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Offiok Front Room, Ovor'l'ostofilco.
J II. MA1ZK
OKKioK.--Uoom No. a, Columbian
omce In Knt's Building,
J OIIN M. CLAUK,
AT TORN K Y-AT-L AV
JUSTICE OF THE peace.
omce over Moyer Bros. Drue Store.
omce la Brower's bulldlng.socond noor.room No.l
omce corner of Centre And Main Streets. Clark a
Can bo consulted In German,
EO. E. EL WELL
iiLooueuuua. I k.
Ofllco on second floor, third room of Col
umbian Building, Main street, below Er-
pAUL E. WIRT,
Office In Columbiim Buildixo, Third floor.
B L OOMSBURO.PA.
Ofilco'ln blowers' Building, 2ml.floor.
,'XHOliH. 1 1. WINTIRSI1IX.
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
omoeunnt National Dank building, second, noor,
first door to tho left, corner ot Main and Market
sireoifl uioomsourg, pa.
VBPcimon$ and EountUt Collected.
Jp I. BILLIIEYER,
(DISTJUCT A TTOliiflU Y.)
CTOillco over Pcntlcr's shoo .store,
Bloom9hurg, Fa. npr-30.86.
y. II. RIIAWN.
K-'j-.a. -. -tA DCat&vruua, Pa.
onoe.eorner of Tnlrd and Main Streets
jJIOUAEL F. EYERLY,
Conveyancer, Collector of Claims.
LKOAL ADVICE IN THE! SETTLEMENT OF
nrofflco In Dentier's buiWlng with F. P. lilil
meyer, attorney-at-law, front looms, 2nd floor
isioomBuur?, ra. iLir-ij-a.
It. U0N01LAA. BOBBINS.
Office and residence. West First street. Blooms-
Dure, ra hoy. 30 iy.
JB. McKELVY, M. Bourgeon
. stolan, north sido Main street, tele
R. J. 0. RUTTER,
omce, North Market street,
Bloomsburf , Pa
rit. WM. M. ItEBEIl Bureeon am
Lf Physician. Offlco corner otltock and Markot
J J. BROWN.
X , v.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Ottlce and restdenco on Third street sear. Metho
dist church. Diseases otthe 670 a specialty,
vV. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE OOUHT HOUSE.
Laree and convenient sample rooms. Bath room)
hot and cold water; and all modern conveniences,
TTV F. UARTMAK
miraiaixTS tdi roixowixa
North American ot Philadelphia.
Franklin, " "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, ot Pennsylvania.
Hanover, of N. Y.
Sueens, of London.
orlhBrttisb, ot London.
Offlee on Markot street, No. 0, Bloomsburg.
UI. P. LUTZ
(Successor to Freos Brown)
AGENT AND BKUKBlt
.AtnaFlrelns.co., of nartford,,. 9,523,aMil)l
Hartford c Uartford t,2Htt,tm.vi
I'hoenix of Hartford. .... 4,1 ?8'468.1S
sprtneflald of Springfield... 8,oi9,903.Wi
Fire Asaoclauon, Philadelphia 012,78X29
Guardian of London so,M3,saa.7l
Phoenix; of London 6,931,M3.48
Lancashire of EnglandlU. B. branch) l,eii,vs.O)
lloyal of England " " 4,8M,5M.OO
Mutual ucni'nt Life Ins. Co. ot New.
ark, N.J.. 41,379,858 33
Losses promptly adjusted and paid at this offlee.
"CHRISTIAN F. KNAPP, BLOOMSBDKO.PA.
I k i J ir nu vr "v
MBRCtUNTS', OF NEWAKK, N. J.
O LINTON. N. Y.
(IKUMAN AMEltlCAN INS. CO..NEW YOKE.
CIliEKNWICll INa CO., NEW YOHK.
JEUHBY CITY FIHE INS. CO., JEltSEY
ThoseoLD' coaroaATiOMS ao weUseaaaAedbj
atfe and nm TisriD and have never 'yet had a
loss settled by any court of law. Their assets are
all invested In soun sicvsinia are Uabletothe
hazard of riui only. "
Losses rHOMPTLv and hovkstly adjusted and
ald as soon as determined by Cuhistiim r.
knrr, iricuL AaiHr axb ADJCiTiaULooMUUso,
The people ot Columbia county should1 patroa.
lis the agency where losses It any are settled and
sail by one of ther own citizens.
FKOMPTNESS. EOD1TY, FAIR DKALTNO.
ry n. house,
IkooMsuDita, Columbia County, Pa
All stylea ot work donein a superior manner.'work
warranted as represented. Tiitu Kiraicr.
id without Paid by the use of uas, and
free of charge when artinclalteetb
nfflrriln TJarton'a tiulldlne. Main street,
below' Market, live doors below Klelm's
a rug store, nrst noor,
Jo It open at all houri during the da
The undersigned has leased this well-known
houxei and Is prepared to accommodate the publlo
Wlin ail me conveniences ui unvuiua uvuu.
SJraajfc71 IEMUKI. DP A EE, Proprietor.
W AIinimi'l.lMlllCll. K.arr Iftdf .heuldlft.w.
D ERSIAN BLOOM, tut Ctcilititi lux
l.r, Bklo Out. ud bl.ujUh KtUlwlw kun,
B4 iuu tot tit&ii, AIIimuiUk,
HuS.r.nD. UAKEll 11KM. CO .Bat iO BB.I..W.Y.
GET YOUR JOB PRINTING
DONE AT THE
kl Pianos ! M fa!!
D S A.NDrUS $ CO.,
Kranieli & It.icli
AND THE CELEBRATED
Wilcox & White Organs.
tTPlanOS lined ftnil Tfonnlrnil livrnm.
Send for Catalogues.
21 WEST THIRD ST.,
W. C. SLOAH & BRO.
. .CARRIAGES BUGGIES, PHAETONS.
SLEIOHS, PLATFORM WAGONS AC
Flrat-ciass' work always on hand,
( REPAIRING NEA 1LY DONh.
Prieet reduced to tuit the timet :
Business men who havo tried It And It greatly
to their advantage to have Account Books made
to order, to suit their special needi Every kind
ot Blank Book, with or wlthoutprlnted headings,
Check Books and Killed Blanks I make In the best
manner at honest prices. Unexcelled facilities for
Numbering, Kyletfng, perforating, Punching and
Ntamnlntr. W ork for countv ana borouch ofllccs
especially solicited. Miscellaneous Book Binding
ot tho highest class. Missing magazines supplied.
Muuiaiia auu pariiciars,cuevriuuy lurniauuu.
J. W. RAEDER,
7 and 9 Market St.,
WITH LOW CUT VESTS.
Fine Dark Blue and .Black
Worsteds, Corkscrew, Broadr
wale Diagonal and Block Worst
ed in Sacks and Cutaways, and
a special leailer
Very Pretty Children's
Plain or pleated and Lelted in
dark and light colors.
iii all qualities.
NICE LIGHT SPRING
with Blue and Gray, also,
with Pleated Skirt for smaller
INSURANCE AGENCY OF
J. II. MAIZE,
OIllco 2nd floor Columbian Building,
vnrthwfHitirn Mflsnnio Aid rAsflocIatloii. mem
ttera4l,f4l ruM to tiiorlclurleall.J.ci-n. la-
BUR'S non juaaous.
Truvelora Ute and Accident ot Hart lori.
CONTINENTAL Of New York, W,!S8,M.8
A MEl (JUAN of Philadelphia, H-22!W'!S
NIAOAHA of New York. ,,,, UmT.M
Liverpool, London and Globe Flro Insurance Co.,
of London, the lareest lu Ue world, and the Im
perial ot London. .
Ji. Ubersl share of the business la respectfully
ijucua asa sausiaciion guariuivw.
3. H. MAIZE, Agent.
June 1, lees, U
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It gives a brilliant light,
11 win not sinoko the chimneys.
It will not char tho wick.
It has a high lire test.
It will not explode
It Is pre-eminently a family safety OIL
WE CHALLENGE COMPARISON
b Vt Itn any other lllumlnat lng oU mado.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As refiners, upon tho statement that ll Is
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WORLD.
Ask your doaler for
UliU Jl C1M11.
Trado for Bloomsburg and Vicinity Supplied by
CLOTHING I CLOTHING I
G. W. BERTSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
Gents' Furnishing Coods,Bals & Caps
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits mado to order at short notioc
and a fit always guaranteed or no sale.
Call and examine the largest and best
selected stocK ot goods ever shown in
Btore next door to First National Bank,
This InRtltuMnn la n hlirh 'orin
leee, giving instruction In overy department of
vuuuvoo vub.uu. ju uuuiiiou io tne regular
Straphy, Type-wrlUng, Teleirraphy, and ornaraen
tal 1-enmanshlp. The prominent feature of the
Commercial Course is Its practical character.
Nean every set of books has been taken from
urai-LiutH DHsincss csiaDiisnments, and a lanre
proportion of the course In book-keeping Is made
up from our system of actual busincsn nnniw
unsurpasbed In the sclentlflo application to mod
crn business methods. A lanr proportion ot our
eroduates regularly obtain ttrsucfass positions
w.Uu..uu.nuj uluci wuiuicrciui college m me
sute. ear begins Aug. S9, 1681). For circulars
uu,u3 , i, uKAn. iTincinan
July 97 8t Klngaton, Pa,
to (toi.t.i::i: or coni.iiintcn,
Cullej(i', i:rir, I'n., tor cir
culant. Thebftit n,l ch.apeflt
r!iH.t. in AiiierlLO, Actu.l
Cruluaiel ne.ittt ti pt!tton. Mentiou till, pilwr.
iMitfciw X'i;icjci7 rroprli'tur..
ftTTTJC! IllVOLVEIl. send stamp for price list
U U IN O to JOHNSTON & son, llttsburg, l'enn.
Hay Fever CataIrhH
1 an inrtmaed con
tfon oftheUnfua in-
Orarw of the imntrfts
tfiar-ductA and thro a
Ttie acrid dlschar frM
accomiMiuied with a
mini mg e n a 1 1 u h.
TTiere are severe
spasms of sneezing,
frequent attacks of
Try the cure,
A oartlclo Is annlied into each nostril and Is
agreeable. Price w cents at Druggists; by mall,
registered, so cts. ELY BltOTIlKns. M Warren
Btreet, New York.
J.R. SMITH & CO.
By tho following well known makers;
Ilallct & Davis.
Can also furnish any of the
cheaper makes at manufacturers
prices. Do not huy a piano be
fore getting our prices.
Catalogue and Price Lists
y-AlNWMCMT & CO.,
TEAS, BYRUl'S, COFFEE, SUUAlt, UOLASBEb
lliOB, B110K8, BlOAliU BOIU, BTO., ETO.
N. E. corner socond and Arch Bts.
vordors will receive prompt attentloa
Any book learned In one reading,
Mind wandering cured.
Bseaklng without notes.
Wholly unlike artlflclal systems.
Piracy condemned by Supreme Court.
Great Inducements to correspondence classes.
Prospectus, with opinions of Dr. Win. A. nam.
mand, the world-famrd bpcclallst in Mind dla.
eases, Daniel Grecnleat Thompson, the great I'sy
chologlst, and others, sent post frvo by
I'rof. A. L01SETTE, !SJ7 Finh Ave., New York.
1rtA COnnA 3i)NTllcanboma)e
3)lWf to 4JUU working tor us. Agents pre
ferred tft& con furnish their owu horces and give
theLMvEiie time to the business. Spare moments
mayVo profitably employed alsa A tew vacan.
cles In towns and cities. B. F, Jounson Co.
Win Main Bt., IUchmohd, Vo. June H-Mt.
BLOOMSBUHG, PA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 28,
Some Devices of Freaks-
(JUEKK INVENTIONS IN TIIK PATENT
KICK WHICH AltE USKI.EdS.
W. A. Oroffut Kives tho followinc
interesting nccount of Rotno odd pat-
outH in tho js. x. worm :
Concrcsa ia about an full of cranks
a? the Inventors' guild is. If anything
could get a hearing in tho House, nt
tho present tunc, an appiopnation to
expei iment in perpetual motion would
havo a good chance. It is not so many
years smco Congress appropriated $JU,-
000 to cnablo Robert Unsbano to
demonstrate his "grand project'' of
transporting goods by rolling iron
sphorcs through a pneumatio tube. IIu
uog a uuep linen mini wo vupiiui w
the Publio Printing Ofllce, half a mile,
began to build a brick oylinder in it
and then applied to Uoncress tor more
money. This request was declined, and
Henry Wilson, l'resident ot tho sen
ate, laughingly said, "All I want to
know is whether there is monoy
enough left to fill up tho hole." This
proved to bo tho case, tho contractor
tilled tho hole, and Brisbano tilled tho
circumambient air with curses and left.
Tho House Committee on ventilation
last month voted to encourago ono Du
Bois, to build a vast llying-machiuo,
COO feet long and 100 feet wido that
is, it voted that if bo should build such
a vchiolo and provo its utility to the
Secretary of tho Navy ho should tbon
be reimbursed the total amount of iU
cost up to $7i,000. It was not very
reckless offer. Du Bois applied for a
patent, and Commissioner Hall straictit
woy refused it on the ground that thero
is nothing now about tho contrivance,
except its great xize, and this would
only increase tho magnitude of it'
failure. I saw tho crank to day wan
dering around the lobbies of tho Houso
to "get another hearing." S. S. Cox
sa)s tho JJu liois balloon ought to go
up in tho Hois de Jloulogne.
Every week, from some direction,
comes to the pa'cnt otlico an applica
tion for a patent for perpetual motion,
for thero is abroad through tho land
an unfounded rumor that tho Govern
ment has offered n million dollar for
tho discovery of such a device. No
contradiction corrects tho impression,
any more than it does tho equally pre
posterous delusion that somebody has
offered to pay SI 00 for a million pos
lago stamps. When each now claim
for perpetual motion arrives Commis
sioner Hall merely writes back: "Please
file a working model and your applica
tion will be considered." This always
puts a stop to it, for tho model never
The Commissioner showed mo yes
terday two old volumes, "Perpetuum
Mobile,'' a chronicle of the various de
vices for perpetual motion. Tho first
were mado two thousand years ago,
and sinco that time tho delusion has
stumbled through so many complicated
failures that all governments are justi
fied in doing what tho French Aca
demy did as early as 1775 refuso to
consider any invention which claims to
givo power without an equivalent ex
penditure of energy. This is tho place
to say that Mr. Hall gives greater sat
isfaction than any other Commissioner
tho Patent Office has had for many
years. Ho is not a trained expert in
patents, as ho ought to be, but ho has
good practical sense, quick perception,
patience and impartiality, and a regard
for justico that is generally acknowl
edged. OTIIEK CRA7.Y SCHEMES.
Application was mado some time
ago from Kentucky for a patent for
"tying a weight of specilio gravity to
a cows tail to keep her from switching
it when you aro milking."
Tho ingenious rustic failed to de
cline) specifio gravity, and ho was very
much surprisod to get an answer from
tho examiner : "Patent refused. Idea
old. Seems to be virtually tho samo
as that invented by tho Squire of
Spain's most famous knight. Whon
the inulo brayed and disturbed hia
sleep Sancho Panza noticed that it al
ways elevated its tail simultaneously,
so he tied a weight of spocifio gravity
to tho mules tail so that tho sleep of
Don (Quixote was disturbed no more.
An odd patent has been granted to
shut the moth miller out of beehives.
A rural observer noticod that, by some
curious provision of nature, tho moth
miller got into beehives at tho very
time chickens went to roost. He acted
accordingly, and bis device makes tho
weight of tho chickens when they lly
to the roost, closo a gato at tho month
of tho beehives, which effectually ex
cludes tho moth. Tho inventor thought
iully Bays, in his application: "But I
oxpect that, after a time tho miller
may get sense enough to keep watch
of thu chickens and como in a fow min
An applicant for a gas patent pro
poses to raako gas by "heating air red
A funny patent, for which thero is
not an extensivo salo, is n spiral spring
for mules' feet, to clevato the animals
ciht inches from tho ground. This is
for use only in war, and enables a
howitzer to bo fired from a mule's back
without breaking his legs by tho re
coil. It is said to till a inulo with as
tonishment and to mnko him seasick.
FAItMERS OET IN 1HE1K W0I1K.
Another patent, actually granted,
somowhat analagous to this, is for stilts
for a horso. Thoy aro adjustable, and
can bo fastened on two legs of n horso
on tho samo side, "ho as to plough with
tho animal on a sido hill I'' Tho opin
ion of tho horso concerning the value
of this invention is not on fiio. In ono
of tho oases of thu Patout Office is a
('tape worm trap," for which a patent
was granted. It provides for bailing
a hook in a peculiarly seductivo man
ner aud artfully lowering it down tho
throat of tho atlliolcd person. Tho de
partment did not insist on scoing It in
Tho agricultural contrivances aro
very numerous, and some of them aro
so ingenious as to suggest that tho In
ventor nuiBt havo sat in tho warm cor
ner of tho flro placo and thought about
them all winter. Ono farmer has uti
lized a horse's slop by fastening a corn
planter to each of bis foro feet, so that
in driving him across tho ftold ho will
punch tho seed into the ground and
cover it at overy step all day, for his
boots ate filled with corn.
Another presents a curious combina
tion of war and iieaoo iu "tho cannon
plough," tho iroh plough-beam boing
hollow and charged with a cannon
ball, so that if Cinoinnatus ia attaokod
by tho Equi in tho open field ho may
merely touch off tho plough-handhs
and scatter dismay and destruction
nmo.ig tho advancing enemy. But in
this valitablo device, as in so many
others, tho bruto creation aro lost sight
of, and there ecoms to bo no arrango
mcnt for suddenly wheeling tho unsus
pecting mulo around out ot tho way of
tho posterior grapo shot. This omission
should bo remedied before tho remark
nble combination plough is brought in
to general use.
A patent exists for mounting u houso
on wheels so that it may bo turned
around on n circular track, tho bonefit
being that overy part of tho residence
is thus alternately brought to tho fron
gate, and the sun, which is notorious
ly limited to a semi-circuit, is mado to
shino into every window iu spitoof the
laws of tho solar systems. 1 am sorry
to report that this 'patent is nearly "tun
out, and that if pooplo with cavernous
and darksome rooms would tako ad
vantage of it they must do so without
1'AIENT AGAINST EARTHQUAKES.
Thoro is a patent for putting springs
under a houso to keep an earthquake
from tumbling it down by tho inven
tor of tho how kzcr-rcsisling mulo.
Thero is a patent for sinking a steam
boiler so deep in tho earth that tho
great heat would generato steam for
uso on tho surfaco thus avoiding ex
plosions and saving fuel. It is tho
opinion of somo geologists that suf
ficient heat for UiU would bo obtained
at a depth of about thrco miles.
Worthy of notico hero is tho scheme
for supplying cities with milk. Tho
inventor proposes to lay a complete
system of pipes, fill them with water to
keep them pure and cool, and let in
milk at tho end 1 This would seem to
bo a caso of incidental protection for
An application was made for a pat
ent for "a devico to enable a dog to
turn a short corner,'' but it is yet bung
up in tho Patent Office on account of
doubts as to its utility. Tho inventor
said ho had noticed that a dog, in turn
ing a corner rapidly, always projected
his tail in an opposite direction, striv
ing thus to overcome tho momentum.
This claimant claims a palm leaf fan
so tied to a dog's tail that it will oper
ate vertically, and thus enable him
more readily to alter bis courso.
A curious patent lias beeu granted
"to enablo trains to avoid collisions."
It provides that ono train shall bo sup
plied with a prolonged inclined cow
catcher in front and rear, so that tho,
other train appearing unexpectedly, in
stead of telescoping, will run right up
on tho top of it and over on to thu
lovol track at tho other end 1 Tho in
ventor is now cudgeling his brain to
decido which train shall bo the climber
and which tho dumb. Tho depart
ment did not demand tho production
of a working model nor tho peiform
anco of tho feat.
Another curious patent is a stupend
ous swing to bo eloyated above tho
railroad depot, containing such passen
gers as desire to tako tho next express
train, whioh does not stop. When tho
train is sighted, the swing is oscillated,
and when it goes thundciing under
neath tho swing moves gently in tho
direction tho train is going and quietly
spills the passengers into the cars. This
invention has not yet been tried, and
tho report that Commissioner Hall has
applied for a front seat in tho swing at
tho first trial is entirely unfounded.
1'ORTAULK FOOT-WARM Kit.
A now foot-warmer that attracts
some attention in a showcaso is
a forked rubber tubo teat runs
down over tho chest and down the
pantaloons legs and into tho boots.
Tho method of conveying caloric to
the lower extremities is tho revels of
complicated. Tho wearer simply
b.ows in o tho top of the tubo.
Dr. Mary Walker has taken out a
patent to teach children to spell by the
uso of rebuses and conundrums.
Ono of ho c i ous patents of recent
vcars is a woo cii cat covered with
luminous paint to scaro away rats,
whether real cats aro apt to bo phos
phorescent at night, tho rats havo not
An application was recently mado
for "a machin to manipulate numbers
for a creation of values.'' Careful ex
amination of it showed a now gambl
A patent for a church collection-box
was takon outbv a Methodist deacon of
Connecticut recently. It is so construc
ted that tho surfaco box instantaneo
usly turns over, depositing each coin
into a lower box. This provents mon
oy being taken out of tho box, and it
exposes thoso who pretend to make an
"offering' but do not, for the gesturo is
not followed by tho imglo.
An odd and valuablo invention has
recently been mado to hermetically
seal up livo fish for transportation. It
has lone; been known that hsh would
die in a very fow days if tho water was
exposed to tho air, but just now, for
tho first timo in the h'lBtory of the
world, it has been discovered that thov
will livo in tho samo water for weeks
and perhaps months if closoly sealed
Tho slot machines, which, "move if
you drop in a nickel," instead of hbing
now, as generally thought, woro in uso
2,000 years ago and doled out holy
water at the Tcnipio ot Diana.
Thero is a heap of troublo in Louis
ana between a Baptist parson and ono
of his Hock, each claiming to bo tho
discoyerer of tho effioaoy of a chalk
mark around a, tablo leg to provout
ants ascending. It is contondod that
tho ant dovelops formio acid and when
ho encounters tho chalk tho contact is
followed by instant effervescence and
Harriet Hosmor, tho sculptor, an
liod hero for a patent for perpetual
motion thirty-years ago. Occasionally
somo such dovioo cots past a sleepy ex
aminer, as, for instanco, tho patent for
a propollor scrow turned by the water
at tno bow ot a ship and turning a
wheel nt tho stem to movo tho ship.
riieso aro called in tho department
"hnU-past-two-o clock patont.
I haven't timo t-i tro anv further in
this dirootion, but to tho inquisitive
correspondent tho Patont Office is a
min.i ot gold.
Conductor Heavens, Mosol why do
you want to bene youiselft
Suicidal Porter Hnin't I got 'nuff
to mako enny man hang h'so'f. Thar s
twinty-fo' par's' ob shoes in dis kvar.
an' nineteen am russet leather, wbilolo
res amowneuuy wimmen, Jf airffoll,
yam worm, rso gwino homo.
Do They Love the Laborer?
WI1A1 CLASS 1)0 THE RKI'Ulll.lCANS SYM
PATHIZE WITH t
From tho rbllalolphla Record.
As if wholly conscious and half
ashamed of his position rs tho advocato
and the npologibt of legalized spolia
tion and robbery Blaino cxolalmcd to
tho crowd in Koston :
This is a fight for tho strong arms
nnd tho sturdy hearts of tho American
Who aro theso laborers concerning
whose arms and hcartB Mr. Blaino is
Not tho carpenters, blacksmiths, ma
sons, plasterers, butchers and bakers t
Theso workingmen know the tariff only
in its extortions.
Not tho telegraph operators, tho
railroad engineers, firemen nnd switch
tenders t Tho tarifl cannot add a cent
to their earnings.
JNot tbo lumbermen of tho west nor
tho fishermen of New England t For
tneso laborers aro aliko in tho grasp ot
tariff-fed ti lists.
Who, then, aro tho laborers whom
Mr. Blaino is so anxious to protect T
Ho does not mean tho S-a-wcek Hun
garians in tho Pnosaio woolen mills of
that eminent ptotectionist, Mr. E. II.
Nor can ho moan tho Fronch work
ingmen imported by Claude Chaffangon
tho millionaire silk manufacturer of
Hudson, Now Jersey, who deducts each
week one-tenth of .their pay until the
cost of passago shall havo been recov
Nor can Mr. Blaino refer to "tho
strong arms and tho sturdy hotrts" of
tno roles and fioliennans over whom
Piukerton's troops stood guard while
their cheap labor was driving Ameri
can workingmen out of tho steel mills
of Andrew Carncgio T
JNor to the fresh loads of contract
Italian labor just lauded at Castle Gar
den and on their way to tho anthracite
mines of Pennsylvania t This impor
tation of "American labor" is altogeth
er loo recent to havo elicited Mr.
Blaine's tender concern.
Mr. Blaino cannot frighten any of
these laborers by telling them that the
factories and mines would be run at
half wages if tho Mills bill should be
passed. Tho protected monopolists
who own tho mills and mines, nnd who
pay not a farthing more than tho Cas
tle Garden market rato for the raw
material of human muscle, havo got the
wage rato down to the starvation
standard now, nnd cannot mark it down
binco air. lilaino does not mean all
nor any of theso laborers, for whom is
ho making this tariff "fight t" Let him
stand up in his noxt speecli and hon
estly confess that ho is making this
tight tor the lumber and salt trusts,
for tho Bessemer steel ring, for the
tin-plato association, for tho Caruegies,
tor tho Atnraidowp, the
Chaffangons and tho rest of the bone
ficiaries of tariff spoliation I Let him
raako a clean breast of it and admit
that, from the day in which ho entered
public mo down to tnis nonr, no lias
never been on any sido but that of
Tho professions of sympathy for
American workingmen of which ho
and tho rest of tho tariff mountebanks
aro so profuse aro only tho blind bo
bind which thoy may more effectually
do tho bidding of their monopolistic
masters. When thoy talk of making
a fight for "tho strong arms and sturdy
hearts" of American laborers they aro
adding cheap cajolery and insult to the
injury which tho tariff inflicts upon
overy workingmau in tho land. Theso
strong arms and sturdy hearts need no
such champions nnd no protection ex
cept irom tantt greed and rapacity.
Tho intelligent workingmen of this
country aro quite ablo to penetrate tho
disguises ot tho howling dervishes ot
protect!on, aud to understand what in
spires their sham frenzy of zoal in bo
half of honest labor. When thoy un
dertook to raako war upon so moder
ate and so just a measure as tho Mills
bill thoy betrayed their surviuty to
monopoly and tho utter hollowness of
their prctonses in behalf of working-
men, b or tins and lor an tho rest ot
all their tariff frauds and humbugs
they are about to receive so tremendous
a kick iu tho rear from tho American
people as will knock tho talk out of
them for manv vears to como.
Why Wages are Low.
KORCKl) EMIGRATION BRINGS HORDES OF
l'AUPEKS TO OUR SHORES.
New Yoric, August 10. Tho immi
gration investigation was resumed in
tho Westminster notel to-day. Tbcro
were presont Uongressmeu rord,
Oatcs, Guenther nnd Spinola.
Tho first witness called was Julius
Oppcnheimcr, manufacturer of cloaks
ami suits. Ho said ho bad been in tho
cloak and suit business for cloven
years and usually employed 100 bands,
in former years three-fourths of his
employes wero females and to-day tho
boxos aro about equally dividod. Tho
wages paid at present wero 10 or 12
por cout. lower than ton years ago.
Witness did not think tho decrcaso
was duo to tho immigration of Poles.
His lino of examination was suspecd
I'd while Congressman Ford iutefroga-
ted the witness as to thu reason why
Marion Preston, who gave testimony
beforo tho committee, was discharged.
'pi, .,.,(,:,... . .i... i.i. ...
-wiu uAjiuuuiivu wuq uiui, ina punuur,
Mr. Willinski, got excited after read
ing tho ovidouco givou by Marion and,
on tho impulso of tho moment and dis
Ho was Borry for it and would givo
.i. t tt . -i ,1 ,
uiu gin wurK u buu wuuiua ll. tlo ou
jectod to her making fnn of his part
ners manner oi spoaKing.
The most interesting tcstimonv civ
on was that of Samuel Gonipers, presi
dent of tho American Federation of
Labor. IIo desciibed tho features of
his organization and those of tho Cen
tral Labor Union and tho Knights of
Labor. Ho Baid tho Federation of La
bor was composed of 5,00,000 mum
berB. Four years ago tho persecution
of tho Juwa iu Poland had driven thou
sands of that raco to America. Thoy
wero employed in tho cloak factories
and cigar factories, whero thoy worked
for very email compensation, Tho
immigration from Hungary had reduc
ed WAges among tho coal miners.
Witness has been recently in tho
coal mlncH of Pennsylvania aud thoro
witnossed deplornblo poverty among
tho miners. Alien minors demoralized
wages by working for low pay. Tho
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XXII NO 83
COLUMBIA DBMOOltAT, VOL 1.11, M- si
Hungarians camo hero becauso tho
coal barons advertiso for them In Eu
rope. Witness defined tho phraci
"pluck-mo' ns a storo where iniueis
wcro compelled to buy supplies bo
cnuso tho proprietors wcro interested
in the store. Miners' wages had fallen
fifty per cent., while coal was higji ns
Chairman Ford askod him his opin
ion of tho present excessive immigra
tion. Mb opinion summarized was ns
follows: He considers unhealthy and
forced immigration a curso to tho
workingmen. Voluntary immigration
he could not find any fault with. Ho
cited an instanco when in 1881 tho ci-gar-makors
working in tho cigar fao
tory of Asherman & Co., of Milwatt
kee, went on a Blriko that firm adver
tised in tho Austrian newspapers for
hands. Tho advertisements were high
ly colored and stated how happy peo
ple could livo nearMilwaukeo and havo
good wapes. Tho witness said that
many people camo from Bohemia upon
reading theso advertisements
May Fabrici, an Italian woman, tes
tified. Her husband earns about fifty
cents a day as a bootblack. On this
his family of wifo nnd two children
Catherine Fabrici, hor sister-in-law,
earns fifty cents a day as talloress
working from 3 a. m. to midnight'
Her husband is in Pennsylvania."
When ho is away it costs them twenty"
five cents per day to livo and when
home fifty cents per day.
Tho witneM testified that tbo Italian
boss, John Moroni, employed about
five hundred Italians on the West
Chester Race Course, at Si. 20 a day.
Ho charged a commission of $5 a
head and mado them purchase all
their necessaries lrom him. He oharg
od tho Italians also fifty cents each a
month for doctors' fees, but a
never came near tho place
Oan't Stop Emigration.
NO FUNDS TO KEEP CONTRACT LABORERS
New York, August 17. nenry J.
Jackson, superintendent at Castle Gar
den, was tno first witness examined
this morning by the Congressional
immigration committeo at the West
minister Hotel. Generally speaking,
he said, tho immigrants had of late
years been of a better class, moro in
telligent and better fitted to succeed iu
their newly adopted country thau tho
immigrants in earlier times. This con
clusion, of courso, applied to tho Eng
lish speaking people, Germaus and
bwciles; ho of course excluded thert
from tho Italians, Bohemiaus aud Pol
ish and Russian Hebrews, who had
been coming over in such largo num
bers the last two or three years.
air. Jackson detailed to tbo oommit-
teo at length the methods in voguo nt
Castle Garden in handling tho immi
grants, the examination and disposi
tion of them, and tho precautions takon
to prevent improper persons being al-
lowoa to land permanently and bo ad
mitted to tho country. IIo said 354
persous wero returned lpit year; that
was all that ought to have returned so
far as tho examination bv tho Castlo
Garden authorities disclosed.
NOT FUNDS ENOUGH TO 1)0 THE WORK.
Mr. Jackson thought that tho Castlo
Garden officials were not empowered
to look after tho detention of immi
grant brought over under contract.
lfce Treasury Department had rtaues-
ed tho authorities to tako steps toward
having tho law in this ropcct observed.
The witness had read some correspon
euco with Secretary Fairchild on the
subject. Mr. Fairchild requested tho
harden authorities to do this.saving that
his department was unable to under-
tako the work because no appropriation
had been mado to carry into effect tho
law prohibiting tho importation of
laborers under contract. The Castlo
Garden officials witress said, had not
sufficient funds to do this. Ho was of
the opinion that an attempt to exo-
cute tno law by asking immigrants if
they came hero under coutract would
Tho witness thotight tho law gov-
erning the Castlo Garden authorities
wob defective; the timo allowed tho
officials to determino whether an immi
grant should bo admitted was too
short-, thoy could only detain an immi
grant until tho return of the steamer on
wnich ho or she camo out. generally
about a weckj tho Collector of tho
l'ort was tho official who ultimatlv
decided whether an immigrant whoso
right to be admitted was questioned
should bo permitted to laud or not.
WHO ARE CONSIDERED PAUPERS.
Mr. Jackson said ho should not con
sider an able-bodied farm baud, a man
ablo to support himself by his labor,
but who had no money, as a pauper
ana tncrcioru iiabio to bo returned. IIo
would profor bucIi a man to an ordin
ary and perhaps physically weak clerk
with $100 in his pocket- IIo thought
ino lauei wouiu uo moro UEoly to be
come a publio chargo than tho former.
On tho averago ho thought tho immi
grants arriving in this country of lato
years wcro a better and moro intelli
gent class than in former yeais. Tho
immigrants did not briug on au aver
age, as much monoy as formerly, uar.
tioularly tho Gormansj the immigrants
had, howovor, brought on nu averngo a
total of S8.000.000 m monoy into tho
country annually. The Slavs, Hungar
ians and Poles woro not as desirablo
immigrants in somo respects as thu
pooplo of other nationalities, but thero
was tins to bo Raid about them: thny
novnr becamo a chargo ou tho Cattlu
Garden authorities after their arrival!
thoy found a refuge aud a living sonic-
t.v.u nan uiuu uuilipilinuiH.
TO KEEP CR1MINAIJI OUT,
As to a practical Bcherao by which
criminals could bo kept from landing.
Mr. Jackson said tho best suggestion
ho had ever heard on that subject was
that three months' notice should bo
given by all foreigners of their inten
tion of coming to this country. Cap
tain Francis W. Boll, a pilot of Boven
teen years' oxporieuco, testified that ho
had kuowledgo of tho practieo of two
men in this city named Charles Look
wood nnd William McKay m securing
naturalization papers for natives of
Nova Scotia, nud then plaoing them iu
command of American vcsbcU within
two weeks. Lookwood and McKay
reoeivod 10 a head for tho service.
Lookwood to'd witness ho was enabled
to raako citizens in tho timo mentioned
becauso of ins friendly relations with
tho son of Judge Moore, of Brooklyn.
William McKay, n ship chandler,
acknowledged that ho had secured
tialnrlization papers for Eva I Evans
and ono Nuller, both Nova Scotians,
Ihi knew a Brooklyn man named Ross,
who had bom a doputy shorlff and
who had aided l imiu securing natural
izations papers Irom Judgo Moore for
men in whoso behalf ho had sworn.
Ho declared that hu never rccolvod a
feo for his services when ho went to
Judgo Moore's court lo sccuro naturli-
zation papers lor his menus.
Survival of the Flttost.
WOMEN THROl cllPOl-r TIIK UNITED STATES
HAVE LUNOKIt LIVES THAN MEN.
Professor S'anford E. Challic, dean
il tho medical faculty of Tulano Uni
versity, says I hat in most parts of tho
United States women havo a better ex
pectation of life than men; they livo
longer and survlyo w ith moro tenacity
and success tho vicissitudes that lend
to shorten Existence.
Tho 1'icaynne has heretofore dis
cussed as n possibility, in viow of tho
constantly increasing surplus of wo
men over tho numbers of men, that a
state of society analogous to that at
tributed to tho Am zons of antiquity
might again occur. Here a learned
physiologist presents a formidable
array of figures to show that in tho
struggle of lifo thu softer sex starts out
with decided advantages of immunity
from tho assaults of death as compared
with tho males; that tho women havo
better chances for development in nil
that makes up Bane, sound and vigor
ous life. In a word, tho men aro on
tho down grade of health and morals,
whilo tho women possess ad that con
duce to their physical nnd moral super
iority. Lot us quoto tho wordi of our
Tho expectation of lifo for females
is in overy locality better than for
males, but tho differonco in favor of
females varies greatly, and to an ex
tent inexplicablo by mo. Tho super
iority ot white females over males is
greatest, and very great in New Or
leans and Charleston; it is. a little in
Boston, Brooklyn and Now York, and
it is very slight and least in Now Jer
sey and Massachusetts. Tho fourteen
localities lake, in reference to this s ,
periority of females over males, tho fol
lowing order: Now Orleans, Charles
ton, Cincinnati, San Francisco, St
Louis, Chicago, Philadelph'o, District
of Columbia, Baltimore, Now York,
Brooklyn, Boston. Massachusetts, Now
Another singular fact is that whilo
thero is a slight superiority in
Massachusetts of tho females over tho
males, yet the males hayo tho superior
ity from 2 to 10 years of ago and that
this male superiority is found in no
Why is all this possible T Our author
Females are, in less number, guilty
of vicious and hurtful excesses ; thoy
aro moro confined in tho houso and en
gaged in less hazardous occupations,
and thereby thoy aro less exposed to
communicable diseases, lo inclemencies
of weather and to dangerous accidents.
But theso obvious causes, whilo ex
plaining in part, fiil to do so in whole.
For at no timo is the superiority of
females as great as under 5 years of
age, and such fomales arc no more ox
posed than males to the abovo causes.
For Fuch reasons, vital Btatisticans
havo claimed that nature endowed tho
female with a strongor vitality, with
greater vi'.nl endurance, and if there be
better explanation I do not know it.
We aro to believe, then, that while
women ar, in obedienco to subtlo
forces of evolution, growing physicial
ly moro perfect, and this would seem
also to includo advancement toward
moral perfection, tho men aro declin
ing in all vilal characteristics. Tho
women aro growing constantly moro
beautiful and more numerous, whilo
tho men aro in a corresponding ratio to
retiro irom tho world thoy havo for so
many ages dominated and controlled.
By theso mysterious potential acenoies
tho men aro dying, fading out of exis
tence, and their last despairing gaze is
to bo fixed on a raco of goddesses,
"divinely tall and most divinely fair,"
crowding upon tho stago whero tho
tremendous tragedy of "Man and
Wonian" has been so long enacted,
but now to bo superceded by the in
expressibly peculiar aud unknownablo
drama, "Woman. '
It is to this ending that all tho mus
ty figures and dry bones of science
presented abovo inevitably tend. It is
tho consummation ot an implacable law
which is destiny, deelaring tho survival
of tho fittest. It portends a grand fu
ture for woman, but it is much to bo
douted if Evo can bo happy in Para-
diso without Adam.
A woman went into a big drv-goods
houso tho other day to buy material for
a gown, one selected, alter a good
deal of fussing, a gingham costing 12
cents a yard.
"How many yards aro thoro in tho
piecol" sho asked-
"Thero aro eleven," the clerk answ
ered, after counting.
"I will tako ten," she said.
Ho suggested that dio tako tho
whole piece, but sho insisted that ho
should cut off ten yards, and this was
"That is a remnant, I suppose!" sho
said interrogatively, taking up the odd
yard, as ho folded tho goods.
"You Boll remnants oheaper, don't
"Sometimes," tho clerk said laconi
cally. "What will yon tako for this!"
"But that was just what I paid for
"Yes, but I haven't any authority to
mark goods down."
"Couldn't you send tho cash boy to
find tho man that does mark them
down bo as to see what ho would
take?" tho customer asked anxiously.
"Just now," tho clerk replied, with a
wicked wink to a brother clork, "ho is
at his diuncr, and I don't think ho'll bo
"And you couldn't mark it down
yourself and tell him about itl"
"No," tho clerk said, smiling aggra
vnlingly. "I couldn't really.''
"Well," tho woman said with a sigh,
" then i m uio ultul Borry I had it cut,
for I'll havo to havo that yard any
way, oven if I do havo to pay 12 cents
for it. Ten ards wouldn't possibly
do. But I ain't used to paying full
prico for remnants."
Tho clerk put tho odd yard in and
what tho woman told her dressmaker
ia unfortunately uot on record.
Loo C.wiiNS wero strong
holds of love, contentment,
health and happiuess. Coou
skins wero nailed to tho
door and they ero tho
happy homes of strong.
healthy, noblo men and wcincii, Tho
siuiple but effective rcmulics which
carried them to groin old ago aro uow
reproduced iu Warner's "Tippecanoe,"
nnd Warner's Log Cabin Sarsapanlla
and othor Log Otibln Remedies.