Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., December 14, 1923.
A NATIONAL FOREST
A new national forest to be known
as the Allegheny has been created in
Pennsylvania pursuant to a Presiden-
tial proclamation dated September 24.
This is the first national forest to be
created during President Coolidge’s
administration and brings the total
number of forests under the super-
vision of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, up to 146, em-
bracing a total net area of about 157,-
337,000 acres. :
The Allegheny National Forest is
also the first forest under Federal
control to be established in Pennsyl-
vania, although the State has several
state forests and has always been one
of the foremost States in matters re-
lating to forest conservation, water-
shed and game protection.
Unlike the national forests, which
were created out of the public domain,
this newly created forest is to be built
up entirely of land to be purchased
from private owners and about 100,
000 acres are now under purchase
agreement. The outside boundaries
of the new forest embraces a gross
area of about 740,000 acres in War-
ren, McKean, Forest and Elk counties.
This acreage is situated on the water-
shed of the Allegheny river, a tribu-
tary of the Ohio river and a trouble-
some factor in the frequently recur-
ring floods, which menace navigation,
industry, property and lives in the re-
gion entering at Pittsburgh.
The government’s purchase pro-
gram contemplates the eventual ac-
quisition of all forest lands within the
proclaimed area for the primary pur-
pose of affording protection to this
section of the Allegheny river drain-
age. A secondary purpose is to as-
sure the highly industrialized region
a continuous supply of locally grown
essential forest products.
Department of Agriculture officials
state there is probably no other sec-
tion in the United States, where for-
est resources are as closely utilized as
in this region. Practically all forest
growth down to two inches diameter
can be used, making it possible to dis-
pose not only of mature trees for lum-
ber, structural timbers, and railroad
ties, but also of the limbs and small
branches for manufacture of charcoal,
wood-aleohol, and other by-products.
The region as a whole has been
closely cut and much of the watershed
has been repeatedly devastated by
fires. Possibilities for future timber
growth are excellently illustrated,
however, by a magnificent stand of
virgin white pine timber, which is still
to be found in one section of the new
forest. It is said that this stand of
white pine represents the maximum
development ever attained by this
species in quantity per acre and qual- |
ity of wood.
WHERE SILK ORIGINATED.
According to Chinese authority the
use of silk dates back to 26560 B. C,,
and it is generally conceded that the
great textiles with which the world
clothes itself were discovered in the
following order, viz: Wool, cotton,
silk, flax (linen) and hemp.
The first patron of the silk worm
was Hoang-Ti, Emperor of China, and
his Empress, Si-Lung-Chi, was the
first practical silk worm breeder, and
the first to reel silk. She discovered
the silk worm while walking in her
garden and watched its development
into the cocoon. Then she interested
the Emperor, and at his suggestion
took the fine silk web which she found
in the cocoon, and succeeded in reeling
it. She also successfully wove it in-
to cloth. :
Silk culture then became an indus-
try and one of the cherished secrets
in China.' For a thousand years Chi-
nese merchants sold silk in Persia,
from where it reached the nations of
the western world, without disclosing
the secret of how or from what it was
made. Aristotle is said to be the first
in Europe to learn the secret.
When the silk worm is ready to
weave his cocoon he becomes one of
the busiest and most persistent work-
ers in the world. The silk in a form is
generated in a fluid condition in two
long glands. Near the head the two
glands unite at an opening under the
mouth, and from this the silk issues
in a glutinous state. The gummy
liquid, which combines the two strands
hardens immediately on exposure to
In weaving his cocoon the worm
makes sixty-five elliptical motions of
his head per minute and keeps it up
day and night for the entire seventy-
two hours required to complete it,
without stopping. At the end of this
time he has produced about one thous-
and yards of silk.—Ex.
Shows Great Growth.
The live stock industry of Pennsyl-
vania has discovered the road that
leads to improvement and success. It
is the highway paved with community
breed association and co-operative
owned purebred sires.
A recent report of the agricultural
extension department at The Pennsyl-
vania State College credits the Key-
stone State with at least 150 commu-
nity breed associations. These organ-
izations make possible the use of
carefully selected purebred sires on
more than 2,000 farms. Swine asso-
ciations have made a rapid growth in
the past year and now number over
100 with at least 1,600 members.
Bred-for-production dairy bulls have
been introduced on at least 500 farms
through the 32 bull associations now
operating in the State. Crawford
county has one association that brings
the services of purebred sires to more
than 100 farmers.
A great improvement in the mut-
ton and wool industry is noted in sev-
eral communities where co-operative-
ly owned rams are being used. The
reports show eight ram associations
in operation last year with a total
membership of 30 farmers.
It has been estimated that the com-
munity breed association idea has re-
duced the cost of using purebred sires
on these farms by at least 76 per cent. '
SASTE RULES INDIA SCHOOLS
‘Untouchable” Children Are Not Per
mitted to Mingle With Their
The public school as we know it is
hardly a possibility in India, because
the children of India are not permit-
ted to enjoy anything that remotely
resembles free association.
There are a great many such
schools, to be sure; but the children
who attend them are either caste
equals or they are held to the strict
observance of caste regulations,
The children of the depressed classes
are not allowed to enter anywhere,
says Eleanor F. Egan in the Saturday
Evening Post, and I myself have seen
numbers of them in groups—eager, in-
telligent and sadly conscious of their
disabilities—squatting on schoolhouse
verandas, absorbing such instruction
as they could get through open win-
dows and schoolhouse doors. None
could by any chance cross a school-
Yet in one way, and as far as the
advantages go, the depressed classes
enjoy better educational advantages
than any class in India, because it is
to them that the Christian mission-
aries devote their parti ular atten-
It is to be understood, of course, that
the communities and casées are all
mixed up in the general population,
and are not, except in occasional in-
stances, domiciled en masse in sepa-
rate areas. A Hindu and a Moham-
medan may live in adjoining houses;
but it is just that they may not bor-
row each other's frying pans, so to
The castes and the communities may
all enjoy a certain measure of social
intercourse; they may meet together
and talk and argue and d— the
British raj in unison if ther are so
minded—and this is what they have
been doing to an increasing extent dur-
ing the past few years—baut it must all
be in the epen places of public assem-
It is the habitation that is invio-
lable; the person that must be guard-
ed against pollution.
MAKING PAPER FROM ASPENS
Industry Suggested for Utah, Which
Has About 100,000 Acres of
fn Utah the manufacture of paper
‘rom aspens is no new idea, as some
of the pioneers in that state produced
a fair grade of paper from wood pulp
and rags suitable for news print.
From time to time the shortage of pa- '
per supply has brought attention to the
possibilities of employing the quaking
aspen trees of Utah for reduction to
pulp for paper manufacture.
Now there are appreximately 100,-
central Utah. Their usefulness con-
| sists of serving as a cover for young
and to a certain extent '
they ald in controlling the flow
streams, and for that
conserved by foresters. The timber is
soft and not of value commercially,
and without denuding the aspen areas,
the mature trees, it is averred, would
furnish sufficient annual paper supply
for the entire West. The trees grow
rapidly, maturing at twenty to forty
years of age on the gentler slopes and
in flat regions, where they could be
HOW OLD AGE CAN BE EVADED
Keep Insisting That You Are Young,
and Resist the Suggestions
Doc Henneberry has just proven the
excellence of a long-held theory. For
as long as I can remember Doc has
insisted that age can be evaded, within
limits. Nothing, he says, will grow
hair on a bald head. But if the owner
of the hairless caput will say to him-
“lI am not old. I will not be old. I
shall remain a man of hale middle
He will not know he has over-
ripened until the day the reaper gets
him with his hook, says a writer in
the Kansas City Star. Doc points out
that not ene man in a million realizes
he is old until his younger friends be-
gih to exhibit needless consideration
“It is a shock for any man when
he first hears himself referred to as
‘the old man.” But if he is not a per-
son of sturdy character he soon begins
to act old. He has not been able to
resist the power of suggestion.”
Doc has been preaching and acting
this for years. But last week his fa-
ther dug himself out of the living
groove he has been occupying for
years and came to the city to visit his
son. Doc says the old fool is a viru-
lent proof of the truth of his theory
of the essential youthfulness of man.
'WAYS OF COM
He rolled forty years off his shoulders
the first time he heard his son’s ideas
about being young.
“I'm going to send for mother,” said
Doe. “Young or old, she always had
JAPANESE TAKE REAR SEATS
Attitude of These People in Public
One of Modesty and Humble
On entering a meeting late (church,
address or public gathering) a Jap-
anese invariably pauses at the door to
bow in the direction of the platform—
a combination of innate politeness and
humble apology for the discourtesy of
his tardy presence.
The Japanese shows a marked pref-
erence for a seat at the rear of the
room and a position on the nearer end
of a seat, his modesty occasioning
those who follow him increasing incon-
venience—“For when thou art bidden
to a feast, sit not down in the chief
seat; lest haply a more honorable
man than thou be bidden. But go and
sit down in the lowest place. For
whosoever exalteth himself shall be
abased; and he that humbleth himself
shall be exalted.”
A person who is forced to make a
way for himself through a crowd or
in front of others does so in a cross
| between a crouch and a bow, expres-
000 acres of the slopes in northern and |;
reason are |
easlly and cheaply gathered for the '
pulp mills. Only trees three inches or
more in diameter would be taken.
“It says in the paper here,” began
Mrs. Johnson in the midst of her read-
ing, “that an airplane traveling at the
rate of two hundred miles an hour
would take fifty-three years to go
from the earth to the sun.”
“What's that?’ returned Gap John-
son of Rumpus Ridge, aroused from a
“You wasn't listening, torment it!
It would take an airplane going at
two hundred miles an hour fifty-three
years to reach the sun.”
“What's the difference? You ain’t
aiming to go there, are you?’—Kansas
Wouldn't Commit Herself.
Numerous ladies now study law, are |
admitted to practice and become orna-
ments of the bar. A Supreme court
Judge met one of the youngest in the
corridor of a public building. He
bowed and paused to remark: “You
are the prettiest lawyer I ever saw,
and, I may add, one of the best.”
She thanked him and passed on.
“Which compliment did you prefer?”
asked a friend who had overheard.
But the lady, being a good lawyer
as well as a pretty girl, refused to !
dattonchatel, one of the most pic-
wuresque villages in France, held by
the Germans for four years, and later
captured by American troops, has been
rebuilt by Miss Belle Skinner, a
wealthy resident of Holyoke, Mass.
The place has a new town hall, with
a school, 2 new library and—a thing
anknown before in the long history of
the village—a water supply system, as
well as a monument to the war dead.
New Crop Diseases.
Fifteen new diseases of field ana
vegetable crops were reported in the
United States during 1922. Twelve
erops were affected. They were car-
rot, radish, Swiss chard, lettuce, po-
tato, radish, Chinese cabbage, bean,
watermelon, sweet potato, tomato and
tobacco. Most of the new diseases
appeared In very restricted areas,
reeming to be the result of abnormal
climatic and similar conditions.
sive of supreme humility, murmuring
the while, “Osore irimasu” (“I go in
trepidation”). Two Japanese quite
out-hesitate Alphonse in debating prec-
edence at narrow gate or door—
“Dozo, o saki ye” (“Please, to the
honorable front.”)—Stewart B. Nichols
in the Outlook,
Wants Dole Receivers to Work.
he British government!, finding the
system of doles for unemployed per-
sons becoming more and more burden-
some and demoralizing, is considering
ways and means for getting some work
done in return for the help that the
unemployed classes need. Gratuity
merely subsidizes unemployment, in-
creases idleness and lowers the self- |
respect and the morale of the com-
munity. The government is now urg- |
ing railways to electrify, farmers to
drain and improve land, towns to ex- !
tend their public service enterprises, !
mills and factories to repair and re-
new equipment. The government will
lend its credit to encourage all such !
work and use public money if neces- |
sary to finance it. The idea is to deal
with unemployment by making employ-
ment rather than by distributing
french Villages Were Wiped Out.
It is sometimes forgotten that parts
of France are really destroyed. One
was reminded of this fact by a notice
in the Journal Officlel the other day,
which sets out that the village of
Ailles, Beaulne-Etchivny, Moussy-sur-
Aisne, Courtacon and Grandela-et-
Malval in the canton of Craonne, are
merged in other communes. This
means that they no longer exist, They
are completely wiped out. It is not
another Carthage, which is obliterated,
but nevertheless one should remember
that many French communes have been
as utterly lost as Carthage.
Timber Sources Moving Westward.
The center of the lumber industry
i8 migrating to the West, which move |
ment has been going on quietly anc
steadily since about 1900, when the
cut in the Lake State pineries begar
to dwindle. The South has been the
chief source of lumber for the greatei
portion of the country; now this
source of supply is failing rapidly anc
production in the West Is increasing
This means among other things that
the national forest lands will be more
and more drawn upon for supplying
timber far various purposes.
Imposition Upon invalids.
The health board of New York ha,
discovered that in several instance:
bakers have been turning out breac
labeled “Genuine Gluten, for Dia!
betics,” which has been found to con
tain a high percentage of starch a
which had been <olored to give thi
appearance of the genuine article. I
hus been ordered that gluten brea |
must he 100 per cent gluten or the
offend!ng hakers will he prosecuted. !
'nternational Health Authority Ex-
plains the Two Main Principles
of Preventive Medicine.
Doctor Elmendorf of the interna-
tional health board, writing in Hygela,
says that “preventive medicine is
based largely on two principles. The
first, and by far the most important
principle from a general standpoint is
that of breaking the life cycle of a
disease at its most easily accessible
point and so eliminating the disease.
“The second is the principle of pro-
tecting man by vaccination or immu-
nization, and se preventing the onset
of the disease, The first tends to blot
out the malady. The second helps in
the blotting out, but particularly bene-
fits individuals by protection.
Yellow fever will serve as an exam-
ple of both these types of attack. The
life cycle of the yellow fever germ
consists of a period of development in
mosquito, aedes calopus, next
transmission to a human host, then a
period of development in this host, and
finally infection of another mosquito.
The first principle of prevention has
been applied by exterminating and pre-
venting the breeding of these mos-
quitoes. Cuba, Panama, Guayaquil,
and the Central American republics of
Guatemala, Salvador, Nicaragua and
Costa Rica have all been freed of the
infection by the vigorous application
of this method.
Another means in the prevention of
this disease is that of rendering the
individual immune by vaccination,
which has been applied successfully in
preventing the local spread of an epi-
demic. This last method, however,
must necessarily be local and is only
a helpful adjunct.
HOUSES OF GLASS IN SIGHT
They Would Be Less Expensive ana
More Durable Than Others,
Persons who live in glass houses ir
the future may throw stones with im-
punity. A recent discovery of certain
chernical processes has made possible
the erection of houses of glass, said
to be as sturdy and durable as exist.
ing houses of stone, concrete and
The first experiment of this kind
will be the construction of five and
six-room cottages, in which everything
but the framework will be built of
opaque glass. The location of this
novel improvement, outlined in Popu-
lar Mechanics Magazine, is not men-
tioned, but the claim is made that the
proposed glass-constructed buildings
will reduce construction costs; will
withstand the ravages of time and the
elements better than any other form
of construction; will lower the cost of
upkeep and in general provide greater
home comforts. Moreover, we are in-
formed that plastering and painting
will be unnecessary in glass houses,
since it is possible to color the glass
to the satisfaction of the most artistic
taste while it is in course of manu-
With such a recommendation for
glass houses there seems to be nothing
left to do but tear down the old and
build the new. However, it might be
well to defer stone throwing at least
until the houses are erected.
Fur Raising Increasing.
Important progress. has been made
.n investigations pertaining to the
rearing of wild fur-bearing animals
in captivity. Fur farms are reported
from 25 states where foxes, skunks,
raccoons, minks, opossums, martens,
muskrats, squirrels and beavers are
raised. It is estimated that 500
ranchers are raising silver foxes in the
United States, that they have between
12,000 and 15,000 foxes in captivity,
and that the value of the investment
is about $8,000,000. The discovery of
the fact that martens breed the last of
July and In August has solved the
problem which has heretofore prevent-
, ed the successful rearing of these ani-
| mals in captivity and has opened up
an important field to the fur farmer.—
Anyhow, He Had It.
President Emeritus Eliot of Har-
¢ard dined recently at a New York
hotel, where the man who takes care
of the hats at the dining room door is
celebrated for his memory about the
ownership of headgear. “How do you
know that is my hat?’ the collegian
asked, as his silk tile was presented
to him. “I don’t know it, suh,” said
the dark doorman. “Then why do you
give it to me?’ insisted President
Eliot. “Because you gave it to me,
Too Great a Risk.
Life Insurance Agent—One moment,
sir, before I fill in your application.
What make of car do you drive?
Client—I don't drive any—I hats
Life Insurance Agent—Sorry, but
our company no longer insures pedes-
trians |—The Passing Show (London).
Wife—How many fish was it yom
caught on Saturday, George?
Wife—I thought so. That fish mar-
ket has made a mistake again. They're
charging us for eight.—Good Hard:
First Steno—The idea of your work
ing steady eight hours a day! I would
not think eof such a thing!
Second Steno—Neither would I. 1}
was the boss that thought of it.—Tows
Reduced to Less than Cost of Manufacture
Owing to the mild weather and the
backwardness of the season I find that I
have too many Fine and High Grade Shoes
on my shelves at this time of the year.
Beginning at once every pair of High
Grade and High Priced Shoes will be re-
$5.85 A Pair
This is an absolute reduction. It means
every pair of Mens and Womens Shoes and
Oxfords that sell from $7 te $9 per pair are
reduced to $5.85.
These Shoes are all New Fall Styles.
Not one pair of old style shoe in the lot.
Many just received.
Now is the time to purchase the very
best quality shoes at the price of cheap
Yeager’s Shoe Store
THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building 58-27 BELLEFONTE, PA.
to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co. - Lyon & Co.
Special Reduction Sale
Owing to the continued warm weather we will
make special reductions on all Ladies’ Misses’ and
Children’s Coats. This great reduction sale will
make the winter garments within the reach of all
buyers, at reasonable prices.
We have many useful articles for every mem-
ber of the family.
SILKS—for Dresses and Over Blouses. Our
silk department is most complete. We have all the
new weaves and colors in brocades and plain silk,
crepes, cantons, radium, satins and chiffon taffetas
and Brocaded Velva Knit. The new colors, cocoa,
squirrel, spice, jade and navy. These silks were all
bought before the Japanese disaster, which means
lower prices than manufacturers’ cost today. We
again have beautiful paisley silk 36-in., now $1.65.
WOOL MATERIALS—AIl the wanted shades
in Serge, Poiret Twill and Wool Crepes.
LINENS—See our handsome table linens by the
yard (or in matched sets, napkins to match), scarfs,
luncheon sets, towels, pillow cases, sheetings. Buy
now before the new tariff is added.
NOVELTIES—Fancy combs, hair pins, com-
pacts, vanity boxes, beaded and leather bags. In-
fant’s toys and dolls and comb and brush sets.
GLOVES AND MITTENS—AII kinds of gloves
and mittens for father, mother and children, Kid,
Wool and Fabric.
SILK HOSE—We sell the celebrated Silver Star
7 silk, wool, lisle and cotton, men’s, ladies’ and chil-
We extend a cordial invitation to visit our store.
You will see many things at big money saving prices.
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.