The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, December 25, 1873, Image 1

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    Little Annette.
Little AmiKU'' Little Annette!
With joor rosy cheeke and treaeee of J*t t
With the taabe* ocnceeling your prpsy area.
MMt for a King', or an Emperor 1 * prim!
Your white teetli gleaming Uke drifted mow,
Orehiniug Uke pearl, in well-laid row ;
LiU* Annette : -Kiltie Annette!
I beer the ring of your laughter yet.
Little Annette' Darling Annette!
Only a year ha. flown, and yet,
Ere you could melt the mow with your breath.
A meeeeuger own*, and hie name wa* Deatli!
Little Annette" Darling A unetie!
Newer your face can 1 (ergot;
T.Mea ; The augelr are calling yet
•ver the pine-tree.. - Utile Annette' "
Little by Little.
Wh en the new yeare come and the old yean go
How, little by little, *U tbiuge grow!
All thing* grow-mnl all decay—
little by Utile paeaing away.
Little by Utile, ou fertile (datu,
Bipen the harre-;s of golden grain.
Waring and (bahing in the eon.
When the awnmer at lent it doue.
little by little they ripen ee
A* the new year, come and the old rear* go.
Low en the grouud an acorn hee,
Little by little it womita to the akiee,
hadow and abetter for wandering hettla
Home for a hundred aiuging binl*.
Little ty tittle the great rocka grrw.
Leng. hmg age when the world one new.
Slowly and eUmtly .lately and ft**,
Ctttae of eoral tinder tlte tea
Little by little am UkMcd—white eo—
Tie new ream wane and the eld year* go.
Little by utile old teak, are time;
*ta are the crown* of the faithful woo.
So ia heav cw iu our hearta begun.
With work and with weeping, wtth laughter
and play,
little by hide the longest day
And the tangent life are peaetaf away,
raaaing without retunt—while ee—
The new year* come and the old year* go
:" ■ *
MY Lady Disdain waa a brilliant
queenly girl. II <x real name ma* Ga
briel# mgt*unc ; hat one of heradniir
em, ftnoe Celled her Mr Lady Disdain,
and Qabrielle was pro'ad of the tit la.
She treated most of her lovers with nn
conditional disdain when she happened
to feel ia At* mood for thus rewarding
their devotion ; and she felt flattered by
the name which ahowed how well her
moUaaa power was recognised.
Poor Eugene Valmy waa made to il
hwtrate the force and' the appropriate
nern of the title he had applied ; for on
him fell the full measure of a disdain
which nearly crashed him.
It happened in this way. Gabrielle
was the queen and goddess of a certain
fashionable watering-placeoae summer,
and Eugene Valmy wma there. She had
met him a fe-r times in New York, and
was pleased with him because he was
handsome and looked rtiitin<pte and had
French origin, and wma, m short, a
personage somewhat out of the com
mon. But he was poor: a literary
scribe of eome sort or other, she hardly
knew what. Individnallv, Eugene Val
my was a versatile, brilliant creature,
who might possibly ham made a [name
for himself if he oonld bat have waited
and thrown his soul into some one kind
of work. But Valmy had not much of
the " proud patience which the gods
love,* andne liked a bright and joyous
life; and he made money as fast as be j
oould, and spent it, his most laborious
efforts only just enabling him to keep
decently within the circumference of j
thst glittering circle of which My Lady
Disdain was the centre. Sometimes he j
sighed a little over the flying years
which were bringing him nothing, and
he looked sully forward into life, and
'< negate to .'think that be moat give up all
hope of making a name, and to say to 1
himself bitterly that there was nothing
in him. Bat frotn the time when Ga
brielle Ransome singled him oat far a
little favorable notice be forgot all
abowt this, and floated in an exquisite
blue ether of love and hope and love
pain, which is often so like happiness
that the owner can not ene
from tho other—until the catastrophe
Gabrielle was really much attracted
by Valmy's brilliant talk and his vivid
alternations of humor and thooghtfnl
neaa; his varied experiences and know!
knowledge. Those of her circle some
what looked down upon him for his;
poverty, which made her take him np
all the more graciously and eagerly. :
Most women find something very tweet
ia the patronizing of some one; and
here was a handsome and gifted young
man with a romantic sort of poverty— s
poverty which allows of good clothes '
and kid gloves and graceful ways—on
the whole, quite a delightful object of '
patronage. 80 Valmy fonnd himself.
during the season at this watering-place 1
distinguished in a manner which
surprised, enraptured, and almost be
wildered him. Men with millions of
dollars, men with names that echoed
from Maine to Florida, Europeans of
title as well as fortune, straggled in
vain for the favor which was spontane
ously bestowed on Eugene Valmy.
Probably Vainly r bead became a little
turned by the delicious novelty of his
situation. Perhaps, en the other hand,
he was not intoxicated or bewildered,
but merely had manhood enough to
think his profession and himself worthy
any woman's respect, and worthy to
compete with any rivalry of wealth and
station. - Anyhow, he one day made
wild love to Gabrielle Ransom
ashed hex to marry him, pzeaaed
and besought her, . and reoeived
at last an angry, vehement, dis
dainful refusal. He learned by bit
ter experience how justly applied was
the telle he had given her. She seat
him from her with scornful, stinging
" But what have you, my old one ?"
said a gsy young French friend, seizing
Eugene by the arm as the latter strode,
with bead down and plunging steps,
slong the strand after he had received j
this cruel dismissal—" what have you,
and where go yon with such a visage ?"
Eugene stopped, and looked tor a
moment vacantly at his inquiring friend.
" I have got my sentence of banish
ment, Aliude," he said at last, with a
ghastly smile on his tremulous lips;
" and'l am going into exile."
" Pardieu ! the sympathetic French
man exclaimed; "I comprehend
and % pity you of it. Bnt lam not sur
prised—end you will survive. Come, a
game of billiards f"
Edgene shook his head, pressed his
friend's hand, and hurried away. He
left the piece that evening.
Can, I explain why Gabrielle Ransotnc
locked herself np in her room shortly
after, and wept bitter and passionate
tears t Can I explain why she felt mis
erable, and yet wholly unrepentant?
Can I explain why the place and the so
ciety around itc? seemed now utterly
barren and hatefnl, asd yet were Valmy
Inxck again at her feet, she knew she
would again feject him ? Above all,
can. I explain why she was angry with
herself, not for the manner in which
she had dismissed poor Vamly, bnt for
the pangs she felt at the dismissal ? Not
L Far be it from me to attempt to
enter into the heaxt of a fashionable
yonng lady of the period. But I think
that Gabrielle Ransome would have
been less scornful in her manner to Val
my and less angry now with herself if it
were not that die felt herself to have
been really in danger of falling in love
with a man who had neither station nor
Gabrielle was as brilliant and attrac
tive during the remainder of the season
as ever. Indeed, she was far more at
tractive, forthe disappearanceot Valmy
left ber free to divide her smiles and
kindly words among the general crowd
of her admirers. Bat there was a
strange sort of anxiety every now and
then in her eyes, as if she were always
expecting some one who never came.
For the first time in the whole of her
bright life she was suffering mental
pain* She had sometimes had head
ache. md bad suffered from sore throat;
FRED. KURTZ, Kditorund I 'ropriotor.
VOL. Tl.
meatt ahut drr*es and balls aud snch
j Rke ; but she kuew uow for tho first
time what a heart-pang is.
Yet it was not much evidence of a de
veloping aou! which Gabrielle Kanaome
I gave when, toward the close of the
season, alio couaented to promise her
; hand to the richest and the least in
tellectual of all bar admirer*. The
thing wma done verv suddenly. There
seemed no special reason why she
j should now all at once encourage this
gantleuan, whom she had so long dis
couraged. She seemed to act as one
does who, having a disagreeable duty
to do, suddenly starts up and rushes at
the doing ot it to get rid of it
" Papa," said Gabrielle one day,
coming up to her father with a flushed
faee aud quivering lipa, " I have prom
ised Gervase Trenehard to marry him."
•* Indeed, love ? Well, lam delight
; ed, of course. Gervase Trenehard is
one of the richest men m the State*;
and he is a very good fellow, and all
that ; but, Gabrielle, had you any par
ticular reason for singling out Tren
ehard r
" Why Jo yon ask, papa, when I have
1 singled him out ?"
" Because, child, yon never seemed
i to me to care much about him."
" Y'on dear papa, vou don't under
stand the way of girls.
" Well, 1 suppose I don't, my lore.
J Any one yon choose, Gabrielle, is a wel
come sou-in-law to me. I only want to
see you happy, and I hope yon are very
happy now."
But Gabrielle had hurried from th"
I room. Her heart was too full—with
happiness, perhaps—to hear any more.
She nid herself in her own room, and
i manifested her happiness in tears and
Now if Mr. Ranaome Ua<l been a man
of sense and strength—if, besides a
fond affection for his daughter, he hail
had the faculty to understand and the
power to guide her—he oonld before
: this, or even now, have saved her from
much distress and the danger of com
mitting a very great wrong. Is there
any wrong a girl Uke Gabrielle Ran
' some can commit greater than the sin
of marrying for some mean motive s
man she does not aud cannot love ?
Gabrielle was about to marry Mr.
Trenehard for a motiTO which, though
she be rav heroine, I must admit to be
mean. \V~ere her feelings thoroughly
1 analyzed, had she herself the courage
to analyze their, they would thus have
. explained themselves. In her heart she
loved Engene Valmy —that is, alie
would have found satisfaction for the
highest aspirations of her soul (sad,
with all her fashionable weaknesses, she
had some aspirations) if he were only a
brilliant match in the worldly sense.
But because ke was not thia she had
J not the courage even to listen to her
own impulses ; nay, she was even angry
when at first she found that she had
: such impulses. She had not even Becky
Sharp's excuse of want of money. But
her ambition, born and bred and nor
' tared under the demoralizing, debasing
' influences of the society in which she
1 lived, was to make 'a splendid match,
, and be wondered at, admired, aud en
vied. So she flung Valmy off; and
then, when he was gone, beginning to
find, to her dismay, that she really had
| a heart, she could think of uo remedy,
;no refuge, bnt in a sudden deed of
! moral suicide. She flung herself into
: an engagement with Gervase Trenehard
;in just that spirit of despair which
makes many a poor girl, under other
| circumstances, fling herself into the
1 river. For myself, I never conld un
derstand why we should all be ao much
| more horrified at the physical than at
i the moral act of suicide.
1 Mr. Ran some did not think of all
, this; and in any cane his affection never
j oonld find any nobler way of expressing
] itself than In letting his daughter
"please herself," as he phrased it.
So she was now pleasing herself with
| out let or hindrance, and weeping bit
• terlv and alone. Poor Lady Disdain!
{ These fine, fashionable creatures, too,
; they have their feelings.
Gabrielle rode ont with her fianrr
i one day on a road which ran along the
j margin of the sea. It was an exquisite
day of early autumn ; the leaves were
just beginning to torn to crimson and
: purple and gold, and the western sky
was beginning to hang out the same
colors; and the sea wore the deep wine
color which Homer pictures in one of
his wondrous phrases. How glorious
the scene! and how doll the pair who
rode along! They hardly spoke. Ga- 1
brielle was qnite out of humor—sick of
the scene, of herself, of life; aud her
good-natured lover, having tried many
ways of amusing her and failed disas
trously, began to disoover that she pre
ferred to be let alone, and meekly en
deavored to consult her pleasure ac
cordingly. In fact, she had been tor
turing herself by remembering, and
tiring noi to remember, one evening :
when she rode along this very path with
Valmy, and when the charm of his con
versation, lambent as it wa* with sym
pathy and with intellect, first won it*
way into her heart How dull and va
cant and rapid ber lover seemed now
who rode by her aide! How provoking
his stupid good nature! How distress- ,
ing his efforts at conversation! Wa* *
this, then, to be ber companion for life ? <
or, rather, was she to go through life
companionless ? She grew sick at!
heart and angry and bitter, and, like a \
true womaa, she vented her anger on
the nearest object, her chosen lover.
Tley rode along wearily until they
cama within eight of a pretty little cot- j
tage which looked upon the sen, j
and near which a boat and some nets
were lying. Gabrielle'aqnick ear caught j
a sound as of wailing within the cot
tage. She had often seen tho little |
house before, and hnd spoken to a neat
old dame who nraally sat at the door
engaged in some piece of domestic
work. Gabrielle checked her horse and j
listened. Yes, there waa a sound of
woman's weeping within the cottage,
and her heart impelled her to go in.
Her lover, amazed and qnite unable to !
understand her emotional impulse,
obeyed her orders and lifted ber from
her horse, and remained obediently
ontaide the cottage, while she, throw
ing the skirt of her dress over her arm,
gently opened the door and entered.
The old woman waa there, and wa*
kneeling in sobbing prayer beside a
bed. Gabrielle advanced and touched
her shoulder with gentle, compassion
ate hand. At the same moment Gabri
elle saw what was lying on the bed.
A dead body, the corpse of what had
been a handsome dark-complexioned
man in the pride of youtli and noble,
vigorous form. Aud Gabrielle Btarted
and almost screamed, so like at the mo
ment did the features and form appCar
to those of Engene Valmy. Perhaps
the supposed resemblance was only the
creation of her fancy, made morbidly
sensitive and suggestive by her painful
dwelling on thoughts of him. Perhaps
there was a gennine resemblance. Two
men of about the same age and size,
dark-haired and dark-bearded, with
clear and striking features, may
bear resemblance enough for one to
suggest the other'to a gazer's mind.
Certainly Gabrielle felt for a moment
almost as if she saw beneath lier eye
the dead body of Engene Valmy.
"My son ! my son 1" the poor old
woman sobbed. "My poor boy
Stephen 1"
Gabrielle sat beside her and took her
hand, end soon learned her simple, sad
story. The youth was hsr only eon; he
wa* a fisherman; he weut out iu hi*
boat the night before last; a stortn came
ou; be waa tlrowued; tho tide washed
| tu his body. That was all. Those things
happen every day where there are wave*
and fishermen. " Men must work, and
\ women taust weep."
" 1 know something would happen,"
tho old womaa went on, relieved to
have fonud a sympathetic car "Ho
didn't care for life any more; I think he
wanted to die. His mother's love was
uot enough for htm."
*' Was no in love t" Gabrielle asked,
gently, aud still absorbed in wonder
and painful emotion at the resemblance
to the vanished Eugene Valuiy.
"In love, ma'am ? He was deceived,
made a fool of by a vain creature, a
thing with a pretty face at least Ac
thou-jlit her pretty ; 1 didn't—ami with
out a heart. She played with the lny,
and set him mad, aad then she throw
him awar because she got au otfer from
A man wiio owns a few boats and houses
down yonder. She flung my sou away;
and wlieu he dried to touch her with
his words and his love, she only mock
ed him and treated him with acorn.
He came home to me, and he said,
•' Mother, it's all over with me. I'll
never lie the same man again—l've got
it right in the heart!' And so he went
i out iu his boat, and the sea was rough,
and he didn't take auy care, I gueaa -
and there he lie* dead ! And she who
drove him to it is now alive aud merry !
Well, God forgive her ! O God, for
give all such creatures, who have no
hearta of thir own, and play with the
hearts of men! Mv son! my boy
Stephen !"
" O God. forgive all auch women, in
deed,' said My Lady Disdain, with
streaming eve*. And she thought to
herself at the same moment, " How
much worse am I than thia other crea
ture, even as tlii* poor afflicted met her
pictures her ! For she did not really
love thia young man, while I—l diu
love Eugene Valmy. I do love him ;
and I cast hisa off aad scorned him ! "
All this time her fiance wa* waiting
patiently ontaide. At last he ventured
to look in, and she was thus reminded
of hia existence, and felt a new pang
thereat She must return heme, and
in his society. Some two or three
neighbors of tlie poor widow drop|-d
in to keep her company, and Gabrielle
promised to come again early uext
morning. As My Lady Disdain wa*
leaving she *.vt a' glance back on the
dead body. The moon had already
risen and flung a sail gleam over the
white face, and she thought, with a
start and a shudder, that that face look
ed more like than ever to the face of
Eugeue Valmy.
Gabrielle rode home in the moonlight
aad and silent. Even her lover began
to understand that ber soul wa* not
with him.
Gabrielle slept bnt little that night
Bhe looked into her own heart and into
her life : she thonght and wept and
prayed. Jshe rose in the morning puri
fied, strengthened, and elevated. Un
dine's soul, in fact, had entered Un
dine's bodv at last
Soon all the world knew that, for
some reason or other, the engagement
between Gabrielle ltansame and Ger
vase Trenehard had been broken off.
Eugene Valmy did not hear of the fact
till after hia retnrn from Alaska,whither
he had gone—that region being the new
est subject in bis line—to make a vol
nrnc, and try to cure himself of hia fatal
love. He returned to New Y'ork an
enred. For a time he kept entirely ont
of any society whore Gabrielle might
possibly be ; bnt he soon told himself
that this was a weakness of which he
ought to he ashamed, and that he mnat
be a man among men. Bo he went
boldly into society, and he met
her. Theu hia cheek aobnraed and hia
heart h* beat that he feared he could
not even speak to her, and that he mast
actually fly from the field like a coward.
Perhaps he would have fled but that he
still believed Gabrielle was a heartless
ooquette, to whom hia suffering would
be but a triumph; and he would, aj
the cost of whatever agony, refuse to
allow her that triumph. He appro-iched
her, and spoke in calm, friendly tones.
Bnt Mv Lady Disdain said, " Mr.
Valmy, when we last met I spoke in a
manner which wouudd yon and shamed
me. I have learned to be sorry for it
Will yon forgive me ? I have suffered
There waa indeed a deep and melan
choly expression en her face, auch aabe
had never seen it wear before.
" Bnrely, Miss Ransome, when yon
speak so kindly and c arneatly, I must
forgive anything yon may have said.
Let w* apeak of it no more."
"Nay, bnt I mnat speak of it a little
more. Have yon changed ainoe then,
Mr. Valmy ?"
The blood rushed into the yonng
man's face, and ho looked wildly, von
deringly into hers to seek for the
true meaning of her question. He saw
only a Rtrange, sweet expression there,
half timid, half encouraging.
" Do yon ask me ont of mere cruelty.
Miss Ransome? How could I change ?
The wonnd I have received I shall carry
to the grave."
"Can I not heal the wound, Mr.
Valmy ? For I have changed since then
—or, "if I have not changed, I know my
true self at last."
Thus it was that My Lady Disdain
laid ilown her arms, having found her
heart. The process of conversion was
illogical, indeed, but there are time*
and occasions when emotion is better
than logic. The corpse of the fbiher
youth had taught her the first true les
son of life she hail ever received, and
the lessons of life nre lessons of love.
Why he Succeeded.
A nan in one of the new States, where
society wa* in a sort of rushing condi
tion, waa elected to Congress. A friend
in Washington, who knew how entirely
unqualified he was for sncb a position,
asked him, —
" How in the world did you manage
to get elected ?"
" I stole a horae."
"What! atole a horae? And ia
horse-stealing considered a qualifica
tion for Congress in your district ?"
"No, that ain't it. Bnt as soon a*
it was known, the papers on t'other
side took it up, and bowled over it.
Of course the papers on onr side had
to defend me. A termendons noise waa
made. Our papers called it a mean,
dastardly, cowardly attempt to tarnish
the fair fame of their standard-bearer,
—a gentleman whose fortunes were in
the hands of his fellow-citizens, and
who would look confidently to them for
redress and support. The noble peo
ple would never be deceived by this
wicked slander, fiendishly devised for
the most unholy of party purposes !
and all such kind of stuff. The people
got their backs up, and I got in. '
At the next election in that Btate this
man's opponent was elected. The
same fnend meeting the now defeated
candidate shortly after the election
news had been received, asked him
how it bad happened.
"O, dod rot the fellow!—he smelt a
mice, and he got the start of me. He
ehot a deputy-sheriff!"
It is decided by an Indian editor, who
" can't stand it any longer," that the
only difference between the entrance to
a barn and the lounger aronnd newspa
per offices is that the first ie a barn
door and the latter a darn bore,
I'm!* of Circus Hen.
S'ullri I'ailliuUo at (• CI(HI of Kob
laiaa'i Siu Iu T--•Slllrll*( •
Mob with Ihadlf KBiil.
The report which we published, says
the Ciuciuuati / 'in/tiir< r, of a fight be
tween John Robinson's eirvus and a
gang of Texan roughs proves to have
been correct. The following extract
from a letter substantiates Uie other
published accouut* :
We had the most terrible fight I ever
*aw. There were over five hundred
shots fired on both sides. 'I he Gillies
commenced it iu the big show in the
afternoon by one of them drawiug a
knife on Lowlew. He made that all
right, though we did not show at uight,
and just a* we were putting the rhinoc
eros in the cage they commenced shoot
ing into our men. One of the canvas
men wa* stabbed in the back, oue was
shot through the leg, oue in the aide,
another through the toe, and still an
other in the heel. There is no tolling
I how many were killed on Uie other side.
! They tired into our train with backahot,
which went through and through the
beasts' cages, aud four of the allot
struck the elephant, God knows if
they will try and arrest the show or not.
The men say they will die be/ore they
will be taken.
We all came very near losing our
live# at Jacksonville, thirty-five mile#
from hero. During the afteruoou per
formance the canvas wa* crowded with
people, when fifteen Texans came in
during the third act—bareback riding
and oue of them sat dowu on the bank
of the ring. Mr. Lowlow, our clown,
politely told him to occupy one of the
seats, a* to remain in the poaitiuu ou
the bank would scare the horaea ; but
the Texan refused and drew a knife,
and Mr. Lowlow stepped away. Dur
ing this time Mr. De Vcro, s powerful
mau, belonging to the concert, stepped
up and nakHl the Texan to go away from
the ring, when the Texan drew a knife
and attempted to stab l>e Vero, but he
seized him by the arm that held the
knife, and wlale struggling with him
the other fourteen came to the rescue
and took posscasion of the ring. You
can imagine the disturbance and com
motion caused by this act. Women and
children screamed, and a general rti*h
was made to get out of the tout. This
lasted about fiftesii minutes, when
everything seemingly quieted down, and
the Mayor of the town asked ua to go
on with the circus, and we did so, but
the worst of it wa* to r<>me, aa the
roughs once more made their appear
ance and threatened to kill ad the
Mr. J. Robinson gave orders not to
show at night, but to load the stock
and cage* and try to leave the town be
fore dark. The order* were obeyed,
and about (De o'clock in the afternoon,
while the animal-men were engaged in
pulling the rhinoceros cage on tne flat
car, the mob gathered more cam pan
ion*, and not thinking we were prepared
for tliem, made a raid upon our men
with kuive* and pistols. As this was
going on Gill Robinson gave order* to
Are on the mob. As this order was
giveu 133 ahota were fired, killing, as
far as we know, three men. How many
more were wounded we have not yet
learned. Six of onr men were wounded.
Mr. Robert Btickney'a knee waa dislo
cated, and it ia feared be will never be
able to ride. Mr. Rose, a per
former, was shot through the left hand.
I wa* shot through the right hand and
my fur cap. One hostler waa shot
through the right breast, and another
wa* stabbed in the back near his kid
neys. Three canvasmen were shot
through the legs. Mr. Charles Robin
son was struck on the head with a clnb
aud knocked to the ground.
Something About Iceland.
Iceland has altogether the start of
America. We propose to celebrate our
nation's centennial in 1876; but mean
while, from the land of snow and ice,
volcanoes and geysers, comes the intel
ligence that the Icelanders propose to
celebrate their millennial in 1874. In
874 Ingolf. a Norwegian chief, planted
a small colony on that island, which had
l>een discovered a few years before. In
abont half a century manv thousand* of
hardy settlers had established them
selves on thia oold and barren isle. At
one time the popnlation mimtiered no
lees than 100,000; but the inhabitants
have suffered greatly from famines, epi
demics, aud volcanic casualties, and the
number is now reduced to about 60,-
000. Iceland contains an area of 40,000
square miles, of which the glaciers oov
er a surface of upward of 4,000 square
miles, and there are thirty known vol
canoes, of which eight have been active
within n centnry. There are also nu
merous thermal springs, the principal
of which ia the Great Geyser, in which
the water, at a depth of seventy-two
feet, ia thirty degrees above the boiling
point. Water and atones are thrown at
interval* from thia geyser to"h height of
100 feet.
No grain of any kind eah l>e raised in
Iceland, bnt vegetables can be cultiva
ted, and fish and birds 'are abundant..
Forest* formerly abounded, but now
the island is almost destitute of trees,
and the want of fnel is severely felL
The islanders are of the Scandinavian
race, and are by ao means lacking in
intellectual capacity. Althongh there
are but few educational institutions,
domestic education is universal, ana
the people are intelligent. Manv of tlie
most valuable works of Knglisfi litera
ture have been translated into tho na
tive tongue, and are read nnd appreci
ated by the common people. All the
inhabitant* believe the doctrine* of the
Reformation in their primitive sim
plicity, and tho majority of them are
Lutherans in profession. In short, the
Icelanders are a* prosperous a* could
be expected of any people living in
such a barren conutry, and deserve s
national festival.
In a new work on consumption, by
Dr. Henry MacCormac, of London, the
theory i* maintained that consumption,
or tubercular disease, is caused solely
by breathing air which ha* already
been breathed, either by animals or
human beings. The hourly elimination
of carbonic acid by the Inngs, amounts
to ten or twelve hundred culiie inches,
and if the air ia already contaminated
with that gas and witfi other organic
effete substances, it* power to remove
these from the body is seriously in
jured, and the detritus of degeneration
being retained, becomes tubercle.
After reviewing the death-rate* of
different capitals, the doctor concludes
that the prevalence of consumption in
Vienna may be traced directly to tho
use of close stoves, doubly-glazed and
padded windows, which are never open
ed, and consequently to living in
chambers which are never ventilated.
The caae is the same in Bt. Petersburgh,
where ont of an annual mortality of
5,000, 1,900 die from consumption. In
this capital doable doors and windows,
c i-ry interstice being carefully closed
witli wadded cloth, or violoh, exclude
the currents of air, and along with the
close stove, reader (tagnant the Htiuted
breath-fouled atmosphere, effectively
hindering its replacement from with
out, and, in fine, entailing the direfnl
scourge of tnbercnlar disease, from
whioh no OIMS or oondition of ths com
munity ia exempt,
The Vl'klpplng-PwL
l*ul.ltc riuKglus ul tor ( tela at Saw
('•alt*, (HI.
Four New York aud Philadelphia
burglars at New Castle, Delaware, re
ceived the following sentence: SSOO
fine, tho coat# of prosecution, one hour
iu the pillory, forty luhoa, aud ten
! year* imprisonment. When the whip
i ping took place much excitement en
sued. A correspondent describee the
j scene a* follows: The law requires a
public whipping, but makes the narrow
jail-yard the place. The pout, a anb-
I stan'tial piece of oak, aix inches mpiare,
rises in the middle of the yard about
eight feet Upon it is built a platform
; five feet square, and risiug from this ia
a pillory with accommodation* for two
neck* and L.ur wrist*. Thia is a i>erma
uent structure. A dispatch from Phila
delphia had announced that from GOOto
1,300 roughs, armed and intent upon
releasing tho men from the whipping
post, would arrive at New Castle, aud
much excitement ensued, but tho relief
party did not come. Hopo aud Carter,
two of the men to be whipped, were
brought forth. They reached the pil
lory platform by a ladder, aud a deputy
sheriff opened the jaw* of tho pillory.
; Carter's head fittod tho groove, but
Hope's neck waa too short, and the up
: per segment waa left loose ou hi* *ide
of the post. The pillory is not adjusta
ble. If a man i* not long enough, he
trotehe*; if he ia too long, he stoops.
I Hope had the beat of it. When the
up|er bar hurt htm, he lifted it with
one of his loosely confined hands and
set it over upon his back somewhat.
The other man waa looked up tight.
When the hour was over and the men
were removed to make way for tlie oth
er couple, Hope said to the crowd a* he
passed through to hi* cell, "I reckon
you're satisfied uow." "No," wa* Uie
chuckling taunt, "we shan't be satisfied
till just about one hour fiorn now."
Hope shivered, and passed in to wait
one hour for his whipping. Roth men
had been well dressed. But wheu Law
lor and Hulburt, the other two, came
out it was in the glory of standing col
bus aud kid gloria. They ascended
tlie ladder laughing, and one of them
made acme sportive inquiry as to "how
the old thing worked."
After standing in the pillory for an
hour, the whipping took place. The
first man. Carter, was brought out,
made fast f the poat by iron clamp*,
and stripped to the waist. The aherifl
addressed a few remarks to the crowd,
snd ordered * few ambitions apeotstor*
to " comedowu off them gate*." Then
he advaneed, displaying his *' cat.
The eat had a handle a foot long, and
nine rolled leather lashes, three feet
long aud aa thick as a lead pencil.
Those lashea are solid and hard as iron.
They do not break the akin at first, bnt
bruise it and bring ont great blue and
red blisters of extravaaatcd blood. A
backward swing of the arm, then a for
ward stroke, and the nine are laid deli
cately. almost gently, on the burglar's
broad back. The sheriff ia evidently
an expert The 1 ashes *wmg. First
nine rid *tri|os. With the next blow
these *re turned to blue; thn conic
nil and blue alternately, as regularly
and accurately the stn|>es ascend from
the waist up while Uie deputy sheriff
counts twenty. Then the whole back
ia inflamed, said tlie theriff goes over it
again. The akin begins to butble ami
blister, and the burglar winces with
each new stroke. " Forty," says the
depntv. Big Frank ia removed,
his 00at looaely thrown over hia
A surgeon present volunteers tho in
formation that though a back mav seem
to stand it pretty well, the heavy leather
cylinders bruise severely. " Before
night," said he, " those back* will be
terribly swollen. They'll fester, too,
and be* sore for a week.
The next mau brought ont was Hope,
and the people looked on while the
forty blows hronglit blood. N*xt came
Lawlor, and then Hurlbnrt, Five min
ute* di the whole business. Tlie men
took their flogging quietly. They suf
fered severely bnt made no complaint.
Their backs "were a shockng; sight to
look upon.
(•old and Sllier.
The public niind ia specially in
terested just at present in regard to
gold aud silver coin, and the possible
reanmption of "specie payments.''
Many of na have almost forgotten the
times when dollars, half and quarter
dollars, with smaller silver 00UL and
possibly a sprinkling of gold nieces
jingled in our parses -those ola-foali
ioned purser, which, being no fit recep
tacle for greenbacks and paper currency,
arc, perchance, laid away in sonic nn
requented drawer, nnd may yet prove,
useful. "In view of this subject —as
lecturers snd clergymen are accustomed
to say—a few items, taken in substance
from the annual report of the Director
of the Mint for tho fiscal year ending
with June last, may not be uninterest
ing to onr renders. Tlie amount of
gold and silver deposits and purchases,
coins struck and stamped, and bars
manufactured during the year was as
follows : Gold deposited, $.V.,R37.423.,
45 ; silver deposited, 812,-307,380.43 ;
total amount received and acted on,
$72,244,818.88. Deducting deposits
made and issued by one institution and
deposited with another, the deposits
were, gold, $57,704,385.88; silver, $3,-
145,328.43; total, $<W,840,714.31. The ,
total nnml>er of gold nad silver pieces
coined waa 32,523,670. having a total
value of $38,689,183. Tho value of bars
of fine gold and silver mnnufaetured,
and of imported gold and silver,amount
ed to $27,517,530.61. Borne idea of the
increase of ojieratioua may be obtained
by tho statement that the coinage of
gold during the month of Oetol>er ap
proximatod in value $14,000,000, the
coin, except a* to the Pacific coast |
States and Territories, being, as a
general thing, in the Treasury and
banks. From the moat reliable data j
obtainable at tlie present time, the gold
coin now in the country ia estimated at
$135,000,000, and subsidiary silver,
$5,000,000 ; total, $140,000,000. The
silver coin is principally in circulation j
in California, Oregon, Nevada, Idaho, j
Arizona, nnd Texas. Of the coin now
in the Treasury, about $5,000,000 will |
need to be renovated. A much greater
loss result#, in process of time, from
natural abrasion than would be gene
rally supposed ; and when a large num
ber of pieces are ao worn as to be below
the prescribed standard, it is necessary
that there ahonld be a recoinage. It ia
stated that there ha* not been a re
coinage of gold in this country since
that which followed the change of
standard in 1834, and that in the very
large exports of coin since the suspen
sion of specie payment* in 1861, the un
worn coin wa* selected for that purpose,
and tho light or worn pieces excluded.
Ia the course of a few months it is
probable that the New Orleans Mint
will be in n oondition forooinage opera
tions ; nnd the new mint edifice which
has been for some time past in' the
coarse of construction at Ban Francisco
is nearly completed. It is now being
fitted up with the necessary machinery
and apparatus, and, it is expected, will
be finished hy July, 1874. It is a large
building—though none too large for its
purpose—and will doubtless be one of
the Rest appointed mints in the world.
Troubles are like dogs; the smeller
they are the more they annoy yon,
( hrtotiuan Is Coming.
Christmas is coming, it is almost
j licro; aud iu tho general rejoiciug we
fail to retueatber that winter is sadly
wearing a shroud for the dying year,
even oliile her miooeeaor, roaplcndent
in aatiu aud pearls, gaily prepares s
queenly trosaeau for the grand " coro
nation '* that is soon to take place. Al
ready her heralds are upproaching; gal
laut kuighU, decked in full arni'ir,
Waring their lady's favors; aud the
brilliant cavalcade heedlea* of cere
mony, hardly pause* with proper re
spect until the funeral cortege of the
" old year" pansr* by, waving a aad
farewell from sombre nail aud drooping
plume. L'gb ! how tlie winds whistle
and shriek their jubilant medley: rising
at first in furions gusts, ami clarion
blasts, anon, dying away to the plain
tive moaning of .YSoliau harps; lite in
visible chorus *ounded by angel fingei s.
See the tiny " snow elves" in their
gossamer array ? What mad revels
they are having at the banquet of the
storm king; flitting " hither aud yon "
in their wild dances through the air.
While their brilliant oomimuiona.spark
ling "froat fairies," in their diamond
fringed robe*, wink and blink at ua
from every wiudow-pane: as much aa to
say, uo time fur sorrow and tears now,
happiness reigns supreme.
Christmas is coming ! Now little eyes
sparkle and little faces grow radiant
over possible to morrows, in which hol
iday featiyiliee are toaliine preeminent!
And childish hands; how often they
turn the leave* of the old *1 manse.reck
oning np the number of d*ya before the
25th, to see if they have not made a
mistake in counting. No problem in
mathematics ever interrated them so
before; if only they could apply the
rule of subtraction to the boars,thereby
lessening the time, how happy they
would be. What magnificent pictures
imagination nnvaila and holds np to
their admiring gaze' Much glowing
visions of holly wreathed churches, and
invisible choirs chanting the Te Jirum
" Peace ou earth and good will .toward
men." Bach ahimug glimpses of
Christmas arches, and bolliantly illu
minated tree* decked with ooatlv pres
ent*. Bu*h sweet echoes from the feet
of " tiny reindeer," prancing over the
root to the chime of •'silver bells,"
while good old •'Santa Diana" glide*
down the chimney, and fills expectant
stocking* full to overflowing.
Alladiu's palace or fairy gTotto with
iu enchanted ground*, never looked ao
attractive to young eyes aa thia coming
Christmas. No exile npon Iwrren
strand, or desolate island, ever longed
more for sight of home and friends,
than young hearta long to-day for this
" good time coming." HeaTen grant it
may soon come to them, replete with
unlimited happiness. May it visit the
cottage as well aa the mansion; and oh,
mav it be only " one of many " blessed
holidays, that shall keep life bright,
until "earthly glory palea before the
magnificence of Heavenly joym,awaiting
them in that " golden city " beyond the
" gates ajar."
A Hero of tbr Southwest.
Horace P. Jones ia a notable charac
ter in the Southwest. Ho i* at present
official interpreter at Fort Bill.
Through him the officers of the Govern
ment at that post hold in'ercourae with
the wild tribes of the plains. Perhaps
no mau bring has a more thorough
knowledge of the language of the Com
anche* than ia possessed by Mr. Jonoa.
Mr. Jones wa# present at the massacre
at Old Fort Cobb, in 1361, where he
made a verynarroweaeape from sharing
tlie fate of many other* who bled on
that occasion.
During these troublous tunes Mr.
Jones passed through some terrible
experience*. On one occasion he found
himself suddenly surrounded by a band
of acme twenty-five aavagea, with lev
eled rifles aimed directly at him. The
night waa dark and gloomy. There wa*
but an instant for thought, and that in
stant was improved by the imperilled
hero to extricate himself from hi# per
ilous position. Quick aa thought he
dropped npon tlie grass among the
brushwood, snd propelled himself ser
pent-like under the bnahe*. This ac
tion for a moment disconcerted his
would-be murderer*, and. taking ad
vantage of the confusion, he managed
to crawl under the brush until the op
portunity to rise presented itaelf, when,
suddenly springing to hia feet with the
swiftueaa of an alarmed deer, he fled,
and sneoeeded in eluding pnrsuit. On
another occasion lj was pursued by
fonr well-armed Indiana. The chances
of eacajie seemed small, bnt Jonea nev
er wa* known to lose hia presence of
mind in the face of danger. Taking his
chances, ho received a round from his
pursuer* without harm, and then shot
oue, reached a ravine skirted by timber,
and soon the only live Indian of the
partv was on hia way back te disclose to
the Band to which he belouged the fate
of his throe comrade*.
Cash Instead of Credit.
If the lesson oonld be permanently
learned that the cash system is better
than the credit system, all the suffering
entailed by this monetary crisis would
not be a dear price to pay for it
People who buy for cash always buy
cheaper than those who bny on credit.
They bny, too, more closely, and select
more carefully.
Purchases which are paid for when
they are made are limited more exactly
to the purchaser's wants. There ia
nothing like having to count the money
right out when the article ia bonght to
make people economical. The amount
of indebtedness incurred ia not much
considered when the pay-day is afar off.
Persona who do all their bnaineaa on
a cash basis kuow just where they stand
and what they can afford. Conaeqnently
they never nnd after-occasion for re
gretting, in a turn of times, that they
have indulged in thia luxury or that,
which they would have foregone had
they seen what waa coming.
Ileal want* are few and can be grati
fied for cash. At all events, thev ahonld
always be limited to what can be paid
for in cash.
How mnch of anxiety, how many
sleepless hours, haw many heart-burn
ing*, disappointment*, and regret*
would be avoided if this rule were
always strictly adhered to.
The Cause of Fevers.
Dr. Littlejohn, Medical Officer of
Edinburgh, in a recent report, gives it
as his opinioa that typhus fever a the
result of overcrowding, ana typhoid
fever tlie effect of sewer gases. The
former, therefore, is common in the
dwellings of the poor.while the latter ia
found in houses of a better description,
where there are pipes communicating
with an external drain. In tlie case of
the vory poor, whose houses are de
ficient in drainage arrangements,
typhoid fever is rarely seen. Prac
tically, Dr. Littlejohn has failed to
detect any bat! effects resulting from
the use by cows of grass grown on sow
age meadows. All the cows fed on
sewage-grown grass find their way to
the slaughter-houses, where they are
examined by Dr. Littlejohn and a
stafi of inspectors, who find that those
appearances which are met with in
diseased meat are not more frequent in
those animals than in others. Sewage
grass is, so far as his observations
gone, unobjectionable m food for
Torni: &2.00 a Year, in Advance.
A Terrible Txle of the Se*,
A MaaUw t'aflala *•■ (Mr* la bla (iaa-
IMwSar-USts Hrfrary, Ha
•i.anlir■ aw* Mlrai ala Za| of
lbs k'r*w<
The Eden, a ship of over 500 tone
burden, sailed from Loudon on the 15th
of October last, boned for Valparaiso.
Hho was loaded with 150 ton* of gun
powder, and-—following the statement
of Uie crew, as pivan in the Liverpool
/lath/ /W-widi a general cargo, in
wbieh a quantity of mate he* con
veniently figured. The ahip waa making
a good passage, and all was going well
Uu she had been almut twenty days
out, when symptom* of insanity began
to appear in the conduct of the captain.
The symptoms rapidly increased in in
tensity, and presently manifested them
selves' in an exceedingly unmistakable
manner. At midnight on the 7th the
crew, sleeping in their berths, ware
aroused by shouting and the shuffling of
feet, aud rushing on deck they found
their captain with loaded firearms in
his hand, gesticulating, raving, and
threatening to shoot the watch. This
was not a pleasant situation, to be at
sea with a captain prone to turn out of
his cabin in the dead of the night with
loaded pistols, and an evident reckless
neaa as to where their contents might
go. But the sailors seemed to have
taken the matter very coolly, and
soothing the madman in their kind but
very clnmsy manner, they induoed him
to turn-in again, he promising, like a
child who had been naughty, to " go to
aleep" and not make any freak dis
Half an hoar passed away, the ahip
meanwhile pursuing her course over
the darkened aea, and the aailura all
asleep again save the watch. Suddenly
there was another alarm, and the crew
crowded again on deck to Snd a sight
more startling even than that ot a mad
man armed with loaded pistols. The
captain had, in accordance with hia
promise, gone dowu into his cabin and
fastened his door, bnt so far from "go
ing to sleep" be had set the place on
Are, and, R>oking down through the
skylight, the horrified crew could aee
the flame* through the lurid cloud of
amoke that Ailed the room. With 150
tons of gunpowder in the bold the case
waa plainly one that demanded instant
treatment. The cabin door was shot,
and so tho men dashed in the skylight
nnd tried to get down through that
Bnt this course was found to be im
practicable, and the second mate aud
the carpenter volunteered to go down,
bteak open the cabin door, and secure
the ""■i"'" l who, attll armed to the
teeth, was pacing round the cabin ut
tering shouts of demoniac glee. The
two men succeeded in breaking down
the door, and the second mfte entering
waa shot in the head by the captain,
and retreated, followed by the carpen
ter. The flames were spreading with a
rapidity which presently led to the dis
covery that the captain had carefully
prepared for the fearful scene by soak
ing parte of the vessel in parafine oiL
When the Bailors learned this they gave
up all hope of saving the ahip, and a
move was made for Uie boats. Aa the
longboat waa swung round ready to
drop from the davits the infuriate cap
tain, having now added a bayonet to
his armory, appeared on the deck, and
seeing the preparations for escape,
rushed at the crow gathered aronnd the
1 lioat, fired at the bead of one, and stab
bed another in the shoulder with the
bayonet. A sailor, picking up a hand
spike, smote down the madman's arm,
and the rest rushing upon him he was
overpowered and disarmed. The crew
then got into the boat, and rowing
round to the stern implored the captain
to leap over and join them. Bnt he waa
not going to leave a spectacle which he
bad prepared auch forethought
and trouble, and waving the boat away
lie continued to walk up and down the 1
deck, above which the flames were al
ready beginning to leap.
Should they leave him to the fate he
had designed for them and gloried in ;
for himself ? He was a violent maniae, 1
perhaps beat ont of the way, and, more
over, the gentle wiud that drove the
almost deserted ahipthrough the wave*
waa slowly but surely blowing sheets of
fire over the hold in which were stowed
150 tons of gunpowder and the con
venient "quantity of matches." It
waa a situation iu which men might
well hesitate, and it seems from the ;
story that at first the donbt was decided
against the captain, and the boat's crew
turned their back* upon the ahip, drift-;
ing " towards the Line " with its fcarfnl
cargo and its solitary paaacngcr. Bnt
on second thought* tne sailors decided, j
as is the general habit of English sailors,
to do the thing that wa* right and manly
at whatever coat; and ao they pulled
back, got the raving madman safely into j
the boat, and rowed away in time to 1
vie"w from a safe distance the sudden j
going up skyward of the good ship j
Eden by the explosion of 150 tons of j
gunpowder. At daybreak the lioat had j
the good fortune to be sighted by the ,
Juniata, of Scarborough, bound for j
Rabin, and all were got safely on board, j
The captain of the Eden being atill
raving mad, waa pnt in irons, where he
remained for four days, after which
period he " got an anchor loose," and,
running to the aide of the vessel, leaped
overboard, and, weighted with his irons, !
went straight down in the aea and wa*
never more seen. Aa fo* the crew, they
went on to Bahia, whence they were
sent home in one of the Pacific Com- :
pany'a boats, and arriving in Liverpool
were comfortably lionaod in the Bailors' j
An Ohio (Rant.
A Cleveland paper relates a nnmber
ol anecdote* illustrative of the strength
and size of Abner McDrath, whom it
dub* a giant It appears that Mcnratti
ia " sixty-one years of age, and ia aix
feet seven and" a half inches standing
in hia boots, fairly proportioned in
form, without a poiind of waste flesh.
Ho waa and ia a giant in muscular
strength. Ho has lifted 1,700 pounds
of iron, and a blow with his massive flat
and long arm is ao powerful that on one
occasion, when some twelve or fifteen
Kaiiora went out to hia place to " raiae
a mil as." he thrashed the whole lot and
threw them one by one out of the door
jnat aaone could throw no many babies,
and during that operation he dared not
double his fist for fear his blows might
prove fatal to some of the rowdies. He
formerly carried on the buainesti of a
cooper, and nsed to come to town with
hia loftd of barrels. On one occasion,
while stopping at the " Red Tavern,"
latterly known aa the "Jackson
House," and which is now torn down, a
snob from town, who was out there with
his turnout in the shape of a livery
horae and buggy, got .into a difficulty
with Abe, and having insulted him in
some way or another, Abe resetted it
bylifting the bnggy rightnp and strad
dling it across the fence, and then got
on his wagon and drove off to town,
whistling as though nothing was the
matter, and leaving the luckless wight
to get hia buggy off the fence as beet he
The late Rev. Baron Stow of Boston
said : " Sermons are like guns, long or
short, new or old, bright or rusty, load
ed or empty. Some shoot too high,
some too low. They teach, amuse, or
exasperate, aeeording as they are men-
NO. 52.
The First kteamboat.
mm lk H*< Hl*.* Is ISO*
The first steamboat mi the Hudson
: Hirer pused the city of Hudson on the
' 17tl of August, 1807. In the Jlud*->n
j Iter, a newspaper in that city, the fol
io wing advertisement was published in
, Jane, 1808:
/■br the Information uf the Public.
The Steamboat trill leave New York
I for Albany every Saturday afternoon
< xaotiy at 6 o'clock, and will pass
West Point, about 4 o'clock Sunday
New burgh, 7 o'clock Sunday morning.
I'ougbktM-pnie, 11 o'clock Sunday
Esopus, 2 o'clock in the afternoon.
Itea Hook, 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Caiekiil, 7 o'clock in the evening.
Hudson. 9 o'clock in the evening.
She will leave Albany for New York
every Wednesday morning, exactly at 8
o'clock, and paaa
Hudson, about 8 in the afternoon.
Esopus, 8 in the evening.
Poughkeeptie, 12 at night.
Newbnrgh, 4 Thursday morning.
West Point, 7 Thursday morning.
Aa the time at which the boat may
arrive at the different places above
mentioned ma j vary an hour or more or
Ices, according to the advantage or dis
advantage of wind and tide, tbaae who
wish to oome on board will see the ne
cessity of being on the ppot aa hour be
fore the time. Persons wishing to oome
on board from any other landing thau
those here specified, can calculate the
time the boat will paaa, and be ready on
bar arrival. Innkeepers or boatmen
who bring passengers on board or take
them ashore from any pert of the river
will be allowed one shilling for each
mm or rassaog-rsoH sew rou
To W ftutst *
N.Ci|V ...... .IS
VMOfum M
a*d as
ItuSsoo SS
Altaar ..... T •
To HttAwa -...J • SB
M ltuofc • BO
tmipm* ... I
— * ss
ul Wam Point * OS
X.< tort. 1 S
AO other paaaengare are to pay at tha
rate of $1 for every twenty miles, and a
half dollar for every meal they may est.
Children, from 1 to 5 years ef sge, to
psy one-third price, and sleep with the
persons under whose care they are.
Young persons, from sto 15 years of
see, to psy half mice, provided they
sleep two in a berth, and whole price for
each one who requests to occupy a whole
Servants who pay two-thirds price are
entitled to a berth ; they pay half-price
ii they do not have berth.
Every person paying full price is al
lowed 60 pounds of baggage; if less
il whole priee, 40pounds. They are
to pay at lite rate of i cents a pound for
surplus baggage. Storekeeper* who
wish to carry light and valuable mer
chandize can be accomodated on paying
3 cents a pound.
Passenger* will breakfast before they
oome aboard. Dinner will be served
up exactlv at 1 o'clock; tea, with meats,
which ia also supper, at 8 in the evening,
and breakaast at 9in the morning. No
one has a claim on the steward for
victnato at any other time.
11m War Appropriations.
The Secretary of the F. 8. Navy sent
the following letter to the Speaker of
the House of Representatives, which
baa leen referred to the Oommittee on
"Under the circumstances of the
present emergency I {am compelled to
ask that a -pecial appropriation be
made to eoTer the expenses of putting
the iron-clad and eraiae navy of the
United States ii a condition for imme
diate and active service. I hare taken
measures to put every available iron
and wooden ship of our navy in a con
dition for immediate duty. I hare or
dered all the ships of the various squad
rons within reach to rendezvous at Key
West. I am enlisting men to supply
and fill up the crews of all our reaaela.
I have accumulated materials, pro
vision*, and supplies for their mainte
nance and support, and ordnance and ]
ammunition and all the weapons of
naval warfare for their use.
" The eireamxtanees which hare eon
strained the Department to this un
usual activity ana consequent expendi
ture are known to yon and the count ry.
The fact that they occurred during toe
recess of Congress made it necessary
that I ahonld myself assume the respon
sibility of prompt action, relying upon
the wisdom snd Justios of the people
and their representatives for support
" I bare not sa yet exceeded the ap
propriations for the current year, but
these measures, with the cost of pre
paring, transporting, snd concentrating
everything necessary to carry them out,
have alrrody almost exhausted the
money of the working bureaus of the
departmenta, snd this must be supplied
at once if the work to to so on. The
cost of putting onr iron-cladain service,
s work already undertaken, and, in
some instances, far advanced, will also ,
require a larg- appropriation. The
amount required to reimburse the bu
reaus so aa to carry them through this
year, and also to put all our available
monitors in order, will not lie less than
84,000,000. If our force is to be in
creased, or if the powerful double-tur-J
re ted monitors Miantonomah, Monad
nock, and Puritan are to be put in
condition for usefulness,at least $1,000,-1
000 more will be required."
Catching Turtle.
This is the way catching turtle ia
described: You spy him from afar off
floating in the undulating surface of
the water, sometimes miles from the
shore. Slowly, cautiously your boat
man rows the* skiff to tha turtle ; the
least clumsy splash of an oar would dis
turb his siesta. At last you get behind
him, snd inch by inch you approach
him. Then you stoop well ovor the
t>ow, and turn your turtle. Alicm.
Turn him ? It seems easy enough to
say, " turn him," but how "do you do
it 7 You bead down, leaning for over
the bow of the boat, make both hands
meet under his belly in the water, and
yon lift Mr. Turtle clean out of the
sea and tumble him backwards into
yonr boat It is surprising how light a
turtle is ia the water and what a dead
weight he ia when out of his element
No matter if he does straggle a little
and dash his flippers at yen, the only
thing really to op afraid of is the bar
nacles whioln almost always grow on his
sides snd cat like knives into the arms
aad wrist* when yon hold s two hun
dred pound turtle in your embrace.
A Cat IjjynicTS Fatal Wocxds on A
Child. —At Malival, canton of Viaay,
in France, Madame P. left her infant,
eleven months old, alone in its crib. On
returning to the room in a quarter of
an hour, she heard.cries of pain, and
perceived a cat upon tho orib gnawing
the hand of her child. The animal es
caped by the open window. Not only
part of the infant's hand was lacerated,
but the right cheek and ear were bitten.
The wouuds were of suoh a character
that no hope la entertained of saving
the ohild'a life.
Christina* Trees.
We are all familiar with the conten
tions! Christmas tree, the evergreens
covered with toys, and splendent with
wax estate*, ieicW of glass, soil balls
of glittering raeUL Such are hallowed
bv oor memorise of childhood, of
parents' lova, and of friends perhaps no
more. Many of na, too, are mow or
leas acquainted with the sombre pines,
firs, or spruces, which we adapt to our
winter decorations, bat few ere aware
haw beautiful they appear to their for
est homes.
To be sure, in summer we cannot but
note the contrast between the iWWY
greens of the deciduous trees, with
their light and delicate spray, ami the
darker masses of the coniferous foliage. |
While ordinary trees, aw* ee the df,
the map)*, ana the oak,allow then prin
cipal stems to dissolve, as 14 were, into
branches, the great pine family, ss a
, rule, subordinate the limbs to the main
') trunk, and assume a pyramidal form.
By this habit, and their peculiar fructi
fication, we can always distinguish
them, varied as their different form®
may I**; but it is in winter tint they
are most noticeable, when they form
! the only green ornaments which nature
retains in bar oostnme. They seem to
be given us to order that we may pre
(ww. u our faith Ir. the coming summer,
and that we may not become totally
disheartened by the stormi JL< J™*"
! and isolation. . V_..-
It well repays one,after a snow-atom,
to wander to the woods. It is tk\
that the evergreens may be seen in their
i perfection. To Ihe admiring eye* of
waking childhood the highly ornament
al Christmas tree cannot be more bean
tifaL The skeletons of the maples,
' beeches, and chratouU, new seem
mournful enough; the mom so, per
hep*, from thafset that they still re
tain within their trembling g*wo a
handful of their summer toavee, iiut
now is the holiday of the evergreens.
They wade knee-deep to snow; they
eatob it as it talk, and weave of it the
moat wonderful coronate end garlands.
If we shake hands with some familiar
pine, the crystelued holy water falls
upon us tike e blessing. And how
tasteful is Urn costume of these trees I
Here is one, radiant with diamonds,
defying the imitation of mac: while an
other, near by, is clothed in bridal p*-
I riijr. As the cool brasses rock them
j to end fro they join in egladaome snow
ball frolic, and pelt each other play
folly with the woolly whiteness. Their
outline is distinct against the deer
j blue sky. wtiieh, with their eoneeotra
i lion of folmgit, gives them a 'Certain as
pect of majesty.
The pinro, with their fwilbeiy foli
age; the stately JiemJoeka, with their
. delicate tracery of lesvea; the sombre
juniper*, and the arbor-sotm, all pre
sent different terms of beauty,hot there
are other, humbler plants, used to our
Christmas decorations, upon which it
will be petite to egU. w will meat
the red berry-cluster* of the ilex, look
ing veer preeiaas, where all else seems
dark; the eareeainw * Creeping Jenny"
(a kind of XMM|jbofJ, and tee moun
tain-laurel. tu plaee of the snowy
mareee with which the miter beautifies
the month of Juna. awMßfuady terely
bashes of snow-flower*, the souls of
the departed still liagsnug about their
earthly homes. We will And the
" prince's ptoe" atiU retaining ita
roea. But ail these smaller plants bo
long to the summer ninths, and a# this
season cannot compare with the knight
ly evergreens—'who, ell 100 quickly,
wave us their oourtoous adieu.
The Seeteacv of Marshal Budm.
M. Lack and, the eounse! for Marshal j
L'axuin*. finiahed his address before the
sourt-martiaL He declared that as Mw
Marshal did not surrender to the open
field he was guiltteasof violating artsoto
I 210 of the army code. He said; ** I
deeply aymvathixe with the valiant
soldier overwhelmed by a terrible am
sstion. I fear not death for him. He
is brave sad fears nothing but the lose
i of iris honor for the sake of his wife and
children. I feel moet for France, which
will deplore the loan of a valorous eoi
dier. tour honors, patriotism forbids
that TOO condemn him. Yen know what
political trials are, on the spct on which
posterity has raised a statue to those
executed after such trials."
M. Pouroet replied, demanding that
a terrible example be made, aa a Mason
to the rising generation.
Before the judge* withdrew Baaune
said: " I have two words in my breast,
! honor sad country. I have new been
wanting towards this proud motto dur
> ing forty-two years of service. I swear
Man Christ that I hare not betrayed
After a long deliberation the judges
declared Baaaine guilty of the charges
of the capitulations of Met* and of the
armv in the open field without doing all
that* was prescribed by honor and duty
I to avoid the surrender, and uusnimoaa
ir condemned him to death and to be
epraded from his tank previous to hto|
| execution. . j
After judgment bad been rendered all M
the members of the court signed an ap
peal for mwev, which the Duke d .ram
ale conreyedT in person to President
Baaaine waa greatly agitated when he
heard the decision of the court.
The decision of President MacMahon,
of Franco, in the oase of Basaine to an
uounoed. The sentence of death;";
against the Marshal to commuted to
t went v Teat*' seclusion. He is to bear
the effects of degradation from rank,
but will be spared the humiliating cere-
Marshal Basaine addresaed a letter to
his counsel, thanking them for their
efforts in his behalf, and concluding as
I *UaU not sppmisretml the eeoteoce twt
miliar to urotooß u to* *** of the world the of 'uch a pawfulhtrofrta. I request
,'m to take no farther p* 1 look no longer
io men for Itrfgwrot. Strong aw en
-cnce which rsproaetisa me with nattontjt
. . .ufl lenUy await the jaeUflcanan which will
com. with the tap* of time end toe enbekksM*
of party |<aeKma.
The Conservative press generally ap
prove of the commutation of the
sentence. The AScote saya it will create
a painful feeling of surprise in the
country. •
Rheumatism, Jm
A correspondent in the Knglith .a
dtamc gives the following remedy m J
curing rheumatic gout, of which he hm.
long been a sufferer. He insulated fbt
bedstead from the floor, by placing Un
derneath each post a broken-off bottom
of a glass bottle. He says the effect
wsa magical, that he had not been free
from rheumatic gout for fifteen years,
and that he began to improve imme
diately after the application pf the in
sulators. We are reminded, by this
paragraph from our English contempo
rary, of a patent obtained through this
office for a physician some twelve or
more years ago, which created consid
erable interest at the time. The patent
consisted in placing glass cups under
the bedposts in a similar manner to
above. The patenteed aimed hjma
effected some reraaiMHma|Jfl
use of his glass
not heard from
cannot vo u c
bat it is
harm can ar^PIF d A
hope some 4$ o *.
the result tf> .<r jt
, ,1
Dr. Msddox, an English physician
and microsoQ|ußt, claims to have dis
covered in the flesh of home-grown beef
sad mutton an ngly little parasite, to
which, owing to certain peculiarities of
growth, he has given the name of
Cy*ticrcua ovipareru. As this new
entoxoon is said to be as dangerous as
the much-dreaded trioeini spiralis, it
becomes a question whether the world
will not become vegetarians without the
aid of Graham and his disciples. In- j
deed, it has already become a question
of wonder how our meat-eating ances
tors ever lived at all! To those whose
tastes are beyond reform, and who will
eat meat "whether or no," the sugges
tion is offered that there is a aura safe
guard in the thorough cooking of theix
steaks, chops and rousts.