Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 09, 1931, Image 7

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    vangtze soatmen Near Hankow, China.
(Prepared by the National Geographie
Society, Washington, D. Co
ECENT revolutionary activities
fn China have been largely in
the province of Hunan, just
south of the Yangtze, and in
Changsha, its capital; and have threat
ened besides the busy life of Hankow,
metropolis of Hupalh province, on the
north bank of the great river. Chang-
sha was captured by the Communist
forces and was systematically looted.
The resident of Changsha is noted
for his self-esteem, He considers
himself China's “top-side-man.” Cap-
ital of a hilly province, one part of
which is occupied by a large lake
which acts as a reservoir for the
Yangtze floods, Changsha maintained
its exclusion of the “foreign devil”
until the beginning of this century.
Recently it has been closely linked
with New Haven, Conn, for there is,
Just outside the rapidly disappearing
wall, in which the inhabitants once
took great pride, one of the best
Christian mission schools in China,
which is Yale's contribution to the
education of the Chinese who cannot
come to America.
In Hunan the necromancer has ex-
erted much power and Changsha was
so well protected by the lucky con-
stellation under which it was founded
and by the Holy Hill which guards
it, that it was thought a profanation
for the “foreign devil” to enter. In
1010 there were serious riots, mainly
directed against the growing commer-
cial power of foreign firms, but it had,
too. its astronomieal accompaniments,
for it was the approach of Halley's
comet which touched off the explo-
Long before Yale established the
“yale in China” college and hospital
in Changsha, the city was closely re-
lated to America for it was in the
capital of Hunan that many of the
firecrackers which formerly announced
the Independence day celebration were
made. While maintaining its own in-
dependence, Changsha furnished the
explosives which enabled the Ameri-
ean boy to proclaim his “Glorious
Much Coal in Hunan.
A large part of Hunan is an un
worked Jjeld of anthracite and bitu-
minous coal and at Pinghsiang, which
1s connected with Changsha by rail-
road, there is one of the mines which
furnishes fuel for the great iron works
at Hanyang.
Among the great men who have
been among Changsha's chief prod-
ucts the most famous was General
Treng Kuo Fan, whose co-operation
with “Chinese” Gordon was largely
instrumental in putting down the
Taiping rebellion. General Tseng was
not only a soldier and a statesman,
but a literary man as well, and his
collected works of 156 books were ed-
tted by Li Hung Chang.
Changsha lies on the north-south
China railway. Trains compete with
the light draft steamers which make
the 220-mile trip from Hankow. With
about 500,060 inhabitants, it rules in
peace time a province of 22,000,000,
and 18 one of the cleanest cities in
Many of the streets are long and
straight and at one time the city it-
self was divided between two magis-
tracies. The bazaars are full of life
and interest, some of the candies be-
tng famous for miles around.
One of the interesting sights of the
city 1s the wheelbarrows that climb
stairs. Some distance ahead of the
regulation wheel there Is another
smaller one. In climbing over flagstone
steps or bridges, the handles of the
wheelbarrow ure lowered until the
auxiliary wheel rises above the next
higher step. Then the wheelbarrow,
which often carries three or four hun-
dred pounds, see-saws from wheel to
wheel until the next level strétch of
fdagstones is reached.
The Episcopal mission has a live
Boy Scout troop and the visitor who
watched tent-pegging, fire rescue,
streteher making and other Boy Scout
activities would marvel at China's
guick changes. For until after the
joxer trouble, Hunan's capital ex-
clined the dreaded foreigner from its
wills whose brick battlements, rising
above the site of a former wall con-
girueted in 202 B. C,, were themselves
built while Shakespeare was alive,
Hankow a Great River Port.
Hankow, about 160 miles north of
Changsha, Is one of the world's greats |
est inland ports. Lying 600 miles ul
the Yangtze, the city is as important
geographically to either of the war.
ring factions as Chicago would be if
a civil war were raging in the United
States. Hankow has only one railroad,
but the rivers and streams of China
form commercial arteries from which
produce from nine provinces flows
into the Hankow markets, while the
port is equally Important as a distrib-
uting point for foreign commerce des-
{ined to the Chinese interior.
Hankow occupies the north bank ox
the Yangtze where the Han pours in
its muddy torrent. On the opposite
side of the Han lies Hanyang, and
across the nearly two-mile-wide Yang:
tze is Wuchang, a venerable town
which was flourishing when Hankow
was a fishing hamlet. Both Hanyang
and Wuchang now are a part of
“Greater Hankow” with more than a
million and a half inhabitants.
The Hankow river front Is an amaa
ing conglomeration of shipping. There
are ungainly junks, but they move
about the water in the hands of exper!
river men as easily as modern ves-
sels In our busy eastern harbors. Some
of them, displaying rotten hulks with
gaping holes above the water line,
cause the traveler to wonder how they
stay afloat, while now and then =
huge high-pooped craft, adorned with
brightly painted carvings and plates
that make it look like a floating clr
cus wagon, edges its way slowly shore-
Small sampans dart here and thers
by the muscle-power of two perspir-
ing coolies whose families, under mat-
ting-covered awnings, fill the air along
the shere with the singsong chatter of
the Orient. It Is estimated that 25.
000 native boats ply in and out of
Hankow and its sister cities. Mean-
while modern steamboats from lower
Yangtze points come and go on sched-
The walled city in the backgrouna
also seethes with commercial activity
to the tune of noises that strain the
visitor's eardrums, Some of the nar-
row lunes are paved with flagstones
while others are mere ruts. Never
theless, they are the playgrounds of
thousands of children and the busy
streets of a city which has been called
the “Hub of the Universe.”
Business and Noise.
The children vell at play; the vend
ors cry out their wares; coolies, bear-
ing heavy burdens, warn passersby to
dodge their bulky loads; heggars
groan and moan; and rickshaw boys,
without regard to pedestrians, shout
as they hurry their fares through a
jumbled mass of humanity. The yells
of carriers of wealthy Chinese, as they
bear their dignified masters, can he
heard above the din, and ihe traveler
wonders if these men are not em-
ployed for the strength of their vocal
But this is not all. Along the side
lines, the merchants bicker in loud
volees with prospective purchasers in
front of their shops. The frenzied
spirit of bargaining somewhat resem-
bles miniature civil wars.
To the foreigner, the pedestrians
fn their loose-fitting clothing resem-
ble pajama-clad citizens on parade,
put the wearers are by no means
ready to retire. Business In Hankow
is almost a religion, and nearly every
man seen on the street has to do with
the enormous amount of commerce
that flows through and past the busy.
If a traveler knows the advertising
code in Hankow, he can locate any
type of business by reading the shapes
and colors of the shop signs which
project over the narrow thoroughfares.
For instance, gold platers use salmon-
colored boards with green characters.
Druggisis’ boards ure gilded. Black,
gold, red and greep are the predomi-
nating colors.
Approach the river front, along the
Bund, and the scene changes. Here
are buildings in Russian, Engiish, Ger-
man, and French architecture. But
Hankow's most amazing spectacle is
the panorama of junks of many types,
ungainly, but performing like trained
souls in the hands of their expert riv.
ermen and thousands of these craft
line up for miles on both sides of
both rivers. It is estimated that 25.
000 of them ply in and out of the
threo cities,
Decker Chevrolet Co., Bellefonte, Pa
A to ski./- JusT
Ao Sn
1924 3 15.00 1926 Chevrolet Truck open 1927 Buick Sedan Standard
1925 Ford coupe ...$ 40.00 @XPIeSS ........coooseseeees 150.00 Six cerned 45000
1926 Ford coupe ..........3 50.00 1928 Chevrolet Coach .. $ 325.00 1929 Whippet Coupe ....... $ 290.00
1920 Ford coupe Run less . 1928 Chevrolet Sedan ........... 350.00 1927 Whippet Sport Road-
than 6060 mile ....... $ 350.00 1929 Chevrolet Sedan ......... $ 450.00 SLOP ....ccnnrnrrrirene ...$ 150.00
1929 Ford Roadster 1st 2 19290 Chevrolet Coaches 1924 Oldsmobile Coupe ... .§ 125.00
THICE ...cocvccveerssnsrcsones $ 325.00 ROH .......cocrninrirreseres $ 390.00 1924 Oldsmobile Touring ...§ 50.00
1926 Chevrolet Touring ....3 60.00 1927 Chevrolet Sedan ......... $ 150.00 1926 Overland % Ton Panel
1929 Model “A” Ford Ton 1925 Chevrolet Coupe .........$ 125.00 body Truck only...3 40.00
Truck large steel 1927 Chevrolet Roadster ..§ 140,08 1929 Stewart Cattle rack
. BUX ..seerrmniiisremserioen 325.00 1924 Chevrolet Roadster -3 28.00 vi Truck ever i $ 150.00
1926 : m on mp
I in pete § 2000 1928 $ 200.00 (automatic) Truck..$ 150.00
ORE. rerun 35000 1927 $ 200.00 1927 Pontiac Sport Road
“hevrolet Coach 5 wire 1925 BUOY. oie erannssrriovies 225.00
19% Ce ts : vas esasas stern $ 500.00 $ 250.00 1926 Oakland Sport Road-
1927 Chevrolet Touring .....$ 140.00 1924 Buick Roadster ......... .$ 60.00 BOE oer retrarcnen 3300.00
Phone 405 ...... BELLEFONTE, PA.
S. R. Morningstar, et ux, to Mar-
garet S. Morningstar, tract in Philips-
burg; $1.
S. R. Morningstar, to
Moringstar, et al, tract in
burg; $1.
Thomas G. Crownover, et ux, to
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
tract in Ferguson Twp.; $3087.94.
William A. Lukens, et ux, to
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
tract in Ferguson Twp.; $3087.94.
William A. Lukens, et ux, to
Agnes L. Lukens, tract in Philips-
burg; $6400,
H. L. Piatt,
Deitrick, tract
Adam N. Brungart,
Palmer C. Bierly, tract
Twp.; $1,255.
Alfred R. Lee, et ux, to James C
Gilliland, et ux, tract in Harris
Twp.; $1
Alfred Beezer, et ux, to 3arbara
Anne Fike, tract in Spring Twp.; $1,
John S. Spearly, et ux, to Paul
R. Spearly, et ux, tract in Benner
Twp.; $5,000.
Sophia L. Ayres to Simon Ziff,
tract in Philipsburg; $1.
Lina Brown, et al, to Edward M.
Porter, et ux, tract in Ferguson
Twp.; $500."
Barbara Anne Fike, et bar, to
Altre Beezer, tractin Spring Twp.:
Mary Jane Gates, et al, to Sam-
uel B.” Beyer, et al, tract in Huston
Twp.; $1,600.
J. D. Keller, et ux, to Milo M,
Markle, et al, tract in State Col-
lege; $1,200.
John P. Smith, et ux, to Henry
Kahlmus, et ux, tract in Bellefonte;
Margaret S.
et ux, to H, M.
in Walker Twp.;
et ux, to
in Miles
John D. Homan, et ux, to Wil-
liam H. Homan, tract in Potter Twp.; | AUTO DEATHS ARE
$5,500. GREATEST IN 19830.
Oscar O. Weaver, et al, to Com-
monwealth of Pennsylvania, tract in Motor Vehicle fatalities in Penn.
Curtin and Liberty Twps.; $1887.50.|sylvania for 1930 will be slightly
Edward B. Houser, et ux, to John
B. Lambert, tract in Bellefonte; $1.
Harry A. Rossman, C. 0.C, to
Robert L. Koch, tract in Fergu-
son Twp.; $1,650.
Beyers S. Ripka,
greater in number over the 1929
total, a survey by the Travelers’
Insurance Company indicated.
The survey showed 1530 deaths
from motor accidents reported for
et ux. to Emory the first ten months of this year, a
gain of .86 per cent over the 1929
total for the same period, when the
deaths numbered 1517.
The country-wide total will be
four per cent greater this year than
that of last year, the survey show-
ed. It was estimated that there
will be approximately 32,000 deaths
from motor accidents in the United
States this year, an increase of 1,000
| over 1929.
S. Ripka, et ux, tract in Millheim;
Samuel B. Beyer, et al, to Frank
Smith, tract in Huston Twp. $500.
Edward McKinney, et al, to Emro
Pachipke, et ux, tract in Burnside
Twp.; $1,200,
Kyle B. Stover, Adm, to Joseph
Burd, tract in Haines Twp.; $425.
Harold B. Pierce, et ux, to Beryl
B. Womer, tract in State College;
1. G. Gordon Foster, et al, to Or-
lando W. Houts, tract in State Col-!
lege; $2,000.
—————— i ——————————
More than 26,000 deer were killed
open season which closed December
15, the state game commission an-
in Pennsylvania during the ELC L USRISEEIUCIUC IU CU
Baney’s Shoe Store
WILBUR H. BANEY, Proprietor
30 years in the Business
Preliminary reports showed a kill
of 20,038 bucks, the second largest
in the history of the state, while
approximately 6,000 does were killed
during a special three day season
on anterless deer in 23 counties.
A kill of 696 bears, also the sec-
ond largest in the history of the
State, was recorded. The wild tur-
key kill numbered about 3500 falling
below the bag of 3,834 last year.
License records were broken by
the issuance of 529,571 residents
hunters licenses and 6,014 non resi-
dent licenses.
I'ime Loans and Investments
Time Loans on Collateral -
U. S. Bonds Circulation -
Quick Assels
Deposits - - - -
Condensed Statement
First National Bank, Bellefonte, Pa.
December 31, 1930
Real Estate, Banking House, etc., - - -
U. S. and other marketable bonds $ 834,319.50
Demand loans - . - 86.552.00 :
Cash and Reserve - - - - 246,460.01 1,167,331.51
Capital - - - - - $ 200,000.00
Surplus and Profits - - - 344,288.65
Circulation - - . - 98,200.0C
Dividends Unpaid . - - 10,018.00
Reserve for taxes and depreciation 13,000.00
Due Federal Reserve Bank - - 50,000.00
91,135.00 |
$1.504,816.79 |
P. L. Beezer Estate.....Meat Market
Good meat requires careful se-
lection, We save you this trouble
by selecting the meats we offer
will be sure to meet your approval
when it’s bought here. Our stock
is replenished fresh daily.
tremely low prices that we
ing will find them all gone.
Market on the Diamond
Telephone 666
Bellefonte, Penna.
After the Most. Successful of All
Our Anniversary Sales
we find we have exactly 29 Men’s Winter Overcoats
left. To make our clean-up of Men's Overcoats
complete we are pricing these 29 Coats at such ex-
know a couple days sell-
See Our Windows for the Coats and Prices