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MOUSE AND FARM.
preparing the Land for Gram.
AVe are apt, very apt, to overlook
t ] ie fact that land intended for grass
should receive more thorongh cul
ture than any other, because for
ear s while in grass, it has not the
advantage of the plow and other im
lements to stir the soil, hut must
Jest and back, and jnoreAand
moro in a condition to keepoat the
■ r a nd let in and pass off lessTead
ilv the water. We should, there
fore, thoroughly prepare the soil,
plow as deep as may be, and subsoil
!rcl! ; pulverize and enrich the soil—
enriching it will make it more loose
an d mellow, and 'keep it longer in
that condition, as well as increase
the yield. Such }ancj will cateh its
K . e d. and if plentifully applied, will
be certain, under anything like fa
vorable circumstances to form a
thick set. A little top dressing, aid
ed bv the after math, which should
never be fed close, will ensure good
cr osp— two cuttings a yean
But lit there be a cold, hard un
dersoil, ami the seed put in the usu
al w;lv —little of it, bn a harsh re
ilaceii sail, without manure, what
can bo expected? Just what we
fee ; light crops, getting lighter eve
ry year until it will hardly pay for
harvesting. Such land, when the
plow turns it down, will be found to
be bard. The sod amounts to but
little, whereas in properly treated
land it will yield from sixty to sev
enty loads of manure per acre. A
mellow seed bed of deeply loosened
soil well enriched, # plenty of seed
sown as early as possible—are the
points to be secured in patting down
grassland.— The Rural World.
Fluctuations In Wooj|.
A correspondent deplores the
opon tke sheep interests of the fluct
uations in wool which have markfed
the previous history of this country,
and declines the-great necessity of
the country, to be stability and uni-1
fortuity. This is all true enough, I
and to secure this stability and Uni
formity sheep-growers should resist
all change in the tariff laws. They
have been one fruitful source of
I c! mge and uncertainty, and it would
seem as if the Government could not
adhere to one line of policy in refer
ttre to the wool interest. But the
tariff has not been the only source of
ttse fluctuations. The enormous
production in South AmericayAus
tralia, and Africa, have
broken down the foreign markets to
fich a point as to seriously influence
t e American market, even when
protected by the most stringent tar
i This matter, however, appears
fo have regulated itself; and if we
my judge by the conition of foreign
markets, there is very little
prospect that the interests of Amer
-lon wool-growers will be seriously
Reeled, for many years to come, by
recessive productions in the
hemisphere. There was no time,
: our estimation, when the outlook
v ■•'.more favorable to the stability
j 1 prosperity of American sheep
l: 'bandry than the present. — Na
"il Live fitock Journal'
Otar Dally Meals.
the invitation seemed general
r the "bill of fare” I thought a re
from some, who are not farm
'■ might perhaps be a little help to
n .'- who like as, live in a small
Our family consists of two
blinks, und we have only two
•;'iur meals these short davs. Our
are rather late, from
“ JlC0 ! preferring to do up most of
l >noniingV work first, even the
Ce P'i'g and dusting the sitting
l Uiup -fillin'g, <fcc., and then our
llU>s are ftnsiderably keener
10 P u clock meal. I presume no
" l ' lf ‘k r,l iar stereotyped meals.
; ni "'‘ ''' "’aste nothing and otu*
f , ' ln palatable and healthy
t Ul 1 bat we know we can est;
’ l!in 'king it cheaper in title |
12 o’clock we have £ !
1 if we need it, an& I
: , i( j"’ llm ' s have pies made of'
l' , ‘a' h( ,s ) :UK j again we have
~ : r ' : ‘ud the good, old
‘ ‘lri'rc 1 i 1 *
r uu! vv o use them all for '
. K ' > - had abundance l
o li f ] Ulniu^e “ r, ght of
• i,f; good, and a very j
1 ,ul^vcm-s —as a sauce, it is J
■; r! | : »n<l nice. |
( ' L ‘ and jelly ; lunch, pie !
,- r run
aud milk; supper, bread and butter,
beefsteak and tea, or cold water*
Monday—breakfast, sliced pota
toes boiled in water, salted a little'
until tender, then pour off all the
water, add a lump of butter, a little
milk and salt, turn out hot and add
a little pepper. Then a little pork
steak, bread, butter and coffee.
Lunch, bread and butter and milk.
Supper, remnants of Monday’s meat
and Sunday’s beefsteak, stewed with
very thtn short dafnpiings, breads
butter and jelly. <
soaked in sweet milk a little while,
with a little salt, then fried a light
brown in butter; sausage and coffee,
also the jelly. Lunch, pie and milk,
if needed, Supper, a chicken stuff
ed and baked, mashed potatoes;
gravy and jelly.
3 of the chicken warmed up, with gra
vy, buckweat cakes and jelly;
Lunch, bread and butter and milk.
Supper, boiled mush, stewed oysters
Thursday—breakfast, fried mush,
coffee, and a bit of spare rib. Lunch,
pie and milk. Supper, corn-slappers,
stewed oysters, and sweet pickles.
Friday—breakfast, hot rolls, beef
steak, coffee and jelly. Lunch bread;
and butter and milk. Supper, Vir
ginia pone and butter, and any cold
meat chopped up and stewed with'
cakes, sausage and coffee. Lunch,
pie and milk. Supper, bread-slap
pers, boiled chicken and the inevita
. In conclusion, I will. say that we
make our bread just as good as we'
can and always get the best butter.
We are not very much for fisly
though some of the city folks say
we live on herring down here* - We
try, in arranging our meals to ' cook
what we think will about answer for
the one meal, so as to uvoid scraps
for the next. This does not refer to
bread-making. It must be remem
bered that there are only two of us.
—Nellie, in Germantown Tele
Adulterations of milk
■ "According to Mr. Alfred Wank-
Jyn, the most common modes of
ad alteration of milk consist in re
moving the cream in greater or less
quantity and in adding water; and
consequently the testing of milk
resolves itself essentially into the
detection of the skimming and wat
ering, and the measuring of the ex
tent to which these ave
been carried. For this purpose he
finds it most satisfactory, first to
estimate accurately the normal com
position of milk, or at least the av
erage limits of variation in this
respect, and then to find out what
deviation from this average is pre
sented by any given sample. The
result of many inquiries on his part
is to show that the solids left by
evaporation of cow’s milk vary com
paritively little, in different animals
or in different seasons, and he thinks
that a range of from 5 to 12 per
cent, expresses about the average
amount of these solids.
To 801 l Potatoes
In Ireland potatoes are boiled to
perfection; the humblest peasant
places his potatoes on his table bet
ter cooked than half the cooks in
this country by trying their best.
Potatoes should always be boiled in
their “jackets peeling a potatoe
before boiling is offering a premium
for water to run through it and go
to the table waxy and unpalatable ;
they should be thoroughly washed
and put into cold water. In Ireland
they always nick a piece of thoskin
off before they place them in the pot;
the water is gradually heated, but
never allowed to boil; cold water
should be added as soon as the wa
ter commences boiling, and it should
thus be checked until the potatoes
are done ; the skins will not then be
broken or cracked until the potato
is thoroughly done; pour the water
oft' completely, uncover the pot and
let the skins be thoroughly dry be
Blackberries. —Set out in rows
six feet apart, and allow from four
to six feet between the plants, ac
cording to the variety. Cut the
plants back to six inches before
planting, old plants should
have their capes cut back to four or
/ f?i'' ■ ■'■. • .-,. r - ' ;.
ORfAjS M3S APtll^lBJ72.
O ■' ' /r\*. t &
til&o. & scnißsrfcki'
Hon. C. A. KING, Hon. W. A. COLLINS
S. H. BERGEN,.
C. L. LUCE,
J. R. SWIQART, ROBERT CUMMINGS.
■ * -■, 1 v. i .1 J i . iV «Y S,
JOHN" CUMMINGS,' ’ * L.V. THAYER,
J. B. OSBORNE,
WAGER SWATNB, CLARENCE MORRIS,
J. W. ROSS, B. W. E. KOCH,
PRLBG T. CLARKS, W. 8. WATTE, t
8. H. BERGEN, President.
' - s. > C- * i
P. J. KING, Vice President.
T »if ' . , i .
CHARLES COCHRAN. Secretary.
VJ * t .. *
J. F. ARIB, Assistant Secretary
W. W. JONES, Medical Examiner.
WILLIAM BAKER, Attorney.
TRE TOLEDO MUTUAL
WILL ISSUE ALL THE
DIFFERENT KINDS OF SOLICITS.
USUALLY ISStED BY
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES,
usual rates charged by other
Reliable Coftipanies .
Those insured in thla Company are permitted to
l . he n^5 al roate0 ' to or from any portion
Pi .1. Hemisphere, north of and includ
ing the United States, or to or from any portion of
Europe, and to reside within said limits of travel,
without extra charge.
AN EXCELLENT FEATURE.
UPON SURRENDER OF AN
ORDINARY LIFE POLICY
At any time after tlffe payment of one
ONE FULL ANNUAL PREMIUM,
The holder of such policy wm bo buirtlcd u^nst
AS 3IVCB PAID DP INSURANCE
Ab any other man of like age can
OBTAIN FOR • CASH PREMIUM
Equal to the
VALUE OF THE POLICY,
Computed m accordance with the rate of
Mortality and Interest
may have been adopted ns the standard
fo the State for the
VALUATION OF LIFE POLICIES
P. J. KING,
c.H.CQS, • ~v
■*" - w ~- .&■ C-~ J ',■ '• '.ft- ■■: ■■ ' >.
' W I 2ST G
■ ■ ; 5 -thfcrsxjif
Piratpremlama wherever exhibited—Prices low
From Mr. Edward Hoffman, the celebrated Flanief.
K Besionsible Agents vantea
7 ADDRESS '
1 U WING & SON,
: _ . ■:— 1 —i.r . . - w W ~' J.v •
■ -rAi&. t
, ....... guarantee the aitl*-
feland honert perfonaanceofe very operation, 01
reWmaca ll . f ;
JS. WINANS '•
• ’ ’ r .V. r -r ,■ ,
• > TUIUO, IMPUtMBNTB,
EAST SEMf BROADWAY,
. Agent for WOOD’S HQWEBARD REAPER,
deaytttly PA. .
JJO NOT PAIL TO EXAMINE IT.
UNDER FEED BETINU MACHINE.
3&.WOBLD.|«u- . i
f- ■■■•*' •*/; i. k ; 'y
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOR FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH EACH MACHINE,
TO THE HIGH PRICED
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
PRICE COMPLETE $5O 00.
We take pleasure In skewing it.
LEE S. SMITH ,
NO. 11 SIXTH ST m *(LATE ST. CLAIR.,)
AGENTS WANTED IN THIS COUNTY.
Most Liberal Terms both in per cent and time.
o. L. EBERHABT.
WORD WITH YOU!
To Buy Property,
To Sell Property,
Your House Insured,
Your Goods Insured,
Your Life Insured,
To Insure Against Accidents
To Lease.YoUr House,
To Hire a House,
To Buy a Farm,
To Sell a Farm,
Any Legal Writing Done,
Do not fail to call at the office of
If You Want
EBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS AND
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
No. 523 BROADWAY, NEW BRIGHTON,
sept27-ly Beaver County, Pa.
pARM FOR SALE.
A good farm situated In Brighton township.
Beaver county. Pa., about six miles from Beaver,
adjoiningjands of Jacob Coon, John Nevill and
containing ONE HUNDRED
AND SIX ACRES, eighty acres cleared and inn
good state of cultivation, the balance well timber
ed ; said farm belonging to the heirs of William
Givan, deceased. The improvements on the prem
*l S°od two story frame dwelling house
18x42 leet, containing seven rooms and cellar.log
bam and stable* wagon shed, granary and all other
necessary^outbuildings; two never falling springs
of excellent water in the yard, the whole form well
watered apd Well adapted to either fanning pur
poses or stock raising. Fruit trees of all kinds on
Uie premises. For further particulars enquire of
Robert Otvan.son the premises, or the undersign
ed, at his residence in Brighton township. Beaver
county. Pa. CHARLES GIVAN,
novw-u. . Executor.
THE NEW WtnjON
Db. J, KrTRiUT,©!
Idge water, nset
toe latest strict
ith Utat pos**
' merit, and tub
lh with gold and
r er In' the best
- most approved
manner. He wlUdo
"ork as chesi« '
w. L. BEDISON
We give especial attention to all kinds of Sign and
Fresco Painting, and guarantee all of our work tc
give satisfaction, both in price and material.
mar24 , 7l—ly.
Jj> A. OVERING,
DIAMOND WIRE WINDOW GUARDS,
Hire Window Shades, Office db Counter Mailing, dbc
NO. 10 FEDERAL STREET,
Wire Cloth, Sand Screens, Fire Guards, Nursery
Stove Guards, Hat and Cap Stands, Bonnet Stands,
Hanging Moss Baskets, Rat and Mouse Traps, Dog
Muzzles, Sieves and Riddles, Flower Stands &c.
Wire Figures, Fenders, Hat Trees.
All kinds of Wire Work on hand and made to
order. Estimates furnished. tfeblO’Tl-ly.
& S 6 N, ■
PASSED- ' - ‘
ar ® e priws allowed for Second
, .. \ K-
From the Independent,
poSUS^irv h " *'»f ted| r "m"® «
for locciiel territory.
v ". >;>;
42g BroomeSt.; N. Tfc W
H S o>-“ -> K!
h- ®^ o o I* 2 S > bJ
• ©b§« gc ran
!; s i'#sfiili3S
-i ft. ofeg
„*• gp|| gtflls^gssp
§»■! ■"• «as-“&g§o s r 8 0
go =S ?'4b|^'ss
Is v H lice
> ' sj|*§. ||o
I .Sgp liiz!
5- ■' J > Ig iiCC
Io I * 0
jig s K
O £ t*( ;fip‘ ® *
I§r|s» i "jS
3 ta 93 VS S *
So h 2 -"W
2 K, S 0 - ra
••> a § * ®
%' S S ' M H- "•
a I 2 ®
JOHN THORNILEY, PROPRIETOR.
GREAT REPUBLIC ,
COOKING STOVE IN USE,
1,000 NAMES ATTEST ITS MERITS.
NEW ADJUSTIBLE GRATE
Throws our more heat with less fuel and less dust
than any other.
ENGINES AND CASTINGS
OF ALL KINDS MADE TO ORDER
REASONABLE RATES TO ALL
JgRUCE & BARKER,
HOUSE, JSIGN & FRESCO PAINTERS
GRAINERS. GLAZifiRS AND
Main (opposite the Bank;,
BEAVER FALLS, PENN’A.
PRACTICAL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL.
WIRE WORK E R,
JgRADBURY PIANO FORTES.
ESTABLISHED IN 1854.
OVER 10,000 MANUFACTURED.
NO BETTER INSTRUMENT I 1
THE BRADBURY TUB
NATIONAL PIANO of the COUNTRY
READ THE FACTS.
Mrs. U.S. Grant uses in her family the Brad
bnry and says; “I am perfectly delighted with it.”
IheodoreTllton says: “I have had the beauti
ful Piano so long that, now to.ask me how I like it
is like asking me how I like one of my children.
In fact if yon were to ask the children I’m afraid
t hey would say they liked it almost as well as they
like me. It speaks every day the year round and
never looses its voice. 1 wish its owner could do
half so well.”
LETTER FROM BISHOP SIMPSON.
„ Philadelphia. April 17,1808.
T. G. Sanrn & Co.— Gents —Having used one of
your Bradbury Pianos, It has given great satisfac
tion to my family and to many visitors who have
heard its stveet tones at my house. It is a very
superior instrument, both in finish and power. I
heartily wish yon success as successor to the late
Wm. B. Bradbury, in continuing the manufacture
of his justly celebrated Pianos. Yours truly,
Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, Washington D. C.,
Decides the Bradbury to be the Rational Piano
of the country.
vl ceAdm ir al D. D. Porter, Washington D 0,,
•‘The Bradbury Is exquisitely and beautifully
proportioned. We are delighted with ours.”
Hon. Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior,
Washington, D. C., calls the Bradbury the Plano
for the Interior.
P. M. iJeneral Cresswell and Mrs. CresswelJ.—
“All our friends admire the delightful tones o
the Bradbury, used at our receptions.”
Robert Bonner, New York Ledger—“At any time
SI drop the lines of ’Dexter, 1 to listen to the
es of the Bradbury.”
Grand Central Hotel, New York—*‘ln preference
to all others, we selected the Bradbury Pianos
for our parlors. Our guests pronounce them
St. Nicholas Holel. New York.—“ Have always
used the Bradbury Pianos in our plarlors, and take
pleasure in recommending tbemJ”
Hon. •John Simpson, M. P„ Canada, says: “The
Bradbury can’t be excelled. The best la the
'M. Simpson, Bishop M. E. Church. Philadelphia.
“We know of no better Piano than the Brad
K. 8. Janes, Bishop M. E. Church, N. Y.-“We
know of no better Piano than the Bradbury.”
Rev. Dr. John McClinton, Drew Theological Sem
inary—“My family and friends say the Bradbury
is unequalled. 11
T. 8. Arthur, Philadelphia— I “We have used for
yean, and can recpmmendthe Bradbury Piano.”
Philip Philips, New York, says„“l have sung with
and used the Bradbury Piano In bay family for
W. G. Fischer, Professor of Music, Girard College,
Philadelphia. “I use as my family Piano, the
Bradbury, and can with confidence recommend
Rev. Daniel Curry, Editor Christian Advocate: “I
purchased a Bradbury Piano, and it is a splendid
instrument in every respect.”
Theodore Tilton, Editor Independent: “If you
J-S t ft&^ a ftfe^’bfir , tfia3lmry almost as well As
they like me.”
Dr. Daniel Wise. Editor Sunday School Advocate.
“1 use the Bradbnry Piano, and think, like his
music it cannot be excelled.”
Rev. Dr. Ferris, New York. “My Bradbnry has
stood longdr In tune, and sounds better than
any Piano in my District."
Rev. Dr. Fields, Editor of the Evangelist. “I have
used a Bradbnry tor years in my family, and
think there is none superior."
Sands Street Church Brooklyn, St. Lake's M. B.
Church, and a host of other churches use the
Bradbnry Piano in their Lecture and School
Rooms, also the Conservatories and prominent
Hotels in the United States.
John Caughey, Beaver Pa., purchased from me
three years ago a No. 6 Bradbnry. and says:
“There is no better, or sweeter toned, or more
desirable Piano, according to my Judgment and
experience, than my Piano. It has given entire
satisfaction, and grows better as it becomee
Wm. BlcCoy, of Beaver, Pa., in tnO Spring Of 1871,
• bought from me a No. 8 Bradbnry, which has
proven to be a superior instrument in every re
Miss MaryMcGafßck also owns and uses a Brad
I WILL SELL THE
From J5O to flOOcheaper than elsewhere. Will
piRECT FROM TBE MANUFACTORY,
WARRANTED FOR FIVE YEARS.
A 5650 PIANO FOR f4OO.
Ordered at the lowest rates
BELOW PITTSBURGH PRICES.
PIANOS OF OTHER MANUFACTURERS
Call before purchasing ahd see
SMITH CI'RTIS, Agent.
Radical Office, Bsa7&o;