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it - •
"it.soiiittratic Anna* Journal,
gvtay MONDAY NORSINO;
SY JI/iNRY J. STABILE.
.31Vh1y, and Will Prevail."
PITELIOATION.-1111 00 per en
brad etrletty JOY ADVANCS----ei 30 OCT lin
• ' paid hantivnnee. No anbecniptlon W
lintels at. the option of the publtellat.
'melanges are paid.
VERTISE ENTii inserted at esti:ll rates.
PRINTING of all lands done witb,,neet.
',WE In Ekroth Itaktintere street, betwe^n
e and Maki, near the Pest Ottee-"Neapt
' DEng WM" on the sign.
__ The Old Igystena
HIGH PRICES VETOED
li . R • s 4 i :
At •is 'new cheap Clothing, Bat,-Cap, Boot,
ith , •ind Variety Score, on Cham'iersburg
OM to next door to Buehler's Ding Store,
AO %burg, Ps.
'Z' Wilk will find at this Store, the largest
Mrd ?Bait fashionable astortmeat of - Gentle
" Wit tad Bay's wear, in Adams county.
Ilan r . Overcoats, Petersh tm Overcoats,
,Ssaloilkin Overcoats, Cloth Overcoats,
Ifsgotimaax Beaver overcoats, etc., etc.
1 011,31 S AND BUSINESS COATS I
Ala* Crith Drees and Sack Coats,
- Passimere Sack and Frock Coats,
" !fait Wools° Union Coats and Jackets,
PANTS OD VBSTSI
1 Black Cloth Fanialcous,
I Black Cashmere Pantaloons, '
Fancy Cashmere Pantaloons,
1 ., • Harris Cashmere Pantaloons,
- Black Cloth Vents,
Silk Grenadine Vests,
,Plush and Satinet Vests, ke.
HATS AND CAPS.
N. el rte Rats, SAW Dress Hats; Dexter Hato,
Dd . agi Hats, Clipper Hats, French flats,
Das sr Hats, B•oodway fiats, ,Plusio Hats,
Mar on Hots, Itriglitan Hats, Mitociti Hats,
~Ciratitiet Hutt, Kam trk flats, Peto Hats,
Nilarr , iek Hats Metropst:'n Hats, U.S. A.Hats,
f t./tankard Hats,' tassimere Hats, etc t ete.
Velliet Caps, Cashmere Gips, FurTitps,
f ellatio Caps, Belli:Hag caps, wavy * Caps,
l oScut6h .Caps, Pet e rsham Caps, Boy's Caps,
- 'lusiti Cap, Jost Tat MING airs etc etc
I BOOTS AND SHOES.'
- Men's Calf Skin Boots,
Men's lleavy Boats,
Buy's Jockey Boots,
Men's Cu trse Shoes,
Mett's Calf Eljtin Shoes,
Boy's Fine Shoes,
U. S. , Army Shoes, ~
' Got ntletuniito Slippers,
Cum Overshoes, etc., etc. i''
StiTLE'oIEN'S FUttNISHING GOODS. '
to Unen S;iirts, Alasstatere Shirts, Linen
id i'ap-r Coll era, Neck Ties and dotter
flies, Handkerchiefs, Wooten and Cut..
- ton Staekings, Gloves. Buelcsisia
Gauntlets and Gloves,Woolen
Drawers and Undershirts, .
Searts and Comfarts„, -
Cale!, YaliAei , Trunks, Red
• Flannel Woolen Drawers, die.
The alioie mentioned articles can al
ayii be found at the 4.111EA.P 8T010; of
T. C. MARAS,
riburg - st., next door to Duehlefs
or. 19, 1806.
What We Want.
TM WANT a cheap Htit.bny it of
IL B. WouDS
YOU WANT a Fashionable Hit always
buy it of 11. B. WOOLH.
YOU WANT a Ittt of any 'chid for less
mow tutu o,u)butly.'elie will sell it for,
ore to buy U. IL WOODS".
YOU WANT good Shot.s for I.;Adies ur
c:illdren, don't be Imobugged with dam•
d suction goods, but buy of _
TOD WXST Sh mg or foot 4, ”that are
olio*, and boots worth talking about,"
nu "cheating Mutt, buy them of
U. D. WOODS.
TOD WANT Overabirts, Drnwera, Um
brellas or anything In his line, buy of
11, D. WOODS.
YOU WANT to be dealt tdrlr with, get
the worth,of your money %nil net Ue tlit.tt
al ways bur or H. B. WOODS.
YOU WAN? ft pith , of re. ii amber One
i Heavy Winter S nits, don't hay Itejure you
'se the 14Parior art4tia for sale by
H. S. wobps.
J' swim's Orocert.
OHS S. SWAN' has jaet received a splendid
argortment ot Fltiii.3ll (Me 1 ,41134, al,
Hi Store on the corner ot the'public Square,
he finest lot of Sugars ever brought to
%Tilburg, an I very cheap.
is Coffee is supljor to any offered in the
e . If - you' don't believe it come and are
If yeti want the best Syrups and Molasses
'town you find them at Swim's.
(His stock of Queensware, Dishes, Lamps,
is tell, cheap tied good. Every style and
CIGARS fil) TOR4GCO
gis Ctgers and Fob aci.o era of scritrior
•city. Acknowledged by good judges to be
best in the market.
CANDIES AND NOTIONS.
!Particular attention paid to this department.
'AINII supply of Candies, Nuts, Fruits, Soaps,
/net articles, in short any and eyerything
,st natty &owl in s Qratclass Grocery. lu lay,
to ay stuck I was curolul to know what I
was 'buyintr, and am now prepared to sell not
only 0./17 qr9ceries, but to tell them 'very
„giteap. Qire me it call and Wats for your.
mires. - JOAN 11. SWAN.
Nov: 5; IS(G.
Airy tilorlea 1)77 Goods I
Trl'S AND CAPS, DOTS AND SHOES.
—Having just returned from the City,
mai II splendid assortment,of DRY GOODS, 1
.nit now prepared to otter grentrr inducements
.tif buyers than ever before. My stock comfists
:11( ovary deseriptiptrof Dress Goode. pl.tiri and
ncy, (Moths, Cassimeree . , Maslins ' Hoop
.Sitirtli, flalrrirpls, Flagliag, g 4 4 o 7lqiil.res,
. - —.: 4. LI 0 =.
Ip coppeekipp Avittt my Dry Goods, I - have
,oloptfi in 11 4 adjOikang ngqi S large stock of
14A,T ..W #49,04P.i. BOUTS AND S,IiOES,
pvbich I will upiv dry cheap. Children's Shims
fi,losi as ,tat cents, and other goods at cor.
id.i pmilipe rates. lily stock is well selected,
i p tit. tpost cololete ypt o ff ered. Give no n
1 a alb evarpinivfof yb!traeives. ; To I.rgyible
lare a las '
agent for the Florenee Sewing
glieleino, wipch is acknowledged to be the
i hnst in ups. 1,t.1s the latest improved machine
Att e hgi gg the aoysas4.4% R&M), giving
4i &Fes ',songs - eivcr all other timehines.,—
41.11 ms tog .thocii. IA. SPANGLEA.
Oct. 6, i. 666 ..
• NEW G00D.%
pm* bet TP54 1 14 - hfire # l 4 tionkplei
WALL AID WM; 0001)8,
eyed 4 tU 41 441 1, to which 'the
of_beyen Is 4ireeted. Ilkose is
'Wt i 444. G"" Abe i 17 Blab
should eat *1 110 1 1 4 44 eV
gooslgSS.—The trigi . teas
';;Mi a riee — paid fir ()rain and all Odd"
isarkfiltrosarior /*lou r% ie., 049
at tips -Warailwaaa
i ll‘liel4b :', 1: :7 11 0 1 6 4 piesswir,
BY H. J. STABLE.
A TTORNBY AT LAW, will faithfully and
promptly attend tls all business eutrust
ed to him. Re speaks the German language.
Mee at the same place, is South Baltimore
street, Dear Forney's drug store, and nearly
opposite Danner k Ziegler's store.
Gettysburg, Viral 20.
IT• A. DUNCAN k 3. H. INUITS,
ATTOEYS AT LAW,
"i ill promptly attend to all legal basiacts
entrusted to them, including the procuring of
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, and all other
claims against the United States said State
Office in North West Cornet of Diamond,
April 3, 180, tf
ATTONSEILAT LAW, (office one door west
or Iluthler's drug and book store, Chars
bersburg street,) ATrotts •RD SOLICITOR FOR
PATIXTS Ale Pcsstoss. Bounty Land War
rants, Back-pay suspended Claims, and all
other claim; against the government at Wash
ington, D. C.; also Atuertc.tn claims in i:og
land. Cant Warrants located and sold, or
bought, !And highest prices given. Agents en•
gaged in lot iting warrnnts in lowa, Illinois
and other mittens State". isir.App3y to hum
personally o' br letter.
Gettysburg, Nov. 21,14,
ATTORNtY AT LAW.—Particalaratten-
Zion rnid to collection of Penpionv,
Bounty, and B tck•pay. Oflice in the
corner of the Pionond. a _
Gett,y6,bult, Apr 6,1 863. tf
jor AVlNGlocated ftt EAST BETI.LINT, Adams
colmty . hopes ilia. by strict atten(ton
prof•agimal duti a ha . mity merit it Otero of
the public - pttrottage. (Apr. 2, '66. tf
1 - I FFICE itsrl Dwelling, '4. E. tomes oflab.
timore ind Ili,th streets, veer Presbyte
rian Cltureb,Xlettriburg, Pa.
Nov. 30, 11433. tt
br. D. S. Peffer,
-- 11110TTITOWN, Adams countf, sontinklea
the ptretice of his profession in all its
Conches, tra—zoul.l respectfully invite aJi
persons ollAtsq with any old standing die
eg.ses to caltond consult tuns
Oct. 3, 1814. tf
Dr. T. O. Kinzer, ---,,,
FtAl r (!td located permanently A. -BON-
AtGIITOWN, 4.datas aootawilialland
promptly to ell orofesiion tl calk. d .y or night.
Ofq..e at John 1. tndis's, where he cam always
be found, unless professionally engaged.
Aug. G, id. Ly
1111TAS bii office one
do_9l-isiii of the -
Lutketan! church in •
natlobersbutg street, And opposite Dr. C.
Horne .'s 0114-, where'll. se wishing to Ohre
anyDeltil l)eecition pEriortn.d are respect
fully invited lo call. ItLecteselts: Drs. Hor
ner, Rev. C. P. Krauth, D. I) , Rev. H. h.
Potitglie7, D. L. Rev. Prof. It. Jaeubi,
If. B. WOODS. Prof. M. fp liserer.
I Gettypbarg, April 11, '53.
GETT YSBURG, PA..—The undersigned
would most respectfully inform his nu
merous friendt'aad the public generally, that
be hes purchised Hint long established and
well known li3tel, the "Globe Inn," in York
street, GvtLystirg, and will spare no effort to,
coaduct it in a manner that will not detract ,
from AS former high reputation. His table
will have the best the Market can afford—his
chambers are spacious unit comfortable—and.
he has laid in for his bar u full stock of wines
and liquors. There IS lam stabling . attached
to the Hotel, which will be attended by atten
tive hostlers. , It will be his constant endeavor
to render the fullest satisfaction to his guests,
nialiFiug hle house as near a home to'them as
possible. ll« asks a share of the public's pa. I
tronaee, determined as be is to deserves large
part of it. Remember, the "Globe Inn" is in
York street, bat near the Diamond, or Public
Square. IiI..IIUEL. WOLF.
TIFOS hotel, being one of the relics of the
Battle of thttysburg, has beet renovated
and refurnished and is ready to entertain
travellers and the public generally. It being
a short dietance from the Soldiers' Jatiunal
Cemetery, it affsrds convenient scrim:mods.,
tions for all visit hg there; and the subscriber
Niters himself tka; gone shall leete Yin) die
Also, Ice Crean' and all kinds al setnesk
ments, at all boors, to accommodate proms,
ua , lers. Give meg eall.
JOSEPH [ATMS, Proprietor
Gettyaburg r kii 21, 1866..
WEAR THE DEPOT.
lIVIOVER, YORK GO., PA.
The undersicmedWould respectfully inform
his numerous feeds and the public generally;
that he has leased - he Hotel in Hanover ) , near
the Depot, formerly kept by Hr. Jeremiah
g.ohler, and will spire no effort to conduct it
in a manna, that wi I give gestural satisfaction.
His table will havitthe best the markets can
afford—his chambers are spat ious and COW.
fortahle—and he his laid in for his bar a full
stock of choice when and liquors. There is
stabling for horses ittached to the Hotel. It
will be his concert endeavor to render the
fullest satisfaction o his guests, making his
house as near a hone to them as possibis.—
lie asks a share of the public paerouage, de
termined as he is to deserve a large p art Of it.
Remember the Railioad House r 4p:tr the De
pot Hanover, Pa. A. P. BAUGHER.
Oct.;, 4135. tf
M 4RB=I,B WORKS,
iiiigultimore street., irly Oppopite-the Court
Ryer) , description or Work spouted in the
hnert style of the ;rt.
June 4, Ips. tf
fsol , l at. Work t
Taslindersigued continues the
AItRUGX-li.ltiNG 13Gatnrail t _
to all hi bre - ache:Fs, s . Ms uld.itaud, Krtil
Middle street. Gettysburg.
AGM WOldti nta4et9 order, and
done promptly end. at o.4eet prices.
F.11 0 1.1.141.T0P 431) BTA-441.1G-TO:
/3170(1 3, 8
putierrptrte on nom.
Twit dritt.rata 41'11.1:40 WAGONS. (or
sale. JACOB TROUL.
rnHIONABLE BAR,Alift, Borth - east c,gr
nee of the Diamond, (next door to tic=
oati'a liotob) Dettlgttorg, Where /JR
can at all pop. by %%Ind realty to attend to 41
boxinest io his gap. Be has ajao excellent og
ee:once amj aaatre aatisfattlOn. GO*
him a call. Dee. 3, 1860.
1866. :7 , , st uglin gw t4r W 4 N,
r frifta D: -...14.14
, / ,i
u ij ,. 11 1 1 t
_ I T ._( I , ) -,,. ,-. g)
111 - al
&, :,. c
i . 1 , t
N.) .. - ( L v - wg L ti
Edward B. Buehler,
D. X cCona,ughy,
i. C. ffeely,
Dr. F. C. Wolf,
I. 'Lawrence 11i4. M. D.,
TOR[ IT., THAR VIZ DIAMOND,
"elan W. rpptoa,
WHEREAS the HOD. 110BIRT J. FISHICI,
President of the geveral Courts of Com
mon Pleas in the Counties cocnpo,ing the 12th
District, and Justice of the Courts of Oyer and
Terminer and Gent's! Jail Delivery, for the
trial of all capiteal and other offenders in the
said district, and fuse E. Wiaturis, and IdadO
ROBINSON, Esqs., Judges of the Courts of Com
mon Pleas, ar.d Justices of the Courta of Oyer
and Terminer and General Jail Delivery, for
the trial of all capit•il and other offenders in
the Conner of Ad.stas —have issued , their pre
cept, bearing date the 21st day of November, in
the year of our LORD one thousand eight hun
dred and siztysix, and to me directed, for
holding a Court of Common Pleas, and General
Quarter Sessions of the Peace, and General
Jail Delivery and Court of Oyer and Terminer,
at Gettysburg, on MONDAY, the 21st day of
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN to ail the
Justices of the Peace, the Coroner and Consta
bles within the said County of Adams, that
they be then end time in their proper persons,
with their Rolls, Records, Inquisitions, Exam
inations, and other Retnembrances, to do those
things which to their offices and in that behalf
appettain to be done,' and also, they who will
prosecute against the prisoners that are or
then shall be in the Jail of the said County of
Adams, are to be then and there to prosecute
against them as shall be just.
PHILIP HANN, Bberill.
Sheriff's 011ists, Gettysburg, Dec. 31,'66.
Jury List.—January Term•
Gettysblrg—Daniel J. Benner, (Portman.)
Straban—Eli G. Ilesgy, Philip Donohue.
Monntpleasant--Francis M. Buddy, Lames
Listjestown—Eph re im liyars. •
Ramiltouban—Jtottlt-Watson, John Sanders.
tonowago—Emanuel Diller, Gemge Kuhn.
Mountjoy—J)hn Rebert, Jesse .D. Newman.
Berwick tp.—Joseph Kepner.
Butler—win — lin Crum, Philip Weaver.
Frceslout. John '
Gill CRAG Juni%
Prankiin,4James Mickley, John li. Rafrens
Framdcant.-Mhalutel McFadden, Calvin P.
Huntington—David Day, .Abraham Trostle.
liamiltonben—Reuben Stem, Peter Shively.
Untler—Daniel Walter, Daniel March.
Menallen—Wm. B Miller, Amos Schlosser,
Chrysost um Eppelman.
Germany—John.Cr.tturine, Jacob King.
Strabaa--.George Drew, Jobs J eM4s,, 0.0.
_ Union—George D. Basehoar, John Itindig.
Mountpleasant.--Sautuel A. Smith, James
Gitt, Elias Mayer. - . •
Reading—Sam's OrgrholtsPr,John Simpson.
Gettysburg—Wm. Guinn, Hoary Hupp.
Cumberland—Christian Seltrirer, 11. Paxton
Mountjoy—John D. Spangler.
Defottl—FrAnklin Marshall, Samuel Neel , .
Ilighh6l.l John Dubs.
Dec. 17, loud. to
111 . 2 CommisAotters of Adam
w s county here
by give ire that they have fixed upon
t e l
following dt ys for holding the Appeals
for the several floronghs and Townships of
said county, at the office of the County Com
missioners, an Gettysburg, who.) and where
they wilt attend to hear Appeals, between the
hours of 9, A. M , and 3 'o'clock, P. M., of
each day, ,13follows: -
The Appeals far tlettys i t>nrs, Cumberland,
Germany, 01: 7 ord', Huntington, Latimore. Ty
rone and Straban, on TUESDAY, the 22d day
of JANUARY next.
For Hamiltonban, Franklin, 111,:hland, Free
dom, Ilonntjoy, Union, Conpwego and Liber
ty, on WE(93;SDAY, the 23d day of JAN
For Menallen, Butler, Berwick bor., Berwick
tp , [lending, Hamilton, Afountpleasant, and
Liftleatown, nn TUUBSDAY, :he '34th day
of JANUARY texi.
By order of the County Commissioners,
J. IL WALTZ% Clerk.
Dee. 24.1806. to
NOTICE is hereby given to all Legatees
and other persons concerned, that the
Administration Accounts hereinafter mention
ed will ho presented at the Orphan's Court of
Adams county, for confirmation and allow
ance, on :MONDAY, the 22i1 day of JANUARY,
180, at 10 o'clock, A. IL, viz:
I. ThP 4rit and finalf..ccottut of Elizabeth
J. Walker, Administratrix of William 4. Walk
2. The first a:connt of Samuel Bowers, Ex
ecutor of Margit - et Bowers, late of Hunting
trio township, deceased.
W. D. uourzwotrrrr,
Dec. 24, L 8 d, Begister.
TAB following npplicetions for Tavern end
Restinrant Incenses have been filed in
the Oleo of the Clerk of the Courts, end will
be presents! at the neat Court of Quarter
Sessions of Adams eoputy, to be held at Get
tysburg, on MONDAY, the 21st day of JANU
ARY, A. D. 1867:
William E. Myers, Gettysburg borough,
Jacob Stock, '
Hoindofph Johnson, I/
Jicob Eicbelts, Franklin township,
A. S. Hildebrand, Hamilton tow ip.
A. IC. Stoner, Hamilton town ip.
A. W. MIS ,R,
/ 117110LT4, Deputy.
Clerk's Offic?, Gettysb g,}
Dec. 31, Md. to
GUINN k HOLLY have erected two addi
tional Little Kilns, on the Railroad, and
are therefoye" better prepared than ever to sup.
ply the bent of LIME, in large or small quanti
ties. 4f:ten:tars and others cats hereaftet look
for amore prompt filling of their orders, and
areAnrited to extend and continue their fa
yore to a lirm which ire making every effort to
aecommodatethem in thebest mannerpossible.
They will also continue to keep on band, for
,ale, s good supply of the different kind* of
COAL, which they will s' 11 at small profits.
Goal and Lime delivered ittlywitaro in Get.
May 14, 1864. tf
VgwAsNO).l l laking BusLwow
mum war being over, the iinderiiigWed bate
at their old stand, B .et Middle street,
where they are again prepared to put op work
to the most fashionable, substantial, and ImPe
rior simmer. A lot of new. and second-head
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, AC.,
on hood, which they will dispose of at the
.lowest prices; sod all orders will be supplied
as promptly and satisfactorily en poulble.
dope with dispatch, and at cheapest rates.
A large lot of new sod 014 1- .IA4SgSB op
bawd for sal*
Thankful for the liberal patronage hereto,
fora enjoyed by them, they solicit and will sQr
dearer to deserve a large share in the 'store,
cumol4, 4 ZIEUI44,
bily 1 6,1464, $4
GETTYSBUR,G, PA., MONDAY, JAN. 21, 1867.
He comes! the Winter WWII!
I hear his footstep' through the nights:
I hear his vanguard on the heights
March taro' the pines with unlined drums!
rn naked feet are on the mead ;
The grass blades stiffen In his path;
Nn (ear for child of earth ha hatlit
No pity for the tender seed
The bare oaks 'Madder at his breath!
A moment by the stream lie stays—
Its melody is motet A glaze
Creeps over Its dimples, as of death
Here la your mission ! Ye who feed
Yoor lavish tires! Not afar,
But at your (loon your heathen are!
god's poor—your creditors! Take heed!'
The path Is long to Pagan sham!
Their skies are sunny—God o'er all I
The Winter's deadly ttarvestarall
Around you I Deal your 31inder'a stores !
p 2 =sstis.
FAIMIUNG IN THE UNTIV STATEN.
As yet, the science of farming is in its
Infancy. With rare eiceptions,the culti
vation of the soil in the United States is
wastefol, eiegltgont and unsystematic.—
Our cultivated lands are, In may Sec
tions, passing through a coursa of general
deterioration, of *kWh the crwthers seem
quite unconscious, because- the souses
which produce that deterioration are not
at once apparent to them ; the same lands
are cultivated year after year with the
same crops, without a thought that the
elements of the soil which are removed
with. the productions of every - harvest,
must he renewed by the application of
fertilizing material. Excessive moisture
from an indurated sub-soil, which has
tower beep scratched, oven by a plow or
spade, checks vegetation continually, at
the very season when the atmospheric
agencies are most favorable to the devel
opment of vegetable growth; and noxi
ous weeds are permitted to dispute sue
eessfully for the possession of the soil
which ought only to sustain the life-sus
taining plants which the farmer /MS
In thorough draining, deep tillage and
liberal manuring; the American farmer
can find employment for all the time and
money at his command; and he can
not attbrd to neglect these three great es
sentials of good farming,' if he would
maintain a sturdy independence, enjoy a*
serene and comfortable old age,"and leave
something beside a good name as a lega
cy to his children. He who depends on
mother earth for support, cannot afford
to invest any portion of the
which she attbrds in stocks or speculative
enterprises of any Mild. Even the sav
ings bank bi a poor place of deposit, if he
has a muck bed, a peat meadow, or a
marl bed in his neighborhood. Let him
not fear to trust the earth, for her in
crease will be in proportion to his confi
dence and faith. The most successful
farming ever known has been done by
those who have expended upon their
lands, in a single season, an amount
equal to the value of the laud Itself.—
..Form and Piiosidc.
Six acres of meadow In the town of
Mansfield, Connecticut, were carefully
prepared and stocked with cranberry
plants, three or four years ago. Last
year, upwards of four punt/red and fifty
tuahels of cranberries were gathered on
this six-acre cranberry patch. A profit
•Cmnberries grow well In some parts of
this county. We *have seen them bar
abuudant4y in Buchanan Valley a,
the neighborhood of Arendtsvllle. •I
ways bringing a good price, eve here
at home, there N every in cement
for more general planting. No other
drop is more profitable, wh st the atten
tion required after the • ants are set, is
very trifling.—Cbmpile .
ORIGIN OFF *ors APPLES.
The original t •e of the New town Pip
pin, of world- • side repute, was a seedling
which gre near a swamp in Newtown,
Lough' d, about 1700, on the estate of
Girsha. Moore, and the fruit was. called
the a rshatu Moore Pippin for a long
tin • . The tree lasted over a hundred
ears, and finally died from excessive
cutting, it having been much resorted M
for scions to graft with.
The Baldwin, New England's favorite
Apple, originated in Wilmington, near
Boston,- more than a century ago. It
grew on the farm of Ur. Butters, In the
part of the town called Somerville, and
was known as the Butters apple, also
as the Woodpecker's apple (the wood
peckers having perforated the tree) ; be
ing disseminated by Col. Baldwin
it was called the Baldwin apple.
ITN= AND DINTS.
B. &Ammon of Stratham, N. has an
Ayrshire cow, ten years old last spring,
that has given a little over 800 pounds of
in ten days. In seven days, during
the month of June, be made from her
milk 03 pounds of butter.
Time mid labor devoted to the 'collec
tion of materials to be converted into
manure, are the n►ost fruitful sources of
profit hi the whole range of farm soon-
Maine boy amused himself some
years ago planting apple seeds. The re
sult is a net profit of seven hundred dol
lars from a fine orchard this season.
Farmers should remember what Rob
ert Hall says --"No man can ever become
eminent in anything, unless he works at
it with an earnestness bordering on en
A pound Or tAro of oOustio soda or a
similar quantity of what 14 withui concert.
tratod lye, both of which may be had at
the druggists, will purify stagnant, odor.
ous water in cisterns.
An Indianan says that hanging seed
corn in a make house, and leaving it
there while the meat is beisig smotted,
will keep mbles and field mice from eat
ing it after it is planted.
In making roads, drain them. There
cannot be a good road where water
stands on it. Keep out stones of every
size, and have the top of the road evenly
and slightly rounded.
Young trees need constant looking af
ter. If trees be properly planted no
stakes will be needed, but if from care
less planting or accident, any tree has
been thrown art of perpendicular,
straighten it upand tic it to a stake.
Horses and cattle often do touch dam
age to a young 'orchard, and should
therefore be kept out. Hogs arc the on
ly animals that should be let iu.
Mr. C. Mercer, of Lisbon, Howard co.,
Zdd., states that by planting onions a
round peach trees he has discovered that
no insects of any kind will trouble the
trees. The onions will remain there for
The quality of wool is tested by taking
a lock from the sheep'shack, and placing
it on a surface representing an inch in
length. If the spirals count from thirty
to thirty-three in that space, the wool
is equal to the finest Electoral or Sax
ony wool. The staple Is inferior accord
ingly as it takes a lesser number to fill
up the same space.
SCHOOL 81rIPERINTENDENDIS REPORT.
ADAMS COUNTY.—Aaron lihhely
Thouselt.—Eight new houses have been
erected since the date ot my last report.
Of this number, Franklin and Hamilton
have each two, and Butler, Oxford
Dud Reading each one. The one la 13ut-1
ter', at Center Mills, Is a large, commodl
-0113 and beautiful brick building, supplied
with good furniture and ample black- I
board surface. Mr. J. G. Weaver, the
contractor and builder, resides in the vi- I
cinity, is a warm friend of common
schools, and took special pains to erect a
building in every Way creditable to him-
self and the district. The phit of the
house is excellent, and the materiel used I
in its construction of the bestquatity. lu i
short, it is a model country school house. I
Directors who contemplate building,
6hould examine it.
The other new houses erected are all
good and substantial edifices.
Houses t': V.—We have still a number
of houses unfit for school purposes. By
reference to last year's report it will be
seen where they are.
There is one district, however, that de
serves special mention in this connection, I
and that is tittlestown. This, a town of
considerable size, wealth and enterprize,
contains three schools, hut cannot boast
of asingle public school building fit for
Kubota purposes. The directors have
rented the lecture room of a church, and
in this they mauage to accommodate two
of their schools. The other is kept in an
old, meanly furnished log cabin, located
on an alley, in the out-skirts of the town.
It. is the intention of the Directors to put
up al building large enough to ftecommr
date !all their schools as soon as they
throtigh. with grading and pavinr
streets, and all other important
now engrossing their attention.
a little strange that the people
which contains so many fine •
idences, churches, stores ar
who are otherwise enterpri
greasive, should so long,
is of primary importane
In various districts •
erected the present r
ken hold of the
think that go,
houses will be
n. The spirit of
ngth to have ta
and they begin to
lhouSes are as ne
:us and stables.
.—Two houses were de
. during the year, the one
caused by the bad practice
It ashes in the building;
:ilenallen, supposed to have
work of an Incendiary. In the
the former, one Inv already been
and in the latter a new one will
for. the fall term.
crsary as 3134
the , o.
nifure.—The new houses are gener
a:_- buppl ied with good, though for the
moSt part, plain furniture, but many of
theold ones are lamentably deficient in
thili particular. It is now pretty general-1
ly admitted that a'school desk should be '
something more than a board fastened to
the wall, at a uniform height, in such a
way ns to form a steep, inclined plane, at
which it is utterly Impossible for a child
to learn to write. The opinion is fast
gaining ground, that the school should
he made as pleasant and attractive as the
home; and that to become so, it must
have all the necessarymppliances for coin- ,
fort as well as for study.
&140018.—The war has had a very-de
pressing effect upon our schools, from
which they have not yet fully recovered. ,
On account of the high bounty taxes in
many districts, directors unwisely short
' ened the term to the minimum length of
four months, and also reduced the wages
to the very lowest gates. So long as di
rectors do not pay Wages more commen
surate with the toils, trials, difficulties
and responsibilities of teaching, we must
expect to have sortie poor schools,.
'rho majority of our schools were In the
hands of eauscientioua, faithful teachers, I
, who discharged their duties to the best
of their ability, A. few failures occurred
during, the winter, owing mainly to want
of stitileient scholarship and executive
The only disttifeta which had fall terms,
were Cumberland and Straban. Iq (let,
' tysburg the school year is divided into
two terms, of feu and a half mouths
Nzaminations.—My first public exami
nation of teachers fur the year was held
In Gettysburg, in July, and all the others
'during the mouths of August and Sep
A second examination was held in Stra
ban, to examine teachers for the winter
(Teachers being Beane the °leaders were
generally very small, At tour of my ap- !
• poiutinents not a single applicant ap
The examinations were generally well
attended by directors and other friend& I
At the close of the public examinations
' teachers hail been secured for only about
one-half the schools. With much diffi
culty, and after In ueb delay, all were sup
plied with teachers, though many of them
were decidedly incompetent. Private
examinations were so very frequent that ;
for several months afterwards, scarcely a
day passed that I was not called on to ex.!
amine one or more applicants. I have
reason to know that teachers sometimes
Itook advantage of the scarcity, to shirk a
public examination. At the request of
directors, I renewed a few certifioates, !
There is nothing In the law to justify this
practice, and it should therefore be dia- 1
continued. By it the main object of the;
law Is defeated, Directors - and teachers
should not ask a superintendent to do'
what they know he has-no right thdo.
Teaoheiv.—Our teachers are for the
tnost',Vart, young and isesperitneed,, As
49TH YEAR,--NO. 17.
soon as they acquire a little skill and ex
perience, they, as a general thing, go
where their services are more apprecia
ted and better rewarded, or abandon the
profession altogether. Many are forced
to do this, because the low rates of wages
pald in many districts will not aftbrd
them a living. The average salaries of
males per month, last winter, was about
twenty-six dollars, and the average of fe
males a fraction over twenty-three dollars.
The highest at erage for males forty dollars
and seventy-seven cents, was paid in Get
tysburg, and the next highest, thirty dol
lars, was paid in Conawagoand Hampton.
The lowest average for males, twenty-one
dollars and fourteen eents i was paid in
Highland. The highest average per
month for females, twenty-eight dollars
And a half, was paid in Huntington, and
the lowest, seventeen dollars and thirty
three cents, In Oxford. From this it will
be seen that theeompensation of teachers
in this county is entirely inadequate.
Some very good teachers refuse to teach
because they can make more by working
as common day-laborers. A good teach
er refused' to teach last winter, because
he was offered two dollars a day for ma
king staves and shingles. Day laborers
here get from a dollar and a half to two
dollars, anti mechanics from two to three
dollars per day. I know a butcher's boy
that gets twenty dollars per month and
board. This is indeed a deplorable state
of affairs. No wonder many of our bet
ter class teachers leave the county, or quit
a profession that brings them but a scan
ty living. But there are men who think
that the teacher who is employed for
four or five months In the year, at twen
ty-five dollars a month, has a very good
Yes, there are those In our midst who
think that the man who receives a - dollar
a day forteaehing,gets"big" wages. Out
of this scanty allowance many teacher
are obliged to pay from $,2 50 to $3 00 per'
week for boarding. The teacher should
receive a compensation that will more
than barely afford him a respectable live
lihood. Life has its vicissitudes for the
teacher /14 well as for other classes of per
sons, and he should receive such a com
pensation as will enable him to lay by
something for a "rainy day."
re teachers were better paid, and other
wise encouraged, many of them would
qualify themselves better for the work,
and more thoroughly prepare themselves,
to bear the toils and difficulties, ate'
slime the responsibilities, of a teak
The natural consequence of this
economy, on the part of direct ,
drive from the profession mr
qualifications, both natural am
and whose activity and ener
ter enable them to secure
wha.eservice,;, for this
needed as teachers
teachers, as well
justice of direeto)
to teachers tint
merit which tF
to state th'
affords me much pleasure
.rectors have ever manifes
,ne the greatest kindness and
,d, flct a general thing, seemed
co-operate with me in all mea
minted to promote the interests
.•h tali. They generally attended
duhlic examinations, accompanied
in my visitations to the schools, and
tonne(' many other ditties connected
th an office which is at once the most
important and responsible, and at the
same time the most undesirable, in the
gift of the people. But all are not SO eon
scientioug and philanthropic. Certain
ones might be named who are avowed
enemies of the system, who, under the
plea of economy, are in favorof having as
little school as possible, and reducing the
wages to the very lowest living or starv
ing rates, and who invariably favor the
appointment of such teachers as offer
their services for the least money, be they
competent or incompetent. In-their hos
tility they sometimes over-reach them
selves and violate the law. Such was the
case in several instances.
To all such, I would say that gross ne
glect of duty and willful violations of law
' will hereafter not he tolerated. In my
I opinion, directors should receive compen
sation for their services, suMcient at least
to pay them for their time. There is uo
good reason why other township of
should be remunerated for their time and
services and not school directors. If
there ever was a time when it was inex
pedient to allow them compensation, that
time Is happily passed. I would suggest
that the next Legislature be memorialized
to amend the law In this particular.
reitations.-4 commenced my visita
tions to the schools soar, after their open
ing, and continued until they closed.
Nearly every school was visited once,
and many a second time, during the ses
sion. A few were not in session when I
visited -in those localities. and could not
be reached afterwards without much in
convenience and lass of time to myself.
In many districts, directors accom
The County Insfilhte convened in Oct
tysburg, October 25th, and continued in
session three days. The attendance was
good t lroughont, about seventy-five
teachers answering to their names.
At first the attendance was small, and
the exercises not of a very interesting
character, but as the meeting progressed
it increased in interest and importance,
until at its close, it was pronounced by
all as having beeh one of the most sue
eowful anti profitable meetings •of - the
kind ever held in the county.
State Superintendent Coburn was with
us a portion of the_tlme, and by his pres
ence and aid, contributed greatly to the
interest and success of the meeting. He
delivered a very excellent and able ad
dress on the "Qualifieations, duties and
responsibilities of the teacher."
Piot Linn, of Newville, also delivered
an tit press that was well received, for its
sound, practical 'views and wholesome
advice, to teachers.
During the afternoon of the second Jay's
session, the members of the association
a v4iled themselves of a very kind invita
tion from the faculty of Pennsylvania col
lege, to visit the halls, libraries and_
grounds of their institution; and in the
evening, by invitation, they repaired to
the College chapel, whore they were
treated to a very interesting and instruc
tive lecture on the principles of Physical
Science, as connected with the occupa
tions and phenomena of every-day life,
by Prof. Mayer, of Pennsylvania college.
The lecture was illustrated chroutthout,
by means of new and costly philosophical
Conclasion.—The war being over, it is
to ho hoped our schools will speedily be
come more prosperous than even before
the war, To effect this, let us all exert
ourselves to the utmost. Much has been
done, and much remains to be done. I
would here return my sincere thanks to
all, for the kindness and courtesy extend
ed to me on all occasions.
VierA western man, speaking of the
Pueifio Railroad, says it is "one of the
funniest coincidences in the world that
almost every alternate section of land on
each side of the road belongs to SUMO
member of Congress,"
Ifir"Were you guarded In your con
duct while in New York?" said a father
to Ms son, wbo bad Jost returiaui from
his visit to the City,, "Yes. 9it, part of
the time by two policemen,"
~.‘„,weja,404004.04e of our eachAtatia,„;
following extract, which has travelled o
widely that it..has lost its paternity, or it
would receive the "credit' it *serve,
The votistant iteration of the "Menke
Demoeratic papers" has, we believe, done
some good. We believe that a more gen
eral conviction now exists among Demo
crats that, it is their duty to aid in -
circulating sound; papers, and in dis
couraging the circulation ot unwound once;
than at any former time. But we are
also convinced that in this respeet we aro
still far behind our opponents.
will rarely ever touch or read a Democrat.
le paper; 'and while this is carrying big
otry too far, yet Democrats often err in
exactly the opposite extreme. For some
trifle they will be induced to subscribe
for a paw that will poison the minds of
their childeren, and make them Inveter
ate abolitionists. It is no more than Jul,.
tice to say, that every man who now pub.
lishes a Democratic paper does a self-eac
rificing work, and, taken as a class, we
know of no truer or more patriotic men
than the Democratic editors of the North-.
ern States. As a body, they are far in
advance of the politicians, who, in many
instances ' are (lead weight_ upon them:
We say, therefore, that If there Is any
class of own who - deservo well of Demo
crats, it is,laken as a whole, the Demo
cratic editor, We urge, therefore, that
Democrats generally sliouldt r y to under
stand the thnienhies tinder which their
editors labor, and nen they see what
talvantages the abolition prep.s have over
them, they will feel like taking hold and
aiding them with material aid in their
unequal tight. As the New Year ap
proaches, let systematic efforts he made
to give a wide extension to Democratic
Journals. Active lienmerats should cont
inence early making out lists of those
who ought to and probably will, take (if
called upon) a good Democratic local pa
per, Let it be the business of some buo
to s,.to his Democratic neighbors, and
urge upon them the necessity of sus
taining their papers. Democrats moat.
be doubly vigilant, if they would perpetu
ate theirprinelpies and save republican
• - overthrow
racy and a
'cry de feats
that lies Its
king the dis
wratie doe- ,
s. during a
campaign are not enough. Our oppo
nents ate at work every day in the year,
and the only way to Counteract their In
flume° is to see that the arguments ea
both sides of all great political questions
are at least presented si•le by side. 4„
a, are most
fu tiehalf of
to the sense of
The following description of the :Tte
publioan party is from the pen of Ca. -
(John W. Forney. In 1856, but ten yearsago,
ogo, he wrote as follows:
"The adversaries of the nemoe'ratio par
ty have dissolved the Anieriean !Won in
advance, so far as by their own action they
can consummate that direful result. They
rtalk of peace, and in their conventions,/
proclaim a policy wide!' must eta! in '
civil war. They appeal to Heaven to
sanctify a movement which, if sucpcess- •
ful, will destroy (lie fairest fabric of Iree
dom on the globe.. They invite: our
countrymen to support their cause In the
midst of the most irreverent blasphemies
of the Constitution. They have idgoady
succeeded in dividing the Christian
1 Church, and now they would lay their
hands upon the bulwarks of our Liberties.
i They would wrest the Constitution front
1 the glorious purposes to which IL was
dedicated by its foundets, and they Would
erect at Washington a sectional despot
ism, whose presiding divinities would
be hostility to the equality of the States,.
land relentless war upon the South. - The
1 party that avows opposition and hatred
toward the Sohthern States as its tnoti Yu
and rule of action, is to !maid or
comfort from any man who loves his
country, or desires to be faithful to its
government. The greatest, the wisest,
and the best men this country ever pro
duced, have warned us that the Union •
, could not last wider the control of such
rge them to givo
art and encourage-
Irtanee of their work
That is a truthful delineation of the
party which now controls the destinies
of this nation. Although the writer of
the above, for the sake of office, joined
himself thereto, that iuirty is the same to
day as then. The Union could not last
under their control. History will prove
that these adversaries of the Democratic
party are responsible for the clissolUtiou
of the Union, as far as it is dissolved.
We think that in downright ;dirty
meanness Radical newspaper writors do
i excel. Whig actuated by the most nar
row-minded and selfish motives, they
' seem to be utterly incapable of compre
hending the existence of any exc.ept the
most sordid cruises of action in others.
Desiring to create unfavorable impres
sions in regard to the entire white peo
ple of the South, they constantly publish
what they know to ho entirely false, or
distort facts out o f all proportion to de
duce an unfavorable inferenee. There
are no doubt j)eapie who read that kind
of thing wait a peculiar gtn.to--inean
and maliciouW creatures with the hearts
of inurderera. in most cowardly bodies.
Dsteeilt men and'women must, however,
be disgusted, With such staff. Take the
following as a specimen. We clip it
from an account of an in terview the cor
respondent of the New York Tribune pro
fesses to have hail with the members of
CongreiLs whir) have just returneW from
their trip to the South. It isa telegram :
"The members of the party who •went
for a 'little qcreation' succeeded in ob
taining it, and those who went tw have
'a good time' had tllat. also ; only those
were disappe:nieti a ho accompanied the
excursion to obtain a correct idea of the
feelings of the Southern people.' I'ho
champagnes, turkeys, whiskeys, bran
dies, wines, lobsters, lees, turtles, &e.,
are., had no limit, and it was nut the fault
of the Southern people if any Congress
man can:whom:2 hungry or thirsty. The
affair was not, however, without lessons.
Ono Congressman lost his oveleout, anoth
er his valise, others lied their pockets
picked. The wi!e of a Sena tor bet 4 Val
uable gold Watch, and the only members
of the party wine lost nothing were the
newspaper correspondents, th e re ason I n
their cuss: bciug that they had nOthing to
Is it possible that members of Congress
were mean euough to charge that articles
of wearing uppare; were stolen from tliem
j by the peopie who eutert.iiinl them so
handsomely, or (lid the correspondent of
I the 7'ribude manufacture a base lie out
of the whole cloth. We do not think a
decent mall ha the Iviwie itepubtican par
ty eau read the above extract without
being compittly disgusted. Yet 44.14
thh ig , i, alp ; , vor ,,, are habitually publish
ed by every Radical newspaper 'in the
North. I- i t
119 t, 0/110 there was an mud
of that kind of roing? I!an no . Itcpubli-
Ican editor he found with the decency to
condemn it? We have yot to tateloue of
them do se.—Llactoder bitatiitenefc.
joir An Irishmanl4% Me lted isq
d e fi ne bard (I/1411(41g, l
tins ua a ru.A. tr*cl witiet."
TUE DUTY OF DEJNOCONFIL
A TUVE rieTEAE•