Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., October 12, 1923.
A NEW DAY.
Come on let’s start anew today,
Let's fling the old mistakes away.
The failures and the hurts and stings,
The misery of the by-gone things,
And wipe the slate of what has been.
Here is a morning fresh and clean,
Untarnished by the rusty past,
A day no shame has overcast!
What was has gone. Along the way
Let us with splendor fill today;
With this hour let us start anew,
Brave for the task we find to do.
What if we have not borne with fate?
To prove our worth ‘tis not too late;
‘With what of life remains we can
In every trial play the man.
Forget the past, though thick beset
‘With shame and failure and regret.
Here is a new and shining day
Of which no mortal tongue can say
An evil word. 'Tis yet too soon!
Until the fading afternoon
It waits upon us all to see
How we shall write its history.
No one so low but cannot say:
“I will not stoop to shame today!
Beginning now I will be true.
This day I start my life anew.
I can be useful and I will,
Life has a place for me to fill,”
Who will be good has but to say,
“I start my life anew today.”
—Edgar A. Guest.
When you mail a letter in your
building you watch it flutter down the
chute to a big mail box on the main
floor. Or when you drop it in a cor-
ner mail box you slam the shutter
and forget it. Sometimes you have
seen a postal employe get out of a
light truck, unlock the box with a
government key, dump the mail into
a sack and go on his way. ‘hat is the
When the mail reaches the main
postoffice, assuming that it is down-
town mail, it is slid directly from the
wagon into a chute provided for that
purpose. At the bottom of the chute
it is unsacked and placed in an over-
head car that carries it to the pick-up
These “pick-up tables” are the first
sorting the leters receive. The mail
is placed right side up, stamps in the
upper right-hand corner, and carried
on a continuous belt as fast as it can
be rearranged. Years ago letters
were canceled and postmarked with a
hand stamp as they passed along. To
do this today would require a larger
force of men than could be accommo-
dated in the building.
Instead, the endless belt carries the
letters to a grooved table which
stands them on edge with an uncanny
mechanical intelligence and feeds
them in a rippling stream into the
canceling machine. As the letters
flutter through at the rate of 50 or
100 a minute, a single clerk stands
and watches to see that the machine
is functioning properly.
That endless belt also carries the
letters through the machine which
postmarks them with the name of the
office, the day and the hour. This
machine is changed every half hour,
so that the hour postmarked on a let-
ter should indicate within half an
hour of the time it was received by
the department and within 40 minutes
of the time it reached the postoffice.
In a rushing torrent of whirling
white rectangles the mail pours
through a big funnel at the end of its
first journey. Mounting like a snow-
drift in big baskets, it is carried away
and distributed along the racks for
the first separation. Each clerk has
a box-like rack in front of him in
which he places the mail from the ta-
ble as he finishes sorting it.
He sorts his letters by States only,
his hands darting rapidly from one
pigeon hole to another.
“Illinois, Illinois, Michigan, Wis-
consin, Iowa, Illinois,” mutters the
clerk under his breath, sorting rapid-
ly. On each side of him, row upon
row, are other clerks, all racing
against time. They are not in uni-
form and their white shirt sleeves
dart back and forth like piston rods
as they stoop forward abstractedly.
Everything moves on an exact time
table. Every half hour the racks for
each State are completely cleaned
This means one State every 45 sec-
onds—pretty fast work.
The clerk who is sorting mail say
for the IHinois Central, must have in
his mind for instant call the names of
all the towns and postoffices on his
route. The work is just as accurate,
but the strain on the memory is much
greater. In fact, the postoffice op-
erates a whole system of instruction
and examination that would do credit
to a fair sized High school.
. The State mail for each railroad is
sorted again according to the out-
going trains. As each train has its
particular run, this again requires a
high degree of training. Trains are
taken off or put on, schedules are al-
tered and the clerks must learn an en-
tirely new schedule. From this third
sorting the packages for each train
are sent to the “round table,” where
they are grouped with packages from
other States destined for the same
(At the depot huge mail trucks, the
biggest in the service, are unloaded
into push cars and the mail is loaded
again into the coaches. On ordinary
mail there is an allowance of 20 or 30
minutes before train time at this
point, but the time varies with
amount of mail handled. Whatever
the time allowed, it is the “crime of
crimes” to fail to get it on the train.
To the credit of the employees be it
said that even when the sudden rush
of some holiday mail is two or three
times the normal number of sacks, it
is rare for the train to pull out before
the last sack of mail is safely tossed
As the train pulls through the dusk
of the railway yard over clicking
switch points, threading its way thun-
derously through the ordered confu-
sion of red and green switch-lights
and shunting engines,
mail car is already in a hum of activ-
ity. Before the engine has settled
down to the long grind of its night’s
work the clerks in the mail coach have
begun to sort the State railway train
mail into packages according to the
town at which it is to be left.—Chica-
HOW MUCH SOAP DO YOU USE?
Pennsylvania’s 1,981,822 families
used approximately 158,545,760
pounds of soap for washing them-
selves last year, spending for this
$19,818,220 and consuming in the
process 80 pounds of soap per family
for the year. ; :
The annual soap bill for keeping
Uncle Sam clean is approximately
$250,000,000 and he uses two billion
pounds of soap in the job. :
Only $10 a year is spent by the av-
erage American family for cleanli-
These figures are furnished by R.
R. Deupree, general sales manager
for the Proctor and Gamble company,
who in summing up the use of soap in
the United States for the year ending
June 20, 1923, said:
“Two billion pounds of soap and
soap products were consumed by the
25,000,000 families in the United
States. Figuring an average of 4.4|
persons to a family, every family in
the country used approximately 80
pounds of laundry, toilet and other
soaps and soap powders for washing,
shaving, shampooing, cleaning of
clothes, homes, etc. Ten dollars a
year is spent by the average Ameri-
can family for this purpose. At to-
day’s retail prices, the annual soap
bill for the United States is approxi-
In addition to soap used in homes,
500,000,000 pounds is consumed by
laundries, hotels, office buildings, pub-
lic institutions, and on transportation
lines, and in the industrial and tex-
tile field, where soap is used for man-
ufacturing processes, according to Mr.
Deupree’s figures. This adds another
500,000,000 pounds, making a total
annual consumption of 2,500,000,000
pounds, the value of which is estimat-
ed at $312,000,000.
Am They a Hell?
The newly appointed pastor of a
Negro church faced a packed audience
when he arose to deliver his sermon
on this burning question: “Is There
a Hell 7”
“Bredern,” he said, “de Lord made
the world round like a ball.”
“Amen!” agreed the congregation.
“And de Lord made two axles for
de world to go round on and He put
one axle at the norf and one axle at
the souf pole.”
“Amen!” cried the congregation.
“And the Lord put a lot of oil and
grease in de center of de world so as
to keep the axles well greased and
“Amen!” said the congregation.
“And then a lot of sinners dig
wells in Pennsylvania and steal de
Lord’s oil and grease. And they dig
wells in Kentucky, Louisiana, Oklaho-
ma and Texas, and in Mexico and
Russia, and steal the Lord’s oil and
“And some day dey will have all of
de Lord’s oil and grease, and dem
axles is gonna git hot. And den, dat
oll Je hell, bredren, dat will be
300 Gallons Cider for Penn State
Cider and pretzels, the ever-wel-
come menu for midnight “feeds” fon
many generations of students at The
Pennsylvania State College, will come
into their own with a vengeance on
the evening of October 20, when sev-
eral thousand alumni and former stu-
dents are expected to return to the
campus for antiual Alumni Home-
coming day celebration.
Three hundred gallons of cider and
as many hundred pounds of pretzels
have been ordered by the Penn State
alumni association to take the old
grads back to student days at the big
reunion time. An additional reserve
supply will be kept handy to quench
thirst and appease appetites. The
alumni secretary, E. N. Sullivan, has
given assurance that the cider is only
ordered at this time, and not made, so
there will be no conflict with the reg-
ulations of Mr, Volstead. The college
cider press will make it possible to
serve the juice less than 24 hours old,
and will guarantee it to be “kick-
An Interesting Experiment.
To show how the mind controls the
body an interesting experiment was
conducted not long ago in the Yale
A young man was placed in a finely
balanced see-saw, and was told to
work a problem in logarithms.
When the young man began to
think, the head end of the see-saw
registered a slight descent. It was
quite evident that blood that had been
at the other end of him was flowing
toward his hard-working head to sup-
ply it with fuel.
Then he was told to concentrate his
thought on his toes. Although his
brain was still dong the work, it was
quite evident that his thought had
sent the blood toward his toes, be-
cause the toe end of the see-saw be-
gan to descend ‘below the original
point of equilibrium.
Fear, anger, and other negative
Soiions have a bad effect upon one’s
Industrial News Bureau Use of the
There are approximately 14,000,000
telephones in use in the United States
and about 39,000,000 conversations
daily; In other words one out of
every three persons in the United
States utilizes the telephone at least
once daily throughout the year.
New Bell-owned telephones added
yearly average about 600,000.
At the end of 1922 the Bell system
controlled more than 86,000,000 miles
of wire, of which 64 per cent. was in
The American telephone system is
the .envy of all other countries and
several nations of Europe are consid-
ering doing away with government
ownership of their systems in the
hope that a change to private man-
agement will pull the service out of
the slough of inefficiency into which
it has fallen.
FARM NOTES. |
—It is a mistake to manure a
young tree late in the season. i
—Corn cut when the kernels are.
nicely glazed (dented in: the case of |
dent varieties), but when most of the !
leaves are still green, produces the
best silage. '
—It is not only important to get
rid of weeds for the sake of the grow-
ing of crops, but also to prevent them
from going to seed and making trou-
ble next year. ;
—It is better to prevent the bee-
hives from cracking than to have the
bees spend their time filling them
with’ wax when they should be mak- |
ing honey. A little paint will do the ,
—Don’t pick winter apples until |
they "are well colored. Well colored
apples keep better, have a richer fla-
vor, cook better, and are less liable to
Storage scald than poorly colored
—This is the season for “Jack
Frost” to take his first bite. Such
tender vegetable plants as tomatoes,
peppers and egg plants should be cov-
ered in order to save them from the
first killing frost.
—Don’t turn the “porkers” in the
cornfield until the crop is ready to
cut and shock. It is well to accus-
tom the hogs to the new corn by cut-
ting some stalks and feeding them a
few days before turning in.
—Grade of Apples—Damaged,
scabby, or wormy fruit should be kept
at home and made into cider. Un-
graded apples block the sale of good ,
fruit and lower the price which the
Songer is willing to pay for good
—Don’t delay the treatment of |
peach trees to control the borers. Oc-
tober first is late enough in all sec-!
tions except the southeastern portion
of the State where the application of
P. D. B. may be applied effectively up
to October 15.
— Heifers in milk which have not
yet completed their growth naturally
need somewhat more feed than the
mature cow yielding the same amount
of milk, for they require nutrients for
growth as well as for body mainte-
nance and for milk production.
—Secaly legs are just as pleasing to
the “old hen” as the seven year itch
is to the average person. They are a
source of trouble which cause low egg
production. Dip the birds’ legs in a
mixture of kerosene and raw linseed
oil (equal parts) to rid them of these
mites. : : 4
—The average value of a ton of’
fresh manure is about $3.00. To pre-
vent loss of part of its value, bed live
stock well to absorb the liquid ma- |
nure; if possible, haul each day’s ma- |
nure directly to the field, and don’t |
pile it up in the open to have its fer-
tilizer constituents wash away. i
—Cows freshening this fall or win-
ter should be put into good physical
condition now. Cows that are thin at
calving time never have a chance to!
do their best. Many experienced men
say that grain fed a cow in thin flesh |
before calving is worth far more than '
an equal amount fed after she begins |
—Poultrymen who give attention to
their yards and runways have a com-
paratively low mortality with their
young stock. October is the time to
get the yards ready for next spring.
Plow and lime the soil heavily, then
sow with rye or winter wheat. Both
make a good green feed for chicks in |
the spring and help to keep the soil
—Beware of paints containing lead
for painting the inside of the wooden
silo. Many cases of cattle poisoning |
have been reported in various sections
of the country. For comparatively
new wood silos, straight linseed oil is
good. For older silos, coal tar or
some of the heavy roofing compounds
with asbestos filler are effective in fill-
ing the cracks.
—If feeding is not to begin imme-
diately, it may be well to tramp the
silage well several times the first
week. A covering of a foot or more
of such material as wet straw, weeds,
or corn stalks, will save the more val-
uable feed underneath. . This covering
should not be disturbed until feeding
commences, when all the spoiled si-
lage should be discarded.
—Thousands of families in Penn-
sylvania are going to store some veg-
etables for winter use. It is well to
remember that cabbage, turnips, car-
rots, beets, potatoes, parsnips and sal-
sify require cool (34 to 45 degrees
F.) and moist conditions. Onions need
cool, dry storage with plenty of ven-
tilation, while squash, pumpkins and
sweet potatoes keep better in warm,
dry storage, (50 to 60 degrees F.)
—Prevent Colds in Poultry Flocks.
—Fall colds are especially liable to
appear during September and Octo-
ber. They ean be prevented to a large
extent by not crowding too many
birds into a small coop. When birds
are transferred to winter laying quar-
ters, see that the ventilation is good
with no draft on the perches. A
draft from a crack over the perch is
more dangerous than to have the
birds out in a tree during a severe
—The largest cow testing associa-
tion in Pennsylvania, according to I.
C. Sidelman, of the extension staff at
State College, is the West Chester as-
sociation, located in Chester county.
Records of milk production and
feed consumption are being kept on
over: 600 cows in this group and the
tester, Allen Goodman, plans to get
out a summary of the year’s work to
show the progress made and the ad-
vantages of belonging to a cow \test-
—Wool growers of Greene county
scored a real victory when they were
awarded first premium at the Ohio
State fair at Columbus in the class
“for the six best commercial fleeces.”
Competition was very keen with en-
tries from the leading wool growing
centers east of the Mississippi, but
the extremely attractive fine wool Me-
rino fleeces from Pennsylvania easily
captured the prize.
The prize winning fleeces were se-
lected by ceunty agent L. F. Engle,
of Greene county, from the clips of
many growers there. In two previous
years, Greene county fleeces captured
SOME WORDS OVERWORKED
Study of the Dictionary of Synonyms
Would Vastly Improve the Con.
versation of Many Persons.
The sterling qualities of the active
individual nowadays must shine
through his conversation, his purpose,
his thoughts, and those he borrowed
must be riveted in the hearer’s mind
by words which cannot be forgotten.
Unfortunately many of those engaged
in great purposes have lamentably
failed to augment their vocabularies
by reference to a book of synonyms. |
Thus, we are suffering from the over-
work of a few words.
The idea now is to “sell” something,
an idea, a state, a climate. There
must be a “selling appeal,” a “sales
plan,” and then it is sure to “go over.”
It “absolutely” cannot fail. You must
agree “absolutely” that the weather
is good, bad or indifferent or the “effi-
ciency” hound will put “kick” and
“pep” into his arguments until you
shout “shoot,” listen and become con-
But having been “sold” is not enough
for the builder of the -“atmosphere”
in which you were trapped. He wili
want to know, must know, in fact.
your “reactions.” Ah, the reaction.
There is a word both subtle and en-
thralling. You can have reactions to
a book, a piece of cheese, a miserable
blowout or a bonfire. That is where
the “pepful efficiency” person must
check the flow of his “sales talk” long
enough to listen.
So you ask him to please pass the
butter and wonder why they spend
time and money printing dictionaries
NEW STORY BY MARK TWAIN
Harpers Have It but it Will Not B-
Published for Two Hun.
A great treat is in store for the lov:
ers of books who are on earth two
hundred years from now. They will
have a fresh story written by Mark
Twain. Persons living nowadays never
will know what the master wrote in
this story, for it is sealed and is not to
be read or published until two cen-
. turies have elapsed.
The Harpers, who are moving their
printing house from Franklin street to
their new building uptown, possess the
precious manuscript. In moving desks
around in their old quarters the other
day they found one with a secert
drawer. When this was opened a
sealed package was found in it, and a
not written on it said it contained a
story or article by Mark Twaln and
was not to be opened or published for
two hundred years.
That is all that is known about it.
The package is in pessession of the
Harpers, who will doubtless carry out
the writer's intentions. It will remain
unopened until well into the Twenty-
second century. Then the citizens of
this world wil have something good t¢
read.—Cleveland Plzin Dealer,
Keeping Up the Standard.
The social caste of customers is not
commonly supposed to be regarded in
quick-lunch restaurants, but a Philadel-
phia paper tells this story: “A fastidi-
ous person made his way into a steam-
ing, fly-infested little restaurant. The
young woman behind the counter
placed a tumbler of water before him
with a thump.
“What's yours?’ she asked sharply.
“Coffee and rolls.”
She set before him a mug a quarter
of an inch thick and as heavy as iron,
filled with a brown fluid. The man
seemed dazed. He looked under the
mug and over it. “But where is the
saucer?” he asked.
“We don’t give no saucers here,” re-
plied the waitress. “If we did some
low-brow’d come pilin’ in and drink out
of his saucer, and we'd lose a lot of
our best customers.”
A Typewriter Word Counter.
A detachable device recently made
in England that may be put on any
style of machine is a word counter
whieh registers the number of words
written as the typewriter keys are
played. The invention takes the form
of a T-flap which rests on the space
bar. The operator of the typewriter
strikes the T-bar at the end of each
word and the machine spaces, at the
same time recording the word number
Hall-Marks From Australia,
The Retail Jewelers’ association of
Australia has established a hall-mark-
ing company in Sydney with the pur-
pose of inducing all manufacturers in
Australia to adopt the hall-mark sys-
tem now in operation in most civilized
countries. The company intends to.
follow _in close detail the practice of
the English Hall-Mark company. The
mark registered for gold is the “Kooka-
burra,” and for silver the “Wren.”
One Too Many.
Architect—Now, where would you
prefer the drawing room, sir?
Mr. Strukile—Look here, young
man, I've let you put up a inusic room,
when I couldn’t play a mouth organ;
a nursery, when I ain't got no nurse;
and a pantry, when I don’t pant. But
I'm goin’ to draw the line at a drawin’
room, when I couldn't even draw a
A Surfeited Traveler.
During the 36 years that Joseph C.
Beck was a clerk in the railway mail
service between Chicago and Cleve-
land, on the New York Central, he
traveled 2,997,000 miles, a distance
equivalent to 120 times around the
earth. - He participated in several
wrecks, but always escaped injury, and
now deems it time to seek retirement.
VOICE WITH FIVE OCTAVES
Austrian Utters Notes Whose Vibra
. tions Range From 42 Up to
1,740 in a Second.
At a recent meeting of the Austrian
society of experimental phonetics In
Vienna, Doctor Rethi presented
Michael Prita, age forty-four, whose
voice possesses the remarkable range
of five complete octaves.
The deepest note uttered by this sing-
er was a bass F corresponding to 42
vibrations per second and two octaves
lower, therefore, than the deepest note
which can be produced on the violin.
The only previous record of so low
a tone in the human voice is that of
a bass singer named Fischer, who lived
in the early part of the Eighteenth
century. Prita also rendered upper C
with its full artistic value.
Beyond that the notes passed into
the head register and into a falsetto
resembling a soprano, says the Eng-
lish Mechanic quoted in the Scientific
American. The highest notes emitted
were the upper F (demi-semi-quaver),
and on exceptional occasions upper A
(demi-semi-quaver), corresponding to
1,740 vibrations per second which is
one note higher than the highest sung
CONSCIENCE ON PHONE WIRE
How a Philandering Employer Was
Rather Rudely Disturbed by an
A New York lawyer, gazing idly out
Jf his window, saw the pretty stenog-
rapher across the street sitting in her
employer's lap. The lawyer noticed
the lettered name on the window and
then searched in the telephone book.
Still keeping his eye upon the scene
across the street he called the gentle-
man up, says Judge. In a few mo-
ments he saw him start violently and
take down the receiver. “Yes,” said
the lawyer through the phone, *I
should think you would start.”
The victim moved his arm from its
former position and began to stammer
“Yes,” continued the lawyer severe-
lv. “I think you'd better take that
arm away. And while you're about it,
as long as there seems to be plenty of
chairs in the room—"
The victim brushed the lady from
his lap, rather roughly.
“Who—who the devil is this, any-
way?’ he managed to splutter.
“I” answered the lawyer, in deep
impressive tones, “am your con
science,” and then he hung up.
Not Fair to the Fish.
The Mississippi river misbehaves in
pring, as residents near it know to
their cost. Its waters spread out
far and wide over the’ adjacent coun-
try, and millions of fish go with them.
Soon the stream subsides, and these
fish are left to die, as the shallow
pools that are formed by the reced-
ing waters dry up or freeze. The
service sends out seining parties,
which follow down the diminishing
river and rescue the fish from the
pools and either restore them to the
stream or distribute them to other
waters. In 1919 more than 100,000,000
fish were thus saved. Twenty fish
hatcheries could not produce fish
equal in number and size to those
rescued. Their cash value at the
rates charged by commercial hatch-
eries exceeds the total appropriations
of the government for the fish cul-
tural service—William C. Redfield, ip
A shopkeeper had in his employ a
man so lazy as to be utterly worth-
One day, his patience exhausted, he
“Will you give me a character?’
asked the lazy one.
The employer sat down to write a
noncommittal letter. His effort result-
ed as follows:
“The bearer of this letter has worked
for me one week and I am satisfied.”
“Thee will never visit us again,”
said the elderly Quaker to the visiting
young man who had long overstayed
his welcome. “Oh, sir, how can you
say that? Of course I will visit you
again.” “No, my young brother, I fear
thee will never visit us again.” “But,”
said the young man, “what makes you
think I will never visit you again?”
“Well,” replied the: Quaker, “if thee
will never go, how can thee ever come
Canada’s Pulp and Paper.
Canadian exports of paper, wood
osulp and pulp wood for the month of
May, 1923, were valued at $12,621,638,
an increase of $3,358,516 as compared
with May, 1922 (in which month similar
exports totaled $9,263,117), an increase
of $2,578,985 over the April, 1923, fig-
ure of $10,047,648. Exports of paper
in May were valued at $8,000,528, wood
pulp at $3,549,156 and pulp wood at
Copper Nugget of Three Tons.
A massive native copper nugget, the
.argest pure metal chunk ever found,
| and weighing more than three tons,
| has been offered to Seattle, Wash., on
condition that it be placed in Pioneer
street and that the transportition be
paid from the Copper river region,
Alaska, where it was found.
They're Whole in the Middle.
Tim—Iilow are you getting along at
Jome whiie your wife's away?
Jim—TFine! I've reached the height
of efficiency. [I can put on my socks
now from either end--London An-
FORTUNES IN WRITING SONGS
All That Is Needed Is to Catch the
Popular Fancy, and Wealth
The announcement that F. KE.
Weatherly, the barrister who took to
song writing, is still hale and hearty
at seventy-five, and is shortly to be
married, adds a new chapter to the
romance of song-making. :
Mr. Weatherly, many of whose songs
were set to music by Michael May-
brick, better known as “Stephen
Adams,” has written some of the
world’s most popular songs, among
them “Nancy Lee,” “They All Love
Jack,” “Nirvana,” and “The Holy
Song writing means moneymaking if
once the popular taste can be caught,
says London Tit-Bits. Irving Berlin
has made, we are told, more than
£20,000 out of “When I Lost You,”
‘That's How I Need You” and “When
I Leave the World,” and is believed to
be still making anything from £10,000
to £14,000 in royalties every year.
A single song, “Oh, Marguerite,”
brought Osmond Carr £28,000, and the
author and composer of “Her Golden
Hair Was Hanging Down Her Baek”
netted £20,000, while “The Bogey
Man” earned over £10,000.
In a wholly different category come
such popular favorites as “A Perfect
Day” and “The Lost Chord,” yet Miss
Carrie Jacob-Bond’s publishers have
sold more than 4,500,000 copies of the
former, and Sir Arthur Sullivan re-
ceived £10,000 in royalties on the lat-
ter before he died, and it is still earn-
ing money. :
Samuel Lucas was paid £16,000 in
royalties on “My Grandfather's
Clock,” 3,000,000 copies were sold in a
few years of Miss Meta Orred’s “In
the Gloaming,” and more than twice
that number is recorded in respect of
Julia Ward Howe's “Battle Song of the
Republic,” with its noble opening.
COTTON MILLS GAIN IN ASIA
They Are Multiplying Rapidly, but the
Mortality of Mill Workers in
Japan Is High.
The people of densely populated
Asia are clothed in cotton, says the
Living Age. That continent produces
large quantities of this useful staple.
Asiatics are fairly competent and re-
markably cheap mill operatives. Nat-
urally, therefore, cotton mills are mul-
tiplying rapidly in Japan, China and
India, where they create new social
problems almost as quickly as they
supply the local market with yarns
The industry already gives employ-
ment to more than 100,000 operatives
in China, and more than 230,000 opera-
tives in Japan. Four-fifths of . the
workers in Japanese mills are women
or girls; but in China and India male
labor is principally employed. It has
long been known that the mortality
among Japanese spinners, especially
from tuberculosis, is very high. Their
hours of labor are long, and the an-
nual turnover approaches 100 per cent.
Chinese in Canada.
Calculations put the number of
Jhinese in Canada today at 58,000,
against 14,000 twenty years ago.
These figures have been responsible
for the Stewart bill, aiming at the
abrogation of the $500 Chinese head
tax and the admission into Canada of
students and merchants under re-
stricted conditions. In Vancouver
alone (£ccording to the London Times)
there are 40 Chinese butchers, 65 bar-
bers, 172 grocers, 30 jewelers, 201
tobacconists, 29 wholesale dealers, 159
hawkers and peddlers, 50 boot and
shoe dealers, 5 publishers, 54 station-
ers, and they control 144 confectionery
shops, 68 clothing stores, 80 express
and dray businesses and 89 restau-
“Now, boys,” ‘sald the schoolmaste:
¢o the geography class, “I want you to
bear in mind that the affix ‘stan’ means
‘the place of.’ Thus we have Afghan-
igtan, the place of Afghans—also Hin-
dustan, the place of Hindus. Can any
one give another example?’
Nobody appeared very anxious to do
so until little Johnny Snaggs, the joy
of his mother and the terror of cats,
said- proudly, “Yes, sir, I can. Um-
brellastan, the place for Umbrellas.”
Now You Can Shave in the Dark.
Designed especially for use by trav
eling men, a seif-illuminating safety
razor makes it possible to shave in
the dark. In the handle of the razor
is a tiny electric bulb, encased in a
vubber holder which prevents damp-
ness from rusting it. The lamp is ad-
justed so that it always throws its
light on the spot where the razor is
cutting. A clean shave in pitch dark-
sess is sald to be possible with this
Alcohol! Street Lamps.
Buenos Aires, rapidly becoming up
to date, still has grain alcohol lamps
to light her streets, although kero-
gene and alcohol street lamps are be-
ing gradually superseded by electric-
ity. More than a thousand alcohol
lamps were ‘installed during 1922.
There are at present 8,273 alcohol
street lamps in use'in the city.
Women in the past ten years havi
,nvented some 1,400 different “new and
ugeful articles,” according % a report
by the United States pafent office,
ranging from a rotary plowshare to an
égg beater. Among inventions enume-
rited are a cow tail holder, a rein-
| “arced bowl in which to beat eggs, and
an artificial eyelash.