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J S BITTErnn,""0"0""1
BLOQMSBTTRG. PA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1885.
TUB COLUMBIAN, VOL. X1X.NOC
UOLOMMA DCMOUHAT, VOL.XLVIII, NO 60
r E. WALLER,
Olllco over 1st. National Dank.
Office In Knt's Building.
JUdTlOK Of THE PEACE.
utuce over Moycr Bros. Drug Btore.
1 W. MILLER,
iJfllce la Uruwer'a bulldlag.secondUoor.rooni No.l
union corner ot Centre and Main btmets. Clark j
Can be consulted In German.
EO. E. EL WELL,
New Cot-cuBUN liciLDina, llloomsburg, Pa.
lIomDer of the United States Law Association.
Collections made In any part of America or Bu
ropo. pAUL E. WIRT,
.Office In Columbian Duildino, lloom No. i, second
8. CKOBR. L. S. WINTORSTKEH.
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
omce In 1st National Dank building, second floor,
nrst door to the left, Corner of Main and Market
streets Bloomsburg, Pa.
SSfFensions and Bounties Collected.
J II. MAIZE,
Office In Mateo's bulldiyg over Blllmeycr's grocery.
JOHN 0. YOCUM,
Office In Nbws Iteu building, Main street,
ittember of tho American Attorneys' Assocla
('olSe'ctlons made In any part of America.
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and 5.
-yy. II. RIIAWN.
omce, corner ot Third and Main streets.
Attorncy-utLaw, Berwick. Pa.
Cn Bo Consulted In German.
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
6fi"01Hco first door below the post olllcc.
. HAUKLEY, Attorney-ut-Luw
, oruco 1 grower's building, lind siory.Konma
I). McKELVY, M. D.,8urgeou andPhy
. sleian.north side Main Btreot.below Market
L. FRITZ. Attorney-al-Law. Office
. in Columbian Building.
Q U. DUINKER, GUN is LOCKSMITH
oi.i's Machines nnd Machinery of oil kinds re
iiruu. opkra House BuUdlnf, Bloomsburg, Pa.
R. J.O. R UTTER.
Office, Mrtti Market street,
, Moomsbuu, Pn
DR. WM. M. REBEH, Surgeon and
PhyOclan. Offlco corner ot Buck and Market
J It. JSVANS, M. D., tiurgeou and
.Phyalc.an.tumce ana Residence on Thlra
yy 11 HOUSE,
Jii.ooMSBuna, Columbia County, Pa.
i-Viatyles ot work done In a superior manner, work
warrauicaa representea, tebtu .xthaut
u wiiuoot Pain by the use of Uas, and
treeot charge when artlflclal toetU
Jfflce in Columbian building, 2nd lloor.
Jo be open at all hours during the oaj
TTMIEAS BROWN'S INSURANCE
Jj agency. Moyer's new building, Main stroet,
a:tna Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn 7,078,siO
lioyal of Liverpool.. 13,500,1)00
Fire Association, Philadelphia 4,itW7io
Phoenix, or London tywiTtt
Lonuon s Lancashire, 01 cngianu i,,u-.,.u
Hartford of Haitfoid! s,ara,u60
sprlngneld 1'lie and Marine 2,032,580
As tho agencies are direct, policies are written
for the Insured without delay lutha omce at
Bloouibburg. Oct. Sa, 'HI-
iCUlllSTlAN P. KNAPP, BLOOMUBUWt.PA,
HOME, OF N. Y.
MEHCHANTb', OF NEWA11K, N. J.
CLINTON, N. Y.
PKOPLES' N. Y.
Thcfce iild coKroBAiioNs are well seasoned by
age and fiub i&srsu and have never jet had a
loss bettled by any court of law. '1 heir assets are
all Invested In soliu btci'MTiEa are liable to tho
hazard ot kiub only.
Loases rKOMi-rLy and iiohestly adjusted and
Eald as boon as determined by Cubistian r.
nut, srecial aobnt anu adjcsieu bl0ums1iuku,
The people of Columbia county should patron
lie the ugeney w here losses It any tu a bettled and
paid by oiio of ther own citizens,
PHOMPTNLhS, EQUITY, 1'AlIt DEAUNQ.
BEPHKSBNTB TUB FOLLOWING
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
North American of Philadelphia,
yranklln, " "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, of Pennsylvania.
Hanover, ot N. Y.
Queens, ot London.
North British, ot London.
Office on Market scioet, No, 9, Bloomsburg.
oct. 14, I"
i EXCHANGE HOTEL.
HVI, All A. UUUU, llliViXUMJlull
II flrco and convenient sample rooms, luth rooms
f (and cold water, and all n
2L.1 J! 131
Hpalfh nnii HanninpSQ h
9 DO AS OTHERS
I OCr- HAVE DONE.
Aro your Kidneys disordered?!
Kitlnrjf Wort biuuijht mo froui my irnitf mil'
wrtr, ni ter I Itmt Ix-rn pit rn un hy H iM.'Btii.M'tnr in ,
Uctrolt." M W, Deveiaui. Mecluinic, louiu, Mlcli. i .
Aro your nervoswonk?
.kl lui y Wvit euro! mo fruin ntTVftiin wiaknot.'
.n't r 1 not iixvtcl tolln."-Mpf. M. II. B,l
UutHiwm, chrutfan Monitor CkTclnml, n. h.
Hrivo you BriRht's Disease??
"Iviaijcy i niN i ) when my wtier nMjuetli
like uluaiE ouj tatn WWo blood."
Fiank Mi'iifoti, reatodj, JIum. Ef
, Suffering from Diabetes? '1
"KUnjT-WortH tin most pufsrul rcuicdj I Into
ever UAaU Ulvc almost Inimwtlritij rrlicf.'
Pr, I1l!lllp U, Dalluu, Monktnn, t.
Ilave you Liver Complaint? '
'UidnejAvort ctimt mo tt chronio Lirtr I)laPA6es
llenry Wurit, Jnte Cftl. Mth Kat Ouanl, W. T.
I'-t your Back lnme and achimj?
i J 'royWort.il bvttlo) cured 1110 rlnu 1 wajou
U-jo 1 lial to loll out or
0, M. 'fatljiar, lt.lw6ultw VT1,
Hrivo you Kidney Disonso?
. ' yUort niado mo noun I inWi r ami kiilnt
f r phm of Hnsucpfsnful ' nt oritur, lis noith
( j.t 3.l,-a.im,i llodj-C!!, WiLixuujtottO, ct,t Viu
Are you Constipatod? ;
"KMi y-Wou rat'-c e-t y eiflLuiUloim ntidfti V,
rao ,ticr 13 y.ar4 v 1 cc o'her mrrii' net,
, :i.lon rali clillJ, hi. .I a. t.
Havo you Malaria?
rou c i have etir ui it i vy nrnttW
iT6 unnv inner i mii
buuto llc-o. h
Aro you Bilious? f
' I7I.r,ey-'Vortlia5 danomo mcro gwl than i ttf
ol. i r rtmedy I li.ivo pcr tak n.M
Mrs. J. T. '.rulluw uy, Elk Hat, Ore j or. L
f'Aro you tormented v?ith PileS'i?
W KlrlfiPV.Uort txmimi.iiff ( - I i rtf I.ld.-rtiw
I-lli'S. lir."V. (1. in no irr i I i ,
Ceo. II. HorjJtCahh w( a ..i. M. ol tn-'o,
ti Aro you Rheumatism jacked?;
J "U'dny-Vort run i iiif. afi i ,' u,t t.
OiO vy jiiibiciOF! i nnu i it ii ;i n tin' '
Lndies, aro you GUfforing?
"KMneT.Wuit ciifLtl mo if twn Kill' lro(.Joi
ilpffieralyt'ar.btin'!!' . i:any fi ! 1 4 v p -i m j .
H it.' lln. IL I.Mcuax, JM Iivttu. '.T.
ifllf you -vroukl Bnnisl: Dijctr:
H 1 nnd fjiia Ho.-.Uii, Tnif
r 1 4
Hi, Q. BsMemaxi,
number and gas ntter. licar of Schuyler's liMd-
All kinds of nttlnus for steam, gas and water
pipes constantly on nana.
Hoofing and spouting attended to at shore no-
Tinware of every description made to order.
Orders left at Schuyler Co's., liardwaie Htore
will bo promptly ailed.
Special attention given to heating by steam and
BY MAIL POST-PAID.
L Croat Medical Work on Manhood.
Exhausted Vitality, Nervous nnd Physical Debil
ity, Premature Decl no in Man. Errors ot Youth,
and the untold miseries resulting from Indiscre
tion orexcest.es. A book for ewry man, young,
middle-aged and old. It contains 125 prescriptions
for all acute and chronic diseases, each one or
which Is invaluable. Bo found by the Author, whose
experience for 23 years Is such as probably never
before fell to the lot of any physician. 300 pages,
bound In beautiful I'rcncu muslin, embossed
covers, full gilt, guaranteed to bo a nner work In
every sense mechanical, literary and professional
than any other work sold In this country for 12.50,
or the money will be refunded in every Instance,
l'rlce only il. 00 by mall post-paid. Illustrative
sample 6 cents. Send now Gold medal awarded
tho author by the National Jledlcal Association, to
tho onicers of which he refers.
Tho science of Lite should bo read by the youn"
for instruction, and by tho afflicted tor relief, ft
will benellt all Umam Lanat.
There Is no member of toclety to whom Tho
Science of Llto will not bo useful, whether youth,
parent, guardian, Instructor or clergyman. Ar
gonaut, Address tho l'eabody Jledlcal Institute, or Dr
W. II. l'arker. 0. 4 HulBnch htroet. Boston. Mass..
who may bo consulted on all diseases requiring
skill and experience. Chronic and obstinate diseas
es and that liavo oameu tne 11 1,' , I skim 01
another physicians a spo rlJjiVJj clalty.
Such treated successful riir I vc SI 11
wlthoulan lnsnncoof LJJL 1 OJUiljl ;fall
ure. Mention this paper.
Jan. SMw d
B nfants nnd Children
What kIs our Children roiy cheeks.
What cures their fevers, makes them sleep;
When Babies fret, and cry by turns.
What cures their colic, tills their worms.
What nulcklr etirei ConRtloatton.
Sour Stomach, Colds, Indigestion
Farewelt then to Morphine Syrurs,
Castor Oil and Paregoric, and
" Castoria 1 to well adapted to Chlldrta
that I rocommend It superior to any medi
cine known to me." II. A. Abcuib, M.D..
Ill So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
An nlitolnte euro for Hhou-
matism, Spraini. Palu in the
Baok, Burns, Galls, &o, Aniix
stantAneons Pain- reliovor.
"YyAINWHIGUT & CO.,
rEAb, STHUP8, OOlfFBE, 8U0 All, MOLlBStS
N, B. Corner Second nnd Arch streets.
rrOrders win receive iromnt attf ntln
Obtained and all patent business attended to for
our omce is onposuo tne u, . nucni umce, anu
we can obtain PatunM lu less time than those re
mote from Washington
Bent model 0 drawing. We advise as to pat.
entablllty fieo of charge, and wo uuke no charge
UIIK'SS IMlt'Ub IS KTLimi.
Wo refer here, to the Postmaster, the Supt. ot
!icn"y order Blv., and to otttclals of the U. 8.
Patent Offlco. ror circular, advice, terms and
references to actual clients Injour own Btateor
County, write to
OpiKistte Patent Office, Washington, l). 0,
THE MUSICAL UAH.
It wns Motnliiy inoi n'ui in Hcdttono
street. Tho boarders wem inclined lo
bo cross on Monday mornings tbnt
was perbnps inBi'jiarnblr from tlio weak
nesses of humanity. Tho wnsli.boller
was big, and tho stove was little that
was perhaps the reason that so many
extra toiN came upon Mrs. Moody's
slender shoulders of a Monday. Hut
when tho breakfast, with its endless
criticisms and perpetual fault-finding.
linil come to an end. Air. Moody car
lied u little tray into Major Peek's
Tho Major was a littlo lamo and a
good deal hypochondriacal, and always
brcaklastou in Ins own room, uo was
particular, and consequently occupied
the best room in the house.
Tho major was a tall, fino looking
man, with nn imposing presence, a
good deal of bald forehead, and a great
aptitudo at Scripture quotations, and
all tho neighbors said what a comfort
it must bo to Mrs. Moody to havo such
They did not know that tho major
was a sort of distant cousin of the do
ceased Mr. Moody, and did not consi
der it necessary to pay bis board very
regularly on that account. But he
t;avc her a good deal of excellent ad
vice, and was always ready to toll her
when there was anything wrong about
"So kind of him to take such an in
terest in mo !" said the little widow
The major had brushed tho two
wisps of hair crosswiso over tho peak
of bis bald head this morning, eologned
his ooeket handkerchief, and trimmed
his tilbeit-shapcd finger nails to perfec
tion, and ho was waiting in the big
easy-chair for his breakfast full fivo
minutes before it arrived.
"You'ro lato this morning, Mrs
Moodv." he observed, reproachfully.
"I am a littlo late," apologetically
confessed Mrs. Moodv. "lint barah
Jane was behindhand. There's a regu
lar Scotch mist in the air, and tho kitch
en chimney would not draw. Try a
new boiled caa, major. And the rath
er of bacon is good, I know, for I cook
ed it myself.
"Humph ! humph !" said the major.
You ought to be a littlo particular
with vour breakfasts, airs. Moody
'They are tho initial meal of tho day,
you know. This coffee is not as good
as usual. It isn't real Java, Mtb.
Moody ; it tastes like Maracaibo."
"I paid Java prico for it," said Mrs.
LMoody, meekly ; "and the grocer war
"You can never depend upon what
tliese tradespeople say," grunted the
major, with his mouth full of egg and
bacon. "By-the-way, is it possible,
Mrs. Moody, that you have taken that
opera man into your llnrd-story nan
bedroom ? I heard it but I couldn't
Tarint; my mind to believo it.''
"He isn't a singer, major," pleaded
the trembling Mrs. Moody. "And ho
doesn't play the flute or the cornet. I
took particular pains to inquire all
alwut that. He's engaged in writing
a musical book something which is to
be quite wonderful and m the mean
time tio supports himself by playing the
third violin in tho theatre j for he is
very poor and "
"fowl snorted tno mojor, sctung
down tim cup of despised Maracaibo ;
"in yotir circumstances, Mrs. Moody,
you've sio business taking poor board
ers." "Yes, I know it, major, but he has
been sick, and ho looks so palo and
"There it is again!" cried Major
Peck. A woman is so easily taken in.
I tell jou, Mrs. Moody, the man is an
impostor, and so you'll find it."
"Dear, deai!" said Mrs. Moody, tho
startled tears coming into her faded
"And if you will not take my ad
vice," said tho major, waxing momen
tarily more iriitable, "you must expect
to abide tho consequences. This toast
is charred absolutely burned to a
crisp. Tako it away Mrs. Moody do
tako it awav ! My breakfast is spoil
ed!" "But what am I to do about the new
boarder?" said Mrs. Moody desparing
lv. " "Do!" shouted tho major. "Turn
him out of doors! That's tho only thing
to do. Take away this toast, I say !
It's a perfect outrage on civiliza
To Mrs. Moody tho major s dictum
was beyond appeal ; and after she had
had her usual morning altercation with
the butcher, she crept timidly up to tho
third-story hall bedroom, to intorview
tho musical man.
Mr. Morion was writing on the cor
ner of his wash-stand, with his shabby
great-coat on, and a pocket handker
chief tied around his neck. His palo,
grave countenance sottened tho land
Tadv's heait at once, as ho courteously
rose up and bowed
"You havo como for tho week's board
in ndvance." said he. "Pardon me.but
our manager does uot pay until Saturday
night. It is not pleasant to coniessones
"Uli. never iniun, n. iuuuuy,
ill in a flutter. "I i only came to
soo if thero was plenty of fresh towels.
And if you hud it cold writing hero,
sir, I'm suie you're very welcome to
bring your worn uown to tno parior,
WneiO lucre is u huuu
Mr. Morton smiled and bowed.
"Yes." lie admitted, "it is cold with
out a fire, in November, and I cannot
afford tho extra expenso ot coal at
present." (He glanied at his bluo fin
gers and shivered a littlo.) if it is uot
to great a liberty, I will avail myself
of your kind offer."
And Mrs. Moody felt comparatively
happy when she saw tho musical man
diligently writing, at her south window,
in tho soft atmosphere rf tho glowing
Hut Mis Hacquet and her daughter,
tho geutcelest boarders in tho house,
took vehement exceptions to this now
"I'm not particular," said tho for
mer, with a toss of her head s "but this
is really a littlo too much 1 A man who
plavs in tho orchestra ol a tliird-raio
"But ho Is very respectable, ma'am,
I assure you,1' said Mrs. Moody, eager-
y..r t i ...
"now am i to Know iiiut i Bum
Mis. Bacquct, taitly. "I declare, I
was mortified to deatli when Mrs. Law
yer Leakington came to call, and found
him perched up in tho corner 1 And
Malissa and I shall lind it necessary to
change our boarding house, if this sort
of thing is to continue."
'Mr. Moilon is a centleman! said
Mrs. Moody, roused into temporary
spirit. "Ho has an equal right with
yourself in tho parlorl''
Mrs. Kacquet and Miss Melissa gave
warning at once.
Mrs, Moody did not care. Miss Jen
kins, tho district school teacher, turned
up her nose and left tho houso.
"Sho wasn't over-citical,'' she said j
"but there were some thincs which no
one could stand!''
One by ono tho boarders dropped
way, and Major Peck grew deeply in
dignant. 'Mis. Moody," he said, "I wonder
at vou, nfter nil my advico and coun
sel!" "You wouldn't have mo turn this
poor man out of doors, now, of all
times, when he's ill with malarial
feveit" snid the widow.
"Yes, I would!'' said the major tout
Hut, for once, Mrs. Moody disregard
cd his advice.
The nmical man was very ill, in
deed so ill that ho would undoubtedly
havo dieil without his landlady's care
ful nursing and unremitted attention.
But tho major never went near his fellow-boarder.
"If Mrs. Moody bad taken my
advice, ho said, "sho never would
havo got herself into this dilemma.
Now let her manago tiie best way that
Tho musical man, however, did not
die. He lost his position in tho orches
tra, of course. Ho was without means
to meet his doctor's bill ; but Doctor
Hayden was a benevolent soul, and de-
claieil that ho could wait until tho pro
fits from the uncompleted volume should
It was tho first of February, when at
last Mr. Morton was able once more to
creep down stairs to tho sunny par
lor window, where, by way of welcome'
Mrs. Moody had placed a pot of bloss
oming blue hyacinths.
"How can I ever thank you for all
your care V said lie, earnestly.
"Tho littlo widow burst into tears.
"I I don't mind it!" said she, "as
loug-as long as you are well once more.
If you had died "
And thero sho stopped short, and
"Is it so ?" said tho musical man, in
that soft, deep tenor of his. "Is there
any ono who really cares whether I live
or die !"
"I do!" whispered Mrs. Moody, with
a fresh burst of tears.
It would bo difficult to describe ex
actly how it happened. Middle-aged
love-making is never exactly like the
testacies of youth. But it transpired,
somehow, that Mr. Morton laid his
heart at Mrs. Moody's feet, and she
confessed that she had learned to lovo
him during that time when she and
Death stood together over his pil
"You are my guardian angel!" said
"A poor ono enough," sho murmured,
"Oil, 1 wish, for your sake, Paul, that
I weio younger and prettier!"
"You aro beautiful in my sight!" lie
relumed, with emphasis. "Your eyes
were the hrst that beamed hope and
cheer upon mo your heart was the
first that softened to my woes. Sweet
heart, tho flower which blooms at noon
tido may surely bo as sweet as the
They were still talking thus, when
Mrs. Moody caught sight of a letter on
"Oh, I forgot!" she cried. "Tho
postman ! And it was a letter for you,
Paul. A foreign letter."
"A foreign letter, eh? That is spme
thing which does not often greet my
eyes," said he. "And it. has a black
Ho broke it open and read it, while
unconscious Mrs. Moody trimmed tho
dead blossoms of her hyacinth plant
witli a dainty pair of scissors.
"Mollie," ho said, suddenly, "read
this. Henceforward I havo no secrets
It was simple enough, and yet how
marvelous! An accident in a Swiss
railway train, an apoplectic fit.carryitig
off a rich banker in London, and tho
two lives which intervened between
Paul Morton and a fortune had bten
removed, almost tho same day.
Tho musical man, disinherited by
his family, becauso of his devotion to
art jerred by his relatives becaiuo lie
resolutely remained true touiusio was
rich at lat.
Mrs. Moody grew palo.
"You you won't caro for mo jio,"
said she. "Oh, Paul, I am sorry ! and
yet, I ought to bo glad.''
"On tho contrary," ho said, tenderly;
"I caro for you moro than ever. My
jewel ! I can place you in a fit setting
Of courso all this mado a creat sen
sation in Itedstono street. Thero were
plcanty to declare that they had known
all along that Paul Morton was a born
aristocrat. Thero were pleanty to as
sort that Mrs. Moody was a scheming
plotter, isut neither ot tho pair cared
a straw what pcoplo said :
Mrs. Moody Bold out tho lease and
good will of tho establishment in Red
stone street, and went to England with
her husband, the happiest of forty-year-old
AVhilo Major Peck polished his
eve-glasses with the corner of a silk
handkerchief, and murmured, thought
"No onu will ever suit mo with an
omeletto as Mrs. Moody did. And I've
got to settle up my board bill regularly
now, or I shall get a notice lo quit. It's
a terrible nuisance terriblu I 1 always
meant to marry that woman myself.
But tho mus'cal man somehow man
aced to get ahead of me. Saturday
Dr. Spurgcon is fond of smoking.
Ho says that if anybody could show
him in the Biblo the command, "Thou
shalt not smoke,1' ho was ready to keep
it. "1 limy no said, "ten command
raonts, and it's as much as I can do to
keep them i and I've no desire to
make them into eleven or twelve.
Why, a man may think it a sin to havo
his boots blackened. Well, then, let
him glvo it up and havo the in white
washed. I wish to say that I am not
nHhumcd of anything whatever that 1
do j I don't think smoking makes mo
ashamed, nnd therefore I mean to
Orators of Congress Their Many Ways of
rrepanng anil Delivering Bpeeohes.
Tho men most eminent for their
power of oratory in recent Congresses,
however, havo spurned tho use of man
uscript. The lato Senator Carpenter,
whom many regarded as tho most fas
cinating speaker of recent years in
Congress, despised n written speech.
Ho once said that he might as well
shut himself up in nu iron cage, and
try lo talk through the bars. Ho be
lieved in preparation, but not in pre
scription. Mr. Conkling, while in the
Senate, never laid his manuscript open
on his desk. Never read u speech,
and, iiko Mr. uarpenter, never nesita
ted for a word. Yet both ihcso ora
tors never spoke without preparation
Mr. Edmunds seldom makes lonu
speeches, rarely exceeding fifteen min
utes, tie speaks always extempora
neously, and never revises tho steuog
raphcr's notes or proof slips. John
Sherman does not write his speeches ;
neither does lien. Jjogau nor (senator
Tho three most voluble Senators,
Beck, Morgan, and Plumb, neither
writo nor specially prepare their
speecues, excepting to gather their
fact'. None of theso thiee, however,
makes any claim to the possession of
oratorical powers, though each is sin
gular in one respect. Mr. Plumb is
tho most rapid speaker who has been
in the Senato for many years. Ho
and Senator Beck are tho only men
who over taxed Mr. Murphy's power
us a stenographer to tho fullest, and
many think Mr. Murphy is tho most
rapid stenographer in tho world. Mr.
Plumb's words aro emitted with leritio
speed. Ho sometimes uttets as many
as 250 in a minute. Mr. Beck, while
scarcely less rapid, speaks less clearly
than Mr. Plumb, so that his words
sound just as tho posts of a Virginia
teneo look to a man sitting at tho win
dow of a lightning express. Mr. Mor
gan's speech is rapid, Hows as continu
ously as a running brook, with much
the same pleasantly bubbling sound.
He never prepare or revises his
speeches. They appear in the liecord
precisely as ho delivers them, and yet
Mr. Mtirpby siys that ho never yet has
found in them an uror of grammar or
of dictiou, and that as specimens of
pure, classic English they are unex
celled by the speeches of any Senator.
Mr. Bayard does not read his speeches,
but with these exceptions almost all
the others do. It did cause his Indana
friends somo astonishment when Mr.
Voorliees first unrolled his manuscript,
but tho custom is now confirmed with
him. Mr. Pendleton, too, whoso ora
tory used to bo a delight to his Ohio
f i "lends, now reads his speeches.
In long debates upon the tariff bill
in the House, both last winter and the
proceeding session, witli hardly an ex
ception, tho speeches were road from
manuscript. Speaker Carlisle, two
years ago, Judge Kelley and Mr Ran
dall were the only members of promi
nonce who did not read their speeches.
This habit has had one effect that is
inevitable; it gies tho speech reader
very slim audiences generally. The
essays aro read in a monotonous and
almost inaudible tone, and the cases
where a speech that is lead is accom
panied by any of the graces of elocu
tion aie very rare. Judged by tho ac
cepted standards of oratory, hardly a
member of Congress who reads his
speeches can be ranked as an orator.
Cousidciing those men who havo re
pute as speakers, it will bo found that
a great difference exists between them
in respect to their method of preparing
a speech of consequence. Mr. Carpen
ter spent days in tho most exhaustive
study of his'subject matter. Ho went
at his work like a German scholar. He
has been known to spend fifty-eight
hours at a timo in his library, snatch
ing but a few moments' sleep. Books
and all other authorities were ransack
ed, and ho studied his subject from all
sides. But ho never gavo a moment's
thought to the arts of oratory. After
writing out a complete syllabus, ho re
garded himself as thoroughly prepared.
Very much after the same manner
Senator Conkling prepared his spet di
es. Both were in tho habit of keeping
their power of fluent diction unimpair
ed by daily reading of some of the
English classics. Mr. Conkling's el
bow companion is a Webster's una
Senator Edmunds' solo preparation
for a speech is tho reading of authoii
ties, 1I seldom makes any notes ex
cept for reference lo the authorities,
and never writes out a speech, either
in full, or in part. Mr. Thurman's
method of preparation was almost iden
tical with that of Senator Edmunds.
Mr. Blaine, on tho other hand, not
only very carefully prepared himself
by exhaustive study on tho subject
matter, but also weighed his sentences,
writing and rewriting some of them
many times. Many of his speeches
were fully written out before delivery,
although he did not always confine
himself to his notes when on the lloor.
Mr. Gaifiela took infinitu pains with
his speeches, prepaiing them as much
witli a view to the rhetorical effect as
to their subject matter.
Mr. Carlisle owes his prominence in
tho House to tho inlinito pains with
which ho prepared himself for his
speeches, especially that on tho Re
funding bill Jour years ago, which put
him in tho front rank, and that on the
tariff. This preparation, however,
went no further than an exhaustive
study of tho original data. Ho accept
ed no mau's figures, but prepared his
own from tho official statistics. For
weeks and weeks he spent every night
at his desk, computing, compariug, fig
uring and makiug his own deductions.
He never gavo a thought to his die
tion, his gestures, or to any of tho arts
Mr. Hewitt and Mr. Cox carefully
prepare all their speeches, and Gover
nor Long, who is regarded as the most
pleasing and effective orator of tho
present House, pot only thoroimhly
prepares his speeches, but generally
commits thorn to memory. Tho most
careful and claborato preparation are
nwjo uy oenntor uoar wlien ho pur-
puses tho delivery of an important
speech. Having thoioughly arranged
his line of thought, after having his
suuject matter at hand, Mr, lloar with
most laborious pains writes his speech
es out, turiiiiia sentences, twisting
words, rubbiug and polishing until tho
iiiuiiuii nnu rirfiv iiiu pence), in ins es
timation. Next tho speech is cartful,
ly committed, and finally praoticed.
1 with a view to perfecting the gesticu
lation, Mr, Hoar genci ally practices
before a full-length mirror, and though
the witty Senator Vance nlwaya insists
that Mr. Hoar got the idea from the
fnmous scene in llio "Rivals,1' wherein
Bob Acres strives to perfect himself in
the art oi dancing by practicing before
a glass, yot Mr. Hoar's method is pre
cisely identical with that practiced by
ono of the greatest of American orn
tors, William Pioknoy.
In style and diction, the most noted
of recent Congresses greatly differ,
Mr. Edmunds' style is that of absoiuto
simplicity. His sentences aro short,
his words express the exact shade of
meaning he desires it to convey. He
uses no metaphors, no illustrations.
His speech is so clear nnd as cold as
ice. Ho never is nniiuatcd, never but
once betrayed emotion, but stand like
a man in a witness box, his hands
clasped together, occasionally lifting
tho forefinger of his right hand. Every
one listens, every ono understands,
many nre convinced, but none are im
pt eased, and he never mado a hearer's
pulse beat, a stroke quicker than usual,
nor had an auditor who held his
breath. Mr. Thurman, somewhat like
Mr. Edmunds in his utter simplicity
and freedom from ornament and his
clearness, unlike Edmunds, became
heated, and at times vehement, nnd
then would saw tho air witli vigorous
right-hand blows. Mr. Carpenter
trampled the tiaditions of tho schools
under his feet when ho spoke. His
stylo was at times exceedingly cmbel
ished, metaphors suggested themselves
to him as uniquely and appropriately
as they did to Carlyle, his diction was
pure and his sentences rhythmic.il,
so that at times ho seemed almost to
bo repeating blank verso. His hiuh
pitched voico was singularly pleasing
and was modulated with great skill.
With his long, white looks scattered
all over his head, and sometimes over
his eyes, frequently with ono or both
hands thrust into his pockets, somo
times frantically gesticulating, ho fob
lowed none of the lessons of" elocution.
Yet ho was regarded as a singularly
graceful speaker, and overy one of hi
gestures meant something,
Mr. Conkling seemed to delight to
play with his sentences. He spoke
slowly, witli long pauses between his
sentences, with a most remarkable in
tonation which tbo curious enunciation
of Henry Irving most nearly suggests.
Mr. Conkling delighted in involved
sentences, the more labyrinthino the
better. Startintt with his subject, he
would frequently insert parenthetical
sentences, with which ho would travel
over all the parts of speech, making
involutions within involutions, until,
just as ho seemed to havo become lost
in tho labyrinth, he would emerge
plump in tho predicate for tho original
sentence. This very dangerous habit
never tripped Mr. Conkling; and
though with any other man it would
have been tedious, bo was able to
make his hearers like it. Mr. Conk
ling seldom gesticulated and rarely be
came heated, relying for his strongest
ell'ects upon the suggestion of reserved
power which ho well knew how to ex
ercise. Mr. Bayard labors with a voico that
is weak, almost effeminate. Yet ho is
regarded as ono of tho most graceful
speakers in tho Senate. Ho is moro
diffuse in hia stylo than some others,
but no man's diction is superior to his.
Mr. Bayard follows tho traditions of
the schools. His oratory and gestures
ate accurately proper, and ho never
violates tho rules in this respect. Mr.
Vest is a flowery speaker. Ho has
something of Mr. Carpenter's power of
bedecking a legal argument with ihe
torical flowers, and as ho sometimes
gets hot with conviction and tho desire
of impressing it, ho Beldom bpeaks
without having the entire Senate for
listeners. Two of tho most entertain
ing speakers of the Senate aro Logan
and Ingalls, and for precisely opposite
reasons. Logan is fierce, often when
thero seems to be no call for ferocity ;
Ingalls iB cold as an icicle. Logan
easily works up to white heat : no one
oversaw Ingalls when ho seemed to
have an emotion. Logan wanders in
his enthusiasm all over the fields of
rhetoric, and sometimes gels mired in
to the swamps ; Inealls is always clas
sically correct, Logan is effective when
delivering sledge-hammer blows, and
absurd when ho essays sarcasm. In
galls never attempts to wield tho
sledge-hammer, but his sarcasm cuts as
keenly, quickly, and deeply as a Jap
ancso haii-kan knife. Ingalls stands
like a statue, liko tho zero point per
sonified ; Logau dances and prances
over tho chamber liko a hot-blooded
savago at a war dance. Both of theso
men, however, are effectivo speaker?,
both command the attention of the
Senate and tho galleries, and both cf-
lect their purposo in their speeches, for
Doth niako an impression.
It is the opinion of men qualified to
judge that should a great occasion
arise lor tno exhibition of eloquenco
and oratory, there aro men to-day in
both Houses of Congress who would
bo able to reach tho highest ideals of
tho art. Neio York Sun.
There is but ono place in the United
States where gun-cotton is made. Un
til six months ago tho navy was oblig
ed to depend upon England for all the
gun-cotton used, but a manufactory
has been erected at tho torpedo station,
Newport, and now produces all that is
reqired for tea-going men-of-war and
Tho crowth of tho nvstnr industry in
Connecticut has beeu remarkable. Tho
first steamer that was used in this
trado was put on less than ten years
ago, and now there aro forty steamers,
with an aggregato capacity of 30,720
bushels a day. Four more large new
Bteamcrs are building for tho spring.
Tho Ohio Farmer is authority for
tho statement that in Cuyahoga coun
ty, that State, sheep havo receutly been
sold at ono dollar each, and it learns
from its exchangos that in other parts
of Ohio siles havo been made at fifty
to seventy-fivo cents. A few days
ago an oner of Kansas lands, who
was until lately a wool-grower, stated
that sheep havo beeu sold in Kansas
this winter at twcnty-fivo cents Hot
"Say, Sam, did you ecu de man
about dat house T"
"Oh j es; I seed him, and he gib mo
do refusal ob do house."
"How long did ho gib you do refus
al of hit t"
"Foreber. Ho refused to hab any
thing to do,wid mo."
Wo huve preserved tho last words of
somo of Ih't'i. John Adams and
Thomas Jefferson both died on tho
same day, and that tho 4th of July,
1820. They were friends during their
latter years, nnd Adams' last words
wtre, "Thomas Jefferson still lives,"
but history shows ho was mistaken.
Jefferson died an hour hofore, exclaim
ing, "Lord, now lettest thou thy ser
vant depart in peace," nnd "I resign
my soul lo God and my daughter to
my country." John Quincy" Adams
gavo his last breath in the capitol at
Washington, saying: "This is tho end
of the earth, I am content," and Gen
eral Harrison, who died in tho Wliito
House, said : "bir, I wish you to un
derstand tho principles of government.
I wish them carried out. I ak noth
Garfield's last reported words, as he
lay racked by his terriblo wound, were,
"Oh, that pain !" But Lincoln became
unconscious when ho was shot, and re
mained so till ho died. Georgo Wash
ington was sano dining his last hours,
and ho spent them in calmly arranging
his affairs. He told his wifo to bring
two wills which ho had made, and to
burn ono of them, lie then grasped
his p'ulso with ono hand and counted
tho beats until ho dropped back dead.
Washington died of a cold, Polk of
the cholera, Andrew Johnson of paral
ysis, and General Harrison of cold,
pleurisy and cholera morbus. Presi
dent Jackson was for thirty-ono years
a diseased man, and tho latter part of
his life was spent in almost continuous
pain. Even on his death-bed ho was
tortured by oflico seekers. "1 am dy
ing," said he, "as fast as I can, and
they all know it ; but they keep
swarming about mo in crowds, seeking
for office intriguing for office." His
death bed scene was a most affecting
one. A half hour before his death his
children and fiiends were standing
around hi bedside, and his adopted
son Andrew had taken his hand and
whispered in his ear :
"Father, how do you feel ? Do you
know mo T"
"Know you 1 Yes, I should know
you all if I could see. Bring me my
Theso were brought and put on him,
and ho said, "Where is my daughter
and Marian? God will tako care of
you for mo. I am my God's. I be
long to him. I go but a short time bo--foro
you, and I want to meet you all,
white and black, in heaven."
At this all buret into tears, and the
General said, "What i tho matter
with you, my dear children? Have I
alarmed you ? Oh, don't cry. Be
good children, and wo will all meet in
Theso were Jackson's last wouls. A
short time after this ho passed peace
fully away. He died a Christian and
Thomas Jiffcrson was more of a
deist than anything elsn, and when he
died ho said he would bo glad to seo a
preacher who called "as a good neigh
bor," thereby intimating that ho did
not caro to see him professionally.
Thero was no preacher pre.'ent at
Washington's death-bed, and ihero is
no doubt as to his belief. The Adam
ses believed in Unitarian doctriiif 5, and
it is said that John Quincy A lams,
during his last yenis, never went to
sleep without repeating that littlo
"Now I lay mo down to sleep,
I pVay tho Loul my soul to keep ;
If I should die before I wake,
I pray tho Lotd my soul to lake.''
Thero is considerable doubt as to Lin
coln's Christianity, but his best friends
believo him to havo been a believer.
Ho wa certainly a great Bible reader,
and understood it thoroughly. Frank
Pierco wa an Episcopalian and a
church member. Generals Grant aud
Hayes attended tho Methodist Church
while in tho White House, and Gar
field spent his Sundays at tho chapel of
tho Disciples. John Tyler wa", I
think, a Presbyteiian, though hi sec
ond wifo was a Catholic. Dolly Mad
ison was an Episcopalian, whatever
her husband may have been, and the
old church which sho attended years
aso still stands, and in it President
Arthur worships to-day.
A Story of George Howie,
A story I heard recently related to
Georgo Bowie, the inventor of the
Bowie knife, or "tho Arkansas tooth
pick," as it is also called. It is said
that Bowio was a gentle and chival
ious a ho was bravo and regardless of
human life. Ono night, years ago,
wiiuo ruling in a stage toward uiuo,
o.i tho old national pike, a poorly clad
old woman and her littlo boy of'about
ten years, were for miles tho only pas
sengers. Howie did not speak to them,
but wrapping himself up in his own
coat slept iis well a he could under the
jolting of tho stage. An hour later a
uig uuriy ieilow entered tbo coach at a
way station, and immediately took out
a clay pipe, which studied as though it
had been smoked sinco the days of
Sir Walter Raleigh. This he filled
with tobacco of tho vilest brand, and
began lo smoku. The stage was soon
filled witli his exhalations, and tho
smoko began to make tho old lady
sick, aud sho opened tho window and
sought relief from tho fresh air which
poured in. But the weather was bitter
cold, and sho had to close it. Sho then
asked the boy to beg tho man to stop
smoking. This hu did, but tin man
loudly said : "If tho old woman don't
like it she can get out. I paid my
passage and I will smoke when 'l
please." In tho meantime Georgo
Bowio had been awakened and had
seen the whole proceedure. As tho
man uttered tneso words Jiowie put his
hand at tho back of his neck, and
drawing out ono of his famous bowies,
said coolly : "You are mistaken about
your smoking. You will put out that
pipo at once and keep your mouth
hut, or by tho eternal I will run vou
through the heart 1 I would havo vou
understand I am Geortro Bowie, and
Georgo Bowio means what ho says I"
With that ho slowly began to advance
ins KTiuo towards tiiu man s stomach,
and the latter frartically threw his pipe
out of the door and bmiieil for his life.
During tho next half hour tho man
said nothing, but looked pale. As
Bowie thought over his action and no
ted tho sickness of tho old woman ho
grew still more angry, and at tho next
station ho forced tho smoker to get out
of tho stage aud ride with tho driver
,tor tho remainder ol his journoy.
Revival of Business.
During the past week there has been
a littlo improvement in -the general
business outlook, Of course a boom
will not como suddenly, but tho return
may bo as moderate as was tho de
cline. This is a great country in every
sense of tho term, and a suspension of
tho manufactories will soon bring down
the bulk of over-production, and admit
Tho iron trado in Euglaud is still in
a depressed condition, but in this coun
try favorable reports are coming to us
from fouudrymeii. A Cleveland, Ohio,
letter says that the iron trade there
bids fair to bo strong and healthy in a
very short time. Tho Union Rolling
Mill, which ha been idlo nearly three
months, will start at its full capacity
February 1st, and employ between
three aud four hundred men. Presi
dent Chisholm. of tho Cleveland Roll-ing-Mill
Company, says that hi addi
tion to tho fivo mills already running,
about half tho full capacity", tho bal
anco would start up in less than four
weeks. This means work for 1,C00
The United Bra. Company, former
ly the Soel Hayden woks and a mem
ber of the big brass combination, hav
ing its shops in Lorain, havo started up
Nyith plcanty 'of work aud will employ
six hundred men. Tho works have
been closed for three months. H. C.
Montgomery & Co., bra founders,
also eontemplato doubling their sixty
men to night and day turns next
Thero appears to bo a favorablo
move in tho ootton establishments also.
A large dealer in wool and cotton who
ha been around among manufacturers
of tho East say 8 that ho finis tho
stocks of goods well cleaned up, and a
very hopeful feeling prevailing. Man
ufacturers regard price for raw mate
rial as at the bottom, and seo no rea
son why a good year for business
should not be enjoyed. Many aro ly
ing in largo stocks of cotton and wool
at present prices.
New England seems lobe exception
ally well situated. Tho proportion of
idlo laborers is less in New England
than in some sections according to tho
returns made to Bradstreet's Weekly.
Thero will bo a considerable resump
tion of labor in the next month in tho
East wherever it has been suspend
ed. Years ago, when Horace Greely was
aikfcd how to resumo specie payment,
he said, "tho Aay to resumo is to re
sume," and tho way to revive business
is for people to stop growling and keep
their money moving. There is an
abundance of monejv every dollar of
which is good, and the country is full
of provisions, nnd no epidemics aro pro-
Ono great cau'o of tho ffclintr of un
certainty is the frequent failure of largo
bankinj; establishments, and theso in
stitutions in tlireo cases out of fivo go
uuuer lurougu uisuonest managers, or
a better term won d bo, thieving offi
cers. Investigations show that the
men who havo been intrusted with
other peoplo'a mony havo been dab
bling in grain or stocks on Wall Street,
and the namo of that street has become
obnoxious to the public, ' and were it
sunk forever tho common people would
havo good rcasou to cry out : "Thank
God for his merov.'' Tribune tO Far-
Itatlier a Strange Verdict.
With nil tho ndvjiritnnrp u-liw.li rail.
.. a - .-
road corporations are popularly sup-
iu.-uu iu uuj''v, Liiuy .nu nut entirely
free from tmnlilp- Thnso win
the nrncnciliniM nf anv KtnlA lpfrialntiir..
and keep an accurate count of tho anti-
iiiscnminaiiou un a t nai are oltereil an-
iially will jump at tho conclusion that
latllitur for their nrivilnirpu ia t hn nrin.
. i o r- - cs l
ctpal annoyance that besots them. But
the fact i ttiat theso are a small por-
ion of tiio perplexities that meet tho
railroad officials at every turn.
A ciise decided in the United States
oiicutt court in Indiana tho other dav
moro in noint. In rIiow tlip rlifllenl.
ties that ate to be met in railroad man
agement. Un ono of the road in that
siato a pasjenger was taken on who
was laboring under tho influence of a
.w. c i it . ,
iut, iii-i- immim-'iiuu in rum. tio nil
mediatilr cot into fi ilimintn u-itli thn
conductor and with drawn pistol threat
ened to let daylight through the body
of that official. Ho didn't carry our,
his threat, however, but subsequently
quatreiieii wmi a ieilow passenger and
shot him dead. Tho friends of the de
ceased traveller sued the company and
got a verdict for $o,000, on the ground
that railroad companies aro obliged to
protect their passengers from assault
as well a from accident.
The average reader will be constrain
ed to duubt till! wisdom n u-cll na I In
justice of tho verdict. It tho dead pa
tron of tbo road had met with his
death by reason of oarclessnes-s of tho
road or ils nireiilH it wnnhl tin ril,t
, o -- - -
and proper to demand compensatory
damages. But llio evidenco was that
tno conductor wa diligent in hi ef
forts to prevent bloodshed. If tho road
had refused to carry tho bellicoso pas.
sender the probabilities are that ho
would have sueil fnr ilmme nml m.
covered. Having- prevented such a suit
by taking him aboard, the company is
uovei uieiess muicieu oecause its agents
were tumble to movent him from pnm.
mining murder. If that uile is to ob
tain what is to prevent tho relatives of
persons inuidered in tho streets of a
city ftotn suing the corporation, 7Ja-
There is a stagnant pool in a Florida
forest pnttieularly lonesome and se
cluded. Thirty years ago a lover was
shot aud thrown into it by tho father
of his sweetheart who at once drowned
herself in the same water; and the be
lief is held among the peoplo of that
.... .1.... !!. . . t
rrgum mm no visitor to tno spot can
avoid an intense depression of spirits,
occasioned by tho brooding ghosts of
Mississippi tpends nearly twico as
much for education as her neighbor,
White muslin tidies with pictures
woiked in outline stitch aro very pret
ty, and ono does not tire of them un
les tho design be grotesque. Scroll
wotk is the best of all, and if the col
ors bo nicely blended its effect is charming-
Headaches almost always yield to tho
simultaneous application of lot water
to tho feet and tiie back of tho neck.