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ISQOIRKR to the following synopsis of the News
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tho office, and state the reasons tor its not being
taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Pus Unas
ter repf iHiible to the publishers for the payment.
2. Any person who takes a paper from the Post
office, whether directed to his name or smother, or
whether he has subscribed or not is responsible
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3. If a person orders his paper discontinued, be
must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may
continue to Send it until payment is made, and
ollect the whole amount, u-httker it be taken from
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uencc until tho payment is made.
4. If the subscriber orders his paper to bo
stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con
tinucs to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for
it, if he takee it oat of the Poet Office. The law
proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay
for what he uses.
5. The court? have deinded that refusing to take
newspapers and periodicals from the Post office,
or removing and having tbem uncalled for, is
prima facia evidence of intentional fraud.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
JR IMMELL AND LINGENFELTEK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BKDFORD, PA.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick l uilding near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1869-tf
| A. POINTS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
t the public. Office with J. W. Lingeafe'ter,
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church.
IPff~Co!lectiona promptly made. [April,l'69-tf. j
ESPY m. ALSIP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi- :
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
n g counties. Military claims, Pensions, back
pay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south
of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1869.—tf.
T R. DURBORROAV,
. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BKBFORD, PA., J
Will attend promptly to all business intrustod to
his care. Collections made on the shortest no- ;
He ■(, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agont i
andwil give special attention to the prosecution
. 'iir s against the Government for Pensions,
Back I ay, Bounty, Bonnty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the '
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the * Mengel
House" April 1, 186!htf
S. L. RUSSELL. 1. H. LOSOEXERKER
-pUSSELL A LONGENECKER,
IY> ATTORNEYS A COIXSELLORS AT LAW,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi- j
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
fur Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
on Juliana street, south of the Court i
House. Apri l:89:lyT.
J- M'D. SSAITRE E. F. KERR ;
SHARPS A KERR,
A TTOIISE rS-A T-LA IF.
Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad
joining counties. AH business entrusted to their
care will receive careful and prompt attention, i
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col- :
looted from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking :
house of Reed A Scbcll. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;69:tf \
W C. SCHAEFFER
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office with J. W. Dickerson Esq.. 23aprly
jQR. 15. F. IIARRY",
Respectfully tenders his professional 6er- j
vices to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity, ;
Office an i residence on Pitt Street, in the building ,
formerly occupied by Dr. J. U. IloCus. [Ap'l 1,69. i
OE. SHANNON, BANKER,
, BEDFORD, PA. i
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT.
Collections made for the East, West, North and j
South, and the general business of Exchange i
transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and
Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE j
bought and sold. April 1:69
PITT STREET, TWO HOURS WEST or THE BEU
RORD HOTEL, BESVORD, PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC.
lie keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold an l Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in his line not on hand. [ipr.lS.'6s.
DW. C ROUSE,
• DEALER 1!V
CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC.
On Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Oatcr
A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared
to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
in his line will do well to give him a call.
Bedford April l.'fifb,
p N. HICK OK ,
V- , DENTIST.
Office at the old stand in
BANK BCJLDIXG, Juliana St., BEDFORD.
All operations pertaining to
Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry
performed with eare and
administered, tehees desired. Ar
tificial teeth inserted at, per set, SB.OO and up.
As I am deteimined to do a CASH BUSINESS
or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial
Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of
Gold fillings 0.l per cent. This redaction will be
made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such
will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B
This large and commodious house, having been
re taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re
ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms are
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished.
The table will always be supplied with the best
tbenarketcan afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose
to keep a FIR>T-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a
renewal of their patronage.
N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
mayl7,'9:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
Fa HUNTINGDON, PA.
This old establishment having been leased by
J.MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor
rison House, has been entirely renovated and re
furnished and supplied with all the modern im
proieuients and conveniences necessary to a first
The dining room has been removed to the first
floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham
bers are all well ventilated, and the proprietor
will endeavor to make his guests perfectly at
home. Address, J. MORRISON,
■•ljulytf Huntingdon, Fa.
Vf AGAZINES.—The following Magasines for
AVfi. gale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN
?Jr,T M " NTHLY ' PUTNAM'S MONTHLY
r £H?J T ' S - I) ALAXY, PETERSON, GO
nfJinii^DEUOKESTS' *KANK LESLIE
luVKRSifcE, tc. tic. a
JOHN LUTZ, Eelitor and Proprietor.
Inquirer Coin ma.
THE BEDFORD INQUIRER/
EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
OFFICE ON JULIANA STREET,
THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM
j SOUTH■ WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA.
CIRCULATION OVER 1500.
' HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE
MENTS INSERTED ON REA
A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE
NEATNESS AND DISPATCH,
AND IN THE
LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE,
POSTERS OF ANY SIZE,
WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS,
i SEGAR LABELS,
ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC
Onr facilities for doing all kinds of Job Printing
are equalled by very few establishments in the
country. Orders by mail promptly filled. All '
letters should he addressed to
.3 ?tccal mb tfirnrval jlrtospaprv, Drbotcti to politics, (Sburation, ftitrvatuvr anb i-Horals.
PROF. MARSH, of Yalo College, has dis
covered in the territory deposits of Nebraska
the minutest fossil horse yet obtained. It
is only two feet high, although full grown.
| This makes the seventeenth species ol fossil
horse discovered on this continent.
VESSELS TO BE SOLD.—The Secretary of
| the Navy has ordered the sale of three more
of our unnccded war vessels at auction to
the highest bidders. This is a double meas
ure of retrenchment—it gives us money for
paying our debts, and it stops a serious leak.
The Secretary is doing well.
THE er.ormcus growth of our intercourse
with Europe is well evidenced by the in
creased number of letters sent abroad. The
exce?- thi-year over the figures of 1808 is
upwards of half a million. Judging from
the crowded state of all outward bound
steamers, the number bids fair to increase 1
in a still greater ratio.
EIGHTEEN in favor to one against is the
vote of Methodist Philadelphia on the ques
tion of lay delegation. Nineteen churches
have been heard from so far. This great
ana radical change in the ecclesiastical or
ganization of the Methodist church of this
country may already be considered as an
MEXICO.—'The nicxican papers furnish
u- rather gloomy readings. Their themes
are always the same—the ruinous depres- :
sion of trade, tho degradation of the public
credit, the prevalence of highway robberries
and the menaces of anarchy, the folly of the
Government, the corruption of public afiairs,
and the imbecillity, indolenee, depravity and
misery of everybody.
THE New York State Temperance Con
vention discountenances the idea of a sepa
rate political organization, a large majority
voting down a proposition to make nomina
tion®. The two parties were requested to
present candidates pledged to prohibition,
with the understanding that their failure to
do so would call a third ticket iuto the local
field when necessary.
A CORRESPONDENT of the New York Ob
server says: "The King of Sweden is the
most affable and approachable monarch in
Europe. In his daily walks, or while
going about in the public steamers that play
through the waters of the city as omni
buses do in New Yoik, be enters freely
iuto conversation with the jtcople. And to
strangers, especially Americans-, be is ex
ceedingly kind—or, as his subjects would
REFORM IN PARIS.—A very profound
and wonderful reform has just begun in
Paris. The principal shops—including
those of nearly all the linen-drapers, hosiers,
silk mercers and venders of ready-made ap
parrel—will henceforth be closed on Sun
days. The merchants have taken this step
of their own accord, and their employees
"appeal to the good will of the public to aid
thein in making the measure general."
When Paris enjoys a Christian Sabbath,
there will be some prospect of its ceasing to
be a heathen city.
Tut news with regard to the condition of
affairs in Georgia is very satisfactory. The
reign of anarchy and crime which has been
going oa in that State for the past year es
pecially, will be checked by the firm and
impartial hand of General Terry, who has
assumed command of the Department of
the South. The instructions of the Presi
dent to him look towards an unbiased ex
amination of (he elements of disturbance
and the protection of all citizens from vio
lence. There is now some hope of having
much that has been mysterious cleared up.
A SINGULAR DISCOVERY.—A remarka
ble discovery has just been made by a man
at Grenoble, France* by which it is calcula
ted that cemeteries and graveyards will be
superfluous. At the decease of an individ
ual the body is plunged into a liquid invent
ed by a man at Grenoble, aud in about five
years tbe individual is turnel into stone.
The secret of the petrifieati :i i- known only
to the discoverer. But he goes further.
He says that in a thousand years' time, if
persons will only preserve their relatives
and friends, they will be able to build hou
ses with them, and thus live in residences
surrounded by their ancestors.
OPPOSITION TO REFORM.—Every great
and genuine reform has to encounter an op
posing mule principal. In the case of the
Irish Church disestablishment, the general
doukey encountered by the English Liberals
is in the House of Lords. These latter de
i fend the system of church barnacles, bc
; cause they are barnacles themselves. The
tory organs of Ixindon arc now denouncing
the church bill because it is one move more
to the dangers of democracy, and all that
can be retorted is that it is a step away from
the stupidity of toryism. With its wonted
spirit, the London Star replies to the Tories
that the House of Lords is no more logical,
! desirable or excusable than the Irish
I Church. These are words of omen, and
raise the right issue. The general tone of
the Liberal press is in like manner decided.
A SAN FRANCISCO telegram says: Three
Japanese families have arrived here under
the auspices of a Prussian named Scbnell,
an old resident of Japan, driveu therefrom
in consequence of the defeat of the North
ern Princes. Thirty-seven more families
are also on thetr way; eighty additional in
tend coming, making a total of one hundred
and twenty families who propose settling
permanently in this State to cultivate silk,
tea, Ac. They bring many mulberry trees,
tea and bamboo plants, and intend pur
chasing Government land for immediate
cultivation. It is not improbable that sev
eral of the Northern Princes will also come
and bring many more industrious families.
THE Easton Argus says: " One of the
most remarkable cases of longevity that have
ever come under our notice is that of Peter
Frutcbey, Sr., who resides near Portland,
in Northampton county. Ha was ninety
: three years old last January. He has nine
. children living—seven tons and two daugh
! tcrs —the youngest of whom is now forty
seven years old, and the oldest will be seven
;ty D"xt December. His son, William P.
Frutehey, now sixty-eight years old, has a
treat grandchild, the child of his daughter's
daughter; bene* this child's grandmother s
grandfather is living in the person of Peter
! Frutehey, Sr.
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY, JUNE 18. 186 D.
From Packard's Monthly, for Juna.
ONE KISS UEFOKE WE PART.
RY HOWARD GI.TKDOX.
One kiss before we part!
But one! for love's sweet sake I
To sweeten for my heart.
The pain of this mistake.
Your haud is in my own,
But your bead is turned away ;
For the first time and the last,
One little kiss, I pray I
Nay ; though you love ine uot,
And slab me, saying "Friend I"
Nay ; though 1 be forgot
Before a fortnight's end —
Still, let me kiss the lips
That traitors are to love—
What! nothing but your hand !
And that within its glove ?
Because the Past was sweet;
Because you are so dear ;
Because no more we meet
In any future year—
Be kind, and make ine glad,
Just for a moment's space —
Think ! I shall be so sad,
And never see your face .'
One kiss before we part I
And so you nothing meant ?
Though I he gone, your heart
Will keep its old content.
Nay, not your cheek—your lips
I claim them as my right—
Small guerdon for great love —
Before we say good night.
Ah I shy, uploohiug eyes I
Not true —though blue and rare
How dare you feign surprise
To know I hold you dear ?
What coyness will not yield,
Yet boldness, sure, may take—
Well, then ; if not for Love's,
One kiss —for Friendship's sake!
One kiss before we part I
One little kiss, my dear I
One kiss—to help my heart
Its utter loss to bear.
One kiss—to check the tears
My manhood sc-atce can stay ;
Or thus—l make it "Yes!"
While you are saying '"Nay I"
of tlie Common School* ol" Bedford Co.
I shall confine myself strictly to the sug- !
gestioos from the State Superintendent, a?
published in the June number of the Jour
nal,- in making this report, and shall first
speak of Educational Progress in the Coun
ty during the past year. We have repeat
edly asked for more new houses, better fur- j
niture, more school apparatus, more graded ,
schools, higher wages, and more competent
teachers; but above all we have hoped for
better, more thorough, local supervision, j
During the year, we have realized all that j
could be expected, in regard, to change in I
bouses, furniture and apparatus. No change
has been made in the number of our graded j
schools. Those graded, have given general
satisfaction. As soon as the buildiugs, now
in process of erection in several parts of the
county shall be completed, we shall be able
to report at least an increase in the number j
of graded schools.
2. Houses and Grounds. —in 1867, we
built four new houses; in 1868, twelve; this j
year, twenty new houses were erected, one
tenth of the whole number in the County, i
Of these, "wo were built in Bedford town
ship, at a cost of $1807; three in Cumber- ;
land Valley, at a cost of $1115; one in
Hopewell, $350; one in Juniata, $400; two
in Monroe, $780; two in Napier. $858; one i
in West Providence, $377; one in Saxton
borough, $1000; one in St. Clair, $350; two ;
in Southrmpton, $676; two in Union, cost '
not ascertained; two in Middle Woodbcrry, .
at a cost of $' 275.
They are all substantial and comfortable i
buildings. With two exceptions they oc
cupy good sitc3 and have suitable play I
The one built in Saxton is the best of its
class in the county. It is a frame building,
42 ft. 4 in. long, 25 ft. 6 in. wide and 16 ft.
8 in. from floor to ceiling. It contains two
ante-roouis for extra clothing, and the whole
building can be thoroughly ventilated. The
site is a beautiful one, and when the grounds '
are properly enclosed and improved, a work j
the directors intend doing during the com
ing year, they will be second to none in the :
county. Our people are beginning to give '
more attention to school grounds. Conve
nience of access, beauty of location, and
suitable play ground are no longer over
looked, wben a new school house is to he
built. As fast as "these monuments to the
carelessness or incompetency of those who
placed them on the bleak hill tops, or steep
mountain sides, in ruzged ravines or swam py
flats," rot away, others utore favorably lo
cated, take their places. The Directors of
Scbcll-burg borough, have, at length, se
cured a good site, and are erecting a fine
brick building, for their schools. For the
last three years no public school was taught
here. Private schools were, however, liber
3. Furniture and Apparatus —Twenty
five houses were supplied with new and im
proved furniture. Ten were supplied with
apparatus. Although the Directors have,
during the past three years, manifested great
willingness to furnish apparatus, aud have
in many paits of the county supplied all,
the means of the districts would warrant,
yet there is room, need, for more. We j
want better black boards iu many of the
schools. Charts and outline maps arc need- :
cd in others.
It is true, teachers do not always use the :
apparatus at tbeir command—some men
would not cut wood though you placed an
ax in their hands—jet most of our teachers
are ready and willing to use apparatus to |
some good purpose, if it is supplied them.
The teacher who, about the middle of his
last term, had not yet brought the out-line
maps from a near neighbor's honse to the
school room, and who had "no time," to go
and procure cravon, although he had a large
class in Geography and Arithmetic, does
not belong to this latter c'ass.
4. Qualifications and Salaries of Teach• .
ces. —Two hundred and three teachers were !
employed, one hundred and forty males and
sixty-thioe females. Some change has
been mcd-r in the average qualification, j
Last year the average grade of certificates j
was 2.29. This year it was 2.27. If we !
were guided by tbeaefigqrcs alone we should ,
s>y there was no change. But when we
look at the improvement in the methods
of instruction; at the zeal many manifested
in their work; at the increased number of
educational books and papers read; at the
al tendance at cur couuty and district insti.
tutes; at the increased amount of general
information, our teachers have acquired,
we must conclude that they, to dav, stand
higher in their profession than they did cue
year ago. The dead ones are nearer their
graves, the live ones are more alive. Wages
: are about what they were one year ago, nor
was it rersonable to expect a change, when
we recollect that last year, wages were in
creased in almost every district, over that
of the preceding year. See report of 1868.
In not a few instances, however, where
teachers showed the true spirit, have their
wages been advanced. Taking nil things
into consideration, the age, experience and
qualification of the teachers; tho sparseness
of our population and sterility of soil in
many sections of the county, and the conse
quent high rate of taxation, necessary to
keep open the schools lor a minimum term
even, wages have been as high as could be
A few teachers did not receive sufficient
compensation, some received too much, j
Our most expensive teachers are those who \
receive the smallest salary.
Seven seems to be a fatal number among !
the teachers of our county. Each year, for ;
the three part, that number have pioved |
"total failures." Out of the whole number
employed, one hundred and forty had at
tended a County Normal School; twelve, a
State Normal, and one hundred and ninety I
five had studied some educational work. Ol j
this number, however, we found, upon ex- !
animation, tjiat many had studied to little ,
purpose. Fifty one had never taught;;
eighty-seven had taught less than one year j
and sixty nine had taught more than live !
5. HorA- done by the Superintendent.—
Examinations. — Twenty-four public and
four private examinations were held. One
hundred and ninety-eight provisional, and
five professional certificates were issued.
Twenty-two applicants were rejected and
six certificates were renewed. Eighty-four
directors and one hundred and thirty-four
citizens were present at the examinations.
Tho applicants in Monroe and South Wood
berry passed the most credible examina
Visitations. —Two hundred and twenty
two visits to schools were made. All were
visited, except eight. These were not open
when the other schools in the vicinity were
visited, hence they were not reached. Th'-
visits averaged 1.84 hours. Thirty-four
directors accompanied me. I met ninety
nine patrons in the schools. In nine of the
districts I had neither patron nor director
to visit with me, and in a few only, were
the schools visited by directors as the law
requires. Nine Secretaries acted as district
Superintendents, with very satisfactory re
sults in every instance.
Educational Meetings. —l held twenty
five educatioual meetings, attended five
district, and three county institutes and
taught ten weeks in the County Normal
6. Work done by other Agencies. —Our
private schools are still doing good Wuik.
Thirty-eight were open during the year,
employing forty-two teachers. Twelve
hundred aud nineteen children attended
these schools. Cost of tuition $6555.
The County Normal School, employing
five teachers was again liberally supported
One hundred and thirty-one students at
tended. ninety-six of whom taught during
the winter. This school was first opened
in August, 1863. Then many of our best
teachers had already gone into the army, or
had engaged in some other more lucrative
occupation. After a vigorous effort on the
part of the Superintendent, then in office,
eighty-four students were obtained. Sixty
three of them taught during winter of 1863
and 1864. Since that time the school has
been stcadilv increasing, numbering at no
lime less than one hundred and thirty stu
dents. ft has had, and still has its enemies,
among those who, though ignorance be
lieve that the county Superintendent is
making a fortune out of it. To such it may
be well to state that the income from the
Normal during the last year was, after de
ducting tuition uot collectable, $723, and
the expenses, salary for teacher.?, advertis
ing See., $756 ; leaving $33, to be paid out
of the Superintendent's pocket. This is
about what ilie school pays the Superinten
dent annually. The only object in view
when the County Normal School was begun,
and the only one now in view, was to bring
out the young men and women of the coun
ty, who were willing to qualify themselves
io teach. We wanted teachers. Teachers
qualified fl>r the Work. The Normal has in
a measure supplied that want. But for it
many schools must have remained closed.
We cannot here, help thanking the friends
of education all over the county, who have
always aided us in keeping this school open,
who have aided us in getting out the young
men and women from our public schools to
tbe Norma', and who have encouraged us
in every way.
Institutes. —Chief among the other edu
cational agencies iu the county arc the dis
trict and county institutes. <.)fhe t rmcr
we had sis, attended by fifty-eight it chcrs;
all of these except one, did good work. 'I he
great want felt iu all of them was the pres
ence of tome experienced conductor. One
leading spirit in each district, competent to
carry an institute through all its struggles,
is what we need; one who will teneh the
younger, the less experienced.
The county institute was, in number of
teachers attending, and in general interest,
more successful than the one he'd last year.
The principal instructors and lecturers, were
Prof. H. B. Zimmerman, Ex Superintend
ent of Juniata Co., Prof. It. A. McClure of
Chambersburg, Prof. A. Stevens, of Pitts
burg, Prof. J. M. Reynolds, of Lancaster,
Donald St. (jreorgo Eraser, of North
Point, and Miss F. M. llaley, of Boston.
The whole work done by the convention,
was of a practical character.
The I'ex*. —The papeis of the county,
TUE BEDFORD INQUIRER, The Bedford
Gazette and The Bedford County I'rcst,
have taken more interest in educational mat
ters, than heretofore, publi-hing editorial
notices of the Normal scheo'; full accounts
of the proceedings of the teachers institute;
annual report of the county superintendent,
and other matter relating to education.
The Clerffy.—Tvro years ago we had a
sermon on education, from the Presbyterian
pulpit, Bedford Pa., - since then the clergy
have remained silent on the subject "VThy
this is, Ido not know. It is a fact we can
not deny, that our ministers, seldom, if ever
visit our schools. In vain we curt our eyes
down the list of "visitors," in the teacher's
report book, for the name of the clergyman
residing in the district. It is not there.
Have the teachers neglected to note the
visits? Surely the clergy, above all others,
should have the highest interest in the suc
cess of our public schools. The boys and
cirls will soon grow up to be men and wo
men. They are to be the future "stay and
support of the church. Would it not
well, then, for our Ministers to call at our
schools occasionally, to cheer on the teacher,
j to encourage the scholar? There is too
much of this "standing back" on the part
of those, who, if they would but conic for
ward, could be of powerful aid in this work.
Schools. —Ol the whole number of schools
j open, twelve arc graded; one hundred and
| seventy-nine were well classified; in one
! hundred and eighty-one the books were uni
form, and the Dible was daily read, either
by the teacher, or by the scholars and teach
er in one hundred and fifty nine. There
arc stiil twenty-two schools in which the
books are not uniform. The directors of
these have decided upon a uniform series of
books, but their exclusive use has never
been enforced. Every teacher knows how
the usefulness of the school is impaired by
this ruinous policy.
It might be sound policy to withhold the
| .State aid bom such schools, until the direc
tors thereof comply with the law in this
particular. The law is plain, and the wis
dom in it so manifest that no intelligent
! board should hesitate one moment inful
: filling it to the letter.
Obstacles in the way of improvement.—
Few new obstacles have presented them
selves during the year. Those most in the
way, and the means calculated to promote
improvement. I referred to at some lengtn,
in my last report, to which the reader may
"We must have more efficient local sup
ervision," is the cry we hear every where.
But how is this to be brought about. In
my judgment there is but one way : elect
three men for each district —the best men
in the district. Let these form a board,
President, Secretary, and Treasurer: select
from auioDg these the one possessing the
most knowledge of schools, as district Su
perintendent, whose duty it shall be to visit
the schools regularly, at least once a month.
Pay the board for every day actually en
gaged in transacting the business of the
district. Make them sworn officers. This
subject has been agitated again and again,
in our conventions, and it seems about time
that we bave some legislation on it.
If directors, as they are now elected,
would carry out the laws strictly, and if
parents would look to the interest of their
children: supply them with proper books,
see that they make good use of them, send
them regularly to school, uphold the teach
er, encourage him by their visits and kind
words, most of the obstacles in the way of
improvement would disappear. But this
is rarely done.
Directors arc uot paid for tbeir services,
and tbev frequently do the least possible
amount of work. Not receiving any pay
themselves they often feel illiberal when
teachers are to be employed ; net receiving
any pay, when the Superintendent calls on
them to vi.-it schools with him, he often
hears the excuse, "it won't pay me to ride
through the stonn."
I am more than ever convinced that many
teachers fail because the schools arc not
visited oftcner by some efficient officer.
The Superintendent can at most, in a coun
ty like this, visit all the schools only once,
in a term of four months. Many schools
must, therefore, remain unvisited until the
third month. The teacher makes mistake
after mistake, until the time arrives when
the Superintendent reaches the school. He
finds it a failure which might have been
prevented had the school been visited in the
Concluding Remarks. —l take this op
portunity of thanking my many friends,
throughout the county for their many kind
nesses toward me during the past three
years. To the Department I atu sensibly
indebted for the unny words of advice and
the promptness with which they have al
ways answered when called upon. I thank
each and all and wish themabnndant sac
11. W. FISHER, County Supt.
THE SUNDAY STONE.
In one of the English coal mine 3 there is
a constant formation of limestone, caused
by the trickling of water through the rocks.
This water contains a great many particles
of lime, which arc deposited in the mine,
and, as the water passes off, these become
hard, and form limestone. This stone would
always be white, like marble, were it not
that men are working in the mine, and as
the black dust rises from the coal, it mixes
with the soft lime, and in that way a black
stone is formed.
Now, in the nightf wben there is no coal
dust rising, the stone is white; then again,
tbe next day, when the miners arc at work,
another black layer is formed, and so on
alternately, black and white, through the
week, until Sunday comes. Then, if the
miners keep holy tho Sabbath, a much lar
ger layer of white stone will be formed than
before. There will be the white stone of
Saturday night, and the whole of Sunday,
so that every seventh day the white layer
will be about three times as thick as any of
the others. But if they work on the Sab
bath, they see it marked against them iD the
stone. Hence the miners call it "The Sun
Perhaps, many who now break the Sab
bath, would try to spend it better if there
were a "Sunday Stone" where they could
tf, their unkept Sabbaths with their black
But God needs no such record on earth to
know how all our Sabbaths are spent. Ilis
record is kept above. All our Sabbath deeds
are written there, and we shall see them at
Be very careful to keep your Sabbath
pure and white, and not allow the dust of
worldliness and sin to tarnish the purity of
the blessed day.
"Remember the Sabbath day to keep it
holy."— Christian Treasury.
WHY is the inside of everything unin
telligible ? Because we can't make it out.
WHAT is the only pain we make light of?
MONET—the "root of all evil," to those
who spend their liyee rooting for it.
VOL. 42: NO. 24
Large eyes have always been admired, es
pecially in women, and may be considered
essential to the highest order of beauty, in
almost every description of which from
Helen ol Troy to any modern heroine, tbey
held a prominent place. We read of "large
spiritual eyes," and' eyes loving large,' and
of 'little sparkling, beady eyes,' to which
the epithets 'spiritual' and 'loving' are
An Arab expresses bis idea of the beauty
of a woman by saying 6hc had the eye of a
gazelle. This is the burden of his song-
The timidity, gentleness, and innocent fear
in the eye of the 'deer' are compared with
the moJesty of the young girl: 'Let her be
as the loving hind and the pleasant roe."
l'ersons with large eyes give us the im
pression of being'ido awake,' ami ready
for action; while small eyed people have
more generally a 'sleepy look' and a sluggish
temperament or habit of body. Dr. Red
field observes, that persons with large eyes
have very lively emotions, think very rap
idly and speak fast, unless there be a pre
douiinence of the phlegmatic temperament.
Of persons with small eyes the reverse is
true. Ihe former are quick and spontaneous
in their feelings and in the expression of
them, and arc therefore, simple, like the
Scotch, Swiss aud all who inhabit moun
tainous regions. The latter are slow and
calculating, and therefore, artful like the
gipsies, a people who generally inhabit
level countries. There is a connection be
tween activity and the ascending and de
scending acclivities, a fact which we evince
in running up and down stairs, and which
an active horse exhibits when he comes to a
hill; and hence the Scotch, Highlanders, as
well as the sheep, goat, chamois, &c., have
very large eyes and very great activity.
TWO MEALS A DAY,
If any man or woman of forty-five or over,
not engaged in bard natural labor, especially
the studious, sedentary and in door livers,
would take but two meals a day for one
month, the second not being later than
three in the afternoon, and absolutely noth*
ing afterwards, except it might be in some
cases an orange or lemon, or cup of warm
drink, such as tea, broma, sugar water, or
ice cream, there would be such a change for
the better in the way of souDd sleep, a feel,
ing on wakiDg of having rested, an appetite
for breakfast, a Luoyance oi disposition dur
ing the day, with a geniality of temper and
manner that few, except the animal and the
glutton, would be willing to go back to the
flesh pots of Egypt.
"Ben Ward," as he is frequently called,
one of the political lions of the west, has ta
ken but two meals a day for twenty years,
and if all sedentary persons, those who are
in door a greater part of their time, would
after the age of forty five observe the same
inflexible rule, there can be no doubt, other
things being equal, that long years of happy
exemption from the ordinary ills of life
would be the result, The reason is that the
stomach would have time to rest, for recu
peration, and would thus be able to perform
its part more thoroughly, making purer
blood, giving better sleep and securing a
good appetite for breakfast. Let any man
try it for ten days, taking the second meal
seven hours after the first, and abandon the
practice if he can.— HcilTs Journal of
ORIGIN. —It is only shallow-minded pre
tenders, says Daniel Webster, who make
distinguished origin a matter of personal
merit, or obscure origin a matter of per
sonal reproach. A man who is not ashamed
of himself need not to be ashamed of his
early condition. It did happen to me to be
born in a log cabin, raised among the snow
drifts of New Hampshire, at a period so
early that when the smoke first rose from its
rude chimney and curled over the frozen
hills, there was no similar evidence of a
white man's habitation between it and the
settlements on the rivers of Canada. i re
mains still exist. I make it an annual visit.
I carry my children to it to teach them the
hardships endured by the generation before
them. I love to dwell on the tender recollec
tions, the kindred ties, the early affections
and the narration aDd incidents which min
gle with all I know of this family abode. I
weep to think that none of those who in
habited it are now among the living; and if
ever I fail-in affectionate veneration for him
who raised it, and defended it against savage
violence and destruction, cherished all do
mestic comforts beneath its roof, and,
through the fire and blood of seven years
revolutionary war, shrunk from no toil, no
sacrifice to serve his country, and to raise
his ehildreh to a condition better than his
own, may my name and the name of my
posterity be blotted from the memory of
A -REMARKABLE ENCOUNTER.—A re
markable, though plausible story comes
from Bodega Bay, California, of a terrific
battle between a sperm whale and a number
of swordfisb, which resulted in the defeat
of the whale. The fight was witnessed by a
farmer ploughing in his field near the coast,
only a few miles north of the "Golden
Gate." The sea was smooth, and the first
indication of the conflict was a commotion
in the water nearly a mile from the shore,
but as the combatants rapidly approached
the land, their movements became distinctly
visible. The swordfish were five in number;
the whale, though displaying great activi
ty, was no match for them. In making
their thrusts into the sides of the whale, the
swordfish kept clear of his tail, one blow
from which would have been fatal to either
of them. With maddened fury the whale
struck right and left, then dived to escajie
his tormentors; but they followed quickly,
and soon brought him to the surface. Blood
was seen spirting from deep gashes in his
sides. The contest lasted nearly one hour,
when the whale with a mighty effort flung
himself upon some low rocks and soon died.
Many persons from the neighboring village
of Peteluma went out to view the carcass.
It was fifty or sixty feet in length, and there
were gashes two feet deep and six feet long
in its sides.
MOTTO of market gardncrs: "Let us
WHEN is a toper's nose not a nose?
When it is a little reddish.
LAWS, like sausages, cease to inspire res
pect in proportion as we know how they are
MANY young men are so improvident that
they cannot keep anything but late hour*.
SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, &C.
The Ixecrax* it published eitry FXIDAT morn
ing be following rates:
Ose Tcab, (in adr&cee,).... $2.00
" " (if not paid within sixmos.)... 12.50
" " (if not paid within the year,)... $3.00
All papers ontside of the coonty ducontinoed
without notice, at the expiration of the time for
which the subacripticn has been paid.
Single oopies of the paper furnished, in wrappers,
at fire cents each.
Communications or subjects of loeal or general
nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at
tention faTors of this kind must invariably be
accompanied by the mime of the author, not for
publication, but ae a guaranty against imposition.
All letters pertaining to bnsinesa of the office
should be addressed to
JOHN IAJTZ, BsuroßD, PA.
SERMON TO YOUNG MEN.—YOU are the
architects of your own fortunes. Rely upon
your own strength of body and soul. Take
for your motto self-reliance, honesty and
industry; for your star, faith, perseverence
and pluck, and inscribe on your banner,
"Be just, and fear not." Don't take too
much advice; keep at the helm and steer
your own ship. Strike out. Think well of
your self. Fire above the mark you intend
to hit. Assume your position. Energy,
invincible determination, with a right
motive, are the levers that rule the world.
The great art of commanding is to take a
fair share of the work. Civility costs
DOthing and buys everything. Don't drink;
swear; don't gamble; don't steal; doD't de
ceive; don't tattle. Be polite; be generous;
be kind. Study bard, play bard. Bo in
earnest. Be self-reliant. Read good bookr.
Love your fellow men as your God; love
your country and obey the laws; love truth;
love virtue. Always do what your con
science tells you to be a duty, and leave the
consequence with God.
MANNERS.—There is nothing which adds
so much to a young man's suocess in life —
next to honesty of purpose—as the practice
of good breeding wherever he goes—on the
sidewalks, in the buggy; as well as in your
parlor. If you meet a man who refuses to
give you half the road, or to turn out on
the sidewalk, you may class him as a man
with no sense of justice in hie soul. When
we speak of polite men we do not wish to
be understood as referring to one who bows
low and takes off his hai, to ladies and men
of position, and turns away from the poor
man; but we mean the honest face—the
man who always carries a smile on his
countenance, and who never turns his face
away from the poor; we mean the man who
has a kind salutation when he meets you
in the morning, and a pleasant "good
night" in the evening; a man whose face is
always void of offence. Such a man is
bound to succeed—such a one will find
friends. Young men' be polite.
AIMLESS EDUCATION.—Here is the rich
man's son who has been educated at great
expense and pains, and who has graduated
from college, and has come out a gentleman,
lie has studied not with a view to fitting
hirasell for any avocation in life, but with
a view of being a gentleman. He reads not
for the sake of knowing anything, but for
the sake of being a gentleman. Soon his
father breaks down, and he, when he is
about twenty-five years old, finds himself a
poor man's son and dependent on hia own
exertions. And he says to himself, "What
shall I do for a living?" He asks his feet,
and his feet say, "I do not know." He
asks his head, and it says, "I never learned
anything about a living." There is but one
man that can befriend this poor wretch, and
that is the sexton. Conld anything be more
useless than such a person ? Can there be
anything more pitiable than such histories?
And yet they are happening every day.
AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE. —At present
we have no architecture: we build well, and
our streets show elegant and commodious
dwellings, costly and elaborate churches,
solid looking bauks, plain and useful public
schools, gorgeous hotels, and warehouses of
every style ; but we look in vain for the ex
pression of an original idea—for the success
ful working out of a distinct purpose. We
have buildings in every imaginable exag
geration of bad taste and with every possi
ble confusion of rule, order, and styie—ag
gravatingly pretensions and provokingly des
titute of architectural fitness. A Greek
temple stand for a custom-house, a college,
or a bank ; a prison is represented by a Nor
man keep or an Egyptian temple ; a court
house resembles a barn or factory; and so
most of our public buildings might be inter
changed without sacrifice of or detriment to
any rule of architectural propriety or acthe
tic feeling. From an Article on EXPRES
SION IN ART, in Lippincott's Magazine for
CLEANLINESS. —A neat, clean, fresh
aired, sweet, cheerful, well arranged house
exerts a moral as well as a physical in
fluence over its inmates, and makes the
members of a family peaceable and con
siderate of each others feelings and hap
piness. The connection is obvious between
the state of mind thus produced, and habits
of respect for others, and for those high
duties and obligations which no laws can
enforce. On the contrary, a filthy, squalid,
noxious dwelling in which none of the de
cencies of life can be observed, contributes
to make its inhabitants selfish, sensual, and
regardless of the feelings of others. And
the constant indulgence of such passions
renders them reckless and brutal; and the
transition is natural to propensities and hab
its incompatible with a respect for the prop
erty of others or for the laws. N. Y Inde
PASTE THIS IN YOUR HAT.— Pay your
debts as soon as you get the money in your
pocket. Do without what you don't need.
Speak your mind when necessary. Hold
your tongue when prudent. Speak to a
friend in a seedy coat. If you can't lend a
man money tell him why. If you don't
want to, do the same. Cut acquaintances
who lack principle. Bear with infirmities
but not wiih vices. Respeet honesty, de
spise duplicity. Wear your old clothes till
you can pay for new ones. Aim at comfort
and propriety, not fashion. Acknowledge
your ignorance, and don't pretend knowl
edge you havn't got. Entertain your
friends, but never beyond your means.
THE farm and burial-ground of Wash
ington is being surrounded by Northern
farmers. Even capital obeys the impulses
of patriotism, and loves to nestle near the
shades of Vernon. A cordon of loyal en
terprise drawn around those sacred retreats
will protcet them from the devastations
which have been quite too common.
GOOD BREEDING is the result of much
good sense, some good nature, end a little
self denial, for the sake of others, and with
a view to obtain the same indulgence from
WHEN the trumpter was desired to play
louder he replied: "You say 'louder, loud
er,' but varish do vind?"
.MANY a good kiss has been Dipped in the
bud by a four-year-old nuisance bringing a
light into the room.
A SPEECH not intended for pjqfejwdMt*
-cut and come agaio,