the 000 l shade of an awning at Quartz
Mountain. His face was seamed and
distorted by peculiarly glossy scare—
the ineradicable evidence of close and
kmr contact with that shriveling ele
ment, fire. His body was bent, and he
walked with a sidling movement. He
was a sickening spectacle at first sight,
suggesting fearful snffering in the past,
and my curiosity in regard to him was
" Who is that man ?" I asked, accost
ing a tall, blue-skirted miner who was
standing in front of the post-office.
"Don't yon know him?" answered
the man; "why, that's Dandy Ferguson.
I thought ev'rybody knew Dandy Fer
"Why do yon call him Dandy Fer
"Because—well, because he used to
be a dandy—a reguler out-an'-out sport
When Dandy Ferguson first came to
this camp he was a gilt-edged gentle
* man, an* no mistake. He wore a plug,
an' flashed a spark in his biled shirt
front as big as a peanut. He put on
more airs'n a mine superintendent an
most all the boys was down on him from
the start That was abont three years
ago, an' he came up here from the Bay
to git a whiff o' fresh air, an' mate na
ture an' the pines give him back what
he'd loetnpreein' 'round with them stock
sharps and young bloods o' 'Frisco. No,
he don't look like he was more'n half
human, that's a fact; but I'd rather
have theia scars o' his than wear the
clothes of the richest man in Californv
—thet is, ef I'd gone throngh what he
has an' suffered what he did. Prond of
'em ! Mister, tkar a'n't a man in this
ver country—no, sir, nor in this yer
State—as is prouder'n Dandy Ferguson
of what other men might grieve over an'
sigh abont, an' no man's got a better
right to be proud, either. When he
fast came to Quartz Mountain he used to
parade the streets with his nose cocked
up—so ; he'd hydraulic himself with
patchouly an' smell-water till yon
couldn't git within a mile of him.
"He was a delicate-looking cuss, an"
his bauds were as soft as a barber's. The
boys used to bet that if big Bridget Sul
livan—our washerwoman—waa'to take it
into her head to jump him, she'd knock
spots out o' him in short order. Thet
was our opinion of him when he played
his small cards in this yer eamj> —bnt he
showed down both bowers an' the ace
before he quit the game, you bet yer
life. D'ye see thet quartz mill over tbar
on tbe side hill ? Thet's the Ckaparal
Mine, ye know, an' it's thar thet Dandy
Ferguson showed ns what sand was. One
night, about a month after Ferguson got
here, somebody out there yelled ' Fire !'
an' the camp turned out Tbe h'istin'
works was in a light blaze, an' the flames
shootin* high up iu the dark. We all
rushed to the spot like a pack o' mad
animals—you know how a fire stirs men
up an' excites "em. Of course, nobody
knowed what to do, an' for a minute we
all stood round lookiu' at the fire creep
in' long the eaves, an' the burning shin
gles droppin' down the shaft. Party
soon some one says: ' What!' kinder
sharp an* fierce like. Then there was a
little movement in the crowd, an' a man
with a face as pale as death sprang away
from the mouth of the shaft yellin' fran
tic: 'Water! Water! For the love o'
God, turn on the water—the night shift's
in the lower drift.' There was an' awful
agony in thet man's voice; he had jist
remembered thet bis brother was down
there, an' thet the fire under tbe biler of
the engine was banked, thet the cage
was too heavy to work bv band, an' tbe
timbers in tlie shaft pitch pine, an' dry
as a bone with great sparks droppin'
down like flakes in a snow storm. You've
heard how fast a man thinks in times of
danger. Jim Hkxnim thought of his
brother, the dry timbers, the engine, the
cage, an' water, all in a seoond, but that
was all. He didn't hev time to think of
the fact thet tbar wasn't a bar'l of water
within a mile of the mine. Somebody
rushed to the tank—ther was about a
tubfnl there. The fire was playin' round
the biler, an' the engineer hed turned
the safety cocks to let thet out. We all
rushed ev'ry which way vellin' fnr ropes,
ladders, anything—as ef ladder could
reach down about two hundred feet to
where the men was. They were clean
gone with excitement, an' didn't know
what to do, an' the fire roarin' and crack
lin' like the devil's own blaze,
•' Some rushed one way an' some
another, while some of them stood
etarin' into the hot, black smoke an'
valler fire, dazed, scared, helpless.
Quicker'n it takes me to tell it a man
jumped through the door of the his tin
works an' caught hold of the chains.
His coat an' hat was gone, an' he looked
like an angel—almost—as he swungover
the shaft in his white frilled shirt an'
his long vallar hair. It was dandy Fer
guson. He didn't wait for nobody, but
jamed a big scantlin' thet two men
couldn't alifted, down over the shaft.
Then ho yelled fur a rope, an' told some
near the door to fetch him the ol' win'-
Inse thet was lyin'outside, near the dum
my. Yon never see men work like they
did as soon as ther was a head. The
rope an' the win'lass was brought into
the works on the jump an' fastened to
the scantlin'. Down went the rope and
Ferguson shouting after it. 'ln here,
l>oys, an' I stay till I roast' Then he
grabbed the crank, an' spun the rope
round the bar'l faster'n it ever was
rolled before. He used one hand first,
on* when she tightened he laid the other
on. Si Holdeu wanted to help him but
lie wouhln't hev no interference. 'Time
. uoupb,' says Ferguson, when I drop.'
ft wiu-u't long before a half-naked body
FRED. KUHTZ, Kditor and Proprietor.
came up. They got the rope off it*
quick a* tliey ooukl, draggm' Harry
Miller out of the work* mar* dtvtd'u
alive, tretubiiu' like a leaf. They thought
at the time thet he was scared at the
danger he'd been iu au' didn't notice
how much exhausted he was; but tluv
fouud out afterwards thet he'd played it
down iu tliet abaft as uieau as one man
can play it on auothor at aioh a time.
You *ee there was five of 'am ui the
lower drift, au' when the bnruin' tim
bers of the upper works Iregsn to drop
down they all made a rush for the main
shaft. The cage was ou au' they couldn't
get out till a rope came dowu. They
could see a dicker of light up alx>vc, an"
yelled till they was hoarse watohiu' thet
glimmer growin' brighter ev'rv minute,
an' kuowiu' thet the sliattm tuuU i'.i
blaae mighty aoou an' cut off all hope of
their ever glttiu' out. It was a terrible
thought an you can't blame Bill Sloenm
fur grabbm' the rojns as soon as it
dropped down to 'em. Harry Miller
jumped 'long aide of him, yellin'—
'* 'Let et>, ilarn ye,let go ! They can't
lift two of us.' 'Let go terse If,' shouts
Slocum, ttiruiu rouud ou him like a
" 'My old mother's up there,' yelled
Slocum, pointin' up the shaft.
" 'My wife's waitin' fur me,' howls
"An, with thet he knocks Sloeum
down in the drift an' goes up the rope
hand over hand before the others could
stop him—they'd killed him on tlie ajnit
ef he hedn't climbed the rope as he did.
Served him right ? Kerrect, mister,
they'd Barred him mighty well right an*
no" mistake, but he beat thet game.
He'd jist strength enough to tie the
slack 'ronnd his waist w'eu he give way
all at once an' hntig to the end of
the rope like dead weight, an"
Dandy Ferguson a hanliu' him oat o'
death. Down went the rope agin, :in'
Sloe urn was tied on an' hauled up, Fer
guson workin' the win'lass like a giant.
The cords stood out on his neck like
black-snake whips, an' the sweat poured
off of him like a sluice stream. Two
Corniahmen stood by him tryiu" to make
him let them roll up the rope while he
rested, but he cussed 'em and told 'em
to dry up; he said he was at the wheel,
an' he'd stay there ef he died fur it.
Wen Sloeum came up, the flre was all
around an' over the win'lass, an' the two
Corniahmen grabbed Bill an' carried
him out—they couldn't stau' tne heat,
Ferguson sent down the rope agin, an'
np come Sam Hildreth.with just strength
enough to make for the door.
"The roof over the biler and the pitch
on the door-poets was smokin*. Jest as
the rope went down fur the fourth time,
an' we loafin' round on the outside
watchin' Dandy Ferguson standin' there
like a man at tlie stake, expect in* every
minute to see him drop, an' not a man
of ns with gumption enough to think
what was wanted, a woman rushes into
the fiery furnace an' slings a wet blanket
over tlie bravest, gamest man in the
State o' Californv.
" "That's the ticket,' shouts Ferguson.
'Ton're a trump, whoever you are, my
girl, an' I wont furget ye, live or die.'
"An' he didn't It was Sam Hildreth's
sister Maggie, an' w'en she came out o
the smoke an' flame with her dress in a
blaze, she calls out sharp to the men.
" 'Keep thet blanket wet. There's
water in the tank. I'll marry the fust
man thet throws a buoket of water over
Dandy Ferguson—l'll marry him ef he's
"Them's her identical words, mister.
The men didn't need no farther orders,
'cause Maggie Hildreth was the han'-
somest girl in the country, an" the bat,
an' hed ev'ry young buck fur miles
aroun' close at her heels all the time,
handioappin' each other for smiles. But
her brother Sam saved her from them
galoots—saved her for a better man, by
wetting tbe blanket himself. Abont
this time the heat was terrible, one man
in the drift an' another half-way up,
crawlin' fast enough in ordinary circnm
stanoes, but hardly fsst enough with
death racin' down on his savior at a two
forty gait Wen Jack Harmon came
out o' the shaft he stood a minute on the
scantlin' swayin' back an' forth like a
drunken man, blinded by smoke, an' be
wildered, an' ef Ferguson hedn't caught
him he'd a gone back agin. Two more
of ns hed got in with buckets o' water—
"bout all ther was in the tank; bnt it
seemed to dry off as fast as we poured it
on, fur the blanket was smokin'. W'eu
the rope went down fur tlie last time, to
haul np Joe Harper, the scantlin' was
burnin' an' the upper timbers was begin
nin' to blaze. The whirlin' smoke hid
Ferguson from us, but we knowed thet
ef he didu't come out soon the whole
shebang 'd give way an' Imry him; tlie
sides was in a light blaze, an' the place
where the wns'lass stood was the only
spot where even Dandy Ferguson could
'a' worked. It must 'a' bin an awful
strain on him—thet last null—but he
never owned it, an' bimeby up comes
Joe, bravest man in the camp 1 reckon,
barrin" Dandy Ferguson, 'cause yon see
he wouldn't tech the rope till they'd all
been hauled up; he tied every man on
except the coward Miller' an' then came
throngh the blazin' shaft, himself,
watchin' the little tongues o' fire shoot
out from the sides ev'ry once iu awhile,
as if they'd lick the life-thread in two.
"As Joe grabbed the upper chains the
shaft lit up with a hiss an' a roar, as if
the flre was mad at losin' its prey. Joe
got oat and Ferguson staggered away
from the windlass, bnt his luck went
back on him at the last minute. He
stumbled and fell just as lie came to the
tramway at the door, an' the whole side
of the buildin' came down on him with a
crash. A hundred men forgot danger
an' death, an' rushed into the flames,
bnt Miller, the man that played it so
sneakin" mean down in the shaft, got
to him first and dragged him out. liv
ery body thought he was dead, an'the
crowd carried him an* Miller—who
dropped insensible after he'd got Fergu
son nnt—to the camp. Bnt Dandy Fer
guson lived through it, though for weeks
he lay between life en' death, an' fnr
months be didn't stir ontof a dark room.
Bnt there was no lack o' help an'prayerH
an' faithful nurses to bring him round.
No, sir; an' there wasn't u man, woman
or ohild within a hundred miles o' the
Chaparel mine thet wouldn't a crawled
on their hands an' knees to watch one
honr at his bedside, an' thoaght it one
o' tbe brightest kind o' honors—you can
bet yer life an thet. Yes, sir, Dandy
; Ferguson is a king in this yer country.
He can hev anything or do anything he
likes. We'd send him to Congress ef
he'd go, but he won't. We've got him
here, though, an' I guess bell never
leave. I wish I was one o' them poetry
writers; I'd write the bulliest poem
about Dandy Ferguson you ever read,
you hear me ? Yes, he's marriod. Got
married after he came oat Talk about
weddin's I That was a weddin': every
body got an invite, an' ev'rybody piled
in to see the gamest man in the Htate
tie to the gamest woman on God's foot
stool. Who was she? Why, Maggie
Hildreth, of course. Who clse'd it be,
I'd like to know? What became of
Harry Miller ? Well, thet's purty good.
Miller, ye see, came out all right, an'
you bet he didn't rest till he'd begged
Bill Slocnm's pardon fur leavin' him in
the shaft as he did; but Bill wouldn't
have it; said thet Miller'd balanced ac
oounts by Bavin' the life o' Dandy Fer
guson, the man thet saved him. But
thet's played. You want to know what's
become of him. Well—say, look here,
mister, I don't like to own it. bnt I'm
i the cuss—l'm Harry Miller. Interdoooe
THE CENTRE R
ye to l>aiu!t Fergusouf Of course I
will, an'you 11 uever git an iutcrduetiou
to a gamer man, or one it's more honor
able io know. Au, muter, el ye ever
tell about the Chnpparnl shaft, au' how
Dundy Ferguson stood by tliet win lass
iu the red hot liistm' works, jest throw
it in somewhere tliet lie's l>etter'u four
kings iu Una camp it 11 top otf the story
fust rate, au', Uwides, you ImH it's uo
tuure'u the solid truth."
The Houanta "Baa"
A Fans paper says: Who is the rich
est man iu the world is uo longer au
emgiua I It was only tit that Fans
should this vear number among her
guests Mr. John William Mackay, of
Virginia City, United States, and that
its Expiwitiou should bo visited by the
moat jHwerful representative ou record
of the kingdom of gold and silver. Born
iu Dublin iu 18S5, Mr. Mackay went to
America when quite a youth, and was
; first employed in a largo ship boildn g
house in New York. Toward the etui of
1852, soou after the discovery of gold,
he sailed for California iu a vessel built
by his late employer, and reached there
:u wiuUr of that your. Having a natural
inclination for everything connected
with mining, he immediately adopted it
as a profession, meeting with all the
hardships aud ups aud downs that are
part auo pan-el of its wages, Gommeno
ing his career iu Sierra county, where
he remained several years, he at length
made a " raise," and started for Virginia
City. Here his funds ran out, and he
worked for some time timbering the
Mexican mine at SI a day. As a charac
teristic of the man, it is stated that
about this period Mr. Mackay was fre
queutlv saving that if he could ouly get
together $25,000, to make the declining
years of his dear mother comfortable,
his greatest ambition in life would !>e
attained. Beset by various changes of
fortuue he ultimately, iu 1863, became
associated with Mr. T. M. Walker, and
to this firm was added, in 1865, Messrs.
Flood and O'Brien: remaining so until
1868, when Mr. Walker retiring, Mr.
Fair replaced him. The stupendous
wealth of these four enterprising meu
theu became manifest. They having se
cured the Hale and Nororosa, one of the
Bonanza mines, wort* enabled to procure
others, finally purchasing the Consoli
dated Virginia ground for about SBO,OOO.
Further acquisitions of territory resulted
in their obtaining that marvelous deposit
of ore known as the Comstoek lode.
With their constantly increasing capi
tal, and the active and incessant efforts
made by Mr. Muck ay and his partners,
the wonderful Bonanza mines were
eventually opeued to the astonished
world. Mr. Mackay has three eights of
the profit derived from them, and yearly
adds to his overflowing exchequer the
almost fabulous sum of 60,000,000 francs
(812,000,000.1 This is calculated to
bring him in exactly 185 francs ($251 per
minute 7,500 francs (§1.500) an hour,
and SIBO,OOO francs £16.000) a day.
Little over 12 years of age, Mr. Mackav
is still in the prime of life, has a hand
aims, commanding face, splendid phy
sique, and fine presence, and, whether
among bis miners, in the society of the
elite, or in the boaoin of his friends and
family, we view iu the " Boss " of the
"Big Bonanza" all those attributes
which go to make up the thorough man
and the courtly gentleman.
Xew Hampshire's Tramp Law.
The following are the moat important
clauses of the law for the suppression of
tramps which has been passed by the
New Hampshire Legislature :
" Any person going about from place
to place, oeggiug and asking or subsist
ing upon charity, shall be taken and
deemed to bo a tramp, nd shall be
punished by imprisonment at bard labor
;n the State priaon not mure than fifteen
"Any tramp who shall enter any
dwelling house,.or kindle any fire in the
highway, or on tbe land of another with
out the cdnsent of the owner or occu
pant thereof, or shall he found carry
ing any firearm or other dangerous
weapon, or shall threaten to Jo any in
jury to any person, or to the real or
penional estate of another, ahull be
punished t>y imprisonment at hard labor
in the State prison not more than two
"Any tramp who shall wilfully and
maliciously do any injury to any person,
or to the real or personal estate of
another, ahall be punished by imprison
ment at hanl labor in the fitate prison
not more than fire years.
" Any act of beggarv or vagrancy by
any person not a resident of this State
ahall lie evidence that the person com
mitting the same is a . tramp within
the meaning of this act.
" Auy person upon a view of any
offence described in this act may appre
hend the offender and take liirn before
a justice of the peace for examination,
and on his conviction shall be entitled
to a reward of ten dollars therefore,' to
be paid by the county.
"This act shall not apply to any
female or minor under the age at seven
teen years, nor to any blind person.
"Upon the passage of this act the
Secretary of State shall cause printed
copies of this act ♦o.bescnt to the several
town and city clerks, who shall catfse
the same to be posted in at least six
conapienons places, three of which shall
be ou tbe public highway."
Regulating the Time.
The housekeeper who regulates time
well and discreetly has acquired tbe art
of making business and pleasure friends.
Their households will run smoothly.
The power of regulating time is a gift
with some people, that others, however
well meaning, can never attain. There
are some women who fiud time for
everything,—to manage their houssholds
thoroughly and comfortably, look after
their children, get through a certain
amonnt of needlework, read for an hour
or two every day,—who never neglect
their husbands' comforts, and are al
ways ready tor any social pleasure. The
well-known sentence, "I have not time,"
is never said by them. Hpw they man
age this is a mystery to those who have
not the gift, thongh theyavill explain it
in these few words: "I never dawdle,
and I never waste a moment." A great
deal of valuable time is wasted by
people thinking it is not worth while
to do anything in the few minutes
there are to spare between finishing one
piece of work and beginning another.
Home ladies never go about without
some knitting in their packets, which
they can take up and work at if they
have even flveminntea to spare. To the
rale that everything can be overdone,
this industry is no exception, for there
are people who carry it to the extent of
radenoss, who will hardly look up from
their work to greet a friend, and forget
the first impulses of good breeding in
their anxiety to waste no time. There
ought to be no such thing us lack of
time for courtesy. It is part of onr
training here to give up to onr fellow
creatures; and if some of onr time is
wanted by them, it must be given cheer
fully and willingly. It ia very trying,
certainly, when every honr of one's day
has been marked ont, to find at the end
of the day that each honr lias l>ecn more
or less disturbed by nhforseen circum
stances, so trying that it is wisest not
to mark out any definite plan for the
day, but merely to make a good lasting
resolution not to waste a minate.
CENTRE HALL, CENTRE CO., PA., THURSDAY, AUGUST 21), 1878.
, Tweed's daughter, whose w reding
gifts aiu. muted U S7\IHW, i reported to
lm living ui New Orleans iu very reduced
Three dray loads of silver dollars were
lately drawn to the United .States treas
ury iu Ban Francisco. The entire value
was ouly SBOO,OOO.
Home of the uiermsida have had a
good drink of tea. A British steamer
which put into Singapore in distress re
coutly threw overlavard 'Ji.IHiU chesta of
tea, worth alxiut SIOO,OOO.
Kdison, the famous iuventor, said U> a
Chicago reporter who asked him if he
; had ever been in the western metropolis
before: "Yes. I was bare thirteen years
! ago. I hail a linen duster, $2.50, aud a
railroad pass, 1 was not interviewed
Tin- water of the l>es Moiucs river be
came so hot during the recent heated
term that tlsli died by the thousand.
Large sized pickerel were taken from
the surface of tiie water, and upon being
plunged into springs speedily recovered,
and were as lively as ever.
The oldest man has beeu gathered to
his fathers, lie was a German, living
iu Geluhaueen, and was 148 yearn old
i when be died. His life hail been a pro
tracted struggle with poverty. lie left
two sous, sixteen grandchildren aud H4B
great-grandchildren to mourn his loes.
The Japanese government, which is
making rapid strides towards modern
civilisation, has just awakened to the
necessity of preserving its forests, and
striugeut regulations have been piuouxl,
which shall uot only hinder the too
rapid destruction of the forests, but
increase the area c ivered by woodlands.
Five Indians, tall, handsome, lightly
clad, with tatixnugs, fcat.ier head dtt ss
es, go., accompanied by au American
officer who served as interpreter, have
beeu creating a sensation at the Paris
Exposition. They stared wlicu they en
countered soma Arabs and the natives
of Algeria returned their curious gaxe
A huge temperance fete was held re
cently in the Crystal Pulace, Lirnloa,
under the auspices of the Baud of Hope
Uuion, which embrace* about 3,000
societies, and a membership of nearly
500,000. It l* estimated that 90,000
persons attended the fete, and a crieket
mat .'h and a balloon race were among
Tlie little republic of Switzerland has
an army of 120,000, organized in eight
iliviaiou*. There art* m,OOO infantry, lii,-
500 artillery, 3,500 engineers,2,7oo sani
tary force, and 2,000 cavalry. Besides
thi*. which is called the elite army, there
is a landwehr of 92,000 mec. What Swit
zerland does with all this military fori*
does not appear.
A horrible murder was oommitted re
cently at Xeriad, in India. A religioua
: mendicant and fanatic seized a boy trom
among several of his playfellow* and
stabbed him in the throat. The mur
derer miule no resistance, but calmly
told his capturars that tlie bov was an
enemy of his god llama, ami he was
moved by the god to kill him.
Under the no* liquor law in Missis
sippi every saloon-keeper i* required to
buy of the State auditor a to>ok of cou
pon*. aiul everybody who take* a drink
1* baud**! one of tfieae coupons, which
.he State receives fur tan* at one cent
each. If Ik pays for two drink* he re
ceive* an orange-colored coupon good
for two cent*, if five drink*, a bine cou
pon good for fire cent*.
The** figure* ahow how Loudon iian
grown in the twenty year* since the first
Inhabited lioomm sofi.oaf, 419.64J
InUaUtaaU. 2.363.405 S.'JfiS.aO
In the twenty year* ending in 1876, the
total ratable annual value of property
ha* increaeeo from $36,418,315 to $115,-
The Scientific American i* of the
opinion that the flax aud linen industry
affor.l* rare cnoonmgement tor the etr
nloyment of capital and skill in the
United State*. Very little ia done in
thia country at the preeent time in the
production and mautifaetnre of flax.
Last year we imported $1,250,000 of raw
flax, $6,000,000 worth of linseed and
$15,000,000 of linen good*.
Barnum says ho pav* his beat bareback
rider SIOO a Jay, ami his "Jeading lady
equestrienne," SI4OO s week. Pad rul
ers get :rom SIOO to $125 a week. Ac
robats and gymnasts are paid from
S6O to SIOO A week, according to their
ability and the danger of their perform
ance. Clowns always command good
salaries, and a really first-class clown is
worth from SIOO to $175 a week.
A bread fruit tree is now acclimated
and in healthy bearing in the capital
grounds at Hacramcnto, Cal. The fruit
has the shape of a pear, four inches long
and three in diameter. It haa a canta
loupe flavor. The milky juice of thia
tree makes the toughest moat tender if
steeped in it for tea minutes. In Bar
badoes it is usual to hang meat and
fowls in the branches, where the vapor
of the tree* effects the same purpose.
Many persona are poisoned by eon
tact with the wild ivy and sumac, and in
some cases the poisoning is very severe.
To such it may be of interest to know
that Dr. Brown, of tho United States
navy, claims to have discovered a cer
tain remedy lot such poisoning. It ia
bromide dissolved in olive oil, ooamollue
or glycerine. He used twenty drops of
bromide to an ounoe of oil, rubbing it
on the affected part three or four times
a day, and washing it off occasionally
with castile soap.
Lord Boaconafield occupied with bia
suite at the Kaisorlioff, during the late
Berlin Congress, sixty-three rooms at
87,000 a month, and hi* ft,od bill was
810,000. He gave S3OO to the waiters.
The correspondent of the London Time*
took $8,600 with him tor oxpense*. snd
expended $11,440, in addition to $2,410
for telegrams. The wife of M. Bio wit*
of the congress induced her huanan i to
obtain the signature of each member
npon a fan which she entrusted to him.
Hlie considers that she possesses a tress
nre of especial valne.
A very old ncttler luw been discovered
by a correspondent of the Indinnapnlia
Ni'ut*. Ho live* in Hoott oonnty, Iml.,
hia mime ia Kin Ferguson, and his ago
ia 107. Uu woe bom in what ia now
Botetourt county, Virginia, 1771, wria
married in 1792, and removed that year,
on pack horaea, to the wilderneaa of
Kentncky, and subsequently to Indiana.
Hia voice ia strong and hia memory re
markably good. Hia hearing ia slightly
impaired, and hia sight entirely gone.
He has a fair appetite, aod walks abont
the lionae and yard withont difficulty.
He remembers distinctly some of the
events of the war of the revolution, and
seems to dwell on them with interest.
He is biuiself a pensioner fur service*
rendered iu the ludtau wars uudei
General Hum -on. He has uever had
more than SIOO at a tune.
The following congresses have been
or will be belli in Farts during the Ex
position. 1. Agriculture. A. Metrical
sud uiouetary, for the adoption of a uni
versal system. 3. hpeciul congress for
i determining a uuiversal tuawuire of
threads of every description used in
textile fabrics. 4. For the protection of
literary, artistic sud industrial property,
pateujs, etc. 5. For provident institu
tions, life, tire, agriculture insurances.
6. Philological. 7. A congress of Euro
pe ill! economists. H. Meteorological. V.
A congress of Alpine clubs. 10. Public
hygiene. 11. To consider protection
agauist episootics. Similar congresses
to the above were held st Vienna in
187H, aud st Philadelphia in 1870.
Origin of the Names of laj*.
The idols which our Bazuu ancestors
worshiped, and from which the days of
the week derive their names, wro vari
ous, and were the principal objects of
The Mot uf the Sun. —This idol, which
represents ttie glorious luminary of the
day, was the chief object uf their wor
ship. Uis described like the bflst of a
man, set upon a pillow, holding with
outstretched arms a burning wheel lie
fore his breast. The first day of the
week was especially dedicated to its
adoration, which tliev termed the Sum's
I>aty ; hence is derived the word Sun
the Idol of lh< \touit.- The next wn
the idol ul the nioou, which they wor
*hip<*l on the seouud day of the week,
called bv them J/wm'i Ikiey ; and since
by us Monday. The form of tin* idol is
intended ■ represent a woman, habited
tu a slvrt coat and a hood, with two kiug
ear*. The moon > held in her hand*.
The Idol of Tuiecej.■ —Tuisco was at
tlrst defined as the father and ruler of
the Teutonic race, but in course of time
he was worshiped as the son of the
earth. From this come tlie Huron words.
Tttitco't Daeg, which we call Tuesday,
He is represented as a venerable sag'*,
standing on a |ede*tal, clothed in the
nkm of an animal, and holding a scepter
in the right hand.
The Idol of H'mfen or '*/ia--Wideu
or thiiu was one of Uu> supreme divini
ties o( tha northern nations. This hero
is supposed to have emigrated from the
east, but from whst country, or at what
time is not known. His exploits form
the greater part the mythological creed
of the northern nations, and las achieve
ments are magnificent beyond all crodi
bility. The name of the fourth dav in
the week, called by the Saxoua H'oitm'*
I hie y, and ly us Wednesday, is derived
from this personage. Woden is repre
sented in a bold and martial attitude,
clad in armor, wuth a broadsword uplift
ed in hi* right hand.
Thr Idol Thor. —Thor. the oldest and
bravest of the nous of Woden and Friga,
was, niter his parents, considered the
greatest god "I the Saxou* and Danes.
To him the fifth day of the week, called
by them Thor't Ihi-y, and by u Thurs
day, was consecrated. Tlmr is represent
ed a* sitting on a throne, with a crown
of gold on his head, adorned with • cir
cle in front, whiwein were * t twelve
bright, bunusLi-d gold stars, and with a
regal scooter in hif right hand.
The Idol f'riya or J-Yrya. Friga or
Frvga was the wife of Wuleu nr Odin;
and, next to him, the most reverend
divinity among the heathen Saxons,
Danes and other northern nations. Iu
the most ancient times. Frig* or Fn-ga,
was the same with the goddes* licrtha or
Karth. To her the *utb day of the week
was O'uaecrated. which by the Kaxous
was written T'riya'* Ihxeg, correspond
ing with our Friday. Frigs is repre
sented with a drawn sword in her right
hand, and a bow in her left.
Thr Idol Srat<r. —The idol Sealer ia
represented on a pedeatal whereoti ia
I>l*ee<l a perch, on the sharp prickled
>aek of which he atood. Ilia head w
uncovered, and lus riaago lean. In In*
left hand he held up a wheel and in hi*
right wa* a pail of water, wherein were
flower* and fruit*; and hi* do** count
ed of a long coat, girded wnfti hnwi. The
appellation given to the day of hi* cele
bration i* till retained. The Samoa
named it Sratrr't ikirt/, which we call
Io*t and Found.
In the iSManen of January 9, 1878,
a Cometh) lent give* Una euriou* in*
stance of the loa* and recovery of a ring:
"About three week* *go two gentlemen
wore out fiali tug ou Loch Kriboll. north
we*t of Sutherlandalure, and one of
them dropped a valuable ring into the
water. Last week a flshermau on the
name loch bad among hi* haul a pretty
large ooj, aud inside it wa* found the
identical ring aaf* and aound. The
fisherman wa* handed a pound note on
hi* returning the rirg to the owner."
"Those persons who have aeon the
lord mayor of London," *ay* the World
of that city, "not merely in hi* moat
festive garb, but in aemi-sUte. will not
have failed to notice that the chief mag
istrate wears at such tiroes a large oval
ornament hung round his neck by a
piece of garter-hlne ribbon. This orna
ment is eom|Ni*d of large diamond*. It
is of great value, and ha* a hi*U>ry ex
tending over something like eight huu
dred year*—the age of the corporation.
Shortly after Lord Mayor Cotton came
into office one of the enortnon* brilliant*
of the 'jewel'—for that is it* proper ap
pellation—wuh missed. It had either
fallen out or been stolen, and search
wa* made for it high and low. The
Mansiou House wa* presumably closely
looked over, bnt unsuccessfully; and a
Went End jeweler wa* called in to pro
vide u substitute for the lost diamond,
the actual worth of which wa* very
great, while it* historical value might
hardly be appraised. One day, how
ever, a* the lord mayor was reading in
one of Uie drawing-room* at the Mansiou
House, a gleam of sunshine fell upon
something lying near a couch, and when
Mr. Cotton went to look, he fouud that
that something was the missing diamond,
which now gleams a* brightly as ever in
its old setting-place."
Fifty yoars ago, or thoreal>outs, Ad
miral X— was in command of one o
his majesty's ahipo or. the Mediterranean
station. He always wore an antique
ring of raie workmanship and great
value; it was curiously engraved with
Arabic or Egyptian characters—a ring
that nobody 'could possibly mistake.
One day when on deek in giving some
orders he lifted his hand, and his ring
slipped off his finger and fell ovortxard.
Of ootirae he concluded that he had seen
the last of his favorite riug; but n few
weeks afterward ho received a letter
from a frieud, Gaptaiu C , who was
stationed at Gibraltar, aud who had
heard of his loss, telling him lie had
found the ring in the following maimer.
He was buying some fish, when on the
vendor's finger lie saw the ring, which
he at oneo recognised (as 1 said before,
it was one it was impossible to mistake).
He inquired of the woman liow she got
it, when she directly answered: "Sir, it
is very odd, and perhaps yon will hardly
believe me, but I found it inside of a
fish I was ohauling." I need scarcely
add that Captaiu C—- bought the ring,
and returned it to lus old friend, who,
yon may be sure, was more careful of it
after this adventure, having a double
value for it.
A (AI.IKOItNI A DUEL.
A VI ,-r I ins r>mi ruff* *ilk Mile.
llriMrru I dli*r >*■**■ BMd ('•!. Haras.
Judge Edward Mot h> wan givee, in
the Han Pranciaoo /*o*f. aome reuiiuia
oeooea of a duel in California in the
year wheu the "Furty-ninera" were
Still the leading men of the Htate. Dur
i ing the convention to revise the city
charter tu lH5d the Han Francisco
Herald, edited by John Nugent, had
severely eriticiaed aome of the delegate*
and Col Tom Hayes, aa preanieut of the
convention, replied in a bitter card pub
lished in the W'My. A challenge waa
at once aeut by Nugent Judge
I Modowau relates the event* on the
ground aa follows;
"it waa a beautiful morning of the
10th of June, 1H53. When we arrived
all parties were on the gronud. We
tossed up for position and the word,
which waa won by Hamilton Howie,
Esq., Mr. Nagent's second. When we
came to load the weapons, Nugeut's
friends had selected the one Dr. Uwin
had used lu the duel between him aud
Hou. Joseph McCorkle, and we had se
lected one belonging to me for Hayes.
The other party initiated that onr nfl*
ale mid be loaded with their powder. We
I objected to this, aa ft had not IwMUI
agrcod U|MIU by the parties who drew
aikl signed the article* for tlie meeting.
They lia.l the best rifle, but neither Mr.
(ireeu nor myself had offered any objeo
tion to their using it. They had select
ed their own rifle and am munition, and we
claimed the same privilege. There waa
considerable parley over thia, and we
finally agreed that Hon. John Uackett,
now recorder of the city of New York,
' shoukl load both weapons in the
presence of the seconds and friends of
ixtth psitiea, each using their owu pow
der. Wheu Hayes' nti<* came to lie
loaded I Lauded Mr. Hackelt a full
charge and a hall charge of powder.
He looked rather astonished. This
amount of powder VM necessary to make
the shooting of his weapon effective. I
was familiar with it. I then handed
him the bullet, and saw that it was well
rammed home. The articles, for the
meeting were read by Mr. Howie, and
the principals place*! in position. I
faced Col. Hayes ami put into his hands
the rifle with the hair trigger set. At
the words' 'Are y u ready, geutle
ineu ?' Haras' weapon, from a jar or
touch of the set trigger, went off into
the air. This cause 1 some couf usion,
and Mr. Bowie approached me and saij
tliat he would take hm principal and re
tire from the field. 1 replied; 'Mr.
Bowie, this is purely accidental. We
are licre to render TOU the satisfaction
demanded of tu, ami shall remain in the
field till yon signify to us thst you liave
received it,' It tw all arranged, how
ever, aud we loaded up Hayes' piece
again, and at the word fir-, after they
hail wheeled tnt- > position, both miaaeu.
44 After we had loaded lor a second shot
Mr. Iloalerick, who was watching events
told me to say to Tom not to tire till the_
word two, as he had observed that Mr.
Nugent could not get around well on ac
count of the wound iu his leg, received
IU the CoLLur dueL I gave the informa
tion to Tom. aud be did as directed. At
the setvud fire Nugent 'shot wide of the
mark,' and Haves drew his body dwu,
taking deliberate aim aud fired aud hit his
adversary tu the right arm, the bullet
entering lielow the eilwtw, shattering his
arm. entered hi* sale and passed out
near the shoulder blade, cauaiugapainful
but not a dangerous wound. After Mr.
Nugent had fired he brought hi* weapon
to an 4 order arms,' stosl erect, keeping
his position, swaiting hu adversary's
shot. What a temhie moment it was
for his friends who were looking on !
44 He fell gracefully forward. Mr.
Hrsieric-k ran to lum, and called for
some one to bring a glass of water.
There was an Irish cavalry company
present, of which 001. Hayes was cap
tain, and they rent the air with wild
shouts of jar. B>me of them attemjited
to rush up and embrace their captain.
We kept them at bay a* well as we oonid,
and Joe Blokes flourished a revolver in
aidiug u*. I called out to them to ' Keep
back ! that thev were killing us with
kindness.' I felt mortified thai my fri
ends and the friend* of my princi
pal should act in this (to say the least>
indecorous mauuvr; but, under the ex
citement of the moment, they had for
gotten tbeir manhood, and also were
overjoyed at their cajitiuu coming off
victor ia the fight
' 44 In a few moments Mr. Bowie ad
dressed me. stating thst he would take
his principal from the field. I bowed |o
lam, placed Col. Hayes in a carnage,
aud drove to his residence, where we
44 After 001. Tom Hayes and Mr. Nu
gent became inseparable friends, upon
the principle, 1 suppose, of (\>!tmfl />fl
m in the play of ttie ' Lady c 4 Lyons,'
,' How well I like a mau after I have once
The bar and Sea Settle*.
A correspondent at Fortress Monroe,
Va., says: Apropos of fish, the most
remarkable iclithyologioal specimen I
ever beheld abonod in these waters,
and is called " the gar"—oe-gar, I
should say, from its form, color and
place of abode. It has a small round
fxslv aud pointed head, exactly like an
eel, hut with the addition of rotnbic scales
and tiny fin* near the odd little termi
nus which no doubt it consider* a flrst
d is* toil, but which ln>ar* aUmt a* clove
a resemblance to our idea of a caudal
appendage a* does the rear of a locomo
tive. It ia of the genus Ispidostcn*,
with numerous cousins in the pike fami
ly, and its principal peculiarity consist*
in muscle, for strength and a-tivity of
which it exoel* any trained acrobat.
Startled bv the motion of a passing
ship, it will dart out of the water like a
flash, skimming above the surface with
gigantic lean* and lightning rapidity,
touching nothing for rod*, but sustained
by sheer force of it* own muscular con
tortions, aud looking exactly like n
brown snake scudding through the
Auioug other wonders of the deep ar
the sea nettles that occasionally swarm
in the surf to the groat discomfort of
bathers. They are a sort of marine crea
tures of polvpns nature, that look liko
an innocent little wsd of moss clinging
ton sea-weed. They *eem to possess
not only life but intelligence, however,
for they always make straight for the
ex|H*ed oarts—the hands, feet, face or
neck—and their sting, thongli not gen
erally serious, is similar in effect and
appearance to a scald.
Mr. Bieborath, of Dresden, has boeu
experimenting with a view to And some
cheip substance that would prevent
ladies clothing from burning with flame.
Weak solutions of alum were not satis
factory, but a live per cent, solution of
phosphate of ammonia proved quite
successful; the impregnated clothes did
not burn with flame, but were merely
destroyed by carbonization. Lastly, a
solution containing five per cent, phos
phate of ammonia was tried on linen and
woolen atuffs. Here, too, there was no
burning. The stuffs treated with phos
phate of amuiouia did not even burn
when they had been vigorously rubbed
with gunpowder. The powder flashed,
but toft the atuffs unoousnmed. The
clothe* lose their incombustibility, how
ever, by getting wet or being washed.
It ia a disadvantage, too, that they can
only be worn in certain places.
TKHMB: S'-i.OO a Year, in Advance.
Scorpion*, (rati pedes, Tarantula.
Then are two kinds <>f scorpions, the
green uiil the black; the Utter ia the
must VFUuututu. Wheu I lived ui Trebi
b>uJ, say* a writer, they ware e<> nnmrr
oils that we kept a canopy over the bed
to caU-h thoae which migfit (all from the
calling. It waa carefully examined every
moruiug. 1 have shaken them out of
my boots. 1 repeatedly came within an
ace of stepping on oiie with my bare
feet wheu getting out of bad. They
have an uncanny way of biding in
cracks and under large atonea, and rnn
with spider-like jM-ed wheu aroused,
holding their apiky tail in the air, in an
aggressive man tier that ia not reaaaur
ing. It ia claimed by aome that no
awelliug follow H the ating, but only pain
and aometimea death. But I have aeen
several caa* of aoorpiop-poiaocing at
tended with swelling; Nicola, my don
key-driver, had hia leg a welled to twice
the sixe,attended with excruciating pain.
In Aat a Minor the native make a decoc
tion of acorpiuna, and give it to their
children na an auudote and preventive.
I never heard it did any good. This, on
the theory of aimitia airrUUbtu, might
tie called Houiasopathic treatment if it
had not Been employed before CTCT
Hahnemann waa born.
The oeutijxxle or scalopendra ia an
other insert atxmt which I know noth
ing good that can he laid to ita credit.
Possibly a use may l> found for it, aa
they uiM- spiders' webs for quinine in
fever and ague, aud powdered rock
roaches for linght'a diaeaae. It has not
over thirty feet, ao that the name ia a
misnomer; bnt the feet terminate in a
sharp and scratchy point The centipede
ia oop(>r-colored, and ita back ia armed
with scales thst make it quite hard. Ita
sting is more often fatal than that of the
scorpion, and I have never taken to it
kindly, since I had an adventure with
one in Smyrna. 1 was sitting at supper,
thinly clad in accordance with the cus
tom of the country during the long
steady heat which endures from April to
October. Suddenly 1 noticed semething
creeping over my instep, and in an in
stant it was crawling np mv leg, scratch
ing the skin slightly aa it leisurely pur
sued ita way up toward my knee. Ap
prehending the situation at <noe I
realised that to startle it would be the
height of folly. Keeping mv leg per
fectly still, therefore, 1 carefully clasped
it sfiove the knee with both hands to
prevent the reptile from getting over the
knee. When I was ready I struck out
my foot with a smart, rapid jerk, and
most happily ahook off the creature, and
immediately put my foot on it, crushing
a centipede nearly sis inches long.
But I love the tarantula even leas than
the oentipede. It is in truth a redoubt
able foe, for aaide from ita hideous
appearance it is quite nnneoeasanly
aggressive, and clears several feet at a
jump. I have seen snake-charmers in
the East tossing them from hand to
hand like a ho potato; of oonrse the
poison had t***n extracted. They vary
gieatly in six*. according to the cli
mate, hot always retain the same general
characteristics. A gentleman in Kaaaau
101 l me that Ilia aiater *cnl up to bed
on# evening, >uJ discovered an enor
mous Uraiit ula in the middle of her (til
low, jost like a great ink-epot. Hating
seen it afterward bottled, I can testify
that its lag* had a spread of ail iochee,
and iU black hairy body waa the siae of
a pigeon's egg. Hhe screamed, that be
ing the right thing to do under the cvr
cumatanoea, which brought the family
to the room; aa her brother entered the
tarantula made a spring at him, which
resulted in the candle falling oo the
floor and a general rush of wyoße;
pell-mell, for the door. The candle
having been re-Lit, it then became im
portant to find out on whom the taran
tula mi*ht lie crawling. After aome
more fun of thia aort, the creature waa
finally driven into a corner and impaled
on a sharp spike and waa then preeerred
in alcohoL Who aaya alcohol has no
The Lyre Bird.
One of nature's singular and beantifnl
freaks is found embodied in the lyre
bird, an inhabitant of the mountains of
Australia. It seem* strange enough to
find this large bird classed with the
wren family, those tiny warbler* of Eng
lish hedge-row*, but science pronounces
them of similar construction, howerer
different in appearance. The name bf
the lyre-bird has twen bestowed on ac
count of the resemblance of the tail
feathers of the male to an ancient lyre
bnt the natiTes of Australia call it bullm.
hulten, in imitation of its wild, shrill
cry. Tue color of its plnmsge is rich
rather than brilliant. Mostly of a dark
brownish-gray, it is brightened by red
on the throat and the abort leathers at
the base of the tail.
it is very shy in its habits, choosing
haunt* among "the thickly wooded cliffk
which are almost inaccessible to the
most danng hunter. It* nest is gener
ally placed in the crotch of some tree
very near the ground, a* it ia not a bird
of lofty flight, and love* best to hide
among the low undergrowth of the
forest. Its nee. ia roughly built of
sticks aud leaves, of a round form, with
the entrance on one aide, and seen from
a little distance resemble* a heap of
forest rubbish tumbled together by
chance; but, inside, nothing could ex
ceed the softness and delicacy of the
b-ather lining supplied by the mother
bird. In *hia downy nest she deposit*
one single egg of a*hy gray spotted with
brown. As alio only neat* once a veer,
it is natural that these birds should not
be very numerous. They are generally
found in isolated pair*," and the male
jealously resents any infringement upon
Ilia domain, fighting with a good will
any other suitor that may dare to cast
eye* ou hia lady. This jealousy ia often
made use of by'the natives to entrap the
binl. They fasten a tail from some
captured bird upon the head, aud oon
oealing themselves in Uie bushes, move
sufficiently to give a natural swaying
motion to the feathers. When the male
sees the appearance of a supposed rival,
he advances, furious for tattle, and falls
an easy prev to the hnnter.
The lyre-bird might properly be call
ed the Australian mocking-bird, for, be
sides its own peculiar uote, it imitates
the song of other birds, and even human
voices. A saw mill was at one time situ
ated among the Australian mountains
where these birds were known to have
their haunts. On holidays, when the
mill was stopped and was still, from out
the wild, unbroken forest came sounds
of human laughter and singing, barking
of dogs, even an imitation of the rough,
rasping noise of the saw. mingled with
notes of all kiuds of birds, and at inter
val* the sharp, shrill bullenbulten,
which bet rayed h< lyre-bird as the imi
tative singer. Efforts have been made
to raise the young of the lyre-bird, but
they invariably droop and die after a few
months of captivity.— Harper'* Maga
The siugiug swan is a native of the
far,| far North, where it is called the
'1 Whistling Swan." Its notes are me
lodious, and as whole flocks of them
sing while in flight, their high, wild,
viol-like mnaio is often heard at great
distances. It visits England and the
Scottish Islands dnring the oold winter
monthß, where it ia ahot and marketed
as game. These song swans are also
called " Hoopers." from the resemblance
of their uote to the cry of "Hoop
A FATAL FHiHT WITH CO.ITICT*.
Aa I prUIM la ifca * hssta Wsrfc-Ss—
A Crrlli ISMS!. H 111.4 Ml s.sr*L
A desperate fight at the work honae
in Hi. Louis, between four of the guards
and a number of the prisoners, who hsd
evidently been organising n attamptad
escape, resulted In the death of ooe of
the prisoner* and tbe serious wounding
of four others. For some dart pests
spirit of unreal hsd been observable
among BODO of lb# pn*an#rt, but no
overt act occurred until tbe afternoon
of the trouble, when ooe of the guarda,
uamnl Merkel, saw a paper communion
tion passed between two of them. This
at onoe precipitated matter*, and led to
tbe fatal encounter. The dead prisoner,
Geerge Htovena by name, was an haliit
ual vagrant, who for a year past bad
gravitated lietween the police court and
tbe work-honae. He was an epileptic,
and on this aoooant claimed an immunity
from the severe labor of stone-breaking,
at which the rity'a offender* *re put
when sent down; but the work house
authorities believed that his sickness
was * sham, and compelled him to take
his place on the rook piles with the
other prisoners. Hinoe this was done
hkevena had been noticed to be morose
and fallen, and a few days before tbe
previous affray he committed a murder
out assault upon George Meme, one of
the guarda, for which he was punished.
Of late he had been seen in mysterious
euooaaMtiuD with other prisoners,
and m he ra known to be a desperate
end powerful men. he wee closely
watched by the guards. While be wee
working in the geng superintended by
one of the gaerde named Chrietien
Ki'lbe, Stereo* wee eeen bj Gnerd Mer
kel to ptok np e piece of peper which
been dropped et hie feet lt another
pHeoner. Merkel immediately ep
preached him end eeked him to ear
render the paper. HUrrene clinched it
in hi* hand, end declared he would die
before be wonld give it np. The pria
oner who bad dropped the peper offered
to get it back, bat Sterene refused to
surrender it under any consideration.
After eome parleying on the part of the
gnerd*, who wished to obtain possession
of the auspicious communication peaee
fnlly, they attempted to' take it from
Steven* by force, when he, though
heavilv ehackled, proved able to fight
like a lion. He aeiaed large rock* and
Itegau aaaanlting the guards, at the eame
time calling on hi* fellow prisoner* to
aid him. Guard Coy drew a revolver
and fired at Steven*, inflicting a alight
wound, which Steven* responded to by
striking CVy on the heed with a huge
rock, inflicting a serious wound. The
scene at this moment was one of great
excitement and confusion. The prison
em were collected together from differ
••at parts of the yard, and were evident
lv ready to follow Stevens' lead who* he
called on them. The guards did not
wait for the attack, bat ran to a shanty
in which a nnmber of loaded shot-gun*
were kept. Arming themselves, they
returned and found the prisoners.
had apparently made np their minds Io
resist wildly and their presence was
greeted with a volley of rocks, one of
which struck Oapt. MrQuard on the
head, knocking nun senseless. The
i guards fired upon the prisoners, and
Stevens end four others fell, the farmer
mortally wounded. Two of the other
prisoner*, Henry Watson and Mont
gomery Morgan, were badly wounded,
the others received flesh wounds only.
Stevens died seven minutes after being
shot, and the rest surrendered.
Mr. Brunt M Style.
The editor of the ChrUtiam InteUi
j/encer wrote, some fifteen ytara ago, to
the poet Bryant, asking as to the ac
quisition of s good English style. The
poet answered in s letter, from which
we make the f 1 lowing extracts:
••It seems to me," he says, "that in
style we ought first, and above all
things, to aim at clearness of expression.
An obscure style is, of course, a bad
"In writing we should always con
sider, not oSy whether we have ex
pressed tbe thought in a manner whifih
meets our own comprehension, bat
whether it will be understood by readers
••The quality of style next in irnport
anee is attractiveness. It should invite
and agreeably detain the reader. To
acquire such a style, I know of no other
wsv than to contemplate good models,
and consider the observations of able
"I would recur for this purpose to the
elder worthies of our literature—to such
writers sa Jeremy Taylor, and Barrow,
and Thomas Fuller—whose works are
perfect treasures of the riches of our
language. Many modern writers have
great excellences of style, but few are
without some deficiency.
"I derived great advantage in my
vouth from a careful reading of Kame's
Elements of Criticism— not *o much
from the theoretical parts, which I do
not esteem very highly, as from observ
ing the instances be brings forward of
the beauties and faults of distinguished
"A very useful direction ia given >n
Mackintosh's work on the *Btudy of
the Law.' He advises tbe student
whenever, in any author, be meets with
a striking tarn of phrase or a passage.of
unusual lxaatT, not to pass over it cur
sorily, but to dwell upon it, read it over
and Over, and endeavor to impress its
excellence upon the mind.
"I have bat one more counsel to give
in regard to the formation of a style in
aomposition, and that ia, to read the
poets—the nobler and grander one* of
our language. In tnis way Warmth and
energy is communicated to th# diction
and a musical flow to the sentences."
Herd* of Wisdom.
It is bad to lean against a falling wall
Attention to little things is the
eeonomy of virtue.
Slight small injuries, and they will
beoome none at all.
A good word for a bad one is worth
much and costs little.
Love's words are written on roe.
leaves, but with tears.
That of which proud people are often
proudest is their pride.
Judge not from appearance lest you
might err in your judgment.
Kindness is the golden chain by
which society is bound together.
Great things areuot accomplished by
dream, but by years of patient study.
Ho is rich who Raves a penny a year ;
and he is poor who runs behind a penny
It is very foolish for poople to pnt
themselves to the trouble of being ill
People look at your six days in the
week to see what you mean on the
There is nothing evil but what is
within us; the rest is either natural or
Disdain not yonr inferior, though
poor, sinoe he may be much your.supe
rior iu wisdom.
We pass our lives in regretting the
psst, complaining of the present, and
indulging false hopes of the fntnre.
Nice thing far a hot day-* 000 l thou
Too aoa't fa*to your elothy* with *
American lg boo*" •ftotally being
ei ported to flermany.
America erports largo ■**■ °*
condensed milk to England.
Hope it a leaf-Joy, mbioh may bo
beaten out to a great extension, like
The earth la flattened at the poles, awl ,
likewise the aame ia frequently the oa.o
with aapiring politicians.
An editor la a man who chronicles the
departare of other people for the 000 l
and deUotou* aummer raaorta.
There la lota or pbolka in this wortl
whoae only importance konaista in thmr
I wing eaklnaim— Joth Bltttmg*
The atore of a man who doean't adver
ttae look* aa lonely aa a sprinkling wi
uu a wet day. —iXmuisunvilU Smtiaal
Tha ta attaint than for ro* to 10,
I. to AT* it out lbs window.
Here', a nioa Utile pieoe of new. for
the little folks: "A Arm is Bellevilla,
lIL, tnrna oat 180,000 gailooa of eaator
oil every year."
The Dowager Queen Caroline Amelia
of Denmark, who baa jaat completed
ber eighty-second yaar ia the oldeat
living member of any of the royal fami
liar of Europe.
We bare jaat been thinking bow lan
guage came into the world. It waa dur
ing Adam and Ba'a Aral quarrel, whan
one word brought on another.—Cincin
nati tktfurda# Sight.
In Kew Or lean* a man,who put his
arm oat of a street-car window bad it
broken by coming in contact with a ear
passing in a contrary direction. V er
diet for the plaintiff. *7,800.
"Htaekarma: Pitoblorka and rakea."
—ch,oaoo Journal. Ground arms:
Hpadea and boea.— JaektmvilLe (IU.)
Journal. Present alma: A
Sew York Graphic. Order arm*: The
iod and switch.
It baa fust bean found out that a Want
em man gained a big reputation for
patriotism on the Fourth by backing hi*
mule against a high board fence and let
ting it kick. Kwn hia nt door neigh
bor mistook the aoond for artillery flring.
Don't tU a man you sweat It ia
vulgar. Inform him that TOO are being
.deprived of the online and oleaginoua
fluids of your material suhstance
through the exeretoriss of year pellnad
cuttclc, with a sensible condensation oj
moisture upon the superficial exterior.
It ia said thai at the time of the Rev
olution a German wwhed to open a tav
ern near Philadelphia, and having noth
ing for a sign but a picture of hia old
king he placed it oo a pole by his door,
and the village which sprang up around
the tavern is called " "Dte King of Prus
sia" to this day.
The town of Black Diamond, CaL,
enjoy* the distinction of being the only
wailed town on the Pacific Coast. It
baa a high fence aurrounding it, and
the only entrance is a gate, over which
is au inscription wanting the public of a
five-dollar fine upon any person who
leaves the gate open.
Ob ssa! Ob mighty, mighty asa!
Tnat give* lbs Sns*ctt ache to DM.
Tbai sfwil* n? appetite far tsa,
Ob 4sep' Ob mighty, nighty deep.
1 gar* thss what I oosM as* keep,
And o'er thy water* wspt a swap;
The laws of Mississippi forbid the
marriage of a widow and ner father-in
law. Therefore Alfred Boyce, aged 60,
and Mary Boyce, aged 19, were com
pelled to go to'lllinois to have the oere
mouv performed. He is sickly, and may
die soon. Hi* father ia alive, at the age
of 82, and Mary says she would as lief
marry him, abe likes the family so well
TU piaaasat at the stoat of day
And if your maka* s miss
But if shsrivea your abm a thwack.
T.iphtning travels nearly a million
tunee fester than thunder. The speed
of lightning ia so great that it would go
480 fawy round the earth in a minute,
whereas the sound of thunder would go
scarcely thirteen miles in the same space
of time. Thunder will take a second
to travel 880 yards, beaoe a popular
nuehod of aDDruxunaUng the distance
STthundeSLd is s. follows: Imme
| diataly yon see the lightning flash put
your hand upon your poise and count
bow manv time* it beats before v< >u
bear the thunder; if it beats mx puW
linfw the storm is one mile eff, if twelve
it is two miles off, and so on.
In the case of elderly people five pulsa
tions wonld measure Dearly the same
period of time as six in the ease of young
In winter, rags;
la smnmer, bogs.
In tokaaa drags;
la sdvarsity, ahrags.
-Com. Sal. Aigtt
For drinking, mugs.
For Biltong, dog*;
In moving, tags;
In loving, bugs.
Bat what of it f-A'. T. Graphic.
In shooting, slugs;
• In boating, tags;
In poodles, pugs.
Intemperance, jug* •
And who cares T—Norrittown Herald.
A wicked telegraph man assuming
unsophisticated look, approached an
i electric mae&ine on exhibition in Chnrch
street, and seemed eager to try it The
exhibitor, glad to eae the new patron,
welcomed him oordially to try, and ex
patiated upon the machine's merits in
coring diseases. The telegraph man
'took hold. The figure on the dial reached
the wonted limit passed it went on and
, upward, and the pointer still kept firing
i arouml and the crowd grew absorbed.
' The machine man. losing his accustomed
front, dashed at the machine to see what
• moaed ill inexplicable conduct, while
the telegraph man held to his grip, as
suming an unsteady aspect and wild,
haggard expression. Armed with a cop
per wire under his coat, the ends reach
ed to the wrists, he had made a " cir
cuit " and the machine was powerless to
effect him. The joke came out to the
delight of the crowd, whose good humor
knew no bounds at the result —A T ew
The melancholy days have oorne—
Ths saddest of tbe tot;
When duster* are too cool to wear
And ulsters are too hot.
But soon the summer dog-days come-
That scorch as torrid sonee;
We wiab with Dncto Sydney Smith
To sit round in our bone*.
Pass it along!
• —Boston Pod.
With a nice box of good cigars,
An ioe box by our aide,
. Well game through the mosquito ban,
Till golden eventide
. UnrkrnMfi Repmbhean.
Then to our hasted coach we go,
ADd try to got repose-
But o'er it ocmes the mosqui-to
Lights on our tender noee
And sings his song.
Charles Beads is 64 years old ; Jacob
Abbot, 75; Edmond About, 50 ; William
T. Adam* (Oliver Optic), 56 ; A. B. Al
oot, 79 ; T. B. Aldrieh, 42 ; Berthold
Auerbaeh, 66 : George Bancroft. 78;
Robert Browning, 66 ; Carlyle, 83; 8.
L. Clemens (Mark Twain). 43 ; G. W.
Curtis, 54 ; B. H. Dana, 91 ; Darwin,
69 ; Disraeli, 73 ; Hepworth Dixon, 57 ;
Emerson, 75 ; J. A. Fronde. 60; W.
E. Gladstone, 69; Bret Harte, 39; J. G.
Holland, 59; Dr. Holmes, 69; Jnlia
Ward Howe, 59 ; Thomas Hughes, 55 ;
T. H. Huxley, 58 ; George Eliot, 58 ;
Longfellow, 71; Benson J. Lossing,
65; Donald G. Mitchell. 56; Max Mai
ler, 55 ; James Parton, 56; Mayne Beid,
60; Renan. 55; Buskin, 59 ; John G.
Haxe, 62 ; Mrs. Stow®, 66 ; Tennyson,
69; Anthony Trollop®, 68; Whither,
71; Wilkie Collins, 53 ; Swinburne, 41;
William Black, 37; M. P. Tapper, 68 ;
C. D. Warner. 49; W. D. Howell*, 41.