Newspaper Page Text
r or lie,
, but a
n el, I
i tim a'
i it nt
II. u.fll r .
IS II I I. Q P
BuTllshcd oycry Friday morning
I Inltho Columbian Building ncnr tho
,n 'Court 'Houso, by
'.VjWpHARLES D. BnOGKWAY,
Editor and Proprietor.
J -rfniiMB. Two dollars a yenr, pnyn.
, JOB PRINTING of nil descriptions
("Executed with neatness and dispatch,
ji at reasonable rates.
STOVES AND TINWARE.
J Bt.j above coi
lealcrln stoves A tinware, Main
above con rt home. v I-n IJ
At block. Main 1.1.
stoves and tlnwnre, Rupert
,rtost of Market. vl-nM
' iTCVt tt xt 1 1 r' n m Mnrnlinnl in 11 nr. MM 11 Rt.. 21
lt"JV""'i''J.';'rV"".- f villi 13
doorabovo Amctlcan house.
Jfer In clothing, etc.; Hiirtman's building, Main
' drugs, chemicals, ac
lj. change block Main Bt.
r.'lLUTZ, druggist nnil apothecary, ltnpert
block, Main St., west or Market. vl-ul3
CLOCKS, WATCHES, AC.
Ln?.oAcI.lr1ner Ma.nand lronsts.vl.ni.i
r E.BAVAQE, dealer In elooks, wateiica anu
U t.. below Jiain.
. . BOOTS AND ailUl'a.
0 ml BROWN, boot nnd shocraakcr.Maln street
, opposite Court House. vMUJ
l BOLLEDKR.mnnufaclurer nnd denier In boots
A nnd shoes.Jiainsi., opposiio r.iinii.v...v..
ENRY KLEIM. manufacturer nnd dealer In
urg Main st.
DOOIS nnil Blioes, grwviicw w.t
l) below.llarti'nan's store, went of Market street.
-i t.r m?rrf firm, iiti.l Blinolnnlipr.
't'U.'EVANS,M. I), surecon and physician sputh
J sldo Main St., below Market. V'-n
1 R, B.1. Kinney Burgeon dentist, teeth extract
If ed wluiout palu.
Mala Bt., nearly opposite
TB. M'KELVY, M. 1). surgeon and pliyslclnn
J north side Main St., below Market, vl-nl3
JO. RUTTEIl, M. D. surgeon and Hiyslctan,
Market St., above Main. vi-um
DIt II. O. HOWER, surgeon dentist, Main St..
above court house. vl'n"
T B. ROBISON, Attorney-at-Law, OIHce Hart
,1. man'a building. Main Street. vn20
EU IKELER, Attorucy-at-Law,omco, 2d floor
In Exchango Ulock, near tho "Exchange. Ho
MILLINERY A FANCY GOODS.
MISS LIZZIE HARKLUY, milliner, Ramsey
bullulng, Main Bt. vl'""
11188 A, D. WEHI1, fancy goods, not ions, books,
M stationery , north Bldo Main street below Mar
fr.'t vl-nu I
v-. nirPTiUAW ,llllnprv nnil fancy (roods on.
Hi. ooslte Episcopal church. Main Bt. vl-nll
iifra iiit.ta A.
A BADE BARKLEY, ladles
ill cloaks and dress patteriu, southeast corner
lain nnd west st.
IISSM. DERRICKSON, millinery nnd fancy
Mgoods Malnst.,opposlto Court House. vl-nH
IRS. M. B. FURMAN, milliner, Main Bt., below
ill uariman's sioro, wesi 01 mumri bu
flUIE MISSES HARMAN millinery and fancy
1 goods,Maln street Just below American '"'"Jj
HOTELS AND SALOONS.
T LEACOCK, oyster nud eating saloon, Amerl-
.1 frni,c f,.1ti t.. llfiltzpr I.cacock suncrtn-
lendont. ' vl-ul5
. t. t tirtriMVIt .TAfTOHY.
U Y and oyster saloon, wholesale and retail. Ex-
change block, Main st.
IHOX&wEHB, conrcctloncry, nailery, nnu oys
! ter Kaloon, wholesale nnd retail, Main bU, Just
TjiXCHANan HOTEL, by Koons A Clark. Main
Xi St., oppostto court nouse.
west of Iron street.
Lb WORICS HOTEL, by O. W. Maucieu, east end of
P Main st. vl-iii3
STOIINER, refreshment saloon.Maln st.,Just
, above court nouse.
TOONS' A CLARK, refreshment
. change hotel.
MERCHANTS AND GROCERS.
E JACOBS, Conlectlonerj'
urnccrles etc Main
ri II. MILLER, dealer in dry goods, groceries,
lj. jueensware, imur, k.ui, .
Exchange block, Main street,
. .iiipensware. Hour. Bait, shoes, notions, eie.
IfKItlTvY NEAL A Co., dealers In dry goods.
ctcnoi eU:-. norUitsast corner
ill groceries, nour, ici'o, sun, nan.
J Market st.'vl-nli
.liancf tt'h Trhwi'Tl lml.nn.1 cans, boots and shoes.
idyic H.'iiain tt.. nbove CourUIouse. vl-n!3
C.'MARR, dry goods and notions,
corner Main and Iron sts.
T J. BROWER. dry goods, groceries, etc,, north-
, west comer Main and Iron sts.
A. BECKLEY, Keystone shoe store, books and
einilinprv knnthwcst. corner Market and
Iain U. vl-ut3
ERASMUS, confectioneries. Main
VV et., near the rallioad.
MKNTinNif ALT.. ppupraitstnck of nierchan
i'j,dlseand lumber, corner of Main street and
T J. ROBniNS, dealer In dry goods giceries eto,
(1 Bhlvo'B block, aiainst., uemwirou
T V.'jmilTOX. fl roccrics A l'lovlslons. south"
Jcast comer Main andlion Streets. vl-n 1 1
i ' .T. aTJIAN. dealer In choice drv coods. Uouse-
A keeplnggoods, Iresh giocerles, etc., etc. Moln
su, opposite court nouse.
i,K. EYEK, groceries and general incichandlse
Mnlnjit., ubove West.
T ,' T.'6HARPLF.8S, dry gooils, groceries, boots.
i, shoes, etc., Rupert I
,1 CRAMER A A. E. HAYHURST. Dealers In
-ottown. south stile, two doois nuove iiroosi s
inirM At nirnl'r.. stmi. Ornamental and Dccli-
J ,atlvilalnter Scottowu,cor 4th A R list. vlt2
iMrfVMiT-r.T. rnrnltnro rooms, three Btorv
I iMicici; on Main St.. west of Market st. vl-nft
trt! nndrfixturcs, Rupert bloyk.Malii st,
f , ..rz , , ,,a
.TiViinHliTNKTlinir. ni.nlnffraoher. F.xchanee
II .? block, Main st., opposite court houso. V1-IH3
-r tl mtnAlVT nlintnurmilipr. Ilnrt matl'S build-
J luguorlbeust eoruerMulnond Market st. vi-nl3
t imir.niAV A pent Miiii,on'u Conner Tu
bular LlahtulimRoiL v2-lll!
B. PURSELL. saddle, trunk and
naker, Main st.. below court, house.
rmfcit ninu xtnlrpi. nnd White anil fancy
I'Anner. Aeottowu. Vl-1117
I..T-" . I
d deTurJ In Lumber of nil kinds, planing
riu noartha mll-roatl. vl-llld
. , mmi'MiN Bmi.iinnnd luirness mnker.
jroinroat, UU-fnerjmtnum, Market st. 1
ler Main audtarket sts.
miuriT.vnirtpnip iii iilanos. omans and
lodeotu.atQ. W.Corell'Bfurulturo rtwiiiB
ii, nnnntuu iinnnp ripatpr fipcoud doorfrom
150. yrthwest corner Main and Iron sts. vl-u
JEACOCKjNotary Public, northeast corner
",( N'A.JTJN8TONiniatuBlandcasHrBte nre
410.0 tirano cBfipanT.northeastcorner.wain uuu
1 lOu.OL' . .WjrVnr',
I,0iO.0i,1T1!KI, JACOBY,' MnrMe and Brown Btone
(juuOrKA, EJ.t ,OOWVIUVIC, iiei .viva. luttt.
tstl.O. .. "
' W .nAUU Pi W -IMIIIIII.,14IBI
...it bura riiUr railroad. Castings made at shorl
'.VlcnbJiiery made and repaired. v2-n2;
t ... A . ! . . a. pn u.-iii-i.i. V..I l , , .11 ... u .
I B. HIJHlWJ'iieaJer In meat tallow, et Chern
t besira.11 01 Amerlcau he iso. vl-u
VOLUME III NO. 11.
lt, O. A. MEGARGEL,
clan and surgeon.
Main St.. next door to Good's Hotel. V1-UI7
BRICK IIOTKL and refreshment aaloon. by
Wm. Masteller cor, of Malnnnd rino st.vliU7
SWAN HOTEL, tho upper houso by Jolin Sny
dor, Main t nbove Pine. V1-UI7
TTAHMAN BROTHERS, Tanners and mnnufac
J 1 tuners of leather, on Jlaln U, below Goods'
lour and Grist Mill, anil
Uealerln grain. Mill Street. vl-n!7
OWER A ItERRINO. dealer In dry goods,
roccrics, lutuucr anu geucrai piereiniimiw
rtEORGE LAZARUS.saddlo and harness maker
VI Slain si., auovo me rjwau nomi.
A A E. W. COLEMAN, Mercliant tailor and
. Ucnt's furnishing goods, Main St., next door
to the brick hotel. vl-n47
8. IIAYHURST, Clocks, Watches and Anna
, repaired. Guns and Watches for Rale, Main
below I'lne. vl-u
A Hftrw rt tTAUM Altf. fjxlilnpt Maker, and Tin-
9 uertaker. Main Bt.. below l'lne. vl-nl7
ICHAFX C. ICELI p Co inrect.onery Oysier,
it C. KKI.ClINER.RIacksmllhs.on Mill
Htrcet. near l'lno. Vl-nl7
WILLIAM nCMHO, Khoemakerand mannfac
V turcr of llrlck, Mill Bt., west orriuo vlnl!
t EWIB II. SCHUYLER, Iron founder Maciiiij.
Usi,auu inaiiuiuciuier ui inuw,i.iiii...i.-..
M ufacturers of leather, Mill Street vl-nlT
i.ir ra a wit.t.t a m rn 'rnnnersanu iian
TOHN KELLER, Hoot and Shoemaker, l'lno
Street, opposite the Academy V1-1H7
1 11. HERRING A llROTIIr.K, cnrpeniers nnu
il. llullders, Main street, ueiownne.
CJAMUEL BHAltrLEHH, Maker ofthellayhurst
U uraiu uruuie. itiuruov.
T M. 1IARMAN. saddle nnd linrncss mn'ter
I- (irniifzuviue. uuiiuiiku i' n.iiiu i,,u, v.. . ..
b proprietor, Boutb-east comer Main and Second
TTarTTi7iT atitja nr rtricif l imp .M.wosieoauuer
J II. CREASY, dry i
, eral Merchandise,
,rrt.la irrnccrleq. and ifeu-
Malu Street. vU-nl2
SI). RINARD, dealer In Btoves nnd tin-ware.
. Main Street. v2-nlJ
WM. II. AHHETT, attorney at law.Maln Street.
rilLRERT A KLINE, dry goods, groceries
VJ general merclianaise, Jiniii sireei,
LKEILEIt, billiard baloon, oysters, nnd lco
. cream lu season .Main Street. v-"i
.-v r? TiAT.T.rAAT Mprciiftnt'i anor. Heconu ni..
K. Robbins' UulldW. v2-n!8.
DR. J. K. ROBHIN8. Surgeon and Physician,
Socond St.. below Main. v2-nl8.
B. KISTLER, "Cattawisa TIouse,"North West
. uorner uam sou dwuuu oucc. .
M, BROBST, dealer In General Mcrchaiidlce,
Drv Goods. Groceries Ac. v.-mo.
LIGHT STREET DIRECTORY.
iLTl1;!! uenier in ury ki"j-"".
uour, leeu, sail, nau, iruii, uuus, t.v., '"h
O and Chalrmaker.
IT F. OMAN A Co.
v 1-n 16
. above school house.
rt (i t,. ,.T twif. n.lllt.inp.t nmt fimcv f,rimls.
InnlA- In T.ntlior Utiles. Hark.
eto. Cash nald for Hides. vl-ulO
r r t7vt (tnipv in utnvcs and tin ware in
all its brandies. v i-n ,y
TOHN A. OMAN, manufacturer nnu uenier in
w boots and shoes. v '
T J. LEISER, M. I). Burgeon nnd Physician.
w nuico nt Keller's iioiei.
Hoot and Shoe Store
nnd manfactorj-. Shop on Main street, op-
posuo sionm aiu;
SPY STEAM FLOURING MILLS, C. 8. Fowler.
F.RE1GHARD, A BIIO., dealers ill urygonos.
jj groceries, and general iiicrcuaimise. vi-mi
J, les, QueenHUaro, lmnlwaru, tisli, Halt, "ij11
-r ri nAT TUi'iTi. tinnier tn iirv cfMniist. crocer-
etc.. cie.. ......
W. EDGAR, Susquehanna l'lnnlm
111 go'ls, groceries and geneial iiiercliniidlse.
ri w it viinii i aki t. npaiers in i n
, bioie in suuiii euu ui iu
ACOH A WM. HARRIS, dealers In dry gooits,
ocertes, urugs anu ineuicnies. rust bumh.
north end ui town.
TACOI1 A. SWIHIIEH, dealer in iitues, i,eaiuer
,1 Hark etc. lauison lownsiiipoiiiiiioiHeiiiiiiij
HOTELS AND SALOONS.
n,i.ntllin nAf TftftUt r-rt 1 A
TtiniinilflralrfnPil linvlnff mirrllftSOd tllNWt'll
Hotel, nituato on MAIN BTHIJKT.tn KloomsbuiB
Immediately orpHe tlioColuinbtat'ounty Omit
Ilimse. resnectlully Inform tlielr friend ami the
nniiiin in nonprni flint 1 lift r house In now In order
1 for the recei.tlon nnd entertainment or travellers
i .,, !, iHktnnt.wl tn fiivnr it with their Cllh
torn. They have t.pareu no expense, m preimriuK
tim i:tcp intiL'niiirinnenieriaini k'mlui iiiuiruut-imb
neither Bimu mere ne nnyunnt; wuhuhk u uil-u
pait tomlulfcter to their personal einniort. Ihey
house In snaelous. and enjoys an excellent Lmnl-
neM location. ....
n..inU.nw,.u run nl nll tfniPH l)ftWCCll the l.X
XlcR tra"l?ri will bo pleasantly' eoinVye.'l to
mi. rp.( u,a i M.iu.fi vn kifiiimis ill nun miiuLU
meet the cars. KOONS A CLAKU.
liloomsuurg, April n, inw.
Ul:uitui. IV. .MAUur.iii iriiuiciui.
Tim niuivn wpii.u ikiwh hotel has recently under-
vnn. rn.l ipnl chiiinrpH In ltn internal arrangements,
and Its on prletor nnuounees tu his lormer custom
and tlie tiavclllug pnbllo that his accoiiuHlations
for thocomrort ot ins guesisuresec""" i"
n.n ii iu i,iiiiu ...ill nttt-nt h 1m foulul sun-
lilled, not only with substantial mod, but with all
flip, ilpllpnclpunr the season. Ills wines and li
quors (except that popular lievernEe known as
"Mcllenni"), purchased direct from the Importing:
houses, mo entirely pure, ami iree irom all poi
sounnsdrugs. He Uthankful forallberal patron
age iu the past, nud will continue to deserve II In
r ' ' ,i,.'niiil.l At' Hf Allot'll
tile llllllie. V. I.uiiu.. i, .
Tils Proprietor of the ExchnngeSaloon has now
on hand n largo stock of
81'ICKIl OV8Tr.n9, SAIIDINIK, TIIIPB, I10L0GNAS
SIIBK1' TONOUE, llOItKO EQOB, SWEITZKK C1IK1J1E.
LAGER BEER, ALE, AC.
n- COME ONE, COME ALL AND BEE. t
Bloomsburg, May 3, 1SU7,
rpiIE ESPY HOTEL,
ESPY, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
Tim subscriber respectfully Informs Ills friends
.i t.u .Milium Unit. Im bns taken the above ell
known iloo.' of Eutertalnmeiit, nud will be
pleased to lelvo the custom of all who will
fuvor him Willi a call,
HE WILL KEEP A GOOD TABLE,
a Bar well stocked with the beBt of Liquors, nnd
every eUort will bo made to render enllre sails,
faction. C. 11. HIETlhltlLH.
Espy, Pa., April 12. 1867.
AINWRIGHT A CO.,
N, E. Corner Second and Arch Streets,
TEAS, SYRUPS, COFFEE, SUOAR, MOLASSES,
BICE, BPICK3, Bt CAHH SODA, 40., 40.
iv. Orders will rccelvo prompt nttontlou.
May 10, 1807-ly.
Neatly executed nt this Ofllce.
yj M. L'VELLE,
Ashland, Schuylkill County, rrnn'a.
Q W. MILLER,
A T T U 11 K 15 X A X ll A W ,
omcowlth E. II, Little, In brick building ad.
llnliiir Tost Oillco. Homilies. Hack-Pay and
'enslons collected. sep'20'07.
JOHN G. FREEZE,
AIIOBKli Y-AT'liA W,
Offlcoln Register nnd Recorder's office, In tho
basement of tho Court House, Hloomsbnrg, l'a.
jOUERT P. CLARK,
ATTO UN KY-AT-L A W
OfBco coiner of Main and Market streets, over
First National Rank, ltloomshurg, l'a.
Offlco on Main street, In brick building below tho
Court House, Iltoomsburg.ra,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
4s- Office Court House Allev. below the Co
lumbian Oillco. Janl'G7.
Hnvlntr followed the nrofesslon of l'tilillc Vendno
.Crier forinanv years, would Inform bis friends
that bo Is still In tho field, ready and willing to
nuenu 10 au uio uuues 01 nis caning. 1 ersons
desiring his services should call or write to him
nLiiiooinsuurg, rn. imars u,
J B. PURSEL,
HAHNIiSS, SADDLE, AND TllUNK
nnd dealer In
CARPET-HAGS, VALISES, FLY-NETS,
nltrrAT.o Ttnp.rs. Ttnnqr.nT.ANKKTa An..
wJilch he cmMmt raH t ,owet
rato than any other ncrson In ths country. Ex-
uiuiim lor yourselves.
Shon first door below
Post Office Main
Street, Bloomsburg, Pa.
no v. 10, 1M
g C. COLLINS,
SHAVING, HAIR CUTTING
Over Wldinnyer A Jacoby's Ice Cream Saloon,
llnlr Tlvohip anil Whiskers colored black or
brown. Ilalr Tonic to destroy dandruirnnd beau
lllylnKtbehalrj will restore hair tulu original
color m ithout soiling the llnef.t fabric, constantly
on uanu. apri: of.
E KTISTIt Y,
C. HOWER, DENTIST,
Respectfully offers his professional services to
clotty. He Is prepared to attend to all tho vart
oiisoT.eralloiis in tho Hue of ills protcsslnn. am:
I lie uuues nnu g'iiiiciiieu 01 iiionmsiMirt; ami vi'
is provided with the latest improved Poiti'ELAlN
l KKTii wuicn win ne inserted on pom piniiug,
silver mill rubber base to look as well as the nal.
ural teeth. Teeth extracted uy n ino ncwanu
most approved methods, and nil operations on
inn icpiii cnrpiiiiiv iinti iirnoL'riv itiiL'uitfii ,.
Resilience nnd olllce n lew doors above tho
Court House, same slue.
KEQS AND 'LUMBER,
, M. MONROE A CO..
and dealers ill all kinds of
give notice that they are prepared to accomodate
their custom with dispatch, and on IhechiaieH'
it J ll it n ii u it u,
Tho unilerslgned would respectfully Inform
th" trnM lliig public that bo lias imichnscil and
retllted In the best manner the old stand former
ly o copied by W, A. Kline, and that ho Is now
pri'pnipii in iitcoiiiuii'iiiiie ins ii it ii.is , ui, mi it.u
comtortN nnd cnnvenli nccsota llist-class house.
A llnenew barn has bicn laillt and Ihesuiiouti
dings plan d in perf.ict ordi r. The bar will nl-
wnj h oe SIOCHCll Willi llie i iiiiim'm iniuuif nnu
gars, nnd the table furnlsbiil 1th the bi st the
niarKi'i aiiorus. jAu'.n i,uu.i.nDui
WM. MASTKLIiKlt, rUOIUUKTUK.
Ilavlnu taken nosehslon of this welMcnown
nouse, m Ioiik keiit hy Hamml Kvrrett, the Pro
Drli'torlmHnntlliitpeimnneiU renal rand furnish
ed HAH AND LAKDEK with therlmlct kI lUiuorn
ami newest iieiuncics. iiift fcianm i not L-xreiieu
In thprounty; anu no phuis win no Hpareu 10
nrinintn(xlate guests lapr.'l
jJflSS LIZZIE BARKLEY
has Just relumed from Philadelphia, and has
bought, and Is now ollerlns tho lu st assortment
ever exhibited In lllootnsburg, and Is prepared to
make un dresses and all other articles of female
wuidrobe, nt Bhoit uotlie, and in uio nest nnu
LATEST SPRING STYLES.
Rooms m tho Ramsey Hulldlngs, on West
MnlnSltect. Call nnd see lier varied stock or
c. n. house.
W. 8. KINO.
J, II, 8EY11E11T.
HORNE, KING A SEYBEHT,
No. 313 Market Sticol,
Orders tilled promptly nt lowest
"Jnnunry 3, 1S0S.
CHAS. Q. BARKLb Y,
Attorney at Law,
I1L003ISBUU, C0I.UJI1..A CO., I'A i
nni,. In, lip i-T.h.n.p llnllillnff. aecoHil story. eve
Wnliiivrr U Jjcbuv'a Confectionery, Second door
Btiovv llio l.tctiange Hotel
Itlooinnbtirg. Jau. 1, IcOO.
Q E. SAVAGE,
PRACTICAL WATCH MAKFR A JEWELER.
Main Str.et, (near the Court House,
Const-nlly on band n lino assortment of Ainer
can ami nwiss i uicnes, ciut-., jbhuhj, .mti-
u.nr.. r.f Hit. lii.kl .L.kPrl i.l lllll llllltptloil U llltU lliet'
nl, consisting of butter dishes, goblets, knives,
iuiks. Simons, uapKin run., eiu.
Miikniitp. mnrkt. iiniitu tn order. All enods nil.
work wutrutiU'd. Jan. 1,'0U.
JORDAN A BROTHER,
Wholesalo Grocers, nud Dealers lu
SALTPETER AND BRIMbTONE,
No 219 North Third Bt,
43 N0KT1I rOUllTU bTBEKT,
J, A W, G. M'KIHBIN, Proprietor.
May 10. IWi7-ly,
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, MAIL 12,
GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT.
Citizens of the United Mute: Your
sufrrngo linvlng clovntctlnioto tlio oillco
or President of tho United States, I
lmvo in conformity wltlitlicconstltuUon
of our country, Inkon tho oath of offlco
prescribed therein. I have taken this
oath without mental reservation, and
with tho determination to do to tho best
of my nblllty,allthat It requires of mo.
Tho responsibilities of tho position l
feel, but ncccpt thorn without fear. Tho
ofllco has como to mo unsought; I com-
menco Its duties u n t r a m m o 1 1 o d.
I bring to It a conscientious dcslro nnd
determination to llll It to tho best of
myablllty,to tho satisfaction of tho peo
ple. On nil lcadlngquestlons agitating
tho public mind. I will always express
my views to Congress, nnd urgo them
according to my Judgment, and when
I think it advisable will cxerciso tho
constitutional prlvllego of Interposing
a veto to defeat measures which I op-
posB.But nil laws will bo faithfully exectt
ted whether they meet my npprovnl or
not. I shall on all subjects havo a poll
cy to recommend, nono to enforce
against tho will of tho people. Laws
aro to govern nil allko, tho.so opposed
to, as well aa th030 In favor of them. I
know no method to sccuro tho repeal of
bad or obnoxious laws so cffoctivo as
their stringent execution
l'ho country having Just emerged
from a great rebellion, many questions
will como before it forsettlementln tha
next four years, which preceding Ad
ministrations havo never had to deal
with. In meeting these, It is dcslrablo
that they should bo appreciated calmly,
without prejudice, liato, or sectional
pride, remembering that tho greatest
good to tho greatest number is tho oil
Ject to bo attained. This requires seen
rity of person, property and for relfg.
ions and political opinion in every part
of ourcommon country, without regartl
to local prejudice. All laws to securo
this end will receive my best cllorts
A creat debt has been contracted in se
curing to us anil our posterity timu niou.
Tho navment of this, principal and
in tercst, as well as the return to n spc
cie basis as soon us it can bo accom
plished without material detriment to
thedeblor clamor to thocountry at large
must bo provided for. To protect tho na
tional honor, every dollar of gov
eminent indebtedness should bo paid
in gold, unless otherwiso expressly
btipulatoil in tho contract. Let it bo
understood that no repudiator .of one
farthing of our public debt will bo trus
ted in public places, and it will go far
toward strengthening a credit which
ought to bo tlio best in tho world, and
will ultimately enable us to replace the
debt with bonJa bearing less interest
than wo now pay. To this shall be nd
tied a faithful collection of tlio revenue:
a strict accountability to tho Treasury
for every dollar collectcd,nnu tjio great
est practicable retrenchment in expen
dltures in ovcry department of govern
When wo comparo tho paying capa
city of thocountry now, with ten States
still in poverty from tho effects of tlio
war, but soon to emerge, I trust, int
greater prosperity than over before
with its paying capacity twonty-flvo
years ago, and calculate whnt it prolia
uly will bo twenty-flvo years hence
who can doubt tho feasibility of paying
every dollar then wiih moro ease than
we now pay for useless luxuries? Why
it looks as though Provldonco had I.e
towed upon us a strong box, tho pre-
clous metals locked up in tho storil
mountains of tho far West, which w
aro now forging (ho key to unlock, t
ueet tli c very contingency (lint is now
Ultimately It may bo ncces.sary to in
teaso tho facilities to reach these rlclu1
and it may bo necessary also that tlio
General Government should glvo it
aitl to secure this ntftw, But that
should only bo when n dollar of obllga
tlon to nav secures precisely tho saino
sort of dollar In nso now, nnd not be
Whilo tho question of specie pay
mentsis in nbeyanco the prudent bti-l
ncs man is careful nbout contract!!!
debts payable In tho distant future; the
nation should follow thosamo rule,
prostrate commerce Is to bo rebuilt an
nil industries encouraged. Tho youn
men of tlio country tbo.o who form
this ago and must be rulers tweuty-uv
years hence have a peculiar interest I
maintaining tlio national Honor. A
moment's reflection upon what will bo
our commanding iniluciico among tho
nations of tho earth in their day, if they
aro only truo to themselves, bhould In
Fplro them with national pride. All
divisions, ireoiiraphical, political nnd
religious, can Join In tho common sen
How tho public debt is to bo paid, or
specie payments resumed, Is not so Im
nortant ns that a plan siiouiu do atiopt
cd and acquiesced In, A united deter
initiation to do Is worth moro than ill
ldcd counsols upon tho method of do
ing. Legislation on this subject may
not bo necessary now, nor oven advisa
ble; but It will bo when tho civil law
Is moro fully restored In all patts of
the country, nud trado resumes its won
ted channels. Itwlllbomy endeavor
to oxecutoall lawsln good faith, to col-
loot all revenues assessed, nud to havo
them properly disbursed. I will, to tho
best or my nblllty.appolnt to oflleo only
thoso who will carry out this design.
In regard to foreign policy, I would
deal with nations ns cqultahlu law re
quires Individuals to deal with each
other, atm 1 would protect uio law
abiding citizen, whether of natlvo or of
foreign birth, wherever his rights nro
Jeopardized, or tho Hag of our country
iloats, I would respect tho rights of
all nations, demanding equal respect
for our own. If others depart from
this rulo In their dealings with us, wo
may bo compelled lo follow their pre
Tho proper treatment or tho original
OCCUpiUll.s ui una iiiuu iiiu jimiuiia
1. ,.f l.t.. 11. T...ltn..
ono deserving of cnrcltil consideration.
will favor nny courso toward them
hlch tends to their civilization, ehrlst-
laulzatloii and ultimate citizenship.
Tho question uf suffingo Is ono which
Is likely to agitato tho public so long ns
portion of tho citizens of tho nation
nro excluded from Its privileges in any
State. It seems to me very ideslrablo
lat this question should bo settled now,
and I entertain tho'. hopo nud cxpicss
tho dcslrejthat It may bo by tho ratifi
cation of tho Fifteenth Amendment to
In conclusion, I nsk patient forbear
ance ono toward another, throughout
tho land, nut1 n determined, effort on
tho part of ovny citizen to do his shnro
toward cementing a happy uulon,nnd
ask tho prayers of tho nation to Al
mighty God in behalf of this happy
consummation. U. S. QRANT.
Washington, March 3.
President Johnson has Issued tlio
following address :
To the Pcopte of the United (states:
Tho robo of oillco, by constitutional
limitation, this day falls fiom my
shoulders, lo bo Immediately assumed
by my .successor. For him the forbear-
an co nnd co-operation of tho American
eoplo In all his efforts lo administer
the government within tho palo of tho
Federal Constitution, nro sincerely In
voked. Without ambition to gratify
ends to subserve, or personal quarrels to
nvengo at tho sacrifice of tho peace and
welfare of the country, my earnest do-
siro is, to sco tho Constitution, as defin
ed nnd limited by tho fathers of tho
republic, again recognized nnd obeyed
as tho supremo law of tho laud, and the
wholo people, North, South, East and
West, happy nnd prosperous under Its
In surrendering tho high oillco to
which I was called four years ago, at a
memorable and terrible crisis, It is my
privilege, I trust, to say to tho people
of tho United States a few parting
words in vindication of an official
course so ceaselessly assailed and aspers
ed by political leaders, to whoso plans
and wishes my policy to rcstoro tho
Union lias been obnoxious. In a period
of diiliculty and turmoil, almost with
out precedent in tl o history of any
people, consequent upon tho closing
scenes of a great rebellion, and tho as
sassination of tho then President, it
was, perhaps, too much on my part to
expect of devoted partisans, who rodo
on tho waves of excitement, which at
that time swept till buforo them, that
degreu of toleration and magnanimity
which I bought to recommend and en
force, and which I believe in good timo
would havo advanced us infinitely
further on the road to permanent peace
and prosperity than wo havo thus far
attained. Doubtless, had 1, at tho com.
menccment of my term of office, tup
hesitatingly lent its powers, or pervert
ed them lo purposes and plans outside
uf the Constitution, nnd become un In
strumcnt to schemes of confiscation
and of general and oppressive disquali
llcntioiH,! would havcbcen hailed, ua nil
that was true, loyal, and discerning, as
the reliable head of a party, whatever I
might havo been. As the Executive of
the nation, unwilling, however, to ac-
cedo 1 1 propositions of extremists, nnd
bound to adhere nt every personal
hazard to my oath to defend tho Consti
tution, I need not, perhaps, ho surpris
ed at having int t thu fate of others
wlio.-o only rewards for upholding con
stitutional right and law, havo been tho
consciousm'.ss of having attempted to
do their duty, and the calm anil unpre
judiced Judgment of history. At tho
tliiiou mysterious Providence assigned
to mo tho oillco of President, 1 was by
the terms of the Constitution, thu Com-uiaiiiler-in-Cliii'f
of nearly it million of
men under anus. One of my first nets
was to disband anil restore to tlio voca
tions of civil life, this immotiso host,
and to divest liiyseir, so far as I could,
of tho unparalleled powers then inci
dent to tho olllce and the times.
Whether or not In thistep I wits
right, and how far deserving tho appro
bation of the people, nil can now on ro
llection, Judge, when reminded of tho
ruinous condition of public affairs, that
must havu resulte.l from tho contlnu
anco in tho military service or such a
vast number or men. Tho closo of our
domestic conflict round the army eager
to distinguish itself In a new Held, by
nn effort to punish European interven
tion in Mexico; by many it was believ
ed and urged that, usldo from tho as
sumed Justice of tho proceeding, a
foreign ivnr, in which both sides would
cheerfully unlto to vindicate tho honor
of tho national Hug, and further Illus
trate tho national prowesi, would bo
tho surest and speediest way of awak
ening national enthusiasm, reviving
dovotlon to tho Union, and occupying
a forco concerning which grave doubts
existed as to its willingness, after four
years or nctivo campaigning, at onco to
return to tho pursuits or peace. Wheth
er these speculations wcro truo or Talic,
it will bo conceded that they existed,
and that tho predilection or tlio nrmy
wcro, tor 1110 timo lieiug, in uio uireu
Taking advantage or this feeling, it
would havo been easy, as tho Command-er-in-Chlef
of tho Army and Navy, and
with all thopowjr and patronage of tho
Presidential office at my disposal, to
turn the concentrated military strength
of tho nation against French Interfer
ence In Mexico, and to lnaugujato a
movement which would havo been ro
eelved with ravor by tho military and n
largo portion of tho people. It Is prop
er lu this connection that I bhould refer
to tho almost unlimited additional pow
ers tendered to tho Executlvo by tho
measures relating to civil rights nnd
tho Freedmcn's Bureau. Contrary to
most precedents In tho experience or
public men, tho powers thus placed
within my grasp wero declined, as in
to tho liberties or tho people, and tend
lug to nggrnvuto rather than lessen tho
discords naturally resulting from our
I . .......
is fivil ut.
With u largo nrmy and augmented
authority, It would have been no dllll
cult task to direct, at pleasure, tlicvlestl
nles or tho Republic, nud to make
securo my continuance In tho highest
ofllco.known toourlaws. Let tho people,
whom I am nddressing from tlio Presi
dential chair during tlio closing hours
of a laborious term, consider how differ
ent would havo been their present con
dition had I yielded to tho dazzling
temptation of foreign conquest, of per
sonal aggrandizement, and tho desiro
lo wield additional power. Lot them
with Justlco consider that If I havo not
unduly magnified my ofllco tho public
burdens havo not been Increased by my
acts, and other and pcrlinps thousands
of tens of thousands of lives sacrificed
to visions of falno glory.
It cannot, therefore, bo charged that
my ambition hns been of that ordinary
or criminal kind which, to tho detri
ment of tho pcoplo's rights and liberties,
ever seeks to grasp moro and unwar
ranted powers, and to nccompllsh iti
purposes, panders, too often, to popular
prejudices nnd party aims, what then,
huvo been tho nsplrations which guided
mo In my official acts? Thoso acts need
not at this timo an claborato explana
tion. They havo been elsewhere com
prehensively stated nnd fully discussed,
and become n part of tho nation's his
tory. By them I am willing to bo
Judged, knowing that, however impor
tant, they at least show to tho Impartial
mind that my solo ambition has been to
restore tho Union of tho States, faith
fully to execute the offlco of President,
and lo tho best of my ability to pro-
servo and protect and defend tho Con
stitution. I cannot bo censured If my efforts
havo been Impeded in tho Interest of
party faction, and of n policy which
was Intended to reassuro and conciliate
tho people of both sections of tho couu
try, was mado occasion of inflaming
and dividing still farther those who
wcro only recently inarms against each
other, yet as individuals and citizens,
were sincerely desirous, as I shall ever
believe, of burying all hostile feelings
in tho grave of tlio past. The bitter
war was waged on tho part of thu gov
ernment to vindlcato the Constitution
and savo tho Union, and if I havo
erred in trying to bring nbout a moro
speedy and lasting peace, to extinguish
heart-burnings and enmities, and to
prevent troubles In tho South, which,
retarding material prosperity in that
region, injuriously nfiectcd tlio whole
country, I am qulto content to rest my
ca-e with the moro deliberate judgment
of tho people, and, as I havo idrcady
intlma'oJ, with tlio distant ruture.
Tho war,all must remember, was a stu
pendous and doplorablo mistake. Ncl
ther sldo understood tho other, and had
tills Blmplo fact and itsconcluslonsbccn
kept in view, nil that was needed was
accomplished by tho acknowledgment
of tho terrible wrong and the expressed
bitter feeling and earnest endeavor nt
atoneineut.shown and fcltintho prompt
ratification of the Constitutional Amend
ments by tho Southern States at tho
close ot tho war. Notacccpting war as
a confessed falso stop on tho part of
thoso who inaugurated it, was au error
which nowonly timo can euro and wlud
even at this Into date wo should endea
vor to palliate. Experiencing, more
over, ns nil havo done, tho frightful cost
of tho arbitrament of tho sword, let
us in tho future cling closer than ever
to tho Constitution as our only safeguard
It is to bo hoped that not until tlio bur
dons now pressing upon us with snub
Tearful weight aro removed, will our
people forget tho lessons of tho war;
and Hint, remembering them, from
hatuviT cause, peace between section
anil Stato may bo perpetuated.
The history oriateovents lu our coun
try, ns well us of ancient nud modern
times, toadies that wo havo everything
to fear from tho departure from the let
ter and spirit of tho Constitution, and
undue ascendency or men allowed lo
assume power in whnt aro considered
special emergencies. Sylla, on becom
ing master of Rome, at oneu adopted
measures to crush his enemies and con
solidate the power of his party. Ho es
tabllshed military colonies throughout,
and deprived or full Roman franchise
tho inhabitants of Italian towns who
had approved his usurpation, confisca
ted their lauds and gavo them to his
soldiers, and conferred citizenship on a
groat number of slaves belonging to
those who had protcrlbed him, thus
creating at Rome a kind of body guard
Tor his protection.
After having given Homo over to
slaughter and tyranny beyond all exam
ple over.thoso opposed to him anil his lo
glons.hls torrlblo instrument of wrong,
Sylla could yet feel afo iu laying down
tho euslgu or power, bo dreadfully
abused, anil In mingling freely with
tho familiars and friends of his myriad
victims. Tho fear which Iiu had in
spired continued after his voluntary ab
dication; and oven in retirement, his
will was law to a pcoplo who had per
mitted thcmsolvcs to bocnslaved.WJint,
but a subtlo knowledge and convlctXan
,. .... i .... .T2..
mat lliu uouiuti peopio nan tiecuiiiu
changed, discouraged, anil utterly bro
ken In spirit, could havo induced this
during assumption? What but public
ludilferenco to consequences so terriblo
as to Ieavo Bomo upon to every calami
ty which subsequently befel her, could
have Justified tho conclusion! of tho
dictator and tyrant in his startling ox
Wo find that, lu the time which has
since elapsed, human nature ami oxl
gencles Iu government havo not greatly
changed. Who, a fow years past, In
contemplating our future, could havo
supposed that, In a brief period or bit
ter oxperlunco, everything demanded
iu tho nam' or military emergency or
dictated by caprlco, would cumo to bo
considered as mero matters of courso?
That conscription, confiscation, loss of
porsonnl liberty, tho subjection of States
to military rule and disfranchisement,
with tho extension of tho right of suf
frage, merely to accomplish party ends,
would receive tho passive submission,
If not acqulescenco, of tho people of tho
Republic. It has been clearly demon,
strated by recant occurrences that en
croachments upon tho Constitution can
DEM.-VOL. XXXIII NO. i.
not bo prevented by the President idono
however dovotcd or determined lie may
bo, nnd that unless tho pcoplo lutcrposo
tllcro Is no power under tho Constitution
to check a dominant party of two-thirds
u tho Congress of tho!Unlted Slates.
An appeal to tho nation, howovcr, is
nttended with too much delny to meet
an emergency; while, irieft frco to net,
tho pcoplo would correct, In time, such
flvlls us might follow lcglslntlvo usur
Thcro Is tlnngcr that tho samo power
which disregards tho Constitution
will deprlvo them of tho right to
chango their rulers, except by revolu
tion. Wo havo already Been tho Juris
diction of tho Judiciary circumscribed
when it was apprehended that tho courts
would dccldo against laws, having for
their solo object tho supremacy of party,
while- tho veto power lodged in tlio Ex
ecutive by tho Constitution for tho In
terest nnd protection of tho people, and
exercised by Washington nnd his suc
cessors, lias been rendered nugatory by
a partisan majority ot two-thirds in
each branch of tho national legislature.
Tho Constitution evidently contem
plates that when a bill is returned, with
tho President's objections, it will bo
calmly reconsidered by Congress. Sucli
howovcr, has not been tho practlco un
der prcsent.party rulo. It has becomo
evident that men who pass a bill under
partizan Influence, aro not likely,
through patriotic motives, to admit
their error, nnd thereby weaken their
own organizations by solemnly confess-
ng It under nn official oath.
Pride of opinion, if nothing else, has
intervened and prevented a calm and
Ilspasslonato reconsideration of a bill
disapproved by tho Executive. Much
as I venerato tho Constitution, it must
bo admitted that this condition or af
fairs has developed a defect which, un
der tho aggressive tendency of tho leg
islative department of tho government
may readily work its overthrow. It
may.howovcr bo remedied withoutdls
turbing tho harmony of thoinstrumcnt.
Tho veto power is generally exercised
upon Cou&titutionalgrounds,and when
ever It is so applied, and the bjll re
turned with tho Executlvo leasons for
Wlthholdingdiis signature, It ought to
bo Immediately certified to thoSuprcmo
Court of the United States for its decls-
ion. If Its constitutionality shall bo
decreed, by that tribunal, it should then
becomo a law; but if the decision is
otherwise, it should fall, without pow.
er in Congress to ro-cnact and make it
valid. In cases in which the veto rests
upon hasty and inconslderato legislation
and lu which no constitutional question
is Involved, it would not change the
fundamental law, for iu such caso no
permanent evil can bo incorporated into
tho Federal system. It is obvious that
without such an amendment, tho gov
ernment, as it existed under tho Const!
tution prior to tho rebellion, may bo
wholly subverted or overthrown by a
two-thirds majority in Congress. It is
not, therefore, difficult to seo how easily
nnd haw rapidly tho pcoplo may lose
shall I not say have lost their liberties
by an uneheckdo and utieont rollablo ma
jorlty in tlio law-making power, nnd
when onco deprived of their rlglits,how
powerless they nro to regain them
Lot us look for n moment to the his
tory or tho mnjority in Congress, which
has acted In such utter disregard of tho
Constitution, while public-attention has
been carefully nnd constnntly turned to
tho past nnd expiated sins of tho South
Tho servants of tho people In high pla
ces havo boldly betrayed their trust
broken their oaths or observance to tho
Constitution, and undermined the very
foundations of liberty, Justice and good
government. When tho rebellion was
being suppressed by tho volunteered
services of patriotic soldiers, amid tlio
dangers of tho battlefield, these men
crept, without question, into place and
power In tho national council. After
all danger had passed, when no armed
foo remained, when a punished and ro-
peiitnntp.-ople bowed their heads to the
flag, and renewed their n!lcglan- to
tho Government of tho United States,
then it was that pretended patriots ap
peared befbro tho nation, nnd began to
prato nbout tho thousands of lives nnd
millions or treasure sacrificed iu the
suppression of tho Rebellion.
They havo slnco prcslstently soguht
to Inllamo tho prejudices engendered
between tho sections to retard the res
toration of peace and harmony, nnd by
every means to keep open and exposed
to tho poisonous brcathof party passion
tho terriblo wounds of n four years' war
They havo prevented tho return of
peace anil tho restoration of tho Union,
lu every way rendered delusive tho
put poses, promises and pledges by
which tho army was marshalled, trea
bon rebuked and rebellion cruslio I, and
mado tho liberties of tho people and tho
rights and powers of tho President ob
jects or constant attack. They havo
wrested from tho President his Consti
tutional power of supremo command
or tho army-and navy. They havo des
troyed tho strength anil efficiency or
tho Executlvo Department by making
subordinate officers Independent of and
able to clefs their chler, Thoy havo at
tempted to placo tho President under
tho power or a bold, defiant treacherous
Cabinet officer. Thoy havo robbed tho
Executlvo of tho prerogatl vo of pardon,-
rendered null-Aim void acts of clemency
grunlod to thousands of persons under
tlio provisions of tho Constitution, nun
committed gross usurpation ox, legisla
tive attempts to oxerciso this power In
fiivor of tmrtv adherents.
They havo conspired to change tho
system ofour government by preferring
changes against tho President lu tho
form of articles of impeachment, and
contemplating hereto heurlng and trial
that ho should bo placed In arrest, held
In duranco. anil when It became their
pleasure to pronounce his benteuce
driven from placo;and powerln disgrace.
Thoy havo In timo or peace Increased
the national debt by u reckless expeu
dlturo or tho public moneys, and thus
added to tho burdens which already
weigh upon tho people They hav
permitted tho nation to suffer tho ovll
of a deranged currency to tho enhance
ment lu price of till tho necessaries
llfo. Thoy havo maintained a largo
RATES OF ADVDUTiblNO.
Onor-qunrr, (ti'ii linos or its uiulvu
lent In nonpareil type) one or twolnser.
lion", si.ijoj unci' iiiM'ninii c;.nr.
One sriuarr-...., lift)
Two squares 3,50
Four aquaics... ...7,00
Quarter column,. I0,"
Unit column 15,0)
i;,oo s: .,C0
One column Ki.OO
IvfMiliirlH nr Administrator's Notice.
$3.00; Auditor's or Assignee's Notice,
Local Notices, twenty cents a lino;
by tho year ten cents.
Cards In tho "Directory" column.
$2.00 per year for tho llrst two linen,
nnil'1.00 for each nddlllonal line.
landing army for tliol.enrorcement of
their measures of oppression. They
havo engaged lu cla33 legislation and
built up mid encouraged monopolies,
that tho fow might bo enriched nt tho
expenso of tho many. Thoy have full
ed to act upon Important treaties, there
by cndangcrlngour present peaceful re
lations with foreign powers.
Their courso ot usurpation has not
been limited to Inroads upon tho Ex
ecutive lA'partmcnt. By- unconstitu
tional and oppressive enactments thu
pcoplo of ten States of thu Union havo
been reduced ton condition mora intol
erable that that from which tlio patriots
of tho Revolution rebelled. Millions
of American citizens can now say of
their oppressors, with moro truth than
our fathers did of British tyrants, that
they havo forbidden tho Stato Govern
ments to pass laws of immediate nnd
pressing Importance, unless suspended,
until their assent should bo obtained;
that they havo refused to pass other
laws for tho accommodation of largo
districts of people, unless thoso people
would relinquish tho right of represen
tation In the Lcgislalurc-n right Inesti
mable to them and fornildablo to ty
rants only; that they havo mado Judges
dependent upon their will alone for thu
tenure of their offices nnd tho amount
and payment orthelr salaries.
That they havo crcctol a multitude
of now officers, and sent hither swarms
of offices to harass our people and cat
out their substance. That thoy have
aflected to render tho military iadepi'ii
dent of nud superior to tho civil powers
combined with others to subject us to n
jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution
nnd unacknowledged by our laws, quar
tered largo bodies of armed troops
among us, protected them by a mock
trial from punishment for any murders
which they should commit on tho in
habitants of tliosoStatos, Imposed taxes
on us without our consent, deprived us
it many cases of tho benefit of trial hy
ury, tnkon awny our charters, excited
domestic lusurrcctionaniongst us, abol
ished our most valuablo laws, altered
fundamentally tho, forms of our Gov
ernment, suspended our own legisla
tures, and declared themselves Invested
with power to leglslato for us In all
This catalogtto of crimes, long us It Is,
is not yet complete. Tho Constitution
vests tho judicial power of tho United
States in ono supremo Court, who
jurisdiction shall extend to all eases
trising under this Constitution and tlio
laws of the United States. Encourag
ed by this promise or a refuge from ty
ranny, a citizen of tho United States,
who, by the order of a military com
mander, given under thosanctiou of a
cruel and deliberato edict of Congress,
had been denied tho constitutional
rights of liberty of conscience, freedom
of tho press, and of speech, personal
freedom from military arrest, of being
held to answer for crime only on pres
entment and indictment, on trial of
jury, of tho writ of habeas corpus and
protection of civil and constitutional
government a citizen thus deeply
wronged appeals to tho Supremo Court
for tho protection guaranteed him by
the organic law ol tho land. At onco a
fierco nnd excited majority, by tho
ruthless hand of legislative power,
stripped tho ermine from tho Judges,
transferred the swortl of justlco to tho
general, and remanded tho opprosvd
citizen to a degradation and bondajo
worso than death.
It will also bo recorded as one of tlu
marvels of tho times when a party
claiming for Itself a monopoly of con
sistency and patriotism, and boasting
too, of Us unlimited sway, ondoivnreil
by a costly and deliberato trial to im
peach ono who defended the Con
stitution ahd tho Union, not only
throughout tho war of the rebellion, hut
during his wholo term of office as Chief
Magistrate, buUit tho samo timo could
find no warrants or means nt their com
mand to bring to trial oven the chief uf
tho rebellion. Indeed, tho remarkable
failures In his caso were so often;repeat-
ed that for propriety sake, if for no oth
er reason it becainout last necesnry lo
extend to him an unconditional pardon.
What moro plainly than this illustrates
tho extremity qf party management
anil Inconsistency on tho ono hand, and
if faction, vlndictiveucns and intoler-
unco on tno otl.err l'diriousm win
hardly bo encouraged, when In such u
ecord It sees that its instant reward
may bo tho most virulent arty abiiso
iml obloquy, if not attempted disgrace.
Instead of seeking to make treiisoii
odious it would In truth seem t huvo
been their purposo rather to make Hid
defense of tho Constitution and Union
a crime and to punish fidelity to an oi.ih
of office, ir counter to party dictation,
by all tho means at their command.
Happily for tho peaco of tlio country,
tlio war has determined against the as
sumed power of tho States to withdraw
at pleasure from tho Union. Tho insti
tution of slavery also found its destruc
tion in a rebellion commenced in Us in
terests. It should bo homo iu inn 1,
however,tlmt tho war neither Iinpulivtl
nor destroyed tlioConstlluttym ; but, on
tho contrary preserved its existence ai d
made apparent its real power ami
enduring strength. All the rights
granted to tlio States, or reserved to Uio
people, therefore, tiro intact. Among
thoso rights Is that of tho people of
each Stato to declare tlio qualifications
or their own Stato electors.
It Is now assumed that Congress can
control this right, which can never bo
taken away from tho States without
impairing tho fundamental principles
of tho government Itself. It Is neccssa-
to tho existence of tho State, us well as
to tho protection of tho liberties of tho
people for tho right to select tho elec
tors in whom tho political power of tho
Stato shall bo lodged involves tho right
of tho 8tato to govern Itself. When de
prived of this prerogative, tho States
will havo no power worth retaining.
All will bo gone, nud they will bo sub
Jected to tho arbitrary will of Congress.
Tho government will then bocentra'lz
ed, If not by tho passage of laws, then
by tho adoption, through partisan In
fluence, of an amendment directly In
conflict with tho original designs of tho
Constitution. This proves how neces-