The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, August 16, 1877, Image 4

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CURE FOR FKOON. —Take equal pari*
of gam camphor, gum opium, oaatilc
soap and brown an gar. Let a druggist
prepare it, and apply a thick plaster
of it.
LKMON PlE.— One lemon, one ?gg, one
cracker, one cupful sugar, half cupful
water, one spoonful salt, the juice of the
lemon squeezed out, the pulp and cracker
chopped together ; grate the riud.
be cut not mure than half an inch thick,
and broiled before the fire very close and
quick. They will take from eight to ten
minute*. Throw some pepper and salt
over, and aervw very hot, with fried
parsley around them. *
FISH SAUAII. —Pick up cold fish atnl
place in a frying-pan ; season with aidt
and pepper, the juice of a lemon and
melted butter, a little vinegar, and one
raw egg beaten ; let warm over a alow
flw, stirring so that tbov do md bum ;
place in a diah ; serve oold.
spoonful if sweet, light dough ; make it
into a thin latter by one cup of sweet
milk ; add three or four eggs, one and
a half CIIJI* flour, tca*jxxnful of *alt.
Cut light bread into thin slice*, dtp into
this batter, and fry in hot lard. Sprinkle
with powdered sugar ami garnish with
jelly, if agreeable.
BXKKO CABLRAOR. —BoiI a firm white
cabbage for fifteen minute*, then change
tlie water for mure that is boiling, and
boil until tender; drain and set aside
till oold, then chop fine ami add salt and
pepper, one tablespoonful of butter, two
eggs well beaten, three tablespooufuls of
rich milk or cream ; mix well, and bake
in a buttered puddtug dish ma moderate
oven till browu. Serve hot
ORANGE CASK. —Two cupful* sug*-
two cupful* flour, one-half cup vr. i.
the yolks of four eggs and white* of
three, the juioe aud grated nnd of one
orange, one teaapoouful cream tartar,
one-half teaspoon! til soda. Bake in four
thin cakes as for jelly cake. Make an
icing of the remaining white of an egg,
the juice and riiul of another orange and
pulverised sugar ; spread between the
layers as in jelly cake.
be out lengthwise, and not thicker than
half an inch;- Broil with a piece of fat
or bacon ten minute*. Serve with a
little currant jelly and bntter in the dish
under the piece* of * heart Ox\ pig's,
lamb's and sheep's heart mar lie cooked
in the same way, also the livers, out the
same thickness, and broiled with bacon,
a little melted butter with catsup iu it
serving as a good sauce.
RKD* Crujuurr JKl.LT.— Strip the cur
rants from the stalks, and pat them in a
preserving kettle ; mash them as they
get hot, and let them boil well for half
an hour; then turn them into a coarse
hair sieve, and let them drip into an
earthen dish ; a lien all through, without
squeezing, weigh the liquid, a pint for a
pound of sugNLond heat the sugar while
the liquid bo® for ten minutes ; then
stir in the sugar, and the jelly will set
as soon as the sugar is dissolved.
BTTRBHUX BREAD.— Heat one pint
of buttermilk until it is almost scalding
hot; stir in slowly, while themilk is hot,
sifted flour enough to make quite a thick
batter; then add half a gill of yeast, and
let it stand five or six hours to rise; if
made over night, do not use the
substitute one tableepoouful of white
sugar. In Hie morning, stir into the
sponge, a teaspoonful of soda dissolved
in hot water; add a little salt, two table
spoonfuls batter, work in just flour
enough to handle comfortably; knead
wen make into loaves, and let it rise
until light
OAT-MEAL CRACKERS. — One tearupful
oat-meal and enough tepid water to wet
and make into dough; mix well and
quick; the harder the dough the better;
u it will bear to be rolled out with the
rolling-pin, begin to roll it, stopping to
press the ragged edges with your fin
gers; keep at it in the same way till it is
one-eighth of a quarter of an inch thick ;
be quick about it or it will get too drv
under your hands; make only dough
enough at one time for one cracker; do
not brown it anv in baking; it will be
good for a month if you put it in your
oat-meal barrel and cover it with me&L
LAMB'S HEAD.— Procure the head pre
pared, and the brains; cover in water
and boil gently until the flesh separates
from the bone; eat in small pieces, place
in a saucepan with half a pint of any good
broth, a tablespoonful of curry powder,
a dessert-spoonful of curry-paste, one
onion chopped fine, a Utile batter ; stew
gently half an hoar. Put the brains
into a saucepan of boiling water, let sim
mer five minutes, skim out and mince
fine; add a handful of bread crumbs, a
little salt, white pepper, and chopped
parsley; mix together with an egg and
form into small round balls; dip in egg
and cracker or bread crumlw and fry a
nice brown, placing around the curry
when dished.
Qaf(}aai u4 Aatwrrv
Does the soil affect the quality of Rus
set apples ?
Yes. Those raised on sandv soil are
more juicy and of fine flavor, while those
on hill lands are the best keepers.
How long after planting before apple
traes will bear ?
Usually about the fourth or fifth year
they will beffin to bear small crops. Oc
casionally a tree will bear the third year,
bat this is not common. Orchards well
cared for often scarcely bear at all before
the seventh or eighth* year. Much de
pends on the soil and variety.
How many grapes can be raised to the
acre f
Three tons to the acre are as many as
should be raised. Overcropping rains
many vineyards. Improved quality
makes np for any lack in quantity. A
Connecticut cultivator recommends*three
pounds to a viae. He also recommend.*
attention to a more extended culture of
the grape; they are especially whole
some, will keep several months* and the
vines come into bearing in less than half
the time required for the apple and pear,
and they are more easily protected from
the attacks of insects. Oat of sixty va
rieties raisr d by this gentleman he finds
the Concord the most profitable for mar
ket, and likes the Delaware for family
E. 8., a World subscriber wanted to
know how to mark fowls so as to distin-
Sish pallets from old hens after they
ve become grown.
Fanciers make, with a small punch
for the purpose, holes in the skin be
tween the toes of chickens.
What is the best manure for the
One fanner, who has noted its success
for sixty years, says that salt is the best
fertilizer for the quince. He used it in
both nursery and orchard, and finds it
excellent for cherries and pears. It is
applied beneath the trees, in quantity
from four to eight bushels per acre, ac
cording as it appears to be needed.
Quinces are liable to overload, and the
small ones should be plucked off in sea
son. The qninoe should grow in bash
form, and rarely requires a knife.
How can batter Ixi preserved through
the summer months so a*i to be good for
market in the fall ?
A farmer's wife replied that if well
made and the batter-milk is all ont of it,
butter covered with brine and kept air
tight will be fonnd all right in the fall.
The brine mnst be in sufficient quantity
to cover and surround the butter, and if
packed in wooden vessels, these should
be thoroughly saturated with brine be
fore the batter is put in, or it will not
be air-tight.
Picking (ieese.
Picking should be done in a close
room or every breath of air will scatter
the feathers and down. Having taken
up yonr bird, draw a long stocking over
ito nead and down on the neck, to pre
vent its wreaking its vengeance on you
by its mercileea biting.
The wings are formidable weapons
also, and must be held, or their blows
will leave many a black and blue mark
as evidence of their power. Geese might
be picked upon a caponizing table and
faetened in the same way as w chicken for
the operation of caponizing. Pick when
the quill of the feather is ripe, that is,
clear ; while the feathers axe developing
the qnill is filled with bloody matter,
which Bhows their unfitness for picking.
When picking, take ail the small feath
ers, leaving all the large ones, except
four or five under each wing, which most
be-plucked to knep the wing* from droop- |
ing. Take off the down mly in warm
weather. The number ft imoa it is
t liest to pick ge*e in u season depend*
upon toe elttnata. The rule we have
given alxure will enable any one to de
termine when the feathers will do to
pluck. Keen the geese in a warm place
when they are out of water, if the weath
er is cool after pieking. The early goe
! lings might lx> picked when their feath
er* aw grown and ripe, and ret grow
out full in time for fattening, for the
j holiday market- The yield of feather*
will bo alnuit one-quarter of a jxitnid )
j from eaoh got*se, and thiw alone will
! very nearly pay for waring them.
Xlllaina b\ Ntrklaort.
Hand lalx>r is gradually being mqver
i seded by maelutiery in nearly every
branch of industry. It is ourions to
mark the unlikely uses to which ma
ehinerv may lx applied. An ingenious
' inventor in the Uuited State* ha* recent
ly patented a useful device ui the shape
of a cow-milking maohuie, which, it t*
k aaid, will do all that can lx doue ui
milking bv hatnl, faster ami easier, and
will la l of sjxx'ial service whew cows
have sore teat* or are hard milker*. The
i apparatus consists essentially of * glass
globe, largo enough to holil an average
yield of milk, which i mtwwtal by
mown* of a flexible tulx< with an air
pump. Hi sing from the too of the gloho
aw amall pipe* with metal tins. The
nnsie of ope rata in txuiatsto ui *tt*}andiug
i the globe nnderneath the annual to lx
' milk.xl, and inserting the tip* of the
small pipes into the teats. A partial
vacuum i* then eftixMed iuanle the glolie
by means of tlie air pump, and the milk
thus drawn forth. The advantages
claimed by the invention are that it pre
vents any loss of milk through spilling,
it renders uulk or stnumug pails uu
nocetary and prevents entrance of dirt-
Finally, it uui lx> easily manipulated by
any laxly.
( nnulMa l W Ht-rrlr*.
Mrs. L. C. Peimell, the inventor, has
Ixxm successful iu canning Cold lx>rnea
and fruit no that they will keep the
season through, and houackee|xr* geu
erally will lie glad to learu how she docs
it. Taking berries, peas, taans, or corn,
•he fill* tlie jar, IxWtle or tumbler brim
ful of tlie raw, fresh and perfectly amuid
fruit. Slie then pool* iu clear cold
water to till the interstices, screw a on tlie
cover or puts in tlie oork, turn* tlie ves
sel upaivle down, and that i* all. If by
accident any of the fruit show sign* of
fermenting, it can be cooked iu the old
Origin of the Spanish Merino Sheep.
The invaluable race of the Spanish
merino sheep is probably an inheritance
of Roman civilisation. The race most
prised by the Romans was called the
Tarrentine. from Tarreutine, a towu set
tled by a Greek oniony. They were
called also Greek sheep. * Their wool was
of exceediug fineness, and tliey were
protected by coverings of skins, and were
also carefully housed and ofteu com bed
and lathed with oil and wine. Hence
they were very delicate. Columella, the
eminent agricultural writer of the Ro
mans, who lived in the eoimtrv beieje
the Christian era, relates that his pater
nal nnole, M. Columella, " a man of rare
genius and an illustrious agriculturalist,"
transported from Cadiz to his farm lamia,
which were in Roetica, comprehending a
s>art of the present province of Estrama
lura, some wild rams of admirable white
ness, brought from Africa and crossed
them with the covered or Tarreutine
ewes. Their offspring, which had the
paternal whiteness, being put to the
paternal ewes, uroduoed nuns with a fine
fleece. The progeny of these again re
tained the softness of the dam and the
wliiteuees uf the aire and gnuidsire.
Otlihr agriculturalists undoubtedly imi
tated Columella, and a stronger constitu
tion was thus imparted to the fine
fleeced but delicate sheep of ancient
Italy. That this improvement com
menced in ancient Spain is further estab
lished by the testimony of Strabo, who
says, in his account of the geography of
that country, that in his time, that of the
Emperor Tibirius, wool of great fineness -
and lieanty was exported from Hudilauia,
s port of Booties, and that the rams were
sold in that province for improving the
breed for a taleut each, or about SI,OOO.
When the Roman empire was overrun
by the barbarians the Tarreutine stock
of Italy, being very Under, became ex
tinct, bat the improved stock of Booties,
living in the mountains, survived, and
perpetuated by the Moors (who, skilled
in the textile arts, could appreciate its
value), still exist* as the memorials of
Spain. If this view is correct the merino
race is the most important surviving
relic of the material civilization of the
Greeks and Romans.
The Sleepy Duke's PerlL
The late Duke of Wellington was ac
customed during the latter years of his
life to drive himself abont in a curricle,
a habit which caused his family consid
erable uneasiness since, from his increas
ing years and failing vision, it seemed
probable that he would meet with qpme
accident. The duke's well known char
acter, however, was such that nobody
dared to hint snch a thing to him, anil
all the round-about methods taken to in
duce him to abandon his charioteering
having failed, he was left to enjoy its
pleasures at peace. What rendered this
so extremely dangerous was his habit of
going off suddenly to sleep, which
brought him so many hairbreadth es
capee that at last it was arranged for
some meml<er of the family to accom
pany him whenever he could do so with
out awakening his suspicions. One day
his second son, Lord Charles, contrived
to be honored with the perilous in vita *
tion. After driving a certain distance
along the road, the duke went off
into a uap, and one of the reins fell
from his hands, while he kept hold of
the other, still feeling the horses' months
with it. The result was that the ani
mals were gradually edged toward a deep
and steep ravine which bordered the
road. Lord Charles, watching tilings
meantime, and praying that his father
might, as he had done jnany times be
fore. awake in time to prevent the else
inevitable smash. The duke, however,
continued to nod and to pnll, until at
last, as the horses were on the very edge
of the ditch. Lord Charles seized the
fallen rein, and giving it a pluck, pnll
ed them short round into the road again.
With a sharp turn the dtike awoke, and
seeing the rein in hia son's hand, asked
angrily r '' What are yon doing with the
reins, sir?"
"Well, sir," replied Lord Charles,
" the horses were going straight over the
edge, and I just palled them off it to
prevent us being smashed to pieces."
The duke looked at him sternly, and
said: "I'll trouble yon to mind yonr
own business."
tjueer Discipline.
It is with reason that the Turkish
officers are often reproached with not
being at the head of their ranks, etc.,
says a war correspondent, for one often
meets officers who can neither read nor
write. This would l>e a very serious in
oonvenience in any other army; in Tur
key these defects are less thought of, fur
a very wide latitude is allowed a soldier
who tights, and here the warrior imitates
the hunting dog. This initiative is
specially remarkable in the ontpost ser
vice, where there are only small squads.
Thus I saw at Rakovitza a post of some
ninety men commanded by two sergeants
who absolutely did nothing; each went
his own way, taking advice of none save
the sun, which told them the time of
day. That which strikes the stranger
most is the absence of respect which
soldiers show and the cool and pleasant
manner in which they salnte their supe
riors. The soldier borrows bis tebacon
of the officer and the officer will take
from the soldier without the slightest
scruple. If by chance a soldier meets a
drunken officer in the street,which Some
times happens, he leads him to his quar
ters, managing the matter so adroitly
that no one knows anything about it.
When campaigning officers and men live
the same life. At K&kovitza the military
governor lives side by side with his or
derlies, smokes the same tobacco, dines
from the same cuisine, with this differ
ence, however, that the officer eats with
a fork, while the men dip their fingers
into every dish. If by chance the mor
sel of mutton he brings up is not suffi
ciently appetizing he puts it back again
into the dish.
Strength ef Insects,
Should any of our renders be skeptical
upon tin* point, perhaps the following
ilbiHtmtiona of •uperbercnlcan strength
with which the commonest inmvt* are
endowed, selected from curious source*,
may prepare u* to credit more easily the
fact* which we shall have to record. Tha
common lien, as every one knows, will,
without much apparent effort, jump two
hundred time* it* own length,and several
graashopix'r* ami lixuist* arc said to lie
able to perforin loajis quite as wonderful,
lathe case of the insoot they aeawely
exeite our uoticc; but if a man were to
Ooolly take a standing leap of throe hun
dred ami eighty xld yard*, which would
W IUI equivalent exertion of muscular
jHiwer, |H<rhap* our admirer* of athletic
sport* might t>c rather ntartled at *ueh *
performance. Again, for a man to run
ten mile* within the hour would lx a.i
mitted to la* a tolerably good display of
pcdcatruuuam; but what are we to say
to the little fly observed by Mr. llelisle,
"*o nun lite a* to be almo*t inviaible,"
winch ran nearly six inches in asetxmd.and
in that space was calculated to have made
oue thousand ami eighty sUqx> * Tin*,
according to calculation, is as if a man
whose steps measured only two feet,
should ruu at the incredible rate of
twenty mile* in a minute. Equally sur
prising arc the instance* of insect
strength given by Mr. Newjwirt. The
great staglxx-tle, which tears otl the baik
from the r**'ts ami tlie braiiche*of trte,
has lieen known to gnaw a hole, an lueli
ill diameter, through tlie sale of a canis
ter iu which it was confined,and ou which
tlie mark* of it* jaw* were distinctly visi
ble, as proved by Mr. Stephana, who
exhibited tlie canister t oue of the meet
ing* of the Kutomohtgical Society. Tlie
oomuion lxvtle can, without injury, sup
port and even raise very great weights,
and make its way beneath almost any
amount of pressure. In order to put tlie
streugth of this insect-Atlas to the test,
experiments have la-en made which
prove that it i* able to sustain and escape
frtun beueatli a load of from twenty to
thirty otfucea, a prodigious burden, when
it is remembered that tlie insect itself
doe* not weigh as many grain*; m fact,
uutv mure taking man as a standard of
comparison, it is as though a person of
ordinary site could riusc and get from
under a weight of between forty and fifty
tons. This amount of strength has not,
however, iviUiued to the sliort, thick
limbed beetlA. Mr. Newjxirt unoe fast
ened a small carabus —oue of the most
active ami elegantly formed of the lax'tle
tribe —which weighed only three grama
and a half, by means of s silk thread, to
a small piece of }mper, upon which tlie
weight to lie moved was placed. At a
distance of ten niches from its load the
insect was able to draw after it, tip an in
clined plan* of twenty-five degrx, very
nearly eighty-five grains; but when
placed upou a plane of five degrees in
clinatiou, it drevr after it one hundred
and twenty-five grains exclusive of tlie
friction to lie overcome in moviug its
load—as though a wan was to drag up a
hill of similar inclination, a wagon
weighing two tons and a half, having
first taken off tlie wheel*.
•♦We Shall Meet Again."
Husband* and wives, parents nad
children, lovers, friends—ail have to asy
good-bye, now fur a longer and now for
a shorter term; now fordaysand now fur
eternity. But, whether abort or loug, it
is a fact which forms part of the very
existence of man—the messenger born
into the world coincident with himself,
and dedicated to the task of bringing
with him piun and leaving behind him
sorrow—the instigator armed by )uve
himself with the knotted tliong, and the
more tender the love ths more dearly the
lash. If it is only good-bye for a time,
and speedy oulook of meeting, there are
many precious cumjß'iisatiiHM and the
dear remembrance of the beloved but
not bewailed absent is tlire*d<d through
with pleasant thoughts of love and hope
—of sweetest memories and as joyous
forecasting, like pearls and golden beads
strung on a sable thread. "We shall
meet again." Ot all the words to con
jure with this is the most powerful, and
helps the soul over tli© rough pass of
absence with the firmest and most con
soling touch. Nothing equals it for
power of comfort,not even the knowledge
that the dear absent ones are happy;
aud, to tliue who love truly, it works as
a charm on a wound, soothing the pain
of the smart if it cannot close the gaping
edges. 44 We shall meet again." Sea*
may be between the loving, ami distance
may lengthen time iuto what seems an
unbearable extent; but 44 we shall meet
again " sounds like the far off voice of
the watchdog when the wanderer is loot
in the darkness of the path less moor, the
bewildering depths of the lonely wood.
It is a voice that guides him to the safe
security of home, and is an earnest of
the reward to come when the weary jour
ney is over; for wherever those who love
may be, if divided, the journey is weary
ana the separation painful, if also the
hope of reunion is consoling. One may
be in the sunshine of the fervid south,
the other under the gloomy skies of the
chilly north; but there will lie some
thing in the heart of this lost that will
stand instead of bright blue skies and
wealth of flowers, of the poetry and art
that aoeni to cast a halo round every cir
cumstance of life; just as with the other
all the lieautj and poetry will have its
sting in the alwence of the beloved, and
its greatest charm is the hope of reunion.
Elu* the most beautiful country iu the
world would lose its power of fascination
—the pain of sentiment would be greater
than the pleasure of sensation.
A Turkish Town in Asia Minor.
The streets of Erzeoum are compared
by a correspondent to a net of wriggling
eels. No squares, no good-looking
houses, offer anywhere a means of set
ting oneself right; everywhere nothing
but houses; rising slightly from the
ground, with grass roofs, on which may
frequently be seen mufflcd-up women,
childreu at play and lambs frisking
abont. Children and lamlw sometimes
fall through the chimney into the house,
in which men, horses, oxen, cows ami
sheep live together. In bad weather the
chimneys are covered with flat stones,
and then the smoke fills the worn or
stable, whichever one chooses to call it.
A small part of this room, devoid of light
or air, in which a fire made of dung and
finely-cut straw burns, is separated by a
railing. Here paterfamilias sits on a
rag, smoking his chibongne or
and receives guests. The preparation of
food gives little trouble; a penny a day
suffices to satisfy the palate and stomach,
even in wealthy families. A little bread
and cheese, perhaps a encumber, under
favorable circumstance* a pilaff, on feast
days a piece of mutton, which the Ar
menian women roast particularly well
that is the whole bill of fare.
Large Wheat Held.
The Dayton (Ohio) Democrat savs :
On the second of July a farmer named
Long, who resides several miles sonth
of this city, !>egan to harvest his wheat,
a twenty-acre field of niee grain. Being
in want of cash, he shelled some of the
grain and took a sample of it to a miller
and asked what he would give him for
his crop per bushel. He struck a bar
gain at 91.65 per bushel. Ou innuiring
how much his crop would yield, Mr.
Long said it ougnt to be fully 400
bushels. But he was most agreeably
astonished when the threshing was com
] pleted, and the grain measured in the
field, and it turned out to be almost 800
bushels instead of 400, yielding almost
forty bushels to the acre. Mr. Long in
forms us that there are a numlier of fields
of wheat in his region which are quite
as heavy, or heavier than his.
Kuilroad Statistics.
Advance sheets of Poor'* Railway
Manual, soon to be issued, show that the
( number of miles operated in this country
last year were 73,508, against 71,750 in
1875. The gross earnings amounted to
8497,200,000, against 503,100,000 in the
pre vi JUS year, while the net earnings were
8186,400,000, ttgainst$185,500,OOOin 1875.
The increase in net earnings in the face
of the large fulling off in gross earnings
is attributed to the spirit of eoonomy
which has characterized railroad manage
ment during the past year. The
dividends (mid in 1876 amounted to
$68,000,000, against 874,300,000 in
1875, the falling off being due to the de
fault of several corporations, notably the
j ooal companies.
Hew aaowir \l emce Vlwkr I'arfkaart la New
Hat" a Nmv York cofro*poinlnt:
Bonis n( tlm Hrondwnv tirjr goods uisit
aav smuggling luui hml scarcely any
ctft>ct on tlnur trade. Otlifira think it
has hurt them a K (K, d deal. They tell
mtiue t|iuer yartie nlHiut tlie luirgnin
hunters who ajieud their ilajfi ruuinug
aUiuL like Mr*. Toodles, in tjneet of
aoinetiiiug i lienp. Hani one tlie other
vluy: "(live a reffular ehoiqmr hint
tlial there are some smuggled good* in
the market, and she'll upend a week
hunting for them all over lowu. Ten to
one she hasn't the shgliteet use for any-
Uung in (lie lot, hut that's neither here
uor there. If grants sre smuggled tliey
must Im I srgaius, sml site's houinl to
have something out of the lot, auywy,
want or no want," One of the walkers
iu a Broadway store tells this story:
Ihi women prefer smuggled good* ?
Well, uot all, hut a pretty large uumlmr
do. led me tell you what isvurred IU
our silk room not long ago. A lady who
K|teud* tlve vlays in tiin week shopping
cntue in a* usual ami wanted to see s
pteoo of silk. She hud tieeu in almost
every ilsy, Slid of cvmrwe mwvrly always
went off without buying. This time tfie
clerk who hod to wait on her turned
round wlieu lie had a chance and offered
to bet live dollars with another clerk
that he'd make her buy enough "ilk for
a dress. The bet wu* taken on the spot.
Then the clerk got down to work, lis
took dowu piece after piece, spread theiu
out, up in heaits till a doceu
slielves were Ct ntlevl, and talked till lie
tiegau to grow i.oar >e. But it was no
usv". She objecttsl tv one piece alter
another, uow tlie quality, now the shade,
now the price; hut still tlie young man
kept ou. He was at it fully an hour
when she got up to go. Then his strate
gy came iuto play. Leaning oyer the
counter he tuotroued to her to come near,
ami then said in a wln*p<-r:
" Msviiuu, can 1 say a worvl in strict
confidence f" She uovUh d, and he went
" You would like a real bargain,
wouldn't you ?" She nodded again.
"Well, tins ia just how it is. That
young man," motioning with his head to
tlie clerk with whom he had made the
bet, " has a title pietwv of suiugglevl silk
that he will sell very low. Of course he
can't say any thing about it himself, but
I can show it uow, if you wont to sec it."
" Well, 1 w ill look at it."
I'uttuig hie hand under the counter
he brought up a PUSH- of silk tliat he had
slipped down wlieu she was getting tip
to leave. She examined it auAl asked the
" Three dollars is tlie regular price for
tlie same goods, hut yuu can lisve tins
for two."
" You say it is aiuugglevl ?"
" Yes, ma'am, but vlou't .speak so
"Well, I will take twenty-five yarvls."
"Very well, ma'am; it's the greatest
bargain you ever got" She was greatly
pleasevl, but the silk was the name that
she hml rejected fifteen minutes liefore
at *1.75.
i A {lersou hearing this story said : "Do
you allow clerks to do business that
way ?"
"Not at all; when it became known the
young man lost his place; but the inci
dent shows how ready some women are
to pick up imaginary bargains if there is
any hiut about smuggling."
Method" of Chinese Cruelty.
A correspondent write* from China:
The greatest attribute of a Chinese gen
eral ia cona.'deml to be hi# strategy. He
ia worth nothing if he fail# to lead hi#
enemy into making a false step. The
hero of the hour ou this account ua gen
eral who led a body of troojMi against a
milled city held by the insurgent*. He
tH-aiegtxi theui, and in due course of time
they pleaded for term*. Laudable prom
isee were made by the dozens, the ame
Sua non befog they shottkl lay down
leir arm. This waa done, when, the
general's dispatches inform* tis, they
were immediately massacred us fast us it
was poaaiiile to do ao, but the leader
was " put to death bv the extreme tor
ture." Tin* consisted" in winding u wire
verv tightly about the entire head and
body ti the feet, interval# of an inch 1 ic
ing left bet ween eaich turn. This brought
the fleah intei walea which were quickly
and neatly sliced off by keen knives.
The aceue ended by decapitating the still
living skeleton. *
A verv great ileal of the evidence in
criminal cases is elicited by torture, un
less that gtveu coincides with the ideas
of the magistrate. If, under torture,
witnesses asaert things detrimental to the
aide he proposes to favor, they remain in
agony till they take it all buck again.
When lie haa got it arranged to suit him
self, ten to one he will administer another
dose to them for not telling the truth at
once. There ia aomething frightful to
the civilized mind in such abortion of
justice, but even when the verdict ia
correct and the felou is to suffer foretime
committed, the punishments are ao truly
barbarous you sink vour detestation of
the offense* in your pity for the suffering
offender. The sight of a human lieuig
receiving two hundred or three hundred
blows from a heavy bamboo, leaving
gushes and fleah beaten to a jelly, and
finally a helpless cripple for life, doe#
not tend to excite your k>ve for vour fel
low-man. Kneeling on chaina for many
hours, the lash descending at the light
est change of poature, pinching the fln
gera in vim* made of split bamboo;
entwining metal tulxw alxmt the laxly
and extremities, in which Ixiiling fluid ia
poured, (tearing the flesh wherever it
touches; wearing 'a three-feet square,
twenty ponnd wixxlen collar day and
night for weeks, I wing unable to reach the
mouth the with hand, and exjxiaed to the
gaze of pasaera-hv in tlie locality of the
offense; placing in a cage with tlie head
secured in a collar which forma the roof,
the toes just touching tlie ground, and
left to die by starvation and strangula
tion; lieheading, and cutting into " ten
thousand piece#" are among tlie usual
punishments of this enlightened race.
A Frightful Death.
The Shenandoah Herald says: Mr.
George Fister, clerk of the First Na
tional bank in Mahoney, Pa., and twen
ty-two years of age, wa* bitten on the
outer edge of the left hand seven months
ago by a black aud tan dog with which
he was playing. The wound healed
quickly, causing little or no pain. The
day after Mr. Fister was bitten the dog
waa seen playing with a ball of worsted,
and. aa he died a day or two later with
symptoms of choking, it was supposed
death was caused by his having swal
lowed or having attempted to swallow
some of the worsted. Mr. Fister first
manifested unmistakable signa of the
dread disease an last Thursday afternoon,
and died early on Sunday morning, hi*
suffering* being limited in some aixty
hour*. After Thursday the symptom a
were clearly marked, the spells at mad
ness frequent and violent, the interval*
few. During these spells the sufferer
would snap, bite, foam and strike at tho
three or four strong men who constantly
guarded him,aud who,for self-protection,
had their hand* thickly gloved, and
carried each a pillow before them to re
press each onaet. In the calm and lucid
intervals he apologized, remembering
distinctly hia "words and actions. In his
next spell he would fight more furiously
and cry out: " Ah, didn't I give it to
you ? Didn't I fetch you that time ?"
etc. As pieces of ice were thrown to
ward his mouth he would snap hia
opened jaws at them most furiously,
lie was attended by I)r. Carpenter, of
Pottaville, ami three* of the resident doc
tor*, but treatment availed nothing.
His throat swelled on Saturday, and
with the most painful chuckling and
choking he died early on Snaday morn
Murphy, the Tent pern nee Lecturer.
A correspondent " n y that Mr Mur
phy, the temperance agitator, holds the
attention of his audience with wonderful
power, making them lntigh at hiit quick
Celtic wit, or nob over the pathetic talea
he tells. He is tall and stout and dresses
with good taste and regard for existing
styles. His face is handsome and intel
ligent, and is adorned with a heavy
black moustache. As a result of his
wonderful magnetism he was almost
mobbed by the audience at the close of
a recent meeting at Orange Grove, N. J.
In his iron grasp he took the hand of
every one that pressed around him.
liwma Wf Iwlwrwwi Irwwi Hani* wag Ahraat.
On thw fourth day alter the twMtiiinlug of Uie
laleir riot* the atrlke of rallroaiTemployee* all
over the mill try ** *UII citeudlng, although
the maiiM of bloodahed and vlolsuiv wore not
a> gloat ae oo tlie |irevloua day*. Taaaeugei
and fielglit tiafllc waa almoat wholly au*|>eiided
few Urn Atlantic *• al>o*id t<> the kll*alaalji|il
river, aud from the Under* of Canada t<> the
lligliila hue and OUlu river. In New York
stale the employee* of the New Yolk 1 rulial
railroad al Woa't Albany who had thitherto
kepi al their work, yielded hi the atrlklug aplrll
at mwni. The atio|>a of the oolii|ialiy were
vtailed hv large gang* and the limn luduwnd to
quit wuik, Kaat Albany waa nailed by the wink
er* and frntgh' tr*< k there were bmu U|i. Ths
bllitli regiment of New Y<wk city waa aeut 111
the acene and arrived at Allnuiy without uila
hap, allbougb tlm train containing the aoldinrs
waa atoned ou the way. At Hynmuae, N. Y.,
the railroad employee* and uiaa-hlulata wtrimk
and art bundled freight ear*, aev<uty engine*
and forty train* of freight were eiulnvrgoed,
while the alrtker* detailed eoiue of their owu
umii to guard Hie properly. At llutfalo, N. ¥.,
a tram of empty gram car a waa fired by a Uiob,
aud another large crowd gathered lu front of
the Kaat llilffaio de|H>l With the u vldnul lutentKiU
of burning tlial baudaome building One bun
drcd iwihtfa men burned to the grain car fire and
halted lu trout of the Hotel., who were ordered
to diaper ae, hut rwfuaed. The poller cliarged,
having eitra large i-lul*, and elubtied down
everything before them lu ten luUlUlea the
ttioh waa whl|>|wad. 'lit* ground waa covered
with wounded, who were'dragged away by
their retreating ooturadea. Score*, if not hun
dred*, of the rtotera were dubbed dowu. Tim
not era were armed with rlutw, and flred eevsral
ahot*, but only two of the police wero hurt.
Many imaourra were taken. There waa nut a
algu or a crowd left. At HoruellaviUe, N. ¥.,
the alrikera attempted to |irevent a detachment
of the twenty-third reglumut, on It* way from
Nei. York, from anterlug the town. A pally of
•Inker* at t 'urmug ran ahead of the train ouu
tamuig the aotdlera, dlaptacmg ralla aud placing
ohalruUocn* ou the track. Until a length a
company of miitlla loft the oar* and charged
on the rioter*, dlaperaiug them. After many
v iclaaitudea the traiu reached HoruellaviUe.
thirteen persona were killed and forty-throe
wocuuded by tlm tight at Heading, I'a. Ou
reguurnt the Sixteenth atatloued there fra
t cruised with the riotera and the aoldlora aald
they would uot fire upon the crowd Ui the
event of further trouble. It waa cheered by
the crowd, while the Fourth regiment waa
live * ted arid attacked with rtotie* f u r the part It
had taken in aubduiug the not of the prevloua
day, aud ecveral of the command were wound
ed. I .ale at night alt battrnee of the I'mted
State# army, numt-erujg ill) men and officers,
arrived and uiarclmvl tlirvsigh tlm town. The
street* were filled with people, but uot a alone
waa thrown at the regular* or even a dertane
about uttered. At Chicago the employees of
the iituurrou* railroad* centering there quit
work aud naltnl lumber yard*, atuue yard.,
manufactories and otimr large eatablialuuenta,
cvmqwllmg all the workmen to oeaec their
labor*, aud join the pruccealun. which euon
number ad thousand*. A uroclawaUuu waa
laaiied by the mayor and AXI turn were aworu
in a* )mcial | >lice At lndlaua|aiUs, led , the
striker* were in puearaalon of ail the road* lead
ing into that city, a* waa the case in St. Inula.
The all ike rtended to the Canada road* and
to San Franciacn. lu the Utter place a mob
burned dowu a Clutrn.v wash houae and threat -
cnral to attack the r'hlueae quarter , and but
for the prompt and nguron* acthm of the
jwthos a bloody not would have occurred.
lit* 6nil day uf the groat railroad war passed
•out the bkskade uf train* continued, while tho
business luiefcst* ul the country were still
partUUv paralysed. In those wtiuiw where
the itrlkr first mullnl Ml KOM uf tilunhtinl
a ltd i toloime ui Maryland, l'eiuiaylvam* Mid
New York - DwUm had taken a quieter look
and the Wert had in turn became the ground
of riotous demonstrations. lu liiicuu a mob
of about H.OUO perauu* congregated in the
vicinity of the (Tucago, IturlingUm Mid Ouuic*
round hourc with the evident mlrntion of mak
ing MI attack upon the railroad property. A
detachment of twenty )<ollceiiieO waa aant to
the scene. and the O(href*, ou arriving there,
found themselves atirrouiided he a deneo mob,
who aaaailrd them on ever* side with Imeka
and atotiea The police made a charge and be
gan to force their way out, using their rluba
with dewperate vigor and without atliiL When
the |mlicw reachod the outer edge of the ciuwd,
three of the rioter* had been killed Mid a num
ber wounded, while aevrral of the ottcm were
also badly injured. Another detaahuieut of
I 0 ulßrrra waa aent to the aceue of not and
tin illUurlaiMi waa quelled and |loferty saved.
Several Other large mole passed the ugh dif
ferent parts of the city during the day, com
pelling the workmen uf 'the eetaoliehmriita they
pawed to cease work, and uooaaloual collieioua
locurred between the point- and the rioter*, in
which the latter were generally dispersed. lu
New Yurk a meeting, railed by a aociety uf
Internationalist* ° or social reformer*, waa
held in the evening in Tumpkina Square, aitu
alod lu the heart of the crowded portion of the
city. About 10,000 (veople were gathered tu
and about the Sjuur, and several hundred
(•oltcetueti were near at hand to prevent any
disturbance The meeting w*a quiet and order
ly. although at ita clow a crowd marching in
I •recession thrviiigh a aide street were charged
>j the police and nattered, one man —a looker
on - hruig clutibed bv aeveral officer* and ■ •mak
ing a leg In hta effort* to oeeape. At Ixiuie
vnle, Ky.. MI unsuccessful attempt wa made to
burti a railroad office. All business there w*
au-tended and TOO militianieu were on duty,
ready for an emergency. In Toledo. Ohio, the
sinker* clowd all nuuiufactonea and broke up
a meeting of citizens prertded over by the
mayor. In St. Loui* Mid Kansas (It*. Mo.,
the rtriker* were (till maater of the at I nation
Mid all railroad traffic waa retarded.
Chicago and San Francisco Were the scene*
of aaiiguiuary not# on the sixth dav of the
labor IrvmUr*. and in St. Louts several demon
strations lv mob* took place, without Ml* arri
oua conflict occurring, however. In Chicfgo
notera began to gather at the llalatnad street
viaduct at an early hour, and e their num
bers wore swelled to 10,000. A body of police
appr ached uid at first the mob rim in every
direction ; hot gathering courage from their
strength the noter# reassembled and at ticked
the polio* with such fury that they were com
pelled to flee for thru lives, the vast throng
lianging close upon the heels of the flisSng
offices Mid hurling volley* of rtunes at them
a* they ran. At Fifteenth street the pursued
police met a re-enforcement of fifty officer*, and
cumbiuing their force* they turned upon their
pursuers and fired into them, killing several
and unmercifully clubbing all within reach.
Die mob fled, and in the retreat the notera
totally annihilated a coal office, arming them
selves with the fragment*. A short time after
this riot another occurred in front of Turner
Hall, where a meeting was taking place. The
crowd (Hied the ban and parked the aide
walks in front. Mid Anally 1-ecame ao demon
strative and boiataruu* that a large number of
police were sent to disperse tbetn. which they
succeeded in doing onlv after a pitched batik,
many of the notera seeking safety by Jumping
from the window*. Just before noon another
crowd of &.000 assembled near the North Hide
rolling mills. They were led by a tiMid of
butchers, with aprons ou, alcoves rolled up and
knives and steels protruding from their pockets.
This thmug marc hid to the rolling mills, gas
wkrks and other establishment*, with firing
banners and transparencies Mid compelled the
employer* to sign an agreement to pay their
workmen s stipulated price. The mot> met one
small squad of sixteen police, alio dared not
oppose the immense crowd. At eleven o'clock
at night s mob attacked soldier* stationed in
the vicinity of Sixteenth and Ilslstesd streets.
The military at length replied with two volleys
and killed and wounded s number of the rioters.
About twelve person* were killed dunag the
day and a largo number wounded. Several
hundred rioter* were also arrested. In San
Francisco the citizens bad formed themselves
into committee* of safety for the protection of
person and property. A gang of •' hoodlums '
assailed citiscu* and firemen who were attempt
ing to extiuguish an incendiary fire at the
Pacific Mail steamship dock, and a de*|erate
fight ciu.ue.l. The rioter* were eventually
routed. One of the citixen* wa* kilh-d end a
large number of persons on l*>th sides were
wounded, some fatally. In other parts of the
conutrv the strike seemed to have reached its
highest point. The strikers on several roads
resumed work, while on others they were evi
dently only awaiting overture* from the railroad
official* to*go hack to their position*.
On the seventh day of the railroad war re
port* from all over the comntrv Indicated a
la-tter (tate of affair* than had thitherto existed
and a *|>eody resumption of bnsiness on the
majority of roads suffering by the strike.
Travel was resumed on tho New York Central
and Pennsylvania line*, hut no freight wa*
allowed te be moved on the lake Shore road. A
dangerous state ot affair* existed in the mining
region* of Pennsylvania, and all train* there
were blocked, lti Chicago the authorities had
the riot under oontrol, the only casualty re
puted being the murder of a memU-r of the
Chicago Hoard of Trade- Jame* J. White—
who wa* patrolling in tlie suburb*. Noticing a
tramp acting u*pichm*lv, Mr. Whita arrested
him, when the man suddenly drew a revolver,
placed it to hi* raptor's forehead and fired, in-
Htantlv killing him. The tramp then CHC*|>od.
Tljo ION of life during fhe riots at Chicago
is known to t<e thirteen killed and twenty-five
wdpndod. A meeting of trade union delegate*
in Ht. I/>ilis was broken up by the police and
military aud all found Inside the tmilding were
arrest ml. A diapatch from Manch Chunk, l'a,
said the men of the I.ehlgh Valley and l,ehigh
and Husquehanna roads were all out on strike
and no trains were running, while the miner*
at Summit Hill also struck, demanding an In
crease of twenty per cent, in their wages. They
inarched from one mine to another with loaves
of 1 tread stuck ou poles and demanding their
pay of the company. In New York State tho
militia regiment* called out by the governor
were dismissal to Uieir homes, with thsnk* for
their promptness and energy in responding to
the call.
Georgo W. Peek, editor of the Daily drfcer
lifr, of Auburn, N. Y.. committed suicide by
shooting himself while suffering from a tit of
melancholia. Comparative quiet prevailed
slang the railroad lines on the eighth and ninth
days of the great strike. A tram of cars Ailed
with soldiers on their way to Pittsburgh, Pa.,
was stoned as it passed Johnstown and several
of the military were injured. The strikers
succeeded in wrecking the train and canning it*
detention for some time. The soldiers arrested
about one hundred of the strikers Norman
Lindsay (colored) was hanged at Helens, Ark.,
for the mnrder of the Rev. Charles Hightower
(also colored) in 1875 Joseph Woodruff,
for the past nine years secretary of the Honth
Carolina Senate, was arrested in Philadelphia
on a steamer from Charleston. The arrest was
made at the request of Gov. HMnptcn and the
State attorney of South Carolina, and the ar
rested is charged with forgery and larceny
Seven soldiers were killed by the accidental ex
plosion of a shell in a fort near Paris Gale
Ilollbwwoftb, <f Whit" Pigeon. !•>> * well
to <l.l farmer. with * family > h<4 threw
lime* *inl killed It * Mia* Whit", who alleged
j lliat h had alndsrod h0r.... Tlie Indian
• ■tilfiroak in Uiw Wowt continues, and (iovvroor
rutin, of Mutilans, lis* lamed * proclamation
■'•llliiK oil even UIWII to go to Uiw frout
Tlie ■-•plain and four iii"U lwloiigluw to ih#
llrtUali h*rk llnrUi* *u<l M*rt* arrived In Now
York, having 1 won oouiiwlled to aiaudon their
voaaol lu a •inking IM, million In Wld-oooau.
A it*ui near Avondale, I'*., gave w*v and
. '**imoil steal damage to |wui.ertjr lu the track of
Ik" flood. A cotton and wooleli mill waw flooded
1 and tm houaea were waahed away ... .Ill*
Icjuk llavon National Hank, of Ix-ok llavwu,
I'*., auapneled pavun-iil ... A eow that had
liown run over by a train near Wilmington, Del.,
I llliacowillitablv got between the aecolid and
third care, dlapoiiuwotlng theiu and throwing
them off the track. Tim ears were com|4etely
wrecked and the |aaengera were unable to ex
tricate lheo*elv> and bad to be rut out of Ihe
turn* by workmen. Hlitmu parson* were in
jured, eottm Karu Co|>er waa
•hot Ave Umea by W. 11. Huut In a aaloou In
Naebvilla, TMIU. T'oo|Mgr bail liwen quarreling
with Huut a mother over a game and had been
driven from the aaloon ..A daatrurtlve flood
■ Kvurred Ui Urandoti, Vl,, by the overflowing of
Neahobe river after a heavy 'rainfall, and great
deetructlon waa done to gardeua and houae*
IlUlldliiga were moved fmiu their foundation*
and many houeea were tilled with water
Herbert Blaimhard, aged tweidy-flve, bad tseu
paying bla addreeer. to Ibe daughter of H.
Stark, a rewideul of Savor, U> , and had lea#
warned to discontinue (ila viola Soou afler
he waa fired at by aome unknown ueraon, and a
few dava •übea>)UenUy be met tbw eider Stark
in I'burrh and ahot iuiii after an allereaUou. A
brother| of Stark, who rame to bla aaalalance,
wa alao ahot by Itlaurhard, who neit attempt
ed to about a lady aUudlug near but failed, and
then made nia eecape. The brother* who wero
•hot received mwrlal wound* t'liarlca It
llruwu and K. W. Laughlln were crashed to
death and three otimr* were badly injured by
the raving In of a air wet drain at Toronto, Out
Tbr Flrt I'mbrells Carrier.
Though Jonas Hauway, the philan
thropist, did many a Christian deed w
his life, he is uot remembered so much
for his beuevoleuce as for his umbrella !
He was the first man in England who
ventured U>brave public opinion by car
rviug one of those m*-canary article*.
Jouai Haiiway was leim iu Portsmouth,
1712, aud died in Loudon, Kept. 5, 1786.
The earlier part of his life was passed in
mercantile pursuits as s partner in the
house of Diugley k Co., of St. Peters
burg, in which capacity he visited Per
sia—where he probably tucked up his
umbrella idea—and publiehol, as the
result of his observations, a " Historical
Account of Hrttiah Trade over the Cos
plan Sea." The success of this work led
him to continue the use of his pen, aud
iu 1756 he published a "Journal of
Eight Days' Journey from Portsmouth
to Kingston - upon - Thames," which
caused the amiable Dr. Johuson to re
mark that„"Jouaa acquired some repu
tation by traveling abroad, but lust it
all by traveling at borne." He wrote
nearly seventy pamphlet*, uiuetly ou
philanthropic subjects. He was a noble
philanthropist, but s pout sutler.
Having expended what property he had
in eharitsnle schemes, Loid hute, the
premier, gave him office as a commis
sioner of tlie navy, a situation which he
held fur twenty years. He waa an in
defatigable worker An the cause of phil
anthropy, and several of the must worthy
charitable institutions of modem
times were originated by him. He m
stitutsd the Marine Society, he establish
ed the Magdalene Charity, he wa* the
father of Sunday schools, ami the friend
of the chimney sweep. No public
calamity occurred that he did not endeav
or to alleviate. But it is the shade of
his umbrella that lias kept his memory
green for prosperity.
The Child and the Painted Window,
In a summer-honae belonging to an
old inn on the Rhine, there is a Urge
window, whose (Muies uf colored glass
often attract the attention uf any traveler
who enters the little aitting-room.
Children mure especially love to gaze
upon the uoble river and the surround
ing landscape under the different in
fluences of a green, blue, red or yellow
medium, and clap their tiny hands to a-e
tlie vineyards or beautiful ruins am
changed. A boy once lingered near thia
favorite window, and detained by all the
arts in his power the old man that ac
companied him. Now. it was the fiery
red which pleased the child miist—now
the gulden tinge made everything appear
like enehiuited ground, and sometimes
again the green had more softness where
asm to rest his eyes. Hta companion,
ter reflecting some time, aaid, as he
gazed on his eager looks and changing
fancies ; " Thou putteat me in mind of
the life of man, which in ita pas-iug
stages resembles nothing more than this
window. At firat, during infancy, he
chtx<aea the plain glass, that shows htm
nature's real brightuw*. hut aoou what
charms him at first liecumea insipid. He
then seeks in gaudy red, aomething more
beautiful—relspsi* again into soft green,
until he settles into the gold, dazxliug
yellow, which gives a false value to
every object The last age will lie the
gloomy blue, in which there seems an
everlasting storm coming over the face
of nature. He would fain seek another
color, but some rude hand shuts the
blind, and pushes him away.
omen in Government Lmploj.
Among the distinguished women of
fallen fortunea now holding situations in
the departments at Washington are Mrs.
Mary Wilcox, the granddaughter of
President Jackson, and the only person
living who was lxirti in the White
House; Mrs. Chsrlotte L. Livingston,
whoae |OOO itoeition wsa obtained by
her relative. Senator Paddock, after an
argument against her endeavoring to
support herself had failed ; Mrs. C. E.
Morris, of New York, granddaughter of
Robert Morris; Miaa Sophie Walker,
the daughter of Robert J. Walker, who
was secretary of the treasury during the
Presidency of James K. Polk from 1845
to ; Mis* Dade, whose mother was
a cousin of General Scott; Miss Markoo,
daughter of Francis Markoo, who for
thirty yeain was attached to the diplo
matic corps of the State department ;
Mrs. Helen McLean Kimball, widow of
Oolonel Kimball, who sigually distiu-
B lulled himself in the Mexican war ;
iss Sallie Upto.i, of Brooklyn. N. Y.,
daughter of the late Francis Upton, a
distinguished lnwyer, and the author of
several standard works on admiralty and
marine jurisprudence; Mrs. Chaplin,
widow of United Stab s District Juilge
Chaplin ; Sirs. Tiffcy, a cousin of the
present secretary of State, Mrs. and Gran
ger, th? widow of the lste General Gordon
Granger, the circumstances of whose
massacre by the Indian* with General
Custer are too recent to require tjic
story here. ____
The Sunflower.
A well-known plant of thrifty growth
and generous yield, ia the hrlianthu*,
or oommoti " sunflower." It i* culti
vated extensively in certain portions of
thi* country for the oil contained in tlie
maaa of seeds it produce*.
In Tartary.' aa well aa among other
Eastern tribes, aud also by American
Indian*, in certain quarter* of tlie West,
these seed* are cooked and eaten. Iu
aome sect ions, where it* valuable pro
perties are appreciated, the aecd ia need
for poultry food, at time*, with great
The sunflower ia easily grown, require*
no special cultivation; it may be planted
all around, near the fences or walla of
the farm, or estate, where nothing else
ia cultivated; and for a change of food
or mixed in small quantities with other
grains, raw or cooked, it is an admirable
thing for adult fowls. It can lie so easi
ly produced, and it i* really so valuable
in its way, that we are surprised it ia not
more generally grown for a partial poul
try food.— Poultry World.
The Secretary Bird.
A curious experiment took place the
other day at the Jardin d'Acclimatisa
tion in Paris. A nest of living vipers
was thrown into the inclosure where tlte
secretaries or snake-eaters (from the
Cape) are kept These birds have the
bright eye of birds of prey, powerful
beaks, and vulture-like bodies mounted
on legs like those of a wading bird.
Whenever the secretaries saw the snakes
they fell upon them with shrill cries,
ani{ an exciting struggle ensued. The
reptiles, fixed on the ground by the
strong feet of the bird, twisted and
hissed, and bit; bnt they could make no
impression on the rngoee skin, and they
were chopped into mince-meat with a
few strokes of the beak. The secretary
is also, it may tie remarked, a great de
stroyer of rodents.
Fashion Notes.
There is a revival of pipings.
The (jroiaette is the newest comb.
The ltichelieu is the shoe of tlie mo
Dark tints prevail in out door ous
Osuva* tissue is s favorite fabric for
Cost bodioes aud jxilonaises arv nil the
Mpinarh greeu is s new shade cA this
popular color.
Itnvl jieouie*. Urge as life, are aeen
among Uie artificial flowers.
Natural oat fringes ou chenille strings
are seen on grenadine dresses.
WstUveu, A mason and DimrUnre
trains arc now worn with clinging skirts.
The small flat rings of hair worn on
the forehead tins season are called
The present style <4 coiflitre demands
that the neck, forehead aud ears be ex
Roses instead of buttons fasten th*
fronts of many elegant white evening
Vivid and conspicuous colors take the
lead over pale nud faded tints this sea
Colored embroidery and colored laces
are preferred, at tlie momeut, for
Artificial flowers are made this season,
each flower exhaling its owu natural
Htetnkerk cravats, which first became
fashionable in Kurope in lfitfi, sre re
vived in Paris this year.
The Diradoira tram trimmed with s
wreath of Mechlin, Valcucteunae or
Torchon lace is the style in Paris.
Forget-me-nots and thistles are worn
together fur corsage bouquets, some
times fastened .with one deep red ruse.
Bathing suits of white Turkish towel
iug, braided and bound with red, blue
or black, are the novelties tins season.
The favorite flowers for the hour are
thistles aud forget-me-nots, gardenias,
mignonette, heliotrope, and asters of
various colors.
Full dresa requires the train to be
verv loug and pointed, aud worn, when
walking, over the arm, displaying its
Wealth of laces.
Batlung cloaks, to be put on when
coming out of the water, are made of
white Turkish toweling, or of serge, pud
trimmed with red or blue braid.
Bruuxe aud turquoise blue, spinach
greeu aud rose, violet and buttercup
?elluw, dark brown and gold, sre
avorite combination* of oolor at present.
Natural flowers instead of artificial
are preferred by Parisian women for
bonnet, corsage aud parasol garnitures.
They must be renewed three times each
Athenmua, in the " Diepnoeopliiata,"
refer* to the flute made of the leg bone
of the kid en en invention of the (G
nan i Thetmna, and at*tew that the flute
elephantine (ivory) waa firat bored among
the Phteuinana. Flu tea among the
elaaaic Greek* were alao made of aaaea'
bonea, which are said to be remarkablv
aoiid. They are anppoeed to have a full
ueMa of tone highly auggeabve of the in
flated atyle of their orifpaal proprietor.
Dr. Hclilietuann, in hta excavations at
Hiaaarlik. dtaoovered a beautifully-orna
mented flute of bone. The flu tee of the
Armuctunau* were made of the arm and
leg li 'ii* of prisoners offered in aacri
fice. The Oahba need human bonea, but
no* .e the bonea of the jaguar. Their
flute haa three holes, and, like the Gui
ana flute of bamboo, ia blown by the
breath directed againat the edge of the
orifice. A Guiana flute in the National
Muaeum at Washington ia made of the
thigh bone of a jaguar. The Uaupc In
diana of Brazil uae fifea and flute# of
reed and of deer'a bonea. Wallace alao
noticed a whiatie made of a deer'a akul).
The Brazilian flageolet# are of bone; an
average one baa two bnnea, twelve inches
long and three-eightha inch bore, united
by twine ueat'y wound and worked. On
the back of the lower part are finger
hole*. The whistle ia formed of a cone
of reainona cement beneath the mouth
orifice, the ridge of cement rising to the
center of the tube. The Kafir whistles
are of bone or ivory, ami are blown into
in the manner of 'blowing a key, while
lsdding the instrument againat tae lower
lip. The flute of the Nfaoriea it made
frotn,a human thigh bone, that of a alain
enemy befog preferred. Two ancient
Peruvian pipe* of bone had five flnger-
HNaa each, and one of human bone had
four finger-holm.
Detroit'* Hero.
Anthony Grogan, jumping for the
ferry boot Victoria, ot the foot of Wood
word ovenue. JK'Uxut, Mich., nuased and
fell, but he woo saved bv Jobs Horn, jr.
This luok.'H the one hundred and thirtieth
Seroon that Mr. Horn hea rescued from
rowning. It io thirteen year* eince Mr.
Horn, or., took up hia quarter* at the
foot of Woodward avenue, occupying the
reatanrant on the wharf. Hit eon John
waathen a youth of twenty year*. a power
ful athlete* well known ui baae ball cir
clea aa one of the strongest ever
turned out in Datroit Before Mr. Horn
established hia headquarter* on the wharf
at tlie foot of Woodward avenue, the
plare t wa* dangerous, as there were uo
railing* along the shores, and oftentimes
the nights were so dark anil so foggy
that it was easy to walk off suddenly lute
twenty-five feet of water. Mr. Horn has
lost fil ,500 worth of clothing iu saving
life, sometimes ruining a new and hand
some suit within an hour after putting
ot for the first time. In 1871 his ad
mirers iu Detroit (**vc him a beautiful
gold medal, and this he lost iu rescuing
a person from drowning. In the reecueof
Anthony Grogan, Mr. Horn lost his gold
watch and chain and a medal presented
to him by the city authorities. Two
years ago' Congress voted him a gold
Lightning Striking a Train.
An incident of a recent thunder storm,
aa noticed by a passenger on a tram on
the New York Midland railroad, is thus
deacribcd by the Middletovm I*rr*: The
storm was terrific. Crash after crash of
thunder, with blinding lightning, accom
panied by a deluge of rain and hail, fol
lowed them. At one time the train
seemed to be enveloped in a sheet of
electrical fire. A fearful crash preceded
aud instantly the engine was in a volume
of electricity. Halls of fire encircled the
driving wheels as they revolved with
lightning rapidity. Engineer Sandford
beheld the phenomenon with wonder
and awe, and supposing that the end of
all thing* wa* at hand involuntarily shut
off the steam. Nearly every person on
the train experienced a severe shock. A
large tree by the truck was shattered.
The shock lasted but a moment. When
satisfied that nothing hail been injured,
the engineer started the iron horse on
with a loud whistle toward Norwich.
Apprfllr s Wwfwlly.
Appetite U a nsoussity. * itbout it, snnirient
food l not received luta Hieuti'ttivb, either to
nourish the system or to (iv* the stimulus to
the bowel* which the* require, lloth these
org An* Mid the liter "become torpid in con w -
qileum. nd the hkexl grow* |>oor
end quantity. I m (trove the appetite. there
fore, end amid euch result*. lw i* most ef
fect nally done with Hotelter'*Bt*marh Hitter*,
a tonic appetiser and alterative without a peer.
It give* not only an unwonted e*t for food,
but enable* the stomach to digest, and tha *y
tem to aeKimilate it Flatulence. heartburn,
nausea and every cither ooucomitant of indige*-
tion, are removed b* it, a* are also biliousness
and conalipation. taoti nerve and liber of the
liody i* made to tingle with health by it* ti*e,
and it i* the leading remedy for despondency.
Physicians of high standing unhesitatingly
give their iadorsemout to the use of the Uraof
enberg-Marshall's Catholioon for all female
complaints. The weak and debilitated find won
derful relief from a constant use of this valu
able remedy. Sold by all druggists. 91.50 par
bottle. Send for almanacs, Oraefenberg Co.
New York
It is said by those who know that Dooloy A
Brother, the manufacturers of the justly cele
brated an 1 well knowu Yeast Powder which
bears their name, have the largest and most
complete establishment of the kind in the
world. The capacity of their mammoth fastory
is simplv marvelous, reaching the immense
quantity of Ave millions of pound* annually.
Pewd'a Rxirsrt.
Used alike by the medical profession and the
people, it hold* a position held by no other
medicine in this country, or, perhaps, the world.
Th (Wleimted
" Miit'mw"
Wood Taf I'lng
Tu Pi""ma Toiuono (Vnrrtut,
New Yurk. Ihwion, and Ohkefo.
■ rained la Ik* free! t
It rnn are Ulioii. lake Quit* • Irlah Tea.
Hold by .buggteU at Bft oU. a peehxge.
TBf Mortrta.
raw Tuaa.
■MOHtle MaUee......... II IT*
Taxwaa4aiMnk.. ("Ml I II
Mik* Cava WOT (WOT
Huge i Lire WHO MM
Dmteed 0N( >
■keep M I . MM
Imaba 01*1 l *1
Ootlon : MtddMe* ITSi I 1 K
fleer J Waaler* (iood to Choice IMI HIT*
•tat*: OoedteChoioe .. Mi l >lll
*!>•• I Had Waaler* 1 lll'*
Me. I Mileeahaa IT* ultl
Ufa: Mate., *1 i i I*
Itarlaj : Mala M I I W
Barley Man..... Ilill*
(Jet*: Ml tad Waatam It I I 10
Oere : Ml (ad a*n i i T
May, par eat...... TO n Tl
•Mrae. |M earl •< I I M
Mote We-oa lt 711 M i I M
fort'. Mew ... HOT i iIIM
lord: Otty Weaw.,, Il< I 114
■M : MetAatei, *. I. eew UM | •l*
" Ho. t, oaw. U i lit 00
Dry Oed, par el ... 4Tt * 111
Married. *oaad, |W boa 4 I M
Mnlnu : Crata ......Mhdl/IN Indued. UM
Wool: GaUfernia Kteeea. Ill)
Taaaa ftaana M < I M
Auaiteiieu flaae*. II O M
MeUar : Mala -11 l tl
Waaler* ; Okeloa. It i , It
Waelare : (Mod la frtan. 10 I | IT
Woeura: ruk1ea........ II ( I It
Obaaee: hlele factor; I* (| I' M
•tela Skla,mad ....... OT OT
Waelers id •
JCpya MeOTand feeitaylraaia .... II I II
FWer • *l*
Wheat: Me. 1 MiJveefeae IM• | M
Oere: Mixed '* Ml
0ata..... OT A M
•uUt • • •
Barley Malt I It* I lo
—at Oaille: Extra. .. MM# MM
—n*|,....... ..... ...M..UM..H* I*l*
Hum : Dril l 1 M*p k*M
floor; faenaylaeuie Katra *OT A* to
TTbaat: Bad Waatare lat 4 I M
kyt u 2 T*
Oerei VaUev M * tl
Mlaad II t a
awe: Miaad tt At*
hMroiautu : Oreda ICMAM Badeo*.. It M
Weal -Colorado I d 17
Taaaa. S
UaUforela. M •
Beat Oatur OT*A **M
*•* •*• •*
Hue* e* OT w
fleer—Wiaoonate aod Mlaaeeeta • M * fit
Oere—Miaed ...... WMA H
(Jala— - .....i....... I i H
Weal—Okie aad foaaayteeeM EX.. M A M
Oaitforate faJJ )• * .*
Mteerea, Maw.
Beat OaMla of* A *7lf
11kaee....... OT * OT*
lata be *T A M
Be— 17 MA ••
tiTßtnm. ■*-
Beat OaUle: fear la Okalaa *7l A>* M
■wee *7* A***
Uatfaa Ti* A *W
JWAKTIIMOHEI •!!-rorlwU MM* wmAm
intitj*x r Hu**fosx.~.rr*
Tmma. i ) u> lm K. K. LwUl ('. Clipau m!
auil An olw* * 4aaM * !**). oats wtd oui|
H liraMU aMn T • ki trm I• I■ Htm
<W uuTmrnn, A4imm J. Jl. C aT.HOI N,
Law 4 i^ojUKuw . tri WnH. m
A WwtM WHbMI Ttmal'i Miht
tlinill Wm nt U** •• tmpmtmm iM<M
' i.**,h <l 111* A !•• 4mm at uu MmH "■<
iar in—■. a—H*t*a* —4 MMMMM. HIMIII
—gor MWIn ih -UmArntd>.
| &JSL. fi Rhul
J i nu aJW pm at
■h> vw mar iwlr Ha
taa*u M. iiMHIm I • *•ma* mi htl"
the" NEW
Providence Line
OM.I * MII.K* or HAII.
( Tkf NJcrr Wraafr tflk* WrM,">
nbodo lEsIEAZXCt.
("TkfQiMi at ikr Htni")
WOl aa iM tftm .MAV * >—*• i*4l|fc Etar EM.
E. R .torn at Wmmm tun ul r. M-. *"■*•
CtoUhm* *1 M A. M. ami Rmm T A. M.E*
ian*iiliiii i— A— r iim.mi N Tat u4 na
InilUHDrU' Tuu Alwaya aama *W
ilnfi barfr H ami ml tmiimA. rW%
wUuu kw Matad . Tb. wbola world tw' *ba
gtartawa aid Matap-<ha B— aad OhaapaM j*"""*"'
awma vbM mint alaa will
1877. NEW YORK. * 1877.
Tn sr* miiim • IwUm of
ratm aad hmaal u< at lha nWirtln ml
rtataamaaahip, wdo. and aumj for hollow m
ss& SK £ [Sw^.£SS£sr£
of mtSm WW tba AMI nM. ..-plua. and trnw
MUj MMi ot canrni .wala J laiplapi fcllMl
111 I a inHMH and •arafalb alnatad Mat ml rm
■ willi inil iiirr- -r Ia npt• Inn >afcm
u>* aaperia'ty. am I ran. xamU, and faartwa . and H
rtniVllaaa mMhm lo diwm and aajor U* Mn< ml
Ili HI wba Un br plandartaa lh* Traaanry or by
osnrpta* lul tba lan <V~* not r* whila it
•admenm *• Btdfl u nmftdanea ml lb. nablx by da
food lay tba riyWa aI U>a mnpla aywna* Ota natal it
"tvT iZm*??!!*? jaltV Krr* la L> oaMa a ntawh, mm
M.Uj a yaw. . am. wiUi tha Saadar adtUM
km SwwSnf aditioo aiona. M*M paaaa. Rl.tO A
'*Tmi Wcnil Sea. aiaht rv" *( M broad aalamaa,
m fwmtahad ai • I a mar. pent pnrd
Inoul done*.—la ardor ta iatrodaaa Tu tea
vara wtdalf to tba pwMta. na will aand THE WEEKLY
•diuoa far It* lama lain at tba year, ta Jan. 1. UN.
mat, paid, far Half a Dollar Tip It.
t dp _ tn* arm. w. r. tt*.
Ara iarttad ta toaaaUpaia Tba Aiaanoaa Nawapapar
OaMa Ual ml Nawapapara- -tha IwrpaM *atlaWa mf
imfi-r la eta rblMd S*r~ - and rent par* tba pnaaa with
oihar I lata l i it ataapaai and taal all imaay audlaaa
* ft# raaafrp.
Nevspiteb Übior
List of 1085
Weekly Newspapers,
New Yarh Nrwapaper Unlaw,
fklraia Nrwnpnper Union 1.1-l,
Mllamakf* Npwapaper I'nlon List,
St. Paal Nrwapaper I nlon,
(larlaaall Nrwapaper t'nlwn Ual,
Soatbrru Nrwapaper I'aiaa List.
Tba prloaa of admrtiaina am BOW about or s hall of
laat mar'a mtaa and am aa follow*;
Naw York Nawapaper Union Liat for IflilQ
Chioapo Nawapaper Ull n Liat " S4.&Q
Milwaabaa Nawapapar Union Liat " N.QO
KL Pan! Nawapapar Union Liat " 1 .GO
Cincinnati Naw*pap.r Union Liat " 1-VQQ
Ron than Nawapapar Union Lift * ] I .GO
Or In tha Entim liat of
1085 Newspapers One Week lor $87.50
A One lack adrartiaamaat will ba tnaartad oar
year la tba antim liat of IONS nawapapar* fa*
Or aboa IlilO par pa par a mar.
IF" Sand lor Cataloyna. Addmaa,
(f(Ki Butiding),
At Park Howr, NEW TkORK.
<• S2O
$66 g >77*•iaacar
aig m>a&r
#4O hmhJ-tmSLTXWX
REVOLVES Free !sr£"L53C:
Add* J Be— dOa.IMdIMWajR.TMCdTa
S3BO SiSnrSEsi
RlVfiliuULD. I! II Heue A>. D (; '
tdtwe tCM MaaT* Me.
snSPif rmrnkg.
$lO to SIOOO
Addraaa BAETBB d CO.. ftaeXan. 11 Wall 18. M T.
cJaarpa aaliai ■ 111 natal T. fBABOW fIPHK
tuMi *od (,.—.l* at La* fiutery *nd 'tuatKle-
SeTl* It Wait dtfc ML. earli ide ay. >TS.
la*,* Vnaak, (jataaaa. X''leS!OmMdNHM
aad faaal hlMiu, waWaOTt* far Ctvcolar i<trn.
, M M M . Hiwuat, If T
Tka k— tHßdr aaeapa—rpaMMkad: atcOTfawa: •**.
a. alaka at ataew. 818
*"*"*• t'ttrv I* W A Tie. _____
ggtf jmw* l '' CMUKMV aatlBAM.
flfiws mm 4 %nil Wf mm* w. Mi, 10l
S. Raitw Ma, SaklMt. M 4. Mm
Waaa an Mxtaea ar kaatly aaa. aeiia Men and
• ■MI laadini !(■■ leealaatM* tar aiadi mtr) aad mria
—alal ri ( tW'!|
wade, deadfcrateealarnldfr^aßarSf — ****"
OHXftBiMUW * IXI. , .r*dr *.. T*a Terk
17 BBfM MltlKT* o*.r aaa aoatu* • Tka Baa*
IV Kaae'a faOaat ri , u.d. UnaAm
> .n ha naekat aaaaar a* *. llaaH went
•tenrihaaß.au far M7UMJ.
Boot'* Oaanai Wikta naia M eniaia.
haat. au tar Oefflar
tllaaaVaaaßM anMI aack kttT Bket
It-dMrp** BNeuffc* MTB *1 Mil KRVtR OB irntAiipi m pfißi
In aay part at that' erne - |iran •n*ra*a ta pay.
tM dwewtaße lar aelf ninoatal
Dial tnalr**>t tka Mattianw aad pat 1 nMi_p
r—x BaapWintkitirneOa.. |A Mannwt.M.T. .
/ m tkim bmiimV aar aaa at
Ul M M M otihar aaa. w *f .art at tka
OT OT OT awry eka a eiiliaa ta
work ataaiHk at tka anpta—aai tkat • l*aB •!
ear aaafe la yaw owe team. Ton Bead not ha near trea
haane aaar alpM. Tea aw ywyaraaala teaata tka •
eotfc. or aa|y year aaara aaaaMata Wahaaaapaadaeba
anaaktayonr per OTyn t khaMa mb_ ABeha
aaaanTka| aitdaaa_ ■ aafeaad egt^ataa*
SI.OO st.oo
Osgood's Heliotype Engravings.
Th (MmK fcaaarkald area ma'a. MM
Omm i.Wlar rar* la< /kr —lapaa.
or tka Baal Lead le AMEBIC A. aaar taa Oraat l'ot
fartrtc EanenaP
la wMk lee rata, at lalina.
fall tetanaaeaa aaat bee. addrdkn.
O. f. DATlrt,
I lead Apaat. P f B.IL. IN—Be. Hr*.
MUk Mklrt Bappaner aad
Sir) Krif.AdJeatleg fed*.
■ Heettm BtxLre aed CneOTMtTdt
Body vrth OBareaad Rearrr ad
MT. fere* Tkm Uarerai. ta et*
4Jf A Afhteeed ky all' Hjrek—.
vJfV: ItIIB Samplrahf eial, la CoeUUftl
nWW Seuran, II E To Arrnta *1
11M if VI * <—*■ lew. Order at— ttre
f MR fW I laehaa analicr Una valet MM*
per* oear tka tfrwt
nr/aeieiS vmbotßt 351 Bt-i—.IT.
xpiimint'. t> O . fhfc. M, IW7.
Thk it ta (Mtity thai I ha< a. I VEC KTI.tE. anea
faatafed by H R t<aa. .(. *>. *>e .lr ftwi
lae aad Gaaml frmratMa at li 7>n*e weten. .
With paad erne I i.naw.l VRUKTINE aa a.
' *rll..i adm tar aeck oatapUeM*.
Teen my Irtly C W VA IDFORIfT
Mr. vTadipiA ot tka *na at V.ndtann A Uodeu.
a e eellAaom healßn nae m tbu place, hanap aaa
1 at the letpiat auoraa la dprMapdald. O
.. T—OTlat ta Weld By AM Drapptete.
A poattir* fwnadr fa* all dianaaaa of tba Kldnrra.
Bladder and I'rlaary Orcaai; alaa pood ta Brap*
•leal Caaplalala It trw produce* aiatnaia. la
eartata and apaadj m ita action It ta faat aaparaadinp
all othar raiaadiaa. Sixty cap*u io* cam ia tlx or aipht
dam Koofbor medieine c-b do thin
ll*wart mf Imltatlaaa, for. Mine ta lb pal
aacrtaa.aaaay ham bona offamd; ooaaa am waat daapar
ana, eaaaiap fnlaa. ate.
--■vira. ma'aiaiaf Oil mf Haadalwnd. raid mi mil drap
•raraa. id /mm rtreafar. or wad fmm ana la II and IV
WnmOrm Shoot. -Vrw f*cA
e6i, 262, 263 Broadway.
ASSETS, $4,827,176.52
SURPLUS, $820,000
maturing in itn
WILL BE mm * T 1
H-V-B. P. Nw.Bl~
pirnaa yaa mmm Iba aittriba.