Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 06, 1928, Image 6

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    , distinguished
Address by Judge Fleming on Occasion
of His Elevation to the Bench.
It is a most difficult task for one to
.explain the conflicting emotions ex-
perienced on an occasion such as this.
When we departed from this, our na-
tive town, a quarter of a century ago
to seek preparation for Life's battles
-in the schools of higher learning and
experience, there was but little thought
in our minds that this day would ar-
rive as it has done. When we sever-
.ed the home ties that bound us to
those beloved parents, whose kindly
admonitions and wise directions have
Smoothed Life's pathway for us, there
was no thought that again we should
«come to be near them and be privileg-
ed to have daily contact with them.
‘When we anchored the Ship of our
«career in the fair city beyond the
mountains—that city of friendly ser-
vice—whose citizens are so well repre-
sented here today, and came to know
and love these people with a spirit of
deepest appreciation of their honesty
.and integrity and true friendship, we
failed to consider the possibility that
Fate, might, some day, cause us to
.cease the pleasant and friendly asso-
ciation, which has so fully lightened
our life for almost two decades.
And so—these feelings of surprise,
of joy, of regret—all of them—mingled
with the sense of responsibility which
is today most firmly impressed upon
our mind, make this a time when emo-
tions well up in our hearts stronger
than ever before and cause us to
struggle in our effort to reconcile them
to this day and hour. \
honor which has been bestowed upon
us today and here wish to publicly
thank the good people of Centre Coun-
ty for having given us the privilege of
serving them in this high station. The
.appreciation of this honor is more
frmly impressed upon mus when we
consider those of our predecessors
whom it has been our pleasure and
privilege to know and to have served.
“We recall with deep appreciation the
.efficient eleven years of service of the
Honorable Ellis L. Orvis, under whose
administration we came to the Bar
.and whose words and deeds of kind-
ness and encouragement made the
.earlier years of our professional career
brighter, better and more productive.
Our mind and heart is still filled to
overflowing, and will ever be so filled,
«with the loving memory of that Big
Brother of Mankind, whose sudden
-and- untimely passing in November
1924 saddened the hearts of all and
left a broken rung in the ladder of
good will and understanding, which he
was so rapidly and efficiently erect-
ing everywhere throughout the land.
“The memory of the late Honorable
‘Henry C. Quigley will never be for-
gotten. We recall the administration
©of that young jurist, the Honorable
Arthur C. Dade, who was so suddenly
- called to succeed our beloved Judge
. Quigley, and who so admirably, im-
partially and so well served as Judge
of our Courts for a brief space of
time. And as we cast our thoughts
down the calendar of the years, we
«come to the nearness of the immediate
past. We are still sad and sorrowful
over our true friend, the Honorable
Harry Keller. We knew and appre-
.ciated’ his genuine worth. It seems
hardly possible that less than twelve
months ago this Bench was graced by
that disciple of honesty, purity and
integrity and that now for a period of
months last past he has been enjoy-
“dng that reward which comes only to
those who live the life that was lived
by Judge Harry Keller. And finally,
today, our thoughts are closely upon
the career of our immediate predeces-
Sor—the distinguished jurist son of a
jurist—the Honorable
James C. Furst. It has been our good
fortune to have known him happily
and well and to have experienced his
friendship since boyhood. In taking
over from his hands today this post o>
© ‘honor and responsibility we are again
deeply, impressed with the honor you
have: given us. As has many times
been our declaration, the only regret
. attendant upon the receiving of this
honor lies in the fact that the taking
+ of it is depriving him of further ser-
vice and we are sorry that the post
. cannot, be shared by us equally and
together. With such thought an im-
:possibility, we shall nevertheless, more
‘fully appreciate the honor received to-
«day in the thought that he was our
«cqmpetent and respected predecessor.
All of these illustrious men who have
preceded us have served so efficiently
and with such distinction as to make
the gift of the people, today received
by us, doubly appreciated by reason of
our being permitted to be included
among them.
But in addition to our deep appre-
«ciation of the honor, so thoroughly im-
pressed by the lives and deeds of our
distinguished predecessors, comes the
necessity of our acceptance of the
Brave responsibilities which are now
upon us. The thought that vou. the
good people of Centre County, have
seen fit to entrust us with these grave
responsibilities, again augments and
deepens our appreciation of the honor
«conferred. We fully realize that you
have consented to place in our hands,
to a large extent, the settlement and
adjustment of your wrongs—both pub-
lic and private—and that for the next
decade, should it please God to so long
spare our life, you will rightfully look
to us to provide justice amng you. And
we should be entirely unfitted to re-
«ceive this great honor did we not ap-
jpreciate what the proper administra-
tion of Justice means among you and
assume unreservedly the responsibili-
ties of the office. We have just sworn
to support and obey the Constitution
and laws of the United States and or
the Commonwealth in which we have
always and do now continue to reside.
Permit us to say that the meaning of
that oath is well understood by us and
that in adjusting and settling your
public wrongs we shall always en-
-.deavor to keep in mind the sanctity
.0f the home, the illustriousness of the
..Soverign State, and the indestructibil-
ity of our Federal Constitution. We
fully comprehend that in us will rest
. to a great extent the future of juvenile
«. offenders and it shall be ever our aim
. to mould environment and opinion as
«to successfully reclaim and convert
into good and useful citizens those
«who, through the tenderness of youth
.and the fraility of human nature have
temporarily strayed from the paths of
virtue and uprightness. We are im-
pressed with the knowledge that pri-
vate wrongs are many and will con-
tinue until thorough good will and
{understanding is established among
Jnep. Let us, here, at the beginning
of a New Year, resolve that. it will
ever be our aim to impartially, fear-
lessly and conscientiously guide the
great machinery of Justice so as to ac.
cord to every citizen, his or her full-
. est rights and remedies, regardless of
race, religion, political creed or other
form of bias whatsoever. *
We deeply feel the responsibility
that is now ours and if we fail, in any
respect, to abide by our determina-
tions, may you know that our erring 1s
of the head and not of the heart.
But today, we have assumed a posi-
tion in our professional life that may
not be fully appreciated by the aver-
age citizen. We have become one of
that great combination, which guides
the well being of society, known as
the Bench and the Bar. The Bench
among us is but a human, capable of
error and possessing no qualities
superior to that excellent group of
men known as the Bar. We are but
one from among them, chosen to as-
sume the graver responsibilities and
selected to guide the wheels of Jus-
tice as is provided by our Constitu-
tion. To this date we have with the
greatest pleasure and sincerest appre-
ciation been privileged tc be one of
the most estimable Bar of Centre
County. We know all of its members.
We respect all of them most profound-
ly and shall ever continue so to do.
We have found them honest, fair,
courteous, just and efficient and we,
therefore, have no fear that any of
these qualities will be found wanting
now that the happenings of this hour
have changed but slightly our re-
lationship among them. We know
that the Bar of this county will be
considerate in the thought that we are
but human and can err. We are as-
sured that the attitude of the Bar
toward the Court will ever be honest
and courteous and it is our pleasure
to pledge a similar attitude on the
part of the Court at all times. This
rostrum raises us but a few feet from
We must desply: appreciate. the} the advocates who plead within this
Court. The variance in feet and
inches is indicative of that soverign
respect intended by the founders of
our Government to be given to the
judicial branch thereof; but let us
here state—fully confident that proper
respect and consideration will at all
times be accorded this Court as has
been shown in the past—that we still
are and shall ever continue to be one
among you. We aim to be approach-
able. We covet your confidences. We
seek to be considerate and we shall
ever strive to remember those happy
days when we appeared upon the
other side of this desk and appreciate
the kindnesses and courtesies which
were always extended by our pre-
We have no innovations of practice
or procedure to initiate. We feel that
our Courts have been well and effi-
ciently conducted and we shall weigh
well any changes as they may come to
mind. We sincerely believe in pro-
gressing with the day and hour and
to this end every member of the Bar
4s invited to suggest, at any time, any-
thing which will expedite the business
of the Court, conserve the resources of
the County, or elevate the standards
of the profession.
We shall expect to have and receive
the outward expressions of respect for
the Court when in session. We propose
to confer with the officers of the
Court to this end within a brief per-
iod. Should we, at any time, appear
to be of a stern or severe state of mind
and exhibit a disposition foreign to
that customarily shown, it will be
understood that we are seeking noth-
ing for ourselves as an individual
person but that we are striving to
keep, at all times, that dispatch of
business, system and orderly respect]
for the dignity of these illustrious
halls, which is so necessary for the
preservation of the rights of all.
We are proud to be associated with
this efficient group of county officials
who are today sharing the pleasure of
this occasion with us. We have the
utmost confidence in the fidelity and
competency of each and every of
them and shall strive to co-operate
with them at all times to the end that
the people of the county shall be well
and properly served.
We are deeply appreciative of these
lovely floral tributes. May their frag-
rance and their beauty ever inspire us
to the thought that among the storms
of life and the perplexities of human
existence will ever be found the better
things. We are wholly pleased to
greet this large assemblage. The mem-
ory of yoru presence here today will
never be effaced. We appreciate the
many kind expressions of good will
and encouragement received both from
within and without the county. We
especially appreciate the kind felicita-
tions given by our immedate predeces-
sorJudge James C. Furst and we thank
him for them. We want him to be,
assured of the friendship of the Court
and wish him and all that are near
and dear to him long life and prosper-
ity. We feel most highly honored in
being privileged to have inductéd into
office by Justice Xephart of the
Supreme Court. Pennsylvania has long
since come to regard him as one of its
most able jurists and as a statesman
of honor and ability. We thank him for
his presence here and hope that the
contacts between this Court and the
Justice may officially be few in num-
ber but that in every other respect as
innumerable as the sands of the sea
and we trust that he will see fit to
further honor us with his presence at
any time it may be possible for him to
come among us.
And now, in conclusion, we most
thankfully accept the honor and re-
sponsibility that today is ours. We
receive the honor with pleasure and
‘with thanks. We accept the responsi-
bilities with a deep realization of their
import—and may everyone here anda
all who dwell within this great land of
ours experience a Happy and Prosper-
ous New Year and may the Almighty
God ever guide our official acts and
words to the end that His will, not
ours, be done.
Wires Like Spider Webs
Overhead telephone wires are not
strung along the streets or alleys in
Brussels, but from steel towers taller
than the highest housetops, located
at regular points, from which the
wires radiate out and down in all di-
rections like great spider webs. The
system covers the city without rela-
tionship to the street and alley pian.
It is possible in Brussels where it
would not be in the United States, be-
cause zoning limits the height of build-
Some Benefit From War
The Influence of war upon the prog-
ress of a country is great in the na-
ture of a stimulus to scientific re-
search. The World war led to a
number of inventions not only in ob-
Jects of warfare but in industrial
pursuits. There were many new de-
veiopments In medicine and in hy-
giene. In Germany much of the re-
" search was directed to the production
of substitutes for articles that could
not be imported.
Dr. T. A. Jaggar Tells of His
Previous Visit.
Washington.—Nature’s battlefront of
45 active volcanoes strewn along an
arc running through the Alaskan pen-
insula and the Aleutian islands will be
exposed to the attack of science, if
plans made by Dr. T. A. Jaggar, dis-
tinguished volcanologist, are realized.
Doctor Jaggar, who is director of
the Hawaiian volcano observatory,
spent the summer in geological recon-
naissance work along the outer Alas-
kan peninsula and the Aleutians, and
recently reported his observations and
conclusions to the Department of the
To Solve Volcanic Problem.
“My dominant thought in going to
Alaska,” he told the United Press,
“was to consider methods for solving
the problem of the great volcanic are
and for ascertaining what it means in
the economy of nature.
“I believe that a permanent station
should be established at Unalaska for
the study of volcanic action, earth-
quakes, magnetism, and other terres
trial problems,”
In the course of his reconnaissance
trip Doctor Jaggar observed economic
conditions of the Aleutian region. He
visited Nushagak, chief center of the
Alaska canning industry and head-
quarters for the salmon fisheries fleet.
He was impressed by the need for
thoroughly mapping and charting the
areas which he visited.
Many Bays Not Yet Surveyed.
“Many of the present maps are
nased on old Russian charts,” he said.
“One hundred and sixty bays west of
Unimak, on the Pacific side, have not
yet been surveyed.”
Nothwithstanding his plans for Alas
ka, Doctor Jaggar strongly emphasized
that the center of his affections, as
well as of his work in connection with
volcanoes, would continue to be Ha-
“I have been in Hawaii 16 years,
«nd shall be content to remain there
the rest of my life,” he said.
“The volcano Kilauea and its fa.
nous firepit of Kalemaumauy, spouting
fire in July and showing signs of early
renewal of activity, will always be a
strong attraction for visitors.”
Doctor Jaggar indicated that the
center of volcanological studies of the
geological survey, whether at Mount
Lassen, California; in’ Alaska, or in
Hawaii, would continue to be at the
Hawaii volcano observatory.
industries Now Seek
to Keep Workers Well
Cincinnati.—The entire industrial
world is beginning to. appreciate: the
dollars and cents value of keeping em-
ployees well, according to Dr. John
A Turner of this city. :
Speaking before the American Pub.
lic Health association meeting here.
Doctor Turner declared that the rec-
ords of the industrial plant in which
Le has been medical director for sev-
eral yearss showed that there was n
50 per cent reduction in the time lost
en account of injuries ang approx-
imately a 50 per cent reduction in ab-
senteeism on account of sickness as
a result of a preventive medicine pro-
“Industry is a fertile field for the
practice of preventive medicine,” said
Doctor Turner. “The. industrial plant
is like a laboratory where the indus-
trial physician has a definite group
of persons that can be kept under
constant supervision for at least eight
liours a day. During this period he
also is in a position to advise in the
conditions under which men work,”
Production Speeded Up
by Better Organization
New York.—Mechanization and im-
proved organization have so im-
proved productivity of the manufac-
turing industry in the United States
since the beginning of the century
that an average of 67 workers in
1925 produced as much as 100 men
turned out in 1899, despite the shorter
hours now prevailing, according to a
study of productive efficiency made by
the national industrial conference
if the productivity of industry
«iirough mechanization should continue
to increase in the same manner and
at the same rate for the next 23 years,
it would at the end of that time re-
quire but 45 men to produce what
now requires a force of nearly 70, and
which a little more than 25 years ago
necessitated the employment of 100
men. Such calculation, however spee-
ulative it may be, does not overdraw
the striking advances constantly being
made in the way of mechanization and
more efficient co-ordination of effort in
manufacturing processes,
Cloth for Women’s Garb
Communistic Propaganda
Harbin.—The Russian woman who
nad a summer dress made from a
piece of pink patterned calico which
she purchased in some shop at Har-
bin was hardly aware that she was in-
fringing the recent orders of the
Chinese authorities against com-
munistic propaganda,
But when later on the pattern
formed of -virious sized letters of the
Russian alphabet was attentively ex-
amined, it was discovered that they
formed the legend: ‘“Proletarians of
the World—Unite!”
This calico formed part of a ship
ment of soviet cotton goods which re
cently reached Harbin,
Left Lasting Records
on Bricks and Stones
Clay tablets, bricks and tables of
stone formed the writing paper for
those who made the first written
records. Despite such crude equip-
ment, the Assyrians and Babylonians
possessed astonishing Ibraries. The
library of Sargon at Agade contained
thousands of volumes, including
works on astronomy and astrology
and many books of fables. The char-
acters were impressed with a metal
stylus on soft clay tablets, which
were then baked in the sun or in a
kiln. The prophecies of the Sibyl
were written on leaves. Several
copies of the Bible were written on
palm leaves, and some may still be
seen in museums. It is from this that
the term “leaf” as applied to a sheet
in a volume, is derived. In the Book
of Job mention is made of writing
on stone and on sheets of lead. The
law of Moses was written on stone.
Hesiod’s works were written on lead-
en tablets and then rolled up like a
cylinder. When the Greeks were
merely shepherds, they put down
their songs with thorns and awls on
leather. Bronze tablets were used
for their laws and more important
records.—T. P.’S Weekly.
“Angling” With Volts
Is New German Idea
fhe “compleat angler” that Izaak
Walton once had reference to is no
longer adjudged complete unless he
carries the new third-rail tackle in his
basket, according to a German inven-
tor who proposes electrocution of ma-
rine vertebrates instead of netting or
hooking them. Under his plan a mild
electric current would be passed
through a brook, and early fish who
cawe looking for worms would find
volts instead. Shocked into uncon-
sciousness all fish, large and small,
that came in direct contact with the
current, would rise to the surface and
there the fisherman could sort out the
sizeable ones at his leisure, permit-
ting the little fellows to revive and
swim away.
Fish hatcheries and game wardens,
however, do not view the new inven-
tion with a credulous or condoning
eye, arguing that even the most hardy
of the fish, which were permitted to
escape, would have their dispositions
ruined by frequent electrocution and
the process would be fatal to the del-
icate nervous system of infant trout.
fedefedeodededeododode forded dodo foe
First-Class Jap
Wedding Costs $35
Tokyo.—It costs the equiv- 3
alent of $35 gold to be married 2
in first-class style in any of the *
, larger Shinto shrines in Tokyo, 3
-accerding to a scale of charges.
just made public, 3
The $35 ceremony includes
the attendance of high priests, 3
a clerical orchestra with flutes, *
cymbals and pipes like those 3
‘used by Pan, and all possible »
trimmings. Second-class wed- ¥
dings cost $25, and so on down 3
to weddings classed as “pine,” &
“bamboo” and “plum,” the plum &
style pecessitating a shrine fee
of $7.50. 3
In Tokyo, as elsewhere, it is 3
not the initial cost but the up-
keep that counts, and the groom
of a first-class wedding may
spend thousands of dollars upon %
the wedding reception and din- %
ner and more thousands upon &
the gifts to guests. 3
SR def fe ode de Be SB Be
——t a -
THOSE B DBD Rl Dl delete
Eye Hops and Skips
Along Printed Page
When the eye runs along a line of
print in a book, it does not travel
Smoothly from left to right of the
page, but jumps from time to time.
taking in a whole word or, perhaps,
a few words at a time, and then
Jumping on to a fresh group, says My
If the eyeball Is Illuminated with
a ray of light, which it reflects back
again on to a moving photographie
Dlate, the photograph will show ex
actly, in the form of a number of lit-
tle stripes, or bands, what movements
the eye has made.
These photographs, made with a
special instrument used at the psy-
chology laboratories at Stanford uni-
versity, have enabled those studying
the languages to make a very fasci-
nating discovery. This is, that the
eye finds it much more comfortable
to read from the bottom of the page
to the top than from the left to the
right, and so we find that the ane
clent Chinese, some of the earliest
people t» Invent writing, had the wone
derful sense to adopt the most suite
able style of writing. f - they started
at the bottom of the page and wrote
upwards. :
Another Interesting discovery from
the study of these photographs is that
the eye never bothers to begin rend
ing a line of print from the very bes
ginning, nor does it ever travel right
to the end. It focuses itself on the
second or third word of a new line,
and takes in a little picture of the
meaning, and then skips on to the
next stopping place.
Cabin of Naturalist
Far From the Crowd
John Burroughs, the poet-philoso-
pher, some time in the 80's built a
study of bark—a kind of pavilion—
in his yard at Riverby, his home on
a terrace that overlooked the Hudson
river, selecting a point where he could
sit at a desk and overlook the valley.
There he did much of his reading and
writing. He kept his books there.
From year to year the number of
those who recognized the power and
beauty of his work Increased, and as
his fame spread, his visitors becama
more numerous. To be still farther
removed from the interruptions of his
vineyard and his household, he built
with his own hands a cabin in the
hills about two miles west of Riverby,
and there he did some of his writing,
entertaining now and again some dis.
tinguished Invited guest. He did his
own cooking and built his own fires
in a chimney constructed with his own
hands. He called this place Slabsides,
Theodore Roosevelt was among the
prominent men who visited him there,
—Hamlin Garland in the Dearborn
P. L. Beezer Estate.....Meat Market
ee ——8
5,000,000 Emigrated Italians Live in
United States.
Latest statistics here show that
there are 9,119,593 expatriated Ital-
ians living in different parts of the
world. The figure is probably even
greater than this, as the consular re-
turns from some countries are con-
fessedly incomplete,
The greatest number of emigrated
Italians live in the American conti-
nent. Between North and South and
Central America, 7,674,583 Italians
are accounted for.
The United States alone has more
than 5,000,000 of them, while there
are 150,000 in Canada, 7,000 in Mex-
ico, 87,000 in Costa Rica, 800,000 in
of a family finally has been settled
Brazil, 1,600,000 in the Argentine and
21,500 in Chile.
In Europe, ther are 1,267,841 ex-
iled Italians, more than half of whom
are living in France. In Africa, there
are 189,100 Italians, while Australia
has 27,000 living under its flag.
Uncle Sam Gives His Definition of
“Head of Family.”
The question as to who is the head
by the Internal Revenue Bureau in-
come tax regulations. Regardless of
who thinks they are boss of the
household, the bureau says, the head
of a family is “an individual who ac-
‘| tually supports and maintains in one
household one or more individuals
who are closely connected with him
by blood relationship, relationship by
marriage or by adoption, and whose
right to exercise family control and
provide for these dependent individ-
uals is based upon some moral or
legal obligation.”
The bureau found it necessary to
make such a ruling, as numerous
many-headed families had been re-
corded on income tax returns.
At a Reduced Rate 20%
71286m J. M. KEICHLINE, Agent
Fire Insurance
Does yours represent the value of
your property five years ago or today ?
We shall be glad to help you make
sure that your protection is adequate
to your risks. :
If a check-up on your property val-
ues indicates that you are only par-
tially insured—let us bring your pro-
tection up to date.
Hugh M. Quigley
Temple Court, Bellefonte, Pa.
Dependable Insurance
Your guests will want to ask this
question when they have once tast-
ed our delicious lamb; and you may
be sure that steaks, veal, roasts
and other items from our establish-
ment are just as good and tender.
Telephone 450
Market on the Diamond
Bellefonte, Penna.
ne LTR S00 0 HT SP.
Shoe Shoppers
Should you be in need of
shoes for now or the near
future, we urge you to take
advantage of our Special
January Reduction Prices
Fine Footwear at, Lowest, Prices
Bush Arcade
Beiiefonte, Pa.