The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, November 20, 1873, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    The Crlrksts.
Hf% 1A0 minstrels St the *UiiJ year.
la gsnUe concert pip#!
Piys MJ# warn noon#; lb# maUs* ksrrssi sssix
Tb# #pi I## ilri'pjnng hp# ;
Th# l#np#r#! snnshins, mi tb# soften#.!
Tb# trill of louelj bird;
Tb# ##<l. sweet bush ou Nature's gls.lnsss laid
Ths sounds through silence heard'
Pip# tenderly th# passing of th# war;
Th# snmwrrV l*if reprieve;
Tit# dry husk met Imp round tli# yellow ear.
Th# obifl #f dawn and •*#!
Pip# th# nntrv>nled trouble of the year.
Pipe low and pain Sees pain ;
Pip# your unceasing melancholy chesr;
Tltc y#ar is ou th# wane
The Sweet Bet raj a! •
My darling tnes with all her art
To hide young Lot# within Iter heart,
But, prisoned in that tender nest.
He frets and frets, and will not :vt;
Ami soon the littl# rogue 1 spy
At play within her laughing eve
Mr darling tries with all her skill
To bind young Love unto her with
Rut work such witchcraft as she may.
Tli# pretty rebel hath hi# way
He deck* her cheeks with blushes rare,
And lingers ut tbe dimples iitsrs .
In glance mfc blush and smile 1 spy
All that 'jjy i ot a would fain deny.
Going over for a rix months' viail to
England, cue of the first thing# I prom
ised myself ou lauding was to sec St.
Paul's; and vet it's a singular fact, that
up to the very end of my sojourn there,
I had never been inside the great ca
I felt it impassible to go back and
face my relations and frieads, if I
couldn't r%y thai I\i seen Si Paul's;
and T made half-a-dozen plans, at vari
ous times, of paying it a visit. But first
owe thing intervened, and then another,
till my last day in England had oome,
my pilgrimag- unperformed. This last
day, however, 1 had kept dear of en
gagements, ou purpose to see the place.
But before I was ont of bed in th#
morning, I had a telegram of import
ance, which took me off post-haste to
the eastern ocnnties; and it was past
eight o'ehyck in tho evening before I
reached the Shcreditch station, ou my
return, journey.
N'ow, I was"bound to start early next
•".oraing, to reach Liverpool in time for
the steamer, and it thns seemed as if it
were my fate to miss my last chance of
entering St. Paul's. Still, I waa deter
mined uct to throw away a chance. It
might be that the cathedral was still
open; and I picked ont a fast-looking
horse from the row of hansoms, and bade
the driver put me down in the shortest
nrvssfl'fe time at the comer of St. Paul's
cu arch-yard.
As I descended from the cab, and
stood on the edge of the pavement look
ing up at the giant balk of the dome,
the clock struck nine. The sun had set;
but high overhead the golden ball and
urosa stood out against the sky, still
burnished by the evening glow. All the
lower part of the building was in deep
shadow, rendered still darker by the
thick coating of soot that encased it;
but the upoer portion, towering clear of
houses ana chimneys, and swept and
sweetened by the winds and rains,
caught a gleam of brightness from the
clouds above, and raised itself white
and fair into the evening sky.
* The traffic of the day had slackened ;
there were few pedestnuns, and only
an occasional cab rattled by. The big
warehouses had retired from business ;
the shops were shnt; the city seemed
to sleep. St. Paul's, also, was closely
fastened up. It misgave me that all I
should see of it would be the outside.
Bending back my neck, and gazing
upwards at the huge dome, I saw that
about the great golden cross and ball
was a tracery as of cobwebs, and men
like flies were crawling about those
slender filaments. Stout scaffoldings
and thick cables they were, no doubt ;
but from the street they looked like
the delicate fabric of the gossamer
I walked quickly round the church,
hoping to find some doorwav open,
some access to the interior. The iron
gates were all closed, the doors were
fast. Paul's portal# look as inaccessi
ble tnd forbidding as the rocky flank
of a mountain. I w&s determined
to find my way in, if passible; but I
knew not how to set about it. Could I
have come across anything that leoked
like a deanery or sacerdotal residence,
I should have made bold to knock
thereat, and ask the occupiers for the
key, But I could And nothing of the
sort. Even at a bun-shop, which waa
still open, where I inquired as to the
way of getting into the "chnrch, the
people knew DO more about St. Paul's
* than if it bad been a thousand miles
I began to feel despondent about
the matter, but went round the church
once more till I came to the end of the
south transept —the shorter limb of the
crons—and looked vacantly up at the
fine semi-circular portico, with its tall
columns aud flight of steps. All this
time, I never thought of there being
anybody living inside of Ht. Paul's ;
I should as soon have expected to meet
with furnished apartments in the Cata
combs, or a family residence in the
Pyramids. But peering curiously
about, I espied, in the angle formed by
the nave and transept on the western
side, a window, from which came the
faint glerftn of a candle. I stood and
looked between the railings, and saw
that somebody was moving about with
in. There waa a bird-cage in the win
dow ; on the sill outside, some red
flower-pots. Presently, somebody came
to a desk near the window and began tc
write : an old man, with white hair.
If J'would only make him see me, per
hawi£ would take compassion on me,
anJß|no Dnt ll wasn't likely that
see me. Looking from the
ligHHRn into the twilight outside, it
was HffWly possible that he should see
anything. I thought of flinging a peb
ble at the window ; but it was a good
distance off; I might break the glass,
and be taken into custody. I gave a
few shrill whistles, holding my fingers
in my mouth ; bnt it was all of no use.
The old man didn't turn his head.
Once again I had almost given the
thing up, aud gone home ; but just then
the light disappeared from the window,
and all was darkness. Was the old man
off to bed. I wondered, or had he gona
to grope about among the crypts below !
Should T see his light presently twink
ling in those high windows ? Did he
couch in some stone gallery, or find a
resting-place in the golden ball ? Whilst
I was thus speculating, I heard a door
softly closed, a footstep on the stone
staircase, and the iron gate at the bot
tom creaked on its hinges: I sprang
forward, and met a gray-headed old
man with a thin pallid face, who waa
just openisg the iron grille.
With all the eloqueuee of which I am
master, I besought him to do me the
good office of letting me into the sacred
fane. He hesitated, shook his head ;at
last he-relented. " Very well," he said,
" its against rnles ; but I'll let you in,
if you don't mind stopping inside alone
for an hour. It will be that time be
fore I return; and I mnst lock the door
behind me. Do you still wish to go
inside ? "
• I thanked him warmly, and said :
" Certainly, yes." Indeed, I wan de
lighted at the idea of an hour in perfect
stillness and seclusion among the migh
ty columns and arches of St. Paul. I
?:nt under the great dome, which hangs
ike a luminous cloud above, full of
hazy, uncertain shadows, a faint circle
of fight rimming it round, arches and
huge piers encompassing it. From the
west, a subdued crimson glow ; east
wards, the choir, dark and sombre ; the
windows of the apse showing as gray
luminous patches, the altar glooming
in the distance like some funeral cata
falque. White figures gleaming here
end there in shadowy recesses, marbls
warriors, heroes, statesmen.
• Under the dome, in the great open
space, was a vast crowd of chairs—
wooden rush-bottomed chairs, lashed
together in n,w, > looking towards the
Kl' I!TZ, I&titor and 1 'roprietor.
east. Choosing otto of the most control
of I sat ilowti, and Begun to
dream, peopling this wide area with a
vast invtsib.e congregation.
In soft, long-drawn cadence, the bell
of Paul's struck ont the hour of teu.
I had been in the place uearlv an hour.
I felt chilled aud numb. Fuoagh of
dreams. Let me walk briskly up and
down, and thiuk of the busy scenes ,
awaiting me: the rapid flight over con
tinent# and seas ; the wanderer's return;
the warm, glad welcome ; wife and chil
dren lidding ont eagr anus,
I paced rapidly up aud down an
avenue between the chair*. I had stcti
enough ; 1 was anxious to be released,
to get away from the world of alia-low#
iato the living world outside. For a j
moment, 1 stood ill what seemed to la
the very centre of the dome, and looked
upward. A faiu circle of light marked
tlie apex of tho scaring vault, aud just
above my head I saw—tuy eyes beiug
now accustomed to this half-light—l j
saw, I sav, a roje hanging down from
the vast height above.
Then I remember the spider-webs 1
had seen outside about the hall and
cross. Ami as 1 stood, and looked, and
listened, 1 heard faint sounds of ham
mering and kuocking. Men were at
work, hundred* of foot above ; a light
shone here and there, twinkling like
a star.
In year* gone by, I used to be a fa
mous gymnast, and the sight of the
rope hangiug just above my head, put
me in uiiud of my aucient prowess. I
was heavier now, my muscles elastic ;
still, there was some salt of youth in
me. How many times, I wondered,
could I, hanging to that rope, draw my
chin up to my knuckles ?
The rope was just out of reach, but I
leapt up and caught it—once, twice, •
thrice. I felt a kiud of emulation with
mv old self ; I wanted to persuade my
self that I had not lost much of my
former prowess; and so I weut on draw- ,
ing myself np aud letting myself down,
not touching the ground, till I grew
tired. Then I stretched myself out,
expecting just to reach the pavement
with my toes. But I couldn't reach it.
Casting a glauee below me, I saw with
horror that the flooring had vanished
from under me. I was swinging sus
pended by my hands high np in the
Perhaps, if I had dropped at tkat mo
ment, I might have escaped with only a
serious shaking; bat I hesitated, and
was lost. Slowly and steadily, the rope
was being wound up. I shut mv eves.
Surely this was a hideous delusion,
that unother moment would dispel. But
no; as I looked down, the floor below
was almost lost to my sight. There I
swung, a tiny human speck, half-way
between heaven and earth. I conldu t
hope to hang on muck longer. Mv
muscles were wearied with the task 1
had given them. I made a desperate
effort to raise myself handover band, so
that I might grasp the rope with my j
feet also; but it was impossible: I could
not do it. Even the desperate energy
of self-preservation could extract 110
more force from my muscles; 1 could
only hold on.
I was now on a level with the plinth
that surmounts the great arches of the
dome; the gilded (jrmind-work of a new
fresco in the spandrel casta sort of glow
upon me, the colossal figures seemed to
mock my agony. I must be half-way
up now, and for the moment a ray of •
hope shone in upon me that I conld
hold on to tlie end. But, to my des- <
pair, I now uv that the seeming dome
was a false one, above which rose the
veritable conical roof, another hundred
feet or more; and that through a vast
round orifice in the sham dome, the
rope was to aseend to the uppermost
peak of the roof. In that moment oi
torture, I recognized my fate as inevi
table. I might prolong my agony for
a few seconds; my muscles are involun
tarily relaxing; my grasp would fail; in
another minute at furthest I must fall,
to be dashed to pieces on the adaman- .
tine floor below.
A thousand confused thoughts whirl
ed through my brain, like the smoke
and sparks of an approaching conflagra
tion ; but especially clear in my mind's
eye I saw—l did not think, but saw this
vision—the picture of my far-off home,
the rolling plains of grass, the herds
and flocks, a galloping horseman—there
was my home. Mv wife stood in the
portico, shading her eyes with her
bands; the children were clustering
about her; there was news of father
coming—perhaps father himself. It J
was bitter to die thus.
.My limbs relaxed; my senseß almost
deserted me; a merciful oblivion, the
intoxication of despair, stole aver me;
voices, I thought, were calling—perhaps
a delusion of my failing senses—l was
slipping, slipping, and I fell.
" How do yon feel now ?" I heard a
voice say, close to my ear. Was it pos
sible—was I still alive ? Yes ;my <
brain was yt conscious. But the
frame ? Shattered, no doubt, a mere
human wreck, to which life would be a
mockery. I only dared to use my
eyes. Any other muscular exertion i
might bring on torments to which I i
then insensible; and yet I hail no feel
ing of pain ; perhaps some merciful
paralysis had cut me off from torture.
An old man was bending over roe
the same who had admitted me. H j
had a wine-glass in his hands, with
some liqnor in it; a candle bnrned by
bis side, forming a little chamber of
light about us.
"Am I knocked all to pieces?" I
" I don't think so, sir : I don'i think j
you're hurt a bit. Bless yon! you
ditln t fall more than three feet"
I stretched out my arma ; they wen
whole ; mv legs—they were sound and
unhurt. What a happiness to be alive,
after seeing death inevitable !
" Hew is this ?" I cried, sitting up,
and looking about me. " I thought 1
was carried np into tlie dome ?"
"And so you were. You'd have been a !
dead man by this, but just in the nick
of time I came back. I don't suppose
I would have noticed you, for tho light
was pretty nearly (tone ; but I caught
sight of you against the gilding, and
then you gave a sort of moan ; and says
I—There's death here, if 1 can't think
of something all of a minute. And then
I recollected that I'd heard the work
men chaps whistle three times, like
this, when they wanted the rope low
ered ; and I piped away, and then the
rope stopped, and began to come down.
I shouted to you to hold on and keep
: your heart up ; but 1 don't tbink vou
heard me, for when your face came in
sight it was white, like death, and yonr
i eves closed—but yon still holding on,
, till, as I say, yon come within three feet
' of the floor! and then you gave a quiver
and fell; and I caught you in my arms,
for you were in a dead faint. But what
were yon about, to let them draw you
up like that f"
Then I told him of my gymnastic
" Oh, then, I suspect you shook the
rope. That's the sigual to pull up,
and up they pulled, and never knew
what sort of a load they were
pulling np. Tlie men are working
double shifts now, and in a hurry to
get finished."
When I left St. Paul's, I felt weak
and aerveless, as if I bad just gone
through a long illness. I couldn't start
next morning, I waa zo upset; and I
have written this account of what hap
pened to me, as a sort of ontlet to my
fooling# ; for 1 don't think 1 shall talk
much about St. Paul's whoa i got
The Mns'arat as a Ma.ou.
As soon aa the first frosts aro folt, the
muskrat soloota a mud bar, or s|Mit
whoro tho bushos grow iu tho winter,
often uoar ltlios—a# th# root of this
plant is a favorito article of food with
them and proceed to lav a fouudatiou
for their house. Iu tho flr*t place they
gnaw off at tho water's edge a quantity
iof twaurso gra*stwi, rushes and small
hushes. Gathering this between the
chin and fore paw, as if carrying the
material iu their arm*. they push it be
fore them w here they iuteud using it. The
place where they have harvested their
grass and rushes looks as if some one
hsd mowed it with a scythe. After the
muskrats have brought together mate
rial euough to make a selid foundation,
ind have raised the structure to the
water's edge, they diTe below aud tuuuel
underneath it, comiug up through the
middle of the mass. The work is then
' carried on from the inside ; mud, de
cayed vegetation, moss, and other •ma
terial, is carried through this tunnel
and pushed out from the inside until it
is raised to the right height aud rooled
over ; or as Wkittier poetically describes
•• Tli# mu*krst plied the masswi s trade.
And uer by tier lus mud waits laid."
Inside this hillock a small chamber
about a foot in diameter is left, aud
here, with solid, compact walls, some
times two feet thick, the muskrats have
their winter quarters.
Their tunuels give them access to
the water when the brook is frozen over.
In the winter a rap on this nest will
bring one or more of its inmates out,
,-iud vou will see them scatter awav on
the Wttoinof the bok. picking their
way among the stones and niota, leaving
wherever they go, if the brook is frozen
over, a line of bubble# under the ice.
When an open space is reached the
creature gently rises to the water's sur
face, and just putting the tioae and one
eye above water, takes an observation
and a breath of fresh air at the same
time, but instantly dives again.
These nests varv in size, and look
unite rough when first built and until
the suow and rain smooths th#m off. If
; the nest is broken open they immedi- i
ately begin repairs, working from the
inside. When the meadows and brooks
are frozen over, the nests appear as if
built on the ice, and sometimes, in the
late winter or spring freshets, the upper
part of the nest is lifted up and moved,
which would naturally confirm this im
pression ; hut upon examination it will
be found that the foundation always
rests en the solid ground below.
Last fall the muskrats, moved by
some freak bnilt a nest iu the boat
honae at Puakapog pond, after the boat
was housed for the season. The foun
dation #f the nest rested partly on the
floer of Jhe house, which, owing to the
high water, was submerged ; and as the
boat was nbt raised in the house, the
space between it and the floor served
tlie same pnrpese as the tunnel tliev,
'under ordinary circumstances, would
make. All the flshipg tackle, and
everything they could manage, was
drawn together to help form their struc
ture. When the house was opened in ,
the spring the nest was fonnd. It was
estimated that in building it about five
bushels of material kail been brought
in. Tho tenants were loth to leave their
comfortable quarters, returning again
and again as the work of removing the
material went ou.
The New York City Labor Market.
The New York World, in a review of
the labor market and the progreasive
shrinkage of values, says;
The Typographical Union will nse its
influence to persuade all employers
throughout the city not to discharge
their operatives, but rather to reduce
the wages of all, or pat them on short
time. This plan, they think, would
prevent ranch suffering which can in no i
other way be avoided. The same men •
will advise all their confreres to assist
the employers by willingly working a
little longer for " the old wage# or ac
cept a reduction of pay. Th:a is no >
time, they think, for employers and em- ,
ployed to bo at war. The panic is a ca
lamity to all, the rich as well as the
poor, and they contend that all ought
to help one another to weather it
The coopers are the only
on strike at the present time. A large
number of that very numerous class
have taken exception to tho conrso pur
sued by the firm of Havemeyer A Ehler,
aad arc trying to make them yield to
the demands of the workingmen by
uniting on a strike. Thns far the firm
have stood their ground, keeping their
shop in working order by importing
coopers from the country.
About 200 parasol-makers, girls, are
at present idle in consequence of a
strike. The cmpltyers recently reduced
the prices from 7 and 11 cents apiece to
; 3 and 10 cents.
At one book printing company and
binding establishment in Williamsburg,
the largest iu the vicinity of New York,
the operatives have been put on nine
hours' time. In the various job offices
the expenses of running have been cut
! down to the lowest.
The going ont of October brought
round the old festival of Hallow-ten,
which was observed in many places in
{ Great Britain, as well as in some few
old-fashioned parts of this country and
Canada. It is a festival of apples and
nuts, both appropuiato emblems of the
russet time of year. Apples are placed
in tubs of water and " bobbed " for by
! aquatic boys. The girls melt lead
through the wards of door keys to find
of what initial it will take the form,
and so give them a clue to the "coming
man's " name. Or they place nuts on
the fire and predict from the starting of
them wonderful things connected with
the constancy of lovers. Witches, clad
in the livery of Beelzebub, are supposed
to ride throngh the air on fiery, untam
ed broomsticks. These " modern in
stances," the telegraph wires, mnst be
terrible impediments to the poor hags
in their noctural eqnitalion. Hallow-
Eon is followed by All Bainta' Day and
I All Souls.
Dreadful Butchery.
The other morning, relates a Louis
ville paper, a lady sent her daughter to
the butcher's for a piece of veal. She
got it, and laid it away until near noon,
when she discovered that it was taint
ed. Indignant at the butcher, the old
lady donned her bonnet and went to his
shop to give him a blessing. She made
her complaint, when the butcher, cool
as a encumber, went-to his ice-chest
and took out port of a leg of mutton,
and told her to smell of that. She did
so, and pronounced it good meat. With
a triumphant air the batcher said,
" Now, madam, the veal your daughter
got came right off that piece; upon my
honor it did; and if it ain't good, it
spoilt since it went from my place."
The old lady seemed satiufled and left,
but wa# somewhat nonplnsned when her
daughter asked her if that butcher made
her believe that ha oould cut a piece of
real from a leg of mutton. She don't
•end to that butcher far veal now, but
[ goes t® another shop.
A Colorado Desperado.
Our readers are familiar with the
facts connected with the bold attempt
of one Major (J. \V. Graham to roh the
United Hates Paymaster -tear Hugo, or
Uiver Bend, Colorado. This Iwild man,
Mingle handed, stopped the ambulance
and shot at the paymaster and the armed
escort, but was immediately shot down
ami captured. H# subsequently made
his escape to tie re-captured. Graham
i* desenlied by a Western paper as a per
fect gentleman in appearance, and has
always associated with gentlemen.
There ia nothing of bravado iu his man
ner or language. He seemed to l<c rath
er a man of bad deeds than words. He
entered the U. 8. army iu 1861, at the
age of nineteen, and nerved until 18i0,
having passed through all the interme
diate grade* from a private of volun
teer* to captaincy and lieutenant Col
onelcy by brevet In the regular army.
He has lieeu wounded several times
and i* credited with gallantry and brave
ry on all oeeasioua. He entered the
army from New York, lie wa* noted as
an Indian fighter.
Graham having attained an enviable
reputation as one of the bravest and
best officer* in the United State* army,
suddenly fall* and lose* all hi* hard won
laurels, lie stated to a rejnirter that on
account of his political proclivities lie
was persecuted and made the victim of
intrigue. He was dismissed the United
States service in 1870, and from that
time his downward #*reer has been
ateudv and rapid. 11# is well known to
the habitue* :>f the sporting houses of
Kansas City, Leavenworth and Denver,
bat until "this mad attack upon the
United States paymaster, near Hiver
Bend, upou the Kansas Pacific Rail
road, he has never been known to com
mit a criminal actiou.
Should he recover from his wounds
received in his attack ujxin the soldier*
he will be placed upon trial for highway
robbery, and will no doubt be convict
ed, a# lie cannot aud will not pretend to
deny his identity. Hi# punishment will
tie a matter for the courts of Colorado
to determine. Graham i# certainly one
of the bravest and most reckless men
living. ___
Indian* Spearing Salmon.
It is astonishing to see how tlie
Ralmou crowd the rivers of northern
California and Oregon, at the spawning
season. The Indians then gather from
a considerable distance, to spear and
trap fisli, which they dry for
winter uae; and you will see at tin*
*e**on many pictun sque l*dion camps
along the river. They set a crotch of
two sticks in a salmon jaiol, and lay a
log from the shore to tin* crotch. Upon
tlii* log tlie Indian walks out, with a
very long spear, t ws-pronged at the end,
and there armed with two bone spear
heads, which are fastened to the shaft
of the spear by very strong cord, usu
ally made of deer*' sinew*. The In
dian stand* very erect and in a rosily
fine attitude, and peer* into the black
pool until his eye catches the silver
sheen of a salmon. Then he darts, and
instantly you see a commotion in the
water as he hauls up toward the surface
a utrugcling twenty-five or thirty pound
fl*h. The bone spear-head*, when they
have |*enctrated the nalmon, com# ofl
from the spear, and tlie fish is held by
the cord. A squaw stands ready on the
shore to haul him in, and he is lnnteu
over the head with a club until he ceases
to struggle, then cleaned, and roasted
on hot stones. When the meat is don<
and dry it is nicked off the bones, and
the squaws rub it to a fine powder be
tween tlieir hands, and in this shape it
,H kept for future use. From one of
these pools a dozen Indian spoarmeu
frequently draw out four hundred sal
mon in a day, and this fish forms an im
portant part of their food. Of course
they kill a great many thousand female
salmon during the seassu; but ss fur, I
believe, thia murderous work has not
lieen found to desreoac tlie numlwr of
the fish which annually enter the river
from the ocean, and' go up its head
waters to spawn.
The Northwestern Farmers' ('oaten-
The Farmers' Convention at Chicago
debated the subject of cheapening
transportation. Mr. W. C. Flagg, ol
Illinois, msde the principal speech, ap
parently reflecting tho sentiment of a
large class, the substance of which wo*
that although he did not believe iu Uit
government's embarking iu the busi
ness of constructing transportation
lines, he feared that there was no othet
way out of our present difficulties.
Finally, resolutions wore adopted
asking Congress to pass a maximum
freight and passenger law regulating
trade between the Stab's, and the legis
lature* to regulate trade in the States ,
protesting against subsidies to privatt
corporations; demanding "the com
struction of railroads and the improve
ment of water communications lietweec
the interior and seaboard, tho same b
lie owned and operated by the general
government for the purpose of afford
iug cheap and ample transportation,
and to protect the people from the ex
actions of monopolies urtring the
people of the interior to build up manu
factories to make home markets, and te.
free themselves and Ifeep from debt
declaring that no one industry can be
protected by legislation, except at tlu
expense of all other industries, and de
nouncing all special legislation.
Dress Plainly
Some one IIBS given the following
reasons why people should dress plain
ly on Sunday. These reasons aro a*
valid any other day in the week ;
It would lessen the burden of many
who new find it hard to maintain their
place in society.
It would lessen the force of tempta
tion# which often lead men to barter
honeaty and honor for display.
If there was lea# #trife iu drea# at
church, people iu moderate circum
stances would lo more inclined to
Universal moderation in dress at
church would improve the worship by
the remittal of many wandering
It would enable all classes of people
to attend church in anfavorable wea
It would lessen, on the part of the
rich, the temptation to vanity.
It would lesson, on the part *f the
poor, the temptation to be envious and
It would save valuable time on the
A fashion writer says: "Imported
cloth garments for the *treot consist ol
fancy coats and jackets, such as women
might wear who were masoueroding as
men. They aro in dark clotns in the
prettiest shape# imaginable, the edge*
piped with peacock green or blue silk,
mustard colored silk, or some other
-'riking sliode, of which only the single
.i ie above the rim i* permitted. But
the tails or lappels, and the dear little
vents and waistcoats, fastened with old
silver or pearl buttons,aro ' too killing '
—as young ladies say—for anything,
and suggest canes and neckties and
manillaa, and all the naughtiness which
is supposed to be so fascinating."
The season has been noted aa an un
healthy one. The New York World
aays that iu the charity horpitala there
are 10, UK) patn-uts, with the authority
of physicians that the uuniler will ia
ereaau to SO,OOO. Mr. KiUock, the
Hujieriutendent of Out-door Poor, who
has been connected with the Depart
ment for twenty *ix years, estimate#
that there are to-day not leas than 20,-
000 peraona in the city of New York
who are utterly destitute, and that the
number will be increased during the
winter to from 10,000 to 50,000. It ia a
ami prospect, but it is one thst should
be looked iLto the face at once.
•• A man in the strength of his year*
would fall out of the ranks if he wero
obliged to carry the enormous weight of
clothing a woman carries who walk* by
hi# aide keeping a perfect stcn. That
she finally breaks down i* a fact, but
that *he keep# her place long is another
fact, maneluu# ana aignificauL ' How
many thicknesses of cloth do you think
our girls wear about their waists?"
asked a teacher of me. ' Half a dozen,
perhaps,' I answered; *B<xteon,' suid
she, with emphasis—' sixteen, at the
least calculation, bands fastened more
or less tightly, according to tlie inclina
tion of the wearer.' lis# any one be
lieve those girl* breathe CSMIT under so
many ligature# ? Add to tlii# the diffi
culty in walking with yard* of doth
folding about the ankle#, if thev do not
trail, and the constant anxiety lest the
hat should tumble from it* perch of
hair, and yon have an aggregate of
something "which is a weariness to the
flesh, if much #tudv is uot. And yet,
with all tlieoe odd# against them, we
learn by report# an I actual observation
that our young ladies in thsse mixed
school# stand a# high in their grades a#
the gentlemen. But a day of reckoning
will surely come."
Tlie City of Birmingham, England,
suffer# from an rmharra* dr* richc****.
A gentleman recently deceased, who
seem# to have jx*#ea#ed more money
than brains, bequeathed a valuable dia
mond to the corporation, and the mem
ber* of tlie Town Council have been
puzzling their Brain* to decide what
they should do with the legacy. One
of the Aldermen suggested that the gem
should be placed ill the art gallery, but
it was objected that it would not lie safe
there, ami would be altogether " too
tempting." The Mayor thought it
would probably "be better in a public
hall," while one of the Council espnws
ed the hope "that it would not go forth
to tho town that the Free Libraries
Committee were afraid to tni#t the dia
msnd in the art gallery." After much
discussion it wan decided that tlie dia
mond should be placed on exhibition in
the art gallery, but that His Honor tlie
Mayor should have the privilege of
wearing it on such oscasions as he may
desire." The importanee of the Brum
magem civie functionary will doubtless
Be ranch enhanced by his appearanoe
under tlie shelter of the corporation
A Winter Prospect.
The coming winter, nays an exchange,
will bring on# of the severest testa that
the United Btaten, particularly in the
larger cities, has ever had to stand.
Compared with tlie efloeta which the
recent financial crash is about to pro
duce, the panic of I*o9 wan only the
premonitory rumbling going liefore the
real earthquake shock which knocks
down buildings, opens yawning abysses
iu the earth, stirs up volqgaoen, and
send* resistless tidal waves across the
sea. The new* which is now received
daily saying that tin* manufacturing
firm ka* been compelled to discharge
numbers of its lisuds, or that building
cor|Hiration has ceased operation#,isouly
the tieginuing of a fearful eml. Out of
7,500 at Paterson, N. J.,
5,000 hay# been discharged, and the
name state of affairs is reported from
manufacturing centers, particularly
those in the iron trade. Iu times of
distress it is natural for sufferer* to
gravitate towards the city, where they
are sometimrs able to gain a precarious
living. Ho that, beside* the thousand#
•f mechanics and laborer# who, having
left the city for work, will return as fast
as they are thrown out of employment,
there will lie an army of men who will
seek the city for shelter. Hundred* of
these men will find it impossible to get
work to do, *nd tieiug unable to make
an honest living will suffer severely.
Many of the large Eastern manufacto
ries in which the hum of the busy ma
chinery was heard from morning till
uight only a few days age, are already
silenced and their doors closed. Rail
road building has eome to a standstill,
and the thousands of mechanics and
laborers recently employed at good
wages to make the iron and level the
track are to-dav either dependent upon
the stipends allowed them by tho "so
cieties," or thrown upou the mercy of
the public.
The discharge of mechanics extend#
through cverv grade of manufacturing.
Among the clerk* and shop girls n the
store# many have been discharged, fur
the reason that there i* nothing for
them to do.
What a Womau Wears.
A lady eerrcspomlent writes as fol
A Municipal Rem.
The Corn Crop.
Tho agricultural report of the United
States for October shows that the corn
crop is 16 per cent, below a normal
crop. Tlie crop of last year was esti
mated at I,o92,ooo,ooobushaln. In view
of tho decrease of 4 per cent, in area,
the indicated reduction is above 23 per
cent., or 250,000,000 bushel*. The only
State# returning the average condition
are Oeorgia, Florida. Arkansas, Cali
fornia and Oregon. The other averages
are as follows:
Maine, 85; New Hampshire, 90; New
York, 89; New Jersey. 99; Pennsyl
vania, 93; Delaware, 76; Maryland,
91 ; Virginia, 99 j North Carolina, 95;
South Carolina, 89; Alabama, 92 ; Mis
sissippi, 86 ; Louisiana, 92 ; Texas,_7B;
Tennessee, 91 ; West Virginia, 96; Ken
tucky, 91 ; Ohio, 88 : Michigan. R8 ; In
diana, 84 ; Illinois, 67 ; Wisconsin, 88 ;
Minnesota, 97 ; lowa, 81; Missouri, 76 ;
Kansas, 66 Nebraska, 77.
Condensed Milk.
A enrions incident, says flailgnani,
occurred at the Vienna Exhibition
dnring the deliberation of th® jury on
Group IV. One of the largest com
panies for producing condensed milk
was about to receive a medal, not only
for ita product* but for the invention,
when an American gentleman, Mr.
Horaford.of Massachusetts, interjiosed,
and asserted that be was the real dis
coverer, as he had succeeded in pro
ducing the article twenty years ago.
M. Ott, of Berne, one of the jurymen,
who had been a student under Mr.
Horsford, confirmed that statement, and
proposed that the medal should be
awarded to his former master. The
American, however, declined, asserting
that he and his countrymen had decided
on returning without any reoorajieuse.
A decision was, however, taken that his
nam* should be mentioul in the
rapert. '
They have hemlock trees in Wiscon
sin twenty-four fast in eizcumfsrsnoe.
The Modern Window Curtain,
The moat exquisite article of domes
tic torture, aays tlie Danbury Arm, is
the modern window curtain fixture.
The curtain ia uniformly of oloth,
with a fiat stick at the bottom, aud a
round stick at the top, and a compli
cated lot of brass cogs aud ratchets at
the ends. It ian't much trouble to fit
ill the fiat sticks, I we* use they can be
measured the right length on the floor,
but it ia getting the proper length of
the round Kticks, or rollers, that plava
the mischief witk a man's temper. We
are not quite certain but that it oould
be done without much bloater were a
man's wife to go off to the other end of
the town and star there until the opera
tion is over. She doesn't, however.
HLe k <ps right close to him, and en
livens the performance with anch ob
servation* aa her judgment and experi
ences teach her are beat calculated to
turn his heed. The window curtain is
generally put up in the evening. This
is partly Iwcanse the man has then mors
time, and partly attributable to his de
sire to put off tlie evil job until tlie last
moment. The first thing to be done is
to separate the parcels and borrow a
saw. Every family keep# its own screw
driver (point broken) and hammer
(handle loose). You instinctively saw
the flat piece first, because that ia the
easiest, and afterward fit the rollers,
which is more difficult. Then the cur
tain is tacked to the roller*, which keeps
turning over and breaking Uie tacks,
and catching your finger* under the
hammer. This done, you are ready to
plant y#ur feet ou the 1 n-st cane-bottom
chair m the house, and put up the fix
ture*. Here your wife aays: " Well, if
I ever saw anything quite so idiotic
aa " You then get right down,
white she starts for a wooden article,
and bv way of showing that you hare
no feeling in tlie matter, you kick the
cane seat into the middle of the room.
Once mounted ou the wooden chair, the
brackets are put up. To do this re
quires that yen extend yours arms the
full length, and while w tins ooudition,
with a couple of acrows and the screw
driver in your mouth, the kffitnmer m
one hand! the other hanging to the fix
tures, and the curtain with the un
wieldly roller across vour shoulder, you
make the sickening t\i#e#very that yon
have got nothing with which to punah
the hole for the screw.
Then yau get down to the floor again
to remedy the defect, and find there is
nothing for that purpose but the advice
of your wife to drive the screw till it
seta". You mount again. Hhe hold#
the lamp so she can see if the woman
ha# cleaned the corner* of the glaaa.
and as you hare your mouth too full of
hardware to articulate with any free
dom, vou find yourself obliged to kick
her ellbow to indicate that you actually
demand some of the flame te set the
screw. The artifice is lost upon her,
however, for likely as not, she will set
down the lamp to rub her arm, and ask
you what vou mean. No one has yet
set a bracket to a curtain fixture with
out cither dropping some of the imple
ments, or a remark well ealculateu to
engross the attention of the party hold
ing the lamp. The awful strain on the
arma, the wonderful vacillating humor*
of tlie screw*, tlie moompri-bemuble
imliecility of the screw driver, tho ob
stinacy of the roller, and the astonish
ing pcrveracnoes of your wife, who will
persist in moving the light at the wrong
time, make putting up a modern cur
tain fixture the moat subtile of domes
tic grievances. And when the curtain
i* finally up, and secured so it won't
fall on your head when vou touch tne
slnng, and vou take hold to draw it
up, the feeling jou experience as it
waltzes off to one side, and tries to
stand on its drunken head, and failing
m tli at, settle# right where it i*, and
nliatinately refuses to budge either way,
has never "been truly auslyzed. Week#
after, when you are leaning back in
vour chair, engrosoed in memories of
the dead past, that curtain will sudden
ly oome thundering down upon you,
causing you to spring out into the air,
and lifting your very hair almost free
from the scalp.
A I nation.
Newspapers in many part# of the
country warn peraona rambling about
the field# and woods against meddling
with the plant known a# poiao i vine
(rlin# toxicodendron). It is a beautiful,
hriglit-colored eroeper, often to he seen
clinging to old fence#, walls, and trees.
Contact with it results in very disagree
able consequences to most peraona,
though there are some who can handle
it with impunity. It attacks those who
suffer from it with symptom# much re
sembling those of erysipelas. Cattle
do not seem to be injured By the poison
vine, as oows are often to be seen eating
it with impunity.* It i# stated, however,
that " milk sickness " in children ia
caused ly using the milk of cows that
feed up m it. Several years ago an
artist told the writer that, when sketch
ing somewhere in Pennsylvania, at this
season of the year, be wa# poisoned by
accidental contact with this plant, ami
laid np for several day# with fever aud
inflammatory syraptons.
What are Bitters.
Some important experiments a* te
the effect* of the beverages popularly
known OR " bitter*," have recently been
deocrllied by l)r. Deoaianeof ran*. He
finds that "while the composition ol
these beverages ia not uniform, they
generally contain cither vermouth or
absinthe, in combination with the infe
rior qualities of alcohol. Concerning
the effect of the essential oilof absinthe
on organism, he finds that, quantity fot
quantity, a few drops of It dropped into
a vessel of water containing fishes de
stroy life sooner than pruw.ic acid. He
adduces the evidence of various and
careful experiment*, to show that ver
mouth and absinthe produce epilepsy
in animals, and believe# that epileptic
flu in many ces supervene from exces
sive drinking of bitters. Tlie basis of
bitters In the United States is common
high wines, and very common at that.
Still people will drink them, and the
compounder# of them will get rich, and
laugh, of course.
A Western Fight.
Iu the West it seem# serious business
to lose the county seat. In Indiana it
was proposed to remove the eountv scat
from Centreville to Richmand, and the
jail in the former place was living torn
down. A mob of disguised men, sixty
strong, attacked a party of seven dep
uty sheriff# guarding the jail. After
flriug a hundred shots from amall arms
without serious results, a six-pound
cannon loaded with spikes, nails, aud
scrap iron was fired at the doors, which
being demolished, the mob occupied
the Sheriff"# residence in the front part
of tho jail building, aud the deputies
surrendered conditionally.
Another attack by a large party from
Cambridge, with cannon, was mode.
Richmond was also threatened with at
tack, for purpose of takiug the county
records bock to Centreville.
There arc said te he in crib on the
line of the RooWord, Roek Island and
St. Louis R. R. from 800,000 to 400,000
bushels of corn of the crops of 1871-72,
and in the seotion throngh which the
line passes five bushels in the hands of
farmers to one of any previous year,
Terms: 82.00 n Year, in Advance.
A correspondent of the German town
(!'. j TkUffraph write# as follow# abont
hi# experience* with these unattractive
reptile* : " Horns years ago I waa en
gaged in selling and settling a wild
tract of land iu the interior of Penn
sylvania beyond the Alleghany Moun
tains. The character of ths "country
was varied by bill and slope, but with
a very considerable portion adapted for
farm lauds, intercepted by good-sized
creeks and smaller *tream, and covered
with a heavy growth of timber, afford
ing a good cover for wild animals and
The first sight I ever bad of rattle
snake was while watching th# clearing
off a space for putting up a house.
From an elevated stand on a fallen tree
I noticed a large snake lying at full
length, but a few feet from the wood
rhopper# and near to one. Presuming
it liiul been killed by the men, I jumped
down to look, and landed abont a loot
from his head, at which movement he
coiled defiantly, and I, a good deal
astonished at "this change, at once re
bounded and got clear. On turning to
him again he appeared in the same con
dition of coil; but I, ** I afterwards
learned, wa* saife at the first jump, for
on# foot in distance from his head on
the ground, added to sixteen inshes re
cesstun of it to form his coil, made a
distance be could not reach in hia strike
—the throwing forward of his bead in
that set being one-third sf his length,
he being abont four feet long. It MI
been often stated that he puts forward
two-thirds of his length; but that
could not he, owing to its formation,
one foueth being in the tail, one-third
in the neck and head tanering from the
thick body, and the body forming the
rest of bis'wbole length—that is, a four
foot snake would, according to this
theory, have to throw forward thirty
two incha* of hia length, and that rest
ing on a tapering tail as a base. This
in impossible, f have desired thus to
settle the point of projection, from in-
Mrtnation received of reliable woods
1 now propose some secoont of the
rattlesnake at his dsn. On an o cession
of passing down the creek adjacent to
my residence in search of stray cows, I
reached, about noon, a strip of narrows
heavily wooded and with much drift
wood on the slope down to the water
edge. At one point a large boulder or
root hsd fallen from the hill and lay
about half its size in the stream, backed
by s growth of wild grass, and on its
h'vei top some tuft# of grans growing
from the cavities. My dog, a fins point
er, suddenly barked. I soon perceived
it was at s snake, and moving quietly
forward, 1 called the dog otbmoi wish
ing to disturb the snake, im male a
detour to get on the surface of the rock,
which afforded a apace of abont twelve
feet square. Passing between some
tufts, 1 discovered on my right n snake
just emerging from them moving alow
lo wards me. in an inquiring manner, as
if to see what I was doing there. I
then advanced a little to get out of the
way, and immediately on my left, some
what in the rear from another tuft oome
a snake in manner similar to the first
Finding it now time to get off the rock
so as to avoid all tufts, I looked back
to ths hill, and on s pile of driftwood
shunt fifteen feet from me, there ap
peared about six more of these reptiles,
all quietly basking in the sun, and ap
parentiv indifferent to on the
reck. There may have been more in
number, but I did not look farther. A*
I did not contemplate fight, the only
coarse left was to take to the water,
which I accordingly did by lumping off
the rock, and made across tb# creek.
" I was much struck by this encount
er at their own home. *lt might have
been expected that they would show
soma alarm and an appearance of de
fence, aa is the case with most wild ani
mal* at their dens, bnt here the three
sentinels came slowly forward, their
beads slightly raised", in the manner
stated ;no noise, no alarm shown. In
the wild woods where tbey roam singly
they move sluggishly, and you may
pan's near without their attention ; but
if too near they will rattle, and if yon
persist they will ©oil in self-defence.
Rapidly whipping them with a long
switch," they will break ths ooil and run
The rattlesnake has a peculiar way of
swimming. Abont half the thickness
of ths body shows above the surface,
and the head is raised nearly a foot
above the water, after the manner of
.the sc* serpent, the tail acting as the
propelling power. I onoe whipped one
into the water , and marveled at bis
mode of getting along, and inde d felt
rather superstitious on the subject
I will now give a description ot the
fang# and the poison—received from an
experienced naturalist. TLe fang may
t>c likened to a cat's claw in shape—
solid until near the root, where n cavity
ia formed, having a small orifice at tlie
bottom. Connecting with this cavity is
a duct leadiug to the back of tlie head,
aud there joining a bag containing the
poison. The fang is not aet in the jaw
at right Angles to it, aa it generally
shown in drawing*, but at an angle that
allows snfficieut length of the point to
make the wound. The length from
the orifice to the point is about one
quarter of an inch—length of tlie duct
to the poison-bag one inch. It will be
seen by this arrangement that a wound
may be made without infusing the
poison, if ths strike penetrates less
than a quarter of an inch. It is not
known whether the snake controls tlie
emission of the poison by action on the
bag ; it tgay be presumed that it does.
In procuring its prey, a hard strike
may lie required, which, by going its
full depth, would infuse the poison and
spoil its food. In the case of wonnds,
given in auger, that we hear of—some
latal and others easily cured—in the
latter case the strike "must have been
short, the point of the fang only enter
ing, and the poison wasting on the
ground. I know that there are differ
ent opinions about the jx>ison passing
into tho wound; the common belief is
that the orifice is at the point of the
fang, and consequently, even in alight
wouuda, the poison mnst enter. I trust
thst my statements may be received as
1 correct, and that the unfortunate per
' son who mav receive a wound may be
oonsolefi by the chance that the poison
j did not enter.
There is nothing in the story of a
rattlesnake biting itself. The hunter
seldom kills them. The casual traveler
throngh the woods should use all due
caution, and I would recommend all
naturalists and explorer* to be very
particular when they fall in with a
fallen rock with grassy tufts, and back
ed by heavy piles of driftwood.
In prosecuting the Ashautee war one ol
the difficulties against which England
has to oontend is the repugnance of the
Gold Oaast natives to wheeling barrows.
Neither horses nor mules can live on
the Gold Coast, and the only way ol
transmitting articles is either by wheel
barrow or on the heads of the natives.
These obstinate fellows, when furnished
with wheelbarrows, invariably pat them
on their heads and cannot be persuaded
to work them. The same objection to
wheeling barrows waa observed by
Cap tail Warren among the Nsbian
laborers in Palestine, who oould not ba
induced to work with wheelbaarows at
NO. 47.
Making her own Hit
Mr. Howard Psel, in kin eaterlein
mnt, says " that when a sudden sharp
fewr of Mxmomj attacks a woman, ma
abe determines to make a bat or a
bonnet for baraalf, for a briaf period
between the formation of the resolution
and tba consummation of the dead bar
mind paaaea through various amuaing
stages of agitation. Firat, aba gata
herself np in her moetat tractive guise,
mud proceeds to purebaae a * abapa '
aa I believe tba fragile onUinaor frame
work of tba future structure is called—
then, taking the • bus bona, aba drinks
in tba details of every bat that enters,
and learns them all by heart, and does
mental sums over the ooat of tba rib
bon, and makas np bar mind to have
flowers in bers like thoae worn by tba
woman in the corner, and lace lika that
gaudy-looking creature in tba middle.
The next Jay aba walks down tba street,
and atudiee all the beta that oome along;
and, when a woman paaaea bar with one
on, she twists bar naek round to aaa
bow it looks behind, end is disgusted to
sea that the woman k also diaUcetmg
her neck to aaa bow abe trims bar bat.
When abe arrives in front of a milliner's,
abe lingers until she has analysed all
th beta in the window, and site de
term 1 nee to trim bers nineteen different
ways, snd decides not to have flowers
like the woman who sat in tba corner
Then abe shoots into the shop, and
asks to * see bate' with the air of a par
son who wishes to invest a small fortune
in bead-gear. Hue examines every bat
in the establishment, overhauls ten
bushels of flowers, girts about fifteen
shillings' worth of work out of the
saleswoman, and then says abe will
•look farther.' Then aba gats home
with her mind fixed on thirty-eight!
or nine different styles in which aha {
wants to trim her bat. After a while
she begins to think aba ought to have a
feather in it, and aba paaaea two or
three sleepless nights trying to decide
whether to pat one in or nob At last
abe resolves aha will. Then aba Has
awake for two more nigfata endeavoring
to determine whether it shall be red or
bine. She aettles on blue. She bays
the trimming, and aewa it os in twenty
successive positions, her mind filled'
with deepest anxiety aa to whether the
feather should go on the right aide, the
left aide, or on top. She pute it on the
right aide; but just then Mrs, Da
Boots paaaea the window with a feather
on the left aide of hers, snd so she
changes it tha next morning. Mrs.
Fttsbrowii calls, sad her feather is on
the right side, snd then another change
is made. At church next day Mrs.
Smith has feathers en both aides, and
Mrs. Johnson baa one on the top Then
more sleepless nights and painful un
certainty. At last, in utter despair,
she take* the hat to a milliner, and pays
thirty shillings to have it trimmed.
When it cornea home she pronounces it
• hateful,' and picks it all to pieces, sod
broods over ib and worries and frets
and loses her appetite, and faala life to
be a burden for two weeks loager, until
suddenly abe has just the right thing, !
and becomes once mora serene and
happy, and puts tbe bat on and goes
<>ut and makes millions of other women
miserable because their hots an not
trimmed exactly like hers. As a wife,
woman is s blessing; ss a mother,
naught can or mparts with ber; aa an
organiser of new hats, she is simply an
object of amusement er -compassion.*
Speculaliou# of the Loot Ostary.
Benson J. Lousing renews in the
Poughkeepmie Ragle the famous Mise
iMipppi scheme and the Booth See
Babble, the two great financial sensa
tions of the last cent urv. The Missis
sippi scheme originated, it will be re
membered, in the bad state of the finan
ces of the French government. That
government lent itself to an immense
scheme for swindling the people, in
order to fill its coffers. The compear,
with John Lew, s Scotchman possess
ing s great reputation as sa Amsterdam
broker, at its head, had a monopoly of
the trade of the Mississippi, on the
condition that it should relieve France
of its debt The most extravagant
atones of the richness of that valley
were told, and the excitement among
all classes at Paris was intense. The
company was chartered, and after its
shares had gone up to 1,300 per cent
above par, burnt Wide financial rain
followed, and Law died in poverty at
Vienna. The counterpart of this organ
isation in England, the South Sea com
pany, was to hare a momopoly of the
South Sea trade, acd was to confer the
same favor on the British government
that Law had promised to the French.
Its shares rose above 1,000 per cent, and
as s consequence s great number of
similar companies sprung np around it
The objects of some of them were very
curious. One was •• for planting of
mulberry tree# and breeding of silk
worm# in Chelsea park another " for
importing a number of large jackasses
from Spam in ordei to propagate s
larger breed of mules in England," sod
a clergyman proposed a company "for
discovering the land of Ophir." and
monopolizing the gold and silver of
that country. Toward the end of July,
1720, when" the stocks of the various
London concerns exceeded the value of
g1,500,000,000,news came of the bursting
of the Mississippi Babble. The shares
of the South See soon fell from 850 4o
175. Share-holders pressed their share#
upon the market with the eagerness of
men fleeing from s falling building.
Thousands of families were reduced at
one blow to absolute poverty. Old
families, whose estates were lost, dis
appeared from society, and the names
of many noblemen were dropped from
the list of the peerage of England for
ever. The event stimulated emigra
tion to America, where rained men
hoped to retrieve their fortunes. From
the debtors' prisons in England, Ogle
thorope procured most of the first emi
grants who accompanied him to Georgia
and founded that State.
Going West.
All who go West do not find the
happv home expected. One man who
was doing well in the East relates his
experience ss follows:
I thought I could do better, so I sold
out, pocketed my money and started
for the West. When I arrived theam
things were not as I expected to
'em. Bnt I wish to say to all your
readers who have had a similar e|se
rienoe, and are homesick, dou't come
back after the manner of one poor fool.
I know of. I tell you the railroad com
panies got over S2OO for carting me and
mine out and back. Now don't be a
lunatic, as I was, but " stick." I came
back to please wife's relations, bnt
when I had tieeu back three weeks they
wanted to know what I came back for;
now then I can go here and there to get
a day's work and get my pay—well,
some time.
People who ge West with no definite
idea of where they are going and what
they expect to do when they get there,
will in nine oases out of ten be badly
The Tycoon ot Japan knows how to
start s newspaper. He does not offer
premiums for subscribers, bnt having
tak#u an interest in the publication of
s newspaper at tha Japanese capital, he
has issued an order that all men of
certain social and political standing
•hall take it or be beheaded.
ifrfiwtT' '*
Whs-" 1 i Boston U9 times.
Two ex-Sudors of Milwaukee both
' NBad"im Umt. <- daf iHiflj.
I Homo of ■*
Island. IM , oIWiMA AArn fro® •
j to 935 per day of eight hours-
The Brooklyn; KXrOntd Jury have
, indicted Wkttelaw feud, of the TViteaw,
; and Charles A. Dana, of theAWn.
Z ] A lady reporter tent to an agrieut
tnral fair wrote of a lot of pigs : "They
look too sweet to live • minute.''
A Wisconsin man has bsd to hsvo his
. ! lip amputated on eoooant of tfIUMW
- produced by exeuaaivo smoking.
Ho Baratoga hotel except Congress
, Aall paid expenses this .last eaaaon.
Stewart's grand houaa hart 180,000.
! I Naturalists, afteryearaol investigation
| of tba anatomy and morphology of aala,
have discovered that they are of no sex.
• | Wealthy citisena of Memphis, who
>' have got off to a safe distance, are said
I to be tbe meanest about sanding ro
i Uef.
1 A Mr. McElrov.of Wasbinlon ecmnty,
1 %y., lately called together his ton
r children snd geve them twenty thou
-1 sand dollars e-ptoee.
• A man named Gin, in Indiana, has
1 petitioned to have his name changed.
, (because he eannot persuade soy damsel
to accept his present one.
i A boy in ChiUicotha, 0.. was killed
, instantly, (he other day, by Mtaff neri
• dentally struck is tba stomach by tba
. | elbow of a young coauada.
i When your pocket-book geia amply,
aod everybody know* it, you aaa put
t. all your meada into it and it will not
■ •'bulge out worth a eeub"
A lady " with a rush of iaee to tha
J head " was tha expressive description of
• a toilet at a recent musical oouveatioe,
' given by one of the aedieuoe.
' Burgess and his wife, who were on
1 trial for lebamae treatment of Carolina
' Louise Dunning, aged six years, at New
! Orleans, wars found guilty, the penalty
1 for their crime bring imprisonment for
t life.
, | Louis Biel, late Prarideut of tbe As
ainiboin republic, alleged murderer of
[ ' Hcott, end raembar-steetof theCenadien
. i Parliament, is is eustody, baring been
, j arrested near Toronto on a magistrate's
, warrant for murder,
i Some one suggests, with meat ex
i i sellout good sense, that the immense
deor-plstes worn by the ladies on their *
1 belts might be atilixed by eognviag
i ! hereon the wearer's name, age, ram
i! dence, fortune, or rxpeetetione, end
> j stating whether heart fres er engaged.
1 j The Marquis of Bute, who, it ap
k pears, owns nearly all tba unoccupied Ig
' land at Cardiff, has given a derided ro
■ fuaal to aa application made to him to
1 sell or leaar e site for a church. His
1 agent assigns no rseson for tee refusal;
> be merely steaee that Iks Marquis "de
r ciiaae"tog>MtUM application.
! 11M Dutch Government is ia the for-
H tunate end exceptionable position of
. having no debt, and also of making
' mousy out of its colonise. Tha ex
, penaea are always kept below the ta>
, JomeT Tbe budget for 1874 ti*tet
. the expenditure at 100,000,000 florins,
, and leaves s surplus of 400,000 floi-ifix.
A Kentucky planter recently took i
, tobacco worm and stopped htm up ia
, i aa auger bole, aad at tea end of eight
days he went to examine aad aaa rthaX
1 effect the eonSaameut would haws on
i the worm, and found to hit surprise
. that during right days the worm had
transferred to a large aad full-grown
; tobaeoo fly.
A eurioua eirenmttanoa haa transpired
• | ia aaanoottea wslh tba Duuw riarifau.
L Several hundred blank voting paper*
i were found in the ballot boxes. The
> i conservatives say that theaepapers wuiw
I' deposited by " conservative working
, | men,' driven by railway influence to
I tbe pML but determined not to vote
i i iLL*a.' nil their otiimoQA.
.! • r
A Kaahville paper teeotda " the Aral
Rute-pniliaf final haa oocarred then
tor forty yeara." The noble aport waa
I partideated in by mounted ** knighta,"
who galloped past and .made deabae for
• gander with a greaaed neck that VM
vnepended from a beam. One of the
reliant pal lew waa heavily thrown, but,
ii nfortunately, iua neck wm only brain
According to a California paper, a
young lady of that Stale, in telling a
gentleman about her Yaeemite trip, aaid
the aetamrr wm gorgeona—perfectly
rariahiag—-out aha didn't like their
style of locomotion down there. ** How'a
that V aaid her friend, ** how did yon
locomotor" "Why, don't yon think,'
the replied, "I had to ride a taclothe*-
Ideal-CoL Hogg, the plaintiff in the
recent divorce ease ef Hogg sgl Hogg
end Oordery, has been called upon to
explain his conduct in taking advantage
of bis official position as Director-Gen
eral of the Fustoflfoe in Bengal to ab
stract a letter written by his wife to
Mr. Oordery white it was naming
through tie-post Meanwhile Lieut -
Col Hogg fans been suspended from
There was nothing very attractive
about the manner in which Mr. Arnold,
of Johnson county. Ma, met his death.
In attempting to extinguish the flames
in s threshing machine that was run
ning and burning at the same time, he
was cenght by the cylinder, of oonrse,
and, to prevent his being drawn in,
his brother seised an ax and chopped
his legs off
It used to be considered a beautifn
exhibition of the fitness of things that
worm* were created for birds to eat,and
birds created to eat worms. The intro
duction of firearms, and the epreed of
Young Americanism, however, have
wrought a change in inspect to theee
matters : the bird has declined, sad
boys, guna, and worms increase rapidly
year by year.
In North Bridgewater, Mass., las
spring, an elderly citizen, while plant
ing potatoes lost his pocket-book
When the time com# for him to dig the
potatoes, the hoe brought out" of the
Kill his missing receptacle of cash. We
suppose that be must have been short
during the interval, for he testily re
marked that "it was the poorest crop
he ever planted."
A clergyman was asking the children
a variety of questions of a Scriptural
nature, "to which he bad received very
satisfactory answers. Just as he was
concluding, he addressed a girl some
what older than the rest, and among
other things inquired—"Who made
your vile body? "Please sir," re
sponded the unsophisticated girl,
"Betsy Jones made my body, but I
made the skirt myself!"
It is an uncommon thing to see a silk
or " stove pipe " hat worn at sea Pas
sengers never put them on until the
vessel is neariug pert. The first person
who appears on deck in a " stove pipe "
is—according to the custom of ancient
origin—expected to treat to wine. It
is an amusing sight to see all the male
passengers huddled together at the foot
yii.tho oabin stain, waiting for some
Rieturageoiis anfl generous fellow to
"lead off" in a silk hat.
\ Oil Cify, Pa., has a colored Mayor.
The Republicans there nominated
Miles Green, a colored man, for the
City Council ami he was elected. Sinee
the eleotion the Mayor of the city has
resigned to aenrpt the office of county
treasurer ; ana as the citv charter pro
vide# that in case the Mayor's office is
vacant, the CounoHmsn who has re
ceived the most votes shall become the
acting Mayor, the colored Councilman
has reached that dignity.
A Chicago panerstates thtlHtfH t* =
bibition there lately _ a i faeetttMMPMtt
eran from Milwaukee,
on a wooden leg, <same fftupbl
aborigines gazing at a in fill
motion, and knowing the imitative prdi
olivities of the red man, laid his timber
limb across the saw with pt rfecfi eqwufe,
imity. An Indian undertook to sheffia
that he could stand it with the tamil
stoicism, and put his leg on the esvsge
implement, bat withdrew ft with sn
awful yell, end Jiaasdisteir demolished
the machine. vTsJjT-