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OOLDMtll DtHOCKlT, ITlll Or Tl! XOaTII AMD COLCX-
Issued weekly, evory Friday morning, at
nLOOMSIlUltO, COLtlMIUA COUNT?, l'A.
two dollars por yean - payabio Id advance, or
tlug ttw year. , After the expiration ot tbe year
i m will bo ctuirrotl. To subscribers out or ihn
RATES OF ADVERTISING
IK. K. . .."
tt.VO IJ.MI l.0 19(H)
, 4JO 4.M) ion m.oo
, B.oo J.eo .wi ls.u"
, (.00 S.00 ln.iw lMm
vountr the terms we H per yean strictly in aomticvH
11 u u not poia in aavanoo ana w.w 11 payment be
delayed beyond tue year. ... . ,
No u.iner discontinued, except at the Option ot the
ruur ncur. . i.t
alf column lo.0f li.ro lis. vs.""
publllshers, on til all arrearage are pall, but long,
continued credits aflur the expiration of the flrat
One column J.00 15.00 io.oo to.oo
year will not be given.
Alllpapers sent out of the State
Yearly advertlaementa payable quarterly, i ru
or to distant nnafc
slent advertisements must be psld for beiorcineirieu
except where parties have accounts.
nmee's muM bo oald for In advance, unless a restmns
slble person In Columbia county assumes to pay the'
subscription due on demand. ,
postauk is no longer exacted from subscribers In
The Jobbing Department of the Columbian Is very
complete, and our J, ti Printing will compare favora.,
btr with that of tho large cities. All worn dono on
demand.ncatlyand at moderate prices. v..v-
Legal advert Isemenll two dollars rer men ior iniro
Insertions, ana at that rate tor addftlonallnscrtlois
without rttersnee to length.
senior's, iraulatralor'a and Auditor's notlses
three dollars. Mast be paid for when Inserted.
Transient or Local notices, twenty cents aline
regular advertisements half rates.
Cards In the "Duslness Directory" column, Che
dollar per year for each line.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY , JUNE 14. 1878.
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. Xtl, NO. 23
llobblns, Theodora 'WJI
Columbia Cbimty Official 'Diroctotyi''
President Judge Wllllanl TOwell.
Associate Judges I. K Krlckbaum, F. lahhuman.
Vrotbonotnry, c 11. Frank Znrr.
Court stenographer H. N. Walker. .
Registers lteoorder Williamson1 U. Jacobyi
District Attorney John M. Clark.
3herirf John. w Hoffman.
Survo or Isaac Dewitt.
Treasurer Dr II, W, McKcynolds.
ij ninlsstoocrs lolin llerner, 8. V. McUcnry,
Commissioners! Clerk William Krlckbaum.
Audltors-M.'V1. 11. KHAe.M, H.Casey, K.B. Brown.
Coroner diaries ii. aiurpn
,furv Commissioners 11
ooiiut Suporlotondent--William II. Snyder.
Bloom I'oOr' mstrtct-Mrectors It. s. lint, Hco't,
Win. Kramer, Moomsburg and Thomas Kccec,
Bloomsburg Official Directory.
President of Ton n'councll-I). .Loyonuorg.
Clerk- W. Witt.
Chief of police M. I). Woodward
President! -ilas Company 3. Knorr.
Secretary I'. '. ''tiler.
IIiuu nsuur, n i'si u Ciftnpuit John A. I'unslon,
prr-snien . it. .1 ir 7. cashier. .
Firs Ma.ionai.uank uuariesn. ration, rcsiueni
J. P. Tnsiln, cashier. , ,
Columbia Cnuinv Mii'imi saving fund ana i.oan
Assocla'lou E. 11. utile, resident r u. w. .Miner,
Serrctary. ... .
lltoomsbunt nulldlnguhd Having Hind Association
lln.)innuir Mimiai fining l unu
J. lirower, Piosldeni, c. d. liarklcy,
Sunday Nenlces-l'iK a. m. and 0)f p. m,
lliinit... Unlinnl Itn tit.
Prayer Meeting Hvcry W'cdncsday ovenldg ht otf
Ssais frco, Tlio public aro Invited to at lend,
st jfAlTniw's LtrriiKMANCnCTcn.
Mlnls'crs-Hsv; o. D. 8.,.Marclay..
Sunday Kervlcos-lOtf a. in. and 7p. ra.
Vr.avcr MeeiimSnvory Wednesday evening nt 1H
Scats frep. Nopows rented. All aro welcome.
Minlslcr Kev. Stuart Ml' shell.
Sunday Services I o; a. in. und t)i p. m.
Prayer Meoilng Kvcry Wcdnosday evening at )
"sea'is'frco. No pows rented, strangers welcome,
Presiding Elder ltev. N. S. llucklniham.
Mlnlsier itev. M. U smyscr.
Sunday Services 1 if and W r. m.
Illble Class-Ever Monday evenlngat 6 o'clock.
Voung Men's Pra er Meo Ing-Evory Tuesday
(lenpral Trayor Meellng-Kvcry Thursday evening
Corner of Third and Iron streetB.
Paptor Hev. n. D. (lurley.
ileHlrtonce Central Hotel. .
Sunday senlccs 10.) a. m. and 7 p. m.
sundav School 0 n. m.
prayer Meeting Saturday, 7 p. m.
All aro Invited There Is always room.
ST. PAUL'S cutmcu.
Hector-Hev L. Zalincr.
Sunda services ln a. m., IX p. m.
SerMces preparatory to Communion on Friday
svening oeiore mo si punuaj m rm.u ,uuu.u.
Pews rented : but every bodv welcome.
rresldlng Klder Itev. A. h. Uecscr.
Sunday Servlcb-i p. m., ln'the Iron Street Church.
Prai er Meeting Kvery Sabbath at t p. m.
All aro Invited. All are welcome.
in t.ri.o iittiM rift rtitirch on the hill.
known as the Welsh Uaptlst churcb-oo Kock street
C1i;iegular meeting for worship, every Lord's day af'
Slats treo; and the' public are cordially Invited to
q-JPVfa- e. smith; I
A 11 UltH KY-AT-liA W,
Offlce In A.J. Kv ax's Hiw Dciumt,
lit nAifaimniJ li .
MemW-J ff commercial Law as Bank Colleetlemit-
sui iaiiuu. UCL.K. tj.it
-irtirni. nTtnP.US l.lnnk. lnt printed and
O .neatly hound In small books, on hand and
for sale at mo uulumui.w umw.
LANK UEKDS.on l'archujnl and Unen
iinnaw- onmtnnn nnn inr AnminiB rutvui uArvu-
lQ irU5U.'CB, iur DiUC wiwf'"
A T AKItlAOE CKUTI FICATES j.tst iirlnted
II unrl fnr nam Rl Lllu UJ1.UIM" uiuiv.
eriuf the (iospel and Justices hhould supply them
SOlveS WltU tllcBU IBWMUIJ UJHllt
TltaTIflPS nnil fVilntalllcn' Fcc-Hillx for al
O nttheCoLCMDiAN onlce. They eontalu the cor
rected tees as established by the lust Act of thy Iff
Jituro upon tho subject. Kvery Justice and ton.
uanlo should have one.
omreln Drowerhutldlhg,isoa'aeVooB Mo.
. Bloomiburrr TJ:'' H
W. It' ItlAWN.
An Excellent Medicine.
SratKoriiLP, ().. Oct. It, ISTei.
This Is to certify that 1 have used Vrretlne. man
ufactured by II. It. Stevens, Iloston, Mass., for llheu.
matlsm anu Orneral Prostration or the eVltus sys
tem, with good success I recommend Vegetlne as
excellent meaicino ior sucn compiainis,
l ours very xruiy,
C. W. VNDEriltllT.
Mr. Vandeerlft. of the firm of Vandegrtftfc llurf-
man.-Ls, awell-known business man In this place,
having one ot the largest stoics in Sprlogtlcld, o.
A tto rrioy s-at-Lavr.
Our ltllnlNlcr'M Wife.
LOOlRVILLK. IvY.. Ftb. 16. 13TT.
Dear sir. mire vearsarol was surfcilnff lerrltj v
with lnflammBtojv l.hei'iriatlMii. our inhtlster's
wife advised me to take Vciretlne. Alt-rtnktncr one
bottlel was entirely relieved. Ihlsyinr, feeing a
return ei ine oieeaie, i again rominenccu laung it,
and am being Ik nt fitted gtvally. It also greatly Im
proves my digestion.
ltespeclfully, Mhs. A, 1IAI.LA11D.
1011 West Jeffereon stiiit.
.-y: oxn o w e l i,
JJ Jlj in xis r.
'otihflh Ilarttnan's Hlock, second floor, corner
Main and MarLct Streets,
May 20 ly.
M. D1UNKEK, GUN and.LOCKSMITII.
Sale mill Siii-v,
Jill. II, It. STKVKNS.
In 1ST2 vour Vctrellne was recommended to me.nnd
yielding to the persuutJuus of atrhnd, I consented
to try It.
overworR and Irregular habits lis wonderful
At the time lwas MitTerlnir from general
debility and nervous prostration, bun-Tlnduct'd by
htwliiiiiMnclilnesand Machinery of all kinds ro-
over Maize'h hronz, Bloomsburg, Fa,
atrrinrtlipnlnir and curntlve uioncrtles 8femc-a tour
fectmydeMiitatertasMemfiom Uw rtrhtilosoi nnd
under Its prsl tont uso Irnpldly ri'COcrcd, yainlntf
raoro tbau usual licnltli atid eoua feclliKr. Much then
1 Imvo not hesitated toclro vefretlno my moat un-
qu alined lndorwmenf, as telni: a sarp. stirc. nnd
Towenui ajfent in iirooioxintr lirami and itsionni?
the waited ejstrmto iiow life ami tncrjry. Yece
tinp U the only mcdlelno! use ; and as long as 1 me
120 Montgomery street, Allegheny, I'cnn.
1UTISII AMEUICA ASSURANCE CO.
IONAL 1'IHE INSUltANCB COMPANV.
Thn nsfets of those old coroorotlons are all In
vested In SOLID SECUltlTlts sndare liable to the
hazard of nre only.
M oderaie lines on the beet risks are alone accepted.
Lofses I'ltoum r and honestly idluBted and oald
as sotn ss determined by Cbsibtiam F. iHirr, spe
cial Agent and Adjuster, B'oomsburg, Penn'a.
The cltlzei'S of Columbia countr should natranlxa
tho agency where losBes, if any, aro adjusted and
paid oyoneoimcirown citizens, nev.is, -11-iy
BEAS BROWN'S INBUKANCE AGEN
CY, Exchange Hotel, Bloomasurg, ra.
Mtnn. InsCo.. nf Hartford. Coanectlcnt... .KO.eot
Liverpool, London and Globe .. 9o,tvo,oo
Itoyai of Liverpool u w,ov
l.ancanhlre li.OM, 00
Fire Association, Philadelphia i.iee.OM
Farmers .Mutual of Danville 1,000,000
Danviuo Mutual ib.imi
Homo, New York. - .. t,tre,ooo
As the agencies are direct, rollcles ara wrltun for
the Insured wltnout any delay In the omce at Bloosuv
March HV77 y
The following letter from Itev. n W. MatiMWrt
formerly pastor or the MethOdKt Rplseopal chiireh
llrdo Park, and at present settled In ljwell. must
convmco everyone who reads his lerler, of tho won-
acniu curauve quaniies ci 01 t eguunu us a tuorougu
cieauser anu puriuer ui iqu uiihhi.
L1VDB PAUK, MAS9., Feb. 15, 18-6.
Mr. II. K. Stevens
iiwarsir. About ten years ago my nnann raiicu
through the depleting effects of dyspepsia: nearly a
year later I :was attacked by t) phold f e er In Its
worst form; It Buttled In my back, and took tho
form ox a largo deep-seated abi
rations by the besliklllln the state, but receded
'Sccss. whl'h was nf-
naa two surgical ope-
i permanent cure,
I suffered great pain at times
was constantly weakened by a prjfuse Uls-
l ais lost small pieces ui uoue ui uiuea'Di
UNDUE NOTES jut printed and for sale
cheap at mo uoluxuian uiue.
KxraisxxTt m rotxowtxo
AMERICAN INSURANCE C0UPANIE8:
Lycoming of Muncy Pennsylvania,
rorth American of Philadelphia, Pa
ranklln, of " "
ariners ot York, Pa.
anoverof New York,
unico on Market Street No. , Bloomaburf, ra,
oct, lis, 77-ly.
YTM. I. EYERLY,
I'niiectlon promptly made and nmlKcd. omee i
opposite catAwtssa Deposit Bank. ira-M
ACO. L. Lift. J NO. K. rsTKIIa. CBAB. I. UWliM.
WM. It. UAGENBUCH,
liniik, Frjnil r A. Edwardi,
(successors to Benedict Dorsey Sons, fM Market
Importers and dealers In
CHINA, GLASS AND QUEEN8WAKE,
23 Market Street, Philadelphia.
Constantly on hand Original and A started Paexagei
lune 29, "77-ly
UafrAH van in tVitia oKrtiit unpnn von en till tnv
lti4. when' n friend recommended me to go to vour
Afflnn mil tnllr ulth tvnu nf thn vtrtiia tit Vtrtlnn f
aiaso, anany your kinaness passeci turouttu our
issumaciury. uoudk uw lucreuieuiH. . vx wuicu
ywur remeay is pruuucea
By what I saw and heard I gained some confidence
to vexeuue. L
I commenced takinr it soon after, nut re tworsn
from its effects ; , still I persevered, and noon felt
it was Dcueniurigme in oiner resperis. teiiuiu
not see tho resulta L desired till lhad taKcn It fsllh
fully for a, little more than a ear, wh n the dlfllcul-
have enloved tbe best of health.
I have In that time gained twenty-five pounds of
nesn, ueingueaier luan ever ueiurcin my me, huu
i waa iicvermoreaDte co'Deriorm tauorinan now.
Durtailtho past few weeks I had a scrofulous
swelling, as .large as my fist gather on another part
of myuodyi' ' , '
I took vegetlne! faithfully, and it removed It level
with tlie aarface In a month. .1 think I should have
beeh cured of my main trouole sooner If I had taken
larger dotes after having become accustomed to Its
Let vour natrons troubled with scrofula or kidney
dtsaaaeiuoderstaod that tt takes t Imo to cure chronic
eiMAScsi'and it they win patiently take vegetlne,
nsuiiD mj juucuienfc euro mem.
wiia great ouugauons 1 am
Yours very truly:
O. W MtNSFIKLD,
raster of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
i Is Prepared by
'Hi R. STEVENS. Boston,
Vegetino is sold by .ill Druggists.
The' Great New Medicine!
(1. BARKLEY, Attorney-at-I.aw. Office
In lirower's building, 2nd atury, liooms 4 JC D
rn. wm. m
KEBEU, Surgeim ami l'hysi-
omce ti. K. coiner Uock andlaiket
T R. EVAVS, M. D., Surgeon and l'hysi
) . clan, (umce und Itcsldcnco ou Third stieet,
JB. McKELVY, M. D., Surgeon and l'liy
. slclan,northsldoMaln street, tielow Market.
B. ROBIKON, Attorney-at-I.aw.
In llartuian'u building, Main stieet.
. Clark K Wolf's btore, iliUn street,
AVID I.OWENBEUO, Merchant Tailor
Main tit., above Central Hotel.
S. KUI IN, dealer in Meat, Tallow, etc.,
. Centre street, between Second and Third,
REV.C. K. CAUFIELD.A. M.,Principal.
If ou want to patronize a
FIRST CLASS SCHOOL,
WI1K11E F.OAliD AND TUITION AKK LOW,
give, us a trial.
Next term begins
MONDAY. Al'UlL 15, 1878
For Information or catalogue apply to
July 2T, "7-ly Orangevllle, Pa
The Seaside Library.
Choice books no longer for the few only. The best
standard novels wllhln tbe reach of every ono.
llcoks usually sold from it to 13 -ghen (unchanged
nu uuaoiiageaj ior iu unu xu ceuus.
I lie I ouni OI MUUtV-inkUJ. f 1 n liiuoo
.M-.. Tin. Klm-'Kflun. hv CunL MaiTVat
M. Tieasure Trove, by Samuel Lover
169. 1 he rnantom Milp. by Captain Marryat
ICO. '1 ho lllack Tulip, by Alexander Dumas
lot. 1 he world Weil Lost, U. Lynn Linton
1C2. siiiney. unanotio urouui
JT E. WALLER,
Increase cf Pendens obtained, Collections made,
omce, Second door from 1st National Hank.
TR. J. C. BUTTER,
onlce, North Market street,
Mar.M,14 Bloomsburg, Pa.
AT.'f O R N E Y-A T-L A W,
omco, HaUtinou's mock, corner Main and Market
Attni nci -11 1-1 nV.
IccreaM! oi Ptuioii3 Obtained, Collections
Oince Iu Colchbuh Dcii nmo.
iss. Frank MUdmay, by Captain Marryat
14. A Young w lie's btory, Uarrlet Bowrn
165.A Modern' v mister (vol. l.) cnsveiy r.ovi
101 The i ast Aidini, vy ueorgesana
icr. 1 ho Queen's Necklace, by ler. uumaa
16K. Con Oregan, by harles Lever
ir,t. m. ratru-k'a ae. oyt-nanes ixjot
170. Newton Korster. oy Captahi Marryat
iti. iinMara to Kortune. by Mlsa Uraddon
112. chevalier de Matron llouge, by pumas
lia.Japhet In tie arch ot a Father, by Captain
174. Kate o'Donoghue. by charlea Lever .
IIS. The Pacha ot Many Tales, Captain Marryat
17,, iwiMvnl llMnn hv Panlalu llarrvat
11T flfMircrA I RIlUTDUm WIU. Df jum. UlUi T
17s. Hare flood Luck, by It. . rrancUUo. lee
1T9. 11m lttsiory oi aunme, oy iitwuuiv
ls-o. Armulude, by Wllkle Collins Wo
1st. The Countess de Charny. Alex Dumas ISO
13 Juliets uuardlan. by Mrs. Cameron IK
1S3. Kentiworiu, oy eir waiter econ
ikj i i.M i itttft KRvaf-e. bv Cantata Marrrat 1io
S3. I'OUU-n) e uwe uiri u mi tuiuwi wuhw
so, David Coppertleld, by CbarlM Dlcksiui Mc
s:. Nanon. hi Alexander Dumas 1M
lt8. 'I he fvlaa Pamlly Koblnson
169. Henry lumbal, by Miss uraddon
190. MeniolrBOf a l'hyslclon, by Alex Saaaa
191. The 1 tree Cullers, by t aptaln Marryat
192. 1 he i i nf-t'lrators, ny lexaiMer iiumaa
193, lleunci snuioinian, nr naiicrrcwit
I. Ij. rahh,
1'RACTICAL DEVI 1ST,
Main tercet,- oppOhlle Episcopal Church, Moc ms.
ttr Teeth extracted without pain
augS4, 'il.ly, .
jgBOCJCWAY & ELWELL,
ATTOUNEY S-A T-L A W,
CoitmoiiN DoitniNa, Blooiashurg, Pa.
Members ot the United BUtes Law Association,
Collections made In any part of America or Kuroi
R & T,J.BUCKALEW, .
omcoou Main Street, nrstdoor below Courtllouse
F.d; J.M. CLARK,
Offlce In Knt a Building,
ATTOIINKV AT LAW.
Orrici In Harmon's Building, Main ureel
194. No lutentlcns, bs Florence MamaU
t95. Dalelof Kuvarla, bt Aleiander liutaai
1M. r ichi las Ickleb) , by Charles Dteksts
19T. Nancy by nhooa Bruugbton
195. et'lers In Canada, by CapuU Marryat
19 cicitters and ine liearUiky. Chaa kaads
voo.lhe Mink, by Matthew "O. UwKM.
P. O. H0 MSI,
A Health-Giving Power!
PURIFIES THE BLOOD,
INVIGORATES THE. LIVER,
PROMOTES DIGESTION, nnd
STRENGTHENS THE NERVES,
Thus effectually curing itUcase of vtlmf.
ver nnlur. or iiumre. it im voriiiy ok n
trial. 11KI.1KF guaranteetl.
la AGUKHAHLli to tllelaste, CHATEFUL,
to tile afoniucli, und uc-tM eJllfleiitly a a
CATIIA11TIC, ALTEItATIVK mill 1)111
11KT1C. Its action Is nut iittelluetl tlth
any unpleasant reeling neither Is Inn
gour nor delilllty ezperlenceil, hut mi (lie
contrary, refieslimrnt uml lnrlf;ra1loii.
Its Immeillute effect upon tile tllgetlve
orsans, whether Initialled by dUeilse or
exhausted from any cauie. Is to Inrrense
their powers of uisliullutlon unit nutri
tion. tue apnellle ueuia: increaieu aionre.
Ta those affetrd 'wit U an enu;ola;ed coil-
ultlan of the liver, as Illllau.iiuiiii, rliur
aeterised by a dusky uotn pies loll, u routed
-tonKae.a pasty, uaii lusie inilieiiinuin,a
'eanrlelous appetite and'slucirlsli action
.of the bowtll, with a sense of fullnestt In
the head and orxuental dullness, Vltiuil
KNB pravas most valuable.
xia erxecs anon lae Kiuuey la no less
happy, a turbid. Irritating -urine Is
quickly cleared up by It.
inyaiaiiiBigry miiu viiniuio iiiiEiiiiiiA"
TlSMwlll soon disappear by a perslslent
ts f V1UOUKNB.
arar IB n or akin uissanes anu urup-
tlasu of all kinds, V1UOUKNIS Is uiost
VIUOllENK Is eeuposed of the active
properties of 11KR11H, HOOTS, GUMS and
hAIlUB.1 that Jlatura alana fnrnlshaa.-
great.care balng taken by us that they
in niusmi m n naa svavun u i in
yar. and that they posssss their native
TasiviuuuKnis has tna power to full-
IVV TUK ULOOD, INVIOOIIATK the
UVILllsl T1MC1.ATK the DIGKST.
JVfC OltOlil, la Indisputably provan by
Hkos whs ksvnlvni It a trial and have'
ibaaat peraaaaamtly cared.
tm azparlaBo reflsf, for we ouAUtltTKB
59m will feel battar from the Orst few
vuiouhkiu aetoniauina- the world
with Its cures, asut Im throwing all other
TONICS, ALTKHATIVES and INVIUUll
AMTI, lata th shad. Put up In large
d4, aaul la alaasaal to take,
Price, SI. 00 psr Ilottle.
C Wit If FR 'A RAnRFR HFfl P.n Pran'a
It JOS ., tfrr T, ui hm Cliy,' K.7.
.TBS OBJOT 07 jUTUiO."' trr beck svfry
For sale by all BMkseUer a.d VgUMUit, of ' Xi1i4 .Ttafc t flaV up; ilZlit, it "iSl
,nt postage PPaJJJofrlc w-I.Uf. U
,i,u.,,u,.,, Ti; n.t. .1 IT T TT' 3-1 .11,
J C. SLOAN'S BHO.V
I IS li'aAakbalatiBtissV
JWlVVUinWIll ias -M
HEALTH AND HAPPINESS,
Meitth aBd' Happiners are priceless Wealth to their
KUbessors, Biiajtiiue ure wnmu ino leaen ui
iry one who iil use
KIUUT'S llVKlt PILLS,
The' only sure' CUHE for Torpid Llier. Pjspepela,
illeadacha. Hour etomach lonstlnation. iii-iil'in.
Nausea, andi all Bullous complain! a und Itlnud ills
orders None genuine unless sigried '-Win. Wilght,
fblla,?, If jour 1 rugglst will not mpfly beyd s
i urn. v ws w w Ajaii.v, iiw.iii a. vu., IP ix.iiu
su, ruua. jan. , ris-iy nr
HOST, a. UTTLX
. U. LITTLK.
p 11. & R. R. LITTLE,
Bloomsburg, Pa. I
rarBuslntss Before the U. B.T'atentOmco altonl J
M.Otuou In the txdumblau Building,
arriages, StgiM,- Fhtetoaa,' tltigai
First-class work alwayi on hand.
11KPAI11INU NEATLY DONS.
Prices reduced to suit the Umea,
Jan. t, lbT!-U
G. A. 11 Li 11 It 1 .V
13 ESI'ECTFOLLY announces lo llie public
that he has reopened
and) Bloomsburg, 'Pa., at the
ui Lllu xjieiv auu i.iiil nil
roads, Mbero Ull descriptions
Tins rsraa it on ilk wits
0WELL & rKMMM.
THIS A SMUTNUT Ts.t T. LttlrM, ta.
leal hi r will be tuaatilii thn iiiOfet
I substantial and uorkiuaiilikt) nidnner, ana boW at
priot'i u nun uiu iiiratB. iuo (lii'iic.i price ucaau
of every aeBcrlrtltt. In tl r citLUyt Ttiefp uUoinit
ttlwwUsftWW WV t
From QitttlCt Mugatint.
ThslV my nnine. For my father said there
tvaxn't a better barge on ttie rtver than the
I'ruiletife, ami If I was called tho same he
wits sure there would never bo. a better
I'orir futlier ! He was nlajs very fond
of nic, and my tnrlle-t remembernnces are
nf sitting on the litler and having ft rido,
when lie stood thero of nu evening steering
(he luirgp, with the great cliiiiaiiioii'red sail
filled nut by tho wind, and the water foam
ing and bubbling by us as we run on up the
river toward the big illy, where the ships
lay close together in dock nnd against the
wharveK, emptying their loads or waiting for
others before going away across tho teas.
1 used to think our barge, which was a
very small billy-boy, if you know what that
is if you don't I must tell jou that It's a
barge built with rounded eiidi and low bul
warks, meant for cairying loads up rivers,
and built also lo be able to go out to sea n
Utile while, running along the coast I used
to think our barge I say, it very, very large
ship, till I grew old enough to compare it
with tho'o that passed us going up or down the
river, nnd it used to seem to mo that it would
be wonderfully fine to go on board ono of
those great ships and go Bailing away far
away across the ocean, instead of just coast
ing along to Sheerncss and up the Medway
as wo used to go year after year, loaded deep
down in the water with pottery or hops, or
I can't tell you how my child-life slipped
away, living with mother and father on
board that barge, in a little bit of a cabin
with it tiny stove ; all I know is that I was
very happy and that I never hardly went
ashore, and when I did I'was frightened and
wantetl to get back ; and at last I seemed to
have grown all at once into a great girl, and
father and I were alone.
Yes, quite alone, for mother had left us
verry suddenly, and we had been ashore at
Sheerness, father and I, and came back from
the funeral aud were fitting on the cabin
hatch, before I could believe it wag anything
but a terrible dream, and that I should not
wake and find that phe was alive once more,
as blithe and cheery as' ever, ready to Uke
the tiller or a pull at a rope), the same as I
did when father wanted any help.
Father' was a changed man after that, and
as a couple of years slipped by the work on
the barge. fell more into my hands.and I used
to smile to myself as I saw how big and red
and strong they had grown. 'For father grew
quiet and dull day' by day, arid used to have
a stone ibottle filled whenever be went ashore
and then sit with it in tho cabin all alone
till I called Mm to come and help with the
Not that I wanted much help, for ours was1
only a small barge, aud once started, with a
ftiir wind, I could manage her'well enough
while when we had to tack' backwards and
forwards across the river mouth, I could
alivays lock tho tiller by the rope that bung
on to the belaying pin, and give it a hitch
on this side or that side, till I had taken
pull at the sheet nnd brought the barge
round on the other tack.
I must have passed half of my life in those
days leaning buck against that tiller, with
its end carved lo look like a great acorn, am
the name of the old barge, Prudence, cut
ecp in the side. There I'd stand lookin
out uheail m ue glided along over the smobtli
sea' passing n buoy here and a light,therc(
giving other barges nnd smacks a wide berth
and listening to the Ktranqe equealing iioi'o
I' the gulls as ihey wheeled and hovered ami
swept by mc, so closely sometimes that
could almost have touched them with my
Our barge win well known all about the
mouth of tho river and far up beyond the
ridge; and somehow, I don't know how it
wtis, tho men on tho cfiHVrent bouts we pasted
had ulways u kind linil or wave of tho hand
funis, a4 we glided by, if we wero too far oil"
for tho friendly about lo reach us.
Sometimes I'd run tho barge pretty close
to the great idiips and steamers, inward or
outward bound, so as to look at the ladies I
saw on board ; not that I cared to do so very
often, because It termed to be so difleient
from mine that I felt ns if I was another
kind of being, and it used to set mo wonder
ing und make me think; and at Mich times
I've leaned against the tiller aud dreamed
in a waking fashion of ho,i I would like to
read and write and work.as I had seen ladies
sitting and reading and working on tbe decks
of the big ships; under the awtilog ; and.
(hen I'bad to set my dreams aside and have
a pull at the sheet or take a reel in I lie. rail,
because the wind freshened and my dreams
all parsed away.
I don't thluk poor father meant it unkind
ly, but he seemed to grow more and more
broken ; and helpless every day; and this
frightened inr, and made me work t- keep
the barge clean; and ship-shape, lest the
owners should come on board aud see thioga
slovenly, and'lind fault with father and dis
miss hni, and that' I knew would break his
heart, Bo I worked ou, and iu -a thill heavv
way lather Used to thauk rue : nnd tbe time
glided on, till one day, as we were lying off
B.iuincnu, with, tue sea glassy and not wind
enougu to nu tue fans, i telt my cheeks be
gin to burn as I leaned back against the til
ler and would uot turn my head, because I
could bear a boat being sculled along towards
us, and I knew it was coming from 'the great
lee-board barge lying asteru.
"lie's coming to see father." I said to my
self at last in a choking voice : aud as a
Hall came 1 was obliged to turn, and there
stood up In a Utile boat be was sculliug with
an oar over the stern John Grove, In bis
dark trousers, blue jersey and scarlet rap';
and as 1 saw liis sunburnt face and brown
arms aud bauds I lelt my heart beating fast,
and knew lie) was not coming to see father,
but to see me.
Wo had hardly ever spoken, but I had
known John Grove for years now, and we
bad nodded and waved hands to one another
often and often as wo had paesed up and
down ihe river,
"Heave us a rope, my lass,'' he said, as
he came close In ; aud I did dreamily, and as,
soii as I did so I began to pull It back, but
it was too late ; he had hitched It round Ihe
thwart of his boat, and was up aud over the
side before I could Btir ; and then he stood
looking down upon me, while I felt some
times hot and sometime cold, and as if I
could not speak,
"Do you want to see father T" I laid at
"No, my lass," he ald quietly, "I want to
"Mel1 I faltered, with my face burn
"Yes, you, my lass," he raid ; and hit
handsome brown face lit up, and he looked
up so manly as he laid his hand on my
"Prudence, my gal," he said, "we're both
young yet, for I'm not siz-aud -twenty, but
I thought It was time I ipoke to you."
"Spoke to me?" I sald,wlth my face burn
"Yes, my lass, spoke to you, forwe'te
been courting now a matter of four years.'1
"Oh, John," I cried, bursting out laughing
nnd feeling more at my ease, "why, we've
never hardly spoken to one another."
"I hat's nice," he said, drawing a long
breath, "Over again,"
"Over again ? What ?" I said.
"Call me John," ho replied.
"Well then, John," I cried hastily.
"That's right, Prudence ; but as I wai go
ing to say, not spoken to oneauotherl Well,
iow could we, always taking our turns at
the tiller as we were ? But all the same, my
ass, I've been always courting of you; night
and day, thesi four years, nnd looking out
nd.longingfortho time when the Prudence
would come in sight and I could give you a
hail and get a wave of the hand back." '
I could feel the color coming into my
checks again asl heard him speak, and knew
ow anxiously I had looked out for his barge
coming up or down the river ; and then I be
gan wondering what it all meant, and soon
"Prudence, my lass," he said, "I've saved
up 10, all my own,and our owner has just
given me the command of a new barge, with
as pretty a cabin in as you'd wish to see ;
and so, my lass, I thought I'd ask you if so
be as now we've bee courting four years, you
would't come to me aud be my wife."
'No," I said, "no," and shook my head.
'I belong to father, and I could never leave
"But you'll have to soma day Prudence,"
he said, looking dreadfully down-hearted
"No," I said, "I shall never leave him ;
he wants me more and more, every day, and
I must stay."
"Prudence," he laid sharply, "you ain't
playing with me, are you t"
"Plav mr with vou ?"
"Yes; I mean you ain't going to Uke up
witli any one else, and aboard any other
barge no, no," he cried. "I won't be v
mean as to ask you that. But, Prudence,
dear some day you may hare to leave him,
and when you do, will you pleas recollect
as John Grove loves you better than aught
else in the wide world, and is waiting for you
to enmo t"
"es, John," I said simply.
"You mean it, Prudence," he cried in de
light, as he caught my hand.
"Yes, John ; I don t know anybody else,
and there's no one as cares for me.'
"Hundreds on the river," h said sharp
men 1 don t care ior tnem, jonn, i said
simply, and if you like me, and I ever do
do leave oh, dear 1 what am I saying!"
I sat down on a fender, and covered my
face with my coarse,red hands, and began to
cry ; but he took my hands do,wn,and looked
long and lovingly in my lace with his great,
honest brown eyes; and then he couldn't
sneak, but seemed to choke. At last he
erasoed out :
"i'bauky, Prudence, lhanky. I'm going
away now to wait, for you'll come to see me
some day, I know."
I didn't answer him.
"For tho time may come, my lass, when
you'll be all alone in the world ; and when
It does come, there's the cabin of the Betsy
Aim, clean painted up, and waiting for you,
just as her master's awaiting too."
He went and cast oil the rope, and was
gone before I knew it; and I sat there in a
calm afternoon and evening, sometimes cry
ing, sometimes feeling hopeful, and with a
sense of joy at my heart such as I never had
And so that evening deepened into night,
with the barge a quarter of a mile astern of
us, and no wind coming, only the tide to
help us on our way.
It must have been about ten o clock at
night, when I was forward seeing to the
light hoisted up to keep anything from run
ning into us, when I heard father come'
stumbling up from the cabin, and make as
if to come forward to me.
'Prue,' he cried, 'Pruo 1'
Yes, father, coming,' I said ; and then I
uttered a wild shriek, and rushed toward
where the boat hung astern by her painter,
hauled her up and climbed in ; far no soon
er had I answered than I beard a cry and a
heavy splash, and I knew father had goue
I was into the boat In a moment, and bad
the scull over the stern, paddling away iu
the direction that tbe cry hod come from,
but, though I fancied in those horrible min
utes that I saw a hand stretched out of lh
water, asking as It wero fur help, 1 padJIed
and sculled about till 1 wai far from our
large, and then sank down worn out to ut
eru mini of horror and sob, 'Ob, father I
lather I what shall Idol'
'Is that you Prudence!' said a roice,
'Yes' John, yes,' I cried, looking out
through thu darkness, out of which a boat
seemed to steal till It was alongside, when
John stretched out hit band and took aloe.
'Quick I I gaiped, 'save him, John -fath
er gone overboard I'
'Wheu you shrieked out, Prue!'
'Yes, yet,' I wailed ; oh, save blm I save
My poor lass,' he cald, 'that's a good
quarter of an hour ago, and the liJes run
ning strong; I've been paddling about ever
since, trying to find you, for I wtnt up to the
barge and you were gone.'
'But father,' I wailed, 'father tare him 1'
'My poor lass,' he said tenderly, 'I'd jump
Into tbe water now if you bid me, but what
ran I do, you know, r rudence what ca'i
I do V
I did not answer, for I did kuow that
he must have been swept tar away before
then ; aud I was beginning to feel that I was
alone quite alone In the world.
It was quite six mouths alter that dreadlul
llight that one evening John came ashore
froui his barge to the cottage, where I was
staying with his mother, and had been ever
since he had brought me there, without see
lug him, to speak to-only to wave my baud
to hint as he sailed by. That evening he
came aud looked wistfully at me aud said
but llttle,'acd at last his tluue.was up and he
rose to go,
I walked down to his boat with him. aid
n the way he told me that he had got leave
to alter the name of his barge, and it wot
ealled thei Prudence too ; and then, withont
n word about the past, he was saying good
bye, when I put my haud in his and said
'John dear, I haven't forgot my promise,'
'And yon are alone now, Prudence, my
lass,' he cried eagerly.
'No, John, no, I said softly, as the tears
ran down my cheeks;' 'I never shall be
while you live.'
'Never, my lass, nover,' ho cried. And
you'll be my litlle.wlfe?'
xes, Johp, yes; I promise you,'
'When I come back Irom this vovaee?'
'Yes, John, when you will,' I said, and
with ot e long baud pressure we parted, and
I went back to wait for another month, and
then I was bis happy little wife.
Aud there!seeuied no change, for I was
once more on the river, or out at sea, lean
ing upon the tiller aud'gazing straight before
me, with the gulls walling as they wheeled
and dipped nnd skimmed or settled upun
the water; while the soft wind gently stirred
the print hood that was tightly tied ove
my wind ruffled hair. Only a bargeman'i
young wife living on the tide, but very hap
py ; lor John often points to the great ships
that pass us, with the captains in their gold
laced caps, and as he does so he whispers
Not with tlio best among them, Prue, uot
with the best ; I wouldn't even change pla
ces with a king,'
And if ho is as happy as I, dear John is
A. CONFESSION WIIKlt CAME TO LATE.
It was shortly before day break, on the
18th of February, 1829, that the governor of
the military castle of Vincennes, Lieutenant
Colonel du Guernoy, entered the sniall,dim-
ly-ligbted casemate, in which Armand Va
terigny, a sergeant of the Fourteenth Regi
rnent ol the line, belonging to tho garrison
of Paris, was coufiued.
The prisoner, a handsome young man, was
Upou bearing the door of his dungeon
unlocked, be rose from his mattress, caus
ing nia chains to clink noisily.
Vaterigny," said the .governor to him
gloomily, your lost hour has come I"
"My God I My God I ' moaned the prist)
ner, turning, livid.
"Your fate is a just one, Vaterigny. But
His Majesty the King has ordered that you
be shot, and not be guillotined."
The young sergeant tried to speak, but h
was utterly unable to pronounce a few oohe
rent words. Ue was evidently a prey to tb
Mist intense terror.
At lost, sinking back on his mattress, he
whispered, almost inaudibly :
"I cannot, cannot die. Is there no mercy
"Ouly on one condition, Vaterigny, will
your life be spared. Confess your crime
name your accomplices, and you will get
off with the galleys for life.'
Suddenly the roll of a drunf was heard
The sergeaut gave a start.
"It is the platoon of riflemen that is form
ing for your execution," said tbe Governor,
Will you confess?"
"No, no 1" cried Vaterigny, in a tone of
despair. "I did not murder Marion Krantz
I am innocent I I have no accomplice,
Oh, God, havo mercy upon me I"
The wretched man threw himself upon
tbe stone floor, writhing in an agony of grief
The Governor averted his eyes from him
and clapped his hands. Two soldiers ent
They dragged the prisoner from the case
ment and hustled him to the court yard o
the castle, where he was tied to a stako anil
fired at by nine soldiers. He uttered a roa
ol pain upon receiving the first volley, ane
died only after receiving another.
Then tbe corpse was thrown into a ditch
filled with quicklime.
The charge upon which the unfortunate
man had been sentenced to deatli was a very
ilowastho lover ol Marion Krantz, a
fine-looking young washerwoman, who bad
amassed a few thou-and francs in her labori
ous occupation, Her lover was somewhat
too fond of strong dr'nk, and frequently
asked her for money. On one occi-ioti she
had refused to give him any, and being in
toxicated, he had abused her violently, und
the other people in the same house bad
heard blm exclaimed again and again :
"I shall kill y.u for this."
A scuffle had then taken place between
them. But quiet was soon restored
Vaterigny was hear to leave tho room ;
nd two hours later he returned, and ascend
ed tho staircase ou tip-toe. Next morning
the woman Krantz was found dead Iu bed
Her throat had been cut from ear to ear,
and her bureau drawer had been forced
open and all her money had disappeared
from it. Vaterigny was found an hour la
ter lu a state of beastly imoxicatlou at
low wine shop in the Rue Theriac.
His rirfhl hand and uniform were stained
with blood, ami in bis breast packet he had
three one-hundred franc bills, upou the back
of which the murdered woman had written
He was, of course, arrested, and as soon
as he got sober closely questhne.1 by an ex
He denied having committed the murder
but had or pretended to have forgotten
everything that had occurred between him
and his inamorata ou the preceding day. In
consequence, he was sentenced to be guill
otined, but tbe klug ordered him to be shot
Seven years elapsed. No one thought
any' more of poor Marion Krantz and her
su'nnnsed murderer, when on the 13th of
March, 1855, Orderly Sergeant Luzonler,
of tlie Twenty-ninth Regiment of Ihe line
entered the room of his ( olonel, and tol
hllu that he was the real murderer ot Marion
Kraut, and that Vaterigny was innocent
He said i
"Vaterigny and I belonged to the camo
regiment. After his quarrel with the whim
an Krantz, he told me how rich she was. I
made him drunk aud went to her room,
where I murdered aud robbed her, while
Vuterignv was drinking at the wine shop
where he was arrested. I took him out of
there for a few mluutes, cut his hand, put
the three hundred francs into his breast
Tbe cultivation of the wheat crop is to
a considerable extent engaging the attention
nf Intelligent farmers who are desirous of
making advancement In the science of prac
tical agriculture, and are willing to expert
ment and Investigate tbe experiments of
The reasons for cultivating any plant or
crop that wo may put In the ground are so
obvious to all, that they need not be stated.
A a result of cultivating a crop, "ve expect
increa.ed returns both in quantity nnd
quality while neglect lo cuttlvatn produces
a contrary result. This tho experience of
every farmer will corroborate With al
crops ordinarily cultivated, we may reason
ably expect Increased leturns proportionate
to the amount ol cultivation given, There'
fore is It not reasonable to suppose that any
kind of seed that can be placed in the
ground in n proper shape for cultivation,
will be greatly improved by cultivating it?
And wheat certnlnly is a plant that will ad
mit of proper cultivation.
We do not propose to theorize on tbe sub
ject, however, but will give some facts ob
tained by observation aud comparison. Last
eek while traveling through Lancaster
county, Pennsylvania, we made it u point
to visit tho farm of Levi Grolf, near
liareville, Mr, Grotf has been experiment-
tig ou tho cultivation of wheat, and last
ear his experiments were so satisfactory
resulting In double the yield berttofore),
that this year he has put in thirty acres of
wheat, and has it in the highest state nf
cultivation, having worked it through three
times this spring, does uot work It in the
fall. In cultivating thu wheat, Mr. Groff
uses a wheat drill six feet beetween tbe
wheels, and with four sowing tubes instead
f eight. Each tube is so arranged with a
premier at tho bottom of it as to put the
seed in regular rows tour inches wide, with
nearly eleven inches of space between the
rows. Tho distance between the out
side tube and the wheel is tbe sauie as
between the tubes, this leaves the space
between Ihe rows wide enough apart for tbe
horses to walk between them without tread
ing down the wheat. In usiug the drill for
for cultivation, the drilling tubes are remov
ed aud the three clawed cultivating hoes
are attached, being the same distance apart
as the drilling tubes. Tbe claws of the cul
tivating attachment are in triangular groups
the centre one in advance ol the two outer
ones which prevents clogging, leaving the
ground even and clear. Protectors are also
fastened on to prevent tbe wheat from be
ing covered up by the dirt as it is thrown
up by the claws, aud they do the work per
fectly. We witnessed the operating of the
cultivator, and examined the work closely.
It leaves the ground fresb, loose aud mel
low, instead of beaten compactly by the
spring rains. Ihe wheat looted vigorous,
uniform iu height, firmly set, rich in color
having that peculiar shade of green which
indicates a healthy state of the plant.
We closely compared it with adjoining
fields having equally good soil, but put in
with a common drill. It really would uot
admit of comparison. Mr. Groff informed
us that last year he raised sixty one bush
els per acre by this mode of cultivation, be
ing about double the usual yield on that
land. The straw is heavier and much less
liable to lodge, and the heads and grain
grow larger. A good crop of clover hay
had been taken offlast fall after the wheat
had been harvested, which shows that It
does not interfere with tbe sowing of clover
and timothy in the spring. Practical Farm-
ONLY A DOM,.
STSlRin 0. JtWSTT.
Polly, my dol j t whv don't you grow
Are you a dwatf, my l'olly 1
I'm taller and taller every day j
How high the grass U I do you see that?
The flowors are growing like weeds, they say
The kitten Is growing Into a cat I
Why don't you grow, ray dolly t
Here Is a mark upon the wall
Look lor yourself, my roily I
I made It a year ago, I thtolc.
I'e measured you very often, dear,
Hut, though you've plenty to eat and drink,
Vou have nt grown a bit for a year.
Y hy dont j ou grow, ray dolly:
Are you never going to try to talk ?
You're such n silent Polly 1
Are you never going to say a word ?
It Is nt hard ; nnd oh I don't Jou see
The parrot Is only a little bird,
Hut lie can chatter so easily.
You're quite a dunce, my dolly I
Let's go and play by the baby-houso .
You lire toy dearest Polly I
There arc otht r things that do not grow ;
Kittens can't talk, and why chould you ?
Yon ore the prettiest d jll I know ;
You are a darling that Is true I
Just as jou are, my doll I .
CAPTIVE QUEENS IN THE MAIIKET.
BY MillV A, BAKU.
As up and down the city's ways I went,
I found a place of still and strango delight,
Where the warm air was swcrl with many a sciut,
And tender green tlio light
A languid lotus land of dusky green.
Still with swoet heaviness or summer hour3 ;
A little kingdom for a fair queen
The mtrkct-place ol flowers.
14o fragrant souls I" I yald. "without a stain,
How musical were epeech J our leaves among I"
Then a sweet odor a sweet voice became,
Hlghlng In sad. proud song :
"I am Queen rtose. In bright lands far away
I grew In royal gardens ot delight :
Bof i winds and sunshine wooed in? all tho daj',
And nightingales ah nUht.
"O wondrous moons ot Asia ! 1 would fain
Bloom over't-bu&han, or with rapturo lean
Upon the breasts ot girls In Ecbatane,'
Their captive, yet their queen."
Tbe pale large Lily lips then music woke :
"i-weet was my life upon the N tin's rich there :
O sacred stream I my, golden he.rt Is broke ;
My empire Is no more,
"Ko more upon thy placid breast I sway,
Ho more see dusky faces to ine lean ;
In moonlight beauty o'er tho world ! stray,
A captive, exiled queen.
Ah, it were sweet," some perfumed breath replied
' To see my home low in the greenwood set 1"
And stooping to the mossy ground, I splod
A sweet blue violet.
'If I could nestle 'mil the leaves, and know
The golden sunshine and the silver rain,
And hear the birds above me singing low,
I should be glsd again,
Kememberlng naught ot all the days gone by
Out loTlngejestliat sought my bio smusblue,
And loving hearts that breathed my laintest sigh.
Blessing me as I grew."
The votco In perfume ceased ; then I, who held
A golden charm of mighty potency,
Said, ''Violet, thou hast in love excelled ;
Come, I will make thee free.',
-o to the fresh wet woods I took the flower :
And fed by golden sun and silver rain,
Hearing tbe singing birds In every bower.
It was so glad again.
That many a passer paused with happy eyes
To breathn the ineeuso from Its blue and green,
Blessed unaware hy such sweet sacrifice,
s angels oless, unseen.
It is said that tho fences in this country
coat more than all the houses ; whether this
is strictly true or not, it is beyond question
that their first cost is Immense, and that a
ast expense is yearly incurred to keep them
n tepair; and what makes a bad mutter a
rent deal uor-e is the fact that a large part
f this expense might be avoided. Farmers
uve built too m my fences; some of these
are uot merely useless, but are a positive
is.idvantage. They take up considerable
i' ml which ought to be under cultivation,
ut from which nothing of value is obtained
and Ihey are in Ihe way about cultivating
ml harvesting the crops
Iu some places these evil ar si strongly
manifested as to lead to a marked reduction
n the number of fences. In some palls nf
Massachusetts this is true to a great extent
a great number of roadside fences having
been removed and many inside fences have
been taken away. Wherestone walls abound
it is somewhat diflicult to follow this exam
ample, but wooden fences can easily be re
moved, Por many purposes large fields are
better than small ones; if they were not, it
is a question whether any advantages which
small field could lurnlsh would b- sufficient
to justify the great expeiiBe of feucing
pocket, and then left him. He returned lo
The Use of Whiskers to a Cat.
The sense which of all others is most deft
clent iu the rat is that nf smell. In this she
ditfers roost remarkably from the dog. It
slid that n piece of meat may be kept In
close proxtiuitv to a cat, but that, if it is
kept covered up, she will fail to distinguish
it. TliU want is, however, partly oompeii
sated for by an extremely dellcatn sense n
touch, which is possessed, to a remarkable ex
tent, by tbe whiskers or vibriste, us well as
by the general surface of the skin. These
bristles aro possessed to a greater or less ex
tent by all cats'and are simply greatly de
veiopcu hairs, having enormously -wonlen
roots, covered wiih a layer of muscilar ft
bre, v, ith which delicate nerves aro con
n cted, Hy means of these latter, the slight
est touch nil the txtremlty of the whiskers
is instantly trsnsmillesl to the brsin. These
organs are nf the greatest possible value to
tbe cat iu ils nocturnal campaigns. When
it is deprived of tho guidance alTurled by
light it makes its way by the sense of towel
tilts Hue whiskers touching against every ob
ject the cut passes, aud thus acting iu pre,
t'l-ely ihe same manner as a blind man's
stick, though with infinitely greater seinihili
ty. Imagino a blind mtn with, not one
stick, but u couple of dozen, nf exquisite
Ihe wine shop, and remained there all
Luzonier was sent in irons to Paris, and
guillotined there on the 3d of Octoben
fineness, ami these not held in bis hand, but
embedded in h skin, so that ills nerves come
into direct oontact with them, instead
having a layer of skin between, nnd some
j notion may be formed of tbe way iu which
cat uses Its whiskers.
Advertise for a clerk or book-keeper, oc
cupations overstocked to repletion, and tho
large.msjority of tbe applicants are Ameri
cans. Advertise for a gardner, a practical
farmer, blacksmith, or a mason, aud the
chances are that the less numerous appli
cants will be of foreign birth.
We have among us a theory that nil hnu
i st labi.r is honorable. Hut in practice this
is reversed. Few Americans iu prosperous
circumstances will maku their sous skilled
as carpenters, blacksmiths, masons or iu
scores of other so called miuor callings.
The "honor" appertaining to a trade of al
most any description exists on as a senti
mental fiction, The mechanic Is not really
honored. His calling often places him out
of the pale of fashion and society, unless ho
uuhiiie with it a talent for politics, joins
e legislative or political rings, becomes tt
couuaclor and buys bis fellow craftmeu at
e lowest possible rate, as be would ma-
The average American f.itber covets for
is sou h position as a ruler und a states
man, h,Very American boy starts in lile lor
the Prrsideucy The average duration of a
generstiou of inuu is said to be thirty odd
tar. Iu such perh'd only seven and one-
all' Amriican boys may attain the "nighest
tike in the gift of the people," Tho rest
must be content with such minor positions
U iveruors, Senators, Aseiubl)iueu, Cus
tom- ousx Weighers, or fjoiirtublis.
The great gale and chief entrance to tho
goal at Washington is the law, Euten-d on
the list as a lawjrr, and the course is upen
to th American toy. Hut the muchluest,
gardener-, masons, blacksmiths aud carpen
ters army only stand without the ropes and
look on, It Is said that the practical Prince
Albert made each of bis Bons learu a trade,
ihe Prince of Wslea li.i-, it is reported, skill
as a shoe maker, Should he, through revo
lution, becomes, a wanderer, as were Louis
Philllpe und Louis Napoleon at one period
of their lives, be will have his eobblershlp
to tall back on, Here lie might, as a laib-
louable l'Mlh Avenue shoemaker, souii ac
cumulate a fortune.
Hut thero 1 li'.tlei u e of advising tlio
American fsther to hae his sou uugbtu
trade. Tlii'ie is little encouragement lor thu
young man to enter on tiny calling which
may shut him nut from ihe smile of fashion
able society IU call llmrish only in tho
ranksjof law, inodicitie, divinity, or a part
ner in a wealthy firm, or exist and tlawdlo
as a lich man's son. Meantime, the men
who are doing the work of tho country, lay
ing its soil and manning Its mariue urn
largely foreigners. Two-third of the niatesi
in what merchant service is left us are
foreign birth. The native born American is
knowu chiefly at President, Seuatnr, Gov
ernor, or trump. Speak to the next tramp
you meet ou tins street and see if ho it uot
one of "Our Hoy's. "GropMo,