Newspaper Page Text
The Tripertfts Treaty.
We copy from the Philadelphia Laken a ma
aim synopsis of Mr. Everett's letter en the tripar-
Sitotreaty.: In speaking of it the Ledger says:
6 4 0na of the most able State moors which we
'Zane seen for a long time, is the letter of Mr. Ever
ett to the British and French Ministers upon the
propositions of their respective governments for a
Ilipartite treaty. It covers the whole ground of ar
gument in the case, and in the most courteous tone,
is abooloh.ly scor ching, scathing, withering in its
._11121114 One point is the letter is, that neithcr Brit.
ala nor Prance can have an equal interest with the
quitel States in the ownership of Cuba, fur it
'operated from them by the Atlantic Ocean, while
it Is directly upon the coast of the United States,
and in a geographical p saition of great importance
to them. He shrewdly asks what the Government
of France or Britain would think, were Cuba at the
mouth of thefleine or the Thamsa, if the United
States should propose to them a tripartite treaty to
secure it-for ever to Spain? Another point is, that
whatever may have been the territorial relations of
Europe with the American Continent, they have al
seedy, in the progress oteventes greatly diminished,
and are destined, under the same progress, to cease
eatirely; and hence that the United Sates cannot
bind themselves to maintain forevever an exist:tit
relation between an European nation and one of its
American colonies, which time must extinguish.—
To illustrate this, he refers to the extensive empire
which France once held an this continent, and the
still more extensive empire of Spain, both now ex-
Meet; and alto to the extensive empire of Britain,
how confined to the region north of the St. Lill ' 11 , .
MCC, He else refers to the mighty progress of
the United States since their revolution, as an indi
cation of the progress, development and extension
whisk must necessarily be their destiny. Antrher
Point is, that European nations cannot have the
same interest in the destiny of Cuba with the Uni
ted States, because they, notwithstanding the ex
tinction of their once mighty American empires, are
nearly in the same fixed and stable condition as
when those empires began, while the Iluitvd States
have risen, in much less time, from a few imsttered
colonial settlements, to a powerful nation, with all
the elements of indefinite extension, by means en
tirely consistent with the peace, happiness and pro
gress of human society. Hence, while a treaty to
maintain indefinitely an existing state of things
may be consistent with the fixed condition and in
terests of European nation, it is 'entirely inconsist
ent with the continual progressii\and expansive
condition of the United States.
To,illustrate this, he refers to the i \ reat acquisi
tions of territory by the United States, ky fair pur
chase. or lawful conqu3st in j Ist wars since the
commencement of. the present century, and to the
great tide of European emigration which ikows to
theta, lured by the vreat advantages preser — •
Afterican institutions, to apread over our
those great territorial acquisitions. Anothi
presented by this admirable letter is the cl
of the American Constitution, which prevei
inititotion from controlling the legislation or ,1.._
administrations, each of which must be governeJ
by the exigencies, for the time, of a nation continu •
ally progressive. Another point is that, al this Is.
land und Porto Rico are the on!y remaining depen
dencies of Spain, as that nation began to decline
from the commencement of its American empire,
and since the loss of its possessions on the Ameri
can continent, has made rapid progress in renova
tion, relinquishing this Island may be a part of its
future policy; and if so, while the United States can
never allow It to pass under-the dominion of any
-other European power, they cannot bind themselves
to other „European powers against an acquisition,
which, on its separation from Spain, must be of
groat value to them, as well from its geographical
position, as from other circumstances. Ile Pays
that, while the United States do not wait Cuba
now, will never receive it from Spain through un
fair means, and will never allow tit to be wrepted
from her by any leant. they will want it whenever
Spain, in the course of her future policy, is ready
to relinquish it.. And he adds that such may be-
COMO the policy of Spain, since the maintenance of
her sway over the Island already costs, for her ar
my and navy alone, 612,000,000, which exceeds
her revenue from the Island, which is greater than
the expenses of the United States, for both their ar
my and navy; and since the commerce of Spain with
the Island, should it be ceded to the United Statep,
.would be far more profitable to her than her present
dominion over it. He adds that, while the policy
of the United States would forbid the purchase of
tha Island now, this involves questions withwhich
no European power has any legitimate concern.—
Another point in this letter is the sound policy of
the United States which forbids any entangling al
liance, with Europe.
This admirable letter is well fitted to mike the
English statesmen who conceived this tripartite pro
ject, wince a little at the difference between Amer
ican and European policy, progress and political
ethics. The British Government, whether covet
ing Cabs or not, knows that the United States would
loot allow it to become .British. Sensible of this
and jealous of American ha tuls,• and hence their cud
den regard for Spain! Mr. Everett understands
them in Cubit as he does in Central America. We
de not want Cutra . while it can be kept Spanish.—
But we do want, and eventually shall have them
through their own peaceful desire for the unien.—
la the meantime, let us be jut to Spain, watch and
restrain England; and have no entangling alliance=
A lowa - Wairrox.—.Tios flOnlililf a girl about
lifteen . years of age. waiveent to the House of Cos
section for two monthritie being a wanton. Fur a
few weeks past she has walksd the streets for its
proper purposes. Her story is a brief one; She was
born in poverty. At the age of eleven years she
commenced • Ihre of prostitution: at twelve she be-
Came the etistsess of a black man; at thirteen she
mitered the dance cellars as a decoy; at fourteen
she was a conflicted drunkard, and to-day, when lens
than fifteen years of age, she was convicted:of be
ing a lewd, wanton, lascivious and dangerous per
son, and was sent to the House of Correction as
above. Boston is a model city, celebrated for its
philantbrepi=cases like this one are not en
arAa excited Irishman thus contrasts the Celtic
and Saton races, in one of the Lemdon papers:
'..The Celt has a long eranium, high land express
its features, dark, or warm cumplexion, square and
muscular frame," such as we find in the Shalt.-
poems, Newtons, Nelsons and Wellington, in the
Stepbensqos and men of enterprise, in great states
men, authors,. artists, ks. "Go into any learned or
illustrious assembly in the kingdom, and you will
find nine-tenths of them having the Celtic pkisique."
New for the Saxon:
"Front' a long lid careful examination, he ii as
tertainea to be a flaxen-haired, bullet-headed, pig
eyed, hige-faced, long-backed. pot-bullied, bandy
legged, stupid, slavish, lumbering, sulky, poor.
whose moral state is a disgrace and regret to En
gland. Their uniformity of complexion and figure,
their obesity, their weak legs and scanty figure,
their small brain in proportion to the long spine
ton large fiat face, are marks of inferiority."
Tess YANILlita ENERGT.—There is a mixture of
Jodie rubber in the true, lire, go-ahead Yankee.—;
Wherever be falls, he is sure to rebound. ' Here is
an instance in point. Charles Hoarser, formerly of
Brunswick, in this county, caught the California
fever, and made up his mind somehow to win his
opide." Bat bow was he to get where the pile ex
isted? He stirred round and found a good friend
(Cel. A. J. Stone) to loan him $lOOO. Well, be ar
rived at the mines early in 1849, and after working
about a year with pick axe and shovel, on settling
the bills bad $l5OO left.
He went to San Francisco, sent his friends $5OO
tad invested the balsnce, in a hotel. H. soon got
tired of thissold out—and opened a grocery store,
in partnership with a gentleman from Augusta, in
this state. The pile was soon made.—Fur the six
nsentbs ending about the first of November last.
their sate s amounted to $lOO,OOO. A few months
sloe*, Itr. boomer visited N. England, bought 50,-
000 worth of goods and planked the cash for them.
He also paid bie friend thp borrowed money with
interest, and presented him agold watch valued at
MO. The day before he left San Francisco , he
was offered $65,000 for his interest in his businesi,
but be would not look'at it.—Portland 4rgrs.
PIiaIDOCR MOM TfIR WEST.—Durecutx, Jan. lb,
itum—Over 9,000 live hogs passed over the Buffa
lo and State Line Railroad, for New York sad Al
batty, since last Saturday, and 9,500 an now at the
State Liao road for Buston, via Buffalo awl Albany.
Ths Ruder In Philadelphia.
We gave ft telegraphic amount/se Fri
of - the murder of Mr. Immo ghat in
grott o ab.mt 4 o'clock is the of ar
following particulars we 1131 in the
The cause of this dreadful acti deplurabl
is at present wrapped in a veil of myste
supposition 1., that the perpetrator of the
attempted to rob Mr. and stabbed hi
Mr. Rink was an amiable man, active,
and attentive to business. He wsa the of
ant of the range of stores in front, of the a
fie dal not keep an account in bank, and
seen with two wallets, containing sums o
in gold, ranging from fifty to perhaps a
dollars at a time. -In-taking change, he
would draw the wallet from his pocket, an I
contents thcreof might be exposed to tile vie
one present. The conjecture is -that the
was aware of this fact, and had gone into
yesterday afternoon, toiler the pretence of
a purchase, and on Uri R. taking the wall
kis pocket, the morderer seized*. and then
knife. The weapon, reeking with blood, w 1
into the store where Wwas found aftcrwar
Chestnut .treat is the most frequented t
fare of our city, and strange as it may iv
only person on that miners it the time was
L. Veosant, the keepei of a fruit store in,
the Circits, and a bat who attended one
stores in the vicinity. i As he was passing
of Mr. Rink's store; Its 51 1 k a man run out,
after him. The lanai
I staggered and fell
arms of Mr. V.
'Mr. Canning, whoas attending Mr. • ikon's
s:ors ad;oining, I eari u4 the commotion, a rang to
the street, and c night the dying man, is was
dens in a moment of great excitement, and all that
poor Rink said-was, tirrhere--he stabbed e," or
words to this effect. Mr. Vansant ran site the fel
rilaw down Chestnut street, but from ware e ner
vous debility, or want of presence of mind, did not
give any alarm. The time was stormy, ahi h wind
and driving sleet prevailing, which afford facili
ties for the escape. Bit a few minu'es tier the
me der was committed, a man went into a oyster
cellar at Eighth and Chestnut, sod called fo a glass
of brandy, which ha drank quickly and band away.
Another cellar at Eighth and Market was vi lied by
an excite.] man, who took • bowl of oyst rs and
It was thought AO the murderer might b
ited either one or both of these saloons \an.
to avoid pursuit or detection. The t
murderer perpetrated a robbery, is siren th
the fact, that but one wallet, contain}
amount of mon e y, was found in the pocket io
ceased when it is known that he usually hi
In the store, one containing more money, as
ready beela alluded to in the foregoing.
'weigh was also in his pocket untouched. T
not appear to have been any serious confu
the store. No blood was (nun] on the pre'
\ The deceased was not a married man.
stabbed in three places. One in the right r
mediately under the loser rib; one in the a.
from*hich portions of the b )wels protrto4
otheratound was a severe gash on the ba
of the he•ii, near the bottom of the skull.
of physicians were immediately in atte
but their se vices were of no avail. Mr. Ri
is about sere minutes after the wounds w
flitted. The ceased bore an estimable ch
in all his relatio s and it is not known that
single enemy. e murder, perpetrated
light, in the very rt of the city, may
considered reelessly Id and daring.
MATILIFA MAIMS or ox.—The Danville
rower of Friday last as 4:—.—The Montour
mill is nowritnniux up to r utmost saps.
heavy mils. I The Rough an Ready rolling
running no small rails, and rchant iron.
anthracite furnaces in least in tis region,
more, lately lepsired and miler,. will be b
next week. Two others are to be nlargetl
paired, as soon as may be, and put in blast.
will make seven anthracite furnace.,tthis
ity, and the hot Walt fixtures lately a an
put np' with:the view of the. : builJing oftw.
furnace.. - These ithprovements completed,.
will hive nine anthracite furnaces in this
siippuem.l to be the beat location fot making
Om world. The Montour company . are now
Ike - foundation for another rolling mill, 2
kin g , with a view to doubling their caps
make nilroad iron.
MAD ' Maven EXCR VI writer .!
Inc the Lunatic Asylum at Blackwell'aielsel
Le.Heri is a vitiation whom jny has . depriveil
11D11110A. Her husband and stolid were on
veleta which was wrecked. Going dow
shore every day, as if with the eistrof bein
the beloved objects that lay buried beneath
soddenly sbe beheld them landing from a
Which had picked them up and saved the , ,
oVerwbehning Amid of joy:pervaded her hose,:
then reason was; gone forever. She ne I
known them since; but sits on what she thi
same ruck, where she used to bewail the
Wringing her hands and .mnaninrmost pile
while every reek the husband and sun co
gaze on her! face, in hope to rouse one g i
Memory—but' in vain.
A MAY SNARLY BLED Ti) ORATE ST • it!
BAT. -On Wednesday morning last, says it
sins Echo of the 18:h December, the bark
14 Perillion Hotel, Tabora, not appearin
OW hour, Captain McKinney, the propri
the house, pros eded to his worn to call hint
tri his astonishment and horror, he found him
skble and, bathed in blood; after the usual
lives were applied, the barkeeper stetted that
previous evening, after retiring, he teams.
perioncing tat moat delightful sensations, as
sling, which soon put him into p deep sleep,-
had no consciousness of the attack made u
until the nioraing. The only wounds by
were two small spot on each side of the ire
Sinitut.sn Mioi.—The Medina, Ohio, De
says there is an insane man in that town ,
ilmitb—his joints are, all double, and be- •
place them from their natural position wit ,
convenience or any great effort.- He bin t
4 lungs, and by inhaling air outeiertt. to
can continue twenty-eight minutes without
Mg. In the late war; sub Mexico be gm
private under Gen. Taylor. - •
Cl?" A curing' csselof somnambulism is recorded
in the Chillicothe Ohio Gazelle. A daughter of
Mr. Thomas Keine arose from her sleep, am, in her
night clothes walked four miles up the Scioito Riv
er, waded i,ntn the stream, and sweet. strati the
deep port, and was fouhd by an "early riser" sitting
on the bank of the Fiver, asleep! Remarkable
enough, as the girl walr only thirteen years bid, and
could not swim when awake!
07" A diatressing occurrence took pl it last
week in'Pntsburgh. A little boy, hearin , . his fa
this tailing about t.lis execution of Tread ay, in
quired how they hung people. The fitheri took •
handkerchief and put it around his son's ,ntick,and
showed him. Some time afterward, in the absence
of his parents, the boy took a handkerchief pro
ceeded to experiment with an infant slitter, lying in
the cradle, and suspended her till she witai
Newark Mo. t\l
Gan. Pixacm's Fult - rou.—As everything rela
tive to the President elect possessors at this time
considerable interest, we give the followine r 4 from a
correipondent of a N. Y. Journal:
Gen. Pierce, when nominated, was compairatively
a poor man; pecunisey _ considered, he was worth,
perhaps, somewhere from 115,000 to #25,000, which
be had acquired in the pursuit of an arduotis legal
practice since he resigned his seat in this U. S.
Senate. Since his election, however, his! friends
appear to he adding to his fortune materially. In
addition to the magnificent ring, valued at e 3,000,
which was recently sent from California, home of
his friends in that city are about to give him • splen
did coach and a pair of horses. irk short time since,
a few of his friends here gave him a gold headed
cue, on which was engraved - the different Coats of
the thirty-use States. The ladies of Cun4ord are
preparing to forward • large and beautiful, copy of
the Holy Bible to the White House on t 4th of
March. Last, but net least, it is .corrently whored
that s Wealthy relative of Mrs. Pierce. des ing to
Boston, has checked the General to the toes 1'830,-
000. • This latter .rumor, however, is coot dieted
is the N. U. Patriot.
Erie Mt -thriller.
R I * 7 , r A
SATURDAY MORNING. JANUARY sa, OA&
irr A facr.—The children of tilos* parents who take
their coanty papers. are invariably more intelligent.
better behaved. aid better looking than the children ff
those who do not. Please paste this in the crown of jour
hat. and the nest time yo■ are in town subscribe for the
Observer—only $1.59 in advance, and no posts go.
r at tra
LT BlAtriletlL DYNTIIITIRT,-..Ws were shown the tali
et day a set of artifichd teeth. manufactured by Dn. 0
L. Et..t.torr, of this city. which fairly made ear "mouth
triter" to think how much bitter they would answer the
purpose than those that now encumber that locality.—
And thee. there would be no "jumping tooth•aehe," sr'
swelled fees, no sleepless nights. due. du. which - ha.
coos upon us periodically. But aside from
antining this beautiful article we could
on lb. great and manifest improve
meat of mechanism and ari.
have brought about; ea
Dr. E. has steadif
for his so
t out of
' . •r, the
e wish when the gentlemen who menet the
allow themselves to busing the whit to bark a:
ne for other people. they would not misrepresent as. On
the Bth inst. in noticing - the formation of a now Esprees
Censpany In Now York. we gave the enterprise an en
outraging word. and said, what everybody who has bad
any business with the present company knows to:be
true. that it had "become a perfect monopoly. and like
all monopolise. had degenerated into a 'perfect swindle
apse the basin... of the country." This. it appears.
has given ofiince to certain employees of that compa
ny, sad the Gautts has been summoned to their aid.
and has come down upon es with a homily about the
••honostyt attention aid energy" of the Superintendent
and his employees hero. Now. is the lame of justice.
wed like to know what Mr. 0. D. Spofford's efficiency
u a superintendent. or the "honesty. attention, and en
ergy" of the other employee• of the company haws to do
with the question whether the company is or is not a
mosepoly. and whether it would not ho better (or the
public (or it to have it little opposition. We assert that
the Express husinsis between this and Now York is a
moneuly—as outrageous monopoly—and we hope to
so* the time when it will encounter an opposition. 4nd
we shunt hero long. either, we 'guess.
quitaa.—To hoar a man talking about what a pallor
can bo printed far, who don't know anything about the
printing heftiness. As wall might we sot up our / opinitra
that a steam angina could be masafactared a £hikd cheap
er. aft*, hauling nowt an enicine chop a tow • oaths.
IT At a meeting of the stoekheldors of the Erie and
Northeast road. e■ Tuesday 'oat. the following gentlemen
were elected Directors: Charles M. !toed. John A. Tra
cy. When Coertright. Jonith Jackson. John H. Walker.
Prescott Metcalf. of Erie, and Dean Richmond of Bel
fale—all members of the old Beard with the ezeoptios of
Masers Walker and Mew.lf. The election wee bald is
accordance with the provisions of the supplemeth to their
*hatter. passed at tit. last session of the Legislature. and
this iscorporatee the Galati Law as a part aad parcel of
the organic law of t h e company.
Er A meetimg .f the Dinistera et the N. Y. City Rail
road Civ.. was held it Jamestown ea Monday last. and
the Ramielph Whig learns that the melt of their &lob
• tie.. was " that the road *boobd be eommeaced sad
completed as farei Jamestown. sad that the 'eestraetere
for the work are notified to appear at that piece is twe
weeks to clam up the contracts and bvgin the work."—
The Whig says "it is sew serials that so arwiaiaoce can
M had Peva the N. Y. sod Kris Company. sad thinks
when completed to Jamestown. it will be met either from
Erie or Ohio. What has biome of them Meadville .
gas.? _ •
97 What-hard times -sheen are for farmers. Proof—ii
friend informs as sleet hlr.lPhillip Osborn. of Girard.
raisodthe prosont MONO 90 hit hers. 83 of whioh wore
sold to B. Tomlinson & Cir. .f this city. for the sang
little slim of $1260 12. The whole weight of the 90 wee
19;116 pseuds. Part of this'prodiset was sold to Mr. L.
C. Winter. who his ialTself:paid to dm farmers of this
county some $ll.OOll fir swim* this foll aid twister.—
Again we say. whet hard tintisthinso aro for farmers.
We notice In several Simtbein papers the same of the
gallant Col. 111, , W. BLacm. of this State. mentioned as
likely to recei ve the appointuaent of Governer et Oregon
from President Pierce. We oo not know whether Cot
Black would accept that appointeueet er net. but this re
do knew a bettei selection eoild not be made. The Colo
nel is one of the maul Optimal and popular eptakeh is
the State—s Diasoctrat ist„tbeery and practice—a **gond
fellow" every time—eard itrusild carry into the Mike ta
lent* and aegnirentents tbat could net fail 'l benefit that
young and crewing territory. ‘.,
. • sad
It has beim the fatief every improvemeot tamest the
doubi and opposition of the profoisadly.wise and the pre-.
fossodly scientific. '•Qld Fogyism' rules well in science
as in politics. Fatten eneonatered ' MOM. ant.
le dies Ericsson; and so will.' &shafts. • my discov
erer hereafter. Suppose you bad told an "old ea.!' in
the days of Fishes, that the day Would arrive Ms steam
would transport passeagors from New York to Li epeel
in cloven days, "old fogyism" gould have its
gold-headed ease alongside ails nose, and with a
as wise as as owl's. weed have politely
that &Lunatic Asylum would he a capital plug (or you.
The lies of transmitting a meow iselostaaeouly from
New York to Si. Louis was. also. pronounced by "old
Footers" in 'Moor aboard: and many a scientific roa:
sea was rimiered to show it to he so. Bet it would sot
de= the geisha of Meru au Fulton have accomplished
both: ands. aloe will the genius of Ericsson. ere long.
we belts's. he acknowledged by the "old fogies" in me
shanici. who now domestics the Calorie eves, se a .
humbug. We have been load to thou remarks by ON
leg it stated in some of our exchanges that the Sc*Wite
Assitrierus denies the gennitionoss of the discovery of
Capt. Ericsson. This agaiia is denied. bat it is admitted.
we believe. that that paper did doubt the practicability of
the Calorie seeps until forced togive op its doubts by the
ship's actual performance of nine to twelve unites an
hour. This demonstratos the truth of our position.—
Here wee a paper pmfeseing to he conducted by scien
tific and practical men is mochanics.but its"old fogyism"
would not allow it to admit of the possibility of the dis
covery of a now motor until that new motor did propel
a ship down the bay of New York at tho rate of twelve
miles as hour. "Old Fogyism." then.- to net conked
to politics! It pervades every department of life, It eye
"bold" when it should say "go." It looks over the left
shoulder to the rear in search of truths. when it should
bo looking straight ahead. lt dwells upon the past, and
sighs for its lumbering contrivances, limited of looking to
the future and hoping for new discoveries. It tells you
!bat railroads are inonstrois innovations. and that stage
coaches. and cirduroy roads, thJazh not quits as fast,
are far preferable. Among "old fogy" farmers, "Book
farming" is all 'lmmense, sad a reaping macliing an in
vention of s lino lazy speculating Tasks'. Is medicine.
it dotes on blistors, adores calomel in large doses. thinks
emetics are "jut the cheese" for a sore toe or a brisket'
limb, aid has no doubt Istood-lettleg will rosters a Irma
of seventy to all his youthful vigor. If it were sot that
religion is a forbiddes sabject. we might recount the
sayings and doings of "old fogyism" in the church—bat
we forbear! In law, or rather in the profession of the
law. "old fogyism" has a rich field. The misty tomes
of the last five hundred years are its peculiar delight. aid
it is sever so happy as whets some poor devil is Denten.
std. in accordance with their tionsenands, to fine and
prisesmeat fee telling the truth. "The groater the truth
the 'roster the libel" is Imo of kr favorite maxims. and
it it had N. way it Ireeld, piers mankind is stria step.
damp with dist descries.
; d as •
bet reflect sp•
.at is this depart
ieb the lest few years
every stop towards perfoction.
'pi peso. This. i■ part. aerosols
Governor of Oregon.
" Obi Fogyism"
It ie evident the essOlisental podgy of this peorammet
is shout to have musk/e farmed fato ft—that se far from
hoseoforth so:copying a negative, or rather porde.
Insiden most the calicos of the world. "Yeast Amer
ica"is Missing into the hearts and minds our of statesmes
• justaPpreciation of or strength for weal or wee in the
affairs of this sontinest, at lout. The speeches of Gen.
Cue and Senator Mason in regard to Cubaotild the dis
cusiou in the Senate on the proposedOpertote Treaty.
is evidence of this. It is well remarked, by the' Wash
iegion Union, "that the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is
one of the land•marks marking the progress and com•
mincemeat of this naw'sra in American politics. The
triumphs of our arm's In Mexico gave us rink with ,the
foremost miht•iy powers of the earth, while the conquest
of territorlin which the war terminated introduced as
intom wider sphere of international ." obligation. That
fiesty consolidated the power of the United States on this
coatinent, and put into our hands the control of the po
litMal system of the western hemisphere. Brought by
the extension of oar dismain iota contact with ether pow.
ors, and elevated to the position of undisputed arbiter of
the political affairs of the American continent, it is not
wonderful that the relation this country Mild* to the bal
-1 mace of the continent sheald
~ begin to awaken, as they
certainly demand. the anxious coneern and profound
study of the Americas statesman." There was a time,
It is tree, when th interfere is affairs out side the boon.
davits of the Union. erns a political crime—may more, it
wee looked upon as a palpable violation of the principles
sought to he elucidated by the estibliehment of our sys
tem of govern - sweat itself. Monroe Aria laid the axe at
the root atlas fallacy. Ho proclaimed that European in
terforeace is the affairs of this sentiment could not and
would not be tolerated. Perhaps this, u.an entering
wedge, was going far smooth. Subsequent events. and
subsequent conquests, both by perchance and arms. how:-
oter. proclaim the nuessity of a broader, a more salut
ed sphere of national action. Both by our power and our
position. as well as the relativerelation we hold to the our.
rounding states on this continent, we have the right. and
it ought to be *mintiest!, not only of proclaiming that. we
will net brook any interferenee on the part of ether Da.
dons in the 'affairs of this:continent and that we will ex
ercise the-right to interfere *smelt if we see proper. 4nd
this doetriee, even the laggard politicises of the whir
school are oow,ia part. lifreed to adopt. For Mita:see, Mr.
Everejt.Mr.Webster's successor in the state department,
I. his letter oa the promised: Writhe treaty is • relation
to Cobs avows that all the sucesseireacqbisitionsof ter
ritory by the United - States en the saniisent have been
made is parsuaace of "the andeabred operation of the l i
law of ear political Stiletto*" which-has bets from the
first " adjusting on Natural principles thus territorial re
lations whisk s• the first discovery of this continent were
la a good degree fortuitous." We accept thin italoment
as true and jut. It is the idea upon which the 'Misersl
poliej of the Deisteeratic party in regard to territorial ac.
yasities on this continent hl been prei. fleeted sines 1800.
And it is also the idea which mast sontaally give as
Cabe. and some ether dopeadencies of the rottee govern
meat of Europe ! When in suicessionlmaisiaria. Flor
ida, Texas and California. were seitaired by Or govern
ment in Densocratiefhands. the Democratic party felt mud
asalutained that the acquisitions were Made iii-niattifeet
pomace of " the law of oar toil:tics! exhumes.", ' But
what was the position and the stowed policy of the whit
party of that day in regard to each of these successive u
quisitiou 1 With the exeleption of the case of Florida,
: When the whig party bad not force smooth in OM coon
try to raise its head, ev4y ens of these great acquisitions
eneetta:ored 'white ia prOgress. and Whom made, the fier
cest and bitterest' whit obliloquy and opposition The
federal party. which froito the • first to tills last. fought the
acquisition of Louisiana, was the whit party of that day:
and in regard to the autowqment acquisitions of Timis and
California. the whig party of the last ten years inherited,
and avowed. and applied the sure principle, and policy.
In this view thi whig party of 1841 and . lB LS denounced
the annexationwf Texas especially. an. " robbery sod
lend stealing." Mr. Everett sew has, In his place as •
whit Secretary of State. the manliness to avow, what is
ao snore than the truth. that, •• as a yiestiou of public
law. there was an exteisiou of territory niore nat
urally or justifi mode." Will . 1 0,0 or oar whig co
temporaries expoend to ius their view of the - prod int
in Which thisvmplieit avowal of the whig Secretary places
the whole policy of _the whig party in that transaction 7
Mr. Everett sus. la the subseqount aequisition-of Cali.
focal& the ; operation of rib* lati of our political existence"
working: to the indefinite adviatage of the whole civilized
world.- - And tem year* from now—it may be infive—
oasis kfr,Everett waste. we hope. in the acquisition
of Cuba this same " law of our political existence" prow
ingtbat there **never was an extension of territory more
neutrally or justifiably made." We avow. then
our opinion the tontineotel policy of this government is
fixed—it is fixed by the laws of nature and the " undts
putod operation of the laws of our political existence."
True, it will meet the opposition of that levee which so'
largely pervades certain polities, " fogies'in both ;wind
ed parties. Befere its final triumph it may have pow
trial interests hi encouter—it may have strong combi
stations to overcome-. it may be opposed by the deobting„
and the timid—and it will ammo., doubtless. the raving
of fanatics is theory and mock-philanthropists in pm.;
tine--ehut the destinies of this saline are heaceforth in the
kaiak of "-Yoga( America," and, in the leaguer, of
Mr. Everett. the " laws of ear political existence" mast
be fulfilled 1 - .
CrAs boroirrmiry Escuaratsa.—A- preposition has
boos submitted to the Legislator, of New York for eon•
strutting a Ship Canal around the Falls. to Con u eet Lake
Erie sad Ontario oa the American side bf theriver. It
is as important susare. sad is said. to be exciting nisch
woad's. The Easier Animal says that Mr. Holley.
by whom the proposition was introduced. hu mods him.
sel(acquaisted with all t h e beariap of this great swim
prise. sad is prepared to denioastrate its practicability at
a situ mach below the urn usually estimated. , -
IT The Meaner of week Wolin* last aeotained an at
tack apes the Express Conepai.y of Wells..Farge & Co.
W. limbos to Om opiniea that is this matter oar neigh
bor went off in a tangent. oat of a debut, to urtairrevenge
for Nadas attention. in a sisals installs,. to: his private
We did net know, before•tbat our •'private interims"
were of se such ' - finterest" to tits public that it became
oseissar* to appoint a spy spen!theiu. to the person of
the, mousing Editor of the Gaulle. At this rate. we•
should sot wonder to And his some Indus's, peeping
through the keyhole of our kitchen door. siedeniering
to ascertain what we bad for breakfast. Be this as it
may. the imputation contained is the paragraph we quote
is as false as it is impaderit.
117 Senator Badger. of North carotins. has been nom
looted to the vacant mat upon lb. beach of lb. Illuiteme
Curt. It is said he will be combramed. flotwithatandini
the illiberal insinuations of the whig prime. that the Sen
ate would sot met open the somainatloa. is order ID vs.
serve the appoistmeat for a Democrat to be owned by
13:7 A bill has boon latredecedinto the Nety York An ,
nimbly for the repeal of existing laws in se far as they
pnbibit 1..• 11 legal
transit of slaves thrungh New 'York ter
rhea?. ea their way from one State to another. A simi
lar one has been proposed Is this State. over which the
osrletrweel politicians are Just now having a most de
lightful pew wow
QT Aberlard Gathrie. F.q.. formerly • resident if
Daylea,'Ohle. and now the delegate to Congress from
Nebraska territory. Inlets& taking his !adieu wife with
hiss to IlYashingtea. She will create • great ''sensation"
at the Capital.
117Faezen.—A largo number of German emigrants .
mashed Chicago, a few days sp, in the care. When
they arrived at the MOM' Hotel. one of the women was
so completely chilled that she died • few minittes after
she same to the Bre, although every effort was made to
save hew -
Womaa's ftworrn—Tbo Ciaciaasti Neap/initial's:
'•Not far from the Brighton Hem •we maw a wawa
I. a sadthelimp. with a Nadler epees em. amd hormones la
hoed. petals' s waggearino."
SOL Pattanon—tirs Cabinet.
There appears to be a calm in the newspaper world
is regard to the Cabinet of Gem. Pierce. Perhaps the
Cabinet makers have rep oat of steak ; or, what is more
likely, have some to the - conclusion that the President .
elect can do rho work himself There are, however.
some rumors still afloat. and these rumors find believers.
The with may be father to the thought in some instep- .
cos.—perhaps in a majority; in others again, they find
crodeace becomes they wear an air of probability arising
from the circumstance under which Goo. Pierce was
selected at Baltimore, and the rela•jou he sad the fortunate
subjects of the rumors held to each other sod the public.
Viewed in this light it was Natural that Mr. Senator
HUIVTILS of Virginia. should be pointed oat. almost by
common consist. as likely to be tendered the Premier
ship. And notwithstanding madam Burma, with her
thousand toegaos,now asserts that he has notbeen offered,;
and will net accept that position, we are stilt confideothe
can be Secretary oflState. There is i peculiar fitness
in calling such a mast to such a position in an Adminis
tration such's, Gins,! Pierce's gives promisor of
Gen. Pierce owes his Nomination to a union of the Ds
usperaey for the sake of the union—to a fusion of all the
factious in one greed ewaservative body. beat apes meet
ing the Goverament from the hoods of the present us
cidental administratilos He comas is withest trioxide
to reward er tritemisa to punish is the army of his friend!
la a word. be has air animosities to avenge, er proofs!
Partisans to reward ;: imost. ia the selection of hie Cab
inet it is but Natural; he shissld look for these who briar
the slime mistime to the party and the celerity From
Mr. Senator Hoarsit's position at home and in the Sen
ate this cam be truly said of biro. SO. also, ears it be said
of leather wi•have beard spoken of as likely to be invi
ted to a seat in the Cabinet at the head of the War De
partment. We allude to Gen. Parransee. of this Sta 4.
If Pennsylvania laundered a Cabinet of icer. we are coin. :
6dout no man would give more general satisfaction that
Geo. Patterson. He is truly a man of the people ; sad
in the unfortunate divisions which have pervaded the
ranks of the DOlMileflgio has maintained a position that
would enable him to de justice to all. In short. ail a
party min he oecupios the same relation to the Democ
racy of the Smite that flea. Pierce does - to the Democra
cy of the Union. Bet there are other sad higher consid•
swallows than these which point to him as a proper par
ion to be invited to a Cabinet office from this State.+—
Except in tke'very fortsoate selection of Goy. Marcy fty
Mr. Polk, the War Department has been generally 61Ieti
herstefere by - impracticable men—men. is fast. who
knew halo of the wants of the country. sod ail
neutral sequence, that Departmeht has become a kited-o f
position offiec of Outsold fogies im pstlitics, as well as id
Goa Pattiimea Would soots remedy this. Hi is
a practical ciao, nit only in a business point of view:hut
in a military on. also. Add to this the fact that is
alike known aid respected by both officers and men of
the regular and voluistser service of the country, ia Con
ieptosce of hie brilliant e s onserien with the army in
Meaico anJ the war of ISIS. sod we have a man whose
connexion with an administration could not fail but add
lustre to it. We hope, thirrofurs, that among the mutts
feriae' rumors that have pervaded the newspapers in re
gard to the compositiou of the Cabinet, :biome in regard
to Gap Parrcascix ally prove coirect
str See Mr Gibbs' in aaaaa re adiertisement in an
other colonsn. We know nothing about the CoMpanies
he is operating for, bat we know fist, unlike semi other
insurance Agents we could name." he has taken the
proper steps to commence operation. in obedience to the
laws of the Commonwealth. This speaks well for him,
at an stems:
T To Ilaso MOPOPOLT.—Mr. Doty., of
bas presented a bill iu Congress. authorit e ieg tba Post
master Genital to employ Engineers to survey. and there
upon to ausistrem a Railroad, by the shortest possible
route. between Washington City and New York; for the
transmission if the United Statee'maiL
JET The Cleveland papers hays raised their pried. for
uilvertising. The rise in price of tabor and provisions fs
*bated as the reason. There is goiiiji sense in this stop,
for printers are the worst paid me• is existssee. 80,
ray* the Reath Notes, and it's tine!
a:r Here is the way they do things out ia Utah. A
letter from a mermen. remarks Qua of our exchanges.
gait: :.any two wives and Miss are well. The
little children are all well. and grow finely. The two
youngest—a boy and girl—were bars lut July, •laves
Q7' Isrenut. AIRS.—The Emperor Napoleon lfl. has
signified to the British Minister, that he, hereaftir, can=
.not receive an Eloglishman unless he be previously pre
sented - at.the Court of his own sovereign. He also in
sists upon been called +•brother" by the • vari AM crowned
heads. and Queen Victoria has accorded him this civili.
ty. This is right—When a man makes a monkey of him
self, he should put on thaairs of • monkey.
QT The'Neir York Essai•ag, Pail estimates that a
trip can be made across the ocean and back. by a vessel
propelled by one ofiriesson's Caloric Engines. fur $25.-
060 less than it costs the present steamships.
ET A P4oncrr Eft,:.—An exchange furnishes the fol-
lowing. donq tip In rhyme. which may not be inapplisa- -
ble to the !latitude of Erie doonty :
who reads and comes to par,
I Shall read Win another day—
!But hivwlio wilt not ".plank the cash."
Though his name's an our subscription book we
fled, however reluctantly, to make a =- (dash.)
obeli be e
M. Bickel'. EN. has again been 'tested
urer. Of course., a irentlessen*whe has dins
intuit ncapsble and henelt." will esol;esa
out efficient public officer. •
to make a
Webster had been dead bet about 75 days,
lottaligence had been transmitted to Oregon
1 1 Ai Portland. Oregon. the Bags open the lib-
Shipping. &e.. were displayed at half mast.
Ootninat• gout were fired, on the receipt of
A rue PI
the sad la
Leas.—Ceire. M the mouth of the Ohie
or. contains six dry goods stores and eleven drinking es
taWiehmeatv. Which annually entail stuff to the amorist
of $llOO.OOO. The permanently located population. ens
meriting seek. women - and children. and eves eats and
dep. will not mash 900. Yea can judge now what
kiss transient custom is.
IE7 War. Herkiou. Eq., the -sew Canal C•1111011i119i011-
er.liselt his place en Taesday. in the rem of J. A.
Getable. Esq.. whose tors bas expired. The Board has
been re-ergenised by the apyetatniest of W. T. Morri
son Esq.. President. and Thomas L. Wilson Esq.. gh.
Err The New Orleans Thu Deka bas very good
greemds for believing that before the accession of Frank.
ha Efiercie to the Presideatial *Sec every eirupt job.
overt' wicked scheme, every profligate appropriation will
be pfressed with unceasing importunity and disputing
haat!. through Congress; their promoters apparently be.
ing ; impressed with the conviction, now in the halls of
legis'fation: that a rampart will be presented in the stab
loorn:honesty of the New Hampshire patriot slid states
man. to the flood of corruption that taints what ittoaehes.
jut rts it long has swept in its *muse, with resistless im
petuosity, the few good men who have nobly steed op to
lEr As frau /OR THIC Lams.—Metalie lie* is 000 of
the inventions of 1852. It is made of fine wire. by the
use Of the earns machinery es is employed for ordinary
cotton lace. It is aid to be a very beautiful fabric.
QT Hoo. John NO has been
.. elected to the United
States Senate. by the Legislators of Indiana. to All the
unexpired term of onster James %Whitcomb. dece ase d.
Lir The matrimonial affairs of Cincinnati must be in
* bad state. - One hundred divorce cases are now on the
docket is that city.
. Senator Broodhcid and Hen. C. B. Carla will as;
cop war thanks for vshahb public deesincate, Aloe.
Messrs. pase sad hr Legislative fame,
Rehm is tile lan.
The advocates ►f faro,. in the Nan. Is ay
tee Gerais*, are about to .most. ia part, th e
their hops. and efforts. Ws see that Staab
Aanattli COM. Stockton. or th• Navrrhse
bill for the rs-organization of that departments!
Us service. This bill ws hats pot sees, hit
lives of its provisions in the papers, and fres
derived from other sources, we are inclined
while it is, doubtless, a step in advance of
ganization. it by no means comes wp to the
ed for by theis who have "set the ball
demanded by the country. The report o f
of which Senator Stockton is chairing..
satisfactorily when it say.: "Fully aware
lade and importance of the at; davolved
have labored to present to the Senate s
organisation of the personas! of the navy. s o
Melly secure for the country. under alt
as mils of its professional ability sad azperi tio
tired list I. iodispeussbls tolho &Rohm's' id
and your nom mitts* has provided for one Itsd ifi
frictions as must oscura the officer from publ ic
or ipgratitode. while at the same time ON
Hell' the services of its most isccomplishol
The present system of promoting by /sat ,
mission. vrithent a previous seleeties sod Cat*
log of its material; based as it is ipso the '
officiers 'Trolly qualified for every
gooey of the service. is the : narel icattoor
iii it. It etketoslly ozclodoi energy. zest,
daring from the noblest enterprises, and
of service. wiLion4 regard to Old Sp 07
cal isioeel + ebr. the'controling elerneetsin tht
a commander." , Haling acknowledged dm
acknowledgment. too, to which all willagr.
sot the cammittee give tea bill •mbraciag .1
form" in !wsest. It is what the peopls vast,
what they' will have eventually. Whplthts rr
briefly mimed op to a pamphlet enCitled,"The A
stipseunt.t js Repablic." written bY Dr. Ws. M
Burgeon, 0. B. N. which we annex:.
“To cleats a republican nary. literature. i
to remodel our wholi establiehmant. '
.- To throw its cornmission open to the whole
oily. selecting for the public service, only thew
on proper investigation. are found to have mu
This is no gnat innovation. as necessity hu
led Its adoption is relation to two siert, of the i
the only plies to fill diem with competent officer ,
ludo to the medical an engineer corps ; as lam,
Utica! influence cannot me eapacity,-for the i
these corps, so those in senses can loin no ei
sloe to them. All have the right of competing,
quietly. those of wealth' ,nd keens'. ars occlude:
superior claims of those\ who liar, raised their
from the friendless glean of, obscurity.
Near. wo want a planpf 'levet:inn to the hien
which shall be indepeollent of seniority. or
mere accident. and the ode of selection tea
a body at once infore upon the subject, as/
the bias of partiality an 'prejudice.
Then We want a cod 'of laws framed up,
actor of the age , the le.. the country, aid
lions. and finally. •-• .
A judicial tribunal; which shell be instructed
sure of law and evidotice—the bat Mode of is
the one, and investigating the other; which sin
judgemeut free from tho bias lit - Caste. static
grade, with all thou. conflicting drimpathies.
‘v.orions ml4:fights have given victory to all
governments and iiMtittrions, from-the time efthat
gen Athenians and pagan Persians. at Salamis.
the present boar. Two
miss. Vila Tromp. with kbroom at,hia mast-,
Wady swop the British Channel. Mach less
English and Deitch Deets socceprbed to the mm
of a despotic Bourbon.
Auethen we have the whole pile of British
:Vincent and Cansperdown. the Nile and '
with ear own seventeen naval victories. on,
with its booming cannon shook the air of this
gained under and organisation embodying. -
spirit olosonarchy and aristosr , acv. bat that
Are those victories a reason for returning to
le political' and 6v:timothy - throe of the days et
dal Do'they present,a sufficient reason for het
navy under the principles which we cast Out
Shall it not rather be brevet op to w level
country to which irbehing-. as that country sow
be to other navies. aelbts.rePOhtio is to other!
star in the west for their light and guidance?
by tho,er who. hatable in pinkie!" and domes,
animated b): the consciousisese of an ennobliej
can citizenahip. with its rights and iti prelim
navy would be a fitting instrument in the skbl
test in which is Set to be wen AS highest rest
coming struggle betweendespotism and consult
ern client—and ito stain of degradation wilt ti
paay the glories of our Bog.
The lend and million•mouthed shout which
the tidings of each ocean triumph, will not be
burst of that animal exaltation which equally r
victor mastiff at the bull, or bear-bait; nor will n
led elm:to-by the glory of naiional power—thi
conquest addiug other stare to our constellation
burst frown our shores over their boundary oceans.
echoed frOM the hearts of hoping men of all nation
will hear the roar of your -victorious cocoon. proeli
the spread (dour political light sorer the darkness
petism and illumining all iustitutions of goverar
sea or shore."
A FILL attendance of the members dt all the Lodi" a+
eieties that meet in the Odd Fellow's Ilan, any:es'
the ?2nd inst.. at 7 o'clock, P. M.
Pan. rt. int —lOl7. • A. ACIIISON, Ser„!y P. T
, Hall to Let.
TTULL now Occupied by the Independent Order .
Fellows will be let, and possession given on the ante
neat, the present occupants being about to restore a
Hall. Apply to •
W. G. ARBUCKLE, I Tutees
Erie, inn. IV, 1E43.-037. _
Ito I for Japan, Chino. Illandarbith
IVORTIi 1 0 1CIFIC 044. V.
ANTED for Government employ, a large number
V 11 • . '
men. ordinary Seamen, and a few Blacksmiths ti
penthin, increased wages given. For infbrinstios apply
VID - 31Ic DOUGAL, U. S. Steamer Michigan, Erse Fa- '
Illiabury arid Nide Bail Road Ootapaal•
rrHE annual meeting of the Stockholders atilt. Compaq''
be beklat their office. Gira rd buildings. Third L. Mao ,
phis, cm Monday the lAth of February, A. D. !SU. It it A. , '
At which time there will also be an election for Press'
The polls will be openfeninlo A M. 1 0 3 0.6 ° 6
Jan.3l's3-37. CRAIG BIDDLE. Mt
THE subscriber, wishing to retire from business, sow a
for sale at CULT, her entire stock of Millinery Goods..
tides, sac.: together ugh an unexpired Lease of the smarm■
pecupies, of three years from the first of April nett, AC* II
price of $llO ;ter year. The goods are all new and of Selig
styles. My present custom amounts to Fifteen
Thousand Dollars per year. The credit ~f the
• shop is of the highest order—fixtures all conq.kne
house riailisa plenty. The present opportunity for a person COI
moderate capital. wishing to engage in the Milli.iery Nam
seldom offers. With a good custom already secured.ahr rMl t
extensively and favorably known, the subscriber bat , aPr_
pied the premises as a Mill in r shop for the lassies !COS
session given the first of April next. For further partirgatt
quire of the subscriber on the premises, corner of Meets(
streets, Pate Pa.
Also, for sale a new improved machine far preSsiall": l i
.I will now retail goods at cost , foe ready pn. uni,l the
March, if not disposed of by that time I shalt continuean• —
as usual. Ladies, now is the time to buy cheap. Ples°74 ...
a call. EriesJaa. Ski MRS. M kV(
• Oora 'hollers.
xrAXKRE. Routhern and Clinton corn Sheller*. ;Al
am! Ibr isle by Jan. la.= CLARK & OIL'
• • 'agar Oared Hams. -
ALARGE lot of eery nice Sugar Cured nouns on hin4
saie by Jan.*2-37 CLARK k
/n BratigCA Wh'W.ikaill jaaree'd — atid fur salibl
51_1 Jan. 22 19331-97 "" . CLARK Jr. IicCARTIM
1 :ity as --
t - loid
tUrged Reef of a rupeii - orquar
for pale by Jan. 9237 CLARK & MeCARII.I.,.
100 HALF Innis No. I inspected White Fish for wile hi.
Jan 2l IM3-37 CbARK Mct'AIIT,
NEW YORK CITY INSURANCE COSIrAg
OF THE CITY OF NEW YORE. -
T HIS Company having full complied with the hamster he'
Of the commonwealth of Penn., Is now ready to edict
ranee against toss or damage by Fire on buildingc and ibetrd!:,
tents:in thisrity and the adjoining Country. Alio. eere et __,.
sail vessels, steam and canal boats. and Railroads , at the law
The ample Capital and high character of this ComPaal c .-.4. 1141.
the confidence of the Politic, and a liberal patronage is w" -
filly whetted. 1.0
Terme liberal and all losses promptly artjt.ited and pet/
°Mee. JA3ILS C. GIB
I:Takeover J. B. Gunnison, Book Store..
Wanted, two or three energetic men to examine, risk , ' D
country and send applications to this office. ty'S
Jan. *I 1833
AdissinistratOr l i Notice.
Notice is hereby given that letters ofadministrati on have_ nd lwil
granted ou the estate of Royal G. Jackson. late of
C o t
towns/tip. Erie county. deceased MI persons baring !MA
against Laid estate will please present them duly autaelli="
~r settlement. and all persons Indebted to said estate icelPP"'
notified to make payment without delay. W. Clisisatl•
Jan. fl 53-4137* _ _ A choinietact „ .
pOR Rl:NT—With immediate possession. a new trosatisll,
1 1 1 4 , - , 3 bowies on 4th at., possession giceallrst Ar'''
also six rooms to let, inquire of Jan. 91.37 LEL CLARA,
CIASZI. 04111/1111 -
z will pay the market price in gash fbr tors• Wand It
V • MO bushels dethered form Jan *kV Tula Atai tlaim