Newspaper Page Text
BY DAYII) OYER.
t "jjjf!; turn s
('aieisdar of Uork for tft© Mouth.
P A 11 M .
February has been called a ttir.titii <>f leisure.
There G nothing especially driving but for the
provident farmer, mxious to relievo a more
busy sea>ou from every possible care, there is
plenty of work that may appropriately be done
now. The chief employment will he the-daily
care of stock of all kinds, to see that they are
regularly and properly fed, and that nothing is
suffered to waste about the buildings. Too
many farmers look upon the winter season as a
time when lithe can he canted, without suffici
ently hearing in mind thai to husband is to
earn. J'he barn, tin; workshop, the woodshed,
the cellar, the forest or woodpile will admit of
a variety of labor in clear or stormy weather.
The Southern planter will now be actively at
work manuring, plowing, an-, putting in early
require a i-irge amount of care during this
mouth, both on their own, an 1 their owners*
account. They sltnul-1 not full away m flesh as
Spring approaches, nor should a lavish, waste
ful method of feeding bo pursued, laus ex
hausting the fodder before grazing tim- . Use
the straw outter daily, and if there i> mailt
coarse feed, a Gteaming apparatus will he
found very valuable. Give cxrta feed t > cow
about calving, and allow them plenty of room
Watch njait, frost, keep sweet end clean,
sort over fruit, ami expel or t'U't!. ruts true
Note tins spotting bins uti'i shock- at I lie.
AV est, and as far as may be, apply a remedy in
•future. Procure seed early, auti lest its vege
tating powers by cproutiug samples in the
house. The planting season will commence at
the for South during the latter part of the
Oonriaoe to get ou: materia?*, as directed
last month Repair and build new ones where
the frosi will admit.
FLAX AND 11 LAI I'.
Complete dressing any yet nutiuiahed.
Cut and .-team as much nl ihe coar.-e as pos
sible, feeding with Indian ineai, bran, and cur
loots. L.-e racks in th- yard. •- figured on
page 4i>, lather than -eati. r the fodder where
it will be trampled bv stock,. We trust the
■practice of feeing at. distant stack yards has
See directions of last mm lit, and give cook
ed p'otatoes or other vtgeiaolea in addition to
their grain feed. Select urn, set eggs during
ttie latter part of the in itith lor early chickens,
lle.i'.d articles on "Poultry raGiug," page 47.
If any remains nntliresbed, leave it no long
er a prey to rats and uiioe. See that venuiu
are kept from tlic grauaries, and cattle and
sheep from the growing lb lds. Eating off at
this season will be vdry injurious. Look out
early lor Spring seed.
W it-U a full supply of warm cooked food,
give charcoal and salt occasionally, cspeciallv
to biecJmg sows. Keep their pens weli sup
plied with tuariurial agents, and a good bed of
straw or leaves.
DORSES AND MIT.M.
Give grain or carrots with cut feed. See
that working horses are well shod, during icy
weather. Keep hlaoketed when not in use,
and well bedded at night.
Watch for the first opportunity to fill with
thi 'k clear ice, it not already done. Pack
close, filling crevices with broken pieces. All
this, if you get any :ce this Winter.
Continue to manufacture ahd cart to the
fields as directed last month. Reive it in large
heaps until wanted for use, covering them with
muck, loam or soil. Save ail the liquids of
the yards and stalls, by absorbing them with
the muck or leaves stored for tbo purpose, it
is to be hoped that the manure is all kept un
der cover, if it i- only a roof of poles thatched
with straw or corn huts.
Plowing for the Spring crops of cotton, to
bacco, corn and grain will now be going on at
the South. Guage the furrows u little deeper
thau last year, or follow with a subsoil plow.
Sort over for seed. Planting may be done
at the South during the Utter part of tbo
Keep ihem sheltered from storms and sepa
rate from cattle and horses. Feed grain and
cut roots with coarse fodder. Let them have
free access to a trough of salt, with pure wa
ter in the yard.
Will require tapping during the middle or lat
ter part of the month in mild latitudes. The
particular period must be governed by the sea
son. Provide the necessary troughs or buck
ets aud spouts. Have the boilers arranged
and everything io readiness for operation.
Employ the stormy days in putting them in
order and makiug any new oues wanted in the
■Spring or Summer. Wagons, carts, harnesses
and farm gear of all kinds should be looked to.
TURNIPS AND OTHER ROOTB.
Feed daily, giving after, rather than before
milking.* Use the root cutter to reduce them
fine enough for sbeep even.
If the supply of last year is now exhausted,
get up a larger pile this Winter. Improve tbo
A Weekly Paper, Devoted to Literature, Polities, the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, &c„ &c—Terms: One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance.
sledding at the north, and good wheeling else
where to the bist advantage while thov last.—
(hit, split and store under cover enouuh to last
till April, at least of next year. There will
be eeoenmv in if, in more wave than one.
ORCHARD AND NURSERY.
Where grounds are frozen or covered with
snow, little can now be dour amoug the trees,
save sc.aping off moss and rough bark, prun
ing and clearing rue snow from the branches of
small tr-es. In some localities the ground is
open and transplanting may be done, luuds
manured and plowed, Lursery trees taken up,
packed and sent away.
The comparative e'sure of this month
will afford a good opportunity to go through
both Orchard and Nursery, and cleanso old and
young trees from moss, rough bark - and in
■ccts, using soap sutll freely, as reeommend
■•d in the IX ccmbor number of last volume,
for the bark louse. The moss can readily be
washed from the branches of large trees iunuc
diately after a ruin, by a brush broom tied to a
pole. If a little potash or soap be added tu
: the water, touch the better.
Watch closely'after damp snows, and shako
off what might otherwisu break down the
Look over that upou shelves, removing the
Grafting the roots of seedlings put i;. the
cellar last Fall may now be done, if you .still
pursue this questionable method.
Imported Trees frequently arrive during the
present month, and are often badly frozen in
■moving then, from toe vessel to I heir destina
Examine for and desrnv scale, borers, moth
cocoons, and the cam pillars' eggs which are
now found near th cuds of the branches of
Manufacture and collect as recommended
under the "Farm." Muck, ashes and liuie are
I valuable for both orchaid and nursery.
f We advise not to prune during this month,
notwitb.-tanding it is the time formerly chosen
by old farmers. The wounds d no" become
sufficiently scared over before the sup ascends
in the Spring. The tree suffers from the loss
of sap, which, from a vital element within, is
changed to a poisonous fluid as it runs down
J the outside of the trite. Juue ua.l .July are
11 a full supply is not already secured, out
I them during the early part of this month. He
| sure of the kinds, aud having labeled them,
; bury in dry earth or sand in the cellar.
: Snowbanks often do much damage as they
| settle iti the nursery. Shovel out the trees
| which would otherwise be stripped of their
i branches by the settling drifts.
STAKES AND LABELS.
Make a good stock for more busy season,
i A large uumber of labels will be wanted during
| the Spring piauting, or sales of nursery trees,
j and they should be made, painted aud strung
; 1e mmsmm.
•TO THB PEOPLE OF THE MITEI)
I Having been recently removed from the
! office of Secretary of K*usus Territory, under
■ circutnstauces which imply severe censure on
the part of the President, aud having had uo
official information of my removal, nor any op
-1 portnnity fur explanation or defence, 1 have
deemed it necessary to present to the People of
, ihe United States a brief statement of tacts in
vindication of my motives and in explanation
• 'f the results of the act for which I have been
• The office in question was not given at my
solicitation. My acceptance of it, under all the
1 circumstances, was a proof of strong friead
j -hip for the Presideqt, and of uohouuded con
fidence in ihe firmness and faithfulness with
• which he would adhere to the line of policy de
, liberately agreed upon between ius whole
j Cabinet, and Gov. Walker.
On my arrival in the Territory in April last,
in advance of Gov. Walker, I confess that 1
had an imperfect knowledge of the real con
-1 dition of affairs. I supposed the question of
! Slavery to be the ouly cause of dissension and
' difficulty among the people; and, in my brief
inaugural address of the J 7th April, I treated
this as the chief subject of difference upou
wbicb a submission to tbe people woubi be
' likely to he demanded. I soon found, however,
I that this view was altogether too limited, aud
did not reach the true ground of controversy.
1 The great mass of the inhabitants of the Terri
; tory were dissatisfied with tbe local Government
I aud earnestly denied the validity of the existing
laws. Asserting that the previous Legislatures
had been forced upon them by the traud aud
violence of a neighboring people,they proclaim
ed their determination never to submit to the
! enactments of legislative bodies thus believed
jto be illegitimate, and not entitled to obedi
: This was tbe couditiou of things when Gov.
j Walker came to the Territory in tbe latter part
■of May. It was evident that the just policy
j of permitting the people to regulate their own
j affairs could not be successfully carried out,
i unless tbey could be inspired with confidence
;in the agents of Government through whom
this result was to be effected. If a mere
minority of the people bad been thus dissatis
fied and contumacious, they might possibly
have been pronounced factious, and treated as
disturbers of the peace; but wheu the dissatis
faction was general, comprising almost ihe
wbcle people, a more respectful consideration
was indispensable to a peaceful adjustment.—
It was evident tiiat the policy of repression—a
• rigid attempt to enforce submission, without an
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1858.
f i.ffurt at conciliation—would inevitably result
iu a renewal of the civil war. With commend
able anxiety to avoid this contingency, Gov.
Walker resolved to go among the people, to
listen to their complaints, to give rhem as
surance of a fair and just administration of the
Territorial Government, and to induce them, if
possible, to abandon their hostility, and to eu
ter upou the peaceful but decisive struggle of
the ballot-box. 1 was ofteu with the Governor
when he addressed the people, and gave my
best efforts iu aid of tbe great purpose cf con
It was too late to induce the people to go
into the June electiou for delegates to the Con
vention. The registration required by law had
been imperfect iu all the counties, and had
bqeu wholly ouiiticd in one-half of them; nor
could the people of these disfranchised counties
vote in any adjacent county, as had been false
ly suggested. In sueh of them a subsequently
took a census or registry of their own, the dele
gates chosen were not admitted to seats in the
Convention. Nevertheless, it is not to be de
nied that tlie great central fact, which con
trolled the whole case, was tbe utter want of
confidence by the people in tbe whole machinery
of the Territorial Government. They alleged
that the local officers, ia all iustanccs, were
unscrupulous partisans, who had previously
defrauded them iu the electious, and who were
• sady to repeat tire same outrages again; mat
even if intruders from abroad should not bo
permitted to overpower them, they wonld be
cheated by false returns, winch it would not be
possible for the Governor and Secretary to
defeat. Although at that time these appre
hensions seemed to ue to be preposterous and
unfounded, it was impossible to deny the
earnestness and sincerity with which they were
urged, or to doubt that they wore the resu.t ot
deep convictions, having their origin iu some
previous experience of tiiat nature.
ihe worst portion of the small minority in
Kansas, who had possession of Die Territoiial
organization, loudly and bitterly complained
of Gov. \\ aiker's policy of coueiliatiou, ami
demanded the opposite policy of repression
And when, under the solemn assurances given,
that ttie elections should bs fairiy conducted,
and no frauds which wo could reach be eouuic
uanced or tolerated, it bad becomo appaieut
that the mass of tbe people were prepaied aud
determined to participate iu the October elec
tions, the minority endeavored to defeat the
result by reviving the tax qualification for elec
tors, which h-vd bevn Fepe.uroJ Ly tb yratwns"
Legi-laturc. Opinions were obtained from high
legal sources, the effect of which, had they
prevailed, would have been to exclude the mass
of the people from vo*ng, to retaiu the ecntrtd
iu the hands of the minority, and, as a c n
sequence, to keep up agitation, aud to render
civil war inevitable. Hut the intrepid resolution
of Uov. Walker, iu spite of fi roo opposition and
denunciation, far and near, carried him through
this dangerous crisis, and he had the proud
Satisfaction of Laviug achieved a peaceful
triumph, by inducing the people to submit to
tbe arbitrament of the ballot box.
Hut the iniuority were determined not to sub
mit to defeat. The populous county of Doug
las had been attached to the border county of
Johnson, with a large and controlling repre
sentation in tbe Legislature. The celebrated
Oxford fraud was perpetrated with a view to
obtain majorities iu both Houses ot the Assem
bly. When these returns were received at my
office, in Gov. Walker's absence, I bad fully
determined not to give certificates based upon
them. If they hal been so formal and correct
as to have made it my duty to certify them 1
would have resigned my office in order to tes
tify my fense cf the enormity of the wrung
Gov. Walker, at Leavenworth, had formed the
same regulation, as be stated tome and to sev
eral others, and we were both gratified that we
found the papers so imperfect as to make it our
duty to reject theui. Great excitement followed
in the Territory. The minority, thus righteous
ly defeated in the effort to prolong their power,
became fierce in opposition, and resorted to
every means of intimidation. But lam led to
believe they found their most effectual means
of operation By undermining us with tho Ad
miaistra'ijti at Washington.
Tbe Constitutional Convention, which bad
adjourne 1 over untii after the October election
met again in Leeompton, to resume its labors-
Many of the members of that body wero bit- S
terly hostil-3 to the Governor and Secretary, on j
aecouDtof their rejection of tbo Oxford a::d \
McGec frauds, in which sou*? of the members
and officers cf tho Convention bad a direct par
ticipation. In fact this, body, with some hon
orable exceptions, weil represented the minor
ity party in the Territory, and were fully
imbued with the same spirit and designs. It
was obviously Dot their desire to secure to the
real people of Kansas the control of their own
affairs. In the Constitution soon aftet wards
adopted they endeavored to supersede the Leg
islature which had been elected by tho people
cv providing, in tbe second section of the
schedule, that "all laws now of force in the
Territory shall coutinuo to he of force until
altered, amended, or repealed, by a Legislature
under the provisions of this Constitotion."
Thej provided still more effectually, as they
supposed, for the perpetuation of their minority
Government, by adopting the Oxford fraud as
tho basis of their appointment, giving a great j
preponderance of representation to the coun
ties on the Missouri border, and affording, at
the same tiuie, every possible facility for the
introduction of spurious votes. The President '
of the Convention was clothed with unlimited
power to conducting tbe elections and receiv- j
mg tbe retmns, while tho officers are not re- i
quired to take the usual oath to secure fair and
honest dealing. The elections were hurried on
ia midwinter—tho 21st of December and the
4th of January—wheu emigrants could eotuc
only from the immediate borders, under the
qualifieation which invited to tbe ballot-box
every while male inhabitant "in the Territory
on ihni day." The same men who did this had
: previously denounced Governor Walker for the
-nggestiou in his inaugural address, and in his
Tbpeka speech, that the Constitulioo should be
submit tee to all the bona jlle inhabitant*, al
though he invariably stated, when asked for
explanation, that some reasonable length of
residence ooglit to be required, as evidence of
the horn fide character of inhabitancy.
It was apparent that all the machinery had
been artfully prepared for a repetition of gross
frauds, similar to those which hau been attempt
ed iu October; and it was in view of all tbeso
facts, after the adjournment of the Convention,
that the people of the Territory, by an almost
unauimou- demand, called Upon mo, as the act
ing Governor, to onvena an extra session of
the Legislature, in order to'enable them peace
ably to protect themselves against tbe wrongs
evidently contemplated by-'he adoption of fuis
Constitution. There was uo law to punish frauds
iu election returns. The people wcro intensely
excited; and if was the opinion of the coolest
men in the Territory, that, without a eali of
the Legislature, the elections under the Con
stitution could not have taken place without
collision and bloodshed. The meeting of the j
Legislature diverted the attention of the people j
from the schemes of violence upon which they j
were brooding, substituted the excitement of!
debate and investigation for that of fierce and
warlike hatred, and enabled their representa
tives to devise means for counteracting the
wrongs which they justly apprehend.
Recent even tit have shown that their appre
hetisiou were well fouuded. Enormous frauds
have been peipetrated at the precincts of Ox
ford, Shawnee, and Kickapoo; aud it may well
bo believed that thus result was actually design
ed by the artfui loaders who devised the plan
and framework of the Leeompton Constitution.
I have lateiy been at Shawnee, and 1 have seen
and couverseo with persons who were at Oxford
ou she day of election. The frauds committed
araii'itarion,-; and though dishonest persons;
may deny them, and uiay fill the channels of
public information with shameless representa
tions to the coatrary, they can be easily estab
lished beyoDd all controversy.
It vas to enable the people to shield them
selves from the a frauds, and to give legal ex
pression to their hatred aud rejection of the in
•orament which peiinitted them, and was to be
carried by them, that I called the Legislature
In my judgment, the people had a fair claim
heard on this subject through their Legis-
TWwe. TL j oigtau i ■VMitUIoC to M.C tKa
discretion of convening that body in extra ses
sion. The President oi the United States had
no rightful authority to exercise that discretion
forme. He had the power of removal, and
such control as that power gives him. But I
would cheerfully have submitted to removal .and
consequent loss of favor with the President,
rather thau occupy the position of Governor,
and refuse to the people an opportunity to as
sert their most esseutial rigl.it, and to protect
themselves agaiust the basest frauds aud wrongs
ever attempted UJKJU an outraged community.
Not having been informed of the grounds of
my removal,! know them only through the news
paper reports, to the effect that, iu calling be
Legislature, I disobeyed the instructions of the
President. 1 had uo instructions bearing on
the subject,and there was no time to obtain them,
even if I had felt bound to substitute the Pres
ident's will for that discretion which the organ
ic act confided to me. The convening of the
Legislature undoubtedly prevented difficulty
and secured peace. Were it important, lam
confident 1 could establish this position by the
most indubitable fact-: but it is sufficient uow
to say that the peace of the Territory was not
iu fact disturbed, aud whatever approaches were
made towards such a result were wholly attri
butable tj the policy of the Administration iu
censuring my acts and removing me from of
The measures foi which I have been unjustly
condemned has enabled tho people of Kansas to
make known their real will iu regard to the Le
eompton Constitution. This affords the Dem-!
oeratic party au opportunity to defend the true j
principles of constitutional liberty, and to save j
itself from disastrous division and utter over
throw. If Congress will heed the voice of tbe
people, ana uot force upon them a Government
which they !: ive rejected by a vote of four to
one, tho whole country will be Satisfied, art! j
Kansas will quietly settle her own affairs, with- j
oat the least difficulty and without any danger
to the Confederacy. The Southern States,which j
are supposed to have a deep interest in the mat
ter, will bo saved from tho supreme folly or j
standing up in defeuoe of so wicked aud dishon- i
est a contrivance as the L ooinr ton Constitution. I
Tbe moral power of their position will not bo j
weakened by a vain and useless defence of wroog j
when it is perfectly certain rhey will gaiu noth- j
inp even by success tu the present attempt.
The extra sezsion cf the Kansas Legislature ]
has done good, also, by giving means to expose j
aud punish the monstrous frauds which have
beeu perpetrated, and doubtless, also, by prey
venting others which would have been attempt
ed. it has driven the guilty miscreants enga
ged in them to become fugitives from justice, j
and baa rendered it impossible for the peace of
the Territory hereafter to be endangered by sim
In view of these facts and results, I willing
ly aocept tbe rebuke conveyed iu my peremp
tory dismissal from office, but 1 appeal to the
deliberate judgment of tbe people to determine
whether I hive not chosen the only honorable
course which the circumstances allowed me to
pursue. FRED. P. STANTON.
Washington, Jan. 29, 1858.
Some brilliant genius has conceived tbe idea
to press all the lawyers into military service in
case of war—because their charges are So great
that no one could staud them.
Every min has something to do which he
neglects, every mau has faults to conquer
which he delays to combat.
While engaged in the tobacco and cigar bus
iness, I used to have for a customer iu cheap
cigars, one of those knowing fellows whose
knowledge serves better to bore his victims than
advance science. You could uot make him be
lieve that—oh. no! Tell him there were no re
galia cigars that cost forty dollars per thousand!
it might do to stuff down the throat of one cf
them that knew no Letter; he was none of them.
And so it was with everything; he always knew
best. It always appeared to be his delight to
draw me into some controversy, no matter what
the subject was, in order to hear himself draw
forth. I tried every way I could think of to
circumvent Liar, and at length I did succeed iu :
laying him out as flat as a flounder.
it was Suturdad afternoon, he came in, made
bis purchase, and seated himself, to deal out
iii.i usual portion; but I was awake for him.
"Captain," said I, "1 have made up my miuu [
to go to California, and if you wish to go into j
a speculation, now is your time."
"As how," said he.
"\\ hy, you see these fifteen boxes of cigars, j
well, there are two bun ired and fifty iu each
box, and I will let you have the whole fifteen
at a low rate, providing you take thetn all." i
ery v/cli," said my friend,"lctus bear tbe
"You give me on-j cent for tbe first box, two
cents for the secoud, four cents for the u.ini,
and so on, doubling on every box."
"Done,' said he, "fetch ou your cigars.—
bupposo you think 1 have nofYuouey enough—
"Not r,t all, so let u\proceed. Here is vour
He drew from his pocket a leathern parse, j
and out of it a handful of coin.
"And here is your cent," siid he, depositing
a green discolored copper ou tbe counter.
"Here is your second box."
"Here is your two cents. '
"Very well, here is your third box."
"Aud hero is your four cents," said be
"Here is your fourth box."
"Exactly. And here is y<>eight cents! ha!
ha! ha! old fellow oa.
"Here is your Cfth lex, ' ?nid I handing
"And here is your sixteen cents."
"Here is your sixth box."
"And—ha! La! ha! here is your thirty two
"Here is yonr seventh box."
"And here—ha! ha! the joke is getting too
rich—here is your sixty fourceuts and half your
cigars are gone."
"Here is your eight box," suid I assuming -a
cold indiffeience that perfectly surprised tho
"And here is your dollar and twenty-eight
"Here is your ninth box."
"Here is your—let me see—ha! two dollar's
and fifty-six cents."
"Here is your tenth box.
Co drew his wallet tnoughtfuily and on the
slate made a small calculation.
"And here is your five dollars aud twelve
"Here is your eleventh box."
"And here is your—twico five is ten. twice
twelve twenty-lbur—ten dollars and twenty
At this stage of the game he had got quite
docile, and I continued—
"Here is your twelfth box; band over twenty j
dollars and forty-eight cents."
Here the globules ot perspiration, large as
marrow-fat peas, stood out in bold relief ou Lis
face, but at length he doled out the sum.
"Ilete is your thirteenth box: pile out forty
dollars aud ninety-six cents."
"If 1 do, I shall, but 1 will Dot." With
that he left, and I have never beeu able to get
near him since.
CANDY AND POISON. —A paper on ''Colored
Confectionary,' was recently read before the
British Association at Montreal, from which we
condense some valuable and novel information.
We learn tiiat for economy's sake, confection
ers, in coloring their candies, &c., have recourse
for thoir grcocs to Brunswick green, carbonate
of copper, or arsenite of copper: for the yellows,,
to chromatc of lead or gamboge, for their reds,
to red lead, vi rmillion or cinnabar, and for I
their whites to white lead. These are only a ;
few of the pernicious coloring agents used, and !
tbey are among the deadliest of poisons. The 1
way in which the poisons are laid on, also de
serves a word of passing remark, In some in- j
stances a very thin coating of the coloring mat
ter is used, so us to spread over a very large
surface a small portion of the material used;but j
in other eases the very reverse is the fact, aud 1
in one instanco was procuered from a piece of
ornamental table confectionery not the size of
a sugar almond, a quantity of arseuite of cop
per sufficient to destroy the life of a healthy
adult. Uoufeeturners have to reason to use
these poisons, for their are harmless vegetable
colors enough to answer their purpose.
Government paper-money is at a discount in
New York, the banks positively refusing to re
ceive it at pir. The Secretary will be com
pelled to increase the rate of interest, in order
to derive from his treasury notes the advan
tage of u currency.
The Winnebago Indians in Minnesota rained
last year, over 5,000 bushels of wheat in the
Reservation, beiug more thau half tbe entire
amount produced in Blue Earth county. They
j have nine townships of laud, and of this 1,000
acres are under cultivation.
We are never astonished at any happiness
that drops into our laps, for we always fancy
we aro deserviug of it; but if any piece of ill
luck fall down upon us, we cannot imagine what
: we have done to deserve it.
VOL Si, AO. 7.
[TAS KING OF DELHI'S MODE OF EX-
The following has been communicated to the
l'oona Observer: It appears from a journal of
a European traveler, that a new and fearful
mode of execution bad been adopted by the
King of Delhi. The instrument and process
are thus described: A box, each side of
which is fifteeu feet square, is constructed of
timber eighteen inches thick, dovetailed to
gether, aud braced with iron rods. The out
side of the bottom of the box is covered is cov
ered with a plate of beaten iron, one inch in
thickness. The interior is filled with perfect
cubes of granite, weighing in the aggregate
several thousand tons. A machine is erected
alter the manner of an ordinary } iledriver,
but of course on an enormous scale, and of
tremendous strength. The nievs is raised by
powerful machinery cast in Birmingham, for
the express purpose, though it is to be presu
med I uat ho machinist by whom it was fur
nished had no idea of the horri-l purpose for
which it was intended. The human victim is
placed upon a block of granite, of a corres
ponding surface, buried in the earth immedi
ately beneath the enormous mass, and covered
with a plate of iron. At u signal given bv
the vieramadack, the cxecutiouer touches a
spring, the mass falls, and the victim, crushed
at once, is suddenly annihilated, and spread
out like a sheet of pasteboard. The huge
weight being again raised, the flattened body is
with irawn, and dried in the sun. When com
pletely prepared, it is hung over the wall of w
public building, there to serve as a warning to
THE LATEST FASHION.—THE lady promena
ders in the Avenue were somewhat horrified at
the appearance of a distinguished foreigner,
wiiO held up ber dress so as to display an un
doubted scarlet flannel uuaer skirt. What eu
idea Vet these sata; peasant petticoat,, are
now ali the rage across the waer. Queen
Victoria brought litem i<> London from her Bal
moral palace IU the Highlands of Scotiaud,
about two years ago, '..ud this year they have
been adopted by the Empress Eugenie. Of
course, they are ala mode . those ot alternate
narrow strips uf red and black flannel being
more distingue than the pkiu scarlet. iiiiks
aud sattus arc to be no linger traiied in ths
mud, aud the ladies who wish to be In mod?
should not onlv provide themselves at ouce,
but practice gathering up their dresses in grace
ful folds, so € to display about a foot of the
bright coloreu uuder skirt.—wVeto York Ex
SUGGESTIVE.— A New Orleans paper pre
sents a very suggestive paragraph in the fol
lowing, which it entitles, "JTe March to tho
Grave of 1857:"
"What a mighty procession has been mo
ving toward the grave during the pest year.'—
At the usual estimate, since the Ist of Jer.,
1857, there have beeu more than 31,500,01 d
< f the world's population gone down to the
grave. Place them in long array, and they
wive a moving column of more than thirteen
hundred to every mile of the circumference of
the globe. What a spectacle 1 as they move
on, tTamp, tramp, tramp, the 'Dead March'
giving lis funeral notes as they go to the silent
FIEBY. — The Richmond Erqnirer says:—
"Should Douglas and those who thick with him
desert os, we may be assured that there is a
political earthquake coming, which in 1860
may leave a fissure of fire as the dividing iinc
between the North and South."
The Democratic organs here regard the de
fection cf Governor Wise, as the most serious
blow their party has yet received, and one of
them, In so m?ny words, admits that tfcev had
overcome the effects of the movements of Gov.
Walker and Senator Donglr.s, but that this
new and unexpected revolt, coming from such
a man aud such a quarter, has thr'.wr. their
catnp into the utmost consternation. The end
is not yet.
THE SOUND DUES CONVENTION.—TH
President publishes in the Union his prc!a.
uiatiou, declaring that tho agreement tDtered
into with Denmaik to discontinue the Sound
dues, has gene into effect. By this Oonven
ticn, the free and unincumbered navigation of
American vessels through the Sound an-J the
Belts is forever seeored. The United States
agree to pay to the Government of Denmark,
once and for all, the sum cf $03,000 11 in
United States currency, at London, on the day
when the said Convention sbali g into full ef
A FAT SALARY. —Paroui, the prima donna-,
now iu Havana, receives no less than $30,000
per annum—& larger salary than that paid to
the President of the Nnited States.
The above is another proof of the well
known paragraph: "We pay best, first, those
who destroy us—generals; soeond, those who
treat us—politicians and quacks, third, those
who amuse us—singers aud musicians; aud
least of all, those who instruct us—authors,
school masters aud eJitors."
Man may err at d be forgiven , but poor wo
man, with all his temptation, and but half his
strength, is placed beyond the hope Of earthly
salvation, if she but ouce be tempted into
A soldier writes from Delhi that probably
every member of the Guards will be worth
.£I,OOO when he reaches England. An equal
division of the spoils is to bo made, and they
exceed in richness anj thing heretofore dreamed
! #C , V
It is an old saying that an open winter makes
a poor hay crop, in accordance with which some
of the shrewd ones of New Bedford are buy
up and storing the article.