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THEOBJECT OP RECITATION. .
jin Emy Written by Ml* Mary Cham
bers* and Bend Before the Beaver
County Teachers* Institute.
There is an object in every act; a mo
tive underlying all thoughts and deeds;
else would our life be aimless, without
purpose or design. This is not true of
the business of the world only, nor yet of
its charities, but also of its education.
Teaching alms to train,instruct and de
velop the various faculties and powers
of the taught, to make him as perfect as
his nature admits, to cause him to fill
worthily the place God designed for him.
Than this, earth, has no higher aim. All
studying is a preparation for recitation,
and it Should be conducted in the man
ner best adapted to the cultivation of all
the mental powers. If the teacher has
not the tact to govern the recitation well,
if it be a failure, all else is a failure.
Both teacher and pupil have a motive
then. The teacher has, certainly ought
to have, two objects; to ascertain how
much of the subject matter of the lesson
the pupil understands ; and secondly, to
furnish him with any necessary informa
tion and instruction. The scholar has, at
best, one object; either to get through
the lesson with as little trouble to him
self as possible, as he knows nothing of
the meaning of what he is called on to
recite, or thirsting for knowledge, he is
anxious for the time of recitation, that he
may tell what he kpows, and -have the
dark parts made clearer, in the do
ing of which he is gathering new ideas.
The teacher’s first object,then, is the ascer
taining of how much the pupil knows of
the subject matter of his lesson. This
can be done by questioning or by having
him recite the lesson as a topic. If ques
tioning is used, it must be very skilfully
done. Vague and indefinite questions
produce very unsatisfactory results. The
really thoughtful boy is very much be
wildered; wishing to answer just right,
but not seeing cleariy what his teacher
wants, he looks puzzled, is silent and is
most likely taken for a dunce. The very
confident boy, who does not think much,
answers at random, is not certain if he is
right, but thus, this thing, then recalls it
with, “I meant to say” so and so, and is
thus strengthened in the habit of inac
curacy, and the practice of guessing.
Then as far as real education and the de
velopment of thought is concerned, the
pupil is injured by said and ambigious
questions. There is another class of ques
tions, that simply require for an answer
“yes” or “no.” It is almost impossible
to propose one of these, without reveal
ing, by the tone, the answer expected..
Questions like this, require no effort,
elict no thought whatever. Every ques
tion ought to require an effort to answer ;
it may be a considerable one, and it may
be but slight ; but it must be an effort
A question which challenges no men
tal exertion and does not make the learn
er mint, ts worth nothing. If questions
must be asked, let them be in such a way
that every effoit of thought be duly con
nected with the former, and preparatory
to the next, so that there will be a unity
in the lesson, an entirehess ; and what is
studied and recited will stand a reasona
ble chance of being remembered. Let the
questions be characterized by system, and
let them be answered folly, not lengthy
answers, but correct and clear. Many of
the great errors of the world are the re
sult of the partial answers, men have
given to the problems of education. The
questions must be systematic then and
exhausted. Let them be asked with ani
mation; slow, heavy, dull questioning
wearies children. A doll and lifeless
teacher will drag his pupils down to
depths of apathy and listlessncss, while
an earnest, active, zealous instructor leads
them onward and upward in the paths of
wisdom. “Energy is’ contagious.” The
second method : that of reciting by topic;
the pupil must first acquire a thorough
knowledge of the lesson, then be must
learn to recite it; that is, he must learn
to express in his own language, the ideas
he has acquired. This is a very import
ant point. We very often hear pupils
say, when to recite, “I know
the answer, but I can’t tell it.” The pu
pil, then, to recite by topic, must make
special preparation, for expressing in his
own language if possible, the thought of
the author, must endeavor to ■ make com
plete sense of it, and by so doing, he
makes the authors thoughts his own. “A
part of education is to cultivate the pow
er of expression, so that one can bring
out his thoughts with clearness and
strength, and exert a mors) influence over
his fellow creatures. Light may be shin
ing under a bushel, but its rays are so
circumscribed as to be of no value; at all
events, we are never quite sure we are
master of a thing, till we can make it
clear to another. This is altogether the
pleasantest, and I believe, the most useful
mode of recitation* Those unaccustomed
to it, will, of course find a little difficulty
at first, but the very effort to surmount
this difficulty will be as useful in develop
ing and strengthening the intellectual
powers, as any other effort which the
study requires. Committing to memory
the language of the author, may indeed
be useful in strengthening the memory;
this in itself is well, but still, it is mere
knowledge, mere mental perception; to
use this knowledge is intelligence; higher
objects are in view, which will be better
Utained by the pupil depending on him
self for the language in which to express
his ideas. Let him exercise his mind,
that part of his being which his Maker
wills should think and reason.
The teacher’s second object; that of im
parting necessary Information and instruc
tion. l%s( study of books alone is Insuf
flcient to r stye knowledge to. the young.
As the pupil. however advances in his
course, his dependence on hip teacher for
guidance and help ought to diminish. At
first, though, difficulties mnst be explain
ee; questions must be answered; the path
must be smoothed; and the waypolnted
oat by a guide who has traveled it before,
bat let the principle of the teacher be
this; Assist the pupil in such a way as to
leave him as soon as possible,to do without
assistance, in a short time he will be and
away from yonr reach,will have no teacher
to consult,and unless yon teach him how to
understand for himself he mnst, necessa
rily atop suddenly in his coarse, the mo
meat yon cease to help him forward. It
is better, then, not to remove all the dif
ficulties, but to teach him to surmount
them. Let him see that you are aiming
to secure hard study and that the pleas
ures that yon expect he will receive,
is that of patiently overcoming
difficulty, of penetrating by steady
and persevering efforts into regions from
which the idle and inefficient are debared,
and that is the province of the teacher
to lead him forward, not carry him. Urge
him to think for himself, to think deeply,
to exercise all the powers of his mind ;
for such exercise is essential to their pres
ervation; teach him to love knowledge
with a great love, that knowledge that
opens to him the kingdom of thought and
the boundless realms of conception.
Urge him to be strong; not to be intimi
dated by the darkness and difficulties that
beset him; if persevering, he w ill, at last,
come into the full blaze of day pendent
and powerful, and strong for the relations
and duties of life. If he is to be in the
world, and to be a part of it, acting,
thinking, rejoicing, sorrowing with his
fellow men, he must edocate his mind
from his childhood.
The object of the pupil; Either he is
the careless boy, who cares nothing for
his recitation, except as a way to pass his
time ; who shirks his lesson in every poss
ible way, tries to cheat his teacher; peeps
in his book if he thinks he will not be
observed; endeavors to get his neighbor
to prompt him. His whole object, then,
and earnest desire is to meet defeat, and
counteract the object of his teacher; in
this be works hard ; exercising great in
genuity in his methods and plans, work
worthy of a better object. If be be a dili
gent student, an earnest seeker after
knowledge, he comes to recitation, ready
and anxious to tell what he knows, that
he may, by the gathering of new ideas,
find the subject enlarged and increased.
He knows, for he has read it and heard it
often, that “knowledge is power," knowl
edge that is his own, not something mere
ly that his teacher has told him, but what
be has dug after himself; he finds every
day as he goes, along, that the searching
for bidden truth, the working and delv.
ing, the seeking from the books within
bis reach, from every available source, is
of incalculable value to him; it will cause
him some additional trouble, but it will
multiply, many fold, his interest and suc
cess. He has, as an incentive; the words
of the sage of old : “A wise man is strong;
yea, a man of knowledge increaseth in
strength.” The earnest, wide-awake
teacher whose object is to increase and en
hance the attainments of his pupils, has a
broad field before him.
If “on earth there is nothing great bnt man.
In man, nothing great bat mind—soul,”
bow great bis work. Let him use his pow
ers that the most satisfactory results will
follow- Let him, in his daily work, in
sist on habits of attention, of intense ap
plication of the mind, to whatever is, at
the time, its more immediate object of
pursuit. If it be the mathematical prob
lem or the spelling lesson, it should be
made the exercise and receive pe/fect and
“Learning by study mnst be won,
•Twas ne’er entailed from sine to son.”
Let him have method; that which is
opposed to that listless, inactive state of
mind, which is occupied with trifles or
with its own waking dreams. Instruction
is seed sown by the wayside there; meth
od, opposed to irregular, desultory appli
cation; let it be continuous, and what is
studied often times reviewed : nothing
appears to contribute more to progress in
any intellectual pursuit, than the practice
of keeping the subject before the mind
and daily adding something to the prose
cution of it. The habit of correct associ
ation is essential, by tracing the relations
between new facts and those with which
the pupil is previously acquainted, point
ing out the manner in which they illus
trate one another, or lead to some general
conclusion. “Be understood in thy teach
ing and instruct to the measure of capac
ity. Precepts and rules are repulsive to
a child, but happy illustration winneth
“A teacher alive to the importance
oI bis work, will meet occasions daring
the progress of the lesson, when he can
call attention to a moral troth or give
strength to a moral habit. He can scatter,
now and then, a good seed which will
take root.” Teacher and pnpil come
closer in recitation than elsewhere; there
is an intimate sympathy between him and
them, there, if anywhere. A love of
learning may be created and the mind’s
whole energies summoned to the noble
work of obtaining an education, and the
teacher will manifest a just appreciation
of the industry and perseverance exhib
ited. Perhaps among his pupils, there is
one whose name is destined to fill the
earth; some thinker who is to move the
world, to fire the humanmind with new
hope and new daring. Be that as it may.
- ■ THE RADICAL :
Uie teapher child
educated is to stand up in the great army
of loying ones, a man. In God’s, image,
with human sympathies, attachments and
responsibilities. “The turns bn the
present generation its solicitous; eye,”
expects to find men and women strong for
the work and warfare of life. Let each
of ns who feel ourselves called tb the po
sition we occupy, so do cur part, that
some.minds will be larger, better regulat
ed and more enlightened for our share of
the moulding and forming.
Let each, both teacher and pupil, bear
it In mind, that he is responsible fop the
manner in which he uses his time and
talents, and that energies wasted, oppor*
tr 'ties lost, are just as surely taken into
sins of commission.
MORALS AND MANNERS.
An Euiaay 'Written toy ISln Maggie Tay
lor, ofPhlllipaborg Orptoan*’ School,
and Bead Before the Beaver County
Teachers’ Institute. ,
The nnion of these is of the highest im
portance in this age of show and sham,
to every intelligent moral agent.
Manners involve morality as much as
religion or any other act of the human
mind. The motive, as well as the act
must be right, therefore a person should
not be accepted in society, because of ex
ternal good manners; if a whited sepul
cher, seething with corruption, they
should be valued and treated as such. It
must be remembered that there is a strong
intimacy between moral character and
the belief of truth; let it be granted that
it is no matter what a man’s views are,
and it must be granted also, that in a
moral view, it is no matter what he does.
If a man’s belief has no influence on his
practice, then that practice is destitute of
moral quality ; so that, while it is all
portant to give diligent attention to the
things which we practice, it is far more
necessary to do so, to the things which
“Not always actions show tjie man; we find
Who does a kindness is not therefore kind.”
Manners are sometimes a mere pre
tence, hypocrisy, show to obtain public
or individual favor, spring from pride
or from vanity, or maybe heartless,
worldly conformity, springing from the
basest selfishness or avarice, many of
them direct violations of the moral law,
feelings which do not exist, expressed
to visitors. Some violate our relations to
others t creating talse distinctions which
necessarily cause unpleasant feelings.
Assumed manners always appear affected
and are, therefore, more or Jess offensive
to'persons of taste, culture and discrimi
Good manners are by no means an
expensive commodity, they are the right
and privilege of all; but none can possi
bly have them unless the heart corres
pond with the external manifestations
and expressions. One great object with
every teacher should be the protuoffon
of general intellectual and moral Improve
ment; —to make our scholars more intel
ligent and more rational, to elevate the
human character and to make more
broad and striking, the distinction be
tween the rational and the merely animal
To operate upon and bring into opera
tion and to present in stronger relief that
property of onr nature which distinguishes
it from the inferior order of creation, that
is, the capacity of progress and indefinite
improvement; to make our race less the
creatures of sense, and more the beings of
mind, to elevate them above the grovel
ing desires and carnal appetites which
corrupt the heart and degrade the charac
ter, and make them more enlightened,
more virtuous and more happy. Thus,
educate the rulers, that is the children
that fill our school houses, and develop
self control and good manners, and they
will be well able to govern themselves,
and governing themselves, to govern this
great land ; bat a wild horse is not more
unmanageable than an ignorant, and,
therefore, unwilful man, clothed in au
thority. Utter ignorance is a most effec
tual fortification to a vicious stale of the
mind. Prejudice may perhaps be remov
ed ; unbelief may be reasoned with; hut
the stupidity of confirmed ignorance out
only defeats the ultimate efficacy of *he
means for making men wiser and bet. er,
but stands in preliminary defiance to the
very act of their application. It reminds
us of an account in one of the relations of
the French-Egyptian campaign of the at
tempt to reduce a garrison posted in a
bulky fort of mud ; had the defences been
of timber, the beseigers might have burnt
them, had they been of stone, even blocks
of granite, they might have shaken and
ultimately breached them by the inces
sant battery of their cannon; or they
might fcave underminded and blown them
up; but the huge mound of mud receiv
ed the iron missiles without effect, so
that the mighty engines of attack and de
molition were utterly baffled. The pupil
must be trained, which involves all those
influences and exercises by which he is
to be prepared for his duties in
this life and another. The natural cor
ruption of human nature makes the child
impressible with folly and vice of every
kind, and if not restrained and the ener
gies otherwise directed, it will unfold by
years, temptations and opportunities.
The humored and neglected child soon
forms and increases habits of self-will,
disobedience, rebellion, selfishness, idle
ness, passion and vice, but when innred
to study, to submission, to industry, self
control, the government of the appetites,
passions, tongue and temper, when quiet
ed, restrained and corrected and required
wisdom, firmness and affection to walk in
(he way, they seldom leave it. The earli
est impressions are to a majority of man
kind the strongest they ever realize. And
when these Impressions are made With
the seal of virtue, they remain the pledge
of future excellence; so when derived
from circumstances in our social condition
that possess genuine worth, or from insti
tutions that assist to confer that worth,
they chain the affections with a force
Which no subsequent changes'of fortune
can sever. We must strive to make the
impressions concerning manners and con
duct and principles of actions derived
.from the examples the child witnesses and
the conversation which ha bears as pure as
possible, must seek to restrain his pro
pensities before they are ripened into
habits, and teach him how to govern him
self before he becomes the slave of im
pulses. We should endeavor to impress
on his mind that his own personal charac
ter is a prime object of his attention, and
to do this effectually, must gnard well our
own daily walk and conversation. No
splendor of talents nor advances in
knowledge can compensate for the want
of moral principles; even vicions men if
they would speak truthfully would tell
yon that they cannot give' their confi
dence to the vicions without ,fear of be
trayal. The immutable distinction be
tween right and wrong is so forcibly im
pressed on the mind of children even,
that, however wrong themselves, they re
quire right in others. How careful we
should be then to cultivate a good moral
character, letting no temptation lead us
from the path of rectitude, and in all our
teachings, let us remember that mere
knowledge is not all that is required to
form a human mind, for its temptations
and conflicts in (his life, and for glory,
honor and immortality in the life to
NOT FAIL TO EXAMINE IT.
UNDER FEED SEWIN& MACHINE.
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOR FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH EACH MACHINE,
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
PRICE COMPLETE *5O 00.
We take pleasure in showing it.
SMITH & FORRESTER,
NO. 1| SIXTH ST., (LATE ST. CLAIR.,)
AGENTS WANTED IN THIS COUNTY.
OMAHA LOTTERY ,
IN AID 07 THE
NEBRASKA STATE ORPHAN ASYLUM
To be Drawn in Public, Dec. 30th, 1872.
TICKETS $l.OO EACH, OB SIX FOR <5.00.
Tickets sent by Express C. O. D., if desired.
1 Grand Cash Prize $75,000
1 Grand Cash Prize 25,000
1 Grand Cash Prize 15,000
1 Grand Gash Prize 10,000
1 Cash Prize 6,000
1 Cash Prize 4,000
2 Cash Prizes, $3,000 each 6,000
4 Cash Prizes, $3,000 each 8,000
8 Cash Prizes, $l,OOO each 2,000
For balance of Prizes send for Circular.
This Legal enterprise Is endorsed by the highest
authority of the State and best business men.
The limited number of Tickets on band will be
furnished those who applyjfirst.
All Prizes will be paid fn full. Agents Wanted.
For full particulars address
J. M. PATTER,
dec!3-4t General Manager, Otnaha, Neb.
CORNER NINTH ts CHESTNUT STREETS
- , H. W. KANAGA,
THE NEW WILSON
BEST IN THE WORLD
TO THE HIGH PRICED
DUNLAP, J. F., Attorney at Law. Office in
, the Coon-boose, Beaver, Pa. All legal busi
ness .promptly attended to. my»’72-ly
PURVIS J. H., dealer In Fancy Dry Goods,
: Choice Groceries, and Notions. (.Specialty-
Tea and Sugar,) Floor, Feed, and Wooden-ware,
corner of Tulrd and Boflalo streets, Beaver, Pa.
MoNCTT, I>b. J. 8., Phtsiciah and Subgkoh.
Special attention paid to treatment of Fe
male Diseases. Residence and office on Third
street, a few doors west of the Court-Honse.
ALLISON THUS., dealer in Dry Goode and
Groceries, cor Third and Elk sts. jy29’7o
TXTYNN A., dealer in Dry Goods and Groceries.
Tv Also Civil Engineer and Land Surveyor,
Third street. Jy29'7o
CLABK J. 8., dealer in GfSceries and Provis
ions, Third street. 1y29'70
SNITQBH 8. A CO., dealer in Groceries and Pro
visions, Third street.
TfcSACOH Mbs. B. U.„ dealer in Millinery Goode
D and Trimmings, cor 8d st. and Diamond. Jy29
ANDRIESSEN HUGO, dealer in Drags and Med
icines,,Bd st. See advertisement. Jy29'7o
MOORE J., dealer in Drags and Medicines,
Third street. jy29’7o
rTIALLON ROBERT, manufacturer and dealer in
■L Boots and Shoes. Third street. jy29’7o
MERTZ H., manufacturer and dealer in Boots
and Shoes, Third street. jp29’7o
TXT ALTER P., Baker and Confectioner, north-
VV east comer of the Diamond. Jy29TO
ANSHUTZ O. R., dealer in Tin, Copper and
Sheet Iron Ware, Third street. Jy29’7o
McKINNEY D., M. D., Physician and Surgeon;
Office on Third street, opposite The Radical
KUHN E. P., Attorney and Counsellor at Law!
Office on Third street. Jy29’9o
H.HICE. PRANK WILSON. Q. B. KOORE.
HICB. WILSON <6 MOORE, Attorneys at Law.
Office; Rear of the Court-house,
BOYD j. M. & CO.; NUUnery, Dressmaking, and
Children's Clothing, opposite Hurst's, Bridge
water, Pa. aprl9-72
LEVIS JOHN C., M. D., Surgeon and Physician.
Office, daring the day, comer Bridge and Wa
ter streets; st night at bis residence on Water
YOUNG J. G., Baker and Confectioner, Market
street. Bread and Rusk deliverrd. if de
HURST a. C., dealer in Dry Goods. Hats and
Caps, Carpets, Oil Cloths and Triminings.
Bridge street. jy29’7o
STILES & CO., dealers in Groceries, Provisions
and Qugnsware, Bridge street. jy29’7o
MULHEIM 8., dealer in Carpets, Oil Cloths and
Variety Goods. Bridge street. jy29’7o
PORTER JAMES, dealer in Tin, Copper and
Sheet Iron Ware, and Iron Cistern Pumps.
Bridge street. Jy29’7o.
BLATTNEK C., manufacturer and dealer in
Boots, Shoes. &c ., Bridge street. auo29-ly
DONCASTER HOUSE, opposite Railroad Sta
tion, D. Wolf, Proprietor. Fro Bono Pub
OMITH, JOHN F., (New Store,) dealer in Gro-
O ceries. Flour, Feed, Nails, Varieties and No
tions, best qualities and lowest prices. New
Brighton and Washington streets, Rochester.
IiRIUBIN MRS., Millinery, Fashionable Dress
-O making, and Ladies’ Furnishing Goods, first
door above Cross's store. New York street, Ko-
SPEYEREK & BUNS, wholesale i&nd retail deal
era in Dry Goods, Flour, Gram,
Boat Stores, Iron, Nails. Water st, ocv7’7o
Rose w. a., m. d.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. eept23’7o
O ATMAN & CO., (successors to Oatman, Par
sons & Kinzer) dealers in all kinds of rough
and dressed lumber. sel6’7o
T3EISEL, Mbs. M. L., dealer in Books, Statonery,
Jj Newspapers, Periodicals, Fancy Goods and
Wail Paper. Diamond. sel6’7e
BE IS EL H. 8., dealer in Copper, Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware. Diamond.
SCHROPP CHAS., manufacturer of and dealer in
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Ware. Roofing,
spouting, &c., attended to. N. York st. se!6’7o
JOHNSON W. W., dealer in Carpets, Oil Cloths,
Wall Paper, Window Shades, Tranks and Vari
ety Goods, neanßß depot. sel6’7o
STEEPLER & CLARK, proprietors of Johnson
House. Good accommodations and good sta
bles. Near RR depot. eel6’7o
STRBIT GEORGE, manufacturer and dealer in
Scoots, Shoes, Slippers, &c.. Water et. [sel6
DAVID AUGHINBAUGH, manufacturer of Tin,
Copper and Sheet Iron ware; dealer in Stoves.
Tin Roofing made to order. Water at; se3’7o
SMITH WILL 8s CO., dealer In Millinery Goods
and Trimmings, Madison street.
FREDERICK GEORGE, Baker and Confec
BON TON RESTAURANT and EATING SA
LOON.—MeaIs at ail hours, table supplied
with all the delicacies of the season. Prices low.
WilliamStricklahd, corner bfFalls and Broadway.
CAREY Q, F., general dealer in Groceries, Feed,
Oueensware, Glass, &c. Rags, iron and Brass
taken at highest prices. Railroad st. oct2l
SIEMEN GEO. F., manufacturer of Cakes and
Confectionaries. Particular attention paid to
parties and wedding orders. oct7’7o.
GILLILAND A. D. 8s Co., dealers in Fancy and
Domestic Dry Goods and Groceries, Broadway*
TANNEY BROS., House and Sign Painting,
Graining and Glazing, in all their branches.
Also Fresco Painting in Oil, Distemper and Water
Colors. Orders executed on short notice. In the
best manner and on reasonable terms. Main St.,
Beaver Fal Is, Pa. [povSiMy.
STEVENSON 8s WITTISH, Real Estate Agents.
All kinds of Real property for sale and exchange.
Northeast corner Sixth and Penn streets. Pitts
burgh, Pa., and Main street, Beaver Falls.
BRANCH B. W., Manufacturer of and dealer in
Boots and Shoes, Robber Goods, Trunks,
Sachels, &c. Wallace 8s Cummings Block, Main
KING Mrs. E., Miliner and dealer in Dry Goods,
Notions, Queens ware, &c. Corner Main and
Baker st. ' sept2B’7o.
DUNKELW. W., manufacturer of and dealer
In Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, &c. Corner Race
and Main st’s. sept2S’7o
CLARK Mbs. R. 8., dealer in Millinery, Fancy
Goods and Notions. Mpin st. se3o’7o
Dn. J. R.
COOPER T. L., dealer in Drags, Medicines,
Perfumery, &c. seSO'7o
McCANDLESS & HILLER, Attorneys at Law
Mercer, Pa. - JaffTl-ly
CORNELIUS J. M. St CO. dealers in general
Merchandise, Dry Goode, Groceries, Queens
ware, Ac. Highest prices paid for country pro
duce. Railroad street, Yanport.
Broke into the enclosure of the subscriber in
Brighton township about the 15th of C ctober last,
a red and white mnley steer, supposed to be two
years old last spring. • The owner is desired to
prove his property, pay charges and take him
away, otherwise he will oe disposed of as the law
for estrays requires. JOHN ANDREWS.
Brighton tp.. Nov. 5,1872.
FIVE FIRST CLASS HANDS ON PANTS AND
VESTS. None but first class need apply.
S. & J. SNELLENBuRG,
mai34'7l Broadway, New Brighton,
„ COUNTY OFFICERS.
President Judge—A. W. Ache son.
Joseph (J. .Wilson.
Prothonotary—3 ohn Caughey.
Clerk of Court- John cTHart.
Register <6 Recorder—o arius Singleton
Treasurer —Charles P. Wallace.
_. . ■ Hugh J. Marshall,
Clerk Commissioners —J ohn McGown
Counsel to Commissiomers—R enry Hice
Auditors— Jas, H. Christy.
Wm. C. Hunter.
District Attorney —J. H. McCreery,
Directors of the itoor^Rotat Cooler
Hiram Beed, *
Trustees of Academy— L^warj^ ll,
8. J. Cross,
Henry Hice ‘
BenJ. C. Crltchfow
James M. Smith.
TERMS OP COERT
Third Monday of March, second Monday ot in.
November * September ’ and Be «>«d
ft a FrMyUnm- Rev. O. P. Umm p„„
United Presbyterian—Rq\. j n u’ii™., r, .
Services every Sunday at n a m n^K'if 88 * 01,
Sunday School at 9a. k. ' 1111(1 *• 1
Methodist Episcopal— Rev William w r„ ,
Pastor. Services every Sunday af ll f „ '
m. Sunday School at 9a. m “* 7 »•
Odhoilc-Rev. M Gunkle, P.-iest. 8-rvices evp«
2d Sunday of each month at 10 a „ ceBevei l
St. James Lodge A. ¥. M., Eo. 457—s r wii
W. M., J. Morton Hall, Secretary. Meets l«Tw’
day of each month. fours.
Occidental Lodge J.O. 0.F..E0. 720—A G Wm,
?«& Secre,Mf -
Banking Home— Thomas McCreery.
Methodist Episcopal Rev. D. L. Deniusev
Pastor. Services every Sunday at 10W a m
7 p.m. Sunday School at 9a. m. *
Presbyterian —Rev. Jas. M. Shields. Pasator
c«s every Sunday at 11 a. m., and 6pm ‘a.,
day School at 9* a. m. Bes
Methodist Episcopal (Colored ) C ApW
Pastor. Services every Sunday at 11 a. m.. and
p.m. Sunday School at 9 a.m. ’ < “ l '
A. M. E. Zion (Colored)— Rev. Lyons Pa«tnr
Services every other Sunday at 11 a. is and,,'
7 p. m. ’ 11
Enola Lodge . 1. O. O. T„ Mo. 168—William r„
ter, W. C. T., Tillie Moorhead, W. 8., meet «ev£
Friday evening in their hall above A. C Hunt'.
Dry Good Store. M!t|
Beaver Lodge , I. O. O. F., Mo. 366-
McCabe, N. Q„., David Woodruff, Secretary meet*
every uesday evening. •" 618
Harrison Graham Encampment , I. o o f
116—D. Shumaker, C. P., Wm. Morton H p' l n'
Woodruff, Scribe, meets Ist and 3d Thnr«dav
ings of each month in Odd Fellows Hall. i
Episcopal —Services every aanday at 11 a m
Methodist Episcopal— Rev. T. s. Hodesan Pastor
Services every Sunday at 10VJ a. m., and 7 p M J
Sunday School at 2 p. m.
Methodist Episcopal, ( German ) I Rev. Mille-
Pastor. Services every Sunday at 10H a. m., and!
p.M. Sunday School at 9a. m.
Lutheran— Rev. H. Keck. Pastor. Service■< ev
ery Sunday at 10*4 a. m., and 7p. m. bundn
School at 2 p, m. 1
First German Evany. Lutheran , St. Pani'i
Church—Rev. P. Bonn, Past-oi. Services even
/OtW Sunday at 2p. m. Sunday School at Ipi
jOatholic—Bev. Mr. Qunkle. Priest. Services ev
ery fourth Sunday of each month, at 10 a. m. aid
every Thursday at 8H a. m. 1
Amaranth Lodge , I. 0. G. T., Mo 294-C
R Blanchard, W. C. T.; Emil Smith W S
Meets every Wednesday even ’g in Conway’s HalL
Rochester Lodge , A. T. M ., Mo. 229—J. K Pei
dleton, W. M., John Conway, bec’y. Meets
Friday before full moon.
Eureka. Chapter K. A. M - , No. 167, meets in Ma
sonic Hall on hrst Wednesday after full moon. M.
E. H. P-, S. B. Wilson ; Secretary, John Conway,
Methodist Episcopal Church— Rev.E.B.Webstet,
Pastor. Services every other Sunday at 10ft a. *,
said alternate Sundays at 7 p. m. Sunday School
at 9 a. a.
Jf. E. German—Rev. Mr. Zerkel, Pastor. Servi
ces, alternate Sundays at 10ft a. h. Sunday School
at 9 a. M.
''Presbyterian —Rev. Wortman. Pastor. Servi
ces every Sunday 4t 11 a. m., and 7p. m. Sunday
School at 9 a. si.
German Lutheran —Rev. Mr. Born, Pastor. Ser
vices every other Sunday at 10 a. m., and altemtts
Sundays at 2p. v. Sunday School at 9a. m.
Friends —Meeting at 11 a. m. every Sunday.
Catholic —Eev. J. C. Bigham, Priest. Services,
Ist, 8d and Bth Sundays each month at 10ft a. «.
Sunday School every Sunday at 2ft p. st. '
Church of Ood— Rev. McKee, Pastor. Se:
vices every Sunday at 10 a. m., and 7p. m. Sunday
School at Bft a. m.
Baptist —Rev. Dr. Winters, Pastor. Services ev
ery Sunday at 10 a. m. and 7 p. m. Sunday School
at Bft a. h.
United Presbyterian —Rev. A. G. Wallace. Pastor.
Services every Sunday at 10ft a. m. and 7 r. a.
Sunday School at Bft a. m.
O. 8. Presbyterian— Rev. B. C. Critchlow. Pastor.
Services every Sunday at 10ft a. m. and! p.i
Sunday School at 8% a. m.
Episcopal —Rev. J. P. Taylor, Rector Service*
at 10ft A. M. and 3 p. m. Sunday School at 9ft a.i
Seats free, and all sre cordially invited.
First Methodist Church— Rev. F. S. Crowite:;
Pastor. Services every Sunday at 10 a. m. anil
p. m. Sunday School at Bft a. m.
Methodist Episcopal—Rev. J. R. Mills, Pastor.
Services every Sunday at 10 a. n. and 7 p.m. Sun
day School at Bft a. at.
Few Brighton Lodge, I. O. O. T., No. 301—E. f t
Alexander, W. C. T., Lydia E. Johnson, W. S-4
Meets every Thursday evening.
Robertson Lodge , 7, O. O. F„ Mo. 450- Henry
Lloyd, N. Q-, N- Taylor, Secretary. Meets
every Monday evening.
Union Lodge, A. Y. M„ No. 259—R. L. MacGo»
an, W. M., R. Covert, Secretary. Meets Ist and 34
Tuesdays of each month.
National Rank Beaver County —John Miner, Presi
dent, Edward Hoops, Cashier, Broadway.
Banking House— -R, £. &H. Hoopes, Broadway.
Young Men's Library Association —Joseph Bent
ley. President; Hiram Platt, Secretary. Mc«u
every Friday evening.
Methodist Episcopal—Rev. J. R. Roller, Pastor.
Services every Sunday at 10ft a. m. and 7*4 p, m.
Mecnodist—Rev. J. F. Dyer, Pastor, serntej
every Sttnday at 11 a. m., and 7 7 p. m. Prayer
meeting every Wednesday evening, hnnday-
Rev. Albert Dilworth, Pastor. Ser
vices every Sunday at 11 a. m., and 7 H ;
Sunday School every Sunday at 9*4 o’clock at earn*]
place. T. Noble, Sup’t. .
V United Presbyterian— Rev. J. 1, Frazier, pastor
Services on Sabbath, at 10*4 o'clock, a m and *?i
px. Sabbath-school at 2*4_p m.
Beaver Valley Lodge. A. T. Jf., 478-Meets even
second and fourth Monday of each month. «“■
H Grim, W. M.; Win. Bower, 8. W.: J. L. B. Daw
son 8. W.; 8. rf. Hawkins, Treas; Ch. Molter. het
mHarmony Chapter, 206. Meets first Monday eaca
month. B.A.Noble, 8.P.; W.H.Grlm. K.; A. Tom
linson, 8.; P. MartsolfTreas.; H. C. Patterson, Sec.
VaMey keho Lodge , 1. O. O. P., No. “j
HooiJ/N. Q., James M. Nugent, Secy. Meet*
John Reeves, Cashier.
Methodist Episcopal—Rev. Huddleston Pastw.
Services, 10*4 o’clock, and. evening, 6*4 o ciow>-
Sunday School every Sabbath at 2 p m.
Lutheran— German— Rev. Mr. Bonn, Pa-‘®|
Services every other Sabbath at 10*4 o chick.
Sabbath School at 4 o’clock.
Jacobs, Pastor. Services every other babbatn
10*4 o’clock and Sabbath SchooUt ? o'clock. .
Presbyterian—Rev, W. G. Wor,
Pennsylvania Institute for Soldiers Orphans,
vices in Chapel at 2 o’clock,md lecture >n .
evening at 7 o’clock. Sabbath School at
' 1 V,