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"Bellefonte, Pa., March 27, 1925.
THE GAME OF CARDS.
By Levi A. Miller.
“According to Hoyle” is a phrase
common among card players, many of
whom are laboring under the impres-
“sion that Mr. Hoyle was a reformed
gambler, who had turned his attention
to book-making as a means of keeping
himself out of the poor-house. :
Edmund Hoyle was born over two
hundred years ago, and lived to the
advanced age of ninety-seven, dying
in Cavendish Square, London, in 1769.
He was among the first who took spe-
cial interest in whist, and after it be-
came a craze among the gentry he de-
voted several years of his life to
teaching the game at a guinea a les-
Some suppose that he invented the
game, but the proof is very strong
that it was well known before he was
born. However, he did much to per-
fect it. He was paid $5,000 for a
treatise on whist, which was publish-
ed in 1743. At this time he was at-
tached to a government office in Ire-
land. Toward the close of his life he
revised his treatise, and included
backgammon, and other popular
games of the day.
Cards are of eastern origin, but
how far they date back is not known.
The Chinese file a claim for their in-
vention, during the reign of Senn-ho,
which began A. D. 1120. The Hin-
dus come in with a claim for almost
the same date, but are only able to
back it up with tradition, while the
Chinese have the documents. Both
nations used them in their religious
services, each card bearing the symbol
of a certain god, spirit or star.
* The first reliable account of the
presence of cards in Europe is an en-
try in the expense account of Henry
V., of France, in 1370, of about fifteen
dollars for painting a deck of cards.
At this time his majesty was suffer-
ing from melancholy, and it was
thought that cards might interest him.
Of course, they had to be gotten up
in fine style. The King got better and
his improvement was attributed to the
cards. The result was that in a short
time card playing was popular among
Poker is the game.of the century.
Although not more than sixty years
old, it has spread all over the civilized
world, and they are clamoring for it.
It was first introduced by gamblers on
Mississippi river steamboats. Being
so simple and convenient for gambling
purposes, it grew in popularity.
Euchre has long been the leading
society game, with occasional inter-
missions, when casino, cribbage and
other games would have a run—seven
up, or old sledge, was the gambier’s
game before poker. It is played some
yet, particularly among the negroes
of the South. Auction pitch, and all
such games are modifications of it. =~
The games most popular in the ar-
my were euchre and seven-up. When
there was gambling to be done either
poker or chuck-a-luck were resorted
0. Among regular army officers
poker and whist were the favorite
games. Just before a battle the roads
would be strewn with cards, there be-
ing few men, even though inveterate
players, who would take the risk of
‘being killed with a deck of cards in
their pockets. Before the smoke of
battle was cleared off, however, these
same persons would be offering al-
most any price for a deck.
Until recently ladies have confined
their playing to euchre and the more
innocent games, but of late they are
beginning to play poker. At first
they put up hairpins, shoe buttons,
ete, to play for, but it was only a
question of time until the jingle of
coin was heard. In New York and
other eastern cities they have regular
poker clubs, and are said to become
more infatuated with the game than
In colleges, poker and cribbage have
the call, because they can be made so
interesting. It usually so happens
that there are a few expert players
among the students, or those who as-
sociate with them, that carry off the
‘boodle. All colleges have the strictest
kind of rules in relation to card play-
ing, but they are not equal to the sup-
‘pression of it. :
‘*. He who hopes at-cards to win
Must never think that cheating’s sin;
‘T'o make a trick whene'er he can,
No matter how should be the plan.
No case of conscience should he make,
Except how he may save his stake; .
The only object of his prayers J
Not to be caught and kicked down stairs.
My advice to young men is, never
marry a too high-spirited . girl. All
that is wanting to start up real sul-
phurous flames is a little sulphur.
My private opinion is that much of
that wihch is called spirit is pure dev-
.ilishness; while artlessness, so called,
is premeditated, intentional deception:
WATCH HEAT AND AIR
IN CHICK HATCHING.
When Centre county poultrymen
are troubled with slow and late hatch-
es, low room temperatures may fre-
quently be the cause. A temperature
of 65 to 70 degrees should be main-
tained in the incubator room. It is
also important that the room be well
Temperatures at which to run the
incubator, supply of moisture, turning
of eggs, and regulation of ventilation
in the machine are all discussed in de- | P
tail in directions furnished by manu-
facturers of incubators. Since the
control of these various factors dif-
fers with the several makes of ma-
chines, the most successful operation
can be secured by following the direc-
tions accompanying the incubator.
After the incubator has been run-
ning for five or seven days, the eggs
should be taken out and tested, and
the infertile and dead germs remov-
ed. If the fertility runs low in the
first test, conditions can be corrected.
The sécond test can be at the end of
the second week when all dead germs
‘want to stretch the work out that
THE STILL ELUSIVE BONUS.
When young Bill Kennicut of Main
St., and George Babbitt Jr., of Zenith,
together with Tony Spinelli, Hans
Berghof and Francis X. O.'Reilly, all
American veterans of th~ world war,
read of the final enactment of the
Federal Adjusted Compensation Act—
otherwise the Bonus—on May 19,
1924, their common first impulse was
a grateful. determination to send in
and get the money. They were all
good Americans. Then they read a
little further and discovered that no
money was to be actually paid out un-
til March 1, 1925—for those entitled
to $50.00 or less. And then, reading
still a little further, they found that
most of the money would be paid out
by Uncle Sam some time about twen-
ty years from now. Of course, the
veterans would get “adjusted service
certificates” in the meantime; but to
the average veteran that didn’t mean
much. To nine out of ten veterans, at
a conservative guess, Bonus meant
cash—money in hand that could be
spent. On sober reflection they might,
as most of them probably do, feel that
the deferred payment plan serves
their interests better. But a certifi-
cate maturing twenty years from now
doesn’t create any mad desire for
haste in filing an application.
So Bill and George Jr., and Tony,
and Hans, and Francis X., said to
“That’s a good idea; I'll have to get
busy and send in my application some
time soon. Maybe I'll do it tomor-
Maybe some of them did do it to-
morrow, but a great many more are
still “going to.” Of course, there was
somewhat of a flood of applications to
begin with. The first one—which
reached the War Department at 10 a.
m., May 20, 1924, less than twenty-
four hours after the Senate passed
the Bonus Act over the President’s ve-
to—was a veteran who was so anxious
to be prompt that he hired a special
messenger to cairy it. More soon fol-
lowed. During July applications flow-
ed in at the rate of 58,000 a day—the
high water mark so far. By October
the daily average had dwindled to 9,-
000. And that with three million vet-
erans or their heirs yet to be heard
from. Bill and George Jr., and Tony
and Hans and Francis X., were going
on the assumption that there was still
plenty of time befcre reveille. But
Probably, those who didn’t and
haven’t applied promptly would sum
up their attitude by saying:
“Well, the government’s good for
it; what’s all the rush?”
Besides, the law gives the veteran
until January 1, 1928, to file his appli-
cation. But the government doesn’t
long. It would Lke for every veteran
to get busy and file his application to-
dav; or else sit down and write to the
Adjutant General and inform that
much harassed official that he (the
veteran) doesn’t want any bonus and
isn’t going to apply for any, now or
in the future. Then, to put it collo-
quially, ‘the officers in charge of ad-
ministering the bonus “would know
where they are at.” Just now they
don’t know, so far as the matter of
expected applications is concerned.
Some of the veterans who have not
vet applied may be actuated by mo-
tives of patriotic altruism. They may
think they are saving the government
money by holding off. But they are
not—not unless they send in a definite
statement that they are not going to
apply at all.
For, in order to administer the pro-
visions of the bonus law, the govern-
ment was forced to set up a vast and
complex machine. Headquarters were
established in one of the old tempo-
rary war buildings which threaten to
less an act of God or Congress inter-
venes. More than 2,700 clerks, typ-
ists, and other employees were assem-
bled and trained for the one special
purvose of handling the bonus appli-
cations. Office equipment to the ap-
proximate value of half a million dol-
lars—most of it borrowed from the
various government repositories for
surplus and unused property—was |
collected and installed. Special com-
puting machines to determine the
ed and constructed. To have attemnt-
ed these necessary computations by
pencil and paper would have required
and would then have been the source |
this wonderful little machine that
transmutes days of service into dol-
lars and cents with due allowances for
such things as twenty per cent. in-
crease for overseas service, and insur-
ance factors varying with the age of
each veteran, solves the problem nice-
ly. Figures don’t lie; at least when
they are machine made figures. The
longer the veterans wait the more
money this bonus is going to cost the
tax payers. But extra cost to the tax
payer isn’t the only evil likely to re-
sult from delay. The veteran himself,
and, particularly, his heirs and de-
pendents are likely to be the losers if
he postpones filing his application.
Major General Robert C. Davis, Ad-
jutant General of the Army, knows
more about the workings of the Aa-
justed Compensation Act than this}
writer or any of his potential readers. |
General Davis has lived and slent with
the problem of 2dministering the bo-
nus since the spring of 1922, when |
plans were prepared in anticipation of
the enactment of a Bonus Law at that
time. General Davis worked up the
plan at that time and has kept it up to |
date ever since. Here’s what he has
to say on the advantages accruing to
the veteran who files his application
“From the viewpoint of the veter-
an, it is even more imperative than if
he intends to apply eventually for the
benefits given by the Act that he
should do so at once. The War De-
partment is daily receiving cases
where veterans who have thought
themselves in the best of health have
died or been killed by accident with-
out having submitted their applica-
tions for adjusted compensation. Their
widows and children, many of them in
needy circumstances, receive, in such
cases, the amount epual to approxi-
become permanent in Washington un- I
a veritable army of mathematicians |’
in cash had the veteran made applica-
tion prior to death. For instance,
should a veteran who served overseas
for a period entitling him to the max-
imum amount of adjusted service cred-
it of $625 die without filing his appli-
cation, his widow, children or other
dependents within the restricted class,
will receive that amount only in ten
quarterly installments, while if he
filed his application prior to his death,
the widow, children, or dependent, will
receive approximately $1,580 in one
payment in cash.
“A further reason for prompt ap-
plication upon the part of the veteran
is that the face value of the insurance |.
certificate furnished him is dependent
upon the age of the veteran at the
time of filing of his application, the
amount decreasing as the age increas-
es. By delaying filing his application,
the veteran may place himself in
another insurance year, thereby re-
ducing the amount he may receive.
“Lastly, the cash payments under
the Act become due on March 1, 1925,
and unless the veteran applies in suf-
ficient time in advance of that date to
enable his claim to be properly adju-
dicated and transmitted to the Veter-
ans Bureau, the payment to him will
So that’s that about the Bonus.—
By William C. Murphy, in Columbia.
Real Estate Transfers.
James K. McClincy, et al, to Fred
M. McCliney, tract in Unionville; $1,-
Edith B. Harvey, et bar, to General
Refractories Co., tract in Curtin town-
E. R. Taylor, sheriff, to Robert W.
Roan, tract in Bellefonte; $1,600.
Jennie I. Culsor, et bar, to Robert
S. Zimmerman, tract in Walker town-
Roy H. Grove, et al, to Elmer C.
Houtz, tract in Bellefonte; $5,300.
Mary Ellen Brown, to John Tress-
ler, tract in Bellefonte; $2,300.
E. L. Morris, et al, to Sim Baum
tract in Bellefonte; $1,000. :
John Bichonlamb, et ux, to Leah V.
N. Wert, tract in Liberty township;
Guiseppo Coroggio, et ux, to John
C. Barnes, tract in Bellefonte; $1.
_ William D. Custard, et ux, to Wil-
liam S. Dye Jr., et ux, tract in State
William D. Custard, et ux, to The-
odore J. Gates, et ux, tract in State
William 8. Dye Jr., et ux, to Theo-
dore J. Gates, et ux, tract in State
Theodore J. Gates, et ux, to William
S. Dye Jr., tract in State College; $1.
Theodore J. Gates, et ux, to William
S. Dye Jr., et ux, tract in State Col-
William S. Dye Jr., et ux, to Theo-
dore J. Gates, et ux, tract in State
Samuel C. Bowes, et al, to Charle
C. Bowes, tract in Howard; $300. | .
I. D. Wilson, et ux, to J. T. Wilson,
tract in State College; $500.
Rose S. Harter, et al, to School Dis-
irict of Gregg township; tract in
Gregg township; $5,995.
Archibald Allison, et al, to School
District of Gregg township, tract in
Gregg township; $343.70.
John A. Miller, et ux, to. John
Woodling, tract in Henneysburg; $550.
Rebecca Spangler, et bar, to A. T.|
Singer, tract in Miles township;
Mary C. Witmer, et al, to Thomas
Gallagher, tract in Bellefonte; $1,125.
Arthur C. Dale, Exr., to School Dis-
trict of Bellefonte, tract in Bellefonte;
Anna C. Baker, et al, to Charles M.
Long, tract in Walker township; $600.
Edna B. Gill, Com. et al, to John D.
Files, tract in Rush township; $50.
E. L. Files to John D. Files, thact
in Rush township; $50. : ;
Clara -E. Bennett, et bar, to Ger-
trude Beckwith, tract in Worth town-
ship; $200. !
Frank Scarabica, et ux, to Joseph
Misere, et ux, tract in Bellefonte;
amout due each veteran were design- $51,500,
Stanley Yorkes, et ux, to H.R.
Long, et ux, tract in Boggs township;
A. H. Krumrine, et ux, to Charles
I. Suh; tract in College township;
of constant error and annoyance. But : $54
Charles H. Bubb, et ux, to Pearl E.
Garman, tract in College township;
William D. Breon to Stover G.
Snook, tract in Millheim; $1,600.
C. H. Breon, et ux, to Stover G.
| Snook, tract in Millheim; $1.
W. L. Witmer to Fort Pitt Hunting
& Fishing Club, tract in Miles town-
ship; $1. : . i
Fort Pitt Hunting & Fishing Club
to W. L. Witmer, tract in Miles town-
John T. Smith, et al, to M. H.
Smith, tract in Penn township; $125.
M. H. Smith, et ux, to C. H. Breon,
tract in Penn township; $250.
A. B. Meyers, et al, trustee, to C.
H. Breon, tract in Millheim; $550.
Elizabeth Edminson te Jacob Hev-
erly, tract in Rush township; $100.
Electric House Heating.
Electric house heating will soon be-
come geenral and it is more a question
of how soon there will be sufficient
electric power generated to heat the
homes of the land, than absence of
Leading the world, this nation is
approaching the time when it will no
longer be heated by the time-consum-
ing coal-burning furnaces or old-fash-
ioned wood-burners generally used.
Wirt S. Scott, manager of the in-
dustrial heating department of the
Westinghouse company, reports great
progress in solving the problems of
heating houses by electricity in a prac-
“When that time comes, the day of
struggling with the furnace will be
over, and the householder will not
need to give his heating system a sin-
mately one-third only of that they
would have received in one payment
gle thought,” says Mr. Scott, refer-
ring to latest inventions.
Off With the Lamb’s Tail.
In answer to the question “Why
don’t little lambs have tails?” sheep
men at The Pennsylvania State Col-
lege say they do when they are born
but if they belong to a progressive
flockmaster they do not carry the dec-
orations very long. Docking-irons
take the tails off neatly and prevent
blood loss. Jack knives may be used
but are not considered so good. When
lambs are five days to three weeks of
age is the time to do the work. Dock-
ed and castrated lambs bring the best
prices on the market.
NR Tablets stop sick
eve bilious attacks, tone an
regulate the eliminative organs,
make you feel fine.
§ «Better Than Pills For Liver fils”
C. M. PARRISH
By Hot Water
Full Line of Pipe and Fit-
tings and Mill Supplies
. All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Do Not Delay
MAKING YOUR WILL
ame this Bank your Executor. This
will insure the prompt and careful
administration of your estate.
First National Bank
‘Cheerfully sa Promptly Furnished
‘Do Not Risk
Imost, every day the newspapers
report instances where estates have
declined rapidly in value, through
inexperience and poor investments
of the individual Executor. Better see that
your estate is properly protected and has
the right kind of management — of this
you are sure when you appoint the First
National Bank as your Executor. Consult
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
STATE COLLEGE, PA. >)
MEMBER FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
NSS IRS TES Ras otek. has hos Sosa 2
A A A A A TE NE A TE EE)
GD AAMAEANNANAB RAMAN ON ANAS TORR ARR VE RA RRR UOAR AN VW ATTY] Lo D)
Let. Your New Easter Suit,
Have 2 Pairs of Trousers
They are at Faubles. A big
assortment, priced as low as
$25.00. Better ones up to
$45.00. All of them all-wool
and tailored by America’s best
All of them—regardless of
the price you pay—carry the
Your money back any time
you think you did not get
LET US SHOW YOU
The Biggest, Clothing
Values in Bellefonte