The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, January 20, 1888, Image 4

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4l '
, A Ourloni DlttoTeij .
A young Japanese peasant woman
has oroatod n genuine sensation In the
raedtcM circles of tho cast with a now
theory and euro ot rheumatism.
Her theory la that It is caused by a
mall instot under tho skin, that gnaws
and bites tho muscles and thus causes
tho twinges of pain and tho untold
misery of that ailment.
A gr'iKiled and skeptical sea oaptain
plaood himself under tho care and, af
ter fool baths of bran and hot rico
brandy, she nipped from his knees
small white insects by tho dozon 1
Tho rennlar praolitioners wore skep
tical about this new theory, and put
one of tho insects under a microscope.
Thoy decided that by its organism it
never could have lived under tbo sur
face of the skin.
The Captain insists, however, that
tho. Japanese woman has taken the in
sects from his knees aud ankles by the
hundreds, in his sight, and killed them,
and that he grows better after each
This theory, absurd as it seemi, is
really not much moro so than the
theories formerly held by tho medical
fraternity. It used to bo thought a
trouble of the joints, aud was treated
as such unt'l it was demonstrated that
tho treatment brought no lasting re
Then, as tho muscles woro effected,
it was set down aa a muscular disease;
but tho same unsatisfactory results fol
lowed. Now It is univorslly aoknowl
edged to be a "Cory oundition of the
blood caused by the presence ot urio
aoid in the system.''
To cure it tho urio acid must bo
driven out of the blood, which is done
by putting tho kidneys in a healthy
condition with Warner's safe cure, and
"putting out the firo in the blood" by
Warner's, safo rheumatio euro. These
remedies, taken in alternation, as they
should be, drive out the nno acid at
ready .in tho blood, and prevent furtb
er accumulation. James Wight, of 37
E. 19th St., New Xork, was for many
years a victim of rheumatism, and tried
various remedies and cures without
avail. Sept. 8, 1887, he writes in
praise of the remedies named, and
says: "I am now free from the arrow
tings of tho dreaded Inflaraatory rh in
rial ism. I have and always will
recommend Warner's rheumatio rome
dies to all sufferers of tho diiease.'1
The Japanese peasant woman
theory will not be likely to stand the
test of time and scientific investigation,
bat he thousands of cures made by
the emedios mentioned above prove
their rmerit beyond all question.
January 11, 12. 13. 1688.
Wreoke3on a Bridee,
Haverhill, Mass., Jan. 10 The
Portland express met with a serious
accident at Bradford this afternoon,
while crossing the Haverhill bridge
over the Merrimao river. The train
consi-ted of a locomotive and eight
can and was in charge of Conductor
Weymouth. It had paused on to the
bridge from the Bradford sido in safety
wjteu suddenly the forward trucks of
the smoker broke, and it was hurled
upon its side, and two coaches were
thrown off the track and completely
wrecked, being piled up against the
Bradford car house. The train was
on time and running at ordinary epeed.
Physicians were summoned and the
wounded and dying were rapidly cared
for. The work of clearing the wreck
was immediately poshed forward with
energy, and at 3.30 no less than six
bodies had' been taken from the wreck.
Several of them were disfigured beyond
recognition. The list of killed foots
up nine, .being as follows :
Clarence Hazlewood, residence un
known. John1 O'Brien, of Bradford.
6. N. Cole, wife and child, of Law
rence, Mais.
William Taylor, section hand.
A. L. Walker, of Harrison, Me.
Charles Tburlow, ot Newton Junc
tion N. H.
Josephns Shaw, of Boston.
Thirteen persons were s vorely, but
none are thought to be falaUy injured,
except Dennis Shannon, of Bradford,
and an unknown woman. The accident
is supposed to have been occasioned
by the switch-rod breaking after the
engine and the three forward oars had
passed over the switch.
Wires and Daughters.
The attractions of literature and art
haye rarely been more happily com
bined than in the offer of tho well-
known Boston publishing house of
Holman & Co., who, in return for the
trifling sum of thirty-five cents, send
their beautiful photo-etching of Man-
kacsy'a world famous painting "Christ.
Before Pilate, and their elegant new
illustrated monthly, Wives and
Daughters, on a throo month's trial
The picture is too well known to
need description, its sale to John
Wanamaker for S120.000 having been
universally chronicle. by tbo press,
but a word of enthusiastic coramen
dation of the new magazine may be
Wives and Daughters is an ideal
production, of sparkling literary and
artistio merit, filled with bright stories
ana charming poems from the pens of
such authors as Miss Nora Perry, Mis.
Mary E. Blake, Mrs. Qraco W. Oliver,
Mrs Lavina S. Goodwin, Charles
Hichards Dodge, Miss Minnie O. Bal
lard, Miss Helen F. O'Neil, and a host
of popular writers. Its illustrations
are nnder tho charge of Mr. Fred
Webster. The, publication is a marvel
qt good reading in attractive form at
a phenomenally low price, and will be
found thoroughly worthy of its dedi
cation to pure womanhood. The pub
Ushers may be addressed at 233G
Washington street, Boston, Mass.
A pithy definition of a lover is tho
following: "A lover is a man who en
deavors to be more amiable than It in
possible for a man to be, and this is
the reason why almost all lovers ap
pear riaioulous."
A patchwork qniltroade by children
in the United States, and an Indian
spawl, the gift of Queen Victoria,
were buried with Jenny Lind at her
The Conereslonal Library at Wash
ington will cover 111,000 fquare feet,
more tnau two ana a halt acres.
Skating is a great antiquity. It is
first mentioned in a work entitled the
"Edda," written 800 years ago,
Ono of tho mot successful farmers
in this state once remarked that he
made it a part of his business to attend
all the mceiingt of tho State Board of
Agrioalture, all Farmers' Institutes
and all other meetings within his reach
where, those subjeota of interest to
farmers were disoussed, and, that much
of his success iu farming was owing to
tho faol that ho applied tho things
learned at theso gatherings in his own
farming. Tho yvork ot farmers would
bo relieved of its drudgery, their pro-
dttcti increased in quantity aud value
and agriculture in all its brandies
would tie very much improved if all
tho farmers of tho State took a like in
terest in theo meetings. The views
of practical and Intelligent farmers are
here set forth, as well as the conclus
ions of those who have, experimented
in various brancke of agrloulture to
determine the best tnothodof farmTngj
the best ftrtilizersj tho best and most
profitable breeds of cattle: in short,
bow to mako farming most profitable
The Institute held at this place was
notable both for tho interest in the
essays and discussions displayed by the
ceoolo of this villagu and the farmers
of the neighborhood, and, the practical
and valuable papers nnu discussions
offered. Tho Free Church was filled
at every session.
The brst session ot this institute
ccmraenced Wednesday, Jan. 11, at
1.30 p. m. by elcoting C. L. Sands of
Mordansville, prosident, J. B. Eves
and W. B. Eves vice presidents, Harry
W. Eves-and Geo. W. Henrio secre
taries, and Francis neok reporter.
II. W. Eves was then introduced
and spoke briefly of the changes and
improvements which farmers bavo et
fected in this country during a contury,
vVlioro was once a. howling wilderness
with the Indian its sole human inhabi
tant they have made, to bloom as
garden. Farmers have done more in
securing national freedom and estab
lishing the best government in the
world than any other class of persons.
E. H. Painter, Esq., ot Turbutville,
discussed the relation of the farmer to
national greatness. Ho gave a glow
ing description of the vnstness, the
enterprise and wealth of our country,
the abode of the most intelligent, pros
j porous, contented and progressive peo-
plo of the globe. The farmers' annual
. I wheat product and domestic animals,
in this country, are alono valued at
$1,371,000,000. That this great pros
perity may continue, good government
must also continue. Capital and labor
are at war; but farmers never enter in
to anv of these controversies. No con
spiraoy against the existing forms of
government as ever hatched among
Mr. H. W. Northrop, of Glenburn,
Lackawanna Co., a very congenial
geutleman, a ready and eloquent talker
and a capital farmer was introduced
and said that he had been brought np
on a farm, hud enjoyed its blessings
and was proud to represent the farmers'
interest at this meeting, if arming is
no small or unbecoming occupation to
be engaged hi, the farmer feeds all,
toils for all, sweats for all, and brings
benefits to millions in carrying out the
command of his Creator. Ho has tak
en upon himself the burden of nations;
but none of the nations troubles is ever
attributed to him. He works willing
ly and faithfully in tho ohannel in
which God lias placed him. lie never
cavers up his wealth to escape tax; but
contributes faithfully towards tho sup
port of the government. No mean
things are ever attributed to the farmer.
b.. it. ikeler thought the industry ol
farming, the noblest in the world.
Education that used to fit a man tor
life will not do now. Children used to
sing "Twinkle twinkle little star, how
1 wonder what yon are etc.; but now
they sing "Twinkle twinkle little star.
now exactly what you are, etc.
Whether farming is ennobling is a
question. It has long 'teen promised
that soienco would lift tho farmer out
of his drudgery, but this promise has
not been tuiniied. There are no strikes
no rebellions or disturbances of any
oharacter among farmers, they peace
fully and faithfully engage in their
oalling; but does it pay T Our great
farming industry is in danger, England,
Ireland, France and other countries
bad prosperous farming interests; but
what has become, of them ' Farmers
need relief, need protection, need to
strike, corporations are increasing in
strength and are grinding the farmer
between the upper and lower mill
stones. The farmer does not cover np
his wealth to escape, taxation thereon,
but for overy improvement he makes,
his taxes are increased, wbilo the bond
holder does not report his bonds, thus
escaping taxation ihercon and throwing
this burden on the farmer. The fore
going was classed on the programme
as tho opening exercises.
The first paper was read by W. B.
German, on "Puro Bred Poultry.'
What breed of poultry is the best de
pends upon the purpose for which yon
want them, or a general purpose
the flymoutb nock aro the
best, they are good layers, good for the
table, good to hatch and raise their
brood, and mature young, but if you
want eggs, the Brown Leghorn is the
best breed, they lay more eggs than
any other breed and lay in winter time.
They begin to lay as yomg as four
months and will lay Irom 200 to 225
ggs of a superior flavor in a year,
Tbey are, however, not a desiraole
breed tor the table, it will pay to
raise poultry if you hare good stook
and give it the proper care, it pays
better than keeping cows. Chicken
meat can be raised lust as cheaply as
pork, isest stock brings best prices.
John Holla, ot Milton, a member ot
the Statu Board of Agriculture from
Northumberland county, who makes a
specialty of eggs, opened tho discos
sion. He agreed with the essay in
regard to the two breeds named, and
named the Wyandotte, as a desirabl
table fowl. Chickens pay largo profits
on tho mouy invested in them. Two
hundred dollars wtu start achlokoryot
500 hen' with suitable buildings for
housing them. If that number of hens
do not lay 4,000 d"z. of eggs it will b
a failure. To raise poultry is not alono
profitable but furnishes great pleasure
to the raiser, Don't depend on huck
Biers or anj corner grooery for prioos,
sell direct to headquarters.
In answer to several questions ho
said that he fed his poultry, took care.
ot IS cove and ted his pigs till 0 a, m.
and had from that tlm till A p. in. to
superintend his farm. He would not
advise any one to begin on a larg
scale, beg'n small and learn the busi
ness. He has lost almost all his stook
several tlm s by cholera and now ox
peots to lose all by roup II II. Brown
Bald that if Sulphate of Zino dissolved
in water were applied to the parts af
fected and a solution of chloride of
potash be used to swab their throats
roup could in almost overy cue be
cured. In answer to further questions,
Mr. Hoffa said, that chickens should
have a large range, thoy will not do
much harm if well led. Chickens aro
egg laying machines ana it trie con
ditions for laying eggs aro suppled they
will lay right along, 'inn farmer must
protect himself, it he cannot ralso
wheat at 80o. per bushel he can raise
egg3 at 20c. per dozen and creamery
butter at 25a por pound. Ho has
four specialties : 1. To raise as largo
crops of oats and corn as possible. 2.
Butter. 3. Eggs. 4. Fruit.
Thos. h. (Jlapp, member ot atato
Board of Agriculture from Montour
Co. read a paper on "Stook Raising for
Profit." The value of domestic anl
mats in the U. S. is one and a half
billion dollars. To be profitable, stook
must bo well oared for. Thoy aro use
ful on tho farm in converting tho hay,
fodder and straw into valuablo fertiliz
ers as well as tho grain into beef and
mutton for tho market. Unless tho
best stock is bred and tl.ese given best
oaro the chances for profit aro lost. Sell
the inferior young. Raise only the
most promising. Koep the best speci
mens for breeding purposes. Farmers
mako a nvstake to use an old or un
sound mare for breeding. If bred from
young mares horses will live longer.
Good care and plenty of right kind of
food make good horses. Uo not ex
pose a colt to the heat of summer and
cold of winter. Tho idea of mik
ing horses vigorous by exposure is pre
posterous. The most profitable horso
for tbo farmer to koep is ono of med
ium sizo a horse adapted to all pur
purposes. Tho best ovidenco of a moan
man is tne laoi mat ne keeps menu
horses. Mr. Northrop opened the dis
cussion, it n tarmcr nas anyining to
bo ashamed of it is a poor horse. Seme
men talk nothing but horse; notioe
nothing else; can tell a good horso
as soon as they see them. Thee men
make money raising horses. The most
desirable as well as most profhablx
horso for a farmer to have is a middle
sized one.
J. A. Gundy of Lewishurg, member
of State Board from Union county
thought that the hills in this neighbor
hood were suitable for sheep raising.
Mr. Hoffa why raises his own horses
doubted whether it paid the farmer to
keep high priced horses to which a
great part of the grain of the farm was
fed and upon which much time wns
spent in currying. Farmers with suoh
horses become iookeys. To which
Mr. Northrop replied that to keep
good horse was no greater expense
than to keep a poor one. Mr. J. U.
Warner of this place thought that the
most profitable kind of horse to rais
depended entirely on the driver. If he
is a careless driver allowing the reins
to hang over the dash, a big horse
would be most nroStoble, that is, he
could sell him belter: But if he drives
with a stiff rein aud knows how to
make a horse appear well in harness
middle weight would be most profit
able. Mr. T. L. Clapp'said that a gen
eral purpose horso, suoh os are most
profitable for farmers to raiso should
weigh about lzuu lbs. x'oor norS'-s
are expensive to keep. He bought a
horse for 930 and it was the most ox
penuve horse he ever bougnt
Mr, E. F. Gundy of Lewisburg,
raises a good many sheep. With the
iarae investment and care he claims
that sheep will give greater returns
than any other of the domostio animals
bei-ides wool, lambs and mutton, their
manure as a fertilizer is wortb 4 times
as muob as any other kind. He puts
one load on as much spaoo as 4 loads
of other manure and gets equally good
results. He has discovered that th
old notion that ewes should not be fat
is a mistake. He feeds oats, corn or
bran twiee a day during the entire win
ter and hasn't lost a single lamb in two
William Frear, professor of
agricultural obemistrv in the. State
Colloge, spoke on fattening winter
stook. There is a lot of fodder and
coarse material on the farm which can
nut be sold to an advantage anil which
the farmer must find some way to
work up. At the collpge from 60 to
100 head of cattle are bought in the
fall and sold in February. With these
thoy are enabled to work all fodder,
hay, etc, into manure Not muoh
money made from the cattle but tbey
get a lot of valuablo manure; beside
changing their -hay and grain into
beef for market.
J. A. Gundy said that it was admit
ted bv all that it didn't pay to raise
wheat at 80o. per bushel ; that the U.
stands at the head in wheat produc
ing, and France, in the north of whioh
wheat is raised, in tne middle tne vine
and in the south olives, stands second.
How can France raise wheat in such
quantities if it doesn't pay heret
JJr. Henry lieftrnan, Mioroicopist
and Food Inspector of the Board, was
introduced and spoke of the cause of a
common oold. This has been among
the mysteries. .Diseases among livo
stook aro essentially the same as thos
affeotiiig persons. The Dr. thinks thai
we aro lust on tho point of discovering
the causes of many of the diseases.
Our bodies resemble those of the lower
animals so much so that we ohould live
in the open air as the lower animals do,
but tho manners of civilization lead os
to live in houses. This interferes with
the condition tor health with a con
stant supply of fresh air to the lungs.
crusu air i hui, uaugurous. iuius aro
not caused by drafts of air, Moro
harm is dono by keening ont of drafts
than by getting in tbem. We should
not bo atratd ot exposure in all kinds of
weather. Colds aro not caused by ex
posure but rather by not exposing our
selves. By shutting ourselves in a
room for several hours, breathing in
air over and over, the'functions of the
body become depressed, which is the
condition for taking cold. It is not tho
fresh air coming in that pauses it but
the bad air within. We should sleep
in a room thoroughly ventilated. Djd't
go to extremes by beooming heated and
sitting in a cold draft. We should be
in the open air as much as possible.
Learn from tho lower animals which
make few mistakes in diet and habit.
Domesticated animals are moro subject
to disease than animals in wild state,
thoy recover from wounds and diseaso
easier than tbo domesticated ones.
The evening exerolses consisted of
some choice musio furnished by
choir of young ladies and gentlemen
of Millville, accompanied by an organ
several violins and a vlnllncello. An
illustrated lecture on "The Causes of
DWeaae,' by Dr. Henry Leffman, Phila.
or many years it nas been beiievei
that contagious diseasf was caused by
very minuto animal ana plant growtli
which had been deteoted in the tisfut
and fluids of bodies having theso ti
ea'es, but it has just recently bee
proved that ihpse small growths called
microbes, aro the cause of diseases,
They have been artificially cultivated
ui a prepared fluid and animals innocu
lated with this fluid became sick of the
samo disease which afflicted the per
sons from whose tissues or blood they
weio originally seoured. Tbey inter
poisoning tho system. Tho cause of
other diseases, not considered contag
ious, has been connected with tho
prescnoa of mlornbes. Some of theso
growths aro so small that they can
only bo seen with tho aid of a vory
powerful mlcrosoope.
The nrsi session ot Thursday was
given to reading papers of butter-mak
ng, and discussions on tho same.
John II (fa, of Milton, a'm mbcr of
tho Board f Agriculture, reak a paper
on the "Value, and Advantage of the
Croamory to tho Farmer.' Ho raado
butter the old way until bo and his
wife were worn out, but for tho last 18
months he has sold his cream to a
creamery and lias anoitshed too oiu
way of making uuuer irom lus prem
ises forever. Buttor making is yery
hard work for tho farmer s wife. The
oreamery relieves ner ot it. i no
croamory pays you just as mnoh tor
your butter in the cream as, tho huck
ster or corner grocery and it pays you
tho cash, xou can koep mora cows
without increasing materially your
work except the milking. The oream
ery makes better butter thau is made
by the old way. There is some good
home mado butter, but it is thu except
ion. Tho matorial from which homo
mado butler is'produoed may be just
as good as that usod by tho crnaraery,
but the farmer n wile as a rule nas
neither th facilities or knovthdge to
obtain the best results. Cruaim ry but
ter commands better prices. While
best ladle workod was quotd at 23o,
creamery was 32 to 35o. Tho croam
ory will mako moro butter from tho
samo amount of cream than can bo
mado by tho old way; because of itn
machinery with which nil tho butter
can bo got out of tho croara. In ono
month tho oreamery mado 35 Ib-i more
butter than he could have mado at
home, by actual test. As a usual thing
tho oream-ry credits him with from
5 lbs. to 10 lbs. more butter por month
than he o- mid mako by tho old way.
In 15 minutes all the work except
milking can be dono for 18 cows. It
took his wife half a day of every day
in the week exoept Sunday to mike the
butter for that many cows. A com
plete outfit for 15 cows will o st about
$40. Ho also exhibitel Hpeoiinoos of
oreara-iry and homo made butter.
Tubs in which cream was churned were
exhibited to show that equal amounts
of oreara will not churn equal amounts
of butter. Tho amount of "butter ob
tained from a given amount of cream
depends on the kind of cows aod tho
oaro a'jd focd given them. He prefer
ed Jersey cows. The cream-ry pays
for the actual amount of butt' r bought.
A. P. Young, of Mdlville. read a
paper ou "'Dairying in Columbia Co.,
will it pavt" Since grain has become
so cheap that it omno't ba any longer
profitably raised in this spction, the
farmer should turn to something which
from its yry nature will in a measure
shut off ;c mpetition of tho Western
farmer. Cows in this oitintry will
givo as much milk and butter in this
county as anywhere and furn'sh a
ready fertilizer by which tho farmer
can enrich his fields. To mako dairy
ing profitable the farmer must selnct
stock adapted to that purpose. Cows
must he well ted at proper times ana
at intervals must bo treated with kied-
ness. given good comfortable quarters
and be pleasantly surrounded. Cows
should have all the feed they will eat
and of the right kind to produce milk.
No'ton Deoher, of East otroudsburg,
Monroe Co., was on tho program for a
apcr on "How shall w fntirpase the
Profit of -oor Dairy Produe.t-1" He
was not present, but seot his regrets
and a short paper in whioh lie answer
ed the question by saying that the nut
ter maker and the consumer must be
brought into closer relationship, the
grade of cows must be improved. It
cot no more to koep good oows th in
poor ones. Cows must bo given the
best kind of care and attention, the
beit methods of raising orcam must bo
ascertainel and practiced, and wo
must learn how tp mike such a super
ior articlo of cilt edge butter from the
products so treated that it will be so
acknowledged in market as to bring a
uniformly high prioe regardle-s of mar
ket quotations. The disoussion which
followed these papers were both lively
and lastriiotivo. rrof. irear: the
creimery makes better butter than the
farmers wite becauso it make-t butter
making a specialty and in dealing with
large quantities better average results
can be obtained than with small quan
tities. All the fertilizing cotn-tituents
of milk are found in tho skim milk.
Special paius should be taken to get
the b' St stock.
II. W. Northrop said that since he
owns a creamer, he gets more oream
more butter, and makes moro money
han ever before; that tho butter mide
at a creamory is the best in the world
farmers would throw away their
churns and the old milk croaks and
pans it would bo to their profit; that
there is more money in dairying than
in anything else for the farm r and it
furnishes a ready means of bringing up
his farm; that the tanners wito should
be relieved of the arduous work of but
ter making.
ft it. ikeler: The greatest enemv
to profitable dairying is oleomargerinc.
tt i ... -e I. i. -. . i , ,.,
uas euiuu ui it, ai uuiuis auu lines
it about as well a butter. What
the odds, if it is made of oleanly and
palatable materials. If it is healthful
and lawful the creamery must compete
with it.
J. A. Gundy: It is unfair to com
pare poor' home-made batter with best
Creamery butter. Homo mado buttor
could be made better by adding certain
E. F. Gundy: Tho Patron of litis
baudry were instrumental in passing a
law regulating the salo of oleomarger
ine in this btato An elteort to repeal
this law is mado and all farmers ought
to prolset against this, lie told of
manufacturer of oleomargorino wbo
bought the docayed carcasses of drown
pd Bhcop. What was wanted with
these dead bodies was easily inferred
Chandle.o Eves: The materials from
which oleomargerine are mado are pure
fat and tho refuso of coal oil refineries.
The (enlleman just preceding cither
deliberately tells what is not true or
ignorant of who was instrumental
si curing tho passage of this law. Tli
credii- of this belongs to tho Hon
Eastburn lleeder, member of tho Sut
1503rd ol Mucks county, and not to tb
i'atrous ol iiushaudry,
This rcmaik stirred the blood of tho
Patrons of Husbandry of yvhom there
weti a large number present.
E. F. Gundy: What the P. of
did towards securing tho parage
this law is not known to tho otitsld
world. Thoy work in secret. That
ho neither lies -in tho matter nor is
norant in it,
II. H. Brown; The P. of 11 clrou
latod petitions all over tho State
their lodges and outside of tliern-
A. P. Young told of a friend of hi
in Iowa, who sold hogs that had died
ol cholera as well at some that were
sick of the cholera to a manufacturer
fere with the funotion of tfe .body ' o deo oil from which oleomargoriue
either by cloinrtna its vwutk or by l pwl7 bd. That for th dsad
bodies ho got (3 a plcco and 8o per lb.
for tho sick ones.
J. A. Gundy: These are criminals
and ought to bo prosecuted.
l'rof. f roas: uieomargonno is as
healthful as somo butter. Buttcrino Is
moro desirable, produol and is mado
from oleomargarine and butter churn
1 in milk. It looks like butter and is
difficult even chemically 16 distinguish
from butter.
At this stage tho meeting adjourned
to l!30 p. ra.
Tbo dobato in regard to tho part
taken by tho Grangers in securing the
passage ot tho nieomargrtno law was
Lept up during tho recess, and tho ex
citement for the time was intense.
Tho afternoon session was devoted
tho discussion of beo culture and
fruit culture. II. II. Brown of Light-
street,- read a paper entitled "Notes on
lieos.' llo tirst gavo an account ot
bee culture among tho anoients, and
their Introduction in this country, Be
fore the introduction ot tbo movablo
hive littlo was known of tho inside
workings of the hlvo. Tho bocs that
to first introduced in this country
(1C70) were the common black bee.
The Italian or yellow bo-s were intro
duced into this country by the Agricul
tural Department in 1800. Then tol
wed dirt ctions for the care of hces
unng each month of the year. Dur
g January and February littlo can be
ine with bees beaidfs keeping the en
trance to the hivo from being closed up
by dead bees, ioe and show. During
the warm days ot March those colonies
Inch have died or beoamo very weak
hould bo removed from tho stand or
closed up to prevent the other bees
from robbing. If they have been
wintered in the cellar thoy should dur-
g warm days be carried to tho sum
raer stand and returned nt night. Dur
ing April bees carry in considerable
Mien and raiso muny young bees, and
consequently consume large quantities
t tioni-y and many oolonies will starve
for stores, before tho beekeeper is aware
of it. When found short of honey
feed them each night n few spoonful--of
syrup tnide of 2 parts granulaed
sugar and one-part water heated to tbe
boiling point, oontiuue feeding till
honey enough to supply their wants
can be gathered. Large numbers of
young bees are reared this month to
ropiaco the old ones that are now rapid
ly dim tiir-hiug. May is the most favor
able time to transfer fnra box hives to
movable frame hives. If te colony is
strong and honey comes in rapidly, put
on si'ctions tor surplus, or tho bees will
store honey in the brood chamber and
deprive the queen of space to lay.
June is the huy month for tho bee
keeper. Evtry hive should be supplied
ltb ample room to store surplus honey.
When one set of surplus boxes is full
replace it with another, if a colony
casts a swarm and you do not want it
to swarm any more, on tbe eighth day
after tho first swarm issued open tho
parent hive and remove all the queen
cells but one. Hive your swarms as
on as they have clustered and whin
all the bees aro in, place the hive on
tho stand where it is to remain, pro
tect it from the heat of the sun for a
few days by covering with bna'ds.
During July the flow1 of honey except
where there is oasswood, is Braall, and
care must be taken that tbe btes do
not begin robbing. During August
buckwheat secretes its honey, and the
inshed sections ot while clover and
bass wood hem-y should be removed,
see that they haye room enough to
store the buckwheat honey, for it will
take but a f-w days to fill the surplus
chambers. During Sept. bres gather
considerable honey from late buckwheat
asters, smartweed aud golden rod.
After the flow of honey ceases, rein ve
thu surplus and feed all colonies short
t alores, sugar syrup. Oct., prepare
your ios for win e' quarters by uuit
ing weak colonies and cutting a hole
through tbo combs for a winter passage,
contract the entrance to keep mice out,
hou that all oolonies have a queen. If
any colony has more honey than needs
take out several combs. Givo theso
combs to those colonies short of stores,
pack iiiem well in chait or put in a
good cellar. Nov. should find the bee
keeper with his hces all in winter
quarters. In December the beo begins
his winter repoBe.
Wm. G. Follraer, of Milton, spoke
"Caro of the Honey Bee during
Winter and Spring." lie uses the chaff
hive, A'hen the honey season is over he
removes all tb3 combs but 5, contracts
tbo hivo by moving up division board
and fills in with chaff and bores a hole
through each comb. He examines the
hive every month and if short of ctores
removes tho empty cones and puts in
the full cones .taken out in tho fall, if
the colony becomes weak tbe hiye is
contracted by removing combs and
moving np division boards. The hivo
is contracted so that tho colonv can
better warm their quarters. He has
never lost a colony that be stored in a
chaff hive.
Wm. MoEwon of Millville, read a
paper on "The best way of winteiing
iiees. ' They should bo kept in a dry
dark place, with a temperature ranging
from 35 to 42. Their entrai ccs
should be closed by soreens, they should
not bo disturbed by daylight but visited
by candle light. On warm days carry
to their summer stand, but return at
night. There is no risk in wintering
strong stock, it is a waste of time to
nurse weak colonies.. It tboir supply
of honey is short place pieces of candy
near the entrance, candy is better than
sugar syrup.
In tbo discussion which followed
Mr. Brown said that he never had any
success with chaff hives. Ants were a
pest. Tho chaff hlvo is too expensive.
costing irom 93 to $4 while the com
mon hivo costs about 31.25 To win
ter G2 colonies tho material used costs
25. Tried wintering in cellar one
winter, and out of 23 saved ono. Bees
should be jammed as little as possible.
w ra. i oumer tried the common luve
and lost 14 out of 10 in ono winter,
Ants are no greater pest in tho chaff
nive man in common hive, he sprinkles
wet salt where tnoy cluster.
il. 11. mown Hi answer to questions
It does not pay to feed bees sugar for
surplus honey Dr. Everhart fed 100
pounds and got 15 pounds of sugar
lyrup. lie s do not make honey they
imply gather il and store it without
changing it. Two deaths havo been
traoeii to eating honey where the bees
had gathered poinouous luiocs. la
mandibles of the bee is so constructed
that it cannot p'unoture ho skin of th
grapo or cherry, but it pierced it will
carry off the jutcos to store in its hive.
j. it. iownsond read a paper on
"Grapes and how to raise them. The
juice of the grape stimulates tho Btoni
acu anu revives tno spirits. 1111 nas
grown the following varities with
great sucoess: Concord, tho most vig
orous of all, Wordtn, Flatly flrlghtou,
Roger's, Agawn, or N.o. 15., Llndley,
Herbert aiitl Martha. Do not pay
fanuy prices lor new varieties until
they havo been recognized as desirable,
How to pUnt Cut baok the vines
to be planted to two oyosi out off J of
the roots; dig hole 10 inches deep and
amply wide for lh roots) set a stake
- it -1 i ., 1 1. 1
n tno .noie, put tno vino in position: 1
- . . . ' 1
tiso no manure or fortilisur; cover tho
roots for several inches with fluo
ground ana trend lit then add moro
ground treading until it has become.
compact, Urapo vines will grow hi a
very small paeco and under adverse oir-
cumstances. When the vino has M.nrt.
od to grow rub off all the buds but the
How to prune. All fruit crows on
last year's growth. Cut off last yoar's
growth to 2 or 0 buds. In summer
pruning out oil all useless growth you
please; cut on an snoots and toraovo
all imperfect elustors In anwer to
questions tho essayist said that pruning
iiouui uo done when the vino is dor-
mint, in fall or winter. He preferred
obruary. 'ihu vino should not be
til no than a tt. I10111 tho ground. Tho
Delaware is very shy and tender but
yields mst delicious fruit. Best
graii-B are grown on rooky soil. Th y
rarely need fertilizer; grow too tnpidly
if supplied with It. The rot or mildew
hard to cure. Ho succeeded hiBt
ar in curing it by sprlukl ng with a
solution of coppera and lime water.
Wm. Voris, of Pot'svfrove, road' the
last paper of tho se-wion on "Fruit
allure a specialty. The Miluro to
raise fruit successfully is duo to neglect.
in this Mate we should ratio all tho
apples used here instad of impjrting
from other place-'. There is no bettT
soli for raising fruit thun that formed
by iho disintegration of rocks on our
hills. There is no place in whioh fruit
raising can bo made moro profitable.
If the farmer does not havo fruit fr m
10 timo of strawberries to tho time of
the quince he does not lake nd-
antgi of tho privileges offered.
i'eaclies om bo ra'sed II years 01 5
by keeping tho hirers in subnotion.
The soil bott ad tpted to the cultiva
tion of apples is a limestone shale or
soanstone. A sandy loam for pears,
and quinces thrive in any soil.
Cherries want olnvntion. if fruit
raising is not made a speciil busi
ness much is wa-ted and the trees aro
neglt-utod b- cause they do not get the
attention .thoy rt quire. If made a
peciaUy a market will he sought after
and each will be marketed in its sea
son. Fruit markcttd carefully in new
packages sell better than when no at-
riti, n is paid to their appearance.
F tut can be produced for less than
the piesi tit prices with profit to tho
"diioer. Apples cau be kept by
packing in dry appb leaves or by
making a sort of cise of boards coyer-
tig almost to the top with ground, be
ing careful to yentihitn them and keep
fry. tin trees are planted 25 leet
rt and Iw hnds that ino ln.ost fruit
rows where lh limbs mingle. A tree
anding by its, if in a field will not
yiold moro than one tenth us much as
lose planted eloo together, lie told
f another orchard Where thu t'ecs
were only 20 ft. apart aud if poss, do
yielded better than his.
Alter the tres are 10 years old tho
orchard should not be la med. Inline
is not good fot the orchard.
Dr. Harv y of Chester county was
unable to be present and deliver his
lecture, the evening session was1 there
fore given to the disoussion of several
interesting questions. S;nce this report
is already long let me juH state that
the entertainment was very interesting
as well as instructive. Tbe snbieot
iscussed was "The Farmer's Stand
ing in the Commiudty.''
to he continued j
Hliml. Lowest Frim ! !
d s ANDfus $ CO.,
Iiraiiieli & llaeli
Wilcnx & White Organs,
WPIanos Tuned and Repaired by com.
pcluut workmen.
Send for Catalogues.
Williamsport, Pa
kr 1 cure
Whirl I tar CUBE I do not man merelr to
stOD them (or a time, and then havt tliem re
turn turaln. I MitAN A RADICAL CUKE.
1 nava maae me disease 01
A life long study. I wAbrant mr remedy to
CuiiF. the worst eases. Because other bavo
miienisno reason rornot now rrcrivlniacuro.
Bend at nncn for a treatise and a FhkkIIottls
of my InpaIjLIBLr Remedy. Giro Ei press
and l'nst Office. It costs you nothing ior a
trliil, and It will cure you Address
H.C ROOT.M.C. l83PtAnSl.,HfWYoiK
ILilE. ICC E .Mill P,
No.. 7.and0iiaikl8t.,
AGENTS WAHT&D to Canvass for Ad
musing Patronaire. A'smMl amount of
work dose willi tact and Intelligence may produce
m mnAtriAi-fitiip income. Airente earn SSTcral hun
dred dollaraln commissions, In aslhjflos'asou and
incur no personal reBpnnMoiiuj. aunuHeiat ids
nearest r
rnp ti
Teying to adrcrtucn the information which they
require in order to make their Inventmenu .wisely
RUU IllllUWtUI,.. men VI num. w nviuvu,
It well informed and practical, nosy obtain author
ity to solicit adTertt8ln patronage, for na. 'Apply
by letter tl Gso. P.IIOwsli, Uo.T'lti'wsnaner Ad
vertising Bureau, 10 spruce St., New York, and
full particulars will be sent by return mail.
Hen Wonders exist In thousands ot
forms, but are surpassed by the marvels ot
invention. Those who are In need of prof
limbic work that can be done whllo lfvinir
at home should at onco send their address to
II allot tfo., Portland, Maine, and receive free,
full information how either tox, of nil ages, can
earn from $sto fSSpcr lay and upwards wher
ever they Ure. You ore started fiw. capful not
required, somo have mado over M In a single
day at this work. All succeed. lydecso.
name on a paokage of COFFEE Is a
guarantee of excellence.
COFFEE Is kept in all flrst-olass
stores from the Atlantio to the Faolflc.
Js never good when exposed to tho air.
Always bnvthlsbranainnermetlcauy
Whan troubled with thoMannoflntt Irreffalfiritlwto
frMQnUv following ooldoripour, or from Oori
rtiUUonl WcaknMiM o peculiar to their mx, ahould
Uaa DR4 DuOHOINE'S Celebrated
Thar r Btranfthenliiff totht entire ntm. Impart
nna tanf and maatiatiri fsma til till f HnCt trim tit hodtf
and mind, 8nt bj mall, "ecorwlf neaMi tl. Adr-,
Dr. Ha iter Co.
DisTii.LBD from selected Barley Matt and guaranteed to be chemically purs
and free rrom Injurious oils and 1 elds often contained In alcohollo liquors. It Is
especially adapted to persons requiring a stimulating tonic, Consumptives being
grcatlv benefitted by its use. Itccommendcd by leading ph) Blclnns as a Diuretic,
Nervine, Tonlo and Alterative. For consunipt Ives It ft invaluable. I'iHUINE'S
FURK I1AHLEY MALT WII I8KGY insures a return of vigor to tho stomach, u good
appetite, a rich and abundant blood and Increased flesh and muscular tissue. A
stimulant mild and gentle in effect. Dyspepsia, Indigestion and all wasting din
cases ca bo ertirely conquered by the use or I'ernne's 1 me III rley alt Whiskey.
It Is a tonlo nd dmretiu and a powerful strcngthencr to the entire system. l'KIt
IHNE'8 I'UltK liAHLKY HALT willbKm has rroM'd a medicinal protection to
those who pursuo their avocations In tLS open sir and whose dally work calls It
excepUonal powere of endurance. Ask jour nearest druggist or grocer for lor
1'EItltINE'SPintEUAKLKY MALT WllIbKH" revives the energies of those worn
out with excesslvo tndlly or mental effort and acts as a safeguard against exposure
in wet and rigorous weather. It win drlvo all malartr us diseases from the system.
liara worKers 01 every vocation ana persons wnum n reuuumry mu rt-nuera prone to
uyBpepsia nna in rernne-s l'ure uaney
Malt Whiskey a powerful mvlgorant
ana aciper 10 aigesviou. rjiaiiurjvo
and helper to digestion. FUKKINE'S
without undulv stimulating the kid.
n-ys Increases their ttagtjtng activity,
counteractBlhe effects of fatigue, has
tens convalescence and 13 a wholesome
and prompt diuretic. Watch the label I
None genuine unless bearing the signature
The analvsis as It arncara by the Lai
.Dei on every uuuiu: luave carciuii an
alyzed theFcaa IUbi.ev Milt wms
ikt made by M. 4 J. K rerrlne and Ilndl
u entirely tree imin ihbci uii. lunuroi,
metals and acids and Is ab.-oluUMj
pure." Signed, Camilla Arthur Matrr,
Geneva and Wtitbaden
, K01 bate oy an dm) 1st
and grocers-throughou
the united states and
I an
does cure
Afrous fttadr
ache, it will
cure YOU
JflilJit on
hat y
Centc -fa
tlF.fl rtlftkA.t
vBk, um rMi fwt mimrmS
Pennsylvania Railroad.
Philadelphia & Erie R. R, Divis
ion, and Northern Central
tIme taIle.
In effect May so, 1887. Trains leave Banbury
9.40 a. m.. Sea Hhare Einress raallv ezcect I
Dunaarj, ior uamsourx anainwrmcaiateBiauocs, i
arriving at rmiAaeipiuas.iop. m. ; new lora, i
8.20 d. m. : Baltimore. 3.10 d. m. : Washington.
B.50 p. m., connecting at Philadelphia for all 8ea I
Shore points. Through passenger ooach to
1.43 n. m. Day exnresE
daily eicept Sunday), for llarrtsbure and Interme
diate stations, arrlvlnz at Philadelphia!
6.50 p. m. ; New York, S.35 p. m. ; Baltimore I
e,45 p. m. ; Washington, 1.45 p. in. Parlor car I
tnrougn 10 rnuaaeipma ana passengvr coacnes I
luruuKn 10 1 uiiftueipuia aau Baltimore.
, p. 111. ut-uuvu Accummoaauuu tunny
tor liarrlsburg and all Intermediate stations, arriv
ing at Philadelphia 4.S5 a. m. -.New York 7.10 a. m.
u.uiuiuio, .u , 11 nouiugiuu w w n. ui. ,
Sleeping car accommodations can be secured at
llarrlsburgforPhlladelptlaand New York. On Sun
days a through sleeping car will be run; on this
train from Wllflamsptto 1'hlladelnhla.PhlladelDhU
passengers con remalnlnsleeper undisturbed untl I
7 a.m. a. m. Erie Mall (daily excent Monday.
fa- Harrlsburcr and Intermediate stations,
sieving at. i-niiaaeipma a.a a, m. new lorx,
ll.Su m. : Baltimore 8.15 a. m. : Washington. 11.30
a. m. Through Pullman Bleeping can are run on
mis irain 10 i-miaampuia, iiaiumore ana wasning:
ton, and through passenger ooaobesto Fhlladel-
pma ana u&iiimure-
B.iua. m. Erie Mall (dallv excent Bnndavl. to
nno ai-j uii iuiiiueuiaia buluuub ana L.uuauuiu
guaard Intermediate stations, Hocbester, Buffs-
iu&uu magma runs, wim mrouKn ruiiman rai
aue care auu ptuuwuger coacuea 10 ne ana iiuvu-
.13 News Express raauy except Hunoay) tor
tck iiavea aua iniermeuiaia stations.
12.62 n. m. Niagara Exoress (dsllr excent Uun-
vi for Kane and Intermediate stations and Can.
a oalirua and principal Intermediate stations.
It Chester, Buffalo and Niagara Falls with,
through passenger coaches to Kane and Itochester
and larlor car to WUIlAmswirt.
O.SU p. m. rasi unn (aany except Bunaayuor no-1
HUTU auu mieruicuiaia stauuns, auu 'bimirn, wal
king and Intermediate stations, n 1th through pas
senger coaches to ltenovo and watklns. a. m. Sunday mall for Kenovo and intermo-
aiate Biaiiop-
Sunday mall leaves Fhlladelnbla 4.80 a. m
Harrlsbunr 7.40 arriving at uunbury 0.20 a. m. with
through sleeping car from Philadelphia to wu-
News Exoress leaves Phlladelnhla 4.S0 a.m.
liarrlsburg, 8.10 a. ra. dally except Sunday
arriving at Sunburr O.H. a. m.
maara impress leaves
Philadelphia, 7.40 a. m. : Baltimore 7.30 a. m. (dally
except sunda) arriving at Sunbury, n.68 p. in.,
witn luruutfu rsnor car rrom ruuoaeipnia
auu luruuitu fjasocukcr tuuuuoa truui runauvi
poia ana uauunurc.
Kast Line leaves Now York (.00 a. m. ; Fhlladel
Dhla. 11.50 a. m. l Washington. 9 so a. in. ! Haiti.
more, 10,45 a. ro., (dully except Sunday) arriving at
ouuuuij u.ou . iu., nun tiuuuuu JIUQCUKXI
ououucd irum i uiiuucipum uua uaiuuiure.
isne Hsu leaves rew xoricp.uup. m. ; t'uiiaaei
Dhla. 11.23 D. m. i Washington. 10.00 p. m. : Haiti.
more, 11.20 p. in., (dally cxcept.saturdav) arriving
at Sunbury 5.10 a. in., with through 1-ulluan
SleepUig cars from Philadelphia, Washington and
ujuimuru auu turuugu pawi-uiftr uuacueu iron?
llirnii: lit l.WAV.
(Bally except bunuay.)
WUkcabarre Ma I leates Hunburr 8.53 a. m.
arriving at Bloom ferry iat a. m., Wilkes-barre I
1S.1U If. UI.
Wllkes-Barre aecon. loates Sunbury 2.3 p m, ar-
riving atllloom Kerrr S:fil; Wlllrc.lliii-re. tt:fHI n m.
Ksuress East leaves bunbury 6.35 p. in., arriving
at Bloom Kerry 0.2S p. m., wtlkes-barre T.ts p. m
Sunbury Mall leaves Wllkesbarre 10.23 a. in. am v.
leg at Bloom Ferry li.M a. m.,Hunbury 12.43 p. in
EipreasWest Itates Wllkes-barre2.U) p. m., ar
riving at Bloom Ferry 4.12 p. m., sunbury MOp.m
v avawissu avcom. mates nt-suupeca D;to p in, ar
il log at Bloom Ferry s.tM p in; sunbnry, :2t p in.
Bole agents of the fol
lowing Dranus ui
Alexaner Bros. & Co.,
Bloomsburg, Pa.
will be
Market Prices
as follows:
Respectfully informs bin friends and public Generally that bo has refitted
liis pinning mill. In addition to tlm planing mill work he is now prepared to
I Ornish to order doors and inside finish for houses.
veneered with all our native woods, also foreign woods, suoh as Mahogany,
Iioeewood,fco., &), All hard wood Mouldings is used for Veneered Doors and
Inside Finish. All work shall bo Guaranteed; Water-proof Gluo is used for
vi iicering all our Doors and Casings, Hso Boards, &o., &o. Also Walnut,
Ash, Sycamore, Oak, Butternut, Maple, Cherry, Poplar, Veneers, for sale at tho
.mu, six to tea itct loug, bis to imriy incues wiae,
T. W. EU6AB.
Tb follow 1 ne booki rt publlhtJ lo nM MiphUt form, printed from good rtUbl tjr on rood
mar unit mini nt thm havnrlavimal i11nafrai.Ajt f, .ttv.n.. . Vl" "
llili.d la tnr Una lugaif. sad lumlih la Ui uuui of tb. PtopW is opportunltr to
llur.tur. of tlw air u th. moat , ttldlor (ipuim. la mj othir ,.r),i ti.itt ( worli wuuM toil bmdi
Uni tha price at which lby an Mr oSml, Bach gn u compUuln Itisir:
Tk.l41l.l-.lfcML K.,.I. ltunCM,Jf,
m il itlf A'nX- iOua .
' .
J'lir. i K.,.1, , In. TT. 1-I..C I
Vttitf U LllMS. A H.f d. a ft. Mllii ( m Dort
i., mmmi nmwh a vov.i, ii Hrklml
W.un. UmMt.i!. '
Tk.I .Wr.r'. Innl. AK...I. BlUluU. I.
...V WVVJiXX!,!'.'- ,,k'u " M-
AU'lehrJUItl. A Kt.l, tj Mill Cioil U.r. '
. hmdr Wl worth' DltHiak A ml. Br "Tiw
If at w e "T w Slat, A Vovtl r tb uthr tor
Thw NIm r lle.rta. AKoi.l. I) 7 8.L.r.uiew, .
VwrU Fortune A fcoitl. St Fiomhcs Whii,
Tht flwllt Mlwr. AMMlL Hrl'lLUlLLI.I.
MMt IInh, 1 Nutl, Dr Un. Hiiit Wwat. T
A FUywrisht' pwux-Ur.
A KT1. Br Mri. BUT.Ticto.
toloi dMcnptiaB dA lllitiirtitloii r ttta auMl wftmitrtI
wrhlof Btlsrtj !&. Vary lattrtitlic &d Initrucllvt,
W ! f lbs A alMcrlpilou vf the mtty wo4tr
fJ i UtttUol tlilsia touui t tb Ullou frlthfocMs.wlttt
nrM mmii. '
'A Vltumr Kiertl," nl OUrr BkrUhr. Br
H Jeiua liui't Viiv." A colivetlun tif trrwtiUtJj tanut
tKuM r I" uni ppia( usiuoroK wrltar sillt day,
Thw Await Kcttlwa trr. trCt4 lvvT4,
f"lii Uucc bocBuasIa 11 A tuoal rldknlwiuly fun or
4Trrw ulto "WI4w rUilutt."
CkrulMki HUrlea. it twakLta pieitai. Cui
RSwiUr of lb MfMlcbaiaaits CtirMlnaa atorW twtt
Tr wrttUM
f.acnoB uoomll.
7 tbf raalaal a
UaK.Jtk. I
wmIm Bi liiui. for l
pulr lltMltatlttM ad llMwr. bsnrM. drn
tUand Mthttlc, lncln4lBg all IhalataaT, 11 4 bmI (wpnlaf,
TfcfcaUlf.Hd Mw f lp)rrai 11 Mr. CtonUlai a.
if alia a4 tlcrphk4r lane mU nail Autf kaka,fra U
Vnl rrauktl ta U il.
rMallUr QUlUa CntlilnttbarilM ?
lp of wan j lLraM fjatlr ua U r4l 4 (MWI
q, A tiiuUi vrk r taftranc.
Law Llfi Ii hi Tark. A fU of tM i plelutt
owlb u tat k alia cf lira I Ik ral dir. Uulrauaal.
. Tk UomA U WmIU. Mot adrarlldax clftUt,
rt Uorowfftlr ft ac Ileal 'work, boUii u a wj ,t
wjbtcb11 trutr anaatowMr. Ullr, rtfllr 4 ha&MUr.
00 Iliiadr4 raiir Ka, Blla.aiIllkU
A4 CO(,lcUrtIk iut ftf th Uv.Htti, Bi U,
tifN.rr llrlr. A Kaitl. By Ura. Mil liu fLBkli.
A Hrtrv4 l,ll.AAHoal. ili Utkioif Hakiakk.
iri jaaa Mrila)i A Bml, Mr. All B.
Ua alra. iLtinuli.
AHt1a firktra, Aai
LakfAkUr! C'Abln.
. rUrm IflulM Oatb.
A. Da mail a. JUulrjj.
1 k WwMkw IlkUr, AKoTal, By Dr.J.H. Ucamaoi,
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