Newspaper Page Text
a u pmrz
A ATTORNEY-AT-L AW,
Office Froul Room, Ovor PoBtoilioo.
T 11. MAIZE
OrripK.-Rooru No. S, XSolvumam
Jan. oth 1988, tf.
' ATTORN f-AT-LAW.
Ofllcomsnt-sDulMlng. """""mo, Pl
J OHM M. (JI.AUK,
JlKriOE OF THE 1'EAOE.
Office over Moyer Bros. Drug store.
1 V MIIjLEK,
Offlceln urower'a bulldlng.soconanoor.rooia No. 1
Office corner of Centre and llaln Streets, cinrk
Can bo consulted In Qcrman.
EO. E. EL.WELL
"Office ou second lloor, third room of Col
OMiiiAN Hulldlug, SIulii street, below Ex
pAUL E. W1KT,
mco In Columbian Bcil.niKO, Third Coor.
Offlco In mowers' Building, 2nd.tloor.
8. KMORR, L. B. W1NTIEBT11H,
KNOKU & WINTEKSTEEN,
A ttornoy s-at-Law.
Ofllce tu lBt National Bank building, second Door,
first door to the lett. Cornor ot Main and Market
stroeta Uloomrturg, l'a.
S&"JJennem and Bounties Collected.
tnoe.oornor ot Third and MalnStroets
JICHAEL V. EYEULY,
Convoyancor, Collector of Claims.
MtOAL ADVICE IN THE SETTLEMENT OF
I ESTATES, rtC
iwonico in Denver's building with V. V. Bill
meyer, nttornej-at.law, front loon.s, and noor
It. UONOltAA. BOBBINS.
Offlco and residence, West ilrst street. Blooms
burg, Pa. novae w ly.
JB. McKELVY, M. D.,Burecon and Phy
.stclnn,nortl Bldo Main stroot,tolow Market
rR. J. C. BUTTER,
omce, North Market Etrect,
DR. WM. M. REBEIl Surgeon and
Physician, omce corner ot Hock and Market
J J. IIROWN.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
omce and residence on ThlM street near Metho
dist church. Diseases ot tho oyo a specialty.
JQU. J. It. EVANS.
Treatment of Chronic Disaasos mado a
Ofl'ice, Third Street,
TIT J. HEsS, D. D- S.,
Aifduate of tho Philadelphia Dental College,
Having opened a dental omcoln
corner ot Main and Centre streets,
s prepared to receive all patients requiring pro-
ETllKlt, OAS, AND LOCAL ANAESTHETICS
administered for tho painless extraction of teeth
fr of enanrowhen arlinclal teeth aro Inserted.
ALL WOUK.O.UARANTEED A3 REl'llESENTED.
rir u. .rouse,
BlOOMSMiUO, COLUMBIA C'OIMY, Ptt
allstylesot workdonelna superior manner.work
warrantee, us icijifoouiuu, - - . X
id wnnocT Pain by the use of uaB, and
nrtwt,, n,irtAn' bulldinc. Main street,
below Market, live doors below Kleim's
drug storoj-tlrst noor.
lo be open at all hourt during the da
Y7"A.tNWniGUT & CO.,
'JEAB, -SYllUrS, COFFEE, BL'GAlt, !OLAESEk
oia '-oih 'vaos ouvom 'taoi.is 'aom
Nj B. Corner frccond and Arch Bta.
tr-orders will receive prompt attenti.01
MWtSIMTB TBI FCtLOWIKB
AMERICAN- 1NBURANCE COMPANIES
I'innsyiTanla,' " "
York, of Pennsylvania.
Hanover, ot N. Y.
Sueens, ot London,
orth British, ot London.
Offlco on Market street, No, t. Bloomsburg,
(Successor to rreos Brown)
AurjiT AND UHUKIU.
JttntVlroIns.Co., of Hartford,..
Hartford of Hartford
1'hoet.lx ot Hartford ....
Spiingtleld ot SptliigHfld
Phoanlx, of London e.wUfj J'
I.nnnnl.hlr0nf RntlHni1MT. H. branch! 1.64V.1V4-O0
ltoyal of England " " 4,84a,W4.l
Mutual Benent Ufo Ins. Co. of New.
ark. N.J.i. - 41.8I9.W8 33
Losses promptly adjusted and paid at this ofllce.
J,a WILLIAM", AUCTIONEER.
Eeal Estate Eought and Sold.
Parties dtslrlng to buy horeei and wagoni
would do well to call on tho above.
t to 'as.
1 sl3 "
THOUGHTFUL SANTA CI.AUS.
" I'vn traveled through the -,lect and snow,
Across the country liijjh and low,
To fill the stockings small and great
That here in line my coming wait.
In creeping baby's tiny hose
The India rubber rattle goes;
A handsome doll, with staring eyes,
Will much the little miss surprise;
And what will more delight the boys
Than musket, drum or bugle toys ?
And now, before I climb the line,
I'll bear in mind the mother true.
Who works so hard by day and night
To keep the clothing clean and white,
And in her stocking, long and wide,
Some cakes of Ivory Soap I'll hide. '
A WORD OF WARNING.
There are many white soaps, each represented to bo "Just as good as the ' Ivory' i"
they ARE NOT, but like all counterfeits, lack the peculiar and remarkable qualities of
the genuine. Ask for ' Ivory" Soap and insist upon gettins it.
CopjrUht, by Pn d t a ( ,.i.ible.
6 FOR $1.00
or mailed for price.
r. W. BERTSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits mixdo to order at phott notice
;ind afitalw.iNS uuarnntoed or no Hale.
Call and oxainino tli hrci-st and best
seleotod stock of goods ever rdiown in
Btorc next door to First National Bank,
AORNT KOlt THE
KEYSTONE DYNAMITE POWDER CO.
manufactruersof the celebrated Kestone Djna
mltp. This explosive lsglvlug universal satLvfae
tlon Quotations cheerfully given, (Aug 187
INSURANCE AGENCY- OF
J. II. MAIZE,
Otllco 2nd lloor Columbian Building,
Northwestern JlawnloAld Association, mem.
ben 41,(43. raldtobtuettclarfc84,05l,G!.17. In
Travelers Lire and Accident of Hartford.
CONTINENTAL of New iork, t'.?H?fl'?1
A M EKICAN of Philadelphia, uru ;
NlAiiAItx of New Vork. ... I-v-w,4iI',.bii
. i nn.lnn unit clono t ire insurance i;u..
ot Lonuon, ine lurgeiit m mo uiu, uu .v
Pc;'?.'k"' 'r,T.r ,h hncln. u resoectfullv
A llUlUlou.iv v. v - - - --i
June 1, 1S88, tf-
J.R. SMITH & CO
liyihe following wellknown makers;
Cim aleo furnisli any of the
cheaper jnakes at manufacturers
prices. Do not buy at piano be
fore getting our prices.
O 1 1
Catalogue and Price Lists
M.dle.l nd 8urglcil Oflice,
206 NORTH SECOND ST., PHILAM
lMTAHMHHK' 40 YliAl'.B
For tl. trtment of VuMiful Iipni.lRW
Iixof Vliror. Norvc"". Utility nd Nprtin
lC.ucV.Con.SltBlln by mall frt. of chaim.
Iluolt Unit I'r .
h CvmvwHCRt mf I
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14,
fresh Hops, Hcmlockgum and
PINE BALSAM COMBINED
Spread on white muslin.
Apply one now for
Backache, Side ache, Hheumatlam,
Kidney Weakness, Tender LuoffB,
Bore Cheat. SUIT Muscles, Female
Fains Crick, Bpraine, eto.
Itctires every tort of Pain, Ache, or Weakness,
ana quiciuy iou.
Lootor signature e HOP PLASTER.CO.,
PoRitTOt, BOSTON, on the genuine pood.
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It gives a brilliant light.
ii wm not smoko inocnimncye.
It will not char the ulck.
It has a high llro test.
It will not exulode.
It Is pre-euiUicntly a family safety oil.
WE CHALLENGE COKPAEIEON
With any other Illuminating oil mado.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As refiners, upon the statement that 11 Is
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WOULD.
Ask ycur denier for
Trado for Bloomsbuig and Vicinity Supplied by
("TVTvTC! llKVOI.VIIIlf. send stamp lor nrlce list
to J0HNS10N& SON. Plttumrg. Penn.
Cures Ltvor Comnlalnt. Bilious Affec
tions, UOS3 Oi
and nil uellcato t eraaio com
plaints. Sold everywhere. Prico25 cents
Fragrant! 0 Lasting!
The Leading Perfume forUieTalletand
Sold by all dealers. Prico 25 ots.
iff jfa .f...Tfl
W Price only 25 cti. Sold b'j alldrifglttl.
Will relieve Rheumatism, Neuralgia,
Swellings, Bruis ot,Lumbago, Sprains,
Headache. Toothache, Sores, Burns,
Wounds, Cuts, Scalds, Backache,
Frostbites, Chapped Hands and Face,
Gout, or any bodily pain or ailment.
ucwlANOe S PIUQS, Jlii Cttat nbacco An.
uui-ir (moid. rnce lu m. 11 a arugguu.
07. R. TDBBS, PROPRIETOR
i.nrr-fl .nil pnvpnlpnt snniiilo rooms. Psth room
hot aud "old water; and all modern convcitlmicea
GET YOUR .1015 PRINTING
DONE AT THE
The President's Communication
to the Fiftieth Congress.
THE QUESTION OF TARIFF.
Mr.Clcvoliind Again Urges That Hov-
onno Kcduction Is Necessary.
TRUSTS AND C0JIIIINAT10NS.
TheBandingof Capital Against
LEGISLATION HAS IJKEN IMPEDED
Consrcsslonnl Machine lllockcd
I))- Minor Mutters.
Ho Tou.lies Ilrlclly on the Ili-ccnt Flh
erlrs Ni'K"tliitlon., and Buys lli llKlir-
Inir Sea Controvery liemaml. lmmo-
tllnt.1 Attentlnu The Snrkvlllo llpl.iMln
nnil Our Dlplnmittlo Itclntlon. Wltli
Other Nntliili!Otir Nnturtlllriitlnn Law.,
llo Say, Aro Ti Jmx TIib ltcports of
the llemU of tho Several IlepartmenK
Revleueil, und the Vear'n Work Com.
mrndeil The Indian Uueitluti mid Other
To the Congress of tho United States:
As you n&mblo for tho illsclmrgo of the
duties vou have assumed as tho representa
tives of n free ana generous people, your
meeting is marked by nn Intcrostlng nnd Im
pressive incident. With tho oxptrntion of
tho present session of the congress, the first
century of our constitutional eilsteuco as a
nation will bo completed.
Our survival for 0110 hundred years is not
sufficient to assure us that we no longer hava
dangers to fear iu the maintenance, with all
its promised blessings, ot a government
founded upon the freedom of tho people. The
time rather admonishes us to soberly inquire
whether in tho mat we havo always closely
kept in the course of safoty, and whether vt 9
havo before us a way plain and cloar which
lends to happiness and perpetuity.
When the oxierlment ot our govcrnmeui
was undertaken, the chart adopted for our
guidance was tho constitution. Departure
from the lines there laid down is failure. It
is only by a strict adhereiieo to tho direction
they Indicate and ly restraint wunin me
limitations thev tlx. that wo can furnish
proof to the world of the iitnesa of the Ameri
can poopio lor sen government.
The equal ami exact justice of which wo
boast as tho uuderlylng principle of our insti
tutions, should not be routined to tho rela
tions ot our citizens to each other. Tho gov
ernment itself is under bond to the American
neonle. that ill tho exercise of Its funetloui
and powers it will do.il with the body of our
citizens iu a manner scrupulously lionost nnd
lair and absolutely just. It lias ngreod that
American cltiA'n-hlp shall bo tho only cre
dential necoasary to justify tho claim of
equality lieforo tho law, and that no con
dition iu life shall give rise to discrimination
in the troatmeut of tho jiuople by tnolr gov
The citizen of our republic in its early
days rigidly imlstod upon lull complianco
with tho letter ot tins iwuii, anci sawsareiou
lng out before him n cloar field for individual
endeavor. Ills tribute to the support of bis
government was moasurod by tho cou of its
economical maintenance, and ho was secure
in the enjoyment of tho remaining recom
pense of his steady nnd contented toil. In
thoe days the frugality of tho people was
stamped upon their government, and was en
forced by tbelreo, tliougliltui umi intelligent
suffrage of tho citizen. Combinations, mo
nopolies and aggregations 01 cnpnni wcro
either avoided or sternly regulatod and re
strained. The jump and gllttur of govern
ments less free ollorod no temptation and
presented no delusion to the plain eoplo,
who, side by side, in inenuiy competition,
wrought for tho ennoblement and dignity of
man, for tho solution of tho problem of freo
government and for tho achievement of tho
grand destiny awaiting tho land which God
bod given them.
A bOMUEH 8UADIN0.
A century has passed. Our cities aro tho
abiding places of wealth and luxury; our
manufactories yield fortunes never dreamed
of by the fathers of the republic; our busi
ness man nre iuaiuy striving in 1110 raco lor
riches, and immense aggregations of capital
outrun the imagination iu tho magnitude of
IVo view with prldo and satisfaction thla
bright picture of our country's growth nud
prosperity, whilo only n closer scrutiny de
velops a somber snaumg. upon more care
ful Inspovtlou wo Und tho wealth and luxury
of our cities mingled with wvorty and
wretchedness und uuremuneratlvo toll. A
crowded and constantly increasing urban
nomilation suir;i-sts the iiinwvorisuuieut of
rural sections nnd discontent with agricul
tural pursuits. The farmer's son, not satis
fied with his father's simpio anu lauorious
life, joins tha eager chase for easl.y acquired
Wo discover that the fortune! realized by
our manufacturers are no longer sololy the
reword of sturdy industry un 1 enlightened
foresight, but that tliey result from the dis
criminating favor of tho government, and
nre lnrg.-ly built 11pm undue exactions from
tho muss. of our p.wplo. Ihoguir notween
employers nnd tho employed is constantly
wldeniii" and class s are rapidly forming,
one coniprislnthu very rich and pow-erful,
w uuo in auoiuer are luium wie .uiuiig jwjur.
As w o viovv tho aehlevemenU of nggreg ited
capital, wo discover tho existence of trusts,
combinations nnd monopjlios, while tho clti
ron b stvuggllug far in tho rear or is tram
pled to death beneath an iron heel. Corpora
tions, which should bu carefully restrained
creatures of the law and tho servants of the
people, aro fast becoming the people's iniLi
ters. Still congratulating ouisoIvaj upon tho
wealth and iirosjorlty of our country, and
complai'eiitly coato nphting every incident
of change insurable from these conditions,
It Is our duty as patriotic ctuens to inquire.
at the present stage of our progress, how tho
bond of tho government mado wltli tne io
pie has been kept and performed.
UK CHAIIOES UNJUST TAXATION.
'Instead of limiting the trlbuto drawn from
our citizens, to tho necessities of its economi
cal' administration, the government persists
in exacting, from the bub.tauce of the iwo
ple, millions which unapplied and useless llo
dormant In its treasury, This flagrant in
justice and this breach of faith and obliga
tion add to extortion the danger attending
the diversion of Ihe currency of the country
from tho legitimate channels ot business.
Under tho samo laws by which these re
sults are produced, the government permiti
many millions more to bo addod to the cost
ot tho living of our poopio nnd to bo taken
from our consumers, which unreasonably
swell tho profits of a small but powerful mi
Tlie people must still uo taxou tor tuu air
port of the government under tho operation
of tariir laws. Hut to the extent that tho
mass of our citizens aro inordinately bur
dened beyond any useful publto purpose, and
for the benollt of a ravored tow, tuo govern
ment, under nretext of an exercise of its tat'
lng power, enters gratuitously into partner
shin with tbeso favorltos, to their advantage
and to the injury ot a vast majority of our
This is not enualltv before tha law,
The existing situation is injurious to tha
health of our entire body politic It stifles,
in thoso for whouo benefit It Is permitted, all
patrlotio love of couutry, and substitutes In
IU ulace selllsh creed ami grasping avarice.
Devotion to American citizenship for Its own
sake and for what It should accomplish as a
motive to our nation's Ivancoment uud the
linpplness of all our wople, Is displaced by
the aHsumiitlon that tho eovcrnmunt. instead
of being the oiobodlment of equality, Is but
an Instrumentality through hlch tpJial
and ludtvldual advantuzes aro to lu gained
The arrogance of this assumption is uncoil
coaled. It nnno&in in the sordid disregard ol
Ul but personal Interests, In the refusal to
nbnta for tho beneilt of others one lota of
sol fish advantage, and In combinations to per
imtuato such advantages through offorta to
control legislation and Improiwrly Influence)
the nulTrngcs of the l-eoplo.
The grievances of those not Included with
in tho circle of these lieneflctnrlos, when fully
realized, will surely arouso irritation and
discontent. Our farmers, long suiTerlng and
ltlent, struggling In the race of life with tha
hardest and most unremitting toll, will not
fall to sco, In tpito of misrepresentations and
misleading fallacies, that they aro obllgod to
accept such prices for their products as ara
fixed In foreign markets where they comto
wltli tho farmers of the world; that their
lands nro declining In value while tlioir debts
Increase; and that without compensating
favor they nre forced by tho action of tlto
government to pay, for tho benefit of others,
such enhanced prlcos for the things tboy
need, that tho scanty returns of tlioir labor
fall to furnish their support or leave no mar
gin for accumulation.
WOllKINOMKN DEMAND nEI.ir.P.
Our workiugnien, enfranchised from nil de
lusions and no longer frightened by the cry
that their wagos nre endangered by a just re
vision of our tariir laws, will reasonably de
mand through such revision Btaadlor employ
ment, cheupcr means of living in their homes,
freedom for thomsolves and tholr children
from tha doom of perpetual servitude, nud an
opon door to their advancement beyond tho
limits of a laboring class. Others of our citi
zens whose comforts and expenditures aro
moasurod by moderato salaries and fixed In
comes, will insist upon tho fairness and Jus
tice of cheapening the cost of necessarlos for
themselves nnd their families.
When to the selfishness of the beneflciarie.
of unjust discrimination under our laws there
shall be addod tho discontent of thoso who
suiter from such discrimination, wo will
realize tho fact that the bonoflcont purposes
of our government, dependent upon tho pa
triotism nnd contentment of our jieople, aro
Communism is a hateful thing, and a men
aco to peace and organized government, llut
tho communism of combined wealth and capi
tal, the outgrowtli of overweening cupidity
and selfishness, which Insidiously undermines
tho justice and integrity of freo institutions,
is not les4 dangerous than the communism of
oppressed poverty and toil, which, exaspor'
ated by injustlco and discontent, attacks with
wild disorder the citadel of rule.
Ko mocks the iwoplo who proposes that the
government shall protect tho rich and that
they In turn will care for tho laboring poor.
Any intermediary lietween tho iwoplo and
their government, or tho least delegation of
the care nnd protection the government owes
to tho humblest citizen in tho laud, makos
the lioast of free Institutions a glittering de
lusion und the pretended lioon of American
citizenship n shameless imposition.
A just and sensible revision of our tariff
laws should bo made for tho relief of those
of our countrymen who sudor under present
conditions. Such n revision should receive
the support of nil who lovo that justice and
equality duo to American citizenship, of all
who realizo that in this justice and equality
our government finis its strength and its
power to protect the cltlzou and his property,
of all who believe that the contented com
petence nnd comfort of many accord bettor
with tho spirit of our institutions than colos
sal f ortunos unfairly gathered iu tho bauds
of a few, of all who appreciate that tho for
boarance and fraternity among our jwople,
which recognize the value of every Ameri
can Interest, are tho surest guaranty of our
national progress, and of all who d 'Sire to see
the products of American skill and Ingeuultv
In overy market of the world with u result
ing restoi atlon of American commcrco.
NECESSITY FOR 11EVKXUE nEDUCTIO.V.
Tho necessity of tho reduction of our revonuo
is so apparent as lo bo generally concedoiL
But tho means by which this eud slull bo ac
complished and tho sum of direct beneilt
which shall result to our citi.em, present a
ntroversy of tho utmost iuqiortauco. Thoro
should bo no schema accepted as satisfactory
by which the burdens of tho people aro only
uppirently removed. Extravagaut appro
priations of public money, with all tholr
demoralizing consequences, should not be
tolerated, eithsr as a means of relieving tho
treasury of its prosout surplus, or as furnish
ing pretext for resisting a proper reduction in
taritf rates. Existing evils and injustlco
should be honestly recognized, boldly met,
nnd effectively remedied. Tkere should bo
no cessation of tho struggle until a plan is
perfected, fair and conservative toward ex
isting industries, but which will reduce tho
cost to consumers of the necossarios ot llfo,
while it provided for our manufacturers tho
advantage of freer raw material and permits
no injury to the interests of American labor.
The cause for which tho battle is w aged is
comprised within lines clearly and distinctly
defined. It should never bo compromised.
It is tho poople's cause.
It cannot be denied that the selfish and
private interests which are so persistently
heardy when efforts are made to deul in a
just nnd comprehensive manner with our
tariff laws, aro related to. If thoy are not ro-
fponsiblu for, tho seutimont largely prevail
ing among tha jieople, that the general gov
ernment is the fountain of individual and
private aid; that it may bo eipectod to re
lieve with paternal care the distress of citi
zens and communities, and that from tho
fullness of its treasury it should, upon tho
slightest possible pretext of promoting the
general good, apply public funds to the ben
efit of localities and individuals. Nor can It
bo denied tbut there Is a growing assumption
that, us against the government and in favor
of privute claims and interests, tho usual
rules nud limitations of business principles
aud just dealing should be waived.
These ideas have been unhappily much eu
couraged by legislative acquiescence. Relief
from eoutracts made with the government is
too easily accorded In favor of tha citizon; tho
failure to Bupiiort claims against the gov
ernment by proof, is often supplied by no
ltter consideration than the wealth
of tto government and tho poverty
of the claimant; gratuities iu tho form
of pensions aro granted upon no other
real ground than the needy condition of tho
applicant, or for reasons less valid; and large
sums art expended for public buildings ana
other improvements upon representations
scarcely claimed to bo related to publlo needs
The extent to which the consideration of
such matters subordinate nud postpone no
tion upon subjects of great publlo lmior
tance, but Involving no special, private or
partisan interest, should arrest attention
nnd lead to reformation.
A few of tho numerous illustrations of
this condition may bo stated.
Tho crowded condition of tha calendar of
tho supreme court, nnd the delay to suitors
and denial of justice resulting therefrom, has
been strongly urged ujnn tho attention of
the congress, with a plan for the relief of the
situation approved by those well able to
ju Ige of Its merits. While this subject re
mains without elfectlve consideration many
laws have been passed providing for tha
holding of terms of Inferior courts at places
to suit the convenience of localities, or to lay
the foundation of nn application for tho erec
tion of a now publlo building.
Itepcntod recommendations havo lioon sub
mitted for the amen linaut ami change of tho
laws relating to our publlo lands so that their
situation and diversion to other uses than as
homes for honest settlers might bo prevented.
While a measure to meet this conceded neces
sity of reform remains awaiting the action of
the congress, many claims to the publlo,
lands and applications for their donation, In
favor of stuto and individuals, have lioon
A plan in aid of Indian management, re
commended by those well informed, as con
taining valuable features In furtherance of
the solution of the Indian problem, has thus
fur fallal of legislative sanction, white grants
of doubtful exHsllency to railroad corpora
tions, permitting them to piss through In
dian reservations, have greatly luultipllatL
The propriety and ueoesslty of the erection
of one or more prisons for tho conflnomont
of United States convicts, and a postofilea
building iu the national capital, are not dis
puted. But these needs yet remain unan
swered, while scores of publlo buildings have
been erected where their necessity for publlo
purposes Is not apparent,
A revision of our pension laws could easily
be made, which would rest upju just prin
ciples ami provide for every worthy appli
cant. But whllo our general pension laws
remain confiu! und Imiwrfeot, hundreds of
privute pension laws are annually passed
which are tho sources of unjust discrimina
tion and popular demoralization.
Appropriation bills for tha support of tha
KOTtnuntat are detaoed by Items, and pro
visions to meet private ends, nnd it'fs freely
asserted by responsible and experienced par
ties that a bill appropriating money for pub
lic Internal improvement would fall to moot
with favor, un'oas It contained items more
for local and private advantago than for
Theso statements can In much emphasized
by nn ascertainment of tho proportion of
federal legislation, which cither boars upon
its foco Its private clnractjr or which, upon
examination, develojis such n motive power.
UNSELFISH LEGISLATORS NEEDED.
And yot the people wait and oxiioct from
their choHon representatives such iatrlotlc ac
tion as will ndvnnco tha welfare of the entire
country; and this oxpctntlon can only bo
answered by the pci formanco of publlo duty
with unselfish purpose, Oar mission ninong
the nations of tho earth and our success in
accomplishing the work God has given tho
American tiooplo to do require of those In-tnisU-d
with tho making and execution of
our laws perfect devotion, abovo all other
things, to the publto good.
This devotion will load us to strongly re
sist all imntionce ot conitltutionil limita
tions of Federal power, and to p3rslstently
chock tho Increasing tendency to extend tho
sco of Federal legislation into tho domain
of state an 1 local jurltdlctton, upon tho plan
of sulisorvlng tho publlo welfare. Tho pres
ervation ot the partitions between proper
subjocts of Federal and loc il caro nnd regu
lation, is of such Imjiortaneo un lor tho con
stitution, which Is the law ot our very exist
ence, that no consideration of oxpedloncy or
sentiment should tompt us to enter upon
doubtful grouiuL We havo undertaken to
discover and proclaim the richest hle3dngsof
a freo governmant, with tho constitution as
our guide. Iet us follow tho way It points
out. It will not mislead us. And surely no
one who has taken upon himielf tha solemn
obl'gatlon to supp rt and presorvo tho con
stitution cau find justification or solace for
disloyalty in tho oxcine that hiwandsrsl
and disolioyod in search of a better way to
reach tho publlo welfare than tha constitu
What has been said Is deemed not Inap
propriate ot a tlmo when, from a century's
height, wo view the way already trod by the
American twnple, and attempt to discover
their future jiuth.
Tho seventh president of the United Statoj
tho soldier and statesman, and at all tlnios
the firm and brave friend of tbo p;opla In
vindication of his course as the nrotector of
popular rights and tha champion of trua
American citizenship, declared:
"Tho ambition which loads ma on Is an
anxious desire aud a llxod determination to
restore to tha jiesple, unimpaired, the sacred
trust they havo confided to my charge; to
heal tha wounds of tho constitution and to
preserve it from further violation; to per
sund - my countrymen, so far as I may, that
1. is not in a splendid government supported
by twwerful monopolies anil aristocratlcal
establishments that they will find happinoji,
or their liberties protectlou, but In n plain
Bystem, void of pomp protecting all und
granting favors tonoiH disputing its bless
ings like the dews of lieu veil, uns.ien an! un
felt save In tho freshness and boauty they
contribute toproluco. It is such a govern
ment that the genius of ouriiooplo requires
such an one only und.-r whicu our states may
remain, for ages to come, unitod, proipjrous
THE CONDITION OF THE C0UNT11T.
In nursuanco of a constitutional provision
requiring tho president, from time to tlmo,
to glvo to tho congress Information ot tho
statu of tho Union, I have tho satisfaction to
announce that thj close of tho yeir finds the
United States in tho enjoymjnt of domostla
tranquillity nnd at peaco with nil tho nations.
Since my last annual message our foreign
relations have bojn strengthened anl im
proved by performance of international good
oillces and by new and renewed treat ios of
amity, commcrco and reciprocal extradition
Those international questions which still
await settlement aro all reasonably within
tho domain of amicable negotiation, and
there is no existing subject of di-puts between
tho United Statos and any foreign power
that is not susceptible ot satisfactory adjust
ment by frank diplomatic treatment.
The questions botween Groat Britain and
tho United States relating to tbo rights of
American flshernun, under treaty and Inter
national comity, in the territorial waters of
Canada and Newfoundland, I regret to say
lire not jot satisfactorily adjusted.
Tliesj matters were fully treated in my
message to the sorate of Feb. '.'0, to
gether with which u convention, ooncludod
under my uuthorit with her majesty's gov
ernment on the 15th of February last, for the
removal of all causes of misunderstanding
was submitted by mo for tho approval of the
THE FIsnEntES QUESTION.
This treaty having been rejected by tho
sonnto, I transmltto 1 a mossago to tho congress
on tho Sid of August last, reviewing tho
transactions and submitting for considera
tion certain recommendations for legislation
concerning the inpirtnnt questions Involved.
Afterwards, on the 12th of September, In
response to a resolution of tho senate, I natn
communicated fully all the Information in
my possession as to the action of tho govern
ment ot Cnnala allectlng tho commercial
relations between tho dominion and tho
United States, including the treatment of
Amcrlcau fishing vessels in tho ports and
waters of British North America.
Theso communications linve all been pub
lished, and therefore opened to tho knowledge
of both houses of congress, although two
were addressed to tho sou-ito alone.
Comment upon or repetition of their con
tents would lie suierfluou8, and I am not
aware that anything lias since occurred which
should bo nddeil to the facts therein stated.
Therefore, I merely repeat, as applicable to
tha present tlmo, the statement which will In
found in my messago to tho senate of Sept.
12, last, "that since MarchS, 1W, nocasohaj
been reported to the department of stato
wherein compUint lias been mado ot un
friendly or unlawful treatment of American
fishing vessels on tho part of the Canadian
authorities, in which reparation was not
promptly und satisfactorily obtained by the
Unitod States consul general at Halifax,"
Having essayed. In the dUchnrgo ot my
duty, to procure by negotiations tho settle
ment of a long standing cause of dispute, and
to remove n constant menace to tho goo 1 re
lations of the two countries, and continuing
to lio of opinion that tha treaty of February
last, which failed to receive the approval of
the senato, did supply "a satisfactory, prac
tical aud final adjustment upon a basis hon
orable and just to both parties of the dllll
cult and vexed question to which it related,"
nnd linving subsequently ami unavailmgly
recommended other, legislation to congress
which I howd would sufiliii to meet the ex
igency created by the rejection of tha treaty,
I now ngaln Invoke tho earnest anl Im
mediate attention of tho congress to the con
dition ot this important question, as it now
stands lieforo them and the country, nnd for
the ettlomont of which I am deeply solic
itous. THE SACKVILLE INCIDENT.
Near the close of the mouth of Octolwr last ,
occurrences of a deeply regrettable nature
were brought to mv knowledge, which mads
it my painful but Imperative duty to obtain,
w ith as little delay as possible, a now por
sonnl channel of dlplomatla intercourse In
this country with tho government of Great
Tho oorrespondenca in relation to this In
cident will iu duo course bo laid before you,
and will disclose tha unpardonable conduct
of the olllelal referred to In his interference
by advice and counsel with the stiff rages ot
American vltlzens In tho very crisis ot the
presidential election then near at hand, and
also in his subsequent publlo declarations to
justify his action, superaddiug impugnment
of the executive and senate of the United
States, in connection with Important ques
tions now pending in controversy betwoou
the two governments.
Tho offense thus committed was most
grave, involving disastrous possibilities to
the good relations ot the United States and
Great Britain, constituting a gross breach of
dlplomatla privilege and an Invasion ot tha
purely domestic altairs and essential cover
eignty of the government to which tho envoy
Having tlrst fulfilled tha just demands of
International comity, by affording full op
portunity for nor majesty's government to
act in relief of tho situation, I considered
prolongation of discussion to bo unwarranted
und thereupon declined to further recogulza
tho diplomatic character of tha jierson, whosi
continuance In such function would destroy
that mutual confidence which is essential to
the good understanding ot tha two govern
tnenta, and was cousisUnt with tha welfars
THE COLUMBIAN, VCl
OOl.UMIllA IIBMOUHAT, Vol
1 11, r.6se
and self respect of emmeht of tha
Tho umal Interchange of communication
has since continued through her majesty's
legation in this city.
THE SEAL FISlir.ItlKS.
My endeavors to ostabllsli by international
co-oprntlon measures for the prevention of
the extermination of fur seals In Behrlng son
have not been relaxed, nnd I liavo bopos of
being enabled shortly to submit nn effective
and satfafnctoryconvoutlonal projetwlth tha
marltlmo iwora for the miuroval of the 1
Snati approval 01 me
Tho coastal boundary between our Alaskan I
po-ncssions and British Columbia, 1 regret to
say, has not received tus attention uemanueu
by its Importance, and which on several oc
casions heretofori I have had the h.nor to
recommend to tho congress.
The admitted impracticability, It not Im
possibility, of making an accurate nnd pro
clso survey and demarkatlon of tho boundary
line, as It Is recited In the treaty with Uussla
under which Alaska was ceded to tho United
States, renders It absolutely roqnlslte, for tha
prevention of international jurisdictional
complications, that adequate appropriation
for a reconnoisanco and survey to obtain
proier knowlodge of tho locality and tho goo
graphical features of tho boun lary should bo
authorized by congress with as little delay as
Knowledge to bo only thus obtained is an
essential prerequisite for negotiation for
ascertaining a common boundary, or as pre
liminary to any other modo of settlement.
It Is much to be desired thnt sonio agree
ment should bo reached with her majesty's
govei utnont by which the damages to life
and property on the great lakes may bo alle
viated by removing or humanely regulating
tho obstacles to reciprocal assistance to
w rocked or'strnnded vessels.
Tho act of June 10, 1S78, which ofTers to
Canadian vessels free access to our Inland
waters in aid of wrecked or disabled vessels,
has not yet bocomo effectivo through concur
rent action by Canada.
Tho duo protection of our citizens of French
origin or descent, from claim of military
servico In tho event of their returning to or
visiting France, has callod forth correspond
ence which was lild before you at tho last
Iu tho absence of conventional agreement
as to naturalization, which is greatly to be de
sired, this government Bees no occasion to re
cede from tho sound position it has main
tained not only with regard to France, but as
to all countries with which the United States
have not concluded special treaties.
Twice within the last year has tho imperial
household of Germany been visited by death;
and 1 havo hastened to express the sorrow of
this people, nnd their appreciation of the
lofty character ot the lato aged Emperor
William, aud their sympathy with the hero
ism under suffering of his son the lato Em
I renew my recommendation of two years
ago for the passage of a bill for tbo refund
ing to certniu Gorman steamship lines of tho
interest upon tonnage dues illegally- exacted.
On the 12th of April last I laid liefore tha
houso of representatives full information re
specting our interests iu Samoa; nud in the
subsequent corresKndence on thi same sub
ject, which will bolai before you in due
course, tho history of events In those island
will bo found.
In a message accompanying my npproval.
on the 1st day of October last, of a bill for
tha exclusion of Chinese lubjrers, I laid be
fore congress full information nud all corre
spondence touching the negotiation of the
treaty with China, concluded at this capital
on the 12th of March, ltWS, and which, hav
ing been confirmed by the scnatj with cer
tain amendments, was rejected by tho Chl
noso government This message contalnod a
recommendation that a sura of money lie ap
propriated as compensation to Chinese sub
jects who had suffered injuries at the hands
of lawless men within our Jurisdiction. Such
appropriations having boon duly made, tho
fund awaits reception by the Chinese gov
ernment It is sincorely hoped that by tho cessation
of tho influx of this class ot Chinese subjocts,
In accordanco with the expressod wish of
both governments, a cause of unkind feeling
has boon permanently removed.
On the Oth of August, 1S87, notification
was given by the Japanese minister at this
capital of tho adjournment of the couferenco
for the revision ot the treaties of Japan with
foreign powers, owing to the objection of hii
government to tho provls on in tho draft
jurisdictional convention which required tha
submission of tho criminal code of the empire
to the powers In advance of Its becoming
operative This notification was, however,
accompanied with nn assurance of Japan's
intention to continue the work of revision.
Notwithstanding this temporary Interrup
tion of negotiations, it Is hoped that improve
ments mny soon be secured in the jui Isdio
tlonal system as respects foreigners in Jnp-m,
and relief afforded to that country from tht
present undue and oppressive foreign control
in matters of commerce.
I earnestly recommend that relief be pro
vided for tho injuries accidentally cause I tc
Japanese subjects in tho Island Ikislnia by
the target practice of one of our vessels.
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH OTHER TOW
EIUS. A diplomatic mission from Corea lias been
received, and tho formal intercourse between
tho two countries contemplated by tbo treaty
of 1SS2 is now established.
legislative provision is hereby recoin
men Jed to orgaulzoaud equip consular courts
Persia has established diplomatic repre
sentation lit this capital, and has evinced
very great interee,t in the enterprise and
achievements of pur citizens. I um, there
fore, ho)ieful that beneficial commercial rela
tions lietween the two countries may bo
I announce with sincere regret that Ilnyti
has ngnin Ik-coiiio the theatre of Insurrection,
disorder and bloodshot Tho titular govern
ment of President Saloman has been forcibly
overthrown, and ho driven out of the couu
try to France, where he lias since died.
The tenor of Mirer has been so unstable
amid tho war of factions that has ensuod
since the expulsion of President Saloman that
no government constituted by the will of tho
Haytlen people has Uen recognize 1 as admin
istering resjionslbly tho afralrs of that ooun
try Our representative has been instructed
to abstain Irom interference between tho
warring factions, an I a vessel ot our navy
has been sent to Haytlen waters to sustain
our minister and for tha protection of tbo
persons and property of American citizens.
Due precautions have-been taken to enforce
cur neutrality laws and prevent our territory
from becoming tho base of military supplies
for oltlier of tho warring factions.
Under oolor ot a blockade, of which no
reasonable notioe had leen given, and which
does not apwar to have 1k-oii efficiently main
tained, a seizure of vessels under tho Amerl
can Hug has been reported, und. In consu-
quence, measures to prevent aud redress any
molestation ot our innocent merchnuhnen
have lioeu adopted.
Proclamation was duly made on the (Jib
day of November, 1837, of tho conventional
extensions of tha treaty of June 11, 187S, with
lluwali, under which relations of such nweial
aud benellcent lnterooursa have been created.
In tha vast field ot oriental commerce now
unfolded from our 1'ncltlo borders, no feature
prest'iiu stronger recommendations for con
gresslonal action than tha establishment of
communication by submarine telegraph with
Tho geographical position of tho Hnwallau
group, in relation to our l'acitle status, creates
n natural lnterdopondcney and mutuality of
interest wuicn our present treaties were In
tended to foster, and which make oloso com
muulcatlou a logical and commercial neces
NECESSITY OK A MEXICAN TREATY,
Tho wisdom of concluding a treaty of
commercial reciprocity with Mexico has been
heretofore stated In my message, to congress,
ami the lapsa ot time and growth of com
merce with thnt close neighbor nnd sister
republic confirm tha Judgment bo expressed.
The precise relocation of our boundary lino
is noedful, and udequate appropriation Is now
It Is with sincere satisfaction that I Am
enabled to advert to tha spirit of good notch-
liorhood nud friendly co-operation aud con-
filial ton that has 111 irk si the correspondence
and action ot tha Moslem authorities iu their
share ot the task ot maintaining law and
order about the line of our common
The long ponding boundary dispute be
tween Costa Hlca and Nicaragua was referred
to my arbitration, and by au award uui.v on
the 22d ot March last tlia question luiS boon
finally settled to the expressod satisfaction ot
both of tho parties in Interest.
The empire of Brazil, In abolishing tho last
Veetlgoof slavery among Christian nations,
called forth the earnest congratulations of
this government in expression of the cordial
sympathies of our people.
The claims ot nearly all other countries
ngnlnat Chile, growing out of her Into war
with Bolivia and Peru, have been dlsposnl
of, either by arbitration or by a lump Battle
ment. Similar claims ot our citizens will
contlnuo to be urged upon tha Chilean gov
ernment, and It Is hoped will not be subject
to further delays.
A comprehensive treaty of amity nnd com
mcrco with Peru was proclaimed on Nov, 7,
last, and It Is expctod tlint under Its opera
tion mutual prepjrity and good understand
ing will be promoted.
In pursuance of the policy ot arbitration, a
treaty to settle the claim of Santos, an
American citizen, against Ecuador has boon
concluded under my authority, nnd will bo
duly submitted for the npproval of the senate.
Like disposition of the claim of Carlos
Butterflold agaiust Denmark, and of Van
Bokelen against Haytl, will probably be
made, and I trust the principle of such set
tlements may be extended In practice under
the approval of the senate.
THE VENEZUELAN MATTER.
J 7S;rZ SL
w111 of 1x5,11 governments, the ratification of
conventioll of I)ea 5 im, with Veno-
Through unforeseen causes foreign to the
- mol for the rehearing of clolm, of citizens
of the Unitod States under tho treaty of
lbofl, failed of exchange within the term pro
vided, and a supplementary convention,
further extending tho time for exchange ot
ratifications and explanatory of an am
biguous provision of tho prior convention,
now awaits the advice and consent of tho
Although this matter, in the stage referred
to, concerns only the comurrent treaty mak
ing power of one branch it congress, I advert
to It In view of the Interest repealelly nnd
conspicuously shown by you, in your legisla
tive capacity, In favor of a speedy and equita
ble adjustment of tho questions grow lng out of
tho discredited judgments of tho previous
mixed commission of Caracas. A "ith every
desire to do justice to tho representations ol
Venezuela in this regard, the time seems tc
havo coins to end this matter, nnd I trust ths
prompt confirmation by both parties of the
supplementary action referreJ to will avert
the need of legislative or other action to pre
vent the longer withholding ot such rights ol
actual claimants as may be shown to exist
As authorized by tho congress, prelimin
ary Btcps have boen taken for the assemblage
at this capital during tho coming year, ot
tho representatives of South and Central
American states, together with thoso of
Mexico, Haytl and San Domingo, to discus
sundry Important monetary and commercial
Excepting In thoso cases whore, from rea
sons of contiguity of territory and tho ex
istence of a common border Una incapable ot
being guarded, reciprocal commercial treaties
may lie found expedient, it is believed that
commercial policies inducing freer mutual
exchange of products can be most advan
tageously arranged by independent but co
In the modo last mentioned tho control ot
our taxation for revenue will lie always re
talned in our own hands unrestricted by con
ventional agreements with othor govern
ments. In conformity also with congressional au
thority tho maritlmo powers have boen in.
vlteil to confer in Washington, in April next,
upon the practicability ot devising uniform
rules nnd measures for the greater security
ot life and property at sea, A disposition to
accept on tho part of a number of tha powers
has already been manifested, nnd If tho co
operation of tho nations chiefly interested
shall be secured Important results may bo
Tho act of Juno 2U, 18S4, and the acts
amendatory thereof, in relation to tonnage
duties, have givpn rise to extended corres
pondence with foreign nations, with whom
wo have existing treaties of navigation and
commerce, and have caused wide and regret
table divergence of opinion in relation to the
imposition of tha duties referred to. These
questions nre important, and I shall make
them the subject of a special and more de
tailed communication at the proseut session.
ADUSE OF NATURALIZATION PRIVILEGES.
With tbo rapid increase of immigration to
our shores and the facilities of modern travel,
abuses of the generous privileges alfor " 1 by
our naturalization laws call for tholr w.eful
The easy and unguarded manner ill which
certificates of American citizenship can now
bo obtained has induced a class, unfortu
nately large, to avail themselves of tho op
portunity to become absolved from alleglanco
to their native land and yet by a foreign
residence to escape any just duty and contri
bution of service to tho couutry of their pro
posed adoption. TI1113 whilo evading the du
ties of citizenship to the United States they
make prompt claim for its national protec
tion and demand its Intervention iu thoir lw
half. International complications of a seri
ous nature arise, and the corrcsiioudeuce ot
tho state department discloses the groat num.
ber and complexity of tho questious which
have lieon raised.
""Our laws regulating the Issue of passports
should bo carefully revised, nnd tho institu
tion of a central bureau of registration at
the capital is again strongly recommended.
By this moans full particulars of each case of
naturalization in the United States would ll
secured and properly Indexed and recorded,
and thus many cases of spurious citizenship
would bo detected and unjust responsibilities
would bo avoided.
The reorganization of the consular service
is a matter of serious importance to our na
tional interests. Tho numlier of existing prin
cipal consular oillces is believed to bo greater
than is at nil necessary for tho conduct of
tho publlo business. It need not be our policy
o mnlntain more than a moderate number
' principal offices, each supported by a sab
ry sufficient to enable tho incumbent to llvn
in comfort, and so distributed to secure tha
convenient sujiervision, through subordinate
agencies, of nlTairs over a considerable dis
I repeat tho recommendations heretofore
made by me, that tho appropriations for tha
maintenance of our dlplomatla and consular
servico should be recast; that the so-called
notarial or unolllcial fees, which our repre
sentatives abroad are now permitted to treat
as personal perquisites, should be forbidden;
thot a Bystem of consular Inspection should
be instituted, and that a limited number ot
secretaries of legation at large should bo au
thorized. Preparations for tho centennial eclobratlon,
on April 80, l.), of tho inauguration of
George Washington ns president of tha
United States, at tho city of Jiow i one, hava
boen mado by a voluntary organization
of the citizens of that locality, and believing
that nn oppn-tunlty should lio afforded for
the expression of tho Interest felt throughout
the country In this event, 1 respectfully rec
ommeud fitting nnd oujierativo action by
congress iu behalf of the iwoplo uf ths Unitod
THE NATIONAL FINANCES.
Tho report of tho secretary of the treasury
exhibits in detail the condition of our nation
al finances and tho Oioratioiis of tho several
branches of the government 1 elated to hii
Tho total ordinnry revenues of tho govern
ment for the fiscal year ended Juno SO, lbSS,
amounted to $3t,i(),0il.7tl, of which $S1,
vui.17u.nii was rwvlvod from customs duties
and $121,2lM,tJ71.iH from internal revenue
The total receipts from all sources exceed
ed thosj for the fiscal year ended Juna !i0,
18t7, by 7,8u2,7U7.10.
Tho ordinary expenditures of the govern
ment for tho fiscal your ending Juno IiO, lbSS,
were $JSU,tm,Ui.i)7, leaving a surplus ol
The decrease iu theso cxpjnditures as com
pared with the fiscal year en. lei June, 18S7,
was tV-iiS,'-!. 1.30, notwithstanding the jiay
intuit of more than W,O00,(ioj for pensions In
excess of what wns paid for that puriw&e In
the latter ineutlono 1 year.
The revenues of tho government for ths
year ending Juno 30, 1SVJ, ascertained for ths
quarter undo I Sept SO, 1.S, and ejtlmatod
for tho remainder of the time, nmouut to
1317,000,000; and the actual nud estimated
ordinary exK'iiditures for the same year are
(273,000,000, leaving an estimated surplus ot
The estimated receipts for the year ending
Juno BO, IKK), are (J377,000,000, and tho estl.
mated ordinary expenditures for the same
time nre J.'i.'i.TiiTsiai, showing a surplus of
The foregoing statements ot surplus do not
take Into account the sum necessary to lo ex
landed to moot tho requirements ot tho sink
ing fund act, amounting to more than f 17,
Tha exist of collecting tho customs revenues
for the lot fiscal year was 11-11 per cent; for
the year 1SS3 it was 3.77 per cent
The excess of Internal revenue taxes col
lected during the last Usual year 01 er thoso
collected for tho year tn led June SO, 1B87,
was f5,-IMl,171.20, and the co.t of collecting
this reveuue decreased from 3.1 jr cent in
1KS7 to less Iban 3.2 per cent, fur the last
year. Hie tax collected ou oitwiunrgurluo
was 723,UiS.fU for tho year civlin Jmio 3J,
18!7, and NH,1WI.M for thetol.ow.ug year.
THE 1'UKCIIA.SE Oy Ho Ml.
Tho requirements of the siukin j fund act
havu bec.ii met for thu year ended Juno 30,
COXTIMCID on iocktu rior.i