Newspaper Page Text
E. ELWELt, y.it.,.
Friday, February ie.H881.
Mi. V. Mullen killc1 Iipp luisli.niil nt
Serntiton on thu lttli, by stubbing liitn.
Mcklcytll. Chxo lias burn olcctod State
Seinitnr by si l.'irgo majority in Liizcrno
A )iW)Cisition li.ni boon inntlo Unit n
joint eoniinittco bo appointed by the ojl
nmuft factions of tho Kqmbllean mem
lid's of tin Legislature tongrt'oou n can
ilirialit'for United States Scitntor. Some
tliinjinay como of it.
l'liUadclplnadid nobly on Tuesday iu the
election of Saiuuul'd. Kinjjas mayor nud
lolin Hunter as receiver of taxes. The
bodies of both jiartii" wcro defeated by
the people, i liu l ity ot lirotlierly love
proposes to rnlo herself forn tvliilu'jnstlo
see now it goes.
THE COUNTY STATKMHNT.
The statement for last year shows th
linaiiees of tho county to bo generally iu
a good couitition. 1 here nro a low items,
however, that have attracted some littl
attention, which tho ta.v payers do not
ftillv undeistand. First, tho auditors
lind a balaueo of comity fund iu tl:
IiatKls ol the lieasurer amounting to
ijISUi.Ol. There remained at tho time
."7.).,")0 unpaid on county prison coupons
and a considerable amount ot road dam
URes, both of which draw interest. If
the balaueo iu the Treasurer's hands was
received by him any reasonable length
ot tune before tho settlement wan made.
it should have been applied totliuruiintv'i
indebtedness and thus slopped interest
to that extent Jt is possible, however
that the money did not come into Ins
hands until a shoit time previous, as
manv collectors weie slow in nettling their
clupli -atci. il tins was the ease no blame
can attach to any one for not applying
thu amount to debts of the county. It
should bodouc at once, if not already
done, as the county ouslit
any interest on its liabilities while there
aro idle funds iu tho Treasurer's
Another item is that which reads 'If
A. Sweppenheiser, Treasurer's deeds to
Commissioners, iJIfSJi.TI. .Last summer
every tract of unseated laud assessed for
taxes which remained unpaid for two
years or more wns advertised by the
Treasurer, and all not. bid in by others.
were bought by tho Commissioner;
Tho Treasurer matin deeds for the traets
lo tho Commissioners, and received
therefor the sum of .'18.1.71 from the
eoiinty. These lands were bought by
i lie vuiiiiuissiMiiers 10 protect toe county
irom losing the taxes tine on them, it
becomes nn important point to know
what the taxes so intended to be saved
amount to, ami we ask tho Commission
ors of the county to furnish the people
with this information, and also to state
now many tracts uf land were bought h;
t.jiom. Tho Treasurer is cntitleifto tl
Advertising each tract .."0
J' or each deed 1..VJ
At .this rate it would appear that 110
tracts' wcro bought by the Commission
ers, no are informed that it has never
been the custom for the county to pay
the Treasurer the fee for selling, !7
cents, and if such bo tho ease, it would
make the number of deeds for which
tho .Treasurer was paid, still larger. If
we aro mistaken as to the amount of tho
fees, a correction will cheerfully bo made.
tITI . . I . . . .
w oat tno people dosiro to know is,
whether tho lauds purchased by tho com
missioners arc worth the taxes standin
against them and the expenses made bv
Uio sales. If so, there can be no object
ion to the transaction. Jy explaining
the matter fullv tho ollieials concerned
-.Mi l . i "
win renovo ineinselves or much severe
criticism that they are now receiving.
Our columns aro open for both ides
NORTH VERSUS SOUTH.
A letter has been banded us which wiK
written by a Virginia gentleman to a
staunch Democrat ot this county. It
was written last fall iu-l lifter the elec
tion, hut it discusses u subject of general
interest, and we therefore print portions
of it. The writer says:
"Tho lessons to be learned from the
election are lirst, that the (ires of hatred
kindled by tho war against tho .South
burn s fiercely as ever iu the Uepubli
can heart, and that not so long ns enough
actors in the strife survive to form a biit
fallion, shall tho .South have any part iu
tho conduct, of tho govcrninonti and sie
ondly, that ;i majority of tho Northern
people arc resolved never to trut the
government, again iu the hands of the
Democracy, while tho South constitutes
tho largest part of its strength. Jt 5s
unfortunate for you Northern Deinocrals
that tho South supports you solidly. It
would bo better lor you wero there no ,
.Noutli. V o mo at onco tho stronghold
, . f . 1 .1
ti your pover nun tno source ol your
we.iKiiesi. n no oan uoiim mat tlio inor.
tifying tlefeat of such a man as Hancock
was attributable solely to thu unanimity
with which he wus'suppoited by the
riouth, and tho vio clamor which reckless
demagogues raised about tlio "Solid
.South 'and the artful but senseless np
nenls which (hey inadu to tho Notth to
W solid iiirainst us.
l evivlllcation of the defunct con federaov.
Kor why should we wish to oveitinn tl'io
goveruiucntf What lun o we to gain by it?
Could there ever have been a sectional
war If there had not been nn endangered
sectional Institution t Wasn't tho con
federate government Imscil on tho wretch
ed coiner stone of perjietnnted si ivoryf
And now that slavery is extinct, nud no
man desires or dreams of its revival, and
all fifllio" Interests "of ' the coitntrynrii
homogeneous, .what possible object can
wo have in destroying tho government t
Vijnay, ns weeeitainly do, wish in
common with the Nntionm Democracy,
to curb its tyrannical tendencies) to cor
rect its llagilious abuses; to purge its In
famous corruptions; to repel its encroach
ments upon the States, nud drive it with
in its legitimate) sphere. This is all, and
how any .Democrat could have deserted
his ranks becauso of the acivs'on of such
powerful recruits Instead of welcoming
them to a place in the array, passes my
comprehension. There must be, even in
tho Radical hosts, some reflective men
capable of "discerning tho signf) of the
times," who eatnint bo blind or iudilTer
ent to tho portentous fact, thattheir lead
ers seriously; intend the destruction of
free Institutions, ami the erection upon
their ruins of a vulgar despotism. To
such Radicals, one would havo suppos
ed that tho spectacle of a united neo
pie, espousing the principles with which
they themselves sympathized, would
have been trrntifvinir in tho extreme, and
would havo induced n hearty co-operation
with, instead of a cowardly repudiation
of them. Ono hardly knows whether the
untiicai -North is moro ass-headed or
sheep-hearted in its sentiments toward
us. Only nn ass could suspect us of nn
ngiiiiug.much less of plotting mischief to
the country, anil only sheep could lear
any such mischief from a people so utter
iv unprovided with' tho means ol in
dieting it. In their malignant infatua
tion and their senseless vindictivcness
they aro acting as disgracefully, ns fool
isiiiy: enslaving themselves in enslaving
us. Wo arc embarked in the same shit
if they scuttle it to sink us, they must
sink with us. Tho same sea must swamp
all alike. AVc mav go under first but they
must speedily foflow. Thoy oan't nullify
mo constitution ns to us, unci Keep it iu
operation as to them, ihey can t mak
their central tyrant always confine his
peisecutious and oppressions to poor Vir
ginia and ke.ep his heavy hand off of
wealthy iNew York.
THE COLUMBIAN AND J3EMOCRAT, ELOOMSBTJRG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
Ui'prosentntlvo Vnnderslioo of C'ojuni
bin couhtyjhssftfhos responsibility' for,
a bill desighod'to prohibit tlialm'kfl
lug mid salo WsnhipleTgobds, wares and!
merchandise in this. Commonwealth?
YY hat.-goodipuqioso Mm .designated tt
senu j- uio passage ot sucil n law It IS
difficult to understand. Huvlim bv sum
pie Is a legitimate method of making
iiurciinses,wiioiesalo nud retail, mid while
It is frgrcaU-onfculenco itnlso saves tho
merchant much annoyance and consld
cidernble In traveling expenses, not to
speak of. loss of time. This nieatiro was
concocted iu selfishness nud is born of a
narrow, Illiberal tendency. Nrantoii
Wo are iuformed that tho writer of
thenbovo has entirely mistaken tho mean
iui? of tho bill. It is not to prevent the
alo of goods by s.imple.ns it is llghimate-
if e. u neu nn, uiimo prevent uiinconseu
vendors to travel from door todoOr and
sellgoodsof every description undercover
of selling by sample. Tho bill is favored
by all tho merchants of the town. It
ior ineir protection. When the lull is
printed wo will give it a place iu our
Senator Wallace's I'lnnfora District System
anil a Popular ote In Trtslilentlal
What does a solid South really impoit
Northing else in tluuworld than that the
Koiitheru people to a miiu mo opposed to
I'epublican usurpations; that tliev are
Htill, nuhey always havo been, in favor
of a strict construction of tho Cuintttu
lion; jhat they are in favor of keeping
tho federal government within itscousti
tutiomil liinitMtioiiM, jiot allowing it the
oserciho. upon any pretext, of any power
which was not vested in it; that "they be
liuvu that this is not a consolidated na
tionality to which tho sevpral states bear
funiply tho relation of provinces to an
empire. 'That tho Stati.' (i)l hold all
tuu pouer which thoy rekervwl to them
lves at thu formation qf tho Kcderal
uompaet) and that tho Federal govern
pieut U the. a-iiiture not the, vreutof of
tho titateH, This, is the Deiiuuiatio doe
trine to which the South siibniiibeK us
.1 unit, and this is (dl the term ''Solid
.South ' implies. Wo aro uot banded to
gether in atreneheroiiH cousplraoy losub
eit thu government. Wo did not sjip
jioit Jfnucock with any fpectatloii of
tlndiug in him u supp'lo and tiuckling
tool who wouhl use all the powers of his
administration to mtab1ish slavery and
torepsre -tho vhj for t lie lovnlionof Jeff.
Jvl'Uio jpmudwtfin ud the,
DKATII OP PKKNANDO WOOD.
Hon. Fernando Wood, member o
Conjrress for the Ninth district, of Now
York, died at Hot Springs, Arkansas, on
tlie l.itli mst. Jlu was urst elected n
1840, when only twenty-eight years old,
lie Avas the Demooratio candidate for
mayor of New York iu November, 1 :50
but was (lejeatpil by A. C. iuugslaiul
i'sii , the whig candidate. .Not cliscou
aged ,by this result, ho continued in poli
ties, determined, sooner or later to rule
the city. He was the democratic candi
date again in 183-1, aud was elected
During his lirst administration of the du
ties ot that othoe he reformed many o
the grent abuses which then existed, lb
was the chief promoter in establishing
I lie central park, anduad ohargo qt am
carried out the original plan for its orna
mentation and arrrangement. Ills last
term of Mayor extended into 18G2, and
ho was thus the chief executive of tho
metropolis at tho outbreak of the re
Iu 1872 Mr. "Wood was again elected
to Congress ns a Democrat, aud again
took ins seat in the llouso in 1SIKS, utter
an absence fiom that body of twenty
years, ite distinguished mmolt mine
Ifouse by his opposition to tho conduct
of the war, and made numerous speeches
in wv.or ot the appointment ol comims
sioner. to procure a cessation of hos
tilities. Mr.j Wood remained in thu
House only two yoars on this bdcaslou,
but in 18UU liu again beoamo a candidate
as an independent Democrat. ,lI desire
tho election," he said "as a popular re
buke to those who utter the malicious
falsehood that during' tho war I was
'rebel sympathizer and disuuiouist. '
Tho people of tho district complied with
ins uesires, aim j'Ct-nanUQ yoa return
ed to tho house iu 1867, and has continu
ed a member ot that body ever sineo,
(lemoorntio opposition to (tun ratpially
almost dyiuff out in his district, although
last iuu ttieru were three eamlnlates and
he was elected by a .small plurality only.
Among tho most notable episodes in
his recent conxressional career was tho
presentation, oi a resolution on February
'M, 187i), to( itnjKMwh Vice 'President Col-
tax. pa acpoum oi tne i reait jiotuiier
business, the resolution being defeated
by only four votes. Hv this time he had
beporao, tbo apsuowledKed leader ot the
demooratio minority in tho House, and
In November foljovyiug ho received the
Demooratio nomination for Speaker on
the second ballot in oauotiv, hut was d
feated in the Housoby Mr. Illalnc, Ilia
candidacy for Speaker secured for hiiii a
place ou the ways and means committee.
on which ho gradually roso until he be
canie tlio seiuor Democratio member.
although ho.waii IienJ.tmt of the chair
inanshin iu 1873 bv Sneaker ICerr's nui-
ety to Uiko good cure ofMr,3jorrisnn. fn
1877, however, ho was made chairman.
of tho committee by Speaker Itandall,
inn was contiuued in that position In
1879. lu 1873 ho was a eandidut ) for
the meakeiuhii). but linallv withdrew
from the canvusa just before tho caucus
was held. .Mr, Wood had Iohl' been in
oor health, and was barely able to t.lko
lis seat at the opening of tho present
session. 1 he day after passage by tho
lOUEU of thu fiiudimr bill, hu took to his
bed, and thu next week left for tho Hot
Springs, iu Arkansas, wh'TO h death
Dan lili'fi 'oi Drail.
Jt-Ml week tho New York World an
uouni;ei tho death iu Hiiininghain, Kug
lan 1, if ''thooiigilinl :it Hicoaud once
liouular t'tnivfttnan clown, to we and
favorable kuoun. Thoauiiouuceiueul was
coined by newiiiaiiers thioui'hor.t the
oountry, and especially throutih reuiuv
t.. - 1. 1 i. ' . - " i .
i.iui.i. it ii.i.i hjmuu iiecnawermineti mat
tills is not our Dan luce so well known
to circus, patrons, for he was ouly a few
Meeks ago announced as the very head
audfrou'toftho "World's (ireat Show,"
going down the .Mississippi ou u palace
Mr. Wnllaco was awarded the iloor in
tho Senate upon his constitutional
amendments for n district system mid a
popular voto bv the plurality rule
Presidential elections, and spoku for nn
hour upon tho detects and dancers wlucl
ho argued wcro inherent iu the present
electoral college plan, and would be rem
cdied by applying the priuciplu iu conn
ty, Stato and congressional elections
(namely the choice of the person having
tho highest number ot votes) to the
Presidential contest. He wns attentive
lv heard in the Senate and bv mi unusu
ally largo audience in tho galleries, lie
said his joint resolution was submitted
not with any hope ot lmmediato adop
tion, but ns a contribution to tho agita
tion from which alono a change could
come. The anticipation of the original
ors of the Klectoral College system, that
it would secure a body ot intelligent citi
zens tipou whoso Judgment and integrity
in the event of difliculty the country
could depend, had failed, tho Presidon
tial electors being more instruments to
vote for party candidates. Practically,
that system threatened the country per
wlically with civil wnr, corruption and
anarchy. It was a relic of the old aris-
tooratio theory of tho Federalists, having
originated with Hamilton and his confed
erates, who favored n life tenure for
their President, and was accepted by tin
early .Democrats only because they were
obliged to take tho Constitution ns a
whole and could not accept or reject il
iu part, Tho idea of the district system
was no new one. It was suggested in
tho convention of 1789, and had sinct
been elaborated from time to time. It
did not contemplate an absolute cousoli
datiou by a direct vote, but would be a
direct, vote for the candidates iu each
district, as made by each State. It was
as different from an election by the ag
gregate popular vote of tho country as il
was from the present system. Review
ing the details of th'-' proposition, which
provide thatthe votes ot the district in
each State aro to bo returned to a State
canvassing board, whoso return is to be
the only and the conclusive proof of tin
resaltin the State; that thev are then to
be certified to the Speaker of tho House
and laid before the two houses, who art
to count the votes and determine the re
sult; that tho ballot by the people is to
bo secret and by direot vote; that the
number of districts iu each Stato is to be
equal to tho wholo number of its senatoi
and members in Congress; that each dis
trict is to have one vote, and this voto to
bo determined by the plurality inle. Mr.
allaco said the plan ot minority repre
seutatiqu tlinu secured iu each Slatt
would eradicate ieaionaimm trout oui
polities. .Under it Pennsylvania would
uivo had In tho lut election probably
nineteen voles for (iarlield and ten for
Hancock while Virginia would have giv
en eight for Haucook and three for Gar
field. The plan would not impair State
independence, for although a plurality
yoto would elect, yet it would be fouud
that a minority i.Yecideut would as fie
quently be elected as now. Tho pluruli
ty rule would obviate danger to the peace
oj 'trie poiiiry to rcituit in a liu vote in
the elcotora) jjoHeacs or In tho House o
llenrcsontatlvos when voting for l'resi
dent by States. Thu division of a State
into districts would bo not upon tno i-auo
of representation iu tho House, but upoi
it ratio wliioh would include with the
members iu the housp thu two Senators
from a btatc. Ihus New ork, witl
thirty threo representatives in the
House, would hayo thirty-live districts
ami tiilrty-hye votes lor iTesnicnt, while
Khodo Island, with but two members of
the House, would have tour districts am
(our ydten. thus preseryiugstatc individ
uality aud Stato coittrulj with sufficient
of tho Federal system, Thb correction
of tho vicious system of marked. ballots
is provided lor by a secret ballot, and
tho disputed question of who has tho
right iiudar tht' Constitution to count
the electoral yotes lo icttled by the return
if the Stato being made conclusive proof
aud the two Houses given control ot the
ount As tlio conxtlUttlon now provides
that each htato "shall appoint Prcslden
tial Electors In such manner ns tho l.ogls.
W Alturnfy Ofntral's llfjiirt
f))t ratTANTglKCAMMliNf. KTIOSS tslw A Itl
' rf rqlT i Nation. '
IVQ "A'owiiil? nra extracts from At
tniney (JetiernliPnlmer's repot t.
in tin: l Ait NonrihvKiT.
Sr. PAUt-Milin.. hVbruarv 111 Neve
in the history of railroading in thonortl
i , .... ; j i ii. in ii L'lti iii'i'ii Niinn it Kp.'mnn n
nanus ior collection tlunm tlm rmm ,.ii i . , .. ,
mm m.,1 tuun o.irt.i.i-r. ' "3 " ciiiiraeienzeii tins,
" i ,ui iieeuoi which Krom the rst t i I, n.-,l u-1,1,.
eouiitrv in October tn tlm
ailroads with cuts havo been
parttctiliniy embiiiTiissed In the inovt
iiitiu ui u.MiH, i u r now ms i 11 ttn
Tho number of claims placed in my
ands for collection during tho vcni's
ism nmi ibsu was SiifO.tMrteeti of which From the
were subsequently withdrawn by the s-ept tho
Auditoi-Oeneral. Thesoelaiins amounted present rai
to Sa01,liai,71, and of that sum I have partlcuhnly
in .....1 ....11 I. r. ...
ii'iiiuni iiiiii m;iiii II1IO tne ninto I i-ens
tiry 8 l!W,78aor, leaving a balance still
iiiio upon the same of $12",H31.7;!,to en
foiccltho payment of which tin. iipccs-
sary legal proceedings have been instl.
tuted. Iu nddition to the nnioitnt col-
lected uimn claims certified to mo in
IHiU and 188U( payments wero made up-
mi ui.iiiii-. oi mriuer years, tho total eol
leotions nmountiiiL' to SKIJ.7il.-i.ni.
In regard to the inequality of taxation
tno -luiorney-uencral says that the feel-
niiin mi nuun mat assessors nre unable
to Ho their duty. They deliberately and
openly return the property to one-third
or one-fourth its cash value. Mortgages
to thu depth of twenty or thirty feet
oven on the priiincs, where a lnicleus
has been found by throwing out snow
lromtho track. All these drifts have
formed tn the top of the telegraph noles
and in some eases now poles have been
set iu the snow that coinniunicitioii bv
wire might be kent nn. The recent vniii
packed the snow upon the track so
ntiiuiiv in piiuiu m;icCS lll.1t 1110 ploughs
on the engines aro utterly uselcs, mid it
is necessary to shovel the snow from the
road bed by hand, which is a tedious
process. These drawbacks lo railroad.
, ... . . -o - i v.ni uiii, i,u ii' i.. mi iivinnse wild
anil money at interest urn ne ther re. i,;. 1 .....! , ...
(ni'iir.,1 bv il. .. i """" """nil iii e.ireme po us
s, rtof t ??f .. "' nftV4??r ' on the prairies. The Hastings and l);.kota
f.n L. ., a,C'l ? 1L "I. " "tnniliiiB, and divisions 0f the Chicago, Milwaukee and
V I. r.i. ' 1,,"i"u" l'0 t. Paul railroad have been buried under
himi inf:viiivi . In lintil' ..(....... t . . . .,
,.!. .,. ...,:.,.. t ii. . ., , i """ Biiun iiuiiii-i since me seiisou
,i vttiniu n ,ji iuu ijhv urn inn r f i i.. r.... ., . nti r.. ..
.mil nnl tl... .,......! . '"1 IWO IIIOIUIIS. I 110 olOUY Clt
and not the exception. Assessors who i.,.,w.i. r .1... ci.i
itte.nntcd to Dcrform tl,n!r l,i ""7" ,l''?uW au 1.iu"..1"!
nti ti'nnb m i o ..J 1 .1 I.. - . -t-w.. 10
... """in "U iniUll 1 1111 nLIJr III V 1 11(11 LT' I I dnnnilml .,,. ...1 1 1 ... 1 1!... it IV . .
"I" . "wv.irMi iuu i,mn uiu it'll 10 uu n ,n nnninnnv (n ai ; IiU,.,. 1.
... ...I.7V1 11, .III. , IV II. l
labor nor expense.
las been snow bound at
ii-nnl nn .1. .. il. .1ilT ..'..! :.'" ""'" """"i iimin i iieneen
l. ViTn Z: ' . ".. K:,r. V , ' city, since the 1st of
grossly inequitable, unequal and unjust, s,)!lrea neither'l:
the people ngreo together to tlisregard One train lr
and tjuoboy ihein. Grent diversity of .Mountain 1ike'
practtco oxists in tho different counties ,st P-itil and Sir
as to the enforcement of tho Tax lnu-s. i.vt. ...1
o,,,1 .;.l ,i:rr.. .. t . V, ' , euiiiiir ami is iiKCiy to 10 lor so 111'
mm, , m SS; "1?!11' ?S l0 timu 10 Jf"1' Vesterdav the passengers
on ho eirf nf Tl .'-'l'alpk'"t c?ort could restrain their patiVnen no longer.
? " i, .J' 0''-"0"1 ' "f cmrse, res. etl their complaint
aeeiiic iiiiiiurinii v lias nni. lnni u-nii nun
cess. "With such a heterogeneous mass
of ill-assorted, lnisinatched patches there
is cause for wonder that county of-
licials arc enabled to perform their duty
in many States manufacturing and
mining enterprises are fostered and en
loin-aged by liberal exemption from tax
ation lor a long term of years. In oth
' . i l" umcf,,s P"ts n the tiiiiii could
ii.uiu uui u iuu uusiiiess. tn l'emisyi-1 H,c
' V-f H i 111 taKings are me bviated . That tlie
il Vv: " i.,," ll,u"I V'1 J 'e '01- ntade who is to bk.n.c
u.v.,...i. iiuiii, u, ,ol:! ami otato laxntion yliS opinion will
5111111S nn uuijwraio enterprise Willi lour
nmi iur, aim uiives capital awav troni
our door and beyond our borders to en
rich the stranger and beautify the stran-
1. , r , . . .
ouch legislation is ausimiiy unwico
and supremely unjust. The remedy is
plain. It may bo found in two words
Uniformity, equality." Clear away the
against tno compaiiv. t ueie beini' no
other tangible agency that could be :is
Tho following resolution was passed:
Acoli:el, That the responsibility roots
somewhere for the diabolical outrage
perpetrated upon thu passengers of tlie
nam ny iiomiiig t nem snow bound lor a
period of eleven days, when by reason
able energy, industry and perscwraiict
have been relieved and
ness, rjcomciiiciicc and discomfort
discovery will be
mil that the iiub-
opinion will condemn the giullv to
merited infamy tor imbecility, iiicom
potency and inhumanity is the linn belief
of this meetiti
Tho litirilPtt-l'uiilts Mil lions.
London-, Jieb. 11. Tho husband of
tho baroness liurdett-Coutts cened on
mercantile appraisers, tho latter costing new lour-in-hatul name wrongly, lie
tlio State in various forms, upwards of will bo henceforth known not as Mr.
.14U,0U0 annually Make every citizen
wholo cumbersome, unwieldy, expensive Saturday to exist as Mr. Ash
and inefficient system of collectors and tott. The London papers' han
Ins own assessor qui appraiser, Let
nun under oath and penalty, nnnuallv
return through the township' assessor to
tho county treasurer an estimate and
valuation of his real estate. lcluctin?iii-
eumurances, and ot Ins personal estate,
including every asset ot whatsoever na
ture, stocks, bonds, money nt interest.
liurdett-Coutts Ashnioad-Uartlett. but as
Mr. Ashinead JIurtlett-Burdett-Coutls.
the delay of it fortnight in tho iiinrriaro
having been caused solely to complete
tno lornianties necessary lor this change
oi name, aim tins was done at tlie ex
press desire ot the llaroness llurdelt-
Coutts herself in order to prevent the for-
leiiure ot propel iv miter the wi ot
debts due him, deducting only hist debts' Harnett, Duchess of St. Albans. So few
owing, not Ijeng qn laud, iind also re- invitations had been issued to the church
turn the business in which engaged, that the crowd there wns small, but it
witu an estimate ot its extent. .Make it was very largo aooui tno house otiMrs.
misdemeanor to refuse or necrlect tn Irovanion,. iu Chester snuare. where the
make such return or to make a false re- wedding breakfast took place, and Lady
turn., Require no inquisitorial or disa- Kepple, Lady Sarah Lindsay (a friend
greeable detail, but a "cnernl estimate 'ram girlhood ot tho bride i.ud Mrs.
oi vaiue. .Men to not, as a general rule, uoruun, the wito ot Admiral liordon. at
undcr-estitnate then- own possessions whose seat of IiiLrleden. the bonevmnnn
it r-... . ii . . - i- j. v ..
very iew would enanpc the pains and i to pass, were cneeroti as tiiey drove up
iiuiiaiues oi perjury to savo a tew dollars ils was ;uso tne untie, wuo was very rich
lature thereof may dnect,"tho power is
given to a legislature to appoint them, or
(ii'iteml Garfield's farm at Mentor is
going to ho worked by Mrs. fiiii tield's
brothers during llmmyner's abieDet', pre
siding over the nutityi.- fltiih
Of Into years brothers-in law, and
Other relatives uf Presidents, hao gen
erally been on the lookout for moro prof
itnble jjiwl less laborious employment
than woiking iannt, Can it be possible
that tho brother in Jim will not ho found
iinuuig thu favored of the int'oudug ad
luiiiistratiouf What it hurd-heartct) rela
tive (iitueral (iarfield must bo to set his.
wife brothers to tilling tho soil, Instead
of providing them with snug appoint
incuts in tho civil service, (Iraut and
Hayes look better caxo of their brothers-in-law.
Thyr didn't allow u tingle o6
to ocp. W'UMtUirr JheeW (Jt&d ,
o tho iicoplo through tho legislature
lo elect them oitiiof nn a I'eneral ticket
or by districts They aro now chosen in
every Stato upon the general ticket, but
all three ol thebO modes ot choice have
been iu operation at ono time. The pro
posed pir.ii won it secure unitonnitv as
well an stability. An universal direct
vote by tho people would obliterate State
lines and State equality and enable a few.
i ....... o-.i. . .
inijitiiijii i?iiuu iu iivvi yi iiiiii iuu le
niainder, or, by tho division of their
people, a small ntaio gmng a largo ma
jority lor one candidate would outweigh
tj)0 voice of many larger ones. In the
late clecfl.'ii) the miijorily in Texas for
one candidate was greater tlijiu tho ag
giegate majorities in New York, penn
syvai)ia and Ohio for tho other. The
piv.u'ivaloii of the feilnrntlye Hm t)t
terly forbids the univorsal ilhect vote.
It would not aid In thu destiiictlon ol
sectional feeling but tho very reverse,
for tho tondenuy of majorities Is always
to grow, and when based upon passion
or interest sectional majorities invariably
Increases. Such a rule would prepetuato
bitterness, for tho result would demon
strato that thoro was a nearly equal divis
ion of tio people of the section and a de
edod preponderance of those of the other
which would ovcrooiuo tho former, A.n
universal direct voto can uover bo had
except under a now compaot in which the
smaller States will ngreo to surrender
their, equality and independence, and
this is neither desired nor desirable. The
wont of gerrymanders is preferable to
the dangers apd evils of the present sys
Mr. Wallace then submitted an tils
tortoal (nmiondium, reviewing tho at
tempts iu thu Constitutional Convention
and in Congiefs for Uiu simplification
of taxes. Let tho authorities levying
taxes annually, at a stated time, inform
tho treasurer of their needs. Let him
prepare his duplicate, attend in even-
town .and township, on a stated day anil
place, to receivo all the tax, abating for
prompt payment,adding tor delay. (Jive
tne county court power to exonerate nn-
collectable tax, Let the SotnteTreasureV
io furnished with tho aggregate of each
county's valuation, and assess tho neo
essary Stato tax accordinglv.direetlv up
on each count v, according to its valtia- tuns coutaine j.
I. In ciun court, ou mo
and nnnnHinn llm Sitntn f nv no sleneu of I. John ti sun. ('. II Uuikliir.Ksn. iinnmnt.
u-i.il i,nn tl... ,,..., 1! ?..? "a"f e I'.ilin rein linndHi,; HUfl
lv dressed. If. t3 tin. iriim.r.tl -ni.li..f
that the bride looked quite :is interest
ing and almost as young as tho bride
A uuitob's notice.
Stato of Ponimj'lvatila, no'.um'jla county, ss.
Among the rci-onlsund pruvet'illnKS ut tliaOom
mon I'leas In and for .salu county it 13 Inter alia
Hon, give the counties all taxes, licenses, In rciRneaibtuieor
rates and iissessments of whatsoever na- tio7wriemHvY,,JAi'mri
portion the Stato t
I! number Ot licenses, llier- itsslnneo acci rdliiir in ih.i n(i,i.il m.d mni.-ii nc.
n II! bo (it Illrntn TTri If. ltcntnn nn RntnnUr llm
von im. ii i-i'uriinry, 11, Rt n nciocK H. 111. A
nnciifuio un errctou over westt'iroK tn siiiroiionr,
iicnr Jolin II. Cola's. To be ft wooden brace entered
I'NiWe, M feet Ion?, 16 feet ldo. Abutinenlii to bo
puiii, uy ciintrnctcreo as to annul or akowbacit
feet from ton tf nail tilate.
Plans and apjcKlentions can bo seen at commis.
. . . Aill.UKimi.NO,
commMsloncrs'oxnco, county Comnimsloners.
liloonnDur?. P:, Jan. t, 81.
Uliuf J u OAdKr, Clerk. rob t w
ORPHANS' COURT SALE
REAL ESTATE I
In ruraianeoof an order iMued out tf tlm Or
pliMu' Court of Columbia county, .lobn W, Kvans.
KxeciilornfdcorKO uvun, lato of Crlarcrttktown
siilp, t'olumlilii countv, deccaaeil, wilt cxposo to
Public Sln on tho premises In Iiilarrrcck lownslilp
Tuesday, March 22nd, 1881,
All Ibnt certain
PflUUU Oil lMItOi;!. OV IiAJVI
slluatoln llriarercek township, Columbia county,
iTiinsjivjiun, ncundeil nnd deierlbod m follows, to
win on tlm north by lands of tlco. Ilcss, on tlie
west by iund-i ot Onirics Ilaclumn. eoutb bv n null-
Hi! ronil, cast by land of tleorao Ilclford, rontnlnliifr
Til I UT Y-NIXH AOUKS
and eighty petclies. Aio, ono oilier rlcco tf
lar.dlnsamo Ionslilp, bounded and dcscilbedns
follows, to-Hlli on tbo north by lands of Ucorgo
HeirnrJ and on tho west by (leoriro Helton), mutu
by pnbllo road, onllioeistbyland ot II. tl. .Mart
and (leorjji) Uoiver, contnlninft
OXK ACHE A: NINtTV-MNE PKIICIIES,
on wlilcli aro t reeteit n
l-'KAMK DWKlddNO HOUSB,
frimo Cam and oul-bulldlngs. Also.ono other pleco
of land In samo towntldp, bounded on tho ncrlh by
I mill of II- tl. Mart, on tho west by lands ot t'.ella
Mmteller, on tlie soulli bylamlsof Wm. Kvans nnd
on tho cast by public roa-1, containing
SIX' ACKICS AND SIXTEBX PKltOHKS
Tchms of Sit.K. Ten per cent of one-fourth of tho.
purchase money tn bo paid nt tho striking down of
the property, tho one-fourth loss iho ten per cent at
tlie cjniliinallon trsaloand the remaining thico-
fourlhs lu one year thereafter with interest from
con Urination nisi.
JOHN W. IIVANN,
Feb. 19, 'st-ts Ktecutor,
REAL ESTATE !
Tlie undersigned e.ircutors of Joshua Ilrlnk, do-
ct ascil, will cxposo to Public Bftlo on tho promises
In Sugatloaf lownslilp on
SAT UllDAY, MAItril Ctli, 1881,
at ono o'clock In tho tf tor noon, tho following tene
ment nnl T1IAOT Oil PIECE OP I.ND situate,
lying nnd being In Iho township of sugnibaf,
Columbia county, Pennsylvania, bounded and
described ns follows, to-wlt: Deglnning at awhile
oak. the corner ot HeUter'a land, tlienco by landtf
Joabua Ilrlnk north flshty degfiCH weat olio hun
dred nnn twelve and n half perches ta a rct.lliencc
by said land north thlrtj-llve degtccs west lltty-llti-
pcrehea lo a chestnut treo, thtneo nonb sixty de-
gi res wf st seventy porches to a post, t hence by land
ot Montgomery Colo "" uth seventy-four degrees
west eighty-two perches to npi bt, thenco by land
of said Joshim Prink sou'h forty-thrco and Ihtee-
fourlhs degrees east forty-four perches lo u post,
uioM'o oy tain land south twenty-four degrees wt st
tbirty-nino perclies to a post, tlienco by said land
south fori- threo and thrco-fourlhs degrees east
sixty-one perches to a post by n public roaa, thenoo
south ttvenly degrrea castslxty-thrco and onc-baif
perches to a post, tlienco by laud ot William McKel-
vy north sixty-one and three-fourths degrees east
thlit two perches to the place of beginning, con.
85 Acres and 65 Perches
of land bo tl.u samo mora or lesa, on which aro
erected a two-story
I'd lit! I? DWELLING HOVSK.
bain and out-bulldtnga.
Tht j la ono of tho best FRUIT FARMS In too unnor
cnu oi tno county. .
Terms madj known oa. fliy of sale.
iirwA.V'i" "''" 'A "KM'III A
M. Ml hit. qunl tofttijr fciiipprlii th
oiirUt. Jlrtnrmbrr, iff i,,t
it tobfirxitmliirtl bej'orf Vn
) fur II. Thl 1$ ll
.'.r.'''.V""'rc""linr''c" 'U for ISO
All Maclilr.m wnrnntcl for llinv
yi-ars. flml for our IlltiFtrRtfvt elr.
ciui:i.E a. noon .t ro
17 B. Tell St., Plikdilf hi,, u
eanlilJ antl other ocoiipimons, as to tho SeiJir-MJJ-"toB' t,,er01 u "t,rt0"s-Pf
value of tho property in each county j ' lir the cohit.
give' (ho State Hoard of Revision power Certified from tho re cord thli Fltlojuth day of Feb.
to levy a largo rate on enmities in wliinh
they are satisfied a Jufit return is not
mailo to tho extent of equalizing tax.
The prlnulplo to ho enforced is equality
ana unitormity. '1 hero can be no logical
or jmt reason for taxing associated capi
tal engaged in mining or inanufacluiint:
iit a higher rate hnn individual capital,
white many reasons may he urged against
it The only additional burden to ho
laid iijion such capital should he an nn
mini tax for tie privtlfuo of' exception
from individual liabilify. All other
taxes slioulil lie imposed On the property i)"r N:eimun am revomnKnac i by haukersur
...i... ii...- 1 i tuuiiv.ii
iiKKii, iviit'iiiiT li-fll in perqoiijp, ownei)
by the ooi'poratloii.uud at. tho sumo rate
as tnougii owntil liy Inilivnlunls.
1 Ji 1'., Il,
a. ii. (juice. wm, xnicuiumt.
In ouihuanca cf the above anrnlt tinrnt llm nn.
dsrslgned will meet the p.utlej lutereateil ul l.,b cf
tlce In llloomsburg on .Saturday tho nun day ,t
March, A. IMS!, belwten the hours of 9a Iu.
and 4 p. in., ut wulcb tlmo nud place all poisons
liavlngcialina upon B.ild tund will uppear nnd piuvo
their culms or be debui rid from any htmru oi kali
. .. C.O.IIAIiKLKV,
feb. 1 S'13-.ivf .tiilitor.
SPE OUL ATION ,'!,; 5". '
lesj than J to In drain 1 tlio only wfu. itr and bun.
rstpiitijetotTtred lini'storsto iiiaLumunnv, Sn.J
fOr clrcu'p and lnvcbilgail). Addie 1.0;i'it rr JS 13
tii miu.-'i, , uiungo, llllllJia. .OTIIKt
a Nelmun nru recuinniniit! i hv linnkf nf
tboircUy'aa lielr.g lu every wm worthy of tmbllu
cnntlitenre, r wh IH-w
I lie anti-Carmeron ar waxes sterner
every day. .Mr. harton liarker. who
A W A If (inn r V lu n Lna rr nnr,(
t ouint tree Addrtrb P. o. vicunt.v'.
Augusta, MalLO, r febli-iw
"""'"V.'" ' Mimiiuu jiat-Ker, wuo gqqna year to agents, nnd expenses. M Outat
leads it inj( wlm innlp.1n mjl,-u Mil t'lld "!'JJ,J'rto. Address Kvan a Jj. , Avisii.,iiiyp7
of Don Cameron in and out of tlm Sun.
..to politically, thus .,its hi, foot .low,, in KilllVM
tho AlMfh'lt 1 h0 Ll'l & tu., lo riprute ktM. y. itbll J.vr
"-lr. .John l.'eesnu has been very busy "
iiround llanWmrKntid other nlaci's fora OTCfJ A NRf:1,'.,,!'; t.? FF.
week past lookinir after his chances of U'Urcbs maieiFilintrv, WRhingion. n. j uuii
ueing chosen benittor. They aro about
as good as his chances of living in
thu twenty-first century. Mr, Cessna
is a acntllmipn who hns limrohed too
steady with the machine lu days trone
ny un uiu jiiiieiienueui to iano mm un
now. Uy way of keeping his name in T'WielMi! !W.il' Ul ""If "Poifi
the news .ai.ers, .Mr. Cessna has been ,.. kl Mt0 Loml h4$WM-
i: .1 . !.. ... . - , ... .iL'- q
iiiiiuiiiiiij nip piuit, aiitiviiiii . (!. tiar
Held will tlo anil will not liko tn seo done.
H is surprising how intimatctbo maeliiue
iH-oplo mo with Mr, (iiirileld, when there
is a henator to lio elected. Mr. Conkling's
friends in New York, !ut before mutters
came to a decision there, .had found nut
that .Mr. (iarlield regarded Mr. Conkling
.. . i.i . l.- . r. , , , i
km nit nusiim ineni . anil count not i-xmi
yltlj0!t l(lii tail Just nt lido Mf. t-'onk
ing's fiiends have been 1101112 011 nilL'i-im
ages to .Mentor rpid coining buck with
oiiL't'nt of lonir faces, Ho ."lr. Cessna
I . t.l r r f .... . .
mis luum nat vi r, war e 1 u 01 evmi
over thl, family quarrel in l'uiiiisyivnnlai
tiiat hu wants the two fautions to unite
lirst lu tho sclivllon ot Mcuntnr nnd (hen
in the noiiilnation of a man for tho Cab-
net, and that if they wont do so ho will
uivo to pass them by. All of which is
just ns authentio as tho stalwart storv
tliat Mr. Cameron had already refused a
place lu tho (!ahinet,and would have the
nomination of the man who is to ontnr
it from this State. AVe do not mean that
Mr. Cessna has been pawing off for fnqt
what ho knows to be tuition. Wo suspect
that he has been pouring out his Btalwnrt
woes at Mentor, and has mistaken Mr.
flai field's excellent listening for cordial
ELY'S CREAK! SALFvl
.-uwi. r.iy iiroa., iiruggmts, owego, N, V. ljr
tha rii thru) wlnterd I li ivo fceen amieted with on
tanu and cold lu Hi 1 head. 1 upplled seUTal reinS.
dies without good lesulis. I W w Inter I used our
CAPCINE POROUS PLASTER.
No liemedv more Wldilv nr nrr..,
?,p". " Mng. iiuicic in curing. Por La n o
Hack, I'lieumatl in KiAm-y AmeiioiTs, and aches
aud pains generally, it is thu unrivalled remedy.
ASK YOUR DRUGGIST FOR IT
1381 Arch Street, Philadelphia.
Feb. H, 'at-ly
Rowell & Co'b. AdvcV"
In rnltlnicjoiir altrmluii to our ueiv
HIMGE & ROLLER
yOR FARM GATES.
iV?nfi'5!!,'!;K ""'''"'"od "twe aro notorreri,
SnV-Tim H'.iV IS'.V.'" ".umoiig, and lou h
in A iiSiiVtT, S U.!;V.B .'"C'er. In.llo every
.boeiiMniWn .iiNA'u aWS'l
uozen t,neo tianr.is ni.i n ...""" " ii
Joi-t lu nlier. hda n. kinnn 1 .Ji.i ",?lt QI '.
On fOIlt nr linmlmnlr ,T V." l" K in
"UVIKICI LUUHUM' I II.
i..' -"'"it good men In otery townshln in kn thu
FRANK J. BUUK0W3,
Owner fur Hie Ktnle uf lVuu)ntiin.
l-'oh. 19,'l-lm r
a th a sfnt.i in ,l.:
tL" ""y eAulr''' Niirtorles vrldely and favomb V
nuui.u. I IT IirinH hiTiliv i. -
Van Diisri Miiherles I c. U VAN nt'SI!f.
r Mtll'UMIl'U IUV. r IIKPVI N V
f'MVU-'tow lso stock at WholeiaK
A TRUE TONIC
A PERFECT STRENGTHENER.A SURE REVIVER.
IKON RlTTIUtS nro highly recommended
The boat race between Haitian, of
1 orqnto, aiyj J.aycoek, of iSydnoy, N. S.
W.,over tho Thaiues cliaijipiqnsliip oourqe
foi tho uhampioiiship of Knglantj, tho
nnoruman cnaiicnco cun. ana 1.000.1
of tho election f PreshUnl and y!o I cawo clfou tlio Hlh aud was "Won eittily
J Ly Hunlan Uy hbf.ut four kuthfl, " I
for nil flUncAMi rA.
1 " , t n,m i,uen to'"" espeelall IruSineion, Ihinvjma, Inter
mittent Jmr, ll diif c Apptioe L- Strtnga.jMj:, . t KnriFhm
0 WoikI, btrengtlieiH Iho imw' nnd plvw uev W tq thq iijRis, Tliey net
M iUMxry ih ;.W .UtU'ng, Heat in the & macA, Heartburn, etc. 'i'lio nil v
Iron IVeii.iratlim Hint, win unt. l.i.w.i-.... i.
iietiantvlif,. bold by all druggists. "Writo for tho A II 0 llook, 3:
useful anil amusing r ailinij nut free.
llKOAVN CinWirdVT, CO., lJaltlmorc, Ma.
nm, AArtrNn I This Is the particular season In
DKY UCJODo wllldiEctandprcparcHouse.
keeping Dry Goods Sheetings,
Pillow Materials, Linens, Nap-
If you cannot kins, Towels, etc. Itlsalsotho
vlsitthecity,scntl for season for Ladles' Underwear,
to us by postal Tho Grand Depot contains tho
card for JlOUSO' greatest variety of goods In ono
08 PrICO - 1 establishment hi
Hst,nmUndor- JANUARY the United States,
WCarPrlcolJst. L-IJLILZ nnd exchanges
Wo fill orders by letter from orrcfundsmoney
every Stato nnd Territory nt for things that
same prices charged customers clfld lo not suit, upon
who visit the store, and allow examination a t
same privilege of return. home.
Tho stock includes Dress
AaaJ I FEBRUARY
Grand Depot, Philadelphia.
G. IB. BOBBINS,
(SUCCESSOR WO 33. W. jROBEXOTS.l BEAMm rw 7
Flno Itratutics, WI.InUIch, V.Iiih, Huii.n, u..l nil Uln.lHol WIncN con-
fiHiuiy tin llitiiil,
IMP0KTK1) AI.FS AND 1'OltTKBS IN HOTTLKS BY THE DOZEN
Landlords throughout tlio county will iind it lo their iidviintnAc lo
call nmi cxnniino my stock before purchnsiiig clscAvhcrc.
Main Stroet, 2nd Door bolow Iron.
July 0; '80-1 jr
flPPY THOUGHT RflNRF
The Greatest Success in the History of Cooking Apparatus. Over
Eleven Thousand Now in Use.
1 1 -.)... -i3-i-,
Before Pnrchnsing your Move. Yon will never regret it
C. C. GALIG nan,
Shop in Opera House, Gth door
Feb 4, 81
1 1 AIRS GUARANTEED25 CENTS BY UStNG y
OE DTI. METTAUR'S HEADACHE P I LLScnromod wonderfully lna Sfc
5 Tprypnortlaiol,!.!!! SICK ; NERVOUS HEADACHE -an I, "lo eg
nr, "bb'''''u 'Tn-mjdicpYSPEPsiAi"iriwo"t(,wS nR
a U lug tha BjTtem of cxccbs ot bile, pruduciug a regular Ealthy acUoa ul tho bow" V 1
v n !?k Afullolzoboxofthosovalunblo Pill? wiuifuit.ii. cS
S3,1 nino o-cont PostOKO Stamps. VorHalobya!lDrum.,!?(9ft. '
pSf com ritopiUEions, IMk
GET THE BEST.
In Iho manufacture of Orcans is resulting in tho nrnt1nft,V.,v .r i
ol client) iroods, made from inferior materia s. T f.
bogus Organs that nro continually snrhicmtr into fixvstnnr.n ,:iL.,
any merit whntevor, except lo be offered cheap, and then when purchas
ed found to bo dear at any price. Will vuU not then. rMiW
If jtou Contemplate Buying an Organ
consider it your only safeguard to select an instrument benrinc the
names of first class, wholly responsible makers. A good assortment of
styles ol tho celebrated stey OiKans can now bntpnn ..
of the Only Authorid gent fo, the Bey 0aaB to
Columbia Oonnty. A guarnnteo for five years f'rnm tlm
lacturera accompanied every Jistey Organ,
Bloomsburg, P a,
llMINlSTUA'l OH'H N0TIC15,
KT1K0FI11IY V, XAKX. IVI'D.
I ctti'rs of aili.iliiliir.itt.iii
ia'tia lft'o: iicutoi towiiniiip, Uoiuiiilnii cutiiily!
M-fuseil, uainb.rn crunini hv n,.. ii,..'Uin..... i..f,i
county In Uio unnm i," umiuM m, ,. A1) ,H isous
littVliisti'uliiiaialnMlio nUU.Df MM ilWilt'lii
hr. I. iVl . I . 11 l.lm" IT W'l'HIllflll nmi
Inofu liiJelileil lr. llm it., i.. .....Ln n ........ .A
ll,..l..r.l..nH n... . . A'V""'" W M
...'v...A(.i.m ituuuuwiiuiir nniiinii iiHmt,
It 11. 4 It. K. limx.
JAU II 8. KMINH.
Uct 11 1 U.
UMlNISTliATOH'H KO 1 JOK.
KSTATH OK BillfH. 11I10KS, DCKAStP,
Utletsot ai1mlnliratlon on iliotKiaioof Samn,i
U.'co;leat ar rt'(ni-tt'U to p.i-nt ii, u for Be
'!';''' ;J i ii.Uel.irt i,,1 m!kS pijSitM S
umne'KuU toaiu: mitr wrl im (.. ,).
II 1 1' I EVAN,
t'vi , a, e