Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 15, 1930, Image 3

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    _ _ __ —
Demonic Walco
If you want adventure as in a
strange country, pick a warm spring
“Rellefonte, Pa., August 15, 1930.
Your Health
— Every other group of workers
has its organization. Why should we
not have an organization for the
protection of blood donors ?
In New York City every year
there are about eleven thousand
transfusions, averaging one pint of
blood in each case.
About two years
givers organized the “Co-operative
Blood Donor Agency,” in connec-
tion with New York hosiptal. Later,
the “Blood Transfusion Betterment
Association” was formed.
The latter organization maintains
offices where candidates are examin-
ed and selected, and where monthly
examinations are held.
Women are not accepted. This is
because their veins are too small
and, as a rule, they do not stand
the loss of blood as readily as men.
Donors are chosen, not alone with
reference to their physical health
and the conditions of the veins at
the elbow, but also for their ap-
pearance and good character.
References to this form of treat-
ment are found in the writings of
ancient Egyptians and Romans. It
is known that in 1492 the Pope
received blood from three donors.
For many years blood transfusions
have not been uncommon. Since the
World war, however, they have be-
ago the blood
come an important factor in medical
This story may not mean much
to most of you, but there are many
cases where this procedure is essen-
tial to the life of the patient. There
are times when he must have sup-
plied immediately a quantity of
good, rich blood.
Of course you know the term
“plood transfusion” means the trans-
fer of blood from the circulation of
one living person into that of anoth-
Transfusions are given to replace
the blood lost by hemorrhage after
an accident or operation, or by
hemorrhage in cases of internal
This treatment is indicated too, in
diseases like pernicious anemia, and
other conditions accompanying de-
terioration of the blood. In many
infections it may be helpful. It is
given in cases of illuminating gas
Transfusions are given sometimes
to increase the resistance before a
serious operation. The fresh healthy
blood promotes the prospect of
Science has progressed in its study
of this subject so that there attends
the transfusion very little or mno
danger. The physician makes sure
before giving the treatment that he
is using blood compatible with that
of his patient.
He exercises care
a quantity of blood is not given.
By proper technique, he prevents
the passage of a bubble of air or a
blood clot into the body of his pa-
You can see that while it is un-
usual, it is a method of treatment
that has great importance in a des-
perate case.
that too greal
What to do in case of Snake-Bite.—
Comparatively few persons are bit-
ten by snakes in North America, for
the reason that most people avoid
their haunts. The regions in the
United States where there are dan-
gerous snakes are known, and the
public is generally informed as to
how to combat the poison, if bitten.
It is in tropical countries that the
most dangerous snakes are found.
In our country the rattlesnake is
a deadly enemy to man. But how
seldom is this snake met with these
days. It is in the late summer and
early fall that we are apt to run
across the snake that is dangerous.
When the water dries in the hills
and mountains they come down into
the lowlands for water and food.
Recent researches -made at Wash-
ington University, in St. Louis, seem
to show that snake venom is the
only poison in the world known to
kill by affecting all the body at
once. It seems to attack every liv-
ing cell of the body like a poison
g In cases of snake bite, the pur-
pose of any sort of local treatment
which may be applied is to prevent
the poison from getting into the
general blood supply.
If not prevented from doing SO
the poison is carried to every part
of the body by the blood stream.
If the foot or hand has been bit-
ten, a ligature of some sort should
be tied tightly around the limb, be-
ing careful to have it above the
wound, or between the wound and
the heart.
A torn strip of a shirt or hand-
kerchief may be used. Or a string,
shoe lace, necktie, a piece of rope, a
wire, a piece of grapevine Or a
flexible switch, is good for the pur-
pose. Whatever you use, tie it firm-
ly, after which a stick should be in-
serted under the ligature and tight-
ly twisted. This stops the circula-
tion of the blood from the wounded
Then suck out the poison and wash
the wound with soap and water if
available. No harm will come from
sucking the wound if the mouth is
healthy and without broken tissues.
If access can be had to perma-
ganate of potash crystals, these
should be rubbed into the wound.
Keep the patient warm and ad-
minister small quantities of coffee
to drink until the doctor arrives.
evening when the peeper concert is
on, and go hunting them. You will
need ‘two lively boys, flashlights and
rubber boots for all, a dipnet if you
have one, and a tin can, with perfor-
ated lid, in which you should put
some wet moss, Go at night, for
while peepers call during the day,
they are always invisibly under cov-
er. They will be silent as you ap-
proach the marsh, but if you are
quiet they will soon be peeping
about you. With the wisdom and
skill of your boys, you may by and
by have a few peepers in your box.
Bring them home and bring also
an extra bunch of soft green moss,
You will need a large goldfish bowl
or glass jar, or even a plain box will
do. Carpet it with moss, and ar-
range to have a little water in it,
and cover it tightly with mosquito
par or fly screening. Then put in
your peepers, using your wits, for
they will use theirs. You will see
tiny frogs, an inch long, with a dark
cross on the back. The ground color
is changeable from pale to dark
brown, or reddish brown or salmon,
They will be lively little fellows,
climbing up the sides of the jar,
sticking by the balls on the ends of
the toes; for they are members of
the Hylidae, the tree frogs; but
since they do not climb high, the
balls are not so large as in the
tree living members of the family.
When they sing, which they will in
the jar, a wonderful thing happens;
for the peepers are bagpipers, and
their throats swell out into balloons
half as big as the head and body
while they peep. This, no doubt, has
something to do with the astonishing
carrying power of the tiny whistles.
The peepers go to the marshes to
lay their eggs, and deposit them
single or in small groups among the
weeds in the water; or sometimes
on the bottom. They are like mi-
nute seeds, at first brown above and
white below, afterward becoming
gray. Their little long-tailed polly-
wogs have their eyes on the sides of
the head not on top, and their
round tummies are irridescent. The
head becomes frog-like before the
front legs appear. As soon as the
latter break through, they leave the
water, climb the grasses, and begin
to catch gnats and mosquitoes, while
the tail is still long. From the margin
of lthe swamp they work their way
to the woods and thickets; for ex-
cept in the egg-laying season the
adults are not water-frogs, but spend
most of their time among the dead
leaves of the woods in climbing
about the lower vegetation. Meet-
ing them there, they may easily be
mistaken for “young frogs.” Oc-
casionally during the fall you may
hear a solitary “peep” from the
shrubbery in the lawn; it is a peep-
er trying out his whistle; lonely,
The frogs are a group of animals
cold-blooded, and thus have a slug-
gish circulation and a more or less
primitive organization. Hence it is
most remarkable to find them keen-
witted, quick and active, musical,
and to some extent social. And a
wonderful thing is this spring con-
cert of peepers. After their some-
what solitary business life in the
woods in summer and fall; after the
long winter’s sleep, cut off from the
world and their kind, they .awaken,
their first thought being of their
kindred; to call the members of
their clan together ror companion-
ship. And when, on warm spring
evenings, the peeper chorus rings
from every hog and marsh they are
calling to know that all is well with
each other; to meet and mate and
provide for their little ones with the
measure of love that God has pro-
vided for them and their race; and
to express their joy of living and
their gladness in the coming of the
spring, in united song.
In the graduating class of the 7th
annual summer commencement at
the Pennsylvania State College were
the following students from Centre:
Frances W. Baker, State College;
Ethel W. Blackwood, State College;
H. Edwin Harbaugh, State College;
Ethel J. Passmore, State College;
Marion A. Winters, State College;
Joseph R. Haney, Centre Hall;
C. Robert Neff, Centre Hall; Harry
S. Tice, Howard.
With the close of a successful
summer session in the history of the
Pennsylvania State College last Fri-
day, Dr. W. Grant Chambers, the
director, comménted particularly on
the calibre of students who have
been attending the summer college
for the past few years. “The seri-
ous, mature group of students has
been steadily increasing,” he said,
«until the great majority of Ithose
attending the summer session are of
that type. We feel that our efforts
to improve the curriculum have been
amply justified by the quality of
men and women we have drawn to
the college.”
Enrollment this year surpassed
all previous sessions, 3312 persons
having taken work at Penn State
this summer, an increase of more
than four per cent over 1929.
One hundred and sixty-seven de-
grees were conferred at the seventh
annual summer commencement last
week, 51 of them being advanced
degrees. The candidates represent-
ing 38 counties of Pennsylvania and
12 other States and foreign coun-
tries, comprised the largest class to
be graduated in August by the col-
The speaker was Dr. Arthur
Holmes; professor of psychology at
at the University of Pennsylvania.
«Well, who's been waiting the
longest,” asked the physician cheer-
fully as he opened the door of his
consultation office.
«I think I have, Doctor,” said the
tailor, arising and presenting a bill.
«1 delivered your clothes three years
A trip by automobile from South
America to the United States today
is such an adventurous accomplish-
ment that it commands general at-
tention. Long strecthes of unde-
veloped country must be negotiated
on such a journey. An ax with
which to carve a pathway through
the jungle is an indispensable ad-
junct of the adventurer’s equipment.
But the day is coming when the
nations of this hemisphere will be
linked with broad smooth highways.
The United States is now setting in
motion a force ithat will speed the
dawn of that day.
Seven years ago, at the fifth in-
ternational conference of American
States at Santiago, Chile, a reso-
lution was adopted suggesting the
desirability of a Pan American
highway conference “to study meas-
ures best adapted to developing an
efficient program for construction
of automobile highways within the
different countries of America and
between these different coun-
tries.” In 1924 38 leading govern-
ment engineers, economists and
other officials representing 20 Lat-
in-American countries visited Ithe
the United States, made an in-
spection tour of American highways
and subsequently, organized the Pan-
American conference for highway
educa“ion. They also resolved them-
selves into a committee on program
for the first Pan-American highway
congress, which met at Beunos Aires
in 1925.
From these beginnings there devel-
oped in Latin America a strong
sentiment for road improvement and
for the construction of an interna-
tional highway linking the capitals |
of the nations of the Americans.
Finally, in 1929, the Pan-American
Highway Congress adopted a pro-
ram calling on all the South Ameri-
can countries to prepare complete
studies of their highway system
plans in order to meet the needs
of intercommunication of their polit-
ical subdivisions and to provide
convenient connections with the
highway systems of neighboring
The program suggested
was given impetus by a resolution
adopted by the United States Con-
gress a few months prior to the
1929 meeting, authorizing an appro-
priation of $50,000 to enable the
Secretary of State to cooperate
with the several governments, upon
their requests in the reconnoisance
surveys to develop the facts as to
the feasibility of possible routes,
the probable cost, the economic
service, and such information as
would permit a visualization of the
whole undertaking of financing and
building an inter-American highway.
In accordance with the resolution,
engineers of the Bureau of Public
Roads are now en route to Panama
where they will open a field office
to cooperate with South American
governments in the work preliminary
to construction of a highway link
between the capitals of the Amer-
ican nations. Guatamala, Costa Rica
and Panama have bespoken their
assistance, and South American na-
tions are expected to follow suit.
The projected highway, when com-
pleted, will be the longest, most
picturesque and potentially ithe most
important thoroughfare in the world.
History Lecturer: “Can any of
you tell me what makes the Tower
of Pisa lean?,,
Corpulent Lady: “I don’t know, or
I'd take some myself.”
Oh, Yes! Call Bellefonte 432
Lumber, Sash, Doors, Millwork and Roofing
Belief that the chestnut is mot
doomed to destruction in the forests
of Pennsylvania, but will eventually
regain its position of importance as
a valuable timber tree, has been ex-
pressed by State Forester Joseph
S. Illick.
The chestnut blight made its ap-
pearance in the State about twenty
years ago and since then practice
ally all chestnut trees of commer- |
cial size have been killed. Never be-
fore did a forest tree disease pro-.
gress so rapidly and do such whole-
sale destruction. |
At the time the blight appeared
chestnut was the commonest and
most valuable forest tree in Penn- |
sylvania. Thousands of dollars were |
spent by the State and National |
governments to combat this destruc- |
tive disease. Despite all efforts of !
scientists, foresters, lumbermen and |
forest land owners, the blight con- |
tinued its destructive work. Even |
today no practical method of con- |
trol is known. “One does not won- |
der,” says Dr. Ilick, “that many!
eople, foresters included, have held |
little hope for the chestnut in the
forests of the State. |
«From the time the blight made
its first appearance, however, ithere |
were a few believed that after the |
crest of destruction had passed a
more hopeful outlook would devel- |
op. During the past twenty years I
have watched the chestnut with the
hope that in time we would see
assuring evidence of its recovery.
During the past three years an in-
creasing number of reports have
come to me from different sections
of Pennsylvania stating that chest-
nut sprouts are becoming larger,
and that nuts are again being pro-
duced in regions where they were
entirely absent for five or more
«personal observations through-
out the State confirmed these re-
ports and suggested the need fora
special study of the chestnut situa-
tion. A preliminary study has ac-
cordingly been made, and studies
will continue until we know the
true status of the chestnut blight in
Pennsylvania. A report on the pre-
liminary studies is being published
and will soon be available for dis-
«The crest of the chestnut blight
was passed too recently to make
positive predictions about its fu.
ture development, but each year pro-
duces additional evidence indicating
that this destructive disease has
passed its climax in our State, and
I continue to look forward with
confident hope that the chestnut tree
will slowly work its way back into
Penn's Woods.”
. ———————————
Mistress: “Mary, has the druggist
sent that sleeping powder yet?”
Maid: “No, ma'am.’
“Then ring him up and ask him
if he expects me to keep awake all
night waiting for it.”
i pared
trucks and
Contracts for the construction of S
the new $4,000,000 Federal Peni-
itentiary probably will be let within
two months, Superintendent of
Prisons Sanford Bates said in com-
menting on the decision to erect
i the institution at Lewisburg, Union
county, Pa., which was announced
by Attorney General William D./
The site of 1,1014 acres was offer-
ed to the government by the
Lewisburg Chamber of Commerce
for $95,000, which will be paid as
soon as the title is checked. It was
one of 105 sites offered to ithe
government in Pennsylvania and
New York.
«The fact that Lewisburg is on
two trunk line railroads, the fertility
of the surrounding country, aboun-
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. ‘Practices
all courts. Office, room 18 Crider’s
Exchange. 51-ly
i KENNEDY JOHNSTON.—Attorney-at-
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Prompt at-
tention given all legal business
entrusted to his care. Offices—No. b,
East High street. 57-44
M. KEICHLINE, — Attorney-at-Law
and Justice of the Peace. All
professional business will receive
prompt attention. Offices on second floor
of Temple Court. 49-5-1y
RUNKLE. — Attorney-at-Law,
: G.
! Ww Consultation in English and Ger-
: man.
S. Glenn,
dance of good water and its central
location were the main factors con-
tributing to the decision,’ said Bates, !
who was chairman of a special com-
mittee appointed to select the loca-
eliminate overcrowded conditions in
Atlanta and Leavenworth prisons.
Before this can be accomplished it
will be necessary to construct an-
other new prison in the Southwest,
Bates explained.
The superintendent said Alfred
Hopkins, New York architect, who
with himself and James V. Bennett,
assistant prison bureau director,
formed the special Site Committee,
is completing plans for the prison.
Although the prison will house
1,200 prisoners it will not entirely '
——— m—
Railroads and horses, seem to be
losing their place as the country’s
largest factors for prosperity, The
volume of freight traffic handled by
class one railroads during March
was 12.2 per cent, or a reduction of
4,927,329,000 net ton miles as com-
with March, 1929. Motor
busses have been raising
merry hob with ithe railroads. This
condition accounts for the big drive
that is being made for consolidation
as a means of more economical ad-
ministration of the railroads.
Going, going—-gone, are the horse
and buggy days—another result of
motor cars, The production of horse
drawn farm wagons in 1929 amount-
ed to 40,547 as compared with 57,-
081 in 1928. The merchantable val-
ue of the wagons dropped off near-
ly one-fourth. The slump in the
manufacture of farm trucks was less
than five per cent.
And now what are the airplanes
and the dirigibles going to do to the
automobile business?
Charles A. Hiller, who has charge
of propagation for the Game Com-
mission, has ordered 50,000 wild rab-
bits to be distributed next fall.
—Read the Watchman.
Grange Encampment
and Centre County Fair
57 Years Old and Growing Bigger and Better Every Year
20 Acres of Beautiful Grounds, All Devoted to Camping and Exhibition
Grange Park, Centre Hall, Pa.
August, 23 to 29, 1930
l= NS NSN NUS Me ed TUAT Ue Ue!
450 F amilies Spending the Week in Tents
Thousands Attending Daily to View Splendid Attrac-
tions and Enjoy Varied Amusements
S . BIG IMPLEMENT DISPLAY—Something Really New !
ee Horticultural and Agricultural Exhibit...Immense Stock and Poultry Display
County Courts, on
Dr. F. P. Weaver, on “Rural Taxation Problems,” Hon. M.
Wednesday ; Hon. James J. Davis, Sec’y of Labor;
Past Master Pa. State Grange; Hon. E. B. Dorsett, Master Pa. State Grange,
Render Daily Concerts During the Week.
Ward Fleming, Judge of Centre .
Hon. Philip H. Dewey,
on Thursday —and many others.
Admission (Entire Week) 50 Cen
50 Cents Charged for Parking Automobiles.
All Trains Stop at Grange Park.
John S. Dale,
Office in Crider’s
Bellefonte, Pa. Fo]
M. D., Physician and
Surgeon, State College, Centre coun-
ty, Pa. Office at his Fesidence,
Crider’s EX.
State College
66-11 Holmes Bldg
D. CASEBEER, Optometrist.—Regis-
tered and licensed by the State.
Eyes examined, glasses fitted. Sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Frames Tepiacea
and lenses matched, Casebeer 1dg.,
High St., Bellefonte, Pa. 71-22-tf
E by the State Board. State College,
every day except Saturday, Belle-
fonte, in the Garbrick building opposite
the Court House, Wednesday afternoons
from 2 to 8 p. m. and Saturdays 9 a.m.
to 4:00 p. m. Bell Phone. 68-40
VA B. ROAN, Optometrist, Licensed
We have taken on the line of
Purina Feeds
We also carry the line of
Wayne Feeds
per 100lb.
Wagner's 169 Dairy - $2.10
Wagner's 20% Dairy - 2.30
Wagner's 329% Dairy - 2.60
Wagner's Egg mash - 2.80
Wagner's Pig meal - 2.70
Wagner's Scratch feed 2 2.40
Wagner's horse feed - 2.25
Wagner's winter bran - 1,70
Wagner's winter Middlings - 1.80
Wayne 249 Dairy - = 2.55
Wayne 32% Dairy - - 2.80
Wayne Egg mash - - 3.10
Wayne calf meal - - 4.25
Wayne all mash grower - 3.00
Purina cow Chow 249% - 2.65
Purina Cow chow 34% - 2.90
Oil meal 34% - - - 2.80
Cotton seed meal 34% - 2.60
Gluten feed = - - 2.40
Hominy feed - - - 2.50
Fine ground Alfalfa meal - 2.25
Meat Scrap 45% - - 4.00
Tankage 60% - = ite 4.00
Fish meal - - < 4.00
Fine stock salt - - -1.20
Oyster shell - - - 1.00
Grit - - - 5 1.00
‘Feeding Molasses -. Li5perH
Cow Spray - ou 1.50 per G
Let us grind your corn and oats
and make up your Dairy Feeds with
Cotton Seed Meal, Oil Meal, Alfalfa
Meal, Gluten Feed and Bran Molas.
ses. :
We will make delivery of two ton
lots. No charge,
When You Want Good Bread or
Pastry Flour
C.Y. Wagner & Co. inc
| 75-1-1yr.
Caldwell & Son
Bellefonte, Pa.
and Heating
By Hot Water
Pipeless Furnaces
Full Line of Pipe and Fit--
tings and Mill Supplies
All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Cheerfully ana Promptly Furnished