Newspaper Page Text
m rmsiA riiooT,Ti or tn nortb id comim-
"'u I1H COXSOUDiTID.)
lasnod wcokly, every Friday morning, at
liLOOAISIItJIlO, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA
i wo DOt-um por year, 60 conta discount allowed
lwnenPlal1. UT . w' V' wAyimuun oi ino
ffOnril.RO Will DO ciiarKuu, iu nuustnucra out or the
Jountr t Mrm9 f. ''J1, yelf lOtf'otly In advance,
i no wiper discontinued, except (it the option or mo
IniiMlMicrs, nntll all arrearages are paid, but lonir
oontmuod credits after the expiration of tbe flrstl
' All papers Bent out of the mate or to distant post
io'io person In Columbia county assumes topav thel
f.,rt.Tnt.htrff l tnartment of the Colouum m .rv
..nmtn ami niir .1 b ITIntlnu will enmnnrn tvtm
UIIII'V. V tua larrM nit (A. All .n.b T
1 ' . tinnf Itf ami fit. innrlfirnln nrboi
leiliU"1'. '"-" J -
Columbia County Official Directory.
President. tudiro-William Elwcll.
Asmclato-Iudgos-I. K, Krtckbaum, F. L. Bhuman.
rruihonotary, 4tc William Krlckbaum.
court titcnoicrapner-s. N. Walker.
Heehtcr Itecordor Williamson II. Jacoby.
im nctAltorney-Hobertli. Llltlo.
siierin-Jonn w. llonman.
surveyor Samuel Noyliard.
Treasurer II. A. Sweppcnbelser.
unamlssloners Stephen rohe, Charles Jilchart.
A. 11. Herring. . ,
coinmmlonors'cicrk J. It. Casey.
Au.lltors-s. II. smith, W. Manning, C. n. Sec-
1 ju'rv'commlsstoners-BU Ilobblns, Theodore W.
Splmnty Huperlntendent William II. Bnydcr.
Uloom roor District Dlrcctors-Jt. 8. Ent, Scott,
Win. Kramer, Dloomsburg and Thomas Recce,
Bloomsburg Official Directory.
President of Town Council 1, 8. KU1IN,
Clerk l'aul E. Wirt,
chief of I'ollco D. Laycock.
President of Has Company s. Knorr.
secretary C. W. Miller.
Ulooinsourg Hanking company John A. Funston,
1'resldcnt, II. II. urnu, Cashier, John l'oacock, Tel.
enrs NaUonal Dank Charles It. raxton.I'resldent
J. 1. Tustln, cashier.
Columbia County Mutual Saving Fund and Loan
Associailon-E. II. Little, ITesldenl, c. W. Miller,
S'liloomsi)urif llulldlnz and Having Fund Association
Win. peacock. President, J. ii. Hoblson, secretary.
llloomsburir Mutual Savin; Fund Association J
I, urowor, President, I. G. Wirt, Secretary.
Iter. J. P. Tustln, (Supply.)
Sunday Services lux a. ml and tx p. m.
sundav school 9 a. ra.
Prayer Meeting Every Wednesday evening at jf
seats free. The public are Invited to attend.
ST. MATTnEW'8 LCTIIRR&N CHURCU.
Minister llev. O. I). S. Marclay.
Sunday Services 10 a. m. and Ttf p. m.
Sunday school 9 a. m.
Pravcr Mecilng Every A'cdncsday evening at lys
Scats free. No powb rented. All are welcome.
Minister Itev. Stuart Mitchell.
Hundar Services 1 0 a. to. and M p. m.
Sunday school 9 a. m.
prayer Meeting Every Wednesday evening at W
be.ua free. No pows rented. Strangers welcome.
Presiding Elder Rev. W. Evans.
Minister ltov. E. II. Yocum.
Sunday Services lux and ox p. m.
sundav school 2 p. m.
lilblo Class-Iiverv Monday evening at x o'clock.
Voiing Men's Prayer Meeting Every .Tuesday
evening at OX o'clock,
(leneral Prayer Mectlng-Every Thursday evening
7 o'clock. t
Corner ot Third and Iron streets.
Pastor Hov. W. E. Kreba.
Hcsldenco Corner 4th and Catharine streets.
Sunday services tox a. m. and'T p. m.
Sunday School n a. m.
prayer Meeting Saturday, 7 p. m.
All aro Invited There is always room.
ST. lUCX'S CHCRCU.
Hector Hot L. Zaliner.
sunilay Services tox a. m., 7X p. m.
Sunday School 9 a. m.
First Sunday In the month, Holy Communion,
services preparatory to Communion on Friday
ecnlng before the st Sunday In each month,
l'ews rented : but everybody welcome.
Presiding Elder Itev. A. L. Itccser
Minister Itev. Cieorge Hunter.
Sunday Servlco !p, m., In tho Iron Street Church.
praver Meeting Every Sabbath at 8 p. ra.
All aro Invited. All are welcome.
THE CnCRCH Or CHRIST.
Meets in "tho llttlo Urlck Church on the hill,"
known as tho Welsh Baptist Cnurch-on Hock street
east of Iron.
Itegular meeting for worship, every Lord's day af
ternoon ot ax o'clock.
seats frco ; and the public aro cordially Invited to
SCHOOL ORDERS, blank, just printed and
neatly bound In small books, on hand and
or sale at tho coluubum Ufflcc.
1M.ANK DEEDS, on Parchment and Linen
Paper, common and for Admlnist rators, Execu
tors and trustees, for sale cheap at the Colombian
MASRIAGE CERTIFICATES just printed
and for sale at the Columbian Oltlce. Minis
cm ot tno uospel and Justices should supply them
sel i cs with these necessary articles.
,;i U&TICESand Constables' Fee-Bills for sale
l atthoCoicMBiAN onice. They contatn the cor
rected fees as established by the last Act ot tho Leg
.".Uureupon tho BUbject. Every Justice and con
table should have one.
VENDUE NOTES just printed and for Bale
cheap at the Columbian office.
CI O. BARKLEY, Attorney-at-Law. Office
j , In Iirower'a building, Snd story, nooms 4 & e
i B. ROI11SON, Attorney-at-Law. Office
O , In llartman's building, Main street.
AMUEL KNORR. Attorney-at-Law,Office
in llartman's xsuuuing, ikiain sirceu
R. Wil. M. REBER, Surgeon and Physi
cian, otaco Market street. Above BtU East
" R. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and Physi
a clan, (Office and Itesldcnco on Third street,
' B. McKELVY, M. D., Surjreon and Phy
a slclan, north Bldo Main street, below Market.
R. J. C. RUTTER,
PHYSICIAN ft SUItQBON,
Office, North Market street,
Mar.S7,'74 llloomsburg, Pa,
R. I. L. RABB,
Main Street, opposite Episcopal Church, Blooms
ttr Teeth extracted without pain,
aug 4, n-iy.
M. DRINKER, GUN and LOCKSMITH.
sewing Machines and Machinery ot all kinds re-
dalred. oriHA Hodsz Building, Bloomsburg, ra.
AVID LOWENBERG, Merchant Tailor
Main St., above Central Hotel.
S. KUIIN. dealer ii, Meat. Tallow, etc.
Centre struct, between Second and Third.
ROSENSTOCK, Photographer, oyer
Clark & Wolf's store. Main street.
A UGUSl'Ud FREUND, Practical homeo
XXPathio Horse and cow Doctor, Bloomsburg, Pa,
ieb. 14, "79-u
RooniNo. 16, Opxba llcrsi Bdilsino, Bloomsburg.
TRITISII AMERICA ASSURANCE CO
NATIONAL F1I1E INSURANCE COMPANY.
The asseta of tneso old corporations are all In-
vested lu Mil.ll) SKCUltlTIKs andarellable to the
uazara ot 1 Iru only.
Moderate lines on the befat rlskB aro alone acceDted.
Losses ritouiTLY and uokestlt adjusted and paid
as soou aa determined by Christian f. Knapp, spe
cial Agent and Adjuster. B'ootnsburg, Penn'a.
'1 ho citizens of Columbia county bhould patronize
the agency where losses, If any, are adjusted and
pum uy one ox tueirown citizens, nuv.ic, r -iy
17REA8 BROWN'S INSURANCE AGEN-
-L CY, Exchange Ilotel, Bloomsburg, Pa.
Etna, Ins Co., of Hartford, Connecticut,,, ,soo,ooo
Liverpool, London and Globe so.ooo.ooo
Itoja'oi Llverpoo) ..... 13,600,000
llreABSoclaUon. PhlladelDhla 8.100.000
rirmers Mutual of DanvUle 1,000,000
Danville Mutual , 76,000
Home, New York. d.eoo.ooo
As the agencies are direct, policies are written for
the Insured wltnout any delay In the office at Blooms-
Ua'rcli tt,n f
BlrBXBINTS TBI POLLOWINQ
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANLESi
ycomlngof Muncy Pennsylvania,
forth American of Philadelphia, Pa
frankUu, of '
f armers of York, Pa.
llanoverof New York.
Ufflce on Market Stuct No. , Bloomaburg, Pa,
You can get a Thorough Education wltli the
LEABT OUTLAY OF MONEY.
For Catalogue, address the;rnnclpal,
. IUSV. 0 K. CAjlFlEXD.
0. B, BBOCZWAT i
0. E.ELWELL, ENtoriB4Projr!etori.
J E. WALLElitj "
(fm,t f ?csi!.0M oM&la,1' Collectlemmtde.
omce, Second doorfrora 1st NaUonal Bank.
Jan. 11, 1S78
j" U. FUNK, '
iDcrcaso of Pensions Obtained, Collections
.. . BLOOMSBUItQ, PA.
Office In Enfs Hcildino.
ATTORNEY B-A T-L A W,
Members ot tho United States Law Association.
vuucvuuns maoe in any part of America or Europe
Q H AW.J.BUCKALEW,"
omce on Main Street, first door below Courtnouse
JOHN M. CLARK,
. Bloomsburg, Pa,
omco over Schuyler's Hardware Store.
P P. BILLMEYER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Omci-In Uarman's Building, Main street,
g H. & R, R, LITTLE,
Office In Brewer's bullding.second Hoor.room No,
JJ FRANK ZARR,
Office In Unanost's Bcilbino, on Main street second
Can be consulted in German.
Jan. 10, '7-tf
M. L. EYERLY,
Collections nromDtlr madA Ana n.mtttiui. nfn,.J,
onnoslte Catawlssa Deposit Bank. em-ts
Iff II. RUAWN,
A T TORNE Y-A T-L A W ,
Office, corner of Third and Main Streets.
LARK F. HARDER,
HC1LBIR AND MANUFACTURER Op
Doors. Sarh. EUnis. VTonlitTiffj. T?r.-Ve
anddcalerln LUMBEItnnd all kinds Of BUILDING
TIJIItD STREET, CATAWISSA, PA.
May id, l9-8m
BLATCHLEY'S PUMPS !
The Old Eeliable
For Wells 10to 75 feet Deep
New Price ListJan. 1, 1879.
C. G, HJLATCIIXEY,
4 40 MARKET ST., PHILAD'A,
April 11, 1879-Cm
THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY!
GEAY'S SPE0JFIO MEDICINE
TRADE MARK. 13 especially recom-TRADE
menaea as an un
failing euro for sem
matorrhea, 1m p o
tency, and all disea
ses, sucn OH Loss of
Lassitude, Pain in,
thn ItafM- MmnAuni
Befora Takinffot vision. rrema-4f:2fv.w-
Bture old Age, andJWr UaklDg.
many other olseases that lead to insanity .consump
tion and a Premature (Jrave, all ot which as a rule
are first caused by deviating from the path of nature
and over Indulgence, ihe Bpeclflc Medicine is the
result of a life study and many years ot experience
In treating these special diseases.
Full particulars In our pamphlets,whlcb we desire
to send free by mall to every one.
Eer package, or six packages for to, or will be sent
y mall on receipt of the money ny addressing
THE OKAY HKDICIKK CO.,
No. 10, Mech&nlc'B mock. Detroit, Ulch.
Bold In Bloomsburg by C. A. Klelro. and by all
uarna s u.wmg, x uuit'tuuu Agcuui, ruuiuuiK.
BepU 6, 18-U
M. C. SLOAN & BRO.
Carriages, Buggios, Phaetons, Sleighs,
PLATFORM WAGONS, iC.
Flrat-claas workalways orhacd.
KEPAIKINO NEATLY DONE.
Prices reduced to suit tbe Umea.
Jan. t, isn-u.
iWERY DIRECTOR. TEACHER AND
Sbould aunacrlbo for
A live Educational Monthly, published at
forw cents per year. Send blx centa for specimen
C. K. CANFIELD,
April 18, 1H-U
.una A YEAR tor honest. Intelllirent BUBlneRa
men or agenu. i.ew buiunew; ukqi worK.
Addreaa Co-onKATirii Aucr, Mudisou.IuJ'
Tlio follow Ine valuable property, the Estate of the
late John Hwlsuer.deccascd.wUl bo offered at private
sale up to
SEPTEMBER 1st 1879.
The pr operty Is ntuate lu the Milage of Jersey
town, Columbia county Pa., ana contains atxmt
of excellent farming land upon which are TWO
HOUSES, BARN, and oiner out
buildings, and 19 one of the nnest localities In the
county. There are
TWO GOOD ORCHARDS
on the premises.
WTor (nforniaUon concerning the property ap
ply, to C. II. lirockway, of Bloomsnurg, or T.J,
sitlilier, of Jerseytown.
ISTATS Or COKWTUN WOIJT UTI Of U1H1.IN TOHMSUle
CULrHBIA COCNTT, JKtEAil.
Vh' ,inilndf.n,M niulttnr auno'lntcd hY the Or
pliasa'iurloTuoUuaWit'COunfy to Uiatrlbute the
babmioftfie auetiiolfcaldt'stut.,luthe hands ot
N. 11. Criasy, .lecutor Iceiftf, to and anioDg the
EerMns entitled tnerew, ui aueuu uiuib uuiw ui
u ipuotaunest ut hts osiru In llloomsburg, on Sat
urday tho UUi day of Augubt, at lu u'vloek, a. lu., at
w nliu time and place all persons interested may at-
WB ' CILBUCKALEW,
Tho woman ws old and ragged and gray,
And bent with the chill of the winter's day
And tho Btrect was wet with a rcccntsnow,
w.u nuiuua a reel were aged and slow.
She stood at the cmwini. nni tr.i.iui i.
Alone, uncarcd for, amid tho throng
ji uuiimu oeings wno passed her by,
Nor needed the glance ot her anilous eyo.
Down the street, with luiicliipr u .hm,. i
Olad In the freedom ot Bchool let out,
i;arae tno ooys lite anoclt of sheep,
jiouuib me snow puca white and deep
Past the womiLn. nn AM nnil -n.
Hastened thochlldren on their way,
Nor offered a helping hand to her,
So meek, sotlmld, arrald to stir,
Lest Uio carriago wheels or the horses' feet
ouuuiu crunu ner uown in me sllpptry street.
Atlast camo ono of th emcrry troop
Thegajest laddie ot all the group j
no jmuscu uesiae ner and whispered low j
"I'll help you across It you wish to go."
Her aired hand on hin ntmnr. .nnn.,.m
She placed, and so wlihout hurt or harm,
no guiaeu me iremunr g feet along.
PrOUd that hU OWn tr.ni firm ... CM..-
Then back again to his friend? he went, '
no jviuij uean nappy and well content,
"she's somebody's mother, boys, vou know.
For all she's old, and poor, and slow j
And I hope some fellow will lend a hand
To help my mother, you understand,
If ever she's poor, and old, and gray j
, iieu ner own uear ooy 13 far away.'
And 'somebody's mother' bowed low her head
In her home that night, and the prayer she said
1 -uoa 00 Kina to tlio noble boy,
Who Is sonicbody'B son and pride and Joy."
THE GOVEIiNOltS OP PENNSYLVANIA.
A SHORT MEMOIR OF THOSE WHO SERVED
UNDER THE CONSTrTUTION OF 1790.
Until the breaking out of tho American
Revolution, Pennsylvania had been govern
ed by Proprietory Governors. When the
Provincial Constitution met in 1770,a Com
mittee of Safety, composed of twenty-five
members, was appointed to supercede the
Executive department of State. On the Cth
of August, 177C, this Committee of Safety
organized by electing Thomas Wharton, Jr.,
as President. The new Constitution, which
went into effect September 28th, provided
for a Supreme Executive Council of twelve.
This Council lasted until 1790,nnd had as its
Presidents, lliomas Wharton, Jr.. Geo. Bry
an, Joseph Reed, William Moore, John
Dickinson, ISenj. Franklin, Thomas Miillin,
and as its Vice Presidents, Geo. Bryan, Mat
thew Smith, Wm. Moore, James Potter.Jas.
Ewing, James Irvine, Charles Riddle, Peter
Muhlenberg, David Redick, and George
Thomas Mifllin, who had been the last
President of the Supreme Executive Coun
cil, was elected as the first Governor under
the Constitution of 1790, over AuthurSt.
Clair, Federal, by a vote of 2C.725 to 2,802.
Governor Miillin, who had from an early
age taken an active part in tbe American
Independence, was born in Philadelphia, in
1744, of Quaker ancestry, who were among
the earliest settlers of Pennsylvania. He
passed through a Collegiate course : but his
education was more especially directed to a
mercantile pursuit, which, however, he fol
lowed for only a short time. In his eager
desire to become thoroughly acquainted
with his business be spent some time in
Europe, making the tour ol England and
France. Shortly after his return, at the age
of twenty-eight, he was elected as one of the
two members of the Legislature from Phil
adelphia' and was re-elected the succeeding
year as a colleague of Benjamin Franklin.
Gov. Jlilllin's course from this date was
"onward ami upward," We next find him a
member of the first Continental Congress,
alongside of Henry, Jay, and Adams. Al
ter the battle of Lexington, Mifllin mounted
tbe rostrum and urged tbe people of Phila
delphia to action with his much admired
fervor and eloquence, and upon Washington
assuming command at Koston, we find Col.
MifUin acting as his first Aid-de-Camp.
Washington afterwards appointed hlruQuar-
ter Master General, and on the 19th ot May,
l7u, be was commissioned by Congress as a
Brigadier General. After the reverses of the
American army in 177C, Gen. Washington
dispatched General Miillin to Congress for
help. At the request of Congress, General
Mifflin made a Btirring address, urging upon
them decisive action. Congress had such
great confidence in him that they created a
Board of War, consisting of Gen. Mifflin,
Gon. Gates, Col. Joseph Trimble, Timothy
Pickering, and Richard Peters, and notified
theCommander-in-Cbief of its action. Some
time after this a shadow fell upon Gen. Mlf
Din, and Congress requested Gen. Washing
ton to make inquiry into his conduct in re
lation to bis acts as Quarter Master General,
Gen, Miilliu demanded an examination im
medately, but being unable to obtain one,
returned his commission to Congress, which
tbey refused to accept. He was also after
wards charged in connection with General
Gates and others with intrigue, with a view
to displace Gen. Washington and set up
Gen. Gates in his place; but this Gen. Mif
flin denied In a letter to Col. Delany, which
reinstated him in the confidence of Gen.
Washington, as well as Congress aud the
people. Gen. Mifllin was elected a member
of Congress in 1783, and was President of
that body when General Washington tendered
his resignation. In 17S5 Gen. Mifllin was a
member of the Assembly, and was elected
its Speaker. In 1787, he was a member of
the Convention which framed the Couslltu
tlon of the United States.aml to that Instru
ment you will find his signature. In 1788,
ho was President of the Supremo Executive
Council, and in 1789 was President of the
Convention which promulgated the new
Constitution, and, as we stated before, was
elected the first Governor under It. He was
re-elected in 1793 over T. A. Muhlenberg by
a voto of 18,090 to 10,700. He was again
re-elected in 1790 over Muhlenberg by a
vote of 30,020 to 1,011. It was during Gov.
Mifflin's administration that tbe 'Whisky
Insurrection took place in tbe western part
of Pennsylvania, and be marched at the
head of the Pennsylvania Militia, and unit
ing his forces with Gov. Lee of Virginia,
the insurgents dispersed upon their ap
proach. At the expiration of bis term as
Governor, he was elected a member of the
Legislature, and died, during a session of
the House, on tbe 21st of January, 1800,
Governor Mifllin exercised his power as
Chief Executive of this Commonwealth for
a longer period than any other, having been
President of the Council for two years, and
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 15.
for threo terms Governor, making In all
eleven years. Governor Mifflin's life was so
absorbed In the service ot his country from
Its opening to Its closing scenes, that the
voice of detraction will be llttlo heeded, and
the best answer to cavils of the traducer is
the great life-work he accomplished, which
wo have endeavored briefly to sketch.
Mifllin county, which was formed from a
part of Cumberland and Northumberland,
September 19th, 1789, was named In honor
of Gov. Mifflin.
In order that we may have a proper un
derstanding of the life of McKean, It is
necessary to remember that the State of Del
aware was originally a part of Pennsylvania
and even after their legal severance the po
litical relations were intimate. Hencoit was
that Gov. McKean had accorded him a com
mon citizenship, holding the highest offices
in both States at once and 'the same time.
Thomas McKean, the second Governor
under the Constitution of 1790, was born on
the 19th of March, 1734, In Londonderry,
Chester county, and was of Irish extraction.
Having received a liberal education, he
commenced the Btudy of law, and was ad
mitted to the bar before ho was twenty-one
years of age. He was clerk to tho Prothon
otary of the Court of Common Pleas, Depu
ty Prolhonotary, and Register for tho Pro
bate of Wills, before he was admitted to the
bar. In 1758, he was appointed Deputy
Attorney General in Sussex county, Dela
ware, which position he resigned after two
years' service. In 1757, he was admitted to
practice in the Supreme Court of Pennsyl
vania j was elected clerk of the Assembly,
and was re elected in 1758. In 1752,ho was
elected to the Legislature from New Castle
county, Delaware, and was returned for
seventeen successive years, after which he
declined further service. He was appointed
one of the Trustees of the Loan Office from
1704 to 1776, making a period of twelve
years. He was a member of the Colonial
Congress, better known as the ''Stamp Act
Congress," of 1705, which met in New
York. In 1774, he was selected as a dele
gate to represent Delaware in the first Conti
nental Congress, which met in New York,
and continued to hold this position for eight
years, although residing in another State.
He favored the Declaration of Independence
and his name appears as one of tbe signers
from Delaware. On the 5th of July, Mc
Kean marched into New Jersey as Colonel
of a regiment to the support of Washington,
and upon his return was sent to Dover as a
delegate to the Convention which devised
the Constitution of Delaware. In August,
1777, he was tendered the office of Chief
Justice of Pennsylvania, and he accepted
with reluctance, but continued to fulfill the
duties of that office for a peiiod of twenty
two years. In the same year he was selected
as President of the State of Delaware, so
that besides being Chief Justice of Penn'a,
he was at the same time a member of Con
gress and Chief Magistrate of another Com
monwealth. He was chosen as President of
Congress on the 10th of July, 1781, but re
signed in October. Chief Justice McKean
was a member of the Pennsylvania Con
vention which ratified the Constitution of
tbe United States, and was also a member
of the Convention which framed the Consti
tution of Pennsylvania in 1789. At the ex
piration of Governor Mifflin's term of office
in 1790, the election resulted in the choice
of Judge McKean over Ross, Federal, by a
vote of 38,036 to 32,641. He was twice re
elected Governor of Pennsylvania, His sec
ond election was over Ross by a vote of 47,-
879 to 17,037,and his third over SimonSnyder
Democrat, by a vote of 43,041 to 38,483.
During his third term as Governor, articles
of impeachment were were preferred against
him ; but be was never tried, on account of
having made a replication, clearly showing
In 1781, the degree of Doctor of Law was
conferred upon Gov. McKean by the Col
lege of New Jer'ey, and in 1782 the same
degree was conferred by Dartmouth College
of New Hampshire. He died on the 21th
of June, 1817, eighty-three years of age,
and was buried iu the grounds of the Pres
byterian Church in Market Street, Phila
delphia. Governor McKean was a warm friend of
Presidents Washington, Adams, and Jeffer
son ; and says John Adams in a letter, of
Gov. McKean : "He was among the Pat
rick Henrys, Christopher Gadsdens, Thomas
Jeffersons, the Samuel Adamses, the Roger
Shermans tho beat, tried and firmest pillars
of tho Revolution."
McKean county was formed from a part of
Lycoming.March 20th, 1804, and was named
in honor of Gov. McKean.
Simon Snyder, who was tho third Gover
nor tinder tbe Constitution of 1790,was born
at Lancaster, on the 6th of November, 1759,
of German lineage. His father died In 1774,
and two years later, at the age of seventeen,
he removed to Y ork, remaining there eight
years, and learned the tanning trade. He
bad scarcely any education other than that
which he acquired by self-exertion. He
again removed to Selinsgrove,Snyder county
in July, 1784. He purchased a mill and
store, meeting with much success. He was
unanimously elected Justice of the Peace,
and served for twelve years. In 1789,
Mr. Snyder was chosen a member of tbe
Convention which framed the State Consti
tution. In 1797, he was elected a member
of tbe Legislature, and In 1802 was chosen
its Speaker, which position he filled until
1803. He was the originator of the "Hun
dred Dollar Act," which made him exceed
ingly popular, and In 1805 was nominated
for Governor against McKean ; but was de
feated by a small majority. He was re
nominated in 1808, and elected over James
Ross, a man of great prominence, by a vote
of 67,975 to 39,575. He was re-elected in
1811 over Wm. Tilgbman, Federal, by a
vote of 63,319 to 3,609, and again in 1814,
over Isaac Wayne, Federal, by a voteof 51,
099 to 29,500 thus serving three full terms.
It was during Governor Snyder's administra
tion that the war of 1812 broke out, thus
making it a very Important and exciting
time. Gov. Snyder justified the uudertak
ing of tbe war, and faithfully supported it
to the end, He vindicated the rights of
liberty, and was the first ofthe Governors to
enter his protest against slavery. Upon re-
tiring from the office of Governor, In 1817,
be was chosen as a Representative to the
State Senate, but only served during one
session, Ho died, of typhoid fever, on the
9th of November, 1819.
Snyder county was formed of a part of
Union on the 2nd day of March, 1855, and
, iru named In honor or Got, Bnyder,
William Findlay, tho fourth Governor un
der the Constitution of 1790, was born at
Mercersburg, Franklin county, on the 20th
of June, 1708. His lineage has been traced
back as far as Adjutant Brown, who took
part in tho famous selgo of Derry, Ireland
He received a good Common School edu
cation and had a 'competent knowledge of
the laws' of his country. He was n vindi
cator of tho Jeffersonian administration, and
his first office was that of Inspector of Mili
tia. Mr. Findlay, at the Bgo of thirty, was
chosen as a Representative to tho Legisla
ture which sat In Philadelphia in 1797, and
was selected again In 1803. Ho was the
first to propose that Harrisburg should be
permanently established as the Capital.
His proposition failed at tbe time, but final
ly carried, and in 1812 the removal was ef
fected. In 1807, Mr. Findlay was elected
State Treasurer, and resigned his seat In tbe
House. He was annually re-olected to that
office for the next succeeding ton years,when
he resigned to assume the duties of Govern
or. In 1817, Mr. findlay was nominated
and elected Governor over Gen. Joseph
Helster, Federal, by a vote of 66,331 to 59,
272. He had no sooner resigned the office
of Treasurer, than ho was charged by his
opponents with misconduct iu his official
acts. During the investigation he was not
present in person or by attorney, nor did he
offer any witnesses at any of the sittings of
the Committee. The committee finally re
ported that bis official conduct had not on
ly been faithful, but meritorious and beno
ficial to the State. In 1819-20, his official
conduct was again subject to inquiry, but
with the same result a triumphant vindica
tion. He was again nominated for Govern'
or in 1820, but was defeated by General
Helster. During tbe session of 1821-22 he
was elected United States Senator, and serv
ed a full term of six years. He was ap
pointed Treasurer ofthe United States Mint,
at Philadelphia, at the expiration of his
term as Senator, by President Jackson, and
continued in that position until General
Harrison was elected President, when he
resigned. He died on the 12th day of Novem
ber, 1846, at tho residence of his son-in-law,
Governor Shunk in Harrrisburg
Governor Findlay was one of the Commis
sioners who authorized the erection of the
State Capital, and layeu with hi hand the
Southwest corner stone of tho building.
Joseph Helster, the fifth Governor under
the Constitution of 1790, was born on the
18th of November, 1752, in Bern township,
Berks county, of Silesian origin. He receiv
ed a Common English and German educa
tion, aud worked on his father's farm until
he was seventeen, when ho married Eliza-,
beth Whitman, of Reading, and shortly af-i
ter removed thence. He joined his father-in-law
as a partner in the mercantile busi
ness. In politics he was a Whig, and was
sent to represent that party at tho State
Convention, which met in Philadelphia on
tbe 10th of June, 177C. He was then a
Captain of Militia, and upon returning to
Readiug he urged upon them the necessity
of organizing a volunteer company to march
to tho assistance of Washington,then in New
Jersey. Captain Heister was heard with
much respect, and, at the end of ten
days, marched with eighty men to tho sup
port of Washington. Captain Heister also
marched to tbe support of Washington on
Long Island, and, in a conflict with the en
emy, was taken prisoner and confined on,
board the notorious prison-ship 'The Jer
sey. ie participated in tbe battle of Uer-
mantowu, and received a wound in his
head, but not a serious one. He served in
the war until its close, and returned home
with joy at seeing the liberty of his country
fully assured. He was a member of the
Convention which met in Philadelphia in
1787, for the ratification of the Constitution
of the United States and in 1789 was a
member of the Convention which framed
the State Constitution. He was a member
of tho Legislature for several years, and in
1799 represented the Berks district In Con
gress, tie was regularly re-elected until
1805, and again from 1815 to 1321, a period
of fourteen years. Before the expiration of
his laBt term in Congress, he resigned to ac
cept the nomination for Governor, and was
elected over Governor Findlay by a vote of
67,90510 06,300. He served but one term
as Governor, and lived in quietness until
his death, which occurred on the -Oth of
June, 1832, in tho 80th year of his age.
He was buried in the grounds of tbe Ger
man Reformed Church at Reading.
John Andrew Shulze, the sixth Governor
under the Constitution of 1790, was born in
Tulpehocken township, Berks county, on
the 19th of July 1775. Mr. Shulze received
a complete classical education, and after
wards studied theology. In 1790, he was
ordaiued a minister in tho German Luther
an Church, and officiated for a period of six
years. In 1802 Mr. Shulze was obliged to
quit his labors in tbe ministry on account of
a rheumatic affection, aud in 1804 he enter
ed upon a mercantile pursuit, which he fol
lowed for a number.of years, accumulating a
small fortune. In 1806 he was elected a
member ofthe Legislature, and returned for
the two succeeding terms. He was tender
ed the nomination for a fourth term, but de
clined. In 1813 Governor Snyder appoint
ed him Surveyor General of tho
State, which he declined. Governor Sny
der then tendered him the positions of Pro
thonotary, Register, Recorder, &c, of Leb
anon county, which he accepted. He was
re-commissioned by Governor Findlay, but
resigned In 182l,and in October he was elect
ed a member of the house of Representa
tives. In 1S22 be was chosen a State Sen
ator from the Lebanon district, but resign
ed in 1823 to accept the nomination for
Governor. He was elected over Andrew
Gregg, Federal, by a vote of 89,928 to 01,
211, and was re-elected in 1826 over John
Sergeant, Federal, by a vote of 72,710 to 1,-
176. In 1821, Governor Shulze had the
honor of welcoming General Lafayette to
the sou of Pennsylvania, which be did at
Morrisville, with his usual eloquence. None
of Governor shulze s predecessors bad en
tered into public life with so much scliolas
tie culture, and it was in this that he had a
particular advantage over them, Governor
Shulze retired from publio life at tho expl
ration of his second term. But In 1839 was
elected a Senatorial delegato to the Nation
al Convention, which assembled at Harris
burg, to nominate candidates for President
and Vice President of the United States,
and was chosen one of the Vice Presidents
on that occasion, In 1840, he was unanl
mouily chosen President of the Electoral
College, and in 1840 he removed to Lancas
ter, where he died, on the 18th of Novem
ber, 1852, In the 78th year of his age.
Georgo Wolf, the seventh Governor under
the Constitution of 1790, was born on the
12th of August, 1777, in Allen township,
Northampton county. Ho was of German
ancestry, and had a liberal education. Ho
was clerk in tho Prothonotary's office, and at
tho same lime studied law In the office of
Hon. John Ross. Mr. Wolf adopted the
principles of Thomas Jefferson, and In 1799
he supported Thomas McKean for Govern
or. Ho was appointed Postmaster at Eas
ton, by President Jefferson, and was after
wards appointed Clerk of the Orphans'
Court by Governor McKean. In 1814, he
was chosen a member of tbe Legislature,
and in 1815 was defeated for the State Sen
ate. Iu 1822, he was elected a member of
Congress, which position he filled until 1829,
when ho was nominated and elected Govern
or over Joseph liltner, anti-Mason, by a
voto ol 78,219 to 61,776, and was re-elected
in 1832 over Joseph Ritner, anti-Mason, by
a vote of 91,335 to 88,165. He was defeat
ed for a third term on account of a rupture
in the Democratic party and the formation
of a double ticket. Governor Wolf's great
ambition was to advance a free system of
education, and to that end his whole life
was devoted. Ho uot only advocated such
a system, but had the pleasure of seeing it
adopted in his native State, and his name
heralded abroad as the great benefactor of
mankind. Governor Wolf adhered to Jack
son, and advocated his second election. In
1830, General Jackson nppolnted him First
Comptroller of the United States Treasury,
and in 1838 he was appointed by President
Van Buren, Collector of the Port of Phila
delphla. Governor Wolf died on tho 11th
of March, 1840, In the C3d year of his age.
Joseph Ritner, the eighth and last Gov
ernor under the Constitution of 1790, was
born on the 25th of March, 1780, in Berks
county, and of German extraction. Mr,
Ritner was very unfortunate when young,
having received but little education. He
married Susan Alter at the age of twenty,
and after wandering about for some time,
finally settled in Washington county, upon
the farm of David Alter, his wife's uncle.
Here he found an excellent library, and de
voted all his leisure hours in study, taking
for his motto, 'Energy invincible determi
nation.' Mr. Ritner was elected a member
of the Legislature in 1820, and served until
1826. Iu 1824, he was chosen speaker of the
House, and was re elected in 1825. Iu 1829
Mr. Ritner was nominated for Governor by
tho anti-Maion party against Wolf, but was
defeated. He was renominated in 1832
against Wolf, but was again defeated. In
1825, bo was again nominated and elected
over Wolf, Independent Democrat, and
Muhlenberg, Democrat, by the following
vote: Ritner, 94,023; Wolf, 65,804, and
Muhlenberg, 40,586. Governor Ritner was
re-nominated in 1838, but was defeated by
David R. Porter, Democrat. The elec
tion of 1838 was close, and charges of
fraud wcro made against tho friends of
Governor Porter. Thos. H. Burrowes,
Chairman of the State Executive Commit
tee of tho anti-Masonic party, issued an ad
dress in which he stated that until an'inves
tigation had been made, they would 'treat
the election as if they bad not been defeat
ed.' During the interval between the elec
tion in October and the meeting of the
Legislature, the excitement ran high
throughout the Commonwealth, and upon
the assembling of tbe two Houses, large
numbers from different parts of the State
had assembled at Harrisburg The Senate
was organized by the friends of Governor
Ritner, and in the Houso there was a double
set of officers elected,tbe anti-Masons choos
ing T. S. Cunningham as Speaker, and the
Democrats Wm. Hopkins. Great excite
ment prevailed, and a lobby took possession
of both Houses. Governor Ritner called
out the militia and also called on the United
States Government for help, which was,
however, refused. It looked at one time as
if this dispute would result in blood-shed,
but better council prevailed, and tbo House
was finally organized by the recognition of
Wm. Hopkins as Speaker, and the peacea
ble inauguration of Governor Porter. Theso
troubles have since been known as the
'Buckshot War,' and made tho participants
famous in Pennsylvania politics. In 1848,
Governor Ritner was appointed, by Presi
dent Taylor, Director of tho Mint at Phil
adelphia, and resigned at the death of Tay
lor to make room for the favorites of Presi
dent Fillmore. He was a delegate from
Pennsylvania to the National Couveutiou,
which nominated John C. Fremont for Pres
ident. Governor Ritner was a warm sup
porter of the free school system, and has the
honor of preserving it at its most perilous
hour. He died on the 16th of October,
1809, in the 90th year of his age.
0UU CONSUMPTION OF TIMUEK.
We have now about 90,000 miles of rail
road ; the annual consumption for ties or
sleepers alone is 40,000,000, or thirty years'
growth of 75,000 acres. To fence these
roads would requiro at least 130,000 miles of
fence, which would cost $45,000,000 to build,
and take at least $15,000,000 annually to
keep in repair. We have 75,000 miles of
wire, which requires in its putting up 800,-
000 trees, while the annual repairs must take
300,000 more. The little, insignificant lu
cifer match consumes annually in its manu
facture 300,000 cubic feet of tho finest pine.
The bricks that are annually Jbaked require
2,000,000 oorus of wood, which would sweep
the timber clean from 50,000 acres. Shoe
pegs aro quite as important an article aa
matches or bricks, and to make the required
annual supply consumes 100,000 cords of
fine timber, while the manufacture of lasts
and boot trees takes 500,000 cords of maple,
beech and bircb,and about the same amount
is required for plane stocks aud tbe handles
of tools. The packing boxes made In the
United States in 1874 amounted to $12.
000,000, while the timber manufactured in
to agricultural Implements, wagons, etc., is
more than $100,000. Tho farm and rural
leuces of tho country consume an Immense
amount of lumber and timber annually, but
as we grow elder as a natlan, this consurap
tion may, aud probably will, be reduced by
the more general use of live fences or hedg
es. Our consumption of timber is not only
dally 011 the Increase, but our exportation
of timber Is also rapidly increasing. Our
staves go by the million to France annually,
waluut, oak, maple and pine to England,
and ip.ari and docking timber to China and
THE COI.UMMAN, VOL. XIII. NO.31
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL. XL1V, NO. ii
WAS YOUNd NAPOLEON MAKItlED ?-A
A London letter says i Is it not enough
that tho Prince Imperial should havo been
killed t Why must he bo married too 1 Aro
there no limits to political hatred? When
tho Prince set out for Xululand there was
some talk about a betrothal to tbe Princess
Beatrice, and now I Petit I.yonna'u pub
lishes an extremely circumstantial and In
genious story to this effect. Act 1. Last
year about the close of the bathing season a
couple took lodgings at Bath (where nobody
ever goes to bathe be it observed) In Eng
land, The gentleman was young and look
ing 'like a Frenchman whose vivacity had
-been extinguished by an enfeebled consti
tution ;' the lady was tall, of light complex.
Ion, and spoke English with a slight Ger.
man accent. They had a nurse and a child
three or fjtir months old. After a week tbe
husband left Bath. He returned several
times to seo his wife, on some occasions
wearing the uniform of an officer of artil
lery. They lived in strict Becluslon having
but ono visitor, the priest of a neighboring
church. Act II. When the Zulus war
broke out the husband went to this priest
and said he was ordered to Africa ; family
reasons did not permit him to reveal his
name or avow his marriage ; would the
priest during his absence act as protector of
his wife and child ? The good Father con
sented, and when the news ofthe Prince Im
perial's death was received, sent the paper
to, the lady to cheer her up, as It were. She
read a few lines and promptly swooned.
Act III. That same afternoon a blonde
woman In deep mourning arrived at Chisel
hurst (of course by special train from the
far west of England) and begged with tears
an audience oi tbe Empress. It was refus
ed, but she had a long interview with Fath
er Goddard. Next day she came back, but
was still not admitted. Act IV. Her dis
appearauce being noticed at Bath tlio priest
at that place was surprised, and, with the
well-known discretion of his order imme
diately went Into the public place and told all
he knew about this woman. 'But,' said a by
stander who must have come up by express
from Kent, "that's precisely tho description
ofthe mysterious woman at Chiselhurst." So
both of them ran and brought a photograph
of the Prince Imperial. The priest, immedi
ately on seeing It cried : "That is the hus
band of this young woman." Could any.
thing be more Interesting? It Is a reproach
to the Paris papers and to London corres
pondent of our own Evming Pott that it
should first have seen tbe light in a penny
journal at Lyons. There are some facts, it
will have been observed, however, which it
is not easy to reconcile with its strict accu
racy. Thus, people do not go to Bath to
take sea baths as we have hinted, among
other reasons, because the city of King
Bladud and Beau Nash is not on the sea.
Again, the Prince Imperial at the particular
season was making a very extended tour on
tbe Continent. Thirdly, nobody ever saw
an Englishman in tbe uniform of an artil
lery officer five minutes afterbe was released
from duty. Fourthly, what earthly blonde
not an American, could recover from a swoon
get a suit of mourning and travel from
Wiltshire into Kent by tbe same afternoon?
Fifthly, how did the mixed company at
Bath hear all about her visit which wasn't
in tho papers ? On the whole, thr author of
this talo deserves to be recognized as the
Lyin' King of Gallic journalism.
Is it possible
That a remedy made of such common, sim
ple plants as Hops, Buchu, Mandrake, Dan
delion &c, are such marvelous and wonder
ful cures as Hop Bitters ;do 7 It must be
for when old and young, rich and poor,
Pastor and Doctor, Lawyer and Editor, all
testify to having been cured by them, we
must believe and doubt no longer, See oth
Bristol is perhaps the only city iu the
world that has two mayors, two city govern
ments, two police, etc., and that is taxed in
two states. Tbe line between Tennessee
and Virginia is in tbe centre of Maiu street,
and it givos rise to many funny scenes, as
for example, the runaway couple need no
coach-and-four, but arm-in-arm step across
Main Btreet and are wedded. The fugitive
commits a crime in Virginia, goes to tbe
pavement on the other side of the street.
and talks defiantly to the officer on tbe op
posite side, who has a warrant for his arrest.
A stumble or a too bold disposition will
sometimes, however, bring hlra to grief.
Several instances have occurred of fugitives
being hustled across the line by a party pre
pared while iu the act of holding such a
conversation, and they tell of a man who
defiantly perched himself on a pile of Btore
boxes within six feet of the line, jeering
the ofheers on the other side, but unfortu
nate for him some more law abiding citizens
tilted the boxes, and when he reached the
ground, to his extreme mortification, he
found that he was in the other State.
It has been commonly said that the cold
water poem, 'The Old Oaken Bucket,' was
inspired by a glass of brandy. A writer iu
the Boston Herald affirms the truth of the
story, and tells it as a personal recollection.
Samuel Woodworth, the author, was a print
er, and was employed in an office in Cham
bers street, New Y'ork. One day ho drop
ped into Mallory's barroom in Franklin
street, to get some brandy and water. The
liquor was excellent, and Woodworth re
marked that It was superior to anything be
ever tasted, 'No,' said a comrade, 'there
was one thing that you aud I used to think
far surpassed this in the way of drinking,
'What was that ?' asked Woodworth, dub
iously. 'Fresh spring water that we used to
drink from the old oaken bucket that hung
In tbe well, after our return fiora tho hay
field on a sultry day in summer.' The
rhythm of the phrase, 'The old oaken buck
et that hung in tbe well,' struck Woodworth
at once, and the picture of the well at his
boyhood home came to his mind. Within
a few hours he had completed the poem.
It doesn't do a bit of vam tn takn
twelve mile promenade in a fourteen foot
room with the baby, and sing or declaim :
"Hootchle, pootchle puddeu and pie." Use
nr. null's liauy byiup and be done with
It Is thought that the Minister selected to
succeed Mr. Welsh will be charged with ne
gotlatlons with tbo British '.Government on
the fisheries question. Tbe Kearearge will
be sent to tho fithery grounds to secure the
latest Information respecting the value of
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
111. IH. IM. IK. It
...H.00 tj.eo U.OTI l oo tsjm
... .() 4.(0 B.tfl MO 11.00
i. 4.(0 4.M) T.00 11.00 IMHl
Three Inches. ,
COO T.00 ,.00 I.W( 1'."0
.. 6.00 MO 10.00 1S.00 ."0
..10.00 U.OO U.OO .Ofl 60.00
..SO.00 SJ.00 10.00 S0.00 lW.Bc
vAr1v AdtrrrdKrmtil. tAVAtilA nn.rtrrlv. Tr.D
stent adrrrtnwments mut be paid for before Inscrtco
except wuere parties ostd aocounis.
Legal advert laemenls two dollars ror men ror inrct
Insertions, and at that rate tor addltlonaltnsertloni
without reference to length.
KtMMitnr'H. AmlnUtrAtnr. And Andltor'S notice
three dollars. Must bo paid for when Inncrtod.
Ttanslentor Local notices, twenty cents aline
regular advert Isementshalf rates.
I Cards In the liuslness Directory" column, ono
dollar per year for each Hue.
An evening star A leading actor.
Operators on change pickpockets.
Tho Toledo Blade speaks of the "ahow
cus." Mr. Edison's electric light is still keep
Hanging is too good for a fifteen cent
The average size of tbe farms in this
country is 164 acres,
Most ofthe emeralds in tho world have
come from Peru.
The schooner of beer hardly ever gets
stuck on the bar.
The taking of tho census next year will
V couple of slices of lemon in the Iced
tea is a great addition to flavor.
Ofthe 27,000,000 of inhabitants of Italy
14,000,000 can neither read nor write.
A tall treasurer is something of a cur
ioslty now-a-days, so many aro so Bhort.
Girls should remember : "'Where igno
rance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wives."
Mighican a'pires to be a peanut-raising
state, and the small boy therein rejotceth.
The progressive photographer is al
ways introducing now features iu his work,
A lunch given to general Graut nnd
party at Canton, consisted of eighty cours
es. It is a singular thing that no rallraod
man has ever applied for a patent on the
This country needs more icemen and
fewer statesmen, in the opinion of the N.
There Is a great trouble with Mount
.KuiH this season. The Italians cannot
keep the crater quiet.
The length of days at Mount Washington
aggregate forty minutes longer than at
A burglar was caught in Boston the
other day, Tn whose possession wete twenty
Nearly one-hall of the Youno? Men's
Chrittlan Association of the world are in
the United States.
Lousiana, 011 an average, has had a now
constitution once in ten years, aud now ex
ists under Hb seventh.
Perpetual motion has at last been ac
complished. Indianapolis has a female
sexton, and now ono belle tolls the other.
The curious fact is mentioned that the
English sparrows, overcrowded in tho East.
are migrating westward.
A man never feels as though he is fall
ing down a hatchway until, while walking
with all his might, one of the heels flies off
Secietary Sherman says the revenues of
the country are on the increase, and that
numerous signs point unmistakably to re
vival of business.
Tho best naturcd man will cet a trifle
mad when his wife tells him that she has
made "ulsters for the boys" out of his last
A matter-of-fact old bachelor calls the
new, sweet, darling pugs, the pug ugly dogs.
The horrid brute the bachelor, net tho
Mrs. Oliphant's handwritincr is the small
est of that of any literary person. Printers
reiuse to strain their eyes with It, and it has
to be copied for them.
For a true specimen of awkardness tier-
sonified commend us to the new grocery
clerk struggling to do up a pound ot sugar
in an artistic manner.
"Whoso sheddeth man's blood bv man
shall his blood be shed." We commend
this passage particularly to tho notice nf
that sweet little bitter cup, tbo mosquito.
The w itber continues verv channpon-
ble in central New Y'ork. A few days ego
a man in that country was aunstruck right
at the close of a snow-storm, bee .use he
could'ntget his ulster offquick enough.
Philip Brooks considers it thn lmr.lo.st
and most hopeless work of our lives "to
Keep our highest Ideas and our commonest
occupations in constant and helpful con
tact wun one another.
Dr. Stephen H. Tvnir Jr.. savs tint nn.
ly thirty-eiubt ofthe three hundrml Prntmt.
ant ministers who were connected with New
York churches when he began his ministry
eighteen years ago, are now in tho city.
A ladv coes to her husband's nfliop ml
learns, by inquiry through the telephone,
that a lady friend who resides at a South
End Hotel, upon whom she wishes to call is
not in. Don Society enter that in Its hrmV
as a "call"?
llev. W. (1 Wlnalmv an,.., (Lot TJ.,11, A
Naomi showed that they were good mothers-in-law
and kind daughters in law, after
all, and that these women gave the lie to
the flings of society at these much-abused
"Sir. did you put your boots at the door of
your room ?" "To be sure I did I Haven't
you blacked them?" "Blacked them?
Why, I thought you put them out of doors
because you had not room for them. The
chamber is so small."
There is a sentimental noem In an t.
change entitled "Footsteps on the other
siuf. An 1 yes, It reminds 11 b of the day
when we were young, when those footsteps
on the other side of a high board fence kept
us from sampling tbe farmers melons.
The height of elecrance lis sunnnsml tn
be reached in a white satin parasol having
el. The feathers are wrought in chenilles
In their natural colors A deep fringe and
a carved ivory haudle complete the affair.
There was a case, not a verv lonir time
since, aays the Transcript, when it became
necessary to uraw a coric. and the only one
present of a laree nartv having a nnrl-st.
corkscrew was a clergvman. Ho remarked
mat he used it to open ink-bottles I
A schonUhin for the training nf nlrnlea
could be filled Immediately with cadets from
the class of boys who are reading dime nov
els. Many a youth standing by while his
mother splits wood for cooking dinner, is
within his soul burning to bo a hero of the
"Mamie Myrtle, a sweet singer ot Illi
nois, rsks in a recent poem, "where do the
winter blossoms grow ?" Well, you might
look on Mr. Myrtle's nose, Mamie, along
some time next January. They generally
grow on that kind of soil. TVhat do you
want to kuow for?
, "John, I'll giyeyou a good slapping
if I ever see you do that again." Bald his
mother. "Tbe ersiest way you can make
a slapped Jack," and Johnnie kept right
along in his course, but ho missed his slip
ping. His mother tbocsht that he was too
aw- -t already.
The other day a mob rode Into Fayette
vllle, Ark,, and riddled a newspaper tflico
witli buckshot. The rovocatlon is un
known to 1 , but uo doubt the las' issue of
the paper said something about "winter lin
gering iu the lap of spriug," supplemented
with me "hardly ever" joke.
There aro now fifteen societies for the
protection of children from cruelty iu the
United States. The Pennsylvania society
quite doubled Its work in 1878, and nearly
three hundred children were saved from
brutal treatment In Philadelphia alone, at a
cost of less than four thousand dollars.