The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, December 16, 1875, Image 4

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How sweet to my night wm my mother'* old
A* prompted by hunger. I entered Uierein
The kettle* end sauce-pans they looked *o be
And * halo of glory surrounded the tin.
The beg of old Jar*- -the coffee-mill by it.
The tea-urn and caddy on ahelf Juet above ;
The jar of nice pickles. and all the good vic
And the jnicy tniuoo-puj* which *o dearly]
The tender-enwt pica, the spicy nniH-e-pie*.
The aweet, Juicy pies which no dearly I lore.
My mother's old kitchen was always the haven
Where ta childish distress 1 put in for relief.
And the tablets of memory wiU ever be graven
With the pastry ooufeoliona that smothered
my grief.
How eager I'd tease, while mother was making
A squnral-ahwped paths, or eonichmee a
And with lipa that were watering. I'd watch
while twae baking -
The Juicy nuuce-piea which eo dearly I love.
With my alphat<et (date, and the pattie upan it.
I'd liaate to the door-step that fronts to the
street ;
Nor sweet-cake, nor pudding, could win my
hcart from it.
Though luscious with spices aud everything
And though since my ohilhood I've been roviug
O'er life's stormy billows, 1 return like the
To rest in the old kitchen till turmoil is o'er.
Aud |>ar!akc yet again of the pice lliai 1
The teuder-cruet pies, the spicy mince-pics.
The sweet, juicy piea. 1 so dearly still love.
A tWrlsai WeWtss
lii the gardens of a restuarant at
Berlin, a sun-burnt Herman ami his
Japanese wife make their aptearance
every evening. The wife was lirought
from Japan by Iter hu*band. It is an
understood thing that future honor*
await tills man, for lie is chosen as soe
retary to the l.orxl of Richthofeii.
l*rince Hisruark possesses an only
daughter, betietheiyd Kichthofen, who
is to proceed as Herman Ambassador to
the Court of Japan, and lie must take
a secretary who understands the Jap
anese language; selection there is none
aud only one man can lw found to till
the situation. How hipiiert la-came
possessed of his Japanese treasure was
related by himself when iti a jovial
frame of tniud only a few days since.
In INTO, Kippert was serving as stcw
arvi's mate on board the Ariadne, a
Prussian man-of-war. Suddenly, tin
news arrived that France had declared
war against Germany. The French
pronounced the Ariadne to be in block
ade, and she was closely watched by
hcr formidable enemies, who outnum
bered her bv three to one. At that
time, llerr Von Brandt was the Prus
sian Ambassador at Jeddo, and bis sec
retary was suddenly taken ill, so Brandt
sent to ask the Captain of the Ariadne
if he could spare him one from amongst
his crew who was capable of acting as
his secretary. The Captain selected the
Stewart's mate, Kippert, aud he was
solemnly installed as Secretary to the
Embassy, "But my dear fellow," said
Herr Von Brandt, "you must marry ;
we want aw oman to act as housekeeper,
kippert inquired of the ambassador
where he could find a wife. Herr Von
Brandt called his Japanese servant who
understood a little Herman, and said to
him, "Jack, here are ten dollars; sad
dle two horses, aud ride to the village
with Kippert, and buy him a wife
there." An hour later, Kippert and
Jack trotted gaily forth, aud arriving
shortly before sunset at the village
which contained a number of huts. Be
fore these huts were large tanks of
water, in which the women and girls
of the place paddled about, arrayed in
the primitive dress of our mother ETC.
Kippert proceeded along at a foot's
pace; he looked through his glasses,
taking ocular inspection as he passed.
When he hail made his choice he
pointed out to Jack the lady of his se
lection. The servant rode up to the
hut o( the father of the young lady and
l>egged him to come out of doors and
talk to him. He stated the object of his
visit, and the father demanded twenty
dollars for his daughter, but subse
quently accepted five. Jack turned his
horse and trotted back to Kippert. The
father made a sign to his daughter.
She jumped joyfully out of the tank and
ran forward to Kippert,s horse, which
she prepared to follow with much alac
rity and signs of great delight. Kip
pert got down from his horse to make a
bow to the lady, and at the sam- time
he slipped a sack that he had aiready
over her head. He had previously cut
three holes in the sack for the h-ad and
arms; thus adorned, in due deference
to European customs, they proceeded
on their journey. Jessa, as Herr Von
Brandt called her, learnt with great
ease to clean the rooms, to make the
beds, and to wash up the cups and
saucers. Her husband made her two
dresses with his own clever fingers, in
which she seemed most proud to walk
about. When the time arrived that
Kippert was able to return to Germany
with Herr Von Brandt, he wished to
send Jessa twek to her father, but she
flung herself at his feet, weeping vio
lently, and entreating not to be left be
hind ; so he decided ou taking her with
him. He had been legally married to
Jessa, who has been christened, receiv
ing the name of Marv; and the pretty
Japanese now speaks German anil move*
in society as if she had been educated
in a first-rate boarding school.
Magalßceat Balls.
Although rhetorician* hesitate a little
to denominate the "bull" a figure of
speech, yet the frequency with which
it occurs, the dauger which everyone
is under of perpetrating one, anil the
cousinship it sustains to hyperbole, all
combine to give it a half assured posi
tion in the list of figures. Coleridge
defines a "bull" thus: "It is a mental
juxtaposition of Incongruous ideas, with
the sensation, but without the reality,
of connection." Jerrold's tipsy ser
vant, after long fumbling at the door
with his key, finally declared that some
scoundrel had stolen the key-hole, a
drunken notion which approached the
nature of a bull. The hull is not con
fined to the Irish. Many of the best
come down from Greece and Koine. It
was a Greek who heard that a goose
lived 200 years, and bought one to see,
who shut his eyes and looked la the
glass to see what sort of a corpse tie
would make; and who, having a houae
for sale, carried round a brick as a spe
cimen. But the Irish have acquired a
reputation for "bulls," and roust keep
it. It is suggested that the Irishman
speaks a foreign language, and so is not
so accurate as an Englishman ; but this
does not account for the odd mistakes
sometimes made by those Irishman w ho
never knew a word of Celtic. Perhaps,
after all, the best explanation Is that
offered by an Irishman: "Sure it must
be In the climate. If an Englishman
was born in Ireland, he would make
just as many." This piece of uninten
tional richness was good, but not quite
so racy as the conduct of a Dublin mob,
who had a spite against a banker, and
tried to ruin him burning £20,000 of
his bank's notes.
A rarer list is given, comprising,
among others, the Irishman who stole
chocolate, aud he and "his ould 'omau
made tay of it;" the waiter and the
restaurant guest: "Tay or coffee, sir?"
"Tay." "Got no tay;" he who played
at cards, and, inspecting the pool,
missed a shilling. "Here B a shilling
short! Who put it iui"' and the two
prominent members of the Irish bar,
one of whom knocked the other down,
and told hhn he would make him be
have like a gentleman; but the other,
rising with Irish valor; "I defy you,
sir? no, sir, you could uot do it."
Neither are the lovers forgotten. "I
will never speak to you more," said he
with extreme vexation. "Keep vour
spake toyourself, then," said she, "I
am sure I can live without it, or your
company." "I'm sure so can I, then,"
was the wrathful rejoinder. Trie "poor
fellow whose eyes "hadn't gene to
gether the whole night for thinking of
liis darling," and lie "could not sleep
at night for dreaming of her," keeps
company with him who desired an
affectionate duughter to marry liiui,
and see if lie did not "beat her mother
and with him who wanted a meeting
contrived with his inamorata when
neither of them "knew the other was
present." The lllliernian paterfamilias
is also displayed who wanted the chil
dren kept in the nut aery while he was
at home, although he "would not object
to their noise If they would onlv keep !
quiet;" in company with the Wggar '
woman, who was the mother of "six
small children and a sick husband." |
This worthy lady was probably a near
relative of Iter whose son Itill "just
made tw o chairs and a fiddle otti of his •
own head, and had plenty of wood lefl
for another." Here are also tin- physi
cian w ho, lu a case of infanticide, could
not determine "w helher the chiltl was
alive at the tluie of Its death or not
: and the woman who fell into a well and
j was thankful to "Providence and an
! other woman" for assistance in getting ;
! out. The man who lamented the fright
ful mortality, since "there were people
I dying this year who never dltd before;"
i the man w ho, after an illness, "w as :
f sick for a long time after he gut well," j
on account of the doctor** doses; he who
' would not tight a duel because of bis
i unwillingness to "leave hi*aged mother
an orphan;" together with the |Hor
I boy who complained that his parents
I treated him a* if he were "their -on by |
| another father ami mother;" all are
! here, and the list 1- very appropriately
I closed by the account of the Irishman
who was riding a mule, when the hind
foot of the latter became entangled in
1 the stirrup, "Bo dad, If you're going
to get up. it's toimc tor mesolt to get
I down." Vii tlt > .Wiy'Vl iiNil V (h 1
' Litemtwr.
t>bi age find* uo keener outdoor j
pleasure than to revi-it the seashores
familiar to it from childhood, t hen
memory and reflection summon iln-pa-t
to their silent sessions, a- the man,
j cheered, it may be ho|ied, wiib allot 1
love ami deferetwo w hlcli -tumid acvom- ;
panv old age, watches at evening the
Ashing-boat* hoist their sails to jas.s the
harhor-har ere the tide I alls, and so,
with (heir large brown spread of can
vas, sweep niaie-tically Into tlie niglit.
The grandchildren, it may ta, play
around; their father walks up and down, !
unfolding to hi* approving wife in the
intervals of his cigar the plan of his great
work * /Amorpkirtu, which is to waft
him on to fame. All thing*around hint,
the aged man ponders, are full of hope
and innocent enjoyment, each looking
on to some higher stage, some blessing *
to blossoih in the future. Ha* uot this
reflection a comfortable bearing on his
own years, which are fast Hearing their
earthly term I Aud if Hie inestimable
boon be further granted him of knowing
that his life has not altogether t>eeu
spent uselessly and selfishly, if he l>e
conscious of a good light not unfairly j
fought, if not a lew memories of kiiidlv
deeds beset him, of effort- made not
whoilv lu vain to carry out the law of
love in his dealings with others. If j
peaceable thoughts and pure fancies and j
righteous deeds and helping word* have
been the diet on which he has fed his
soul, who would not envy him this re
trospect of life, mellowed by the sea's
freshness, and with each hard outline
softened by its gracious influences ? ■
Then, turning from the past to the pres
ent, the sea spread out before him. with
its sails mysteriously sinking below the
horijoii to seek another world, uiust
needs remind hiui of the numts-rles
philosophers and jioets who have loved
to view in it "that immortal sea which |
brought us hither," as well as the sea (
which rounds our little life, the un
known waters on which, when our an
chors are once weighed, we must dark
, ling make our voyage. The sea is thus
the latest, as it was our earliest, lustruc- i
' tor. Its vastuess, it* brighuie**, its
union of {w-rpetual agitation with oen
tial peace—all tliese qualities are now
but symbols of the future state, as they
served in youth for the work of fancy, j
or of encouragement and solace in man
hood. From tlds world's sea old age
thus insensibly passes to the "sea of
glass like unto crystal" before the
throne of Hod. Finally, In order that it
may strengthen the man at tout to suffer
this "sea-change" in a higher sense than
Shakespeare ever dreamt, the notion of
trustfully waiting is also inherent in the
sea. Lowell seldom wrote grander I
words than w hen he thus dwells on this
aspect of the sea ami the home beyond:
"The tifoopiag mi-vnl h*r*. la o!{M
Far aad more tar the vara'* raaaJiof stocks,
Sot d.'Ubu, for all Ui darka-e* aad lb* am,
Thai tk* pale eke; hirdeu *lll k—p her Irrel,
Sad ehureward Wad afala k-r faaaa-Srered Ixkl
Aad. though Tkr kaailag mien far withdraw,
t, k*>, can wait aad f—d a hope f Th<-
Aad at the dear recurrence of The law.
Sure that the parting grace thai auraiag saw."
Clay is the material most commonly
approved and used for modeling. It is
wet with pure water, carefully freed
from all foreign substances, beaten and
worked to a projw-r state of firmness,
and is then ready to take the shape of
the ideal formed in the artist's mind.
With the simplest tools orhotnc man
ufacture, made of ivory or bone or box
wood or rubber or cedar, of with his
bare fingers, the arti-t fashions the
plastic material, aiul touches and re
touches it a thousand times, until the
image before him is the counterpart of
that in his mind's eye. Sometimes he
works all day on the corner of a mouth
to get it just right, and then puts the
mcdel away di-.-atistied. but taker- it
out again and continues his laltor till,
at last, some happy touch makes the
w hole complete. Very careful is he to
keep the clay moist, and for this he
sprinkles It through a fine hose with
water, and covers it in Intervals of
labor w Ith a rubber cloth, that its plas
ticity be in no wise diminished.
N hether the figure be finally draped
or not, it is modeled uaked, so that
severity and truth of form, u|*) which
the excellence of sculpture so much de
pends, may be made perfectly sure.
The other day we stood beside the
modeling stand of an artist whose in
imitable groups are familiar to every
cultlvatcueye in the land, and watched
. his skilful baud as it worked the veins
' Into an oak leaf. "My talent is patience
said he; "I never weary of working at
my model till it suite me. The fault
w itli novices in the art is that they ex
pect fine results too soon; they do not
keep their clay moirt enough, and they
are not patient."
Modelers in clay are we all. The
tools with which we work are simple
enough; they are the duties, the pleas
ures, the crosses, the burdens of life,
made to our hand, waiting to be used.
The ideal to be wrought out must be in
each individual heart. Hy education,
( by discipline, by correction, fault- must
be removed from the character, which
is the plastic material on which we
work. The drapery is the body. If
the shape beneatti is perfect, the dra
pery will be easily adjusted to it, for as
Spencer says, "Soul is form ami doth
the body make." Patience must pre
side from the tieginuing, middle, and
end of the work. The clay must be
kept over more plastic with the love of
truth and purity. Nothing will harden
it so quickly as vice and prejudice.
And we must work till our life's end
on the corners of the mouth, on the
lines about the eyes, on the curves of
the brow, on the pose of the head, till
the Mater appear ami pronounce the
"Well done. That his eye may ap
prove, the form beneath all the drapery
must be modeled in the severe and
naked simplicity of Truth and Virtue.
To many of us Is given the modeling
of characters other than our own. It
I is in our power by judicious training,
by the power of love, by the inspiring
influence of example, to work out nat
ural defects in the clay, and to impress
on it images of beauty; to fashion it in
. fair and graceful outlines, and make of
it a vessel unto honor. "Like clay in
the hands of the potter" are the hearts
of our children in ours, and we are,
i whether we are conscious of it or not,
i molding their destinies. What skill,
what wisdom, and above all, what
: patience we need!
I ~,
Ready Money.
Keep ready money on hand if you
I can. No matter if it is only a little sum.
| If It is only sufficient for the current
I expenses, it is a great convenience to
i say the least. Any one who lias tried
and compared the credit with the cash
■ system, will readily admit the correct
ness of the above remark. When you
buy for cash you generally get things
' cheaper—get better weight and measure
! and all the favors the dealer can ex
tend to his patrons. On the Chronic
credit system, the matter is usually re
versed. If you try to avoid credit by
borrowing, you improve matters very
little, if any. llence we give this ad
vice, "Turn an honest penny" whent
ever you can, and always have snfficien
moneyoii hand to meet your small en
Vol \i, SKKk riut tut Hi H inn.
It it now U-giuiiing to lie well under
stood that slock of all kind* should l*<
well kept during it* early growth. The
carcass can lie made larger and heavier;
there i* no lo** by keeping, a* In the
ease where stock 1* held over to fatten
at mat mil \ ; and heifer* ate brought to
calf sooner with equal or superior
strength, and Increased capaetlty for
milk. It W also fonml that pigs lit
tered in spring and turned to the
huletier lu autumn, yield the greatest
profit, A lamh dropjied early and well
kept, w ill turn out a fleece equal and
sometimes superior to a mature -beep,
and w ill In- a sheep iti aire. I] e saw it
-tated In the Indiana Farmer where
the lambs sheared seventy-two pounds
of w 001, averaging over font teen pound*
per head, one rant latub yielding
twenty pounds of "clear wool." The
breed was a cross of the t'ol*wold and
At a recent sale of Short-Horn* in
England it was shown that young bul
locks a tear to a year and a ball old
can be fattened clieajier and fwlth more
pro tit than If held to a greater age, the
animal to lie fed for the shambles front
birth. Hut the principle applies to
other breeds and Other stocks, notably
swine; and as to sheep, where is there
greater protlt, If rightly managed,
than lu titling lambs tor the butchert
Propped lit the spring and sold in the
tali, a lime not embracing over five
mouths, lambs can lie made to yield
more percentage of profit on their keep
than is obtained from the wool ami the
increase of carcass of the mature sheep.
I'ash i- obtained ill the first case in 1,-,,
than half the time required in the last.
There is no profit in keeping fui the
mere sake ot keeping.
The flesh of young animals is being
more and mure preferred. Old porker*
are discarded, and pig* are taking their
place—this from the ju-riod that fur
ii is he* "crackling" v roast pig to lite
time when maturity rlix-us and gives
cuni|iactlie*s to the tender texture-. So
with poultry, which i* tender onlv in
the young bird. In the young animal
we have grow th ami the storage of fat,
all tender and sweet, and new ly made
—not the old flesh and fat, becoming
tough ami rank by long confinement in
the system, and subjected to agitation
ami oilier influences which [M-rtaiu to
the mature hog.
To Out vi\ FMt'iT i now H iKin \ Tun *.
—A correspondent of The American
Agriculturist says: "1 wisli (<• de
scribe to you s method of making fruit
trees bear,that I bluudered on to. Some
fifteen years ago 1 had a -mail tree that
leaned Considerably. I drove a -take
by it, tied a *trlug to a limb, am! fast
ened it to a stake. The next year tiiat
liuib blossomed full, and not another
blossom appeared on tlit- tree, and, as
Tim Bunker say*, 'it sot me a-tiiiukiiig'
and 1 came to the conclusion thai the
string vv as so tight that it prevented the
*ap returning to the roots; consequently
it formed fruit buds. Having a couple
of pear trees that were large enough to
bear, but that had never lilintoiuel, I
took a coarse tvv iuc ami w mind it *ev era!
times around the tree, above the lower
limbs, and tied it a* light a- 1 could.
l'he uext spring all the lop ainive the
cords blossomed a* white as a sheet,
and there was not one blossom below
where the cord wa* tied. A neiglibor
seeing my trees loaded with jH-ars, used
this method with the same result, 1
think it is a much better way than cut
ting off the roots, in early summer,
say June or July, wind a strong tw inr
several times around the tree, or a
single limb, and tie it, the tighter the
better, ami you will Is- pleased with
the result; the next winter or -prlng
the cord may be takeu off.
TUT Van K OK MI II II. —The value of
mulching trees and plant'* has long
been appreciated by thow who are
careful observers, ami yet but eomj>ar
atively few persons estimate these
mean* at their full value. Its value a* a
summer protection is moat strikingly
shown In hot dry seasons. It is there
fore of special benefit in the Wet, tor,
there are but few Seasons there hut have
long spells during July ami August,
where many plants suffer.
Mulching is especially valuable to all
newly set trees ami hedges, fur these
having had their roots severely mutila
ted in digging, and of necessity making
but superficial roots during the first
ami second seasons, are particularly
liable to be injured by drouth, that
j would scarcely affect those that were
I standing w here originally planted, or
those which had lieen planted for years.
Indeed, the second season after trans
planting. when trees are not mulched,
is often the most fatal; since, tho tirst
season they have partly subsisted U|H>U
the sap contained. If the season lie
f dry they often succumb and die to the
surprise ef the planter.
lias taken the trouble to observe the
tendency of weeds to spring up imme
diately after a shower, lias also ol
served the fact that If the ground is loose
after a rain no weed* will appear. Thl*
is due mainly to two causes. First,
weedseeds, as a rule, are very small,
consequently they will germinate only
in ground somewhat packed. A rain
fall will always produce a crust on the
soil, and as the seeds are intimately
mixed with the ,-ame, the rootlet® get a
chance to start. Secondly, the cultiva
tion of the soil after a rain exjo*e* a
larger surface to the action of th. air,
consequently it dries rapidly, ami the
seeds obtain no start, or if start .si, dry
out and perish. Acting on these es
tablished facts, it appears an easy mat
ter to destroy noxious weeds by keep
ing the soil iiroken. Of Count thi- ap
plies only to soil and seasons not ex
cessively wet, and only to cro|>* useep
eepllhle of cultivation during growth.
CABUHE nut STOCK. —We would re
peat the communication we have often
made, of the value of cabbages a* food
for stock. Cabliages are rich in nitro
gen, and for making milk or flesh are
valuable. In gathering a patch of cab
bage* for market, there will always la
more or less soft heads, which are un
saleable but will answer for stock-feed
ing, and where heads are cut off ami
sold Instead of being pulled up hy the
roots, the leaves make a good feed. It
Is very hard work to induce farmers to
change their practices, but we think if
they would try the ex|>crimcnt of rais
ing an acre or two of cabbages for stock
breeding they would be so well pleased
with the result as to make it a part of
their system of farming. When cab
bages are high, the larger, firmer heads
could be soli], and tile poorer, with the
leaves, fed.
POTATO RUT.— Mr. Francis Gerry
Fairfield w rites in the Scientific Ameri
can , that a "bland solution of carbolic
acid in common whale oil or kerosene is
the scientific remedy for the rot. The
best way to use It would, 1 think, be to
dip the (sitato, just before planting, in
the solution, which is very inexpensive
and very easily obtained. I may add
that my experiments convinced me
that carbolic acid in this bland solution
In no way impairs the germinal activ
ity of the tuber; but, byway of cer
tainty. let me recommend to your far
mer readers to first try the experiment
on a few hills next spring, and If suc
cessful, to adopt it as a remedy for the
1. lii gathering corn, tukf such ears
only an arc, flnest and from the most
prolific stalk". 2. Never fake from a
stalk having hut one ear, If thrifty
stalks cuu lie found with two or more
good-sized ears. Generally but one of
them is fit for seed, and that usually
the second front the ground. Hut if the
lowest is the i>est, take that. Al
ways take ears that are filled out to the
end, and that beyond the husk, if such
can be found. When you come to plant
before shelling, break every ear. and
see if the pith of the cob is dried up;
for if it is not the corn is not rljtc.
A uooi) cheap paint for hums and
outhouses is made as follows: Put '.j
bushel of good lime in a clean barrel,
and add sufficient water to make a thin
whitewash; stir it well with a flattened
stick until every lump of lime is dis
solved. Then add 50 lbs. mineral paint
50 lbs. whiting, 50 lbs. road dust, finely
sifted. Mix to a thick paste with
linseed oil and thin gradually to
the proper consistence with sweet
buttermilk, fresh from the churn. The
covering quality is improved by the ad
dition of 1 gallon soft soap.
lit VINO o\ i ni iii r. The practice of
buying on credit the necessary articles
ol the household I* latul to good oeoil
ulill. The housekeeper has always, to
pal dearer when she does not pay easli,
I'he tradesman must have Interest for
his money, for a man will never, in a
business community, Is- w tiling, and 1*
seldom able if lie were willing, to forego
it. To the ordinary cash prices of the
article lie therefore adds the interest
which max accrue during the time that
credit I* allowed. This, however, is not
all. There must !*' a premium exacted
by the dealer for tlie risk he run* in
trusting Ills giMuls to that class ol more
or les dangerous cu*tome|* who uoii l
pay readv money, hi en the most
honestly dis|Hiscil of th< se are often un
safe debtor*, (or they aic generally such
as are Imprudent enough to anticipate
their Incomes, and to overrun them In
e\|>eiidtturrs. The credit system, umrc
ovor, Is a temptation to unnecessary
purchase*. There I* sort ot che* k in
the sight and touch of the bard won
money to the disposition to dispose ol it
lightly. tin the other hand, there is
something in the facility of erldlt, re
moving as It due* the disagreeable tiecr*-
sitv of payment to a vague future, very
seductive to the buyer, vv bo can gratify
hi* love of possession with a utomeiitarv
sens*', at any rat*', that it* gratification
*N'*ts lit in nothing. I Itere is no such
cheap ami cautious purchaser as cash.
To !>av I't vies INS.- —t'ut the pump
kin- through laterally .clean the inside;
then continue to cut. In the direction
as before, ring* about half an inch thick,
t'ut oil tlie rind and bang the rings on
a |s>le in the sun or warm room to dry.
\\ hen dried it will keep a year, it i>
to tie tallied in plenty of water until
tender; thou skimmed out and prepared
for pies, tlie same as umlried pumpkins.
Another vv ay . Take the ri|w pumpkins,
pare, cut Into small pieces, ievv soft,
mash and strain through a colander, as
if tor making plea. Spread this pulp
on plates, in layers not *|uite an inch
thick; dry it in the stove oven, which
should Is- kept at so lovv a temperature
as not to scorch it. 111 alsmt a day It
will tiecoiiie dry and crispy. The sheets
thus made can lie *towel in a dry place,
and thev are always ready for use for
pies and sauces. The quick dry ing after
! .is'king prevents any portion from
| slightly souring, a 1* nearly always the
I case vv hen the uncooked pieces arc
dried, the fi vvor |s much Is-ticr pre
| served, ami the after-cooking is saved.
To use: Soak pieces over night in a
little milk, and they will return to a
nice pulp as delicious as the fresh
: pumpkin.
How to A\ oio t'ol.i>s,—An editorial
in the lirihtk .V"!,. it Jimrnttl *n catch
ing cold coru lnde* thus;—" The practi
cal considerations which arc the out
comes of this review of the patliologi ol
colds arc these: Never to wear wet
cloUo'S alter active muscular exertion
lias ceased, but to change them at once;
to meet the los- of the body lieat by
warm fluids and dry clothes; to avoid
long-su-taliied 10-s of heat which is not
met by increased production of heat; to
increase the tonicity of tlie v* -*ela of
the skill by cold tiatlis, etc., so educating
them to contract readily oil ex|ssure,
by a partial adoption, indeed, of the
'hardening' plan; to avoid too warm
ami debilitating room* aud temperature;
to take es|>eeial care again -t too great
loss of beat w hen the skin is glow ing;
and to prevent tlie inspiration of cold
air by the uiotith by some protecting
agent, as a respirator. We can readily
understand how a respirator should Is
an effective protection against w inter
bronchitis in those so dli*ised."
I LIT ACT V BKUII I-I*.— in * large ma
jority of cases, *;iv tlic/'inai of liralth,
it will be found that the tiest and health
j ii-st meal of the ilav tliould lie eaten in
the morning. If the closing repast of
the da> ha* not been oaten too late, or
has not been excessive In quantity or
indigestible in quality, the stomach will
be rested and active in the morning
after th>' individual has enjoyed a cool
hath. The stomach will then restmud
quickly w itli the necessary gastric Juice
, for the solution of food, and, if a fair
; amount of exercise is taken during the
day. a large mass of final wlll be as
-imilateil and converted iuto blood ami
tissue. iVJth a g**l, substantial break
; fast no great amount of final will lie re
quired during tin" remainder of the day.
St MiTUXI* or CAI 11: 111 l — Dull. hca\ v
headache, obstruction of the nasal paa
-ages, discharge* fulling from tlie bead
iuto the throat, sometimes profuse,
watery and acrid, at others, thick, tena
cious, mucous, purulent, bloody and
putrid; tlie eye* are weak, watery and
inflamed; there i* ringing In the ears,
deafness, hacking or coughing to clear
the throat, expectoration of offensive
matter, together with scabs from ulcers;
the voice is changed and has a nasal
twang, the breathla offensive, -uiell ami
taste are lni|>airiNl; there i a sensation
of diuiuess, mental dc|>rc-e>n, hacking
cough and general debility. Only a few
of the alxive-named symptoms are, how -
ever, likely to Is* present in any one
FRENCH CREAM CAKE.-- Beat three eggs
and one cup of sugar together thor
oughly; add tw o tablr-|MM>iifuU of cold
water; -tir a teaspoon fill of baking
powder into a cup and a half of flour;
sift the flour In stirring all the time in
one direction. Bake in two thin rakes;
split the cake- while hot. and (111 In the
cream prepared iu the following man
lier: To a pint of new milk, add two
tahlesjiootiluls of eorn-starch, one fieaten
egg, one-half cup of sugar, stir w Idle
cooking, and w hen hot put iu a piece of
butter the sire of an egg; flavor tlie
cream slightly with* lemon, vanilla, or
IN nutr ARINII lard for tlie market, it
should flr-t is- cut Into piece- about the
si/e of a walnut, and these should lie
allowed to stand in water for half an
hour. Then work the material with
the hands in or it successive portions
of water. Next pour off the water, melt
the lard in a water hath, and strain
through flue linen. In the tlr-t strain
ing, it will lie iiu|sissilile to get rid of
alfthe water, -o that after cooling and
draining. It will lie nece-sary to leinelt
the lard and dually to (liter It through
pajx'r in n warm closet.
To M ARK ItrE BREAD.— Wet up rye
flour with lukewarm milk (water will
not make the bread so good). Put in
tlie same preparation of yeast a* for
wheat bread. For four or flv® loaves of
bread put in a couple of teaspoonfuls of
salt. Two tablespoon fills of melted
butler makes the crust more tender. It
should not bo kneaded as stiff as w heat
bread, or it xvill be hard when baked.
When light put it into nuns without
moulding. Let it remain In them almut
20 minutes liefore baking.
BKF.AII Bare*. —Pour half a pint of
tmiling milk on a teacupful of flue bread
eruinlis, add a small onion stuck witli
three or four clove#, a small blade of
mace, n few jieppercorns ami salt to
taste. lat the sauce simmer live iniu
utes, add a small pat of fresh hotter, and
at the time of serving remove the onion
and luacc.
KEEPS W KLI.. —An interesting experi
ment has been made in London. About
one hundred pound* of condensed or
-oliditlcd milk, which 11iid lH>en exposed
to the action of tlie air for four years
and three months, was tested. Its
quality was found unimpaired, and by
chumiug a few minutes ft was resolved
into fresn butter.
Juice and grated rind of one leiuon, one
egg well beaten, one cup of sugar, two
tablespoon fills corn starch dissolved in
two-thirds of a cup of sweet milk, one
cup of raisins carefully washed and
butter, one half tlie size of an egg. Mix
and hake with an under crust.
J,MM RYE TEA CAKK. —One pint of
sweet milk, two eggs, a tuble-qsHmlul
of brown sugarund a large pinch of salt.
Add enough rye Hour to make it as stiff
as common griddle cake batter. Bake
half uii hour in "gem pans." Serve hot
or cold, us desired.
BROWN BETTY. —Pare and cut flue
some ripe apples, put in a layer of ap
ples, butter, sugar, and cinnamon, in u
deep dish ; then a layer of bread crumbs,
and so on till the dish is full; bake half
an hour. Can be eaten warm or cold
with sugar and cream.
Aniline lilatk l>u I'.'lfelrieitu. "If wc
take a strong solution of sulphate i>l
aniline and submit It to the action of
IHII HNTIXCN T-l<-IIK-II t M. employing plat
ilium electrodes, tr MlM ill see till' poal
tivi'poll'lHM'UUH'i ORIIMI with A violi't
blue covering. gieeniah in iilantM, a
tin t ivmai bed by I.etheby. ft theex
pi'iiini'iit inprolonged tm I'J ot Mlmurt,
w i' ace lived to tlif positive pulr n lilnrW
iiinMH, riuiljf detached. On tieatlng
Him miimliiiii-i' with ether anil alcohol,
unit drvitig it. there remains an amor
pinion black Iniily with aotui' greeniab
li llln lliilln, tllMlllllllle 111 lllunt solvents.
It tiiia Irndy in treated with sulphuric
acul. ami apreod out U|MIII a poree'.aiu
saucer, it lake* a gi<enish coloration,
hut ou treatment witli ulkallca it re
amui'M itnji't black color. It in not af
fected by nascent hydnitren. To as
certain tliut tin' production ot thin
black wan due to nascent oxygen, aud
not to the platinum employed an elec
trodc, I minle line of electrodes of go
coke, and obtained in 13 to 31 hours
ideiitical reunite; a blark adhesive
munn nan fixed to the railioii ot the
positive polo. Nitrate of auiiinr icave
aUo a black deponit, which oil treat
iiieiit with atkalien, tiaik a velvet like
appearance; but in presence of sulpha
i ic acid a ilecomponitloii took plat e,and
I olitmneit a brown maiooii cidoratiou.
ibe colli|Hinition of thin black in,
therefore, different from that obtaiueil
with aniline nulphate. Muriate of an
iline gave, around the poailve pole, a
black eoaguluiu.but it i* probable that,
in thin cane, the action in complex, and
tliut there may tie at the punitive pole,
tienulcn nascent oxygen, naacelit chlo
iinc. which complicaten the results.
Willi the organic *alta I have ob
tained dilfereticen which requite men
tion. Aniline acetate gave, at the pon
tine pole, a black glutinous substance,
partly soluble in tlie surrounding nalt.
Aniline taitaiate gave no renuit, not
even the leant coloration of the |Hinitlve
pule. Ileuec it ati|H-arn that aniline
biacka maybe obtained without tlie
intervention ot any metal, aud that
the aaltn of auiliue behaic in diff
erent niaunem with the uanceut oxy
gen."—J. ,/. I \njuiUon.
\ tit unit ini* J-'u rno ret. The con
stantly increasing utilization of natu
ral gas for iud uat tial ptir|HMves, through
out the oil region of Peuusylvauia aud
its neighborhood, is attracting much
favorable comment. The success of
the puddling and beating furnaces at
Krte, 1-eectiburgh, and elsewhere tu
Pennsylvania, where the experiment
has tieeu thoroughly tried, accui* to
have attracted a widespread interest
to the subject, and we now learu of
schemes on foot to utilize the gas upon
large scale. Near Beaver Falls,
the gas issuing from a well 1,100 feet
deep is employed in a tile factory at
that place. It is also reported that the
piuduct of the great gas well in But
b-r county, Pa., will !►• brought to cer
tain iron works in Pittsburgh. The
work of laying a piie, six inches in
diameter and seventeen miles long, la
said to IM' contracted for, to tie fin
ished within a month. It is further
reported that a project is being mooted
to purchase all tlie gas wells tn Butler
county, aud bring their prodtn t to the
Pittsburgh manufactories. This last
scheme, if successfully realized, would
work uuite an industrial revolution.
Hut, whether feasible ot not, the agi-
tat ion of the subject is an indication
tiiat the question, of utilising the enor
mous volume* of valuable heating gas
which have, until the present, been al
lowed to go to waste, is at length re
ceiving the attention it deserves.—
A merunn Exchange ami Eerie*.
Venereal Ptamomi*.— The enterpris
ing capitalists who are pecuniarily in
terested in the Kesdy motor will doubt
less bo glad to learn of another great
discovery, which promises results cer
tstilly as astounding as ihoaedue to the
"watery vapor." Abundant opportu
nities for investment are offered. The
discoverer has worked twenty-eight
years at the process, a little more than
double Keel >'s time, and unlike the
latter colossal genius, he doesn't keep
the secret to himself, or lock it in the
Ixvaoms of a chosen few, hut spreads it
Itefore an astonished world 111 this wise.
Any Ixxly .an try it for himself, and
have a small' lolronda in ati incredibly
short tune. We extract flotn giguti
tic advertisements in the ilaiiy jour
nals. the "Process of Producing the
Parisian Diamonds"
" I ne bodv is of crystal, which is the
hardest and le*t substance that could
}Mssibly lie used for the purpose. Then,
after the crystals are cut in proper
shape, they are put into a galvanic
battery, which coats them over with a
liquid, that is made of diamonds which
are too small to IK- cut and the chip
pings and cuttings that arc taken off
of diamonds during the process of
shaping them. Thus all of the small
particles of diamonds that have here
tofore lieen comparatively worthless,
can now. since this great discovery, be
used to produce diamond liquid. ~
Sofl and pliable woods, such as pine,
willow, alder, etc. f require the use of
targe saw teeth with acute points and
considerable pitch; whereas hard
woods or those of a tougher and denser
consistence, snch as oak, mahogany,
roacwiMxl. etc., necessitate the adoption
of teeth of perpendicular pitch and di
minished space. Yellow deal, pitch
pine, larch, etc., are of so gummy and
resinous a character that the teeth not
only require more set, but the blades
themselves have to be smeared with
grease to keep them cool, and to de
crease the friction arising from the ad
herence of resin during motion. Sim
ilar results are eiperiencxi in working
soft woods ; the teeth liecome choked
by the damp consolidated sawdust, and
obstinately refuse to perform their
dtitv without extra force.
Illuminating Gat from fori.—To the
list of sutistauces capable of furnishing
illuminating gas of good quality, cork
is now to W added. Recent experi
ments. made in Bordeaux, France,
liava given results I Kith economical and
satisfactory, and it has been definitely
decided to use tlie material 111 the
lighting of the city. Works for burn
ing cork are now in process of con
struction. The fragment* of cork,
principally waste left after rutting
Ixittle stoppers, are distilled in a close
retort. 'I be flame obtained is stated
to tie whiter and more brilliant than
that of coal gas. while the blue rone is
much smaller, and the density consid
erably greater.
Precaution* Again*! Isa<l I'oitoning.
—As a precaution against lead poison
ing, the interior surface of lead pipes
may be treated with a solution of sul
phur in caustic potash or soda; the
solution is to l>e applied Ixiiling hot.
and left in the pi|>ea for about a quar
ter of an hour. As sulphuret of lead
is insoluble in rain or spring wAter, it
forms a safe coating ; a strong proof
of thia is that spring or well water per
colating through mines of sulphuret of
lead never contain traces of the latter
metal. When water contains lean it
may, according to Dr. Kirtsing, be re
moved by filtration, especially when
the Alter is of charcoal.
A Gigantic Ice- Houte.— There is a
gigantic ice-house in Brussels, Belgi
um. whose roof covers an area of six
teen hundred square metres. The
walls are double and (Hied in with
moss and sawdust. There are nine
separate ice-chambers, each of one
thousand cubic metres capu< ity. The
temperature never exceeds fltij degrees
Fahrenheit. There are galleries set
apart for the storing of meat in hot
weather, capable of hanging two thou
sand quarters, and having them iter
feetly isolated. A million tons or ice
have been attired iu the building at one
A Frenchman named I'atrian, who
styles himself "contractor for public
lighting," has a factory and warehouse
for the making and selling of oxygen,
which is kept stored in metallic reser
voirs under a heavy pressure, and de
livered to customers for such purposes
as the light ing of theatres ami dining
halls, blow-pipe use, inhalation and
ventilation, and air baths.
After tiling a saw, place it on a level
bourd and pass a whetstone over the
side of the teeth until all the the wire
edge is off them. This will make the
saw cut true nnd smooth, and it will
remain sharp longer. The saw must
be set true with a saw set.
The horse power of waterfalls Is
found by multiplying the number of
pounds of water which fall per minute
by the length of the fall in feet, and
dividing the product by 3d,000.
Three times the weight in pounds per
fathom equals the working load in
hundred weights of good hempen rope.
AN K* < avian MOON. Thomanßrown
w w employed at (he theater a few yearn
ago a* a kind of iitlllly man, and one
night the manager put htm tiehiud the
•eerie at tlie rear of the *tag, to take
care of tlo* IIKMIII. llrow ii had a candle
on tlie end of a long pole, and It wax hi*
duly to hold the light IM-IIIIHI the moon,
which wa* u round iinpnliited apaee in
the curtain, and to puli the eiirtain
slowly up, to represent t te rising of tlie
tnoou. Itrow II *eated 11111 ■-<1 f oil a piece
ot haronial caatle, anil, while uniting
for the oriler to go to work, he fell
asleep. Presently the trngedlaii on the
stage said to the heroine: "Swear by
you bright liusui," etc., etc., and turned
to |M duI to It, hut the orii of night was
not there. The stage manager lb*w
around mid gave Itrow II a kick, and In
n fren/ v ordered Into to "h'lal that unsin
quirk.'* Itrown was liew lldrred, and,
without waiting for further order*, be
ran the curtain clear up with one jerk,
w hen Ibe oord broke, and down It came
again. Another string was hurriedly
rigged on tlie pulley, and the moon !*•-
gau to rise properly; but Brown's
nerves were so unstrung by fright that
he Collldll'l hold tlie caudle steadily be
hind it, so that there were fifteen or
twenty eclipses during the ascent, the
light meanwhile wandering all over tlie
curtain, to the infinite amusement of
the audience. However, the luminary
got safely up at last, and tlie tragedian
again observed : "Swear by you bright
Uloolt;" but I a*fore the words were
fairly out tlie cord snapped again, the
curtain unrolled with velocity, and
broke loose from the roller, revealing
Brown, tlie lunar elevator, roaming
around In bis shirt aleevea with a caudle
on a stick. A inomenl later tlie manager
was fumbling among bis hair, and that
very night Mr. Brown closed Ids thea
trical career. The manager remarked
to a confidential friend that w Idle a man
who was able of making tlie same moon
rise three times in one night, aud of
getting any ntnuler of eclljises and other
astronomical phenomena, might be
valuable for some purposes, be was
alNiiit as fit for a theater as a wall eyed
■mile w as for singing hymns.
Ciijcxxx POT-PI a.—Tk* three cup*
of good buttermilk, one large t*-ar|ssm
of aaleratus, a little salt; add flour
enough to make a hard dough, about
like bread dough, kites.l it iuto a lliee
loaf, tlicit cut it into slice* alsiut an
iueh thick, and dip or roll each piece in
suttie flour. Have the fow I nearly cooked
with sufficient broth to cover it. Then
lay In the eru-t; let it boll twenty to
thirty minute*, keeping well covered to
prevent the escape of the steam. Thicken
the graiy In the usual way. This will
make enough for a family of six per
son*. ll I* a very nice way to cook
chicken, and we like it i*-tu-r than a
chicken ph- baked.
TAXNKD Asvitow.—Going up street,
one of the recent *-00 l .lay , a man saw a
buy alsiut eleven year* of age sealed ou
Ute sidewalk, bareheaded, in the full
blaze ol the sun.
"Bub, you ought not to sit there,
Said (lie man.
"Because you'll get all tanned up."
"Makes no difference to me whether 1
sit in the sun or shade," sadly answered
the boy ; "mother tans tn- up three or
four times a day, anyhow
AN OIJI Highlander, rather fond of
his t*sidy, w as ordered hy his physician,
during a temporary Illness, not to ex
ceed one ounce *• f spirits daily. The
old gentleman waa dubious about the
amount, aud asktxl Ids sou, a school buy,
how much an ounce was. "Sixteen
drachms, w.-w the reply. "Sixteen
drams! An excellent doctor!" replied
the delighted Highlander. "Hun and
tell ltonaid McTavish and big John to
come down the nicht."
A WELtetNoWN alderman gave a dis
play of bis great literary ability at tlie
Mansion House banquet. He was asked
by a lady tin- meaning of tlie initials S.
1". (j. U. on tlie standards borne by
the soldiers In one of the pictures on
the wall. Ills answer: "I believe they
stand for Small Profits aud tjuick Re
turn*." What would the "Senatu*
I'opnlusquc Koinanus" hare thought of
such barbaric intelligence! bm-t--n
Hums l.
JOHN HENRY had a guest* at dinner
tlie other day, ami during a pause in the
eonveraation thcntM torlUi ipokf up:
"I wish I was you." "Hoyott, my little
boy, and why do you wish you were
me?" "Cos you don't get your ear
pinched when you eat vittles with your
knife." How torn liltig is a boy's dream
of manly independence. Cincinnati
Time*. _
IT W S A GHACRITI. compliment that
llaydn, tire ttitiaician, paid to a great
female vocalist. Key nofds hail painted
her as Cecilia listening to celeatial
music. IxMvking at it, Haydn said, "It
is like her. but there is a strange mis
take." "What la it ?" asked Krynoida.
"Why, you have paint.s| her listening
to the angels, w hen you ought to have
represented the angels listening to her."
NOT EXPLICIT.— Prof. X.,lti
I'tilverslty,insists strongly on pronoun
cing final us in I .atin in Kngfish ooae.
Student in recitation, not appreciating
the point, comes upon tlie word "pro
fugu*." "Professor, would you, on your
principles, pronounce the word prof
y©u-goo#e or prof-yos-goose ?" Profes
sor,ln a rage/'lieave the room Instantly,
MHS. Mn.t.tss was asked the other day
how she managed to get along so nicely
with Mr. Milliss, and frankly replied:
"Oh, I feed him well. When*a woman
marries, her happiness for a little while
depends u|>on the state of her husband's
heart; after that it's pretty niueh ac
cording to the state of his stomach."
tmk for his text the words, "Though
after my skin worms destroy this bisty,
vet In my flesh I shall see tod," which
he divided into three jmrts, as follows:
"First, skin worms; second, what they
done; third, what the man seen after
he w as eat up."
As oi.n woman in Hridg.qx.rt, whs
has pasted nearly ft.OOO medical reci|xs
in a Ixx.k during the past fortv years,
has never l>oon sick a dar In her life,
and she Is grow ing discouraged. Some
people are liorn to 111 luck, she says.
TEACHKB (to a little boy): "Well,
my lx>y, do you know your tables?"
Pupil: "Yes, ma'am; breakfast table,
dinner table and su|Mter table." The
Ixiy goes to the head of the class.
IIK W AS bound to lie aicurate, and he
described the woman's costume thus:
"She wore an elegant suit of something
or other, cut bias and trimmed end
B limit A M YOCNO HAS |*eii dnbhed
Brig. (fen. from having been called
"Brlggv dear," so often by hi* numer
ous wives.
W HV sliould the cable dispatches lie so
dry w hen they come all the w ay through
How TMK free lanch fiend solves tlie
problem of existence—By the Hny-no
ineal tlieory.
A NEVADA TAPER s|x-aks of an urchin
tiiat bad been playing w illi a mule's tali,
a* "a spoiled child."
THE man who wears an eye-glass on
one eve must needs part ids hair in the
middle to balance bis head.
WIIT have campositort more reason to
grumble tlian anybody els*'? Because
their business is always at a stand.
WHY is a colt getting broke like a
Voiuig lady getting married. Because
he is going through the bridle ceremony.
WESTON IS the man W ho lias two soles
and a single thought.
A MAI.ADY peculiar to milkmen —
water on the brain.
"HE IIANM.KD his gun carelessly, and
put on an angel plumage," is a late
obtiuary notice.
A ri.ACK to get a good eye dear. At
the glass eye-makers.
Ir vott are anxious to bckum famous,
yu must be willing to lie abuzed.
LIES are not the only things that cum
home to roost, all evil things do.
IT IS odd that the lainp-|>ost with it*
lamp taken away is a lamp-lighter.
I he rower er Water
It baa been ohaerved bv tlie ablest
w titers In tba service of geology Uiat the
jsiwer of water as an agent or denuda
tion and subsequent transportation of
matter Is, without any doubt, the great
est now in operation. The smallest
streams carry with them a pmpoillnu
of the s,ill through which they How,
ami when a union of their waters in
crease* their volume and velocity, and
consequent jsiwers of erosion aud traua
p..nation of a river, the effects on mal
let through which the channel I* formed
will lie very marked. I.yell estimates
the ipiautity of solid earthy matter
brought dow u annually by the waters of
the .Mississippi to lie three million seven
hundred and fifty-eight thousand four
hundred ruhir feet; and this is exclu
sive of the vast i|uantitiea of floating
timber aud other vegetable matter which
are continuously tieiug borne off the up
lands hy the tributary streams.
A vast quantity of tlie alluvium flmla
its way to the Gulf and U deposited on
the submerged plateau of mud at the
outer edge of the delta there forming
tile foundation of that great alluvial
plain seaward. But a vast quantity also
l deposited iii the lied of the great river
itself, aud this nrocoaa of filling up has
lor ag< assisted ill the formstiotl of the
great alluvial plains or bottom lauds
that stretch southward from hi. I-mils
lor one thousand miles along tba river,
aud are in width from thirty to eighty
luiies, aud represent those inexhausti
bly fertile landa of w hleh the Lomlou
correajiondeui wrote in IMS:—
"There Is no ay stem. The farmer
scratches the ground and throws in lite
seed, aud his tjountiful harvests come
up year alter year without further
thought or trouble. Thousands of cen
turies have made the aoll for him, and
it defies him to make 100 heavy demands
upoll it. ll gives him all he asks aud Is
never known to disappoint or fail."
l.lsbl Ssvsrrlf aa
The Bank of England clips every
light sovereign that comes into the Bank.
The weighing of every sovereign is ac
complished quickly ; they weigh 3,two
in an hour with one machine. Mr.
Paltner, the l>eputy-Governor, informed
lite House of < ominous Select Com
mittee of last session oil batiks of Issue,
that last year tlie Bank of Kngland
weighed colli to tile amount of £23,100,-
000. and rejected £840,000, or about 36
tier cent., a* bring light gold. For this
last amount the Hank paid the value,
making a deduction for the deficiency
of weight, which is generally about 3*l.
or 4d. per light sovereign. It was stated
to the committer Uiat boxes of eorrectly
w eiglied gold, sent by tlie Bank of Eng
land to Scotland, frequently came hack
without having been opened, and Mr.
Palmer stated that there is then some
reductiou for light w eight, lie ex
plained tills by adding that tlie mere
shaking of the sovereign* on the journey
will make a slight difference. There 1*
a jiotut at which every sovereign be
come* light, and many sovereigns turn
that |s>int ou the journey. Mr. Hodg
son, M. P., a bank director, stated that
In a box of .1,000 sovereigns the number
which would be found to have turned
the point would generally be about
eigiit if they have not been disturbed;
and he added: "You are aware that the
sovereign which la in your pocket at 8
o'clock in the morning is not the same
sovereign at 12 o'clock at night." After
this rather alarming announcement It
I* satisfactory to find Mr. lioihraon
stating also that the ( barge for flghl
weight on the eight deficient sovereigns
would be about 2d. per coin, making
only 16*1. on the box of £5,000; so that
•ays he, "it really amounts to nothing."
—LumUm Times.
Hraiorallss of Lib After rr*Mla(.
A friend residing In Baltimore had
in his |a*%seasion a small alligator,
which had been sent him from Florkla.
Its habitation was a tub partiallv filled
with water, kept outdoors. Ihiringone
of the cold snaps of the past Winter, In
the night the water became completely
froxen. imprisoning the reptile In the
loe, with but a small portion of his
b**iy protruding therefrom. Toallap
pearanceathc animal was a* dead as
one of the stuff*-*! specimen# seen In a
museum collection. Tlie want of time
precluding an effort for iU extrication
in the morning, it was allowed to re
main fruxen. ami was soon forgotten
In in tlie mate of the cares of the day.
For fortv-eight hour# the reptile thus
remained froxen and lifeleaa, at the end
of which time.tiring thawed out.vitality
tan-amc visible, and In a short time U
was animated as ever, with no evidence
of having in tlie least suffered by the
prolonged frigorific confinement. Here
an instance In which the vital *|>ark
seems not to have tieen extinguished by
the freexlng. nor the animal's organism
to have been mutilated, but that vitality
merely remained torpid or dormant
during the freexlng. aud ready to re
apoud to Its functions whenever the
animal's organism returned to its nor
mal condition-— American Ar fiSua.
A rerallar Sswapwper.
I*>mlon has* large weeklv newspaper
call oil Thf (tf-itmaty, devotfd, u its title
shows,to obituary notice* and mortuary
proceeding*. It has an Imraeio? circu
lation and column* of splendid adver
tisement*. Undertakers who get up
Minerals In every variety; cremation-
Is to, enibalmers, vault maker* and grave
diggers all have their say In its col
umn*. while the makers of humble
tombstone* and the sculptor* of gor
geous monument* are ready to decorate
the last home of man. Crape maker*,
manufacturer* of all sort* of funeral
appliance*, and especially mourning
mantua maker*, claim the attention of
the afflicted In their special advertise
Will* of distinguished Individual* are
given, and loot w ill* advertised; the
cards of attorneys drilled In probate
matters, and advertisement* for absent
heir*, make up a portloii of its patron
The reading Is all suited to the sub
ject, while the obituary notices form a
staple Item, and if necessary choice
notices are written by distinguished
writer* for the afflicted friend* and re
lations, so a* to move them to appro
priate grief and lead them to gentle
Many people are afflicted with a mor
bid love for snch reading and to them
this (taper furnishes the choicest matter.
rhlßM* Wbwlhsrrs*.
A correspondent of the Gardener's
Cknomielt dilate* upon the Ingenuity
which the Chinese have displayed in
Ihe construction of the national wheel
harrow. The one large wheel used 1*
placed in the centre of the vehicle, so
that the entire load rests directly upon
It. The street* of Shanghai are filled
with these carriage*, which ply in the
place of hack* and dray*. Two |*r*on*
can conveniently ride In one, sitting oti
the wooden platform at either aide of
the wheel, resting one arm on a frame
work raised over it, and planting one
foot in a stirrup of rope. "It i* by no
means uncommon, howeTcr, to see aa
many as four person* conveyed, with
out any particular eflbrt (the ground
being level , by a stalwart Coolie."
Garden and farm-produce and llve-alock
arc transported in the same manner.
The Chinese farmer often wheel* his
animals instead of driving them to
market; and a fat. lire hog lying on
each side of the w heel inay frequently
be seen bowling along to the place of
ArttSclal Wsata.
Hulwe.r *aya that poverty Is only an
Idea, in nine cases out of ten. Some
men, with ten thousand a year, suffer
more from w ant of mean* than others
with three hundred. The reason is,
the richer man has artificial want*. His
Income is ten thousand, and he suffers
enough, from being dunned for unpaid
debts, to kill a sensitive man. A man
who earns a dollar a day and does not
run In debt, is the happier of the two.
Very few people who have never been
rich will believe this; but it is as true
a* God's Word. There are thousands
upon thousands with princely Incomes
who never know a moment's peace,
because they live beyond their means.
There is really more happiness in the
world among working people than
among those who are calieu rich.
RrhcsrhX Mssdrsk* Ptlla
WIU be round to possess those qualities neces
sary to the total eradication of all bilious at
tacks. prompt to start the secretions of the liver
and irlve a healthy tone to the entire system,
indeed, it is no ordinary discovery In medical
•uteuoa to have Invented a remedy for tbsss
at uMorn comptslnts which develop all the re
■ulU arudunad t>T a harMofar* Iran u m at calo-
iremiad br mankind. .Ml
Sck6>.*iMgt U) be MrtinrtlTe la UM MTREFB#
to u>e buau arntom. That UM> nroperUe* at
oarialn vegetable* comprise ui tha virtues of
oalouMti without IU laiuhun* tendancfeß, la BOW
aa admitted fart rendered imlmputabte by *l
anon. muvrtai; and t*uw who ÜB* Ux> Man
drake mua will be fully asiiaftod thai tbe beat
medicine* air tbuae provided Ojr nature la the
common he rim and room of tbe Holds.
Tbawe pi Ila open tbe bnwela and correct all
Miioua derangement* without salt ration or snv
of tbe Dilution* efferta of calomel at other put
aona. Tlw accretion of Mle la promoted by
Ibeae pllla. aa will be area by tbe altered color
of the atooU and dteappeariag at tbe aatlow
completion an>l cleansing of Uie tongue.
ample direction* tor uar arcumpaay each boa
of tXlla.
Prepared only by J. 11. tirbanck g Hon. at their
Roclual office, cornet With and Arch nwtwla.
llad'-lphla, and for aale by all dnigglala and
dealer.. Price IB I'enta per box.
Bt;rrKi(icitii WITH I'll KB aliuald erect
a niobutiieiit to I>k. for his
benefice tit discovery of ANAKEMIB, an
infallible rum for the moral ritaea of
pilt-a—a failure in 90,001) caaea baa not
l*ii teeorded. It ia a simple anpposi-
Ury. pain lean and eaay of appitcation.
gives iiiatant relief, acta aa an instru
ment, poultice and medicine, and can
not fail to rare, l/iti'ina, ointinenfa
and Internal remedies may fail but
AKAKKBIH is infallible, i'rice sl.
P. KenaUndtrr Ac Co., 40 Walker St..
New York. Kent free bv mail to any
a<ld reae on receipt of price. 18
Godeys' Lady's Book!
TU* fltXaai Magnslna la America "A Parana
Oaaamu" Tilg BOkWIMG CALL will U r'M to
. ! •ulmcrUm*, wnetlwr *tegt* > to a Halt, *h. \my
la advance .* 1"7B <) inlu hrert i Uii*<g><* AX,
Hm i.i tnti r Pblla. Pa u-s-st
JOB* j. ariata a to.,
HAS Washington SC. Hew York.
PHaatpal Ufal a Haw Tat fur Uw M Brouw
Mamhaana la tba United Mala.
Broom* from ItM per IOMI
•■4 bpward.
Ik* luwaal yrtam aaX pme variety la b* but
Aba aa MUT. m Mat at WOOD aaX WILLOW
Waiut. each aa PaOa, Tab, Ba***u. Man, Tama*.
fkwXagi. Wlrba, Or, I arita wtlb a Sill bu* a* Aapt*,
Briar Waud aaX Otay Pip**, Fancy Aa**. Tasks* Mu-
UMM. OaOary, Ac Sagar* bur (If la stt> par mill
A Ibll llaa <g lb* beat gaallty af TIN W ASK-
P W* edl usr gaaAea* artom tba* Xoaafreaatot
amy Aram ailog aa lb* read. Orfaw by ami I will ia
•ORA max .rmaOra Bitot Ink t LKTO VAT IT
Ann * tmmk fa Axmb, tifX aad Toaag, Mala aaX
V'/'f rmual* to lhatr Imality Trrm. mat OCTPIT
mil PkAL AXXrma P. O t ICSKkr A CO.. Am
T * ' (wafe. Mataa U 4a
£)i kA< V AIS'TABCA CAKM * atrtar. 10 cfe. AX
IA ' dram J b MtarTlU). bamau, kwaOa., M. T-
tf%l.L'B KKCrCLOPJUtIA. Maw KmnaaX KfeUua
A ArUrtm I fuu Karnrtaw* aaX I* tafanXM
Mam Airiu WawfeX fUtk BA* lb X Oft, Pbß
XdgtXaPb. 11-SXt
Scribners' Monthly & 1876
Tba tmblfebara lurUa altawlwm to tba tuit wuai
Hal uf wana ut lb* attractira artkfea aaruraX far
hrWi '. MuuUuy. tur UM nauw yaar. la few
Bald at SrthJß liaalXar uuurvw buveiafea. aaX
afewtar Uwt wUI ba
By Amorioan Authors.
Tba fw uf ibaar, now euaaftota la oar haaXa.
■y Brat Marfe,
brim la tha kuiauaaa >ta*u, abX wUI run far
iwrlr* mamha 1 iu* is Mr Mart*'* mat -n i I*l
aur*. Tba aoauar and i iarvvrt, wbicu Um MMfear
baa (fern, frvmi hi* Oaid. Cbilfurula. art
tatalMl aim tferacmufe >la and Maw;
•M tba mu*k M •lUxwl XottM um bhml |>.|Ar r*e
urX X arty iMUfurnm Uf* thai baa yal inlmnd
Wa shall akw bagia la Uw January aambar.
'• Philip Nolan's Friends,
Or. Show Your P ami port."
Tba aoaua at Ibfe atury b> laid ta tba NoaUiwaWarL
ImiUUIJ. ma turm aa Um Utaiaa at U> maua afeX
iaaaa. al >ba um of Aarua tfurr*a traanm. Tba
ohararaara Bead ta a aacfeua wblct waa ttiw Aul
oaa. wa Frau.b. and sow t|a*M, and Uus raourd
uf Lkmr advaclaruur bra. waAa* a alury if Interna*
and anflaggin* lni*ra*t Arougbuuf.
A Second "Fanner's Vacation,"
By (ml 8m R Warlag, Jr.
CM. UUI la BOW ■ Karon*, item <g. ta a iwa
feml rt >a uf Iwv baadrad and aJiy nitlaa. oua uf tba
mum fartt.a aad latoraat ug .f UM ruwgr *af
fey* at I*a *MHJU<i arm <f i|-o ijruaa
fem to b* r*a mor* tstera*Uu taaa Umi wab whfob
mar iwMi *r. unafy laminar.
Centennial Letters
KdlfeX fey Job* Vamr* t brary
A ram mpferucm at Iteraluthmary Lrtura, mainly
tram at torn in lb# band* uf tba Xaaornuaute at iVu.
Juaarn tun. Tbry am luil uf intenwt.aoX anil
ba mad wlib a ram rrUab ta >uuactkm una tha
Cwatwuilal aawomliua uf tb* year.
Hitttea impwtnly by tbfer fnruda. will appear
during tba yaar. Tea r*rwX laleraal la oulfeg* Ufa
wa* tbaaa pa|mm*a|wclaUy ttmaiy. and wttlaarum
fur UIM* uau*ual aUraUuu.
Old. Now Tork..
KtagaaUy UlualralaX .rUrla* <m UfX Maw Turk, by
}<M> W. Mian, Will as*|*mr al imom. aae will aatrart
UM aUauteoa <f all. la ally or ouaatry, ah. mark
uttb luuraat Uw Imi iwi.i of Uw groat matro
muia, and agaruonately mmambar Uw kaalnt pocu-
UartUa* of IU oidao Um.
K*W7 numbrr M jvrafuaaly 11! atratad tfcu* en
abling n* to giro U> ur Xiwrnitim and urraun
ai-Urlaa an inl*r*a< and pwwuaat ralu* arrar
fetalnad la an n Hiuferatad partuXwui Vudar tm
Micumiauod m*aag*auost tb* magmiaa will la tba
t ulur* b* dor.-uul. aa it baa tmaa ta Uw yafe, losoubd
Ularatum and CbrwUaa arugram
The Editorial Departments
orrupy orrr tw*ny para* of ruob aumbar, aad ma
tela Dr. HUUbimT* ig r u* aad Umrty rdmciala. a*
well aa fterfew* uf tb* talma **• ta An, Umratura,
Bbd bctalno.
UN T**r. k ilnta. X Safes a Stater.
TB* fe rata., OOM; fete. Mor. UTO to OC* lift.
bound la maruou etofh, BM
go do bound IB half moruooo gfe W
Vulumaa bagtala Murambsrand Mar Amy uf Uw
aar bar rolunw* 11 to ill IWIU b* •uj ; ..ii aauarmtely
to eanw* who wfeb Uwa to maupfela aaia M Ibfe rata.
L* . otecb. gf at ; b*tf morooou gkaa
Booaoat i oaa ma* PoaTKmaraaa will ba auypffed
a* rata* Uwi will auabfe Uam to AU any uf tb* soure
stferllan will plwa* remit la P. O. Muooyorga*
or IB Bank i berk* <w Draffe, ur by nffeewl feftem
Moawy ta laflara am ragwlarad. at aaadar-* rfefc.
SCRIBSER A CO.. 7gj Broadway, Nam York.
The People's Remedy.
The Univeml Pain Zxtranor.
Note: Ask for POJtft'S KITftUV.
Take DO other.
Ptflß'S IXTtAIT Tb* graal Taw<abfe 1-ala
bmli wow fktoty
yuan, and far cfeaallaeaa aad prampf cara
fe** ititam c annul ba ncwltod. d
aMtpMf B - Ma family ran agord to ba wHhoot
Pea d*a Katrarl. Arrlfmla Brwfera.
Caandw*. raw, Mgralaa, ar* iwtlerad
almost taMaMly by axlaraal appHcatkm.
Promptly raUavoo pais* or Barwa, Nralfa
Ksrartallaaa, 1 kalaga Old Man.
Bat la, Patawa, C'araa. ate. Arraato ta
flamattao. mdarwe •walllasa. vtops hlradlag,
ramoraa dferolorallon* and bcafe rapidly.
FIMAiI*UUBSES.-It always fakmrm|mln
In tba bar a analuina,(ullorwa and prmalag pain
In tba haad, naoaaa, torttgo.
W UMIIRNtA It ttaa PQ noal AH kind, oi mU
r arm 11 aa* to nblrb India* ara rahyert ar*
promptly rorad. Pulfer detella In book srrom
pany tnc each hottfe.
pitfl Vll.d or blradfag—meat prompt raltef
and raady cure. No rear, howarar rhiaak or
obstloata, rao long raatat It* ragnlar uaa.
VAIMSSI TOfr-U to Uw only sura cam for
UU* dwtmming and dangrroo* coodtUaii.
KISS IT lltuiu. -It b* BO rquml tor perma
nent car*. J
ILUSIXI from nay caata. For this I* a ipa.
tttr. It ha* mrad hoßdrads of lira* whan aU
other remedies failed to arreet bleeding from
soar, atemarh. laaga, and elsewhere.
manentlr cored.
FNYSMIAIS at *ll school* who are acquainted
with I'and'* Kxtrmrf of Wllrh llaarl mm
tanreend Ittn their practice. We hare letter* of
rommeßdaUun tr-.on hundred* of Pbymkiana,
many of whom order It tor nar In their own
practice. In addition to tba foregoing, they
order Its u*e fur Nwalllßgm of all kind*,
Owlaay, Hare Threat, 1 aXamc-d Toaatla,
umple and chronic Dlarrbwa, Catarrh,
(far which It i*a*paci&c,t( 'hllblalaay Prwat
ef Peat, Mllaga af I wee tie, Meeealteee.
etc.. Chapped IlaeXe, Fare, ana indeed
all manner of akin diseases.
TOILET 111. -Namoveafeereaaaa, Reugherna,
aaa Nmartlagt heal* Cats, Kruplloea,
aad I*l wplea. It rrefw*, inrigoraut, and re
frmkm, while wuliderlully improving the
Tl FARMUI. -PeaX'a Kxtrart. No Stork Liven Man can tflord to be without
IL It I* used by all the Leading Livery Stable*.
Street Kail road* and ft ret Horsemen la New
York City. It ba* no equal for Hp rain*, liar,
aaee or Haddle Chagagw, Hi i Obese,
Nrralehae, *welllagm,Cta. Laearatlene,
Hleedtaa. Pees wen la, Celte, Dtarrbcra,
tbtlla, t'elda, etc. Ita range of action I* wide,
and the relief it afford* t* *o prompt that it is
Invaluable In every Farm-yard a* wall ** ta
everv Farm -honee. Let It be tried once, and
yon will never be without It.
CASTIM.-Pwad'* Extract ha* haen imitated.
The genuine article ba* tha word* Paed 1 * Kx
trart blown in each bottle. It is prepared by
the aaly prreona llvlaa who ever knew bow
to prepare It properly. Refuse all other pre
paration* Of Witch Hurl. This 1* the onW
Biticlc need by Physicians, and in the boepf
. tal* of this country and Europe.
in pamphlet form, sent free oa *i>i>Tic*tlon to
PERM ANENT and profltabla employment can la
■acurai by one lady In every town in the United
States. Addrws J. HK.NRT LVMONDS. tW Dt-
VUVAATA* gy . BTOS, kf**. 11-SO-4t
WANTKD: Agrafe ta alt part* .S the (waatry, fe
■-aaraa* far oar aaw i-.,*. Tat Wmu* m
Cawrrar," t.y f bafa A. Oaa mlama, bamt
a.meiy Ultra*rata*. Tb* grandest Oatraalal book la
tba marbst h A ftlMl.L, PaMuh.r. fewtoa. Maw
_ a B
i s ® n
til S i O w
sgg o 2
Bis "D d
s >•i -as ' m d
Ei r- -• n > Z-u
% ri' p3
je. \>* lS L .
ses ™%o °2 > a 2sgS
2sgS = r d
iSa *?Str km
Si >s 0 r k . w
a ■& • x 0) g X R" £?i
l¥ 3jl'o 2
sin rSB " O
Is?. W Pa
|? 3 4 O
"OaQuaationably UM beat auatalnnd work
of Uta kind ta tba World "
Harper's Magazine.
%vnem at rat Past*.
Tba arar-famamag die alalia. <4 Ibfe esadlaaf
muwtbly pro*** lla caonuaml adae*aJnm la papalar
Ami am ami aamfa laXi if wbaa arm UOab lafa baw
aaaay baw it uuaHtala* iry m.mtb. wa aafafe
■Mar it a* <a at tba a>la<a)mra aa watl a* aanaMffSM
at Um |Ml anaX -UmAna IJhAm.
Tim iiauw wblab Uwa Maaanaa paamaaaa am ra
rtacy, <a*NUfe artiarlt waal'b. am* Biwary Malar*
thai baa Lap* t mn> with Ifla M M tba Baa.
abuaM i* im oatXanan la rrypeX M with liXMakli
cemafemary. Tba Xkparow bar Xoaa gmd aM
ark all Ufe Aayr cf It. U a.—fermAfew Afeffa
Sufea of lb* aw pupalai af wafar* turafe bar* brM
aonral a* aarfefe la Itu* hapamw la aU "W *•.
d iiii zwi HrTat |xer<d*tal. M*'t fiiity li—ere Me graft
Pwfag* fen a *2 itkaat'iAW k thx Cwat kk
ll.ana • Mmtaat • f*fr~—Af •
pnpaf*aaX X C I feWfebfi*
i. ia> i* llion'i Maxaaeta. Waou, aad
kaaaa.feaa* attrmfm Xbr paar. tfo dft ar, an af
Uarpafr / nmX. nali. la am aXXi-aa M *—r,W f*a
A Jfetra Opy .r raifev fbr M*a*aa Waaair. ar
kill Mb br Wfr'iM xraXfe >r aat' bd Xf
toaaiHU af (4 ooaadk aa aar mmdfewar; ar. So
<%w>r Wee-wfefeaxaaaacww. p-mprAm
bad .f'nal in am ba i aff BiiX f* aag Wa
ACbamfat. kaf < Banal Maauu, waaW
mni tl tafaaiaa,fa aaal rfedi hfedfag wtibaaaaX
L, s t*am. *rmhi ai ayam fmmfeaaar. Xw ••
|.'U.w f „*r. r . Mlj. a < • am*; ; 'adjkfk
A Oraaali lafeaa ta fba teMpSto%b
em** glura i ■tmiiui baa pa* bmm | itßdaA
maiXi nar a* illil I. fcr rdliri am h# ram aaX *afed
wrnum 1 1ab..!.,■ wbam I Bl ll* llfbfe -•£->
a parfat Blaaiafel Marwiy ) • lyfea Ba, om,
•I a*. Had CMC. •> m *1 fe—XP rff, . _
A awfea aXpaymr* aaidar tha Mtka a# 'Tie hXOa
tary rf Iba I.nfegir. - aiaßM Ihyl* i WW* ammwO
laabai j-J aaa war 11l MM Ml Safe
raa'r Maaaxna. Tbto aanar aT aaar twm-ry fapam
fa aaary *if aw dm *
tiaaai Ufa
arXar V SUaraa X bimraiar
AfXram lUrtt A ttdtMßX Maw Tarb.
u I
wiotiutf ftun rw
Leaf Tobacco, Cigars, Pipes,
Smoking and Chewing
Only ipfe far C L BaUX TtyOip
OVfar fcaeax aaa ba MppbfeL
Save Tour Horses and Cattle I
Tkty arx mad* of Puro Malarial only, em*
tabtxapooaful going aa far aa oaa pound at
ardiaary cattle powder*.
Bay OB# package and niter axing them
yea will aerer get dene praising them.
For sale by all xtcrekeepera.
Vegetable Embrocation
All etytea, Bileer McmjifeX and Walnut, new ad
ss&sSs: ra
fbUL no.
HOPS* AHD oryuilt KUK.MTLRX aU kind*
Tha lanreat and beat aasorteX (took, aaw and
aaoond-hand In tha City.
LEWIS A 880., H-ly
IW1.1S. 10XL aaX IBT7 RIIMit 4TIL. Pblla.
flirrff OOP*' day at hama Tanas fraa AXXraaa
kbO H vbZUo. Sriimo* A Co., Portlaad, Ma.
■rkATLT FBnmn> A* omoa,