The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, December 19, 1890, Image 1

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    L. FRITZ,
Office Front Uootn, over I'oitoffio
m.ooMsmmo, pa.
Ornci RoomNo. a, CoLuviLut MIMbc
Office In Knt' Building, ner Court
Office oyer Mover Bro's. Drnj Stars,
Office In Brower'i building, 2d floor, room No a.
Office cor. Centre & Mala SU.,CUrk'i biililnx,
WCan be eoniulted la Goau.
Office, Seconal floor, Coluuiuk BullsHsj,
Office In Wlrt'i Building, 2nd floor, Main St
Office over Dentlcr! Shoe ttore. Front room,
Office, CoumiuaBsildlncsar, front room,
Ottci fjts RawKugi Meat Market,
OSes, comer of Ttdri ar.d Uiu Streets,
B. McKELVY, M. D.,
Office, Nsrtk ait Miia Street, bar Marktt,
Office, Noitit Harktt Stmt,
Office, comer of Rock ani Muket Street!,
Notary Public.
Loans secured, Investments made. Real es
Itate bought and sold.
Office in First National Bank Building,
Bloomsburg, Pa.
JOfflco West First St.
Special attention given to the; eye anil
, t.i tl the fitting of glasses.
J. BROWN, M. D.f
Office and Residence, Third Street, West
si Market, near n. n. i.nurca,
CrOffice hours every alteraoon and evening.
Special attention given to the eye and the fitting
I glasses. Telephocc ccnncction.
TiiATiitn or Cimosic Disiaiis mad a
Office and Residence, Third St, below Msrktt,
J. HESS, D. D. S.,
-..,!.),. ntVr Philadelphia DesbdCallere.
having opened a dental office In LCXAXDI
BUILDIKO, coimer el Main and Ceatn streets,
b prepared to receive all fiAftt remark
. fcuUaal Mrvic.
Elkotuio VinltATOltJUsED.
Etuir, Gas, ax Locai. Aumonci,
admlnliterei hi Its oetalesa tstrtcxWa W teeth
lire of caajji vA eelsltfcU Ut an kuerU.
Aix Wou oxurw ta M3mtn.
Tkai, Sysum, CorrM, Suoar, Moiauis,
Rtea, Sncit, Bicabs Soiia, Etc., Etc.
N. E. Comer Second and Arch Sta.
WOrders will receive prompt attention.
Manufactvs or
Carriages, Buggies, Phsetons, SUtghs, rblform
Wagons, tc
first-class wrk always on hind. Repairing
neatly done.
rrrlces reduced to suit the times.
Office, Barten's Building, Main St., bel. Market,
All styles of weik done in a superior manner,
and all work warranted as represented.
Tietu Eitractsd WlTKoirr Pain,
Vt the use of Gas, and free 0 charge when
ertUWel teeth art Inserted.
W To be open all boars during the Jay.
J. K. BITTENBBNDEB, rrr!iton.
ti .We !,ave,slircd property adjoininrr our New Store at
lhirteenth and Chestnut streets, and will begin the erection
of a large building. In the Spring we shall remove our
business in the Ledger Building to the New Store, which is
the most centrally located in Philadelphia. Great Bargains
for Men and Boys before removal. This large stock of
bints and Overcoats will be sold at a great Reduction in
A, 0. YATfBS & m.
ota ana wutismuT,
(Ledger umidlng.)
9 M..M.n..MH
Tho Bo3t Burning Oil That Can bo
Mado From Petroloum.
It gives .1 brilliant light. It will not
smoke tho chimneys. It will not char tbo
wick. It lias a high flro tost. It will not
explode. It Is pre-eminently a family
safety oil.
We Challenge Comparison with
any othor illuminating oil made.
We Btako our Reputation, as Refiners, up
on the Statement that it is
The Beat Ml
Crown - Acme.
Cents9 Wk Iools,&als Caps
Suits mndo to ordor at short notice
and a fitalwayH guaranteed or no salo.
Call and examine tho largest and best
selected stock ol goods ever shown in
Columbia county.
Btore next door to First National Bank
Bloomsiiurc; Fa.
fiT Office over Moyer Bros. Drug JStore.
Residence West Main Street.
Heal Estate B:ught and Sold.
Parties desiring to buy horaes and wago n
"vould dc well to call oa the above.
t& Ofllco over I. W. Uartman & Son'
store, rcsldcnco N. E. corner Centre and
Fourth streets.
J-R. J. T. FOX,
All the latest appliances for manufacturing,
treating, filling and extracting teeth. All
styles of work warranted as represented. Office
on Main Street, near East. 5-l6-ly.
Billiard & Pool Room.
Wlntcrstecn's Uit'lding, over First Nation.
al Bink, Bloomsburg, I'a.
Fmo clears always on hand. Publio
patronage respectfully solicited. 10-17-Cm,
Home, of N. Y.j Merchants', of Newark,
N. I.J Clinton, N. Y.; Peoples', N. Y.j
Reading, Ta.; German American Ins. Co.,
New York) Greenwich Insurance Co., New
York; Jersey City Fire Ins. Co., Jersey City,
These old corporations are well seasoned
by age and fire tested, and have never yet
had a loss settled by any court of law. Their
assets are all invested in solid securities, are
liable to the hazard of fire only.
Losses promptly and honestly adjusted and
paid as Soon as determined, by Christian F,
Knapp, Special Agent and Adjuster, Blooms
burg, Pa.
The people of Columbia county should
patronise the agency where losses, if any, are
settled end paid by one of their on citwent.
JJOirOll stuel luclclu llloclc
lULFTUBCOSrot holstlns stvel to
btorelcwp'jri, mitmers, farmery Maori.
Iniits, uulldera, Contractors and ofll
BUS. Almttted to Do Ua groatojt tin
provemonts KVElt mada n .tackle
btocki frelsnt preoiW. Wrlto tor
Foltoa Iron & Eajlna Works.
Katat). las.', lu Urusn Si., IMlroll, Mlo
ItERT I.V Till: WOllM.
Tim wtt&rlou aualUleiar unurya,
.flAU5IIYllKAIJltnut."'-'""' 'V
uim nil SAM
01 a
13 (Mt- d.
13th ard CHESTNUT.
(New Store,)
18 not only a distressing complaint, of
' Itself, but, by causing tbo blood to
become depraved and tho Bystcm en
feebled, Is the parent of Innumerable
maladies. That Aycr's Snrsnpnrilla
Is the best euro for Indigestion, even
when complicated with Liver Complaint,
Is proved by tho following testimony
from Mrs. Joseph Lake, ot Brockway
Centre, Mich.:
"Liver complaint and Indigestion
made my llto n burden and camo near
ending my existence. For more than
four years I suffered untold agonv, was
reduced almost to 0 skeleton, nnd hardly
had strength to drag myself about. All
kinds of food distressed me, and only
tho most dellcato could bo digested at
all. Within the tlmo mentioned several
physicians treated mo without giving re
lief. Nothing that I took seemed to do
nny permanent good until I commenced
the use of Ayer's Sarsaparllln, which
has produced wonderful results. Soon
after commencing to take tbo Sarsapa
rllla I could see an Improvement In my
condition. My appetite began to return
nnd with It camo tho ability to digest
all the food taken, my strength im
proved each day, and after a few
months of faithful attention to your
directions, I found myself n well
woman, ablo to attend to all household
duties. Tho medicine has given mo a
new lease of life."
Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
rnxraniD bt
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Man.
frtct 11 ; li tiotllei, 15. Worth ii liotttt.
Nortl American, of. Philadelphia,
Peansylrania, ".' "
York, of Pennsylvania,
Huever, of New York,
OlHM, of London,
North British, of Londoa.
Ornci ea Market Street, above Main, No. 5.
(Successor to Freas Brown,)
Bloomsburg Fire & LirE Ins. Acencv,
(Established In 1S65.)
.etna Pile Ins. Co. of Hartford, Jo, 528, 388.97
Hartford, of Hartford, 5,288.609.97
Phcenli, of Hartford, 4,778,469.15
SprlngfleM, of Smlngfield 3,99.903.98
Fire Association, Philadelphia, ... 4,512,783.29
Guardian, of London, 10,(03,323.71
Phoinix, of London 6,924,563.48
Lancashire of Eng.,(U,S.Branca) 1,642, 1 05.0c
Royal of England. " " 4,853,564.09
Mut. Ben. Lf. In. Co.Newark,N J 41,379,228.3)
Losses promptly adjusted and paid at this office,
Office, Second Floor, Columbian Building,
Liverpool, London, and Globe, largest In the
World, and perfectly reliable.
Imperial, of London, (9,658,479.00
Continental of New York, 5,239,981.3
American of Philadelphia 2,401,956,11
Niagara, of New York, 2,260,479.84
OrrosiTi Court House.
Large and convenient sample rooms. Bath
rooms, hot and cold water j and all modem
The Moat Buccraafu! Remedy crer dUcor
cred, us it is cerUln la Uo effects (md does col
blister. Head proof below i
DaoOELTV, Coqil, IUjS,7X
Dr. D. J. Kexdill, Co.i '
bin 1 Last Summer I cured Corbupon myhona
wltlt your celebrated KenJall a Sp&Tln Cure end U
wai the bost Job I ever aaw done. I hare a domi
empty bottlei. baTlnsuaed tt wltii perfect iuocpss.
curlnneyery thlnif Iirltd It on. If neighbor had
a homo with a very bod Bparln that made htm lama,
na aticed me haw to cure It. I rocom mended
Kcadall'a SpaTia Cure. Ho cured the fepavi lu
just three weeki.
Toun reiectf ully.
Wolcott WirrcB,
Colukbus. Ohio. April t, VX
Dft. a J. KltfDALL CO.!
Uear blrt i I have been aellloff more of KendaU'i
Spavin Cure and FllDt'a Condition Powders than
crer before. One man aald to me, It wai tho bent
luwder 1 ever kept aad the beit be ever used.
Otto L. Iiorriux.
CinTTDHnao, K. V., May 19. DOL
Ub. n. J. KEiTPitL Ca,
UcarMlMJ I have used aereral bottleaof your
Keudall'a Spavin Cure with irfect mcceu, uu n
valuable and blooded mare that wu quite la mo
with a Uoue Spar In. The mare la now entirely free
from lamcuftt and thowa no bunch on the Joint.
Iteapoctfully, V, IU Uutcuxiift.
Moxaox, La., liar 8, 90.
pa. IL J. KtnoiLi.COM . A
Qvnitt-l thluk It my duty to render yon my
thankafcrourfar famed KendaU'i Spavin Cure.
1 had a four year old nily which I prlxed very
highly. bbebdftveyw?ereawoltenleg. I tried
about elsht different kind of medicines which til l
no good. J purchaaod a bottle of your Kendall's
Spavin Cure which cured her In four days.
I remain your.
lUuotf PowDxir.
ITlcell per bottle, or ilr bottles torH AUUrug.
gists have It or can get II for you, or It will be sent
to an address on receipt of prtoe by the proprie
tors. 1111. II, J. KKNI1AM CO.,
luieabursn vane Termssu,
veitaand Trade MarkaoDtalnM.nd all men t
Sm conduced (or MOUttlt VTK rstW.
OFFICE. We Have no aulvaifonclw, all buatneas
true ana atLKSS COST than tnose remote from
WBminnodel, drawing, or photo.wttu descrtpUon
we aivtao 1 patantablo or not, Iroo ct charge.
our reo noi auo ui ss?v
A L001f.''Ji0W uiuuiuui vr .viviw.
o actual 'cUdQUln yoar Btate, tsounty, or town,
C. A. SNOW & CO.,
7 Wkenmli
For toHUlng arm, warm brass and UrV. met
Wliat dont Uiou to thy rnotlnr uake rrturaf
Boma madcap girl can win theo from her aide.
Few tears at best hast thou above hor cm.
Only to Earth, Uir mottior, art Uiou Just;
To her thm Rivcet all within thr power;
Thy hto, thy broath, thy self pinch of dust.
To star her bosom with a summer flowor.
Epli'hanlua Wilson In Frtman"s Journal.
Widow Dcano sat nt tho front win
dow of hur llttlo parlor ono morning
busy with somo kind of fancy work
which showed off her plntnp, well sliapcd
hands, vith tho wedding ling sparkling
on her loft ono, to tho best ndvantago.
Sho was a very pretty widow, and no
ono was better nwaro of tho fact than
sho was. Her sung fitting dross set off
as" plump and trim n figuro as any In
Downsborongh, and nowhere In the
neighborhood could you find a brlghtor
pair of brown oyes or a more klssablo,
charming face
I wtndcr why young widows are
ways pretty and charming? No matter
how plain they may lie before their hus
bands "go tho way of all flesh'," straight
way after that event takes place and
they come out in black drosses and tho
other etceteras of a mourning toilet
they nro voted bewitching and bo pretty!
It is strango that such should bo the
caso, but it seems to bo tho effect which
widowhood has on them.
Widow Dcano heard stops coming
down tho road and leaned ont to boo who
was going by just as a man came oppo
sltd at her gate.
"Is that you, Mr. Fieldsr sho called
out cheerily. "Good morning; pleasant
weather, isn't it, after tho shower last
Beautiful," Btammerod Mr. Fields,
blushing as delightfully as a woman
could have done and appearing as awk
ward as an overgrown schoolboy on his
first morning at school.
"Wont you coino in?' asked tho wid
ow, smiling very sweetly, as sho brushed
back her curls, which would persist in
falling about her rosyfacoln tho most
charming confusion, as she leaned out
of tho window.
"I I can't thi3 morning," stammered
Mr. Fields. "I'd like to" with a look
full of bashful admiration into tho wid
ow's pretty face; "but I'm rather in a
hurry, you see."
"Como In this ovening, then," -urged
the widow, "can't you? Ifs very lone
some. I wish you would, now, really,
Mr. Fields."
"I I will!" answered Mr. Fields. "Ill
bring my chess board and men along, lf
you'vo no objections, Mrs. Deane."
"I should be delighted to see you," an
swered tho widow smilingly. "I am
suro I can beat you, Mr. Fields."
"I shouldn't wonder," answered Mr.
Fields. "I I'm no match for women,"
he added, with a very rosy face, and
wondering how he was over bold enough
to say it.
"Oh, you naughty manl" cried the
widow. "I shall beat you just to pay
you for that! Seo K I don't!"
"I dare say," responded Mr. Fields as
ho bowed good morning. "What a
charming creature Bho is I" ho thought as
he passed on. "I'd bo perfectly happy
if she was Mrs. Fields." Hero he had to
blush at tho idea of any woman's being
Mrs. Fields. "I do believe sho likes me,
but I wouldn't daro to ask her for any
thing. Every time I think of such a
thing my heart thumps just liko a ham
mer ngninst my ribs. I I wish the
women had their rights. Then they'd
have to do their Bhare of trapping the
question, and the liko. What if Martha
Jane or Miss Spooner or some of those
old maids should tako it into their heads
fo ask a fellow to have them! And of
courso they would I Good gracious! I'd
never daro to tell them no,nnd I'd sooner
bo in the bottom of tho sea than to havo
ony.of thein!"
Mr. Fields broke out In a cold perspi
ration all over at tho bare idea.
"What a funny man!" said the pretty
widow to herself, with a soft little
laugh, as Mr. Fields went on down the
road. "I'm sure he'd like to ask me to
bo Mrs. Fields, if he dared to, bnt he
hasn't pluck enough, now he docs
blush when I look at him! I was very
near laughing in his face, ho looked bo
confused. I liko him ever so much, and
I don't think I'd answer him 'No,' if ho
asked me a certain question; but I don't
beliovo he could muster up courago
enongh to ask it. I don't see why ho
need be bo bashful. I'm sure I'm not at
all dignified or distant"
Tho widow looked more charming
titan over when sho sat in the parlor
Waiting for Mr. Fields that evening;
6ho hail on a neat brown dress of just
tho precise shado to Bhow off her dear
complexion; and tho little knot of blno
ribbon ut her throat was tho next pretty
color, and tho white rosebud, which sho
fastened over her pink ear, mado her
look as youthful as sho did tho day sho
married Archio Deane, six years before.
Sho sighed softly 'when sho looked at tho
plain wedding ring upon hor finger.
Archie had been dead three years and
A step on the path announced that
someone was coming. Pretty soon somo
one knocked. Sho went to the door and
admitted Mr. Fields.
"I thought it was you," sho said, tak
ing his hat. "Tako that easy chair, Mr.
Fields, I'm so glad you came over, I
get so lonesome," and u little sigh gavo
emphasis to tho words.
Mr, Fields sighed too. He got lono
noine sometimes in his bachelor quar
ters, but ho wouldn't havo dared to say
so for tho world, with the widow's
bright eyes looking full into his face.
The widow sat down and chatted
away in her lively fashion, Mr. Fields
kept watching her when ho could do so
without her seeing him, Once she look
ed up suddenly and caught his oye fixed
on her face, and then ho turned as red
as tho roses in the window, and just the
faintest tingo of carnation camo into
her chocks. It made her look over so
much prettier, Mr. Fields thought. lie
almost wished she'd look up again and
catch him watching her, lf she'd blush
In that way. Innocent man; ho never
dreamed that tho widow was as well
aware of his admiring glances as be was.
"Oh, our game of chess!" cried the
widow suddenly. "I was very near for
getting all about it Did you bring tho
board, Mr. Fields?'
''I put them on the side table," an
swered Mr, Fields.
The widow fluttered about and got the
chessboard and men, and drew her chair
up opposite Mr, Fields.
"I promised to boat you," she said, ar
ranging the board on a little stand bo
tweon them. "I'm going to do bo it I
possibly can, Mr. Fields," with on arch
glanco into his face,
Mr. Fields happenod to b admiring
her brown curls as sho looked up, and
the fact that she detected him In Uio act
po disconcerted him that bo knocked
over tho chessmen she had arranged,
and then he had to help her set them
-ijMn, and their hands came in contact
on tho board. Somehow tho touch of
tho widow's plrrmp, white hand mado
lilm thrill all over with a dellghtf ol scav
Uuu, and he wandered, if tho anciitariUi
iigimuriy, wnarnmusttK) w nora tnat
hand in his. Poor Mr. Fields I He was
very deeply in love, but ho didn't daro
to say so.
At length tho board was arranged, and
they were ready to open tho game.
"Ohl" cried tho willow snddonly,
"wouldn't it bo nlco to have n wager?
It would mako tho game so mucrii mora
interesting! Don't you think so, Mr.
Mr. Fields didn't know bnt it would.
Til toll you whatl" said tho widow,
blushing liko a gillyflower pink and
looking every bit as sweet, Mr. Fields
thought. "I read n story not long ago
about two peraons playing a wager, and
tho stnko was a kisol Now, I'll agree to
kiss you if you beat, and if I boat you
shall kiss me. Isn't that fair?"
but I'm afraid youll boatl"
"Why, then you'll havo to kiss me,
that's all," laughed tho widow. "If you
beat rd just as roan kiss you as not As
likely as not you'll beat mo."
"Well, I 111 take the wager," on
swered Mr. Fields In desperation.
And so tho game commenced. If over
he played to win it was then. Thoro
was something very fascinating about
the Idea of kissing tho widow, but he
didn't believe ho could muster up cour
age enough to do it if ho won tho game.
Ho much preferred that sho should kiss
him. Ho could stand it with considera
ble fortltudo to bo kissed, but to kiss was
rather more than ho could think of with
composure. He never had kissed a wo
man that ho could remember, and ho
was sure ho should mako some awful
mistake if ho tried to.
But from tho first tho gamo went
against him. His pawns were captured
right and left, and then his bishops were
taken from him. Then his king got iu
check, and ho liad to sacrifice his queen
to get him out, and then, by ono master
ly move, tho widow planted a knight di
rectly in front of the king's place, and
left him in check with her castle, and
cried out, "Chockmatcl" her eyes spar'
ling with mischiof.
Something that was almost a groan
broke from Mr. Field's lips. How was
ho over going to pay his wager? It mado
him shiver to think of it
"I am waiting for you to pay your
debts," said the widow, smiling bewitch
ingly into tho batchelor's face.
"I I wish Td won tho gamo," stam
mered Mr. Fields, bursting into a cold
"Why, then I'd havo to kiss youl" said
tho widow, coquottishly.
"I I know that," cried Mr. Fields.
"That's why I wish lM got the gamel"
"What a selfish man!" laughed tho
widow. "I didn't snpposo you were so
selfish, Mr. Fields; upon my word, 1
"I I ain't selfish," cried tho poor man,
driven to desperation; "but but I
"What an excuse!" cried tho widow.
"I wont accept it! You don't want to
kiss me. That's the reason! But I'm
going to insist on your paying your
debts, Mr. Fields. I should liko to know
why you're afraid of me! I know bet
ter! Toull havo to get up some other
excuse before I let you off. I wouldn't
havo been afraid to kiss you if you'd
won tho game, I'm sure."
"I I wish you'd lds3 mo, and call it
quits!" said Mr. Fields, fooling that ho
was being driven into a cornor.
"I would if it wasn't for encouraging
you in your selfishness," answered tbo
widow, with an arch emiio into bis face
which set tho blood tingling clear to his
toes and made him foel almost bold
enough to pay his wager.
"I Til daro youl" cried tho bachelor.
"If yonll kiss mo, I I'll kiss youl"
"Done!" cried the widow, and kissed
Mr. Fields plump on tho mouth before
he could say Jack Robinson. "Now,
you can't back out!" cried she, as rosy
as tho pinks in tho garden again.
"I-I won't!" cried Mr. Fields and
caught her and kissed her on hor cherry
And then, suddenly growing bold and
courageous, he kissed her three or four
times for Interest, I suppose, on the
debt he had contracted and, somehow,
every kiss seemed to givo him additional
courage, for before ho managed to let
her go he contrived to squeeze her hand
in a decidedly lover like way, and the
widow didn't seem to object, but rather
returned tho gentle pressure.
After that there was a little silence,
but for some reason Mr. Fields wasn't so
bashful as ho had been. He began 'to
think It best to follow np tbo advantage
ho had gained over bis timidity; and bo
ho by and by, after a good deal of en
couragement to do tho deed, managed
to scare up bravery enough to kiss the
widow again, and sho didnt seem to be
put out about it, ho thought
And then Mr. Fields couldn't tell
how, for tho life of him he actually
asked tho widow to bo Mrs. Fields. He
felt great wonder, after the deed waa
done, how ho over got bold enough to
ask u woman to marry him; but ho did,
and sho did not answer "no." Now
York World.
Women and Their Dog. In Pari..
Women hero, as in London, havo an
Insatiablo mania for carrying or leading
by chain pug dogs of all degrees of ugli
ness. One afternoon, during a shower
of rain, ono was seen walking along the
Qua! Jemmnpes, where a number of
workmon had just finished discharging
a cargo of coal from a barge. Tho lady
held in ono hand an umbrella, with
which she carefully protected from tho
least drop of wot an ngly little dog with
a gorgeous blue ribbon round its nock.
By her side trotted her daughter, a little
girl about 3 years old, her Bhoes not so
waterproof as they might havo been,
Who, deprived of tho protection of the
umbrella monopolized by the dog, was
rapidly getting drenched.
As sho was about to cross the bridge
which spans tho canal ono of the coal
heavers went np to her and said, "Allow
me, madam, to relieve you of your dog,
bo that you may carry your girl to tho
other side." The woman accepted tho
offer, but when tho party arrived at tho
other end of tho bridge tho coal heaver
threw tho pug Into tho canal, telling its
mistress ut tho same time, "That's a les
son to you not to shelter a dog while
your child Is getting wet"
The woman screamed and soon a crowd
collected, to whom sho pathetically nar
rated tho assassination of her pet. Two
policemen at her Instigation took tho
coal huaver to the station, but the super
inteirdent declined to formulate any
charge against ldm. All sho could do,
ho told her, was to bring u civil action
for the valuo of her dog, Sho left tho
station "apparently much dissatisfied
with tho decision." Paris Cor. London
A ItUtorte Cradl.
The Emperor William, his orothors
and sisters, his children and all his Ho
henaoUent ancestors bom einco 172J have
been successively rocked In tho family
cradle of that illustrious house or en
throned theroon during the court pro
cession which adds splendor to each
royal christening, Tho ancient couch is
a clumsy structure pf old oak, richly
carved, round whoso four sides Is cut In
largo Iloman characters tto text, "IIo
hath given hU angels chargo over thee, Ihdtf t.vm t L . 1 -II .1 .
J au ;njr wj
Harper's lUtT.
19, 1890.
They Will Use a Balloon to
Reach the Pole.
An Arctic i:xplltlon from TVlilfli Croat
RmhiU Am BxpeetM) Tho Air Ship
Which la to Aotv. Um Problem of A
Afrm l'rcvlmij l)lutr.
Copyright by American Vreta Aaaodatlou.)
What is at tho north pole land. Ico or
open water? To solve this problem many
daring men have lost their lives, and now
two Ingenious Frenchmen propone to try
tho solution by a new process. Tliey have
secured the money, perfected their plans
aim aai mo laborers to wore on trie ma
chinery, and now announce that they will
start for the pole early in May, 1803.
in strictness ot language their plan Is
not new, bnt is a new application of an old
plan by balloon but their balloon and
attachments are so very ingenious that
acton UHe men say their plan appears feasi
ble,' and much may be discovered, even
though they Jo not roach tho desired goal.
The projectors ore M. Bcssncon, aero
naut, and Gustov ncrmite, astronomer,
both active members of the French school
of aerial navigation. Professor Sllber
mann In 1870 and Professor Slvel in 187
presented elaborate calculations showing
thai tt waa theoretically pass! bio to reach
the polo by balloon, but tho present pro
jectors have adopted plans different from
thosoof either.
Their balloon is to be a perfect sphere
with a diameter of nearly 100 feet, and
containing about 20,000 cable yards, and
this is to be inflated with para hydrogen
gas,' which will Insure a lifting power of
1609 kilograms (about SOfiCO pourida). Tbo
material la two thicknesses of the Quest Chi
nese silk, varnished with a new preparation
of their own invention, which will, they
think, render it absolutely safe. So tar
the design la old, but they will have n
smaller' balloon inaldo of tho large one,
dgar shaped in its ordinary form, but with
flexible sides; and to All this they will have
a small generator in the car below, and
with it an automatic arrangement register
ing every variation in the force of the gas.
As this smaller interior balloon can bo ex
panded and contracted at will, they expect
by it to correct all tbo deviations of tho
larger globe.
The deviations ore calculated upon tho
established facts that for each rise of 2,800
feet or thereabout the rarity of tho air in
creases sufficiently to nullify one-tenth ot
the lifting power of the gas, and many
minor variations must bo expected from
changes of temperature. In addition
twenty little globes, or balloonettcs, will be
attached to the rim ot the cor, which can
bo filled at will. The car is to bo a wonder
folly complete structure, capable of oo
eommodatinb; five men and eight dogs',
with provisions tor a month, and water
casks, which are to be prevented from
freezing by chemical coating. To it are to
be attached a alod, a. boot, guido rope and
other necessary articles, and in it are to be
photographic and other dentine appar
atusj These particulars Indicate tho plan. Ar
rived on the southern border' of one of
those great ico dills, or breaks in tbo Ice
showing open water, which no explorers'
have1 been ablo to pass, they will form
camp and set their balloon in order. Se
cured by tho gnide rope, they will ascend
say 8,000 foot, and remain till they have
thoroughly surveyed and plotted all the
area within sight A practicable route
over the ice clWa may be discovered, or
they may find that the open water is narrow;
in either case they will cross to the north
with lied or boat, and proceed as before It
not they will try at some other point until,
if necessary, they have surveyed and map
ped out all the northern edge of the attain
able region.
But they are confident no insuperable
cliffs or open water will be found. On the
contrary, thoy have demonstrated to their
own satisfaction just where ocean and
wind will salt them and have published a
map of their Intended route. They will
reach the northern point of Spitzbcrgen in
July, proceed thence straight north to the
pole, und keeping exactly straight on (con
sequently going tooth from the pole) they
will arrive on the inhabited coast of Alas
ka, or the opposite coast of Asia in a few
days! It is to be hoped they may, And
really tf (he wind is favorable their esti
mate of ten days at the farthest is not un
reasonable, for from the last easily attain
able point on the one side to the first on
tho other is but l.SOOrailen or so; butcount
ng from the moat northern points reached
tho interval is much less.
The unknown north seems to possess a
tei-riblo fascination for many minds, and
the records made by daring men in trying
to explore it are enough to give tho ordinary
reader a chill. It is certain that Norwegians
and Icelanders sallal far up the west coast
of Greenland over 8U0 years ago and soon
had flourishing colonics there and III Spits
bergen, In 18S0 the Keno brothers, Vine
tlans, went north of the most northern Ice
landic settlements, and in 1CT John and
flwhaatlan Cabot Rot as far north as 07 degs.
before deciding that they could not sail
around America by that way. The idea of
a northwest passaga to Asia was Uieu
taken up and pursued with great ardor for
ow tlirex cantortM.' lfltpwiltlnn after sx
laikd. are afteversw paHahsd,
assavswatwars fimaA aasat to
VOL. 25. NO. 51
maKO tno attempt.
in 10K1 mr lluah Willouchbv sailed for
Nova Zemlila, but ha and ail his men were
loHt In 1MJ-87 Davis explored the strait
that bears his nnmo. Next Ilcndrik Hud
son bent all previous records by sailing up
to latltudo to decs., but on a subscnucnt
expedition was lost All tho inlets of
Hudsou's bay wero sesrdrcd by EnrHlsh-
men, who Insisted that It had an opening
to Uio Pncillc, and the Bussians struggled
as desperately from the west, but all failed
and many perished. In 1830-23 Von
W ranged mado Ids celebrated slcdga ex
pedition and reported "an open polar sea."
This act all tho explorers on a new tack.
As late as 1743 the British parliament
offered a reward of 30,000 to any ono who
shoatd discover a passage westward from
Hudson's boy.
After a dozen expeditions had failed
Capt Parry and Sir John Franklin took
up the work of searching for tho northwest
passage. From 1818 to 1848 they and their
numerous associates wcro tho bcroc ot
Arctic exploration, and Sir John and all
bis men becamo Its martyrs. Capt Parry
invented tho boat sledgo, with which ho
reached S3 degs. 45 mln., tho moat north'
em latitude attained by white men before
18ta Wlotcrlnc on Melville Island, ho es
tablished a theatre nnd newspaper to
aruuso his crews. Tho pathetic story of
Sir John Franklin and tho many search
expeditions on his account aro familiar to
tho public
Private and public expeditions of every
kind multiplied till the whole northern
coast ot America was oxplored, and still
new and mora cacer projectors came for
ward to seek the north polo. On May 18,
laaif ur. isaao 1. iiayes and ono compan
ion, Herr Knorr, reached n point of land in
latitude 81 deirs. 33 mln. and lorudtudo 70
degs. SO mln., but could go no farther, as
the rotten ico and water would support
neither boat nor sledges. Yet Dr. Hayes
insists that ho saw stretching far away the
open polar sea, and In it a mountain, "the
most northern known land on tho globe."
Many othor expeditions got nearly as far
north, and finally Capt Charles Frands
Ball, of tho "American Arctic expedition,"
on Aug. St, 1S71, reached latltudo 83 degs.
18 mln.
The Grccloy expedition was the last to
exdte general interest and in at least ono
respect was tho most successful; for on
the 13th of May, 1BS3, Lieut Lockwood and
Bergt Braincrd of that expedition reached
Lockwood island in latitude 83 degs. 34
mln. and longitude 44 degs. S mln tho
moat northern point ever attained. Far to
the northwest thoy saw what they named
Capo Robert Lincoln, but could not
reach it
Dr. Isaac Nansen, who crossed Greenland
two years ago, also proposes to try the
balloon scheme in 1893, but on a different
and much smaller scale than that of tho
Ho will co through Behrinc strait in
June, thence westward to the most north
ern Island his vessel can reach, and then
proceed with sledges and boats, using a
small attached balloon, only to rise a fow
hundred feet, and survey the region ahead
of him. In August or September ho ex
pects to locate on the floating Ice, and
thinks at that season it will take him di
rectly across the open sea and near the polel
It is" not easy to understand tho reasoning
on which he bases this hope, but ho is a bold
and scientific Norwegian, and his report
will, no doubt interest us lf ho lives.
With tho bolloonlsts and others the year
1893 bids fair to be a memorablo ono in
Arctic explorations. J. II. Beadle.
Of Importance to Kngaceu People.
"Lovers' stationery" has been intro
duced among romantic circles in tho
United States. Tbo paper is of a delicate
pink, and the watermark consists of two
hearts pierced by an arrow. At tho bottom
of tho lost page is a round blot about the
sifco of a quarter the kissing spot where
the writer presses his or her Hps and sends
a loving salute to tho receiver, who is
bound to kiss tbo samo spot A thin coat
ot aromatic gam covers tho place devoted
to osculation.
Itclcased by Death.
Tho public has scarcely had time to for
get tno details ol
tho shocking mur
der ot Dr. A. E.
Jones, of Cincin
nati, when inter
est Is revived by
Uio death of his
murderer, the col
ored man, Charles
Blythe. He was,
as will be rcmem
bored, sentenced
to bo hanged on
the 30th of last
July, but Govern
or Campbell com
muted his sentence to imprisonment for
As often happens in the case of brutal
men, though ever so rurrccd. as Boon as ho
was imprisoned Blythe began to decline
lu strength, and within a few wcoks after
commutation ho was an incurable con
sumptlve. Within less than four months
from tho day set for his hanarur his atteu
uated corpse was delivered to the medical
men, as his wife in Richmond, Ky., was
not ouut to nave it snipped.
The Turnip. Wero Worth Throe Pence.
No comment is necessary on tho follow
ing extract from a police court report in a
ijonaon paper o: recent date:
James Clarke, aged 17, a weakly looking lad, ro
BtUne at Dyeerove read, Mitoham, waa charged
Willi ttealing two turnips, valuo three jence,
Browing to a field belongtne to Mr. II. Ilruco at
Merlon. Prosecutor having lost a quantity of
produce Police Constable WblUr waa aet to wateh
the property, and taw prisoner deliberately pull
the turnip and put them la liU pocket. Prisoner
u no uoa uaa Doming to eat a:i day, and beiojc
very hungry he took the vegetables to satiety hl4
hanger, A prvrtous conviction was proved against
him for felony, and he vaa now committed by
nr. nmmw tor six wects nara labor.
The next case called was that of a wife
beater. The man was "cautioned" and dis
Alt W&fehes Compasses.
A fow days ago I was standing by an
American gentleman when I expressed
a wish to know which point was tho
norm, uo at once pulled out Ms watch,
looked at it and pointed to tho north. 1
asked him whether ho had n compos.-!
attached to his watch. "All watches,"
bo replied, "aro compasses." Then ho
oxplained to mo how this was. Point
tho hour hand to tho sun, and the south
is exactly half way botweon tho hour
and tbo iiguro 13 on tho watch. For in'
stance, snpposo that it is 4 o'clock.
Point Uio hand indicating 4 to tho sun
and 2 on tho watch Is exactly south,
Snpposo that it is 8 o'clock. Point tho
hand indicating 8 to tho sun and tho
figuro 10 on tho watch is duo south, Jly
Amonaui friend was Quite surprised
that I did not know this. Thinking that
very possibly I was ignorant of a thing
that overy ono clso know, and happening
to moot hit. ciiauiey, i askod that cm!
nent traveler whether ho waa nwaro of
this simplo modo ot discovering tho
poiuts of the compass, no said that he
had novor hoard of it. I presume, there
fore, Uiat tho world is in tho eaino state
ofignoranco. Amain is proud of hav.
Ing boeu the homo of the invoutor ot the
compass. I do not know what town
boasts of my American friend as a dtl
zen. London Truth.
Bill Clark If X had as mnch money as
tno old man i d quit business and trnvcl.
Ad Oollutn So would I,
Employer (entering unexpectedly) I
caeas that's what you'd better do any
Hmvt Dr. Tomnltlna Found Halt KsuukIi
to Fish for )! All Ills Life.
"I liko to do n llttlo black bass fish-
ing now nnd then," Mid Dr. Tompklnn,
of Penn Ynn, "hut I'm not ono of thoso
tnthuslastlo pcoplo who can't get along
williout It. Tho other day. thoush. a
friend of lnlno camo in with a flno catch
of bass, and tho sight of them rather put
mo in tho humor of going out nnd getting
a lot myself.
"What did you catch 'em with? I
asked my friend.
"Crabs," ho said.
"Wo call crawfish 'crabs' in Penn
Yon. I had heard before that crabs
wcro good bolt for black bass, and think
ing that I might get somo fun ont of
them as well as anybody clso I went
over to Lake Keuka outlet to bait I
banged around in Uio creek for thrco
hours turning up stones and slopping
about In iho water knoo deep, nnd suc
ceeded in capturing iivo littlo crabs.
' 'Woll,' I said to myself, 'tliat isn't n
very big lot of bait to start on a day's
fishing with, but I guess I won't havo
any troublo getting two or thrco nico
bass, anyhow.'
"I was abont leaving tho creek when
I met a small boy. IIo was a Venn Yan
small boy nnd lie had ncive, and ho
hailed mo familiarly nnd said:
" 'Hullo, mister. What you after?
"I told him I was gathering crabs for
bait, but that thoy wcro powerful scarce.
" 'Whnt'll you givo mo to got you
some? inquired tho small boy.
"l thought it would bo a nico tiling to
havo n couple of dozen or so of crabs, for
I'd want to bo going out after more boss
tho next day, and knowing what tt tough
nnd tedious time I'd liad getting only
fivo, I thought Td mako it worth tho boy'B
while spending n day tugging nnd sweat
ing among tho stones, nnd so I Bold I'd
givo him fivo cents apicco for crabs.
" 'How many '11 1 git youf ha asked.
" 'Oh, all you can, I replied, fooling
that nil ho could get would certainly bo
few enough.
" 'All right! ho said, and I went up
tho lake a mile or so with my ilvo crabs
to get somo bass for my supper. I fished
nil tho rest of tho day and novor got as
much as a bite. It was Bnpper timo
wlven I pulled for homo.
" 'Tho next man that says crabs to
me,' I said to myself, 'It won't go well
"After supper I was sitting in my
office, feeling n littlo soro yet over iny
day's fishing, when a knock como to tho
door. 1 opened it, and thcro stood tho
Bmall boy I had liired to gather crabs for
me. I had forgotten all about him.
'Hullo, mister!" ho said. 'I got
"Crabs wcro tho very last thing I was
hankering after just then, but of courso
a bargain was a bargain.
' 'All right.' I said. 'Fetch 'em In.'
"The small boy stepped nsldo nnd Im
mediately appeared again, accompanied
by another small boy. Each boy lugged
In a big tobacco pail. Each pail was
filled with crabs.
' 'Great heavens!' I exclaimed. 'How
many hayo yon got?
" 'ThcroB two thousan', mister,' said
tho small boy I had bargained with.
'But wo d 'a' got a lot moro if tho pails
liad been bigger.'
"Two thousand crabs! If yonll tako
tho troublo to figuro on that you'll find
that nt iivo cents npieco 2,000 crabs will
como to just an oven $100, and that waa
the price per crab I liad bound mysolf to
pay. Whilo thoso boys hod nervo I'vo
an idea that their ideas of finandcriug
wero crude, for after somo exceedingly
anxious and apprehensive argument with
them I induced them to compromlso on
a basis of labor by tho day, nnd even
then they mado such a good thing out of
mo that tho next man who mentions
crabs to mo will stand nn excellent
chonco of having tho price of that day's
work taken out of his hide. I returned
thoso crabs to Kouka ontlot, nnd any
ono who wants to may go tliero and
catch them if thoy can." Lfluisvillo
Glyccrluo as a Wool l'reservatlve.
In order to mako wool tissues water
proof manufacturers havo to oxposo tho
fabric to temperatures ns high as SCO to
281 degs. Fahrenheit, and It has been
found that tho tissuo thus treated loses
all its resistance. Up to 230 degs. thero
is uo change in wool or woolen goods,
but when heated to SCO degs. or abovo
both turn yellow and show ovldeucea o
combustion. By n series of experiincntai
Mr. J. Perzog, nn eminent French an
alytical chemist, has discovered" a now
process by means of which wool threads
and fabrics may bo made to retain their
durability and original resistance under'
high temperaturo during tho process of'
Acting upon tho established fact that1 ,
glycerino greatly prevents evaporation
of humidity, Mr. Perzog saturated somo
woolen fabrics with a solution contain
ing 10 per cent, of glycerine, and ex-'
posed them to liigh temperatures. Tho
fabrics thus treated showed not tho
slightest chaugo under a temperaturo of
291 degs. Fahrenheit, nnd thoy retained)
18 per cent, of tho glycerino. Tho dis
covery of this simplo principlo removes'
ono of tho greatest difficulties withl
which manufacturers of waterproof
fabrics have had to contend. PhfJadel-l
phia Record. i
About Torpedo lloats.
Tho next most important thine to
speed in a torpedo boat is tho quick
turning, aim tor this purpose tho larger
Nonnand, Schicnu nnd Yarrow boats
hayo two rudders, ono In tho usual placo
at tho stem and ono under tho bow.
Mr. Thoruycroft has another device.
IIo puts two curved rudders near thoi
stern and tho propeller is hot ween them,!
bo that when tho rudders nro turned to
gether, Uio water which Uio propeller Is i
driving astern is turned a littlo to ono
side nud helps to push around tho boat. ;
Tho latest idea in torpedo boats is to
havo their launching tubes mounted on
turn tobies on deck instead of bdng.
fixed in tho bow. With this improve
ment a boat will not havo to steam'
.straight at her enemy, stop, launch its1
torpedo and then turn to run nivay; but
it can train its tubo on tho big ship as If i
tho tubo wero a gun, and launch tho tor-,
podo whilo rushing past at full snood.'
This would bo less dangerous for tho
torpedo boat, for it would not afford tho
men on tho ship a good aim at hor.
John M. Ellicott, U. S. N in St Niclv
Au Odd Coincidence.
An old friend (call him W.l relates
how, whilo ho was In Florida, his watch!
stopped. Slnco it was n very good
watch and liad never stopped before,)
and had been duly wound tho evening'
before, W. was much surprised thai It'
wouldn't go. By and by tho head of thoi
honso (call him B.) camo In. "Will yoiti
please givo mo tho time?' said W. "Cer-'
tuinly," said B., and pulled out hla.
watch. B. had a timopicoo which wasi
entirely trustworthy, not given to Irreg
ularities of any kind. IIo palled H out,
ofhispockot "By Jove!" ho exclaimed,
"my watch is stopped; that's queer."!
They compared the two watches, andj
thoy had stopiKxl at tho samo hour and
at tho samo minute, and why thoy had,
stopped neither man was ablo to dfacov-'
or. Boston Transcript t
Walking Sticks, 'J
Nowadays thcro is hardly any limit to
tho kinds of material used in walking
sUcks. Formerly only a few nativo I
woods and some forolgu species wero
used. Innovations in tho stylo of walk
ing sticks and umbrellas havo boon con
emnUy introduced during tho last forty
years until Uieir manufacture has bo
como quite an art and n busiuess of can-
siderablo Importance. Natural sticks.
that is, daillngs of trees and climbing
plants, whoso roots will form luindlos or
knots, are most used, Thoy aro soine-
umos mounted with precious inetabj,
onyx, jasper, marble, precious stones,
ivory and horns of all kinds Youth'
Is, j