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W, W. BROWN,
A. B. HUTCHISON,
FOR SUBSCRIPTION k ADVERTISING
• The "IIIi'LLEFONTE REPUBLICAN'
is published every WEDNESDAY MORNIND.
A. B. HUTCHISON do CO.,
at the following rates: -
One year (invariably in advance s ) 12.00
Six " " $l.OO
Three Months,." 50
Single Copiet.." 05
It is Republican in politics—devoted to
the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Min
ing interests of Central Pennsylvania.
Papers discontinued to subscribers at the
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SPACE 00.13 PIED
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All advertisements, whether displayed or
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All advertisements due after the first in
Job Work of every variety, such as Pos
ters, Bill-heads, Letter heads,Cards, Checks
Envelopes, PILOT. Books, Programmes
Blanks; ac., Ice., executed in the best style
with promptness, and' at the most reasona
ble rates. .
Address all counounications; relating to
business of this office, to
A. B. HUTCHISON /s CO.,
Bellefonte Masonic Lodge, No 265, A. Y. M.
meets on Tuesday,,evessing of or beforoth?
Conitans CoufintiUderk: , :'Nci.•.:33, K. T.,
meets seem:la. - Ora44 eack:itonth.
I. 0. 0. F. CentreJle4go4.,No - 24,53, meets
every Thu'rsday evesilig::* !their Hall,
Buih's Arcade. •
Forthe conferring of:Degrees:ll4 Ist Sat:
urday evening' of
For Degree of Debgo7io`j :? . eieifd Saturday of
L 0. G. T. l .:',Ois,Bodge :,every: Mon Cay
Bellefonte Church Directory.,
Presbyterian church, Spring St.. services at
at 11 a. and 7/ p. m;. No • pastor
at present. - - This'congregation are
new erect:in.:l.:46w church. in consequence
Of ; which the regular religious services will
be held in the:Coutt.House until further
Methodist Episcopal Church. High St.. ser
vices 10/ a. m.. and 7/ p. Prayer
meeting on Thursday nigh:.. Rev.ll.o.
St. John's Episcopal. Church. - High St.. ser
vices at 104 a. m., and 7/ p. in.
Byron McGann, pastor. •
Lutheran Church. Lion St., services 10/ a.
, and 7/ p. m. Rev. J. i.. Hackenberger,
Reformed Chhrelt, Linn St., no pastor at
. Church, Bishop St; services 104
a. in., and 3, p. m. Lev. T. McGovern,
United Brethren, Church, High Street, west
aide of creek; services--
African M, E. Church, west side of creek ;
aervices.al 11 a. m., and 7/ p. m. Rev.
Isaac Pinvell, pastor.
President—Andrew J9hinshn. '
Vice- President,pro tem.—Benj. F. Wade
Secretary of - State—Wil liam H: halyard.
Seeretaryqf Tref:Miry—Hugh McCullough
Secretary of War—J. M. Schofield.
Secretary of Navy—Gideon Wells.
Secretary of Interior—O. H. Browning.
Postmaster-General—A. L. Randall.
Attorney General—Wm. M. Evarts.
Say of Commonwealth,-Frunk Jordan.
_Deputy Secretary of Commonweaith—lsaac
B. Gara. .
Auditor-Eeneral=John F. Hartranft.
SUrveyor:Gineral—Jacob M. Campbell.
Treaaarer=W' W. Irwin.
Attorney General—Benj. H. Brewster.
Dep'y- AO's( General-3. W. M. Newlin.
Supt of Coin. Schools—J. P. Wickersham.
Dep'y Supt of Conz.Sehoole—C.R Coburn.
Sup't of Soldier's Orphan Schools—Geo.
Presidelit. Judge—Charles A. Mayer
Associates- - -
.- William Allison, - .
Prothonotary—James H. ppton. •
Begißtfir tkitecordtr = J. P: Gephart . :
Sheriff—D. Z. Kline.
Dep'ty Sheriff—D Weaning:
Dist: Atey-4. Y. Stitzer. - •
Treasurer—A, C. G eary. •
.- .. Wm. Keller,
John Bing: -
Clerk—John Moran. •. - .
' BELLEFOPTE BOROGII!
Chief Burgess—E. M. Blanchard.
Agree " C ;pt. C. T. Fryberger
Chief of Police—Wm. Shortlidge.
" Wm. Felty.
" Amos Mullen.
" Charie• Cook.
Town Council—Wm. P. Wilson, Preet.
. S. M. Irwin, Clerk:
_ ft . • Robert Valentine,
A. S. Valentine •
Jas. H. McClure,
fi F. P. Green,
John Irwin. Jr..
el Elias W. Ew e ,
(r Jacob V. Thomas,
Gen. A. Bayard,
High Constable—James Green,
Borough Constable—James Furey.
School Directors—John Hoffer. Preet.
ft Gea. 8.. Weaver. Sec' g .
- "- ;S. P. }Ala.:art,
D. M. Butts, .
a. Hang McGinley.
BELLEFONTE MEAT MARKET
BISHOP STREET, BELLEFON,T4 P.l; •
The oldest Meat Market in Bellefonte.—
Choice meat of all kinds always on hand. .
: - - B. V. BLACK. ,
PROFESSIONAL CARDS. .
1 - G. LOVE,
tr • - Attomey•at•Law, Belle
fonte, Pa. Office on Bigh•St. ju6'69.y
JAMES 11. RANKIN, . .
fonte, Pa. Office in Armory building, 2nd
SAMUEL LINN. A. 0. FURST
L INN FURST,
Attorneys at-Law. Belle
fonte, Pa. ja6'69.tf.
EDMUND BLANCHARD. EVAN N. BLANCHARD
& E. M. BLANCHARD,
Allegheny St., Bellefonte; Pa. ja6'69.ly
R N. MIALLISTER. - -JAMES A. BEAVER
M . 7 . ALLISTERIt BEAVER,
Bellefonte Penn'a: ja6'69.ly
NET W. BROWN,
Bellefonte, Penn's., will attend promptly
to all business entrust,d to his care
E. C. HIIMES. Pres't. .1. P. HARRIS, Caah'r
FIRST NATIONAL BANK -
Of Bellefonte. iAlle
gheny St., Bellefonte Pa.
JOHN H. ORVIS. CYRUS T. ALEXANDER.
Bellefonte, Pa: Office in Conrad House,
Allegheny St. ja6'69.ly.
Licensed Autioneer, will
attend to all sales entrusted to his care.-
Charges reasonable. Address. Uriah Sto
ver, Houserville, Centre Co., Pa.
20 1 30
35 1 55
55 1 100
G EORGE F. HARRIS..M. D.,
Physician and Sl7T
ieon ; Pension Surgeon for Centre county,
will attend promptly to all professional
calls. Office on Hight Street N , rth Side.
T • D. WMMATE.. D: D. S.,
Dentist. Office on the
corner of Spring and Bishop streets, Belle
fonte, Pa. At home, except the first two
weeks of each month. Teeth extracted
without pain. ja6*69.1y..
JAS. H. DOBBINS, .
Physician and Sur
geon. Office up-stairs in J. B. McClure's
new Building; Bishop St., Bellefonte, Pa.
Will attend to all business in hi 4 profess
Sion, faithfully at all times, and all hours.
it B. HUTCHISON ,t CO'S.
Job Printing Of
fieo, " Repubrean Building, Bishop St.,
Bellefonte. Penn'a. Every Description of
Plain and_ Fancy prmting &Eta in the
neatest manner, and at prices below city
D. G. BUSH.
BUSH &YOCUM,. .
, . At torneys-at-Laiv, Bell
fonte, Pa., will attend to . all business en
• truste&to thein, with promptness. Office
on Northeast Corner of the Diamond, in
Mrs. Irvin's stone building. jal3'69 y.
W ILSON dr, HITTC.E , ILS A T I N, neys
Bellefonte. Pa. Collections. and all other
legal business in Centre and the , adjoining
• Counties, promptly attended to.. Office in
Blanchird's Law building, Allegheny
CENTRE CO. BANKIN4'COMPANY. '
its and allow Interest; D iscount Notes;
Buy and Sell Government Securities, Gold
HENRY BROCKERWIFF. President.
J. D SIIII6ERT, Cataiiv. jal3'69y.
ALS. GRAHAM, •
Fashionable Barber, in
Basement of the Conrad Hrui , e Belle
fonte, Pa. The best of.Razors,sharpaod
keen, always on hand. He guarantees a
SHAVE without either pulling or pain.—
Perfumery, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Paper Collars, be., constantly on hand. '
AARON R. PAIIP. JNO. SALMONS. LEVI PA.UP.
PATP, SALMONS & CO., - -
Bricklayers.. Bellefonte. rE;. adopt 'this
method of informing 'those wishing to'
build that they will furnish Briek and•lay.
them by the job, .or by the thousand.
Will set Beaters. and do all kinds of
w..rk in their branch of Business.
Jli. TOLBERT, - AUCTIONEER
.- Would respectfully,
inform the citizens of Nittany Valley in
particular, and the pdople of Centre coun
ty in general, that he h.is taken• out a li
cense and holds himself in readiness to try
Vendues. Auctions, or other sales •at all
times, and at allplaces with in thelimits of
Centre and Clinton counties. • Charges
W. RHONE, DENTIST,
Co., Pa., most respectfully informs'the
public that he is prepared to execute any
description of work in his profession Sat ,
isfaction rendered. and rateq asanoderate
as may be expected.. Will be.: found in
his office during the week. commencing on
the first Monday, of each month, 2:nd at
such other times as may be agreed upon.
INSURANCE—LIFE ,4 FIRE.
Joseph A. Rankin of
this Borough, insures property fur the fol
lowing Stock and Mutual companies, viz:
Lydonling 'Mutual, York Conipany, Pa.,
Insurance of . North America, Enterprise,
and Girard of Phila., Pa.. Home, of New
Haven, and any other. reliable company
desired: Also, Provident Life Company
of Phil's., and other good Life Compa
EDWARD W MIILLEtt;
(Late.of:Yourig, 7400 re k Co.;)
ISAAC P. - CHALFANT,
AUCTION JOBBERS IN. II OISERY
GOODS, NOTIONS, &c.;
No. . 57, NORTH THIRD PHIL'A
SCREWS and Hinges of every variety end
kind at IRWIN it WILSON'S.
A MMUNlTlON—Oartridges, and other
£1- IRWIN lz Wl' SON'S.
N AILS, all sizes and kinds, at
IRly rig WILSON'S.d
0 LASS, all ~,i zes and qualiiieb, at
. . IRWIN & .WILSON'S
01..: 4 , of every (let, 3 3p
ti.)itit ISM IN WILSON'S.
SADDLERY, to snit the trade. at.
CARRIAGE and BUGGY bolts, all size
used at IRWIN WLLSO
GE.O. M. YOCUM
"Let us See to it, that a Gcvernmenfof the People, for the people, and by the People, shall not Perish from the Earth."—[A. LINCOLN.]
For -the Bellefonte Republican
I am musing to-day of the world as it is,
And not as , it ought to be
I am• musing and, sighing, to think what's
And can find no remedy
Theie is much that is right, far more that is
And wrong it nc at must be,.
E'er the author of maxims, of logic or song,
Can change its wonted sway.
So many are blinded, yes, obstinate blind,
By wealthy pyrotechnical glow;
Scarce one in a hundred of riches we find,
Who is not sold to fashion and show,
Now this of itself, is commendable, quite,
long . anit so far as 'tis right,
But -with bigoteit malice or envy and pride,
it is rather too big for its size.
Not old far its age, for it never lives long,
Nor h._ s it the wisdom of years;
It sings its own requium, writes its own
And• drowns in its own flood of tears.
He's a rich man whose heart is rich, rich in
With means to develop its store;
Who discards all the vices of ill-gotten pelf,
Who is noble and rich to the poor.
Whose hand is ne'er drawn from the grasp
of a friend,
Whether kid gloved or tanned in the sun;
Who has knowledge and worth for himself,
and to lend, -
And kindred he wilt not disown.
Who livos like a monarch in triumph and
Whom the honest and good may adore;
Nor reigns like a tyrant to die like a beast,
All wishing he'd dibd long befo: e.
Thank God for a land where a man isa man
And wealth, a convenience at best;
When honor's not bought nor sold by a clan,
But where brains and true worth are the
BEDFORD, PA., Tan., 25, 1869. .
Protection to Home Industry.
We write these lines for - the perusal of
the truly patriotic men and women of
the American Republic. That there are
such—and multitudes of them—in both
the great political parties into our
citizens are divided, we joyfully admit.
We ask them, fur this once, to lend us
their attention. - Meanwhile, let the fools
of false theories, and the tools of foreign
conspirators, rave on about what they
'are pleased to ball "Free Trade," and so
pursue the tenor of their wild and wick.
ed way. Conscious of the strength of
•righewliich is with us; we are i contedi,
so far as our opponents are concerned
to bide our time. Truth can afford to
wait. The sincerely mistaken are sure
to he convinced and converted in the
end. While - those who act under sirtisi
ter influences—who, in plain words, are
bribed by the enemies of their country
—will either die in their corruption, or
be made a present of. like Jeff Davis •Sr,
CO.; to the tyrants of Europe.
For reasons which we have often stated,
and which tire well and widelYknown,
the Democratic party has allowed itself
to be lashed to the chariot wheels of
"British and foreign" Free-Traders,who:
.baie nothing to lose, And . eVerything to
gain by, foisting theft.. fair-faced theories
antl - fustianmanufactoies on - the people
of America. "This is pOrt of the accursed.
legacy . bequeathed .by Southern slavery
=now, thanks be t..),,G0ti,.n0t only dead
.end:rotten, but buried forever out of hu',
man:'aight4-:to that joss, politicians
who, in flagrant defiance. not only of the
rights of men; "but of the very name by
which, as a part - y, 'they. Were called, be-
came the abettors and supporters of one
of the most atrocious - e'ytitdms that, ever
trod the heart's blood out of the helpless
and the poor.. "The chivalry" 'had no
Manufactures, As a matter of cdurse.---
tlie'y would not soil their lily bands with
lonest work. Oh, no. - These members
*ore only made to wield whips and lock
chains-on the blacks. and take the proper.
range to.mumft s doWn their white brothers.
with their murderous -- artillery, as at
FrederiOksburg, for instance. They-could'
get their cotton' coats. and linen shirts,
and . table cutleiy; for half the cost from.
their brOtherenslavers in England that
the freemen of Massachusetts could make
them for. So Slavery was for Free Trade.
And Democracy, who was its doer of all
work, dirty andnleitn, stood nifor the
same, and does so to this day.
I ' Of Ibis confederaey—not the defunct
one .of St.. Jefferson Davis, but 'the ttn=
hapily still exi9tant one"of St. Tammany
- 7 --Atigu'et Belmont is the prophet. As
Fdgland's' agent, be can do valuable
work - for his employers, and thus make's
.himself worth more than his wages. And,
as !we ill know, Free-Trade is the chief
gike,in the wheel of :This Anglo-Saxon
Juggernaut, which, like its Indian pro
*totype, crushes the life out of all those
who lie doWn anti *worship it. Vide Ire-.
land. Vide India Vide Turkey. Vide
'every place on earth where this deified
devil is permitted to set up his robber
altar - -
The whole blame, we candidly admit,
is not to be laid at the Democratic door.
There are, here and there, a fewfast and
loose Republicans—fast in their profes
sions as 'they are loose in their practices
—who., for reasons best kuown to them
selves, are more loud of toreiguprodtiet
ions- than of ' home manufacture. We
shall have a word to say to these gentry
one of iheei day's. In the meentime,eur
BETA:4 - EFoNTEI,._ i paA2 7 ITABRUARY- 3, : 1869.
present'objectlet to draw. public
lion to the important fact;, that while the .
overwhelming majority: of Republicans
are friends, of Heme - Indnstry; the over
whelming mass of the rank and file of the
Democratic party are.not:Free . :Triders. , ---
•This we shall proceed to Prove:*
The Irish population of America •is
Universally admitted An amount to not
less than five millions. Our own Yell;
decidedopinion is that , it - -amonuts to
much nearer seven millions : This, as a
matter of course, includes those who
came from "theold.sod," and their chil
dren born in this country. This means
that. there are upwards of a million Irish
citizens in these United States. And of
these. about two-thirds vote with the
Democratic party. :
.They are not. Free Traders in point of
principle—no, not a single man of them.
And if they allow themselves to to used
as . "the hewers of wood and drawers of.
water". for the party that sustains. it, it
is simply through the force of party'
prejudice and defective information.
Nineteen-twentieths of them are work
ingmen. And but a. small minority of
those are of the skilled class. They are,
on the contrary, to' an immense Extent,
the laborers who do with their hands the
hardest and heaviest work of thtkcountry.,
It is by their thews and sinews that- the
coal and the ore are dragged from the
deep-sunk trines; and that the giant ma
chinery of the country is fed and tended.
Free trade, which means the flooding of
America with English inanufactures,
would take the work out of their hands,
and the bread out of their mouths. It
would consign them to the cheerless
homes, aad ragged olothing,.and scanty
fare of the toil-worn serfs and paupers
of England. It would reduce the free
citizens of America to the dread level of
the white slaves of Europe. Such men
are not free Traders. They cannot be.
It is contrary to nature, as well as to
truth and justioe,to suppose such a thing.
And the men and the party who make
such an assertion siturly belie those
whom' they injure. •
For another, and even a more conclu•
sive;reason the Irish citizens of Ameri
ca are not, and cannot be, Free Vaders.
and that is, that. Free Trade in America
means English supremacy in this Repub
lic, and o%er all :tha countries of the
world. England - itreither.a manufactu
ring country, - or she 'is.-tiotti-ng. Her
commerce is her Wealth. Anil money is
power.. Let her liecoine, - *hat she inso
lently calls herself, •the workshop of
the world," and the world lies at her feet,
and the workingmen of the world will be
her slaves, But limit her commerce, and
S.,mpsou!s locks are shorn, and he is but
as another man. Now, A HIGH TARIFF
IN AMETICA IS THE WALL OF BRASS Which
says to English power and Arrogance.
hertci haat thou come, but no further.
shalt thou go." It makes America inh‘-
tress of her own wealth, and_ the power
ful rival, as she will soon: be the sole
possessor, of that power which English
tyrants have so long and so grievously
Now,if there be one feeling which lives
and burns in the heart .of every true
Irishman, n 6 matter. in. whit land his lot
is cast, or to what linlitical party lie, be
longs, it is hatrsd of
. the tyrant power
which has ruined his country and mur
dered his kindled. 'This we. Who know
them well, assert, and defy contradiction.
Yes, the Unelaked vengeance for centu
ries of wrong and 'insult 'it; there; and
looks and Wags,' and thirits and 'prays,
for - :- • •
"A day upon its own green land
Like that, of FontenOy.!!
• Can such men—knowing as they do,
and must,- that Free Trade.would not on
ly impoverish theinselves,' and destroy'
the American Republic, but aggrandize
England, and enable her tO holdlreland
in perpetual bondage and torture—can'
th y, we ask, be Free. Traders ? :The idea
is absurd and impossible.'
We know the reverse; and if the friends
of Protection are willing to Supply the
means, we are ready. to g 0 out and to
Pledge ourselves to get two-thirds-of'all
the Democratic miners of Pennsylvania,
and - a. like number of all the Democratic
mill-workers of New England, 'to sign. a
petition to ate An.tericari' Congress de
manding immediate and e f fective Protection
to the Industry of this country;
These men's instincts are right., and
the' men themselves are honest, even
where they are mistaken.. Why are not
proper measures taken to enable them to
utter their honest. sentiments, and to de
liver them from the knaves and tricksters .
who make them the tools
. of 'their
ambition and of. the Sggrandizemen: of
these foreign tyrannies by whio they,
like their fathers, were robbed. and ruin
ed ? - ,
The great Andrew Jackson was theson
of an. Irish rebel. He was the Teal fOund
er of the Democratic party, which, in his
day, was true. to the principles of-a ; real
Democracy. Mercifully, for the man
who declared." by. the Eternal, the Un
ion must and shall be preserved,". he was
taken away from the evil to come, before
the dark and
.disastrous. day. arrived
when the party he organized became the
eider and abettor of slavery and seces
sion, and the Free Trade instrument of
that English enemy whom ..he thrashed
into "a cocked bat" at Nei , 9rletins.
That Andrew Jackson was as
a friend to Protection to American In
dustry as Senator Sprague, of Rhode Is
land, Oakes Ames, of Massachusetts,-
Daniel J. Morell, of Pennsylvania, John
A. Griswold,' of New York, Capt. Ward,
of .11 ich igan, , and, in fact,-nearly all the
leading men of the great - Republican
party, is provid to.sr deNonstration by
therfollowing'letter, written by his own
hatid, and subecilbed with his own name.
We call on all Irishmen in the Democrat
ic party to follow their illustrious leader.
And we adVise all our friends, Irish and
American alike, to keep this importan
document carefully by them.and demand
from every politician who solicits .their
support,, ARE YOU FOR OR AGAINST
THE: PROTECTIVE : POLICY OF GEN-
E - LtAL JACKSON
GEN. JACKSON TO DR. COLMAN
"WASHINGTON CITY, April 26;:18
!‘ SIR ; I have had the honor this day
to receive your letter of the 2lstinstant,
and . with candor shall reply to it. My
name ; has been brought before the nation
by the people themselves . without any
agency of mine ; for I wish it not to be
forgotten that I have never solicited of
ficenor, when Called upon by the con
stituted authorities, have ever deClined
where : l conceived my services would' be
beneficial to my • country. But as my
name has been brought before the nation
for the first,office in the gift of the peo
ple, it is incumbent on me. when asked,
frankly to declare my opinion upon any
political or national question pending be : ,
fore and about which the country feels
You ask me my opinion on the
tariff. I answer that lam in favor of a
judicious examination and revision of it;
and so far as the tariff before us embra
ces the design . of fostering, preserving
and protecting within ourselves the
means of national defense and -indepen
dence,-particularly in a state of war, I
would advoca te_and support it. The ex
perience of the late war ought to teach'
us a lesson, and one never to be forgot
ten. If our libeity and repnb'ican form
of government, procured for us by our
revolt:Mt:Lary fathers, are worth the
blood and treasure at which they were
obtained, it surely is our duty to protect
and defend them. Can theie - bean Amer
ican patriot who Saw the-privations,dan
gers and difficulties experienced fur the
want of a proper means of detenee during
the late war, who would be willing again
to hazard the safety. of our country, if
embroiled, or rest it for defense on the
precarious means of •national resources
to be derived - from commerce, in a state
of war with a maratime power which
might destroy that commerce to prevent
our olstaining our means of defense, and
thereby subdue us ? I hope there isnot ;
and if there is, I am shore - "be does -- not
deserve to enjoy the blessings of free
Heaven smiled upon and gave us lib
erty 'andindependence. That same Prov
idence has blessed us with the means of
national independence and natinal de
fense. If we omit or refuse to use the
gifts which He has extended to us, we
deserve not the continuation of His bless
ings. He has filled our mountains with
minerals—with lead, iron and copper—
and given us a climate and soil for the
growing of hemp and wool. These being,
the grand materials of our national de
fense, they ought to have extended to
Them adequate and fair protection, that
our own manufactories and laborers may
be placed on a fair competition with
those of Europe, and that we may have
"within our own country a supply of all
those leading•and important articles so
essential to war. Beyond this, I look
at the tariff, with an eye to the proper
distribution. of labor and revenue, and
with a•view to discharge our national
debt. - I am one of those wbo don't believe
that,a national debtls a national bless
.a curse to a republiciln
asmuch_ as it' is calculated to raise around
the Administration a moneyed aristocra
cy dangerous to the liberties of the
country: ' • '
Tbia' tariff-4 mean a judicious one—
possesses more fanciful than- real dan
gers.. I will ask, what is the 'real siitt .
ation of Ihe agriculturist? Witere . has
the American- farmer a market for his
surplus products Except for o )tton. he
has neither a foreign not: a home matket.
Does not this clearly prove, when there
is no market, either at home or abt oad,-
that there is too much labor employed-in,
agrtiiiliure, mild that the channel of fa
bur should be mnitiplecl ?Common sense ,
points out at once the remedy Draw
from agriculture the superabundant la
-bor. employ it in mechanism and mann
facture's, thereby creating a home market
for yoiii breadatuffti and distributing la-.
bor to a most profitable account, and
benefits to the country will result. Take
from agriculture in the United States
600 000 men, women and children. and .
You at once give a home market - for more
breadstuffs than all Europe now furnish....
es us. -2 In short. sir, WE HAVE BEEN
TOO LONG - SUBJECT TO THE POLI..
CY OF THE BRITISH MERCHANTS
IT IS TIME WE SHOULD BECOME A
LITTLE MORE AMERICANIZED,
.OF FEEDING THE
PAUPERS AND LABORERS EU
ROPE, FEED OUR OWN, oatLSE
IN A SHORT TIME, BY CONTINUING
'OUR PRESENT POLICY, WE SHALL
.ALL BE PAUPERS OURSELVES. •
It thereforn, My opinion that a
careful tariff is_much wanted to pay our
national debt and afford us the means of
that defense within our,..elies on which
the safety and liberty of our country de
pend ; and last though not least, give
a proper distribution to our labor, which
must prove beneficial to the happiness,
independence and wealth of the comm . -
• This is a short outline of my opinions
'generally on the subject of your inquiry,
and believing them correct and calcula
ted to*further the prosperity and bappi
ness of my country, I declare'to you I
- would not barter them for any office or
situation of a temporal character that
could be given me.
I have presented you my opinions free
ly, because I am without concealment.,
and should, indeed, despise myself if I
could believe myself capable of acquir
ing the confidence of any by means so ig
I am, sir very respectfully, your obe
From the Wilmington Daily Commercial
What Shall I Do About It.
MR. EDITOR —I am married. Being
so, I naturally have a wife. Not unnat
urally, I have several children of vary
ing ages: • • • •
The question is partly concerning
them, and partly concerning their moth.
She is an ardent admirerrof Miss An
na Dickinson. She:heard her lecture the
other night, and ever since has been pos
sessed with a mighty. desire to enter up
on "a struggle for life."
It is her great grief that she does not,
have money enough."
I am working upon a salary, and only
a portion of it—not a large sum I admit,
can be devoted to the purchase of the in
dispensable feminine "things."
Entirely , unable to keep up with the
style and display of her richer neigh
bors, my wife is inevitably aggravatea..
May I be permitted_ to 'say that not the
neighbors; but I, suffer in consequence ?
The must recent development in the
case is my wife's resolution, firmly an
nounced and .doubtless firmly held, to
leave her home and go forth - into the
wide, wide world, conquering and, to
conquer. She has no fears but that in
the, great race of life she can carry off
a first-class prize. In my house, she as
serts, she is but a servant, and her noble
soul revolts at the drudgery ,of making'
beds, sweeping rooms. washing, di essing
and combing little children. .
Pardon me, Mr, Editor, but in the
days—were they happy ?—whenl was a
bachelor, I thyself bait) swept a room,
and crawled night' after night into a bed
of my own making. • Since I entered up
on the enchanted state of matrimony, I
have on many a morning held round,
little arms 'through the intricacies 'of
skirt-bodies and waists,and dress sleeves,
and coaxed chubby little feet through
the labyrinth of stockings and shoes
Rosy little faces have looked smilingly
up through the . intervals of soap and
water, and silken little tresses have clung
lovingly about my fingers as I arranged
as straight a •part" is I could achieve.
So then I claim to know something
about these duties, which, in the present
day,.are represented as Bp harrassing,
and so unworthy of refined and delicate
womarilitiod. It may be owing to my
weakness of spirit, my inability to rise
to the sublime heights from -which the
female lecturers of the present day, and
-their disciples look down; Betadid net
find_that all my:
.time was taken up-by
these maternal attentions to helpless
little, ones; nor do I consider that my_
manhood suffered, in the days of my sin
gle blessedness; because I made the nec
essary arrantethents for decency and
Comfort in my own apartment.
BUt Sarah Jane says she is a drudge,
and that her_ noble .spirit shrinks from
this servitude. So she declares she will
leave the .children with me, and go out
to iiiek . a
career for herself. That she
may 'not' say I have bindred her in her
yv a k to glory, rhave given my consent.
Soule:fine morning wn will all accompany
her to . the train—a weeping procession—
and wave our tear-soaked handkerchiefs
in a passionate . farewell. We will re
turn to our melancholly home, while she
will be , borne with lightning express
speed to - the scene of 'her future tri
What. shall she-do ? What can she do?
Ido not think she is a genius. Ido not
belive she can leap' at once into a' posi
tion like Miss Dickinson's.. She has tal
ents as-a -lecturer. I confess, hat so had
the late lamented Mrs. Caudle. Sarah
Jane's are of the same kind.
Perhaps she will "go in a store." She
knows nothing of any business whatev.
et% and there are plenty of young girls
Who have bed some training as sales
women who , are new vainly seeking situ
Nevertheless.S. Jmay find a place. She
will he obliged then to go every morn
ing, hot or . cold, rain or shine, and take
her stand behind a counter in a close and
dusty store with the smell of dye-stuffs
exhaling - from the piles of goods, and
the light of heaven almost excluded, nec
essarry, even if not intentionally. All
day she must remain upon her run
ning hither and thither to get down
goods and carry
_change. She will be
under the command of the proprietor, at
the call of customers, exposed to the en
vy and I.u - denies. of the other girls; liable
to insulting proposals - from men.
For Sarah 'Jane is . pretty still. 'Ten
years of married life have not dimmed
liereye nor quenched the brightness of
her Smile that haunts me still.
- For all Ibis she will receive, under
very- favorable circumstances, eight dol
larti a week. Gut of that she must pay
for board, .washing, car-fare, dresses,
neis, sacks, mantles, pannier and
"things." She will be obliged to share
her room With a strange feminine or fem
inines. She : will have no privacy, no
home, no husband, no children. Per
haps jhe rescue from the latter item will
compensate her for the lack of all the
Or, she may secure an engagement in
a millinery or dress-making establish
meut, iihere all ,flS.y .. and many nights
she must and stitch, and baste,
and pin, and shape. She will be oblig
ed to sit with little change of position
for many weary hours, still in a hot and
breathless room, associated with: people
more or less disagreeable, who may not
be possessed of that soaring spirit which
so nobly animates my Sarah Jane. What
will she gain in that case? Our home
is roomy, airy, with pleasant apartments
and 'agreeable .surroundiiogs. She can
walk ancl sit and lie down at her sweet
will now, and is her own' mistress and
mine. How will she profit by becoming
a paid and bound employee of somebody
who will only regard her as a machine
by which money can be made ? • -
She may become a school teacher. For
five or six hours a day she must be coop
ed up with unwashed, disorderly, dia
bolically, possessed urchins, more or
less gifted with individuality and- pro
portionately hard to manage, over whom
she has a very restricted authority,_ and
for whom she cannot feel any very fer
vent gushings of affection. What will
it profit her to abandon her own children
and for a paltry hire be tormented by
the offspring of strangers ?
Will she be came housekeeper for some
widower, or take charge of the domestic
economy in a family where the mistress
is a confirmed invalid ? If she rightly
discharges . such duties, will she be less
worried and troubled than she has been
by the arrangements of her own little
home ?" Perhaps she might receive a
higher salary than her present allowance
and so could buy more• "things." - Are
'things" then, the one supreme desire,•
the highest good of the feminine heart?
Is fine clothing the one thing needful-?
For that shall a mother forsake. her
children and depart from under her hue.-
.band's roof ? •
It is not Miss Dickinson only .who has
carried these . momentous questions in
to the current of my calm and unevent
fur life. It is most of all Olive Logan.
She is not married. - She despises house
hold duties as domestic , slavery. -She
has a soul above buttons : and ba
bies. The latter she dericribei as " limp.
backed." That is her favorite epithet for
helpless little immortals who in the di
vine order of creation are the weakest of
all young creatures and need the ten
derest care. From their birth she would
hand them over to the wonderful, un
covenanted mercies. of hired nurses,leav- .
ing the mother free to go out , and earn!'
a part of the living oftthe, : family. Not
because - the huiband ref Uses to labor, but
on the ground bOth parente,be
ing engaged in 'soma .oceupation;'-‘more
Servants can - be, hired' antra greater
gree of liberty secured r for the wife and
- . Are good servants then eo easily ob
tained? I thoiight it was of the'
grave questions of the preselit'tinie in
this country—not hOW to biaiiltito lire
more servants; but rather how tdbeible
to dispense with them almost entirely if.
not altogether.f • -
Are children:siniply an annoyance
They may be 'to Miss•Lcigan, , I suppose
she has none. of . her own.. Is, there no'
delight in their caresses, rio joy in' their
acciety, no pleasure in - watching the de-;.
velopment of their mental and bodily fac
ulties, no high and holy occupation to
be found in training them for useful
ness, honor and goodness? • Is there a
better work for the noblest womanhood
than Shaping the, dispositions and the.
destinies of human being? Are they not.
better than bonnets or dresses or even
" things ?" -
Do not cry oat that I am restricting
woman's sphere. When s' - woman can
lecture well, let her do' it and be well
paid for it. Let her ill a clerkship, or
"stand in - a store," andget as much for
it as would be paid a man in the like sit. :
nations But if she has a honie of aver
age comfort, a husband of average amia
bility, and children of average angel- iiy,
is she justified in forsaking them to- fol-•
low the precepts of nisi Olive Logan ?
Did somebody once follOw a shining Will
o' the Wisp?
" Through bush, through brier,
• .Over park; over pale,"
and bring up. at last in a Dismal Swamp?
Did a bird in the hand ever commend
itself as being worth more thart two in
the bush !
Ought Sarah Jane to leave her discon
solate husband and weeping children for
the sake ofmore "things ?" I pause for
of Pickle Street.
P. S.' We'keep one servant.
P. B.—Sa . rah Jane wants half the
household goods. -
Pe, sem a young hopeful the other
day, didn't I hear you say you wanted to
get a cider press! .
Yea,my eon; where can I get one
ked the parent.
Why you jet try jake Stokes. By
the way he hugged sister Sal the other
night., out-by the gate, I should think he
might be about the thing you want,
Sal suddenly left to see to things in
the kitchen, and the old gent recollected
that be had not "seen to the piece of
fence that neighbor Jones' critters broke
down 'tother day.'
—Without deer ladies we should be
come a slag-nation.
—An editor out West has been elected
town constable and now arrests the at
tention of our readers.
—Why, is a pawnbroker like a drunk
ard?— Because he takes the pledge, but
°ear/Midways keep it,
VOL, 1, Na. 5..
Odds and VAicls.
-I see you are on the watch," to the
thief said to the guard-chain. •
—A Kansas paper, sneering at - thl
stupidity of a contempoiary, sayer
" The best thing he has got off this'
week is a dirty shirt.".
—People who can't stand ajoke
vet it clown.
—lf you would look"opruce" in your
old age don't •dpine" in your ycti h
—Peel it my duty to dilate," said la te
dious orator." Better die late than never! '4
shouted a voids in the crowd.
—Slight 'changes make great difference:
'• Dinner for nothing" is very good , fen;
but yell can't say as much of " nothing,:
for dinner." _ .
—The Oldest piece of furniture is the :,
multißliestion-tablri It was eimstruoted, - ,
more than two thousand years ago; - aid
is yet as good as new.
--4 he man who wrote" ties o'clock"
in the Morning" found that no saloons_.;.
were open at . that early hour where he
could get his bitters, so he lies abed_
rather late now.
-What is the differenee 'twixt a watak . °
and a fedder bed, Sam ?" "Dunn—gin`
it up." "Because de iickin' ob . de watch
is on de inside;and de tiekin' of , de bed
is on de out-side."
—When Beau Brummel was asked
what made the 'gentleman, his quick re
ply was, "Starch, starch, my lord I" This
may he true, but it takes a great, -deal
more to'make - a lady.
Fop, just returned from , a coati
mental tour,' was asked hoW he liked the
ruins of PomPeif. "Not very well,'
was the reply, " they are so: dreadfully
:out of repair,",
—John . - Rager, of Milroy, Mifflin cotti ! ,
ty, while out huuting recently
panther measuring eight feet tax inghes,
and weighing two hitudied . pcmids,
—Prom an English paper we out the
following mortuary advertisement :
Beneath this atone, in hopes of. Zion,
Doth lay the landlord of the Lion, •
His son keeps nn-the hnsiness •
Resign'd unto the Ifeairenly
—lt ie urideniable,sai PrentiCe, that,
in America it takes t hree to Mikes
he, she, and
,a' hired: girt Had Adam
been a modern, there would have been' a
-aired girl in Paradise - 1:o looliefter..littls
Able and " raise - Cain."' • .
—A thirty-he° months girl thus ac
costed her parental relative a day or tefts,
ago : • ••••littpa, buy ',Me - stunk':
holes to put in my ear's; so I can hafie":
some - ear - rings ? : Papa , isnOw
for tho holes. . • •
—A little boy' in . &nth : Carolina ,itt
1864, whose father wee 'troible :give
him any Christmas• presents, said: ',;
Tips; Santa Clause did not put ariythitig .
in my itocking last night: 1' Rave the
.Yankeei killed hitit,Pal"
but they, have taken him prisoner.” •
.. —THE WAY IT: CAKE ABOIPT—•
.01d - Adam.mounted.his lonely walk;
And nothing found to .please him;
'He Sadly needed - one to ta!k;
To4idkle:and to-terass hint; ' • -
So. when the. Lord a rib'beisoniht; '
Tp l make anoth er hontini;. • . ,
a.rea.,,Lord," , said he, "take alll've
An Stme rina - wcnizi " •-• ". - •
Conntryman; notiong sine, - on ,
first sight ofa locomotive, deolare that
"he 'thought it was the devil 41r1teelet"'" - ;
" Faixi ye'r:worsithanineself,7tiaid - ' :1
an Irish bystander ; "for thefiisttinie , lf:''
saw the oraytbur I tho't it was a ethainel
boat huntin' for wather.". .
—The penalty for walking on-' .s rail
road track in England is .ten
said one, while dies:kissing the nunierinnr"
fatal accidents on a railroad.
• " Pooh I . ! replied • Uncle Jerry;!" is
that all? The penalty in this country is
death," _ ' ,
—Why don't you get married ?”, said a
young.lady the other day to .a :baohilof.
friend.. "I have been trying for the last
ten years to find some one who would be,
silly enough to-have me;"-was_thereply.
"I guess yon.haven't been up our way,?!
was the insinuating rejoinder. -
, —I say, pilot, ain't yon going to start:•
soon?" said an impatient passenger on a
steamboat which was lying to in a fog..
' "As soon as the. fog. ale ars up,"replied •
the pilot. -
" Well, it is starlight now, overhead."
" I know,"replied the pilot,•'but we're
not going that way."
—Vat's de matter? vat's de matter?" .
exclaimed an old Dutchman as he tuck
eifup his apron and ran out of his shop.
to know the meaning of a crowd in his ,
neighborhood. ".Vat's de matter?"--
" There is a man killed, said a bystan
der. "Oh ? ish dat all ?" said our friend,
in disappointment, "ish dat all? shunt
a man kilt I Humph ! I tought it vat&
—ln a recent ease in Indiana a juilice
complacently remarked, in summing up
"Gentlemen of the jury, in this case
the counsel on both sides are unintelligi
ble, the witnesses on both sides are in-_
credible, and the plaintiff and defendant
are both such bad characters, that to me
it is indifferentwhich way you give your
P. P. of P. S
—A poor Scotchman put a crown peice
into "the plate" in an Edinburgh church,
on a late Sunday morning, by mistake,_
instead of a penny and asked to have it
back, but was refused. In once, in fore
" Aweel, aweel," granted he, "I'll get
credit for Win heaven."
Na. na," said the doorkeeper. "ye'll
get oredit only for the.penny ye meant to